Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 2, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 2, 1873 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TCDMH or BUBBOBirTIOK (PATADLX IK ADVANCE). Parts of a year at the anmo rate. To preront delay ami mistakes, lie sure ami sirs Post Offloo address In full, tndmllim Btato and County. „ . Remittances may tie made ellnor by draft, express, Potl Office order, or In registered Idlers, at our risk. TRtum xo curv BOumuunEiin, pally, delivered, Butiday osenpUri. CA oonta per week. Pally, delivered, Bundsy Inobuloil, so cents per week. Address TIIR TRIUUNK COMPANY. , Corner HrMlson and Uoarliorn’Sl l ),, Oliloago, lit. TO-DAY'S AMUSEMENTS. UOOLEY’S OPERA HOUSE-Randolph street, bo- Iwasn Clark and LaSalle-it. Dillon HonolU. M’VIOKER’B THEATRE—MadUon street, between State and Dearborn. ICngsuomont of Mr. Mark Bulth. •• One Uundtod Years Old." AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabaibavonuo, comer of Con •roaaatroot. “Uncle Tom’s Cabin." Mra. O. 0. How ard u “Topsy." ACADEMY OF MUSIC HnUtod street, south of Madison. Engagement of Little Noll. “Fidelia, tho Piro-Walf." GLOBE THEATRE—Dosplalnos atroot, between Msdl- Bon and Washington. Engagement of Mias Lottlo Es telle. “White Eagle, or tho Modoo War." MYERS’ OPERA HOUSE—Monroe street, between Bute and Dearborn. Arlington, Cotton A Kemble’s Utnatrol and Burlesque Troupe. “Tho Modoo Ques tion. H “Quiet Lodgings.’* NIXON’S AMPnmiRATRE-Ollntoa . atroot, be tween Randolph and Washington. McKee A Rogers' Vaudeville Combination. BUSINESS NOTICES. GOVERNMENT ARTIFICIAL LIMB MANUFAO* lory. Dll. J. E. GARDNER, corner Slxtooutb-st., and Wabash av., U tbo only ono lu Obloago authorized by tbo Government to furolin soldier* artificial limbs and apparatus. ©fee OfejJww. Friday Morning, May 3, 1873, Both bronchos of tbo Legislature have ac cepted the Compromise bLUj as amended by tbo Conference Committee. Tbo story which came -from Manitoba, yester day, of Indian Obiofs poisoned by American traders, who wore in their turn killed by tbo bereaved tribe, is to-day pronounced untrue by % dispatch in the Toronto Globe. President Grant celebrated tbo Ist of May by moving back to bis old homo in Galena, whore Bo will hold a reception next Friday evening. Sunday next tho President will spend in this city. Fourteen' bodies word recovered on Tuesday, from tho Atlantic, now blown nearly to pieces, and twenty-seven tbo day after. Most of them wore women. 8o far, 858 bodies have boon taken from the wreck. Humboldt believed that there was no moment at wbiob an earthquake was not occurring at somo point of the earth's surface, and, as tbo telegraph carries its circuits into every quarter of tho globo, wo got moro and moro evidence of tbo truth of tbo theory. Wednesday, for in stance, news come of earthquakes in both tho Eastern and Western Hemispheres,—in tho Sandwich Islands and Groat Britain; and yester day, several distinct shocks woro felt at. Corn wall, in Canada. An adjourned session of the Legislature Is to bo held, beginning Jan. 6. Tho resolution of tbo Senate to this effect passed tho House by tho scant majority of two. As tho votes ,woro first cast, the resolution was defeated ; but tho same tactics wore employed hero as in Congress in tho salary-grab, and members who had voted against tho bill only to save appearances changed their votes in numbers sufficient to save it. Bismarck has carried his bill for tho training and regulation of tho clergy through tho Upper House of tbo Diet. This measure will prove a powerful blow in tho contest wMch tho groat Chancellor is waging with tho Church, and in which bo has already succeeded in ban ishing the Jesuits and transferring tho superin tendence of tho schools from ecclesiastical to civil hands. His last stop Is designed, as ho stated in his speech before tho Diet a week ago, to put an end to tho domineering assumptions of tho priesthood. Somo imposing Inaugural coromouios took placo yesterday on tbo spot where tbo Vienna Exposition was to have boon May 1. No less an authority than tbo Emperor of Austria declared that tbo Exposition was there and was open, but from tbo statements of tbo dispatches it is evident that tbo Exposition will not roach Vienna for a month or two. Most of it seems to bo still on tbo road. Among other tardy arriv als will bo 7,000 dray-loads of articles which have not yet reached tbo Prater, and can bo re ceived and unloaded at the rate of only twenty a day. Warmotb's counsel, in asking the Supremo Court to allow an appeal from Judge Buroll’u decision, neglected to file any papers to sustain their application. On this account tbo Court bos postponed tbo consid eration of their motion until tbo fall term, and, if tbo opinion of tbo Supremo Court Bar is correct and is correctly reported, will not bo anxious then to discuss tbo matter, as they would much prefer that Congress act upon it as i political question, and take H out of tbo field jf judicial decision. Only 61 of tbo 109 counties of Kentucky woro •oprosonted in tbo Democratic State Convention icld to nominate a State Treasurer. The roaolu iona breathe the spirit of 'OB. Thoy reassert bo familiar doctrine that tbo States are coequal, .nd sovereign; that tbo Federal Government aay exorcise only tho rights'delegated to it by bo Constitution, and that it is essential that all lie reserved rights of tbo States should bo sacred f maintained. The conduct of tbo Govern ment toward Louisiana .is denounced as atro ious, and tho Protective Tariff system is de lated to bo a violation of tho Federal compact nd of tbo rights of labor. Rigid economy must o observed in tbo administration of tbo Qov rnraout, and tbo military must bo bold strictly ibordluate to tbo civil powers. Tbo resolutions 080 with on Invitation for tbo 00-oporatlon of io Democracy of other States. The Chicago produce market* wore fairly ac ve yesterday. Moss pork advanced 80c per brl, at closed weak at SIB.OO cash, and $18.25@ 1.30 seller Juuo. Lard was 10c per 100 tbs wor, closing at $0.05@0.10 cash, and $0.25® 80 seller Juuo. Meats wore quiet and uu angod at for shoulders, 8%@8%0 r short ribs, for short clear, and o for street pickled hams. Lake freights were let and nominally unchanged at ibo bid for rn to Buffalo. Ilightrluos wore steady and is active at 870 per gallon. Flour was loss tiro and unchanged. Wheat wm jaodor- atoly aotlvo and lower, closing at t1.28% cash and $1.20)£ sailor Juno. Cora waa aotlvo and weak, closing at OTKCfI’IWo CBB * I » anc * seller Juno. Oats woro aotlvo and higher, closing tamo, at 30% @Sojtfo cash, and 03#o sollor Juno, llyo waa dull and K° lower, at Barley was moro aotlvo and firmer, closing at 72@800 for poor to good No. 2. Hogs woro noglootod and weak at lC@2oo doollno. Oattlo woro dull and lower, with sales at $3.00@8.75. Thoro was a fair luqulry for sheep at Wednesday’s prlcds. THE PEINOETON CONVENTION. Tlio Convention bold at Frincoton, Bureau County, on Wednesday, waa composed of over a hundred delegates, one county, Henderson, not being represented, and two others, Qmndy and Stark, represented by one person each, who oast the full vote of h!s county,—tho number of votes given by those present being 103. Tho Convention took a tost vote upon certain reso lutions, which woro adopted—yeas, 57>tf ; nays, 45>£, tho nine votes of Grundy and Stark Coun ties being given in tho affirmative. Those reso lutions (published In full yesterday) declare : 1. That the Constitution of 1670 la, in all its parts, the supremo law of tho State, and tho Leg islature should at once enact tho laws necessary to execute the provisions in regard to railroads, . 2, That tho charters of railroads hi this State are not contracts in tho sense that they ore par amount to tho Constitution and laws of Illinois, and tho Illinois provisions relating to railroads are not repugnant to tho Ooustltutton of tho United Slates. 8. That tho railroads are highways and the companies common carriers, and the Legislature should pass laws establishing reasonable maxi mum rates for transportation, and such legisla tion should bo sustained and enforced by tho ju diciary of tho Btato. 4. That they would support no man for Judgo of tho Supreme Court who docs not agroo with thoso resolutions. C. That tbo Judgment of tbo Supreme Court and tbo punishment of contempt in tbo cose of tbo Chicago Journal is a violation of tbo prin ciple of free government, Ac. Having adopted those resolutions by tbo voto named, tbo Convention nominated tbo Hon. A. M. Craig, of Knoxvillo, notwithstanding bis written declaration that bo was not a candidate and would not accept If nominated. What wo wish particularly to call attention to is tbo fact that tbo majority of ibis Convention bavo undertaken to dooido questions of consti tutional law which have perplexed the most pro found lawyers that bavo appeared at tho Bar or bavo sat on tbo Bench in this country. Tbo Convention has permitted no difference of opin ion, no question as to the extent of its decision; k absolutely decides that railroad charters aro contracts, tbo obligation of wbiob can bo im paired by legislation, and that no part of tbo Constitution of tho State is in conllict with tho Constitution of the United States. Upon those points tho Convention declares tbo law, and in sists that no man shall bo Judge who will not, before bis olootiou, announce that bo will main tain that tbo decision of tho Convention is right. The Convention further resolved that tbo Legis lature should pass laws establishing reasonable maximum rates for transportation, and such legislation should bo uphold and enforced by tbo courts. Tbo latter part of this resolution has no moaning unless it be that, whatever rates tbo Legislature may enact, tbo courts shall bold to bo reasonable and just, purely because so declared by tbo act of the Legislature. What Is a reasonable charge is a question of fact to bo determined by tbo circumstances, and, whether tbo Legislature enact that 1 cent per mile per ton for freight and 1 cent per mile for passengers bo a reason able rate for their transportation, or that tbo railroads may ebargo 10 cents a mile for each passenger and for each ton of freight, tbo ques tion of tbo reasonableness of tbo charge is in nowise changed. Tbo Legislature cannot alter facts; it canno more make an unreasonable charge logoi than it can make a reasonable one illegal. Kor can this bo done by convention or town mooting. It can only bo determined by a court and Jury upon bearing tbo whole facts and circumstances of each case. But ibis Convention have declared that whatever rates tbo Legislature may prescribe shall bo hold to bo reasonable, and that tbo courts shall enforce their collection, thereby committing tbo public Interests to tbo moro dis cretion of a majority in tbo Legislature, and throwing away tbo groat power of the courts, which is tbo only certain protection against tbo corruption of legislative bodies. Tho Legisla ture that fixes rates one day may change them tbo next. Tbo Legislature that allows 8 cents a mile for passengers to-day may give legislative sanction to G cents to-morrow, and tho Judge elected under tho Princeton platform will bo required to uphold tho Legislature. Of all things else, tbo establishment of legislative discretion, in tbo place of courts and Juries, is tbo most dangerous expedient. Nine-tenths of tbo evils wbiob distress and harass business and clog tbo wbools of trado and production aro tbo result of legislation; thero is not a monopoly or any other Institution arrayed against common right and common equality that is not tbo creature of legislation. Legislation is tbo abomination of tho times. To erect the Legislature of this or any other State as tbo solo arbiter of public and poinoual rights, would bo to select a despot whoso whole career is marked by fraud, dishonesty, corruption, and de fiance of public right. Tho Princeton Conven tion has resolved that it must bavo a Judge of tbo Supremo Court who will sit with tied bands, and declare that whatever tbo Legislature does is right, and must bo the law. Wo can imagine no result so pleasing to tbo railroad corporations, and to monopolies generally, as tbo adoption of tho principle that no court shall overrule an act of tho Legislature, and that decrees of tbo latter body aro final and absolute. Monopolies can deal moro successful ly with legislative bodies than with courts. We do not propose to discuss whether tbo de cisions of tbo Princeton Convention on ques tions of constitutional law aro right or not. That is a question for tbo courts. Tbo mistake of tho Princoloa Convention is in making tbo Judge decide, before bis olootiou, oases wbiob aro to bo tried by him after bis election. If a Judge should bo required to pledge himself that when elected bo shall, In a case before him between suitors, dooido against ouo of them, without reference to bis convictions of Justice and law, what faith or confidence can bo placed in snob a Judge that bo will not vio late that pledge as readily as violato bis oath of office ? To demand of a Judge such a pledge is a confession that tbo man who makes it is not to be trusted as a Judge. To make such a pledge Its a confession of tbo unfitness of tbo person waking It foj Judge. 7q substitute tUe plat* i-iijji uuLuAUU DAILY TIUiUJiNJK: I'IUUAY, MAY % 18* forma of conventions for tho principles of law la a most hazardous experiment, and to havo courts of la\v pronounce judgments founded upon tho resolutions of tho convention that nominated the Judges would bo destructive of all respect for courts. If every Judge to ho olootod this year in Illinois Is to tako with him to tho Bench tho platform of tho convention that nominated him, and to docldo all questions under tho dictation of that platform, then tho judiciary of tho Btato will sink bolow tho lovel of tho moot degraded Jus tice of tho Poaco courts that over disgraced this and other largo cities. It Is sufficient to say that Judge Lawrence was not nominated by tho Frincoton Convention, nor was his name permitted to bo presented to It. The gentleman who was named wroto a peremptory refusal to ho a candidate, and de clared that if nominated ho would not accept. Ho Is a respected member of tho Bar, and doubt loss has too high a regard for tho character of tho office of Judge of tho Snpromo Court to oven accept an election with his action os a Judge already defined and marked out for him by a convention. Judicial honors undor such cir cumstances would bo galling to any respectable and high-minded man who is fitted for tho placo at all. BEATS OP JAMES BROOKS. The moral of tho death of James Brooks is too useful to tho American people of to-day to bo passed over in silonco. There Is a higher law than that which has boon orystalizod In tho motto, * f JDe mortu ta nil nisi bonrnn.” Thonnn timant would havo Its proper place in tho an cestral worship practised amoug tho 'Chinese, and may act as a useful restraint in private life, whore tho departed leave behind them friends to mourn tho death, and whore tbolr faults die with tho body. But it needs no argument to de monstrate that tho nilo would bo hurtful if thoro was no exception when applied to public life and public men. When a man has thrown away groat opportunities, when ho has violated public trusts, when ho has loft .'ho world worso than ho fouud it by reason of his example, it is unfit that nought hut praise should follow him to tho grave, aud that his living faults should bo passed over in silonco. It is not for his surviv ors to pass judgment upon Jamos Brooks, it is true. Wo have no dosiro to do this, nor need lessly to spoak in unkind words of tho man who paid dear penance for tho error of his life be fore ho gave it up. Thoro is hardly a man in this country who has boon so uniformly successful in contemporane ous politics as the late James Brooks. Ho scorns to havo boon a favored son of fortune from tho very beginning of his career, lu early life ho found kind friends and admirers who lent him that helping hand for tho lack of which many. a bettor man has spent his life in toilsome obscurity. Ho was born in tho early part of tho present century, was a college gradu ate, and was admitted at an early ago to practice at tho Bar. Ho entered upon journalism almost immediately, and at a time when journalism had begun to sliapo itself Into a profession. Ho had tho advantage of a residence at tho Capital in a newspaper capacity, and of a trip to Europo as a newspaper correspondent. Ho was elected to tho Maine Legislature when only 25 years of ago, aud thus became associated with politics at a iimo of Ufo whicli enabled him to master its mysteries and become au adept in its work ings. He enlarged his field soon after by removing to Now York City, whoro, with tho assiatanco that had always boon ready for his advancement, ho established tho Now York Express, which, for many years, has boon one of tho most profitable newspapers in tho country. Ho leading position in tho politics of tho State, served in tho Legisla ture and tho Constitutional Convention, and then was sent to Congress. Eight times, in all, was ho returned to his scat in Congress. Mean while, a hard-working brother remained at tho editorial post In Now York, claiming none of the honors of tho position, I ‘and steadily holding tho journal in its oven course of prosperity. James Brooks acquired wealth along with distinction. Ho was able to take Ms recreation in a tour around tho world, was hold in esteem by his own party, whether Whig, Know-NotMng, or Demo crat, and never tho subject of contumely from Ms opponents. Fersonally, ho was a tall, bonovolout looklug man, of mild manner, polito address, and in ovory way calculated to secure tho popu larity that actually awaited him la life. It will bo admitted that to such a man, with surroundings such as havo been described, temptation was au easy thing to put down. Ho was besot by none of tho necessities and extremities that are rea sonably allowed to oxtonuato mortal offenses against personal and official integrity. In the faco of all tbo favors that had boon showered upon James Brooke,—temporal, po litical, and social,—ho permitted himself to uso an official trust for his personal ben efit, and to the detriment of tho public interest. Ho was appointed a Govern ment Director of the Union Pociilo Railroad, probably boenuso of tho special interest which ho had displayed in tho grand project of span ning tho Continent with an iron rail. His active support of tho schomo passed for patriotism, and addod to his popularity and success. It turned out to bo but a selfish episode of a selfish career. lie Identified himself with tho Credit Mobilior system more largely than auy other of tho public men subsequently found to havo boon associated with it. Uo deliberately joined hands with a deliberate combination to defraud tbo Government at tho very time ho was occupying a position especially croatod for tho purpoao of guarding tho Government's interests. Whoa tho oxposuro came at last, os it is protty sure to como sooner or lator, ho adopted a policy of prevarication and deception, which culminated in a personal mortification that was positively pitiful to contemplate. It is unneces sary to recapitulate tho circumstances of Brooks' connection with Credit Mobilior. They are too rocont not to ho entirely familiar, and Mr. Brooks’ case In particular was too humiliating over to bo forgotten by those who watched it. It was a harrowing spectacle of shame, romorsd and despair. Tho telegraphic announcement of Mr. Brooks' death says that his demise was the result of a disease, tho seeds of which wore laid in a fever contracted in Asia. It is possible that this would ho regarded by medical men as tho main cause of physical dissolution. But medical men seldom take note of a crushed spirit, a broken heart, or a groat dis grace. Tho mental and moral diseases seldom enter into their diagnoses of ill-health. There are few people, however, who are familiar with tho career and proud spirit of James Brooks, and who watched tho tortures ho suffered on tho rack of tho Credit Mobilior inquisition, that will not agree that he died moro of shame than of bodily ailments, Sis lost m qwmwm jo tho Houso of Representatives wore . universally spoken of as .pitiful to look. upon. His down* fall, crushed under the weight of the sudden reversal of a prosperous lifetime, was the subject of comment everywhere. The man who should have passed away amid the admiration and eulogies of his countrymen propped himself up In his last days as an object of pity and a spectacle of remorse. This plain story of his life and death renders it unnecessary to dwell upon the moral it offers tbo American people. The lesson stands out In such hold relief that mon may road as they run. Tbo death of James Brooks at this timo may bo the atonement of the errors of his life if It can impress its moral upon the American people, and servo as a timely warn ing to our public mon. UK. WATTERS ON ON JOURNALISM. Mr. Henry Wattorson, tbo editor of tbo Louis ville Oomicr-Journai, delivered an address be fore tho annual mooting of tho State Editorial Association of Indiana, which was hold, yostor doy, at Indlanopolis. Wo present elsewhere In this Issue copious extracts from the address, whioh our readers will find to bo entertaining and instructive reading. It is a peculiarity of the profession of journalism that all mankind, and womankind, too r tako a lively interest in its progress. A professional address from a lawyer la apt to appeal to tho interests of lawyers ex clusively ; that from a doctor, to medical mon alone, and so on. An intelligent and pictur esque survey of tho field of journalism, on tho other band, concerns and interests everybody, whether lawyer, doctor, banker, or .what not. Tho contents of tbo newspaper is ' common property, and Mr. Wattorson’s vivid and pleasant treatment of his theme will moot with appreciation and Interest among all classes of newspaper-readers, os well na among news paper-makers. Tho ruling idea of Mr. Wattorson’s essay is tho timely purpose of impressing upon every body tbo importance of maintaining freedom of iho press, which, ho maintains justly, has boon obtained more by tbo latter-day victories over dependence and subsidy than by any liberalities of tbo law. This feature of journalism is given tho most prominent place iu tho progress to ward a profession, and in reaching that “Fourth Estate” which has boon claimed for it, His contrasts between tho old school newspaper of tho nature of an “ organ ” and tho now-sohool newspaper whioh steers clear of tho depression and con straint of party and clique and caucus, is strik ing, and can scarcely fail to impress upon tho reader tho real progression that has boon made in journalism. Ho holds that no successful and influential editor can henceforth bo a slave to party, for it will bo expected of him to protect tho public from political oppressions on all sides, and to expose thorns and abuses in every quarter. Hence, no successful editor can bo at the same timo a politician or an office-holder. Ho must bold himself aloof, to whatever party ho may attach himself, from tho trammels of subsidy and personal bias. It is in the same spirit that Mr. Wattorson advises tho pro vincial press to cut off from tho dead-hood and dead-beat system, to abolish tho exchange and free lists, to maintain a steady and inflexible tariff of advertising according to its value, and, thus fixing a permanent and inflexible rule of tboir own, establish tho vital principle of busi ness exchange instead of gratuities on either side. There is no doubt that iho advice is sound, and tho sooner it is followed tho bettor it will bo for the ultimate success and standing of tbo country newspapers. Mr. Wattorson takes the highest ground of Journalism, as was to bo expected. Ho has aptly condensed the whole capital of tho newspaper in tho single word, " Credit." What public confi dence is to tho banker and public faith to tho statesman, trustworthiness is to tho journalist. Tho staple of tho public journal is nows; but nows does not moan rash sensations, tho elaboration of more rumor, or tho fabrication of lively imagi nations. Tho journal must build up its reputa tion on foots, obtained at tho earliest moment, and presented in the moat attractive manner consistent with truthfulness and decency. What Mr. Wattorson calls " reckless, racy writing," ho assort?, cannot hold its own, and nover has done so, however sensational or entertaining it may be for tho time. Tho successful and influential newspaper must have credit with its readers. Tho first requisite is that people should believe in the nows it presents to them. It is worthy of noto that Mr. Wattorson prescribes "kindliness, honesty, fearlessness, and capability" as tho leading characteristics of the successful Jour nalist, and that ho gives kindliness tho most prominent ifiaco among all of them. Tho theory is founded upon a good basis. Tho Maohiavollan in journalism is no moro welcome than tho mis anthrope iu society. There is onough of long faces, black looks, and scowling manner in life without cultivating those disagreeable features oithor in journalism or iu private circles. Justice needs not to bo maintained by a sacrifice of bonhomie, and tho world is rarely improved by tho savagery of stylo common to a certain class of newspaper-editors. Mr. Wattorson has made his address tbo medium of paying many gonial compliments to follow-joumalists, which ho gives with a warmth that betokens genuineness of convictlon’aud an ’absence of profosuional rancor Iu any quarter. His utterances are of a kind that will inoroaso tho general esteem with which ho iu already re garded by those who know him personally or professionally. The address which M. Barodot, tho successful Radical candidato In the recent election iu Paris, issued to tho electors of tho Department of tho Seine, brings out the full fiignlilcauco of bis election, and reflects the character of the popu lar fooling in Faria with regard to tho Conserva tive Government of M. Thiers. Hla election by such au immense majority was both a rebuke and a warning, M. Barodot was tho former Mayor of the City of Lyons, which lias boon dis possessed of its municipal rights by the Versailles Assembly, His election was, therefore, a direct rebuke to tho Assembly for that act, and a proof that tho two groat cities of Franco ore united iu political footing and iu defense of their rights. The platform of principles to which ho subscribes Is a warning, tho impressiveness of which has already boon shown iu tho alarm and anxiety

manifested by M. Thiers, his Cabinet, aud tho Conservative press. Tho demands which ho makes are tho immediate dissolution of the Ver sailles Assembly, tho absolute integrity of uni versal suffrage, aud the convocation, without’do lay, of a single Assembly, which can alone vote tho amnesty and tho raising of tho state of siege. M. Barodot says r “Tho time has arrived to emerge from tho statu of uncertainty which is en ervating tho country,encouraging the factions, and disconcerting even tho friends of tho Govern ing. ♦ « . Xhe present contests aro only a preface to tho general elections. Lot us therefore prepare at onoo for those groat no* (tonal assizes. It belongs to tho electors of the Bolno to givo tbo rallying word by a voto which signifies dissolution and Republic.” That tbo event whioh those words clearly foreshadow should havo boon indorsed by tho groat majority of tho people of Paris, in a political contest whore tho Minister of Public Affairs and the lifelong frlond of M. Thiers was tho opposing candidate, shows that tho dissolution' of M. Thiers* Government Is rapidly approaching, and that a lUdioal Republic will bo built up on its ruins. That tho rato of duty Imposed on foreign im ports doos not exhibit tho wholo extent of tho tax, nor iho extent of tho “protection” it affords, may bo soon from an instance of Ous tom-Houso exactness stated by the Now York Tribune. A gentleman residing in London sent a small photograph, framed, to a Now York olub. Its solo value consisted In tho fact that it was the only photograph takon In lato years of a deceased artist, who had boon eminent in bis lifetime. Tho wholo cost in Loudon was proba bly $5. Upon Us arrival at tho Now York Cus tom-House, tho consignee was presented with the following bill t Duty on $lO at 20 por cent Permit, bond, Custom-House fees, Postage. Cartage Appraisement, Brokerage ..., Premium on gold, Total $8.28 Actual tax on the article imported, 105 por cent in currency. Tlio Now York Tribune oitoa this tvs a reason why tho mode of doing businos at tbo Custora- Houao should bo reformed, but it illustrates the whole system of tariff taxation. Tboro should bo no foes at the Custom-House, either legal or illegal; there should ho no duties except on a limited number of articles not capable of being smuggled, and admitting of prompt and certain appraisement. This would enable the dismissal of an immense force of customs-oflicors, and would not reduce the revenue below what is needed. It would dispose of all questions and controversies about false invoices, by rendering the falsehood unnecessary. It would relievo the importers of the country of the blackmail levied on them in New York, and would, to a groat ex tent, got rid of the storage and cartage extor tions practised in that city. . Fashionable Christianity inLondon is growing to bo very amusing. People now are Invited to prayer-mootings precisely as they are invited to a social soiree or an evening party. The New castle Chronicle prints, with the exception of names, dates, and places, the following tran script of a card, which it has received: “ Mr. and Miss propose (D. V.) to hold a Diblo rcadlng on evening at 7j*j o’clock, when the company of friends is requested. Subject: Nov. 11. Beading from to Morning Dross.” Under such a prescription as to cos tume, ono can faintly imagine tho con sternation which might ousud if a guest should arrive in a business coat or an afternoon gown. It also suggests tho possi bility that evening, and, perhaps, oven fancy drosses, may yet bo allowed at prayer-mootings. A writer in the Broad Churchman also states that he recently got a card of invitation, which, as far as tho body of it was concerned, might have applied to a dance or a card party, but in tho corner woro tbo characters ‘'Tea and IV After a long study ho discovered that tho caballa tio sign stood for Tea and Prayers. Ho wont 5 and when ho found them handing Bibles round on a tray, llko refreshments, ho loft disgusted, without waiting either for tho Tea or tbo Pray- Tho anticipation that Alsace and Lorraino would greatly deteriorate}' if not suffer depopu lation, undor German rule, seems to havo been utterly unfounded. Tho second annual report, recently submitted to tho Gorman Parliament, shows, that a satisfactory development of tho law by legal institutions has been mado; that four millions of tbalors havo been expended on new railway lines and other public works; that tho educational system has boon remolded on tho Gorman model, and that tho number of students matriculated at Strasbourg has increased from 212 to 87D; that clergymen's salaries have boon increased 50 per cent; that tho taxes are promptly paid, and that tho number of tax-collectors has boon redncod ono-half. Both tho political and financial condi tion of tho provinces la also pronounced to bo sat isfactory. Tho general facts of tho report seem to show that tho people havo returned to tho old rule quietly, and are enjoying a measure of pros perity as groat as that under Napoleon. NOTES AND OPINION. Wo may as well hoglu now to make a list of thoso Congressmen who havo added falsehood to theft, aud such list is headed by Samuel Bhol labargor, of Ohio. —Mr. Shollabargor allowed tho auuouncomont to go forth that ho had turned iu his extra pay, aud ho was making some progress as a candidate for tho United States Senate, when it was dis covered that ho had drawn tho monoy aud secret ly Invested It in hank-stock. And this is all tho reason ho could givo: "That refusing tho pay would bo nu oofc of vulgar domaguguury, with an Imputation that his comrades wore thieves." So much for tho lato Hon. Samuel Shollabargor, cut. 50. —Tho Columbus (Ohio) State Journal says: This ease ia peculiarly unpleasant, not to nay dis tresses, aa it places nil Mr. Bliollubargor’d friends iu tho position of having based high-toned moral sent U meats upon a false foundation. Wo tender shame faced apologies to all tho honorable salary-grabbers whom wo huvo sought to huinillido by holding up tho bright and shining example of Mr. Bhollabargor. — l Tho Rock Island (111.) Argus says: It looks a Uttlo as though there was a negro in tho wood-pile somowhoro in regard to our Hawley; and, tho quicker ho furnishes tho aolual facts au to hU share of tho steal, tho bettor. —“OldProba” would respectfully ouggost to the minds of Congressmen, and others who havo, or may hereafter bo found to have, some por tions of public plunder iu their possession, that the demand for its return into tho Treasury, at some future time not very remote, will not un likely bo attended with enforcement ; and, when this power oomoa along, there may not bo time to count out tho exact change. There is a well known motto: “Look out for the locomotive while tho boll rings 1 " Do yo not boar some thing? —Tho Rockford (111.) Jieglster says: Thirty-four Congressmen have put hack their back pay where it belongs, ami whore it will do them the must good. That is what bulled States Treasurer Bpinuer reports. Treasurer Spinner ropoits no such thing. Ho acknowledges receipts of $77,757.77, but with holds names on account of the modesty of some of the senders. Wo found thirty-four persons openly claiming a credit which could not bo shared by so many within the compass of $77,- 767.77; aud now Senator Pratt, of Indiana (not ouo of the thirty-four), says ho long ogo turned In $1,120,00. Deducting thla sum, and $4,000 by Senator Bayard, $1,812 by Samuel S. Cox, and $8,250 by John M. Orobs (amounts that ore k&ovxo4 titers Is a balance of $50,975.17. J* that & blanket largo enough for thirty or more persons? —And now the Massachusetts Legislature has succumbed to the prevailing contagion. The Springfield Jlepuhlican says: The success of tlio lobby In carrying through tho House tholr two Berkshire Jobs—the Hnsnly niooisc Tunnel] contract relief and tho grant of $300,000, to the Leo ft How Haven Railroad—probably foro shadows tho course of our Legislature for the next month. Xi has fallen Into the bauds of the lobby, and only a quarrel among tho members of tho Third llouso will keen the most unjustifiable measures from pass ing the two Houses, that nominally volo on all bills. Tho Iloosao Tunnel and the “ extraordinary "expenses attending consolidation will add $1,000,000 or more to our debt, besides tho regular contract price,—and the total of extraordinary appropriations made and to bo made at this sosalon may go up to $4,000,000 or $5,000,- 000, And. of nil tho Hems of tills added burden, none will bo so indefensible as the Leo ft Now Haven grab. All tho Btato-Houso crowd awing hats for ‘‘Don Duller for Governor.” ■“Tho Idea of Rankin, tho lowa Treasury de faulter, “holdlng'tho Blato morally responsible " to so manage as to ropay Itself out of tho tail ends of property ho has turned over, la impu dently cool. —Tho pious Ilarlan is horrified at tho low state of morals and trustworthiness In finance, Hero Is what ho says in tho Washington Chronicle about Talntor, tho $600,090 Cashier at Now York: * This newly-discovered defalcation Is but one of many, In all probability, now belug carried on; and wo wish that some of thosa who mako didactic speeches about Social Science would warn the public against that groat curse of our day and generation^—stock-speculations. —What wonder thot Taintor should have mado his confession to tbo Olearing-Houso officers with tho air of a man conscious of having done a neat thing, an adroit ploco of management, rather than a crimo ? Is not his c&so a legitimate result of his surroundings ; and is it not appa rent that public sentiment on affairs of business will havo to undergo a radical revolution boforo tho safety of hank-depositors can bo fully as sured ?—Cleveland Leader, $7.00, . 38 —A long list of political, commercial, and social scandals has attracted tho attention of tbo world to tho demoralized condition of this coun try during tho last few years. Every respectable American has boon ashamed of tho wide-spread corruption and open jobbery that disgraced the National, State, and Municipal Govern ments of tho country, and of tho cunning rascal ity that pervaded out commercial centres. All this was bad enough, but It does seem a burning ' shame that tho United States could not oven go out in company, so to speak, without taking tholr dirty linen with them to air before tho as sembled nations. Before a single case of Amor can goods was unpacked nt Vienna, American jobbery was exposed, and carried off tho first, and probably only, prize that will bo earned by us at tho Exhibition.— Buffalo Express, —Could not tho President have appointed men as Commissioners who woro above suspicion, and who would not ondoavor to mako their hon orable appointment a source of pecuniary profit to themselves ?~Bubuquo Herald, —Tho demoralization throughout tho country, liainful and perplexing as it is, is calculated to cad patriotic men to cut deep for a remedy to so terrible a disorder. Some moans arc required to bring tho Republic back to tho stem integrity of our fathers, or to tho moro severe virtues of tho old days of Roman inflexibility. All good men will agree that American fame, once so fair and stately, is sullied, and tbo American conscience hardened or abashed, by tho demoralizing in fluences that havo croptlnlo high places and arc spreading among tho people, and that tho nation should bid high for a permanent cure. —New Orleans Times. —A piece of dry pine sends a hot flame through tho half-ignited green wood ; so one ablo and enthusiastic man might now arouse tho nation. Who is Vie coming man ?—Woodstock (J«.) Sentinel, —Said Mr. Lincoln : “ With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it, nothing can suc ceed and ho uttered no truer saving than this: “In this country tho people arc the rightful masters of Congresses and of Courts."— Buffalo Express. —Tho law-makers of Columbus have “ loft undone those things they ought to have done, and douo those things they ought not to have done." They had hotter go homo.— Cleveland Herald. —Very unfavorable comments are made by tho JValtonaJ Republican and other Grant organs upon tho proposed conference of Western and Southern members of Congress at St. Louis. There is a growing apprehension among Eastern politicians chat tho Western people can no long er bo used for their purposes.— Buffalo Courier. —J. Allen Barber, of Grant County, Wis., will not bo a candidate for ro-oloction to Congress. There was a previous understanding to that ef fect, and, besides, nothing hoe been hoard of his back pay grab. Ho took tho money and made no noise about it.— Milwaukee Hews, —lt looks as tnough comparatively few would go bock to Congress again. It is of no use to try to savo individuals at the expense of public justice. They have made their bod, and must lie on it.— Leavenworth Times. —A Republican paper in Southwest Missouri keeps tho following paragraph conspicuously posted in its editorial columns: Wo are unable as yet, to report that (he Hon. H. E, Ravens, mcranor of Congress from tho Sixth Dis trict, refuses to receive the back pay unjustly voted by Congress. if The " tf " indicates that tho notice will bo con tinued "till forbid" by tho announcement de sired.—Si. Louis Democrat. , —As a rash and blinded Sunday-School scholar Vo may have spoken disrespectfully of J. Isca riot. The experience of the last six months shows that Sir. Iscariot may have boon a gentle man who was much misunderstood by the people of the period. Borne Scribe probably placed the thirty pieces of silver where ho thought they would do the most good, and when poor Judas found that he had bought into a lawsuit (the Hon. P, Pilate, Chief-Justice), ho wont and hung himself. That was whore ho made a mistake. Ho ought to have sent the money down to the Capernaum Female Seminary, and then appealed to the generous confidence of a constituency witli whoso feelings and interests every throb of his heart boat in unison. The editor of the Oalilooan Telegram would have made a very nice thing of that, and the Hon. J. Iscariot would have boon one of the most prominent candidates at the next election.— Columbus (Ohio) Journal. —Tho tyranny of monopolies, the extortion of exchange, the jealousy of labor, are discussed on every side. One of our State exchanges, tho Manhattan Nationalist, in a recent issue, nrought us four or five columns of contributed articles on this subject, and reports from six or seven farmers* clubs. Our columns often boar oven a more abundant fruitage of discussion and thought. And it is a hopeful sign that all this discussion is not froth and verbiage, but those sturdy sons of tho soil often got down to bed rock, and discover principles that underlie pros perity. And, as enunciated in plain talk and es says m tho school-houses, they will toko hold of and mold the people far more effectively than in any other way.— Laxoronco (A's.) Journal. —ln an elaborate article upon tbo political situation, tho Missouri ItepuhUcan (Dom.) takes tho moderate ground recently advocated by Govs. Hendricks and Woodson, namely, that while tho Democratic party will not die nor dis solve, It will yield placo and give its support to any power that deserves tho honor. It thinks that tho start must bo made by the Liberal Ilo fmblicans, and believes “every Democratic vote n the country is at tho service of any Liberal llojiublicnn who may prove himself entitled to —The Now York Times has tit last board of tbo reappointment of Casey. After coating tJio pill libor-llv with sugar, it proceeds to adminis ter it to {ho illustrious mtiont, time: “Tho President has mado appointments—especially in Now Orleans, and wo wish wo could Bay there alone—wldch wo cannot make consist with either tho epirit or letter of tho rules which ho has himself promulgated." —\Vo regret to nolo a change of tono in many good Republican journals toward Mr. Curtis. Ho iu alluded to now aa a visionary man—a more theorist—a sort of woodland gusher. On tho contrary, in tho matter of Civil Service llofonn, ho was too practical. Ho regarded it as work to bo dono, not as a delusion to bo dandled. That waa Mr. Curtis’ mistake.— New York Commer cial Advertiser. _ I’rouldoikt Grant at lllomo* Galena, IU., May I.—All tho public buildings, and many private residences. including the President's old bomo on tho bill, are brilliantly illuminated, and all tho bolls of tbo city aro ringing forth welcome to President Grant to his old homo. Owing to tho heavy storm prevail ing, a formal roceptiou was postponed, and ho was mot at tho depot on the arrival of tho special train from the South at 8:10 p. m. by a committee of tbo Common Council and citizens, beaded by Mayor Hazou, and escorted to tbo residence of L. S. Felt, Esq., whose guest bo will bo during bis visit. Notwithstand ing tho hoary rain which poured down, nearly 4,000 persons greeted bis arrival with prolonged cheers and unbounded enthusiasm, following him to tho residence of Mr. Felt. On Saturday tbo President will bold a public reception at bis old residence. On Friday night, 11. U. McClellan, President of the National Bank, gives a grand party in honor of the Presi dent and bis family. Tbo President loaves on Saturday night on a facial train for Chicago, where ho will spend WALL STREET, Review of tlio money, stock, Gold, and Produce markets* Social Dispatch to Tho Chicago Tribune, New York, May I.—The monetary situation to-day was marked by Increased strlngouoy, and high rates of Interest. In addition to the usual manipulations, a combination of circumstances tended to mako money tight to-day. The city Is paying out $2,900,000 for interest and other ma tured obligations, which necessitated the call ing In of loans to a largo extent by banks hold ing city funds. This calllng-in movement affect ed hankers and brokers of Wall street who havo boon borrowing money from tho designated de positories of tho city. Payment of rents to-day also involves largo sums, and this affects tho debtor class. Many mortgages have • to bo settled on May 1, which is an additional cause of disturbance. To-day is also semi monthly Bottling day among country banks, and those settlements result in heavy drafts on city banks, temporarily curtailing tholr lending ca pacity, The payment of gold coupons to-day caused considerable sales of gold to hankers and and brokers, which also absorbs money for tho moment. Tho Mobile and Montgomery Railroad Company has defaulted on its May interest. MONEY. A good demand for commercial paper Is re- E oiled at oto 12 per cent. A Nassau street onso effected sales this a. m. to tho ex tent of $200,000, and last wook $175,000 at an average of D per cent per annum. Stocks wore quiot most of tho day. Probably in tho history of tho Stock Exchange it would bo impossible to find a similar condition to ono that existed this afternoon. Tho President of tho Board passed through tbo list of stocks, eliciting only • bids and offers with scarcely a transaction, tho ontiro sales amounting to 1,000 shares all told. Prices declined, of course, but at tho final oloso tho market was quiot and steady. »• FAILURE. Tho failure of the house of Otis D. Swan & Co., announced this morning, created consider able surprise. They bad the reputation •of being, one of tho most conservative houses on tho street, doing a small business, not extensively engaged In stock operations, and generally sound. Their liabilities on stock are said to bo not more than $5,000. Borne Now Jersey Central was bought in under rule for this amount to-day. A rumor of the failure had boon current In tho room for some time before its an nouncement, and caused apprehensions of trouble. During tho prevalence of this fooling tho stock market was easily sold off, and on Its partial recovery another downward turn was S lvon it by tho report that the . Tenth National ; ank had boon mode tho medium for a look-up of money, being creditor this morning at tho Clearing- House to the extent of $175,000. Inquiry in tho proper quarter revealed tho fact that this was legitimate credit, funds having boon trans ferred from tho Broadway Bank for tho pur pose of distributing interest to city creditors, was dull and heavy. GOLD GOVERNMENTS wore quiet. produce. Flour heavy for moat grades, with moderate inquiry. Sales, 7,200 brls. Receipts, 12,859 brls. Wheat—market for spring lower; good spring, l@2o lower } inferior, 2@30 offered ; the latter neglected nt tho close, and ns the season advances, it is not so popular with shippers. Winter quiets prime wanted: sales, 30,800 bushels. Receipts, 16,120 bushels. Pors moderate, active, and steady. Now moss in full lots quoted ot $18.76 cash. Advance for future delivery. Bales, cosh and regular, about 200 brls, at sl9 for now mess, and $lO for clear un inspected from dock. For future delivery, 1,000 brio for Juno sold at sl9. Receipts, ICO pkgs. Cut meats generally continued very quiet and prices nominal and un settled. Dry salted shoulders ‘ quoted at 7c, and no sales. Bmokod haras, 14 lbs, offered in bulk at Bacon—Receipts, 2,729 pkgs. Very quiet, and prides unsettled. Western long clear quoted nt lUo; city do, nominal at 10)£o: and do short clear at 10)£c. Lard quiet, but market steady; sales of CU tes at 9#o for city; for future delivery tbo transactions embrace 600 tes March at 9@9 l-10c; Juno quoted at 9Ja°» and July at K%o. Receipts, 800 kegs, I,Boopkgs. THE CITY IN BKIEF. Sparks from tho ministerial anvil—Collyer'fl lecture on “ Our Folho aud other Folks." Tho Trades Assembly will discuss this evening "Tbo Work Done by tbo City." The public are invited to attend tbo mooting. A call has boon issued for a Convention of po kor players to assemble in Chicago in May, and devise a now “ band" that will boat " four aces." Tho Board of Directors of tbo Inter-State In dustrial Exposition will moot this afternoon at 4 o'clock, at the Sherman House. There will bo a mooting of tbo tax-payers inter ested in tho opening of Franklin street, from Biogel to Division, at No. 895 Division street, this evening, A herd of eight pure bred Alderney cattle, said to bo tbo finest over brought to Chicago, wore yesterday shipped to Rochester Minn., by Capt. Heaney. They wore purchased by him of Mr. A. D. mieoler, by whom they woro brought from Bhodo Island. Tho Journal in its clumsy way refers to the transfer of a Michigan avenue mansion "to Wm. T. Gibson, of Indianapolis, who will move to Chicago and occupy it for $23,000." Wo think , Mr. Gibson was well paid for coming up. Joel D. Harvey yesterday, for tbo considera tion of $860,000, convoyed to tho Chicago & Northwestern Hallway Company the 240-aoro tract of land at tho southwest corner of Chicago and Crawford avenues. West Division. Tho sale of tickets for Robert Collyor’s lecture on " Our Folks and Other Folks," to bo delivered in tbo Union Park Congregational Church, next Tuesday evening, will ho commenced this morn ing. This is the last lecture of tho Star Course, Yesterday morning about 1 o’clock tho resi dence of B. M. Dash, No. 1834 Prairie avenue, was entered by burglars, who carried off a lot of silver napkin-rings, and would have taken other valuablca had they not boon disturbed by tho occupanto of tho house. Albert Pendleton, foreman of Engine No. 10, had bia riglbt foot somewhat hurt, by being thrown from a hoao carriage, while going to tba Washington afreet lire yesterday moraing. Hia friends will bo'.glad to know that ho will report for duty in a few days. A regular meeting of the Board of Police and the Fire for Firo Department business, was hold, yesterday afternoon, Pres ident Mason In the C'bair. Commisaionorß Sher idan and Wright were also present. Patriot Dignan, pipemau of Ei3B> Uo No. 12, was charged with intoxication and ■ neglect of duty, and was discharged. Foreman i?ayson, driver Shipley, and gentleman Gleason > wore reprimanded for neglect ot duty, xno Uoi\“ u »aju The Land-Owner for AptfU deserves especial mention as a superb prooi* of °utorprilso and skill in a field it uas made it 0 PT°sont issue has tho foaluro of a vc' r y. handsomely exe cuted supplement, containing' „,? of v° competitive designs for the’ City-liall, a bud-- etaullal service to the public, u’^ o or .° givoa the moans of sharing in tho discussion of plans- Those outs are executed by the now Photograph ic process of engraving, boim'.l , pr , t0(l * ron s metal plates. They aro clear ant'l handsome, and altogether a credit to tho Zand-‘o umer cago. Another victim of misplaced ooii’^ on . co , r ?P < od himself to Sergeant JCIUh at the ..Central 1 °bco Station, yoatorclay afternoon. Ho g » av ® of M. G. Bader, and said ho resided • presume, Ohio. On Thursday afternoon, ho 1< J*|® komo, and started on a Journey to Salt Lal> City. On tho train ho mot a nice young gontl courso.thoy wore going to tho same d ,outinotion. Yesterday morning they arrived in,* Chicago. Young man said it was too early to 18° . t0 bw bank of deposit, and asked Ids com ‘panlon to loan him S2OO until 10 o’clock. Oomps‘JJ* oll *jaa but 9185 in his pocket, but this ho gladJv P, a v otl with—forovor. 110 remained In Oblcagiy* all day, yesterday, gazing vacantly Into every it * au B * aco ho mot with, ami in tho evening took tho cars for his homo, regretting that ho had over 10l jt it. Bomo individual has boon laying In a fc itock of hats without employing any capital othtj?* ‘ban ohook. His mauuor of doing business r 'A* very old, and houco it is surprising that ho lr W auc coodod in victimizing anybody. Cnllin B at a wholosalo hat and cap store, ho would pro b °m an ordor for a dozen hats, signed “Stryker l »00. This Is u well-known and responsible ? r rn j* and the ordor was usually filled without • hosl tatiou. Yesterday, however, an ordor for a -dozoiv hats was presented to Eddy, Harvoy fc C» p*» R , they being unusually circumspect, refused to liver tbo nats “to tho bearer," nut sent i t,loir porter with them to Stryker's storo. The 1 , y wom not wanted, of oourso. Mr. Stryker has bi|jfi} 80 , oral bills presented for goods he never oi **f^ 0 f 0U » and is very anxious to soo tho rogue who • l ? 01 £ Hr ing his name. If bp will call at the 8lore»' , w,u * bo presented with a cap, r .

Other pages from this issue: