Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 6, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 6, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE VIENNA EXPOSITION. More to Bo Seen in July than in May. Origin and Progress of Indus- trial Exhibitions. Dimensions of tbo Viennese Fair- BuiMiugs—Tho Space Al lotted to Each Country. The United States Department— A Water-Tower. JFVom Our Own Correspondent. Vienna, April 14, 1873. By tho time this roaches you, tho Vicuna Uni versal Exhibition will havo opened Us portals to tho millions that will como from all parts of tbo world to do bomago to an ontorprlso without parallel in tbo annals of World’s Fairs. You must not, howovor, imagine that, although opened, tho Exhibition will bo Incomplete run ning order by tbo Ist of May. Far from it. From present appearances, I Judge that tboao coming hero in Juno and July will boo MORE OP THE EXPOSITION than those present at tho opening. Everything Is yet in a chaotic state; and tho uninitiated, while walking ovor tho grounds, ond Booing tho Immoneo work that is to ho accomplished yot, in finishing tho half-complotod pavilliona, restau rants, oto., iu clearing off tho millions of tons of rubbish, In putting up tho oxhibitlon casos, and in placing tho goods in those latter, will invariably shako his head in doubt whon bo is told that tbo Ist of May will opon tho Vienna Exposition. But those who havo watched tho progress of this grand undertaking from its in cipient stato know that Boron Schcravz, tho all powerful, ns tho Vienna prcaa calls him, will redeem his pledged word, and the Vienna World’s Fair will open on tho let of MOy; but, with this, it is not said that all tho work will ho dono by that time. No exhibition was ovor entirely ready at its opening. It is a well-known fact thot, during tbo Faria Exhibition of 1807, tbo work on tho Falnco and tho grounds coaaod only with tho cloao of tho season. Such, I daresay, may bo tho case hero. Tho programme which tho Baron has laid out for himuelf in tho Login mag has OVERSTEPPED ITS ORIGINAL DIMENSIONS. One alteration in tho original plan brought jon another, and another, and so on, until the wholo of tho original plan, as far as its magnitude was concerned, took an entirely different aspect. Tho first 6,000,000 florins, which wore supposed to bo more than sufficient to cover tho expenses of this International holiday, were gone oven be fore most of tho buildings wore under cover. What could the Austrian Roichsrath do but to vote an additional 0,000,000 to finish tho work, which tho Baron threatened to abandon unless ho was voted tho means wherewith to finish it. But oven that was not sufficient. Only tho other day, another little lift, In tho shape of 700,000 florins, was voted tho Baron, and now all seems to bo an smooth as oil, and nothing remains but to get tho money which has boon put into piles of brick, mortar, stone, and iron, or at least part of it, back into tho Austrian Exchequer. Perhaps it would bo well, before giving any detailed description of tho yot-uncomplotod Ex hibition and its untold accumulated wonders, to look back to THE ORIGIN of those grand International Fairs, and follow tho successive stages through which a very small beginning has passed up to tho present grand culminating pinnacle. THE FIRST GRAND INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION owed its existence to the French Marquis d’Aveze. It was held in the so-called Mnison d’Orsay, in 1798. Tho dimensions of tho Exhibi tion building woro dot as largo as thoso of somo of tho many private pavilions oroctcd in tho Vicuna Exhibition grounds. Tho articles Ex hibited woro mostly borrowed by tho manager from their owners, and but very few manufac turers took part in that infantile affair. It was but a fair for show and amusement, and not for oompotition. Still, this embryo affair was fol lowed, during that vory year, by an Exhibition on a grander scale, where manufac tured goods woro entered for oompotition. Tho success of this last one was tho causo of a repe tition, undtr tho Consulate, iu 1802. Other ■iqnntriea soon followed in tbo wake of Franco, it m %»ill fresh in the memory of many of your reader* bin? tho . *»w»r OBBAT LONDON EXHIBITION ww brought into wr* tjy tho strenuous efforts of Albert, Ibo r rat Loudon Universal Exhi f»u«™Y aa got a grander scale than any of £ ft eB T' The Crystal Palace‘whore the Fair was hold filled, and at that nrif(J lU /ri V ' toof koart of every Britisher with 1 nue. • j_^ o Germans, however, had no leas rea son to bo proud of it than tho English: fora Gorman-born Prince concocted and earned into execution tho plan. Tho subject of a Universal Exposition was broached by tbo late Prince Con sort as far back as 1811. It should not, however, bo inferred that, prior to this latter date, there were no Exhibitions in England. On the contrary, tho Irish woro tho most ready imi tators of the French. They instituted also their Triennial Exhibitions; and in England great local exhibitions were hold, beginning in 1830, every few years, at Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool. The custom of bolding fairs was soon carried across tho Atlantic, and brought into existence our Statq and county fairs. But tho London International Exhibition of 1851 was tho porcursor of a series of exhibitions, each one of which attempted to outdo its prede cessor in magnitude and splendor. None suc ceeded, however, until Napoleon tho Third, by his lavish expenditures, caused THE PARIS EXrOSITION of 1807 to mark a now ora in tho progress of in* tomational exhibitions. After tho World's Fair of 1857, Franco had two International Fairs, one Id 1855 and ono in 18G7 ; tho United slates ono, in 1853, at Now York; Holland and Belgium ono, in 18G1 ; England a second ono, in 1852 ; ono was hold hi Dublin in 1852, which, by tho way, proved pecuniarily a failure ; and England has now a permanent Exhibition at South Ken sington. To more fully appreciate tho great progress made In tho lino of International Expeditions aluco 1851, tho tlrat ono instituted on a grand aoalo, I will, for tho sake of compariaon, recall nemo of TUB DATA OF FORMER EXPOSITIONS, Tbo cost of tbo flrsb London Crystal Balaco Exposition was about £350,000, to which tbo Queen contributed by opening tbo aubscription liflt with ill,ooo, Tbo building was constructed of glass and iron, and covered an aroa of 13 acres. There ovor 17,000 exhibitors, and over 6,000,000 of people visited tbo Balaco dur ing tbo live months it was kept open. Tbo larg est number of persons presout on any ono day was 103,700, and tbo average obout 43,000. Tbo total receipts woro £500,000. The second English World’s Fair waft bold in IHO2, in a vast brick building at South Kensington; it covered about 17 acros. At this fair thoro wero 28,000 exhibitors. Lossnumborsof people visited the grounds than tbo Crystal Balaoo in 1852. Tbo receipts, too, wore loss, while tbo outlays woro £321,000, leaving a clear balance of a littlo ovor £7,000. Tbo next and most successful grand show was hold in 18G7, on tbo Champs do Mars. Tbo spaco covered was thirty-seven acres. Tbo building was of an elliptical form, with twelve concentric circles and a small central garden. Tills “Grand Exposition." ns tbo French loved to call it, was visited by 0,921,080 persons. As to tbo receipts and expenditures, they woro never fully known to any ono oxcopt to tbo Emperor's satraps, who did tho managing. Ono thing is cer tain, however, that there was a largo deficit. Now wo bavo corno down to tbo Vienna Expo ,-dtlou of 1873, which lias been commenced ON A OIIANUEU SCALE than any of its predecessors, Tbo spaco cover ed hero by tbo public buildings, exclusive of tho private pavilions, is ovor soventy-flvo acres. It ic as yet difficult to give you any correct data as to actual space covered, and os to otbor mat tom connected with tbo Exposition, as thoro has been none officially published yot by tbo general management. 1 had occasion, In some of my former letters, to give you the dimensions of the various buildings, and tho general division of tho grounds. Tho latter, howovor,'havo boou bo much changed, and are still being changed, from their original plan, that I have concluded to wait until I shall ho certain that Uaron Schwartz’ active mind will not ovor night bring to naught my doHoriptlvo efforts. Tho slzo of the main Industrial Palace la tho same as given you in my letter of Oct. HO, 1872, namely; length 8,000 foot, and width 100. In the centre la tho Rotunda, all completed, with the magnificent and glittering Austrian crown, 10 foot in diameter, atils top. This groat chef d’onivro, tho Rotunda, is -150 foot in diameter, and 272 feet high to the pinnacle, underneath which a gallery affords tho most magnificent night of tho surrounding country, as far as hu man vision aided by optical Instruments can roach. Tho main Industrial Hall is traversed by eighteen smaller India from south to north. Each ono of those halls is about 500 by 80 foot. Tbo first ope on tho west waa originally assigned to tho American Continent,—tho south half, or 250 foot, to tho United States, and tbo north half to other American countries; but this has boou modified. THE UNITED STATES rotain their original space, with tho addition of tho adjoining court, that has boon roofed ovor for tho use of tho American sowing-machine in terests i while tbo north half has boon divided between Brazil and England. Not only bavo all tho twenty-six courts that intervene between tho croßß-gallorlos boon turned into halls, but all tho space between th 6 main Industrial Pal ace and the Hall for Machinery has boon com pletely filled up with halls, pavilions, restau rants, oto. I should not forgot to mention that tho courts which havo boon turned into halls aro each 120 by 260 foot. Tho buildings erected on them are all balloon-frame, with skylight roofs, somewhat in tho stylo of our United States fair buildings. They aro called zubauton (additional buildings.) Almost every country bas Its Zubau, ns tho original spaco asthfenod proved too small. Tho spaoo, AS IT IB NOW DIVIDED, inside tbo main Industrial Palace, exclusive of tbo Rotunda, is as follows: Austria lias 14,707 square metres; Germany, 6,741; Franco, 0,880 ; England, G,3G9; Russia, 8,310; Hungary, 2,072; Italy, 2,072; Turkey, 2,938 ; Belgium, 2,013 ; tho United States, 1.350 ; China, Siam, and Japan, 1,850 ; Switzerland, 1,125: South America, 1,090; Egypt and Contra! Africa, 1,003 ; Holland, 880; Qrocco, 876 ; Sweden and Norway, BGS ; Roumanio, G57 ; Spain, GOS : Portugal, 519; Per sia and Central Asia. 840 ; Tunis, 2C9 ; Morocco, 80,—making a total of 60,000 square metros. At this writing, some of tho above-named coun tries aro already rocolving and arranging thoir goods, bub most of thorn havo not even thoir cases in the hall. Tho United States aro in this respect a little worse off than tbo rest, for, iu thoir hall, savo a fow uupaintod soft-wood cases, nothing can bo soon yet. Still, Qon. Van Bnron, tho United [States Commissioner, who has Just arrived, assures mo that TUB UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT will bo in as trim order by tho Ist of May ns any of the rest. Tho difficulty lies in obtaining workmen to do the vast amount of preparatory work. Tho laboring classes of Vienna nave be come entirely demoralized. Booing how neces sary they have become toward tho accomplish ment of tho groat work, they make most out rageous demands for their labor, which is poor at that. Thousands of llorlns havo boon paid for ebow-casos that, in ordinary times, would not havo cost as many hundreds. Tho Prussian Government, however, became sick of those ex tortionate prices, and liad some COO of their mil itary mechanics como hero and help finish up. There are now hero mechanics and laborers from all parts of tho world. EVEN JAPAN has cent some sixty of them, who, In the short time of two weeks, havo put up two specimens of Japanese dwelling-houses. They tho central point of attraction to tho Vienna idlers, for it is very funny to boo them do all their work whilo croucliing'down, and in an appa rently playful manner. They, nevertheless, aro bettor workers than tho Austrian workmen. These latter, as fur as laziness is concerned, stand at tho very top of tho scale. A few days ago, THE DIFFERENT GLASSES had their Presidents and Vice-Presidents ap pointed according to tho various countries. Tho appointments wore not,* aa a whole, tho most suitable, for while wo gratefully acknowledge to Baron Hchwarz tho honor of giving tho United States tho Presidency oi Claes 25, “ on Educa tion and Instruction," and that of 26, <( ontho Commerce of tho World," wo must regret miss ing Franco, tho most extensive wine-growing country in the world, from Class 2, “or Agri culture, Wine, Fruits, Garden-Culture, etc.;" hut, instead, wo boo England, where not a gallon of wine is made, obtain tho Vioo-Prosldoucy in that same class, while, on tho other hand, she is ignored in Class 5, “ on Textile Fabrics." In making tho appointments, the Baron seems to havo taken into considoratioujctiquetto, and not usefulness. The United States has also been honored with tho Vice-Presidency of Classes 18 and 20. tho first in Civil and Construction En gineering' and tho last “ on tho Peasant’s Lodg ing, with its Internal Arrangement." As 1 said nt the beginning, to givo your read ers an intelligible insight into this Exposition, I shall havo to wait until a little more order is brought out of tho present chaos. IN ITS PRESENT STATE, the whole appears but like a good-sized city that has just boon rebuilt after something like a Chi cago or Boston fire, only with this difference: that hero there are no ruins, except such as are artificially made for exhibition; but, on tho other band, brick, stone, lumber, and iron lay about, intermixed with thousands of cases and boxes containing goods, in most picturesque confusion, all over the grounds. The goods that have arrived at Trieste by tho United States transport ships General and Sup ply are expected hero IN A FEW DATS. The lighthouse apparatus, however, must bo transported from Trieste by borso-powor, as, on account of Us length, it could not be loaded on railway trucks. THE WATER-TOWER, especially bnilt to supply tho grounds with water, is one of the great works of this Exposi tion, and, in .magnitude, takes rank after the Rotunda. The columns consist of iron, and are of a hollow, cylindrical form. At tho height of 210 foot there is a wrought-iron reservoir of a bolding capacity of about 150,000 gallons. Tho water is forced up by a powerful engine into tbis reservoir, whence it is distributed all over tbo grounds, for tbo use of boilers, restaurants, and thousands of other necessary purposes. Not loss than 000.000 gallons of water is tho hourly supplying capacity of this temporary Water- Tower. Otula. A MAINE TRAGEDY. JDolicaOhig and Hiirnincr of Two Men ■•Lynclkhig of tlio Murderer* Uoultm (He.) (May 2) Correspondence 0/ the Xtio York Last Saturday night, tho atoro of David Dud ley, in Ball's Mill, Maploton, was robbed by a desperate roan named James Cullen. On Mon day morning a warrant was issued for his arrest, and Granville A. Hayden, a Deputy Sheriff, of rremiuo Isle, started for him, taking W. 11. Bird and Thomas Hubbard, of Maploton, to assist him. Tho burglar was traced to Swauboek'u Shingle camp, ou Chapman plantation, and on Tuesday night his arrest was effected. Tho Sheriff decided to stop in camp over night, and all hands wont to hod. Next morning, Cullon awoke, and, obtaining an axn, chopped off tbo heads of both lliiydon and Hubbard. Tbo two otbor occupants of tbo tout, Bwanback and Bird, woro awakoued by tbo noiso, and wcro witnesses of tbo awful deed. Tlioy escaped from tbo tout. Cullon then kin* died a flro, and burned tbo bodies of tbo murdor od men, Ho tbon Bet flro to tbo camp. Swanback and Bird burriod to tbo aoltlomont and gave tbo alarm. Barilos of mon Immediate ly eturtod out in search of tbo murderer, and a messenger wont in hauto to Bresquo Iblo. Tbo wildest oxcitomont prevailed. On reaching tbo camp nothing remained to toll of tbo awful murder except some heaps of ashes, a fow frag incuts of bones, and a bunch of keys. Tbo mur derer was traced to bio house in Maplotou. Ills wife denied bis presence, but Anally admitted that ho was biding in tbo cellar, where bo was found by Constable Hughes and bis assistants. Ho acknowledged bis guilt, and said bo wished bo bud also killed Bwanbcck and Bird. Tbo officers started with him for Bresquo Isle. After having proceeded two miles they woro mot by a largo party of disguised men, who took possession of tbo prisoner, who still exulted in bis guilt, regretting that bo bud not made a complete job of it. Ho said bo wished bo bad killed bis own wifo and child, and tbon ho would bo hung willingly. Tbo disguised mon placed a rope round bis nook and bung him to a troo that bad boon prepared for tbo purpose. When life was extinct tbo body was cub down and placed in a box that bad boon made to receive tbo remains of his victims. Cullon is said to bavo murdered a lawyer In Now Brunswick, wbero bo bud resided until within tbo past two years. Hayden offered him a chance to oscapo if bo would leavo tliocounlry. but be was afraid to return to tbo Provinces, and agreed to go with him peaceably in tbo morning. Hayden was highly esteemed throughout tbo country wbero bo was woll-knov n. Ho leaves a wifo and ono child. Tbo voice of the people is that it survod tbo rauidorov right. Hubb&ra was an unmarried mao. THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: TUESDAY, MAY 6, 1873, MICHIGAN. Tho Work of the Legislature of 1873, Passage of a Large Number of Important General Laws, A Full Resume of Legislative Busi- ness. Special Correepondence <\f The Chicago Tribune, Landing, Mich., May 3, 1673. Tho Michigan Legislature practically ondod its work on tho 25th of April, but its final adjourn ment was fixed for tho *lst of May at noon. In Its session of nearly four months’ duration, it has onactod over 400 laws, half of which aro local. Tho remainder inoludo a fair proportion of comparatively unimportant amendatory acts, together with some striking additions to tho statutes, Involving radical changes and improve ments. With tho oxcoption of ton or a dozen, tho acts of 1873 are brief and reasonably ox-, pllcit; thoro aro, howovor, throo or four of groat length, tho adoption of which is oxpoctod to do away with tho necessity of a groat deal of formal and repetitive legislation hereafter. CITIES AND VILLAGES. Tho two bills of which this is especially true aro those prepared by tho Hon. Andrew Howell, of Adrian, who was selected two yoars ago for tbo purpoao.and are designed for tho general incorpo ration of citios and villages. Prospective munici palities desiring charters may organize them selves undor those without further legislative intervention; and, If they should bo generally adopted, it will probably result in saving a quar ter of tbo timo of oach session, and in diminish ing tho unwieldy bulk of the biennial volumes of laws to one-third, at most, ot their present di mensions. RAILROADS. In tho usual mass of legislation affect ing the railroad interests, a now general bill, revising the laws for the incorpo ration of railway companies, was passed also. Tho expedient of establishing a Railroad Com missiouorship—an ofllco hitherto untried in this State—was adopted, and tho supervision of tho affairs of all the railroads in tho Slate, in their relation to tho public, is committed to his hands. Ho keeps his office in Lansing, and receives a $4,000 salary. Gov. BagloyV appointee to tho fiost is Stephen S. Cobb, of Kalamazoo. After a one exemption, tho land-grants made to aid tho bunding of railroads have boon declared tax able, and to tho revenue won from this Bourco may bo added an incomo of 3 per cent on tho gross receipts of corporations manufacturing and running palaco and sleeping-cars,—a branch of industry that has hitherto escaped taxalhm in Michigan. Permission has boon extended to railway cor- E orations to convoy their franchises of property; nt police regulations for tho security of the people havo boon strengthened, two of tho most f Tactical requirements made being, that all rains shall bo provided with air-brakes after tho let of October; and that, after tho end of July, watchmen, gates, and other suitable safeguards shall bo maintained at such points as tho Rail road Commissioner shall designate, where tho truck crosses tho streets of a town. counts. Two now judicial circuits, to be known os tho Nineteenth and 'Twentieth, have boon constitut ed ; and tho Ninth, Thirtooutn, and Fourteenth have boon reorganized. Tho Ninth now com prises tho Counties of Kalamazoo and Vanßureu; tho Thirteenth,•tho Counties of Emmet, Charle voix, Antrim. Kalkaska, Grand Traverse, Lee lanau, and Missaukee; and tho Fourteenth, tho Counties of Ottawa, Muskegon, Oceana.Nowaygo, and Mecosta. Tho Nineteenth consists of Ben zie, Manistee, Wexford, Mason, Lake, and Osceola'; and tho Twentieth, of Allegan and Ottawa. Tho heavy business of tho Wayne Circuit will now fall partly upon tho now Superior Court of Detroit, tho first term of which has just opened. Tho Bin* of that city is greatly annoyed nt tho permanent removal of the Supremo Court to Lansing,—half of its ses sions having boon hold hitherto in Detroit. The salary of the Judges of that tribunal has been raised from S2,SOU to $4,000 each. THE STATE GOVERNMENT has been further systematized by tho addition or strengthening of two or throo important bureaus, and by tho imposition of now duties. Chief among thoso, perhaps, is tho Railroad Coramis sionorsbip. But tho Btato Board ot Health has also boon fairly organized, and its Secretary rec ognized as tho Superintendent of Vital Statis tics. The Insurance Conimisaiouorship has, by sheer merit, forced itself upon tho good will of tho Legislature, which has fixed tno salary of tho Commissioner at $2,000, and that of his Deputy ot $1,200. FISH AND GAME. Tho fishing interest succeeded by hard work In getting an appropriation of $7,500 a year for the support of a fish-breeding establishment, directed by a Commissioner, whoso salary is fixed at $1,200. Tho laws for the protection of fish in tho inland lakes of tho State are made more stringent, as are also tho game-laws, and tbo seasons are distinctly specified when it shall bo illegal to catch fish or kill door, wild turkeys, woodcocks, prairie chickens, etc. In tho census reports, much more attention will now bo given to tbo fruit-crops, also. SALARIES. Efforts have boon made to fix tho salaries of public officers satisfactorily, but with little effect, except iu some minor cases. Tho salary of the Probate Judge is placed at $1,500, except in Wayne * County, whore ho receives $2,750. ami is entitled to have a Register to assist mm. Certain pro bate foes for transcript of papers have also been regulated, and tbo law providing tho office with stationery is made to include fuel also. Super visors are entitled to $3 a day, ami G cents mileage, but they must not sit more than fifteen days at a regular mooting, nor moro than three iu an extra session. Charge for certain papers in tho Auditor General's office have boon fixed, and so have tbo fees of Justices of tbo Peace, Sheriffs, Commissioners and Appraisers, jurors, etc., in certain cases. One of tho very best laws passed requires a full, detailed, and exact account, from State Boards and educational institutions amt tboir financial officers, of their stewardship with re spect to nil tho public money which they have charge of during tho year. Official interest in State contracts is sternly prohibited, besides. Those facts will discourage small thieving. Moro attention is being paid to statistics, also. Tho County Supervisors are itmtruclod to furnish to tbo Secretary of Slate whatever details they can obtain of tho insane within .thou* jurisdiction ; and a now Insane Asylum is to ho built on tho eastern side of tho State, at a cost* of 8-100,090, including the price of at least 200 acres of laud. Tho Slate also Becomes a trustee for tho insane. The statistics of inebriation are to bo compiled by a Commission appointed by tbo Governor, and all possible information that can ho gleaned from jail records, ami reports, relating to the history ami circum stances of criminals, toget her with details of tho expense of keeping them, are to bo gathered with somo idea of scientifically checking crime in the light of a knowledge of its causes. The prison-management of other States is to bo studied in this connection. Although tho Legis lature refused to establish a Btato Historio grapher, it lias given facilities for incorporating historical, biographical, ami geographical socie ties wherever they rise. Something like an offi cial register of minor officers is provided for in laws requiring the post-oifico addresses of all Notaries Public, and tho date of filing their oaths and bonds, to bo roimrtod to tho Bocrotary of Btato and tho Btato Treasurer, and causing town ship and city officers to report their addresses to their respective County Clerks, who are, in turn, to transmit them to tho Secretary of Btato. MILITARY Tbo militia system bus been thoroughly rear ranged with a view to making of it something more than a play-day pantomime. Tbo purchase of grounds in or near IJotroit has been author ized, in order to provide a final loating-placo for tbo soldiers and sailors who fought in tbo late War under tho batllo-llags of Michigan, and who may may die bore poor and friendless. Provision is made for transferring tho insiuio inmates of tbo Soldiers’ Homo at Detroit to tbo Asylum at Kalamazoo: and tbo annual appropriation for tbo Bobbers’ Aid X p und is raised to iJS.OOt). Tbo unex pended balance intended for tbo National Ceme teries at Antictam and Gettysburg aro trans ferred to tbo General Fund of tbo Btato. REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION. Eighteen Commissioners aro soon to bo ap- f muled by tbo Governor to roviao tbo Constltu ion, and to suggest such changes to tbo next Legislature as tbov consider needful. Each Congressional District is to bo represented by two. COPE OFPnOOCDUnB. Two Commissioners aro also to ho appointed to prepare a code of procedure In the Stale, similar to that used In Now York or Ohio. This latter measure Booms to ho strongly optioned by many of the lawyers of the State, and it barely passed the House of lloproßontalivoH, HUSBAND AND WIFE—WILLS. The abolition of ostatoa in dowor, and of tenancy by the courtesy, was unsuccessfully at tempted during tho session; however, a law was passed barring tho rightof dower of insane or im becile women. Another act authorizes cbaooory courts to apply a part of a man’s property to Iho support of his wlfo if ho has neglected or do- Bortcd her. Tho custody of ttio minor children of separated parents has boon settled, tho hus band taking thoso which are over 12, and tho wife thoao holow that ago. Hut -tho Court may order otherwise. It Is provided, too, that any person, whether malo or female, who is tho own er of property, may mako nntrnmmolod disposi tion of it by will. Executors and administra tors, nro, howovor, kopt out of possession of tho property of the deceased until tho Probate Court is satisfied that tboy havo served notice upon tho heirs, if possible, and until tboy havo filed a petition showing tbolr claim. It ismado tho duty of courts to compel prompt reports from such officers. POLIOS HEOULATIONB. Tho public safety receives additional protec tion from certain long-uoodod police-regulations, chief among which aro the two already men tioned, vizs tho compulsory introduction of air-brakes, and the establishment of watchmen at street-crossings, upon tho railroads. Here after, also, nitro-gtycorino may not bo trans ported in passenger conveyances of any kind, must always bo marked “ dangerous,” and must never bo unloaded between G in tho morning and Gat night. Tho adulteration of coal oils is to bo sternly punished; petroleum shall bo care fully Inspected, and none shall bo used or kopt* for sale that will ignite, or generate an explosive gas, at 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Tho adulteration of milk sold to cheoso makors is prohibited with penalties. All poisons must henceforward bo labeled with their sim plest and most oaelly-obtainablo antidote. And, finally, whoever sells medicines for tho accom plishment of abortions, except upon a proper proscription, or without* the stringent precau tions proscribed in the law, eb&U bo severely punished. Two of tho most notorious abuses in our criminal jurisprudence aro mot by statutes en tirely now to Michigan.- Ono proscribes that no juror shall bo challenged for tho possession of au opinion that is not positive; another prompt ly places in safe-keeping and .confinement the “insane" murderer who escapes punishment by pleading his infirmity of miud. Hereafter, the owners of buildings that nro used ns dons of drunkenness and infamy are to bo held as accessory to tho wickedness committed there ; and those who sell liquor to disorderly persons are to bo regarded as dis orderly themselves. Tho abettors of dog oud cock-fights are brought under tho samo law as tho principals. That crime has no sox is shown in an enactment making tho man who burns his wife’s dwelling afe guilty of arson as the woman already is if she sots fito to her husband's house. Another law places female liquor-deal ers on tho same footing with males, and sub jects them to executions issued by Justices of the Bunco. Upon sworn statements of sus fiicion, bodies may bo disinterred and exam ned to ascertain whether they suffered violent death. In cases of death accidentally caused by wrongful act, the representatives o! the deceased may bring action. THE STATE PTllflON. Ono hundred and sixty thousand dollar# Ims boon appropriated for repairs and additions to the State Prison; the convicts are to bo freed from the ignominy of 'nearing striped clothes; auch ao desire it are to receive the elements of nu education 5 the Prison-Agent in authorized to furnish them with suitable secular reading; and each man, upon his dinclmrgo, is to bo presented by the State, if ho heeds it, with $lO worth of clothing and $lO in -money, beside tbo earn ings which lie' may have accumulated hy working out of hours. Life convicts will bo allowed to’correspond with near friends and rol-, ativoa. The contract system of convict labor is also modified by a law requiring full notice of the lotting of contracts to bo published for six weeks previously iu six different papers in dif ferent parts of fho State. STATE INSTITUTIONS. An annual tax of 1-20 of a mill baa boon im posed for tbo benefit of the State University, and two Chairs of Homeopathy have boon added to the. Faculty. The Institution for tno Deaf and Dumb and the Blind at Flint receives nn ap propriation of $92,000, and provision is' made for the free education in that Institution of poor deaf and blind children. The Agricultural Col lege and tbo State Board of Agriculture receive SCG,OOO ; and tbo Board, which is to contain a representation of pomologlsts, is ordered to made detailed reports of the results of its ex periments in agriculture. THE INSURANCE INTERESTS. liftvo also received some attention, tbo most im portant neb relating to thorn being one to dofiuo and establish a reinsurance reserve, which is placed high enough to assure policy-holders of tolorahlo security. Bills wore also' agreed to incorporating mutual insurance companies, and

allowing foreign mutual marine insurance com panies to transact business in tbo State. The existing laws rotating to firo and marine insnr nnco companies wore so amended that their capital stock shall not bo toss than SIOO,OOO, and individual shares shall not bo less than $25 nor over SSO each. TAXATION, A proposition was made to substitute tbo county system of taxation throughout the State for the general system centralized at the Audi tor General's office. This was barely defeated after about tho sharpest struggle of tho session, and no other changes of special importance were made iu tho existing tax-laws. It is provided, howevor, that tbo Auditor-General shall give four weeks’ notice of tho saloof lands delinquent for taxes. EDUCATION. . Somo alterations, like tho abolition of tbo County Superintendence of Schools, woro pro posed in tho educational system, but they failed to carry, and tbo schdbl-lawo woro amended only in some trilling mechanical details. Tho foregoing statement covers tlio salient features of such general legislation of tho past session as Is of interest to tho public at largo. WISCONSIN. Tlio Prospects of tlio Slate for tiio Com* in (7 Year. From the Milwaukee Ketee, Hay 4. Tho fears of our Wisconsin farmers that tbo winter wheat bad boon destroyed by tho cold weather, are now proved to bo pretty near ground less. Iu some very exposed situations, on ridges that were swept clear of show by tbo hurricane blasts of winter, and on opon prairies, tho crop has really suffered. But tho destruction has only been limited, and will not operate to seriously diminish an average crop. Tho spring wheat was fairly in the ground previous to tho lato rains, and so Ims a start for a vigorous growth. Unless somo unforsoon catastrophe of drought, or lly, or worm shall assail tho wheat, wo may oxpoct a magnificent yield. Tho lumber product of Wisconsin tbo present year will bo enormous. Tho spring freshet in all tho water courses which flow through the pineries Ims been swooping, and greater than for several years. Logs out ono and two years ago. and which have lain on the banks of tho streams In tho depths of tho /Crests awaiting a rise of water to lloat them off, but which never camo till now, have boon brought down to the mills, and will bo mado into lumber, furnishing an amount to the Southern ami Western markets which they have not soon in years. There are various rumors about tho bops. In localities they have boon injured; but Hint will make tbo balance of tho crop moro valuable. It Is quite likely tlmt tho injury to tho crop will bo as groat olsowhoro as in tins State. Thoro is sufficient reason to oxpoct a good market for this Wisconsin staple. Our tobacco-growers, thus far, have not re ceived tho groat encouragement which they ex pected, and tho spring is cold and backward. Tho remnants of old orops are being sold off for what they will bring, and wo boar loss from the growers of tho wood as to their prospects or in tentions. Other industries of the State are prosperous, with excellent prospects for the year before them. The cheese-makers are beginning opera tions with uncommon activity. The cranberry men are expecting a good crop and an increased demand. Block-growers find sufficient encour agement to increase their products, which find a ready market in the pine and iron centres at Northward, to which transportation is easy and cheap; for if tho railroads chargo too much for carrying their brutes, tlioy can drive the crea tures ou foot to (heir destination. On the whole, wo look for a year of unusual prosperity for the Btalo. An ahuudauoo of tho staple productions will, at least, bo realized. Even If prices, under u stringent money market and an over supply, should rule low. tho aggre gate cash receipts for our diversified croim will bo unusually largo. Bailroad building will also bo pushed forward lu tho State, this year. Tho Wisconsin Central will bo crowded toward Ash land, and tho ‘now laud-grant branches of tho Milwaukee & St. Paul Bond will bo put well un der way. All these things must uring much money to tho Stato the present year. THE COURTS. A Mixed-Up Real Estate Affair, An Alleged Fraudulent City Tax- Sale. Moan from a Grass-Widowor—Bank- ruptcy Items, Eto. Pereas B. Hamlin files her hill in tho Circuit Court against Charles W. Bhumway, Erautus M. Moffett,Jnmos E. Tyler,Jennie B. and Samnol W. Pease. Complainant avors that, on tho 2d Feb ruary, 1860, sho was tho happy owner of 14 acres of real-estate In tho S. E. corner of the *\V. K of S. W. U, Sec; 10, 8 N., 14 E., BP. M., commenc ing at tho S. E. corner, thonco N. along W. lino Indiana avonuo 10 chains CO links; thonco W» 13 chains 42 links,' to oast line Qoorgo Manner’s property, in 1861, thonco S.‘ along said oast lino to 8. lino of said quarter, and thonco E. to placo of beginning ; that, at that timo, ono Cyrus M. Albert claimed to bo the owner thereof by vir tue of a deed of conveyance purporting to bo ex ecuted by complainant and her husband, by Joseph H. Tiffany, tbolr attorney; that com plainant urged that said deed was cot binding upon her, as Tiffany had executed It with out authority; that, on account of tho dis pute, complainant, then a widow, ap plied to Charles H. Bhumway, her friend and medical advisor, who undertook to prosocuto complainant’s claim, and, to onablo him to do so, complainant delivered to Bhumway, in trust, a warrantee deed of tho property, tho consideration thorofor being received from Bhumway, who employed ono Sloan to prosocuto tho suit, who commenced action for ejectment In December, 18C—, against Albor, which was dismissed by Shumwoy in May, 1870, without complainant’s consent; thus about tho April 1, 1870, Bhumway engaged ouo Andrew Garrison as counsel In said matter, and authorized him to compromise with Albor; and such-arrangements wore made that tho property was convoyed to Jennie S., wife of Samuel-w. Pease, who con voyed it to Eraatua M. Moffett and James E. Taylor; that out of the proceeds of such sale SII,OOO was paid to Albor, in consideration of whickho’abandoncd all claim to tho prohorty; that a largo sum of money was paid Shum way for tho 'conveyance of tho property, the exact amount complainant knows not; but sho knows that as a part of the consideration a promissory note for $5,000, dated May 3, 1870, was executed by Jennie B. and Samuel W. Pease to Bhumway, which note Moffett and Tyler agreed to pay as a part of the consideration for tho conveyance to them; that the note is not paid, but is still hold by Bhum wayj who is endeavoring to collect it; that Bhumway claims to havo received only $15,000, besides said note for the conveyance; that Mof fett and Tyler agreed to pay thorofor $44,687.50, all of which has boon paid except tho $5,000 note; that all Bhumway has paid diet is $6,000, and ho protends that ho is not liable to pay her any more; that Bhumway is of doubtful sol vency, and she fears that if tho $5,500 nolo -is paid him it will ho totally lost to her; wherefore complainant prays that an account bo taken be tween her and Sfiumwny for tho amount received by. him for tiro promises s that Moffett and Tyler bo required to pay complainant tho $5,000, and • Bhumway bo enjoined from receiving the same. ALLEGED FRAUD ABOUT CITY TAX BALE. Michael J. Eich, Elizabeth Sclmormauu, and Frederick and Jacob Kich, minors, file a bill iu ‘the Circuit Court against the City of Chicago. Complainants aver that they wore owners of Lot 2, iu Block 8, in Bockwoll’s Audition to Chicago; that complainants have been notified through a notice to redeem issued in the name of a City Comptroller, but the land was sold to one George Taylor, who assigned it’ to tlm City of Chicago, which now claims $1,239.18 for the re demption of said promises from said protended sale, which was made on the protended authori ty of a certain special assessment ou warrant No. 1112, for opening a street GG feet wide, from Madison street to Twelfth street, while in fact the promises so proposed to be taxed aao not contiguous to said street CG foot wide from Mad ison to Twelfth street; that the city refuses to surrender said protended claim, and complainant fears that tbo services of Joseph Poliak may bo • called iu requisition for a deed of said promises iu pursuance of said pro tended sale; wherefore complainant prays that the sale may ho declared by tbo law to bo null and void, and that Joseph P. may bo enjoined perpetually from glvlug the city deed for tbo property. A FRO TEST. WIDOWERS MOAN. David CasUoii, a grass widower, whoso wife is locked up iu the narrow coniines of an Armory cell, applied yesterday for a writ of habeas corpus whereby bo might regain tho comfort, society, care, and protection which ho boa missed so sadly since. Tho evil genius who is restraining her from regaining tho fireside comer of homo is one Michael O. Hickey, and tbo honiousness of his act is intensified by tbo fact that tho fair Lilly C. was imprisoned without warrant, and is detained, although no charge was over made against her. CRIMINAL COURT ITEMS. Judge Tree took ills seat iu this court yester day morning. Eleven of the Grand Jury have boon already obtained. Sixteen persona mentioned in tho venire woro on hand, of whom eleven wore chosen and excused until Thursday next, in or der to fill up tbo panel of twenty-tbroo. Charles Lobmau, whoso proper namo is Lmao Woodman, in February last suffered from tho oxtromo cold which prevailed at that time, and began negotiations for tho purchase of an over coat. Having no money to pay for it ho devised an ingenious mode of obtaining possession. Pro curing one of tho business cards of a tailornamcd Wonderly ho wroto an order on tho back of it giving instructions to tho servant of a Mr. Bradley, of tho firm of Fair & Bradley, to yield to him an overcoat, undercoat, and vest. Armed with this forged document, ho presented him self at Mr’. Bradley's house and demanded tuo clothes, which, ho said, Mr. B. had ordered Won darly to repair. Tho servant gave them up to him, but, thinking all was not right, soot tbo carriage-man after him, who traced him to a Lake street tailor's shop, whore Lehman traded the goods for a very neatly-fitting overcoat. Ho was shortly afterward arrested. Avery ingenious attempt to soften tho hearts of tho jury by intro ducing at tho prisoner's side a woman with child in arms, was defeated by tho State’s Attorney, who drow from the mother the assertion that prisoner was a bachelor. Under these circum stances, the.presence of tho weeping woman and wailing child very naturally failed to create any sympathy in tho breasts of tho Benedicts by whom tho case was tried, who decided that prlo oner should go to tho House of Correction for six months. * Tho caso of Georgo Gillen, for stealing a load of iron, which was tried somo three mouths ago and educed somo remarkable contradictory tes timony, was dismissed for want of evidence. IIANURDPTOV MATTERS. In tho matter of tho Lyou llutllor Company, an insolvent, tho petition of Goo. W. Lyon was filed, tho Judgo allowing that it bo granted, and petitioner permitted to remove property from present promises, No. G7 West Washington street, which havo boon damaged by firo, to No. i) South Jefferson street.' In tho matter of Charles Fosbonder, an in solvent, Edward O. McClellan, Assignee, was removed from ofiico, and Hubert E. Jenkins was appointed in bis place. In tho matter of Joseph E. Wright and Au relius O. Stevens, insolvent, a rule to show cause was entered, and provisional warrant of seizure was Issued.' In the matter of Bernard Bawnn and Fred erick W. Bauch, the order of dismissal was mado absolute. . -« IHS COURTS IN ERIEF, A malicious prosecution case was tried in Judge Booth's Court yesterday, in which John P. White, real estate broker, sought to rocovor SIO,OOO from Will It. B. Btovons. Plaintiff was, at defendants instigation, brought up be fore Banyou on a obargo of larceny in Juno last. Plaintiff was found not guilty, and now brings action to recover damages for the slur on bis reputation, and the discomfort caused by his lodgment in durance vile. The jury retired, and, by agreement, they woro allowed to deliver a sealed verdict. The ease of Bootlobor v. Schweitzer oamo up boforo Judge Booth yostorday,on tho application of defendant's attorney, to have verdict sot aside on affidavits to bo filed. In tho ease of Algernon S. Chase ot al. v. Dil lard Biokotts ot al., Henry W. Bishop, garni shee, was discharged by order of Judge Bogora. Tho case of Campbell y. Trout was dismissed on motion of plaintiff’s attorney, at plaintiff's costs. Tbocaeoof Harder y. Globe Insurance Com pany came US before Judge Porter yesterday. counsel for defendant demurring to tho amended narr of plaintiff. Tho cane of John Wronger v. William T, Scott, John W. Horton, and Timothy Oummnn was tried luJudgo Ilogere’ Court yesterday. Plain tiff charged defendants with carrying oft and cloHtroylng a quantity of Ida effects, among other things a number of poach, sylvan poplar, rose, lilac, and Jessamine trees, 2,000 feet of lumber. This action roao from ft rent dispute, I’rongor being Scott's tenant. Tho case will probably bo concluded to-day. Tlio case of Lyman Siegel v. B. 13. Mann, Wil liam L. Curtin, and George P. Shears was tried without jury. Judge Porter found for tho Main* till with SOOO.OB damages. In the case of James Allen and Murray Bart lett v. A. F. Doromus and M. 8. Morwln, a de cree waa entered for amount of tho debt, S2GO.OH. Eugene P. Woushaw died a precipe Irt trespass on tho case againt Thomas O. Boya, laying dam ages at $5,000. Tho Bank of Chicago brings ft suit in the Su perior Court against Samuel Dunlop, O. B, lloartt, and Charles Busby, in assumpsit, for $3,000 damages. Tho Bocolvor of the Lamar Insurance Com- S brings actions in assumpsit against several 3s in the Superior Court, viz., O. A. Hub hard for SI,OOO 5 O. W. Hammond, $1,500; O. M. Pitch, $1,500 ; William A. Omstoad, $500; Charles J. Stokes, $500; Judaon M. W. Jones. SI,OOO. ' In the Circuit Court Mary L. Douglas files a bill against William E. Mortimer asking for es tablishment of her title to the E. 20 feet, being E. of Lot 00,17 in the original Town of Chi cago. NEW SUITS, Tub United . States Circuit Court—Orrln L. Maun v. A. Vance Drown; assumpsit, $7,600. Uonry A. Dale v. Andrew, Chariot] A., and Nicholas DoQralT and William Crooks; covo nant. Clark W. Upton, Assignee estate Croat Western Insurance Company v. Judaon M. W, Jonos; appeal. Samo v. Benjamin Carver ; same. In the matter of tho claim of Jcrbo B, Kotchum v. Auro ra Flro Insurance Company, a bankrupt; appeal. Tub Onicuix Court—o,Bo9—Frederick Kmmorlch et al. v. Augustus Hastings ; assumpsit, S4OO, 0,810 P. Farnum; assumpsit, S4OO. o,Bll—Same v. John Salisbury; same, SOOO. C.Rl'i-llcnry W. Clement ot a . v. H. L, Danny ; same, SSOO. 0.813-Potor Hayden ot al. v. K. Clco, Knhuorn; same, SIOO. o.Bl4—Nuwoll Avery o** al. v. Albert It. Cooke; same, S3OO. 0,816 Michael I. Llch and Elizabeth Schonermmi and Fred erick Jacob Rich, minors, v. City of Chicago; bill to set aside lax sale. o,Blo—Restores case. 0,817—1*. B. Hamlin v, Chas, W. Bhumway, Erastus M, Moffett, Janies E. Tyler, Jennie A. and Barah W. Pease; bill for injunction. o,Blß—The People of the Btato of Illinois v. Michael O. Hickey; petition for writ of habeas cor pus, o,Bl9—Appeal. 6,B2o—Eugene F. Wonahaw v, Thomas O. Doyd ; trespass on the case, $5,000. (Burnt Record.) 08—Mury 11. Douglas v. Win. E. Mortimer! bill to establish title to Iho cast 20 feet, being eaat V of Lot 3, Block 17, original town of Chicago. The Superior Counr.—43,279—Louis Engolman v. Potor O, llohnbach; confession of judgment, $232.03. 43,280—William E. Johnson, for usoof Cord Henry OolUg, v. Campbell Smith and Robert Russell, copart ners; assumpsit, SBOO. 43,281—Hermann Klsho v. Jolla and Bertha Robinson; appeal. 43,282—Eugene M, Bailey v; Avas Bailey; divorce on ground of deser tion. 43,283—8ank or Chicago v, Barauol Dunlop, O. D. Heard, and* Charles Busby; assumpsit, $3,000. 43,284—Frank v. Jenny 0, Frary; divorce on ground of doaovtlon. 43,295 Catherine E. French v. John E. Owsley and John Worth, trespass, SI,OOO. 43,286—William E. Doggot ct al, v. Alonzo Hayes; petition to supply record. 43,287 —Same v. aamo; samo. 40,288—Chandler, Receiver of tho Lamar Insurance Company, v. Cordon S. Hub bard ; assumpsit, SI,OOO, 43,289—Same v. O. W. Ham mond j same, $1,500. 43,290—8am0 v, O. M. Fitch ; samo, $1,600. 43,291—Same v. William A. Omslcad \ same, SSOO. 43,392—8am0 v, Charles J. Stokon ; same, SSOO. 43,293—Uam0 v, Judaon M, W, Jouco; same, SI,OOO. 43,294—Wm. McConnell nnd Edward M. lU'Cso v. Louisa O. Dyer; BBsumpsit, SSOO. COUNTY AFFAIRS. Places Assigned and Inspector* Ap- X>uiictcu for tlio Judicial Election to bo IQuld In Junc—'jTlio County Jolt Stono Contract—Protest from tlio I£nnka« iceo Quarry Owners. Tho County Commissioners mot yesterday afternoon, President Miller In tho Chair. Pres ent, Commissioners Ashton, Jones, Lonorgan, Hotting, Singer, Boguo, Harrison, Clough, Bus soil, Crawford, Pnhltnan, 800110, Galloway. Tho County Attorney reported tho results of tho action of tho Legislature so far as Cook County was concerned. Tho bill for County As sessor, for increasing foes of officers in certain cases, for tho Industrial department, for abol ishing town meetings in Chicago, did not pass. Tho Bond bill passed, together with one amend ing tho Bovouuolaw so as to facilitate tho collec tion of taxes hereafter levied. Tho Board of Town Auditors of North Chi cago complained that tho money set apart for tho Assessor was used to pay tho Collector, and that tho former officer, who had received-noth ing for 1872, would have to wait another join: for bis dues. Several applications for rebate of taxes wore gresented, among thorn one from tho West Bide wodonborgian Church. Tbo Clerk was ordered to draw an ordor on tho Treasurer for sl,llO in favor of the contractors for tho County Jail. „ Tho purchase of a horse for tbo Poor House farm, and of 100 trees to bo sot out there, was ordered. Tho Clerk was ordered not to pay any persons serving on Coroners’ juries when they are oounty employes. • Mr. Galloway offered tho following, which was adopted: WnsncAß, There will bo an election in tho County of Cook, on tho first Monday in Juno, 1873, for tho ejec tion of Circuit Judges; and, Wunnnas, For tho purposes of tho election hold in November, 1872, this Board did divide eomo of tho towns and wards, in said county intoolcctiou precincts, etc., and appointed tho Judges; therefore, iiesolvfd. That tho said several precincts, as fixed and established, bo and tho same aro hereby fixed uud established an precincts for tho purpose of tho election in Juno, 1873; and Jtesolved That tho places for voting In said several precincts be. and tuo same aro hereby fixed at tho places where the eaid election in November, 1872, was bold, and that tho novoral persons who acted as Judges of asld last mentioned election, in tholr respective pro duels, ho and they aro hcrobyuppolnted Judges of said election, so to bo held In Juno aforesaid, and that tho places of meeting for tho purpose of registration in said several precincts bo and they are hereby fixed at tho places respectively for holding said registry. Sherman, Halo A Co., the owners of the quar ry known ns tho Kankakee sandstone, sent in a protest against tho vote by which limestone was substituted for sandstone in tho construction of tho now Jail, such action being had by a minori ty vote of tho Board. Tho records showed tho vote was not a minor ity of tho wholo Board. Tho Chair moved tho petitioners have leave to withdraw, slnco they stated tho Board voted from interested motives. It was finally ordered that the communication ho not received. Tho Board adjourned. SUBURBAN. NORWOOD PARK. This delightful suburb is only ton miles dis tant from tho city, on tho ■Wisconsin Division of tho Chicago A Northwestern Railroad. It claims to bo os high ground as can bo found in Cook County. Tho village is laid out in a very artistic manner, and tho Trustees aro not sparing time or monoy to mako it ono of tho most desirable of suburban towns. An artesian well has boon sunk to tho depth of 850 foot, which now yields a copious supply of sulphur water. Tho water ie not at all disagreeable to unrogonoratod men; iu fact is quite tho reverse, being in taste and medicinal virtue tho same as tho waters of tho Whito Sulphur Springs, Ohio. Convenient to tho depot a fine hotel Ims boon erected, which will bo opened this season for invalids who may wish to try tho curative power of tho water, and others Booking a pleasant country homo. Fine residences and stores ore being erected in different portions of tho village. Tho Baptists hold their first services iu tholr now church on last Sunday. The Dutch Bo formed Church is a largo and tasty structure. A now Methodist church is also to ho built this season. Tho Norwood Press and Job Printing Establishment is located hero and employ a largo number of hands. It has boon erroneous ly stated that there is a cemetery located at this Since ; tho facts are those: A church in Chicago, osiringaplacoof iutormont, eont a committee out prospecting. Tho Committee found a Gor man owning a largo farm on tho Plank Hoad, about two miles from Norwood, who was willing, to sell his land at a low figure if ho might have a seminary located near him. Tho land was pur chased, and it was not until tho deeds wore made out that ho discovered that, in his poor knowl edge of English, ho had mistaken “ cemetery" for “ seminary." There is not a more disgusted Gorman iu tho country than tho one aforesaid. LINCOLN PAIIK, Lincoln Park was crowded on Sunday by citi zens enjoying one of the fow shining days of tho aoason thus far. All day long vehicles of all de scriptions passed through all tho drives and wound an unending stream among tho trees. Excellent order was generally observed, and tho fow cases of disorderly made a very small exhibit against tho enjoyment of tho many thousands who enjoyed Lincoln Park. One of thoso cases was that of a Dan Pastor and Henry Perkins, fined 96 each for bolus drunk and disorderly. Morgan popl wan fined for fast driving $lO ami oohlh. Among Iho canon tried at tho Town ITftU o mit 0 y ' v^loro » hereafter, all police trials will bo hold, wan that of Henry IJaich and Qoorgo KatKor, llnod $lO onch ami costs for Btoallng trees from iho grounds of Benjamin ShurtlolT. Largo numbers of workmen aro at work putting Lincoln Park in order for the sum mer, and carrying forward Improvements begun. RIVERSIDE. A hoat-rldo at Rlvorsido last Sunday afternoon resulted in the drowning of two men, Burton Robson and Michael Callalmn, who woro rowing ft akUT In tho Aux.riftincß, the current of which, swollen by aprlng mine, was very strong. They Incautiously Iloatod too near tho Lyons dam, nnd woro carried ovor It, doopito their frantic strug gleo to save themselves, and both woro drowned. At latest accounts nolthor of tho bodies had boon recovered. Callahan was a slnglo man, put Robson, a butcher by trade, was married, lie leaves a wife, upon whom tho blow falls with terrible force, the more so that she lost her twin babes about throe wooka since. Tho catastrophe created groat excitement In Riverside, whore Robson had boon known for several years as coachman and gardener of L. Murray, Esq. monwoon. Col. William A. James, Mayor-elect of High land Park, will read a paper before tho Literary Club at Us regular meeting this evening, Y. I). Donslow. Esq., and other distinguished gentle men, will join in the discussion of the paper. THE PHENICIANS IN AMERICA. Discovery of a flonmrlcahlo Historical Treasure In Umzil—Record of n Phcniclan Visit to tho Territory Five Centuries Kcforo tho Uirth of Clirlst—Xho Savaui Amazed and De lighted. Rio Janeiro {April 5) Correspondence of the New York Herald. There aro good grounds for Ibo belief that a remarkable historical discovery baa just boon achieved In Brazil, no loss than an en graved atone, bearing a Phonicion lp scriptlon, commemorating a visit to Bra zil some five centuries before tho birth of Christ. Tho circumstances aro: Viacondo do Sapercaby, a member of the Emporor’a Council of State, received, throe months ago, a letter from Paraljyha, enclosing a drawing of tho in scription upon a atone which tho writer's slavoa had come upon' during their agricultural labors on his farm, and which drawing had boon made by tho writer’s son, a young man who could draw a little. This cony was turned over to tho Historical Society of Rio, ond by it to Sonor Ladislao Nctto. Director of tho Rio Museum, for an examination. On examining it ho was surprised to find that tho characters wore pure Fhonician. I will now quote from tho letter of this gon tlomau: After the first natural transport at a discovery of bo groat importance, it occurred to mo that, with the aid of ancient Hebrew, a neighboring language, and closely allied to rhonician. and sometimes, with much reason, confounded with it, all the Phoniclan and Phonicopunio inscrip .tioos found on the Mediterranean had boon in terpreted, and that, as I know something of tho holy-tongue, as tho Oriontaliata call it, I might, perhaps, by study and perseverance, arrive at tho interpretation of this curious monument. Who, indeed, would not fool uplifted,—who wouldnot experience a sentiment of pride at such a troasuve-trovo, if it should end tho great est and most general interrogation in tho his tory of tho early peoples,—if it should confirm tho story of tho voyage of discovery commanded by Nokau aud executed by Phoniciana six contu turioa before Christ to circumnavigate Africa, confirming at tho sarao time tho poriplo of Uanno, the inscriptions in North America, of which Count Gobelin sneaks in his “ Primitive World, ’* aud perhaps oven the curious inscrip tion referred to by Kostor as existing in Parahyba do Norte, for some months I have boon work ing on this grand problem without weariness or intermission, rather with growing interest and zeal. I spook with sincerity, but with a certain reserve. But, fascinated by the singular bearing of tho research, 1 have boon amplifying my ac quaintance with Hebrew; I have gathered around mo tho needed books upon the Phouoclan language; 1 have studied a great deal of what has boon written upon this specialty; I have consulted more than fifty Phoniciau inscriptions which have already boon translated and disease sod, letter by letter, by tho greatest modem linguists, aud after immense labor I have been able to interpret this inscription with such good fortune that only two or throo words have proved beyond my powers*- Tho inscription is of a commemorate stone—a rough monument erected by some Phonidans of Sidouia, apparently exiles or refugees from tboir native laud, between tho ninth and tenth years of tho reign of a king named Hiram. These rash or unfortunate Cauaanites tho pantrouymio which they have used to denominate themselves —left tho port of Aziougabor (now Akaba), a port upon the Bod Sea, and sailed for twelve (?) novilunes (lunar months) along the land of Egypt—that is, Africa. Tho number of vessels they had and tho number of tbo males and fe males composing tho adventurous expedition aro all sot forth in a concise and seemingly elegant stylo, those particulars being placed inter mediate between tbo invocation—some at tho beginning aud tho others at tho end of tho in scription of tho Alouim Yalonuth—i. 0., gods and goddesses, or superoa superasque , as is the Latin translation by Gosonius of those well-known Phoniciau words. Tho inscription is in eight linos of most beautiful Phoniciau characters, but without separation of tho words, without tho vowel points, and without quiescent letters— throe groat obstacles to tho interpretation, for whoso overcoming a more knowledge of Biblical Hebrew is insufficient. A certain ararism,- not slightly manifest in tho emphatic termination in aleph and In the fomi nino ono of than, and moro than thin tho forms of tho letters mern and shut, induce mo to bo lievo that tho roign of tho second of the two Hi rams was the epoch of tho adventure, and that tho voyage was. therefore, made in tho years 513 and 512 13. C.; that is, twonty-six years after tho siego of Tyro by Nebuchadnezzar, andfour years before Cyrus reigned. Tho inscription does not dcclaro which of tho two Phonican monarebs is referred to as tho Hiram of tho epoch,. Tho first Hiram of tho two historical ones was tho Hiram tho ally of Solomon, and ho roignod in OSO to 017 D. 0. Tho second was an obscure Prince, who roignod in 658 to 552 B. 0., under tho pressure of Babylon and Egypt. But whichever tho ono, this in scription is one of tho oldest and evidently tho most notable record yot discovered hi relation to tho horoio and enlightened people to whom, it would seem, tho whole of tho seas woro known. Leaving apart trifling matters, of which it is needless now to treat, I will proceed to treat of tho crossing of tho Phonicinns from Africa tq Brazil. To explain this cross ing, of which they themselves appeared to ho unaware. I have resorted to tho beau tiful and classic studios of Maury on ocoauio currents, and I gather that tho same happened to our Sidoniaus as did to Pedro Alvaros Cabral 2,000 years Infer, when, knowing nothing of Brazil, ho found himself unexpectedly oft its shore. The ouly difference is that Cabral sailed from north to south, whilo tho Phoniciaus voy aged from south to north. Liko Cabral, in flee ing from tho storms reigning from tho Capo of Good Hope up to near Honogninbia, they steered into the high sea, and, seized by tho famous equatorial current, which sometimes flows with extraordinary swiftness, they unexpectedly carao upon the Brazilian shores. I have written to tho learned linguist, Ernest Honan, and to (ho nob loss learned Father Barges, giving them some words of my version, and asking tholr advice how to mako my efforts of tho most service to sclouco, But it is plain that, until I see tho stone myself and examine tho locality whence it was drawn, I cannot loyally give authoritative official publicity to tho matter. I am, however, fur from having any fears in regard to the bonafidos and’nutUon ticlty of tho copy in a language studied by very few men, and by those few only of recent years. Perhaps there are only six men iu all Europo capable of forging such a writing, and they aro beyond suspicion. It Is not, then, from fear of any deception that I defer full publication ;• it is because I must bo able to give tho testimony of the stone itself, os taken by myself, and because I must rectify some of tho letters, whoso copying requires a knowl edge of Phonician to be able to discriminate them—a knowledge certainly not possessed by the copyist of that before mo, ns lie has at times confoumlod.nem with named, Dan with Caf, and Dakih with’Jfc^i. PRESIDENT GRANT. Tho President kept away from tho public eye as muoh as possible, yesterday. Ho made sev eral personal calls, and transacted some private business, tho latter being the principal object which brought him to tho city. Tho party to bo glvou at tho residence of Mayor Modill this evening will not bo a formal reception, as erro neously stated yesterday morning. but a Boloot gathering of young people in honor of Miss Nellie Grant. It will probably bo attended by a few old friends of tho President. To-morrow evening tho Presidential party will ho received at tha raaldeuco of Mrs. George M. Pullman.

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