Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 28, 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 28, 1873 Page 3
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WASHINGTON. Jay Gould’s Curious Railroad Project. Tlio Itallroad TTronaMcs of tbo East. Pennsylvania Company vs. Baltimore & Ohio. The 11 Comprehensive Railway Sys 1 tern." From Our Oicn Correspondent, Washington, April 21, 1873. Jay Gould, that extraordinary piece of gristlo and black oyo, is now performing a VEny CTJTOOUB PIECE OP BUSINESS, which has attracted tlio stock-market as much aa lr lio wore buildiug a through lino to tho Groat West; It la tho connection of Now York with Baltimore, Norfolk, and Richmond, by rail and ferries. This will have boon completely dono by thopeooh-fioason and at tho gathering of harvest and tho cotton-crop. Tho magnitude of Gould’s homo, and bis proportions aa a speculator, should not hide tho utility and ahrowdnoss of this, his latest enterprise. It is aa follows: Mr. Gould la tho President of tho Now Jersey Southern Railroad, which extends from Sandy Hook without break to Bayside, on the Delaware Bay, 117 miles,—branching off also to Camden, opposite Philadelphia. From Now York to Bandy Hook is 25 miles of safe navigation, always open. From Baysido to Bombay Hook, in tho State of Delaware, is a ferry of 4 miles. Thence, by communications nearly perfect, it is 60 miles across tho Delaware and Maryland Peninsula to the Ohosivpoako, and thence by ferry 10 miles across tbo bay, or by water 20 miles to tho, wharves of Baltimore. This makes a direct mute for Now York to Baltimoro about 212 miles loug, but broken by throe ferries. Tho present lino of rail through Philadelphia and Trenton is 190 miles. It is manifest that such a broken routo can hardly compete for passenger-traffic under ordinary circumstances ; but tbo systems of Internal navigation which it Intersects, tho cheapness of steam-craft in tho East, consequent upon it suporsodonco by rail ways, and tho perfect conversance of Gould a people with this kind of tonnago, render it prob able that, as a freight lino to tho 'Wost and Bouth, this is A SAGACIOUS UOVZ3IEKT. Jay Gould is President also of tho Narragan sett Steamship Company, which Is provided with the largest and tho most numerous fleet of steamboats on tho tidal rivers; and ho has just built a mammoth boat at Newport, to convoy a train of thirty cars from Now York to Sandy Hook. It is his design to cross tho Delaware and Chesapeake in tho samo way, and occupy but olovon hours in tho transit. Tho railroads in this region havo boon built at tho minimum cost, over a level country, ahodhdlng In timber for Idee, plies, and fuel; the cost of operating tbo road will ho loss than olsowhoro in tho conn* try; and it will bocomo a coal-carrier at low grades, by connecting, at Camden, Chester, and Wilmington, with tho Beading systems of rail and canal. Moreover, tho probabilities point to TBE SPEEDY ABSORPTION of tho only railway between Baltimore and Now York by tho Pennsylvania monopoly, which will thus loavo tho Baltimore & Ohio, tbo Lynch burg, Norfolk & Tennessee, and tho Chesapeake & Ohio Roads without any metropolitan link. So ozcrcisod had Baltimore City bocomo on this subject that it soourod a charter from tho Stato of Delaware this spring, providing for a ship canal across tho Peninsula. Tho importance of tho Baltimore & Ohio Road may bo inferred from tho fact that) Ita P»gr Udl fo» (U« mnnfi, nf March embraced 20,000 employes, and amounted to $720,000. Tho necessity for its independent connection with Now York is soon from tho fact that it has repeatedly cat down mercantile freights 80 por cent from Now York to tho West boyond tho power of tho other roads to carry thorn, relying mainly upon canal and outside steam communication. To build overland from Baltimore to Philadelphia will involve tho Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in an expense of $8,000,000, which is $4,000,000 loss than tho stock, bonds, and debt of tbo Philadelphia. & Baltimore Road, and $2,000,000 more than Jay Gould’s road cost, which is double tho length of route. Gould’s road cost but $20,000 a muo. THE SYSTEM OF ROADS in tho Peninsula of Maryland and Delaware, now dependent wholly upon tho Philadelphia «t Ikvltt moro Railroad, amounts to tho high figure of 350 . miles, with nearly 100 milosmorobuilding. This respectable system of roads, nearly all or which have been made since tho Civil War, threads tho largest peach-orchard in tho world, and strikes every oyster point in tho Chesapeake. A system of railroads of later growth comes in at tho head of tho Peninsula, which are controlled by tho people of that country, and aim to interpose be tween Philadelphia and tho eea. Ono of those roads loads from tho City of Wilmington to tho coal-regions ; another from Wilmington to points duo west along tho Pennsylvania lino, to Oxford, Poach Bottom, Hanover, Frederick, Gettysburg, and tho Volley of Virginia. In this road thoro is a link wanting of only 40 miles. Other roads load out from Newcastle, and from Delaware City northwestward. Mr. Gould may pick up, therefore, on this small Peninsula the points of 600 miles of road, and & bay com merce of 400,000 tons, of which 120 vessels are steam craft. The Delaware Bay, which of late years has boon almost destitute of steamers, is now tho seat of threo European linos of steam ships ; and tho importance of tho coal-trado aud water-front have revived, AFTER IULF-A-OENTDRY’B DROWSY BLEEP, the old towns of Delaware City, Newcastle, and Chester, aud made the marshes before Wilming ton a part of tho city. These ferry-slips of Gould’s now roadway may become, in spite of moss and slumber, tho liters of arising towns, and opposite Baltimore another city may start up to givo tho Eastern shoreman a chance to say: “Lot those laugh who win I" THE TRADE IN PEACHES AND OYSTERS would seem to bo a very little affair, but it is a business which takes a special daily freight-train in the season over four of tho great roads. The Now York and Delaware poach business is tho event of tho year, and a chapter could bo written epon tho handling of tho peach-trains, tho lar ceny of tho fruit on route by brakesmen, switch-tenders, and station-masters, and tho annual glut in Now York, and dorurness of tho fruit at other points. The oyster-train over tbo Baltimore & Ohio Railroad I have previously de scribed. Tho prit/o of freights on poaches over the hundred odd miles from tho orchard to Now York has boon as maddening to tbo Peninsular man as the tariff on grain from Kansas to tho seaboard. Hence, THE WAR ON FREIGHTS Is equal all over tho country, and for the short distance is onerous as the long, lu Delaware, a rival and parallel line of rail is growing up steadily to carry off the peaches, wheat, ana oysters. Tho original Delaware Railroad, 112 miles long, traversed tho State, and sent off three branches Co tho State lino, and cost hut SIO,OOO a mile. The Philadelphia «fc Baltimore Bead got control of this, and tho frailty of tho peach-yield put the growers at the mercy of transportation. A steamship from Lewes, at tho foot of tho bay, to Now York, gave only partial relief; nndflnally a lateral series of roads, aiming at tho Now Jersey Southern and tho Wilmington & Western Roads for outlets to Now York aud tho West. Is within a few months of accomplishment. The now terminus of tho Chesapeake & Ohio Road has boon purchased on the York River, SO miles from Cherrystone Inlet,—a terminal point on the Delaware system of.roads, —which latter is also about tho saruo distance from Norfolk. Thus throe trunk-lines from tho West may soon hove no option but to deliver freight by Mr. Gould's great Southern tap, with its system of ferries carrying full trains across tho bays. THE THINU LOOKS AWKWARD, and yet it is nearly the same which transports the bulk of freight and half tho passengers be tween Now York and Boston by steamboats to Newport, Providence, Fdl River, Bristol, Btou- Ington, Norwich, and New Haven. It ia quite the same system which has boon proposed to carry passengers over the English Channel, by great steamboats laden with full train?. .Transportation here, as in tho Wort, ia TUB UniQUITODS PROBLEM.— bow to satisfy each of tho great, disagreeing, conquest-making corporations, which out mum other off iu mld-alr with ob llttlo Obrlotlan decency ond courtesy as so many Barbary Bowers. Tho Beading Ballvoad of Pennsylvania and tbo Bal timore 7V Ohio Bead are each obnoxious to tho X’ounsylvanla Company. It dislikes tho first as a rival lu Pennsylvania, too ?roai to bo purchased, and too sldll ul and well accredited by foreign capital not to seek access to tho West through tho territory it considers its own. Tho Bonding Bailrond is itself a monster in turn, and, be tween the Susquehanna and tho Lehigh, men aceu every artery by rail and water which seeks to take coal from ita Duchy. Doth Montague and Capulot have lately had a tumble; tho Bead ing Bouway In tho coal-tap to Wilmington, which lies a dozen miles below its now shipping whurvou at Chester*, and tho Pennsylvania Ilona losing tho Jersey monopoly, whereby its Bead ing rival can carry coal to wow York. To koop’tho Beading from making a route be tween Bow York and tho Lakes, tho Pennsylva nia Company bought tho bridge at Columbia, and leased tbo Philadelphia & Erie Ballroad. In THE LATTER VENTURE, a stockholder tells tho story thus : The Philadelphia it Erie Railroad ban been under their control for coven or eight years. They own a majority of tho clock and elect their own managera. Under their management, it has drooped along for J’oaro. Its debt has increased enormously. With a nifliuess large enough to have paid a very handsome dividend to tho stockholders, the receipts have been kept down and tho expenses run up lu such a way as to absorb all tho earnings of tho road. No profits have accrued on that stock. THE BALTIMORE A OHIO RAILROAD baa earned not merely the opposition, but tho resentful enmity, of tho Pennsylvania Company, by building to Pittsburgh, and dlvi rng and low ering freights to that point, and by opposing its southern extensions, and lighting its depot-priv ilege at Washington. Air. tieott calls Mr. Garrett “an old woman." Mr. Garrett refers to Mr. Thompson as no railroad man. but a dealer in corrupt Legislatures. Magnates aro but boys, and pout at oaob other, ana smash each other’s toy-locomotlvcs. • THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD, beaten by tho wild and Jacobin Jorooymoo, has seriously,disturbed the provincial dreams of its Southern neighbor. Tho Baltimore merchants show how tho dealers of Western Maryland even those nigh tho now county lust christened Oarreil— are buying goods this year, not in Baltimore, bub in Philadelphia, whither they go over tho now Bedford « Bridge port Ballroad, at maliciously-reduced freight-rates. By the Martiusburg <k Potomoo tap, Scott is preparing to lead tho freights of tho Shenandoah Valley oft by Harrisburg. By tho Frederick & State-Lino tap, he strikes tho Balti more interest In its original Maryland manner. By tho Baltimore & Potomac Road, ho creates a rival legislative interest in Maryland, and com potes at Washington for tho whole tolls of pas- Bongor-tra'fllo. By procuring tho Washington Board of Public Works to tear up the street tracks, bo has out Baltimore oil from Virginia; except by a roundabout way of 200 miles to make whet was done before in 00. And it is Mr. Scott’s further expectation to grasp both tho Covington and Danville routes, as ho has already got tho Weldon route, and toon, twisting off the Phila delphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Rood, to leave the Baltimore & Ohio a headless trunk, with tho Orange, Manassas & Lynchburg Road for on im perfect tail, wblaking at nowhere. Tho Philadelphia & Baltimore Railroad is own ed mainly In Boston, and its proprietors would not bo loth to accept a stookHUvldond and a guarantee, and be relieved of their responsibil ity, although tho management of tho link has been as perfect as its roadway, which is the boat on the seaboard. May not Mr. Jay Gould, with bis trisyllable railroad and ferry, appear opposite Baltimore in time to SOLVE Sin. OABUETT'S PROBLEM, or at least assuage hia’polns ? WUI Messrs. Scott and Thompson, however, want to repeat tho Now Jersey experiment, ana lake with tho Philadelphia & Baltimore Road all its unprofitable appendages ? With tho co> talnty, lot mo add, that, as in tho caso of tho Now a parallolllno wh 1 bo inevit able ? Already a strong ond skeptical opposition is shown from within thoir stock company to their omnivorous plan dt ruling and ruining. A lato paper on tho subject sot up tno points that for years past tho Company had boon declaring dividends out of tho increase of capital stock and bonded debt. TUEBE BEING NO EABNINOB on tho gross system of rail annexed to tbo Com pany. It was also established that tho Northern Central Branch, whioh used to earn 18 percent upon its stock, has " wilted under their manage ment. paying nothing, and dying of financial atrophy." In short, tho writer reasoned, from tho President’s reports of tho past twolvo years, that tho liabilities of tho Pennsylvania Road were now $103,000,000 ; that tho management intended to make this, as they had tho warrant nt law to do, $800,000,000; that tUotmo condition of tho Company was disguised, audits operating expenses stated below the fact; and that, al ready, tho business failed to moot the dividends* declared and tho interest on the bonds. If those points should bo well taken, what Is all this gathering of switches but to mako tho load which shall BREAK THE MONOPOLY’S BACK? A railroad which buys a lot of back-country roads and a pair of canals in order to got ono stem of 00 miles from Now York to Philadelphia, and, getting thoro, turns back and builds iron ships on tho Delaware at double Olydo rotes (thereby cheating itself. of 00 miles transporta tion, and adding to tho oamo 200 miles of sca-etoaming), and which finally loses tho Jersey monopoly, but turns about aud lays a third railroad acorosß Jersey for revenge, what a marvel is it of quooruess and greatness! It lumps into a bramble-hush and scratches out both its eyes ; but, when it sees those oyos to bo missing, it jumps Into another and scratches them back. “ How is this to bo explained, Mr. Jones ?” Wo put tills question at Jones because he baa an answer for everything. Mr. Jones sticks a thumb in each suspender, and says : “ It's to bo explained on the theory of THE GROWTH OF TUE COUNTRY. This country advances faster than expectation. Just you shut your oyos and jump up on it, and, by tbe time you drop, It’s revolved around and oomo back to tho place you started from. That's the reason so many lunatics and scoundrels hero are accounted to bo groat and sagacious men. They got all tho benefit of tbo growth of tho country. Oakes Amos intended to build a railroad,— .not to own ono. Ho had no idea that tho Pacific Road would ever pay anything as an enterprise, but ho sot out to do the j ob of bagging tho United States subsidy. And, sir.” said Mr. Jones, in low and appalling terms, ” would you believe it, that I saw that thick-headed old moko weeping into his handkerchief, and tolling bis people how they wero trying to take his roadawoy from him? Tho country had grown fastor than Oakes Amos and his gang could plunder It, aud tho Union Pacific would now bo a paying piece of property if it had been built with tho ordinary rates ana stealage. And, to conclude," said Mr. Jones, with a wave of both thumbs, “ tho Scotts belong to tho same typol With all their expansion, tom-foolery, intriguing, and borrowing, maybo tho country ’ll grow up to them, like tho spider’s web over the cave of Mahomet, so that nobody ’ll suspect the great man inside to have boon on animated blunder all bis days 1" now MUCH CREDIT is to bo glvon to tho prominent railroad mon of our period, who aboil Bay ? Jim Fisk had a ein oorco admiration for Gould's abilitios as a legiti mate railroad man, and lamented that bis educa tion and superiority “iutbe street” took him off from bis lino of capacity. The only railroad man in the country, of apprenticeship to his business, is Scott. Commodore Vanderbilt was a mercantile sea-captain; Jay Gould, a mau without visible means of support; J. Edgar Thompson, a child of salary, born to conceal his avocation by a white necktie and by incapacity for conversation; and Mr. J. W. Garrett is sim ply an investor, money-lender, and man of habits and possession. Itiso up, yo boro-worshipers of such as those, and wrestle with such imagina tions as yo might have had by watering your sympathies and expressing your Indignations,— rise up, 1 say, and look behind those men J LOOK AT THE INVENTOR, fumbling for a year with his notion. Who made tho throttle-valve, tho truck, tho truss for tho bridge, the solid wheel and axle, tho coupling, tho bumper, tho time-table, tho switch, mo gradient, tho coal-burner, the ex press-system, tho elevator, tho sloeplng-horth, the telegraph, tho numbered ticket, the form of the roil, the engine ? Those have boon perfected, like tho human being, as gener ations of good habits and good alliance have re vived it. But the gloat railroad magnate has bought tho product, and God and man stand critics over him as to what ho has done with it I Again, look at tho REAL MAKERS OP THE RAILWAY J thohnmhlo, ardent, publio-naturod citizens, who, with moans made up of daily resolution and tho practice of self-denial, subscribe aud pay tho capital stock, assemble together iu village pride, and submit to mortgage aud taxation, and at last lose the achievement in order that tho road shall bo. It passes from their hands, aud tho pawn broker gets it,—that appendage of three golden halts which possess a superiority to himself,— tho RIO RANKER OF THE NEiaiIROBHOOJ). I need not describe this big hunker no further than to say that he is an attendant upon church, a supporter of themoatcouacrvalive olde of pol itics, the custodian of a safe, aud of no heart THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: MONDAY. AMit 58, 1873. WliaiSUOTOr. lit* duulalu ju«. «iitTuutKlt;n| increases his percentages thereupon as ho dis covers them to bo. lie can bo swindled, but never touched ; you can break into bio vault, but not into bis affections. Thanku bo unto Allah, ho always has a master and tyrant of his own, and that is THE METROPOLITAN BANKER ABOVE HIM, When tho potty hanker's coterie has run tho railway for his own interest a certain time, and tho people ore aroused or tho profits drop awav, tho metropolitan banker gets a lion on It. 110 figures (or the great railway magnate, and al ways has him nearly within his power •, together they gobble up the potty banker and—seize tho road, because it lies along or across some 14 com prehensive scheme " of selfishness they have re volved together. A little more corrupting of tho Legislature, ami chastising of tbo neighborhood, and running into debt in foreign markets, amt wheedling tho counties-on the lino to bond themselves, and behold this part of their com prehensive scheme, this leg of tho spider, is ani mate and complete. And now, what is tho use of talking about State rights, local righto, or representative sys tems, when this 44 COMPnEUENSIVE SYSTEM " to thundering past tho door ? The sacrifice of tho village has become tho prey of tbo cormo rant: tho road is tho autocrat's I Every man who helped build it feels that it owes him some thing. and attaches himself to it as a crooning satellite. Every lawyer in tho village invitation to bo mado its prostitute. Tho proprietor of a free poos over It wears his creed in that concession.* Tho legislator from tho village is its first conuptor, and hobos 4, 500n” tho railroad magnate, and has boon 44 trusted." What loyalty to tho Invisible, distant, scarco rocognizablo Government of tho country is like that searching police system of tho comprehen sive railway ? The first is a tradition, backed by a militia as vague as tho tradition. It can rise to ropol tho general rebellion which threatens all, but tho railroad still fattens on tho sacrifices of loyalty. Tho railroad survives loyalty and takes it name. TUB RAILROAD IS LOYALTY, and loyalty is tho railroad's. Tho hero-spirit of tho war is tho conquest of this Aapasla. It rules. It rules by assuming the name of tho Republic, It can rule in America like Fremont, hut in Franco it la in Jail with Gauldroo-BoUloau I PIATT COUNTY FARMERS’ CONVENTION, lb the Editor of Tho Chicago Tribune. Sin: Tho delegates of tho various Farmers 1 Clubs of this county mot to form a County Club on Tuesday, the 15th Inst., at the county seat, Montecollo. This is a town of 1,000 inhabitants, on tho south bank of tho Sangamon River. It has lately boon connected with tho outside world by a branch rood from Champaign, and onofrom Bomout, on tho Toledo «fc Wabash Railroad. Tho delegates mot in tho Oourt-Houso, elected a temporary Chairman and Secretary, and ap pointed a Committee on Constitution and Per manent Organization. Tho Oonstitutiou adopted declares tho objects of tho Club to bo: Opposi tion to all monopolies, all unjust systems’of taxation, and all extortions of middlemen; and mutual 00-oporation and assistance. After tho adoption of the Constitution, the following resolutions wore offered by one of tho delegates, and unanimously adopted: Resolved. That (ho grasping ambition of railroad monopolists; tho combination of all classes of manu facturers to fix their tariffs and secure special legisla tion for their benefit and our robbery ; tho faithless conduct of our public servants, who, with shameless audacity, voto themselves tho money in tbo Treasury under the plea of backpay; tho general extravagance and corruption of all public men,—make It a necessity for us to associate ond organize ‘ for protection, do fonsc, and. if possible, reform. 3. That this Government was erected by tho people, to secure tho rights, tbo liberties, and tho welfare of all tho people therein; and not, as many suppose, for tho benefit of office-holders, privileged classes, and Irresponsible and lawless corporations. 3. That wo, tho-people, casting aside all partisan prejudices, shall hereafter demand that officers shall bo our servants, and not our masters ,* and to this end shall demand a change of tho Constitution of tho United States, so that all officers shall bo elected by a direct voto of tho people. 4. That, as no business can prosper unless attended to by thono Interested, wo shall, In Dio future, attend to our political business, and not trust to professional office-seekers and politicians. 6. That tho surrender, by those classes, of tho In ternal commerce of tho country to railroad corpora tions, with power to make their own tariffs on freight and passengers, unlimited and uncontrolled by any power in tho State or Nation, is a surrender of the pcoplo to bo robbed and plundered. 0. That, whilst wo do not abandon any remedy wo may havo for unjust charges of railroads nt common law, vro believe that Ultlo can be accomplished by tho legislation of a single State; wo shall, therefore, look to the Congress of tho United States for a system of laws to control ana regulate tiro common carriers of the country. 7. That the decision of the Supremo Court of tho State of Illinois, in tbo McLean County coso against tho Chicago & Alton Railroad, wo regord as tho only one that was possible under tho decisions of tho Su premo Court of tbo United States; and deem it but Justice to ourselves, as well as to our Supremo Court, to hereby express our confidence in their Integrity ana ability. That wo recommend all farmers, workingmen, and persona of similar Interests, to become members of their Township Clubs, and attend tbo meetings thereof. That a copy ofthcßO resolutions bo published Jn tho Prairie Fanner, Chicago Tuibdkk, and other papers, Thus, in loss than half a day, was adopted a Constitution and by-laws, permanent officers elected, two or three speeches made, tho above resolutions adopted, and some other business at tended to, aud many of tho formers wero homo by tho usual suppor-timo. Observes. JUDICIAL CONVENTION, AND 'ROW. Effingham, ill., April 28, 1873, To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sir: A Democratic Judicial Convention for this (tho Twenty-first) Judicial District aesom bled in this city yesterday, for tbo purpose of nominating a successor to Judge Dodus. The district is composed of Effingham, Cum berland, Jasper, Crawford, Richland, Lawrence, and Olay Counties. Judge Docius was a candi date for ro-eloction, with a strong opposition over tbo district in favor of James O. AJJon, of Crawford. Tho Convention was called to order, ond had commenced to smoothly grind out a nomination for Judge Dcclus, when a bombshell in tho shape of tho following protest was handed tho Secre tary to road: The undersigned, citizens of tho Twenty-flrst Judi cal District of tho State of Illinois; hereby protest against any action being taken by the body of men os eembled hero to-day Jn what they designate a conven tion, and hereby repudiate any acts or expressions of said body. Doing appointed as delegates to a conven tion which wo understood waa to have boon held at this place on this day, and finding no body of men hero whom wo deem authorized to form such a conven tion, we therefore refuse to jolu in tho deliberations of tho body now sitting. This calm and moderate protest was signed by tbo delegates from Richland, Lawrence, Olay, and Crawford Counties. It was treotod with contempt by tho Convention, and tho work of nominating Judge Docius proceeded with. Ido not care to repeat the charges that wore freely made on tho streets yesterday against the fuglemen of Judge Declus. If one-naif of them are true, no party-whip is going to keep tho voters of tho Democratic party standing by those historical and harmless guns on election-day. It is only a short time ago that a similar at tempt was made to elect a Supreme Judgo in tho name of tho Democratic party ; but Demo crats and Republicans elected Judge Thornton, and, foy these votes for Thornton, no Democrat’s Democracy has ever boon questioned, aud the same is true of tho Republicans who helped them rebuke tho tricksters. There was hut one expression hero yesterday among those who would not bo dragooned by tho old cry of Party! party 1 and that was to elect a Judge by the people, and again rebuke those who yesterday ground, or attempted to grind, their httlo axes in the old out-and-pnokod way. Attorney. Resistance of Woods to Torsional Strain* Professor R. 11. Thurston, of tho Stevens In stitute of Technology, communicates to tho Journal of tho Franklin Institute a description of an apparatus devised by him for determining tho torsional resistance of materials, and also tho results obtained by submitting specimens of dif ferent woods to exporiraonta. By suitable mechanism, tho force producing torsion is trans mitted through tho tout-piece, and moves a pen cil which traces upon pspor a curve, tho ordin ates of whloh aro proportional to the torsional moment while its außolusus represents the amount of torsion to which tho specimen lias boon subjected, thus indicating tho relative stiffness, 'strength, oud resilience of the material experimented upon, very perfectly. Tho tost piooos wore seven-eighths of an inch in thick ness at the middle or smallest part, aud wore made from tho following woods i white pine, 8. yellow pine (sap wood,) 8. yellow pino (heart wood,) black spruce, ash, black walnut, rod cedar. Spanish m-hogany. white oak, hickory, locust, and cb st ui. The conclusions drown from the roaull. or aw follows: White pine unite rapidly as tho toraonal tost-pleco was IBJtf-foot pounds, and it was twist ed completely off, at a total angle of torsion of 180 degrees. Tho substance is time shown to have little resilience. Yellow pine. has much greater strength, stiffness, and resilience. Tho sap-wood is equally stiff with the heart-wood, but sooner passes tin limit of elasticity, Spruce is loss stiff than while pine oven, but possesses greater strength and resilience, its moment of resistance reaching 18-foot pounds, and twisting through a total auglo of torsion of 200 dogrcoo. Ash seems to bo weaker and loss tough than is generally supposed. Its most striking peculiar ity is its very rapid losaot strength after passing Us limit of elasticity, Black walnut is very stiff, strong, and resilient, and is but little inferior to oak. Its resisting moment roaches 85-foot pounds, and one specimen attained a total angle of torsion of 220 degrees. Rod cedar is stiff, but brittle, and loses all power of re sistance after twisting through an onglo of 02 degrees. A torsional moment of 20-foot pounds only produced a total onglo of torsion of GO degrees. Bpaninh mahogany is very stiff and strong. Itls deficient In toughness and resilience, losing its power of resistance very rapidly after passing tho limit of elasticity. White oak has loss torsional strength than cither good mahogany, locust, or hickory, but is re markable for its wonderful toughness. It passes its limit of elasticity at 15 degrees, but loses its resisting power very slowly. Tho latter remains unimpaired to a torsion of 70 degrees, and yields completely at 253 degrees. Millwrights aro evi dently correct in holding this wood In high esteem for strength, toughnopH, and power of resisting heavy snooks and strains. Hickory has apparently tho highest ultimate toruioual strength combined with unusual stiffness and consider able resilience. Its moment of resistance to tor sion reaches a maximum of 53-foot pounds. Locust has greater stiffness than any other wood on tho list, and stands next to hickory in strength; it Is also very rooiliont.— Scicnlijlo American, April 19, 1873. SELF-DESTRUCTION. lileut* Dennison; of tho Vuitodl Staton Nary, Shoots XSimsolf Through tho Kllcatl—-Tho sail Sequel to a "Wealthy Widow's marriage* From th* San JPraneUeo Chronicle, Limit. Erasmus Dennison, of iho United Statoo Navy, attached to tho steamer Saranac, put a pistol to bis bead yesterday, at noon, ana blew me brains out. Lieut. Dennison was 27 years old, was a son of cx-Postmastor-Gohoral Dennison, of Ohio, and brother of Henry M. Dennison, Paymaster United States Navy. His torriblo end may bo attributed to two causes— ram and domestic unhappiness. Dennison graduated at the United States Na val Academy in the class of 1860. Ho served* on several vessels in the navy, going up through the different grades to that of Lieutenant, and in the fall of 1870 ho obtained leave of absence for one year, with permission to visit Europe. Ho wont there, roamed around Franco, Ger many, Italy, and finally brought up iu Vienna'. There bo fell in with a fascinating lady from San Francisco—Mrs. Selim E. Woodworth, wifo of Oommodoro Woodworth, of the navy. His naval connection gave him a right to bo polite to iho lady, and ho exorcised tho right to Its full est extent. Commodore Woodworth, who was immensely rich, was obliged to remain in Cali fornia to look after his investments, but as his wifo was fond of travel bo permitted her, with the children, two in number, to travel around Europe to her heart's content. Mrs. Woodworth was a lady about SO years old at that. time. She was rich, fascinating, and very beautiful, and, as a consequence, though knowing that she was married, Dennison fell madly in lovo with her. This passion lasted for many months before ho declared it, and finally* in defiance of propriety, though perhaps inno cent of any actual wrong, Mrs. Woodworth per mitted him to bo her constant companion—in fact, made him, so to speak, n member of her family in Vienna, and olsowhoro in Europe wherever she traveled. Finally, this European dream of bliss was cut short by the death of Commodore Woodworth in this city, about two years or loss ago. His widow at ouco returned from Europe, young Dennison coming with her as for as Now York, and sho coming across tho continent. Gath. A. fow weeks after Lor husband's death, and after settling Romo matters connected with his estate, Mrs. Woodworth returned to Now York and took up her residence. Six months after wards. in direct opposition to the wishes of her friends, and without evincing much respect for her husband’s memory, she married young Den nison. The affair created considerable stir In fashionable circles, both boro and in Now York, and oxcitcd a world of unfavorable comment. About tb&t timo, or shortly after tho honey moon (If their was such a thing then In thoir case), Mrs. Dennison resolved to return to San Francisco to look after her pecuniary interests, and in order to havo her husband ns near her as possible slio managed to havo him ordered to tbo Saranac. Tho two then came here, and, to all appearances, wero as happy &s could bo. Cut tboro wore many little differences between them, which finally lea them both to believe that they had mode a mistake. It was not ail contour du rose, thoir married life. In tho first place, liko many other naval officers, young Dennison was somewhat convivial in his habits. Ho was an adopt in tho performance of that mlraclo by which a littlo water was turned into a great deal of wiuo. This caused his wife many a heart scald, and her groat love found itself gradually going. Then, Too, tboro were certain pangs ’of* rogrofc von her ‘port. ■ Though throo or four years older than ho, she had loved him doarly, and sho could not under stand why it was ho thought more of convivial ity than ho did of the joys of his fireside. She felt lonely and neglected. Again, there wore pecuniary shadows thatwero constantly spring ing up between them. By tho terms of her husband’s will, Mrs. Dennison was made an executrix, ond had full powers, with tbo other executors, to govern the property. But by her marriage with Dennison sho threw away this right, a fact of which sho was evidently not avravo when she put her head inside tho matri monial noose. Tho knowledge of tbo position she was thus placed in chafed her spirit.and this fact, together with her young husband’s intem perance and extravagance, made her one of tho unhnppiost of women. Then corao a series of jars and wrangles, and, as if to crown this edifice of woo, there came another misery. By her hasty marriage Mrs. Dennison had thrown away her share to a goodly slice of tho Commodore’s property. The loss or this, a« she afterward found out, did not com pensate for tier acquisition of dominion over tho young gentleman, and thereupon she was morp unhappy than over. Besides, she accused him of spending her money recklessly, and, in fact, actual misappropriation of a goodly portion of it. Be this as it may, Mrs. Dennison found her self growing poorer every day, and finally felt compelled to lessen tho expenses of the family. At this Dennison, who wanted to keep up stylo, and who, it is said, only married tho widow for her money, got indignant, and became more reckless than over. About this time the couple lived In a rented house on Stockton street. Thoir lifo was ono of exceeding bitterness, each accusing tho other of being tho cause of thoir mutual misery. Quo day last sammorDonnlson wont into a neighbor ing drug store and told the druggist to put up a bottle of the deadliest poison ho could com pound. Tho druggist took a. look at the young man, and, divining that his purpose was not a good ono, put him up a bottle of harmless mix ture. Dennison put the bottle in his pocket and wont home. Thai night ho and his wife had another difference, and then ho told her ho was going to lull himself. Ho swallowed about half tho contents of the bottle, hade his wife farewell,.told God to bless hor, and laid down on a satin sofa to die. This scone created consternation in the household. Mrs. Dennison seized tho bottle, and sent one servant to the drug store to find out what its contents wore, and another for a physician. Tho drug man laughed when the servant informed him what had happened, and ho told hor to run homo and toll hor mistress that hor husband was iu no danger. About this time tho Saranao was ordered on a cruise, and for mouths Mrs. Denni son lived in peace. The Saranao wont down on tho coast of Mexico, and was gone all of the past winter. On Thursday tho ship returned and anchored in tho bay. Lieut. Dennison cimo ashore and repaired to his wife's residence on Stockton

streot. This was about 0 o'clock in the evening. To his uttor astonishment ho found his homo broken up, and the bouse In charge of an ngont of tho mau from whom It was routed. Upon in quiry ho learned that Mrs. Dennison was then in military custody, being under tbo protection of Brig.-Gen. John Ilowoton, Jr., commanding the Second Brigade, National Guard of Califor nia. Tho Lieutonaut’s first Impulse was to sue out a writ of habeas corpus, but lie finally con cluded to go in search of Mrs. Dennison him self. This search was unsuccessful, resulting only (n tho following letter being placed in his bauds: BiM Fiunoisco, April 17, 1873, Lieut. E. Dtimfson, United Malta Maimer fiaranae: Hiu: During your ahroneo 1 have long and painful ly considered our rotations of tho past few mouths, It will perhaps bo no surprise to you to losru that I have Irrevocably resolved never to live with you again, and I ehall at onco take steps (o procure a dlvorco. If there U any necessity for communicating with me U must bo done through tho Messrs, llodgovs, my attorneys, Lehsettb Dennison. Crushed, heartbroken, and filled with remorse, Dennison probably at onoo resolved to die. Ho r «r.i Hm.ljouflO of Mrs. Maty rioasautq, whore ho used to Hvo, mid iuuro in«uuo°d in a strange' behavior, brandishing a pistol ami tlirotitmnn B to kill both himself and hiuwifo. Finally ho bo camo very much intoxicated, and in tills condi tion wont to tho room of .a friend—Alexander Cassell!—in tho Washington House, in whoso company ho passed tho night. To Mr. CftSßolll ho showed his wife’s noto, no also another lie had rocnlvnd from tho Messrs. Rogers, stating (hat a milt for divorce had boon brought against him. Oassolti at ouco volunteered to go and nco Mrs. Dennison. and try and got her to relent. Ho did go in the morning, hut tho lady wan in exorable. CunoolU camo back at noon and met Dennison an ho wan coming out of the house. Domilsou nsked the result of tho visit, and when told, drew two letters from his pocket— one addressed to bin father and tho other to bin wife—and handed them to CabbolH, with a re quest that they bo delivered. lie then stopped into an adjoining room, and without speaking a word, drew a pistol, and placing It to his right temple, fired. Tlie bullet crashed clear through tho skull in a direct lino, passing out on tho loft sldo of tho tomplo. In a fow mo ments the wounded man was picked up and ten derly cared for. There was still life, hut tho fatal hullot had dono Its work well. Ho sank rapidly, and in an hour afterward died. Dennison's lottor to his father was formal and severe, stating that tiro writer was gohfg to kill himself, and that his deadly determination was at least half dno to his father’s brutality. [This referred to Qov. Donninon’o coldness after his son’s marriage, to which he was violently op posed,] Tho letter to his wife was couched m the most tender and affectionate language. Ho said that ho loved her oven now as fondly as over, that ho had always boon true to her, and that tho terrible deed which ho was about to per petrate was prompted by a desire to spare the feelings of their daughter, and the disgrace which would onsuo from a divorce suit. JUDICIAL ELECTIONS. Judge EjOlnnd Declines to Be a Candi date for tho Supremo ItcncU Against Judge I^nwrcnco—Conventions Culled for Aurora and Joliet* Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune . Ottawa, 111., April 20,1873.—There Ims been groat anxiety to learn tbo final decision of Judgo Lolotnl, ns to whether be will accept a nomination to tho Supremo Court against Judgo Lawrence, a candidate forjo-cloc tion. Judgo Dlckoy was also understood to bo In tho field, but thoro was not tbo same anxiety to have a defi nite expression of bis vlowe, since so largo n number of heavy men have gone over to Judgo Lawrcpco. dur tho past fow days that his (Lawrence's) rc-eloctlon, iu tbo ovont of Judgo Lcland declining, is boro looked upon as certain. Tbo only opinion iu this county bos been, all along, that Judgo Leland might run Judgo Lawrence bard, Judgo Dlckoy being tbo noxt strongest man. Leading men of different sections, who bavo hitherto wavered, have put an ond to all doubt by do* daring Uiat, on tbo event of Leland not running, their volea, and all tbo votes they could Influence, would go for Lawrence. No ono cares to bother Judge Dlckoy, as his wifo Is very sick, and bo la In constant attend ance at her bedside ; but thoro la every confidence felt that bo would not accept tbo nomination, oven If It was tendered. Willi tlio view of putting an end to doubt as to Judge Leland’s intentions, 1 have applied to litm for a defi nite clalcmont of tho course lie proposed to pursue, and, In reply, ho gives me tho following, with authority to publish Mounts, 111, April IP, 1873, The lion. B. S. Lcland: Jluolvcd, That tbo farmers of Grundy County, bsv- At a roccnt meeting of Grundy County Farmers’ Club tbo allowing resolution wu unanimously adopt* ccl : lug fall confidence in the ability and integrity of the nun. E. 6. Leland. of Ottawa, urgently request him to alio** his name to no used as a candidate for the office c*‘ JuiJgo of tbo Supremo Court of tbls State. (Attest) Otis Baked, Bccrclory Grundy County Farmers’ Club. In reference to tbls letter tbo Judge says : “ I bavo lately answered tbls communication, elat ing, in substance (I kept no copy), ‘ that I did not do* slro to assume tbo enormous labors and immense re sponsibilities of a place on the Supremo Bench 5 that my decided preference wan to bo rc-olcctod Circuit Judge; that if feelings of kindness and friendship for mo wore to have any influence, it would be more agree able to mo to have tbo aid of my friends to bo re elected to tbo placol now fill; that, oven if I bad de sired to be a candidate for tbo nomination at Princeton on the 30th inst., I could not honorably do so. because I bad written (o Judge Lawrence, in January last, that 1 should not, under any circumstances, bo a candidate for Bupromo Judge, and tb&t lie might rely upon It, and act upon tbo faith of my determination being Ir revocable ; that ho bad done so, and bad since written to mo that bo did so roly upon It s that conceding tbo general rule to be that the people Lad tbo right to select and vote for whom they please to fill the offices, like all other rules it bad Us excep tions ; that one of tbo rights of tbo minority was not to bo compelled to do that which, according to one’s own conscience, one deemed disreputable; and that I could not, and would not, accept a nomination as a candidate for Supreme Judge,’ I expressed myse'f thus positively aud definitely, because it bad been stated to mo by some that tbo Convention bad the right to make mo a candidate, whether I desired to bo or not. " Your paper, I think, did mo injustice, tbo other day, in assigning for mo, without authority, reasons why I would not accept tho Priuccton nomination. I think that any body of men, whether lawyers or fanners, baa tho right to express & preference for any person who could, with propriety, bo a candidate for a place on tbo bench, provided they ask nothing of him, and expoct nothing of him, except that ho will declare what ho honestly behoves to bo the law, regardless of popular clamor, aud of all consequences personal to There Is & pretty general notion, which Is spreading among tho farmers, that those who put forward the idea that Judge Leland would ho induced to accept n nomination bavo been influenced by Interests very different from those which actuated the sturdy yeo men. namely to create a vacancy on tho Clrcu.t Bench, to which they could elect ono of thoir own dumber. So convinced aro numbers of persons, formerly an tagonistic to Judge Lawrence, of this, that they bavo deserted the coalition in disgust. A well-informed ami prominent citizen, who probably la as well ac quainted through tho district as any one, cays ho has paid particular attention to tho feeling of the farmers in this county, .and ho docs uot hear any of thorn growling as tho Times and Journal aro representing them to be. I send tbo namo of tho gentleman referred to as a guarantee of the weight of these words. Ho says the farmers aro at tending to their plowing ; and, whilst they have been angry with tbo Supremo Court for being tho instru ments of delating an objectionable law, they aro not such fools us uot to know that tho Judges aro not re sponsible for that law*. In tho early days of annoy ance, tboy passively submitted to allow an inconsider able section of malcontents to uso them ns the monkey used tho cat’s paw, to pull ilia chestnuts out of (he fire, but they have long ago got over it. Social Dispatch to Tho Chicago Tribune. Joliet, 111., April 20.—Tho County Farmers’ Club held a special meeting boro to-day, to consider tho pro priety of selecting u candidate for Circuit Judge. After a spirited discussion, tho subject wm laid over until tho first Monday in May. when a Joint conven tion of dclcgolcs from tho clubs of this and Grundy County will bo held in this city, Tho Uon, 8. W. Ran dnllnnd Judge Mcßoborta, it ia understood, will bo the competing Candidates before tho Convention,while Capt. Charles A. Hill has many friends. Tho numo of Judge Harris,.of Grundy, may also bo presented. Anr.oiu, 111.. April 20.—Tho Republican County Committee has issued a call for a convention to be bold at Geneva, Saturday, May 17, for the purpose of select ing thJrty-ono delegates to tho Judicial Convention, to ho hold at Anrora on tho first Monday in June, to put In nomination a Circuit Judgo for this Judicial Circuit. The only candidates, probably, before tho Aurora Con vention will ho Judge Wilcox, of Elgin, who is the present incumbent of the oflico, and the Hon. Charles Wheaton, of Aurora. —A largo number of eminent physicians, chem ists, and others, belonging to various countries in Europe, have formed themselves into a union for tho purpose of constructing a general Euro pean Pharmacopeia. Dr. Thudiohum has re cently delivered an address on tho subject, in which ho showed tb&t, during tho last 200 years, many men had tried to realize tho .idea of a gen eral pharmacopeia ; but aa these attempts wore mostly made by single individuals, each of whom endeavored to carry out his own idea in his own way, failure was necessarily tho zosult. It is thought that tho present co-operative movement will bo more successful. —Thay must bo hungry indeed in England. Food is so source, that the oddest propositions for its greater supply aio made. Wo have al ready noticed Mr. Frank Buoldaud’s plan for raising largo numbers of eels in tho ponds. Now the Food Journal, in all seriousness, proposes turtle soup. Turtles, wo aro told, nro plentiful enough in tho tropics, and could be captured bv tons of thousands, while fully 50,000,000 of eggs are annually sacrificed. It ia also suggested that, to savo tbo cost of carriage, tho turtle flesh should bo prepared and tinned In South Amer ica 5 and a turtle-soup manufactory on the Ama zon is considered a not improbable establish ment. SPECIAL NOTICES. You Can Bot Your Bottom Dollar JTbftt thoro exists no case of Ilhouma tUm, Neuralgia, Spoiling, or Stiff Joints, vrliioh tho Oentaur Liniment, whlto wrapper, will not allorlato and t.\(y Mark tho difference. It Is tho Con vlVc 1 tol,p hlahnont, yollovr wrapper, which Uegniu placing so many uicd-uphor —bob In tho harness. Wocaro uotwhoth KttlpA' T P TI7 or tbo oaso ho Spavins, Swuonoy, Soratchos, Strains, or any Swelling—lho ollcotla wonder* ful. ChiMreu Cry For Pitcher's Oaslorls. Itrcuutatoa tho stomach, cures wind cnlio, and causuu natural Dluup. It It a soh»uiuta fur castor Oil. amusements. MoVIQItBiv a THliiJi-R-n; MAX MAIIETZKK ....... DIIL LUCCA-KELLOGG Grand Italian Opera. FOUR HIOIIT3 ONLY, AND SATURDAY MATINEE, Oommouolng Monday, Mnyii, Fareucll Appoaranro of'v nUKATKST LYHIO TUAOKUIKNNK, &*j&jtyxMXJsr33 liUooa. Last appearance previous to hor departure for Kuropa of America's fATorllo I’rlma Donna, CIiAJIA I.OUISK KI3r,I,OGG. Monday—l,UCC A FAUHT Tujsday-KELI.OtiU DIAIITITA Wodncsday-HJCOA-KELLOtSt; DIIGNON FrId»y~I,AST NIOHT OF LUCCA. Saturday—FAREWELL LUCCA lUATINEE. SEECIM NOTICE, SUBSCRIPTION lor th 6 5 PEREORMANCE3, Roaorvod Fonts in Orchestra and Orchestra Olrolo $lB Reserved UontH In First Halcoay.. 13 Tho salo of fiubsorint(on Tlokofa will begin on Wcdnes dig morning, April 30, at 0 o'clock, and cioso at 6, at Dos Co * REGULAR PRICES'OF ADMISSION. Admlsnlon, #3. Reserved flontnln First llalcnny, fit ex tra. Reserved Boats in Orchestra and Orchestra Circle. 69 extra. Admission to Second Ratcony, fil. Reserved Sojte In Rccnml Dalconv, TO coni" extra. Tho sale of Boats for single nights will commence on Thursday morning. GLOBE THEATRE. d. n. allun wrateb. First appearance of the popular artiste, Miss KATIE ESTELLE, IN Hf.R SPECIALTY OF ■’© 3l3£a,gjl©, OR THE MODOC WAR Written and prepared for the opening by this talented artlato. Prices ns Usual. AIKEN’S THEATRE. MANAGER Mr. HARRY G. CLARKE. ONE WEEK ONLY, commencing Monday, April 89, also, Wednesday ami Saturday Matlnoos, tho GREAT ARTISTE, MRS. G. C. HOWARD, IVill appear la her Original and World-renowned oharao* ter of TOI’BY, In tho oolobratod American drama of TOM’S OjXJBIIST, Supported by a powerful company. HOOLEY’S THEATEE. BEST COMPANY IN AMERICA! GRAND GALA WEEK. or^lViM^ 7 ' *® on( * ®—thbticket. Wednesday afternoon and night, and Thursday evon- Ing-FKOU-FROU, Friday—Benefit of JOHN DILLON. Saturday MnUnoo-FROU-FHOU. Saturday Night— I TIOKKTOFLBAVE MAN. Mouday, Slay 6—Bartloy Caropboll'a now play, RISKS. MYEES’ OPERA HOUSE. Monroo-st., between Dearborn and Stato-ste. Arlington, CoMTlemlile's Minstrels. LAST WEEK OF THE SEASON—Monda/; April 28, bsnotliof BILLY RICE, Thojaaghahlo burfosque of JOHN SHEPPARD AND JOSEPH BLUEBKIN. Maokln and Wilson iq their Inimitable Songs and ?ancos. The Modoo Lodging®—Tho liroo Graces—'Vocal Quortotto. Every evening and Sat urday Matinee. Next week—The Kitty Blanchard Burlesque Company. MoVIOKER’S THEATRE. Last week of the Popular Actor, Mr. Mark Smith, Every evening and Saturday Matinee, the beautiful and picturesque play entitled ONE HUNDRED YEARS OLD, JaquesFauvol ...Mr. Mark Smith. As played by him torovortwoinnotbs, at the Union Square Theatre, N. Y. Next week—GRAND ITALIAN OPERA. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Monday Evening, April 28, and Wednesday and Saturday Mutlnoos, LITTLE 3XTBLLI THU CALIFORNIA DIAMOND, and her ontlrs Com pany, In the groat sensation, FIDELIA, Tho Fire Waif. Including the Groat Fire Boone. Galvanic Battery, and Kltro>Glyoarino Sensation. OCEAN NAVIGATION. ALLAN LINE Montreal Ocean SleamsMß Co, First-class Steamships, Unsurpassed for Speed and Comfort, running on the Shortest Sea Routes between EUROPE AND AMERICA RATES OF PASSAGE: CABIN as low at by any other FIRST-GLASS LINES. Return tickets at great redaction, STEERAGE Ticket* olthoy to or from Europe, also at lowest rates, and through to polnta la the West lower than by other tines. RATES OF FREIonT: Tariff arranged on all classes Merobandlso from Liver pool or Glasgow THROUGH to Chicago. other Information, or frolghtcontraote, apply attho Company’s Otfico, 72 and 74 LaSallo-at. ALLAN A CO., Agoate. Balling twlco a week from Now York, and carrying pas sengers to nil parts of Great Britain, Ireland, Continental Europe, and the ModUcrraucnn. Cabin from 963; Steer age, British and Irish ports cast, 930; west, 883. Conti nuutal porta sams as ntharrogularllnes. All payable In U. 8. currency. Apply for full Information at the Com pany’s oftlccs. No. 7 Bowlins Oroon, Now York, and N. E. corner LaSalle ami Mndlson-sta., Chicago. HENDEHBON BROTHERS, Agents. STATE LINE STEAMSHIP COMPANY. NEW bee. Those elegant now steamers will sail from Stats Lino Pier. Fulton Ferry, Brooklyn, N. V, asaafollwat PENNSYLVANIA, a,6ootons ..Wednesday. Ma»7. GEORGIA, 3,600 tons Wednesday' June 4. VIRGINIA, 3,600 t0n5..... u ,..., ...Wednesday, Juno 18. Fortnightly thereafter. AUSTIN BALDWIN i CO., c. « ,„*» Agents. 73 Broadway, If. x. Steerage office, 48 Broadway, If. V, STOCKHOLDERS’ MEETINGS. STOCK-HOLDERS' ANNUAL MEETING OF TUB Lake Shore & Michigan Sonlhern hallway Co. Office of Toe Lake Shore 1 Michigan Southebm) „ Railway Company, > _ . Cleveland. 0., March 37, 1873. ) Tho annual mooting of tho Stockholders of this Com* pany. forth* election of Directors for the ensuing year, and for tbo transaction of other Important business, will bo bout at the oiboo of tbo Company, In tbo city of Cleveland, 6., on Wednesday, 7th Day of May next, between the hours of U o’clock In tho forenoon ana 3 o’clock in the afternoon of that day. Tho transfer books of tbo Company will bo closed at tho close of business, on tho Bth day of April next, and will ro-opon on tbo taJcalng of tho flth day of May next. GEORGE It. ELY. Hooretary. SCALES. wgg? FAIEBANKS’ Sy*l STANDARD i SCALES OF ALL SIZES. MORSE &CO 65 WEST WASHINOTON-ST. COAL AND WOOD. C. H. DYER & CO., Corner Wabash-ar. and Madlson-st., dealers in all kinds of Fuel. Illinois Coal per ton, delivered, $0; Kirkland Grate Coal (best Indiana) per ton, delivered, $8.60; Wa bash Coat (Indiana Bituminous) per ton, dolivorod, $5.60. Hard Coal and Wood of nil kinds always on hand. GENERAL NOTICE NOTICE Is hereby given (hat application hns been mads to tbo Atlantic nud Pacific Telegraph Company for tho reissue of tho following oji ililoatos of stock, tho originals having been lost. inUhtld, or destroyed: Feb. 34, !b6U, No. 7W>t 15 shares. Mb. Hl* Am* jojjn OREUAB. HAILXUM 71 TTlJtn m » ARRIVAL AMli’MiL fll 1 Winter Arrangement. eepTnl. , m „ n - nttFimF.soE A l ** 1 jit# «*oor MICHIGAN i'L?-’’' Jlrpoi, .font o.f lake tf . ana j\ Ticket offer, 7fi runttf-jf., mi vyESTEUM n .n.4.g|j Leave. Mallfvla main and a.r 1in0)...... Day Express •Incknun A0c0mm0d0i10n......... Atlantia Express... Night Express TNOIANArOLIfI VIA PEItU HOAD. Mali.... Night Express.. onAfin nAiMim and pentwateii. Morning Expre55.,....... Night Express • K:TOft m. • JhUOa, m. 4 Jl;;!A p. m. 4 r. :!.■> p. m, T*0:00p. Di. * RiTOa. m. 19:10 p. m. 9, TO ft. m. 1P;I0 p, tn. a. WENTWORTH* icral Passenger Agent. 'IIIiNRY Gem RAILROAD. n</h Line, am polo Kaneae C if. bridge, brtICAQO & ALTON B Chisago, rf! it. Louie Throu (Mo,) fine eAorl route J'rom Chieagi Depot, ll "e%t &Ulr, near fladlnon-tl fit. 7.oiiJv A Springfield Rt prow, via Main Lino, Knn*na City l>ast Kzproan, via Jacksonville, 111., and Loulsi- Wtmonnl'Vjaeom*'Washington lit. prose (Woatcrn Division.) Jollnt A Dwight Acoomo'datlon. Hi. Lonls* Hprinnlleld Lightning Express, via Alain Line, and also via Jacksonville Division Kama* City Express, rfa jack* rnnvlllo, in.,-ft Louisiana, Mo.. Jefferson City Expre55............ Pooria, Keokuk A Uurl'n lit ■ Oils a. tn. * 9:19 a, m. * 4:top. ra. * 4ilop, ra. 19:00 p. m. 10:00 p. ra. 10;00 p. m. • 0:(K)p, tn. IDftUy, vln Main Line, and dally otcept Saturday, via Jacksonville Division, t! Daily, via Main Lino, and doily except Monday, via Jacksonville Division, CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE & Sf Union Depot, corner Mu/llnon ami 87 U'esl .VaJfton-W. cn< f. PAUL RAILWAY, Arnaf. iHeket Offlco id at Depot, Milwaukee. St. Paul Jt Miunoap. ollsDay express..,. Milwaukee A Prairie du Obion MnU and Rxprcsn.. Milwaukee. Bt, Paul A Mlnnoap oils Night Kxpresa.... •9:00 a. ra. 17:20 a.m. M:3op, m. *11:20 a. m. t9;oop. m. *6;oop. m. CHICAGO. BURLINGTON &0 J3tpoti~rbnl <\f I&fte-sf., Indian, and Canal and Slxlttnth'tli, n - i ami at dtpolt JUINCY RAILROAD. n*ov. t and - Sixteenth^!, t cket office in Xlrigge Mouse Mall and Express., Dubuque «na Sioux City Exp. FaellleFait Lin0...,. ........ • 7:45 a. m. • 9:10 a. ru *1":00b. m. 1 8:15 p. m. • 4:20 p. m. • 1:15 p. m. • C:3op. m. I.OOp. ra. f9:oop. m. fll :00 p. Rt. *11:00 a. m. • 0:15 p, m. 7:45 a. m. Galesburg Passenger MoadolaA Ottawa Passenger... Aurora Passenger Aurora Passenger. Aurora Passenger (Sunday) Dubuque A Sioux City Exp Pacific Night Express Downer's Grove Accor, lodaUon Downer's Orovo Accommodation Ottawa <md 8 troator Passenger.. ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD. Depot foot of and foot of Ttrentu-tecon office, 76 corner of Sladiiot St. Louts Express St. Louis Fast Lino Cairo Malt... Cairo Kxptoog., Springfield Express Springfield Express...... Dubuquo A Sioux City Ex........ Dubuque A Sioux Oily Ex "Ullraan Passenger Hyde Park and Oak Wood* ydoPnrknnd Oak Woods Hydo Park and Oak Woods Hyde Park and Oak Woods 1 ydo Pork and Oak Wood* 2 ydo Park and Oak Woods I ydo Park and Oak Woods 1 ydo Park and Oak Woods Ilydo Park and Oak W00d5....... • 7:80 a. m. 18:16 p. m. * 7 >3O a. m. t R:t6p. m. • 7:30 a. ro. t B:l5p. m. * 9:16 a. m, t 9:00 p. m. • f:l6p. ra. 4 A:l0a. m. • 7:10 a. m. I 0:00 a*. m. {l2 :lo p. m. * C:00p. m. . • 4:80 p. m. * 6:15 p. m. , • B:Wp. m. *ll;QJp. m. 'On Saturdays this train >0 run to Chat CHICAGO & NORTHWEST! Ticket office, 81 Weet . FERN RAILRi Jfadison-tt, Pacl/Ja Fast Una DubnquO Day Ex. via Clinton... Pacific Night Express..,,, Dubuquo Night Ex. rU Clinton. Freeport A Dubuquo Express., Mllwankod Express.. Mllwaukoq Passenger,., Milwaukee Passenger (daily)..., Green Bay Express.., fit. Paul Express.,.. Green Bay Express St. Paul Express.. *10:16 a. in. 10:15 a. ra. +I0;l6p. m. 10:16ji. ra. * 9:13 a. ra. * 9:18 p. m. * 8:00 a. ra. * 9:30 a. m. * 6:00 p. ra. {11:00 p. tn. 9:10 a. ra. *10:1(1 a. ra. * »:00 p. m. + 9:30 p. m. CHICAGO. ROCK ISLAND & PACIFIC RAI Depot, corner of liarrteon amt 67imnon*i(f. 7 S3 ir«sl Jfadfran-tt. Omaha,Leavonw'thA Atchison Ex *10:16 a. m. • 8:45 p. ra Peru Acc0mm0dati0n............. • 5:00 p. ra. • 9.*30 a. ro Night Express...,, +10:09 p.m. t 7:00 a. m Leavenworth A Atchison Express +10:00 p. m. I 7:00 a m LAKE SHORE & MICHIGAN SOUTHERN RAILROAD. Depot, corner llarrhon ami Sherman-ati. IXr.ket offices, nor(7kire«( comer Clark and and touthxcvsl ranter Canal and .Vadlton-sU, Mail. via Air Lina and Main Lino • 6:40 a. m. • Special Now York Express, via Air Lino , • 0:00o. m. • Atlantic Express, Tla Air Lino.. 6:15 p. m. Nfpbt Express, Tin Main Lino..., *t9:oo n. m. *1 ElkbartAocommodatlon..., * 3-40 p. m. *1 South Chicago Accommodation.. 13:00 m. CHICAGO. DANVILLE & VINCENNES RAILROAD. Passenger Depot at P., C. <£ St. Louit Depot, corner of Ca nal and Klntie-tU, Freight and Ticket office 168 ITdehlngdon-if. Mall * 7:40 a. m. * 1:40 p. to, Evansville A Terre Haute Ex.... * 7:00p» m. t 7:B0a. 10. PITTSBURGH, FORI WAYNE & CHICAGO RAILROAD. Day Express PaelQo Express Fast Lino Ma 11..... Valparaiso Accommodation. • 8:00 a. m. i (6:10 p. in. 4 +*»:00p. in. r • 4:55 a. in. * * 0:40 p. m! * CHICAGO & PACIFIC RAILROAD. (OPEN TO nOSELUJ.) Depot corner ITnlileil and A'orlh Draneh.iti. General Id Metropolitan litock, corner Jlandalph anil LaSnUesti. Roselle Accommodation..... Hirer Park Accommodation, River Park Accommodation. CHICAGO, INDIANAPOLIS & CINCINNATI THROUGH LINE. VIA KANKAKEE ROUTE. JVotn <Ae Great Central PaUroad Depot, foot of For through ttefteh and tletping-car btrlht apply at Ticket office, 75 cVina(-f(., cornsr iladhon ,* 120 Uas/tln'/lon-ri.; fycwioiil Wotiif, corner Congren-it, andMtehigan-av,; alto j'ool of Tueuhj.iecond’it. l-eavo Chicago Arrive at Indianapolis Arrive at Cincinnati * 8:00 a. m. 5 8:00 p. m. * 4:30 p. in. » 8:60 a. m. * 9:30 p. m. } 9:15 a. m. Only lino running Saturday night train tn Cincinnati. Pullman bluppersonnlghttralns. THREADS* | &F. COATS’ ® a BEST SIX-00ED Win and H Tlireads Are soft finished, without the use of any sub stance whatever to produce an artificial gloss* thereby preserving tho superior strength of six-cord thread* Tho new shade of black has a silken polish, and all numbers tire warranted six-cord to TOO Inclusive* Tor Sale by all Dry Goods Dealers, ASK FOR J.&P. COATS'BLACK, _ _And uaa It for Machine Sewing. MEDICAL CARDS* DR. C. BIGELOW CONFIDENTIAL PHYSICIAN, 4W Stato-st., Chicago. It la well known by all readers of tho papers, that Dr. O. Bigelow is tbo oldest oatabllshod physician in Chicago, Science and oxuorionco have made Dr. B. tho most re nowned SPECIALIST of tho ago. honored by tho press, esteemed of the highest medical attainments by all tho medical instltntes of the day, baring devoted TWENTY YEARS OF 1118 LIFE In perfecting remedies that will euro positively all cases of CHRONIC AND SPECIAL DISEASES la both soxos. CONSULTATION FREE. SEPARATE PARLORS for Indies and gentlemen. Call. COUUKSI’ONDENGIS CONFIDENTIAL. Address all letters, with stamps, to Dr. O. BIGELOW, No. 481 Stato-st. ' COBURN Medical Institute, 176 sod 177 South Olnrk-st., corner Monroe, Chicago, founded and conducted by Dr. J. C. Coburn, for (lie treatment and cure of all forms of chronic and special diseases lu both soxos. This Institute Is unquestionably tho most sciontltio In this country for tho treatment of diseases. Dr. Coburn Is a regular graduato of modlclnu. ami hns throe diplomas from tho boat colleges in tho world, and has had moro experience In tho trentmou tof private diseases than any physician in Chicago. Young men who require a physician never fall to find speedy re lief and a punnanonc cure at tho hands of Dr. Coburn. Kond two stamps for Ids bucks on male and female dlsca'o l oa ?*-r,* d K??! a tMS oalo « flnT «tol ,fl «- Address letters, Dr. J.U. COBURN, 176 ami 177 South Olark-st., Chicago, ift All confidential. Otlioo hours: Da.m, toB p. m.; Sunday. 3 to 4 p. in. '* Dr. Kean, 300 South Clark-at., Chicago, May be confidentially consulted, personally or by mall, free of charge, nu all ohronlo or nervous dhoasos. DR. J. KEANTs the only physician lu the city who war rants cures or no pay. Oflloo hours from 9a. m, to 9 p,m. 3 'Ti aturrtay*** tort. I A*» IAILBOAOS itMceonu-ii 'Arrive, • Rs-Pip. m. • 8;00p. ni. m. \ thin a. m. 1*0:30 a. m. •3:45 p. m. •OtCOam. 8:00 p. ra. *0:00 a. m. (I toufstanes City. Union Arrive. Lea te. * lilOp. m. ' 8:19 p. m. 1 8:10 p. ra. * 9HOa. m. U7:30 p. m. 117:R0a. m. H7:fto a. m. * 8:10 p. m. Arrive, Leave, Leave. Arrive. * 4.16 p. m, * 9:10 p. mj * 8:15 p. m. * 8:00 p. mj * 9:55 a. m. * 8:16 a. m. 1 8:55 a. m. 9:55 a. mj 1 7:00 a. m. i fl;00a. tni * 6:60 a. m. ■ 7:15 a. m. 8:00 p. m. nd-ti, Ticket Leave, Arrive, * 0:00 p. m. ■ 7:66 a. to. * 9:00 p, m. * 7:65 a. ra. * 9:00 p. m. * 7:65 a. ra. * 2:00 p. m. * 7:00 a. m. * 9:00 a. ra. * 6:48 a. m. * 7:45 a. ra. * 8:10 a. ra. * 9:00 a. m. 510:30 a. ra. $ 1:15 p, raj 1 6:20 p.m. * 6:56 p. m. * 7:3T>p. m. impaign. lOAD. Leave. Arrive, • B:fsp. a. 8:46 p. m, 16:30 a. ro. 6:30 a. m. • 2:00 p. m. • 7:00 ®.m. *10:16 a. m, • 4:00 p. m. • 7:40p, m. 5 6:00 a. m. • 7:15 p. ra. C.OOp. tn. • 0:20 a. m. t 6:60 a. m. ILROAD. office. Leave. Arrive, Leave, Arrive. o£op. m. • 8:00 p. m. 8:00 a. m. *16:30 a. m. •10:10 a. m. 860 p. m, Arrive. Leave, Leave, : 7:30 p. m. i 6:30 a. nj. f*8:00 a. m. ’ 8:10 p. m. 1 8:60 a. in. Leave, Arrive, 5:00 a.m. 9:loa.ra. 6:16 a.m. 10.-Ma.m, 8:30 p.m. 7:21 p.m.

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