Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 21, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 21, 1873 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE, TF.nwn or budbciuption (patadle in advance). » o te , '.'!;;;;: 8 '8:881 w?fc;:v.v.-.::*S:88 Part* ol n year at tho same rale. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo sure and give Post Office address In full, Including State and Ooanly. Rcmltlnucos may bo made either by draft, oipross, Post Office order, or in registered letters, nt our risk. thumb to curt nunsuntDKns. , pally, delivered, Sunday excepted. fi& cents per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included. HO cents per week. Address THIS TKIBUNK COMPANY., Curuor Madison amlDoarhorn-sli., Chicago, 111. CONTENTS OF TO DAY’S TRIBUNE. FIRST PAGE—Foreign Nows: Tho San Salvador Earth quake; Tho Dutch Company In Sumatra-Latest Advices from the Modoc Country—Tho Louisiana Trimbles Miscellaneous Telegrams Advertise* monte. SECOND PAGR-Saturday Night’s Telegrams—Wash ington Letter. ' THIRD PAGE—Centenary Church: Farewell Sermon ol the Rev. O. 11. Fowler; Salutatory Discourse by tho Rov. John K. Poclc-Tho Proposed Bolt Railway Around tho Oily—Hebrew Benevolence-Want* a Partner—Railroad Time TaWo-Advottlsomonls. FOURTH PAOE-Edllorlalss An Adjourned Session ol tho Legislature; Railroads and Court*; The Taxes ou Corn; Question and Answer; An Infamous Crime. FIFTH PAGE—Editorials [contlnuodl-Hydo Park Mat tors—Personal Items-Oblcago Live Sleek Market— Markets by Telegraph-Marine Itoma-Advortlao monti. SIXTH PAGE—Monetary and Commercial. SEVENTH PAGE—The Court*—Small Advertisements; Real Estate, For Sale, To Rent, Wanted, Boarding, Lodging, Etc. . EIGHTH PAGE—Tho Indian Questlon-Tho Farm ana Garden—Miscellaneous Tolegrams-Auollon Adver tisements. TO-DAY'S AMUSEMENTS, M’VIOKRR'S THEATRE—Madison street, between Slate and Dearborn. Engagement ol Mr. Mark Smith. •• OuoHundrotl Year* Old." AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, comer of Con grots. Engagement of Stuart Robton. ** Utllo Em'ly. DOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE—Randolph street, be tween Clark ami LaSalle-st. “Allxe." “Tum Him Out.” ACADEMY OF MUSIC-Halstod street, south of Madison. Engagement of Mr. F. S. Chanfrau. Kit, tbo Arkansas Traveler." MYERS* OPERA. JIOIISE-Monroo street, between gUto nnd Dearborn. Arlington. L'oUon * Kombloa Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. ‘ Romeo ana Juliot. NIXON'S AMPHITHEATRE —CIinton, between •Washington and Randolph streets. Wilder & Vo. » National Olrcua. BUSINESS NOTICES. •nnvAT TTAVANA LOTTERY. THE KXTRAOR dltmydmwitiß will lake wAf bo mSy jSoff 10WMUt.; ?wl-»<noo Ho*W New York. ‘■‘SCHENOIC’S PULMONIC SYRUP, SEAWEED ToSc and Mandrake IMIU uro tho only w««clnoi noodod to cure Consumption, and tboro aro but two thing* to n...t bOROtUlO» B OOd. bcaltbv oondltlun. for when tho Junes uto wanting tho —ii«i« hniW i« wssthiff. and tho looa til n consumptive, ?ron Ifho L*an S®o, don. not nourish tho body. If the stomach and llTor aro loaded with sliuio, It 1108 tboro <md tsUoa tho vl&co of food, consequently tho patient has tinitna with tho gastrin juloo and dissolves tho food, Pro d'luina good chyme cud ciijlo 5 Ihon by partaklnc frooly of Syrup tho food is turned lain good blood nm! tho body begins to grow. Ad soon as iho pullout bo* to ffa ,Q in ilueh Uu iimttwr in (h« lungs buglus lo rln uud they heal «P. Tills Is tbo only wayn.ouro Consumption. No ono was ovor cured unless they began to 4hi n *ecoml h tbl!ii: Is, tho patients must stay In .warm xooiu uutll they got well; It I* 'cry important Jor crovont taking cold when thu lungs are diseased. Fro»b ntr" mid riding about arc all wrong, and yot, because they nrnlntho bouso. they must not remain quiet: they must walk about tho room as fast as Uiolr strength will permit, to got up a pood circulation of (ho blood. To those who can atforii It, and aro unwilling to stay in iho houno, I loenmmon J a visit during tho winter months to ITcrUla, well dona iti the btato, whorp the temperature Ir.r-vnlar and not subject to such variations an In inoro nVrtliern latltudoa. Vaiatha. Molouvnio. nnd Kntorprl.o ere points I cun rccnmniend~a now hotel being kept at &ot plus by tbc Stem. Votonii.n, whllo Iho *O - and ndviinuso. of lb. l.tte place pnota s. to (ucllll.to tho freely of my prenarutlona and follow tho advice I havo hero hdd down, and which Is more fully sot lortb In tbo circulars accompanying my medicines. imilHinif I am now panuanwitly located in m> now bmlolng, northeast corner of Sixth and Arch-sts.. I whore, on every Saturday from 9a. m. to 0 P. ru., my son or myself can bo consulted free of charge: out lorn thor ough oxamlttatloi* with the Uosplromotor the charge will tho respiratory organs. and tho operator can ™adMy<lo* tormlno wholiier a cavity or tubercle* havo boon formed In thu lungs, and whether a patient can bo cored or not. This they musloxpoct to know If they aro examined by accompanying all my romodlos, so that » person In any pact of the world can bo readily cured by a strict observance of tl.o sailio. sOU , !NaKi M- D> Proparcd .nd for »loby n gcnKNOK i SON. Northeast corner Sixth and Arch-sU.. I’hlludolpUla, And by Druggist, amt dealur. gouornlly. (£ljscU£l.C ©ilwTtt. Monday Morning, April 21, 1873. Thoro aro seventeen Consulates vacant, aud tho Government proposes, in accordance with the Civil-Service rules, to subject applicants to ft competitive examination. Brigham Young has called for 7,000 of his sub jects to follow bim to Arizona, where he hopes, oa he has said, to got beyond tho roach of tele graph and railroad. Tho Canadian Senate has decided that it is inexpedient, in view of an early commencement of tho Canada Pacific Railway and tho relations of British Columbia to tho Dominion, to enter into any such disagreeable investigation as has been proposed, as to tbo manner in wbicb its charter was obtained. Tho Railroad Committee of tho Senate, after substituting tho Donahue bill for tho Compro mise bill referred to them, sent tbo former to a sub-coramittoo for amendment. This body has reversed, tho Railroad Com mittee’s action. They have thrown tho Donahue hill aside once moro, and have agreed to report tbo Compromise bill with amendments. Bpringliold dispatches stato that tho alterations will ho uucU as to show that the rejection of the Donahue hill was only ostensible, and that all its essential provisions will ho pre sented under tho guise of amendments to tho Compromise bill. Bau Salvador has been destroyed by earth quakes eight times iu the last 150 years, and tho place ou which it atauda aud falls has always had bo uncertain a reputation that tbo Indians would never settle there. Still, tho Government insists that tho capital shall be rebuilt on tbo fatal site, although tho citizens are betaking themselves to firmer laud. Tho last earthquake lasted ovor twenty days. Tho town whs destroyed by a violent shook ou tho fifteenth day. It was owing to this long warning that only SUO of tho 40,000 inhabitants wore killed nud injured. Tbo loss of property is ©12,000,000. But ono building ro- Tbo fact that it was a wooden structure will probably cause (ho now Han Salvador to bo built of California timber. Rimultanoously with the nows from tbo Modoc country co men a dispatch from Texas, staling that Indian Superintendent Hoag, or “his friends,” have asked Gov. Davis to release Sa tentaand Big Tree, the two Kiowa savages who were tried and convicted under Htato laws, some throe years ago, for tho murder of a party of drovorn, immediately after a “ big talk ” aud u <.i itrlbutlon of presents. Gov. Davis thinks that, ho would prefer to delay releasing these w.ld-cats until tbo 20th of May. What reason there may bo for releasing thorn at all does not appear. It Is perfectly certain that Halanta Is a (lend iu human form. His deeds of ferocity aud treachery are known not only all over tho South western border, but throughout the country. When ho goos forth from jail Uioro will ho a tiger loose. Tho oplzootlo threatens to odd Its paralyzing Influence to tho complications of tho Modoo war. It has arrived within a day’s nieroh of tho camp, and will probably next fasten Itself upon tbo boraos of tho couriers and tbo cavalry. Tho latest nows indicates that tho savages bavo not brolcon from tbo l&va-boda, but bavo retreated to a largo and moro laby rinthine cavo, whoro they havo provisions and supplies in store, but half a mllo from ’walor. Should thoy succood in escaping alto gether from tho lava-bods, It Is feared that, a general Indian outbreak would oeour, as Modoo runners havo boon alarming tho Indians of Northern California apd Southern Oregon, whoro thoro aro many largo and hostile tribes, some of them, like tho Pitts, numbering a thou sand warriors. St, Maty’s Pariah has become so uncomfort able for tho Kellogg ofiloiala that they havo left it. Mootings hayo boon bold in Ouachita and tbo neighboring Parishes, which woro addressed by Gov, MoEnory, and pledged themselves to pay no taxes to tho usurping Gov ernment, Troops aro now on tholr way to Grant Parish, and it is said, will bo needed in every parish If tho Kellogg regime is to bo up hold. Gov. Kellogg confesses that his local officials nro unable to keep tho poaco, and has asked that Federal soldiers bo sent to different parts of tbo Stato. Gon. Emory has boon Informed that ho is to pro tect tho Kellogg Government from violent overthrow at its seat, la to enforce the decrees of tho United States Courta when properly called upon, but is not to iulorforo in any local dis turbances. If Gov. Kellogg doairos Federal aid beyond that loft to Goa. Emory’s discretion in tboso instructions, bo muat apply to tbo President for it directly. The Chicago produce markets wore rather loss active on Saturday, firmer on provisions and easier in grain. Mess pork was active, and ad vanced COo per brl, closing at $17.10(5)17.16 cash, end $17.75(5)17.80 seller Juno. Lard was quiet, hutlDo per 100 Iha higher, at SB.GO@B.GS cash, aud $8.85@8.f10 seller Juno. Moats wore quiet and unchanged, at 0%@0)£o for shoulders; 8% lor short ribs; 8%@85f0 for short clear * and 10@12c for sweet pickled hams. Hlghwinos wore quiet and unchanged, at 870 per gallon. Lake freights were dull and nominally un changed, at ICo asked for com to Buffalo. Flour was quiet aud weak. Wheat was loss active, and lower, closing strong at $1.10(5)1.10)£ cash, and $1.21% seller May. Corn was loss active, and )£o lower, closing strong at cash, and seller May. Oats wore dull, and )£o lower, closing at 27%@28>ijc cash, and 29c seller May. Rye was quiet aud firm at C7o. Barley was dull and irregular at 69 @7Cc for No. 2. Hogs were in moderate demand at about Friday’s prices, sales moking at 0.45. Cattle aud sheep were quiet and steady. Tho railroad accident which occurred in Rhode Island, Saturday, was attended with all tho hor rors incident to similar catastrophes. Tho road which runs between Btouiugton and Providence creases & small stream near a station called Richmond. Tho mill-dam, about 300 foot distant from tho railroad bridge, bad boon washed away by'bigb water, and a largo quantity of lumber was precipitated against the bridge with such force os to carry it away. Tho passenger train ran into tho chasm, six cars woro burned, including throo passenger cars, seven lives woro lost, two persons woro literally burned to death, aud many others woro seriously in jured. The wonder Ib that a greater loss of life did not result from tho fearful situation de scribed in tho dispatches. At first blush it would appear that tho cause of this accident was unavoldoblo. It is more probable, however, that if tbo bridge bad boon properly watched, tho train could bavo boon signaled to stop and tho catastrophe averted. Whenever a serious ac cident occurs on a railroad within 800 or 400 foot from a station, tho presumption is that some body was to blame for it. It is this presump tion which should give direction to tho investi gation of the cause and the fixing of tho respon sibility* AN ADJOURNED SESSION OF THE LEQIBLA. TUBE. There is a proposition ponding at Springfield to adjourn tho present session of the Legislature until next winter, but, so far, there has been no sufficient reason given for such a proceeding. Tho provision in tho Constitution that the ses sions of tho Legislature shall ho biennial was not adopted without a purpose, nor without good causo. In tho Constitution of 1848, and again in that of 1873, the people of this Stato sought to protect tho public interests by a peremptory limi tation to ono session ovory two years. Tho Con stitution does not contemplate such adjourn ments as will ho equivalent to annual sessions. It provides that— Tho leasions of tho General ; Assembly shall com mence at IS o’clock uoou on (ho Wednesday next after tho first Monday in January, iu tho year next ensuing tho election of members thereof, mid at no other time, unless as provided by this Constitution. The other time as provided by tho Constitu tion is tbo extraordinary session which may bo called by tbo Governor. It was intended that there should bo but ouo session overy two years, aud, in order to romovo all objection that this session was too brief to permit tbo business to bo done, tbo restriction of the session to forty two days was removed. Tho Legislature of 1871 bad as au oxouso for adjourning ovor, that it bad to generalize tho legislation of the State, aud to perform much other work required by the now Constitution. All that labor was performed by the last Legisla ture, and, with tho exception of tbo railroad legislation, there was nothing out of the routine of ordinary mutters which this Legislature had to do. It has boon nearly four months in ses sion, and to adjourn without acting upon tho limited amount of business before it would bo a confession of idleness, neglect, and incompetouoy, which tho members can hardly bo willing toplace on record. If tho Legislature!) of Illinois from 1810 to 1860 could transact nil tho general business of the Blulo,besides acUngou 1,000 orl,Boo special bills moro or loss vicious iu n session of six weeks iu ovory two years, tho present Legislature, which has no special laws to pass aud is con fined absolutely to general purposes, ought to be able to act upon tho twenty or thirty bills before U iu a session of four mouths. There is a ru mor that it is tho purpose to leave tho question of the pay of the next Legislature unacted up on, and thou to use this as a pretext for adjourn ing over until next winter. This Is a very weak de vice. There is nothing lu the Constitution re quiring this Legislature to fix thopayandmilMfco of tho next ono; that baa already been done by tbo law of March, 1873, unless there bo a scheme to lu- THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: MONDAY, APRIL 21, 1873. cronso the pay. This Legislature has to mako an appropriation to pay the per diem and miloago of tho members of tho nest Legislature, and a failure to do bo cannot bo attributed to a want of Umo, nor of information, but will bo Justly attributed to a desire ou tho part of tho majority of tho present body to provide another winter’s holiday for themselves at tho public expense. Tho cost of tho Legislature Is about sl,soopor day. To adjourn over until next winter and then havo a session of one hundred days—and It will not ho loss—will Involve, including miloago, a cost to the Stato of $150,000. What possible oxotiflo or apology can bo offered for such a pro ceeding ? If tbo present Legislature would de void ten consecutive days to business, they could dispose of all matters of legitimate legislation boforo them, and could then adjourn, leaving as tho Constitution directs, tbo questions of tbo necessity for any other session to tho judg ment and discretion of tho Governor. Should this Legislature ovado tho Constitutions! prohibition of moro than ouo regular session by adjourning over until noxt winter, It will sot a precedent for annual sessions which will bo fol lowed by others, and tho biennial foaturo of tbo now Constitution for which tbo people voted will bo sot osldo without a voto of tho people, and tbo State will bo saddled with an expense never contemplated, and which tho people would novor sanction, ony moro then thoy will sanction tho salary-grab of tho last Congress. RAILROADS AND COURTS, In tbo present antagonism between the farm ers and tbo railroads, tboro is a tendency to ig nore tho real services of tbo railroads to tbo people and tbo Stato, and not only to look upon thorn as public enemies, but to regard in tho samo way all poreona, and, especially, all Judges, who do not join in tbo prevailing buo and cry. \Vlion tho people carry tholr indignation so far as to propoHO a revolution of tho Courts, find to discuss tbo project of tearing tip rails, they permit their passions to nm riot over their reason, and aro tread ing upon dangerous ground. Tho present attack on railroads began with a suporabnn, dance of produce. There is more grain raised than can ho moved in tho winter season by all the moans of transportation wo possess. Tho pro ducers aro naturally those who suffer most from this state of things. They havo sought for an explanation of it, aud behove that they have found it in excessive freight rates. There is no doubt that a reduction in charges should ho made 1 but this would not wholly relieve tho pressure. Bo long ns tho West produces more of a partied" lar kliul of grain than can ho moved lo tho mar ket, hy existing moans of transportation, tho price of grain must decline, aud the surplus on tho farmers’ hands must bo a burden. It may bo burned if it makes good fuel; otherwise, it must bo hold over for a bettor market, or left to rot. Tho popular crusade against railroads should bo tempered with a souse of what tho railroads have dono and aro still doing for the country. Tins sentiment should not ho permitted to ox- Lcnuato iho offense of exorbitant rates or un just discrimination; but it should deter people from a rash and ill-considered movement calcu- lated to break down tbo independence of tho Judiciary, if not to cripplo a system which they must thank for a largo sharo of tho prosperity they now enjoy. There is no bettor way to bring this phase of tho present controversy within tho popular appreciation than to picture tho state of things that would follow a complete suspension of tho railroad business for thirty days. Suppose ovory locomotlvo ongiuo in Illinoiu were tiod up and rendered motionless for ono mouth, It would ho n national calamity. It 1b hardly too much to say that it would bauknipt everybody in tho State. Pecuniary min, political chaos, domos tio wretchedness, a universal sense of poverty, and a demoralization extending at once to com morco, trade, government, and society, would ho tho results. Without railroads, it would require four or five days to roach Chicago from the Mis sissippi River. The transportation question would thou bo settled with a vengeance. There is use now for all tho horses, mules, and exon, for all tho wagons and ordinary vehicles, for all tho canal-boats, and steamboats, and rafts, aud propellers. How could tho grain ho movod thou ? Tho prico would rise in tho Eastern aud tho foreign markets ; but how would this help tho farmer if ho could not get his corn twenty miles from the crib without consuming its entire value ? One of tho vital elements of modem civilization would ho lost, and tho way for a return to barbarism would bo open. Take away the railroads, and tho busi- ness of iho West would como to a standstill, cities would bo deserted aud left to totter and decay, tbo farmers would huddlo together in communities, cultivating only enough laud for tbolr own necessities; tho vast and rich granaries would disappear from tbo face of tbo earth and become abiding places for wolves and pralrio dogs. All this furnishes no argument why railroads should bo permitted to overcharge, to extort, or to discriminate unjustly; but it shows that they must not bo put in tbo category of public enemies from whom tho protection of law la withdrawn, aud against whom ovory man’s hand may bo turned. This view of tho railroad question, which is founded ou reason, as properly estimating tho usefulness pf railroads, loads to tho couclusion that their offenses must bo dealt with according to tho accumulated experience and wisdom known as Common Law. This means that their toils, thoir duties, their actions, and their omis sions must bo judged by tho principles regulat ing common carriers, and not by any arbitrary statute which a Legislature of inexperienced men may frame under the influence of a popular excitement. It is unlawful for railroads to mako unreasonable charges and unjust discrimina tions. ‘When they do, they may bo compelled to abandon tbo practice, and to pay damages for thoir offense. What is reasonable and just lu one year, or under certain circumstances, may bo unreasonable and unjust another year and under different circumstances. So long as tho railroads, like other common carriers, are amena ble to tho well-defined maxims of common law, they may ho made to share tho adversity, ns well as participate in the prosperity, of tho fann ing community, as they should. When tho people, however, undertake to say what tho Courts ahull decide iu cases affecting railways, they not only tamper with the fountain of justice to thoir own harm, but they assume that ouo of tho most potent agencies of civilization is a curso rather than a blessing. Rather than in augurate a policy bottomed upon that theory, tho State had bettor exorcise its rigb( of eminent domain, condemn ouo or moro railroads, pay tbo owners tho value of the prop i pity taken, and demonstrate to the satisfaction of tho people how aud at what rates railroads can bo run. Such au experiment is not without its dangers, and tbo prospects of success aro not heightened by tho early experiences of Illinois in tho railroad business. But it will bo bolter to try it again under a now stato of affairs than to undertake tho policy of boating down tbo Courts because they adboro to tho principles of law, which Ihoy woro elected to uphold and maintain. THE TAXES ON COEN. In tbo Boston Commercial Jiniletin thoro aro published several columns weekly of notes con cerning manufactures. Many of those notes havo a special interest for tboso who produce corn at 15 to 20 cents a bushel. Tho following, taken together, servo for a text: The morocco factory of Darius Barry, at Wyoma, Mesa,, Is being enlarged, tho Increase of tho business rendering R nocosiary to mako additions to the build ing's. Tho sboo business la quite active In Haverhill, Mass* O. W. & J. A. Griffin are making 600 palm of women’s fine sowed goods a day. in 1803, Congress dealt a heavy blow to tho shoo trade by levying a tax on tbo article known os sorgo or lasting, which was used for tho uppers of women's shoos. It wos done at tho Instance of a single establishment In Now Eng land which had undertaken to make this lasting, aided by tho manufacturers of morocco. Tho lasting shoos made In tho United States wore lighter, cheaper, more elastic ond duroblo than those made of leather. Being especially adapted to warm climates, they wore largely exported to South America and tho West Indies. Tho tax levied on tho sorgo amounted, upon tho quantity used in this country, to ono million jof dollars a year, thereby necessitating au increase in the cost of producing those shoos by that amount. Tho inability to produce tho shoos as cheaply as boforo reduced tho demand for them, and finally the whole export trade was abandoned. Subsequently, Mr. David A. Wells, in one of his reports, called tho attention of Congress to tho offoct of this tax upon tho shoo trade and upon tho public, and recommended Ua repeal. Whereupon tho manufacturers of mo rocco got up a protest against tho repeal of tho tax on lastings, and Mr. Kelley, to whom tho protest was sent, road .tho following letter in Congress: Deab Bin: I Inclose you herewith ft remonstrance, signed by the morocco manufacturers, against the re moval of the duty on serge goods, ns recommended by Commissioner Welle. It ia only necessary for mo to call your attention to the fact thot serges are now selling at $1.20 per yard, that six end three-quarters feet of morocco la considered equal to one yard o! sorgo, and thot the morocco which would bo used to compote with it wo cannot afford to sell for loss than 20 cents per foot, so that with tho present duty $ 1.20 of serge will go as far ns $1.15 of morocco. Tho “Morocco Manufacturers’ Exchange” havo road your review of Commissioner Wells’ report with tho greatest pleasure, and, In connection with tho noblo stand taken hy you In favor of “ protection to Ameri can Industry,” havo considered that It was but uoccs sary to lay Ibis matter before you to secure your In terest, and thus prevent tho consummation of this great outrage upon one of the largest branches of American Industry. Truly yours, Edwabd S. DcxnuEn, Secretary of tho Morocco Manufacturers’ Exchange. It will bo Boon that those morocco manufac- irors admit that $1.20 of sorgo or lasting would mako os many shoos as $1.75 of morocco, and they pray that tho tax on sorgo bo not taken off, because it will onablo such shoos to bo mado choapor than those of morooco. Tho contiuu- anco of this tax was demanded because Us re- moval would bo an outrage upon “oneof tho

largest branches of American industry." This letter waa dated in 1870. Tho census returns of 1870 disclose some facts upon this largo branch of American Industry. They show: That thoro woro in tbo United States 113 es tablishments, largo and small, engaged In making morocco, employing 48 atoam-ongiuos and 10 watcr-whools; tho whole number of hands em ployed w0r0,3,000, of whom 182 woro fomalcs and 84 wore children; they hod an aggregate capital of $3,854,072; paid out $0,023,006 for materials of all kinds; paid $1,078,220 for wages, and sold tholr products for $9,097,400. Those figures show that “ American industry,” as embodied in labor, is represented to tho extent of 16 conta on tho dollar of all tho morocco produced; that capital invested in machinery receives a profit of $1,090,168, on a total of $3,854,072, or over 43 per cent, while tho average wages of tho “ American labor” employed was $558.29 a year to oach hand, or $1.77 per day for each working day In tho year. It will bo soon that tho tax on tho raw ma- terials of which shoos aromado, levied to benefit American labor, and enable tho workmen to be come consumers of farm-products, gives employ ment to 3,000 persons of all ages, pays those people $558.29 oach for a year’s work, while tho capital invested iu machinery, which docs not eat com, pockets nearly 14 per cent profit. This explains why now buildings aro needed for mak ing morocco, and explains why It takes 20 bushels of com to purchase shoos which might ho purchased, in tho absence of the tax, for 12 bushels. AN INFAMOUS GRIME. Tbo narrative, printed in tbo last issue of Tbe Thibuke, of tbe attempt to ruin two young girls who bad boon enticed into tbo den kept by ono McLaughlin, tolls its own story, and it bas not boon told too soon or too much in detail to afford protection to others, who are liable at any iimo to bo exposed to tbo wiles and temptations of tbo procurer. McLaughlin’s “parlors," so called, do not differ in any rospoct from many similar places in tbo West and South Divisions. Tbo most of them aro small, unpretentious establishments, with a cigar or fruit store in front, which is all that catches tbe pub lic oyo. Behind this apparently legitimate business, however, are dining-rooms and cham bers devoted to assignations, and to just such villainous outraged as wore sought to bo perpe trated at McLaughlin’s don. Tboro aro others which are larger, fitted up in gorgeous stylo, with handsomely appointed private rooms for those who do not wish to oat in tbo public res taurant, and which at night aro tbo resorts of gamblers and roues. Those private rooms avo kept free from intrusion, and no questions aro over asked concerning those who frequent them. Nothing is allowed to stand in tbo way of tho purposes of tbo libertine who takes bis vic tim into ono of them. Compared with these places the bouses of prostitution which mako no con cealment of thoir business aro respectable es tablishments. They offer no allurements. They do not docolvo tbo unwary, or attract tbo inno cent within tboir doors by false pretenses. They aro known to tbo public and known to the po lice, and tboir inmates avo at any time liable to arrest and punishment for offenses which aro trivial in comparison with tbe shocking Iniquity which Is practised in those dona of tho “ Occi dental Parlor” sort. Tbo latter aro tbo direct and most prolific feeders of tbo housos of prostitution, and without tboir help there would bo fewer inmatou in them. It is in those “ parlors" that young girls possessed of some personal attractions and lilllo souse, and of UUlo experience in tbo ways of tho world, aro Induced, by presents or threats, and, whore those fall, by drugs, to talco tho first downward atop, which eventually loada thorn to lives of public shame. This particular outrage which has boon mode public Is ft peculiarly ag gravated one. Tho hoopers of these dons are not always procurers. Sometimes they merely rent tiiolr rooms end furnish all the opportuni ties for seduction for. ft stated price. It would oppoar that McLaughlin, however, in conspiracy with an abandoned woman, has boon playing the part of a procurer, and has boon in tho hobit of enticing young and Innocent girls Into his placo by moans of tho arts known to such creatures, and whore, by money and other gifts, and promises of drosses and carriages, which silly young girls are apt to bollovo so readily, coupled with the terrorism which always prevails In those places, their ruin is affected. Tho attention of tho police authorities has now boon called to this infamous don, and tho public will not bo satisfied until the proprietor is prop erly punished, his concern broken up, and tho power of tho law applied to all similar places in tho city. Tiio statutes of this State are lamentably deficient in making no pro visions for tho punishment of abductors and procurers } but this does not placo any obstacle in tho way of tho suppression of this infamous business. If tho police authorities have tho dis position, they can close those places and punish tho‘keepers by tho repeated application of tho penalties against vagrancy and keeping lewd houses. Lot those penalties ho enforced daily until tho business is stopped. “Pull"them night after night, if necessary, until tho hideous blot upon tho good morals of the city is effaced. Tho evil has grown to alarming dimen sions, and it cannot any longer bo allowed to go on without an effort to chock it. The police find no difficulty in breaking up gambling dons and arresting the inmates of houses of ill-fame when they become disorderly. But hero is an evil far worse, flaunting itself in the open daylight with tho most shameless effrontery and impunity. Not a day or night passes that those cigar-stores, fruit-stands, and restaurants, are not filled with young girls, some of them present for tho first tlmo, and others regular habitues and familiar with every form of vlco. No child is safe so long as tho procurer is allowed to ply his infamous vo cation without interference. In those places, young girls aro first ruined, body and soul, and out from those places they go to tho house of pros titution, to ruin others. West Madison and Ran dolph, and State street from Twenty-second to Harrison, swarm with thosodons, in almost every I instance located in close proximity to houses of ill-fame. Some of them aro cheap Italian sa- looub ; Bomo of them aro fitted up with lavish ex pense. In their general character, however, thoro is no difforonco. They aro tho resorts of loafers, gamblers, and libortlnos. They aro kept for tho purposos of lowduoss. They aro tho runways of prostitutes. Many of thorn aro managed by pro curers, and tho child who onco gets into them is ruined, uino limes out of ton. Lot them bo shut up and kept shut. Bring their proprietors before tbo Grand Jury, nnd deal out tho punish ment they so richly merit. THE PENNSYLVANIA. CONSTITUTION, Thoro was probably no Stato in tho Union which needed tho oxamplo of Illinois in remodel ing its Constitution to conform to tho advanced principles of government, and to restrain tho tendency of reckless legislation, so badly as tho Stato of Pennsylvania. Tho prosout Constitu tion of that Stato dales from 1796, which tho Constitutional Convention of 1838 contented itself with amending in a few particulars. Tlio present Constitutional Convention, which reas sembled last week after a short vacation, has boon in session since the middle of last Decem ber, and it is not probable that it will adjourn un til the middle of July. Tho timo taken indicates that tho deliberations of tho Convention are thor ough. Tho manner in which tho delegates woro chosen secured a convoution of moro than ordinary ability, and ono singularly free from partisan bias. Twonty-oight delegates woro elected from tho State at largo, and, as no ono could voto for moro than fourteen, tho Republi cans and Liberals woro thus far equally repre sented. The remaining delegates were chosen according to tho minority representation plan of voting, throe from each Senatorial District, and giving every voter the privilege of balloting for two of the number. The result has been that tho Convention has a Republican majority of only five, and tho delegates, without distinction of party, aro generally opposed to tho ma chinery which has heretofore enabled tho Penn sylvania Legislature to authorize bo many frauds and create so many monopolies in that State. Tho Convention counts among its members some of the ablest men of Pennsylvania, including Charles W. Backalow, Jeremiah S. Black, George TV. Woodward, William M. Meredith, Henry 0. Carey, Theodore Cuylor, Lewis 0. Cassidy, and many others of equal position and ability. Tho whole country Is Interested in tho work of tho Convention, as it will exert a potent influence, as did tho Constitutional Convention of Illinois, In forcing upon tho peoplo of other States tho adoption of means whereby they can host pro tect themselves from political abuses. Tho work of the Convention thus far Indicates that it will submit one of tho most comprehen sive and thorough constitutions that could bo framed in tho interests of tho people. Tho ar ticle on tho Legislature has already boon agreed upon, and it prohibits local or special legislation as summarily as this class of legislation Is pro- hibitod by tbo Constitution of Illinois ami tbo list of subjects ouumoratad under tbo prohibi tory clause Is oven moro comprehensive. The Legislature will have no power whatever to grant monopolies or special privileges of any kind. The loaning of the credit of the State, or of county, city, or town governments, to any corporation, and stock subscriptions to the same, are absolutely prohibited. The practice of voting extra compensation to ofllcials or con tractors, which has boon a fruitful source of cor ruption, is olao stopped. The provisions in re gard to railroads are broad and swooping. With tbo adoption of tbo now Constitution, tho reign of tho Pennsylvania Company will com© to an end. There will ho a general railroad law, un der which individuals or corporations may con struct a railroad between any two points In the State, and charter-brokerage will bo stopped for ever. Consolidation of competing linos Is pro hibited under penalty of forfeiture of charter. No railroad way engage in manufacturing or mining except for Its own use. Freight and passenger rales must bo uniform, and discrim inations against connecting roads are likewise forbidden. Tho oftleora and stockholders i« railways aro not allowed to own freight linos or transportation companies engaged in carrying goods over their roads,—a moat useful prohibi tion, and ouo that will do much toward facilitat ing aud cheapening transportation. The water ing of Block Is forbidden. Froo passes are not to bo issued; tho amount of damages for injury or loon of life cannot bo limited by Ibo Legisla- ture ; and a passougor may atop off and lake an other train on his ticket without extra charge or annoyance. The article, hi one word, has boon framed to moot all the proaonfc abuses, monopo lies, tyrannies, and annoyances which railroad companies are accustomed to exorcise over the public. Other Important reforms have already been suggested in tho Convention. Ills proposed that tho Oupforoo Court shall oonslat of seven Judges, who shall bo appointed by tho Governor, shall hold ofllco for iwonty-ouo years, and shall bo inoligiblo to ro-olootlon. It is also proposed that the Circuit Judges shall bo elected by the State at largo, and that courts (not of record) shall bo Gloated on a general ticket by tho voters of cities of 200,000 Inhabitants, or more, to toko jurisdiction In polioo matters and small causes now In tho bauds of Justices of tho Peace and Aldonnou. Those changes In Ibo Judiciary aro prompted by tho dealro to remove tho Judges from tho Influence of railroad and other rich corporations that have hereto fore controlled them in many instances. Taxation and revenue have also received needed attention. Tho Indebtedness of cities la limited to G por cont of their taxable property, that of counties to 2 por cent, find that of townships to 1 por cont. This makes tho limit of tho aggre gate of local indebtedness 0 por oont. Tho dobt of tho Stato is ordered to bo reduced to $6,000,- 000. All taxation must bo uniform throughout tho Stato, and levied and collected by general laws. Mr. Buokalow will havo a hard fight to socuro tho introduction of tho mlnorlty-repro* sontatlon plan of voting. This has already boon tried in tho borough system, and tbo present Legislature of Pennsylvania recently repealed tho law authorizing it, tho act of re peal receiving tho sanction of tbo Gov ernor. Among tho questions likely to oomo before tho Convention aro tho following: Tho regulations in regard to selling liquor; com pulsory education ; the pardoning power; tlio jury system. It is said that the sentiment of tho Convention is in favor of absolute prohibi tion by tbo Constitution of selling liquor. If the Convention reaches extreme conclusions in oomo issue of tbis kind upon which thoro aro serious differences among tho people, it may load to tho defeat of their best measures. Otherwise it is likely that tho work of tho Convention will receive tho indorsement of tho people and mark an epoch in progressive govern ment. QUESTION AND ANSWER. Bloomington. 111., April 17,1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sib: In these days of legal sharpness or quibbles, I do believe tho people have ample show, both under and above constitutions, lan's, vested rights, and every thing of tho sort. First— Are wo constitutionally, supremely through out, o government of, by, and for tho people 7 Clearly, Yes. AVcomf—Can tbo people of to-day bo bound by any acts of yesterday clearly subversive of tbo popular will, government, equity, and welfare ? As clearly (to mo), No! I put this last question purposely in lift most radical and, to vested-right worshipers, offensive form. Tbero Is no government of earth so righteously des- potic and uncontrollable os that of a democracy— especially when abused and robbed by 1U leaders, and, If you please, by Its own previous action. 1 wonder at our railroad managers { In democracies there Is but tho one final argument, the popular welfare, and but one supremo verdict or decision, tho popular will. And no true friend of free Institutions can, I think, bosltnto one moment in not only conforming to these great landmarks, but lu doing Ills very ntmoat to harmonize them with abso lute, universal progress and improvement. Anything short of this course Is to mo moat clearly In tho direc tion of cither monarchy or tnobocracy. Long live the people I F, K. PncENix. ANSWER. Mr. Phcouix baa.properly answered liia first in terrogatory iu tbo affirmative. Hlb second question is too broad to bo an swered in a single sentence or in a sweeping manner. Tho people of eleven States of tbls Union sot up that they could not bo “ bound by any acta of yesterday clearly aubvoralvo of tho popular will, government, equity, and welfare," —they being the judges of what was clearly sub versive, etc. Tho people of tho remaining Staton maintained that they could be so bound. It is immaterial for tbo purposes of Mr. Phoenix’s In terrogatory which side was ablo to bring tho most physical forco to boar in deciding tho ques tion. Wo presume that Mr. Phoenix, in common with most pooplo in tho North, held, as a matter of law and right, irrespective of tho forco that could bo mustered on either side, that tho pooplo of these eleven States wore bound by “acta of yesterday," to-wit: tbo act of forming tbo American Union. So It appears that there may ho exceptions to his rule. Although Mr. Phoenix does not toll precisely what laws ho would like to have tho people no longer bound by, wo presume ho refers partic ularly to tho charter of tho Chicago & Alton Railroad. If tho pooplo aro not to bo bound by it, of course tho Company aro not to bo hound by it. Take a sponge, therefore, and wipe out tho charter and everything which has boon done by or under it. How much happier would Mr. PUamlx bo then ? Ho would have no Chicago & Alton Railroad, but ho would have bis freedom. “ But wo could charter a railroad on that lino with different conditions." You con do that now. But you cannot release ono party from a contract and hold tho other party up to its conditions. THE CANADIAN PACIPIO RAHWAY. Canada is greatly agitated by tbo nows that Sir Hugh Allan cannot inspire EugllaU capital ists with any coufldonco in tbo Canadian Raolflo Hallway. Tbo seborao Booms to have failed almost boforo it began to mature. It was evident, several weeks ago, that it bad become thoroughly mixed up with Canadian politics; that a powerful party, with tbo Hon. Goorgo Brown and loading members of Parlia ment at their head, would fight tbo Com pany with every weapon known to finan cial and political warfare ? ami, considering its enormous cost, and for at least a quarter of ft century to como tho utter worthlessness of the work, foiluro was inevitable, Tho first serious point of attack was, reolly, if tho allegations hi regard to It wore true, one of tho strongest argu ments in favor of it. It was charged that they and certain American capitalists had agreed to build tho road from Lake Niplsalng to tho foot of Lake Superior, and, crossing tho St. Mary’s Bivor there, it should connect with a road south of Lake Superior, and, using that u.id tho Northern Pacific, switch off at or near the Rod Rlvor of tho North, and run thouoo to Fort Garry, Prom thoro tho Uno might have boon readily carried to tho Rocky Mountains, and with (t tho people to develop tho agricultural riches of tbo Manitoba and tho groat Saskatchewan Valley. By this means some 700 miles of railway through tho desolato aud uninhabitable country north of Lake Supe rior would bo avoided. To build a road thoro would absorb tbo $30,000,000 granted by tho Government to build (ho whole lino, and nearly, if not quite, all of the value of the lands of tho Company as well. But, by appealing to Canadian pride and tho ideas of nationality now rapidly developing In Canada, what was really the best feature In tho plan of tho Com* pany has boon made to toll most powerfully against It. But tho Toronto.Gtobo of tho 10th makes• much stronger argument against tho success of tho enterprise. It doubtless at once suggested itself to English capitalists, and Influenced them to lot tho scheme severely alone. Tho Oloha says: One of Ibo chief Hols in that Bciiomo was the prom* lie to construct It within ton years. Every aobor-hilnd* eft bnristsss man must have acton that time was an os* senllel element In tho construction of so enormous a work, especially from the point of view of making IS remunerative. There is little use in building a rail* rood until there is a population to use it, and no maa In Ltd esußM can believe that an adequate population can bo produced by the most vigorous emigration la lon years. It is, in fact, a project for building a railway in tho air. Tho Olohc also charges that the promise to build tbo road in so short a llmo was made to Boouro British Columbian voles: In order to whip up with golden thongs a majority* ho received $300,000, and promised to grant a charter to parties quite unfit, from over}* point of view and on every consideration; ouo consequence being tho forcing of tho sebomo prematurely and without duo consideration on the London market. Such a sebemo could only succeed by a miracle, and tho days of miracles aro over. Nor, indeed, wore wo still In thorn g is it likely that ono would bo performed for such mom Tho want of population and business to sua tain tho road has much more to do with its pro* mature failufo than any mismanagement of tha men who havo it In charge. That ossontlol ole* monl cannot possibly bo supplied wilbln tbo next quarter of a century. If English capitalists and tho statesmen of tho Dominion want to sink per* baps ton times as much money as they havo lost in tbo Grand Trunk and tho Intercolonial Ball ways, lot them go in strong on tbo Canadian Pa cific. They will find it a maelstrom In which hundreds of millions may bo sunk forovor with very little trouble. HERBERT SPENCER ON CAPITAL AND LABOR. In tho Popular Science Monthly for May, tv further articlo in Mr. Herbert Spencer’s series on the difficulties which surround tho effort to establish social science, discusses tho bias under which employes and employed, or capitalists and laborers, everywhere regard tho conduct of each other. Neither sees in tho other tho best and necessary result of tho present undeveloped con dition of society, but each charges tbo conflicts between tho two to tho inherent depravity and personal wickedness of tho otbor. Tbo laborer boos tyranny in tbo exactions of bis employer. Tho omployor boos a spirit of indolent and inso lent turbulence in tho disposition of tbo laborer not to work at all unless be can work loss tlmo or at higher wages. Mr. Spencer secs, in both, tbo resultants of tho conditions that surround them, and only blames both for their failure to regard them selves in tho samo philosophical light. A book upon servants, for aristocratic reading, ontitloa them “Tho Greatest Plaguo in Life,” whiio a book upon employers, to ho road by servants, would of courso stylo masters and* mistrocaos “Tho Greatest Plague In Life.” “Whiio Mr. Spon sor contemplates with serene satisfaction tho folly which inspires both those classes in tbolr contests with each other, ho raises a now issuo with both of them,—that they alike misappre hend their own interests. Workingmen ought to know that a moro equal distribution of wealth and “bettor forms of industrial organization would grow up aud extinguish this which they ro« gard as oppressive, woro such bettor forms prac ticable.” Tho power of tho capitalist ia tho compensation ho receives for regulating the course of industry and tho exchange of products, and, though tho share of the proceeds of indus try which now go to pay for its regulation is probably excessive, and will bo lessened under future systems, “ at present it has tho justifica tion that it alone succeeds." So much to tho workingman. To tho capitalist, Mr. Spencer argues that ho would bo liappior with less money; or rathor that, with tho onward swoop of society, conditions will so change that unselfish policies will supply more largely tho comforts of life, while entailing loss care and vexation. Tho feudal Baron of two centuries ago would have sneered at tho possibility that his successor, tho Earl of to-day, could live without a moated cas tle, without armed retainers, could have gono abroad without stool mail, lance, or sword, and yet enjoy, not only greater social power, but more freedom, than those encumbrances would bavo supplied. So our modem bankers, railway kings, and land-holders, who drudgo like hired clerks under tho load of details their business involves, would snoor at tho prediction that a social condition is approaching in which their posterity will enjoy far moro real wealth, moans of culture, health, leisure, and social power and freedom, without, than thoy now enjoy with, their vast monopoly of property, which thoy con neither consume nor labor with directly, but can only invest and supervise. Mr. Spencer, therefore, condemns tho “pervading tho rny of life" cutorfaiuod by tho capitalist class, viz: that tho monopoly of vast wealth by individuals is conducive to tho happiness of its possessors, as being “as mistaken as it is ignoble." Wo quote tho fol lowing os a singular concession by philosophy to tho soundness of tho chief and most difiicult claim of Christianity, viz: that, to insure hap piness, self-love must bo modified and balanced by tho love of our neighbor: Tho pleasure-bunting life fulls, for (bo reason (but it leaves largo parts of tbo nature uncicre-laod,—lt neg lects tbo satisfaction gained by successful activity, aud there la missing from it tbo soreno cousciouuuens of services rendered to others. Kgolstlo enjoyments continuously pursued pall, because tbo appetites fox tbom are satiated In times much shorter tbau ouz waking lives glvo us, leaving times that aro cither empty or spout In efforts to got enjoyment ufier dcslro has ceased. They pall also from the want of that broad contrast which avisos wbcu a moiety of Ufa is actively occupied. These negative causes'of dis- BatPfactlou aro Joined with tbo positive cause Indicated —tbo absence of that content gaiued by successful achievement. One of tbo most passive aud enduring gratilicatlons la tbo sense of personal worth, over afresh demonstrating itself to consciousness by effec tual action; aud an Idlollfo is balked of its hopes partly because it lacks this. Lastly, tbo implied ab souco of altruistic activities, or of activities felt to bo la Borne way serviceable to others, brings kindred evils— an absence of certain positive pleasures of n high order not easily exhausted, uud a further falling buck ou egoistic pleasures, again tending toward sntioty Aud all this, with its resulting weariness and dlscon tout, wo may trace to a social organization undo] which there comes to tbo regulating classes a shave ol produce great enough to make possible largo accumu lations that support useless descendants. In (ho moclo of expressing those ideas thoro in tho more shade of novolty which attaohes to Mr. Sponsor's philosophical stylo. Tho conclusions, however, aro as old as tho Book of Job, whoroiu tho samo truth is taught, that a man’s happiness oonsistolh not in tho ahaudauco of tho things that ho possossotU ; or as tho stoics in philoso phy and tho oromitos in religion, who havo, ha their BOYoral ways, sought to practice on ih%

Other pages from this issue: