Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 28 Nisan 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 28 Nisan 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS of the TR<n' r «n«* or aoascnrp'M*. AT aTABLB 1N advance). o"881 ntrtflnf«*yoftrattlio Bamornlo. To prnvnut dob/ and mistakes, bo sure And glvo Pool °ff co ? d<,rcß9 *« lull, Including Stnto and County. KotHlthwjcca timy bo tnndo oltlior bydrntt, express, Pool unico order, orlu registered lottors, at our risk. « TEiiMn to city BUiisoKinKna. ’ df) U vorod / Hmitlay excepted, 2n cents per weak. . delivered, tiundny Included, rto cents per week. AUuro.ia THE TRIBUNE COMPANY. Uoruor Mndlmm anil Dcarborn-sts., Uhlcngo, 111. TO-DAY'S AMUSEMENTS. M’VIOKER’B THEATRE—Madison street, between Btato and Dearborn. Kitgaßcmout of Mr. Mark Smith. " Ono Hundred Years Old." HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE—Randolph street, be tween Clark and LaSalle-at. "'Hokot-of-Lcavo Man." AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Oon« grcaaatroot. "Undo Tom’s Cabin." Mrs. O. 0. How ard as "Topsy." □LOBE THEATRE—Dosplalnos street, botwoon Madl oon and Washington. Engagement of Miss Loltlo Ka tollo. "White Eagle, or tho Modoo War." ACADEMY OF MUSIC - Ilalstod street. aouth of Madison. Engagement of Little Noll. "Fidelia, tho Flro-Walf." MYERS* OPERA HOUSE—Monroe street, between Btato and Dearborn. ■ Arlington, Cotton A Komblo’e Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. "Tbo Modoo Ques tion." "Quiet Lodgings." NIXON’S AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton atroot, be twcon Randolph and Washington. MoKoe A Robots’ Vaudeville Combination. BUSINESS NOTICES. GOVERNMENT ARTIFICIAL LIMB MANUTAO* tory. DR. J. B. GARDNER, corner Sixteenth*!., and Wabash av., la tho only one lu Chicago authorized hr the OoTornmoni to furnish soldiers artificial limbs and apparatus. DISEASES OF ALL KINDS ARB USUALLY MORE prevalent during tlu> spring months than any other par then of tho year. Therefore, ovory precaution should bo adopted to koop the body In a healthy condition. Among tbo annoying disorders prevalent at tho present Unto, which usually tronblo porsonsof a stout habit more than others, none Is moro common or moro disagreeable than tho sick bc&daoho. It la usually the result of some Indis cretion In oatlng or drinking. Women, being more so donlerylntbolrbabilsthan men, aro frequent sufferers of this malady. This pain and heaviness of tho head la usually felt In tho morning, on arising, and frequently continues during tho day. As soon as tbo patient fools the fullnoss In the bund nnd prhi In tho temples u dose of Schonck's Mandrake Pills should bo taken, and lu a short timo tho eutforcr will fool as well as ovor. This has boon trlod by thousands, and. Instead of tho Blok headache coming on every week or ton days, thoy aro not troubled with it ones In threo months. Sclionok’s Mandrake Pills nro composed of a number of note, boßldo Pudopbyllln or concentrated Mandrake, nil of which tend to relax tho Hoerotlons of Uio llvor, and act more promptly than blue pllla or mercury, nod vrltbont leaving any dangerous olTacts. They ozpel worms, mucus, bile, and all morbid matter from tbo system. Prepared by J. 11. SOIIRNOK .V BON, ■ N. E. corner Sixth and Arch-sta., Philadelphia. For salo by all Druggists aud Dealers. Monday Morning, April 28, 1873. Congressmen Cos, of Now York, and Peters, of Maine, have refused to receive tboir back pay. Tho latter requests that tbo Troasui'or mako no public mention of tho act. Judge Loland, whoso name has been mention ed as a possible competitor with Judge Lawrence for a seaton tho Supremo Bench of this State, authorizes tho statement that ho positively and definitely declines to become a candidate. Tbo formidable league which was to have been formed in Now York for tho enforcement of tho Eight-Hour law has assumed tho shape of a se cret session of twenty-seven delegates from va rious trades-unions, which resolved to do noth ing until next year. President Thiers 1 party wore worsted in tho election in Paris, yostorday, of a Deputy to tho Assembly. M. do Ilomusat, who supports tho President’s policy, received only 25,C00 votes, while tho Itadical candidate got ICO,OOO. Mar seilles and Bordeaux have also elected Itadical Deputies. St. Mary's Parish, Louisiana, follows its neighbors into anarchy. Tho Democrats, that is, tho whites, have assumed a military organiza tion. Thoy aro well armed, and, under tho load of officers who claim to act undor commissions issued by Gov. MoEnory, aro patrolling tho Town of Franklin and tho country around, menacing Republican ofilco-holdora and Judges. Tho Government organ at Madrid announces that tho Carlists have boon defeated in several engagements lately. In one encounter thoy lost 100 men. To offset this, wo have tho official order of Capt.-Qon. Velarde, who finds tho Car lists bo formidable that ho has commanded tho Inhabitants of all tho country districts entered by them to leave their homes and fields and take refuge in tho walled towns. Phelps, Dodge & Co. aro said, in tho official correspondence Just published concerning their case, to have deliberately violated every provis ion of tho law regulating tho invoicing and en tering of imports paying ad valorem duties. This'thoy did for tho solo purpose of defrauding tho revenue. Detective Jayne examined all the Import entries of tho firm for tho last five years, and found undervalued items to tho amount of §275,000 in Invoices, tiro gross sum of which, §1,750,000, was tainted by the fraud, and, under a strict construction of the law, for feit to tho Government. As tho actual loss to tho Treasury was only $100,408, and groat diffi culty might have boon experienced in getting a verdict for tho full penalty, tho Department ac cepted tho third offer of the firm; which •was to compromise for §271,017.33. Phelps, Dodge & Co. attempted to got with this payment a relearns for all frauds upon the revenue committed by them between 1808 and 1873, but tho Treasury narrowed the release to cover only tho cases which bad been brought to its notice. The Chicago produce markets were moderately active on Saturday, Moss pork Hold freely, but declined 40@450 por brl, closing at 817.86(5)17.40 cash, and 817.95@18.00 Holler Juno. Lard waa dull, and 100 por 100 lbs lower, at 89.05@9.10 cash, and 89.25®9.30 Holler Juno. Meats wore active, but }io per . 11. lower, at G%<a>G%o for ebouldora, B«s@BJ<o for abort riba, o@o><o for abort clear, and 9>tf@l2o forawoot-plckled hams. Lake fraigbto were dull and nominal at ll@l2o ior coru to Buffalo. Iligbwinoa wore dull and steady at 80J.£@87o por gallon. Flour was Arm and loss active. Wheat wao loss active and firm, closing at 81.25%@1.25«£ caah, and aollor May. Coru was active In options, but lower, closing at 87>£o cash, and 37%0 aollor May. Oats wore moderately octlvo and a iibado oaaior, oloaing at 310 cash, and 81)tfo aollor May. Rye waa quiet and firm at G9>£@7oc. ■Barley was dull aud nominal at 700 for poor, and 70@780 ior good No. a. Hogs wore active and •higher, oloaing firm at 80,25@C.G5. Cuttle and «beop wore In good demand at Friday's prlcoa. Old Probabilities, who Hnppllea the country with areas of low baromotoru and stonn-ooutros, rnd who la responsible, since bis Installation into office, -for tbo worst weather the United States or auy other country has over known, Is represented to bo an officer of tbo regular army, with the rank of Colonel. Twenty years ago bo was a telegraph operator In Buffalo, and was .addicted to writing for tho dally papers. His friends pro cured Idm a commission In tho army ns assist ant surgeon. During tho War of tho Rebellion lio iuvontod a codo of signals which proved of grout service, and ho was placed at tho head of the Signal Department. Having no duty of that sort to perform in lime of poaco, tho Govern ment converted his department into a weather bureau, and ho hna over elnco boon engaged in mixing up different kinds of weather and keep ing tho dements in commotion. Somo years ago ho married a very wealthy and very charm ing lady in Buffalo, and already lias several littlo Probabilities, THE LATEST DEFALCATION. The defalcation of F. L. Taintor, tho Cashier of tho Atlantic National Bank, of Now York City, is ono of tho largest, boldest, coolest, and most reckless and romarkablo of all tho many specimens of commercial rascality that havo over boon unveiled. It involves in disgrace not merely tho Cashier who actually appropriated over $600,000, but tho President and tho officers of tho bank, tbo Oommittoo of tbo Clearing- House, and tho Government Bank Examiner. Tho character and success of tho embezzlement aro each as to croato wonder that it could havo boon perpetrated in tbo manner described, and to throw contempt upon a banking systom which, under tho direction of responsible officers, and with tho watchfulness of a common associa tion of all tho bankers and tho officers of tiio Government, admits such an embezzlement as possible. Had tho defalcation boon of a smaller amount and extended over a fow months* timo, It might have boon possible, without throwing any blamo upon thoso who woro not guilty in actu ally participating in it, and it might havo boon traced to tho ingenuity of a remarkably cool and adroit sooundrol. But tho details of tho trans action, as far os known, loavo no oppor tunity for recriminations aud reproaches botwoon tho bank officers, tbo Oloar ing-Houso Committee, and tho Govern-- mont officials. Thoy stand before tho commu nity guilty to a certain dogroo of tho gross and criminal nogligonco which aloao could pormit ou embezzlement under thoir very eyes of such enormous proportions. . Mr. Taintor, tho Cashior, was bis own accuser; otherwise tho defalcation might havo gouo on apparently until ovory dollar in tho hank hod boon exhausted without attracting any atten tion. In delivering ovor tho keys of tho bank'to tho Clearing-House Committee, Taintor ac knowledged having stolon about $-100,000. Tho subsequent examination which was made showed ovon a moro serious condition of things. Tho result of tho examination was as follows: Liabilities, leflfl realized onsets $ 641,000 Securities, left in bank 102,000 Capital tl(>u,000 Surplus 70,000 Total According to tho statement of tho defaulter, bis career of speculation has extended ovor five years, which has resulted in tho embezzlement of over $600,000. Tho stockholders In tho hank, who had elected Directors to watch their Inter ests, lose ovory dollar thoy invested. Tho de positors, who roly at once on tho Oloariug-Houoo systom and tho Government Examiner, trill lose 60 per cent of what they had intrusted on tho faith of such protection. But tbo severest blow falls upon thoso who loft moneys nnd securi ties on special deposit, not delegating tho right of use in any manner, and who now havo no moans of availing themselves of what UtUo there is loft of tho bonk funds to tbo oxtont in which thoy wouldbo proportionately represented. Tho sum of $162,000 lias boon stolon outright in this way. There will bo a loud cry for justice on tho head of Taintor, tho defaulting Cashior, which will bo well founded. But the indignation against him will not in this case relieve thoso who woro associated with him in tho management of tho business, and thoso whoso duty it was to watch from outside tbo condition of tho banks, from a serious responsibility, which, though it may not bo punished by im prisonment, will bo followed by disgrace, and will suggest tho necessity for some surer means for protecting tho public from similar cases of wrong-doing and neglect in tho futuro. The cool deliberation with which Taintor con fessed his guilt and exposed tho condition of things, of which neither tho Bank Directors, Clearing-House Committee, nor Bank Examiner had tho slightest suspicion, has something of a stagey character. It may bo natural to tho man, but It is more likely to bo the result of a general lethargy In this country in regard to crime of all kiuds, which has almost approved, and certainly tolerated, various kinds of publio and private theft which are known by other names. Tho greed for wealth which has led public men, occupying somo of the highest positions in tho nation, to take part in gigantic swindles of tho Government, to ap propriate tho people's money In tho most impu dent fashion, and to set an example of disdain to every disgrace which cannot bo reached by the law or punished in tho penitentiary, has something to do with tho causes that led to Taintor’s defalcation. Bat all thoso things have boon still more active agents in pro moting tho spirit of indifference and establish ing tho tone of unconcern with which Taintor moots tho situation. Perhaps ho fools that ho is dividing tho responsibility with not only tho bank officers, banks in general and officers in general, but with tho American people. THE PARTY AND THE NEWSPAPERS. There has boon a good deal of talk in certain quarters since tho Presidential election about newspapers without a party. Tho drift of tho publio concern in this regard Booms to havo changed, and tho trouble is now about a party without newspapers. Tho. notion that a news paper which la not a party-organ is liko a ship without a rudder is a rolio of tho paleozoic ago of journalism, hut it was found desirable, and thought to be particularly onto, to revive it for application to tho independent press. Tho news papers included In this category have not ex hibited any special alarm at the terrible state, of things which was predicted as a re* suit of tho independent position in which tho lato election had loft them. Thoy have, without a single exception, steadily progressed in pros perity, increased their usefulness, and found a wider field of Influence In tho unbiased and un constrained expression of opinion. Now, how ever, an Administration paper comes forward and acknowledges that the shoo pmoliou on tho other foot. As tho Independent press found no occa sion for alarm, and refused to bo whipped into a servile position, while their independence and freedom wore at once profitable, con genial, and popular, tho scare was transferred to tho parly. Tho Washing ton licpubllcan, au organ of the Administration at tho Capital, has sounded tho alarm. Com menting upon certain utterances of Congress man Scofield, in which he expressed tho opih the Chicago"' pal*l y .tribune T monuay, april 28, istt lon that The Chicago Tiudune, tho Now York Tribune, tho Cincinnati Commercial, tho Louis ville Courier-Journal, and tho St. Louis lie publican—only flvo papers—“woro ahlo to put tho whole Republican party to Its trumps,” tho Washington Itcpublican confesses that one of tho greatest dangers that threatens tho party at tho present time is tho loss of its newspapers. It points out that tho Now York Timca has ut terly failed to tako tho placo as a party newspaper which wan vacated by tho Now York Tribune, and says, further, that, “in whatever direction wo turn, wo find that tho newspapers that formerly stood by oudsuatainod tho party have either assumed an altitude of hostility or nro cold and indifferent to it.” Tho Jivpublican Is determined that it shall not bo misunderstood, and desires to impress upon tho party the full significance of the situation, for it repeats s “It is plain to anyone who over pays tho slightest attention to tho subject, tkat tho Republican party Is losing its newspapers day by day, and for the most obvious reasons in tho world.” It may or may not ho that “ tho most obvious reasons In tbo world ” to tho Washington JicpuhUcan nro tho anmo that would bo cited outside tho party; but the fact remains, attested by a loading Ad ministration organ located at tho look-out of tbo political citadel, that tbo newspapers are grad ually losing their loyalty to tho party, and that tho change is fraught with significance and dan ger—to tho party. In reproducing tho article from tho Washing ton JicpuhUcan, and tho viowa of Mr. Sooflold, who further says that'“wo [tho party] can’t af ford to keep, up tho effort” against what ho is pleased to call “a powerful press syndicate,”—tho Nation concludes that no party can maintain itself with tho wholo intelligent press of tho country arrayed against it for throo years. Tho Nation also says that, if tho editorial statement mado by tho Administration paper bo truo, “IhonUis certain that a movement has begun spontane ous, unforeseen, long boforo a Presidential elec tion, and oh tbo bools of a disastrous defeat, which is laying tho broadest and strongest foun dation for a future party, by drawing to itself tbo sympathy, if not tho support, of tho ontiro intelligence of tho people.” It will bo remem bered that tho Nation acted with tho party dur ing tho lato election, aud rendered it officiant and valuable service on tbo basis of promised reforms that have boon entirely ignored. Ono obvious reason why tho party press is poworloss in defense of tho party is, that Inde pendent journalism is tho groat demand of tho people. Thoy nro tired of organs. Thoy want papers that not only toll tho truth but tho wholo truth, and that without reference to whom it will hurt. A parly organ outside of tho circle of office-holders and offico-sookors is regarded as a raoro official bulletin written to order, from which everything that might redact upon a par tisan is excluded, and everything falso or truo affecting tho advorso faction is conspicuously displayed. Tho public road tho moro party papers just ns thoy might road tho handbills of rival quacks. Thoy look to tho other class of papers for information and Intelligence, for discussion, for fair troatmout of all persons and questions, and for on honest summary of facts. However convinced n mon may ho upon political questions, ho has moro coufidonco In his judg ment when ho finds himsotf supported by a press that is froo and independent, and not tho' moro monthpiooo of tho last county convention. Tho weakness of a moro party pross was novor so con spicuous as when contrasted with tho vigor, suc cess, and popularity of tho independent press. This is shown in tho uttor failure of that press to justify tho party men Involved in the various exposures of scandalous corruption. Tho law of self-preservation is ns conspicuous among newspapers as among Individuals, aud the time seems to havo. come when, with tho most loyal disposition in the world, tho party pross dare nob approve of acts that havo out raged tho wholo people, aud brought into con tempt and distrust tho political organization that is responsible for thorn. Tho oituntiou [is interesting in many respects, but principally so for two reasons: ■ First, because it indicates that a movement of irresistible force has been inaugurated to break down public abuses ; and second, because it teaches what is valuable for tho public to understand—that newspapers aro moro necessary to tho party than tho party to tho newspapers. .1601,000 OUB INDIAN WARDS, A Now York dispatch states that tho Purchas ing Committee of tho Board of Indian Com missioners have contracted for 1,500 dozen butcher-knives and 120 dozen skinuing-lmtyos, which among other articles aro to bo distributed among tbo Indians. In view of tho recent scalping of surveyors and immigrant parties, and tho murder of Gen, Cauby and Commissioner Thomas, it is impossible to foad this announce ment without .a shudder. It is, however, part of tlio general Indian policy of tho Government, and this policy is no moro short-sighted than most of tho acts of tho Indian Commissioners relative to supplies. Mrs. Swissholm, who has a personal knowledge of tho Indian question, has written a letter to tho Now York Tribune which severely criticizes tho present Indian policy, and presents somo unanswerable arguments against tho manner of supplying thorn, which only keeps them in idle ness, and taxes the industry of tho country to support them. Tho one besotting sin of tho Indian Is his laziness. If there Is any work to bo done, ho compels the squaw to do it. The Government confirms him In his laziness, and, by maintaining him, allows him to live without work. It stands between him and tho groat law of labor, aud tho inevitable result is to offer him a premium for loading a dissolute life, and giving unbridled license to his worst qualities. The white frontier settlor has to work, aud receives little or no protection from the Government. His neighbor, tho sav age, lives without work, and is maintained aud protected by the Government. Tho first stop from savagery to civilization is labor, and tho Government prevents tho Indian from taking that stop by supporting'him. If an idle and vicious white man is punished, why not an idle and vicious Indian ? If tho law prevents the idle white man from preying upon tho Indus trious classes, why is not tho law applicable to tho Indian also ? If tho idlo white man has to work or starve, why not lot tho idle Indian starve also p Tho amount of hoof which is annually furnished tho Indians involves tho Government in an enormous expense, hut why Is it necessary to provide tho Indiana with hoof at all ? They oc cupy splendid grazing lands, Why can thoy not raise their own cattle, tho samo aa other nomuds ? Thoy fiud no difficulty in raising ponies which will ho serviceable to them in time of war. It involves no moro skill or labor to raise cattle than ponies. Mrs. Swissholm ro- Intoß nn Instance of tho manner in which tho Qovornmonb mnlnialna an Indian, which is a fair samplo of the whole wretched business. Some time since, a party started in tho Into autumn from St. Cloud to pay an annuity to tho Itod lake Chlppowas. The annuity consisted of hoof, pork, beans, flour, and blankets. Tho oxpodl tlon was made up of wagons, horses, oxen, boats, tents, a preacher, and a dozen others whoso salaries averaged flvo dollars per day. Week after week, tho party kept on its way, creeping over prairies, plunging into swamps, fording streams, maklug now roads. Sometimes tho men fastened ropes round their bodies and pulled tho supplies In boots whore tho animals could not vouturo, while tho teamsters took tho wagons and animals by long circuits to rejoin thorn when they reached Armor land. Mrs. Swissholm says ! They wore, I think, nearly two months reaching their destination, and all this llmo know that their omtocrntlo hlglmcnßoa, for whoso wolforo they woro turning thomnolvcg Into draft animals, woro impa tiently walling for lUoir winter rations, engaged in the ennobling pursuit of that game found in obuudanco on their own sacred persons, and In improving their minds playing poker; and also that, if they failed to get their freight to its destination at something very near tho lime specified, the poorlndiarf woidd bo very hungry and very angry; that his righteous Indignation over his wrongs would probably load him to arise In his wrath and butcher several hundred women and children, and that, if ho should bo driven thus to ex press his disapproval of Uncle Samuel’s tardiness, tho Eastern public would see In tho transaction only another instance of tho total depravity of frontier settlors, who will continue to . provoke tho '* Rod Stockings »• of tho West to such vigorous asser tions of their natural rights and superiorities I By dint of hard pulling, deop wading, and precarious trips over bending Ico, our expedition reached tho au gust presence of “ tho party of tho first part » In this feeding transaction, and had tho honor to represent their Government os a strong ass, bowing down be tween two burdens," Indian savagery’ and Eastern philanthropy. Tho expedition cost an accident policy company something considerable in paying for frozen feet and other injuries; and every pound of beef or flour and every pint of beans eaten by those Indiana that winter cost tho Government not loss than ono dollar. Yot they were occupying lands on which cattle could livo, all tho year round, in condition to bo capi tal beef, with only tho caro of cutting and stacking hay for winter, and on which door do livo in prime condition all tho year round without caro. What is true of this one Item in supplies Ib truo of nearly all. Tho policy of tho Govern ment la to maintain Indiana without work, and such a policy cannot but prove fatal to poaco and good order, while It opens a thousand ave nues to frauds and corruptions of every descrip tion. Tho English Government, in its dealings with Indians, has treated them as responsible men. It gives them tho same opportunities as .white men, and makes them amenable to law in tho same manner. It may bo possible that tho representatives of tho Quaker policy can show some good reason why an Indian should not work, but should bo maintained in idleness and drinking whisky until ho gets tired of these ennobling pursuits, and thou, by way of change, indulging, his murderous propensities with tho butcher-knives, powder, and Spencer rifles which the Government furnishes him. If they cannot, then lot tho policy of punishing him when ho murders, imprisoning him when ho stools, and starving him when ho won’t work, tho policy by which all white men have to bo con trolled, bo tried, and see how it will work. EDUCATING AMERICAN YOUTHS ABROAD. Tho practice of sending American youth abroad for educational purposes has increased so much of late years that it has at lost developed & counter-movement among a class of promi nent American educators. Tho Hon. B. G, Northrop, tho Secretary of the Connecticut Stato Board of Education, has taken tho load in tho matter. Ho recently published an article in tho Christian Union , in which ho pointed out many objections that occurred to him, and ho pro poses to pursuo tho subject In a more elaborate manner. It is understood that President Eliot, of Harvard, Stearns, of Amherst, Dr. Mark Hop kins, President Porter, and other workers in American education, Northrop, and will co-oporatg Jp thS effort* to check tho migration of so many Amer ican students to European schools. These gentlemen occupy too high a po sition to be suspected of any e elfish motive in seeking to help American youth at homo. It is evident that their solo interest is In the cause of American education, aud that they honestly believe thq increasing practice of attending foreign schools is baneful at once to tho Ameri can youth, and to tho Amorican system of educa tion. Their opposition is directed mainly against tho schools of tho preparatory or academic grades, tho benefits of tho European University system being conceded for advanced students of well-disoipllnod minds and natural character. Tiio general statement of tho case is, that tho customs of European schools have a tendency to unfit American youth for tho farther pursuit of knowledge according to tho customs of Amorican educational Institutions, and also that tho surroundings, social and political aro calculated to leave impressions and instil ideas that aro opposed to tho duties of American citizenship. Tho objections urged extend to both tho moral and the mental influences which surround tho American student abroad. It may bo conceded that tho gonoral conclu sions of Mr. Northrop and those who sympathize with him aro correct as applied to tho vast ma jority of tho American youth who arosentabroad to school, without, however, admitting tho justice of all tho arguments that ore brought to boar upon tho cafio.-For tho practical duties of Amer ican life, whether commercial or professional, there is little doubt that schooling at homo has groat advantages over schooling abroad. This conclusion needs no othor basis than tho obvious adaptation of educational practices to tho cus toms aud habits of tho country. Tho formation of character and tho direction of thought aro nocossnrity influenced by tho associations of early life. As a rule, therefore, elementary in struction looking to further development in American colleges or universities, or what is known as practical education to fit an American boy for tho bard, mattor-of-faot duties of aotlvo business life, may bo host pursued at homo, Tho rulo should ho followed all tho moro because of tho danger that an American boy who goes abroad to study will find bis way into tho board ing-schools which havo boon established on tho Continent—ln Franco, Germany, aud Switzer land—for tho English and American youth, w here tho system is apt to bo superficial, tho dis cipline frequently lax, and tho expenses always unreasonable. It does not follow, however, that the curriculum of tho Gorman or French sohoolls necessarily uuadnptod to tho American student. Tho thoroughness of tho Prussian gymnasium has scarcely degenerated as much as Mr. North rop believes, ant) hp is also when ho holds that two years' preparation in tho study of the Gorman language is necessary for tho stu dent to avail himself of tho advantages which it offers, 'Six mouths in tho Gorman school will suffice to soouro greater proficiency lq tho lau guago than as many years' study of tho language In America, aud will enable tbo student to cur euo his coureo with facility. Tho thoroughness of (lio system will bo of na groat valuo to tho American student as to tho Gorman student with a viow to those subsequent purr aulto which require, or may bo aided by, a knowledge of tho classics, of mathematics, of modem languages, and of arts and bolloß-lottroß generally, Tho American academic education has not yot reached tho thoroughness In drill of tho Gorman; and for those whoso callings in life ohall probably demand ouch a basis in study and mortal discipline tho German gymnasium offers nearly tbo same advoutngoa to tho oomoafc American student as to tho German youth. Thoro avo undoubtedly Individual cases in which tho earnestness and completeness of the German classical schooling offer advantages and produce results superior to those of tho Ameri can Bohool or average college system; but the rule will still hold that tho majority of those who aro sent abroad to school at an early ago aro not bo well prepared for tho llfo In America which they subsequently fcssumo aa if they bad-boon roared amid American Influences, and partaken of tho characteristic drift of American schooling. Tho more mature development at tho foreign university, combined with tho broadening influ ence of travel at an ago when impressions may bo guided by judgment unaffected by prejudice, is more apt to bo productive of good results than tbo foreign Influences surrounding tho American character in process of formation. Thoro aro dangers to bo encountered oven In this practice. Tho experiment should bo governed by tho dis position of tbo student, Ida condition in llfo, tho drift of bis mind, tho prospects before him, and tho spboro of usefulness which ho has outlined for himself. For those who fail to contemplate any sphere of usefulness, It matters little whether they go abroad or remain at homo. In cither caso, thoro will bo tho same likelihood of forming associations, and falling into habits of demoralizing tendencies. Tho scope of Euro pean university life is undoubtedly broader than tho majority of American univer sities offer, and thoro are partioular points of information to bo acquired in travel and in tbo contact with a foreign peo ple that can never ho obtained from nooks. Tho discipline and adaptability of such an experience depend altogether upon tho character of him who seeks It. It may load to a bad application of natural ability, as well as to tbo culture of those qualities which should bo most developed. Thoro is no doubt that a European llfo of pleas ure is enervating and demoralizing to American youth; a European life of application and study, on tho other hand, gives a breadth and a strength to character and provides a fund of information that may bo made more useful in contributing to subsequent success and happiness than any dis cipline that can bo found at homo. To guard against its dangers, and to enjoy Its benefits, it should not bo undertaken except at an ago and at an advancement likely to discriminate between tho real grain and tbo chaff, both of which will bo found in abundance. In summing up tho advantages of European schooling on tho one side, and its dangers on tho other, there is little doubt that Sir. Northrop and his associates have undertaken a good work in* discouraging tho growing practice, largely fostered by fashionable Influences and ambition, of sending American boys to foreign schools with no higher object than that of * having them there, no definite purpose of securing tho pecu liar advantages that certain of tho European schools offer, und no views for the future that could not bo bettor advanced by schooling at homo. THE CORNELL UNIVERSITY. Tbo Register of tho Comoll University for tho scholastic year of 1872-73, which has just boon issued, shows a record of progress which alto* gothor exceeds tho anticipations of those who wore most confident of its success when it was established a few years ago. It is moro than likely that tho good results of tho University system adopted at Cornell havo boon tho incent ive to tho recommendations made by President Eliot and others that thoro shall bo greater lib erality introduced into tho discipline and course of studies at Harvard—a suggestion that con templates a nearer approach to tho scopo of tho celebrated universities of Europe. Cornell started out with a plan calculated to insure a freedom of study and a variety of advantages not to bo found at any other singlo institution of learning in tho country. It proposed to unito tho Utorary, scientific, professional, and polytechnic systems, including special attention to agricul ture, as might bo boat adapted to tho varied wants and ambitions of American students. It was under few restraints. It received tho whole of Now York's share of tho land-grant made by Congress for tho purpose of establishing agri cultural schools. It received from Mr, Ezra Comoll, of Ithaca, tho sum of $500,000 in money, besides a gift of over 200 acres of laud near Ithaca, with tho buildings thereon, as a farm to bo attached to tho College of Agriculture. Tho othor gifts, amounting to about $1,000,000 in value, consisting of building funds, museums, libraries, oto., wore made without reservation or conditions that 'could affect tho course of study or university discipline. It owed to tho United States a special development in agricul ture and tho mechanic arts, and on opportunity for Instruction in military science. It is undor obligation to provide a free soholarslUp once a year to tho most meritorious applicant from each of tho 128 Assembly Districts in Now York Btato, which it fulfills, making each scholarship extend over four years. Mr. Cornell’s doalro in con tributing tbo generous fund which secured tho establishment of tho university was expressed in those words: “ I would found on institution whoro any person can find instruction In any study." It has boon tho aim of tho management to comply with this comprehensive idea, so that tho benefits of tho Institution are extended to both sexes, to students from all parts of tho world, in tho kind and degree that may bo de sired, without distinction of politics, sect, or any othor matter of individual concern. Tho Cornell University was opened Oct. 7, 1868, with fifteen resident professors, throe as sistant professors, and six non-resident profes sors. Thoro wore 400 applications for admis sion, 650 of which woro pnsuod. Since that time thoro havo boon 1-10 graduates, and tho benefits of tho institution havo boon extended to many who woro not matriculated. During tho four years that have elapsed, tho faculty has boon in creased from twenty-four to fifty professors, and tho number of martriuulaiod students at tho last session was D 25. Extensive buildings havo boon erected |u the meantime, ipuopums sm] scientific collections of groat value havo boon secured, and courses of lectures, besides those of tho rouidontprofessors, havo boon delivered by Qold wln Smith, GoorgoWilliam Curtis, James Russell Dowell, Theodore W. Dwight, Bayard Taylor, and Qoorgo W. Greene. Tho permanent income of tbo University from its endowments is about SBO,OOO, and about SBO,OOO from Us routs and tuition fees. This rapid material progress is undoubtedly to bo attributed to the greater scopo of study and freedom of selection which arc characteristic of the system that has boon adopted at Oorooll. The University is divided Into ton colleges, each of which has Its special faculty. Those are as follows: 1. College of Agriculture} 2. College of Chemistry and Physics j 0. College of Civil En gineering and Architecture j 4. College of His tory and Political Science } 5. College of Lan guages } 0, College of Philosophy and Letters; 7. College of Mathematics } 8. Sibley College of the Mechanic Arts} 0. College of Military Sci ence ; 10. College of Natural History. It confers the following regular degrees: Bachelor of Bclonco} Bachelor of Arts { Bachelor of Literature; Bachelor of Civil Engineering; Bachelor of Veterinary Medi cine} Bachelor of Architecture, with correspond ing degrees of a higher grade. Besides those, a baccalaureate Is conferred In special studios for thoso who tako optional courses. Tho peculiar advantage of tho Cornell University—peculiar among American Universities—is that tho stu dent may pursue any one of tho various courses that aro regularly dofluod in colleges; or may choose on optional courso, selecting his ora studios; or may foUow a specialty in any one branch of knowledge} or may enjoy tho benefits of tho lectures and public Institutions in tho University without regular matriculation. Thoso' are Important Innovations in tho ordinary col lege curriculum of 4Uo American student. Cor nell has other features which Increase its claims to tho titlo of University that is illegiti mately assumed in this country by many institutions which.aro restricted and constrained by sectarianism, tho class system, and a rigid doctrine of studios. There is no preparatory de partment, no marking system, and none of tho devices for tho incitement to study wliich should bo confined to littlo boys and girls. It is ex pressly stated that tho University Is not a re formatory institution. It exorcises no restraints ond no espionage ovortho students. It is simply required that tho students shall recognize tho rules of common decency and common morality. Bo long as they do this they may do it according to their own fashion and inclination } when they fall to do'this they aro dismissed. Tho system of maintaining a corps of non-resident profes sors, who deliver courses of lectures, introduces broader views than could, bo obtained in a limited clrclo ..of men wholly devoted to their books and their classes. Tho freedom of study will in timo mako Ithaca a favorite residence for young literary men,* sci entists, aud other advanced students, who can avail themselves of tho advantages offered by the Cornell University without submitting to any of tho restraints of school life. Cornell Univoraity, in ita general system and characteristics, resembles tho European Univer sity with this essential difference : Tho knowl edge which shall bo practically useful in Ameri can life receives tbe greatest attention, promi nent in which are tho studios of Political and Social Science, National Sciences, Historical Sciences, tho Application of Science to Arts, Anatomy, Physiology, and tho Laws of Health. If tho'futuro prosperity of Cornell shall bo com mensurate with that of the first four years of its existence, It is pretty certain that ita prevailing system of discipline, and tho personal freedom of study which It offers, will exert an Important Influence on the more constrained ideas of the purely literary colleges of tho Country. A curious quarrel has arisen in Jerusalem be tween the Latin and Greek churches relative to the replacing of the tapestry in the Grotto of the Nativity at Bethlehem, which was burned two years ago. The Turkish authorities, rather than havo any trouble between the two churches, determined to replace the tapestry themselves. The Turkish upholsterers, however, are prover bially lazy, and, while they were dilly-dallying over their work, the Latin Patriarch had a now tapestry made and put up at a certain time when his priests bad possession of the Grotto. Beth lehem was Immediately in a ferment. Biots en sued, but the curtains wore finally loft under protest, ponding an appeal to Constantinople. Tho Greek Patriarch has appealed to the Russian Embassyat Constantinople, and also directly to tho Porto, while tho Latin Patriarch has ap poalodto tho French Ambassador, citing legal au thorities wblchgivo to his communion tho primacy at Bethlehem. No hint is yet afforded of tho decision which tho Porto will mnko in Its pecu liar position between tho French and Russian Governments, but as It has always boon anxious to conciliate tho Greek Church, and has loss awe of Franco than when Napoleon 111. was on tho throne, it may bo presumed that tho Latin Pa triarch may yet have to take his tapestry down, and lot tho Turkish upholsterers finish their job. Tho people of Lyons, lowa, are considerably excited over an alleged miraculous euro of a young man named William Rowan, who, while in the employ of tho Northwestern Railroad Com pany as a bridge-builder, had one of his hands badly mashed by a pile-driver. Ho was removed to his home, and under tho instructions of the Company medical aid was summoned, not only from Lyons, hut also from Davenport and Chi cago. The skill of tho physicians, however, was of no avail, Gangrene sot In and spread so rapidly that they all decided ho must die. Bo far gono was his body, indeed, towards dis solution and corruption that a coffin was ordered, and tho Cathode pastor of Lyons was called to administer tho last rites of tho Church. A Sister of Charity from Dubuque, who was also present, suggested that an appli cation of tho water of Lourdes (the famous French spring where tho Virgin is said to havo appeared to some children) bo made to tho body. The applloati on was made, and, at tho end of two dam a visible change appeared, Tho young man’s life is now prouounfcod to bo out of dan ger, Tho case is to undergo an investigation, so that no doubt may bo loft of tho ualuro of tho ease as well as of tho cure. If the Macon (Qa.) Telegraph may bo be lieved, tho hardships of tho enforcement of civil rights aro visited upon tho colored brethren of tho South ao well &b tho aristocracy of white blood. Tho tousorinl community of all Missis oippl la said to havo boon thrown into ooufusiou and disorder thereby. The' nogroea aro no longer content with shaving other people, but Insist on being shaved as well, Tho complica tion la obvious. When tho negro barbers con sent to shavo negro customers, which trios their metal, they lose their white custom. When they refuse to shavo their negro customers, they are driven out of town and their shops gutted. It is said that some Mississippi barbers who have ex perienced tho triala of tho situation deplore *• tho enforcement of civil rights ” as a device of Batau. A recent historical souvenir of tho slogo of Paris received in Now York shows that consid erable sympathy was wasted by contributors in this country to tho French soldiers, who wore described as suffering with tho intense cold. Tho difference between tho reports find tho real trutli iu tho matter |a exactly the difference be tween a lleaumur and a Fahrenheit thermome ter. In tho souvenir alluded to thoro Is displayed a morsel of bread, with tho inscription, 4 * Throe hundred grammes of this broad, after waiting for it flvo hours with tho thermometer (lleau mur) at twolvo degrees below tho freezing point.” This, however, is equal to twouty de grees above zero, Fahrenheit, os lloaumur’s thermometer marks tho freezing point at 100, wUUo tho former marks it at 00 degrees. NOTES AND OPINION. Tho plan no successful with Morton, In Indl dlana, and Oglesby, in Illinois, of running foe Governor with an intent for tho Senate, will bo sought to bo tried in several of tho States, this year, whore the double issue Is Joined. Tho Stales and the men aro : Massachusetts, Bon Butler } Mississippi, son-lu-law Ames; Virginia, Senator Lewis } Ohio, Gov. Noyes ; Minnesota, Gov. Austin; California, Gov. Booth. Tho merit is claimed for this plan that it elects United Stales Senators by the people; but it also reduces tho Gubernatorial Chair to a very homely and unexpected use. —The “young Republicans” of St. Paul, Minn., aro chafing to throw off thoir Old Rian of tho Boa (Ramsey) j but ho rides yet, ond pro poses to ride. Tho “ young Republicans ” talk of O. K. Davis, for Governor; and Ramsey talks of Woahburuo, of Minneapolis. —Tho Pooatonlca (111.) Board of Trustees, on retiring from ofilco, last week, divided among themselves a surplus of $175 in tho vlllogo treasury, as back-pay. Tho Pocatonlca pooplo aro amazed. —Tho Mississippi Legislature ohoso an un lettered negro, named Griggs, for Commissioner of Immigration. —Tho Florida Legislature, In deference to popular demand, repealed a special aot which was draining tho Treasury} but now, behold I tho repealing aot has boon stolon, aud, tho plug being lost, there is nothing to ho done hut lofe ’or leak. —Adopted at Utica, N. Y., April 22: Jlesolved, 13y tUo Northern Now York Conference of tho Methodist Episcopal Church In Conforouco ■■gam bled. First—' That, os a body of ministers, numbering 330* wo fool profoundly humiliated in consonuonco of ro «fni»\niiolop,VouU of ,ralul n nd corruption on the part Second— That, as leaders In religion and morals, wo Sii. e «? caVol \ to , ral . Bo tbo of public morals In high places by Instructing tho people as to tho awful consequence* to tho public wolforoof electing to tho Legislature or other positions men who aro Sable to accept mouoy-brlboa to betray tho sacred trusts which have boon committed to them by tho pooplo, —Tho Pittsburgh Evening Telegraph is a now paper, edited by H. B. Swoopo, tho United States District Attorney who was so serviceable to Grant and Hartranft, last year. Wo quote from it: *7^m 8 Io??J n « CrcaßC . d l , bo f f } lnry of 118 ow * numbers to |7,500, which Is equivalent to SIO,OOO for nluo months* services,—tho latter covering tho period actually occu plod In tho duties of tho term. It increased tho pay of Cabinet members to SIO,OOO for twolvo months 1 ac tive duty,—thus providing hotter pay for its own members than for tho executive oillcors of tho Govorn meut. Congressmen, generally speaking, givo much of thoir time to their private business, which la car ried on In thoir absence without interruption, and thoir revenues ludepoudent of Congress are, therefore, not diminished. Cabinet olUcera aro compelled to re side permanently In Washington, to keep house, and to entertain distinguished guests, both from abroad and at homo. Viewed in this light, there Is a groat disparity in tho salaries of members of the Cabinet aud mg°dls ormor U*vo good reasons for bo- —Sutherland, ox-Congroasman with extra pay, came before his people at Saginaw, Micb., for Mayor, and, iu it euporlluoua to add, was—not elected. —Congressman Avorill, of Bt. Paul, Minn., puts on tho bold front that bo voted for extra poy because ho wanted it. Of hia colleague, Bunnell, a letter in tho St, Paul Dispatch says: Dunnell la a member of the Baptist Church, [in Owatouua], and ono of its best-paying patrons. On his quarterage becoming due, ho inclosed $76 in a nolo to tbe pastor, saying mat ho would find therein hia share of tho Congressional hack-pay, Tho minister declined to receive it. —Tho Commissioners to propose to tho next Legislature amendments to tho Constitution of Now Jersey wore appointed by tho Governor (Democrat), and confirmed by tho Senate (Bo publican), last Thursday, as follows: Diet, Jlepulticans, Democrats , 1. Samuel H. Gray Benjamin F. Carter, 2. John 0. Ton Eyck....Mercor Bcaaloy, 3. John F. Babcock Robert H. Green, 4. Martin I'etcraou Jacob L. Swnyneo (WJ f ), 6. Benjamin Buckley, ...Augustus W. Cutler, 0. John W. Taylor.... ...Theodora Runyon, 7 ,A. D, Zabrlskie Robert Gilchrist. —A writer in the Vinton (Iowa) Eagle, who speaks of himself os a Bopublioon for fifteen years, says: t iv-iii i»« to eo» nil reforms accomplished by the Republican parly. Bat it is evident that tbe first ro formforlt to undertake must begin within itself, Tho question, “ Shall tho Integrity of tho Republican party bo preserved?” la trifling and Impertinent com pared with those other und greater questions, •' Shall honesty, Integrity, and Justice prevail in tho adminis tration of atralrs?—and ehull tho Government bo by tho people, for the peoole, instead of by aggressive and aspiring monopolies, for tbo aggrandizement of select and aristocratic classes ? —Wo need reforms everywhere} reform la tho country, reform fn politics, reform in tho Republican parly. It Is not our principles that are at fault; It is ourselves.— Dcs Moines (Iowa) lieaisler. —The developments of tho past winter, both in Stato and National Legislatures, show very plainly that those bodies need more honest men, —men who are more ambitious to servo their country than themselves; need men who will dare do right; need men who cannot bo bought and sold to rich companies.— lndianola (Iowa) Journal, —The Republican party, having created near ly every abuse that now afflicts the country, is tho last body in tho world from whom any re form can bo expected. Its loaders and managers are uniformly agents—moat generally under the pay—of class interests. Boos any sane man bo-i lievo that those men will undo their own work? What, Indeed, remains for those who aro slncoro In their purposes hut to organize a now party of reform, and discard false and fossil loaders ? It is a time for fresh names and young men to ap pear on tho Boone, and take hold of this work in earnest. What but absolute blindness could con tinue present managers in places to do moro mischief? It is the now broom that swoops clean.— St. Paul (Minn.) Pioneer. —Wo believe that the farmers are perfectly surfeited, if you will allow the expression, with tho corruption of both political parties, and that they propose to rid themselves of tuo public leeches, and place in office men who look to the interest of tho husbandmen as well os railroad and other corporations. Politicians may raise their hands with holy horror, but they can’t stem tho current. They may appeal to tho preju dices and passions of tho people, but their ap peals will bo in vain. Tho farmers havo mado up their minds that party allegiance is not para mount to their interests, either individually or collectively.— Washington (Iowa) Gazelle, —Wo havo good reason for tho statement that, when a thorough investigation shall bo made, it will bo fouud that tho Btato Laud-office frauds extend back, not only to August, 1(172, but over a period of 'sixteen years. The fact is, tho Republican party in this Btato is rotten to Its very bones, and so corrupt that it stinks in tho nostrils of good men.—Grand Jiapiiis (Mich.) Democrat. —Corruption has become supremo and uncon trolablo. Public rights are openly bartered away While some of our contem poraries soo in this movement evidence of the inability of tho people to govern themselves, be cause their Representatives havo proved un faithful to their trusts, wo regard it as a healthful exorcise of sovereign will and a stop toward tho permanent adjustment of tho relations which tho Stale should maintain toward tho corporations which havo been ono of tho principal moans of debauching our legisla tive bodies.— Jancsuille (IK/s.) Gazette, —Tho expenditures of' tho General Stato Gov ernment, County, mid School District, havo as burned proportions porfootly frightful to con template, aud aro fast reducing us to thovorgo of bankruptcy, if not bankruptcy absolute. A halt must bo demanded and a moro economical order Inaugurated swo repeat must. Wo havo no option if wo would avoid ruin,—Marshall town (Iowa) Times. —Something is bound to happen in the politi cal sky. because it is full of portents. Tho poo plo of tho West aro not prosperous, and it is a peculiarity of the American’s character that, when lie is not prosperous, ho becomes restless, reckless, and ripe for a change. And. while wo’ boliovo that tho coming revolution will ho based' on higher ami more intelligent grounds thi\u tho more personal discontent an ora of prostrated agriculture and onerous taxes bring, U will be none the loss a revolution that shall certainly re store tho equilibrium of things, and strangle tho life out of a multitude of infamous monopolies that will, unless thus dealt with, strangle tho life out of tho people.—ATaiiSiiji City (Jfo.) Times, —Tho concrete quoatlou. Is our Government to bo destroyed by political corruption, or can it bo preserved by a fresh infusion of political tuo ? is that which ohlolly engages men's minda. Tho party of tho future is that which oau gather to itself the best and purest elements of the country, and convince the people of its lutolor-j anao of olllclal theft and baseness. During the past winter, U was wlthht the power of tho De mocracy to achieve at once thooonditious of suc cess. The opportunity waa wickedly o&otiflood. —Mvtffalo (A. Y.) Courier*

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