Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 22, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 22, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE tftIBUNE. TEAMS OP SUDSOtIIPTtOK (PATAtILB IN ADVANCE). «fc;;.".v.v.:: 8 S:08 PnH« of n year at UlO same rate. To prevent delay ami mistakes, bo sure and give Post OQlco address in fall, Including Slate and County. Remittance* may lie mndo either by draft, otprosj, Po«t Offlco order, orln registered letters, at out risk. thumb to citt aunaoimmns. Bally, delivered, Sunday esopptod. 2fi cent* per week. *K ckl AUU Uoruer Madison and*., Chicago, 111. CONTENTS OF TO DAY'S TRIBUNE. FIRST PAGE—Foreign Nows—'Washington Matters— Tho Waathor—The Indians—Miscellaneous Tele grams—Advertisement*. SECOND PACK—Tho County Board: An Inhannonl ou* Session; Tho Court-House Plans; Jobs and Rumors of Johs-MUUary Matters 1 A Sketch of tho Life of Gen. JofT. 0. Davis—Tho OadoUhlp— Tho Western Storm-Portraits of tho Savagos-Tho Farmer* 1 Movement—Lost Steamships. THIRD PAGE—Tho Oourts-Fatalitlos at tho Palmer Hotel—Tho BrlokmaWors—Tho West Bide Elootlon— Terms of Circuit Ouurts-Tho Crusade Against tho Assignation Saloons-lUllroad Tlmo-Tablo-Advor tlsomonts. „ .... FOURTH PAGE—Editorial*: Llncoln-Seward; PollUcs and tho Farmer* 1 Movement; Our Indian Policy; Protection Tested by Resulta-Ourrent Nows Items ’ —Notes and Opinion. FIFTH PAGE—Notes from tho Stato Capital-Council Mooting Last Evonlng-Waihlugtonlan Homo -Per ■pn&l—Market* by Telegraph—AmuiomonU—Adver tisement*. BLXTH PAGE —Monetary and Commercial Marino Now*. SEVENTH PAGE-Small Advertisements: Real Estate, For Sale, To Rent, Wanted, Boarding, Lodging, Eto. EIGHTH PAGE—State Loglalalnros-Now York Mat tors—Miscellaneous Telegrams—Billiards—Auction Bales—Small Advertisement*. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. THEATRE—Madison street, between Stata and Dearborn. Engagement of Mr. Mark Smith. *' One Hundred Year* Old. 1 ' AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Don. gross. Engagement of Stuart Robson. ** Llttlo Era 1 !*. 11 DOOLEY’S OPERA HOUSE—Randolph street, be tween Clark and LaSalloit. "Alixe." "Turn Him Out. 11 ACADEMY OF MUSIC-UaUtod street, south of Madison. Engagement of Mr. F. 8. Obanfrau. "Kit, tho Arkansas Traveler. 11 MYERS 1 OPERA UOUSE-Monroe street, between State and Dearborn. Arlington, Colton A Komblo’a Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. * * Romeo and Juliet. BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY. TUB BXTRAOR dinar* dxawlngwllUako place on thoffld ofAwril, 1873. Tho 'amount drawn 13 a 16,000 tickets and 3,(07 prises. J. B. MAUTWEZ A CO., Bankers, 10 Wall-st.; Poet-offico 80x4,68j. Now York. “BATOIIELOR’S HAIR DYE. THIS SPLENDID liatrdyo 1* tlio host In tboworld. Tbo only trno and per fect dyo. lUmlna, reliable, andinitanUnooua? nodUai). polatmont; no ridiculous tint* or unplsaaant odor. R«mo dies tlio 111 effects o! bad dyes and wartics. P™* l ™ B Im mediately a auporb blaclt ornatnral brown, and leaves the hair clean, soft, and beautiful. Tbo Benolni.ilgnedW. A.' Hatoholor. Hold by all druggUt*. OIIAULES BAJTOIIBLOR. Proprietor, N. Y. 03$lnme. Tuosday Morning, April 22, 1873. Tko Wolland Canal was opened to navigation yesterday. * Secretary Delano denies tho report that ho In tends to leave tho Cabinet. Six thousand square foot more of space have boon yielded American exhibitors at Vienna, and thoir articles will be received until Juno 10. To-day tho Commissioner of ludlau Affairs will bo in Now York to open tho bids for furnish ing annuity goods to ho distributed among the Indian wards of tho Government. Caldwell, of Kansas, lias got judgment against the United States on a claim of s3oo,BGofor army transportation in XBGO. This will more than make good tlio losses in bis unfortunate Senatorial speculation. Tho proposal to repeal the law limiting dam ages for death by railroad negligence to $5,000, has boon reported upon adversely by tho Rail road Committee of tho House) and its report is approved by that body.- Gov. Kellogg makes light of tho refusal of tbo MoEnory party to pay their taxes. Col lections, ho says, are made rapidly and easily, and have amounted to $251,000 in the first quarter of this year, against $183,000 for tho samo period last year. The Baltimore American which considers Civil-Service Reform lit only for “a campaign catch,” thinks Mr. Colfax one of ihoso men wo cannot spare from public life. It beseeches him, for tho sake of his coun try, to run for Congress from South Rond. Ono incidental result of his election, which ho could gain by the largest majority his district has over given, would bo to give a crush ing reply to tho Credit Mobillor slanders. Gon. Pieltan, tho now Captaln-Qonoral of Cuba, was received at Havana yesterday by,a largo concourse, not ono of whom raised a cheer or uttered a word of welcome. Tho koy-noto of his Inaugural proclamation is an. ap peal to tho soldiers to mako an other effort to crush tho rebellion,— which he boliovos ho can crush with tbo aid of the loyalists. Ho promises tho insurgents for giveness if they submit; unrelenting war if they continue their resistance. An old trunk, which was sent on from London to Now York last mouth, and was said to contain wearing apparel which had boon in use, was seized yesterday, by order of tho counsel of tho- Bank of England. When opened, it was found to contain old clothes marked George Bidwoll, und in tho clothes when unrolled were found $220,050 of tho identical United StatOii bonds which woro the fruits of .the Didwcll-McDonnoll forgeries, Jlils leaves tho gang only SBO,OOO of their plunder for fight ing their way through tho courts. Cougrosamau Walden, of lowa, one of tho out going members of tho last Congress, voted ugulnst the salary steal, but, it Is said, pocketed his share when bo reached tho safety of private lifo. Ho has boon named recently as a possible candidate for Lieutenant-Governor next full, and Las distributed his back pay among tho pupils of the public schools in his district, giving each one tt cents. Whether this aclion improves his chances may ho doubted, as somo of his constit uents resent being treated as receivers of stolon goods. . Tho Chicago produce markets were excited yesterday, and generally Jilghor. Moss pork was active, and advanced 81.50 pur brl, closing 81.00 higher than on Saturday, at 818.00 cash, and ■818.50@18.50 seller Juno. Lard was active, and 250 per 100 lbs higher, closing at 88.85®8.00 •cash, and seller Juno. Moats were quiot and per lb higher, at 0%@0%0 •for shoulders, 8%@8£(o for short ribs, B%@oo for short clear, and 10@12o for sweet pickled hams. Hlghwinos wore quiet and un changed at 670 per gallon. Lako freights wore ■dull and nominal at ICo for corn to Buffalo. Flour was more active and a ahado firmer. Wheat was active iu options, and l@2o higher, closing at $1.21#@1.22>£ cash, and $1.23 Boiler May. Cora was active, ami 2o higher, closing at 880 cosh and 88%0 seller May. Oats were more active, and higher, closing at 29@20)<j'o cash and 20&o Boiler May. Rye wan qnlot and steady at G7o. Barley was dull and unchanged, at 00>tf@76o for No. 2. Hogs wore active and firm at $6.20@5.60. Cattle wore steady. Sheep wore scarce and nominal. Don Carlos has repeated to a newspaper cor respondent tho familiar story of tho wrongs of his grandfather who should havo received tho Spanish throne which was given to Isabella, iu violation of tho Salle law, which excludes female members of tho family from iho succession.. Ho moans to continue ,tho struggle until ho regains Ida rights. His scheme for tho government of Spain Is a constitutional monarchy, somewhat like that of England, in which tho provinces should govern themselves in nil hut national affairs, and in which tho chief power of tho State should reside in a Cortes elected freely by tho people. There Is a prospect that tho evils of Chinese cheap labor will react against tho manufacturers who have encouraged tho importation of Ooolios. There has boon a recent arrival in San Francisco of a colony of 1,218 from Ohina, but they fail to find tho same anxiety to soouro their services that formerly prevailed. Tho cause is found in tho experience of tho shoo factories iu California, which havo heretofore employed Chinese cheap labor, but havo now returned to tho employment of white mon. They have oven gone so far as to mako special inducements for whito boys to to assume throo years’ apprenticeship in order to keep up a good supply of white * shoemakers., The shoe-manufac turers havo found that tho Chinese workmen, after learning their trade, havo a habit of leaving their ■ situations, sotting up shops of tholr own', and soiling goods of tholr manufacture at prices with which the whito manufacturers cannot compote. Tho. incident Indicates that tho white laborers havo nothiugto, fear from, any voluntary immigration of tho Chinese into this country, as tho Chinese will speedily discover their own value, and level of workmanship, and will regulate them by tho practices of this country instead of tho practices In China. LINCOLN—SEWARD. Mr. Charles Francis Adams concludes bis able historical essay on "William H. Seward Ibusj But tbo memory of him who guided bur comuo through tho most appalling tempest yet experienced In our annals can scarcely fall to confront all future anpirauts In tho same bouorablo career, as an oxamplo w blcU every ono of them may imitate to his advantage, but few can hope to be so fortunate oa to excel. Tho scope of this oulogium could badly bo wider if Dlviuo Providence had boon tho “ him ” referred to as having guided our coarse through tho most appalling tempest yet experienced in our annals. Did Mr. Boward guide our course through that oppalling tempest ? Mr. Adams does not show that ho did, —does not, come anywhere near showing It. Tho only considerable event which ho points out as having boon under tho especial direction of Mr. Boward was the surrender of Mason and Slidell to tho British authorities after tho Trent affair. This affair fell under his special Jurisdiction as Secretary of State, and was undoubtedly well ad vised and well managed. But it comes far short, oven when coupled with Mr. Seward’s general management of foreign affairs, of justifying tho sentiment that Mr. Seward guided our course through tho appalling tempest—a sentiment that cannot bo acquiesced in without grave in justice to other actors in that tremendous drama. Mr. Adams, apparently anticipating this ob- jection, says in another place: Lot mo not bo understood ns desiring to' Bay a word in a spirit of derogation from tho memory of Abraham Lincoln. Uo proved hlraaolf hoforo tho world a pure, bravo, honest man, faithful to his arduous task, and laying down Ida Ufo at tho last os tho penalty for his country’s safety. At tho same tlmo, It Is tho duty of history In dealing with all human action to do strict Justice in discriminating between persons, and by uo moans to award to ono honors that clearly belong to another. To say that Mr. Lincoln was “k pure, bravo, honest man, faithful to his arduous task,” leav ing it to bo inferred that ho was an intellectual nonentity as compared with Mr. Seward, ad; in deed, ho pretty roundly assorts in another place, proves that Mr. Adams, however familiar with Mr. Seward as a man and a statesman, was totally unacquainted with Mr. Lincoln in tho former capacity and very little In tho latter. Hero is tho contrast ho draws between thorn: Mr. Lincoln could not foil Boon to pcrcelvo tho fact that whatever estimate he might put on Ulb natural Judgment, ho had to deal with a superior in native In- tellcclual power, in extent of acquirement, in breadth of philosophical experience, and In tho force of moral discipline. On tho other hand, Mr. Seward could not havo been long blind to tbo deficiencies of tbo chief In those respects, however highly ho might value his In tegrity of purpose, his shrewd, natural Judgmcut, and his generous aud amiable disposition. ‘ That Mr. Seward was tho superior of Mr. Lin coln in extent of acquirement and breadth of philosophical experience must bo admitted 5 but that ho was his superior, or his equal, In native Intellectual power, or In tho force of moral dis- clpllno, wo firmly deny. Mr. Seward was be lieved to bo, along with Mr. Adams and many other able and excellent men, a compromiser at tho beginning of tho secession movement, and opposed to tho employment of forco in order to prevent secession. Wo affirm, as on historical fact, susceptible of proof, that every member of Mr. Lincoln’s Cabi net, except Montgomery Blair, was in favor of surrendering Fort Sumter in tho first instance, and that every member of tho Cabinet, except Blair and Welles, was opposed to tho attempt to send provisions and supplies to Maj. Anderson. When it was determined to send- tho supplies, Mr. Seward spirited away (perhaps nut design edly) tho steamer Powhatan, containing Capt. Tox’a launches ami tho sailors to man thenij and sent her off to Pensacola by moans of an order which never wont through tho Navy Depart ment. On the 12th of April, 1801, if wo recollect rightly, Mr. Howard addressed a dispatch to Mr. Adams, directing him to assure the British .Government that there would ho ho resort to arms to maintain tho Union, but that re-union would ho effected peaceably,—thus conceding that the Union was la fact thou dissolved. At a later period (In 1803), in another dispatch (per haps not to Mr. Adams), ho classed tho rebels and tho emancipationists together as equally standing in the way of a restoration of tho Union, showing that ho wos himself opposed to tho emancipation policy. Was this a slip of tho pen (Mr. Adams tells us that such slips are to ho found in his voluminous diplomatic correspond ence), or did it sot forth his deliberate convictions at tho timo ? Our recollection is very clear that Mr. Howard was then regarded not only by tho country, but by nearly all tho public men at Washington, as tho resolute foe Of those who sought to glvo to tho Union cause •rnifi CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: TUliitsuAV, APRIL 22, 1873. the moral bottom and strength of anti-slavery principles and purposes. So strong was this conviction that the Republican Senators form ally requested Mr. Lincoln to remove him from the Cabinet no an obstacle and a hindrance to the Union cause. Wo advert to those circumstances not to de tract from Mr. Seward's well-earned renown, but to outer our protest against Mr. Adams* broad assertion that It. was Hr. Seward, rather than Mr. Lincoln, who guided our courso through the appalling tempest. In our opinion, neither of them guided it wholly, but Mr.. Seward guided it far less than Mr. Lin coln. Mr. Lincoln was himself, guided chiefly by public opinion and by events, and hi the .Cab inet ho was guided loss by Mr. Seward than by Mr. Stanton. ' POLITICS AND THE FARMERS* MOVEMENT. In a Journal called the Orange, published at Washington, lowa, and representing tho organi zations of farmers under tho same name, wo find tho following: ' Now, wo think tho orlala demands that tho farmers and laborers forgot or Ignore all parly foollngs or prej udices. ThoV must go calmly and earnestly forward, their oyoa steadily fixed ou tholr own Intoroeto and tho interests of iho country. They must do tho work themselves, nor trust it (0 tho bauds of protonded frlouds. They must select mon from tholr own ranks—men thoroughly identified with tholr In terests—men of back bone, who . cannot- bo bought with a railroad pans or n pension agency—men who bavo not borctoforo committed themselves to either political parly, nof hedged them selves by parly influences} men of strong personal In tegrity and honor, who will carry those virtues with them to public station; mon pledged to otornal and unflinching opposition to monopoly abuses, extrava gant appropriations of tho people’s money, and to all salary stools. Such mon are to be found. Let our Granges and Farmers 1 Clubs look thorn up during tho next two months, nominate them, and clod them. If that 1s “going Into politics, 11 mako tho most of It, The last nontonco of tho extract refers to a hue and cry that has boon raised in certain quar ters, warning tho farmers of dangers and proba ble defeat if they permit themselves to ho drawn Into “ politics.” It iu notable tbat ibis tocsin of alarm has boon sounded by tho party press, and that it was suggested mainly Uy tho decided op position to tho protection swindle which has boon expressed iu every convention and mooting of farmers of any consequence. The dangers which threaten the interests of tho farmers by making their grievances the basis of political action are not half so numerous or formidable as those which threaten 'the existing parties from the same cause. Hence those tears I The farmers, it appears, have not boon deceived by the plausi ble disinterestedness of .the advice. The Orange furnishes a tolerably complete basis for a political platform when it advises tho formers to unite in “ eternal oudunflinching op position to monopoly abuses, extravagant appro priations of tho people’s money, and to all salary steals.” Whenever they shall so unite, , tho dangers will not bo on their side, but on tho side of tho political hacks of all kinds that attempt to delude tho people with bygone issues, and old political war-crics. Tho dangers will then threaten tho monopolists, whether they ho rail-. roads to extort unreasonable rates, or protected manufacturers who livo aud thrive upon tho sub sidies which a high tariff takes out of tho pockets of an unwilling people. Defeat'will then attend, not tho farmers’ movement, but tho party that is responsible for “ extravagant ap- propriations of tho people’s money and for all salary steals.” Tho agricultural community oi this country roprosonta-as largo an interest asal! tho other pursuits of tho country joined together, Whenever that community shall decide to cut loose from useless and antiquated party associa tions, and wretched old political shells of every kind and brood, and concentrate its energies and resources upon the single purpose of breaking down monopolies and rooting out corruption, then it will bo time for the men who make ex travagant appropriations and perpetrate salary steals to stand from under. As the Grange curtly says: “If that is going into politics, make tho most of it.” Tho Republican party will probably make them some temporary and unimportant concos- sions on the tariff question, and endeavor to rally them with tho old war-whoop: “Standby tbo party ;• no divisions in tho faco of tho enemy.” Tho Democratic party will oomo out of its shell just long enough to toll tho formers that it has boon fighting monopolists and cor- ruptionists over, since it has boon out of power. Each will warn tho tillers of tho soil against tho deceits and tricks of tho other, and eo far both will do right. If tho farmers will hood tho warning of both, and do what the Orange advises them to do,—cut off from tho old parties,soloctnowmon identified with their own interests, and malm vigorous war upon all monopolies, subsidies, steals, and imposi tions,—tho farmers will have nothing to fear from tho bugbear of “ politics ” which protec tionists and monopolists aro holding up hoforo thorn, When tho farmers know tholr own power and concontrato on their own commou'intorests, “politics” will havo more to fear from them than they from politics. OUE INDIAN POLICY. Rocout events on tho Western frontier havo shown very conclusively that tho much-vaunted policy of tho Administration in its dealings with hostile Indians is a miserable failure, aud that it is costing many lives and an enormous amount of money to carry out tho sentimental theories of tho Vincent Oolyors, besides affording an op portunity to a long retinue of speculators aud thieving Indian-trodors to enrich themselves, by selling whisky and fire-arms to tbo Indians, and swindling them out of their annuities. Tho case of tho Modocs is exactly in point. For a whole year, tho Pence Commission ora havo boon having “big talks" with fifty-throe murdering outlaws and squandering prpsonts upon them, and tho result has been tho murder of one of tho noblest officers in the army and of ono of tho Peace Commissioners, aud an expensive war to drive them out of tho Lava-Bod, which may last, no one knows how long. * During this trilling and dilly-dallying, tho Modocs havo found opportunities to send tholr runners among tho tribes of Northern Cali fornia and Southern Oregon, urging them on to war, so that now a general outbreak is feared. A conflict recently took placo on tho Upper Platto, in which tho Government troops woro routed by a band of Ohoyonnoo, and it is only a fow days ago that tliroo surveyors woro killed by another hand of Cheyennes in tho Indian Terri tory. In the faco of such outrages as those, tho President is calling upon tho Govern or of Texas to pardon two Kiowas, Batanta arid Big Tree, who’woro sentenced to imprisonment for llfo, throe years ago, for murder. Those two fiends woro caught in tho act of murder, aud woro proved to havo boon guilty of numerous murderous outrages, aud yet, upon the petition of tho representatives of tho Quaker policy, it is proposed to turn those tigers looso again, with no other security than the declaration of the bond men of tbo trlbo lo which they belong, that they nro aorry for tholr conduct. In tho case of n white man who had committed hundreds of murders, this plon would have no offoot. 'Whore- In do those two Indian murderers, who have boon tho terror of tho Toxau frontier for years, do sorvo mtob distinguished considoraltou ? Tho folly of temporizing with Indians In arms Is shown by the success of Gen. Orooklnhls dealings with tho Apaches, who have defied tho Government for twenty yonro, and who undoubt edly have boon tho worst and most savage of all 'the tribes, Gon. Crook was attended by no Quakers or Fonco Commissioners. Ho had no “ big talks," and no presents to glvo. His only dealings with tho Apaches woro through tho medium of ball cartridge, no gave thorn no rest by day or night, pursued thorn into tholr fastnesses, and smoto them hip and . thigh, and kept up this sort of fighting with such; determined vigor and pertinacity that at last the Apaches bogged for poaco, acknowledged themselves de feated, surrendered themselves, and gave up tholr arms, and oven sent out tholr runners to bring In tho outsido Indiana. Tho General then announced that ho would place thorn on reserva tions, treat thorn humanely, and make them no promises which ho would not fulfill. Qon. Orook has had no dldloulty in subduing nud pacifying ono of tho most powerful and savago of tho Indian tribos In a very fow months. How Is it ' that fifty-throo miserable Modoo outlaws and murderers have boon able to defy tho .United States Government for over a year ? Tho answer is a plain ono. Gon. Orook, in his last bout with tho savages, had no Quakers or Foaco Commissioners to trip his heels. As long, as an Indian was in arms, there was no poaco forhim. Ho treated them as every outlaw and murderer would bo treated who persisted in defying tho authorities. Tho result Is, that to-day tho peo ple of Arizona, whore tho military,arm of tho Government has been felt, aro safo from further outrages, ■ while tho people of Northern California and Southern Oregon and tho Indian Territory, whore tho Foaco Com missioners aro temporizing with Indians in arms, and traders and speculators aro swindling ihoso not in arms, tho pooplo aro constantly insecure. Merciless punishment to ovory hostile Indian, and humanity to ihoso who submit to tho orders of tho Government, is tho only Indian policy which is of any avail. Whononco thoy do sub mit, thou it • is tho duty of tho Government to protect thorn against tho rapacity of Indian rings. Under such a policy it is possible to havo peace. ' __ PROTECTION TESTED BY RESULTS. Advance shoots of Coubub Statistics of Manu factures present some very instructive facts, which wo advise advocates of the protective theory to investigate with care. It will cost them many weary hours of study to devise oven a plausible reply to the argument which those official statistics furnish. From 1850 to 1860, it will bo remembered, wo wore living under a low revenue tarriff—the lowest, In fact, which has' boon tested in this country at any time since the first experiment in protection after the war with England. The effects of this long period of uninterrupted low duties upon oar manufactures, and the laborers employed therein, ore tested by the census of 1860. In 1801, an extreme protective tariff was adopt ed, which has continued in force to this day, with many modifications, indeed, tending, gen erally to increase the obstacles to our intercourse in manufactured products between this and other countries, but without any material change of character. The effects of nine successive years of extreme protection upon our manufactures and tho laborers employed therein, are tested by the census of 1870. In 1870, the aggregate value of products of manufactures was $1,232,625,802*, the valaoof materials used was $2,188,201,052; and tbo not product, or addition to tho wealth of tho coun- try by manufactures, was $1,711,333,01 d. In 1860, tho not product was $851,256,581, so that tho increase during tbo do c&do of protection has boon 100 per cent. But the increase during the previous decade was from $163,032,703 in 1860, to $851,- 250,581 in 1860, or 81 per cent. On tho other hand, tho increase in capital invested in manu factures during tho protective decode was 109.8

per cent, while tho increase in capital invested from 1850 to 1860 was 80 per cent. Deducting in each case yaluo of materials and wages paid from tbo aggregate value of products, wo find that tho no’t proceeds In 1870 wore 15 por cont of tho capital invoated ; in 1860- they woro 47 per cont, and in 1850 only 10 9-10 por. cont. This Bum, in each caso, represents much moro than tho actual profits of capital, hocauso from it must ho deducted all expenditure for taxes, re pairs, and renewals of machinery and buildings, and for goods loft on hand unsold.. But it may ho presumed to bear tho same relation to profUa in cfvch case, oxcopt as taxes have boon increased sinco 1860. Tho progress .of manu facturing industry in profit and stability during tho uoa-protectivo period from 1850 to 1850 is thoroforo represented by tho advance from 40.0 por cont to 47 por cont; while its progress back ward under the period of duties falsely called protective is represented by tho decrease from 47 percent to 45 por cent, less tho Increase of taxation sinco 1860. * Those changes will ho readily soon in tho following tahlo: NET VALUE Of I'HODUOT. 1850 $1C3,082,701 1870 1,711,833,010 Increase. .101 per cent 1850 $633,248,351 18(50 . 1,009,855,7X5 Increase.. 80 percent 1870 2,118,217,050 Increase. .109.8 per cont MET I‘ItOCEUDB (rBODUOT LESS MATERIALS AND WAGES). 1850.. $227,227,320; por cent of capital.. 40.0 percent 1860.. 470,077,018; por cent of capital.. 47 percent 1870.. 008,712,047; per cent of capital.. 45 por cent It appears, thou, that manufacturing indus try, tested by tho oousua returns, has not boon as profitable in tho aggregate to tho capi tal invested, under tho extreme protective duties, as it was under tho low rovouuo tariff of 1860, and that this branch of industry, which advanced in profit fully one-sixth under tho low duties from 1850 to 1800, has lu that rospoot not only failed to contlnuo Us progress, but has actually suffered a material loss under tho pro tective duties in forco from 1801 to 1870. Hut it may bo supposed that, whlto capital has failed to soouro larger profits under tho system of protection, tho laborer employed iu manufac tures has boon greatly benefited. This Is tho commouly-omployod pretext of tho advocates of tho protootivo system; they do not desire larger profits for tho capitalist except for tho reason that labor may recoivo higher wages. In testing tho advance of wagos by tho oousus returns, wo must romombor that prices of food and clothing, and tho cost of living and supporting a family, havo largely Increased since 1800, so that, as officially-gathered statistics havo conclusively proved, (100 does not go as for to supply the Tvimtß of the laborer as SIOO did in 1800. With this fact in mind, lot us see how tho laborer in manufacturing industry has fared under tho pro tective system. In‘-1870, according to tho census returns, there wore employed In manufactures 2,075,007 hands, and the entire sum paid as wages for labor was $775,021,003. This Is an average of $073.07 annually for every person employed. But this is In currency ? during tho first six months of 1870, prior to the taking of tho cen sus, tho premium on gold averaged cents, and, for tho purpose of comparison with the wages of 1800, tho average paid must ho re duced to gold values, namely, $328.24 per capita. Now, In 18G0 there wore paid $370,878,000 to 1,811,210 persons employed, an average of $288.94 per capita . Tho Increase In the gold value of wages paid to hands employed In man ufactures has, therefore, boon only $04.00 per capita, or loos than 12 per cent. increase of only 12 per cent in wages, while tho cost of living has increased nearly CO per cent in gold, tho laborer cannot bo said to havo boon benefited by tho protoctlvo period. Moreover, without such on increase in tho coat of living, his wages In creased quite as much under tho low tariff from 1860. For, in 18C0, tho avorago paid to hands employed in manufactures was $257.82, and the increase from that timo to 1800 was, therefore, a fraction ovor 12 per cent. Tho official figures compare as follows : Waves paid. Hands, Per capita. 1650 $230,755,404 1)57,050 $057.82 1800 378,878,000 1,311,240 ' 288.04 1870 775,021,603 2,070,007 373.07 1870, wages reduced to g01d,... 823.24 Increase, 1850 to 1800 12.11 per cent Increase, 1800 to 1670 .* 11.80 percent Non-protection, therefore, gave to tho laborer In ton years, without incroaso in tho cost of liv ing, a larger incroaso of wngos than protection has given him in ton years, with an incroaso of noarly CO per cont in his necessary expenses. In tho light of thoso facts, it is easy to under stand tho frequent and prolonged strikes of laborers, and tho obutinato resistance of em ployers. Tho laborer know that ho could not livo on his wages as wall as ho used to do in 1860. Tho statistics prove that ho was right.. Ho hod boon told by tho defenders of protec tion that laws making his clothing and other artiolos of necessity moro costly woro intended to protect tho American manufacturers—to secure them bettor profits, so that tboy could afford to pay larger wages to labor. Believing that tho manufacturer had realized the designed incroaso of profits, tho laborers have repeatedly struck for tho incroaso of wages which would placo thorn also in bettor position than they had in 18G0, and which had boon so often promised as tho result of tho protoctlvo taxes. But tho manufacturer, counting his gains, has found that ho has not roalizod a larger but a smaller profit than ho did hoforo tho protoctlvo blunder be gan. Taugbt. to expect a larger, ho has boon unwilling to yield larger wages upon a reduced profit, and yot in many cases, and in tho avorago to tho oxtout of nearly 12 per cent, has boon forced to do so. Thus tbo laborer, with many strikes and much loss of timo, and good feeling and Individual has secured noarly tho same increase which tho natural prog ress of manufactures had given him in tho previous decade, but with an incroaso in tho cost of living nearly four times as groat. Tho protectionist, as is his habit when cor nered by facte, will reply that tho connuo returns are not absolutely accurate. They are at least moro reliable, being gathered* by per sons who havo no interest in proving any theory, than tho statistics prepared by different associations of manufacturers. Er rors, in inquiries conducted by so-many inde pendent Marshals, may safely bo oxpoctod to neutralize and balance each other, and, more over, tho census of 1870 has boon at least as ac curate as thoso of 1860 and 1850, with which wo havo compared results. 'Whatever errors havo occurred oro much more likely to bo In favor of tho manufacturers than against thorn, sinco tho statistics are based on their own returns, ond they oro not likely ‘to report tho amount paid In wages os loss than It really is. Tho difficulty is that the facts, when collected’by anybody except associations of interested persons, always tend to prove tho samo truth—that protection bone fits nobody, but is a stupendous blunder. Under Its operation, tho manufacturer has realized loss profit upon his capital, and tho laborer less in crease of wages, than woro attained under tho lowest; revenue tariff, while both havo boon taxed, and all Industry embarrassed, by a med dlesome and mistaken interference with natural THE TEAPEIO IN YOUNG GEU.B, Tho outrage which haa boon brought to tho notice of tho Chicago public as having occurred In tho McLaughlin don, in tho West Division, is of a hind which infests all largo cities, and which it aooms particularly difficult to roach by tho law. Tho complaint has recently boon mado In tho English Parliament, thot tho walks of prostitution aro recruited chiefly from young and immature girls. It has boon found that a largo proportion of tho confirmed prostitutes of Eng lish cities aro girls under 10 years of ago. Tho Police Inspectors have testified boforo a commit tee of Parliament, that tho vast ma jority of prostitutes woro mado so from seduction under tho ago of 15; that dancing-saloons aro (ho sinks of vice to which they aro lured; that old prostitutes and villainous procurers have adopted tho praotico of working upon children to swell tho lists of prostitution. As a moans of chocking what seems to bo an organized traffic in young girls, a bill bas recently boon introduced Into Parlia ment to amend tho existing law governing se duction cases. ' Tho English law on seduction, as it now ataudo, la a good deal of a burlesque. It pro tools all presumptive holrocses under tho ego of 21 years. Tho abduction of a favorodyoung wom an who has wealth or position to look forward to is a folouy, and is punishable with penal servitude. This summary process docs not ap ply, howovor, to tho young girls la humblo spheres of life. Aa it la among tho latter that tno greatest temptations aro offered and tho greatest hardships follow seduction, and as tho “probumptlvo heiresses” aro largely protected by thoir own position in life and their social sur roundings, tho law appears to bo a rolio of aris tocracy that might well bo obliterated In tho progress of democratic government. For tho young girls of tho humblo classes, which noto riously turn out tho grout majority of tho public women, tho English law provides that seduction under tho ago of 10 shall bo folony; between tho egos of 10 and 12 tho samo orimo becomes a simple misdemeanor; after that ago thoro is no remedy except •au action at law for recovering tho value of tho girl’s services during tho tlmosho was dis abled from work for tho benefit of parents or employers. The proposition la to amend the present law so aa to make the aoductton of a girl under the ago of 14 a felony, and to enable tbo victim herself, after that ago, to bring an ac tion at law against her seducer In her own name and for her own benefit. Tho objections made to the proposed amendment are those: 1. That the English law authorizes the marriage of girls at 13 years of ago, and, if they are qualified then to consent to ruarrlago, it is not reasonable to suppose that they do not know the moaning of n departure from a life of virtue. 2. It is feared that authorizing personal suits for damages on ac count of seduction under the ago of 21 years will bo productive of more evil than good, by bolding out an inducement to yield to seduction in tbo bopo of securing a subsequent reward. Those objections, however, ore founded upon technical constructions of tho law, and fail to command very much respect. Tho probability is, that Parliament will amend tho law as pro posed. Tho whole subject bas boon suggested by tbo Infamous practices of abducting and seducing young girls, of which tho McLaughlin case in this city is a fair sample. One member of tbo Mouse declared that it. was heart-rending to noto tho number of young girls in tbo factory towns wbo had boon seduced under tbo ago of 16, and wore about to bocomo mothers. Ho made thopoint that it was absurd to protect children from working in fac tories under a certain ago, and at tbo samo time, to permit them, under tbo law, to assent to their own sodnotion; and hold that, if they weep to bo treated as children of tender age in ono case, they should bo in tho other. Tbo Society for tbo Rescue of Young Women and Children reported that most of thoso who entered their institution had boon seduced boforo they were 16 years old, and many of them at an earlier period than could bo generally apprehended. It will not bo denied that it is bettor to protect young girls from seduction than to try -to reform (bom after they have boon seduced, if it is possible to do so. A law making it a felony, punishable with penal servitude, to seduce a girl under tho ago of 11 years, would accomplish a good deal in this way, whether in England or in this country.. THE RIVER AND HARBOR SWINDLE. Among ibo many abueos resulting from a sur plus rovonuo, and ono of tbo pretexts for not repealing unnecessary taxes, is tbo now annual appropriation of $0,000,000 or $7,000,000 for tbo .ostensible purpose of improving rivors and har bors. Taken as a wbolo, there is no' greater fraud upon tbo Treasury than ibis, unless wo oxcopt the annual appropriation of about $2,000,000 for tbo repair of certain old fortiflea- tions that ought, as a general thing, to bo blown up or abandoned. Tbo River and Harbor bill passed * at tbo lato session appropriates $0,082,000, four-fifths of which is actually waste, and might as well bo given away. At tbo dose of oacb of those bills tboro Is a clause directing tbo Secretary of War to cause surveys to bo mado of various now works iu all parts of tbo country, and to report an estimate of each at tbo noxt session. At tbo next session those new works aro added to tbo list, and in this way tbo annual expenditure for these local jobs is getting enormous. Among tbo now works on which this last act directs a survey and estimate is Pino River, St. Clair County, Llonistigno har bor, and Bobawring River, all in Michigan; Rod River, from Morokoad to romblna; tho Youg hioghony River, Pennsylvania, and an exten sion of tho 'Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, from Cumberland, Maryland, to tho Ohio River; also of a work to connect tho inland waters from Donaldsonvillo, Louisiana, to tbo Rio Grando River, by cuts and canals, so as to avoid tbo navigation of tho Gulf of Mexico; tho great Poo Doe River In South Carolina 5 and Forked Deer River in Tennessee. ’ There aro a score of others, for each of which noxt year there will bo asked an appropriation of from SIO,OOO to $50,000 to begin with, tho samo to bo kept up indefinitely. Tho bill contains appropriations for no loss than twolvo ancient harbors In Michigan, regular old Joo Millers. Ono hundred thousand dollars. is given to dredge out tho Bay of Superior, and to keep Its entrances open. Thoro are- §90,000 for Chi cago and §40,000 for Calumet harbors, and §IBO,- 000 for tho Ohio harbors on Lako Erio. Even Vermont gets §IO,OOO for har bors. Sixty-six thousand dollars aro ap propriated for tho Upper Monongahola River in ‘West Virginia and §BO,OOO aro appropriated for removing the raft in Red River, Arkansas — a work begun forty years ago, upon which im mense sums have been expended,and tho raft at ibis tlrao is greater than -over. Tho Inevitable Capo Fear River, North Carolina, gets another SIOO,OOO for an impossible improvement that has boon under way for forty years. A sufficient number of the rivers and creeks of Virginia have appropriations to scouro tho votes of tho Rep resentatives of that State. Tho same is tho c&so in Now Jersey, Maryland, Tennessee, Missouri, Now York, and Delaware. Tho harbors of Rhodo Island got §Bo,ooo} those of Connecticut, §IIO,OOO. Soda Lako, in Texas, gets §60,0*00, whilo Melno gets §171,000. Now Hampshire wants tho Ooohcco River made navigable, and this bill gives §IO,OOO a year for that purpose. Tho greater part of theao appropriations aro frauds upon tho country, and Congress would never dare to lovy a special tax to moot them. Bo long, however, as there is a surplus revenue of over a hundred millions of dollars a year, so long will Congress repeat this reckless waste of public money for tho promo tion of a few local schemes, in tho especial in terest of members of Congress, at tho cost of tho whole country. Tho Supremo Court of Massachusetts has re cently rendered a decision defining the liability of telegraph companies for tho failure to deliver messages, which it Is important for tho public everywhere to understand* Suit had boon brought to recover tho Hon. ’William Parsons’ price of a lecture, tho commissions of his ogonts, Rodpath &Pftll, and tho expenses of tho Rochester Lecture Committee In providing hall, adver tising, etc., for Mr. Parsons’ lecture, at which ho did not appear according to announcement. Tho dispatch which llodpath & Fall had sent to Mr. Parsons to moot this' engagement had never Touched him, by a mistake of tho. operator. Ilouco tho suit. Tho unan imous decision of tho Massachusetts Supremo Court was as follows i As tho message was writ ten on tho Company’s blanks, it was subject to tho printed terms upon which tho Company re ceived it. Tho Company provided the opportu nity to tho public of insuring and repealing mes sages at a small additional cost, and declined to become responsible when this opportunity was neglected. Tho stipulation was a reasonable one, and tho sender of tho message was to blamo for not availing himself of it, whether ho had road tho printed notice on the telegraph blank or not. Tho Court' bold that tho error was not of such a character that tho Company could not legally contract against liability. Writing and delivering tho message on a paper containing tho instructions to this effect closed tho contract and made it binding. Tho City of Newark, N. J., is just now busily and rather noisily engaged in claiming Copt. Jack, tho Modoc murderer, os one of its former citizens. Tho Newark papers claim that a few years since thoro dwelt iui-tho Thirteenth Ward a number of half-breeds who gained a living by well-digging, and that one of those had a son named Jaok, who was noted as a ruffian and des perado of tho worst sort, and who wont wont some years ago. It is assorted by those Who know him that tho personal description of tho Modoo Jack tallies with him in every particular. Tho Newark people will nob bo likely to bo dis turbed in tho claim they lay to the identity of their former follow-oitizou. A curious sample, of one phase at least, of Spanish Republicanism is furnished in a now papor which has just appeared at Madrid, colled Lon Dcscamimdoa (tho shirtloss), which advo cates tho leveling of society, everything In com mon from authority to women, war against tho family, war against property, and war against God. Tho programme of this paper is ouffi oiontly comprehensive, to say tho least. 11 The Shirtloss ” purports to bo ouo of tho Federal Republican organs. NOTES AND OPINION. Tho lowa election of Governor, Legislature, etc., in October, is ono of tho few important elections to bo bold this year, and tho canvass will havo a peculiar interest because of tbo Formers’ Movement, which Is more thoroughly organized in that than in any other Stato. For years past lowa has boon good, at any tlmo, for a Republican majority of from 40,000 to 60,000, but tho possession of power at Dos Moines has boon attended with a rank growth of corruption, a lavish expenditure, well nigh bankrupting tbo Treasury, and a defiant disregard of publlo opinion. What tho farmers will do remains to ho noon. —Tbo Dos Moines Register says : Tho Clinton Herald, in speaking of (ho gentlemen nominated for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor by tho Waterloo Granger, ban “ no Idea Hint any ouch no bodies as Adams and Wilkinson ” will get any support from anybody. Tho cypher of tho Herald would evi dently reduce all men to his own numerical value. Of Wilkinson wo know nothing. Ho may he a good man .or a nobody. Hut to-ottempt to dispose of Mr, I>. W. Adams with such an opithot is to show either ignor ance or stupidity. Wo do not know Mr. Adams’ poli tics. Some say that ho is a Democrat and others that ho ic a Republican. Rut wo do know that ho is a man of not u llttlo worth and consumable force, no has boon for yearn very prominent lu our State agriculture, or, more particularly, iu our horticulture. All who know him, and as a man ho is well known In tho State, will resent as unfair and unwise tho Herald's attack upon him. Ho Is at present tho Master of tho National Grange of tho Patrons of Husbandry, and was for tho two years ending last winter Master of tho State Grange of lowa. To speak of him os <( a nobody” U simply, stupid. —Tbo Pekin (111.) Union urges formers to set- tle tbo vexed question by raising wool, l!ax, and hemp, and fostering homo manufactures j be cause, it says: Suppose that, through tho Imprudence of some of our Credit Moblllcr Legislators or Congrensmen, wo should bo forced Into n war with tho Eastern States. Lot tho growth of hemp bo encouraged by all moans. Some of it is wanted now. —Evidently Mr. Farnsworth’s distribution of hie “backpay” among tho counties of hisdis trict has not been thankfully received. The Rockford Register says: It compels tbo feeling that our district and county are reaping certain advantages from this back-pay theft. Wo want nothing to do with this money, in any form or under any pretence. Wo do not want to fcol that Winnebago County has taken S3OO from It, in form or • fact. Wo should prefer that our County Treasurer should decline receiving It. Wo wish Mr. Farnsworth had never brought it Into this district and divided it. —Tbo pooplo of tho Rock Island District would prefer to know from Treasurer Spinner that Congressman John 13. Hawloy has deposited his back pay, rather than tnuo tho Moline, editor’s word for it. Tho Rook Island Union says: It may now bo ect down ns a fixed fact that any member not already right on this quiatlon, or who won’t soon tnako himself right, 1b no longer a political aspirant. Such Is “tbo power of the press.” which la no powcronly as It la expressive of tbo people’s will, or os It helps to make that will. —Tho money belongs in tbo UnitodJStatos Treasury, and nowhere else. AU such acts as this of Farnsworth will bavo th<wn££pt of in creasing, rather than dlminishingjfK number of those who pocket their share of tho plunder,' Winona (Minn.) Republican. —Tho time has boon when tho Democracy of this Btato.would bavo delighted to honor James 0. Robinson with tho highest office in tholr gift, but that tlmo has now passed away. Samuel 8; Marshall would also have received our support oven for higher honor, whilo ho remained hon est. Now that their bauds aro stained with money not justly theirs, we aro glad to see tho good people of tbo Stato abandon them entirely. —Canton (III.) Register* —lt is a fact that uot.onomanin ten of this community stands by our Representative (Mr. Garfield) in tbo course ho has taken, norcan ono in’ton bo found who would vote for him should hobo running for any office.— Ashtabula Letter in Cleveland herald. —Refusing tbo back pay does not carry any thing to tho credit of a man who voted for it: and tho presumption that ho intends to take it holds until ho has put it out of his power to - do eo. Tho individual sharo of the member is but a trifle compared with tbo millions which his vote helped to take from tho Treasury of the. nation. But it is tho violence done to tho principle of honor and tho contempt shown for tho opinion of tho people which carries tho deepest sadness to every patriotic heart.— Another of Garfield's Constituents. —Tbo people of Illinois having learned by hard experience that they have been tlma of railroad monopolies and combinations, may yot nerve themselves to shako off this mon ster fraud of all, tho protective system, There aro indications at least that they aro growing tired of thoir chains.—Quincy (III) Herald. —lt is illusory to suppose that farmers will sus pend tholr efforts until a remedy is secured, though the violence of tho charge may bo divert ed from the railroads to tbo tariff: but it will surely go on, and it would bo well for those in terested, especially with railroads, to join the farmers as an ally against high tariff.— Cham* paign (HI.) Liberal Lemocral. • • —What a spectacle of miserly rapacity and selfish greed is presented in tho case of Vander bilt who, at tho ago of about 80, and said to be worth from §70,000,000 to §100,000,000. has gone to law to escape paying a share of bis taxes.— St. Haul Pioneer. —Wo are almost startled at tho array of crime being fastened upon our rulers. Tho thought occuiTß “Is not a Republic a failure ?" Is It possible “ tho land of tho froo, and tho homo of tho bravo" has become a paradise for plunder ers and corrupt politicians Chalsworlh (111.) Palladium. —An Eastern lady, tho daughter of a groat politician, and herself ono of tbo most gifted women of tbo country, in a letter to a personal friend, writes : “ Unless something is done to savo uu from those overwhelming waves of cor ruption, wo shall ‘ go under’ some day, and only bo known in history as a terrible example. Good heavens I when I think of such a magnifi cent argosy as those United Btatos, freighted with the noblest hopes and aspirations of tho hu man race, going down on tho awful 100 shore of political corruption, it makes me frantic with rage and grief.*— San Francisco liulletin. —A Univorsalist of this city was lately asked by an Orthodox if ho really believed that all of tho members of tbo lato Congress would ho saved. . “Certainly thoy will,” replied tho Unl vorflaUst} “for does not tho Apostle expressly say that this com<j)h*o« shall put on Inoor mption at tho last day ."—Uloomlngton (III.) ife pttblican. . ■ ; —This war between tho people -and tho cor porations will soon culminate,] and whenever the contest does fairly come, It will bo the bo? ginning of tho end, and that end will ho disas trous to the railroad companies.— San lYanoisco Chronicle, ; . —When Governments or chartered corpora tions resist necessary reforms, and presume themselves too powerful to bo assailed In tbojx positions, thoy find at lust that tho. remedy pi revolution remains, and cannot bo escaped.?-* Galea (111.) Journal. , | —Those are rather delicate times for tho poli tician. Though his past party record bo aa straight as an arrow, ho is a wise and far-seeing man indeed who can road his title clear to man sions In tho skies of tho now polities! ora.— Fcoria (III.) llcvicw. —Tho groat body of tho American pooplo wore never more In earnest on this point than now. Tho grade of statesman that come into powei hereafter will bo a triilo Idgher than In tho vast —WoocWocfc (in.) Sentinel*