Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 1, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 1, 1873 Page 2
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f 2 J NEW MEXICO. Ilow the (Hovorimicnt Ap pointments Are Filled. The Indian Department Ap pointees, and Their • Evil-Doings. Profits of Philanthropy—The Key to the Indian Bureau, Something About the Climate of the Southwest. Important Facts for Honltli-Seok- ors to Consider. Correependinee of The Chicago Tribune . • Santa Fx, New Mexico, April 12,1873. Alter a four months’ sojourn in this Territory, t will venture to state a few facts in regard to tho country, climate, and people. The actual settlors, who ore honestly endeavor ing to maintain themselves by agricultural pur «ults, stock-raising, etc., have much to contend Against. Scattered over a vast extent of terri tory, they are comparatively defenceless, and unable to protect themselves or stock from tho depredations of roving bands of Indians, Mex icans, and others not willing to earn their broad by the sweat of their brow. Tho Civil Service and Territorial offices aro in variably filled by IMPORTATIONS FROM TUT. STATES i which is a vory convenient way for tricksters and demagogues, with tho dignified title ol statesmen, to reward their friends lor political dirty work. This class cannot bo looked upon as permanent residents. They are generally limited to lour years, and often a loss period, in which to 44 make their pile,” and their termination of office visually terminates their residence in tho Territory. Consequently, they have no interests in common with tho people, or in tho advance ment and development of tho country ; but, on tho contrary, citizens and innocent families aro often mado to suffer at tho hands of rovongoful savages for tho perfidy of worthless aud worse than useless Agents. As a vory intelligent and well-informed gentleman remarked to mo, 44 Those follows fight and spend money to obtain appointments at an annual salary of $1,500 to $2,000, and in a fow years wo find them back East, living at their ease and comfort, In brown fitono fronts, aud surrounded by every luxury their ill-gotten wealth can procure,” Tho gen tleman cited several instances of this kind in which ho was personally acquainted with tbo parties, and familiar with tho true record of their Indian career. As a class, they ARE VERY SYMPATHETIC, and over ready to mourn over the wrongs and outrages perpetrated on poor Lo I A Mr. tooli such a deep Interest In the condition and affairs of & certain tribe that ho never ceased in his work of philanthropy and love until he had obtained an appropriation of $600,000 for them, of which ho appropriated to himself the trifling sum of $300,000, out of pure sympathy and disinterested friendship for Lo. They al ways maintain (very reasonably, too) that it is cheaper, bettor, and more humane to food the Indians than light them. This is all very true, and no doubt would bo an excellent policy if properly carried out; but Lo may consider him self a lucky Indian if ho gets one-quarter of tbo amount appropriated for him. With the present political chicanery and machinery to maintain, it CANNOT BE EXPECTED OTHERWISE. Bo long as follows (“ worth makes tho man, want of it tho follow”) having seats iu tho United States Senate will, as Chairmen of executive committees for political organizations, dictate, cause to bo written, and send out over their own signature, threatening letters, demanding cer tain amounts of money, for campaign and polit ical purposes, from those holding Government offices by virtue of political patronage; so long as such honorable and statesmanlike examples are before them, just so long it may bo expect ed that their political proteges will steal to mako. up for such patriotic contributions and all de ficiencies. Tho Indians, renegades, and outlaws through out the Territories are kept comparatively quiet by the moral effect of -the presence of THE MILITARY { and it seems reasonable to suppose that tho hand that controls and holds tho savages in check should bo tho ouo to feed thorn. Tho cor rect and thorough system of keeping army ac counts, the constant surveillance of commanding officers, Inspector Generals, and others, render fraud a thing almost impossible, and sure of de tection if attempted. Besides, what are tho In ducements for army officers—soldiers by educa tion and profession—to act dishonestly in such matters ? They ore not dependent on moro political patronage for their official position, or changed by every wind of doctrine. They have at stake their pofession, good name, and record as officers, as an incentive to tho faithful per formance of their duties in an organization whore neglect,.dereliction of duty, and fraud are punished by court-martial, which, in such cases, ‘ *lly moans a cashier and life-long disgrace, ' 'Who can estimate the amount of money that would bo annually SAVED TO THE GOVERNMENT by lopping off an army of civil Indian Agents, Superintendents, Sub-Agents, Special Agents, ‘i-.-'.ors, jobbers, and gonoral Grokors, at . ent engaged in tho business ? * The Indian seems to respect and entertain a little wholesome fear of the military,—those having authority, and able to enforce their or :’:r9, if not otherwise properly complied with; but, being a national organization, instead of political, it is not presumed thoy will bo called upon to act in any other capacity than at present, viz.: Saving tho scalps of rascally Agents, and ■’ingmilitary escorts to tho Commissioners; which shows with what Implicit confidence and faith tho Quakoriy men of Peace repose in “Ye :.nom of yo gentle savage." OP MY OWN PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE, I am aware of an individual, holding the im ; ‘.„nt and responsible position of Suporintond nt of Indian Affairs, who, iu 18G4, wore tbo -r.M of a Hospital-Steward, and was then a more boy iu years. I know of nothing :ry to tho young man’s fair name and etor while occupying that place. Being •: iy wounded at the time, I had no need of ic, or any occasion to tost tho quality of his .ilia; andean only presume that his duties as ! toward eminently fitted and prepared him for ibe'important position ho now occupies. Neither .'ould I mention tho matter, but for tho fact ‘.hat I was nhowu a newspaper article hailing the idvont of tho boy in tho Territory, dubbing him l( Colonel," ana speaking of his gallant ; rvicoH during tho War of tho Rebellion. (Vhonco came all this information ; and in what A-cl-fought battles did tho Colonel (?) take inch au active and gallant part ? (By the way, to has since beeu reported to the authorities at 5 hington, for alleged frauds in tho purchase )f cattle.) But it is not my Intention to entbc nto any longhty details or personalities in re-. ;ard to those matters, although 1 have carefully " ctod facts and obtained information from ho most reliable sources. Lol mo rather turn to a subject by tho dlucua ;lon of which I may possibly benefit others. I ; far to tho OUMATE Of NEW MEXICO, nd its salutary effects ou bronchitis and phthi jis. I have closely observed all eases brought to _.y notice, and, when not too far gone, have marked their dooidod improvement. Many, uu ablo to stand tho dry, braciug atmosphere and ""ude of Banka Fo, And it ploasaut and agroo blo for thorn in tho viuiuity of Masaollo, Loa Cruces, or FI Paso, whore they have a much warmer climate aud lower altitude. Several who ont down during tho early part of tho winter, md from whom I havo hoard, report ' *voH very much Improved. Indeed, tho only i.ioufj objection I find to any part of tho Tor itory, as a resort for pulmonary invalids, Is on ccount of tho high winds and ftlkalidunt.which, n my own caso, I found to bovory irritating and - ivo. Pueblo, Col., 118 miles south of )o~uvor, was tho worst alkali district through ,-Jiiob 1 passed, aud 1 am satisfied it is no place or consumptives. In fact, no loss than fifteen during the six weeks previous to my Arrival. This cheering piece of intelligence made mo Loro, to oloal riwhllo away; and I did not find any suitable or doslrablo place to slop until I reached Santa Fo, 800. 25, uinco which time I have continued to improve. Mr. John P. Olmn, Observer of the Signal Service, U. 8. A., at this station, bonded mo tho following condensed copy of his meteorological ivr-i for tho year ending Deo. 81,1672 METKOnOLOa'ICAIi Ivr-POBT Moan of barometer for tbo year, 20.835. > Total rain-fall during tho year, 0.87 inches. The wind traveled 60,330 miles, with tho prevailing direction north. Monthly moan of thermometer: January, 37 do- Jroca} February, 84 degrees; March, 89.8 degrees; prll, 45.8 degrees; May, 68.1 degrees; Juno, 00.0 do* 6 roes; July, 67.8 degrees! August, 87 degrees; Bop smbor, GO degrees; October, 41) degrees; November, S3 degrees; December, 83.0 degrees. Mean of ther mometer for the year, 49.3 degrees, Tho highest ob served temperature during tho year was 88 degrees, and tbo lowest 6 degrees below zero. It must ho remomborodthat those observations woro made on tho north eido of buildings, where tho sun-rays never roach. During tho mouth of January last I have often noticed a difference of twenty degrees in tho temperature between sunshine and shade; and I have experienced but few days during which outdoor exorcise was not pleasant and agreeable. Not wishing to roly on my own personal ex perience and judgment in those matters, I called on LEWIS KEKNOH, M. D., of Santa Fo, who has had an extensive practice in Now Mexico for twenty years. He kindly fur nished mo a copy of a letter, written by him to a member of tho profession East, in which ho Bays substantially as follows t It Js certain that, oven when tbo lungs were irrepar ably diseased, very much benefit ban resulted. In valids have come hero with tbo system falling Into tubercular rule, and tbolr lives boon astonishingly prolonged by tbo dry, bracing atmosphere. Tbo most amazing results, however, aro produced in warding off tbo approaches of phthisis: and lam sure there are but few cases which, If sent hero before tho malady Is well pronounced, would fall to be arrested. Where hardening baa occurred, or oven considerable cavities been established, relief astonishing takes place. Tbo lowest death-rate from tubercular dlsoaao In America Is In Now Mexico. The census of 1800 ami 1870 give 25 per coot lu Now England, 14 In Minnesota, from 6 to 0 in tbo different Southern States, oud 8 per cent In New Mexico. I bavo never kuown a case of bronchitis brought hero that was not vastly improved, or altogether cured; and asthma as well. ... . Ilbourantism, or diseases of tbo heart with or without rheumatic origin, do badly hero. Valovlar dltlloully in that organ Is Invariably made worse. But tbo most astonishing effect of this climate is seen lu those cases of general debility of body and mind,—that used-up condition, tho pestilent nuisance of physicians in tho groat cltloa. People come hero in a sort of dobacalc, having little hope of living, and often Uttlo desire to; and tho relief Is so quick as to soom miraculous. 1 have no doubt that,when moans of access to this coun try are better, and therefore It Is bettor kuown, It will rival or supersede Florida, Madeira, Nice, or Dr, Bennett’s much-vaunted paradise of Mentone, as a sanitarium, Tho'.comitry Is far distant from either ocean ; it Is utterly free from all causes of disease. Tho atmosphere Is almost as dry as that of Egypt. Tho winters are so mild that there are not ten days In tho whole year an Invalid cannot take cxorcb-o in tho open air. Tho summers aro so cool that, In midsummer, ouo or two blankets are necessary to sloop under. Tho whole Territory, has been always astonishingly free from opldomlo disease. For weak or broken-down children, thoro Is surely nothing like It on tbo face of tho earth. With them, tho Jaw of survival of tho strongest seems not to obtain nt all hero. In conclusion, I would say, should auy one de sire to como to tho Territory von THE BENEFIT OF 1118 HEALTH, lot it bo with tho advice of a good physician, who confidently believes that the dtaoaso has not progressed too far to bo cbockod and its rav ages repaired. Neither must ho cxpoct to find a laud overflowing with milk and houoy; but ho roust como prepared and expecting to 44 rough it,” and, my word for it, ho will not ho disap pointed. A good supply of cooked food should do prepared before leaving homo, for tho Jouruoy from Denver south. It will koop iu this climate an indefinite length of tlmo. On tho 15th of Docombor, near Fort Union, N. M., I lunched ou ham, beof-tonguo and other food cooked in Chicago on tho 21st of November. Thoro is a class of invalids who, I am sorry to say, CANNOT AVAIL THEMSELVES of the benefits of this climate. I refer to cases where degeneration of the lung-tissue has gone too far, and euro by tubercular absorption or ex pectoration is a thing impossible. Tills country is principally all clmate, but not enough to give any one a now pair of lungs. Hundreds of invalids have flocked to Oolorodo and Now Mexico,.expecting to And relief, only to meet speedy and certain death, on account of the altitude, consequent lightness of the almos {fiioro, and great difilculty they experienced in jroathlng,—a difficulty experienced Vv perfectly healthy persons on first reaching the Territories. It is no matter of surprise that those iu the advanced stages of the disease, on reaching the Territories, fool— With dewy damps my limbs were chilled; My blood with gentle horror thrilled; My feeble pulse forgot to plcy ; I fainted, sunk, and died away. To every one I would say, if you oxpoot per manent benefit, COME EARLY, OK COME NOT AT ALL. It would bo more’ meaaaut and easy to die at home, surrounded uy kind friends, than in New Mexico, deprived of every luxury, and oven tho necessary comforts and conveniences of life. THE PUDDLERS. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sin: In behalf of tho Puddlora’ Union (of which I am a member), I wish to mako a state ment by way of correcting some erroneous ideas concerning tbo above, which appeared in an edi torial in your issue of April 18. I will not take up your space by giving your readers tho par ticulars concerning tho question at issue, hut I think it is nothing but just and fair for me to toll them and you that this Western Iron Com pany, also tho Union Bolling Company at Bridge port (of both which companies Mr. Chisholm and son are the. head and front), aro tho uncom promising and moat hitter enemies to all Unions and Tnion men, except; it is a union of capital for tho special purpose of controlling, and, in a measure, owning labor. And now as to tho charge against Unions in gonoral, that thoy claim tho right not only to quit work themselves, but also to koop all other men from tho work they have abandoned. This, to a cortrlu extent, is correct; but tbo Puddlora* Union long ago came to the conclusion that strikes aro groat evils, and os such to bo avoided if possible ; consequently, its members never enter upon a strike, uavo at tho last ex tremity and when all else has failed. Honco wo claim tho right not only to quit work ourselves, but also tbo right to uso all legal moans to pre vent others (ignorant of tho circumstances) from going to work in our places. And this, in many instances, has boon dono, to tho satisfaction of both ourselves and tho parties, who, in most cases, had boon, brought there through misrep resentation, oithor by tho bosses themselves, or other interested parties.—showing conclusively tho orrouoousuess of tue assertion “ that wo must of necessity array ourselves against law and the public peace." Allow m 6 to soy, further, that none moro strongly deprecate any infraction of tho law by its members than tho Pnddlors* Union ; conse quently tho Knightsvillo affair is strongly con demned by all of us ; but tho blamo should bo S laced where it rightfully belongs, on tho shoul ors of a few hot-headed, prejudiced men (minors os well as pnddlors). But they claim that thoy wore forced, into it by tho negroes themselves. Audi, in order to show that this is au isolated cose,—tho exception, not tho rule, as tho writer of said article infers,—l could point out moro than a dozen recent cases of strikes whoro tho men in some instances wore dofoatod and in eiomo victorious, but not one wherein intimida tion was used. A few will perhaps suffice: Phillipaburgh. N. J.; Oxford, N. j.; Bridgeton, N. J.; Danville, Pa. (which is not yet settled); Akron, O.; Cleveland, 0,; and several in Pitts burgh. In IhoHo, as in others, thoro was no killing, no burning, no destroying' anything or anybody. In conclusion, allow mo to state that neither tho Union nor its members have tho slightest ambition or desire to imitate (either directly or indirectly) “Procrustes" or any other highway man, ancient or modern. Yours respectfully, for both sidos. Joum Wash. Omo&ao, April 2a, 1873. THE WEST CHICAGO ELECTION CASE. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune , Bin: My name having boon brought some what into promlnonco on account of tho “ West Chicago Election Case,’* and thoro being a by law of sold town requiring ton days' notico fora mooting of the Board of Town Auditors to con vene, I avail myself of this modo of addressing thorn,—Judgo Williams having dooidod that it would not ho “ policy M to grant an injunction la tho present state of the caso, restraining Mr. Amhorg from proceeding to mako tho assess ment, and also virtually deciding that tho only way to got at tho merits of tho caso, so far as tho legality of tho late election is concerned, vould THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1873. bo to proceed in ibo nature of an information , or quo warranto.—thus making the matter a contest between two individuals, viz.: Mr. Amborg and myself. I shall certainly doolluo to havo my, name used in the mode proposed, having no personal interest in this case other than as a tax payer,—leaving it to those’who are more largely interested ns lax-payora than myself to deter mine whether the 20,000 votes of the Town of Wont Chicago must submit to have tboir ofllooa filled, and taxes levied, under such a preposter ous proceeding as the General Township Organ ization law In its application to tho towns In the City of Chicago, requiring all tho voters of said town to assemble at one place to elect their ofil core, and transact their annual town business. W. 11. lIEAFrORD, OIIIOAQO, April SO, 1873. CHICAGO AND ST. LOUIS. The llnllroaa System of Kansas All Tributary to €hlcatro«»Tlio Wall of a St* Louisan* Ltavemcorth City (April 20) Correspondence ol the St, Louie Globe. During tho past two mouths your correspon dent has traveled constantly through tho eastern portion of tho State of Kansas. I have visited all tho important towns In tho State, and have taken caro to oarofully noto tho ten dencies and directions of trado and com merce in this young and growing Com monwealth. I have discovered that almost tho outlro railroad system of tho State is tribu tary to Chicago, whereas it should naturally and Sroporly ho to St. Louis. The Missouri River, ‘ore Scott & Gulf Road, extending from Kansas City to Baxter Springs, is owned and controlled by the Joy interest, runs in connection with tho Hannibal & St. To Road, and, as far as possible, sends tho produco of tho ontiro border tier of counties south of Kansas City to Chicago. Tho Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Rond, extending from Kansas City and Leav enworth to Ottawa, thoro uniting anil pro ceeding to the Indian Territory, is in the eamo interest. This road traverses a rich and fertile region of country, tho ontiro trade and produce of which are directed toward Chicago. Tho Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fo Road, extending front tho northeast to tbo southwest comer of tbo State, commanding tho vast Texas cattle trade, is solely in tho interest of Chicago. Tho trade which is thereby carried to the rival of St. Louis Is immense. Tho vast system of roads under tho general name of tho Missouri. Kansas & Texas Rail road, one division of which extends from Junc tion City to Parsons, thoro uniting with tho So dalla Division and thence extending to Toxas, constituting one of the most important and pow erful corporations in tho country, is certainly in the interest of Chicago. It is about completing its connection at Hannibal, Ho., thus forming a direct lino to Chicago. Even tho lltllo insignifi cant branch leading from Holden toPaola.ia only biding its time, when it will bo extended through tho centre of tho Stale to Emporia, thus swelling the groat stream that is already Hewing toward Chicago. In view of tlioso facts, wo ask if it is not high tlmo that St. Louis should arouso to a sense of her true interests, before she is hemmed in and cut off from this great and rapidly developing State. St. Louis needs more railroads extending cast and west through Missouri and Kansas. Her merchants and businessmonbavotho wealth to consummate such enterprises, but they lack energy and enterprise. Had St. Louis displayed the energy and sagacity that Chicago has. in reaching out in . this direction, the ontiro Btato would bo pouring its produco into her warehouses, and bringing back -hot goods in exchange. It is a common remark with tho merchants of Kansas, that* 4 * St. Louis don’t cavo for tho trade of Kansas.” Whether tho senti ment bo true or not, it is acted upon and thor : oughly believed by a largo majority of tho mer chants of tho State, while it is gratifying to boar of the increase of population and business cf our great city, yot wo would warn bor not to lie supinely on her back, dreaming of security and permanent growth, while her rival is steadily robbing her of the natural sources of her greatness. FRUIT. Berlin Eights, Erie Co., 0., April 20, 1873. Wbat shall wo do with our fnrit ? This ques tion, recently diacuosod by our Town Horticultu ral Club, is yearly becoming of greater import ance to every fruit-growing locality. This is es pecially true whore berries, peaches, and other frail fruits, must reach the consumer through express companies and commission-men. For, oven whore honest returns are made, an unlook ed-for glut in the market, extreme hot weather, or unavoidable delays, must often result in such losses during tbo ripening season as to bal ance all the profit of tho more fortunate shipments. Wo must have some method by which this perishable fruit can bo preserved, either by drying or canning,—thus avoiding tho break-downs, and preserving tho fruit for future use for tho Consumer, and securing the producer againstloss. But a cheap and effective method of thus preserving fruits requires an outlay of capital not often in tho hands of the growers. There must bo 00-oporation, and a company making this its special business, as a necessity of every fruit-growing locality. Hence our Club extends a cordial invitation of such an industry to tho flattering locality of our beauti ful town, as being one of tho best fruit-regions in tho United States. For further information, address Jas. Frisdie, Chairman of Committee. FRUIT-PROSPECTS IN SOUTHERN ILLINOIS. Makanda, Jackaon Co., HI., Apr!* 29, 1673. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bib : Tho groat storms which swept Chicago and tho Northwestern section of tho Union dur ing tho past winter materially injured tho fruit interests of Southern Illinois for tho season of 1873. Tho huddod pcach-trco buds wore entirely destroyed ; yot tho prospect of a good yield of seedling poaches, together with apples, pears, and quinces, woro qulto encouraging until tho night of tho 25kh inst., when wo woro visited by ono of thoso pestilent spring frosts (tho bano of tho fruit-grower hero), which created sad havoo among tho latter. Tho orchards, tho day pre vious radiant iu bloom, now look as if tho fire king had winged his flight through thorn, and switched with his flaming tail each treo as ho swept along. Tho crop of strawberries and grapes is likewise greatly lessoned by tho same frost (tho mercury Going at 28) ; and, ns to tho raspberries, they woro largely “dono for" before the spring, so that it now really appears doubt ful whether it would pay tho Illinois Central • Builrcmd to run its accustomed fruit train honco 'to Chicago during tho coming fruit-harvest. Respectfully, Bell Irwin. “FRESH PfIEAT TROUBLES” AGAIN. Tv the Editor vf The Chicago I'riirane : Sms Your piquant article under tho above head, In yesterday’s issue, assorts that, “While an evil star was in tho ascendant, .... tho Northwestern Gns and Water Pipe Company" un dertook to run tho hotel, and “ didn’t suc ceed." What evil spirit possessed tho writer when he jricWcd that “ fresh moat," I know not. As a ' stockholder and Director, however, in said Gas & Water Pipe Company, I will state that, In tho ypursuifc of its legitimate business, it manufac tured for, and sold to, tho Riverside Company both gas and water pipe, which proved a decided success, uud contributed greatly to tho comfort and convenience of tho denizens of that sylvau •retreat; but it never kept, or “run," iu any manner whatever, tho Riverside or any other .hotel; and, if over it should feel inclined to play i * “ mine host," Us cGarter would nut permit it. a Respectfully Voum, J. I l ’. Temple, Chicago, April 30,1873. SENATOR PRATT, OF INDIANA. f Looanhpout, lucl., April 30, 1873. * To the Editor of Tho Chicago Tribune ; Siu : You do mo wrong in your issue of yes terday. I novor drew ft dollar of tho SC,OOO hack pay, hut simply took what was coming to mo as ' compensation under tho old law, turning tho bal ance into tho Treasury ($1,120.00). All this you : could have learned, had you taken pains, of tho l tieurotary of tho Souato. or Gon. Bpinnor. Yours, [ ctO., 3). D PftATT. ! In order to secure tho celebrated St. Croix ' land grant, worth about $12,01)0,000. tho Mllwau ' koo £ St. Paul Itallroad by law will have to build 840 milos of road, as follows: From Prescott i via, lUver Falls and Hudson to Superior City, 100 miles from somo point on tlda lino, a branch I to Dayllold, 70 milos from tho moth of Ohlppowa : Itlvor to Eau Olalro ond Ohinpowa Falls, with a j branch to Monominoo, 00 miles from Mouroo to i Shullsburg, thirty miles. Tho estimated cost is ~,57,000,000. THE COURTS. Troubles of a Too-Truitful Minor—Tho Hyflo Pork Condemnation Suit, Compromise by tbo Lamar Insurance Coiinmny—Discord from n $126 Organ. Criminal and Other Court Items, In tho Superior Court, John Fagan brings suit against. Theodore Schultz, Frank D. Wolff, James Fagan, Rosanna Appleton, Jomes Appleton, Elizabeth Wolff, and Charles Potcro. Complainant overs that ho Is tho towful holr of James Fagan, who died'about tho 20(h day of Fobruory, 1802; of tlio Town of Jefferson; pos- ‘ Bcssod of Lot fro. 7, In Assessors* subdivision of Lot No. 3, of Caldwell's reserve, In tho Town of Jefferson, containing over fourteen' acres of land j that previous to his death Jomes Fagan bequeathed to complainant the above described property, together with his equal share, with tho other heirs, of csrlaln personal prop erty: tho farm to bo kept for complainant's benefit until bo became ,31 years of ago ; that at tho tlmo of hi* father's death ho was but 11 years of ago and unsblo to Judge of tho value of tho property, and unaware of the foot that his father hrd uomicathcd It to him ; that by tho provisions of the will ono David L. Roberta was appointed executor thereof; thot In July, 1683, on Roberts refusing to act, Frank B, Wolff was appointed administrator; that said Wolff has wholly failed In bis duties, and In stead of administering properly upon tho estate and informing complainant of his rights, ho has devised ways and means of keeping the will from complain ant's knowledge ; that complainant never saw tho will, though ho frequently called for tho some, from tlmo to time, of Wolff, who always shirked tho production thereof, with. a fraudulent intent fo keep tbo complainant In Ignoranoo of his rights i mat Wolff, instead or keeping tho homestead and prop erly for complolnat’s use, and giving him tho profits arising therefrom, appropriated tho samo to bla own benefit, and never accounted for a single dollar; wherforo complainant petitions that Wolff may bo made to account to complainant on money for such administrative shortcomings; that Wolff impressed upon bis friends and relatives tho idea that there wasnOawin tho will: that It was not good,and that complainant would got no more than tbo other heirs ; that subsequent to tho death of complain ant's father Wolff married his sister, Elizabeth Fagau, at which Umo complainant, then 14 years of ago, chose Wolff as his guardian; that complainant became of ago on tbo 13th of Janu ary, 1873, when ‘Wolff, with fraudulent intentions jlili working In his subtle brain, set about carrying out an ovll, long cherished design of obtaining complainant's interest in tho property for n nominal sum; and con spiring with ono Theodore Schultz anfl Charles rotors, Induced complainant to go tho office of ono A. M. Bavin, a Jefferson lawyer In Wolff’s employ, and caused complainant to bo advised by Davis flint there was a flaw in tho will and that ho Was not entitled to more than tbo other heirs; that on tbeso fraudulent representations, nnd under Wolff’s advlco, ho was in duced to quit-culm all his right to tho properly to Theodora Bchult/. and Charles Peters, who wore in con cert with Wolff's designs, for tho nominal sum of SI,OOO, which sum, with interest complainant brings into Court to tender Schultz and Peters; that after wards, on tho 29th of Mnrch, tho aforesaid conspir ators, dissatisfied with their scheme to- defraud com plainant, desired him to make another transfer of his property, without consideration, to Schultz alouo; that through tho fraudulent advlco of . tho Jefferson lawyer, Wolff and Schultz, complainant did, on tbo 29th of March last, execute to Schultz a quit-claim - deed' of oil bis right to tho property without further consideration, tbo former quit-claim deed never having been returned to , him, through negligence; ‘ that during tho year 1873. and before tbo brick-making season had set In, ami during complainant's absence from Illinois,, Wolff discovered that tho property contained a very rich and valuable bod of clay, and oot to work making bricks with all duo dispatch, along with Schultz and Peters ; that complainant agreed to their pursuing tho business, ou condition that they should pay him a reasonable price for tbo privilege; that over two mill ions of bricks have been taken from tho day-bed, of tho value of $32,000, for which complainant petitions tho brick-making trio may bo made to pay him; - wherefore complainant prays for an injunction restraining Wolff and all associated with him from further use of tho property and tho day-bod aforesaid, from soiling the- property acquired from complainant by quit-dalm deed, and Mint Wolff bo or dered to cxccnto a quit-claim deed rccouveying tbo property to complainant, and that tho defendants bo summoned in a court of equity to make answer to tho several allegations brought against them. TltlC HYDE PARR CONDEMNATION CASE. The following is tbo verdict which was rendered In tbo matter of tlio petition of tbo YlUnge of UydoFark for tbo condemnation of private property to bo taken or damaged in tho opening of Forty-Urst-st: “ Tho Jury reported having visited and examined tbo land In question, and heard tho various evidence adduced, and decided that O. T. Maxson is the owner of that part of Lot 41, in Bobbins’ Subdivision of tho n. Jtf of the s. o, of n. o. of Bon. ft, In T. 39, N. It. 14, o. of 81’. M., watch lies within tbo foUowiug boundaries, viz : Commencing at tho u. o. corner of said Lot 41, thouco running west along tho n. Uno of said Lot 41 to its intersection with iho n. c. lino of said right-of-way. of the Union Stock Yard aud Transit Company’s Rail road, theuco a. e, along tho said n. c. Uno of said right of-way to a point S3 feet duos, of tho n. lino of Cot tage Grove avenue, 83 feet o. of tho u. o. corner of said Lot 41, thonco n. along tho w lino of Cottngo Grovo avenue, 83 fool to the place of beginning, aud Is enti tled to tho sum of $8,890 for tho taking of the land.” TUB UAMAB AND PEOPLE'S INSURANCE COMPANIES COMPROMISE. In tho matter of tho Lamar lusuranco Company tbo Receiver reported yesterday that in pursuance of an order ho proceeded to Ban Francisco for tho purpose of settling aud adjusting tho claims and demands of tbo Lamar Insurance Company against tbo People's Insurance Company; that tho settlement of tho matter Incurred the investigation of long and disputed ac counts and numerous differences of opinion as to tho UnblUty of tho People's Insur ance Company: that ho found that Company to bo wholly insolvent and unablo to pay its debts in full; that It had ceased business, and was pmctlcaUy dis solved; that upon an adjustment of tho accounts of tbo two companion, It appeared that tho People's owed tho Lamar tho sum of $131,852.31; that, upon an ex hibit of tho onsets and UabiUUos of tho Pooplo's Com pany, it appeared that it was able to pay 25 cents on the dollar, that tho Receiver then compromised tho Lamar Company’s claim for $33,000, which sum was paid over to him, and ho thereupon executed a full and complete release to tho People’s lusuranco Com pany. CONFIDING COPARTNERS OVERREACHED, Edward Ruboritz and L. Goldsmith, stationers, fllo a bill la chancery, against Louis Baum, for specific performance of contract. Complainants aver that, on tho 15th of February last, they knew of a good thing in tho stationery lino, whereby they could got hold,'at b low figure, df tho stock of ouo George W. Steams, a bankrupt, of tbo value of $7,000. Nat wishing to self ishly keep tho good thing to themselves, they confided its existence to Louis Baum, proposing a copartner ship In tho purchase, which ho accoptul. By agree ment they were to offer George W. Campbell, Assignee of (bo estate. $2,100 for tho stock, and. In tbo event of his refusal to treat with thorn at that figure, to ad vance their offer by slow stages until $3,000 was ten dered. Baum slyly sot to work and purchased tbo stock on his own account for (3,000, and refused to sbaro tbo profits of tbo transaction with complainants; wbereforo they petition that ho may bo mado to an swer for his breach of contract In a court of equity. ANOTHER UNHAPPY COPARTNERSHIP. Samuel Walker and Henry Coggins died a LIU In chancery against Isaao M, Rons and Winfield G. Cas per. Complainants aver that they, together with Isaac M, Roes, entered into a copartnership for tho purpose of building a house for Caspar, tho agreement being (hat each wan to provide equally towards tho expense of construction and divide equally tho profits; that Ross, however, connived with Caspar to defraud com fdalnants, and got from Casper, over and abovo hla ogltlmnto one-third of the payments a $123 organ, which instrument of concord Is tho prlmo element of discord in tho caso; that Ross was Intrusted with tho management of tho copartnership, which ho did In a manner that yielded him tho greater part of tho profits; wherefore they pray tUot tho parties defendant to the

suit way no vrougne to miswtu- ju a court or chancery, and that tho partnership which has proved so disastrous to thorn may ho dissolved. CRIMINAL COURT ITEMS, Tho Jury In tho caso of tho Tromoat robbery re turned a verdict of not guilty against Ignatius Scbocn. A quartette of youthful depredators named McDon ald, Edwards, Smith, and Hines were charged with stealing Iron from tho wharf of tho Chicago, Alton k Pacifloß. R. Co, A nolle prosequi was entered as to Smith aud Hines. Tho evidence showed that tho pris oners took a boat on tho Chicago lllvorw and rowed to tho wharf In question, and removed a valuable lot of Iron. They wero found guilty, and throo years’ Peni tentiary was recommended. J. M. Armstrong, wlshlugio replenish his wardrobe, mado 0, O. D. purchases at Pnrdridge’s and ni Nulling's to tho amount of S6B and $52. Tho youth who delivered tho goods was Innocent enough to accept In payment Armstrong's chocks ou tho Commer cial National Bank. Prisoner pleaded guilty to the charge. TUB COURTS IN BRIEF—KEW SUITS, ETO. lu Judge Porter's Court tho following hunineafl was transacted : lu tho caso of Hoscncrunz v, Valentino, defendant defaulted ami Jmlgmout was reudoiod for rlatntlffi with $463.07. lu 11. 0. Jayno v. 1-jnry Harmes ami J, 0. Kicmm, plaintiff recovered J'Wd.M. lu Thomas Wight et ul. v, w. fltoarlny and J. Tyson, plaintiff got u verdict for $1,216.70, Tho cane of Ames ot al, v. James FUn, Jr., and F. 8. Kellogg wont hy default, jmlgmout, with special oxocutiou, going for plaintiff for *3OO. lu Judge Tree’s Court, tho case of Qlorerv. St.Louis Mutual Life Insurance Company was begun, Plaintiff In tbo widow of an insurer In (ho Company, and sues to recover tho amount of a policy for 10.000. Tho Com pany contest tho claim on tho ground that tho insured committed sulcldo. Tho case is still progressing, and will ho resumed this morning. Judge Williams, of tho Circuit, and Judge Wallace, of tho County Court, did not attend yesterday. Tho caso of tho Louisville Courler-Jourunl Company v. Tho Warnor Proprietary Medicine Company was tried in tho United States Circuit Court yesterday, be fore Judge llopUns, and resulted lu a verdict for plaintiff for SBtH.H. Kdward H, Jaffray obtained a verdict, lu tho United States Circuit Court yesterday, against William Held for $4,113.00, Tho caso of I. F, ITosch, for uso of I. F, Hosch ot al., tried in tho United States Circuit Court yesterday, re sulted In a verdict for plaintiff with $1,205.07 damages. Tho caso of Theodora U, Davis, llccclvcr of tho Ocean National Dank of New York, v. W. and James Drown was submitted to Judgo Hopldus, who fouud for plsiuilff, with si,‘iUJ.3a damages, Dofend&uti moved for a new trial, la Judge Booth’* Court, yesterday, Alfred flmlth brought suit against JL Parker Plorco and Joseph; Bkolsoy to recover Iho balance duo on a Salo of bricks. Tlio dofouflanla ptirchonod from plaintiff tho ruins of the Bt. James Ohnrob fur $1,500, paying |SOO canU down. A verdict wart returned for plaintiff for SI,OOO damages. John \V. J. Gallon and Harold Sproguo bring nult In tho United Sintra Circuit Court against Lowin Rhoads and Ilowlot J. Buviß, In assumpsit, for $1,400 damages. In the Circuit Court. Bernhardt Boctondortf brings suit against Edward P. EJorcr, for trespasi on the cans; damages, $5,000. In tlio niailor of F, S, Kcllog, an insolvcnt'scmls mnn, West Madison street, It. E. Jenkins was appoint ed Assignee. ** Ida J. Brown and Bella Shoo each bring nn action in the Circuit Court against tho Chicago, Alton ft St. Lojils Railroad Company, for trespass on tho case for SIO,OOO damages, Charles Androw sues William Borck In tho Circuit Court for covenant; damages, $2,500. In tho Superior Court A, R, Cook sues J. J. Monta gue, In replevin, for $9,000, william J. Brown, aumlnstrator, ot nl., brings suit In tho Superior Court against Edwin Walker, In assump sit, for SO,OOO damages. frees Johnson brings suit In the Superior Court against W. 0. Polomnn, to recover $2,500 damages, in a plea ou the case. THE LAW OF LIFE. Season by tbo Eov. Mr. Caltbrop Before tbo Unitarian Conference. The Evolution Theory, and What the Spiritual Man Must 80. The opening sermon of (ho annual meeting of tho Western Conference of tbo Unitarian Church was preached by Rev. 8. R. Caltbrop, of Syracuse, N. V., in the Fourth Unitarian Church, corner of Prairie av enue and Thirtieth street, Tuesday evening. Nearly was occupied, and tho reverend gentleman was listened to attentively. Ho selected his text from Uidmwuil tctoo of iho eighth of Ibn BpUdo io the Romans—“ Tho Law of the Spirit of Life,”—and sold wo lived in tho best possible universe, be cause there was and could bo only ono universe. There was no room for two infinities: ono universe end ono law I Precisely tho name physical, moral, and spiritual iawa wore around Blriua au wore around our earth. To know tbo law of tho dust be neath our foot, was to kuow tho law of tho starry vault above our heads. Knowing them, w 4 o had tho key to iho universe of Ufo. Tho physical and spiritual world, in ways past man's finding out, incited in God's sight, and made to Him odo universe and one law: one law for., star and worm, ono law for rock ana man, ono law for body and soul, ono law for earth and hcavon. That law to Illm was tho law of (hat spirit of lifo which pervaded tho whole agency—tho moving forco of tho whole. Tho loxt was an affirmation that tbo spirit of lifo forever acted according to law. and Immediately suggested tho converse proposition that tho foundation of law was tho spirit of life. These wore tho two oillrmatlons tho spiritual man had to reltcratd to-day, because the first was tho direct opposite of tho religious error, and tho second of tbo scientific error, Tho religious error was that Ufo is lawless, tho scientific error that law is lifeless. Religious error had cer tain ground to stand upon. and could quote its passages very devoutly. " Tnowind bloweth where It Ustoth, and thou bearcat tho sound thereof, and cannot toll whence it comoth nor whither lb goclb,. so is every one that Is bom of tho spirit.” In other words, tho entrance of the spirit was a beautiful sur prise. God came to us without bcUs ; wo beard not tho faintest footfall bn' tho floor, and yet the angel of hla presence was with us. -To many minds tbo quotation convoyed an impression 'hot of surprise, hut of caprice, -as if God 'could keep away from ono soul in preference io another. It was one of tho tasks of the spiritual man today to show that tho spirit cannot blow capri ciously upon ono and capriciously refuse to blow upon another, but that tho breath of God entered equally two souls alike, bo they as far apart as tho antipodes. Ho was to show that, In the realm of the spirit, Ufo was never lawless, and to maintain' that in tho realm of matter as well ss in that of spirit law was never and can never ho Ufcloss, thereby throwing down the gauntlet to tho atheism and tho more common cynicism of the day. Gad acted on general laws, hut not in tlio way generally * believed. The law of gravitation did not govern: it was tho forco of gravitation that governed. God governed himself by being alivo all over His universe. General laws never made an applo fall, or a planet spin ; It took Uvlug forco to do that. What was tho best way to formulate tho truth sot forth in matter and mind ? Can wo give ono law for both 7 What was the law of the spirit of Ufo 1 Evolution, Tho universe wus not a skilfuUy-put-togother piece of mechanician!. It was a growth; it was a great tree, whoso branches .weto galaxies and whoso buds and blossoms woro stars. From tbo universe of yes terday tho universe of to-day was forever bom— , evolved by the constant action of tho spirit of Ufo upon that universe. Tho evolutionist based his theory ou a single phenomena; prove anything to tho contrary and ho would glvo up tho whole. Tho religionist evolutionist would glvo up aU his theory if it could bo shown that there was anything evolved outside of or without God. God to him was not a mere bug boar, but a spirit vrhoao fullness fiUolh all m things. and • whoso law was tho law of ftU tilings; to him God was everywhere, la everything, and around everything. Tho religionist evolutionist did not put God farther away than boUav ' log hearts longed to have Him. On tho contrary, his object was to persuade men to accept tho groat goner aUxalions and quiet hints of science, because ho sees that they trill accrue to tho benefit of tho soul. Tho old concepUon was that God created two persons, a man nud a woman, and that tho uncounted millions of their descendants wore bom “by natural causes.” Tho thought of to-day taught him that God created hla body from tho tiniest germ, and was creating It every day, and hour, and minute, Can that bo proved? might bo asked. Tho question was a hard one, but they must understand that in matter God was a concealed God ; but ho recoded when searched for, not Into distance, but deeper Into tho heart of things,—receded as tho atmosphere did when ono tried to grasp it. In lifo God waa a revealed God. Hcicnco baa already won in her account of tbo genesis of tho world. Tho hypothesis of evolution in dead mat ter was thoroughly established, and no scientific man dared arguo against it. Science would win in box ac count of the genesis and evolution of lifo. Tbo old geology gave us a huge aggregate of unconnected epochs. Each new creation was Independent, and might as woiibavo occurred in ono place os another. Now wo wore beginning to sco that fo geology tbo law of tho spirit of lifo was, that lifo is always created by lifo, that the lower lifo of to-morrow was created from tho expansion of tho lessor life of each day; that, therefore, each epoch in geology was as necessary to its successor as a parent Is to a child ; that each epoch contained In Itself a complete epitome ofoll tbo past’ epochs, transmitting to its successor tho vast heritago of tho past, aud tho vast promise of tbo future. The plan was the plou of an all-pervading unity. This unity wus not only compatible with past diversity,—lt was tho cause of tho diversity. All In lifo was evolu tion, and wo must study hereafter every art, every science, tho laws of society and of mind—everything— by evolution—by growth. Tho thought of evolution in religion was getting Into all our best thinking. Tho most sensitive felt it tbo most, hinny dreaded tbo danger of it, fooling that tbo proper thing to do waa to bclltllo it. Until they got rid of that Idea, they- never coqld got tho Inspi ration ot God, which Ho was pouring Into men’s minds. They wero foolish enemies of Ills spirit without knowing it. Tbo spirit of Ufo was abroad In tho whole earth, evolving truth aud right eousness out of nature, and was descending into tho soul of man. Wo had ono lesson to learn: That tho amoUoratlon of society was a necessity, since it was a process of growth, ot time aud effort, and wo could only become living stones of God's living building by giving up our whole selves aud Uvea to tho free work ing of ilia law. ADULTERATED MILK AND WHISKY. Tho Mayor received a letter, yesterday, from a gen tleman who lives on tho West Side, in which ho In quires If It would not he well to c&U tho attention of tho Board of Health to tho fact that Innumerable grocers in this city aro soiling >‘mllk " at 2, 8, and 4 cents a quart. Tho writer assorts that milk cannot bo sold for tho prices mentioned, tho denier* proper pay ing the fanners more than that for it, and significant ly asks “If it would not ho bettor for tho poor people to pay 0 and 7 cents a quart for pure milk than to compensate tho physlolau and undertaker for get ting rid of tho results of drluklug swill and adulter ated is not necessary to uso tho “ slops" when tho wnolo couutry around is full of tho pure ar ticle. Tho Mayor requested (hat tho “ lunumorablo grocers "bo directed (o road tho subjoined section from Chapter 31 of tho revised ordinances: “ Ifo person shall soil, offer to soil, or dispose of any Impure, unwholesome, adulterated, or diluted milk la said’city [Chicago], nudor a penally of not less than $23 nor more than 1100 for each offense." Tho attention of ills Honor has also been called to adulterated liquors, which oro allured to tho thirsty lu bottles labeled “Ola Rye," “ Bourbon.” etc, Uo In tends to glyo tho subjoct feomo thought, and, If ho comes to tin conclusion that tho Board of Health havo power to remedy (ho uvll, ho will request them to tako cognizance of it. Query. If tho ducoctlous sold aro injurious to the public health, has not tho Board of Health tho authority to stop their sale ? Huutlug up tho rascals who adulterate milk, whisky, gin, wines, ale, and boor, will undoubtedly bo a part of tho duly of tho Mayor’s staff lu tho future. THE MILWAUKEE AVENUE EXTENSION. Tho city authorities oro endeavoring to solvoiha problem, whether U Is bettor to pay out $‘200,000 addi tional for tho extension pf Mllwonkoo avenue to Lako street or abandon the project and tho $50,000 already expended. Of tho assessment for bonoUta $73,000 has boon collected, SIO,OOO of which la lu tho city Treas ury, tho balance haying boon used in tho purchase of laud to iusuro tlioopomug. Tho money on baud way tendered to property-owners for their land but they refused to accept. They were unwise, for those those who took what wuh offered will probably not only retain it, but their land also. There yet remains to be collected s4'J,oofl, (ho debtors resist ing payment, Tho question to bo answered is, Shall the Council levy a tax of |4'i,oQo to pay tho last of the claims fur damage, or levy a lax of $50,000 to rofund tho money collected, and vacate tho laud already pur chased. Fully a quarter of a milliuu of dollars would bo required to (mild (ho proposed viaduct, which would bo 1,000 feet in length, including tho approaches. Tho 0., C. & 1. O. Hoad could be forced to pay one-half ’ of tho sum, and the other half would fall on tho North western Hoad, Tho latter Company, however, would not pay A cent, and the city would bo obliged to expend $133,000 for tue viaduct, ami $60,000 more to raise tho buildings on tho street lino to grade. The problem Is a perplexing one. and If tho city decides to vacato the street, tho railroads may bo asked to uav ths RAILROAD MATTERS. Tho Proposed lino from Chicago to Savannah. A Grand Project—letter from Mr. Hay nioiul on tlio Subject. Whoro Alderman Kolioo Should Look for His Damages. The Importance of a Southern route from Chicago to tho Atlantic seaboard woo alluded to In Tins Trib une about a month ago, and, at tho samo time, a out of a proposed railroad from this city to Savannah, On., with tho necessary explanations, was given. Tho project has taken tangible shape, and will prob ably bo carried out before long. Subjoined is a letter from W. B. Hay, jcnd, President of tho Indianapolis, Delphi 4: Chicago Railroad Company, to Mayor Modill, which furnishes some additional Information regard ing tho proposed road: Jlon. Joseph jVcdill, Mayor qf Chicago; Beau Bin: I take tho liberty of addressing you on a matter that I conceive to bo of much importance to your dly. I allude to tho contemplated ulr-lino rail road from Chicago to Savannah, Go., via Indianapolis, Ind., Lexington, Ky., Knoxville, Touo., and Augusta, Qa. Tho grand enterprise, if carried into execution, would link your city ou thoshortost lino with the throo most important South Atlantic seaports, viz.: Savan nah, Port Royal, and. Charleston. 1 think tho time has come when Chicago should seek the Immense advan tage that must result from a direct connection with tho Boutuorn ports. By this great line of railroad eho would not only unite hsrsolf with tho best cotton-pro ducing sections of tho Southern States, but would also, by tho peculiar situation of the harbors alluded to, so ouro and control, through this line, tho commerce of tho West India Islands and South America. Tho in augural movement of this grand scheme took placo at Indianapolis on tho Bth of February last. Bloco then It ban secured tho entire co-operation of tho pcoplo along the proposed lino In Kentucky, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. A chariot was Kited by Ilia Itnl Lcgliil«tuu> of Kantuohy for tho of tho proposed lino from Lexington and Ghent, ou tho Ohio River, opposite Vovay: tho Legislature of North Carolina also, at its last sossion, granted a char ter (permit with extraordinary privileges) for tbo por ■ tlon of tbo road (about 76 miles) running through that Btnto: and, as far on 1 am able to ascertain, chatters have been obtained for all tho links that will compose tho lino. Tho northern portion of tho Uno Is embraced In tbo charter of the Indianapolis, Delphi & Chicago Railroad Company. This will bo almost an alr-Uno between Chicago and Indianapolis, and will pass through Rensselaer, Jasper County, Ind., and Montl ccllo, Delphi, and Frankfort, county seats in tho Coun ties of White, Carroll, and Ohlratou respectively. A continuous lino with It la now being surveyed' from Indianapolis to tho Ohio River, and will bo milted to It byauomondmentof their charter. This will afford a much bolter and shorter lino to tho Ohio River than any now In operation, and ono, too, that never can be flnuked. The point for bridging the Ohio at Vovay and Ghent is tho boat between Louisville and Cincinnati (so stated by the engineer in his recent survey). Tho people In this fertile section of Indiana, and the pro lific Wabash Valley ot Delphi,are struggling to secure a direct connection with your city, which this road will afford them. Confidently estimating tho future great ness of Chicago, they recommend to your consideration tho grand scuomo that has been proposed, and invito ?our early attention to it. Tho sooner a hold policy of his kind in aroused the bettor, as great vantage ground ■willbo gained by It. A convention of tbo lino has been called at Augusta, Go., on tbo 10th of May, and will probably bo represented by all tho States through which tho proposed 4 road will run,. It would, I think, addgroat encourage ment to tbo scheme, if Chicago should be properly represented In this meeting; and it is part of my pur pose in wiling you to call your attention to tbo im , porlauco of such representation. Tho Indianapolis, 'Delphi & Chicago Railroad Company will bo repre sented. I Bond you a copy of tho proceedings of tbo late convention hold at Indianapolis. Knowing that enterprise Is a characteristic of your people, and that they have generally favored all tangible schemes that would multiply their advantages, increase their wealth, and forever insure tho supremacy of Chicago as tho metropolis of tho West, I hope they will giro equal attention to this, as It is certainly ono of first Importance. It would afford mo much pleas ure to hear from you soon.. Very respectfully, W, S. Raymond. Momtioello, Ind,, April 28, 1873. Tho report of the convention alluded to contains a statement of Mr. Foley, of Qrconaburg, who said tho lino, after leaving Lexington, Ky., passes tlirough Knoxville and down the valley of tno Savannah River. This whole country was rich in a groat variety of re sources of tho soil and mmo. From Isl ington to KnoxvlUo .tho road would pass through extensive coal and Iron fields, Tho route was entirely practicable, and a largo amount of work had been done between Lexington and Rich mond, and from Knoxville north forty-six miles wero graded, and thirty, miles In operation. From Knox villa south sixteen miles aro in operation, and consid erable work had boon done on tho lino from Marys ville to tho Tennessee River. The whole lino would bo 737 miles in length. Tho remainder of tho pro ceedings Is epitomized in the letter. TUB COUNCIL AND TUB M, A BT. P. It. S; To tho Editor of The Chicago lYibune: I have road two or threo editorials in The Tribune, recently, In regard to tho failure of tho Common Coun cil to pass tho engrossed ordinance giving the right of way to tho Milwaukee k St. Raul Railroad, and desire to stato thqt tho objection to Us passage seems to bo thin: Aid. Kchoo owns some land on Carroll street, and insists that tho right of way shall not bo granted ur.tU tho Milwaukee k St. Paul Railroad Company pays him for damages done by a railroad on Carroll street. Tho demand is preposterous. The right of way of tho Milwaukee k St. Paul Road extends only to Kluzlo street, and tho Company has nothing to do with tho damage to Aid. Kehoo’s property. Tho road that posses his bouso or ground is tho 0., 0. & I. 0,, whoso right of way was granted in April. 1872. Tho ordinance provides that this road shall permit tho Danville & Vincennes ortho Milwaukee & St. Paul to coma in on its track, “and if it (either road) shall not accept tho privileges hereby granted, then any other railroad may coma In.” It was not known at that time that tho Milwaukee k Bt. Paul Road would come In on this track. Tho ordinance (also provides ‘‘that they (the company coming in) shall bo ollowed to occupy tho track of tho 0., 0. k 1.0. upon such fair and equitable terms as moj bo agreed upon botweeu tho companies, and In the event that the companies cannot agree upon such terms tho same shall ho settled and determined by three disinterested persons.” This is all the Mil waukee k St. Paul Railroad has had to do with tho “ damages.” and hence on what ground of right or equity can Aid. Kchoo insist that tho Milwaukee & St. Paul Road must pay him damages received at tho bauds of the 0., 0. k I. 0. Road 7 Uo has a remedy against tho C.,0. St I. 0. Rond at law, and can compel them to pay him every cent of damago that can bo proven. It is unjust, therefore, to prevent tho Milw&ukoo k St. Paul Road from securing their right of way. Tho Aldermen and tho public do not seem to understand this matter aright, and hence tho explanation, which will euablo tho latter to comprehend tho situation, and the former to act as they should. Fiat Lux. Chicago, April 30, 1673. PHELPS, DODGE & CO. A Full Statement of tUo Cave Against tlio Firm—Wlmt Wau Compromised— Tho Correspondence* Washington, April 27,1873. Tlio following is corroßpomlouco, from tho filoa of tho Treasury Department, in rolallou to tho caso of Moßfera. Pholpe, Dodgo & Oo: Custom House, New York, > Surveyor's Office, Jan. 3,1873. j lion. George S. Tlouticell, Secretary of the Treasury : Sir: 1 herewith inclose detailed report [this report shows tho date of each Importation, aUogcd to bo fraudulent, tho vessel, mouths, Otislom-llouao Invoice. firivato Invoice, dilfurouco In value nud total amount or Uo invoice] of result of examination of tho books and Sapors of I‘holpa, Dodge k Co., Importers of motala, otng business In this city. I have endeavored to mnkti this otatoiuent as IntoUigiblo as possible, but tho largo sum involved In tho suit that has been instituted and tho long and favorable standing of tho houoo must bo my justification for explaining at more length than usual tho exact character of tho fraud and tho character and extent of tho proof. According to ordinary modes of reasoning a bouse of the wealth and standing of Phelps. Dodgo k Co., would be above tho lotlucncco (hut (mince tho ordinary brood of Importers to commit fraud. That same wealth and standing becomes on almost impenetrable armor .against suspicion of wrong-doing nud diverts tho at tention of tho ottlcers of tho Government, preventing that scrutiny which they give to nets of other and less favored Importers. It would require more thau more Busplclou to Justify a customs otficer lu questioning tho truth of tho declaration under oath of a member of this firm before tho United States Consul that an Invoice of merchandise purchased by this houso and consigned to (bom was in all respects true; that It represented the octual prices paid with all charges thereon: (hat no other or different invoice bad been or would bo furnished to any one. It would, for tho same ronsouo, require almost positive proof to justify a suspicion (hat tho momreni of tho firm did not swear to tho truth when they mado entry of these goods, and solemnly declared on oath that uo othor or different Invoice bad been re ceived by them, and that tho Invoice produced repre sented tho truo purchase price, and was in all respects: aud thatif any other or different Invoice or account was received by them they would Immediately notify tho Collector of that fact, and tho officer that should havo tho temerity to proceed without tho most positive proof to charge this or any other houso of liko stand ing with having failed to comply with tho law In these must essential particulars must expect to bring upon himself a shower of deserved odium. Feeling most keenly tho requirements of the situa tion, I proceeded with the investigation lu this caso with great caution, but having lu my possession certain papers purporting to bo copies or invoices from tho manufacturers of those goods, giving tbo sizes, kinds and qualities, with shipping marks, dates and number of packages, 1 proceeded to oomiuro them with tbo Custom House papers on ffto, and fouud them to agroo in every case in tho following particulors: lu number of pack ages, in marks, in sizes and kinds of goods, in all tho subdivisions that distinguished tbo different sizes and qunlltica under tho different marks, with tho number of packages. First establishing beyond all question tho identity of tho goods: second, that those papers were different invoices of the same goods, these in voices differed from those in the Custom House lu the following particulars, viz: In tho prices paid, tho difference per package being from throe ponce to four shillings sterling; lu omitting, in many places, tho additional charges per package from tho Custom House invoice; in omitting from the Custom House or Con sular invoice tho cost of transportation from Wales, tho pi&co of (Salivary, to Liverpool, the oltco of ib&ucnt. In olbor word, the Idonilly °f tho goods bolng oalab llßped, ana tho genuineness of (ho papers an In «*, of the firm being estab lished, this firm had deliberately violated every pro* vlnloD pf (ho law of 1808 now governing the invoicing and entering of Imported morchandlno paying ad val orem duty." By dlllgonUy comparing these papers with’ tholr Invoices on file (bey wore found to bo m tho same handwriting of their Custom House Invoices, and 1 had reason to believe that a systematic fraud hail boon per fctralcd. I (horoforo called Judge Noah Davis (the lieu United Slates Attorney) to my office, to go over the papers with mo, and ho fully concurred In my be lief that a fraud had boon committed, and assisted mo in Procuring a warrant for the seizure of their books and papers, After procuring tho warrant, however, Judge Davis suggested that ho come tomyofilco and ■end for tho members of tho firm oml say to them that If they would deliver such hooks as I might indicate, bo would not have tho warrant served. This course was pursued and they delivered to mo such bookn as I asked for. Upon examination of tholr invoice hooks exact fno simile Invoices of those In tho Custom-House wore found, to which was found at tached tu many Instances other invoices, similar la character to those hereinbefore described. This cor lalnly brought the knowledge of tho fradulenttransac tions directly homo to tho members of the firm and to each one, guldsd by the Invoice price cither In selling the goods, making xin the occounls, or In conducting (ho financial transactions of the house. Tho only es cape. and only answer that could bo made was that X’holps, Dodge k 00., In the transaction of tholr enor mous business know nothing of tho Import or moaning of tho oath taken before the United mates Consul at Liverpool; know and realized nothing of tho nature of the oath taken almost dally by some member of tho firm on entering tholr goods; know nothing of Iho law en forced so vigorously and rolentleaaly against their less favored neighbors. In fact, they have done buslnens in Now York, knowing and caring nothing for the laws, or they havo deliberately and systematically disregard ed and dolled tho law With intent to defraud tho Gov ernment. Tho total value of tho Invoices examined amounted to about ono and three-quarters of a million dollars, and this amount Is plainly and certainly forfeited to tho United States by tho statute of 1868; not by any technical construction or far-folchcd Interpretation, but by deliberately and systematically stating tho cost of their goods below (bo purchase price by a false in voice. made false for no conceivable reason but to les son the duties to bo paid to the United States— forfeited for not doing tho things commanded by tho Statute, aud which tho law made it thou duty to do. Forfeited for doing what tho statute in express terms forbids tholr doing. Forfeited because they did defraud the United States. Forfeited because no explanation can bo given or motive found for sys tematically understating tho cost of their goods, and thus defrauding Iho United Slates, except that they did Intend to defraud tho United States. If the excuse, or pretense, that they acted In Igno ranee of tho law can ho made to serve, then tho plea of ignorance may bo Interposed In any case, and tho uuent can never be inferred from any act, and the first elements of reasoning aro set at naught In tho search for some motive that will explain why they made tho two sots of Invoices. Tho items proven In these several invoices to ho undervalued, when tafccn. separately, amouut. to about $276,000. Tho per centage of loss on tho whole amount is, there fore, small, yet tho Importations of the house aro very extensive, and if tho same or nearly tho snmo percentage of fraud extends through tholr im portations, other than those Included in tho state ment, aud on which wo havo positive proof, tho en tire loan to tho revenue must havo boon sono SIO,OOO or $16,000 per year, perhaps more. Bo this as it may, tho evidence on those Invoices la conclusive, I havo tho honor to be, very respectfully your obedient servaht, B. O, Jayne, Special Agent, . Omos op the SisrnroT Atxohnez "1 op t«e United States, I Pon the SooxnEßW District op New York. f rr „„ „ „ „ NbwYoru, Jan. 2, 1873. J Hon, E, C, EanJlelJ, Solicitor of tho Trenoury: Sm: I herewith transmit au offer of compromise made on behalf of Phelps, Dodge k Co., in the suit ol tho United States vs. thomaolvca. TUo suit U brought to recover nominally $1,000,000, though the detailed statement furnished mo discloses a few thousand dol* Jura less, Tho charge is for vlolatlona of tho first flec tion of the act of Congress of March 8,1808, Tho facts iuthocnao arc as follows: Acting upon information received by him, Special Agent Jayne ai>- filled about a week since for a warrant to scl/o tho looksaud papers of tho defendants. My predecessor, after a careful examination, deemed it a proper case for tho issue of a warrant, but before it was served sent for tho senior member of tho house, and ho vol untarily produced tho books, though one of tho Junior partners attempted to keep back the one book which was especially desired, being one containing invoices and memoranda. Au examination showed, what was be lieved before, that tho defendants had committed two apparently distinct species of fraud. One of these con sisted In invoicing tin shipped from Liverpool tat tho prices paid for It m Wales, There wero with tho In voices brief memoranda slating that fact la terms, tho memoranda being Bout by tho Liverpool house, always in tho oamo hand writing, and Btaling expressly. “Wo invoice them to you at tho prices paid in Wales,” or words to that effect. There Is at hand no means of showing tho amount of undervaluation on this, account or wo have no proof of tho cost of ouch transportation. Tho other spades of fraud consisted in trilling undervaluation of some single item or class of items In an invoice in which most of tho items wero correct. There are, how ever, one or two instances in which tho whole invoice seems to havo been undervalued. There is no actual evidence of fraud in cither class prior to January, 1871. Tho hooka, tmiHior imforo nor since, contain any evidence of fraud, but it is found la tho memoranda already referred to, and in duplicate (true) invoices. If these over existed for tho Importa tions prior to about January, 1871, they havo been de stroyed. Tho Informer asserts that the frauds havo extended over several years, and there is considerable indirect proof that this is so in tho similarity of rates in standard items beforo and since January. 1671, the invoices showing tho same prices before 1671 In tho classes of goods which are shown to havo been ' undervalued since that time. Of invoices entered since early in 1671, which aro tainted with fraud, tho total value is $1,736,060. Tho items in these invoices in which undervaluations occur cmouut to $271,017.23, while the amount of undervaluation is $6,658.78. The total amount of duties lost to tho Government was $1,064,68.- Tho total importations of tho defendants aro about $6,000,000 a year. While tho investigation was going on, various proposals of compromise wero . made, but nouo of them wero such that tho Collector doomed it worth while to hold out any hopo that they would bo accepted, though I think that my predeces sor was disposed to advise tho acceptance of a consid erably smaller sum than that now offered. 1 was personally cognizant of the wholo pro coodiugs, but took no active part in them until after I had taken my oath of ofllco. I yesterday devoted considerable time to tho examination of tho papers. After careful consideration I havo decided to recom mend tho acceptance of the compromise offered. I am Influenced to this course by tho fact that tho nomi nal amount claimed is so enormous in comparison with the amount of undervaluation and fraud that I believe it would bo exceedingly difllcult to obtain a verdict for tho amount cla lined. Tho smallness in amount of tho fraud also mnkea tho amount offered an adequate—perhaps an extraordinary—punishment for tho offense committed. Tho proposal, therefore, seems to mo to secure tho two things that should bo required—an adequate sum to punish tho offenders, and a payment Into tho Treasury, not only of tho amouut diverted from it, but of as largo a sum as it is probable that litigation would secure. I am a littlo sorry that my first formal official act should bo to recommend a compromise for a sum which seems so much smaller than tho amount the, Government could Justly claim. In tho recommenda tion I make I havo tho concurrence not only of tho otll cers of Customs, but of my experienced predecessor. Your obedient servant. ’ Georok Dubs, Jr., United States Attorney, Southern District of Now York. NnwYons, Jan.2,1873. To George IJUat, Jr., Eeq., United States Attorney for the Southern District of Xew York: Sin: Ab tlio attorneys of Messro. rhelns, Dodge & 1 Co.. In llio suit of the United States against William E. Dodge and others, comprising tlio said Ann, this day Instituted for a claim of $1,000,000, for alleged vi olation of tho Revenue laws of tho united States in re lation to tho Importation of merchandise, and partic ularly tho provisions of tho act of Congress approved March 8. 1803, in respect’ of tho entry of certaln importations of' merchandise within, and during tho five years last past, wo are Instructed by our clients, whllo protesting that no fraudulent Intent has over been entertained by them toward tho revenue of tho United States in any of their acta respecting said or any Importutloiiß made by them, to offer lu compromise nud settlement of tho said claims of (ho united States, In (he said Quit, tho uum of $200,000 in United States currency, on tho solo ground that there may have been acts lu connec tion with tho entry of tho said Importations lu viola tion of tho provisions of the said statutes and render ing it proper that such an offer an tho abovo should bo made, Yours, otc,, Wakuman is Ratting, Attorneys for the defendants, WILLIAH i’DW.UIVTON, Of COUUWJI. • • Custom House. Hew Yomc, Jan. 0,1879, Hon. Ei C, Eaujleld, Solicitor of the Treasury Depart* vicnt: , Tim: Suit waa Instituted against the Arm of Phelps, Podge b Co. for tho recovery of $1,000,000 "currotioy, being tho valuo of certain Invoices of merchandise Im ported by them in violation of tho first section of the act of March S, 1803. Tho defendants offer tbo sum of $200,000 to com promise tho suit. I would recommend tho acceptance of this offer for tho following reasons j Fint— This sum will moro than reimburse tho Gov ernment for any probable loan. iSVcomf—This firm Is composed of a largo number of members, and tho uncertainty of all human aifulra, when taken In connection with tho unavoidable delays of tho law, Is of Itself a strong argument in favor of ac ceptance. Third—'The purpose and Intent of tho law will have boon compiled with. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 11. Q. Jayne, Hpecial Agent. Subsequently, and before any action by tbo Treasury. tliiu oCfor was withdrawn under mis information. It was then renewed, tho amount being increased bo aa to include tho ooata. This offer was discussed, until at last tho Secretary of tho Treasury ordered its acceptance, on condition that tho averment of innocouoo should bo omit* tod. Tbo coinpromioo adopted waa as follows : Whereas, i>y letter of E. 0. Danflohl, Solicitor of the Treasury, dated i'ob. 17,1873,0f which a copy la hereto auduexed, curtain authority is given to the under* signed; and whereas, for tho purpose of doflnlng the same more accurately, tho undersigned, ou Fob, 22. 1873, addressed to 11. G. Jayne, tho Special Agent there* in referred to, a letter, a copy of which ißliorctoau* noxeil, to which tho said Jayne replied on Feb. 24,1873, In a letter, of which a copy is hereto annexed—this in* etrunient wltuoesoth that 1 have this day received from I’holps, Dodge it Co. tho sum of $271,017.23, in full BoUlomcnt and compromise of tho claims of tho United States upon them ou account of the matters In said letters referred to. Including tho matters involved In tbo case of the United States vs. Phelps, Dodgo & Co., now ponding in tho District Court of (he United State# for tho Southern District of Now York. OEonciE buss, United Staty* Attorney, Feb, 26, 1879,

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