Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 5, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 5, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. Tf.RMB or aODBCIUPXIOK (PAYABLE IN ADVANCR). Farliof njoaratlho Mtnoralo. To nrovout delay and tnlalakcr, bo i»rfl and «Ito Post 017 cd addtot* In full, iuctuUlija S(at« nmj Oo«o{f. p fc UemlUiujcc* nmy ho made slihorhy draft. o«pmiii, Otlico older, or lu rPBl«toroillot om. ontrink. Ti*nMu xo cut BUnHOimiKiw. Dali* delivered. Sunday excepted. 25 cout* pop wook. SSSMV*- CuruorMnillionomlUo«tbotn-.W„ Ulllcmio, 111. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. M'VICKER’S THEATRE—Madison atroot, between Rials sod Dearborn. Lucoa-Kelloßif Italian Opoia Cruupo. •• Fauot," with I.ncoa as * 1 Marguerite." AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash atomic, cornorofCon troaa atreot. Mre.,lames A. Galea’ Comic Opera tompa ay. *' La Grands Ducboiao." COOLEY’S OPERA HOUSR-Randolph street, be- Iviaan Clark and LaSallo. *• Risks. 1 ACADEMY OP MUSIC - Halsted street, between Uadlaon and Monroo. “An Odd Trick." MYERS* OPERA-HOUSE-Monroe etreot, between State and Dearborn. The Kitty Blanchard Butlomuo Combination. “Bad Dickey." GLOBE THEATRE— UMplßlnoMlreot, between Wash ington and Marttaon. . Engagement of Mist Ratio R«* toilo. “Lucrella Borgia." AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton Btrool, between Randolph aadWaihlngton. Vanok, tbo ProitlcUgllatour. BUSINESS NOTICES. GOVERNMENT ARTIFICIAL LIMB MANUFAO* lory. DR. J. E. GARDNER, corner SUlooutbsl., and Wabaib ar., 1« tho only ono lu Chicago authorUod by tbo Government to furnlinaoldlorß artlllolaUlmba and apparatm. Uht Sfeiimne. Monday Morning, May 5, 1873. The earth at San Salvador is still shaking) and buildings which withstood tho shock of Iho earthquake, among them tho Government Palace, on March 4, have fallen. Many of tbo inhab itants who returned to tho city, in tho belief that tho worst was over, have boon hurt, and some of them have gone mad. It is not yet certain that tho Government will abandon Its mad design of rebuilding tho city on tho same site. Minister Sickles yesterday formerly pre sented tho Spanish Government with tho con gratulatory resolutions passed by tho late Con gress upon tho abolition of slavery in Porto Jlico. Ho was received with all that profusion ot ceremony in which tho official Spaniard de lights to Indulge. In presenting his congratu lations, Gen. Sickles took occasion to predict fhat Cuba and Porto Rico will now contribute more than over to tho power of Spain. Four ocean telegraphs across tho Atlantic will bo in operation by. Sept. 1. Thoso will include tbo now French cable, which tho Groat Eastern begins to lay next mouth. Tho increase of rates, which wont into effect on tho first of tho mouth, instead of tho reduction which bad been prom ised, is excused by tbo companies on tho plea that their facilities wore inadequate to tho busi ness offered, as only ono lino was in working order. As the companies have recently consoli dated under ono management, competition between them is not to bo hoped for, whether they have ono lino or four. Extraordinary efforts are being made by tho Government Printing Office to havo as many as possible of the public documents that wore or dered by tbo last Congress finished before tho expiration of tho franking privilege. This is at tho request of tho honorable members, most of whom voted for tho abolition of franking, and desire to justify themselves by signalizing its last days with proof of how grossly it can bo abused. Some few members of the Senate, more scrupulous than their follows, are stated to havo directed their share of tbo documents to bo sent out as freight and paid for at their expense. Thirty thousand Highland pines, or Scotch firs, havo boon shipped from Dundee, Scotland, to this country, to ho planted in the arid plains west of the Mississippi. The Highland pino is very hardy, and of rapid growth, and believed to bo well suited to the peculiar country for which it is destined. Whether or not It is tho boat species of tree for the plains, It is generality conceded by all who havo ex amined this vast region, which exceeds in Its waste area all tho occupied land of tho Eastern States, that forest planting is all that is needed to restore the humidity of climate that will turn what tho old geographies called tho Great Amer ican Desert into a smiling garden. Official returns of tho hilled and wounded In tho Modoc blunder of tho 2Gthult. show that tho first accounts wore not exaggerated. Twenty one privates and officers wore wounded, sixteen killed, and six aro missing. Tho report that tho Bioux are moving southward In their war-paint, and with mischievous intent, aro resolved by tho War Department Into a statement that they aro cimply on their way to their annual hunt in tho grounds loft open to them by tho treaty. It is conceded, however, that there is groat danger of collision between them and settlors who have boon pouring into those regions in groat num bers of late years. The Indian Department has for some time been debating tho advisability of taking away tbuso bunting-grounds from tbo Sioux and .confining ibom to tbolr reservations, in order to protect the white families scattered through them. The Chicago produce markets wove generally quiet and steadier on Saturday. Moss pork was in moderate demand, and a shade higher, at $17.80@17.85 cash, and $18.00@18.12% seller Tune. Lard was dull and a shade easier, at $8.85@8.90 por 100 lbs cash, and $9.10@0.12% Boiler Juno. Moats wore dull and un changed, at C%@0%0 for shoulders; B%@ B%c toe short ribs; 0@&Ko t° v short clear; and 10@12o for swcot pickled hams. Highwlnos were active and firm at 87%0 por gallon Lake freights wero move active and steady at 0o for corn to Buffalo. Flour was dull and un changed. Wheat was quiet and easier, closing at 1.23% Bollor the mouth and 1.25% seller Juno. Corn wasqulot and steady at %(5)%0 decline, clos ing at 37%0 seller tho month and 40%0 seller Juno. Oats wore active and %o higher, closing easier at 81%0 seller tho mouth, andSOitfo seller Juno. Rye was more active at tho recent decline, at CB%o. Barley was quiet and firm at 72@820 for poor to choico No. 2. Hogs wore quiet and steady at $1.85@5.30. Cattle and sheep wore quiet at unchanged prices. Tbo report of tbo strike among tbo cabmen at Vienna betokens a very serious drawback to tbo comfort of that part of tbo world, and bis wlfo, just now on a visit to tbo Exhibition. Tbo ox tout of the annoyance cannot bo .conceived by any comparison with American cities, in which tbo streot'oar and oranibuo aystomo aro so thor ough. Btieot-cars are almost unknown in Eu rope, and there la no city on tbo Continent ox- Copt Paris with a supply of stogo ltuos at all commensurate with tbo public demand. In Gor man citloß, tbo drosekea, or cabs, supply tbo only satisfactory moans for getting about on wheels. Their charges avo very low, and they aro numerous onoTigb, under ordinary cirornnstancos, to accommodnto tbo peo ple. Toko thoso away, howovor, by moans of a strike, nnd tbo Vionneso people and ibolr guests must bo in ft forlorn plight. Still, Gor man municipal governments, as a rule, have a quick and summary way of bringing refractory people to an understanding, and it is likely that tbo cabmen will not long bo permitted to inter fere with tbo success of tbo Grand Exposition. After unloading tbo goods that have piled In upon the exhibition, suppressing tbo mutiny among tbo cabmen, and getting rid of tbo cor rupt American Commissioners, tbo World's Fair at Vienna will have disposed of its lull share of annoyances. THE DIXON CALAMITY. Our dispatches this morning give tho particu lars of a visitation upon an Illinois community, scarcely to bo described In the phrases expressive of human calamities, which will carry a tlirill.of. sadness wherever tho appalling tidings are road. By the fall of a bridge over a rapid river, swollen with a spring flood, 200 spectators of tho rite of baptism by immersion woro yesterday cast into tho stream, with tbo timbers and frame work of tbo structure, and from tbo frightful wreck only 100 woro taken olivo and uninjured. More than fifty bodies have boon recovered. Many maimed ond sorely injured woro with diffi culty resuscitated, and numbers woro carried lifeless down tbe current and swept over the dam. It would seem Impossible to give tbo calamity surroundings more saddening than it presents, even at this distance, with only those hasty dis patches to boar tho tidings. There could scarcely bo pictured a situation of more security and serenity. Tho bright, peaceful Sabbath after noon, tho households of town and country in Sabbath attlro, In full numbers gathered to wit ness a religious ceremony in a placo of assured safety for thoso lookers-on. When Death moots a railway train in full career or beckons a steam ship upon tho rooks, tboro is some preparation for such fato in thoso conditions of declared risk. But tho Dixon sufferers dreamed of no peril and wore In tho raging flood before tbo first alarm was given. Tho reader con Imagine feebly the rest,—tho startled town, tho cry of anguish that passed from homo to homo, llko that of Egypt, “ when tboro was no bouso in which there was not ono dead." Many in all parts of tho land will mourn their share of this visitation, and many strangers' eyes will All with tears of sympathy, so near to every human heart comes a shook liko this. It is only a. week sluco from this same town camo intelligence that our own community, for this greater visitation is almost in eight of iho place where tho unfor tunate young Arnold lost his life. THE ACTION OF THE LEGISLATURE. The Legislature practically adjourned ou Sat urday, though It will not formally do so until to morrow. Wo yesterday discussed tho general Improvement of tho character of tho members and of tho action of tho Legislature since tho reformatory provisions of tho Constitution of 1870. Wo print this morning in detail a list of tho appropriations, and a list of tho acts passed. Tho session lasted 118 days. Tbo coat of tho session has boon about $177,000, and, had not tho Legislature weakly provided for another session next winter, tboro would have been but littlo complaint of tho extravagance. Daring tbo session, 1,034 bills wore introduced, —135 in tbo Senate, or an average of Bto each Senator, and 539 in tho House, or an average of loss than 4to each Representative. Fortunately, but 110 of these bills passed. The aggregate of the appropriations made was $5,851,465, covering a period of two years. The action in behalf of tbo Stato charities waa lib eral. Largo appropriations woro mado for addi tional buildings for tbo various asylums and hospitals, thereby Increasing the moans for ac commodating the Unfortunate. The two Insane Asylums are to bo completed, and the deaf, dumb, and blind will have greater and more comfortable provision. Tbo Stato-llouso will probably be completed In time for tbo meeting of tbo General Assembly of 1876. Wo refer, for tbo details of tbo appropriations, to tbo letter of our correspondent. The footings are as follows; 1873. 1874. .$ 430,CCS | 457,000 851,075 870,525 507,200 700,400 1,000,0C0 1,000,000 Ordinary expenses. Buildings Miscellaneous School fund Total for two years. The Revenue bill provides for tbo collection of $3,500,000 in 1873, and $2,500,000 in 1874 j total for the two years, $6,000,000, leaving a sur plus of $163,535. Tho revenue from tho canal is appropriated to tho construction of a dam on the Illinois River at Copperas Creek. That from tho Illinois Cen tral Railroad, with tho balance in tbo Treasury and tho items for interest, oto., in the direct levy, will bo applied to tho extinguishment of tho State debt, and there is a prospect that that debt will be so nearly closed out by tho mooting of the General Assembly in January, 1875, that a direct levy will be made to purchase what may remain duo, if any, so that Illinois may outer tbo year of tbo National Jubilee—the centennial anniversary of independence—entirely free of all manner of debt, and with a handsome, fixed, and permanent revenue. It ie always a matter of congratulation in ibis country when a State Legislature or Congress adjourns without doing any serious injury to tho public interests. Tho Legislature of 1671, the first elected under the now Constitution, fur nished suohamarkod contrast, in respect with Us predecessors, that tho present Legislature is to bo judged by a rather high standard. While tho Legislature of 1873 may not bo ranked alongside tbatof 1871, It nevertheless stands pre-eminently above Its predecessors elected under tbo old Con stitution, and, under tbo controlling prohibitory provisions of tho now Constitution, has adjourn . Ed without having accomplished anything radi cally vicious or corrupt. For this result, tho people of Illinois will bo properly grateful. THE JURY LAW. Wo print thla morning tUo now Jury law, Just passed by tbo Legislature. As it repeals all other lawn on tUo subject, it Is important to tbo wbolo public. It provides that tbo County Board in oacb county shall, in September, 1873, make a list of one-tenth of tbo legal voters of o&ob precinct, and select therefrom 100 persons for each trial terra of tbo Circuit and other .courts .to bo bold in said county, tbo number for .Cook County being 200 for each term of tbo Circuit and Superior Courts, and 100 for each torn of the Criminal Court, to serve as petit jurors ; tbo persons thus selected to bo between 21 and GO years of ago, to bavo their rational faculties, to bo legally competent, bo of fair character, approved integrity, sound judg ment, well informed, nnd to understand tbo English language. This list of persons to continue for two years, if not previously exhausted; when tbo list is exhausted, another shall bo made. Twenty days before the beginning of any trial term tbo Olork of tbo court shall, in tbo presence of tbo Oounty Olork, draw from tboUstof names at least thirty to servo ns jurors for each two weeks that such court will probably bo In ses sion. Grand jurors aro to ho provided by a special drawing by the Oonnty Hoard. Any per son who shall sock to ho a juror, or any person who shall request that another bo placed on a jury, shall bo doomed guilty of contempt, and fined. The fourteenth section makes the following sufficient causes for challenge of o petit juror: That ho lacks any of tho qualifications already named; that ho has served as a juror with in one year; that ho is party to a suit pending for trial at tho term. It further provides “ That it shall not ho a cause of chal lenge that a juror has road in tho newspapers an account of the commission of tho crime with which tho prisoner is charged, if such juror shall state on oath that ho believes ho can render an Impartial verdict according to tho law and tho evidence, and provided, further, that in tho trial of any criminal cause tho fact that ft person called os a juror has formed an opinion or im pression, based upon rumor or upon newspaper statements (about tho truth of which ho has ex pressed no opinion), shall not disqualify him to servo as a Juror in such cause if ho shall, upon oath, state that ho believes he can fairly and im partially render a verdict therein in accordance with tho law and tho evidence, and tho Court shall bo satisfied of tho truth of such state ment." It will bo seen, therefore, that a juror for tbo trial of coses in tho civil and criminal courts may bo challenged for either of tho following causes : 1. That ho is not an inhabitant of tho county, and is oxompt from serving on juries. 2. That bo is not 21, or over 60 years of ago. 8. That ho Is not,in tho possession of bis natural faculties, or is infirm ot decrepit. 4. That ho is not froo from legal exceptions, or is not of fair character, or of approved integrity, or of sound judgment, or well informed, or that ho does not understand tho English language. 6. That ho has served as a juror on tho trial of any cause within ono year. G. That ho is a party to a ponding case to bo tried at iho term. THE DEMORALIZING EFFECT OF PROTEC- An extraordinary Convention was held recently at Brattleboro, Vermont, and held for an ex traordinary purpose. After a long and careful comparison of lodgers and bank-books, tho dole gates unanimously resolved that, when every body was dishonest, tboro was no profit in it; therefore, that it was hotter to ho honest. This was a Convention of iho manufacturers of Ma nilla paper, and tho Convention was called in consequence of iho fact that, in tbo zeal of com petition and tho dostro to underbid ono another, tho market was filled with paper, in which tho quires contained hut 22,* 21, 20, and down as low as 16 shoots, instead of tho lawful 21. Tho man who put up 22 - shoots in a qulro complained vehemently of tho dishon esty of thoso who put only 20 shoots in a quire, and wore therefore able to undersoil him, whilo tho virtuous gentleman who sold 20 shoots in a quire 'declared that tho wrath of heaven should fall on thoso who plundered tho public by soil ing 1G shoots as a qulro, or 820 instoad'of 480 shoots in a roam. Even tbo IG-shoet men be came satisfied that some others might cut under thorn and put up only 12 shoots in a quire, and tho Convention resolved unanimously to bo honest hereafter, and each put up the lawful cumber of shoots in & ream. Tho manufacturers of manilla paper ore pecu- liarly protootod by tho tariff. In the first place. they aro allowed to import their raw material froo of tax, and.their manufacture is pro tected by a duty of 35 por cent In gold, equal, with tho Incidence of tho tax, to 45 por cent currency. In other words, tho man who wishes to purchase manilla paper not made in tho United States must pay 45 cents tax on every dollar’s worth before ho can uso it. Not contented with this privilege, it appears that those manufacturers have been engaged in plundering tho consumers by selling them roams of paper short from one twelfth to one-third tho legal number of sheets. Tho infant industries, protootod as they aro by a special tax upon tho country of 45 per cent, $2,789,640 $3,096,925 .$6,830,405 have advanced in intellectual vigor to that polnl whoro they managed to swell this 45 por cent intb 80 per cent by robbing tho packages sold by them to tho unsuspecting public. Tho resolve of tho Drattloboro Convention was all right, so far as it went. It failed, how ever, in tho extent of tho reformation proposed. In addition to its conclusion that tho manufac turer of paper who would sell loss than 480 shoots for a roam was guility of a fraud upon tho public and an outrage upon tho trade, they should have further resolved that Congress bad levied a tax by which tho purchasers of manilla paper received one-third loss paper for their money than they were entitled to, and loss than tho people of any other civilized country received for tho same money, and that, os none of the proceeds of this confiscation was paid into tho National Treasury, this robbery oftho people, as well as that of selling short roams, should be stopped by tbo repeal of that tax. But tho Con vention did not do this. Tho moral sentiment at‘ Brattloboro did not rise high enough to discover any iniquity other than tho undermining of one manufacturer by another. Tho fraud upon tho public was a thing of course. It was now tho national policy. There wore but two classes now tbo law—tho plucked and tho ptuckora. Tho one produced, tho other enjoyedj tho one was governed, tho other governed. Why should tho paper-makers make on ex ception of tbolr trade ? What was tho tariff but a notorious, confessed license for robbery ? It was a practice of tbo French mouarchs, be fore tho Revolution, whenever they got a now fa vorite, to levy a now tax and devote tho pro ceeds to her support. That was open and undis guised plunder of tho people. The levy of any tax for any purpose other than revenue for tho lawful expenditures of tho Government is no loss a robbery bocaueo levied to make certain trades and occupations more profitable than they would otherwise bo. There is no possible moral difference between making a man pay five bushels of corn extra to Increase the profits on a pair of shoes, than there Is in selling 820 shoots of paper for aream which ought to contain 460 sheets. In both cases there is tho taking of a man's property without ft oouald- •mis CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE; MONDAY, MAY 5, 187.3. TION, oration, and this robbery or plundor cannot bo mado “ honest” by tbomoro forco of an not of Congress authorizing tho act. In tho one caso Oougross authorized tho paper-makers to oxtort 46 por cont moro money for thoir paper than it 'was worth \ tho paper-makers Inoroaeo their plundor by Bolling 820 shoots for 180 j and yet thoro aro those who contend that tho robbery was honest up to 16 por cont, but felonious bo* yond that point. This policy of robbing ono class of tho people to enrich another has now been in full operation ton yoars. It boo corrupted public sentiment. It has depraved tho public morals. It has begat a sentiment that thoro is no moral obliquity In robbing tho Qovornmont, either directly or by evasion of tho laws. No man or woman return ing to tho United States from Europe bos tho least hesitation in smuggling whatever ho or sho can do, oven if It require a foe to corrupt a cus toms oilloor to wink at the fraud. Tho Civil.. Service has long sinco passed into proverbial dishonesty. No man convicted of pecu lation, or embezzlement in tho public service, has boon, of late years, allowed to bo punished In a way the law requires. When tho general toleration or amnesty for offenses against official honesty do not roach tho guilty or conviction, it is certain to do so after. Tho laws against official orimo havo boon superseded by tho regulations of party, public interests have nono of tho protection that la secured to those of party, and questions of ox* posuro, detection, conviction, and punishment of officials aro no longer determined upon con - sldorations of publlo Interests, or of tho guilt or Innocence of tho officer, but are solved by tho answer to tho question, 'Will It hurt the party ? Tho moral leprosy which has degraded tho Civil Service, and which has completely baffled all efforts to eradicate it, has spread to private life. Tho banka, and moneyed institutions of all kinds, aro now tho victims. Bo long as' tho National Qovornmont, in its Executive and Con gressional departments, protects tho CivilSorvico from all reforms, and repels tho prosecutions of public robbers as personal and political assaults upon tho Qovornmont itself, who can bo sur prised wbon Cashiers appropriate tho whole as sets of banks, and treat tho deposits of the publlo as opportunities to enrich tho daring operator? - Tho whole demoralization and degradation of public sentiment, and tho destruction of all re straints upon tho dishonest appropriation of i other people's property, has its legal authorize i tion in that policy of tho General Qovornmont which uses tho coercive power of tho nation to rob ono class to enrich another, and to t&ko tho earnings of one man’s labor to bestow it, wlth • out consideration, upon some other person. THE ADMINISTRATION'S INDIAN POLICY. Wo have the assurance of Mr. Felix F. Brunei, tho Chairman of tho Board of Indian Commis sioners, that President Grant will certainly ad here to tho “peace policy " toward tbo Indians which has boon developed'as ono of tho dis tinguishing features of his Administration, , Mr. Brnnot is probably correct. 'When President Grant starts out with a " policy,” hols apt to hang on to it, entirely regardless of its effects. This has boon equally true In the Ban Domingo affair and tboLouiaianadifficulty. In tho former case, ho adhered to tho scheme of annexation, though palpably contrary to tho popular will, Until ho was defeated at every point. In tho latter case, ho has abided by his resolution to sustain a United States Judge, whoso conduct has been characterized as unparalleled for its infamy by tho vory men to whom Gon. Grant looks for his main support, and will probably maintain tbo samo policy in tho face of riot and bloodshed until Congress reverses tho errors. Mr. Bmnot is of tbo opinion that thoro will be auothor exhibition of this sort of Executive firm ness In tbo general treatment of tho Indians on tbo same plan as heretofore. Mr. Bmnot is thoroughly en rapport with tho persecuted-rod men of tho West, and loud and bitter in his denunciation of tho "ruffians" and “ desperadoes ” who are persecuting them and arousing tboir savage ' passions. Mr. Bnmot profossos to speak for himself and the President! but not for tbo other members of tbo Board of Indian Commissioners. It is probable, however, that Messrs. George H. Stuart, William E. Dodge and John V. Fanveil will abide by Mr. Brunei's expressions. Tboso gentlemen bavo just had a prolonged session in Now York Oily, in which it is likely that tbo wbolo subject was can vassed with tbo official conclusion which Mr. Bnmot has thus unofficially pro claimed. It will appear to most peoplo, bowovor, as a striking comment upon tbo “ peace policy" that tbo Board of Indian Com missioners was in session, distributing its profit able contracts for Indian supplies, at tbo very time that tbo latest Modoc slaughter occurred, in which about fifty American officers and sol diers woro maimed and killed. Tboro are very many weak points la Mr. Brunei's defense of tho “ po&co policy," oven if it bo conceded that tbo purposes of tbo gentle men who adhere to it aro entirely honest. Mr. Bnmot Insists that it is not the Indians who aro to blamo for tho outbreaks and massacres of which wo hav£ a periodical record, but tbo

roughs, tbo “transporters, contractors, teamsters, whisky-traders, scouts, and army-followers," who desire to lead tbo Indians into war that they may enjoy tbo profits arising therefrom. Mr. Bnmot fails to mention tbo Indian Agents in this category of tho natural enemies of tbo Indian raoo. Admitting, however, that ibis brood, general statement is correct, it is pertinent to ask, Who is responsible for tbo tolerance of such a class of men as Mr. Bnmot describes ? .Tbo Administration and tbo Commissioners bavo tbo control of tbo whole matter ; they have all the funds they ask 5 they appoint tboir own agents ; they parcel out tbo reservations; they make the contracts for tbo supplies : they run tbo outlro machine. If tboir policy attracts and tolerates a class of men who incite the worst passions of tbo savages and drive them into war, then either tho policy itself or tboso who administer it aro responsible for these abases. Mr. Bnmot and bis follow-Com mlsalonors may decide wbiob it is. Mr. Brunot states that, outof 1,000,000 Indiana (which is his estimate of the number of Indians iu tbo country), 130,000 are self-supporting, which moans that they live on the proceeds from tbo solo of their lauds and tbo interest on their money. All the rest are supported in part or in whole by the Government. Mr. Brunbt thiuUa that “these figures .show the folly and wicked ness of bolding tbo Indian race responsible for tbo acts of a few individuals or of a single tribe." They rather show that, when tbo United States Government takes a contract for supporting all tbo Indians in tbo country, It has a right to de mand that tbo Indians shall control their “ Indi viduals and single tribes," so as to prevent the fioquoat HOUUODQ9 QX (119 ttRMftWW Qf wbito mon wborovor Indiana abound. It Booms that tboy liavo nothing olso to do. Nobody proposes to bold tbo wholo Indian raco responsible for tbo crimes of a fow, but to bold that policy responsible vrhich under takes to support tbo Indians as a raco of pen sioners, and does nob propose to rosonb or sup press their depredations end massacres. Wbon we coaso to bear of tbo outrages such as tbo Apoobos, Cheyennes, and Modocs bavo lately perpetrated ; wbon tbo Modocs cease to betray and murder United States Generals under a flag of truce of their own bearing; and wbon other tribes cease to slaughter peaceable United States surveyors working under orders from the Gov ernment; and wbon tbo Indian Agents and traders are a bettor class of mon than Mr. Drunot inad vertantly describes them to bo,—than, and not till then, wIU tbo people of this country have some confidence in tbo Quaker guns. As far as the Modoo war is concerned, Mr. Drunot undertakes to Justify tbo policy again. Ho says that the war originated in tbo attempt to drlvo tbo Indians from their lands which wore coveted by white men. Admitting that ibis was the origin of tbo Modoo troubles, which must bo regarded as doubtful, it serves in no wiso to lessen tbo responsibility of the Indian policy, which subsequently failed to restore the rights of tbo Indians, and mnko them submit to lawful authority. It was tbo “policy" which was responsible for Gen. Canby’s murder. It was tbo “policy" which enabled tbo Modoca to en trench themselves In tbo Lava Bods. It was tbo “policy" which prompted tbo instructions from tbo Interior Department at Washington that bound Oanby band and foot, and betrayed him into bis death. It was the “policy" that sug gested tbo same treatment for all Indians, whether friendly or hostile, and mot the Modocs in war-paint on the same footing as over the plpo of peace. It is this policy which Mr. Drunot announces that Gen. Grant proposes to main tain, and which the Indian Commissioners will support In their periodical mootings for tbo al lotment of contracts. “IB THE OBUEL WAR OVER ?» Ur. John Bigolow has an article in the May number of tho Oalaxy, suggested by the friend ly expression of England's Premier toward tho American people at a dinner in London, which occurred about one hundred years after tbo per secution of Dr. Franklin by tbo British Govern ment, on account of his exposure of tbo infa mous* Hutchison letters. It was Mr. Bigelow's purpose to draw a striking contrast between tbo British sentiment of that early day and tho tono of England's first officer of tbo present time, in- illustrating tho tardiness with which Great Britain has acknowledged tho injustice of her conduct to tho American Colonics. In con cluding his article, and expressing a doubt as to the sincerity of England's professed friendship, Mr. Bigolow says: The Injustice of tho British policy toward tho Col onics was Juab os apparent to Ur. Pitt in 1773 aa It la to Mr. Gladstone to-day ; and yet, If tho lato Presi dential election had resulted, as most of tbo partisans of ono of the candidates designed It should, In placing the Government of tho United States under tho con- trol of tho party which only eight years ago was la open rebellion against It, and If a now civil war, one of the most natural consequences of aucA on event, had resulted, what assurance have wo that tho sympathy and wealth of tho ruling classes In England would not bavo been poured out Just as lavishly to dismember our Union, prostrate our commorco and our Influ ence, and discredit our Institutions, as they were In IftU-'CS, and In 1775-'33 1 Mr. Bigolow goes out of his way, In treating a subject entirely foreign to American politics of tho present day, to mako tho assertion that civil war would havo boon ono of tho most natural consequences of the election of Mr. Greoloy, and with tho purpose of dismembering tho Union. Hod such a remark boon made by a demagogue in a stump-speech during tho campaign, and in tended to appeal to tho prejudices and fears of some isolated community laboring under tho delusion that tho War of the Rebellion was still in progress, It would have boon passed over as ono of tbo usual absurd asperities of active Amor* lean politico. Ko ono would bavo slopped to notico it except with a jeer, and to tbo'most serious mind it would have illustrated merely the thoughtlessness and degradation of political controversy. Tbo circumstances under which iho remark has now been made are entirely dif ferent. It is tho custom of the party newspapers to toko grave offense at the occasional outbreak of ilro-oating journalism at tbo South, which comes from somo remote weekly newspaper published in tho interior of Arkansas or tbo depths of Mississippi. It passes tbo rounds, and furnishes a topic for elongated editorial comment, in which tho War is fought all over again and tho rebellious spirit of tho South pictured in the most startling fashion,. It would require a vast collection of tboso specimens of tbo untested fire-eater's periodical explosion to make up tbo eomo amount of vicious absurdity that Mr. John Bigelow baa succeeded in condonsiog in a sin gle phrase, It is difficult to concolvo that a nmu of bis standing and information could deliberately make tho assertion, or enter tain tbo notion, that Mr. Greeley's election would bavo led to a civil war as its most natural consoquonco. It is equally difficult to treat such an incongruity seriously. If it woro to bo done at all, Mr. Blgolow should bo called upon to toll who would rebel. According to bis notion, tbo party responsible for tbo lato KobolUon would bavo attained tbo supremacy. There would bavo boon no danger of a rebellion from this quarter. Tbo party would scarcely rebel against itself. Who, then, would have rebelled? Republicanism in Spain does not appear, from somo accounts, to justify tbo hope fulness which tbo late American Congress discerned in tbo change of government there. A correspondent of tbo Loudon Times gives sorao extracts from a newspaper re cently established at Madrid, under the title Jjos Dcscamtofldoff (“Tbo Shiftless"), which aro disgusting enough at this distance, but must bo somewhat dangerous in closer oontact. “Tbo Sblrtloßs" is undoubtedly a Spanish synonym for tbo French aana culottes, and Us mission is at onoo blasphemous and terrible. “Anarchy is our only formula," it proclaims. “Ourblack flag la unfurled I Wor to the family! War to property I War against God I " It de clares no Us guiding principle, “Everything for everybody, from power oveq to women," audadds.wbat wo can very well conceive to bo tbo oaso, that “ a blood-letting is essential" be fore ibis state of things can bo reached. It is bard to bsliovo that any man or sot of men can desire and seriously contemplate a condition of things foreshadowed by those outcries. The excesses of tbo parts Commune, however, have greatly widened the possibilities of human mad ness, and tbo history of nations baa told how contagious iniquity and degradation may become under the name of liberty. It only needed tbo utdUlou'vX “(lw Bliixtlew" to tUo Uetwogouo* oils disorganization of tbo Spanish people to zn&ko tho Bltuation entirely sui generis, It is not Impossible that tbo Cubans will Boon find tbolr opportunity. Mr. Caleb Cushing's pamphlet on tho Treaty of Washington does not seem to have mot with ft very cordial rocoption In England. Mr. Cush ing will scarcely bavo tbo satisfaction of know ing that bo bos made anybody mad, if tho com ments of tbo London JVctofl.may bo taken as a I sample of iho spirit In which it is received. This | will bo tbo unkindosfc out of all. Tbo News \ speaks of it good-naturedly as “ tbo most sur- ■ prising production wo bavo road for years, oven in tho domain of Holton,” and adds: “Wo did not suspoot that tboro could anywhoro bo found a veteran lawyer, politician, sol dier, diplomatist, and literary review er capable of suoh Achillos-liko bate* j Tbo book is roally very interesting; Indood, it is i almost absolutely unique. It is .a combination I of partisan pamphlet, personal lampoon, idylio eulogy, nairo self-glorification, polite anecdote, elegant biography, and complete decisiveness on I every possible or conceivable subject of contro- I vorsy. Tho oddity of tbo wbolo thing is, that It sboald bo tbo work of a gentleman who was one of tbo counsol for tbo United States Govern- I ment on an important and grave occasion.” It is protty evident that Mr. Cushing's gun bos miscarried in England. Tho " Claimant,” or, aa ho calls hlmaolf, Sir Roger Tiohborno, seems to bo a sort of English I Oeorgo Francis Train, who la unhappy If hla I namo is not In tho newspapers, and If ho la not mixed up in some kind of sensation which will mako him notoriety. Haring gat out of funds, ho has conceived tho happy expedient of replen ishing hla purao by a suit for libel against Oeorgo Routlodgo, tho well-known London publisher, tho preliminary proceedings in which took place | before tho Court of Queen’s Bench, April 10. Tho ground of tho " Claimant’s ” com- I | plaint is, that whilo ho was in Newgate I awaiting trial upon the charge of forgery, I Routlodgo published a book called <( Tho Tlchborno Romance,” purporting to bavo been written by aLoudon barrister, “ representing the applicant from his cradle to tho present moment in language of tho most atrocious description.” One passage to which ho took special exceptions was tho following: "On tho day, if it shall arrive, when bo stands convicted of building his lawsuit on falsehood and baseless calumnies, that day will also havo arrived, wo affirm, when no moro dangerous or shameless rascal over I stood to reocivo tbo sentence of tho law than- I dared lu wrath upon his bead.” At this distance from tho Tichbomo claimant, it strikes us that tho judgment of tho London barrister was a very correct one, and that tho people of England are. as much to bo pitied with their " Claimant ” as tho people of this country with their Train and his sensational antics. Meanwhile another calamity is about to bo inflicted upon tho world in tho trial of tho I "Claimant” for forgery and perjury, which' comes on this week, and which the English pa pers state will probably last all summer I Tho B&mo publlo sentiment which produced the boor-riot, in Frankfort-on-tbo-Maln seems to bo oxorting itself in Cincinnati. The Volkahlatl has created an excitement by declaring that tho price of beer is too high. Beer Is sold in Cincin nati—and very good boor, they say—at $2 per 1 keg. It is sold that an experienced and artistic drawer gets 100 glasses of boor out of ovory kog, which Is sold at flvo cents a gloss, making a profit of $3 on -every kog that is sold. Tho Volkahlatl says that this is too much, and tho { Commercial Is of tho samo opinion. It is hold that throe cents per glass should ho tho prico of beer In Cincinnati. Tho I Gorman saloon-keepers havo taken offense I jat this attempt to reduce their profits, I and havo sought to retaliate by stopping I their subscriptions to tbo Volkahlatl. Tho ob- I jectof this measure seems to havo failed, for tbo Volkahlatl says that, when twenty saloons cut off their papers, a hundred new names woro 1 immediately added to tho subscription list. It | I accounts for this very naturally. The patrons ( of tho hecr-saloons, who had boon accustomed I to reading their paper whilo drinking their boor, subscribed for tbo paper themselves when they no longer found It at tho hoer-saloons. Tho dis -1 cussion is an Interesting one in Cincinnati, where boor holds almost as important a position as in Frankfort; but it is sofo to say that tho price will not bo reduced until after the Musical Fcstl- I vol which occurs next week. Tho progress which has been made in the way of rapid transit is illustrated by tbo project for securing tho speedier communication between Hoboken and Jersey City Heights by moans of elevators. This project has been undertaken by a company which proposes to build huge steam I elevators at tho base of tho Jorsoy City Heights, 1 or Palisades, largo enough to carry up cars and | teams as well aa passengers. Each elevator will accommodate 100 passengers, and vehicles in proportion, and will carry them up 200 feet In about a minute and a quarter, depositing them in a condition to pursue their journeys into the various sections of Hudson County, N. J., where a moss of pooplo reside who do business iu Now York. Tho lifting cars aro constructed entirely of iron, with iron framo-work centering at an iron ring-bolt on tho top of the car, to which wire cables are attached. It is said that tho safety-chocks and I tho system of running tho elevators are such that accidents are simply impossible. Tho Com ; pany propose to build largo manufacturing I establishments iu connection with thoir olova- I tors, and rent them out for tho purpose of util izing tho surplus steam power. Tho first of tho series of elevators will bo ready before July next, according to announcement, and they will facilitate tho communication between Now York and tho Jorsoy suburbs to a wonderful extent* Tho Dubuquo Telegraph has discovered, in something printed in this paper, a disparage ment of the Mississippi River water-course as a moans to. carry off Western productions. Wo are told that it " savors of a crimo to say to tho Creator 5 You havo not mado that river to flow In tho direction you ought to havo dono,” and tho Dubuquo paper, having administered this rebuke, further slates that tho river, thus placed by tho Creator for man’s use, “ whon Improved as it can bo," Is tho best road to market. In tho meantime, whilo tbo river is waiting for man to improve it, trade and commerce must sock such other routes to market as nature and art havo provided. A bill has passed the Lower House of the Now York Legislature, and tho general opinion is also, expressed that U will pass tho Upper, removing tho prison now at Sing Sing to Fisher’s Island. Thoro la groat rejoicing among tbo property owners at fling Sing qvor tho prospects of re moval. No opposition has been made to tho bill except by a few of tho villagers who supply tho koopors and guards with small provisions. NOTES AND OPINION. Judge tellvanus Wilcox, of Elgin, will not bo a candidate for re-election, Juno 2, m the new cir cuit composed of Kano, Du Pago, and Kendall Counties. Tbo Republicans hold a nominating convention at Aurora, May 11), and tho Farmers will also have a candidate If it shall be deemed advisable, ' —The Tenth District Demoerallo Convention for Circuit ’ Judge, at Quincy, May 1, broke In two •, the Adame County delegates nominating Judge Joseph Blblcy, of Qulnoy, and the Han cock County delegatee W. U. Mauler, of Carthage. —Gen. Farnsworth’s apportionment to Wln uebagq County of iW, out of tho CoogtottilouaJ “ back-pay,” has not boon oovoyod into tho County Treasury. Tbo County Board, in session last week, took no notion upon it. ■ —Tho Socor and Bontor raids on tho National Tronaury being romomborod, it may bo worth while to nolo' that tho fiocors and others have raided on tho BoHtors, and got Judgments of court, at Peoria, 111., for $17,707.18. —lt is generally known in Connecticut that Gov. Jowollmoans to “go for” Duckiugham’a seat in tbo Senate, next year. . . —Tho Kansas Legislature, Jan. 21, Gloated Goorgo W. Martin Btuto Printer, by G8 votes to 68 for Sam Prouty, being first blood and first knook-down for tbo anti-Pomeroy party. It has taken Martin until now to got possession of tbo office, which bo does by decision of (bo Supromo Court. —Tbo Grand Jury at DosMoinos, lowa, which did not indict Bamuol E. Rankin upon bis con fession of having stolon SIO,OOO from tbo Agri cultural College fund, was composed of eleven Republicans, three Democrats, and one doubt ful} and was, it is said, purposely ** put up ” by tho Republican Administration, because, If this thing once got Into court, somebody bigger than Rankin was Ukoly to got . hurt. Tbo rottenness at DosMoinos is nmch commented on tbrouoh. out tho State. * —Tho farmers of Illinois evidently moan bus! dobs. They want certain judicial decisions touching tho right of tho State to regulate freight rates and faros on railroads, amf they have set about getting them In tho very shortest and surest way,—by nominating and electing Judges who aro Impliedly pledged to give them. This la a rather rugged way of scouring so deli cate a thing as a judicial decision from a Su premo Court, and there is littlo that can bo said In defense of it. But, unwarrantable as it Is, It has tho authority of a very distinguished ex ample: when tho Republican party in Congrosu and tho President could not got tho decision on tho legal-tender not which they desired In any other way, they “packed” tho Supremo Court with Judges pledged to give it. _ Those Judges woro scarcely warm inlhoir scats boforo they mado tho august tii- ' banal rovorso its former decisions on tho ques tion. and givo tho specific ono that tho “ pack ing” party desired and exacted. This is not a Democratic story; it Is tho statement of tho transaction as made by tho Cincinnati Gazette and many othor influential Republican papers. Bad examples aro contagious, and tho Illinois farmers now propose to nnltato tho ono set at Washington.— St. Louis Jiepublican. —Tho people of Illinois aro able and willing to pay such rates as will secure reasonable profits to railroad companies for their capital, skill, and energy employed. They havo contrib uted freely to onoourago those com panies to construct tho roads, with tho under standing that they woro to ho publio high ways of vast Importance to tho prosperity of tho country. But they aro not willing that thoso companies should charge such rates as will onablo them to accumulate millions suddenly, and tnon issue watered stock to themselves, .to evade tho law as to tho per cont of their profits, and enabling them, by charging what they ploaso at particular seasons and special con junctures, to cheapen tho produce of tho coun try, and dictate at tlieir pleasure the prices of the staples of tho West. Thoy do not want any thing unreasonable, and they do not propose to submit to anything that is B\iuh.—Wilmington (111.) Advocate. — l Tho cost of transportation is exorbitant, and takes tho lifo-blood out of tho producing inter ests of tho country. If theso aro the blessings that railroads have brought, what are such bless ings worth ? But is this a necessary evil ? Wo think not. Railroads aro for iho most part man aged in tho interest of rings, who grow enor mously rich, while stockholders grow poor. Tako Vanderbilt, for example. Ho is a man of immense wealth—prohably|s7s,ooo,ooo. How did ho make it ? .... Tho country is now con trolled by these corporations. Tho object of iho farmers is to havo tho country control tho cor porations ; and this is hound to bo an overshad owing issuo until a solution shall ho reached. For this aspiring politicians may as well pre pare.—Cincinnati Gazette. —There are unmistakable signs of a wide spread popular discontent with tho prevailing order of things. Notwithstanding tho towering majority by which Oon. Grant was re-elected President, public sentiment has nowhere settled down in a quiescent stato, and accepted tho sit uation as tho fittest and best for tho country. Tho corruptions of the Government aro osglar-' ' ing as ovor, its usurpations are as offensive, and of lato have become more offensive than over. The overwhelming Republican majority in Con gress, which wont in with the now Presidential term, fails to givo to public feeling any assur ance of safety, of stability, and reform. That majority is not a fair index of tho popular will, but tho result of a want of coherence in tho diversified elements of opposition to tho Presi dent and his party. While, therefore, thoy are installed in authority, there is not that popu lar accpiicsconco and roposo which would indicate a national mind at eauo. On tho contrary, tho Administration moots now at tho threshhold an opposition which is destined to grow moro co herent, more determined, and more implacable from year to year, until tho country is rescued from it hands.— Augusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist, —Tho corrupt, grasping, materialistic men who aro now controlling tho character of tho Re publican party will remain with that party as long as it has anything to givo, and with thorn will go a great many old Democrats, who nat urally belong on that side. Indeed, they aro going ovor au tho while, and taking their now places, while tho best men of iho Republican party aro becoming moro and moro alarmed aud disgusted with tho course of tho party, and cast ing off tho bonds which bind them to it. The now party must begin as a popular movement. It must bo tho parly of tho people against the politicians, tho party of honesty and economy against fraud and extravagance. But it must also havo somo vital principle os a basis upon which issue can bo joined.— Boston Herald. —We firmly believe that tho people havo re solved to refuse to ro-olect auy poison who served in iho last Congress, who pilfered iho sum of $5,000 oxtra salary.— Tottsville (Pa.) Miners' Journal. ' Mr. Barchard’s argument is specious, but tho people will think that tho fair thing for him to do is to tako only tho sum which constituted tho Congressman's pay when ho was elected, and which ho then understood to bo tho salary tbat ho was to rocoivo as a public servant.— Detroit Tribune. There will ho moro claimants for each anonymous return of money than there aro authors of “Beautiful Snow.”— Cincinnati Com mercial. So far os heard from yet, our honored mem ber of Congress [J. Allen Barber] has not boon found moan enough to rofuso hia share of tbo salary steal. Oh, how wo long to listen to his burning eloquence onco moro, denouncing tho dishonesty of Democrats.— Prairie du Chicn Tress. —The people are rather anxious to know what James 0. Robinson proposes to do with that $5,000, which is so clearly “ conoclouco money.” —Lincoln (ill.) Herald. —Tho people havo boon moro roused and in censed by tho “ salary steal ” than by auy one of tho many forms in which oilicial corruption has developed itself. Those who took the money should make tho most of it—it is tho last chance they will havo at tbo public crib.— Cairo (III.) Bulletin. —Grangers, what would you think of a man that you havo hired for tho last two years at S2O per mouth, and on settlement ho should chargo you S4O, and having that amount In his'hauua would turn on his heel end leave ; would you he likely to employ him a second timo ?— Glcnwood (111.") Journal. T —Tho fact that Gov. Carpenter, of lowa, had stridod tho Granger nag would indicate that ho thought tho Grant horse rather au unsafe ono to ride In these days of corruption and iniquity. His attempt to rido both of thoso nags at a tlmo may prove a dangerous experiment .—Fayette (Joirdl Union. —The Waterloo Courier , to tlcklo tho gran gers, proposes that the Republicans run Dudloy W. Adams, of Allamakee, for Lieutenant-Gover nor. This is their tub to tho wlmloaftorahusing t Idm for tho nomination for Governor made at Waterloo a few weeks since.— Dubuque (lotca) |j Herald. Tho more wo hoar of tho conduct of our - Commissioners at ‘Vienna, tho moro outrageous s their conduct appears. Tho misfortune of tho I whole affair Is tiio disgrace that is put on tho >• country and its institutions by tho exhibition of greed and rascality.— FiUsburnk (Ta.) Gazette. .„ ( —lf Americans abroad could ever puss thom-i,, solves off for people of another nation, might bo excusable for making tho attempt this time.— ltoek Island mi.) union. iu —This Grant Parish affair has no political slg-to nifleance outside of Louisiana. It originated m»i a disreputable squabble for ofilco. Tho negroes, a who woro lured by their white loaders into tak- t ing up arms, committed such crimes as robbery, b assaults, and threatening tho Uvea of tho whites,I*h 1 *h including attacks upon tho women. When tUo 1 "? BUoriff had collected hie posse, bo and they ro-“ taliatod in a savage aud wanton manner. ■ negroes woro tho aggressors. Sorely did thoy Kfor their barbarous treatment of thoso who nollilng to do with tho quarrel. Tho ntrooi ■ ties on both sides were great aud luojwUflfthio.—• l iYoviliniW Oil i-) Jwmi,