Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 2, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 2, 1873 Page 2
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2 QUEBEC. Demolition of Historic Struo- turee Proposed Improvement of Uio Harbor, in Order to Secure tho drain- Trade of tho West. A Hnbbnb in Homan Catholic Circles— Disease—Navigation- Immigration. Special Correspondence t\f The Chicago Tribune. Quebec, Canada, April 33,1873. Tho American tourist who will in future years visit Quebec, with tho hope of there viewing ibo memorials of a historic past, and tho remains of an older civilization than that which is trans forming tho onoo fabled West, will bo DOOMED TO DISAPPOINTMENT. Ho may see tbo grim, gray walls encircling tho Upper Town, the bastions and gabions behind which tho armies of Franco bade for long years defiance to the hosts of England 5 ho may wan der through tho endless corridors of tbo Sem inary, look on the spot where Montcalm was buried, or whoro Pore Emnomoud Masse suf fered martyrdom; ho may pass under tho shadow of tho mysterious Ohion d’Or; but tbo massive gates which have bo often rolled back the tide of invasion and shut out tbo clamors of rebellion aro gone, historic houses bavo dis appeared, streets famous in Canadian legendary loro HAVE JIEEN SWEPT AWAV, and all In obedience to a spirit of change which seems to bo animating tho people. Only a few years ago, Prescott Gato, at tho head of Moun tain Hili, famous for tho repulse to Bonodlot Arnold on tho night of tbo 31st of December, 1775, was demolished in obedience to the demands of commerce. St. Levis Gato, an integral portion of the French*' enceinte, came down a little later; end now vandalism hoe boon nearly satisfied at tho demolition of Hopo and Palace Gatos, within tho past week. It is affirmed, in pallia tion of this ruthless destruction of memorials which made Quebec a sort of Mecca in tho eyes of American pilgrims, that tho trade of tho oily suffered through tho obstruction offered by tho time-honored portals. Possibly wood and bay cartJ wore somewhat bothered, but tho loss oc casioned was hut trifling, and the annual value of tbo now “improvements” will bo easily counted in units on tho fingers. It might bo supposed that, so much having been accomplished by tho iconoclasts, a rest would have boon taken. But, so far from tbe “ improvors ” being content, a project is on foot for TEARING DOWN THE WALLS ALTOGETHER. Gracious as the Minister of Public Works has been in h!a capacity of Acting Minister of Mili tia and Defence, iu granting powers of destruc tion to tho corporation of Mayor, Alder men, and Councilors, who rule the desti nies of this ancient city, I am induced to think ho will hardly daro accede to Bucn an outrageous proposition, for a mutiny would bo tho result. Tho demolitions which have taken place may bo traced to a very simple motive—jobbery. Good building-stone is be coming scarce at Quebec, having to bo trans ported from Capo Bougo. Tbo gates aud fortifications are constructed of excellent material. Tho partner of Alderman John lloam is a contractor named Piton, who haa Bomo heavy contracts onhaudfor whioh ho needs stone. Ho offers to demolish the gates for tho value of tho stone, to take down the walla upon tho same terms, and tho corporation, on tbo ponny-wiao-pound-foolisb principle, agrees to deprive Quebec of its main attractions to satisfy tbo demands of Jobbing corporation-contractors and venal Aldermen and Councilors. There is ono VERY EXCEtLENT PROPOSITION on foot: to construct a boulevard around tho battlements aud ramparts, which will overlook tho St. Charles Valley aud tho St. Lawronco Ba sin. Tho walls must bo lowered to.broaat height for this purpose, oud, if tho plan be carried out, a splendid drive will bo afforded, with au unob structed view of tbo finest scenery of tho Oonti n°Tho merchants of Quebec, as represented by tho Board of Trade, have a measure before Par liament for tho reorganization of tho Quebec Harbor Oopunissiou. The main object sought is tho IMPROVEMENT OF THE HARBOR, which sorely needs it. Tho now Board will, in the event of the measure being sanctioned, obtain from tho Government a loan of $500,000, and, with tills money, most extensive improve-, meats can bo carried out. Tho mercantile mind of Quebec has at last boon mado to comprehend that tho groat staple trade—that of lumber—is passing away from tho port, and that now linos must he encouraged. Tho European demand for broadstuffa, the success which Montreal has attained as a grain-shipping port, and the immense profits being reaped from forwarding, have stimulated the more progressive—that is to say. tho younger merchants; and it is from tho knowledge of these facts that tho improvements of tho harbor are mainly sought. It is well known, they say, that grain con bo shipped from Chicago to the seaboard, via Quebec, 1 cent pot bushel cheaper than by way of Montreal, because charges ore saved by bringing barges directly to Quoboo; pilotage and other duos ore escaped. There fore, with facilities in their favor for carrying on this trade, they urge tho construction of wharves and docks, and tho formation of A FORWARDING COMPANY, withamplo capitalfortbo carryingouof the trade, is the project of the hour. Tho deepening of Lake Bt. Peter—a work which tho people of Montreal claim as particularly their own—will but help to benefit Quebec if her merchants set energetically about building up a grain trade with the Groat West. Tho ouo great ob stacle In tho way of introducing anything now in Quebec is tho calm indifference of tho timber interest, and tho influence exorcised by it over our banking institutions. In a mouth or so, money will ho dearer at the banks.—indeed, almost uncome-at-able at any price,—because it will be locked up in advances upon timber. This irndo baa boon built up at tho , EXPENSE OF EVERY OTHER INTEREST if this portion of tho Province of Quebec, and nf this city in particular, while the profits of tho inimouuo trade, instead of doing any general good, havo invariably boon taken by the fortu nate robbers of Gauadiau forests to England, there to be spent in unlimited extravagance, Tho controllers of that interest havo over stead ily set tholr faces against any improvements, ex cept those by which they wore directly benefited, —and with too much success. Winter is gradually relaxing his hold upon us. Tho St. Lawrence, for half its expanse opposite tho city, is CLEAR 01" 108, and steamboats aro regularly plying. It is a curious sight to watch steamers and skiffs dart ing about in Ibo river, on tho ono hand, and passengers aud teams straggling across tho pre carious remainder of tho ice-bridge, on the otlior. Tho Archbishop of tho Province has returned from Romo, and tho event creates not a little UUUUCJU IK UKLIOIODB CIUOLEH. A fierce conflict has long raged between two parties in tho Itoman Catholic Church iu Quebec, —the Ultramoulaues, as represented by the Bishop of Montreal and tho Jesuits, and tho Liberals, represented by the Archbishop, whoso seat is Quebec. Ills Grace went to Homo to lay tho matter before tho Pope, because tho assaults of tho Ultramontanes, and the mode of warefaro adopted by them in the Pronoh Boman Catholic press,—tho Nouveau, Monde and the Frano Parlcur. of Montreal,—woro subversive of Archiopiscopal authority, and destructive of tho ivflnonco of tho Ohuroli. The pot object of tbe CUi-Hinontanos is to bo permitted to found a •University of their own, m opposition to that of Lava), tho recognized theological school of tho Province. The bill was thrown out by tho last Parliament, and now His Holiness the Popo has decided against them. It may easily be Imagined that tho result of tho minslon of the Archbishop produces a profound impression in tho religious world. DISEASE. That slngularly-fatul disease, corobro-spinal meuingitia has made Us appearance, iu mallg nont form, in this part of the country, ami is giving no litllo trouble to the medical faculty comparatively unacquainted with it. Bmall-pox and scarlet-foyer wrought disastrous ravages during tbo past two years, and it is to bo hoped that tho new terror will not attain groat propor ,■ lions. Tho wretched sanitary arrangements, and tho utter disregard of roles for the preservation of health 011 the part of tho people, make QaobOo a oamplng-gronnJ for oontagljms ‘dis eases, \Tho; opening of thb ncasbn'of \ ” v V NAVIGATION^ {a earnestly looked for. Largo numbers of vea soln aro reported from tho English ports for Quebec, and there Is ovory prospect of tho sea son being a favorable one, as tho rates aro high and tho demand lively. Aotivo efforts havo boon made in Great Britain, during tho yoar, to promote IMMIGRATION TO CANADA, andj with tho first steamers, some 6,000 Immi grants for Ontario aro looked for. Now and im proved arrangements aro boing made at Levis for tho ’ reception of tho strangers. Tho dis graceful disclosures of tho Bello investigation In Montreal, whoro tho Government Agent was proven guilty of transforming tho IZomo into a sort of harem, may interfere with French Immi gration; but thoro will certainly bo a largo In flow from tho British Islands. In Germany, tho offorlsof Canadian agents havo not been crowned with much buccobs. The Government took them in hand, and showed them that tho people wore not to bo seduced into Immigration if Bismarck know himself, which ho thought ho did. Gen, McAdams, representing tho Emigration Boclotv of Alsace-Lorraine, is boro now, treating with tho Government for tho cession of a tract of land npon which to nettle a colony from tho coded provinces. , . With the opening of the season of navigation, and tho flooding of tho port with foreigners, will commence the exciting period of tho yoar, at least if tho usual summer beion op TEiinon oan do anything in tbo way of adding to the liveliness of the place. Tbo frightful atrocities of last summer forced upon the Government the introduction of a measure for tbo suppression of tho crimping system. What its general fea tures may bo I cannot say ; but it is to bo hoped that it will bo thorough enough to remove from Quebec a foul blot which has long disgraced it. • Lester. AMERICAN JOURNALISM. An Address by Mr. Henry Watter son, Editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal. Delivered Dcforo tho Indiana Press-Convention, at Indian apolis, May 1, 1873. It will not bo considered irrelevant, 1 trust, if standing in the presence of an association of editors, I proclaim a long-cherished and well defined belief in societies which guild them selves upon the noble principle of mutual ad miration; nor will you charge mo with an ex cess of loyalty if I add that, whilst respecting them the more the larger and the stronger they become, lam by no moans indifferent to their advantages whore they are not so impos ing and numerous, but happen to bo reduced within the' compass of quadrilateral linos. Be cause my friends, all considerable emi nence springs in a measure out of that which is called in common life the. co-operative system. Wa are living In an epoch not of miracles but of moohauics; of multitudinous social, scientific, and profes sional complexities; oud instead of its being true that a man of parts gets on faster and fares bettor without assistance and en couragement, the reverse is true. One mind aids another; one handholds up another; ouo heart cheers another; and, os a man is really an able man, the greater need and use bo has for his supports, for that reserved force, without which battles could never bo won, nor groat edifices constructed, nor political organisms sot in mo tion, nor newspapers made up and issued. Neither is ibis indispensable help purely muscu lar and artificial; it is often spiritualistic and artificial, illustrating the homely adage that “ two beads are bettor than one, though ono bo a sheep's hood." Men of genius have in all times sought association and moved In clusters. There was the Sbakspoaroan cluster: there was the cluster which collected itself about the figure of old Sam Johnson; and there is iu our day and country a notable cluster circling around Agassiz and giving to Boston tho title of tho Modem Athens; a mutual admiration society which Holmes has boldly avowed and defended, but which wants lor no defense, being a moat natural and reasonable brotherhood of poets, wits, and statesmen. This society has boon represented in courts, in Senates, and in Cabinets, and its members, scarcely more by the special gifts of each than by tho honest help and appreciation of all. are known throughout tho world. You romomuer that tho lion in the fablo, who was shown a picture of ono of his race lying prostrate beneath tho foot of a triumphant human animal, observed, in his facetious, leonine way, that tho situation would bo reversed if a lion, instead of a mortal, had been tho artist. Now It is given tho journalist to bo at once the lion and the artist, a creator and a critic; to de pict bis own profession ; to control and magnify it; to write it up, as tho saying goes; and, despite some delinquencies and disfigurements in liis conduct, ho has used this advantage so inoessautly and so skillfully that jour nalism has como to ho, what it was not when ho first gave out the conceit—“ a veritable Fourth Estate.” Tho freedom of tho press, obtained at length oven more securely by tbo victories it is achieving over dependence and subsidy than by tho liber ality of tbo laws which guarantee it, is a sort of popular religion 5 and so truly is our journalism realizing the pretty common-places with which it once, in the days of its bondage and gloom, consoled Itself, so thoroughly is it coming to re flect tho thoughts, tho customs, and tho man ners of the ago. and to bo actually, and not fig uratively — u a map of busy life, Its fluctuations and its vast concerns, ’* that thoughtful people, paraphrasing tho race course epigram of Randolph of Roanoke, are beginning to ask, if the press controls tho coun try, who controls tho press ? LITERATURE AND JOURNALISE. lam fully persuaded that, take it for all and all, tho journalism of America is tho very best in tho world. It is a complete answer to tho ancient sneer of tho Cocknoys touching our books, for It is, in truth, our literature. Ido not moan to disparage Longfellow, and Whittier, aud Lowell, Motley, and Bancroft; and I hope 1 shall not bo suspected of seeking to steal a titu lar distinction for our craft at tho expense of our greatest humorist, if I declare that tho morn ing paper Is tho only autocrat of tho breakfast table. When I cousidor tho labor aud the learn ing that aro devoted to books which will bo for tunate if they got eight or ton thousand readers, and observe the increasing audiences which are gathering about tho press, I mourn in silence hut in sorrow at tho sight of such men as Bret Harto. Joaquin . Miller, aud Mark Twain throwing themselves away, and I re joice, aud am exceedingly glad in tho salvation to . journalism and the world of a soul so precious as that of John Hay. Bad inage aside, my serious moaning is that ovory ago has its interpreter; there was the ago of tho drama; there was tho ago of the pamphlet; tbero was tho ago of tho novel. This is tho ago of tho newspaper. As Congreve aud Sheridan wore, as Dickons and Thackeray wore, tho journalist may bo, and partly is already; a man in whom a pub lic interest, groat or loss according to his genius, is taken; a man who, loving his lollow-mou, has it la his power to bo loved by them. Tho process is very simple. To bo kindly, honest, fearless, capable, that is all; ami I name kindliness first, because if a newspaper would bo popular it must, like an individual, carry a pleasant as pect: It must ho amiable and unpretentious; speaking tho lauguago and wearing the habili ments of the people; bone of tholr bone and llosU of their flesh, a sincere as well as an ef fective deliverer of their thoughts, wishes, and fancies. If Bhakspoaro lived in our time, con ceiving him to have boon a robust, blithe, and hearty person ; conceiving him to havo boon what wo undorntaud by an able person and an able-bodied, and, withal, a most gay and festive iiorson. 1 take leave to doubt whether ho would hid tho drama tho best vehicle for his overflowing wisdom, his exuberant wit, humor, aud fancy, his amazing activity ; and I wonder that a man of such varied and largo resources, of such vigorous, current, and racy faculties as Dion Bouoicault should ho comparatively a poor man, wandering about tho world and writing plays, when ho might he, had ho bout himself that way, the editor of the London Times, TUB ENGLISH PRESS, I do not name the Loudon Times as a first rate example of firet-elass journalism. There is no journal of the first class in Loudon. lam not able to say what tho Times may have boon In tbo days of Mr. Kinglako's somewhat apoch ryphal, shrewd. Idle clergyman, who made it his duty to miter about places or common resort and 111.1J4 trntAUU JJAJLL.I JLJLUiUJi\E: IIUDAV, MAY 2, 18’ find out what people thought upon tho principal subjects of tho time. Tho press’ of London is, andhasbboD, bluco I became acquainted with •it, a pretentions Jumblo of luoomplotibiib { very, pollflhod and very dull; reminding onopf itiioso elaborate dramallo compositions which are said to bo written for tho closet. y THE AMERICAN I‘RESa. It oan bo said of tho American moss, on the other baud, Just as Thackeray and Tatno have Bald of tho writings of llonry.Fiolding, that tho. cloth In none of Ino cleanest, and that tho dlshon might bo bettor chosen; indeed, that tho com pany makes but a small show of courtliness, and Is often vulgar and 111-mannered 5 but, on tho whole, that it has a jovial, happy faculty of standing by tho weak and resisting tho strong, of aatlrlilng tho wicked, exposing the base, de tecting tho false. and cheering tho unfortunate, which could only oomo to a prows whoso roots aro nourished by a'froo eoll, and whoso groat boughs, spreading out wider and thicker, aholtor n./roo people. PEHRONAL journalism. Wo havo hoard a deal of lato years about per sonal Journalism. In tho proas of America, wo must needs bavo an abundance of personal jour nalimn; it is on appendage to onr condition os well ns a result of our character. During our civil war, it was remarked by foreign officers of experience who had corao boro to observe Ibo progress of military ovonts that Individual valor and exploits not merely count for more with us than they do with European armies, but that they aro required by our soldiery, who keep a close watch on their loaders. This is a Republi can habit, and. ns far ns editors are concerned, it is rendered {ho more scrutinizing and inevita ble by a comparative smallness of our towns, which aro not largo enough to afford conceal ment to an individual occupying a conspicuous local place. Those who road a newspaper aro pretty sure to find out who it is that edits it; thoro is no possible escape; the man's simple comings in and goings out will discover him ; and just ae uo happens to bo a person of exceptional character or characteristics is ho likely to bo marked and talked of, until, being presently very well known, and, having Mmuoil olmiuua wan uU tne virtues ana all the offenses of Ins journal, ho is. involuntarily, a personal journalist. If you will but consider it for a moment, you will agree with me that Janies Gordon Bonnott was as personal in his journal ism, throwing as many of bis peculiarities into it, ns Horace Qrooloy; they Buffered in kind and in degree ; but both after their fashion wore known, personally known, mid neither could or desired to hide himself. Even Mr. Greeley’s successor, though scarcely warm in his scat, and an exceptionally young and retiring man, is fa miliarly known by name and countenance to tho great body of American readers \ aud I confess that, considering the case from this standpoint, I am unablo to boo how men like Marblo, Dana, Bowles, White, and Halstead, filling the places they do, could, no matter now ardently they might wish it, envelop themselves lu tho mystery which surrounds tho worlc-a-day drudge who forges thunderbolts for the London Times. Nor does this seem to mo a thing to bo do&lrod either by tho journalist or by his readers. Be coming modesty and self-denial, joined to abso lute disinterestedness lu tho public service, are all that should bo sought; because tho very na ture of tho journalist’s vocation obliges him to bo a man of action, to bo in tbo midst of affairs, if not apart of them, to bo ready, resolute, and personally informed —qualities not to bo found in the tccluao or tho dummy. Whou I say that the journalist must bo a man of action, 1 do not moan that ho should seek office. Mon in their places aro tho men who stand, and tho functions of tho politician and tho Jour nalist aro totally different. Personalism Ib only objectionable when it becomes physically blatant or absurd and degenerates into more childish vanity or idiotic conceit. It is considered, and it is, a most enabling and admirable quality, whou it causes Morton and Scliurz to detach them selves from tbo rest in order that they may toll millions of their countrymen what they think on this question and on that. Tho journalist does not, lu bis most personal moments, display him self half so much as those, and, whilst ho is to bn warned against using his great vehicle to tho more tickling of his own vanity, ho is surely not to bo blamed for going in at tho front door, in stead of creeping round by way of tho back alloy, nor stigmatized for bolding bis head up in tho face of all tho world, non sibi, sed loti gent ium so credere mundo. THE mCSS WITHOUT A HISTORY OR JORISPRU- HENCE. This principle, fairly construed and carried out, underlies another, aud tho most important of the unseen forces in journalism—tho sense of responsibility. Tho business of conducting newspapers is only just beginning to bo recog nized as a profession, lilio law, engineering, or physio; but it is yot a sort of common, xwfonuod by established rules, and marked by none of those precedents which make its fellow-toilers so venerable and eo revered. It is at once without a jurisprudence and a history. I have .boon reading air. Hudson’s recent book with interest and attention, aud nothing that it contains has struck mo witli greater force than the general suggestion which it convoys of what it docs not contain ; somo theory of journalistic practice. That must indeed bo a barren field of specula tion which furnishes so few abstract ideas to a man of such largo experience as tho biographer of the American proas. 1 suppose all of you know tho editor of tho Cincinnati Commercial, aud that moat of you know tho editor of The Chicago Tribune ; you will agree with rao that au essay on journalism from either would bo valuable, because each has illustrated tho profession of journalism by distinguished successes. But, don't you boo that the very quality which has made them what they are, shuts them up like oysters ? Schurz calls this • “ indlfforeutiaUsm.’/ I explain it in this way, that, when they came to tho front, frivolous gar rulity and mawkish gush wore in tho ascendant; they fought against pruriency in themselves as well as in their order, overcoming it in them selves. With a robustuous self-taught spirit, which was keen aud detective, Hashing upon a sham aud lighting up a cheat with a peculiar species of new-fashioned, mirthful sincerity, truth-seeking and truth-tolling, they resolved to maintain in their public intercourse tho simple, colloquial tone which is common to private expressions of opinion; aud, by practising this self-repres sion, they, very naturally, wont to tho extreme of it. Thor erred merely in degree, and in tho right direction; but, whilst it may bo said of them that E'en their fr&illlcB lean to virtue's side, I wish they could ho induced to speak out aa Medill spoko out in this very place a year or two since, aud as Raid spoke out in Now York not so long ago, and ns I am trying very inadequately to speak out ou tills occasion, toward the establish ment of some general, if not some special, con ception of a system by which wo not merely got our daily broad, but which I am sure tho greater number of us are interested in advancing, in purifying, in elevating amoug tho professions aud m tho repute of men. With this in mind, I speak of tho responsibility which presses upon every newspaper conductor; and I shall speak confidently and earnestly, because, having some taste for investigating tho causes of things, aud having had considerable experience in the experimental part of our vocation, I am satisfied that in journalism as in every conceivable sphere of life, tho foundation of success la credit. What is it that makes you trust your money In a bank ? Confidence in its management. What is it that makes you rally around a favorite party loader? Confidence that ho knows more of tho science of government; that ho in a hotter rep resentative of your peculiar notions, and that ho is to bo roliod on with greater assurance than his competitor. You do not wish your banker and politician to exchange their places. The banker might got on but poorly in public life, and the politician would, in all likelihood, scarcely got on at all as n practical financier. Apply this rule of fitness to tho press, What is it that tho people want of a newspaper? Not so much tho science of banking and government, os tho raw material, tho facts, out of which they may con struct a rude, popular science, which tho scien tists themselves must consult. They want to fool, first of all, that it is reliable : that it is un bought by sordid interests, and miHoducod by passions and prejudices, which tho unexcited heart of our bettor nature secretly tolls us are unjust. Ido not say that raoy, reckless writing, he it uovor so wrongful, is unattractive. It cer tainly pleases our worse side ; it Hatters a com bstivism more or loss common to all men. But it cannot hold its own, and never has held its own, when brought into competition with up right, painstaking, sensible, ami informed writ ing, supported by those ordinary mechanical ap pliances which are indispensable to tbo commer cial success of newspapers. Of course tho axiom of newspaper success in m*i«», As action is said to bo to oratory, so is currency to journalism. But what sort of nows, wlmt sort of currency? 1 answer, trustworthy information,, of somo use. interest, and import, recent enough to bo given to the public for tho first time; and, if commented upon, to bo fairly commented' upon, 1 do not boliovo ft to bo the mission of journalism to fish in tho sowers for scandal and to loiter up and down the world In quest of gossip. There are many things not fit to bo told that may amuse or disgust tho public. There are other thiugu tho tolling of which might bring a rogue to bia deserts. In oases of this sort what are wo to do ? THE RESPONSIBILITIES OP JOURNAUHU. Lot us take an example. One of my reporters oouca in lato at night, and says, breathlessly, itbaf a, prominent bankor-bna abacondod with I ®600,000 iud IbO vrlfo bf a faahlonablo urt-iowri ■olorgjtoon.' I 4m overjoyed, of course—l mood .ptofoßaionaUy overjoyed—for, though thin earno Imnlcot is my neighbor,.. ami lives in a much grander house limit mine, though lio rofuijod but yesterday to allow mo to ovorohook my deposit, I-entertaln no gmdgo agalnsk.hlm. I.am simply, rejoiced that to-mor-, row’a.lßfluo of the Oourjcr-JburnflMa to go out with a first-olaas eonaation. It cornea out ac cordingly with the startling disclosure that Mr. So-and-so has disappeared; that ho was last soon at the depot in Jeffersonville, with Mrs. So-and so t that there has boon a good deal of scandal in religious, arlatftoroUo, ana honking' circled for some time, about Mr. So-and-so's business habits and hia unfortunate intimacy with Mvh. 80-and-. ao ; that persons host acquainted with him never doubted film to bo at heart a villain; and, finally, that " attho late hour at whioh'.wo write,” hlu family being prudently sent .away, in order to, facilitate hia diabolical purpose, and his cashier not boing within roach of our reporters, wo must refer the full particulars of this horrible and lamentable affair until " our next Ibbuo.” Well, next day comes, aud what doon if disclose ? It discloses in the first place, that our reporter baa picked up one of those rumors which now-and. then take complete, though happily only brief, posscs aion of the streets. lio know that wo had no lovo for Mr. So-and-so, and ho colored and sub stantiated hia story; lot ub Bay ho believed in it. Tho facte aro simply that Mr. 80-and-so has gone to Cincinnati with Mrs. So-and-so, who is his sister { and all tho rest is false. There is a fight or a libel suit.' You will say at once that this is an extreme ease; unlikely to ocour whore ordinary prudence was employed; impossible to occur in a well regulated. discreetly-handled newspaper office. 1 admit it: but why? Because of tho prom inence and influence of tho parties supposed to ho involved. But it Is not at all improbable, nay, it is common, wboro they aro loss conspicuous and potential; wboro they happen to bo poor, obscure, work-people charged with crime, and having scanty moans of right ing themselves. Tim law presumes a man to •bo innocent until ho is proved to bo guilty. The press, hot merely usurping tho functions of the law in arraigning a man whom tho ooustablo has no warrant to ariosi, goes still farther, and assumes him. prlma faolo, to bo guilty. After many wcoks.*if the case of tho ac cused comes to trial, ho is acquitted; the law makes him an honest man; but there is the newspaper which has condemned him. and can not, with a dozen retractions, erase tuo impres sion loft and tho damage done by a single para graph. THE NEWSPAPER AS IT WAS, Five and thirty years ago tboao ideas .would probably’have boon stoutly denied by the most celebrated of oar journalists. and woro cer tainly contradicted .by tho editorial practice of tho period. Curious and comical period 1 when Bichord Smith woro unbecoming roundabouts and. -William Hyde instituted tho black art of soiling nowspanbra on the. banka of the Ohio; when Walter Ilaldomau..kept books for Qoorgo D. Prentice; when Joseph ModiU pulled a press at Cleveland; whoa M. I). Potter wheel-barrow odthe forms of his paper through tho streets; when Greeley, Raymond, and ilonnott woro ob scure, and tlio press glorified itself in the'per sons of half a hundred forgotten worthies, who wrote fierce hbusonco, and fought. dubla, and hickupod Fourth-of-July orations every day in tho year in exceeding bad grammar. Journalism iu'tnoao days was a sort of inebrious knight errantry, a big joke, considerably drunken'and blood-stained. Now and then I turn back to it and contemplate, it, and wbonevot ido so I be gin to choke up between a laugh and a cry; it was so funny, It was so tragic 1 I have had the advantage, and I may say tho happiness, to bo intimately associated with a groat man of thonoW scbool bf 'journalism, and the very', greatest man of tho old school, audio mark, by" comparison, the ideas and tho methods of both. The comparison, instructive lu itself, shows tho changes which have come into the life of the American press withlu a quarter of a century. In tho old time tho journalist was a more player, strutting and fretting his hour upon the stage, acting a part by command of his liege lord, the party loaner. Ho was about ns much in earnest hr his role of *' organist ” as Mr. Booth is in his volo of Uicheliou or Hamlet; that is, It suited him and .he adapted himself to it. Ho was tho politician’s squiro and the, party’s hack—neglected or 'rewarded according to the caprice of his master. That was Prentice. With all his gifts—bis wit, sagacity, and courage— Prentice lived tho life of a slave. Boalizing tho fact always, ho only realized tho cause toward tho end. Haldomon, on tho other hand, sot out in life at a different gait; ho was oolf-roliantj' a I singular compound of modesty, industry, and ambition; ho wont “slow,” and trusting to his own necessarily crude resources and ideas,' the ideas and tho resources of a pioneer, ho began aud fought just ns ModiU and Potter did, a good fight with partisan and subsi dized journalism, winning it in the Ipng run, as

a matter of course. Whilst I rejoice in tho ge nius of Proulico, and am delighted by it, proud of tho mark ho made for us all, I cannot find words strong enough to urge tho self-repression, the patient aud sober industry, tho heroism of Potter, ModiU, and Holdoman. I had never flat tered myself with the notion of how much I know about tho practical handling of a newspa per before I became tho companion of Prentice, and I had never tho conceit so thoroughly taken out of mo as when X bocamo tho companion of Haldoman. Ido not say that Horace White may not bo a bettor trained journalist to-day than Jo seph Mcdill, who trained himself from tho ground floor and fought upward against odds aud time. lam suro that Murat Halstead is an abler editor than his predecessor, who was a hero and a man of genius. What I do say, and mean to im press upon you, is that when Potter, Holdomim mid ModiU began to "evolve tho mystery of modern journalism out of tho inner consciousness, tho problem was more blauk and tho future loss assured than the problem aud tho future are to you in tho work of emancipating tho press—tho country press—from its present thraldom; for I should waste tho time wo spend in coming hero, and should poorly acquit myself of the privilege of speaking ont in mcotlngwhich you have kind ly allowed mo, if I should lot tho occasion pass with a few glittering generalities touching jour nalism at largo, and a pretty,phraso or two about our greater journalists. Tho purpose of my coming, its logical import ana mark, is that weekly, provincial or county journalism which is so largely, so respectably, and eo'intelligently represented horo. The greater Journals take care of thomsolvos. Tho greater journalists, who t nor they ho good or wise, creditable or unwor thy, aro able to mako a figure in tho world. In any event they aro fow in number. If journal ism over is reformed—if it ovor realize tho ideal I have boon sketching lu outline—its reformation must embrace tho country press and outer into tho home-spun no less than the imported fabric of tho profession. THE COUNT! PRESS. I have thrown out. generally, tho principles of conduct and enterprise which have given birth to tho Independent Press, that is to tho self sustaining, non-partisan press—to that press which la sought to bo run in tho public interest,. which affects not to he purchased or intimidated, ' which protends to bo controlled by its legitimate owners, and not by a clique or ring of politicians; which looks, for its support exclusively to tho people, which relies solely on public opinion for Us good-will Just as It relics on ovouts, and its representative character as a popular interpreter and raouth-pioco, for its vindication. If you will consider those principles carefully, if you will separate them minutely from their abstract set ting and apply them to tho ovory-day conditions that surround your life uud labor, you will find them not merely adaptable, but comprehensive and infallible. There aro in ibis State of Indiana, living in villages, and passing comparatively obscure lives, professional men of real eminence and culture—lawyers and doctors who, transplanted to a larger Hold, would make a ilguro m the world. Twelve or fourteen years ago there was a young student at Terre Haute uuTiouorod and unknown, who rose to a national distinction, still keeping his beautiful but out-of-the-way dwell ing place. Occupying no groat oDlciol place, ho signalized his genius as a pleader and politician all over the country? and now, though defeated and gone Into retirement, ho is perhaps stronger than over ho was, with a bettor future. INvo-aud twouty years ago, at Bouth Send, another equally obscure young man began a career which was pe culiarly distinguished and brilliant, carrying him from the office of a county newspaper into the National Congress, to the head of this, and dually up to the second placo within the gift of the American people. Voorhoos and Colfax wore both village men j their lot was cast in an interior State \ yet each of them carved out of fortune a place for himself. Both became national iulluouoos. Turn away to Now Eng land; toko note of tbo trim little olty of Spring- Hold, in Massachusetts— merely a largo village. You will find there a newspaper more praised, abused, ami quoted than any other newspaper in America. Sam Bowles has simply done, in his way, what Baa Yoorhoea and Schuyler Oalfax did in their way—that is, being a man of parts, os they are, ho adapted himself to his situation in life. lie made the best of himself by doing faithful, conscientious work in the sphere where in Uiu lot was cost. The same Is open to every man; only the county Journalist has a bettor, because an almost untulod, field for the planting and reaping of a plenteous harvest. [Mr. Wattorsou discussed ably the importance of nowepapora Mug Independent In all their ibusiness relations, discarding all "favors,” and maintaining firmly a scale of advertising rates ' adjusted upon tho true value of tho service per formed.] . ‘ - V TIIB RATTLE REFORR THE PRESS. I might go on endlessly with tho many inci dents which belong to tho matter of newspaper independence,-amraro inevitably suggested by lit. . You will not charge mo with presumption, x hope, because I have sketched tho character of a jouniallsm.whioh Ido not protend to realize in my own practices,onmosllyas I am wedded to tho theories hi which it is constructed, and thoroughly, as I believe it to bo tho Journalism of the future. I have had some opportunities, to tost the efficacy and value of many of tho hints which I have boon throwing out hero in .time of peace and in timo of war, and it is my unqualified opinion that, wlolded with prudonco, justice, and truthfulness, having the right on Its Bide, and boing handled with ordinary composure sure and skill, the press la, as tho old saying, puts It, "mightier than tho sword.” But to bo mighty, it must bo free, and to. bo free, it must bo bolf-sufltaiuing and self-respecting. Thereto a groat fight before ua for liberty; a fight as old as tho hills. The fight of tho poor against tho rich; tho fight of tho weak against the strong; the. fight of the people against tho corporations. The corporations just now hold tho vantage ground. They began by corrupting tho news papers; and they have none so fast aud so far that they are able at last to buy up Legislatures, to command tho services of capable and astute politicians, and oven to shape tiro course of par ties. Tho people aro becoming aroused, aud, be ing aroused, they look around them for weapons of defense. . Thus seeking the moans of war. they have taken bold of the press as ibo most warlike enginery within their roach, aud, if it bo true, that the press controls tho country, It is be cause the people, controlling tho press, engage It in their Interest, supporting it with a reserve power of public opinion.. Tho silly old notion of " writing down to tho pooplo ”is exploded. Tho -effort now la to write aud act tip to the pooplo; for tho people, in tho aggregate, are wiser and purer than any one man, oven though that one man should bo tho editor of a newspaper. I make no plea' for that sort of Independent journalism which represents tho caprices of a single editor aud piques '4tsolf on its immunity from obligations .of ovary sort. I know very well that parties aro essential to. republics, aud that organization is essential to parties. I air myself n good party man, but I am not so good a party man os to accept the theory that politics is war: that a partisan line, like a military lino of battle, should divide mo from my neighbors who differ from mo in points of fact or in tho con struction which ho mutually places upon civil questions, and which requires mo to toll lies, hoar malice, and bo guilty of all uncbaritablo nossin order that ono sot of'gentlemen shall hold office and another sot to bo kept out of office. I say, aud in using tho first person • singular X moan to bo understood as speaking .for every editor who is satisfied with his business, that I want no office; that I have a bettor office already than I can hope to got if X'do my duty; and, that, there fore,' fairly representing the ideas whichgroup themselves from natural causes about acortain boint iu our political field of action, I stand for thorn in tbblr truths and not in tholr falsehoods; I stand for thorn as they oro just and not as thoy aro merely selfish, strategic, or passionate, run ning inti) excesses,, and excusing lUoir errors with wantonnoßß and wrongs. I Believe I stand whoro tho people, who gave mo alllhovo and who make mo all 1 am. would have me stand, as a journalist, for, in tho long 'run, the people aro pretty sure to find outwhothor ft newspaper la wnimslcaland eccentric, simply pretentious and Individualized, or whether, guided by modesty but inspired by earnestness, it is ft mouth-piece of that yearning for public honesty, good nature and fair-nlay, which aro characteristic of our laughter-loving, bravo-hoartod American genius. THE EMANCIPATION OF THE PRESS, * Pray do not think I am striking too high. Those, aro but almplo and oaqy lessons in human nature, the source and rosourco, thobuttrosa and tbo boll-tower of Journalism and a froo press. They aro attainable by tho smallest journalist of tho , smallost village, and not until they are learned, aud well learned, by tho lessor journal ists of the country, can wo hope for that Journal ism which, ideal now, is destined to win tho fight of tho people against tho corporations ; to sub stitute a national and popular spirit against more domsgogism and party spirit; and, if such bo God’s providence, to establish that Universal Republic which, based .bn universal intelligence. Is to bring us peace on earth and good will among men. Emancipate tho press from its thralldom to Mammon by making it self-sustain ing I ..Bind it with hooks of stool to the service of the people! Acknowledge no maotor oxcopt that of which you your selves aro . component parts a Board of which you are members—a Cabinet of which you aro ministers—tho mastership of public opinion. It is the only service that gives plenty of pay and honest pay; it is tho only service of which a man may..no proud and in which- ho may fool happy. Throw off tho old execrable badge, faded and tattered ond wom-oaton by its dis honoring memories and inscriptions, for that other badge, that insignia of rank and inde pendence, which says: lam no man’s dog. I am a man among men. Tho roof above me is my own. This threshold is mino; and, holding no commission but that which, sent from Heaven, makes mo a spokesman for my follow mou, and having no weapons except a handful of typos, lam able to defy the world that pro poses unbidden, to cross it, being supported by &u army, numerous and powerful, which is ready to rally at a moment’s notice for the defense of itself, which is my defense.” I believe in that sort of journalism, and I believe that that sorb of journalism will come to bo believed in by every man who edits and roads a newspaper. PLYMOUTH, IND. Plymouth, lad., April U9,1813, To the Editor of The Chicago 3Vibu«« .* Biu 5 Plymouth is one of tho most, thriving towns lu Northern Indiana. Situated in the heart of a fine agricultural region, with tho transportation facilities or two firet-olasa rail roads and a third in process of erection, being the county-seat of Marshall Comity, and having on enterprising and public-spirited class of men for citizens, wo possess strong elements of per manent prosperity. Plymouth is ambitious. Claiming a population of 2,500, she,. on Friday last, cast oil her village swaddling clothes, and donned tho official robes of a juvenile city. At a municipal election on that day. tho leading issue being yiiloge or city, her citizens, by a largo majority, decided in favor of a city organ ization. Tho Democrat, of this place, has inaugurated an unique feature in country journalism. It has a legal, a medical, and an educational depart ment in its columns, presided over, respectively, by a lawyer, a physician, and a school-examiner. • Tho lumber interest of this county is of con siderable importance. Black-walnut timber abounds in tho surrounding country, especially in the neighborhood of Argos. Of the value of this species of lumber, some idea may bo formed from the fact that over SIOO is often paid for a single tree. Trade hero Is suffering at present from tho effects of a mucl*ombargo,—the formers, who aro tho principal customers of Plymouth mer chants, being unable to como to town, owing to tho wretched condition of- tho dirt-roads, ren dered almost impassable by the recent protracted rains. • - The bulk of last year's crop is still in tho hands of producers, through this part of Indiana, who havoboou holding oh in tho hopo of an advance in prices. J, il. HOW TO GET RIO OF THE MODOCS. To the Editor 0/ The Chicago Tribune : Sir s Your article In Thursday’s Tribune on “ The Modoc Slaughter” will moot the approval of every rlght-tlilnking reader 5 and it ought to turn the attention of the Government towards the best method of exterminating those demons in human shape. The peace-policy, in the minds of all but idiots and lunatics, Is played out. Almost as futile and ineffectual ns the policy of sending against tbo Indians raw troops, unacquainted with their method of fighting. Buch roconnols sancos in force as that lately attempted in the Lava-Bods aro as foolish as can bo imagined. The only way to fight Indians to advantage is to uso Indian strategy 5 and the men who can do this effectually are to bo found in sufficient num bers in almost every raining town in California. Lot tbo Government, thou, lot out tbo Job of exterminating the Modoos, by contract, to Cali fornians. There are plenty of the old pioneers there who would undertake the job at a tithe of the present cost, and who would, moreover, do It so effectually that not a single buck Modoo .would bo loft alive, after two mouths, to tell the distinction of his race. B. —The Trustees of tho Cornell (N. Y.) Univer sity have accepted a gift tendered by a gentle man, whoso name is not yet publicly announced, of the sum of SIIO,OOO for the endowment of a religious' lectureship, to be hold by eminent cler gymen of tho Ywioua denominations. i LIBERAL ] 1 Second Day’s Session of > tho Unitarian Conference*—' ■Work of tho Denomination in the West. Opposition to .Bonding tlio Biblo In tho Public Schools. Amendments to tho Constitution—-Elec- tion of Officers. MORNING SESSION. Tho second mooting of tho Western Confer ence of Unitarian Ohurcbos was. bold yesterday at tho Fourth Unitarian Church, corner of Thirtieth street and Prairie avonuo, commenc ing at 0 o’clock lu tho morning. Tho President, Mr, D. L. Bhoroy, was In tho chair. Owing, doubtless to tho disagreeable weather, tho at tendance was not so largo as that of tho preced ing day. ' Tho mooting was opened by devotional exor cises, led by tho Bov. Charles Noyes, of Om cinnat'i.. ... .... WORK OF TUB CONFERENCE, Tho Bov. J. H. Haywood, of Louisville, thou delivered an essay on “Tho Western Confer ence and Its Work.” Ho holioved that tho an nual mootings of tho body imparted strength to tho denomination, and widely extended tho; circle of its influence. Tho General Conference was undoubtedly a well or ganized institution, and active in Christian work. Its power, however, was felt more at tho East than at tho West. It was too faryomovod from tho latter section to have tho proper effect on its Unitarian inhabitants. Tho Wostom Confer ence ought to bo mado tho National Conference for tho West, and If every Liberal. Christian or-' gnnization within its jurisdiction would send delegates, and If tho general attendance would ho increased, tho result to tho Church would bo ben eficial in a marked dogreo. Ho did not favor tho Idea of cutting looso from tho National Confer ence, or in separating tho funds of tbo two in stitutions. A DISCUSSION FOLLOWED on tho points presented- in the essay, tho spoochos being limited to ton minutes each. Mr. 11. F. Bond, of Toledo, asked: “ Shall tho Western Conference live ? Shall it bo revived ? ” Ho desired that it should live, in order that tho bottor organized churches of tho East might ho shqjvu how much thoir brethren in tho Wost stood in nood of thoir assistance. Ho explained tho difference in tho membership of Unitarian societies lu tho two sections, and contended that tho Western Unitarians had many obstacles thrown in thoir way by tho misunderstanding of ' their faith by those who strayod away from othor beliefs. Tho Bor. S. S. Hunting, of Indianapolis, ob jected to that portion of tho essay which sot forth tho opinion that tho Unitarian faith had decreased, instead of increased, in membership. Such wan not] tho case. Several vigorous socio tics had' boon organized during tuo past year, and woro now in a* flourishing condition. In Kansas, particularly, tbo boliof had takon strong hold. Control and Southom Illinois con tained a gi oat many more Unitarians than thoy did a year ago. In lowa, also, the movement was progressing favorably,’ as tho local confer ence reports showed. Tho Bov. Mr. Shippon said ho had no word of discouragement to offer any person who was striving to do Unitarian work, and trusted that no ono would bo discouraged by tho words of a doubting brother. Had no allowed himself to listen to tho discouraging words of .others, ho would not now bo a minister. When did a Con ference in tho West contain so many prom inent ministers as. tho present ono, or ho many interaslod laymen ? Won thlo discouraging ? Did this show that tho denom ination was losing strength numerically ? If tho rich churches of Chicago can bo miulo to pay thoir share toward Wootom missionary labor, tho East will soon show that thoy appreciate tho effort being mode in this comparatively now country, and will do thoir share toward assisting tbo stragglers. If tho Western people would only understand this question, thoro would bo loss discouraging talk East and Wost. RESOLUTIONS. The following resolutions, with reference to the essay, woro presented by the Rev. Robert Laird Collier: Resolved, That, considering the'smell amount of money In tho Treasury of tbo American Unitarian As sociation, and tbo small expectation of securing from tUo churches any considerable or adequate sum further this year, it la tho Judgment of this Conference that tho Western Secretary bo instructed to give hla atten tion to tbo points of principal importance, and to open no now fields of labor for tho present which may need aid, except special provision bo mado by this Confer ence for that purpose in connection with tbo A, U. A. Resolved. That no minister -of a stained moral record will under any circumstances bo sustained by this Conference In any portion of its missionary field. Resolved, That tho Secretary bo Instructed to give his whole - time and care to tho missionary field, ac cording to tho sonio of the first resolution, giving only such portion of his tlmo to Indianapolis as ho gives to other points of Importance nooding his aid. Resolved, That a committee of five bo appointed by this conference to act in conjunction with tho A. If. A., and that no action for tho A. U. A. bo presented to that body without tbo previous action and recommen dation of this committee. FURTHER DISCUSSION. Mr. Oolllor said tho Western Conforonco was not merely a body for tho hearing of essays; it had on important practical work to do, with ‘ref erence to tho condition of tho churches of which it was composed. Hifl church, and every other church in the olty, would do what waa right, but ho would not give money to churches whore wrong doctrines wore prooohed. Mr. J. B. Young, of Marlon, lowa, Bald that Unitarians, in order to moot tho coming demand, must grapple with truth in all its forms. Tho orthodox chnroheß had utterly failed to roach business men, those who road and think for themselves. To moot this want In his own town, fourteen men organized an undenominational society on tho 18th of February, 1871. The suc cess with which they had mot proved-tho bene ficial results of earnest labor, Tho Rov. Robert Collyor said ho did not fool a hit disheartened about the Western work, and ho know as much about it as any other man oast of tho Rooky Mountains. Ho was discour aged about one thing, howovor, that so many dollars bad to he collected together before tho Gospel could bo imparted. This should not be so. Ho was willing to help struggling societies in every possible way, and to that end he thought that a cheap weekly or monthly publication should bo published for tbo benefit or those who liavo no pastor, Tho Rov. Mr. Shlppon said that, if Mr. Collyor would furnish tho sermons, they would bo pub lished. ... Mr. Collyor continued, speaking in favor of the resolutions, and advising tho Rev. Mr. Hunt ing to pay loss attention to Indianapolis and more to tho country societies. 1 Tho Rev. Mr. Wondto. while favoring tho gen eral spirit of the resolutions, opposed tho plac ing of so much power in tho proposed Commit tee of Five. A society could not bo prevented from choosing such a pastor as they saw fit; The Rov. Mr. Forbush, of.Cleveland, called attention to an amendment to tho Constitution presented at tho last mooting, providing for tho oppointmont of an Executive Commit tee, composed of one from oaoh local Confer ence. • He thought that there was no necessity for multiplying officers, ns that Committee could, do the work of tho Committee of Five with more satisfaction to tho denomination at largo. It was about time for tho Conferences to cease being debating societies, and to do some practi cal work for tho honollt of Liberal Christianity. ‘ Tho Rov. Charles Noyes said ho was opposed, to the appointment of the Committee of Flvo, if itwastoliavo anymore than advisory powers, aud if it was to Imvo authority to interfere with tho work of tho American Unitarian Association, Tho gentleman spoke rather warmly on tho sub ject of money. Tho Rov. Robert Laird Collier said ho w&s willing to change tho number of tho''Committee. Ho repeated his assertion that ho would not givo money whore his heart could not follow. As long as tie was a member of a Conference ho would advocate his own views aud be consistent; and bo an obstacle whore ho could not carry his point. The Rov. Mr. Forbush said if that was tho brother's feeling It would ho more gentlemanly for him to withdraw from tbo Conference. Mr. Collier said ho would do so if it was tho wish of tho majority. The Rov. Mr. Miller and several other rever end gentlemen deprecated tho turn which tho OUoumjigu had takoh, aud Kungunged (hat itvw iho' earnout wish of thotr societies that tho Western Conference should live, and bo a bar* Inonloiiß body. 'Tho Chair announced tho following Commit tee on Nominations*! Thollov, Moi-rs. Forhust, Ilorwood, and Wondlo. ThoJlov, Robert Laird Collier withdrew tbo last resolution In tho scries, and moved the adoption of tbo other four. Oi» motion, tho resolutions wore referred to tbo Business Committee. Tbo Oouferonoo thou adjourned for lunch. AFTERNOON SESSION, Upon tbo reassembling of tbo mooting, at half-past 3 O’clock, tho Itov. J. 0. Learned, of St. Louie, 'delivered an essay on “ Tho Biblo in our Public Schools,” Ho said it woo extremely difficult to dotormino whothor our Gov ernment is religious or secular. Tho language of tbo dlffocout Couailtutions, tho decisions of tho courts, and tbo cdmluot of tbo rnlors wore contradictory and ambiguous concerning religion. It was also* difficult to dotormino if it was tho Intent of tho Constitution to fix a relig ious character upon tho public schools. Tho common school system undoubtedly bad its origin in tbo Christian Church. Tho Reforma tion g&vo it Us first groat impulse, aud'tho Puri tans fostered it. Among tho latter tho chief ob ioot of learning to road was that tho Biblo might o road. Tho Puritan school, therefore, could easily bo imagined. In the separation of relig ious from secular institutions, tho schools went with tho State, and tho only mark now loft that there is anything religious about tho puhlio school, was tho reading of a few versos from tho Biblo. Tboso who holiovo in tbo union of Church and Stato woro endeavoring to bring about a constitutional recognition of an evangel ical religion, and continue tbo Biblo in tho schools. Snob a use of tho Biblo had resolved itself into a rito, a religions worship, which was but little understood by tho scholars, and which the teachers woro but little able to ox plain. Only by ceasing to bo religious can tho common schools coaso to ho sectarian. Tho reading of tho Bible was undoubtedly a sectarian firoctlco, which creates partisan strife. Had the doa boon ulruuuouuly urged In many of tbo prominent cities, tbo Catholics would nave re belled almost unanimously, and thus tho school system would havo boon materially injured. In St. Louis, tho schools woro completely secular, tho Biblo was never road, and, certainly, tho scholars woro ns moral as tboso of any other city. Tho law of evolution, when thoroughly understood, will disrupt tho union of Church and State, and free tho schools from tho restraints of religion. It was known now that sectarian edu cation produced nothing hut mediocrity. Social morals should bo iuoulcatod la the puhlio; religious theories should be confined to tho church aud to tho homso. From such a system material progress aud high mental culture will como. DISCUSSION. Dr. Bellows said tho osaay wan a remarkably clear and sound composition. It wrs from no disrespect to tbo Bible, from no doorcase of in terest in tho groat subject of religion, that Uni tarians wore anxious to remove tuo Bible from tho public schools. It was because they desired to save tho sacred book and religion from tho turmoil of sectarianism that they sought to bring about tho change. lu tho days of super stitions boliof it was doubtless n good thing for tho State and tho schools to bo uudor tho control of the Church, but, in those days of freedom of thought, such a Government could not bo thought of for a moment. Tho Bov. Mr. Woudto moved tho adoption of tho following: Wiieueab, According to American principles, tbo province of tbo Qburch shall bo kept separate from that of tho Slato; ami, Whereas, Secular instruction belongs to tho State and religious instruction to tho Church : therefore, Jieaolved, That it is neither wise nor Just to enforce tho reading of tbo Blblo lu tho public schools. Adopted unanimously. Tho Bov. Mr. Haywood presented tho follow ing, winch called out considerable discussion: llcsolved, That we heartily welcome to our fellowship those brethren who represent hero Independent Lll> oral Churches, Christian Union Churches, and othor rollglous associations not connected with our organisa tion . Jteaalvedf That tho Chair appoint a committee of two to confer with these hrothrou, and extend to them our sympathy, and to neck possible methods of co-opora tlou In tbo great work of Liberal Christianity. A gentleman said that ono Independent relig ionist had left tho Conference because ho thought could not got a hearing. Tho resolutions woro adopted. HD9fNEB3 COinriTTEH IIEPOIIT. Tho Bov. Bobort Laird Collier presented tDO following as tbo report of tho Business Commit tee on tho resolutions referred to them during tho morning session: Jteaolved, Tb* J » ouusldnHnn tho small amount of mon»? Iu *bo treasury of tho American Unitarian Asso ciation, and tho small expectation of receiving from tho churches any considerable or adequate sum during this year, It is tho judgment of this Conference that the Western Secretary ho Instructed by tho A. U. A. to give his attention to tho points of principal impor tance, and to open no now Hold of labor for the present which may need aid, except special provision ho raado by this Conference for that purpose, in connection with tho A. U. A. Resolved, That no minister of a stained moral record Trill, under any circumstances, bo sustained by this Conference in any portion of its missionary field. Tho resolutions woro adopted. AN AMENDMENT TO TUE CONSTITUTION, making tho Executive Committee consist of at least one delegate from oaoh Local Conference, ■who, in connection with other officers of the 'Western Conference, shall constitute a Board of Directors, who shall have charge of tbo work of tho Conforonco, was adopted. Tho IV>v. Robert Collyor offered a resolution amending tho Constitution so as to makotho title of tho Conforonco “ Tho Western Con ference of Unitarian and other Christian Churches.” Tho matter will bo acted upon at tho next Conforonco. MISCELLANEOUS, Tho Chair appointed tho Rev. Messrs. Wondto and Beaver to confer with tho delegates from In dependent Liberal Churches, and.to extendto them tho sympathy of tho Conforonco. Tho Rev. Mr. Forbush offered tho following, which was adopted i Resolved, That Local Conferences bo requested to co operate with and report to tho Western Conference la regard to oil matters of missionary work. Hcaotad, That tho Western Conference authorizes and instructs Us Hoard of Directors to advise and co operate with tho Executive Committee of the American Unitarian Association In regard to all matters of mis sionary work, in accordance with tho resolution passed by tho Executive Committee of tho A. U, A,, Bept, % 1872, and accepted by this Conference, The Rov. Mr. Brigham moved that tho next Conforonco bo hold m St. Louis at such timo as tho Executive Committee may determine. A delegate from Gouoseo moved, a<i nu amend ment, that the Conference bo hold at <nch time and placo as tho Board of Directors n. .y direct. Tho Rov. Mr. Vickers offoiod an amendment to tho amendment, that tho Conforonco bo hold in St. Louis during tho last week of April, 1874. Adopted. Votes of thanks woro passed to tho friends ol Liberal Christianity, anu to tho clergyman who delivered the sermon at tho opening of tho Con ference. OFFICERS. Tho Committee on Nominations mado tho fol lowing report, which waa unanimously adopted : President— D. L. Sboroy, Chicago, HeniVeridente—J, J, Bagley, Detroit; J, H* Hey wood, Louisville. Recording Seerefary—T?. L. Hosmor, Quincy. Corresponding Secretary—3, 8. Hunting, Indianapo lis. , Treasurer— U. P, Moulton, Chicago, Directors— llobert Collyor, Chicago; J. L. Jonoa. Wisconsin; Nathaniel ’Beaver,- Western Illinois ana Iowa; J. O. Learned, Missouri Valley; Charles Noyes, Ohio Valley; T. D. Forbush, Lake Eric. • Preaehera for lb7i—Thomas Vickers, Cincinnati J alternate, Frederick Frolhlugbam, Buffalo. The abovo gentlemen wore oloctod without a dissenting voice. ‘ * The llov. Mr. Forhush moved that tho Bov. Messrs, Oollyor and Beaver bo appointed dole* f;atoa to tho Tabernacle Convention in lowa dor* ng the Bummer. Adopted. The Couforouco then Bong a hymn and ad journed, ' . \ SOCIAL SESSION. In tho evening a social session was held at the Fourth Church, which wao attended by most of tho delegatee and a largo number of laymen. Friendly conversation, discussions on doctrinal points, and a supper were the features of tho occauion. ; One Day’s **utel<lus In Paris* There wore no fewer than eight snicldoa In ono day in Paris lately. A lady in tho Hue do la Pewlulovo strangled herself with a cord at 8 o'clock in tho morning, leaving every ono in ignorance of tho cause of her fatal determination. At tho same hour a man precipitated himself from the Anstorlltz bridge into tho Seine. A. printer followed his example later on in tho afternoon. Thou a young man adopted tho strange method of throwing himself' under tho foot of omnibus horses, and was, of course, mortally injured. Two cases of death by de liberate suffocation took place, ono being by a young man crossed }n Jove.' Tho saddest of tho eight deaths was, hbwovor, that of two girls, young and poor, who, after dancing all night at tho ball of tho Parisian "Florist,” agreed nulotly to put au end to their existence. One of these, Angoliquo Laohomy, died for tho very simple reason that she was tired of life. The other, Eugenio Hardy, committed aulcido from chagrin caused by disappointment iu loyo* Both tttw gicta only 1$ yowa old,

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