Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 23, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 23, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE INDIANS. Kiowas, Arapahoes, and Ohey .. ennes Preparingfor War. The Government Mont to Furnish Thom leaders by the Release of Sa tanta and Big Tree. The Atrocities for Which Those Chiefs Wore Arrested, Tried, and Sentenced. The Present “ Protection ” of the Fron tiers a Faroe—What Should be Done. An Indian Moses Looked for by the Bed skins—Why Gen. Cauhy was Killed. Prospects of a General Indian War—A Haasocro of Modocs in 1862. Indian Tr«nchory-*Satanfn ana Dlfr Ticclfiow to Settle tlio luOlnn (luna tion. To the Editor The Chicago Tribune: Sir:’ Since tho murdor of Qon.Oanbyby th 6 Modocs, wo road of nothing but accounts of In dian treachery j but treachery among savogea ia NOTHING UNUSUAL, and I am convinced from personal observation, that any of the wild and hostile tribes on our border would havo acted aa Capt. Jack and his baud, bad thoy boon in like circumstances. Last fall, wo road that, whilst tho Commission ers wore holding a council with tho Kiowftfl and Arapahoos, the chief men of tho former tribe, drew off and debated amongst themselves as to tho advisability of ' MURDERING THEM, hut tho thought of tho approaching winter made them determine to defer their hellish act until tho spring. In my last lottor to your paper, of date Aug. 15, 1872,1 predicted . . A GENERAL RAID tide spring by tho Kiowas, Arapahoos, aud Ohoy ounos, on tho frontiers-of Texas and Kansas ; and late advices from thoso points state that those .tribes are oven now leaving tho reserva tions and preparing for war. AU they want aro leaders,'and those tho Government aro ohout to furnish by tho RELEASE OF SATAKTA AND DIG TREE. Surely, tho Modoc tragedy will prevent this blunder,—or, to use a stronger word, this crime. 'When Gov.JDavia commuted tho sentence of thoso notorious scoundrels from death to imprison ment for life, the people of Texas wore unani mous in their protest against such an outrage on justice. I have soon both Satanta-and Dig Tree, and I know well what thoy are. BATANTA is tho oldest and most experienced Chief of tho JRlowas,—a tribe noted for their fierce hostility -to the whites. t Previous to his arrest by Mr. Tatum, tho Indian Agent at Fort Sill, under tho of Gou. Sherman, ho openly admit ted tho crime for which ho was afterwords ar raigned, aud tried, and sentenced to bo hanged. Ho is a celebrated Indian orator, and has au im- Thoußo lutluonco in his own aud other tribes, tho Cheyennes and Comanohos preferring him to many of their own Chiefs. Most of your readers aro probably unaware of THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE tho arrest of thoso two Chiefs, and a short description of tho occurrence will not ho out of place at this time: In tho fall of 1871, ft train of ton wagons, passing over tho prairio between Salt Crook and .Tort Kichordson, was suddenly attacked ICO Kiowns, under tho leadership of Batautu. aud Big Tree. Tho teamsters gallantly. defended themselves,—tho Wagonmaster making as por ■foot a corral of his wagons aa was practicable under tbo circumstances, aud in tbo short timo .given him for preparation: tbo wagons wore placed in two parallel linos, tho teams facing in wards, and tho extremities partially guarded by -sacks of com 'thrown from tho wagons audpilod •up. Afcor circling tho corral of wagons several times, tiatauta saw that it wnsußoloss to attempt •anything on horseback, and, dismounting hie ;mcu, ho renewed tho fight on foot. After a gal lant defense, tho bravo but unfortunate team sters wero overcome, —throo alouo escaping to toll the nows. Too sovou who woro slain woro MOST HOREIHLV MUTILATED } their bodies wero almost bown to pieces with axes taken from tho wagons. I was on tho ground within a fow hours aftor tho occurrence, .and it was with tho greatest dililculty that I suc ceeded iu removing un axo from tho skull of ono of tho unfortunate mon. Tho wagon-master, who was captured alive, laving bad his thigh broken by a ball, was fas tened uy a chain to ono of tho wagons, and BURNED TO DEATH. Ho presented a fearful spectacle. Ono sido -was burned to a cinder, and tho limbs woro all •drawn up by tbo contracted muscles. Altogether it was a sight to haunt ono for a lifetime. And now wo road that tho loading spirit in this .fiendish massacre is to bo pardoned, and again 'lot lose upon tbo frontier that has so long suf fered from his depredations. DIO TREE in ft young man, I should jndgo not over 25 •years of uge,—hut ho has already attained a rep utation for daring aud ferocity which placet! Jiim almost at tho head of Liu tribo. Noxt to •Satauta ho is tho most to bo feared. When tho troops wont to arrest him, ho woo seated iu ono of IJio otoroß at Fort Bill, but made his escape by jumping through tho window, taking the sash with him, and, owing to his marvelous Qcetness of foot, ho almost succeeded in gaining tho timber, half a inilo distant, before the horses of tho guards overtook him 1 , and ho was disarm ed ami arrested. Ho is a handsome Indian, tall and powerful, and as active as a wildcat. -Plaited in his scalp-lock ho has the long fair hair -of sorno POOR FRONTIER WOMAN, whom he has outraged and murdered, and Ido whole character makes him a fit Lieutenant for 'Salauta. I attended the trial of these two men, and the evidence against them was overpowering. They woro LEGALLY TRIED, CONVICTED, AND' RENTENCED, -.and, us a late citizen of Texas, 1 enter my solemn protest against their pardon, and in my protest I am very snro that I carrywilh mo the 'entire population of the State of Texas. And now one word regarding the unprotected slate of our frontiers : Texas ia iv largo Htato; and to suppose that euoh uu extensive frontier cun bo efficiently pro tector! by a f&w Jmndsfnl of soldiers, scattered hundreds of miles npsit, is simply folly, in my mind. X havo lived uu tho frontier for a number ■of years, and I unhesitatingly say that such pro tection in A FAROE. Immigrants to Tunas had hotter not rely on anything but their own stout hearts and good weapons, until such time us tho Government sees fit to alter its present vacillating measures -with the Indiums. Why not take onc-lmlf of iho troops now stationed on tho frontier, put tho Indians on the reservations, placo a cordon of floldlors around thorn, and lot the dilleront tribes know that, if they leave, THEY (10 TO CERTAIN DEATH ? It would only take about half tho men to do it that oro now garrisoning tho different posts, <3ivo tho Indians cattle and horses to raise, lake' all their arms away, and furnish them with good, incorruptible agents, ami 1 venture to say tho Indian question is settled forever. Henry D. Gnsao. CniOAQo, April 31,1873. OTusuanre of Itlodocs iu 3 8.12. San VrancUco (April 20) ( JHepatch to tho St. Louit (Hole, Tho treachery of tho Wodoca in murdering the I’oaeo Coimuiaaionera brings to mind the history of a former maunaore, iu which eighteen Modoc peace men were murdered JA 1852. Northern California woe then disturbed by Indian tftmbl(i«,' and tho same yoar > ftoompwiy,-aiutor‘ ! command;of Otvpt, Benjamin ■Wright,' ’wan : organized,; and 1 prococdol, from Yrbßa to the Indian; country‘-wound Tulo Lake and tho lava-hcdfl, Tboy'fought'tbVoo -tmsuc cossful battles, tho forco being insufficient for tho mibjootion of tho Modocs. They returned to yroUa, organized a inrtror forco, and niurchud again to the Modoo ’country. Winter approach- • lug, found tho Modocu’ supply of blankets, am munition, and food extremely limited, consequently tho. Modoca wore anxious for a ccßßfttlon of hostilities. In April, Capt. Wright received tho Modoo over tures with groat cordiality. A poaoo conference was agreed upon, and a place appointed In tho immediate vicinity of tho massacre of Gen. Cau by.* Tho conference mot. consisting of about twenty-five Indiana and thirty white men. While difiousslng tho terms, Wright gave tho signal, and In a moment they hilled eighteen Modoca, and seven Modocs esenpod.. Thus perished tho fath ers of tho present Modocs. Capt. Jack was 9 years old, John Sohonchin 19, and Boston Char ley and Hooker Jim 2 years old. It is probable revenge grow with ogo, culmluatlngintho Oanhy and Thomas massacro. Some years afterward Wright was appointed Indian Agent on Hogue River. Wright was apprehensive of Modoo ven geance. One night a Modoo Chief. namodEnos, murdered and horribly mutilated Wright’s body. Chief Enos was afterward captured and hanged. Ho died exulting that ho had wreaked vengeance on tho loader of the massacro of his murdered tribe. An Indian lUobob—Tho Existence of a Noir Itullffton Amonir tho Indians, Deadly to Civilization— u Xlio IfeatU of Gou* Canby tUq Fulfillment of Xa turo’B Propltccy I'roopocts of a General Indian War—Strength of tho ludlau Afatiom* Tho events of tho past few days arc my Justi fication for asking your soriouo consideration of tho views heroin presented as to tho prohabilit ioa of a general Indian war west of tho lloclcy Mountains. Tho report of tho Commissioner of Indian Affairs for 1672 makes tho following estimates of tho numbers of Indians in those several States and Territories, viz: J allfornla.... 22,000 rcuou... . 12,000 Washington Territory. 14,000 Idaho... moo Montana • UJaU If 11,000 Total Tho prosont'soat of war is on tho lino between Oregon and California, and the Indians are hut a handful, yet they have succeeded in»kiliing the only man in tho army thov feared, except Crook, and they know ho is too far off aud too busy to interfere, WUV OAPT. JACK KILLED GEN. CANDY. To any one acquainted with tho present tem per of tho Pacific Coast Indians tho reason for tho massacre*©! Gen. Canby by Capt.' Jack is ob vious. . ~ , , A belief exists among tho tribes and hands In tho States and Territories heretofore named that tho tlrao of their deliverance from the domination of tho white - race is cloao at hand. It has long been predicted by tho old warriors and their modicino men. and within tho lost three years has gained au almost universal acceptance. When question ed, however, by those sustaining oftlcial relations with them, most of tho Indians deny any knowl edge of those beliefs or traditions. • Neverthe less, the fact that tho belief has become almost universal is well known to all intelligent men having friendly relations with tho Indiana. On page 803, Commissioner's report for 1872, are four statements on tho subject, by N, A. Oornoyor, agent In charge of tho Umatilla Reser vation, Oregon, to which Sunt. T. 13. Odouoal, of Oregon, at tiio conclusion of Ids report (on page 302, same book), makes tho following rotorouco: A STRANGE AND DANGEROUS RELIGION. ' Tho Indians mentioned by Agent Cornoyer In Uia re port as being on tho Columbia River, numbering,in his opinion, 3,000, are a source of considerable annoyance to tho*ogentß at Warm Springs and Umatilla. They have a now aud pooullar religion, by tho doctrines of which thoy are taught that a now God la coming to their rcacuo; (hat all tho Indians who have died here tofore and who shall die hereafter are to bo resurrect ed : that as ihey then will bo very uumoroue and pow erful, they will be able to conquer the whites, recover their lands, and live as frcc and unrestrained, us Iholr fathers lived in olden times. Their model of a man is an Indian; thoy aspire to bo Indiana and nothing else. About 400 of them belong at Umatilla Agency, 100 at Worm Springs, and tho remainder in the Terri tories of Idaho and Washington. I understand that repeated ineffectual efforts havo been mndo to induce them to return to their reservations. It has not boon practicable for mo to confer personally with them. It Is thought by-those who know thorn bast that thoy can not bo made to go upon their reservations without at least being intimidated by the presence of a military force. WHO SHALL BE THE INDIAN MOSES ? This belief, substantially tbo same aa officially stated above, has led tbo Indiana In that bolt of country situated cast of tbo Oaacado and west of tho Becky Mountains to longingly look for tbo coming of-their deliverer and to bail all unusual natural occurrences as Indications of bis speedy advent. No Chief knows but that ho may prove to bo tbo chosen ono, and Copt. Jack in his suc cess will bo greeted as such by great numbers of bravos. The same idea that inspired tbo first gun of tho rebellion, namely, to 4, firo tbo South ern heart,” actuated those Indians. Tho treach erous assault in which Gou. Canby was sacrificed would novor have boon made had not Copt. Jack and his associates boon guaranteed tho co-opera tion of tho great tribes of all that section. It was the ono thing’neoded to iiro tho Indian heart. Tho fact that Gon. Cauhy and other men wore slain is as well known to-day to tho Indians about Tort Benton as to tho pooplo of Yroka. Tho earthquake which shook Oregon and Washing ton Territory last December was accepted by tho Indians as prophetic of a grout event in their favor. Tills bloody massacre will bo to thorn tho fulfillment of nature’s prophecy. Such is the moaning of tho lava-bed catastrophe. OTHER CAUSES OF WAR. .First—Settlors have como into these sections in a rapidly-increasing ratio for tho past fivo years. No Indian consenting to a treaty under stood that ho was to bo confined to a reservation. On tho contrary, it was always expressly stipu lated that ho could hunt, fish, aud gather roots and borrlos everywhere, except on private prop erty. Tho exception hud no moaning for him in thoso days when whito settlors woro few, aud ho consented* But tho tides of emigration havo overflowed aud touched tho odgoa of tho reserva tions. If ho goes off in any direction ho tres passes,and the impatient settlor complains to tho agont. Tho treaty Indian is conscious of au un comfortable restriction, which is doily growing worse. Tho greater freedom of tho nou-troatiug tribes makes his own boud more galling. This is a constant topic of conversation among tho tribes, and their speech-makers draw vlvia pic tures of the freedom of tholr ancestors before any “ Bostons ” found tbolr way to that coast. TUB ENCOURAGEMENT 0? WHITE OUTLAWS. Second— Scattered among all theso triboa aro white mon with squaw wives amlhalfdjreed fam ilies. who profit by such relations. Too many of thoso won are desperadoes of tho worst kind, who forfeited tho society of their kind and woro forced to seek Indian uholtor and associates. To all such men a general Indian war means rich plunder and abundant gratification of vengeance and lust, and they are artful and persistent in fanning it to a flame. Thxnl— As had as tho last named, more numer ous aud more subtle, are the illicit Indian trad ers, supplying whisky, guns, ammunition, and othdr things, and encouraging their customers iu tho idea of a speedy deliverance from the whito race. THE PEACE POLICY REGARDED AS A JOKE. J’ouW/t—Tbo Indiana havo no faith in Ameri cana, and bollovo that all official promises are alike.. While under President Grant's system there dro many frauds practised upon them, and they receive, in fact, everything for which the appropriations provide, they (smarting under past wrongs) look upon the present lihornllty us a shrewd bribe to keep them quiet under the in creasing restraints to which reference has al ready boon made, and they accept the goods, but mistake the motives of the givers. A LETTISH FRONTIER-DEFENSE NEEDED. Fifth—' Thoioavo comparatively few soldiers west of the Rocky Mountains compared to tho forces formerly stationed on that coast. Tho number of isolated settlors is very largo, ami there are almost countless herds of horses, sheep, and cuttle entirely unprotected. Tim Indians are bettor supplied with good arms and ammunition than over before, and have an abiding faith in tho truth of their “ dreamers’'” prophecies. They believe that tho time appointed for their redemption is at hand. Those live reasons are sufficient incitement to tho savages, but there are others that will prob ably hasten a general war. HATE WHICH NEVER DIES. AU over Iho Pacific slopo are multitudes of men who burn for revenge upon rod mon. Homo lost near relative's or friends in other wars; others havo boon driven from initios and cattle ranges by them. HUH others, a mimovnus class, hato thorn instinctively, au mon do rattlesnakes, and desire their destruction. LOVE OF MONEY. Hundreds of mon in safe places hunger for tho fat contracts which au Indian war engenders, and will rosort to any method to bring it on. Those several classes of citizens will not wait fur declared hostilities, but will avail themselves of the intouso popular fooling caused by tho recent massacre to gratify tbolr thirst for blood ami plunder, by attacking oven peaceful Indians whoa they goo au opportunity, This will compel THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY,' APRIL 23, 1873. oven the well-disposed tribes and bauds to take arms in self-defense, and the end no ono can forbsao. j • ,■. ■ i ■ ' TllH SAVAGES WILL UNITE. It baa boon stated Hint the savage population of tho two States and four Territories nrfmod Is about 100,000. There is uo'dangor of a revolt among those of Puget Bound. They wore so se verely punished some fifteen years ago that they will never again, as tribes, engage In wav. But In case of a general uprising they would send across the mountains about 1,000 young men to take part with tlio’OTlftUogaus, Klickotat, and other warlike tribes. ; Military men familiar with those people make tho following estimates .of their war strength : Washington Territory (East), aided-by British Columbia Indians from above Colville 3,000 Young bvovoo from Puget Bound 1,200 Oregon 3.100 Idaho 1,200 M0ntana...,,,,. 7,800 California 0,800 Utah . 2,000 Total warriors 20,800 This estimate underrates their strength, but it shows a very formidable foe. Scattered horo.aud there, well mounted and well armed, tboro is no military organization to prevent them from swooping down upon tho defenseless settlors, and perpetrating those nameless horrors which blacken tho pages of all our frontier history. THE ORNEIIAL GOVERNMENT INTERFERE. It is tho dutv of tho Government to exert every energy to punish tho guilty aud protect the Inno cent, whether Indian or white, and to sot in oper ation at onao such agencies as will host accom plish this work. Especially should immediate official warning ho given to the settlors on tho frontiers to organize for mutual defense, aud to establish a system of watchfulness against any sudden outbreak. This ounce of prevention overlooked, and the euro will ho costly in treas ure, misery, aud death. Forewarned is fore armed. B. B. Hardee. THE EUREKA TRAGEDY. A Reply to SOiuo Statomonts l»y Worlc- man. Eorkka, HI., April 1ff,1873. To the Editor of Tin i CMcauo Ttibme: Sir : There appears in your columns to-day n lottor addressed to the Rock Island Union, over the signature of T. 0. Workman,—a man doabfc loss familiar to most of your readers through published accounts of tho recent murder of Mrs. Hedges, in this place. Tho communication contains one very start ling sentence, as follows : u lf this had not taken placo in a Camphollito town, who hate tho Methodists far worse than thoy do tho Devil, there would not have boon so many unmitigated lies published about it.” It may ho unpleasant for n college town to bo assailed in such ungrammatical terms, but this is nothing when statements are made, 1 per cent of which, being truth; would constitute a weighty charge. Tho fact is, thoro exists no unfriendli ness between tho two religious bodies, so far as thoy are represented in this place. lu a town of 1,500 inhabitants thoro is a Chris tian (“ Carapbollito") church, of nearly COO members, a MotlJhdist church of 100 or 200, and a Presbyterian organization nearly as largo. Thoro does not exist, and has not existed during Mr. Workman’s stay hero, any unfriendliness whatever between these religious bodies. Tho “ CampholUloß" patronize in trade, vote for at elections, associate with and esteem their Methodist neighbors. Mr. Workman has himself occupied tho pulpit of tho Christian Church in a union temperance moot ing, union Thanksgiving exorcises, and, on tho occasion of a Preachers’ Institute, joined in ilio deliberations, professing to ho pleased with tho spirit manifested. The college has boon managed in tho spirit of just liberality. It has been largely patronized from all portions of the State, and by persona of all religious connections, and no narrow or big oted spirit has over been charged upon its man agement. All the walks of life are filled by its honored graduates. No .intolerance or hatred has boon manifested here. 07,512 Nor is it true that tho most numerous religions people of the town have taken tho principal part m tho investigations which have lea to tho im prisonment of Mrs. 'Workman. The chief man agers and witnesses In the case wove Methodists. They havo shared at least equally tho fooling which has justly moved this community; thoy havo contributed their part of tho stories which havo gono abroad, some of which, under tho circumstances, must have boon mistaken reports, but none of which, X hope, wore intentional, and thoroforo 4 * unmiti gated” lies. If, at tho present lime, thoro is a deep fooling against Mr. Workman hero or else where, all may ho assured that it is not enter tained or promoted by ono religious body only. Finally, it is well known that tho Methodists and Disciples have always disagreed on some points of doctrine, and that there have not boon wanting champions of cac.. in tho arena of pub lie disputation. I can roadily believe that,- on thoso occasions, thoro him boon somo of tho spirit alluded to manifested by both parties, hut am equally sure that, by whomsoever exhibited, it was entirely wrong, and is not sanctioned by the churches generally. It is Impossible to toll how much of this bitter ness may havo boon rankling iu tho mind of Mr. Workman, nor how much ho may suppose his re ligious opponents to possess; hut it is certain that, in tuo trial which ho is now undergoing be fore tho public, his case is not prejudiced by tho people whom ho slanders, nor by the town which ho calls “Camphollitoand that wo should all rejoice to have a crime which could not have boon committed without some motive traced to a different ono from that given, and to a difforont origin than a preacher’s family. W. The 'Worlcman-Slodgcs I.cllcvw* From the Peoria (fit,) JJemocrat, April 20. Through tho favor of M, 0. Hodges. Esq,, brothor-m-law of tho murdered womanf wo aro permitted to lay before our readers tho corree poudonco between tho Bov, Workman and his victim, Mrs. Hodges, tho discovery of which lod to the murdor. Tho following aro the two letters said to havo been found by Mrs. Workman in tbo husband’s pocket-book, while mending his clothes: Dear Duother : You ask mo to pardon you for having awakened in my heart this fooling of love, when It wu» nothing that you over eaid or douo that canned it, for I had been lighting against it for months before I knew or thought of your caring for mo, and I cannot tell you why it Is, hut so It Is; though I did not intend to let you know anything about It, aud never should, perhaps. If you had not made the explanation that you did, aud lam still praying over It. and I am getting nearer to Ged. 1 fool that lam altogether In His hands. May Hla grace over sustain uh, and may wo try to labor more for tho salvation of thoso around us, forget ourselves In tho Interest wo takoiu tho saving of tho souls of olliers, Oh 1 lot us work for tho Mutter, and all things will work together for good to them that lovo tho Lord, President MunsoH. of tho Wesleyan University, has resigned. Tho trouble Is something about a woman,—' 1 don’t know what. Dear Brother j lam glad you camo In this even ing. I was afraid that you did not lutoud to como again after what luu) been said. 1 must havo ouo of those books. I'll see you again about It. You ask mo to pray that God might deliver you from your trouble, I have boon praying for a loug timo that God might so . change tho heart, by Ilia almighty power, of her whom Ho ha*given you, that she might see tho error of her ways, aud turn, and nut only iovo God, hut lovo her husband. Nothing!* impossible with Clod, and, if bo would cleanse Mary Mugtlallno, why not another? 1 want you to Join mo iu this pruyor, and that Hu may give you a spirit of forgiveness and turn your hull into u heaven. I know that I lovo you well enough to livo ’ with you, and bo happy, and mako you happy enough to forgot that wo ever bad any trouble ; but I don’t think (hat will over be, and then wo would bo so very happy boro that Wo would want to stay hero always, and possibly forgot God, aud backslide. V*’o havo to travel up-hill and ou dllforcntly, or wo tiro apt to stand still and go backward. May God direct us, and glvo us wisdom aud grace to help ns to do right. The following is the loitorfound pinned to the sleeve of the murdered woman: You cannot ylvo your hand to another, and you have no hope of over giving It to mo. Ihil what makes uh lovo ono another so strongly? TUla lovo ia pure, It certainly docs not spring from our position alouo. It la not uu outgrowth of lust, or wo would foci condem ned and could not pray. Ik Clod willing that 1 should havo two wlven at onoo? It Is truo that Jacob bad two. and Abraham might as well, and Qod never condemned tlicm, with many ethers of tho aamo class ; but you know that is not tolerated now-a-days. lint forgive mo for oaylug ouch things to you. 1 can only say (hat I lovo you most Intensely, ami I cannot help It. 1 huvo prayed over it ovory day for months past, and I bolievo with all my heart, that it is God’s will today that wo shall lovo each other Just ns wo do. My nature de mands that cumoouo shall love mo as a wlfo ought to lovo her hushaml. Tho following are tho letters delivered to tho Coroner at the Inquest at Eureka: Mu Must Sacred Jiarthly Friend: . , X fully agree with yon that tho atopfl wo have taken aro of tho most ludlcroun character when viewed from ophlloaonhlo standpoint, but you know that true lovo uover looka from auoU a standpoint. It boa nothing to do with pW/MopAy, but cunulsta of a burning llaino (hat many waters cannot cjiumoli, Uut, if It la ridicu lous for you to not a« you Imvo, what about me, for I am Btlll worse? Ah to my choice, 1 cannot help It, for certainly, if fate hat* doiio anything for mo, thin It) tho cubd. fonder you I I could JubL an canity forgot my own existence. 01 pardon mo, pardon mo for being bo fooliuh us to allow my fuclluge to control my Judg ment In thin way. I ought never to havo told you how inten*ehj I fomt you. why did yon not slap my Jaws when 1 first attempted to klaa you. and that would huvo coded It forever? lint what I feel moat to regret la that I have awakened a responsive lovo lu your heart that may uover ho gratified. May God forgive mo for this I 1 cannot understand what you mean by praying not to bo led into temptation, aud thon goffiS »to it with bolh^oycaTopon. In tho place of yon be ing beneath mo, Ifool that I would bo unfrorlhy Of you even If tho way nog clear for us. 01 lot uu pray continually,that God may load ns aright. ( • Mr Dearest BisterT You Bay that my vtolln arc your ouaes, etc, I will cay that ho fur they have boon mine. 1 caimnl toll you now all 1 want to, hence I will only explain some (bingo. Yon nay. If my ex planation win wrong, our intimacy widen it ima re united In la aloo wrong, nnd,*'lf my confidence com demon mo, never to nay another word to you, and you Will never betray mo now.- 'I love you alt the better,/or . this, lint the wrong I meant was not a violation of my confidence, only bo far ns It might bold yon from bettering yourself, an it maybe that God Intended (o make you tho instrument to save bolhlnoaud my wife, llut, (mould nhe become a true ’ wife to me through your prayers, wouldn't It bo wrong forufi ntlU to fora one another a* tee note do ?. Oh 1.1 never could ccaao to love you with all tn// heart. Are you going down tho quarterly mooting at Allinon’fl? Lot mo know in your next, and I will then nay that I have a dear con- Bclcnco, bo far as guilt before God in concerned. Mow, an to whether God Is lending you on this Rtrango way to overcome your prejudice against prcachcm and second morrlogcn, I will an swer (hat part of your letter ns soon na I can got an opportunity. I think I can make It perfectly uatlufactory to your mind, from the teach ing of the Bible, that our Intimacy, even if it teas still inore so, under existing circumstances, would not bo wrong in tho sight of God. Mow don't bo aahamed at thin, but wait until 1 got time and opportunity, and! wilt make It all plain. I will never violate my con dolence, nor auk yon to do anything contrary to yours. I believe with you that God will In Bomowny answer our prayer. Out you must tell what that dream was about mo. Mx Deab Birteb : You scorn to entirety exonerate mo from all blame na to your fooling toward mo, which yon ony you nover would hrwo mado known to mo If I had not made an explanation, etc. Well, perhaps I done wrong In tuaklug that explanation, I could not help it, na you said In your long lovo-loUor about never having loved hut ouo other as von do mo. I can beat that, for God knows Hint 1 nover loved any human being With the intensity I now love you. I carried your let ters several days boforol could muster up courage to hum them. I kcllovo that all things work together for good to them that love God. 01 lot ua both pray that God's will may be done, and especially that I may In some way no doUvorcd from tho domestic holt la which I have lived for so many years. I know not what may bo In tbo future, but I have and now call on God and tho holy angola, together with all tho pow oii of hoavou and earth, to boar mo witness to what I am going to record. I now promise, with my Aund on the Iloly Jifble, and that table on my heart, that if, at any tlmo In tho future, however remote, I nlmll bo freo to lake you legally to my parlor, I will do It, regardless of circumstances. It may bo that. If tbo way was now clear, under existing circumstances It would not bo best, Yanhnvo ilvo children, nml I have six. Three of mtno and two of yours aro quite small. Now, who knows but what God; lu His goodness, simply meant to plant the seed in our hearts now for a more abun dant harvest of happiness In tbo- future thou wo could possibly have now. U1 lot ua wait, nnd work, and pray, and let God Iu ills providence dispose of ua. Write ouco in a while, when you havo something good or Important to toll. You must toll that dream. Mbtamoiu, April 18,1873. The foregoing letters wore not voluntarily furnished by mo for publication ; but, under tho direction of the Court, Mr. M. T, Hedges,. a brother-in-law of tho murdered woman, was per mitted to make-copies of them—tho originals still remaining in my custody. . Mautin L. Newell, State’s Attorney. Workman in Eureka* Correspondence (\f the Peoria Eureka, 111, {Avril 19). A hemocrdt, Tho Workman family returned to this plnco on yesterday. Mrs. Workman camo by tho cars, and tho JUovcrond gentleman by buggy. lie has not as yet appeared on ohr strode, and it is hoped that, if ho has any reaped for tuo feelings of nn outraged and imlignaut people, ho will not do so. The action of the Grand Jury of our county in refusing to And a bill in tho case of Sirs, Work man is considered beyond precedent bv our people, as tho testimony was very strong m tho enso ; and a trial by law might have more fully developed tho facts and settled the question, “Did ulio have an accomplice in tho bloody deed ? n . Thoro is talk this morning that certain parties will ho arrested by State warrant, and an effort made to hold them for trial. Nothing less than, this will satisfy tho sense of justice of our

indignant and outraged people. JUDGE LAWRENCE. JlHiw Candidacy for Re-election* I'rom the Gencsco {Fit,) Ilcpublic. It appoam from tho petition sent in to Cblof Jubtico Lawrence, of tho Supremo Bench, that very nearly, if uot quite, all tho lawyers of tho district nvo in favor of his rc-oloctiou. They nulc him to become a candidate, and they pledge him tholr hearty support. This fact ought to bavo somo intluonco on tho action of tho Fann ers’ Judicial Convention, to be held at Prince ton ou tho QOth instant, hut whether it willful* not remains to bo booh. Tho Bar of tho district, it must bo conceded, aro competent to judge correctly of tho merits of a candidate' and of qualifications needed to 1111 tho place acceptably ; aud it would Boom as though their wishes should uot bu disregarded in making a selection of Judge Lawronco r s suc cessor. It Is nob a partisan movement ou their part: tho signors of tho request belong to all political organizations, and no party capital is sought to bo mado out of it by anybody. wo also cnll attention to Judge Lawronco’s reply. It is cbarnotoriHllc of tho writer—straight forward, manly, and fair. Ho proposes to give no pledges to anybody, and that is right. Wbilo ifc in an indisputable fact that bo sympathizes with tbo producing classes iu tboir efforts to free Ibomsolvos from tbo yoke of bondage which grasping aud heartless monopolists bavo placed on tboir necks, ho will not consent to bo tbo Judge of any clique, porty, or movement, but must take bis seat a free and uutrammolcd Judge, if ho takes it at all. This is ouo of tho many strong reasons why ho should bo ro-olcct cd to his scat ou tho houch. From Iho Minouk (77M Reporter, Wo publish iu nuothor column au invitation from tho Bar of this district to Judge Lawrence of tho Supremo Court, asking him to bccomo a candidate for re-election. IVo nro of tho opin ion that this action io just and proper, notwith standing tho arguments eovoral Farmers' Con ventions havo used against it, iu consequence of Ida having decided tho case of tho Hallway Oom iniuslonore vs. tho Chicago & Alton Railroad ad versely to tho fanners. Like tho crack-brained Knight of Cervantes’ eativo, the Dona of Illinois havo boon thrashing around, aud striking out in all directions at some imaginary foo which they call tho “ railroad ring,” or bettor still. “ chartered monopoly,” warning Iho people or tho country against its machinations, and calling iu loud Cones for Its overthrow. Would it not bo more to tho purpose for those people whoso lamentations resound tho laud, to cease weeping, dry their tears, and instruct their Representatives at the State Capi tal to make a law whoroby tho entire railroad system of tho -State may ho governed ? Tho Supremo Court having decided that tho State has authority to make such a law. Aye say lot it bo made at once, and thou wo will havo some thing tangible upon which to base our opera tions. Tho truth is palpable that men of all parties, aud without exception, so far as wo know, wish to havo tho interests of tho fanner guarded, not only in this case, but in all others, and any pre tense to tho contrary is a sham. It is absolute ly necessary to the prosperity and well-being of tho Western country that tho farmers should bo lirotocted, but lot it bo dono legitimately—Jot no >ruto force bo used; llrst see that proper laws are enacted, and then rally round those laws and insist upon tboir enforcement. From the Henry {III.) Republican, Wo publish the correspondence this irook be tween the lawyers of tbo Fifth Judicial District ami Judge Lawrence, inviting him to become a candidate for ro-olootloi; to tboJ udgosbip. Ilia letter will command enroful attention, and as the signs of tbo times iudicato-tboro will bo no party questions involved in ibis contest, every voter can determine bis own opinion of tbo candidates presented, and vote accordingly. Unless more valid reasons are given than are now apparent why Judge Lawrence should not bo returned to tbo bouuli bo has so nobly honored, wo are in clined to the opinion that tbo people will commit a grave error in making a change. The Judge lain sympathy with tbo people, and deserves that full uonlldoDco in bis integrity bo has long borne. CAPTAIN FRENCH, ATTENTION ! To the Editor of The CUiaujo Tribune 6iu: I would call the attention of the sleepy Pojlco Department, through a blast lu ygur col umns, to tbo pandemonium of ruffianism being now (tally, nightly, and hourly carried on, by a End: of juvenile scoundrels on West Polk street, otiroon South Hoisted and Dosplaiuos. near the school bouse. The police who range that locali ty aro cither worthless or - indifferent to the law lessness of tbo miscreants whoso presence is a curse to that neighborhood, and whoso misdeeds are a disgrace to tbo city authorities, Citizen. LOST STEAMSHIPS. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune; Siu; In your iesuo of this morning, I notice a slight error in tbo matter of tbo list of lost stoamsblpk copied from tbo Now York Times, The steamship President was not iron, neither was Uio Columbia; .nor bus the Nova Beotian yot been lost. A Constant Ukases. Oiuoaoo, Asrim 1073, HOW TO RAISE REVENUE. An Interpretation of tho Rovomio law \Tliat Concerns All Tax-Pay ing Producers, Confiscation of tho Property of a Citizen, Not for Non-Payment, but Non- Intention to Pay* Tho Outrageous Act Denounced by Justice Field In Exceedingly V/arm Language. Tho Supreme Court of tho United States has filed a decision that ono of tho Jus tices refers to os “singular” aud “unprece dented.” It will bo read with interest by those Interested iu distilleries and iu all products taxed to produce revenue. Tho case is known as Hen derson's distilled spirits, in the United States Supreme Court, aud will bo found in 11 Wallace, p. 44. The foots are as follows: A man named John son, a distiller in Now Orleans, was the owner of a distillery in that city, together with the bdndod warehouse, such aS distillers are obliged by law to havo in which to store spirits that come under tho charge of tho store-keeper, a United States officer. It is tho duty of this store-keeper to take tho spirits as they come from the distillery, aud ho only allows them to. bo taken away after the taxes aro paid. Johnson mado 100 barrols of spirits, and' iu daoooarso placed them in tho bonded warehouse, where tho storo-koopor took charge. It is alleged that at that tlmo ho (Johnson) bad iu his mind an intention to defraud the Government of tho tax, but this intention, if it over existed, woo never carried into effect. Henderson bought tho spirits from Johnson, la tho store, subject to tho tux, and ho (Henderson) did subsequently pay tho tax to tuo Government, and tho 100 barrols wore permitted to bo taken away. Henderson having thus received possession of his property from tho Government, shipped it to- St. Louis, whore, upon arrival, it was seized by tho Government, on information filed against them (tho burrois), it being claimed on bclinlf of tho seizors that they wore forfeited by the intention that John son had in his mind.- Tho United States District Court of Missouri decided that tho barrels wore * tho lawful property of Henderson, and that they -’Woro not forfeited by tho mental process men tioned. Tho case was carried to tho United Slates Circuit Court, aud tho‘judgment of the United States District Court was thoro affirmed. Thou tho Government appealed to tho United States Supremo Court, whore tho cause camo up in tho December term. Tho majority of tho Court filed an opinion declaring that tho spirits wore forfeited to tho Government by tbo unexe cuted intention which Johnson had in his mind to defraud tho Government, and they reversed tho judgment of tho other courts below. Mr. Justice Field, with whom concurred tho Ohiof Justice, and Mr; Justice Miller dissented/ and filed tho following opinion: I nm uuablo (octmour in tUo judgment of tlio ma jority of tho Court, ami I will briefly Llato tbo grounds) of my dissent. .Tboproceeding Ison information Top the forfeiture of 100 barrels of distilled spirits. Tho forfolluro lu uot decreed ou tbo ground that tbo Gov ernment bus not received llso taxes levied on tbo spir its?, for it is admitted that these have beou paid ; uor ou the ground that tbo complainant ban committed, or participated in tho commission of. any frond in (bo acquisition of tbo property, for it la conceded that ho purchased tbo spirits in good fnllb, without knowledge of any defect lu Ids vendor’s title. .Nor la tho forfeit ure inflicted for auy violation of Jaw, lu net or deed, ou the part of (bo dlsUllor of whom (ho claimant pur chased.; Ho only removed tho spirits from tbo place of their manufacture to tho bonded warehouse of the Unit ed Ulatoa, and that was u lawful, not cu unlawful, act. Tho forfeiture is decreed because tho former owner, iu removing tbo spirits to tbo bonded warehouse, in tended at tbo time to defraud the Government of tiro tax (hereon—an intent, however, which bo never at-, tempted to carry iuto execution. Wo have thus the singular ami, I venture to say, un precedented fact, in tbo history of judicial decisions in this country, that tbo properly of a citlzon, honestly acquired, without suspicion of wrong in bis vendor, is forfeited mid taken from him because bin vendor, at some period whilst owning tbo property, conceived tbo lutcut to defraud tbo Government of the tax thereon, although such intent was never developed in action, and for tho execution of which no step Was over taken. Tbo presumption Is,-that tbo majority of tbo Court aro right in this decision, and that tho minority oro mistaken in their vlowu of the law governing tho ease. It in with diflldcnco, therefore, that I vonturo to dis sent from their judgment, a dlflldcucc which in greatly augmented by tho declaration of (ho majority, (hat it Is impossible to escape the conclusion which they have reached. ■ But for this conclusion, I would havo supposed it impossible, at thin day, and iu this, aud in our country, to obtain a decree confiscating tho • property of a citizen fur anything which a former owner of (he property may havo intended to do, hut never did, with respect to it. I should have'mdd that tho Intentions of tho mind, lying dormant iu tho brain, had long since ceased to bo subjects for which Legislatures prescribed punishment. Against threatened injuries to parson or property remedied uro provided; and this, it is be lieved, is tho extent to which legislation can legiti mately go with respect to intentions, however fraudu lent or wlchcd, so loug ns they remain undeveloped by action. Penalties and forfeitures nro not inflicted nt this day in any civilized and for tho motives with which lawful acta aro done. Tho inability to uncertain, with certainly, tho inten tions of a party, except ns they are exhibited In his acts, end the injustice which must necessarily follow any attempt to inflict punishment for them, except as they aro thus exhibited, have hitherto, in this country, prevented ony legislation of that character, unless such legislation is found in the present revenue act of Con gress. .Tho injustice lulls operation of such legisla tion, assuming such legislation to exist, could not ho more strikingly illustrated than iu tho present instance. But 1 am not prepared to adroit, notwithstanding tho cogency and persuasiveness of (ho able and elaborate argument in the opinion of tho majority, that there Is ony such legislation on our statute boolr, • * * ' This is a case of great hardship aud manifest in justice. Tho claimant found tho spirits iu a bonded warehouse of tho Government, in custody of tho offi cers of tho United States. Ho paid .to them tho tax due on the goods, and ho paid to their owner tho value. Uo had no suspicious that his vendor had repented of Ws intention when ho delivered tho property to the keeping of tho oiliocrs of (ho United States. Tho Government, through its oflicers, took from tho inno cent purchaser tho duties upou tho goods, thus saying to him that tho then goods belonged to tho distiller who placed thepi in tho warehouse, Tho Govern ment now declares, trough lie otUccrs, that thoso goods all tho timo belonged to it by reason of llio previous forfeiture, and thus tho honest claimant -loam both tho taxes and the goods, or at least is left to tho doubtful chances of obtaining (ho former by petition to the Government, aud Use latter by action against his vendor,. Tho object of tho act of Congress, under which tho fovfuUuro is declared, is to raise rovonuo; and it seems to mo that tho severe construction in favor of forfoit turea in tho hands of innocent parties, given by tho majority of tho Court, must havo a tendency to defeat this object; for it will scarcely bo possible for any quo to purchaso merchandise with safety when it may bo seized and forfeited in his possession for reasons such as aro assigned iu this ease. SUBXJItBAN. EVANSTON. Tbo Evanston Trustees mot last night, Presi dent 0. J. Gilbert in the cbnlr. Tno oath of of fice was duly administered to tbo now Board. The old. ono then wont “glimmering thro* tbo dreams of things that vroro." Tbo future policy of tbo Board, and relative merits of tbo different plans for supplying Evanaton with aqua pura that have boon proponed, provoked a general discussion, which failed to throw much now light on the subject. Tbo funeral of Mrs. Ell A. Gage took place yesterday, and was well attended, notwithstand ing tbo unpleasant weather. The doceftwod was an old resident of this place, a most estimable Christian lady, whoso loss will long ho felt by the community. She leaves a husband, two nons. a daughter, and grandchildren to mourn her loss. The annual mooting of tbo Woman’s Educa tional Association will bo bold nt the College Chapel to-day at 3p. m. Tbo election of ofil cors, and tbo disposition of the loeturo-fuuds arc the main objects of tbo meeting. Hymen has boon board from ; ho will visit this village on tbo 2t)th Inst, There Is the il amount of anticipation and preparation. Tbo wedding will bo private at tbo residence of tbo fnluyl esne bride’s father, Harvey B. Hurd, Esq. The reception will take place in the evening. Tbo parlies are M|bb Eda Jlurd and George B. Lord. SOUTH EVANSTON. On Monday evening, the Trustees of this vil lage hold a cbnclavlum. The late election was pronounced correct, and the gentlemen, whoso names havo already boon published in Tub Turn unb, wore declare if elected. Tbo old Board then retired from the onerous duties of public life. Tbo now Board took the oalb of ofilco. and elect ed J. B. Adams, Esq., President. Unimportant business and adjournment followed. THE MAY ALDJNE. The Aldine Press of Now York, recognised widely os the representative art Journal of Amer ica, gives, in its May number just Issued, a series of superbly executed cuts of buildings Ulus- ,tratinguow Chicago. Thorn arc tbonowGovom merit building, a fuli-pago- out; the Grand iTfiolflo Hotel; tbo Michigan Soutbom;and Chi cago, Book Island A;' Pacific Paßßongor Depot; the now Chamber of Commerce, and the now Tuiiionb and Times buildings, a selection well calculated to impress tbo traveller with tbo order of material facts associated with bio arrival boro by railway, Llh hotel accommodations while boro, whore bo will (by and by) find Ida letters and bis reading matter, and bow bo may arrive at a knowledge of tbo handling of onr groat produce staples, about tbd whole range (ho average outside will need to seek. Tbo ox eoution of the engravings is .fully In koeplug with tbo AWinc’fl boat stylo of art, and thoi-o is none bettor. Tho accompanying letter press glvou-Bomo of the loading facts of our grout ro ulldlng.. Tbo Aldtno lu this Issue also gives Its usual superb variety of illustrations, ft is no wonder tuo Aldinc in: successful. Its list has more than doubled tbo past year. It is sold mainly through 4,000 local agencies, though it baa a largo and Increasing sale iu all tbo largo cities of tula country and Europe, and wborovor art lovers appreciate tbo best In art. It is of ad vantage to Chicago that an losuo so large, among . such a class of patrons, bus thus exquisitely ' illustrated our now Chicago. SANITARY MATTERS. Mooting: of tlio Board of IHoalth—A Scavenger Firm Insist on Having a Contract Mortality Report -« De crease In tlio Stnio The aiaugtorlng-lfilouscs and Rendering F.stal)liHhuioiits» . Tbo ‘regular weekly meeting of tbo Board of Health was bold yesterday afternoon, Mayor Modiil in tbo Chair. In addition to Drs. Bauch and Soblootzor, tbo now Commissioners, Messrs. J. McGregor Adams aud Charles E. Moore, woro present, and woro formally recognized as members of tbo Board. On motion of Dr. Rauch, Mp. Adams was placed on tbo Finance Committee, and Mr. Moore on tbo Committee ou Sanitary. Police. Tbo Secretary road a communication from Ounningbom & Gray, insisting upon having tbo contract for the day scavenger-work, aud giving uolico that they woro about to begin legal pro ceedings to enforco that claim. Tbo communi cation whs placed on filo, and tbo Secretary was Instructed to furnish tbo Corporation Counsel with a copy of the sorvico, with ft request that tbo Law Department tako necessary action. Tbo Health report for tbo week ending April 19 was submitted by tho Sanitary Superintend ent, showing a total of 117 deaths, besides 8 pre mature births. This was a decrease of 25 deaths from the preceding week, Among tbo princi pal causes of death woro ID by consumption, 12 by convulsions, 4 by puerperal fever, 3 by scarlet fever, 3 by typhoid '* fover, 3 by measles, 4 by corobro spinal meningitis, 2 by old ago, 5 by pneumonia, 10 by small-pox, 2 by whoopiug-congb. There was, as compared with tbo preceding week, an increase of 2 deaths by accident, 8 by cancer, 2by dropsy, 2by en teritis, and 2 by typhoid fover; while thoro was a dccrodao of 3 oy brain diseases, G by convul sions, 2 by scarlet fovor, 4 by congestion of the lungs, 4by measles, 4 by pneumonia, mid 4 by siuall-pox. Tbo highest rate of mortality was iu tbo Fifteenth Ward, and tbolowestiu tbo Seven teenth Ward. , Thoro woro GO leas deaths than for the corresponding week in 1872. In houses infected by small-pox there Is n decrease of 4 from last wook, and of 23 from the same week of last year. Thoro wore 21 deaths for the week last year. Tho Sanitary Superintendent calls attention to the fact that, as tbo Iqt of May is approaching, it is a matter of tbo utmost' importance that all bouses in which there has noon- small-pox recently should bo thoroughly disinfected, and all persons moving into them should bo vaccinated. An abundance of good'virus is on band at tbo ofilco of tho Board of Health—some of it directly from tbo cow, and somo ono or two removes off. In accordance with a resolution passed by tbo Board at its last mooting, tho Health officer pre sented a report on the condition of tho slaugntor bouses, rendering establishments, etc. Upon examination bo finds them all in fair, condition, and nil promising to introduce improvements which will prevent tbo offense caused by tboir offal and sewage. Tlio distillers keeping cattle have all been notified that they will bo required to remove them before tho Ist of May. The usual force Is employed on scavenger work, uml tlio garbage within a limited range is fairly removed, but largo accumulations of ashes remain in tbo alleys of a largo portion of tbo city.. Tho en forcement of tho ordinances respecting nuis ances baa boon seriously interrupted by tbo im passable condition of tbo roads, ana for tbo same reason tbo removal of dead animals and manure has boon attended with special difficul ties. There wore 839 notices served, and 314 nuisances abated. Tho condemnation of moat included 17 quartern of beef. On motion, the Police Department was re quested to co-operate with tho Health Officer in keeping watch over tho distilleries and slaught ering and rendering establishments. Tho Board then adjourned. OUR FIRE ALARM TELEGRAPH. Tbo Most Complete System in tho United States—The New Machinery Put In Working order Vcatonlay. ‘ • But for an occasioual alarm of flro,. and a casual mention in tbo annual estimate of tbo city’s expenses, tbo general public would never know of tbo existence of the Firo Alarm Tele graph Department. It Is ono of tho most im portant, and yet least obtrusive, branches of tbo municipal government, always minding its own business, and devoting no timo to tbo affairs of others. Tbo Police Commissioners aro sup posed to have control of it, but tbo fact is, they know but little of its workings. Firo engines can bo purchased, patrolmen appointed and dis charged, and bills audited with short prac tice, bub uudorutandiug bow to utilize aud diro ct tbo electric current is a different kind of work altogether. Police Commissioners can't got tbo bang of it, and accordingly they bavo souse enough not to bother tboir beads ü, any further than to pay tbo necessary expenses. Our Firo Alarm Telegraph office is conducted on till s principle. The Commissioners never outer it except when they want to ascertain tlio cor rect time, or bo astonished by some now and marvelous piece of machinery. After tho latter Is fully explained to them, they walk off, know ing no moro about it than they did before. At tho present time wo have tbo moat complete firo telegraph system’of any city iu tho country. Yesterday §O,OOO worjh of now and improved in struments woro put iu* place, and aro now in porfeot working order. Tho reader, unless iu the olectrio business himself, would uot un derstand * the most accurate descrip tion of them that could bo written, and such a description would necessarily 'involve an ac count or tho uses to which they are applied, and bow, when, and by whom it was discovered that tbo telegraph, iu conjunction with tbo in tricate pieces of mechanism known as fire-alarm boxes was an indispensable object for helping in extinguishing fires in largo cities. Our now machinery comes from tho manufactory of Oaraowoll & Go., Now Yoik, aud is a highly or namental accumulation of marbled slate, rose wood, ullvor-plated motal, bright steel, and brighter copper. It will set off a suitable room in tho now City? Hall with groat effect. Tho people cau rest assured of ono thing, that unless a big wind cdmoa*aloug and carries off tho polos and wires, tho location of fires will bo promptly ami unerringly indicated every time. Mi*. 13. B. Chandler is tho Superintendent of tbo Depart ment, aud the'only ono it overbad. Ho enjoys au enviable reputation for ids practical knowl edge of every branch of telegraphy. The Chief Operator, Mr. John Barrett, iy another practical man who understands bis business thoroughly. The assistant operators, Messrs, W. J. Brown and Frank Slovens, aro in every way fitted for tho responsible positions they occupy, Throe or four repairers finish tbo list of employes, Tbo expense of running tlio firo alarm ofilco is so small, when compared with its importance, that lb bad bettor uot bo mentioned. Yet it is safe to say that two or three ignorant Aldonnon, who imagine tljoy cau have parcels sent by telegraph and omnloyday laborers to run tho machinery, will endeavor to cut dorm t);b appropriation for uoxfyoar. Rood’s Temple of Muolo. This establishment now occupies tUo corner of Doar born and Van Durcn streets, tho firm of Messrs, Utad & Uoua having erected a new building of tholr own, ex pressly for their piano business. The interior ware rooms aro pronounced by competent Judges to bo nmong (ho very finest in the United States, Thodis piny uf new Ohlokerlug and other pianos Is the marvel of (ho music trade. Whoever hns the slightest Interest lu such mutters should visit those wurmooms, and wo are authorized by tho Messrs. Hood ii Sons to extend a general invitation, and assure ovory ouo of a hearty welcome, whether wishing to buy or uot, THE SOUTH PARKS, Conference llofwccn Propcrty-Ownoys nnA tho Commissioners Interested JL’nHlcs Demand the Im » provomontofiako. Park, “II You Work on Thoir Land, You Musi Work on Ours”—-An Equal Hxpondlluro of ' Money and Labor, or War. Several persons who own land adjacent to tho north end of tbo “Lake Park” bad an informal conversation with tho Board oLHoutb Chicago Park Commissioners, at their , office, in tbo Bo public Building, yesterday afternoon. Tbo object of tbo mooting was to Impress tbo Com missioners with tbo Importance of improving at least tbo north end of tbo Lake Park during tbo coming summer. Mr. Morgan was olooted Chairman. Mr. John Fitch submitted a proposition to construct a rood ordrivoway along tbo south ond of tbo eastern division of tbo park, from tbo lake shore to Ilydo Parle avouuo $ tbo work to bo done under tbo supervision of tho Board, and to bo commenced as soon as tbo specifications are prepared; to bo completed during tbo present season.* Ho offered to tako In payment tbo certificates of tbo Board, Issued upon monthly estimates, payable in one year after date, and bearing 7 per cent interest. Commissioner Bidway explained tbo theory of improvements contemplated by tho Board. Tbo two boulevards loading to tbo West Park wore to bo completed first and connected by a roadway through tbo nortfc ond of that park, fifty acres of which wore to bo Improved so that tbo people could bavo a resort in warm weather. Tho work was almost done, and tbo street cars running within a block of it; It was accessible to all who desired to got a breath of fresh air. Boulevards wore to bo constructed to tbo East Park. Mr. J. 0. Boro did not think tbo East Park should bo sacrificed for tbo benefit of tbo West Park. Tbo former was tbo moro accessible, ns the steam cars ran very near It. it was not right to construct tho boulevard load ing to tbo East Park boforo tbo park was im proved. A groat expenditure of money would bo necessary boforo tbo park was reached If that idea was carried out. Tbo plan was an excellent one for tho rich men who owned horses; but tbo interests of tbo groat mass of tbo peoplo should bo consulted iu preference. Ho favored tbo granting of permission to ono of tbo now railway companies to lay tboir track through tbo East Park. With a depot'within tho grounds, thousands of people would visit tho park to. en joy themselves. As much money should be ex pended on ono park ns on the other; tho law re quired that, and it should bo done. Mr. Fitch bad eeoa thousands of pooplo within tbo enclosure kuowu as tho Lake Park last sum mer. lie did uot go to tho West Park, which is a prairie with a little grove of trees in ono cor ner, half a mile from tho dummy track. Nothing could induce tho pooplo to go thoro. On tho coutrary, tho steam cars carried thousands to Hydo Park, and they jumped tho fence around tho Lake Park and spout tho afternoon under the trees. If tho Commisßiouoru adhered to thoir idea of improving tho West Park first, thoro would bo war in tboir, camp. Tho pooplo of ' Hyde Park would not stand idly by and see tbo money they bad paid iu as taxes and assess ments expended on the West Park, and tho one near thorn neglected. Tho eighty acros in tbo East Park, about which there bad been so much controversy, bad been in tbo posses sion of tbo Commissioners for four years; it was fenced with tboir fence; tbo pooplo offered to build a road; but as soon as tbo improvement of tbo East Park was mentioned, tbo Commission ers said, “ Wo do uot own tbo land, aud con t do it.” There wore 200 men and thirty teams at work iu. the West Park. Ho did not wish to criticise tbo work of tbo Board, but those who ore interested in tbo East Park had a voice, aud they desired that 100 of those men, and fifteen of those loams should bo sent to tboir park. Ho did not ask the Board to do moro tbau they wore üblo, or nhat tpoy wore obliged to do by tuo law —do as much work on ono pork as on tho othor. Commissioner Gage imagined that the gentle? men wore aware that tho money raised by taxa tion was to bo expended iu improvements ; tbo assessments wore for tbo purchase of laud. Tho . Commissioners desired to secure tho good-vrill aud assistance of tbo property-owners. Tho City of Chicago paid eight-tenths of tbo taxes aud aa- Bosamoms.tbo Town of Lako ono-tontb, and tho Town of Hyde Park loss. Ho considered tbo construction of tho Kankakeo boulevard an evi dence of good judgment on tbo part of tbo Board. It pleased tbo most pooplo. Nothing beyond tbo consthiotion of a sower bad boon done in tbo Town of Lake, yet there was no complaint from tho peoplo living within its limits. Tbo Board bad decided to mako improvements in tho Lake Park this year. Tbo pooplo who were ben efited by the enhancement of‘tbo yabjo of their property bad not paid thoir taxoslrJ If they did, tbo money would undoubtedly bo expended whore they wore interested. Ho presumed tbo Board would do its share in carrying out Mr. Fitch’s plan,—would pay half of tho cost of tbo roadway; tbo property south of it should bo as sessed for tho other half. Hyde Park avenue was improved iri’Hhat way. The park scheme was extensive, and there were many peculiar in terests, to bo consulted. No fault should be found unless there was some ground for it. The Board bad acted according to its best judgment, having in view only tho public good. Mr. Boro did not understand that any one complained of what the Board bad done. Commissioner Bidway said tbo persons who owned the land facing the proposed boulevard, GOO foot wide, intended to advauco tbo money for tbo improvement. Mr. Doro contended that tho Town of Lake was more benefited by tbo boulevard than was tho City of Chicago. Ho simply desired the Commissioners to do tboir duty. Tbo law was imperative—according to tbo number of acres tho expenditure should bo pro rata. Commissioner Cornell said tbo Board bad passed an order for the planting of trees on tho north end of Lake Park. Mr. Fitch did uot think tho question of taxes should govern the amount of work to bo done. Tho pooplo interested in tbo East Park wora. as prompt-paying as those interested In tbo West Park. Commissioner Sidway remarked that a groat mistake was made by associating tho money in tended to purchase laud aud that to bo used for improvements. Commissioner Gago said uot oyer ono-balf of tho last nuHCHSmout had been paid; tbo Board relied upon it to carry out their plans, and woro financially crippled. Commissioner Bowen said when the Board commenced its work it was estimated that all tho land needed for park purposes could bo pur chased for $2,000,01)0. Tho highest estimate of real estate whs men 91,700,000. During tbo first, eight mouths they woro enjoined by the courts, and did nothing. During that time tbo natural growth of the city and the excitement relative to the parks increased tbo price of land. After the courts decided that the Park bill was con stitutional,' and that tbo bonds could bo sold, they woro disposed of 'at 02 cents. Tho Board bought all tbo property they, could buy before condemnation proceedings woro commenced; and, to thoir groat surprise, evidence was produced in court showing land for which they, paid 92,000 nu acre to uo worth §O,OOO and §B,OOO. The voi'dicts woro propor tionately largo, and the money at the disposal cf tho Board was not sufficient to secure the land. Trip now Constitution of tho Stalo wniV ■ subse quently adopted, and the OommlHslquors had to await tbo passage of tbo condemnation law, which was materially different from the old oho. Tho Groat Fire came thou, and all tho books, pa pers, and everything -pertaining to the Board was burned up. The Commissioners bud been obliged to borrow money and pledge thoir individual credit to pay the interest on tho bonds, Every dollar placed in tboir builds hud been used to the best advantage. They hud had tbo matter of improving tho Lake Park under consideration: they know tho law thoroughly, aud proposed to do what it required. Commissioner Midway remarked that tbo books and papers of tho Board bad uot been restored until phoqt throe mouths ago. J Mr. Filch thought tbo Beard had charge of too big an elephant. Commissioner Cornell thought If let alone tiioy could buy every foot of ground needed, aud have a reasonable fund to improve it. After some further conversation, which de veloped nothing of interest, tho mooting ad journed. —Commodore Vanderbilt has recently pur chased 11 10 HontUwoHt oonicr of .Ihlrd avouno and Forty-socoml atroot, Now York, for SIOO,OOO, whoro Uo intends to oroot a largo marble binUV iug. to bo known as tho Grand Central JJank, 1

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