Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 1, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 1, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TBRMS Or BDDBOniPXION (PATAPUS IK ADVAHOR). Duly, hr mall 813.00 I Sunday 82.50 TiUWoeltlj U.OOI Weekly*,,... kf.OU Parts of a year at.ttio same rato. To pw»ont delay end mistakes, be sure and glto Post Office address In full, Including male ami County. „ t - Remittances may bo made either by dmft, osprsis, Pott OlUco order, or itv registered lotion, at cmr risk. teumk to oitv BtmßonrnKnß. , Dally, delivered, Hundny urcoptod, 2fl cents per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, 80 cents ,I’ef wook. Addresa THU TUIUuNK COMPANY., Corner Madison and Doarborn*sta., Üblcago, 111, TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. HOOLET’S OPERA HOUSE—Randolph atroot, bo tween Clark and LaSallo-at. ''FrouFrOa." M'VICKKR'S THEATRE—Madison street, between Itato and Dearborn. Engagement of Mr. Mark Smith. Ono Hundred Years Old." AIKEN’S THEATRE—WabssIi aTonno, corner of Oon irons strtot. "Unols Tom's Cabin." Ain. O. O. How ard at "Topay.” ACADEMY OF AIUHIO - llAJited street, touth of Madison. Engagement of Little Noll, "FldolU, (tie Flro-Walf.” GLOBE THEATRE—Dosiil&lnes slfoet, between Madl yon and Washington. Engagement of Mis* Lottie Es* tello. 11 White Eagle, or thoModoo War." MYEH3’ OPERA IIOUSK-Monroo • treat, between Rtata and Dearborn. Arlington, Colton A Ksmblo'a Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. "The Mixloo Ques tion." “ Quiet Lodging*." NIXON'S AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton street, be tween Randolph and Washington. McKee A Rogers* Vcndorlllo Combination. CONTENTS OP THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE. FIRST ov tub Weeks Waslilnglon-Tho Indians—Tho Slate Dupltal-Slnto Analta-PoUllcM- Foreign—Obituary—Poraonnl—Money and Huilnon- Labor^-Navlgallon—Railroads— and • Tboft-- Crime—Caaualtloa—Ftros—AUscollaueous. fiUlllEU) AND Btaulk: Ilorso-Ulstempor, or Strasßjos—lta Causes— Us Common Form. i.NOIiMOUa TION: Thu Oiishiopof tbo Allnntlo National Bank. of New York City, Embassies «6co,coo.l’ostahb Mat ters: The Postal Halos as 'ihoy Now Stand. AH ADIEUS A Poom. Butter and Cheeses Sales at tbo Elgin (III.) Board of Trndo. . ~. SECOND FAGK—liuixoiUALfi: Tho Party and the News papers—Tbo Transportation Convention at Now York— A Now Qualification for Cong«B3-l-orncj on tho PoU tlealj Situation—Tho EurokaTragody-l iilTalo and the Erie Canal—Our Indian Werda-Tbo MUiUslppl Hirer Outlet. Ciuoaoo and Father At arquette: Second Centenary of tho Discovery of tbo Kite of Chicago: A Payor by Col. J. W. Foster. Fihu-CultUße:lts Progress—Tho Kinds of Fish Adapted to ArtiQclal Cul ture. FuUIT-PHoai’ECTB: Advices from. Western Michigan. The Eureka Traosdy: Why Mrs. Work man was Not Indicted. Hors: Tho Crop In Wlscon- THIRD PAGE-The World’s Fair (with diagram): Tbo Groat Vienna Exposition-Something About tho Old City of Vienna—How tbo Great Exposition Origi nated—A Comparison with Previous World’s talra—luo Bulldlnga-Tbo Monster Dome—Tho Departments— Ufo In tho Austrian Capital—Tho American poinmli .loners, and Our Share in tho Khow-FRENCH Traits : An Essay, by Prof. William Mnthowa, of tho Univer sity of Chicago. Tim Future Life: A Poom by William Colton Bryant. Knucs of Saule Imperial jbm: Princess Souiouquo and llor Most Magnlhcont Rig—A Quarter-Million Dollar*’ Worth of Diamonds, Silk, anil Sapphires on Horseback —An Imperial Sup per—Tho Arnfdan Nights Kolipsod. American Jour-. naUrm: A Contrast, by tho Philadelphia Itett, Be tween Tub CmcAoo Thiudne and tho &sow York Her. FOURTH PAGE—Editorials : Now Parties and Pro tection—Tho Governors’ Meeting—Tbo Vienna Belinda! —Mr. Burohard and the Increase of Congressional Salary. National Aoricultuual Conorlbh: Tho Mooting for IM3. Tuk Ijobt Steamer Atlantic: A Prophesy About Her. TUE Indians: Tho Lava-Bcds tho aeons of Another I earful Massacre—A Small Body of Troops Entrapped and Shot Down by tho Indians— Twenty-lire Killed, and as Many Moro Wounded—List of tho Victims os Far as Known—HJw Cant. Bon. Wright "Sunned tho Moccasins" of Throe Hundred Mottoes, Twenty Yours Ago—Tronchory Anticipated Bo *• foro the Alurdor of Gauby and Thomas—Letter from Dr. Thomas' Son—Whit tbo Indian Commissioners Think of tbo Rodskins-ludlan Troubles Anticipated in Oregon. JUDICIAL ELECTIONS: Tho Supremo Court JudgOJhlp—Judge Lawronoo and Judge Loland—Tho Princeton Convention—Air. Peters’ Platform—Circuit Judges. Bloody Work: Four Persons Killed in tho Indian Nation. A Volcano in Iceland: Eruption of tho Skaptar Yokul. SWINDLING EXTRAORDINARY: How Illinois Farmcrit Aro Victimised. FIFTH PAGE-TUB State Capital: Tbo Railroad Bills—Discussions hi the Senate and House—Funds for tho Railroad Commissioner*— I Tho Adjournment Ques tion— Growth ol Timber. Tup. Stoum: Its Ravages in Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas. Advertisements. SIXTH PAOE-TUK FARMERS* Movement: The Tariff Question—Tbo Railroad Question—Platt County (111.) Farmers’Convention—Oregon Fanners’ State Conven tion—Tbo Transportation Convention at Now York— Tbo Patrons of Husbandry and Mr. McCormick. TiiE APIART: Farm-Jilfn as Vlowed by (ho City and the- Country Child—How to Increase thn Interest of the Latter—Tho Way to Uducato a Child for a 1100-Koopor —Condition in which Ground Should Bo Kept About lllvos—llow to Induce tho Bees to Build Straight Comb —FostonlogOomb to tho Frames Artlllclniiy. The Farm - and Garden : Tho Potato, and thoConditlons that Must- Be Supplied In Order to Its Successful Culture—Things • that Wo Loavo Undone that Wo Ought to Do. and Some Things that Wo Should Not Do—TUo Castor-Oil Bean a Perennial and an Annual—Tbo Ruiming-Ont of Varie ties. Mrs. Bam Jones: Unpleasant Things lu tho Country— I Tho Mon Must Be Taught How to Make the Country More Attractive—What tho Bowing Society U Expected to Do—A Bad Spell of Weather, and How tho Girl* Employed ThelrTimo—Botany on tuo Farm—Tbo Beautiful About tho House and (ho Farm, and llow It Is Connected With tho Usoful-Our Duty Under tho Present Condition of Things. Corn: Experiments at tho Illinois Industrial University. Winter Wheat: Tho Agricultural Department's Report of Ita Condition. JIAUPEU’S MAGAZINE: Antoine Wlectr.tho Belgian Painter—Justine. You Lovo Mo Not (Poom)—Life Un der tho Ocean Wave—The Newsboy's Debt (Poom)— The Present and Future of Japan—Tbo "Drawer." MIDDLEMEN: Tholr Function In tho World—'Dio Mid dleman a Worker and a Producer—Tho Middleman and tho Producer liach a Necessity In Ills Plaoo—Terminol ogy, and Its Tendency to Deceive. EN Rapport ON the Rails: An Interesting Story. Douule Trag edy : A Crazy Mother Strangles and Roasts Two Chil dren—She Bays that God and tho Angola Told Her to Kill Them. HUMOR: A (.’olloollon of Comicalities, EIGHTH PAGE—Financial: Chicago Money Alarkot. Commercial: Chicago Produce Alarketa—Chicago Llvo-Stock Alarkot, with Review for tho Wook— Chicago Lumber Alnrkot—Herkimer County (N. Y.) Dairy Alar k«t— European Markets—New York Dry Goods Market— Watertown (Mass.) and Buffalo Llvo-Btook Alarketa— Now York. nt. Louis, Now Orleans, Cincinnati, Toledo, Cleveland, Louisville,and Milwaukee Produce Alockou. Caluornia: Its Exports of Wheat. OUT IN THE Cold : Tbo Ploasnros of Freezing to Death. Tu£ Cm- Caqo Tiuuunk; Prospootus for 1973. BUSINESS NOTICES. GOVERNMENT ARTIFICIAL LIMB MANUFAO lory. DR. J. E. GARDNER, corner BUtooutb-st., ana Wabash ar. ( Is tbo only ono In Chicago authorized by tbo Government to furnish soldiers artificial limbs and apparatus. • ■ • • BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE. THIS SPLENDID halrdyo is tbo best in ibo world. Tbo only true and per* feet dye. Harmless, reliable, and instantaneous; no disap pointment; no ridiculous tints or unpleasant odor. Homo dies tbo 111 olfoota of bad dyes and washes. Produces Im mediately a superb black or natural brown, and leaves the hair clean, soft, and beautiful. Tbo genuine, signed W. A. Batchelor. Bold by all druggists, CILARLK3 DATOHBLOB. Proprietor. W. Y. ' Uht CTbicci&fl Qfeilmue. Tburadoy Morning, May 1, 1873. The Now York City charter haa boon aigaodby Gov. Dix, Fire millions of poutal-carda will bo for aulo in tho chief cities of the country to-day. Twelve millions wore applied for. Resolution!) approving tho “ present peace policy ”of tho Governmout towards.tho Indiana Imo boon tabled by tbo Ohio Senate. Tho House Rovonuo bill has boouaracadot* Uio Sonata. Tbo provision (or a two-mi] l school purposes has boon replace*’ appropriation of $1,000,000. [Ur The Sonnl tionlu censure of tbla State to' <iu<e<3, v owing tho llouso roaolu vho tluoving Congtoaamon of no on tho tablo for a month, ro aatorday, by a voto of 25 to 15, to givo it ousldoration. A number of Americana and half-breeds are reported to have boon killed at a trading-post in Manitoba by tho Sioux, in retaliation for tbo murder of their Cbiofn, who wore poisoned by aomo American traders. Qov. Beveridge, in a formal proclamation, calls for tbo general observance of May 80 as a day for tbo decoration of tho graves of soldiers who fell in tho Civil War, and recommends the clergy of tbo Slate to hold commemorative services on Sunday, May 25. Woman suffrage in Wyoming Territory, and the general progroua of the agitation in tbo United States, woo cited by Jacob Blight, in bis Bpeooli in tbo Homo of Commons in favor of tbo Womon'n Disabilities bill. Tbo bill re ceived tbo largo number of 155 votou, but waa defeated by a majority of C 7 votoa. Qon. Da via is now in command at tho Lava J3eda, Qon. Sherman haa determined to aond to bla support all the available troopa on the Pacific Coast, tut aaya there are not enough soldiers in the whole army to earry out tho Idea ot surrounding tho Modoca. one hundred and fifty thousand mou wore tm- abto to oloflo a circle round Allibta, which was only flvo miles lu clrcumforouco, wbilo it Is thirty miles around tho Lava Bods. None of tho suspohdod Vienna Commissioners ought, in tho opinion of tho Hpooial Commission which is probing tho scandal, to bo reinstated for tho present, although several of them whoso names aro given—Qou.Von Baron's Is not ono of them—aro found to bo without any blamo in tho mottor. A bare majority carried tho resolutions which wore adopted by tho Princeton Convention yesterday. Tho vote stood to 45)^. Tho lion. A. M. Craig was nominated as candidate for Supremo Court Judge, not withstanding his positive declarations In a letter road to tho Convention that ho would not per mit tho uso of his name. Tho friends of Judge Lawrence, ot his request, refrained from bring ing him into tho wrangle. The Conference Committee Intrusted with the task of bringing the Sonoto and House Into agreement on tho Compromise Railroad bill, rec ommended that Section 8 bo retained and Section Bbo stricken out. They would Lave tbo adver tising provided for in tbo bill done In tbo Spring field, not in tbo Chicago, papers, and propose to add an amendment to tbo eighth section fixing the period at which the schedules proposed by the Rollroad Commissioners shall begin to bo received aa pnma fade evidence. Taking moro than 7 per oont Interest lu ofclll usury and illegal m Now York Stale, according to tbo now law which ban just passed tho Legis lature. It differs from tho old law in mitigating tho punishment of forfoituro of principal and Interest to forfoituro of nothing moro than tho excess of Interest charged over 7 per cent. Tho law goes Into effect July 1, end is in force for two years. A bill to abolish tho usury laws of Ohio woe debated nearly all day yoaterdoy in tbo Lower House of tho Ohio Legislature, but was finally lost by a vote of 53 to 09. Tho Chicago produce markets wore moderate ly aotivo yesterday, in options, hut all woro very quiot ou cash sales. Moss pork was octivo aud advanced 40@500 por brl, closing at 817.05(a) SIB.OO cash, and $18.45(318.50 seller Juno. Lard was quiot, but 250 por 100 lbs higher, closing at $0.10@9.15 cash, and $9.40(30.15 seller Juno. Moats wore quiet and higher, at for shoulders, for short ribs, o@9)^o for short cloar, and for swoot-picklod hams. Highwinos woro active, aud firm at 870 por gallon. Lake freights woro quiet aud steady, at Ho for com to Buffalo. Flour was loss active, and unchanged.. Wheat was loss active, and lowor, closing firm at seller May, and SI.T% seller Juno. Com was moderately active, and %o lowor, clos ing fim at seller May, aud 40j&o seller Juuo. Oats woro rather moro active, but lower, closing at seller May, and. 33#0 seller Juuo. Ryo was quiet and steady at @7oc. Barley was quiet and firmer, at 71%@760 • for poor to good No. 2. Hogs woro quiot’and ; weak at $5.20@5.50. The cattlo trade was 'dull ,at a shade lower prices. Sheep woro firm. THE MODOC SLADQHTEB. Tho beauties of tho Administration poaco policy of dealing with tho Indians woro again illaatratod in tbo sacrifice of tho fifty gallant men who wore maimed and slaughtered Ira tho Lava Bods last Saturday. This sacrifice wus ns much a result of tho “ policy ” adopted in tho interest of Indian Agents and traders, as (was the death of Qon. Canby. Had it not boon for tho weak-minded and dilatory system proscribed at tho Indian headquarters at Washington,i tho Modoo Indiana would never have succeodcld in intrenching themselves In tho labyrinths of i tho Lava Bods, which enables them to defy a regiment of troops, and would like wise onablo thorn to defy a whole army. It is reported from Wasliington that this latest slaughter has induced an aban donment of tho pot theory that tho Indians can host be controlled by furnishing them with arms and ammunition to shoot down American sol diers, exoopt so far as Gen. Howard and a select coterie of his friends and admirers aro con cerned. If thoso gentlemen still adheroto'tho peace policy, there is a rare opportunity for them to dp the State some service. Lot them proceed at onco to tho Lava Bods and enter into personal negotiations with Capt. Jack, Shack- Nasty Jim, and their companions in eaffron huod deviltry. They should bo joined by all ad mirers of tho poaco policy, including tho major ity of tho Indian Agents. It seems to have bcoomo settled that a large num ber of lives must be sacrificed, as a result of tho poaco policy, before tbo Hodocs can bo driven from their hidiug-placos.. only fair that those lives should ho of l> aro mainly responsible for tho sy?' who *tom that baa „ry. Qon. Howard and bis example .0 others to come forward. ,* that the war againat the Modoca rendered tho encrifico necesa*' should ho the first voh’* might stixavitata tb- it is evidor* is to bo " u more desperate affair than tho moat ..orloncod Indian fighters could have guanoed. It is said that there are only about fifty Modoos loft. To oitonuinnto thorn in proportion to tbo rosnlls of tho last encounter, it would require the sacrifice of several hundred white men. Tho contest is unequal. When it costs tho lives of several hundred American soldiers, including ofilcors of high rank, dis tinguished services, and groat valuo to tho coun try, it is sadly disproportionate in point of more numbers; but who* it is remembered that tho life of one such man is worth moro than whole tribes and nations of tho rod-skinned fiends who betray and slaughter them, tho full measure of tho outrage is bettor appiooiatod. Borne policy difforont from that which bas suggested tbo at tacks on tho Modocs so far must bo adopted. Neither tho country nor humanity can afford to otter up fifty or a hundred lives with tho baro prospect of bringing down throe or four Modoo Indians. The Modocs will live and thrive upon such warfare as this. Every soldier whoso body is not re covered will" furnish them with addi tional clothing, rations, and ammunition. The warfare against tiro Modocs must be modeled somewhat after tho manner of the peace policy wldch has brought it about. Tiro process must bo dilatory. Tiro troops must bo increased so as to guard all avenues of escape from tho Leva Beds, and thoro lot starvation, disease, or winter drive tho Indians out of hiding-places whore it is next to impossible to teach thorn. In tho meantime it seems to bo a heartless wasto of human lives, that have a valuo to tho nation and a greater value to their friends and families, to expose them at auch fearful odds against tho worthless stake of rod-skins. What fight ing there may bo done during tbo tedious tax for u by a direct THU CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE; THURSDAY, MAY 1, 187JJ. procosd of Vailing should not ho by companies or battalions, but in thosarao fashion which thb Indians proaorvo. If tho services of some of tho frontiersmen and trappers, who shoot Indians as they shoot buffalo, could ho especially engaged, they would do moro oCQclout work in tho present situation than troops of cavalry and regiments of artillery. If the Indian lobbyists and haugoro-on at tho Interior Depart ment could ho Induced to go to tho Lava Bods and hold a “big talk” with tho Modocs, and ihon havo tho troops surround tho wholo party and slaughter thorn indiscriminately, there aro not a dozen men tu all America who would utter a protest against the project. THE CASE OF PHELPS, DODGE & 00 Wo imbJish'tliiß morning tbo official Htatemont of tbo mucb-talkod-of case of Dholpa, Dodgo A Co. Tbo fraud consisted in allogod undervalua tions. I’holpa, Dodgo A Co. aro doalovo and im porter?) in motals, and especially in tin platos. Tbo partners bavo another bouso in Liverpool, wboro tbo firm namo is Fbolps, James <fc Co. Messrs. Dodgo and Jamos aro brolbors-in-low, and tbo junior mombora, of both firms aro tbo sous, eons-in-law, nephews, and other relatives of tbo family. Tbo firm purchases their goods in Wales. From Wales tbo motala aro trans ported to Liverpool, and tbouco exported to Pbolps, Dodgo & Co., Now York. Tbo two fiixns bavo their accounts with each otbor. Thus tbo Liverpool firm, though composed of tbo samo persona as tbo Now York firm, in forwarding goods include in tbolr bill tbo cost of tbo motala in Wales, tbo cost of transportation to Liverpool, and all otbor oborgos incidental to tbo exportation, Accord ing to tbo statement of tbo revenue ofllcor who examined their books, tbo Liverpool bouso has boon accustomed to forward ihoso invoices, in cluding those various items, to tbo Now York firm, and at tbo samo time sending a separata invoice giving only tbo cost of tbo goods in Wales. In tbo cases in which fraud is charged, those lattor invoices bavo boon sworn to in Liverpool, and bavo boon presented at tbo Custom-Houso in Now York, attested by an oath, as showing tbo truo value of tbo goods. Tbo fraud, tboroforo, consisted in , tbo omission from * tbo invoices presented at tbo Custom-Houso of tbo cost of transpor tation from Wales, tbo cartage, perhaps some boxing, and otbor incidental oxpousos. This was not always tbo case; but it did bappou occasion ally in tbo.transactions of a bouso importing goods to tbo value of $0,000,000 a year. Tbo actual oxtont of tbo undervaluation was not vory great, and tbo amount of duties lost was very small. Under tbo law, an undervaluation is a forfeiture of tbo artiolo undervalued, and, though tbo duties lost did not amount to more fbnn SI,OOO, tho valuo of tbo goods forfeited was $1,000,000. Pbolps, Dodgo & Co. bavo, tboroforo, been punished by a fine of $271,000 for tbo comparatively small amount of rovouuo ! withhold from tbo Government. This caso illustrates strongly tbo outrages of tbo laws which, collected, constitute tbo Tariff podo of tbo United States. In order to “ pro tect ” some favored persons or corporations in tbo United States, Congrosa has imposed a heavy duty on those metals, manufactured in Wales, and which beyond all question aro tbo best that can bo bad. Tbo objooi is not so much to col lect rovonuo os it is to onbnnco tbo cost of tbo imported article that inferior goods may bo sold. In oddition to tbo ad valorem duty, tbo tariff includes in tbo foreign value of tbo article tbo cost of transportation from tbo placo of pur chase, tbo cost of tho boxes, tbo barrels, or otbor case in which tbo goods may bo packed, tbo cost of cartago, and all otbor incidental expenses exportation. All this cost must ho added to tbo foroign cost of tbo goods tbomsolvos, and then tbo duty is collected upon tbo whole—tbo importer paying duty upon tbo barrol, crate, straw, and box, and upon tbo cost of cartago in Liverpool and olsowhoro, just tbo samo as on the goods tbomsolvos. All this is done, as wo bavo said, not to produce rovonuo, but to repel it, by so enhancing tbo cost of thr, imported articles that a larger margin may*bo , given to tbo homo production. This is Vbo principle of protection. To admlnintor/this principle, tbo laws of Congrosa over since 18G3 bavo provided a series of oaths, and penalties, and forfeitures, and confiscations, that exceed oven thoso provided for tbo rehabilitation of tbo rebels. An army of appraisers and in formers, spies and blackmailers, pimps, and offi cers of all tbo other various designations kn.bwn to tbo service, bavo boon provided to Vratcb and boo if some importer, In making * ou t bis invoice, has included in tlwoout pri c oo f tbopacking box, tho mato, atraw iu tbo article may bo jf they can find such a caso, will not sottlo with tbom prlvato- and liberally, tbon tbo goods aro confiscated and tho importer subjected to civil and criminal prosecutions, and Is heralded from ono ond of tbo country to tbo other. Ah an inducement and encouragement to thoso men to ply tboir vocation industriously, tbo law gives them ono-balf tbo proceeds of all the forfeitures, penalties, and extortions. Of tho money paid by ruolps, Dodgo & Co., SII,OOO aro f av costs, and SIBO,OOO go to tbo informers A ' nd other officers of tho rovonuo. To further c 1 tbom to do this business, they aro author 1 seize tho books and papers of any porr they may occuso, pry into their domestic a' jalra, and generally turn a man’s business Insidr i j 0 the public gazo. Upon a review of ail tbo facta, ujg n ot possi ble to conclude that thoro was iutoutlonal crime committed by this firm, j Tho amount of duties they avoided by ■' tho o> jonnous vouchors does not amount altogether t a sum sufficient to induce any sensible man # fto commit such an offense. Upon tbo whole .-amount of their Im portations In a year, tbo /amount thus saved la * absolutely insignificant, fli would not pay tbo coat of tbo machinery /necessary to carry out such a fraud. Teel* ailcally, and, tboroforo, legolly, they dofraudoij- tho revenue; but thoro m nothing in tbo fact-3 to warrant tbo judgment that tbo fraud waig‘ systematic, deliberate, or that tbo firm bud any knowledge that the law was violated. Tbo case, however, shows the necessity of swooping away from trade and commerce thoso pitfalls and snares which.tbo tariff law baa 1 prepared to calob and destroy everybody who buys or deals In imported goods. Thoro ohould not only bo a repeal of all UlO duties on 1 thoso motala, uud upon all otbor articles when tbo tax is lovled for protection and not for rovonuo, but a general reduction of tbo tariff system to tbo coliootion of duty on tbo comparatively few arti cles which produce tbo groat bulk of tbo customs revenue. Then we will have no frauds upon the rovonuo, because thoro will be no occasion, in tentional or accidental, for fraud 1 there niil bo no falso swearing, bocauso there wilUbono swearing required; butftbovo all, there will'he no informers, spies, blackmailers, and thievfs losing tho authority of tho Oovornmont to proseouto tholr business. NATIONAL BANK EXAMINATIONS. , Tho enormous defalcation of Taintor, tho j Cashier of tho Atlantic National Bank, of Now ( York City, and tho consequent failure of tho } bank, must attract the attention of the public to . tho incompetence of (bo system of examination which the Oovornmont exorcises in tho case of . tho National Banks. Though tho downfall of ( tho Atlantic National Bank is by no moans tho ( only oaso in point, it is tho most notablo and flagrant instance of the failure on tho part of j tho Government to afford tbo people tbo protoc- ( tion against fraud which it advertises to glvo by chartering National Banks and reserving tho ; right of supervision. Thoro is a general public confidence in a National Bank on account of tho namo it carries, and tho con nection which It is popularly supposed to have with tho General Government. When people deposit in a private bank, they first in form themselves concerning tho character and , responsibility of tho bankers In tho same manner as when (hoy havo business with other private persons in whom it is necessary to roposo trust* This is not always, nor usually, tho caso with reference to the National Banks. They aro generally regarded os a part of tbo system of tho Oovornmont. It is known that ihoy havo spe cial advantages, and, it is supposed, aro controlled by certain fixod regulations. Thoro Is a regular Oovornmont Bank Inspector for every district, whoso duties aro naturally construed to ho in thn Interest of tho public. It has como to bo ho* Uoved on account of ihoso circumstances, and tho Government Is clearly responsible ’ for tho impression, that tho National Banks offer an absolute guarantee of safety to their depositors and customers. In doforouce to this impression, tbo Government must either glvo bettor pro tection than it has afforded within tho past year,

or else It should withdraw its Examiners and glvo tho public to uudorstand that they must tako oaro of tholr own interests. In tho case of tho Atlantic National Bank, it la impossible that a deliberate system of stealing ■ could havo been carried on for years, and to tho . amount of several hundred thousand dollars, if ( tho Oovornmont examination hod boon at all worthy of tho namo. Tointor’a stealings ex hausted tho capital of tho bank, tho sur plus that had boon accumulated, the spe cial deposits, aud tho most of tho regular deposits, amounting to moro than SOOO,OOO in all. Yet, to all appearances, nobody had any in formation of this condition of things until Tain tor himself exposed it. It is now stated tbat’tho hank was examined twico in 1873, and that tho Examiner reported that tho capital of tho bank was seriously impaired. If this is truo, what good did tbo report do tho public or tho deposi tors 7 It could not havo boon a warning, for it ( was kopt quiot. It is significant that thoso un,-s favoroblo reports aro never mado publioun'fil after tho banks which they concern havo ran Ho tho cud of tho ropo aud loft nothing for tllotpco* plo who havo trusted them, Thoro m.'(ght as wall bo no bank examination jso far as tho puhlio interest is concerned, if unfavorable reports aro to bo fliod away in tho archives of tbo Treasury Deport ment at Washington. It is well known that tho Bank Examiner at this point recently forwarded a special report concerning a certain National Bank aftor examination. It is only fair tp pre sume that tho rendition of the Institution was such as to require a special report, Yet tho re port is not mado public. In what way, tb^ D| can tho present system of hank oxamlnat*' ja protect tho public? Should this bank fail some months from now, comptroller will bo oblo to point to tho w; ort| tUo local Bunk Ex nminor would to nac ‘ ioua of having dono Ms duty; but lu what way wotild tho public bo boipod One *>'otably bad feature of*tho examination Ryfltr'ji 1q that the Dank Examiner ia paid by the k'.nka, each one contributing its eharo. It ia hia duty to make at least two Aoxammatione during the year; ho may make pothers at hia option. Hia position Is one throu* £h which ho may make himself extremely ann nying, and, if not on honest man, he has o pportunitlou for levying blackmail that aro r in any other Government place. Xct it ia notorious that Bank Examiners a & appointed on political grounds liko other * jfficlole in tho Civil Service. A former Comptrc jioroftho Currency followed tho popular pro- of appointing a relative, whoso exploits 4 wero finally exposed. process of ascertaining tho of a National T ,unir honestly is very simple. Tho capital 8 t tho surplus, If there bo any, and tl omou nt of tba deposits, aro known. It is thor i jj, 8 a„ty 0 f tho Examiner to ascertain how tl jg mone y la used. Ho counts tho money , on ],and, and ho examines tho collaterals on w’ mon( jy has been loaned. A thorough aocr mutant can therefore speedily arrive at tho no' mol condition of tho concern. Tboro aro e ABOB, however, in which tho Examiner may ho deceived. There is nothing to prevent a Na tional Hank borrowing any needed amount of money, and holding it Just long enough for tho Examinor to count, without his knowledge, and without exciting a suspicion that it was borrowed for tho occasion, milo such things aro pos sible j while failures no disastrous as thoso of tho Atlantic National Dank and tho Ocean National Dank in Now York, and tho Scandinavian National Bank in Chicago, may occur without giving tho public any admonition, then thoro issomo doflolonoy in tho Government system of examination which cannot ho too quickly supplied. All National Banks ani all owners of National Bank stock aro interested in having those objec tions removed. Tho people do not understand tho defects, hut they cannot fail to note tho re sults. Tho fault does not 110 wholly in tho sys tem of examination and tho persistence with which special reports aro kept from tho public. Under tho very host system, honest and capa ' bio Examiners could not always ho found, and deceptions might bo practised on thorn. But there is no oxouso for tho Directors of tho National Banka who permit their vaults to bo plundered, or their affairs to ho so grossly mismanaged, as to load to sudden aud complete collapses, which leave nothing for the depositors. Every Director must take oath that “ho will, so far as tho duty devolves on him, diligently and honestly administer tho affairs of tho association.” Tho duty devolves on every Director to inform himself thoroughly of tho condition of the hank aud of its business. Un der this oath, no Director can fool that ho has discharged his duty when tho capital of tho bank has boon squandered, and tho monoy on deposit stolon, without his knowledge. It is Ids business aa Director to know what is done with tho monoy of tho bank, no gives guarantee to tho public that tho luonoy intrusted to tho hank for safo hooping aliall bo s.foly kopl. If tho Bunk Examlnor Is deceived, or bought oft, or nogloolo hlo duty, tho Diroolor is In Jio wine rolloyoil of tho responsibility hobss no mimed boosueo bo has had no knowledge of tho deception, blackmail, or* nogloot. Tho practice In too common among mon of high standing' to accept tho position of Director of a National' Danis without either tho time or tho intention to glvo Its affairs tho oloso inspection which thoytroqulro. Qontlomon acorn to Ignore tho foot that thoy are violating an oath whon thoy are guilty of sunli notion. It ia true that tho circumstances which have led to tho failure of National Banks, which should never fall under honest and competent management, are a part of tho general demoral ization which has spread throughout tho official circles and infected all placosot trust In this country. Tho.radical euro goes back of any In dividual cases, and can only bo found In a gen eral movement of the people for a higher appre ciation of official Integrity; but, ia tho mean time, two thingsaro obviously demanded: 1. That tho Directors of tho National Banks shall dovoto greater attention to their affairs, and de mand thorough and eo&tohlng investigation \ and 2. That there shall ho additional chocks on Bank Eramlnors, and somo provision for lotting tb4 public into tho secrets of mismanage ment bef ore the collapse actually arrives. HAY MISERIES. The miseries and discomforts of a year eomo to a Load to-day. Humanity, which for twelve monttao boo boon stationary, to-day bocomos peripatetic. The tranquil repose of a thousand hom'sa is to-day invaded by Goths and Vandals withjoxprous-wagons and acmbhiug-bniflhoß. To day ?ia an indigestible horror between the upper and; under crusts of ’yesterday and to-morrow fj Thnrowas a happy time, long ago passed into poetry,tand now only preserved in myth, when Mky-Dayvwas sacred to all the beneficent influ- ences of NiUuro. Out from the snows of March and tho vivi'Tying showers of April, May appeared with opening leaves and dowers, attended by bluo sides • and balmy breezes. Young ladles arrayadUithomsolverf in blue and groon'and pirik,Uho current colors of Naturo. .Japotticadom cClroU its fashions under thobud dlng'troos. ■ OllUdron danced around Maypoles, g&rlandod (wltht young leaves and buds, or hunt ed through the'* woods for tho pink and white blossomsrof tho arbutus and the drat violets. Mon had/rtho'Bprajg-fovor aud grow lazy. Women oponed/doora and windows and lot tho spring sophy’fu through tho house to lake off tho chill odgo of rriutor. Spring lambs hung in tho door way a of tho markets, in tempting proximity to early poos. Spring chickens plaintively pooped their apprehensions of tho coming broil, aud € £od young hunches of asparagus with suspicion. -Crisp lettuce, cool, rosy radishes, emerald cu cumbers, and now and then a precocious squash or crato of smooth-shinned tomatoes wore hailed . with delight as tho panaceas for tho usual spring ifcUiouHiioßs, Sluco those halcyon days, however, things have changed. Old Probabilities has come on with hla low barometers and storm-cen tres tfnd so mixed up tho elements and disturbed tho sea eons that we have May Hay only in name. Ixxatoad\°f fresh vegetables there are canned atrocities’, which have come down from a former generation. Old hens pass for spring chickens, and loavo cortifl- catoa of tlkilr ago and maternity in the coopn. Bcraggi' carcasses of shoop, sliom scores of thmos, are aoavod up with colorless pons of a lost year’s crop, mid the doting consumer fancies thaUio is eating Bering lamb. A spring zephyr from Milwaukee or'- Mackinac, lot through tho house to-day, would’ bo colder than charity. Deluded beings who U»vo purchased spring over coats go. about tho .streets growling at tho weather and swearing at.their tailors. With tho exception of a few lilao hushes, which show an insane desire to got into leaf, dowers and shrubs still slumber on in tho chilly ground. Some venturesome crocuses and lilies had tho hardi hood to put tholr heads above ground, bnt, see ing the condition of things, wont back again. It is safe to assume that no children will dance about Maypoles to-day, and what consolation can there bo in exhibiting your spring fashions under winter furs ? To heap all tlioao mifloriofl at onco upon a man who haa got to take up hia bod and walk thia mom- tag “in ’aril,” hb Ecclos would Bay. Cobwobbed ( coiltaga ; begrimed walla j dusty floors; broken i window-ponoa j carpota that won’t fit j smoky i cbiranoya i doora with a bingo or a knob gono j 1 front doora without koya; attica aud baaomonta' ! filled with tbo rotuao of tbo family wboao time baa Just oipirod * tbo youthful prldo of tbo family coming homo with bia eyes blacked owing to nnduo familiarity with Btrqngo boya in tbo neighborhood i ourloUß females bo hind ahuttora taking an inventory of thohouaehold gooda aa thoy arrive ; leaky wator-pipoa j pro lific famillca of wator-bugß reveling in tbo kitchen i gaa abut off because tho last tenant hadn’t paid bia billa i bodatoada that won’t fit together; cracked mirrors ; angular atovea, ow ing to tbo it™ of a log ; articles of bric-a-brac gono to smash; hash three tlmea and a roonth’a rent in advance,—such on accumu lation of troubloa aa thia ought to bo sufficient punishment for any amount of sin of tho average society sort, without having all kinds of meteorological misery suporaddod. Tho peripatetics, however, have one consolation upon which thoy may congratulate themselves to-night, ns thoy find themoolvea unable to sleep within Btraugo walls, and that ia, they don't own property, and don’t have to pay taxes, Thoy at loaot ore suro of a domicile for a year to come. Tho taxpayer is sure of nothing except that by tlio ' lime ho finds himself able to pay laat year's taxes this year’s will bo duo, and so increased that in sheer doapair ho will probably band over tho property, take tho change, and Join tho Oommuuiatß. Tho tenant has the satisfaction of knowing that what ho pays is for present use, and ao It will bo, year after year, and thus when ho dies ho and tho world will bo oven. Tho house-owner, on tho other hand, can have litllo satisfaction in know ing that hia financial miseries are annually in creasing with compound inloroat for tho benefit of a posterity wldch ia not of tho slightest conse quence to him i nor will it ho, on tho other hand, any special satisfaction to him when ho dies to kuow that posterity is in debt to him, and will cancel it by rlalng up and calling blm blessed when ho has no possible uae for bless- Inga, which are usually posthumous. There is, therefore, some comfort to-day for tho peripa tetic head of tho family tiding ou tho top of on express-wagon, among hia brokon crockery, In search of his now homo, and reflecting upon tho hollow mockery of May-Day poetry and spring j time legends. 10 An ingenious device lias been Invented In Now Votkfot cheapening the exorbitant ratoa of table telegraphing, by which several meesagos are sent in ono, Tho sender of tho message col lects tho several messages which merchants want to transmit, and semis them to on agent in Liverpool, who understands from a single word the full address of tho firms which are to roceivo tho messages. Thus tho sender says: "Oat, shipped to-day, Hogg," and so on, which Is fully understood by tho receiver at Liverpool, who thou proceeds to translate and distribute tho sev eral messages among tho merchants for whom thoy ato intended. It is said that tho "pookors," os thoso persons aro called who sond thoso mes sages, are doing a good business, and certainly tho cablo rates justify any economical measure that can bo Invented. TflE FRENCH ELECTION. Tbo election of M. Barodofc over M. Romnsat, to All tbo vacant scat In tbo French Assembly, la a serioua blow at tbo Oovornmont of M. Thiers and at bis Conservative Republic. M. Barodet, tbo lato Mayor of Lyons, waa tbo candidate of the Loft, or Republicans, with a loaning towards tho Extreme Loft, or Communists, and la rotarnod both for Lyons and Paris; atfQ, after electing wbotbor bo will represent tho first or sec ond city of Franco, will uomiuato a Deputy for the Boat ho may reject. M. Rem nsot, tho Miniator of Foreign Affaire, waa tho candidate of tho Contro, tho Conservatives, at tho hood of whom la M. Thiers. Tho contest was a remarkably close and bitter ono. Tbo nomination of M. Darodot waa conaidorod to bo a direct attack upon M. Thiers, and, consequent ly, tho Conservatives, under tbo impulse of this extraordinary danger, rallied to tbo support of M. Remusat. Tbo Temps, France , Opinion Nationals, Conatilutionnel, and Monilcur, all advocated bis election with groat earnest ness. M. Romusat himself wont aa far as bo could toward proclaiming himself aßopub-' lican, under tbo advico of M. Thiers, who thus showed tbo first signs of weakness by offering i to make a concession to tho Loft. The latest | foreign papers contain an address by M. Romu | sat to tbo electors of Paris, In which bo says | that to obtain tho suffrages of tbo Capital of Franco would bo tbo last object of Ida ambition I and tbo most precious of all rewards. 110 bos always desired liberty found ed on law, not on porpotual revolution, and has bold that no government can bo durable oxcopt a moderate ono, deriving its strength from the confidence of tbo country. United by fifty years of friendship to tbo President of tho Republic, bo baa adopted with conviction and supported with fidelity tho policy so often sot forth by M. Thiers in bia speeches and messages. Up to this point, tbo address ia clearly Conserva tive. Tbo remainder, however, throws out a tempting bait to tbo Republicans, which was pre pared and authorized at a Cabinet mooting. The , address says tbo policy of M. Thiers has made tho Republic a stable Government, “ and It now re quires completion by measures long since an nounced and rocontly taken into consideration by tbo Assembly. Those measures, according to tho President's intentions, can have no other object than to organize and consolidate tho Republican Government by regular in stitutions conformable to tbo experience of all timo and founded on the integrity of uni versal suffrage'* This proclamation, however, evidently camo too lato to prevent tbo nomina tion of Barodot, and especially to provont the Siccle, which circulates largely in tbo wine-shops and among tbo pooplo, from supporting him. It C&mo OUt boldly In bio fftroi, UV'lQOntly QlSgUStOd at tho temporizing of M. Thiers or olao disbelieving tbo sincerity of bia offers to tbo Republicans. After snob a manifest con | cession, the nomination of a Republican candi date was mortifying to tho Government. His election by a Tory decided majority in tho City of Paris is not only mortifying, but possesses ' A dangerous significance, which tbo Consorvs' c j vo press has already commenced to rpjj 0 Monarchical papers take tbo view, and declare that tbo Conservative Republic is dead, In this connection, tbo r.noont circular of Princo Napoleon to bia Corsican constituents, which also closes with an appeal In favor of uni versal suffrage, is of interest, Tbo Princo says: “Wo are proscribed because wo aro feared. Napoleon twice saved Franco. Outside tbo Bonapartist party tboro oxlst only two minori ties—ono wishing for order without Democracy (tbo Contro), tho othor Democracy without cn> dor (tbo Loft). Whatever may be done, tbo namo of Napoleon cannot bo banishod from tbo heart of the people." While tbo election does hot afford much comfort to tbo Right, it la a very strong proof that tho pooplo of Paris do not place a value upon tbo services of M. Thiers or hla Government sufficient to induce thorn to plftOQ any reliance upon their protestations in regard to measures necessary to tbo stability of tbo Qovprmqept. A change of Ministry, a panio on tbo Bourse, and tbo placing of armed patrols ip tbo streets of Paris, growing out of tbo elec tion of a Radical Republican, and Monarchists advocating extreme Republican measures at the same time, aro not very flattering signs, for tbo. Conservative Ropnplio. Thq samo elemental which aro at work in Msdri4 undoriiflniqg tbo Spanish Government seem also to be at work in Paris. It may not bo impossible that both Madrid and Paris may yet fall Into tbo hands of tbo oxtromo Republicans—-an event which, in tbo nature of things, must bo followed by tbo eventual triumph of tbo Monarchists, Tho recant departure of Carl Schurz for Eu rope, where lio intends to vinit tho principal oitioa of his native country, has recalled somo of tho loading events in his earlier career, lie now returns as an honored guest to a laud from which ho was once banished forever, with tho penalty of death hanging over him if ho should over return. Schurz took part in tho Liberal Revolution of 1818, following tho bont of Repub lican ideas which ho had acquired in his student life, spent at Cologne and Bonn. Ho was partic ularly active in tho dofenso of Rostadt, and for this was banished. After spending somo timo in England, ho routrnod ,to Germany, in spito of tho fata that awaited him in caso of diacovory t for tho purpose of liberating a favorite professor of liberal ideas who had boon imprisoned on po litical grounds. Schurz succeeded in assisting the escape of his friend iu tho most daring aud romautio manner, and thou Hod to England again. Ho oamo to this country in 1853, and at once assumed a loading position in American public life. It was.less than ton years later that ho was sent to Spain as tho American Minister, —a position which ho resigned iu order to tako aotivo port in tho war against the Rebellion. His career since that time is universally familiar. In IBGO, Bismarck, evidently in deference to tho high position which Bohurz had obtained in American statesmanship, caused tho sentence of banishment to ho revoked, and extended a cordial Invitation to the distinguished exile to revisit Germany. There Is no doubt that Bchura will everywhere receive »a M- knowlodgmont of . tko ability, industry, and steadfastness which alono oould havo socurod for him, a stranger in a strange land, so exalted a position as ho holds In America, It is a matter for sincere congratulation, and worthy of note, that Mr. Schurz has not drawn his “backpay” with which to defray tho expenses of his European tour. While tho philosophers of England aro learn edly discussing tho dootrlno of Euthanasia, or tho right of man to take away his own life whoa ho has become a burden to himself or society, tho Americans seem, during tho post few days, to havo put tho theory Into practical execution. There havo boon several successful suicides in Chicago alono wltldn tho past week, and tho dispatches from other cities and various sections of tho country havo brought intelligence of on unusual number of suicides and attempts at felo de bc. It is not impossible that the discussion of tho doctrine of Euthanasia has contributed to the increase of suicides. A sentiment that one Is justified in taking his life by tho depressing circumstances against which ho is combatting would persuade many an unfortunate to this ooursowho WQuld otherwise refuse to yield to bis ncllnatlon to dlo. It is certain that tho latest suicides in Chicago wero committed nndor tho circumstances to which tho theory of Eathanael& applies. Suicide was, perhaps, natural to Da Dolloy, as a Frenchman, whoa ho was down in tho world, and might havo occurred under any prompting of tho spirit, without regard to tho question, of right. But tho suicides of Sunday woro clear eases of Euthanasia.. Miss Crawford was suffering from a disease which she know to ho Incurable. Sbo had nothing to look forward to but nlingoring death, In which she would suffer a torturo of tho nerves worso than death itself. This was practical Euthanasia. Tho case of John Coffee was of a similar nature, though not so pronounced. Ho bad bocomo reduced, it is stated, to a condition of gonoral dilapidation by whisky, ago, and hard knocks. It is safe to con clude that ho bolievod himself burdensome, and that tho world would ho hotter without him. TUeso oases servo, at all events, to illustrate dis tinctive characteristics of tho English and Amer ican popple. While tho Englishmen will proba bly content themselves with theoretic discus sions of tho Euthanasian doctrine, the Ameri cana who make up their minds to its Justice will put It into execution. Euthanasia is, therefore, a moro dangerous doctrine for America than it Is for England. Tho recent strike of tho gasmen in Kow York is likely to bo followed by another strike upon the part of tho “ Crispins,” or tho secret organ ization of boot and shoo makers, in that city, which is ouo of tho strongest of all tho trades unions, and acts independently of all tho others. Committees from tho Crispins havo already visited tho loading dealers, and presented to them a now and revised list of prices, which, If carried into effect, would Increase tho cost in tho construction of a pair of boots, for a rate” dealer, about one dollar and a qua r^ W j. ; Tho result of this would bo either that would bo oppressed by au increase * tbo • already exorbitant prices of profits of tho dealers must V JO considerably decreased. As tho pub’_j 0 {3 not In * ■ temper to pay this increase -re o uld inevitably • go to tho cheaper do ale' ttxQ « flrat-rato ” deal- • ore have determined >co resist tho demand and to ♦ employ it becomes jnocossa-• ry,—a position t t^ o y nro all the. more- ready to ■ tako, as the havo tho public on their aide. • Tho ultimate object of tho Crispins is to throw' Bufflc' >en t trade into tho hands of tho cheaper' dc so that tho business can bo equalized, ' and all classes of dealers bo brought to ohargo tho same lino of prices, in which event, accord ing to tho judgment of tho Crispins, they would ho able to dictate more completely than now, and. exorcise an influence upon tho whole business. President Lerdo do Tejada, of Mexico, do*** livorod his inaugural address at the opening of. the Mexican, Congress, on tho 4th of March, and’, is to bo credited -wiiii having produced a much more digraifled and sensible State paper than waa delivered In, Washington on the same day. As all .*tthat transpires in the neighboring Re public of Mexico is of interest, it will bo* gratifying to know that tho Mexi can people still adhoro with confidence to their system of government, notwithstanding tho summary manner in which they change Pres idents now and then. Tho President also an nounces that now laws have been framed, and : will soon bo submitted to Congress, enforcing ' primary education, which is a good sign for Mex ico. I Notwithstanding tho uncertainties whick attfjnd tho administration of government in thfit distracted Republic, it is to bo sot dciwn to its credit that it has succeeded in*, reducing railroad charges, that it has paid interest on its loans promptly, and , has commenced paying tho principal, and that no Credit Mobilior or general corruption of any sort has boon discovered during tho past year. Tho President closes by congratulating tho peo ple “ upon tbo immoasurnblQ benefits accruing from the general peace which the Republic to day enjoys, to which tbo zeal of public officers, tho loyalty of tho army, and tho opinion of tbo citizens in general, so efficaciously contributes." One of tho United States surveyors in tho In dian Territory whom tho Cheyennes didn’t kill has told tbo story of somo of tho cheerful pas times in which tho Indians indulge. Before actually killing tho surveyors, tho Indiana prac tised shooting at them, as boys throw stones at tho chickens, to see how near they could como to them without killing them. Tho Cheyennes also amused themselves with pulling up stakes as fast aa tho surveyors could fix them in tho ground, and surrounding tho surveyors' tents after supper had boon prepared and taking every thing they had to oat. Tho “peace policy” of tho Indians consists of plundering and starving friendly surveyors, and using them for tho pur-' pose of target practice. After those friendly measures fail, tho war policy is inaugurated with: shooting and scalping. Tho moat plaualblo explanation which hosi boon roads of Mr. Qoorgo Frauds Train'll iu-- Bonlty is that given by tho officials of the Tombs; prison, who assort that he has conducted him* ■ self In such a manner before tho Examining: Committee as to loavo tho impression that her was lusauo, and thou brag of it subsequently.. Their theory is that Train regards* tho whole proceeding as an excellent opportunity for advertising himself, and is making tho most of it. This is probably tbei correct version of tho affair, and the Now York; officials seem to bo unusually stupid In con*' trlbuting to the scheme. It is likely (hat Train' baa employed bis spare time in Jail to collect tho material for at least forty lectures and speeches, with which ho will deluge the country after gets out. It is not strange that tho Tombs offl-A com should express an anxiety to get rid of Uh» f

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