Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 30, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 30, 1873 Page 2
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2 OTTAWA. What tho l.aSnUo Coumty- Scat In Kiihc. The Supreme Court in the Northern Grand Division of Illinois. ■The Mill Where Law Is Ground Out for Chicago and Cook County. Tho Gentlemen Who Reverse and Remand, Affirm, and Dispose of Our Legal Troubles. ' Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune. Ottawa, 111., April 30, 1873. There never was such a straggling place oa OTTAWA; and there novor was such a place for big lots The streets aro settled so far out that a quarter of a million of people might squeeze within tholr generous limits. The smallest things about tho lota aro the houses. Tho Illinois River, now a swollen stream, sweeps tho south side of tho city, and tho Fox River flows through it north and south, empty ing into tho Illinois on the south side. Connect ing tho west end with tho east Is a noble, single span suspension bridge of 237 foot, over tho,Fox Blvor, and tho south aud north shores of .tho Illinois are Joined by a fine pior-struoluro. As Iho Illinois & Michigan Canal pierces Ottawa at about tho centre, an idea may bo had of tho num ber of bridges. If the Legislature had advertised for a model community, into which they could drop a ready prepared Supremo Court-House, Ottawa would bavo filled tho bill. There is an air of nothing new in this city. Tho Court-House does not ap pear to have grown up among tho houses, uor tho houses to bavo grown up about the Court- House ; but thoy seem to bavo dropped into tbo right places all at once. Tho starch-factory, tho reaper-works, tho glass-works, tho elevators, tho sash-mills, the cutlory-worlcs, all havo an air of permanence without dirt, activity without nolso, and as though thoy had boon engaged in making starch, reapers, glass, sashes, and cutlery, and storing corn, for ages past; and as though they might go on doing tho samo for centuries to come. The Tory dam that was swept away by the freshets seems to bavo smitten when Babel fell. Yot nothing Is antiquated. Rip Tan Winkle wouldn’t bavo a chance here. It is said by tho envious people of Marseilles that iho Ottawaians sleep with one eyo open; when they appear most som nolent, thoy aro really most wide-awake. If there wore a baronial tower hero, one would nat urally look for tbo ivy. As it is. Judge Oaton has piled up a mass of masonry that is a very good substitute, and tho walls aro already ven erable ; whilst bis park is filled with door. THE COURT-HOUSE is in keeping. The churches crowd around it. There is a.quet, old-fashioned square iu front of it. - The houses are of brick. There is an air of substantial thrift everywhere. Tho while stops of the Court-House lead up under a porti co into a roomy hall, carpeted with stuff that cost 75 cents per yard. Turn to tho right, and you outer tho Clerk’s office, whore tho scriven ers, young and old, look ns though they had been writing away in the solf-samo manner for untold generations. Turn to tho left, and you outer the library; it is scarcely half filled. There is also tho court-room,—a spacious, lofty, well-lighted chamber, that is solemn enough and dignified enough to have accommodated the Doge of Venice and his terrible Council; only there are seats for hut seven. Next is the con ference-room, whore the Judges prepare the de tonators that, afterwards lie peacefully iu a growth of dust in tho pigeon-holes, over which tho Clerk, holds undisputed sway. In those quiet halls there is a sufficient amount of labor performed, both physical and mental,- to impress the beholder with the idea that be here begins to got a glimpse of wbat tho Su premo Court moans. A glance at tho earnest faces, at the rapid pens, at tho piles of manu script, tho immense record-books, convinces one of tbo unfailing method, tho intelligent study, tho disciplined thought, the practiced fingers, that hero tako charge of tho LEGAL DESTINES OF COOK COUNTS’, for, bo it Imown, that in this little brick shell are tho judicial archives, tho printed records, tbo legal history of all the business of tho lost court of appeal of that groat, wealthy, and pop ulous commonwealth, including the irrepressi ble - City of Chicago. If tho writer had boon sent boro to writo up these men as dolts, and barnacles, and worshipers of tbo sparkling diamond, tbo ruby wine, spotless white linen, and trotters, ho would return to Chicago dis gusted. All that is seen here means untiring, almost continuous, almost hopeless drudgery,— and not much pay. THE CLERK AMD HIS CLERKS. Cairo D, Trimble, of Princeton, was elected Clerk of the Supremo Court last fall. Maj. Taylor’s term would not havo expired till next June ; but ho resigned to connect himself with tho Chicago Evening Mail , and Mr. Trimble stopped into his place. The compensation is by foes, , and is variously estimated at from $6,000 to ,$15,000 por annum, out of which tho Clerk must pay certain salaries. If the Clerk pockets $5,000 per annum after all is paid, ho must bo an ex traordinary good manager. --James Lelaud, the Deputy, has been Deputy so long that it is popularly supposed there never will he any other. Ho is part and parcel of tho Supremo Court. Ho has grown gray In the shadow of those walls, and his opinion on Questions of law is generally accepted as final. Ho is a chubby, comfortable-looking feuileman, with laughing eyes and rosy cheeks, t is impossible to think of Mr. Loland as a hat ter, or a hotol-koopor, or a railroad-man, or to associate him with now lines of spring dress goods, or tho selling of sowing-machines: but, at his desk'in tho Clerk’s ofllco of tho Supreme Court, ho is perfectly at homo and in keeping and looks as though ho bad been planted there contemporaneously with the foundation-stone and grown with successive appropriations,'until tho present full-blown condition of things, Mr. Loland romtuds.ono Cheorybloßrothere on a law stool. He is diligent in business, and affable in demeanor. Alfred H. Taylor, noxt senior Clerk, was asso ciated'with Mr, Loland, as Deputy, under Major Taylor’s administration, aud is a person*of cour teous, gentlemanly manners. Ho has .boon in harness four years, and will always. prove an efficient aid to tho Deputy, whenever tue latter has too much to do, —as appears to bo frequently the case. ’ Mr. A. M. Trimble, brother of the new Clerk, has just come in. and brings to the work, nmtiiro judgment, and a patriarchal board of magnificent • proportions. Mr. J. N. Moore, who has boon hero only six months, has taken deep root in a congenial suil. Ho.wears spectacles, says little, and is tho pic ture of a law-scrivonor of the olden time. L. A. Lockwood is the legal wonder of the establishment. Although senior, in point of length of service, in the Clerk's oftlce, to tho last-mentioned, ho is much younger, in point of years, than any one in tho Court. Ho is spoken of as a thoroughly competent clerk, and shows a capacity for acquiring legal knowledge which consigns him to an early burial in those clois ters. A young man so apt will novor go forth into tho world again. Mr. Lockwood may bo said to have corao to an anchor for life, without ho soon tears himself away from tho fatal attractions of decisions in oases on appeal audio error, There is another dork, George A. Sherwood, who has labored in this vineyard fifteen months, and is now sick. Why they are not all sick is the marvel, considering the abominable ventilation of the room thoy poison themselves in whilst at work. They speah well of Mr. Bherwood. Tho Librarian Is Qeorgo a. Williams, a gentle man of culture and experience in constitutional law, which is to him ao tho bread of llfo. Ho has completed a little book, the “Constitution jf the United States," that ought to bo adopted In the schools of every State In tho Union. Homo of tho highest authorities on constitu tional law have spoken and written in high terms of this work; and, as it has been altered and improved, at tho luggestion of various Judges, uutil alterations xnd improvements appear to have become well nigh exhausted, It may safely bo considered al most a perfect work. Mr. Williams is engaged , on a now book on tbo samo subject, for students of constitutional law. 1 A FALSE IDEA. The man who appeals a case to the Supreme Court to gouenUy » TloUn to tbo btU.i tb»t, bj doing 30j hb 'Secures a rehearing by a.kortbf Sapromo Grand Jury, and that the whole trial ia §ono over again. Ho pioturoa the term of tho npromo Court as a buay noHfllon,—nlmilar. per haps. to . tho oealzoa ” in an Irian .or English county-town, where all is bustle and excitements whoro witnesses roam about despondently, waiting with calm despair tho far off, uncertain day whoa they may bo called upon to appear; where litigants keep up their coinage with copious and frequent draughts of alo and whisky; whoro tho oourt-hduao ia a'perpetual bcouo of struggling, squeezing, shouting, swear ing, and strong smells. ,IIOW DIFFERENT FROM THE RBALITVI . Tho calm repose of the Supremo Court Is mover disturbed by noisy brawlers ; tho litigants aro conspicuously absent, being represented by tholr attorneys ; everything is quiot, orderly, regular, and dignified. Tho Justices take their seats in a sort' of doml-soinl*circlo, at a counter of walnut, on a platform, furnished with desks. Tho Clerk, on tho’opening of court, calls out tho dookot, twenty cases per day. The lawyers in tho caaos, who are coated, with others, in chairs ranged along tho walls, advance up the hall lu front of the bench, and signify that they aro prepared to proceed. If they desire to speak, they are permitted to do so ; if they do not, they formally movo tho filing of papers, and tho oaao is then, In duo form, be fore the Court; if theroaro no lawyers present to reply to tho call, the oauso is passed, or olruok off the docket, as the esse maybe. When tho oall of twenty has thus been disposed of, tho Judges pass by tho rear into tho consultation room, which Is furnished with a desk for oaoh Judge, and then begins tho SEAL LAIIOR OF TOE DAT. Oases are compared, tho points noted, and tho law laid down; and a division of the task of writing the decisions of tho Court ogrood upon for tho next recess. This labor is frequently prolonged until far Into tbo night, conference Doing rarely broken up until must of the Judges aro physically Incapable any longer to boar tbo fntlguo. It is an uncommon occurrence that consultation on tbo call of tbo day is completed before physical endurance gives out. When it is, there are always cases in arroar to be at tended to;' or cases that, for some reason or other, have boon laid aside for future reference. When the term Is at an end, the Judges sep arate for tbclr different homos, and, at iboir leisure, sot forth, in language as clear, brief, and correct as they aro capable of, tho opinion of the Court in the cases of which they have particular charge. .On reassembling, at next term, those opinions are filed with the Clerk as rapidly as it ispoaalblo for them to be road, compared, and affirmed. Ottawa is tho place for holding tho mootings of tbo Supreme Court for tho NORTHERN GRAND DIVISION of the State; and, as tho division includes tho Oity of Chicago and County of Cook, a separate term Is hold, when necessary, at some place to ho provided, in Chicago, for such business as cannot conveniently bo transacted at Ottawo. )Tho Court 'moots at Ottawa only once a year, in September, and tho sessions vary in duration from two to four months. Tho number of oanoo varies from 200 to 400. Tho Judges havo sleeping apart ments in tho basement of the building, with a common bath-room, of exceedingly primitive construction; and they generally board at tho Clifton House, which is near by. Tho appropri ation of $20,000, of last year, has long ago boon exhausted,*—tho builder's estimate for additions to the Court-House having, of course, been ex ceeded ; and’othor interests, particularly tbo law library, are lacking in consequence. Tbo cheese paring economy that loaves a Supremo Court library short of necessary works of reference, is tho oxiromsst absurdity and imbecility yet achieved. Tho other terms of tho Court are bold at Mt. Vernon and Springfield. T. M. JUDGE LAWRENCE AND THE CHICAGO JOUR NAL. Rockford, HI., April 25, 1873. To tho Editor 0/ The Chicago Tribune: Sir :Imm ouo of thosowho believe in the propriety of a full and just examination as to the qualifications of all candidates for public position; but, as a citizen of ibis State, and an impartial observer of public affairs, I desire, through your columns, to enter a solemn protest against tho unsupported and libelous aspersions , which aro being made by tbo Chicago Journal upon Chief Justice Lawrence, his associates on the Supreme Bench, and tho entire bar, not only of tho Fifth Judicial District, but of tbo Slate at largo. It is unquestionably true that tho act* m of tho Supremo Court in tho somewhat notorious con tempt case, in which-the Journal was tho de fendant, was unwise and impolitic; that tho Court could well have afforded to bavo passed by the idle and slanderous assertions of that paper in dignified silence; but tho more fact that it did not choose so to do, but did, un fortunately, elect to give-undue importance to so trivial a matter, is no justification, in tho minds of the people, for a newspaper-editor who is known to bo smarting under tbo stings of a fancied personal grievance, to clotbo bis per sonal venom in tho guise of public virtue, and then proceed to flood tho community with the caluminons and unsupported charges of “per jury” aud “corruption,” “faithlessness,” and “iuoompotonoy,” os against tho Supremo Bench and tho entire Bar of the Stato of Illinois. That the Chicago Journal has boon guilty of this grave offonso against public justice and fair-dealing, every reader of that paper well knows, and no one knows tho foot batter than tbo editor himself. Tho pretence that tho Supremo Court has laid itself liable to these foul charges by its recent decision in the Alton Railroad cases is too shallow to stand tho tost of investigation, oven for a single moment, and, if the editor of tho Journal is not by this time convinced of this fact, it is only because bis ignorance of legal principles is equal to the blindness of bis per sonal malice, which is difficult to conceive. The law of the State under which those cases arose was clearly defective in its details, and tbo Court was obliged, as a matter of legal -duty, to so pronounce it. This overy sensible man in tbo State knows to bo tbo fact; and, In addition to this, it is equally well known that tho only principle involved in the delivered opinion of the Court, about which tho people were then and aro now at all inter ested, namely: the right to regulate rnllroad obargos for transportation under tbo provisions of existing franchises, was moat dearly and manfully maintained. Indeed, tho Court, in its opinion, so for from turning its back upon tho formers and business-men of tbo Stale, actually wont out of its way, iu its dictum, to suggest to them tho appropriate remedy for their wrongs; and tbo wisdom and honesty of its action, as well as the soundness of the legal conclusions of tho Court, have since boon fully vindicated by tbo action of tbo popular graaoh of tho Legisla ture, in tho passage of a bill by an overwhelm ing majority, embodying the very identical sug gestions contained in tbo opinion of Chief-Jus tice Lawrence. Bo that, If tho Supremo Court was corrupt in this matter, 'according to tho logic of tl*o i/burnul, the guilt of tho popular branch of tho General Assembly is ton-fold greater,— for this last action has boon taken after long de liberation, and in tbo very face of a most earnest and far-roaohing discussion of the subject by all tbo people, throughout the length aud breadth of tho State, ' I have no desire, Mr. Editor, to trespass to any groat extent on your lime or spaco; but Ido say ( and in this opinion I am not alone) that tho public journal which, in view of tbo above facts, can have tbo hardihood to tako counsel of its paseions only, and thua wilfully tramples on tho Stato pride of overy good citizen of Illinois,'by casting upon tbo highest and moat sacred 3 udu oial tribunal within tho limits of tho Common wealth the foul charges of official perjury and corruption, without being able to produce tho first scintilla of proof to sustain them, is itself a dangerous institution,— dangerous to the rights and liberties of the people,—and deserves to bo discountenanced by a discerning public, and thus finally abated. Tbo testimony of a witness who is known to bo smarting under a recent personal quarrel with tbo parties to a suit, is a kind of ovidouco that no good lawyer would over introduce to a jury, enuyot tho position of such a witness is tho ex act relation which tbo Journal holds towards tho Chief Justice and tho people of this Stato ; and, as if obtusonoss and stolidity wore the fit com panions for blind and unreasoning vindictive ness, Us editor has not tho good sense to dis cover tbo utter shamlossnoss of bis abject posi tion. Might it not bo bettor for the Chicago Journal to descant loss on the corruption of the Judiciary, and toll us more about the dangers which are likely to result to tho people’s inter tereatu from tho venality and blind malice of an envenomed and unscrupulous press f Justice. FATAL ACCIDENT. Wataoa, 111., April 29,1973. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sib: A fatal accident occurred In this place, at a UUle after 10 o'clock yesterday morning, to a boy about ii years old, named William King, who was, with the rest of tho family (except (he father, whe had bom to Hampton In search THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: '.WEDNESDAY/; APRIL* 31), 1873, s of employment), out on tho common, just'east of town, grazing tholr horses, oonslsUng.of a team hitched to a wagon, and a colt, which 'William was loading by a ropo-haltor, ho being 'seated in tho hind pari of the wagon. William had thoughtlessly tied tho ropo around hln waist. Tho colt, frightened at something, Jerked tho boy from the wagon, stopped on his bead, and then ran away, dragging film about a quarter of a mile, wbou, turning a short corner, the body of tho boy caught on a post that had boon sot leaning In tho ground to protoot tho sidewalk from wagons, wlion tho rope broke. Tho boy was picked up dead, having tho skull fractured, both arms ami ono log broken, and being badly bruised all over. FROM CHICAGO TO MOBILE. Ort from tho Lund of tho Northeaster to That of Buufttil|io and Flowers* Correepondtnee of The Chicago Tribune, Wo loft Chicago on tho evening of tho 10th of April, 1878, for Cairo, by tho Illinois Central Road, and arrived at Contrnlla at 7 o’clock a. zn., whoro wo were obliged toioro&iuuntil 10 o’clock. Tho sun looked out brightly, and tho tints of verdure glinted lovingly in the sun’s embrace. Hero tho notes of tho robin aro hoard for tho first time this year. Tho town is small and scat tered, hut cheerful-looking in thofresh sunlight. At Du Quoin, tho beginning of tho mining re gion, wo saw for tho first timo tho poach and cherry treo In blossom. At Cnrbondalo,—-a rug ged-looking town, thrown in among the Jutting cliffs of sandstone,—we saw THE JUDAS TREE— -11 Cords Canodonso,” of tho logumlnosro order— in full bloom. This tree puts forth Its blossoms before tho loaves, and looks liko a queen in its gaudy dross of scarlet-crimson flowers, reigning alone ovor tho dusky-colored race of inanimate vegetation. Arrived at Cairo between 3 and 4 o’clock p. m.; and wore aroused at 3 a. m. for tbo boat which was to carry us to Columbus, Ey., tboro to tako the train for Mobilo. Whilo iu Kentucky, wo mot .a Surgeon who served during tbo War in Gen. Cheatham’s Divis ion. From himself and lady wo received much information regarding tho present social con dition of iho South. Tho PREJUDICE AGAINST THE COLORED RAGE hero, nt tho present time, caunotbooxnggoratod; and it is very evident that tho two races can never bo harmonized during tho present genera tion, at least. Dr. A. avers that tho colored raco are becoming decimated { that few children are born to them 5 that most that are born either perish from neglect or aro murdered; that they are too indolent to provide for their off spring 5 and that their natural affection does not exceed that of tho brute. This same sentiment was also reiterated by Mrs. Q., of Columbus, Mias., a lady of tho very highest standing social ly.. Bho says that child-murder is a very com mon thing with tho blacks at the present time in Mississippi; that, in clearing out an old well which had not boon used since tho War, they found tho remains of ton colored babies, and in another twenty. I gho this state ment just as it wan uttered by a person who seemed to have no further interest m it than to stato facts ns she believed them. This whole sale slaughter and neglect woro further corrobo rated by country-gentry from tho States of Ten nessee, Alabama, and Louisiana. All avor that one or tho other race must giro way 5 and that, from tho natural instincts of tho colored raco, — which they claim to bo uuthrift, laziness, and want of maternal affection, —tho negro must finally succumb to tho whito raco. I givo you those facts without any comment of my own, to show you that tho hatred of colored rule is fixed deeply in overy Boutboru breast. Even at this very hour, a boarder bos left tbo bouse wo are now stopping at (in Now Orleans), because tho landlady will not allow him to bring homo Licut.- Qov. Pinchbuck (colored) to dinner, bho told mo, not an born* ago, tluuTche daro not do It, as it needed only a spark to fan tho flame now smoldering: and, woro it known in the city that sho admitted a colored man to dine, her house would bo mobbed. As wo advanced in our journey through Ten nessee, thcro was a marked change in Na ture. Summer seemed, indeed, to bavo usurped tho reign. Negroes woro plowing tho fields, with one mulo, aud a bit of wood for a plow, closely resembling a crookod firo-poker. The fields woro scantily cultivated, and every thing wore an ancient, neglected aspect,—more so than the pasture-lands of tho Mississippi River, whore cattle aro raised and shipped to Mobile. Occasionally there would bo soon bales of cotton ready for shipment; but TUB EXORBITANT RATES charged by railroads for transportation give poor encouragement for cotton-raising. The annual mooting of the stockholders of tho Mobile & Ohio Bailroad comes off tho present week, and a number of landed gentry wore aboard onr train (accompanied by their families), with tho view of trying to make some arrangement with the Company to abato the ruinous transportation prices. Tho ride through Mississippi was perfectly en chanting. We caught tho summer breezes, listened to the song of blrdb, and, when tho train would permit, snatched fragrant flowers by tho wayside. Hero tho Bod Bud, or Judas Tree, which we havo chased through Southern Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, and part of Mississippi, is out of bloom, and supplanted by climbing rosos, sweet shrubs, jessamine, and magnolias. At Mobile, Sunday morning, at half-past 10, wo are seated in tho front parlor of tho LocUdo, watching tho olito of .tho city pouring into cnmsT onuuou, — tbo ladles clothed in their summer silks and grenadines, while tho rustling of their trails upon the pavement sounds like tho eddying of dried leaves driven by a whirling wind. Their jaunty hats are loaded with rose-buds, loaves, and flow ers, which seem to vio with those wo saw, in tho evening, coiled around every pillar and available place above and on tbo altar. It was tbo child ren’s festival of flowers, and each class came with its banner, representing some word spoken by Christ after his resurrection. Tbo services wore impressive: tbo altar was loaded with rosea, jeponlcae, lilies, magnolias, Ac., which exhaled a fragrance almost overpow ering ; and tbo music was as nearly divine as I anticipate bearing while a denizen of earth. Aridoonthosbell-road down tho'bay, and & visit to MAGNOLIA CEMETERY, terminated one of tho pleasantest days of zny life. 'Magnolia Oomotory boasts few costly mon uments, but tho olysium of flowers is beyond description. Wo visited tho spot appropriated to the Confederate dead. Brno hundred and ninety-nine lie buried aide by side. Just half a mile to tho southwest, where the flagstaff points heavenward, lie only a few leas graves of our own soldiers. Boys m blue and gray, sloop qui etly until tbo resurrection-morn, when your robes will bo tho same, and wo all shall bo brothers. in tho morning, wnoro wore turnips, potatoes, green peas, onions, and cabbages, fresh and cheap, ranging about vrith our own prices at home when vegetables are plenty. There we also saw strawberries, although, they are not plenty as yet. Tiro cabbages, Ac., are planted in December. During the summer months nothing is raised; os the soil is dried and parched. During those days, most of the residents go North to escape yellow fovor and other sicknesses, or, as our landlord remarked, simply henauoo ihetbiu nothing to do. Mobile is fearfully dull now; business is dead; and every ouo moves so slow ly, almost lifelessly, that you would imagine a gioat paralysis had seized upon all, white and black, ii.aionluumuoly. Mns. Lc\NDEr. Stoke. ANOTHER GROWL FROM THE WEST SIDE. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Bin: I have read, with some surprise, an arti cle in your Saturday's issue, headed “ West Bide Growlers," in which our worthy Mayor enumer ates vast sums of money paid by tho city for im provements on tho West Bide. Now, sir, 1 havo the greatest rospoct for our Chief Magistrate, than whom this city novor had a bettor, and ac cept his figures as facta with regard to tho ex penditure of tho public moneys; but I look in vain for tho improvements which should ho tho result of such heavy disbursements. Tho West Bide is by far tho most extensive portion of tho city, and, although so much monoy has boon spent on it, thoro are but few streets fit to walk through. Being a poor man, I have tbo misfortune to own a lot on an uupavod and unsoworod street, where the sidewalks are so rotten that thoy aro full of man-traps, and dangerous elevations are frequent; whore one may feel thankful if ho £ots to his shanty without breaking his log in a ole, or his nock in scrambling over those uorrl blo mounds whoro the sidewalk has been “brought up to grade;" where no team can haul evon au empty wagon along tho street, without fUoklng la tho mud \ and where the happy citizen, for jthoso benefit such vast sums aro annually paid, ban tho pleasure of carrying tho fuel and other requisites for homo 'consumptlon on his shoulders, over such a sidewalk; whoro tho ditches rook with miasma; and whore hut I must desist trespassing so far on your valuable space, Btioh a state of things may bo found on tho groat thoroughfare from tho heart of tho city west, viz.i Twelfth street from Contro avenue to Ashland avenue, on the direct lino to Doug las Park.* I havo paid three times tho amount of taxes this year compared with tho oslcssmont two years previously, and can sco no return in tho sbapo of improvements, and so I cannot suppress a growl. Parks and boulevards ore very dosltablo additions to a groat oity, but I do think wo ought to havo tbo streets put iu order before spending moro money on ornamental ? rounds'throe miles out, which nobody can got o,—merely enhancing tuo valuo of speculators’ property. Let us Lave sowers put in to carry off tho filth, add so avoid fearful mortality'this coming summer. Lot us havo tho sidewalks kept to one level, —either the whole brought up to grado, or all kept down to tho mud till the street lu paved. Lot us have those lamp-pouts put down on the block from Lafln to Ashland, which woro paid for itao years ago. but bavo not appeared yeti Do try, Mr. Mayor, to got us some of those inestimable blessings put through, ond whilst, by so doing, you will Immortalize yourself, you will also enable many of your West-Side friends to “go on tholr way rejoicing.” Vox Popdli. Chioaoo, April 38, 1673. OUR RAILROADS. SpniNOFistD, 111., April 25, 1873, To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin* Having read with muoh interest, In The Triddhb, tho discussion of tho railroad question now agitated in Illinois,, so important to tho prosperity and all interests of tho State that some Judicious policy oUonld bo: definitely set tled, I offer some suggestions on tbo subject, in explanation of iho probable results of the war fare. Tho present ago Is emphatically one of progress and improvement, and lu no depart ment has it advanced moro rapidly than in tho facilities for transportation of persons and prop erty, and the transmission of news and thought by telegraph,—two agents so intimately connect ed with all tbo material interests of tho country, that thoy should bo developed and utilized for tbo benefit of commerce and civilization. It is proposed to limit tholr influence by re strictive measures, proscribed by legislative, judicial, aud executive action, so as to change woll : accoptod interpretations of organic and statute laws, upon which tho rights of all values and property aro based and secured, equally to individuals or corporations; also, by a revision of tbo Constitution and Courts, on the plea that they nro ancient and not in conformity with tho modern views entertained by some on this sub ject. Tho Constitution is higher than any law or decree by any officers under It,- since thoy must oxorciso a delegated authority, and must bo sub servient to the instrument by which tho delega tion is made; aud, in any case of conflict, tho fundamental law must govern, aud tho statute law will become iu valid; thou there will bo a controversy, which must bo settled by tho courts. Tho Legislature cannot exorcise executive or judicial functions, except whore the Oonatitu tion expressly permits it, and than only to make laws, niter, or repeal thorn: nor can a court de clare a law unconstitutional solely oatlio ground of oppression, unless it can bo shown that the rights claimed are guaranteed by the Constitu tion. Tho fundamental maxims of a free gov ernment seem to require that tho rights of pri vate property should ‘bo hold sacred, and that courts cannot doclaro an act void because of supposed, and uot expressed, spirit of tho Constitution; and, whenever an act of tho Legislature cau bo so construed and applied ‘ns not to conllict with tho Constitution, it will ho adopted by the Courts. Those general principles are applicable to all Interests' alike, whether under corporate or individual rights, and bind ing on artificial or natural persons, and afford equal protection to tho diversity of . employ ments, and nil classes, and all departments of business and trade. The theory advanced, that tbo Stato or Fed eral Oovornmont may construct and operate rail roads, is a question of expediency which ail pre vious experience has fully demonstrated to ho fallacious, —failiug of any good results,* from want of economy, efilcloncy, and responsibility in management, so necessary to financial or com mercial success in such enterprises. While Congress may havo tho power to rogu lalo commerce, as to its convenience, safety, and security, by proper regulations and supervision, it has not claimed or exercised by legal author ity tho right to determine tho rates of transpor tation | and there are grave doubts that any such authority exists, or that such laws can bo enforced, when It Is proved that tariffs are reasonable, aud only afford a fair remuneration on tho capital invested. Tho proposition to use railroads as public high ways, without and beyond the control of owner

ship, by the placing of cars on the lines by individuals or associations, has no merits or advantages, from the fact that it cannot bo done as safely or economically by others as by the present managers of railroads, who must furnish the motive-power and control tho movement of trains, or a conflict would onsuo as to priority of transportation, with unfavorable results to the public and tho capital invested. The experiment has boon tried upon many railroads, with “colored Unco" of. cars,—ln which proportions of cars according to distance are furnished by tho respective roads on tho route traveled, and they participate in the profits "pro rata" for through traffic,— with success; and, in some cases, the lines of cars have boon ownbd by other parties, and the railroads allow for car-service. If such rates are reasonable, tbo system offers to roads tho use of rolling-stock for traffic, when they have not the capital to purchase it; but, if tbo rates are made too high for such service, it should bo regulated accordingly. Yet this does not necessarily Increase tbo oast of transportation to the public, but, by suoh competition reduces it. Tbo most effectual remedy for tbo complaints in transportation is competition in such a man ner as to preclude combination: therefore, tho construction of tho lines of railroad from the West to the seaboard now in progress by tbo Chesapeake & Ohio, Pennsylvania Central, Baltimore & Ohio, Canada Southern, New York Central, and Hoosao Tunnel routes,—also, : tho Canadian water-routes proposed to ho en larged to permit vessels of 1,000 tons to pass to tbo ocean by the Welland and Bt. Lawrence Canals, as well as tho improvements of tho Mis sissippi, Illinois, and Ohio lUvors by the United States Oovornmont,-are all evidences that tho rates of transportation will bo much bettor regu lated in such manner than by legislative acts or judicial decisions. The Legislature of Illinois propose to enaot laws to regulate rates on railroads by a uniform and inflexible tariff of rates, and tho effect must inevitably be to raiso tho rates at all com peting points, In order to equalize them and prevent unjust discrimination 'at tho other places; yet It will tend to increase tho cost of transportation generally lii tho State, and will discriminate unjustly between tho different Hues - of railroads, and tho largo cities, whore tho most traffic is obtained; and moat clearly such a dis crimination the Constitution precludes as un just, as indicated by a true Interpreta tion of it, as reported in tho recent decision of tho Supreme Court. IU. nnm. tu.* ..Ihvua btOCXS are increased without a cash equivalent, upon which dividends are made : yet there is no authentic evidence of that fact In Illinois. There have boon some cases where money has been expended for Improvements on railroads, which was ap plied from the current receipts, when loans could not ho negotiated, aud subsequently has boon represented by stock-dividends; yet there has boon a largo amount of money Invested in stocks and bonds that has boon lost and obliter ated by foroolosu.o of mortgages, that in not represented or remunerative, on many roads lu tho West wlUoh (ho publio have tho Benefit of, and no adequate compensation or profit has been over derived by the parties who invested in them. In view of this state of affairs, it would seem Impolitic, at least, for people hero to discourage tho completion and extension of rallroadaln progross from the West to thomarkots,or prevent the negotiation of loans to finish tho 1,500 miles of roads uncompleted in Illinois, which are necessary to afford facilities for the trans portation of tho increasing agricultural products of tho Mississippi Valloy to a market, and tho return of the immense amount of mer chandise consumed, together with tho raw materials and manufactures necessary for tho use of its citizens and tho trade of the country. The tide of commerce is flowing to and from tho regions in tho Far West, through Illinois to tho seaboard, and to foreign nations, by various routes { and, unless we can offer rapid and cheap transportation, It will bo soon diverted In other directions. And tho same re sults will apply to the Investment of capital to develop the resources of the State In its mining, manufacturing, mechanical, and agricultural in terests. It i« Important that ouch liglclitloq bo,l* dpaed that Capital will-continue to expand tho Obannela of commorco, sthhulato industry,-de velop. tho wealth of tho State. and Invito sa* ?aoious men of enterprise, rather than crlnnlo bo moana of oxiallng railroads, or tho prospects of now linos of transportation. T, J. Oauteb. FECHTER. iTla ITlanngorlnl Tribulations* From ths New. York Sun, April 23, Charles Foohtor, tho well-known aotor, has auod 'William Watts Sherman, of buncan, Sher man fc Co., for $412,000 damages for broach of contract on tho part of Mr. Sherman, in connoo* - tion with tho purchase from him by Mr. Foohtor of tho French Theatre, In Fourteenth atroot. Mr. Fochtor eayo that a written agreement was ontorodlnto between himaolf and Mr. Shor mnn on tho 25th day of Julv, 1871, whoroby tho lattor agreed to soil tho .thoatro to him for $140,000, SOO,OOO being in mortgages ’ Upon tho promises, and for tho remaining $50,- 000 Mr. Fochtor was to five a bond and mortgage providing for tho payment of $35,000 on July 25. 1873, and $26,000 on July 25,1874. Mr. Foohtor was to expend at least SBO,OOO In permanent im provements within six months, and was to tako measures to hocomo a citizen of tho United States, so as to hocomo qualified to hold land. In Juno, 1872, a further agreement was entered in to whoroby Mr. Foohtor was to glvo mortgages to secure to Mr. Sherman $80,004. which ho was to expend in completing tho repairs and altera tions upon the theatre. . Thou in October, 1872, Mr. Sherman further agreed to finish tho Alterations then In process by the 25th of November following, and to fit up and furnish tho theatre with alt such scenery, costumes, drosses, fumlturo,' upholstery, ana appointments as in Mr. Sherman's’judgment might bo required to onahlo tho manager to pro duce in becoming 'stylo tho play that Mr. Fochtor bad agreed to produce during tho season then approaching, Mr. Fochtor to manage the theatre •aa a flrat-nlanH institution. Air. Sherman woo to appoint a treasurer, who was to receive and pay all moneys, whllo Mr. Fochtor was to bo oallod manager and proprietor, and to tako public part in tho plays to bo per formed. and ~to bavo $1,500 per month for his personal nso until tho legal title fcocamo his. Two-thirds of tho not profits wore to *bo allowed to accumulate until they amounted to $30,000, whoa it was to bo applied to tho payment of advances. A deed was then to bo given to Mr. Foohtor. It is olaimod by Mr. Fochtor that thno was the essence of tho contract, and that whllo ho per formed all tho conditions on his part, Mr. Shor-. man failed to finish tho alterations and improve ments agreed upon, and to furnish tho thoatro with proper sconory, bo as to onablo Mr. Foohtor to open it and produce tho contemplated plays. Mr. Fochtor says ho was not allowed to manage tho thoatro In his own namo ; that on tho 25thof March last Mr. Sherman refused to allow Mr. Fochtor to entor tho thoatro. Ho says ho ex pended upon it, under tho agreement, up to November last, $85,000; that ho has thrown out ■of employment by Mr. Sherman's default, and lost tboroby $03,000; that ho paid SIO,OOO in sal aries ; that ho dovoted his timo, caro, and talonts to tho alterations and. repairs, preventing Ids performing os an oitor, to his damage $24,000. Ho also.says ho lost $25,000 in losing tho inven tions and contrivances put in tho building, upon which ho brought to boar tho knowledge and ex perience of twenty years. Ho had lutoudod to oroct a modol theatre, different from any other, and entirely now in its essential appointments and workings. Ho claimed also that, by reason of this broach.of contract, ho has boon injured in his good namo, famo, and reputation as an actor to tho oxtunfcof $26,000. Mr. Sherman being a resident of London, an order was granted yesterday.for service by pub lication. An order of attachment has also boon granted, tbo undertaking being SIO,OOO. A PLEA FOR THE CHILDREN. To the Editor of The Chicago T'rihune, Sm: “All next week will ho vacation I” said a Uitlo girl, as eho brought her books homo Friday night, and hor eyes fairly sparkled with joy. Yob, all noxt week tho school-houso will be shut np, and those old school-books, too. Forsixtoon long wooks eho had boon denied hor accustomed sports,’ aud boon shut up In the school-room* No wonder tho little girl was delighted to havo a whole week in which to enjoy her childish sports in tho open without any restraint from tho teacher: As my attention was called to this Utile inci dent, 1 thought this was not tho only child that was happy because tho term had closed. Thou sands wore just as happy; in fact, it would bo difficult to find one pupil in tho whole city, either young or old, who was not equally pleased at tho thought of having a week’s rest from school-du ties. Then I asked myself tho question, and I ask you tho same, Mr. Editor, “Are not tho chil dren schooled too much ? ” I do not wish to insinuate that they recolvo a bettor education than thoy need, —for, of all oarthly treasures, tbat is the most valuable; but could not as much or moro progress be made in nine mouths thau in ton ? In other words, is the acquisition of knowledge in proportion to the number of hours spout in the school-room ? Having been engaged in .teaching for some time, and noticed the progress of students, I would answer the latter question in the negative. I am not alone in this opinion,—for recently, while traveling in Minnesota, the Principal of a school in a largo town told me that those boys who worked during the cummer, and attended school only in the winter, accomplished as much as the others who attended school during the en tire year ; because they woro not tired of books and study, and wont to work with all tho vigor that tboy could command, determined to make the most of their limited opportunities. If a given lesson can bo. learned by close application in one hour, it is far bet ter- .for tbo student .than to spend two hours in careless and indifferent study; and it is self-evident tbat tho progress mode must be in proportion to the amount of study, and not to the number of hours spent in looking at tho printed page. “All work and no play makes Jack a dull hoy," is os true id tho school-room as in the hold; and, of all things, tho most dis couraging to tho teacher is a room full of children who hare become weary of their books, and go to school simply because their parents compel them to go. If the time ever oomoa when school-officers support a school for throe twelve-week terras, hav ing throe weoke v vacation lu December aud April, besides tho uaualton weeks in summer, there will bo so much moro enthusiasm and earnest ness on tho part of both teacher and pupils that moro will bo accomplished than now, and school life will be a life of pleasure, rather thau a round of dull, monotonous duties.- But, you'may say, tho teacher cannot woll find employment during tho remainder of the year, and it will bo necessary to pay the same for nine mouths’ work that we now pay for ton. Very likely, but will not the same amount of work bo done, and in a moro satisfactory manner? 1 do not propose any lengthy discussion of tho subject, I wish merely to call tho attention of those Interested, (hat thoy may consider the 'subject for themselves. Lot it bo understood that I have no personal interest, as I have never taught in this Btato, but havo boon teaching in a town in lowa, whore they are all right on this question, only thoy have p/"V • n«io fur ther than Chicago wl» po hkoly to go at present. Having •wrr*'*« ia a school moo months a year ior too last two years, thoy now propose to-have only eight months, and havo offered more for eight months' work thau they have paid for nine: and, in my opinion, moro will ho accomplished tho coming year than in the past, though part of this may bo attribuod to n change of teachers, as it is to be hoped some one lias boon employed in tho placo formerly occupied by your corre spondent, who bettor understands tho duties and responsibilities of tho teacher. Chicago, April 20, 1873. N. D. W. CAPT. WRIGHT AND THE MODOC3. Font Warns, Ind,, April 28, 1373. IB the Editor of The Chicago Tribune : Bin: Your Saturday's issue contains a atato mout (from tho Now York /Sun) of “ How Capt, Wright sunned tho moccasins of 800 Indians." Now, this is y big mistake. Ho did no auob thing. But ho did, with his own hand, begin tho slaughter of 19 or 20 Indians, against whom there was not tho shadow of a charge of J mis doing. You will allow tho statement to bo hoard, not of one who writoa of that event as a trapper, as the Sun's man says ho and Wright were, but of a soldier; and such was Oapt. Wright, though the writer of tho article referred to denies It. Ho could have easily learned the truth of my assertion had he boon so disposed. But I take the author of the denial of Wright's being an officer in tho army to bo an officer himself, and, as such, Booking to cover up the misdeeds of a brother officer by denying Wright over was one. As near as my memory nerves mo, It Is about twenty years since the Killing of those Modoos, There badbcontiry much talk of, and some trou* i' ' 1 bio with, the Indians. Boms emigrants on tho Kla math River and tbo old emigrant-rood orbaslng tho Sierra Nevada bad been killed, and much Btoallng indulged In; and, while lam satisfied • that some of the depredations wore committed by- Indians, I am equally satisfied that bad white men, whoso deeds of outlawry bad driven thorn from tbo Staton, committed fullv one-half of tho murders and thefts that wero'chargbd to the In dians. It was this trouble that caused an order to be Issued to Oapt. Wright, then stationed at Baoramonto, to tako tho omigrant-routo, and to ptirsuo and punish any Indians to whom any dep redations could bo traced. Our start was made about tbo Ist of March. Wo numbered 80 en listed men, besides officers. Wo found some ev idence of stealing by Indians, and throe or four bodies that bad boon murdered ; but saw no In dians in our march, until near April 1, except an occasional one. About this time, whoa near tho' Klamath lUvor, wo came upon a camp of about 00 Indians, squaws and papooses included. Our force boro down upon tuom. They seemed to » 0 * or Mond o ! running out to moot us, &0., «o. Oapt. Wright ordered them to surrender. ?Ivo.upall their ponies, guns, «ko. They asked or a council, It was granted; and, during this t&l k, the slaughter was began on tho unarmed Mo* opes who came out to talk, In which 19 or 30 wore £ .-Tboremainder escaped; and to-day I believe these Modocs are but avenging tho mur- Others by the orders of an officer of tbo United States. Ah Old Soldier. BLOODY WORK. fffomtciclo In tUo Indian Nation* VinitOj C, A, {April 10), Correspondents of tk« Ntotho (Jfo.) Times. A double tragedy occurred at this place, com mencing on tho 17th, and ending on the 18th iflst. Twoyouug Cherokeoa—George Cochran and Joo Quinn—bought whisky from a white man by tho name of Ruch, sufficient to make them drunk; after which they raised a disturbance In of a.well-known cyprianof this placo, she being tho mistress of nuoh. Ruch sent for and had a man como and disarm tho young Cborokoos whom ho had mode drunk; after which ho wont in with a hickory club and struck Cochran above tho tomplo and fractured tho skull, from tho effects of which ho idled obout 8 o’clock. Ruch was captured at onco and tied to tho bod of tho dying man, whore ho was kept until tho next morning, at wbloh time (about 7 o’clock), ho was taken out by a brother of tho murdered man and told to prepare for death. Drawing a revolver, Cochran proceeded to avongo Ids murdered brother by firing throe shots into tho body of Ruch. Young Cochran, tho brother of tho murdered mau, has tho approval of tho citizens in the course ho pursued. From the Dinison (7Vxa«) New*, April 20. A report camo into town last Saturday that a murder had been committed tho day before about fourteen miles from boro, in tho Ohorokoo Nation, at tho house of ono Mr, Love. Tho Btory on tho part of Frank Durham, a resident of Hunt County, about eighty miloe south of horo, is that Ooorgo Elam, tho man killed, was a horeo-thiof, and that ho passed through Hunt County on the 6th inat. with thirty-four horses, all believed to bo stolen. Mr, Durham missed tliroo valuable horses, and believing that they bgd boon taken oil by Elam, followed him up, accompanied by' four of hia neighbors, who also had horses missing. . They say that they tracked him and his horses to this neighborhood, and 'found that ho crossed a part .of them oyer Rod River into the Nation at Colbert's ferry and a part at a place lower down. Durham and party followed up to tho house of Mr. Love, whoro they found Elam and his family, and whoro ho makes his headquarters. Durham says that, as soon aa ho camo in sight, Elam said, “ Thoro they come, they aro after mo," and commenced firing, shooting Durham in tho head and wound ing him severely. Durham and party returned the fire, killing Elam, and also his little girl, 3 years old. . Elam's friends tell tho story a little different. Thoycall Durham a “Texas desperado," who, for some cause, wanted to kidnap Elam and tako him everyth© lino into Texas. They say that Elam did not firo until after Durham tried to tio him with a cord. He then shot Durham in toll dofosao. MILK. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune : Bin: While a resident on tho North Side I com plained that wo were treated badly by those who supplied uo with, aa (.hoy called It, “Strictly puro" milk ; that they put too much water into tbo milk; and tho answer given was: “ How can you oxpcct us to supply you with puro milk at G coats a quart ?" I hovo removed to tho West Bldo, and find that tho men who bavo supplied mo with milk thoro aro worso than those on tho North Bido, for tho latter did givo us about - one-half milk to one-half water, but on the West Bldo wo got only one-third milk to two-thirds water, and ; if wo remonstrate, wo aro abused. Now, it is high time that those who aro thus imposing upon tho Subllo should bo exposed, and I, for ono, am otormluod to have somo of tho milk which I buy analyzed, and, after it Is tested, to stato'to tho public the result, and the names of the per sons from whom I bought. T. D, Yak Bdckn Stbxbt, April St, 1873. THE CHICAGO DAILY UNION. ■ On Friday tho stockholders of the Chicago Daily Union held a mooting at the office of Francis A. Hoffmann, Jr., and elected tho follow ing gentlemen os the now Board of Directors: Francis A. Hoffmann, Jr., Col. Arno Voss, Wiil iamJßolHnghauaon, J. B. Quontzor, H. J. Chris toph, Mux Eborhardt, George M. Mil ler, Thomas Brouuan, Henry J. Hamil ton/ Henry AUhoff, Hermann Liob. It is tho intention of tho Board of Directors to place a sufficient number of shares of tho capital stock of that Company to enable them to enlarge tho paper to tho size of the Staata Zeilung, and to make it in every respect a first-class Gorman daily. Tho Union was "established in 1855, and is rapidly gaining in favor among our German population. NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL CONGRESS. Phestdent'a Office,) Chicago, April 20, 1873. f Tho meeting of tho National Agricultural Con gress for 1873 will be hold at Indianapolis, com mencing on tho fourth Wednesday (tho 23th ) of May. Papers which havo announced a different dato will please make tho-nocesaary correction. Jouk P. Reynolds, President. Strnngo Wlfc-Murdor Cato. Oneida County, New York, hasfurnlahodftcaso of wlfo-murdor revealed under most piteous cir cumstances. Robert Pierce, an industrious and temperate young farmer, resided there with his wife and three children, tho oldest of wjiom was but 4 and tho youngest a bubo of 1 year old. Tho only defect that had appeared in his charac ter was an unfounded ana unaccountable jeal ousy that made him very harsh and abusive to his wife. Ho bad threatened her life and mal treated her until tho law . was at last invoked, and ho was put under bonds to keep tbo poaco towards her. Last Sunday-his little brother, who lives with their father near by. wont over to Robert’s house, and returned with tho story that nobody w&s to bo seen about tbo promises but his sister-in-law, and that she was asleep on the floor, Tho old man then told one of his daughters to go over and soo If anything was tho matter. The daughter wont, .aim on enter ing the house behold a horrible . spectacle. The room was bespattered, with blood, and noar a bloody axe ou tho floor lay tbo dead body of her Bister-in-law. Tho deed had evidently boon committed several days before. The two oldest children crouched together in a hod, almost in-- Bonsiblo from cold and hunger. The hijbo had wailed in’the room with Jhobody of its murdered mother until it too had become unconscious,' and so little of tho vital spark' remained that there are doubts of Us recovery. The little 4-year old said: “Father hit Mamma- with the axe. Ho got his gun and wont away.” Robert Pierce hadnot boon soon la tho neighbor? hood sincotho Friday before, but the. search for him is eager, os there is no doubt of his guilt. Chopping Ju-Ju. Tli© missionary establishments in the neigh borhood of Bounyon the wpst coast of Africa are said to bo numerous, venerable and excellent. Nevertheless it is to bo remarked that persons connected with them do not complain of any serious diminution of their opportunities for studying the pageantries of pagan worship. On the Ist of March, for instance, they wore wit nesses of a cheerful heathen ceremonial which is called “ Chopping Ju-ju.” a species of red tape indispensable in the ratification of treaties between the barbario potentates of (hat re gion. His dusky highness, King Ja-Ja of Opo bo, having agreed upon a compact with King Qcorgo of Bonny, sent to tho latter capital a} slave to be chopped up in the presence of thelri plenipotentiaries by way of sealing aud sanoll fylng the treaty. As this slave roamed for sev eral days about the etreeti of Bonny, aware of his doom, and quite Indifferent on the subject, missionary Innuonco was brought to boar on King Qoorgo, and bo was prevailed upon to offer cows and goats ns saorinclol substitutes. Those, however, tho dread sovvoroign of Opobo re jected, and King George was obliged to "chop Ju-ju ’ or forego the benefits of tho treaty. All tho people of Bonny, missionaries in cluded, were permitted to witness tho groat International ceremony. Tbo slave was first marked In a straight lino from tho crown of bis head down tho front of bis body with a sharp knife, cutting deep into tho flesh; bo was thou hold by two or throe stout follows and chopped in two equal parts: his entrails wore scattered about, and Ja-Ja’s Ju-Ju man. taking one-half ol the body, throw it Into tho ebbing lido, tboßonny Ju-ju men taking tho other half and doing the same; It is consoling to know that tho victim of this diplomatic necessity was not wholly Igno rant of missionary doctrines, and was solaced and sustained in his last trying moments by a firm faith that, In a future life, ho would moot the men who out him up, and would have th« pleasure of cutting thotn up in tho same way. • NEWS PARAGRAPHS. Tho now Burtls Hotel, Davenport, will cost over SIOO,OOO when completed. ' —The National Christian Association, opposed to secret societies, holds its fifth annivoraarj this year at Monmouth, 111., commencing Maj —A petrified Indian, discovered in tho bluffi on tbo North Platte, lost summer, has been son! to Yolo College. —Tho Olivet (Congregational) Church prop erty, in Milwaukee, has boon sold to tho Buis oopalians for $35,000. * —The Ban Francisco Call counts up a Ohinesi immigration of 7,C00 arrived or duo In tho Aral five mouths of this year. —Ayouugmanot Kenosha hot $2 that he could take a certain man’s noso between hit thumb and finger. ’-Although tho said certain man was a church deacon, the said young man’s doctor’s bill was sl4. ' —Wo loam that bn Monday tho wives of two worthy citizens of Columbia County, Messrs John Smith aud Thomas Poooall, gavo birth to teven children,— tho wifo of tho former to throe and of tho latter to four. At last accounts the mothers and children wore doing well.—Satan nah(Oa.) HepuhUcan. —Robert L. Qroondyko, an lowa boy of 9 years, has recently passed an examination en titling him to a cortiflcato as toftohor of tho sec ond grado if ho cares to toko it out. Thoio will bo a paragraph in tho lowa papers somo of thoso days concluding with : “ Dearest Bobby, thou hast loft us,” Ao. —Day before yesterday, Conductor Wheeler’s train from Chicago passed through six different snow-storms, and ono heavy shower. Twice tho train passed through sections of country blessed with sunshine and summer warmth. Quito a varied weather experience for a run of 180 miles. —, Davenport Gazelle, 2 Glh. . —An item was published tho other day about tho performances of Gilbert A. Drake, of Bloom field, who stole his wife’s property and ran off with a woman of low character in this city. Tho horso and cow ho disposed of have been recover ed on a replevin. Tho moan scamp stole, among other things, a rag carpet which was made by his wife’s grandmother, who is 81 yours of ago, aud sold that. —Hartford Courant. —An American sovereign, married to a scion of Spanish royalty, recently presented for bap tism at tho font a little prince of his house. There aro said to havo been absolutely no limits to tho furious and indescribable howls and yells of that aristocratic infant when tho name—tho low and unmusical name—of “ Perkins ” was pronounced above it.' To inflict such a name upon tho descendant of a Bourbon is an outrage which oven an effete civilization cannot placidly boar. —Before St. Paul, Minn., had railroad com munication with ibo East, tho first steamboat arrival in tho spring was an ovont. of much greater importance than now. Thoro was quito a celebration, ending with a danco on the boat, and tbo steamer was given tho freedom of tbo city,—that is, was allowed to use tho iovoo freo of wharfage all the season. —Tbo transportation of coals to Newcastle, according to tho Now York Herald, is, from be ing a proverbial expression, m a fair way to become a fact. That paper learns that tho Croat Eastern, after laying tho now Atlantia cable, is to tako a cargo from Cow Bay to Europe, on nor return trip, of 15,000 tons of cool, and that ono of tho principal shippers in Capo Breton baa contracted to load the monster stoamor in fifteen days. —Tho Ban Francisco Alla is responsible for the story thafa Nevada lawyer had os a olionfc * m»a accused if murder, and that tbo principal witnoea in his favor being his wife, who was incapacitated from giving testimony by reason of her relation to him, ho got tho murder trial postponodf brought suit for divorce in her bohatf and so* cured it, ond thou triumphantly placed her on tho stand to secure tho acquittal of hor husband. —A doctor in Groonvillo, B. 0., writes to tbo local newspaper to say how ho treats cerebro spinal meningitis. Ho bathes tho spino with spirits of turpentine, and then passes over it a well-heated smoothing iron for fifteen minutes. At tho samo timo ho gives quinine in hor.oio doses, each followed by a heroic dose of bromido of potassium, combined in solution with an or dinary dose of solid extract of hyosoyamus. Ho throws in at tho samo timo great doses of calo mel. After such treatment it is evident that tho Soar patient must either dio or got woll in solf ofonse. . —Tho witches* cauldron in Macbeth is now nob merely a picturesque myth of tho stage. Tho other day two French fortune-tollers wore tried at a town near Paris for obtaining 800 franca from their dupes by furnishing them with thoso two charming mixtures: “ Camphor and ossonco of cloves, with rat-broth a discretion and “ elixir of toads and powdered rhubarb in equal parts.** The hideous old dancers on the Scotch heath couldn’t have made a moro ingenious re ceipt. There has been nothing like it since tho English King's phyoicians gave him that nico medicine of ground skulls. —A pathetic incident occurred during tho floods at Binghamton. A Sirs. Fox, residing near tho cemetery gate, hoard, in thomorning, a pecu liar moaning in tho direction of tho cemetery. Going there she found a little child waist-deep m water and weeping near a head-stone, which marked a lonely grave. Upon being quoationod she aaid that she lived a* long way off. She had hoard that tho graves wore covered By .water, and she feared that her mother’s would bo washed away. Bo she wsut to keop her poor watch and ward beside it. Sho was kindly cared for, and returned to her motherless homo. —The gossip-mongers of Paris are enjoying a morsel of scandal about a young verdant who became infatuated with Cora Pearl, tho gay As pasia of that city, so much that ho employed a cunning silversmith to devise a cup ot groat cost, tho lower part of which was a model of Cora's hand holding tho stem of tho bowl, which was a model of her exquisite bust. Tho model ing alone of tho cup, which was of superb work manship, costß,ooofrancs; but, as tho lover’s purse was not so rich as his affection, tho brill iant domirop bad to pay tho bill horaolf; and her admirer now refuses to part with his unique goblet, which ho can keep to hold tho tears of blighted lovo. —A provision in tho now “Insane” law pro vides that “ no fomalo shall ho taken to tho hos pital (by tho Sheriff) without tho attendance of some other female, or some relative of such per son ; and tho Superintendent in his acknowledg ment of delivery must state whether there was any'such person in attendance, and givo tho name or names, if any,” Tho frnjnor of that law must have regarded tho Sheriff with a sus picious oyo. Why did ho not make a provision obout tho return trip of tho Sheriff with tho other fomalo ? Certainly tho maker of that law Is rather inconsistent.—Omafta Bee. —The coming postal card will ho doubt bo a good thing and a convenient thing, but human perversity and ingenuity can make oven good thiugstho vehicle of injury and dishonesty. In England, those cards on their introduction were made the moans of anonymous slander and in* decent ribaldry,. In Franco, in at least one in stance, they wore mado tho agency of a very adroit swindler. An enterprising chevalier d’in* dnstrie addressed to himself several cards call ing npop him to receive money duo hlmj and notifying him of tho success of his addresses to a lady who possessed a very handsome dot. Tho curiosity of a hotel-keeper led him into the loss of his money. Ho lent, the man who was so w6ll off, and with ouch fine prospects, 10,000 franc's, and could glvo no hotter reason for hi a act than that ho was proud to ho tho creditor of one who already possessed so much. A Prophecy About tho Stoamot Atlantic* Tho Boston Times relates the following In cident of the lost Atlantic 5 ‘‘ When about miu oooan a curious Incident occurred, which if true, as related to our reporter, is very unaccountable. The steerage passengers say that at about that point on tho voyage two or throe of tho passen gers declared, as if gifted with tho spirit of Erophooy, that the ship and all on board would 0 lost. They kept repeating tho prediction, packed their carpet-bags and wont on dock to watch for chance passing vessels, saying that they wore going to leave her, as they wore sure she was doomed to destruction. The Captain tpop intervened and looked them up as mad man,.and when tho prediction they had mado in tbolr supposed insanity received Its fearful ful fillment, (hey, it is oald, perished In oonfin* meat*

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