Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 8, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 8, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE SOUTH. A Protest , Against the Illiberal Conduct of Some Northerners, liottor from nn Ex-Officcr of tlio Union Army* t Atlanta, On., April 25, 1673. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: 8m: Asa Northern man who has resided in tho South for tho past eight years, I thank you for the liberal sentiments you are so ably advo cating os to tbo proper course to bo pursued by tho Northern people towards their Southern brethren. It would indeed bo well for every Northern man (and his family) who has hoped to improve bis condition In life, or his (or their) healths by living in a milder climate, if your pa per wore tho weekly visitor of every homo in the South. You oven could not realize how unpleasant It Is to straightforward Northern residents of tho Southern States, who ore identifying themselves with tho interests of tho Southern people, and are daily receiving increased marks of confi dence, to see those people annoyed and har assed by UNGENEROUS, CONTEMPTIBLE FLINGS, meddlesome, uncalled-for insinuations, about tholr want of patriotism, their hatred of tho General Government, tholr universal ignorance and shiftlossnoss, their dislike and ill-treatment of Northern people living amongst them,—tholr oven forcing thorn, by destroying tholr property and by keeping them out of society, to leave the South. Now, it is posshlo that your intelligent, liberally-educated citizens still bollovo and swal low all those exaggerated misroprosontotlonß without any doubts, or without making any al lowance for tbo many reasons for starting and promulgating thorn ? . Before, ana especially during, the War, the Northern people wore not only indoctrinated by politicians, but by many philanthropists, with sentiments well calculated to cause a want of confidence in tho good intentions andtho honesty of all classes of tho Southern people. Slavery was, I grant, considered by the mass of the Northern people to bo a sad, yos, terrible, calamity (I thought so) ; while this, people thought otherwise. Their reasons for so believing were not only questioned, hut ridi culed : and, when the war was tho result, wo all (oount myself in) doubted tholr honesty m doing as they did. 1 no NOT NOW. Natural consequences only followed. They wove exasperated because of Northern interfer ence with what thoy felt wore tlioir rights ; and they fought Uko tigers for thouo rights, as thoy saw thorn. They looked with their eyes, not with ours. , Eight years’ close observation, and an intimalo acquaintance with many Confederate officers, and with many of tho loading citizens of Tennessee and Georgia, whoso whole souls were with tho movement which aroused and helped to cany on tho War, convince mo that, when all was over,—when Gens. Loo and Johnston surren dered,—ail parties had fully made np their minds to ACCEPT HEAnTILV TIIE TERMS OF PEACE, aa foreshadowed by Gone. Grant and Shannon, to conduct themselves in accordance with them, and to bo advise their people and soldiery. lam equally satisfied that au early and pleasant set tlement of our national and local* troubles would have been brought about if a sot of unprincipled, thieving northern adventurers, who had no standing at homo,—not a chance for political preferment,—had not come down into tho South, and sought and .reached public places everywhere by appealing to the lowest feelings of tho colored population,—by daily ox citing prejudices on their part tuvvmdo tUoir ✓'former masters, to such an extent as to endanger tho lives of tho latter, and tho safety of their property. (Tho many murders, and tho daily work of the incendiary, for a time verified be yond question that fact.) Thou, upon tho very foot-prints of those dark days, to havo Congressional enactments rapidly following each other, looking not only to dis trusting tho good intentions of one and all of this people, but to taking away from them even tho possibility for tho timo being to regulate TUSXIi INTERN AD AVI’AIRS, was, to say tho least, hard to boar. Hilt, when ' the little the States, counties, and cities had loft was not only misapplied, but oven destroyed or stolon, is it to bo wondered at that this peo ple should havo abhorred tboso in power, and looked with distrust upon every one from tho North: that they should think it wise to watch all of them, and prove their good intentions and general character UY THEIR ACTS, 4>t i lie.lit AUTS, boforo receiving them into full oonfldonco, and extending to them the private and pleasing re lations of their homo society ? It is all nonsense to publish to the world that they never recognize, socially, the Northern gen tleman and lady. I KNOW THAT IB NOT 80. On tho contrary, I know of many instances whore Southern gentlemen and ladies have put themselves out of their way to extend courtesies to Northern persons of good standing, that had been found to bo gentlemen and ladies. It is with Northern men and women to make their positions (It may take some time). It is so all over the Northern and Western States, and why should it not bo so hero ? Your society demands persons to bo well introduced, or to have proven* themselves worthy of confidence, before they are received in a social way; and yet, judging from the tone of many of tho Northern press, these well-established and very correct rules of your society must bo entirely ignored by this people. And have they not much greater reason for moving cautiously ? They certainly have bad many positive proofs of new-comers turning out badly. Their endeavors to encourage immigra tion and tho bringing of capital into their midst have boon abused and misunderstood. Tho South is fast getting to bo, and can well bo, INDUSTKIADLY INDEPENDENT, This pooplo bavo wonderfully recovered their lost energies, from tbo shock caused by tbo loss of tboir slaves, as well as other possessions, and from tbo unsettled and unsatisfactory condition tbo labor of tbo country was left in when the War ended. For a time, it was bard for them to appreciate tboir condition; but they bavo not only done so, but tbo former master and slave now understand each other's position, and are doing well. Tbo doubts and fears heretofore ex* isting bavo been, in a groat measure, siyopt away. In a very short time, all will bo well, if they can only bo lot alone. As to tbo situation of NOUTHEUN RESIDENTS, they can and aro bound to do woll, also, if tboy only act like men, and pursue a square, straight forward course of conduct, and aro liberal minded, expecting uo more than tboy should give,—no more than aro tbo natural promptings of a gentleman or lady. Tho Southerners can not help lilting an independent thinker; it mat ters not bow much bo may differ with them, if tboy are satisfied bo is honest in his views; while they despise a sneak and fawning hypocrite. I have boon prompted to writ© this letter on ac count of THE GREAT CRONOS which arc continually being clouo to Northern people who have houicu all over tho South, by thoHO dainty travelers from tho North who pass through some section of tho South, and who then, with the hopo of getting a little cheap pop ularity, give erroneous, stereotyped views of this people and their habits, to somo local politi cal paper, or settle down and send their fetters to the Northern press. Take, for instance, tho inclosed specimen from one‘William I*. Frye, M. 0., wlnolrlseo has found its way into several Northern papers, but, I am pleased to add, without general comment: From tho Leioieton (Jfr.) Journal, Tho lion. William I*. Frye, member of Congress .tom this district, arrived homo Friday evening. Mr, Frye Is in excellent health. Ho made a brief trip Into Virginia, with a view, at ibo outset, of traveling l imber South, but hla experience of Southern life was eo unpleasant that ho returned, going no further thou Patarsburg, Uosaya that tho utmost poverty, neg lect. and prejudice prevail, and that tho people aro far behind in Improvements, mid their methods of living. Tho hotels are foul and unwholesome, tho cookery bad, and tho entire atmosphere tainted with shiftless ness. Thoprojiidieoagaluat Northern men Is still deep, especially lu social relations. Mr. Frye speaks of one gentleman (a Maine man) who has lived In Peters burg twelve years, next door “ neighbor " to au “ F, F. V." of most azure blood. It chanced that (he houses ot the two woro Identical, For nearly twelve years tho two families had lived side by side without the slight est social Intercourse, till one day recently a daughter of the aristocratic Virginian stumbled iuto tho Yan kee's bouse by blunder. Bho soon retreated on discov ering her mistake. On reaching homo her mother re quired her to remove hor clothing, and he sure and not put on the habiliments desecrated by the Yankee’s footstool until they had been washed. Moat of tho Southern journalists take no no tice of those 111-bred attacks, but, nevertheless, it stings them, and naturally, when uoou by tho masses, calls forth a determination to ignore Northern society. Now, I ask, is it possible that “M. O.’s " can nako capital at homo by criticising tho maimer of cooking and living of tholr Southern neigh bors. When all is said, it is ONLY A MATTER OP TASTE. When Webster, Olay, Silas Wright, the Ad amses, and that class of men wore In Congress, groat sentiments wore looked for,—something elevated. The general good and the well being of the whole country wore con sidered from some high standpoint, 1 imagine It would have been a matter or indiffer ence to them as to whether the Southern folks preferred corn-broad to baker's broad for dinner, orwbotbor they fried or broiled their moats. They did not publicly discuss, or give observa tions to publlsu abroad, how this or that section lived; or relate, for the same purpose, with groat gusto, some damaging story about somo ” Virginian lady stumbling into a Yankee neigh bor’s by blunder,” and then being required, by 'an infuriated mother, to remove her clothes. It is possible the said Yankees wore dirty people; and U is also possible that said Virginians wore narrow-minded fools. The like are found all over the country. (It Is more than probable that the story Is without » shadow ,of truth to stand upon.) It is certainly true that every village, as well as city, North aud'South, has near neighbors who only know each other by name; and almost every place has families from somo cause deadly hostile to each other. Allow mo to protest earnestly, but respect fully, against Tll» ILLIBERAL WARFARE on the part of some of tbo Northern journals and people, who are thus trying to keen alive (ho smouldering fire caused by that dead issue. —Slavery.—and tho late war. 1 cannot bollovo that they can bo so ungenerous as to tako delight in injuring tho . standing relatione of tholr friends and relations all over tho South, who profor to livo boro and bo rospoctod. Yet this unwise, moan couroo is doing so ovorywboro. No persons, much less a wholo people. Hko (o bavo tholr real faults thrown up to them ; but, when they are con tinually chafed by falsehoods, tboy aro not to bo blamed for resenting it. I repeat, they aro now abloto and can toko caro of themselves. They certainly have had enough to suffer in tho past, without continuing to stand such abuse un noticed. On the contrary, give them a few more such LIBERAL. GRACEFUL ACTS as'that of Vice-President Wilson in calling tho Hon. John B. Gordon to preside over tho Senate, and all will bo well. Northern residents will bo well treated. Peace will bo restored in reality. It is kindness and magnanimity that subdue and kill a bravo, big-hearted people,—not insults and injuries. Respectfully, • William H. White, Late Surgeon of tbo First and Twenty-second lowa Regiments. EVANSTON. First Meeting- of the Now Board of Trustees—Session of tlio Board of Ed« ucntlom The first regular mooting of tho Board of Trustees of this Tillage was hold in tho office of Ob&rlos K. Bannister, Village Clerk, on Tuesday evening. Tho members wore all present except H. G. Powers 5 tho President, Charles J. Gil bert, in tho chair. - Mr. Bannister road tho President's message, In which some valuable suggestions wore made. It was recommended that a Board of Health bo organized, consisting of physicians who would servo free, and that tho Board so formed report to tho Trustees every month. Tho importance of labeling tho streets with their respective names; tho establishment of a uniform grade on business streets 5 tho necessity of cleaning the streets and alleys; and that Immediate action be taken to push through tho Lake Shore drive, as tho right of way may have to be pur chased, wore all recommended. Also tho erootion of a crib north of tho pier, 100x150 foot, to protect tho water-pipes when laid. Tho appointment of tho following Committees was confirmed: ' Finance and Water— Gage aml.rowera. Streets, Alleys, and Sidewalks —Phelps and Difinch ora. Street Lamps, Fire Department , and Assessments— 'Willard and Gilbert. • Police, Licenses, and Drainage—Vovien and Gilbert, Public Library, Plats, and Subdivisions— Blanchard and Willard, Hills' wore audited and ordered paid, footing up $295.01. A petition for a sidewalk in front of Mr. Leonard's property on Ulnraan avouuo was referred to tho Oommlttoo on Streets and Alloys. A petition for a plank sidewalk on tho west side or Bonaon avenue, from Pavia street south to tho village limits, was referred to tho samo Committee. Tho petition of T. 0. Hoag ot al. for a drain on tho south sido of Davis street, from Chicago to Sherman avenues, to drain collars, was referred to the Committee on Streets and Alloys, with power to act. Tho'pe tition of 0. P. Grey and tho ownors of a tract ot 77 acres adjoining tho West lino of tho ’Village of Evanston, remonstrating against tho efforts being mode for annexation, was referred to tho same Committee. Connors' Subdivision of Lots 21 and 22, Block 40, of Village of Evanston, was referred to tho Committee on Streets and > Alleys. A communication from tho Chicago Gas Light and Coko Company, in which tho offer was mado to light the streets of tho village with gas for $18.14 per lamp for tho year, the present cost for samo with oil, is sl2, was referred to tho aforesaid Committee. Hugh A. White, Esq., was elected Corporation Counsellor the ensuing year; Hoary Oaker, Street Commissioner; Lyman J. Gage, Treas urer, and M. Jennings, lamplighter. Messrs. Powers and Willard wore appointed to revise the ordinances of the Board. The Tillage Clerk was instructed to draw an ordinance, cov ering tho some ground aa the State law, against cattle running at largo. Tho Street Commissioner was instructed to notify tho people to clean their alloys. Messrs. Blanchard and Gage were appointed to negotiate for tho purchase of a safe, after which the Board adjourned for one week. PHILOSOPHICAL. Tho Evanston Philosophical Association met on Tuesday night in tho Library Hall, Prof. Oli ver Morey in tho Chair. John F. Dale, of 'Win notka: N. V?. Boomer, of North Evanston; and T. Dwight, of South Evanston, wero elected to membership in tho Association. Dr. Minorßay mond read a papor on “Education,” which elicit ed considerable discussion and praise. A. Hosier produced, for examination by tho Association, the negative of a flash of lightning, which ho took during tho recent storm. Tho remainder of the evening was spent in social conversation. Tho Association will hold’tho next mooting on tho first Tuesday of Juno. THE BOARD OP EDUCATION for tho Township of Evanston mot at tho reel donee of Isaao It. Hitt ou Tuesday evening. There wore present. A. Shu man, President of tbo Board*, I. It. Hitt, J. E. Miller, G. E. Barrington, A. W. Wood, ana Prof. Charles Raymond. A petition was read, signed by tho residents on Dempster street, praying that the Board pay their share for claying and graveling said street. Tho Board, after some discussion, acceded to tho prayer of the pe tition, with the proviso that tho cost should not exceed 18 cents per foot. Tbo Committee on Teachers wore givon discretionary power to ad mit pupils from other school districts. Tho Jan itor's salary was fixed at $25 for tho summer mouths. The pay-roll for tho month of April was audited by tho Committee on Finance, and the Secretary instructed to draw orders for tho same. The Board adjourned to moot on Friday even ing, tho IGth instant. THE DIXON DISASTER—AN ACKNOWLEDG MENT., 111., May 6,1879. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune ; Bin: As the special train was returning last evening from tho sad scones and sights of tho torriblo calamity that has befallen our sister city of Dixon, & meeting was organized in tho crowd ed cars, and tho sincere and heartfelt thauks of our people were cordially and unanimously ex tended to tho officers of tho Chicago & North western Baiiroad, and to tho telegraph company and their employes, for their kindness and zeal in providing, at eo short a notice, a special (rain for our people on that occasion. John B. Mallott, Eeq., our ablo and effi cient Agent hero; J. P. Lawrence, tho Conduct or; Larry Qagin, tho Engineer; George B'. Skitol, tho Hoad-Master; J. R, Smith, Local Baggageman; and T. L. Parks, the Telegraph- Operator, are entitled to nil praise for tho kind ness, energy, and dispatch with which every thing was dono. They deserve well of our peo ple, and tho companies may well fool proud of such men. „ , , NUVU .I.WM. The train was free to all, and the oars woro crowded to suffocation, and hundreds could not go for want of room. Truly yours. A. A. Tzhdell, Ex-Qot. Hayes has declined for tho second time tho appointment of Assistant Treasurer at Cincinnati. THE CHICAGO IT COST HIM $25. Au Ungallnnt Sowliigr-'Mnclilno Man Fined That Sum for Roughly Ejecting 1 a Lady from Ills Store* The exact amount of homage duo the recipient of a salary of S4O per week, and the charming tyranny thatsuch a person expects to exorcise with Impunity upon employes, was Illustrated yester day morning in tho West Side Police Court, whore Mr. W. 11, Wellington, agent for tho Qrovor A Baker Sowing Machine Company, was flood $25 for an unprovoked asoault upon Miss Fry, a young lady who had boon an employe of tho agency, and had boon discharged by Mr. Wellington. Tho testimony fully established tho brutality of tho assault, but tho causes which led to it did not appear in evidence, and as they ore essential to a proper estimate of the assailant, and of tho system of potty despotism carried on by persons enjoying tho salary and position of Mr. Wellington, wo shall glvo a short history of tho caso: Miss Fry was one of tho ladies employed In the salesroom of tho ofllco, which Is now situated at 150 State street, and was engaged by tho formor agent, a Mr. Wheeler. This gentleman, it would seem, was a rarft avia among agents, for both his wife and himself wore much liked by tholr subordinates. After Mr. Wellington's appointment, the pleasant relations between tho ladles of tho ofllco and tho former agent's wife wore kept up, and caused much jealousy on tho part of Mr. Wheeler's successor. This resulted in (tdisllko for Miss Fry and tho other ladioson the part of Mr. Wellington, who discharged tho lady on tho ground of “ too much partiality for Mrs. Wheeler.” There is a young man in tho ofllco, rejoicing in the namo of B. A. Groon. who bad boon pay ing attentions to Miss Fry, but had boon warned by Mr. Wellington that ids attentions to that lady must ooaao. if ho wished to retain hia situa tion. Mr. B. A. Qvoon. paid no hoed to this warning, which tended to increase his employer's dislike for tho innocent cause of tho trouble. When, however, Mr. Green lost half a day In driving Miss Fry out in a buggy, Mr. Welling ton's delicate ire was fully aroused. It was in subordination. Miss Frv accompanied a Miss Alien to tho office ono clay Inst week, the latter's object being topayabill. During tho few minutes thus oc cupied, Mlaa Fry took a seat uonr a sewiuc ma chine, waiting for hor friend. Tho gallant Mr. Wellington drew forth a watch, and said,—to use his own statement in tho Police Court: “I'll Just givo you ton seconds to got out of hero,” and at tho expiration of half that timo, seized tho unresisting ghi by tho arm with such force as to throw hor against asowing machine and strain her back. The poor young lady hastily agreed to leave if ho would allow hor, but tho gentle sowing-machine agent, who stands more than sis foot in his stoclcings, dragged her to tho door and thrust hor violently into tho street. Tho gallant Croon stood by and witnessed the assault without making an effort to protect the object of his alleged affections, who, on finding herself on tho street and in great pain, wont homo to tho residence of Mrs. yrus Child, No. 055 West Washington street. Dr. Baxter, a physician of acknowledged ability, on being summoned to attend Miss Fry, found her arm black-and-blno from tho elbow to tho shoulder, and tho shoulder itself so swollen ns to make him bolievo that tho brutal assault had dis located it. This fortunately proved not to to bo tho case. Tho muscles of tho girl’s back, too, had been severely wrouchod, and she was unable to stand. Mr. Child, who is well known in iumiranco cir cles, was indignant at this treatment, and applied to Justice Scully for a warrant to arrest tho gen tle Wellington, but Mr. Scully, finding that tho assault had boon committed on tho South Sido, referred tho applicant to Mr. Dogberry Bauyon. unlearned person having hoard tho com plaint, decided, without calling for lootimony, (bat it was only a “disorderly" caao; that there had boon no assault, and that the warrant must only bo given on the lessor charge. Tho caao camo uq before Justice Scully yesterday, on a change of venue. Tho evidence showed clearly that a most brutal assault had boon made on tho lady, and when Mr. Frank Adams, for the prose cution, roao to reply to tho attorney for the de fense, tho Court declined to hoar him, as tho case was too palpable for discussion. Mr. Adams, while submitting to tho request of tbo Justice, regretted that ho had not an op portunity to toll Mr. W. H. Wellington Just what he thought of him. Mr. Scully decided that tho caso was clearly ono of assault and battery; that the respectability claimed by tho prisoner not only did not mitigate but rather magnified tho olleuso, and that tho conduct of tho prisoner was simply indefensible. Ho therefore fined him §25. The caso was appealed. It would seem from tho trilling amount of tho fiuo that Mr. Scully must bo .henpecked, or ho would havo backed his robuko with a heavier fine. Ho would havo fined a woman SIOO bad tho caso boon reversed. Tho prisoner has tho full sympathy of a very largo number of citizens now engaged in making brick In a distant part of tbo city, and whoso wives appeal to tho Mayor for their p&rdou, on tho ground that “Share, your Honor, ho was dUrunk, or ho novor would havo beat me.” It is probable that tho caso will not end hero. Miss Fry should bo ablo to recover heavy damages for this trespass at law. THE EXPOSITION. The Finns (or tlio lutcr-Statu Exposi tion Taking’ SUapc—Tlio Ituildlugr Proposed* A full and important mooting of the Board of Directors of tho Inter-State Exposition was hold at their rooms yesterday forenoon. A full at tendance and tho best of fooling among those present indicated that tho Association moan business. Their subscription has reached $130,-. 000, and it is designed to increase it to $250,000. W. W. Boyingtou, architect, was instructed to prepare and present plans for tho Grand Expo sition Building, which will bo oroctod on the lake shore in time for tho Exposition to take place in October. It is proposed to mako tho building of iron and glass, of a highly orna mental design, a feature of beauty wlych, whoa once erected on tho frontage of our city, our citizens will not willingly see removed. Nevertheless, tho plan is only for one year's occupancy, tbo whole arrangement of tho parts of the structure being of such a character that it can, without largo expense, bo taken down aud removed to a permanent site when such is scoured. It seems evident that Chicago is taking hold of this matter with her accustomed zeal, and tho project will know no cessation or pause until a consummation is reached worthy of our Now Chicago, ip this our now metropoli tan stage of growth. Tho subscriptions will go forward briskly when onco tho Directors show tho community just what they wish to do, and that they menu to do it. A SCENE AT POLICE HEADQUARTERS. That exceedingly modest Olty Board, tho Po lice Commissioners, was yesterday put to tho blush by a woman of the town. Commissioner Sheridan was approached by a gentleman of tho legal profession, who said ho came on a high and holy mission. Ho oamo on behalf of his client, a lady who had hoousubjootod to many trials and tribulations through tho partiality of the Cap tain commanding tho police forco of tho South Division. She was tho proprietress of a house of prostitution, No. 412 State street, and on tho ground floor sold pop audclgars. Her establish ment had boon raided frequently, and, as she sold no liquors, she felt it an injustice to her self. Hence sho hud deputed him to ask of tho Board tho favor of being allowed to carry on both businesses' without molestation. Commissioner Sheridan assured the legal gentleman that tho Board of Police did not do business In that way; that tho orders issued by tho Chief of Police woro peremptory, and tho Captains pulled those places without fear or favor. Tho lawyer thereupon asked tho privilege ot introducing tho proprietress to Mr. Hheridan, and, having obtained leave, handed her out of a carriage into tho Commissioners' office. Sho repeated the request of her legal representative, and Mr. Sheridan’s usually rosy face assumed a hue of a more pronounced shade. Ho told tho woman that her place was tho suaro and ruin of many a virtuous young nmu who would novor havo entered it iiad ho known tho true character of it, and that sho must coaso ono or tho other branches of hor business. Tho woman maintained that she could not afford to, and insisted that horn was an orderly, well-conducted, and Inoffensive house, tiho oven invited tho Board to atop into tho carriage and drivo over to inspect It. Mr. Ma son's blush was very perceptible! Col. Wright hid his face by looking at the Pacific Hotel, while Mr. Sheridan suddenly turned the oouvor- lAtLY TRIRUNE: THURSDAY, MAY, 8, 18^. nation into a loss dangerous channel, by asking kindly after 001. Wright'n family. Tho woman took tbo hint and loft, after making suvo of an other raid by advancing her don. Thin is known - by tbo polioo toboono of tbo worst in tbo clty ( and it will bo broken up by>coutluuai pulling. • ► CAPT..JACK’S VICTORY. l>otntlfl o t tho Second bayadlod Trag edy—How tI»o story of tho Ambui* cnilo Camo to Oampi i Lavaslied {April 21) Corre»vondtneoa/thi San Fran cisco Chronicle, Their departure was very quietly made, Half tho command was deployed as skirmishers,while tho remainder kept within supporting distance as reserves. They slowly clambered over the < rooks, moving in a southeasterly direction. From Maj. Green’s camp wo watched; the thin Hue through our glasses. Tho last soon of thorn thoy woro passing around a largo sandhill, about a miloandahnlf. off. Onco past tbo lava.bluff: tboy woro entirely lost to view, Tho Warm 1 Spring Indiana woro on tbo oxtromo loft. Two hours bad elapsed when tho rooonnoltering party signaled back to gamp that no Indians had yoV boon found. As tboy wore only to oxploro tbo'- country a distance or about four miles, and as tboy bad encountered no enemy, the general ex pectation in camp was that tbo party would re turn before nightfall. Tbo detachment, according to all accounts, reached its destination at noon. .AC tho timo 1 . was watching from tbo signal-station tbo swoop of country ovor which tboy bad passed. All at onco I saw through my glass in tbo far distance somo commotion in tbo rocks. A closer glance snllsflod.rao that tho Indians bad boon encoun tered. Though I could neither bear tbo crooks of any rifles nor boo tbo puffs of smoko which goner&Uy succeed thq flash of tho guns, I was well satisfied, from tbo singular movements of tbo soldiers, that tboy wore hotly engaged. Tboy woro running wildly about, crawling and. creep ing over tbo rooks, and ooumud to no .ponic- Striokon. Tho signal-officer at tbo station slg nallod Maj, Groono, who at onco wont to tbo as sistance of Maj, Thomas’force. About half-past 1 a handful of stragglers camo into camp. They were fearfully panic-stricken j,nd exhausted after their race from the savages. ■ Breathless from clambering over the rooks, and too frightened to speak, nothing of tho‘real na ture of tbo disaster could at first bo gleaned from them. Up to the time of the appearance of thono stragglers in camp wo bad entertained no serious apprehensions as to tho safety of tbo force under Maj. Thomas. W® had conjectured that thoy were falling back in good order, and little was thought of tbo matter. But those , stragglers, whom it subsequently appeared had basely and cowardly deserted tboir comrades at tho first fire, brought in terrible tidings. Thoy said tho whole force had been ambushed by tbo Modocs, who wore shooting the soldiers down liko sheep. Thoy said tbo force was surrounded on every side ; that alt were or would .bo killed, and that from GOto 100 Indians woro pouring in a galling tiro on tbo remnant of tho hand. The reinforcements sent to tho relief of Maj, Thomas consisted of four companies, two from Maj. Green’s camp and two from Col, Mason’s camp. Stretchers for tho accommodation of tho woundod wore also sent along. Thoy reached 001. Mason’s camp in about an boor and a half. Deploying as skirmishers to tbo loft of that camp, thoy swept up tho lavo-bod in tho direc tion it was supposed tho men woro. Wo listened patloutly, expecting to hoar every moment tho rattle of muskots, but not a shot was hoard. Night was rapidly coming on, and wo anxiously looked for a moro intelligent account of tho fight than that brought In by tbo rocroant fugi tives who fled at tho first fire. Ono of thorn says ■ that bo loft Cant. Wright nud fifty others in a little hole or hollow they -had nought to avoid tho bullets, and tho Indians woro firing down on tbom from nil sides, when ho jumped out and ran. How ho escaped ho knows not. Tho cavalry, under Crcssou and Trimblo, took the right, under tho high bluff, and soon both - lines woro lost to sight. Darkness' gathered around us, and all was still. Badly wo waited tho long night through, waiting intelligence of tho fate of tho party, but none camo until about daylight, when Corporal Noble, of Battery A, came in and reported to Sorgt. M. Boyle that bo bad boon ordered by his officers to try aud got through with word of their situation, and, taking two woundedmeu with him, lie started, aud, nftor floundering around in tho darkness, finally came on 001. Green’s lines. Noblo was shot in tho neck by a minnio ball, but for tunately it was well spent, and inflicted only a severe wound. Saunders, private of Battery A. who camo in with Noblo, says thoy woro driven into a little hollow, from tho rim of whouco tho Indians fired down on them and oven tried to kill them with stones. So close were thoy a stone thrown by a Modoo hit his hand, disabling tho fingers for somo time. Pri vate MoMillou, of Battery, A had a shot put through tho right hand from side to side. Ho was trying to prevent them from flanking his troop. The shot carried away a piece of gnu stock and disabled bis hand. Ho foil back a mile with tho battery, tho men being in good order, but separated from the others. As ho could bo of no use, bo o&mo into camp by order, supposing tbo company would arrive all right, but it seems they afterward became en tangled and were forced to fight in tho situation described by Saunders. Being too weak to cope with tbo foe, it was a total rout of tho force. We want men hero who are used to fighting Indians. It is altogether, a different method of

warfare from what regular troops are accustom ed to. Wo want hero 2,000 volunteers at once, with whom to surround this scope of country, and, closing in, kill the last one of those rod' devils, -drive tbom into tho lake and drown them. It cannot bo done with loss. We cau drive them from stronghold to stronghold, but cannot whip, them, and in retreating thoy can destroy or ren der tho small force hero inoffoctivo and suffer little loss themselves. Give the commander men enough to work with and the tribo can bo ex terminated at onco; but leave him with few troops, and tho lattor will be themselves ex terminated and tho Modocs remain masters of the situation. Throw away prejudice and send us volunteers, old Indian hunters, who can fight them in their own way. Tho troops now hero cannot do it. Thoy aro bravo enough, and their officers are as gallant a sot of men as ovor fought an enemy; but, unfortunately, thero aro not enough of thorn, and they fight at a disadvantage. Unused to Indian fighting and tho country, tho bravest and wisest aro at fault aud comparatively power less. At half-past 8 o’clock this morning tho woundod began to roach the camp—that is, those of them who woro strong enough to como in un aided. From private Francis Rolla and William McCoy. of Battery K, who havo just como in, I learn tlio sad ond of tho gallant soldiers. Tnoy had boon forced back, and fourteen of thorn woro occupying a semi-circular nolo, fronted by ' a bluff, behind open ground, and no cover. Col. Wright bad, through tho fight, shown himself tbo bravest of tho bravo, exposing himself to keep his men in good heart, and, woundod in tbo hip, had with others sought this placo of shelter. A few ran away ns tho balls flow around, but tho rest remained. Ho was soon after shot in the groin, aud thou, as ho was trying to firo his revolver, In the right wrist, thou through tbo breast or bowels. Ho had buried his watch, previously remarking, “ They shan’t got this." when bo died. Tho sol diers still staid, protecting tho wounded aud dead. Thoro woro Rolla and McCoy, of Baltory K, and Bonham, of Company O, here. But a miuuto boforo tbo First Sergeant of Company E tried to bring Capt. Wright a drink of watorand got a ball through his thigh, and was loft in this placo with four Indians shooting at thorn. From noon they remained until dark—7 n. m. About 3 or •! p. m. an Indian cropt up to tlio edge of tbo placo aud called out in English, “ Bay, you fol lows who ain’t killed or wounded, bad bettor go homo. Wo don't want to kill you alb” Thou Ho throw somo rooks in ordor to stir them up. Re ceiving no answer ho retreated, aud then anoth er crawled up to the odgo of the bluff, saying to those who woro behind him, “ SU-h-h-h.* r IKIIo was within four feet of Bella, who snapped Wright’s pistol at his head, but it missed flro. Bonham sprang up, eud with his gun knocked ovor another, with tho words, " You of b—s, I’vo got you now,” while tho only ouo of tho oth ers wounded who had his gun fired also, and tho Indians loft thorn. It is thought throo Modocs woro killed there, but this is uncertain. Thoy were burning dead bodies, ond our troops sup posed it to bo those of our mon who had fallen into their hands. At dusk, Rolla aud McOoy loft Benham, who was shot through both arms, aud made their way to camp, crawling most of the way, Rolla carrying McCoy. Rolla was shot through tho right thigh and left calf and right arm, all flesh wounds. McCoy was shot in the groin and hand. Thoy reached horo safely, lotting Bon ham. From tholr account I gather that Tbo at tack at flret was but a folut by a few. The firing commenced on throe sides, just to keep tho sol diers busy until the trap was sot. Tho fourteen Indians soon endeavoring to Hank the troops had another object; for, when tho troops fell hook to the bluffs behind them for a placo of safety, thoy found thorn occupied by tho Modocs. who poured in on them a murderous fire in that llttlo, unsheltered glade. Thero is no question but somo of tho mon behaved very badly, escap ing as best thoy could, leaving their comrades to protect tbo wounded and dead, while thoy oared only for thwnflolrefc At tlio first firo, John Lynch foil wounded, and was loft to tbo onomy, bo Btiddou was tbo onßlaugbt. Iri tbo fight Company E, Twelfth InfantryOol. Wright, had tho skirmish lino, which accounts In a measure for his being thus separated. Tho Duo ahead was in the shape of a v, point ahead, with flankers at each end, tho reserve being close behind Iloarn that when they wore attacked tboy woro all sitting down chatting. Berets Charles It. Thornhill,' of Battery K, Fourth Artillery, who wont but to attend tho wounded early in the morning, returned' at 2, o’clock this afternoon. On the way ho found a ; Modoc, whom ho shot and killed. A Warm .Spring Indian scalped tho .dead warrior, making four scalps In all taken In this fight. I saw a big fire in the Modoo .camp to-day, and it is burning now. I fear Liout. Cranston, woundod and helpless, is lying there. If so, God pity him, for those fiends incarnate have none. BtlU wo wait sadly for tho last and moat accurate nows amid this cold and pitiless rain, almost alono, ond with our dead—not ours yet, for wo have not got them from' the bloody field, though wo expect them every minute. Ours is a sad camp to-night, and every man’s hand grows strong, as wo think only of vengeance. ' r Whoa tho command fell back to tbo bluffs they expected to find them held by tbo men who bad ilea, but they found only Modocs thoro, who poured In on them a merciless fire. I do not lay this blame to afl tbo men, but to tho false-hearted of these commands who fled at tho first fire. It does nob attach to those who stayed through all that dreadful scone. Tho guide, Mr. Ticknor, escaped, ami fell in with Warm Spring Indians, They expected to moot our troops at tho Long Cave, bub missing them tboy followed on, arriving just in time to lake port iu tlio closing scene.' But such was the demoralization of our troops that though tho Warm Spring Indians had a bugler with them and tried to make an advance to help our men, - they woro supposed to bo Modocs and woro fired •upon. Finally, they had to .give up in despair, and wait for night to close m to give them a chance to render assistance. Well, that is all 1 can soy of the day. and now for tbo result. A long, cold uigbt has passed, during which a blinding snow-storm filled the' air. A fire was kept burning on Signal Bock to guide our troops in with tbo dead and wounded, but they did not got in until about G o’clock tills morning. AU night tho storm raged, and through tbo darkness tbo soldiers toiled over tbo rocks, getting in tbo . living and burying tbo dead. Part of tbo sol diers woro buried on tbo battle-ground, having boon horribly mutilated. A citizen named Lewis Webber, who was in charge of .tbo stretchers, was also killed ta makiug in alb out of tbo party of sixty-four, seventeen killed, seventeen woundod, and five missing, which la tbo same ns dead; or a total of twonty two killed and seventeen woundod, not including • Assistant Burgeon B. Bomlg, who is wounded in two places, luk battle-field presented a hor rible sight. In one bole, thirteen dead and woundod" wore found; aoven in another, whoro they hod huddled 1 together like sheep, and woro slain or woundod. It was a total rout, caused by tbo defection of a few men on tbo start. Tho panic throw everything into disorder. A courier from Col. Mendenhall announces that bis command, 120 men, was at Burgotsvlllo. two and ouo-half miles from Fort Crook, in Pit River Valley, on tho 21th. Tho Modoo women. and children had all arrived, and woro scattered among the Pit River Indians, On the 17th or 18th Just., a baud of squaws were observed leav ing the lavd-bod loaded for d journey. They wore tbo advance guard of tbo train which con voyed tbo women and children to a placo of safety. This moans war to tho knifo, ana a knifo to tbo hilt fight while a Modoo survives. From a second dispatch received from Maj. Green to-day, it appears that thoro are now col lected and awaiting conveyance to camp sixteen men killed, including Capt. Thomas aud Lieut. A. Howe, Fourth.Artillery, and Liout. Wright, Twelfth Infantry, and eight wounded, Including Limit. Harris, Fourth Artillery, Those, added to. the number of woundod men above cited, show a largo percentage of casualties from tbo •email number of men engaged, but it is readily accounted for when one considers that many of the Modocs aro armed with tbo Snoucor carbines and breech-loading muskets. Nor is it a single instance only where one Modoo has been known to havo in his possession two or moro Spoucor rifles, thus enabling him to keep up a rapid fire of shoes from lus natural or artificial breast work of rock. Tho surface of tho ground in many places is so tom by volcanic action &e to leave orovicos, and those are adaptable to pur poses of either hiding or points of dofonso. In several instances, soldiers knowing nothing of tho. topography of tho place havo come una wares'on such fissures, and, before they could escape from their position,' woro confronted by a wily Indian with rifle leveled and finger on trigger. Death, or at least a dangerous wound, is tho result, and but too often the redskin es capes by some one of tbo many paths known only to themselves. As a sample of tboir cun ning, it may not bo amiss to stato that a portion of Batteries A aud K, Fourth Artillery, and Company E, Twelfth Infantry, finding them selves in danger of being outflanked, took shel ter in a hollow spot affording partial cover. • There wore some twenty in all. No sooner had they done so than tho Indians, who. know aud commanded every ogress from this cavity, and who at this point numbered twonty-ono war riors, 'detached seven of their number to ono side, fourteen remaining on the other, and opened a cross-fire on tno poor follows, who .could not show hcad-or hand without an almost certainty of being struck. A very few escaped uninjured; tho rest wore killed or wounded. - The Jbava-Boclst From the San Francisco Bulletin, . It is said the lava-boda occupied by the Modoca cover ail area of a hundred square miles. Tho peculiar difficulties which'they present to tho methodical operations of regular troops aro well indicated by tho following description, which throws now light on tho slaughter of April 20: “Tho gulches and crevices range from a few foot to 100 foot in width, and many of thorn aro 100 foot deep. Tho Indians can travel through all theso lava-bods by trails only known to thorn solves, and stand oh bluffs over persona fifty yards beneath and whore it would require a long Journey to go to thorn. They can soo men com ing at a distance of ilvo milos without bolng visi ble themselves. They also can permit thoir pur suers to come within a few feet of tho bluff and shoot thorn down and retire, if necessary, to other similar bluffs. If pressed too closely tho Indians can drop into orovicos entirely inaccessi ble to troops, and follow some subterranean pas , sago, with wnicb they are fully acquainted, and gam another ambush from which it would cost ten lives to dislodge them. It is represented that the Modocs can shoot from tho tops of cliffs without exposing an inch of thoir persons.’' Yet didicult as this rough region is for mili tary operations, wo question if it is much-more so than tho Verde country, in Arizona, whore Crook has lately boon so successful against tho more numerous Apaches.. If tho didloultiosaro greater, then oil the more reason for opposing tho Modocs with n strategy resembling thoir own. Geu. Gillom should bo au thorized to form a body of experienced Indian fighters, who are numerous enough among tho Western frontiersmen, and would readily go into the service. A company of sharpshooters, every man looking out for himself in battle, would soon load tho army to victory. nemlnlaccitco of n nrhlg-oZMsnstcr* Front the St, Louie JUpublicttn, A similar accident to tbo Dixon bridge-disaster occurred, wo believe, in 1858, at Albion, Orleans County, N. Y. It was tbo last day of tbo County Fair, and thousands of tbo well-to-do farmers, with tboir wives and children, wore out in tboir boat “got-up,” enjoying the holiday. About -1 o'clock in tbo afternoon, tbo timo adroitly calcu lated wbon the pooido would bo “bitching up" ami starting for homo, a shower of band-bills wero scattered about tuo fair-grounds announc ing that a “ ropo ascension," as it was called, would tako place above tbo Main street bridge, which spans tbo Frio Canal at that pluco, Those woro tbo days when tbo mountebank BJondin bad sot tbo minds of youth crazy with bis exploits of crossing tbo Niagara Fiver on a ropo cable. Tbo excitement and tbo cheapness of tbo exhibition hurried tbo multi tude to tbo locality wboro it was to tako place, and in a very short timo tbo iron bridge, as af fording a good point to observe tbo spectacle, was crowded with vehicles lillod with women and children. Tbo two wagon tracks woro (bus oc cupied, and, besides, tbo track for foot passen gers on tbo upper sido was packed with human beings. Not only every available spaco on tbo floor of tbo bridge was thus packed, but tbo iron frame-work, braces, and oross-piocos above woro occupied by boys, who woro porcbod on any point wboro a bird could llud a foothold. Just abovo tbo bridge was soon a ropo extending across tbo canal, with a heavy sag from Us weight and with both ends fastened to buildings on either sido of tbo big ditch. Presently uyoung man dressed liko an apo emerged with a long balancing-polo from tbo second-story window of a low tavern, and began to walk along his ropo, whoa, without a note of warning, tlio bridge, with its freight of men. women, and children, and horses, pitched into tbo canal. Tbo result was that eighteen dead bodies, some of litllo girls, and two or tbroo old men, wore takon out of tbo muddy wators and laid in a row along tbo tow-path. Many woro rescued, eomo with broken arms and legs, and others with broken ribs. A young lady from a Western city bad bor body cut in two by a ploco of iron while standing, as did many others, on tbo tow-path under tho i ;.i' bridge. Tbo raking for bodies continued till lato ia tho night. Tho miserable . harlequin who wns tho Cftuao which led to tho catastrophe, sprang from his ropo aa Boon na tho accident occurred, and ho was never seen afterward In that vicinity. Had ho been caught tho exasperated crowd would have given him a little exorcise on his ropo different from that an nounced in tho programme. Tho next morning] an order from tho Canal Commissioners allowed tho water to bo drawn from tho canal, with a vlow of more readily finding any bodies that might still bo missing. -When tho water waa lowered down to within throe or four foot of the bottom, a.crowd of men wore -organized, who, with looked arms, extending from one side of tho canal to tho other, walked abreast down a mile or bo, leaving no part of> tho bottom but wan thoroughly examined in this way. A few rods below tbo bridgo a woman's body was brought up out of ■ tho mire; but no ihoro bodies woro found, as tho ourrout was too sluggish to transport them a groat distance bolow tho wreck, as was tho caao in tho Dixon disaster. THE LINCOLN MONUMENT. liottor from a Member of tho Associa tion. To the Editor of the Neva York Timet! In your issue of tho 22d you say, “ From tho account of a recent visitor it appears that tbo Lincoln Monument, at • Bpringfiolu, ia In a most deplorable condition. Tho monument, in its design, is well known as an outrage on good taste," oto. Whether tho monument is In good tasto or not Is a question about which men may differ. It is built after tho design of Mr. Mead, and it is well known that a vory largo majority of thoso who visit it think it. to'bo in very good tasto. As to' tho tasto of its design, no Just or fair criticism can bo mado in tho present condition of tho monument. Tho design contemplates a statue'of Mr. Lincoln and four groups of statu ary ; and, nntll tho monument is ornamented With those, wa think any nriliolsm OQ tho ttt«tO Of tho design premature. Tho statement that tbo monument is in a most deplorable condi tion ” is not truo. and denied. Tho monument may bo divided into three parts. First, tho shaft, tho chief part of it; 10 foot at its baso, its foundation 18 feot bouoath tho surface, and firmly built on concrete 8 feot, thonoo of solid blocks of stone. No ono has ovor questioned tho proper construction of this shaft from foundation to apex. Second, tho four pedestals, ono at each corner of tho shaft, and .on which tho four groups of statuary aro to bo placed. - Thoso pedestals each stand upon a foundation of its own and separate, and a part of that of tho shaft. The proper construction of-thoso pedestals, like that of tho shaft, has never boon, and cannot with propriety bo, ques tioned. Third, tbo terrace, or olovatod walk, 11 foot above tho surface of tho ground, and sur rounding tho pedestals and shafts, and reached by stops at either ond. This terrace, liko tho shaft aud pedestals, stands upon its own founda- 1 lion, and entirely distinct from them. In fact, this torraco could bo taken down without injury to the shaft or pedestals, and is covered by a floor of largo dressed stone. The monu ment is still In the hands of tho contractor, who has discovered defects in the construction of tho torraco, and especially in Its floor aud tho stops loading to it. Tho dofoct In tho floor consists in its want of sufficient slope to carry off tho water falling upon it. -Tho contractor has boon for somo time, and Is now, busily engaged in correcting those defects in tho terrace under tho superintendence of a competent architect and builder, and soon will bo completed. "Visitor" Las doubtless soon tho monument injthis process of the reconstructionof tho torraco, ana mado his complaints without having the candor to state that tbo defects of construction were being rem edied. Tbo association has not accented the mon ument from the contractor, aud will not do so until every part is made complete aud in accord ance with tho design and specifications. Tho as sociation has retained from the pay of tho con tractor a sufficient sum to cover any expanse m making tho structure as durable as can bo made with granite, brick, and mortar. Tho members of tbo Lincoln Monument Asso ciation havo boon earnestly engaged since tho death of Mr. Lincoln in erecting a monument which would do honor to his memory. Thoy hope and believe thoy havo succeeded, and for so doing thoy expect no personal advantage to themselves—thoir lime being given freely and gratuitously. They believe, ana would express that belief with modesty, that when ornamented with its proper sculpture, now being provided,— one group furnished by friends of Mr. Lincoln in tho City of New York,—it will equal, if not surpass, any monument on this continent. Thoy would be glad to see built to his memory a mon ument more grand and beautiful, and when such a ono is erected its builders may. fairly claim tho right to criticise the Springfield Lincoln Monu ment. A Member of the Association. SpnniOFiEDU, 111., Tuesday, April 22,1873. Statement of tlic Condition of tbo Fund. To the Editor of the Xeu York Times: By reason of a publication in your paper on last Sunday, wo addressed the inciaeocl loiter to Mr. Hamilton. Chairman of tho Committee. Ho has returned it to us with tho request that it bo fowardod to you for publication. You will oblige us by publishing the same. Yours, truly, • Lee Js Alyord. New Yoqh, Saturday, May 3, 1873, John C. Hamilton, Esq.: Beau Sir : Our attention having boon called to a letter in the Now York Times of tho 27th ult., regarding tho distribution of tho “ Lincoln Monument Fund,"whereof Mr. T. G. Churchill was Treasurer, wo take tho liberty of making somo statements on tho aubjoot to you as' Chai rman of tho Committee. As you aro well aware, Mr. Churchill has boon ill for somo timo. not having been at his office ' for several months, and is now so sick that ho cannot ho spoken to in. regard to this matter. Under these circumstances, as his attorneys, wo have mado an examination of bis books, and wo find therein a complete statement of tho. reoipta and expenditures by him as such Treasurer. Wo collate therefrom the following condensed state., mont: Amount received from subscriptions $20,739.02 Amount received from Interest on United States bonds InwicU tbo fund was invested, profits on same, Interest, Ao. 6,755.00 Making o total of *.538,485.83 Amount paid for printing,- advertising, and sundry expenses, fur dOHigua, photographs, Amount paid H. K, Drown for statue as per contract, 20,000.00 Amount paid for base of statue 6,000.00 Making a total of $20,131.88 New York, Friday, May 2,1873, This loaves a balance in Mr. Churchill's handy of $01.60, which wo boliovo it was hoped would be augmented sufficiently to onablo a railing to bo constructed around the statue. As this now seems improbable, of course tho balance is at the disposal of your Committee. Yours, respect fully, Lee & Alvobd. PARSON BROWNLOW. BUb Reply to an Invitation to Attend tho HU Louis Convention* Prom the Knoxville {Tenn.) Chronicle, Hay J, Hr. Lours,'April 2'J, 1873. The Hon, IKiWam O. Prounloto Dear Sir : You are respectfully and earnestly invited to attend a convention of members of both Houses of Congress, to bo hold iu this city, commencing on tho 13th day of May next, at 12 o’clock m. t at which timo it is proposed to lay before you tho agricultural, manufacturing, and commercial needs of tho West and South, iu tho hopo of thereby scouring your co-oporatiou to wards obtaining such national legislation as will insure tho improvement of tho present, and tho opening up of now, wator-Hucs of transportation to tho seaboard. pjjgned by tbo Executive Committee.! KkoxvHiUC, April 30,1673. lion, Messrs, liroxcn, Ltoio, aiul ullttm: Genteemek: I have before mo your vary courteous lottor inviting mo to attend a Con gressional Couvoution at at. Louis. 1 respect fully decline mixing myself np with any moro Southern commercial and agricultural conven tions. Boforo the Into Rebellion the loaders In Southern politics got up a series of South ern commercial conventions, and while they wore for tho avowed purpose of advancing tho commercial, mechanical, and agricultural interests of tbo Southern States, they wore in reality, as avowod by Hr. Yummy, intended to lire the Southern heart, and instruct tho Southern mind in tho arts of war, anil in bringing on tho villainous work of secession. Tho eleven States that wont into tho rebellion wore ull presided over by Democratic Governors, who'succeeded in plunging tbo country headlong into a bloody and four years' war. Tho result of this couiliot I pood not pause to give the par ticulars of, as the whole country is familiar with them. Tho country is now prosperous and happy, and wealth and abundance moot the eye wherever you go. What wo wont is harmony and a universal acceptance of tho state of things as they exist. 1 apeak advisedly when I say Congress will cheerfully give to tho country mica national legislation as is wanted. Wo have al ready tho host currency of any country in the civilized world. Wo need about live hundred millions of green backs added to our present circulation to enable us to ipoet the wants ot commerce and trade. Very respectfully, etc., W. Q. Itaowmlow. I ■ \ THE WAR IN SUMATRA. Xlio Ifollnndc-Atchiiicno Struggle”* Xlio Field of Action* From the Loudon Times, A pril M. A remarkable Incident in modern colunlal his tory is reported from tho East Indian Archi pelago. A considerable forco of Europeans lias boon defeated, and is now hold in chock, by tho army of a native Stale. Tho Island of Sumatra ia for tho moat part in tbo possession of tho Dutch | but thoro remains at least two native Slates in tho northern and northeastern por tions of tho Island. That In tho north Is tho State of Achon or Atohln. On tho 2Gth of last month tho Dutch formally declared war against tho Atohinoso, and on tho 12th of April they woro reported to bo mooting with somo success, "boy bad then captured two Atohtuoso carth a°i* S woro planning an advance on tho Sultan s paloco. Even then, however, they aoom w have found thoir task more formidable than have anticipated, as they woro said to have telegraphed to Batavia for reinforcements. Fivo days later it was announced that they had suf fered a reverse. After capturing somo small °Uftf W i# r i fl, i tl i°? attempted to storm tho chief citadel qf the Atchinoso, and they woro re pulsed. The fighting was “most desperate." tho losses excessive, and tho General In com mand of tho Dutch forces was killed. “Ora too, ’ which seems to bo tho name of this chief citadel, is said to bo provided with artillery of large calibre, aud to bo occupied by a ■ numerous garrison. They made a desperate defense : and it was not with the garrison only that tho Dutch hiul to deal. Outside tho fortress they woro as sailed on all sides by numerous bands, and they had to send for both military ond naval rein forcements. They have since boon obliged to Abandon their enterprise altogether for tbo present. At a council of war hold in front of Atohin, it was unanimously agreed that after tho losses they had sus tained their position was untenable, and it was decided to suspend the expedition till tho autumn. Tho principal rooaon assigned for this resolution, however, is tho approach of thomon , soon. This violent wind might interrupt for weeks nil communication with tho shore, and thus render it impossible to convoy supplies to the troops. ■ All that can bo done for tho nrosont is to maintain tho blockade of tho coast. Tho Atchinoso, therefore, Lavo for tho moment gained a decisive victory. Their enemy is not 'only defeated, but compelled to withdraw. It must seem very strange that tbo Dutch should have so signally miscalculated their powers. Iho Blato of Atchin, indeed, is not much known in Europe. Ono of tho last and best gazetteers states that "it was formerly a noworfal kingdom, but is now nearly extinct." When tho Portuguese- first reached Sumatra, in 1509, they found tbo territory arouud Atchin ruled by a powerful King, and woro prevented obtaining a footing in the neighborhood. Tho Dutch woro more fortunate a hundred years later; they wore received by the King or Sulton, and Atchlncso Ambassadors accompanied them on their return. This kingdom, in short, has boon powerful over since Sumatra has boon known, ond tho Dutch, ono would think, should have been well acquainted with its resources. It has a fair trade, aud, accordiug to thoso accounts, tho pcoplo havo found moans to possess themselves of powerful! artil lery* Tho natives of Sumatra aro chioflj Malays} but thoso in tho northern part of thi island, near Atchin, aro described ns a finer race than tho other trices. They aro tailor, stouter, aud of darker complexion than tho rest, and are supposed to havo a considerable infusion of Hin doo blood. They aro Mahomodaus of a some what irregular typo. It is not a little remark able that a people thus comparatively uncivilized should havo inflicted so sovoro a chock on a Eu ropean force. Tho Dutch havo gradually ox-’ tended their territory In tho island by taking ad vantage of tho feuds of potty chiefs, ana the Atchluoso must havo conducted their prep arations with groat cunning to havo so completely surprised their adversaries. Of course, thoro can bo bat ono conclusion to tho struggle. Tbo Atchlncso may enjoy thei; 1 victory till tho autumn, though tbo blockade of thoir coasts will destroy their trado, and possibly thoy may retaliate upon tho Dutch Hottlpmonts In tho interior. But when danger from tho monsoon is over and autumn arrives, tho Dutch Government will not fail to havo collected a sufficiently largo forco-to insure success, and resistance must bo crushed. It is impossible to witness, without melancholy, thoso Inst struggles of native races against tho advancing forco of European powers. It is tho same story, whatever the par ticular degree of disproportion, 1 whether tho natives bo semi-civilized Waylays or. wild Modoc Indians. Thoy inflict thoir rovengo from time to time, but thoy aro sternly overpowered at tho last. We are not yet informed what was tbo cause of quarrel between tho Dutch and thoir Malay neighbors } but it may easily bo supposed that tho,Malaya vlow tbo power of tho Dutch with standing suspicion, and that occa sions of dispute are only too ready to band. Tho Dutch, however, Lavo generally dealt with thoir colonies in a spirit which is not well calculated to allay any such jealousies. Atchin, indeed, waa ; not a dependency of theirs; but its relation toward them is likely to bo materially affected by tho general fooling respecting thorn in tho island, and thoy havo not hitherto shown much disposition to adopt tho only policy -which can disarm nativo opposition. Tho Dutch colonics havo not, in ono sonso of tho word, boon colo nics at all. Thoy havo boon established and maintained almost wholly for tho sake of tho profit which could bo derived from thorn for tho mother country. BOY-MURDER. Tho Body of a Boy, Only Nine Tonr* Old, Biucovcrod Bond in the Wood* Near Creoualmrff, Pa.—A Compan ion, Affect Fifteen, Charged with tho Supposed murder* from the Pittsburgh Post, Hays. On Saturday morning a tragedy was dovolopod in Westmoreland County that bids fair to oclipso in intousity of mystery tho recent Salkshurg horrpr. It appears that George Sbaum, a bright, intelligent lad, living with his parents at Moc casiou Hollow, about thirteen miles from Groeushurg, Pa., was called from his play on Thursday last and dispatched by his mother to a grocery store, nearly amilo distant, to pur chase some sugar and to procure come medicine for his grandmother, who was sick. Ho never returned alivo. Tho family thought nothing of his disappearance until lato at night. Ho not returning they wont to tho neighbors to seek some trace of him. Tho only word they got of him was fromonoof tho neighbor’s boys, who aaid that he had soon Goorgio on his way homo from tho store in an altercation' with Timothy Bacon, a neighbor’s boy. Friday morning carao and yet Ocorgio was not found. Toward noon two hoys by. the name of Blator wore passing through the woods near whore George was last scon, when their attentiou was attracted by tho unusual appearance of a newly heaped clump of leaves iu the forks of two trees. They at once, with boys’ natural cu riosity, proceeded to investigate tho con louts of tho clump. To thoir Horror they found at tho bottom of tho leafy covering tho dead body of Georgia Shaum. Ho presented a horrible appearance. Tho face was beaten black and blue. Tho skull was broken in several places, and tho body was very badly bruised. The boys at onco gave the alarm, and the neighbors wore attracted to the spot. Tho body was soon removed to tho bouso and tho terrible news convoyed to tho parents. An in vestigation was at onco instituted. Indications wore soon discovered of whoro tho murderer had at flrafc tried to dig a grave in which to bury Ida victim. Near tbo partially-made gravo was found tho package of medicine which young Goorgio Bhauui had purchased the day before, llomomboring that Timothy Bacon, a lad only 15 years old, was tho hoy last soon with tho murdered lad. tho Constable of tho township, accompanied l>y some of tho neighbors, wont to Sir. Dillon’s, Bacon’s atop-fathor, and found tho hoy they woro seeking iu tho baru near tho house. When young Bacon was arrested ho did noi show tho trepidation natural to one of Ido years. He took tho arrest very quietly, and, when ac quainted of tho chargo upon which he was ar rested, lie denied it vehemently. When taken before tho Justice of the Peace, John Fnssold, the hoy still persisted In his innocence, until tho magistrate told him that his denials were use* leas, that ho was seen with fihaum iu an alterca tion with him, .and that ho had boon soon to strike him. Hero Bacon acknowledged striking young Blmum with a club, because ho would not giva up tho sugar ho had just purchased. Tide ac< knowlodgemont was regarded as enough by the magistrate, and tho prisoner was remanded to the Qroonsburg Jail for further examination. From tho. appearance of tho dead body, il would appear that young Blmum was beaten to death with a “wattle," a little hickory stick, half switch and half club, There are still clues lacking that are necessary to fix tho guilt, and those are being followed u| closely atm zealously. Dow fast one generation of nubile men in thU country succeed another I In looking over tbs yeas and nays In tbo United States Senate on tho annexation of Texas, in 1815, which stood 27 for to 26 against, wo discover that there is but one single survivor, and ho U William Allen, of OhiOi —(/Mnnatt ifHgufw,

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