Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 28, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 28, 1873 Page 2
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2 ENORMOUS DEFALCATION. Spectol Dispatch to The Chieano Tribune, New York, April 20.—Tho regular meeting of tho Directors of tho Atlantic National Hank wan called for I o’clock this afternoon. About that' hour, Mr. F. L. Painter, Cashier, visited tho Clearing House, and, ap proaching Mr. Tapp.ni, President of tho Committee, banded him tho keys of tho safe and voults of tho bank, saying ho wished to deliver them up. Mr. Tap pan, very much astonished, asked him why ho did not deliver them to tho bank officers. Mr. Talutor re plied, 41 No ; I want tbo Oloarlug-llouso Committee to go at ouco to tho batik, and examine Its affairs.” Uo was so perfectly cool end collected that Ur. Tuppau did not know what to muko of him. Ho Inquired what tho tion,” was tholncoulo toply. 44 Whoso?” asked Mr. Tappan, still more astonished, 44 Mine,” was tho placid answer. Ho added: 44 1 will go up with the Committee and assist them to the heat of my ability. I havo no Intention of running away.” Mr. Tappan immediately summoned tho Committee and sent them to tho bank, 17 Nassau street. Meantime tho Directors were bolding their meeting, find tho entrance 6f the Committee astonished thorn even more than tho Cashier’s visit did Mr, Tappan, Tho Committee stated tho object of their coming, and tho Directors listened In blank surprise. Mr. Tnlntor, having hung up his overcoat and hat, announced that ho was ready to mako explanations. Ho was asked tho amount of tho defalcation, and ho re plied ‘ 4 *400,000—575,000 In gold, $162,000 In securlllca left In the hank for safe keeping, and tho remainder securities deposited ns collateral.” 44 How long has this been going on?” was then asked. 44 Five years,” was the reply. . 44 Havo you anything loft?” asked ono of tho Direc tors. V No,” answered Mr. Tolnlcr, VWhat has become of It?” “ Speculation." . _ . . .. Mr.-Southworth, tho President, was so affccfca at tblß disclosure, that ho burnt Into team. Tho Direc tors and Committee retired to a private office to await tho arrival of Ur. Tappan, and tho Cashier going be hind tho desk went on transacting business, just os if nothing bad happened. "When tho Commlllco learned this, they characterized It as a gross outrage. After Mr. Tappan’a arrival, tho Committee, assisted hy Mr. Meigs, the National Uauk Examiner, began a thorough InvMligatlon, which lasted until a late hour this o\«n- Ing. xhey were materially aided la their Investigations by tho defaulting Cashier, whoso coolbcm under J tho circumstaucca was perfectly enchanting. Ho moved about hero and there, looking up evidences of his crime, and pointing Uiom out wj U the utmost nonchalance. The result of their Joint labors showed a dcllclt of (001,000, iw follows . Real ised assets, $510,000; liabilities, independent of capi tal, $015,000 ; securities left In the bank for safe keep ing, of which tho Cashier acknowledges BteaUug $102,000, leaving tho doflclt, os "Kj® 2H[* alders, approximately estimated, ftt $2-3.000, iuo canllai was $300,000, and surplus $70,000. making tho acfual deficit SOOt.OW, of which tho Cashier acknowl edges having embezzled SIOO,OOO. _ This statement was telegraphed to Mr. Knox, Comp troller of tho Currency, at Washington to-ulght, and ho telegraphed lack, niipolnllng Mr. Meigs “ ec . l ?™ r ! Tho batik Is to bo atrickcn from tho Oltwrlng UouHO list on Monday. It Is hopelessly bankrupt. The stock holders lose all their luvoatmont and surplus. Tho depositors may receive BO por cent, while those who placed tholt securities In bank for safe-keeping have D °Tho ofcuring-llouß© Committee aro especially severe on tho Dank ofilccra. They say that nothing short of tho grossest carelessness would permit B ”ch anJ,m menso defalcation to bo successfully carried over such ° The directors made application to United States Commissioner Osborn for a warrant of arrcfit agolnjit Mr. Talutor, and it was granted. Deputy-Marshal t>urvls was detailed to execute It, and after first taking his prisoner to Iho Aslor House for supper, ho locked hlin up In Ludlow-strect Jull. Talntcr 6 father la a rc-ldcut of Windsor, Conn. Ho Is reputed to bo worth n million and ouo-half, and is olio of tho largest stockholders In the Gallatin National Dank of this city. It wan to this fact that young Tauter owed his being placed In tho position of Cashieroftho Atlantic six years ago without having previously passed through tho intermediate grades. ThoprlEoncr Isa email roan, about 1)0 ycaraofngo, owns a fiuo residence at New Kochellc, although hla family have boon living In this city during tho past th™eo months. Ho has always bocu Bteady in hlfl habits, nud had tho fullest confidence of his bupmlom. i Your correspondent had an interview with him to night, in tho course of which ho offered tho following eX \Vheul look charge I found tho bank la ft very weak aud impoverished condition ; I formed tho Idoa of strengthening it, oad I did succeed in getting rid of n vast deal of comparatively worthless securities at <?ood prices, I thou tried Pacific Mall and luck went against rao, I did not Intend to make a cent ior my self. Had! succeeded tho bank would have bad tho entire benefit, , —■ „„„ Tho Atlantic Is omv of our oldest banks. It or ganized under tho State law, nud was onp of tho first to tako advantage of tho National banking law. Its .Circulation was $250,000. Its Block waa divided Into 4,000 shares of tho par value of $76, although it sold ' above that price, being in good demand. G. Ilutou Scribner, our present Secretory of State, Is puo of Its Directors. Henry Clows tells mo that It has transacted very llttlo business through tho Clearing House for somo time. His oxpreaalon was that it hod rusted out.” Tho failure creates tho greatest excitement lu the city. (To the Associated Press.) New Tonn, Audi SO.—Humors bogau to circulate in Wall street to-day soon after noon, concerning tlio sol vency of tho Atlantic National Dunk, 17 Nassau street. Iho bank was originally started twentv years ago as a glato Institution, but was changed into a National Bank soou after tbo act authorizing such banks was passed by Congress. Tbo “P l *®*' l ]™? which it did business was fixed at $300,000. The Bank sustained severe losses soon after itsiopen ing by tho depredation of tho securities which it held M collateral for loans, and which were not redeemed. Consequently it has never had tho reputation of being gtrong, and many bankers and business men in tho street did not oven know that such a concern existed. Its chocks passed regularly through tbo Clearing- House, which was first advised of Its condition to-day. Although tho Clearing-House officials had not regarded tho bank as strong, they were not prepared lor tbo disclosure which took place. At about 1 o’clock, r. L. Taintcr, tho Cashier, slop ped in, and, after asking for Mr. Tappan, Chairman of the Clearing House Examining Committee, announced that tho hank was insolvent, and that ho was a de faulter to the amount of SIOO,OOO, which ho had taken from tbo* funds and lost in stock speculations. Mr. Tappan, who was President of tho Gal latin National Bank, was perfectly astounded at tbo revelation, aud immediately made preparations for on examination of tho hank aud Its affairs on tho part of tho Clearing-House Committee, which Is au thorized to toko such course for tho protection of tho banks and tbo public. Taintcr, tho Cashier, told Tup pan that ho hud come to him because ho felt more like giving him tho information than anyone cloo, and that ho wished to aid in whatever investigation might take place. Tho reason of tho hank’s crabarnssment reached tbo street so late in tho afternoon that but few depositors gathered about tbo doom to rtlso tbo cry for their money. One customer, who bad do posited a few hundred dollars at 2:50 p. m., gained ■an entrance, and talked rather lively for a short time concerning the thelving of the men who took money up to tho last moment, when they knew that they were hopelessly insolvent; but with that and one or two other trilling exceptions, i the affair passed off very quietly. The Directors, who were to have mado an examination, In tho afternoon of tho hank and its securities, at tho request of the President, finding that other parlies were at work to occdmpllßh tho same end. under difficult auspices, merely stood around,' seemingly bewild ered, and loudly protested that they bad not entertained tho slightest suspicion of tho banks Insolvency up to that afternoon. They said that they had always examined tho securities carefully, and had not found any deficiency existing either in them or in tho cash. Tbo Examining Committee, consisting of Messrs. Tappan, Loveridgo, Hayes. Hunter, aud Perkins, gave the fullest dolaila in their possession of tbo Inasoa aud tho actual ntuto of aHalrs. They want through the securities carefully, throwing out tho bad, ond figured up as neatly as possi ble tho cash on band, In tide way arriving approximately at tbo assets, While they trove engaged in this work a messenger was sent for a warrant, uuon winch tu hold Tlntor, who was actively assisting tbo Committee In arriving at the true condi tion of affaire. The Cashier was not informed of this movement, although ho undoubtedly expected it. United States Deputy Marshal Purvis arrived about 6 o’clock •in tho bank, end awaited orders from tho Examiners when to make tho arrest. At about 7, the work was finished, and It was found that tho deficit, Independent of tho capital and sur plus, amounted to SOOI,OOO. About-SIOO,OOO of this amount could bo traced to bad debts,.for which bo Cashier was not responsible. About $120,000 of louses were made by him in his stock bpeculations. It was found Hud, besides using the funds of tho bank for tho purposes of Dpccuhitlon, ho hud also apouled $152,000 of private se curities loft for safe-keeping in tho hank, iwo tickets were also found in tho drawer, representing $76,000 of sold as onsets. .. , , ° Tho Times goes on to nay that tho money and securi ties of tho establishment has been effectually cleaned out, and tho drawers uml pigeon-holes in tho safes, used for their accommodation, wore almost empty. So tho Examining Committee found their labors were comparatively light, and ns[ concern had gone to smash, It took them hut little tlmo°to wudo througli tho ruins. It was *mml fhat among the depositors tho State figures as a creditor to tho amount of $30,000, which bad V c^^.i ,la S P n tne having been derived from canal tullo. Alien tlio ■Western Union Telegraph Company kept au account, averaging about $13,000 at tbo time of the failure. Tho total amount of tho deposits asi com puted by tho Examining Committee was $510,000. It was thought that the depositors out of iho assets of tho hank will realize about BO per cent of their money, and if tho stockholders can aland tho ussofianionts for which they are liable, tho depositors will bo entirely reimbursed. Another Siufulentlon* ISnecUU Dhpatch to Tho Chicago Tribune, New Yoke. April 20.-11 1« roirortod Hurl » heavy defalcation has been discovered In tho Post-Olllcc In this city. Two oxperlH from Washington have been Investigating tho uccounta of the cushlor, Uvury w. Whiting, for several days. The olllclals refuse to gUo any details for publication for tho present. Whiting has held tho oftlco of cashier for ten years. Oliltiimr. Special Butinlet, In The L'hleaan Trilmne. Lanbino, Mich., April 20.—The Hun. Lovl Walker, of FUnt. Genesee County, died hero to-day at noon m the COth year of his ago, having been 111 slnco Monday night last with pneumonia. Tho main cause of his death was tho fatal atmosphere of tho Representative the House Commltteo on State Affairs. In which ho worked most patiently and laboriously throughout tho session, examining every question most minutely, and submitting several elaborate and ntmllod report*, com* prising valuable legal argument* in determining Impor ant quenlions frequently coming before the Loglsla lure, Prominent among his reports wevo those throw lug outside (ho Legislature nil applications for n change of name, and against tho appropriation of non-resident highway (axes for tho construction of Btato roads. He was regarded as the ablest lawyer In tho House, and no doubt with scarcely an exception, tho ablest member of the present Legislature. Ho was appoint ed last Monday Chairman of tho Committee to Inves tigate the frauds in the Laud OlUco, to which Oovern ot called attention by special message. Ho was born in Greenville, Now York ; wus admitted to tho bar in JEWS ; was a resident of Michigan slnco 1847. Appre hensions were entertained regarding tho result of his illness olnco Thursday, and on yesterday a resolution of high compliment and sympathy was adopted. This morning ho was reported to havo felt so much bettor, as to speak of leaving for borne. Mr»-Walker occu pied the same seat in the House as occu lted two years ago by .lohn Lamlou, of 'ackson, who died during tho session. Tho posi lon Is one of tho worst In tho House, being close to tho register for tho passage of tho impure air from the room. Ilia death no doubt Is partly attributable to thla cause, „ .. Special Diepnteh to The Chieano Tribune, Kansas City, April 20,—Nohemhm Holmes. Presi dent of the Mechanic’s Hank, and n prominent citizen of this place, died thla morning after a short Illness. WASHINGTON. Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. IMPORTANT TO LIQUOR AND XOIIACCO DEALERS, Washington, April 26.— Tho liquor and tobacco dealers, and others subject to license on special tax under tho Internal Revenue laws, will, from tho Ist of May, ho required to pay tho tax under tho provisions of tho act of Doe. 24, 1872, Instead of waiting for as sessment. They will bo required to pay in advance, tho same as State licenses, and the penalties are heavy for doing business after the 30lh of April without hav ing paid tho tax. Tho tax receipt, to bo procured at tho office of the Collector, la to bo pouted conspicu ously In tho place of business of (ho tax-payer. Tho law imposes penalties for fulling so to post tho re ceipts or stamps. niDOON Dtmrs. ■*Tho Attorney-General has decided that silk and cot ton-velvet ribbons bro subject only to a duty of CO In stead of 60 per cent, as has been levied by the Ouslom- Uouse officers, under tho act of 1864. This decision la retroactive, and affects all goods of this character Im ported sinco tho above act became operative. rnunrs, dodok a co. Tho Socretnryof tho Treasury wilt to-morrow, give out for publication tho correspondence between tho Department and the firm of Pbolpa, Dodgo ft Co., of Now York. Ex-Socrolary DoulwoH has asßliitod In col lecting tho evidence against tho firm, and It la under stood that a statement will accompany tho correspond ence, showing, that Phelps, Dodgo ft Co, were guilty of flagrant violation of law, and reiterating tho statement of Mr. Doutwcll, that tho Department does not compromise with parlies who professed tholr innocence. J. R. Nichols, Deputy Collector of tho First Mary land Revenue District, ono of Postmaster-General Croswell’s appointees, is alleged to ho a defaulter to the Government, Ho has resigned and gone to bis homo. DECLINE THE BALAUY-STEAL, Ab predicted In these dispatches, or-Rorrcscntallvo Cox. of Nov/ Dork, baa returned bis back-pay. Kt- Congroßnman rotors, of Maluo, has also authorized the United States Treasurer to cover Into tho Treasury the amount due him tn back pay, and lu bia letter re quested that nothing ebould bo said In relation to bis action [To the Associated Press.] TREASURY I'INANOKR. HibAoUlkl Washington, D. 0., April 20.—Balances In the Treasury to-day aro: Currency, *51,883,309; special deposit of legal-tenders for the redemption of covtltl calcsof dopoHlt, $20,000,000; coin, $77,193,408, Includ ing coin ccrlltlcntcfl, $20,208,400; legal-tenders out standing, $307,942,260. THE VIENNA COMMISSIONERS, Alii* bl/|I>tIUDfUU>UMI4| A detailed report of the investigation now malting m Vienna by Mr. Jay, United Slates Minister, and Thomas McElrath, into tlio conduct of tho American OommUsionorfl, will bo medo public as soon as re ceived. INTERNAL REVENUE REGULATIONS. New regulations lias been issued for tho govern ment of Collectors uud Deputy Collectors, under tho net of Dee. 4,1672. Collectors aro required to take possession on May 20 of tho public properly then in custody of tho Assessors, giving receipt therefor, and to b&vo o thorough canvass made monthly of their sev eral districts Distilleries oro to ho kept under such surveillance as will umko fraud impossible. WALL STREET. Review of the Money, Gold, ISoa&d, Stock, mid i'roduco Markets. sp«cfal Dispatch to The Chieapo Tribune. New York, April 20,—'Wall street was again extreme ly dull to-day. Money wan easier. There Is every rea son to believe that wo have at last passed through the money stringency. From this time Into summer we shall have p season of ease, which will bring with it good fruit. ■ Since this day week the express compa nies, according to their reports, have brought in $3,- 600,000 currency, including larger amounts of legal , tender notes than during any previous week since the Influx set in. One of the moat cheerful results of this returning flow of currency Is an increasing disposition on the part of bank man agers to discount for their customers. Following the example of the banka, capitalist have purchased mer cantile paper more freely, and, in' open market, prime names are taken with comparative freedom at 10 to 13 per cent per annum. The bank statement la favorable, the banks now wanting only $309,375 to have on hand In lawful money 25 per cent of their liabilities. The National Banks have $319,<00 above the 25 per cent, and the State Banks, which are under no restrictions os to reserve, are $023,076 short of the 25 per cent re serve. STOCKS. The stock market reflected the dullness which set tled on tho Exchange during tbo latter part of tho week, tho volume of business and changes having been oven less Important than on previous days. Tho widest fluctuation was per cent, hut In moat in stances Hto X P er ceut 'was tho range, Tho market was alternately weak and strong, but towardo the close, weakness predominated on accqnnl of tho re ports of tho Atlantic National Bank trouble. GOLD wan dull and steady. Foreign exchange was . very weak. BONDS. Governments were without feature. PRODUCE. For flour tho demand, was moderate, but with a steadier feeling in winter wheat brands. Fancy spring wheat brands ore plenty and heavy, Other grades rule quiet. There was aomo inquiry for shipping brands for May. Sales, 14,000 brls, including 4,000 hrls ship ping extras for May delivery on private terras. Re ceipts, 13,285 brls. Holders of wheat have again ad vanced their views l@2o per bushel on spring. Tho market Is quiet and Urra for good, which la scarce, but inferior rules dull and heavy. Tho absence of good shipping qualities checks bUHlnoas. Sales, 7.000 bushels; receipts, 39,300 bushels. Pork ruled quiet and very unsettled for this month, on which there is reported a corner. A sole of 760 brls for June is reported at $18.50; receipts. 835 pkgs. Out moats were generally quiet, and prices nomU nail unchanged. Dry salted shoulders, however, oro lower at pickled hams, ll#@13o; 600 smoked shoulders in hulk sold at B’£c; receipts, 990 pkgs. Bacon was quiet but Arm; long clear la quoted at lOJtfc, with 100 reported bid; short oiear, with lO’tfo hid. No transactions. Lard was moderately active, ami tho market ruled easier. Prime Western Is quoted at o>fc. a - ;d city at 9 @9l/0. For future delivery, tranEactiono embrace 1.000 tierces for May at 9Wc, and 2.250 tierces for Juno at 8&@913-Xoc. Receipts, 660 packages, Railroad Accidents, Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. Zanesville, 0., April 20.—James Murphy, anom ployo of tbu Baltimore k Ohio Railroad, was killed last night In this city by falling off a train and being run over. His body was dragged for some distance until it reached Licking bridge, where It fell Into tho river. Memphis, April 20.—As tho southern train on tho Memphis k Louisville Railroad approached Trcgoant station to-day, a lady, named Mru. Ellis, attempted to cross tbo track in front of tho engine, and was run over and instantly killed. Ncbrnolra Coal Dcpoaltn, , Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. Lincoln, Nob., April 20.—Tho State Journal expe dition that went to tho now coal mine in tho southern part of the Slate hr.o returned, and report that the ac count mado byj'rof. Augauey regarding tho thickness of tho cool vein and good quality of tho coal are cor rect in every particular, Thin will have the effect of inducing capltalluta to work this mine, and will give an impetus to all kinds of manufactories, as it will cheapen coal one-half, making it cost hero about $1 per ton. Jonnixillatic, Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. AroimoN, Ksa„ April 20.—Tho first number of tho Atchison Daily Globe, a now Republican paper, la uow rollluc from an Immense Ooltrcll k Babcock proas, ami will ho issued to-morrow morning. The establishment Is complete In all Ita departments, with four power presses run by steam, and tho ofllco of tho Groat Wcßtern Telegraph in Ua bnsiucHtt room, Tho public are looking to tho Globe with interest as uu agency of power in tho great reform movements of tho day in Kaunas. Do the Sniuu In CUlcngo* St. Lomu. Mo.. April 2d.—By onlot of tho Board of l»ollco Commissioners, Chief of Police McDonough to-day served u notice on tho keepers of all gambling-homos in tbo city that it is tho unaimUliod dotorminatlon of tho Police Com. mlssloncra to suppress gumbllng-houscj, and that every means at tholr command will ho used to accom plish this end. In compliance with this order, all tho gambling-houses In the city closed to-night. 'JTho liOßt Atlantic* HALIFAX. N. S., April 2fl,—Oupt. Williams arrived to-day from tho wreck of tho Atlantic. Tho divers resumed operations and recovered boiuo of ho cargo ami tho bo lies of two elcerago passengers In a good statu of preservation. Tho wreckers are preparing to blow a hole lu tho upper aldo of the amp. I'lto Marlior Question* New Youn, April 2(l.—Tlio omiiloyoo of 111. Drilled a,.,..,. Watch Company, at West Lud, Jersey City, have struck, It la said, In consequence of the nonpay ment of wages for the past mouth, duo Irlday lubt, and tho Irregularity of payments made some time previously, Tbo employes number about 260 men and THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: MONDAY, APRIL 28, 1873. THE STATE CAPITAL. Special Dispatch to The Chieano Tribune. THE RAILROAD him-. Springfield, April 26,—Tho Railroad hill is sus pended between the two Houses like Mahomet’s eomn between earth and heaven. If tho Senate recedes from its amendments It will become a law \ hut If it declines to rocodo, a conference committee will havo to sit and attempt to adjust tho difference by some sort of compromise. It Is difficult to anticipate wbnt such a compromise can bo, tho Itauo between tbo Houses being distinct and radical. Perhaps tho eighth section may ho no amended as to direct tho Commissioners to gather foots and figures regarding each road in tho Slate, and report to an adjourned session information on which legislation might ho based. This would ro inovo tho objections raised that tho delegation of powerbytho Legislature is unconstitutional, and, per haps, secure enough Senators to recede, and bo satis factory to tho Houoo. It would bo fair, and, if tho Commissioners worked diligently during tho cummer, valuable and interesting statistics might bo collected, Thcro'is n dead-lock now, but this will not continue, as members feel they daro not go bomo until iboy pass something, whether or not it lo worth anything when passed. .. . Mr. Hay’s speech excites considerable comment. All admit It was an able argument, unique and power ful. Ho gels credit for candor. Judge Steele, of tho Senate, said ho was tho only lawyer In either House who uttered his honont sentiments. Tho more shame for the others. Fault is found with him for not speak ing earlier. It la held he should havo given tho House hla views when tho hill was on second reading and subject to amendment, and hla tardy op position la commented upon in severe terms. Mr. Hay believed ho stood alone, and it waa no uso discouraging honest effort before It as sumed definite shape. His criticism has (ended to undermine tbo serene confidence which n majority of tho members reposed In tho bill, and, If they succeed In passing It, they will go' homo In doubt and trem bling for the officooy of their work. A motion was mado to bring up Uio bill In the Senate, this morning, on the question to recode, but tho motion was with drawn. and wisely, as it would, if pressed, havo endan gered the llfo of tho bill. ADJOURNMENT. It is proper at tho cud of tho week to vaticinate a little on tho prospect of adjourning before another week slips from under tho foot of these honorable bodies, two of them, both equally houornble. Ho mnuy false prophecies have been uttered on the adjourn ment, that It is unsafe to fix tho date. If Elijah him self fixed it, tno General Assembly would go back on him aud continue to draw k flvo dollars a day each* Tho end Is not yet. The Railroad bill la pending, the General Appropriation bill Is pending, tho Tuscola Railroad bill Is pend ing, tho Tllson claim Is pending, tho Shawncotown ditch la unfilled, the two mill tax Is still an open ques tion ; some 800 bills aro unposstd, as most of them de servo to bo t the Hondo and House aro at loggerheads; civil Btrlfo and dimensions havo destroyed their Inter na! harmony, and there is on unsettled things In general, so that oven Elijah would risk his reputation as a prophet wore ho to venture a prediction as to the possible action of the General Assembly. They will adjourn when they got ready, probably, but It will bo only for ft sea son, as tbero Is a deliberate Jutcullon to return In De cember or January next, to stay while live front stays In the ground. Several resolutions were oftered relative to adjournment, all of then) contemplating another meeting, end fixing next Friday as (ho last day of this session. Their consideration was refuted by tho House. No day will be determined upon until several hills, Including tho Railroad and tho General Appropri ation bills, aro passed. When that will bo Is impossible for oven a prophet to say. THE KCIIOOL TAX. Tho fight on the 2-mIII school lax Is not yet ended, though a victory has been gained by those who oppose it Tho present School law provides for a levy of 2 mills, which, tinder tho enhanced valuation Insisted upon by the Auditor, would produce more than lo nec essary. It la also thought hotter to have a fixed sum of one million, so that tho school money shall not fluctuate every year with tho fluctuations of the assessments. The general appropriation bill contains •tho provision of ono million, and should pass in that shape. There is another bill in tho Senate, repealing the section of the School law, providing for tho two mills. Tho lax is by no means beoten yet, though jus tice demands It should bo. ■ TUB JURY LAWS. Tho Senate dlscuEaccl tbo Uoubo Jury bill to-day, ac cepting, without question, tho provision that knowl edge obtained from reading newspapers, on which on opinion .has not been formed, shall not disqualify a juror. THE ITVK MINUTES RULE. The Senate adopted n ruin a few days ago, limiting speeches to flvo minutes, thereby choking oil - much v.ilu haranguing. Tho House referred nuch a resolu tion to tho Committee on Hides. It should have been adopted a month since; it Is too late now to economize time. TRAVELING EXPENSES. The bill giving members ami clerks of committees who havo been traveling around tbo State 10 cents a mile uud their hotel expenses, was yroperly morrea to tbo Committee on Civil Service uud Retrenchment.' It Is n good committee to Bend it to, especially the re trcnclimcnt part of It. Tho bill will aland culling down to tbo actual ctpoancc Incurred by member*. COMMITTEE CLERKS. The House discharged the remnant of Its Committee clcrkH uud Juuitoro of Commitlcc-rooma. It is about civil simvicu. During a debate ou a claim for sonicon In tlio En grosbiug Denartmeut of the Twcnty-ioveulh Ocucral Aanomblv, It was stated that tbo Chief KiiHroaMuo Clerk could uofc write bln name. It was not expected that ho could write. Kuch placca ovo the peniulultct of uollllulimß. without regard to their q.jalillcuUom> Au lufiiDlou of Civil llervico Reform iu tittto appoint- Bieute would bo an Improvement. A UAII.UOAD TUI.Ii. The Govomor signed tl*o bill worked through the Semite and House by tbo Chicago, Lafayette k Cincin nati Railroad, to aid It iu its contest In tho Court with tbo Chicago, Danville k Vincennes. Many bud doubts of Us constitutionality until tho Governor signed It, but of course bo knows. GROWTH TIMBER. Tbo Senate has passed a bill to encourage tho plant ing and growing of limber, tbo principal section read ing as follows i • _ . . _ That It shall bo lawful for tbo Board of Supervisors or County* Commlsßlouera’ Court iu any county iu this State to offer a bounty to any person in said county who shall hereafter plant ouo or more acres of land with forest trees, and properly cultivate tbo same for three years, any sum not to exceed $lO per annum for three years for each aero so-planted; Provided, that trees so planted shall not bo at a greater distance than tun feet apart each way. ADOPTION OF MINORS. The following bill, which has boon signed, will bo of Interest to tho Foundlings* Homo, to tho foundlings, and to those who, having' no children of their own, adopt children who have no parents: A Him. for an act to bo entitled “An act to amend an act entitled ‘An act to provide for tho adoption of minors,’ approved Feb. 2'i, 1872.” Section 1. He it enacted by the people of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly, That any minor child which may have boon heretofore or hero after may ho adopted by any person, in tho manner prescribed by the act to which this is an amend ment, orwhich may have boon designated or declared to bo the adopted child of such person in and by any deed, or last will and testament of tho person so adopt ing, whereby any property may ho or may have been given, bequeathed, or devised to such adopted child, shall, for all purposes of descent, Inheritance, and suc cession of property, he deemed and taken in law to bo tho child of tho peruon so adopting, audall laws of descent and rules of inheritance shall apply to and govern tho descent of any property which tho child adopted may aka or may have taken, by gift, devise, or descent, from tho person so adopting, and tho occumulatlous, income, and profits thereof; hut the foregoing provis ions of thin act shall not apply to any property which tho adopted person may take or may have taken, by gift, devise, or descent, from the kindred by blood of such adopted person, nor to any property other than that which the adopted person rooy tako or may have taken, by gift, devise, or descent, from or through tho person adopting, or hla heirs or legal roproHontatlvco, and tho accumulations, income, and prolita thereof. VEUY LITTLE DONE. The Houao did no buslucofl of importance to-day. The Sneaker was nick, and Mr. Connolly presided. After a noisy bchulou of two lioura, tho members voted to adjourn, nnd then organized a singing society. Tho Senate Svua thinly attended. DECLINE TO PAT. UI.L'IiU'U aw . n.i Thoßfllrotut and Warchouao Commlceioncrfl have decided not to allow Mr. Tompkins, tho cx-Gralu In spector, $723 for tho uao of a homo and buggy during elphty-uight weeks, nor tbo salary which he claims from Ilia time hlo Buecefiflor took charge of thoolllco until July, when the two years for which ho was ap pointed would expire. PROCEEDINGS IN DETAIL. SENATE. Srnraa field, April 20.—Tho Bonato met at 0:30 o’clock, President Early, presiding. Tho roll was called and answered by 20 Senators—a nuorum. Six others subsequently appeared, I'UTITIONH. By, Mr. PATTERSON—ITom tho Huporvlcorß of Whiteside County, from citizens of tho liupio, praying for railroad legislation, previous to adjournment. A communication from tho Carroll County Central grange Bualaiulng Mr. Dauer, President of tho recent Parmera’ Convention In his controversy with Senator Yorls, was presented by Mr. Pattcrcou, but tho Senate refused to receive It. THE UAII.RO.VI) DIM. Mr. STEELE moved to Immediately take up tho House menage, announcing the refusal of that body to concur in Ihu Senate ameudmenta to tho Compromise llallruud bill, but at request withdrew it. mi! jur.v law. Tho Senate Ihen counldcrcd tlie llouoo Jury hill by Bocllons, and ordered It to a third reading. BALAJIIEB. Homo bill IIP, nmcmllug tbo act fixing salaries of Btnto olllcors, ha., was read a second tlmo and ordered considered by sections House bill 005, amending tho Revenue law, was read first time. STItAY ANIMALR. The Committee on Agriculture and Drainage, re ported hack favorably, House bill Ml, prohibiting do mestic animals running at largo, was read u tocoml time, discharged from consideration by sections, and ordered to a third reading. HOUSE. THE ILLINOIS CANAL, Homo bill GO7, to amend tho act closing tho trust of tho Trustees of the Illinois & Michigan Canal, was or dered to a third reading. TOWNSHIP OIUIANI3ATION, Senate bill Rid, revising the Township Organization law, was referred to tho Committee on Revision, which carries It over to tho adjourned cession. Ur, HAWES entered a motion to reconsider, lug commlltccß was referred to tho Committee on Civil Service. ATUOUnHMENT, [r. RAY offered a resolution providing for ndjourn it tine die ou May 2. The lioueo refused to bub* (1 tho rules. five MiNtrrr.ft* talk. Mr. BRADWELL offered n resolution limiting speeches hereafter to flvo minutes, Referred to tho Committee on Rules. nrflonAnnKD, A resolution discharging all commlttco clerks and laniloni wan adopted.« Adjourned. NEW YORK. Erie Kailway Complications —The Eigflit-BSour Htrlito Postponed—'Jl'lio < Case of Stoplion SJugliNliMllobberlca mid AnimultM—Uliucullaiicous Local News. ... ‘ Nnvr Yonu, April 20.—'Wall street gossip Inti mates that llio Erie and tho Atluutic ft Groat Western Railroads cannot ho consolidated. Oloso working or running arrangements, ou a pro rata basis, will ho es tablished between them. It is also said that Tweed, BlschofTshclm,' and Goldsmith have opened tho regu lar Erlo campaign, Gould having gone “short” of stack on Bales to tho latter, who was “long.” Tho campaign Is to ho Btlll further enlivened, according to tho namo authority, by a war to bo waged by Blschoffs helm, Erlo’ii London banker, on President Watson. Twenty-seven delegates from tho various trades unions In tho United Htotca mot in sccrot session last evening, and, after discussion, resolved to postpone any attempt to enforce tho eight-hour rulo till 1874. rive more nailer boarding-houoo keepers wore ar rested to-day. These, together with those arrested last night, wore admitted to hall In (500 each, Tho en tire Fourth Ward accompanied tho prisoners to tho Court. To-day the Legislative Committee on Grievances resumed tho investigation of tho enso of Stephen Eng lish, In Jail in default of hall on tho charge of libel, ireforred by Mr, Winston, President or ho Mutual Life Insurance Company. Testi mony was taken .showing . that . tho allegations made against Mr. Winston and bis Company had no foundation In fact. Robert Bowed,' counsel for Mr. Winston, testified that tho boll of : 120,000 Mr. English is required to furnish was fixed by , tudgo Barbour, without suggestion from him or any one connected with tho Mutual Company. When English heard of tho proceedings before Judge Bar hour ho flod to Jersey City, where ho was followed, and tho Courts thero ordered Idm to find hail in (10,000. Preferring to bo arrested in Now York, English re turned here, and accordingly was lodged In Jail la de fault of ball. In regard to the McCullough investiga tion in 1870, tho witness testified that Tom Fields showed him a report damaging to tho Company, which was to bo presented to tho Legislature, hut he subsequently had im interview with Fields, which was arranged by Win, M. Tweed, and a more favorable re port was mado to tho Assembly, hut no money was paid to secure tho change. In tho case of tho widow of James Fisk, Jr., against tho Union Poclflo Railroad Company, Credit Moblllor, and others, N. W. Butlor, who clolmß to ho tho owner of twenty-flvo shares of stock, asked Judgo Blatohford to-day, through counsel, to bo permitted to Intervene in tho suit and eh arc in the benefits; also, that tho suit eliall not bo discontinued without notice to him. De cision reserved. • .... Tho Board of Audit ollowod claims to-doy to tho aroouut of (228,000. Judgo lilntchford, to-day, denied tho motion for a reduction of-hail In the caoo of ox-Scuator Graham In Ludlow Street Jail, owoltlng trial on tho charge of hav ing, while President of tho Wallklll, N, Y, t National Bank, embezzled part of Its funds. Edward Corrigan has been arrested on the charge of being tho person who, In August last, flredaetono through a window of tho saloon of one Fritz in West Flfty-sscond street, killing tho daughter of tho latter. Tho Coroner has ordered tho arrest of Sergt, Wcater mau and Officer McDonnell on tho chargo of fatally clubbing William Rchlscn. , , , Three river pirates, Inst night, went on hoard a bark lying at Fourth street, East River, clubbed tho watch man Into insensibility, and then rilled tho cabin. . About tho Roma hour a kindling-wood factory at Avcuuo B and Eighteenth street was broken into, and the watchman bound and gagged, Whllo tho thieves were operating on tho safe), u confederate on guard an nounced tho approach of tho police, and all got nwoy safely. Somebody gave point last night to tho ridiculous and throatenlug letter sent during tho week to Recorder Uackot by besmearing tho front of his house. ■ Carl Schurz sailed for Europe 10-doy. A portion of tho cargo and baggage of tho passengers 1 of :ho steamship Atlantic was landed hero this after ’ noon. Early thin evening Soraplila Sorpa and Manuel Man-, tilla, Quinns, residing in Brooklyn, quarreled in a sa

loon in Muldon lane, and Sorpa shot MantUlo In the head, inflicting a dangerous wound. SPRINGFIELD. S(n,bbod at a Circuo—JlcnlßTjntlon-- I Wlioloualo Removal of Pollcomcn— Personal* Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune, ' Spiukofield, April 20.—Olnoy Clarity, who was slabbed iu thd abdomen by Samuel ‘Woods, In tho pa vilion of tho Great Eastern Circus, ou yesterday, died from his wounds about daylight this morning. Ills death occurred at tho Homo for tho Friendless. Tho 1 following additional particulars In regard to tho affair have come to our knowledge : On yesterday afternoon Woods, tho murderer, passed In aud out of tho dress ing-room, to which deceased wan door-keeper, a num ber of times, and took a position near tho end of tho seats ou the west sido of tho entrance to the ring. While here ho was approached by tno deceased, and ordered to take a seat, which ho declined to do. Tho | deceased then replied that he would make him sit down or kill him, and struck him on tho right check with his flat. Tho prisoner then drew a knifq and i plunged It into his abdomen. It is further stated thut I Woods hod previously had several ’difficulties with ttho 1 deceased, had maltreated him, applied opprobrious epithets to him, and threatened to kill him, When in formed of tho death of Clarity, Wood expressed groat regret, but claims that blamo should not attach to I him. Woods had a preliminary examination to-day, I and was bound over to tho Circuit Court, which moots in this city next Monday. James 11. Raymond has tendered his resignation as Secretary of the Board of Railroad and Warehouse Oominlstloners to take, effect Immediately. This res ignation was tho result of a political pressure upon tho Commissioners, who tostlfiy to hla excellent quali fications, but say that their party will not brook his I long"? continuance in office. James McGlaughliu, of I Boone County, is to be bis successor. Mayor Hay, of this city, has opened tho ball by re moving tho old police force and appointing their suc cessors. Tho old force, however, refuse to surrender their paraphernalia of office, alleging that they cannot bo suspended until their successors are confirmed by tho Council. It will bo remembered that tho Council Is largely Republican, end a nice fight may bo ex -1 Pe Qov.*Beveridge, accompanied by Senator Logan, loft tho city for Chicago. Gov. Beveridge will not return until next Tuesday. Mrs. Beveridge starts for New York on Monday, preparatory to sailing for Europe on tho 14th of May. She will bo absent six I months. FIRES. Destruction of Property iu Various Places* rouTSMODxn, 0., April 25.—The store and ware house belonging to tho Madison Furnace Company, at Oak Hill, Ohio, was destroyed by lire last night, origi nating in the warehouse, whore meat wua being smoked. Loss $7,000; no insurance. Miudletowk, 0., April 20.—The barn of Marlin Clark, near this city, was destroyed by fire Thursday night. It contained 150,000 pounds of tobacco aud a lot of farming utcnnils, lifturcd for $12,000, Memphis, Tenn,, April 20.—A special to fho Affl lanche says that the town of Mariana, Ark,, was nearly destroyed by fire on Thursday. Tho loss la estimated at $50,000. The principal losers wore W. IT. Colter, Banks k Grifiln, dry goods; Nunley k Button, drug store; also, the Pool-office aud telegraph office. £iOiilt*laiiu Affairs* Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. New Youk, April 10.—A Washington special says: It is Intimated in official circles that Gov. Kellogg’s ac tion in sending tho State militia into tho interior of Louisiana to make arrests and preserve tho peace wua brought about by a hint from - -Washington, that unless some step was taken by tho Slate authorities to main tain tho peace, tho Federal Government would not feel it their duty to continue to protect them. Kellogg wua notified that ho was expected to show moro firmness * lu tho administration of tho duties devolving ou him, and not rely on being kept iu office by tho force of tho United Stales military. , . Another stya that intelligence was received there to day from Now Orleans, to tho effect that tho Demo crats In St. Mavy’u Parish era organizing themselves into military companies. They are armed with Win chester repeating titles, aud parade tho town of Franklin und its suburbs in squads of fifties, openly defying tho Courts, and threatening the lives of tho I Republican officers. The officers of tho companies I have commlflolous signed by McEnorv ua Governor. End of tlio Wharton Cnoo* lUltimoiie. April 20.—At Annapolis, this morning, tho caco of Elizabeth G. Wharton, Indicted for an at tempt to murder Eugene Van Ness, a slot wua entered by the Prosecuting Attorney, thus ending tho Wharton trials. ISroacli of Promiuo* - Ban Pjumoikoo, April sP,—Tho case of Miss Hcllona Frazer vj Thrift, for broach of promise of marriage, wis concluded to-night. Verdict for tho plaintiff for (13 000 Tito case has excited much interest hero. Thrift is a wcU-kuowu lawyer. Nayifiallou Itomw* Mackinaw. April 20.—' Weather lias-.y i light wlml fiom tho northwest; thermometer Bl degrees. Tho ico onnofiUo tho Gnlnhlu’s Point, ami cxtcmlllig emit to Old Mackinac Point, la very poroua. Yeatorday afternoon miulo on opening nearly two mllca long ami ono mllo wide. It la now dangerous to cross ut any point. Tho propellers uro not In eight. Au Haumj, April 20.—Clear and pleaaant! wind woat and llttht. Propeller Luke llreceo, from Pay City, is ono mllo off, trying to make tho dock, Tho Ico la very k'pon’c Austin, April 20.—'Wind, norlhwoat, light. Tho lake la packed with Ice aa for aa wo can ace. DbiTiioiT, April 20.— Dcapatchca thla evening from tho north Indicate tho apeody opening of navigation. At dark four propollora were abreast of McQulplu'a Point, Btrulta of Mackinaw, alowly working through, tho Ice. Tho atoamer Keweenaw, which loft horo a few days since, orrlved lu Thunder Pay thla after noon. having succeeded in reaching Detour without meeting ony eorloua obstruction. ruwvT.tun Aurltafl—A Amnmancwd hero on Friday afternoon for nn Increase ofwaaoa from |2 to f2.r50 r.or day. Several loaded vcflßclß, from which men nnd ntruck will bo towed through to their destination by tiifja. Tho vefißol Canlalnß nxprean a determination to resist the atrlko, and aro conlmcut of success, Moaßuros have been taken by tho city au thorities to prevent any dlnluilmnco. THE NEW COURT-HOUSE. 7b the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin: Your notice of what you permitted mo to Bay In Buuday’a TuinuNE about the noccsolly of providing a more suitable location for llio court-rooma In tho now Oi ...irUllotißo tlian Is now proponed, no being an Im portant suggestion, but perhaps too lato, tempts mo to mid something further on tho bmdo BUbJocl. Aa tho plan of tho proponed building has not yet been agreed on, It la hardly 100 lato for any suggestion that la valuable, If thoao In charge can by any means bo prevailed on to recognize tho Importance and Juotlco of tho suggos- It BocmH Jlko an obvious proposition that the primary objocl, lu building a Court-House, la to provide ft suit able ami proper place for tbo courts; and that, In lo cating the court-rooms, core should bo taken to make tbolr convenience paramount, and not subordinate, to everything else. But, In the arrangement proposed, It really seems that everything else baa been cared for first; and tho courts have been pushed away In ft lump to tbo “un appropriated space” of tho sky-floor, as moro garret rubbish. After everything and everybody else, down to tho humblest official and clerk, Is comfortably pro- vided for In tho convenient and accessible parls of tho building, the courts or® permitted to occupy what la 1C Tho general design and arrangement of rooms for tho building, upon which tho nrchltoclsworolnvitod to figure, was prepared by tho Board of Public Works and committees from tho Common Council and County Commissioners. It la aafo to aay that very few. of those parsons . have any experiment*! knowledge of tho uses of courts, and of tho conveniences they re quire. And It is very obvious that they had chiefly In mind tbo convenience of themselves, and tho familiars with whom they most associate. The ground-plan of tho proposed building la very extensive, covering nearly tho whole square. And the elevation contemplates a high basement, and threo stories abovo that. Tho basement la practically tho ground-floor story, so that to reach tho so-called third story requires threo flights of stairs, ond long ones. In tho appropriation of offices, tho entire building is divided in tho.ralddlo into a city aldo and county side,—. a distinction ’useless and olwurd, and. which only serves to aid the scheme of giving tho best places to tbo less Important officers. This la a feature which was handed down from tho old Court-House. Indeed, moat of tho features of tho arrangement of tho new building Boom to bo carefully copied from that patchad np abomination, tho destruction of which was tho only commondnhlo achievement of tbo Fire, Tho arrangement mado by tho aforesaid Commit tees appropriates tho rooms of tho several Bloriea aa followa. I leave out ■ tho dis- _ Unction between city and county aides, and request you to itallclso aa I do tho things which wo shall consider as out of place, that is, aouot entitled to a moro favorablo location than tho court-rooms: Basement—Recorder of Deeds, large vault, Sheriff, Engineer mid Heating Department, Police andFiro Departments, Pay Room, Meter Department, Gas In- I apoctor, Harbor Master, Storage, and another Engl- I noor's and Heating Department. I MUST BTORT. Mayor, Comptroller, City Treasurer, City Collector, CommtefAners of Board of Public ll'orto, Secretary of Board of Publto Works, Bookkeeper of Board of Public irorfa, Water Department, City Clerk , County Treasurer ond Collector, County Commissioners, Su perintendent of Public Charities, and tho Clerks of tho Circuit, Superior, County, and Probate (?) Courts (whatever tho Probate Court may bo, tho County and Probate Courts being onoand tbo same). SECOND STORY. OEiUI/Cli/ OiWMt. City Attorney, Corporation Counsel, Superintendent of Streets and Public Buildings, Superintendent of Sidewalks, Draughting Department, Engineer's Department, Special Assessment Department, Sctcerago Department, Board of Bducatton, Public Library (not the Chicago Irco Library, mind you, but a figment of tbo imagination, not jet in existence, nor likely to bo), County Court, Probate (?) Court, Law Library, .S’uperlnfcudcnf of Schools, County Surveyor, and Coroner. THIRD DTOUY. The OocnTß and ** unappropriated space,” along with the Supremo Court, Council Chamber, Flro-Alarm, ami Hoard of Health. It la slrango how that last named “ Board ” allowed thoimclvcs to bo tucked away over the heads of the Sidewalk, Sewerage, and Draughting men, when, by speaking In timo, they might Justus well havo had tho place of the County Court. A few momenta’ Intelligent consideration of that ar rangement will render comment unnecessary. Thoro lo no method, or wisdom, or Justice la It. Tho plain rule that should govern in tho arrangement is, that tho wlacfiß that necessarily demand U*u at lomlnurn find l >rou " cnco of tho largest number of people should have tho heal, most convenient and accessible locations, and ao on down tho scale; those that have lo bo visited but lit tlo by the public, and which only need to accommodate tho olfico-work of clerks and employes, ohould take what is loft after tho accommodation of the first-named. Another ohvloup rule Is. that, tho higher any room is located above tho ground-floor, the more Inconvenient, inaccessible, and every way objectionable It la: These rules prevail universally In ordinary business arrange ments. Tho concern whoso business demands that a largo number of tho public shall call In daily takes the ground-floor'with tho largest rent; tho humbler indi vidual, who only wants a place to work, avails himself of tho cheaper rent of tho third or fourth floor, and gels along Just as well. Is thoro any reason why those rules should he turned topsy-turvy in a building designed for public business, whore precisely tho same reasons and conditions aro Involved 7 There can he no doubt that tho court-rooms demand tho daily presence of more people than any other de partment of business in that list.—lmmensely more. And tho importance and dignity of their functions aro certainly not losa than any other. Take, for ex ample, any common-law branch of tho Circuit or Superior Court. There must bo In conataulTattcmlanco twenty-four Jurors, or more. About twenty caocs aro liable to bo called every day, besides preliminary mo tions and Incidental business, involving the attendance or watchful visitation of, say, fifty lawyers and clerks, and a hundred parties litigant and witnesses. Much of tho tlmo tho throng Is dense, filling the rooms with tho Interested or waiting attendants, and tho halls and stairways with tho comers and goers. And this con tinues every day tho whole year round, except for tho short Interval of tho summer vacation. Compared with them, tho Collectors’ offices aro thronged, It is true, for a month on two every year, but do but Uttlo business with tho public tho remainder of tho time. Yet it is proper they should bo on tho first floor. Tho same Is true of tho Comp troller, and Treasurer, and Mayor, and tho pay-ofiico of tho Water Deportment. Lot them remain on tho first floor. Tho Commissioners of tho Board of Public Works are to bo reached by numerous contractors and employes of tho city, and those who havo to do with public Jobs,—a stalwart class and used to climbing. These gentlemen havo a potent voice in this now Court- House business, but,, os they do not furnish tho funds, and aro paid a salary for all they do, they should not make the mistake of suppos ing that tho whole thing belongs to them. Kor should they suppose, as they evidently have done, that tho Importance of tuelr office is at all to ho com pared with that of the courts. But what is to bo said of putting their bookkeeper and secretary, and tho whole clerical forcoof the Water Department, lu tho very beat places 7 And what of locating the County Commissioners on the first floor, when they only meet for an afternoon once a week or loss, and their ses sions require tho attendance of no ono hut them selves 7 It plainly demonstrates that, attach ng an exaggerated importance to themselves, and having tho power, their Committee havo simply usurped the host place, instead of being content with a third floor location, ns tho fitness of things required. Tho mistake It apparent, also, of supposing that tho Clerks of tho courts doaorvo places more convenient to tho puhllo than tho courts themselves. They are not visited by, perhaps, one-half no many people, and, If cither Is to ho subordinated, lot It bo too Clerks, It is desirable. If possible, lo havo them convcnfcnf to tho courts, and quite as necessary, no doubt, us It Is to havo their bookkeeper near tho Board of Public Works. Consider, again, tho list located on tho second floor,—■ all of them unimportant ofllclals, lu tho sense that they aro brought into but little contact with tho pub lic, and only need places to do their work In a private way • cud yot tho humblest scrlbo or draughtsman of them all in any way connected with city or county work, is assigned a place ranking in convenience and comfort higher than that of tho courts. It la very clear that tho getters-up of tho arrange ment either had no idea of what a Court- House should l>o, or oleo no proper regard for tho eternal fitness of things, or tho Just de mands of tho people. In no important a matter as designating tho location and arrangements of tho courts, they should havo consulted with tho Judges,ox- Jmlges, and experienced members of tho Bur, and al lowed some voice to those who know about such things from experience, and havo an interest In seeing that tho lights of tho pubUo In theno things aro cared for. It whs n striking commentary on tho ignorance of these committees about the requirements of courts, that cue architect groped hla way to tho discovery that a largo number of rooms needed ns adjuncts to tho courts had boon left out of tho ofllclul arrangement entirely,—thirty-two, ho said, though that number sueiuD exaggerated. And he, albuo of tho architects, figured thoao rooms in an ho beat could, and, In bo doing, transferred tho chancery-rooms to tho second floor,—that again illustrating how little ho know about it; inasmuch as it Is far more important to havo tho common-law rooms convenient to tho public than In tho case of tho chan- C Xo proposed arrangement should ho thoroughly overhauled and readjusted by soma persons who havo some idea of what a Ouurl-ilouuo should bo. Tho Common-Law Court rooms. County Court, and Probato Court rooms (if there is to bo such a court) should first bo properly .located on tho first floor; and thvro lu no need of a ulco distinction bclwoou city cud county side. Tho city Is certain ly interested In providing a proper placo for courts. The Collectors of taxes, City Comptroller, and. per haps, tho Treasurer’s and Mayor’s olficcs, should ho on the same floor. Then, next in importance, tho Clerks of. Courts, and tho vaults containing 1 their records, should bo accommodated as conveniently noar tho courta us tho spaco will permit. Tho chancery-rooms should bo placed not Higher than tho second floor s and tho Hupromo Court might remain on tho third floor, as tbolr sessions occupy hut a short tlmo lu the year. Thou all tho other olficlols ahould ho located lu tho order of their rolotlvo Importance to tho public, tho moat public being assigned tho moat convenient places,—having lu view always tho rule that tho most important public places should bo well located first, tho loss Important being assigned to tho localities that aro left, Thachanaos suggested* U is sunoosed. do not nocos- sarily Involve any material change In the platifl of tho proposed building,—merely a rearrangement i?; But. If tlioy do, lot tbo chonges In the plans bo So and K the'** arcbltccluro tho building con form Itself to tbo uses and purposes for which tbo k'xhoiiow Omirl-llo'ußo la to cost nn tnnnov. which tbo tax-payers must pay , and It la to ■lnmAr MI llnw, or nt Im«l SPiJJ ™.° J!^S!22S conllnnratloii. Lot iih bavo mi edifice wisely contrived to subserve tbo convenience of tbujo who pay fm It, and who must transact business there, that will bo a (handing olToubo to all Ideas of fitness, Justice, aud convonlouco. A,BX » CAIRO. Stcmuliont nfntc murilcrcd by n UccU jnnml—’A'otnl IjOhu oJ n, Unrffc. Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune, Oiino, 111., April HO.-I.Mt Thursday night, uhlla Ihoßlcamcr Grand Tower was lying at this port, a no gro rouelahaut, named Billy Brown, olios 11 Yellow Man,” formerly employed on that utcamor, waylaid tbo Tlrot Mato, Mr. Thomas Doyle, and struck him a ter rible blow on tbo bead with a billot of wood, inflicting Injuries from which bo has sinco died. It seems that. Doylo had discharged Brown ft • trip or two ago, for • creating trouble on tbo boat. Drown thought bo would got ovou with him by killing him. Brown at tbo time made blB escape, but wascap tured in this city to-day by Chief of Police Mollall, Onbla way to Jalfbo conicsflod to striking Doylo, but aaynbedldnot intend to kill him. Tbo evidence Is strong against him. . , , It la understood that tbo bargo May Loury, loaded with iron oro, which waa aunk in tbo Mississippi River between hero and Commerce a fow days ago, will likoly prove a total lon. Bbo was valued at about (9,000. FOREIGN. SPAIN, Parts, April 20.—A Madrid dispatch denies that tbo ■Commune has boon proclaimed In Spain. Madrid, April 20.—The official OatetU announces that Don Alfonso, brother of Don Carlos, accompanied by-uia* stair," crossed' uuo irrance from Spain on Wednesday last. The Carlisle have been defeated several times recently. In one engagement their loss was over 100 men. Rumors of amodiflcatlon of tbo Ministry are current. It la said the present Government, with tbo exception of Figueroa, Pi y Uargall; and Csstolar, will retire, and Contreras, Estobauoz, Garcia, Lopez, and Rlspa, or other advanced Federalists, will succeed tbo retiring members. HOLLAND. 1 Tit* Hague, April 20.—The Government has or dered fourteen steamers to proceed Immediately to Sumatra, and co-operate with tbo Dutch troops In their movements against tbo Acblncso. Tbo vobsclh will carry a largo quantity of ammunition and arms for tbo troops. ' '• GREAT BRITAIN. London, April 20.—Tho London Republicans hovo undertaken tho prosecution of the Carliat Commlttco in tliiß city who arc collecting funds for Don Carlos, as it is claimed to bo in violation of international law. CUBA. Havana, April 20,—Ths Tribnno yesterday attacked tho present system of education in Havana and tho Junta, which has embargoed ths property of (ho Cu bans, and sayn it will givo their names. Tho Tribuno also advises ths people to abstain from playing in tho Havana lottery. Gon. Hlgeluerao has boon ordered to return to Spain. Tho Havana Journals confirm tho burning of Aura, and tho killing of somo of tho inhabitants by tho in surgents. THE INDIANS. Scnlptnp-HCnlvcß for ll»o Rccl-Slclns— The Orcjjoi* Indians on tbo War- Path—Nothin? Further from tbo Rlodocs»Tbo Nevada Pintos Mean Mischief* New Yon*, April 20.— The Purchasing Commlttco of tho Board of Indian Commissioners have contracted for 1,500 dozen butcher-katvca and 120 dozen skinning [scalping?] knives, among tho other articles to bo fur nished to tho Indians. ‘ _ Washington, April 20.— Tho Indian Agent at Lara mie, Col., reports tho killing of ono man and tho wounding of another by Mincconjaus, of tbo Sioux San Francisco, April 20.— A dispatch from Port land last night oayo that tho Indians who recently left tho Yahima reservation have tnado their appearance in tho Lewis River settlements arrayed in war paint, A general outbreak In Eastern Oregon ia feared. Tho Bottlers request to bo furnished with arms by tho Gov ernor of tho State. . , No later news has been received from tho lava-bed. There will probably bo no courier at Yreka before Tuesday. Government messengers only pass tho route at present, . ~ Virginia, Nev., April 20.—1t Is reported that a num ber of young Pinto bucks, who spent tho winter among tbo oeitiaaiouta In this portion of tho State, lately dis appeared well unnea end mounted. It is • sup poned they have gono to Join tho Stein Mountain bands, north of the Palisades, from whom trouble Is anticipated. Signal fires have been noticed in tho mountains eastward and southward for several nights past. Tho Indians hereabouts profess Ignorance con cerning thorn. A largo number of Piutcoaro still in this vicinity, perfectly quiet. ST. LOUIS. A Jewelry Robber—Business Failure- Penitentiary Labor, St! Loots, April. 20.—1t boa been ascertained that Leroy Swift, who robbed Buddek Johnson of SI,OOO worth of Jewelry, night before last, on tbo Pacific Hoad between hero and Kansas City, Is not, and has not been, in tho employ of Eldridge, Dunham & Co., Now York, ns represented by him. Ho is, no doubt, an ex pert thief, who followed Johnson, waiting for an op portunity lo rob him. Ho is described as about 83 years old, five feet ten inches high, slimly built, has brown hair, and sandy whlskoro and moustache, Tho failure of James A. Word, a pork-packer, of Kansas City, Mo., ia announced, Tho Inspectors of tho Missouri Penitentiary have boon notified of an application for an Injunction to restrain them from leasing tho convict labor of that prison, as provided by tho act of tho Legislature last winter. Railroad Nows* Stoeatoh, HI., April 20.—C01. Ralph Plumb, of this ?laco, tho well-known railroad bulldor, returned last ‘hursday night after a four months’ visit to Europe. Tho object of hlfl journey wr« to dispose of Chicago At Paducah Railroad bonds, $3,000,000 of which ho placed in London, thus securing tho immediate prosecution of the road, elxty-fQur milea of which aro now construct ed. Thla line run* from Pontiac and Strcator, via Falrbury, Montlcollo, and Sullivan, to Flora, on the Southeastern Railway, a distance of 200 miles, and la regarded a most Important outlet for tho coal product of this place. , „ Omaha, April 20.—Tho Midland Railroad Company have determined to build a branch from 0100 County to n point in Kansas opposite St. Joseph; also a branch from Seward or York County through the unorgan ized counties of tho State to n point on tho northern boundary of Nebraska, hereafter to bo designated. Tho amendatory articles of incorporation have been filed in tho ofilco of the Secretary of State. Joliet, 81., April 20.—Two surveys of tho Jollot & Valparaiso Railroad have been completed, Tho first line passes through tho township of Now Lennox. Will County, and tho villages of Moneo, Crete, and Crown Point, Ind, This lino crosses tho Illinois Cen tral, tho Chicago, Dauvillo & Vincennes, and the Groat Eastern Railroads, and connects at Valparaiso with the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayno At Chicago Railroad, and tho Peninsular Railway. The return lino paoscs through Centerville, Ind., crosses tho State lino at Dyer Station, touches tho village of Rich, Cook Coun ty, and Moneo, Will County. The length of tho road will bo about fifty-throe miles, and the estimated coat of its construction Is $20,000 per mile. Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. Kansas City, April 20.— Tho suit ponding against tho Kansas City & St. Louis Narrow-Gnugo Railroad Company was decided In favor of tho Railroad Com pany to-day, and a peremptory order given for tho County Court to issue the bonds. Contractors will ho put upon tho work at ouco between hero and Indepen dence, Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. Lincoln, Neb., April 20.—Tho Midland Pacific Rail road is to bo extended to a point opposite St. Joseph, and to the northern limits of tho State of Nebraska. Tho Board of Directors decided upon building there branches yesterday, Tho road, when thus completed, will bo one of the most important west of tho Missouri River, Special Dispatch to The CMeagoTribune. SriUNOFZZLt), 111., April 30.—Tho Toledo, Thornton & St. Louis Air Line, aud the St. Louis, Hholbyvillo A: Detroit Railroads have been consolidated, aud now form tho Toledo t St. Louia Railroad. The road is to be built from Detroit to St. Louis. Capital stock $1,250,000. Tho Groat Storm* Special Viwatch to The Chicago Tribune. Lincoln, Neb., April 20.—Accounts from tho storm in tho West are still coming lu, and exhibit a more frightful loss of Jlfo than at ftrst supposed. Com munication just opened with this section shows that men frozo to death a fow rods from their houses whllo trying to savo their stock. E>ost*Offlco Robber Sentenced Topeka, Kan., April 20.—Tho Burlington, Kansas, PoHl-omco robbery caso, which baa excited much Inter est, was Aniuhed to-day in tho United States District Court by tho scntouco of tho accused, Jasnor N.Occsoy, to pay a nominal Auo aud coats, cud to servo four yoaru iu tho Vcultoutlnry. Acquitted* Memphis, April 20.—Covry Walters, who killed Oplko Nolen, In Bachwar’s saloon, last summer, was uc 'Tho trial of Hoffman, for tho mur dnr of Tubbs, lu this county, resulted lust night in his acquittal. __ Ilnnlt RiiniioiiMlon* Memphis, Tumi., April 20.—Tho Memphis Ltfo and General Insurance Bauk, D. B. WaUory, I rcbldem, suspended thin morning, with liabilities of #JS,UtW, Winch, U la said, oro fully scoured by tho nasals. Tiro lloye Drowned. o union, Iu„ April 20.—At Fulton, 111., this aftcr noon, two boya of I). W. Drown, and tUo cldeßt son of W. 0. Hnyilor, whoao agea range from 8 to l 3 yo» rB » woro lu a skiff near tho Western Union Dallroad bridge, ouJ, by accident, woro precipitated Into tbo water. Tbo son of W» 0. Snvdat oiuua to tbo boat, but tbo other two wont down and wero drowned. Mr. Brown la absent In Wißconnln, in tbo employ of tbo Chicago ft Northwestern Railroad Company. Tlocnpturo of an JRacapcrt Wnrrtorcr, PiTTsnunmt, April 2(l.—Tbo Chronicle's Washington (Fa.) apucial nnvH that BHcelnnd, tbo convicted murder* ,or, who recently escaped from tbo Jail in that place,, ’was recaptured yesterday evening, in a barn near Col lier’s Station, West Virginia, by two brotborn named Caldwell. They bad gone to the barn to feed Iholt stock, and noticing that eomo ono bad been In the mow, mndo an examination, and : found Brlcoland under tbo bay. Tbo prisoner rordo uo ofTort to cecnpo, and was returned to tbo Jull thin morning. Uo con> ' fensed (bat Rome person furnished him with a kulfo during bIR trial In tbo Court-House, with which bo cut tbo moulds for tbo koyn, but will give no names. MARINE. PORT OF CHICAGO. ARRIVED April 20. Btmr Corona, St. Jooopb, 48 bxs flsb, 10 doad calyos, 0 dead hogs, 16 ska turnips. Schr El Tempo, Manistee, 140 m ft lumber. Bebr Coral, Lincoln, 100 m ft lumber. Bohr Champion, Kenosha, 05 yds sand. Bark Groat West Ko. 2, Horn’s Pier, 2,(550 tile*, 1,200 telegraph poles, 600 cedar pools, 27 bu potatoes. Bebr Q. Knapp, Ludlngton, 180 m ft lumber. Bark B. J. Sanborn, Ludlngton, 170 a ft lumber. Bebr Contest, Holland, 60 m ft hardwood lumber. Bebr Eliza Day, Ludlngton, 110 ra ft pluo lumber. Bebr Whirlwind, Ludlngton, 100 ra ft plno lumber. Bebr Live Oak, Manlntoo, 150 m ft lumber. Bebr Sinnl, Ludlngton, 100 m ft lumber. Bebr U. B. Grant, Ludlngton, 160 ra ft lumber. Bebr Australia, Jacksouport, 8,000 posts. Bebr Coral, Lincoln, 100 m it lumber. CLEARED April 20. Stmr Corona, Bt. Joseph, 117 pkga groceries, 30 rkgs dry goods, 121 pkgs hardware, ISbrla oil, CO Vega beer, 2 horses and buggicn, flehrE. G. Gray, Muskegon, light. Brig Pilgrim, Muskegon, light, Bebr A. M. Boers, Muskegon, light. Bebr W. Hawkins, Manistee, light, - Bebr Ratolgb, Manistee, light. Bebr El Tempo, Manistco light. Bplu* 3. IT. Wnrrriut, M-nlulrn. light. Bebr Higgle ft Jones, Buffalo, 88,910 bn com. Prop William T. Graves, Buffalo, 43,007 bu corn. Bark James Couch, Buffalo, 61,192 48-60 bu corn. No, 2. * Bark J. P. March, Buffalo, 20,600 bu corn, No. 3. Bebr Mary Merritt, Port Colbornc, 20,032 B*6o bu com. No, 2.. Bebr Coral, Lincoln, light. Bebr Eliza Day, Ludlngton, light. Bebr Queen of tbo West, Horn’s Pier, light. Bebr Contest, Holland, light. Bark Groat West, Horn’s Pier, light, Bebr J. Hibbard, White Lake, light, Bebr Whirlwind, Ludlngton, light. Bebr IT. 8. Grant, Ludlngton, light, bebr G. Knapp, Ludlngton, light. ‘ Bebr U. O. Albrecht, Manistee, light. Bebr Australia. Manistee, light. Bark R. J. Sanborn, Manistee, 10 tons hay, Bebr Champion, Waukegan, light. Bebr G. G. Cooper, Buffalo, 22,830 bu corn. Bebr Otter, Colliugwood, 13,090 24-50 bu com. FROM THE STRAITS. Mackinaw, April 20.—Hazy; wind northwest; light; thermometer, C 4; ico opposite McOulpin's Point, and extending oast to old Mackinaw Point, very porous. Yesterday p. m., wind made an opening nearly two nfllcs long and a mile wide, now dangerous to cross any point. Propellers not in sight. •Au Saule, April 20.—'Weather clear; pleasant, Wind west; light. Propeller Lake Dreozo, from Bay City, ono mile oil trying to make dock. Ico-very heavy. ‘ Port Austin, April 20.—'Wind northwest; light. Lake packed with ico as far os can sco. A lottor, dated Oconto, April 21, says: “ Capt. Boyer wont up to tho mast-head yesterday, and says tho bay Is clear of ico out about five miles from shore. Tho northeast and cost wind has driven a body of floating ico in on ahoro this 'side of Poshtlgo Point. This body of ico is about flvo miles wide, reaching; along (his shore, but outside of that, tho bay seemed to> bo clear. Sorriß ludinua camo up from Pcahtlgo har bor yesterday, and reported tho bay all clear north of Peshtigo Point, LAKE FREIGHTS. Were dull and lower, with no charters; quotable at llQl2o for corn to Buffalo, with shippers and carriers trying hard to sway tho market to suit their own vfows. Bates of steam to Kingston aro 180 for wheat. LUMBER FREIGHTS. Manistee, $3.00; Ludlnglon, $2.78; Muskegon, S2.GO; Oconto, $4.00 ; Menominee, $3.20®3.60 ; Pentwatcr, < 2.75®3.00; 'White Blvor, $3.7f1@3.W); Grand Haven, : 2iCil®U.Go: Saugaiuck, $2.80; Bay City, coming ity, 13.60. - . , Salt from Saginaw at 20®25c perbrl. ITEMS. Chicago, April 27.—A dispatch received boro last evening states that tho Straits of Mackinaw aro open for tho season, three propellers having passed through to tbo westward yesterday. This makes tho opening ono day earlier than last year: but It is thought that tho passage will not bo safo for sail vessels for two or Thu propeller Annie Young, with 22,000 bu of wheat ■ and other freight, left for Buffalo to-day, touching at Milwaukee to rccclvo tho remainder of bor cargo. Tills is the first vessel to leave this port this season for sail vessels intend leaving for Buffalo to* • morrow, ond probably a largo part of tho grain fleet will start this week. _ , , . Tho schooner American Union was pulled off thobed of tho river, yesterday, by tho united efforts of three tU A, B gontlcman who arrived hero this morning from - Cleveland, and was in Buffalo on Friday, states that tho tug S. 13. Bryant, with several lake Captains on board, was out inspecting tbo ico at Buffalo, and they pronounced the prospect of an early opening not at all favorable. Local nrclpbts from Buffalo to Chicago aro reported firm atfi.COol.lO. The B. T.Atwater and sev eral other vessels have left Buffalo light, viaOhlppowa and Port Colbornc, for Cleveland, to load for Chicago. Tho schooner Guiding Star from Oawegohas arrived at Detroit, ond will load groin for tho same port. A sailor named Francis McCavitt fell from tho mala topmast of tho schooner Thomas U. Mott, at Buffalo, last Thursday, and was so severely injured that Jio la not expected to recover. The ice la now moving away from this side ofLako Michigan, and it is thought that it cannot much longer impede navigation on tbo lake, Tbo holt 1s said to ho narrow, and as It drifts out into tho lake It will gradu ally break up ond disappear. Tbo boats of tbo Good rich Transportation Company havo resumed their trips to Milwaukee and Manitowoc, and probably sail vessels will bo able to do so in a fow days. Advices from Facauaba are that there la no prospect of a vessel getting there for a week yet, ot least. The schooner Fashion, which left this port for Muskegon, Monday last, has not been hoard from. Bho is supposed to bo fast hi tho lee somewhere. Five schooners aro reported to ho in tho ico near Milwaukee. ... ~ A letter received hero from a Captain who recently made a trip on Lake Erie, says that there is more ico in tho lake than ho ever saw before, and the prospects of an early entrance Into Buffalo aro not ot nil flutter- TUo doptn of water at tho mouth of Black River is • crowing leas and Jess each year, and tho current 1b changing tbo conformation of tbo bottom both ahovo and below Block River. Tbo only certain way to jvojd It Ib to go around, and if pilot# will do that they will oftentlmea save hundreds of dollars thereby.—•ilu * Oconto pier, according to tbo Reporter , has been. destroyed by tbo Ico. The pier and road coat tho city ak TboAnchor lino of steamers will ply between Chica go and Buffalo. It has been orronooualy reported that wino of them would run between Chicago and Duluth. Tbo scow Yampyro has been got off Ohlckauola • built by Oapt. O. W. Jouoa at Sprlugwells was launched on Thursday, and was named Marine wrecking on tho lakes has assumed such mag- • nltudo of Into yearn as to demand a largo share of at- • toullon during tho season of navigation, and may bo • considered now as reduced to a science. Tho steamer Keweenaw, from Detroit, Is on her way to Detour, Sho found tho Canada sldo of Lako Huron 01 Capl. Dickson, of tho propeller China, says the ko is Ofcot thick alongside his propeller in tho harbor of Mar quette, and ho thinks navigation will not open before propellers Fisk, Java, ami Colorado, of tho Union Lino, left Cleveland on tho 241h lust, for Chica go and Milwaukee. , . . Tho propeller Caldwell starts from Clovolond for • Chicago on Sunday night, to run on tho Chicago and SU Tim schooner Montauk, which loft tho Welland Canal on tho 21st lust., arrived hero yesterday at 1 o’clock, after a hazardous experience through ico Holds nearly tho entire distance. Bho found no dlfllculty until west of Long Point, where she became entangled in the Ice, which drove her from her course and caused her con- • slderahlo detention. These diflloultles lusted until sho reached tho locality of Port Stanley. when a clear pas- Fftgo was found for tho remainder of tho voyage. Oapt, Barry euya ho would uol again run tho hazard of such . a trip for the value of his vessel and cargo. Ho is of tho opinion that a westerly wind would again close the passage to tho canal for tho ncit two weeks, and that, from tho upper end of Long Point tho ice, 12 to 13 inches thick, covers tho entire lake. After a short de lay lific, tho Montauk proceeded on to Chicago.—i»C <rMcSHatley & Urolliora, of Toledo, Imvo signed contracts for tho construction of a mammoth bark for SrVWUwikLockwood, of Milan, tho kool for • wldch is already laid, Tho vessel has u length over all of 172 feet 33 feat breadth of beam, and 18 foet depth Of boll Utid will, it IB estimated, bo of about 700 touo burden or in other words, have a tonnage capacity of as 000 Im of con*. Tho craft la to bo alloat by tho 20th of’july, and will cost, when full rigged, lu tho vicinity * of 150 000. Tbo vccuol will bo tailed by Oapt. William**, ono tho builders, and a full-sized canal schooner boo been commenced for Messrs. Curtis & Alton. Tho cruft will bo 143 feet in length, 20 foot breadth of beam, 12 foot depth of hold, and cost $20,000 to $27,000. Tho vccrc). 11 is expected, will bo ready for launchliigabout tbo Ist of August. A tog and buvgo aro also to bo launched from tbia yard soon. At present 148 men aro employed by tbo übovo firm. Mr. Webster, foreman of harbor Improvement works, took soundings of tho channel at Two Rivera last week, with tho following result: Four foot from lusldo face of west plor ho found tho minimum depth of water in tho chnunul to bo 0 4-10 feet; maximum, il foot: tho greatest depth commencing 80 feel from shore oml, lasting for about 100 foot, then Gradually diminishing till minimum is reached at about v<>b from shore, wheu it gradually increases tlu nearly tho maximum is again attained at tho extreme lake end of tho pier, which la nearly ouo thousand foot In length. Twcnty-Avo feet from lusldo face of west ptor tho minimum depth is 0 6-10 feet; tho maximum, 0 &-R> feet, Tho above soundings were taken at Intervals or ' 82 feel, corresponding with tho length of sections ta tho plor, and extending twenty-eight sections, tho 1 whole length. Mr. Webster also reports tho water In ’ tho lake two inches lower on on average than the ATM* > ago U*t icmw «t Uoi place.-~CArenw*

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