Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 13, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 13, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE COURTS. A Lunatic., on .Trial Who Considers Himself a Perambulating Tclc ... graphic Machine. Extraordinary 111-Treatment Alleged Against His Partners,: by tlie Founder of a Patent Company. ’ A Bankrupt Who Was Determined to Make All He Could Out of His Creditors. Tho Vall-Iglohart Bow-Suit s3so,ooo Worth of Laud Involved. A Second Scavenging Injunction Snit- Bankrnptoy Mattow—The Courts ' Condensed—Now Suite. Intbo Superior Court Anthony Wamor files a slll for injunction against Mara Wiuoman and Henry F. Leopold. Complainant avers that ho is the owner of a patent for the manufacturing .of “fire-proof tubulated plastor-bricka." «• twn thlrdft interest of which ho sold on the 30th of July, 1873, to defendants, for $20,000, entering into a five year copartnership with them on the «amo day, the salient conditions of which that each partner should draw $2,400 per annum from tho concern ; each party’s interest should heoquol, and expenses and profits likewise; that tho capital should ho $9,000 ; that for the transfer of tho two-thirds of the .patent, Wineman and Leopold should each pay complainant $2,000 cash on execution of agreement, and tho farther sum of $3,000 in to tho business, within 80 days, as Warner's share? that at tho end of each of tho first three years* business, Warner should bo allowed $5,000 out of tho profits, any surplus above that amount to bo equally divided between Wineman and Leopold? that over and above tho salaries and compensation agreed upon, and tho annual sum allowed Warner, no moneys should bo drawn 4)ut of tho business until tho capital should amount to $25,000 ? that tho initiatory measures ■wore duly carried out by all parties, and things went, on flourishingly until tho 10th January, 1873, when Wineman and Leopold, It Is charged, | contrived to defraud complainant out of tho $5,000 annual eum duo him thus: Thoy persuaded ; trim to tho forming of a Joint stock company, and llio division tho Company’s capital into tliirty eix shares, which, upon their representations, 1 complainant agreed to do, tho partners subscrib ing for ton shares of SI,OOO each ; that a report of subscription of tho stock was filed with tho Secretary of tho State of Illinois,who wrote Wiuo manahaLoopoldstolinglhat'acortificato of incor poration could not bo issued, because tho laws of tho State did not permit tho amount of each Bbaro in any ouo company to exceed $100; whereupon thodofondants,wlthoutcomplainaal’a knowledge or consent, while ho was in Now York, altered tho application so that it read 3CO shares of SIOO each, and obtained tho ; certificate of incorporation; tbot defendant's in corporated tho Company with tho intent fco defraud complainant of tho $15,000 duo him on tho solo to them of two-thirds of tho patent 5 that tho copartnership concern was carried on under thouama of the “Chicago Patent Fire proof Tubulated Plaster Company” until tho 25th of March last, when tho works of the co- Dflrtnorabip wove stopped by defendants orders, who interfered with complainant In tho discharge of his duties as Superintendent of the works, *nd employed new men without his consent; that tho incorporation of tho Company was fraudulent and void, tho certificate of tho Secretary of State having been obtained $y means of fraudulent and forged re ports, and that tho copartnership re mains in full force, never having boon dissolved, complainant having objected and still objecting to the formation of auy joint stock company out of the present concern until ho gets his $15,000, which ho is in danger of losing, as defendants are offering to sell tho co-partner ship property, have removed its office, and got possession of tho books and colloctod a largo amount of the accounts, and are using thecopart norahlp funds in rash speculations on tholt own account, and are in danger of drifting into in solvency 5 wherefore, complainant asks for an injunction restraining defendants from selling any part of tho property of the copartnership, and asks that thoy may bo made to appear in a court of equity to make answer to the charges brought against them, and to settle in a just and bouorflblo manner. a THononon-racED nA^KnupT. Tcnnoys, Flower & Abercrombie, on tbo 9th inatant, on behalf of Porter & Bouthwovtb, of North Bridgewater, Mass., and Samuel M. Duf llold, of Philadelphia, Pa., filoda petition for the adjudication of 11. Spoildock, retail dealer in boots and shoos of this city. The papers wore Bupproased until yesterday, a warrant; having been issued for the debtor’s arrest. The 'peti tioners claim, the first os creditors for .SSi3.GO, and tho latter for 8192.30. They affirm that tbo debtor, being insolvent, gavo a confession of judgment to Joseph Marks, of this city, on the 10th March last; that ho suffered hie property to bo taken by legal process at tho stub of said •Marks on the 20th April; that his stock was levied on by tho Sheriff on tho Ist inst ant, ’ and sold for $153, under said execution, since which dato ho has not been soon near hia place of business; .that since ho contracted tho above indebtedness ,with petitioners, ho Las received other bills <rf goods from othor.flnns, and disposed of them, togetbor with goods received from petitioners, by removal before said levy, execution, and 'aalo; that on tho 18th of March lost ho bought goods of J. Miller, Eacino, Wis., amounting to $725, representing the following to bo tho state of bis affairs; Goods on baud, between $9,000 and $7,000, and Indebtedness S7OO. Under those circumstances, an order for his arrest was made, and an injunction Issued, restraining Marks and all others collecting or paying any moneys on account of said sales, or any similar transactions that may have taken place. AN EXTRAORDINARY LUNATIC. The law provides that when tho County Court la not in session tho Circuit Court shall have the trying of cases of alleged Insanity, and conse quently Judge Williams hold a levee of lunatics yesterday morning. Tho cases wore of tho ordi nary description, tho prime cause of’tho clouded intellect being in most cases too much whisky, while disappointed love, blighted hopes, chromo iTopocunlosity, etc., each had a victim present. The case presenting tho most peculiar vagaries was that of a man with a head that might hold a brain compeer to that of a John Milton or James Flak. His wife testified that within tho last niuo months ho had changed from a temperate, 'bright-eyed, willing workman lo a vacillating loaf er,^without sufficient strength of mind to carry him through a day’s work. Of late he has boon jgivon to getting up at C a. m. and starting for a boforo-hreakfast-conslitutlonol without paying tho slightest regard to tho change of toilet most Kle consider necessary before' leaving homo o morning. A week ago ho expressed a do -termination to go to Canada and slay tho British Consul, while his latest hallucination Is that tho City Council and tho telegraph companies are In league against him mid combining all tho tele graph wires In tho city at a point which they have stuck flln, Ida head, and amusing themselves by croraming lils tortured brain with millions of simultaneous dispatches. Tho greatest care Is exorcised by his friends lost ho fancy tho JOounty Commissioners got hold of tho wires, too. In which event his case could not bo considered other than hopeless and Inourablo. As It is. tho attending doctors said that the regimen of tho asylum, with total abstinence from intoxicating drink, may cure him in a fow months. Tho aad dcst part of tho caso is, that tho unfortunate man's malady dates from last summer, when he fell down a flight of stairs ami broke his head. The jury In his case decided that ho had bettor go to the Elgin Asylum, whore tho hopeful cases of insanity are sent to. UANKROPTOY MATTERS, Orders for hearing and creditors’ meetings \fOio yesterday made as follows: W. J. tog rfal., before Register Hibbard. Juno 21 5 Theodore Walker, same} and Johnß. Pettibono 'ltto’nuUtor of Franklin S, Kellogg, oeti- Honor's attorneys woreallowed $220, costa, and' tllobureomontß. *, • *, . An attachment was ordered io Inane against Goorgo M. Hadden, fdr coats, iu tbo matter of tho Aurora Insurance Company, Tbo coats aro for taking proof lutbo petition to remove tbo Assignee, If Mr. Hadden had puahocl tho noil* tion, tho Aeaiguoo would moat undoubtedly Imvo boon removed. It was proved by evidence that almost every statement made in bia petition was true, but bo allowed 110 uutonobocl for over a yoar-t tbo conßoqnonco of which Is that tbo Court in almost euro to rofuso to mako an .order in compliance with tho petition, os tbo oatato ia about wound up, and there ia now uo obioot in removing him. •> THE GREAT VAUi-IQLEnATIT LAW> Spit. Tbo suit of,“ Yell v, Iglehart,!’ tho oontro of quite a solar system of aulta satellite, oamo up for trlalln Judge Gary’s Court yesterday. The suit ia brought by Ellon P., wifo of Asa Vail, Mary E.. and Magglo A. VAlo v. Aan Vole, Nicho las P. Iglehart, and tbo Brighton Company, and Is for specific porfonnanco of a contract made botwoon Aaa Vail and Nicholas P. Iglobart, on tho 22d of Juno, 1860, by which Iglobart agreed to convoy to Ellon I*. vail and bor minor ohu dron, 210 acres of ground, situated In Cook Coun ty. near Washington Heights, known oa tho s. w. Mofn; w. and a. w. Uof Sod. B. T. 87, H.R.14. ' ’ a , , anA , Tbo alleged agroomont was made in 1860, when Asa Yall and N. P. Iglobart, who had boon in business together for Homo tlmo. wore settling up partnership accounts. At that time tho prop erty was vahied at $15,000. After the agree moot was closed, complainants and Mr. Vail wont to Colorado and atayod thoro a number of years, and, on their returning boro, Iglobart ia said to havo rofnaod to convoy tho property as agreed. Tho original bill was filed m 1871, at wnlch tlmo tho property watt valued at SOO,OOO, which valuation was agreed to as correct In de fendants answer. At the present time tho prop erty la valued &t $250,000. Tho tac tics of dofondafat Iglobart are peculiarly energetic. Ha moots this notion with a number of others for- notea given by Mr. VaU in the course of business tranflaqtior»a provioua to 18Q0, and more than one bbi In chancery connoolod with mattora arising out of this auit. Tho case will probably bo resumed to-day, Eohort Rno and J. W. Bench for complainants, Dent & Black and Boovill, -Corwin .& Bagloy, lor defendants. AK ALPETIMANIO LEXICOGRAPHER. The Ingenuity displayed by jurors in wriggling, out of service la often worthy of note, lostor day morning tho following loiter, reproduced as verbal fao-simllo, was handed to Judge Iroo by one of tho froo and Independents: Chicago, May 13,1873. . Jfr. T. Bradley, Sheriff f\/Cook County: . Tbo bearer of this, Win. Thow, is command to servo aa Pollt Jourora iu Oils Terra, but ho is not able to servo ou account of slkncas be baa fallen with, ho is out of scons whalb I can proovo. NioklaubEkiiardt, Aldermen of tho Fifteenth Ward of the city of Chicago, Judge Tree could notroslst the eloquent appeal of the Aldermen, “and Mr. Thow was consequent ly excused serving os a “Joiiror.” The fact of the matter, whichiho above letter was meant to explain Is, that Thow is subject to fits, and is not, therefore; a “fit” person to servo. THE COURTS CONDENSED. In Judge Ungers’ Court, tho case of Charles E. Gdokv. J. B. Marklo was tried. This was an action to recover tho amount of an account of $2,280.85 for tho fitting up of a saloon in tho Exchange building, at No. 118 Clark street. Tbtf defense urged that tho fittings of tho bar-room woro not. up to tho mark as was agreed upon in the contract, tho wood-work especially being de fective. Tho jury returned a verdict in favor of plaintiff, with $1,600 damages, defendant movr ing for a now trial. • The case of Palmer v. Illinois Central Railroad Company, by agreement of tho parties, was re ferred to William Q. Furness as referee under the statute. It is confidently expected that Calendar No. 2, of tho Superior Court, will ho called iu tho Juno term, os Judge Wood, of -Iroquois County, has boon scoured to fill the vacancy caused by Judge Jameson's absence. Judge Gary issued quite a number of dlvorco decrees, yesterday, and transacted a largo amount of dlvorco business generally. In Judge Booth’s Court tho whole day was coneumea iu a suit on a SBO promissory note, tho jury delivering a sealed verdict. . In Judge Porters Court tho cose of Behrens v. City of Chicago, in which plaintiff got $1,200 damages for a broken log alleged to havo re sulted from defective sidewalks, came up on mo tion by defendant for a now trial, which was re fused. Ellon Whisler brings suit In tbo Circuit Court against John Hays for trespass on tho case; $6,000 damages. J. D. Gardner sues Ezra B. Lincoln In the, Circuit, Court, iu assumpsit, for $2,000 damages. In the Circuit Court, Benjamin B. Ouuniug ham and B. Gray, tho parties who have already brought an action for damages against tho city for trespass ou tho case, in that tho city,. after awarding them tho contract for tho scavenging for 1873, changed its mind and declined to carry out tho contract, now filo a bill for injunction against tho snmo defendant, restraining them from giving tho work to another party. Judgo Drummond is hearing road tho evi dence taking in tho petition and review iu tho State Insurance matter. Judgo Blodgett is engaged in bearing the same railroad case that has boon going on before him for some days past. CRIMINAL COURT ITEMS. John Plonllort was placed on trial charged with stealing $lO3 from his room-mate, a man with a name which can bo pronounced, but is beyond the Spencerian or any other system of hand-writing. Plonllort and the money woro missing together last 'Wednesday, and the police woro at once consulted,who made him a prisoner before bo bad succeeded in spending more than $1 of his booty. Ho was found guilty, and, be ing under ago, woe sent to tho Houso of Correc tion for four years. Samuel Malcolm was seized with tho prevail ing epidemic of driving, away with somebody olso’s horso and buggy, and was sent down to tho county jail for seven days. In the balance of the cases sot for .yesterday bail was forfeited, enriching tho County Treasury ■ by $2,000, of which SSOO will bo paid in bundles of straw. NEW SUITS, The United States District B. Bay son, Assignee of tbo llopubllo Insurance Company, v. David Parlor; assumpsit, SI,OOO. - TußOißourrCounT.—o,oo9—Susan L. Dlakesloe v. fl. s, Matteson; replevin of household effects. 6,910 Appeal. . 0,011— People ex rol Sophia Parry, guardian. of Louisa Kelly, v. Edward Kelly. William Suowhook, and John Prlndlvlllo; debt. $2,000. 6,9l2—Alfred Day v. John Fagan; confession of judgment, $83;01. ■ 6,ol3—Kobn v. Darth: potlton to supply record. 0,0X4 —Ellen Whislor v. John Hays; trespass on tbo cose, ' |B,OOO. 6,016-J. D, Gardner et 01. v. Ezra D, Lin coln; assumpsit, $9,000. 6,016— Benjamin B. Cun ningham and B. Gray v, City of Chicago ot al.; bill for injunction. o,9lo—Appeal. o,9lß—Hugh McOUnoy v. O. Thleleman ot at; petition for mechanics’ lion on theatre on Larrabco street. 0,019—1n tho matter of. Ellen M. Casey, an alleged lunatic; papers for trial. (Burnt Record)— 72—Frederick Schlendor v. Henry and Barah Solkor and George and Caroline Galrcr: petition to establish record and confirm title to Lot 14, County' of Cook. 78—llalph E. Starkweather ot at v. Ameri can Bible Society: petition to establish and confirm titlo to w X of Lot 4, Block 42, original Town of Chi cago ; Lots 11 and 12 in Block 20, in Canal Trustees' Subdivision of w and tbo w X of no I of See. 17, T. 00, N. It. 14. e of 3 P. M.; I Lot 8, Block 16, Fori Dearborn Audition to Chicago; Lots 4 and 5, Block 1, Johnston, Itobaila U fiturrs' Ad dition to Chicago; and 2, InßlockllO. in School Section Addition to Ohioago} the uudlvldcu 5-0 of Lot 0, In Block 24, In Canal Trustees' Subdi vision of s% of SocJtO, T. 39, N.8.T4, oof 3 P.M.; the. nM of Lot2o, Block 138, School Section Addition to' Chicago; tho 525 feet of Lot 4, Block 18, in original Town of Chicago ; Lot 10, and the n 8-3 of Lot 16, in Block 138, School Section Addition to Chicago; w W of Loti, In Block 18, Wolcott’s Addition to Chicago; Lots land 2, in middle tier in Oakenwald, n.Subdl vUion of part of sXof no jtf of Sec. 34, T. 39, N. It, 14. e of 3 P. U. Tun Summon Court,— 43,339—William H. Arcnd y. Frank LulßCubarlh ; assumpsit, SSOO. 43,340 —An- thony Warner v. Marn Wlncumn and Henry F. Loo »’'; hill for injunction. 43,811—Alfred 11. Hlstt v. »rd Ensworlh; petition to qupnly record. .43,342 —Augustus Johnson v. Otto W. Itlmplcr ; assumpsit, SI,OOO. 43,343— Appeal. 43,344—Cornelia L. v. Charles J, Urbsnt; divorce on the ground of cruelty.. 43,345 James G. Owen v. AnueD. and Charles 11. Tahnadgo; confession of judgment, $472,16, 43,316—Mar1a L; Wolcott v. E. B. Baldwin and Edward Stone; assump sit, S3OO. 43,317— Henry Tuchhorn v. W. I*. Phare : appeal. 43,848—James Itood v. Michael Evans and John Uichoy; replevin of seven quarter casks of brandy. 43,319—T, O. Uewett v. James Baxter ; as i sumpsll, S2OO. 43,350—Edward B. llolmos otal. v. L. D. Pollard; distress fur rent. 43,351, 2, 3, 4—Appeals. A Curious Olilnoau Custom* Tho Chiuoeo take a curious method to prevent their pigeons from being attacked by birds of K while circling over tho cities or moving i place to place. This consists in tho em ployment of small, short cylinders or rood pipe, In groups of throe or four, or moro. Thcso arc attached to tho hack of tho bird, and so adjusted that as it Hies through tho air a very sharp sound Is produced. Varying lengths of tho bamboo givo variety of tones to this instrument} and when a large number of birds aro Hying to gether in » single Hock, as is very frequently tho case, tho sound produced by them is distinctly audible for a groat distance. It is said that rapacious birds are effectively lopollod by this precaution, eo that tho pigeons make thoir flights with perfect safety from ono point to another. Varnish is used for coating those bam boo whistles to protect them from moisture. This practice is* said to havo been In vogue among tho Chinese foe a groat many years— JV'alur*. THE CHICAGO DAILY. TRIBUNE: TUESDAY, JVLIY 13,...1878. v- Xf ,-v THE KANSAS BUTCHERY. Further Particulars of tho Labetto County Horror. Tho Diabolical, Crimes of the Bonder Gang. Eluding of the Bodies of ilao Victims. Letter from a Visitor io the Scene— An Interview with a Detective. Tho Bonders Formerly from Hyde Park, tko Chicago Suburb. Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune, Independence, Kan., May 10,1873. “Supped full of horrors” Isa quotation ho como current enough in those days, when crime, if not moro frequent, la, at least, moro fre quently known in all Ha brutal, horrid, stupidly solf-hotvoylngdetails; but one fools tho utter, inadequacy of this aud every similar expression as descriptive of the RECENT TERRIBLE DISCLOSURES In the adjoining County of Labotto. Tolograpbio .notice bao reached yon before now of tlio disap pearance, In the xniddio of lost March, of Dr. William M. York, brother of Col. York, of Pom eroy notoriety, and of tho facto that caused tho words 11 disappearance” and “ murder” to bo como'synonymß, nomoly: three or four others having disappeared during tho past fall and win ter, in that , region, in an equally mysterious manner. Tho finding of his body and those of eight others has developed a history of butchery before whoso appalling details ONE IS SIMPLY WORDLESS. Yesterday I wont out to tho scono*of tbo mur ders,—a place distant 17 miles,—and found sev eral hundred persons already thoro, some of whom had spent tho night, and oven women—of apparent refinement,f or whom that blood-drench od spot seemed to havo a morbid fascination. Tho farm, or “ claim,” as it is called hero, Is a beautiful piece of “ second bottom" land, undu lating gently upward from tho bouse, crouching in a green basin; thus affording an early view of any approaching wayfarer. This house and claim wore owned and occu pied by a GERMAN FAMILY NAMED BENDER, said to bovo moved boro a year ago from Hyde Park, ono of your own beautiful suburbs, A young apple orchardlios atonosido of tho bouse, and this orchard, twice plowod this spring, and looking a cheering exponent of human thrift, a smiling prophecy of plenty, hid under its luno uocont-seomliig lap EIGHT BLOODY CORPSES. They woro buried in an irregular lino from east to west, and each beside an infant tree so pruned as to show tho murderers bow to avoid digging a second time into a‘grave. Dr. York’s body was found first, and found by his own (younger) brother,—ho and tho detective, Boors, being engaged in probing the ground with pointed iron rods. When tho nows -reached Independence, a largo party visited tho place, and soon unearthed four other corpses, in various stages of decom position, but all bearing marks of THE SAME FATAL RAMMER (a shoemaker's tool), or, rather, hammers, for thoro wore two, small and largo; and sometimes one, sometimes tho other, and in one or two in stances both, had boon used in crashing, tho skulls of tbo victims.. As I arrived thoro yesterday, thoy had found in all eight bodies, and wore preparing to - move tho house from its foundations. Tho house was a tolerable ono for tho country hereabout, being of frame, and containing in ono corner a potty grocery, while across tlio centre of tho oho. largo room was drawn a curtain about breast-high, and near this curtain bad always stood tbo table whore tho unsuspecting traveler was given a seat with bis hack to tho fatal blind, and in the floor, beside bis chair, a small trap-door on bingos. Everything was boro just ao THE WRETCHES HAD LEFT IT in their guilty flight throe weeks ago, (thoy fled immediately after tho visit of tbo Sheriff with Cola. York and Peckham on their search for Dr. York). Hero lay tbo miserable stock of gro ceries, stroWn about and trodden into tho fllthy floor ;,hore woro still tho murderous hammers whoso disks fitted only too well into tho piteous bounds of tho putrefying bodies now lying In tbo yard, covered with rude deal-boxes. I had hoard before how the victims had boon stunned by a blow from behind tho curtain, and tho bodies then dropped through the trap into a pit below, where they wore finished by having their nocks out through to the hone, and whoro they remained until night enabled the slaugh terers to hide them more securely, and, as they fondly hoped, permanently ; hut not until a him* drod furiouo men bad wrenched the house from the spot oa which It stood, not until the misty light of a sullen day had boon thrown I'ULIi INTO THAT QOBY TIT, xovoaling tho awful deliberateness of prepara tion, tho full purpose and prospect of tho f uturo indefinite extension of such onmo, did a perfect panorama of that naraoleoa Horror unroll itself imUUAMAUH wi ’-•* —— before mo. For many wore on the ground yes terday who told mo tboy bad passed and ropansod along that road> bad fad tbolr borsoa and oaten their lunch at that bouse, and tboy agree in all tho details of tho customs of gating and sort ing travelers there. A picture rose LIKE A DREAMT NIOUTUAEE, and showed mo poor Lougcoro sitting there with bis bead against that curtain, which was indeed tbs curtain of Futurity for him; showed wo tbo stealthy band uplifted from behind, armed with a hammer, and descending with mortal f orco on tbo unsuspecting bead; showed mo tbo para lyzed terror of tbo littlo daughter in tbo moraout before another murderer (or murderess, for you know tboro wore two women engaged. in tbo work) seized tbo childish throat and put out fear and life together; thou tbo trap-door lifted up, tbo bodios droppod in, so that, if another pas senger came, or a neighbor called, tboy could sit and chat without unpToasantnowi, If the days wore long while such palo corpses lay blooding under tbo floor those two women and two men worked and walked upon, one, knows not. It la already a dislocation of one’s faculties to concolvo at all such beings as these, and quite impossible to Imagine remorse in a dearth of moral sense that would make re morse an incongruity. * But night comes after every day, longer short, and then a uolo is dug under the apple-tree, the fatbdr stripped of lub outer-clothing and put in, the poor littlo girl thrown upon his body (some conjecture, indeed, that SHE WAB BURIED ALIVE. since sho bears no mark of violence}, the grave filled, ana tho earth raked about and mado to look lilco tho circumjacent ground. Some of tho graves were very narrow, only allowing tho body to Ho upon Hh Hide, and tho first grave was dug llko a well, and tho corpse thrust m standing, or, rather, nnuatllng. ‘ Tho bodies, so far ns identified, arc those of York, McOrowdy, Brown, McKenzie, Longcoro and child, Gallon, and ono not yot recognized. I need not toll you that tho wholo country side is convulsed wmr iiomion and indignation, and bums with a Homo of rovougo that can only bo quenched with blood. Tho otroclouHnoas of tho criminals Is magnillod by tho fact that they paid bo lightly and willingly tho price of assas sination for the prospect of trilling gains; for. beyond the sale of tho horses, they realized very little pecuniarily, none of tho murdered men having much money with thorn, though two (ono of them Dr. York) had ox- S acted to carry somo hundreds of dollars, and ils fact may havo hocomo known. Wlmt guided thorn in thoir choice of victims, no ono knows. Many escaped who would hayo boon more profitable proythan any they took, though tho former wore usually merchants traveling In company with others, or by public conveyances, THAT CONFEDERATES FROM A DISTANT co-oporatod with them is put beyond a reasona ble doubt by tho necessity of help In disposing of the horses and vehicles which wore the prin cipal wages of their iniquity. Suspicion has fallen ou many neighbors} so far without much evidence, 6xcopi that near neighbors should liavt known and proclaimed tho fact that the Bonders, hod flodr leaving everything behind them, oven to the pig In tho pen ahd tuo calf tied up to starve. Tho dead calf lay thoro yesterday, with rope.still round Us nook, and forming a horrible realistic touch In the sickening picture., One man—another Gorman—pad, 'on isocount of his contiguity, so strongly' suspected of complicity, that BE WAS RUNOyrEMTORARILY, v ' In order to terrify him into confession i.jbut ho, confessed nothing, save : that, a men bad been once robbed in his house, and astovorated his innocence of murder. or of misprision. Yester day, however, when I spoke to him, ho iota pie he had ouly coufossod—Topsydiko—be cause ho saw the crowd would not, bo appeased' without some admission of guilt. . TUB BENDER FAMILY ' . - , loft their own team and wagon at tho station (Thayer) whore they took' tho cars, and tho horses. stood thoro: tied for two days before the town authorities took ■ charge of them, the inci dent causing at the time much conjecture and fear that tho owner of tho toam had boon a vic tim of foul play. 001. Beckham, ono. of our most able attorneys, Is on the track of tho fugi tives, and thoro is little doubt as to their opoody' discovery and arrest. THIS PART OF SOUTHERN KANSAS !s remarkable, not only for Its fortuity, and beauty, and promise, blit also as being' settled— particularly Montgomery County—by a class of people .capable, through their culture and refine ment, of adorning much older and more preten tious regions. Independence is. in this respect, almost an anomaly, and I have boon astonished to find a town so now possessing so few of tho traditional characteristics of plondor places. This will help your readers to understand what kind of fooling Is excited by such 1 an unexam pled tragedy in an adjoining county. ARRESTS. Later.— A dispatch bos come, for tho Sheriff to go immediately to Parsons to inako some ar rests. You wUI know tbo names of tho suspected before this loiter reaches you. ' 0. Gk M. Lwam■■..arrests’ havo ’ been mode. Axx Interview vvltu Detective Users* From the St. Louis Thnta, May . . Through special dispatches tbo readers of tho Times have already gained somo idoa of tlio Atro cious murders recently perpetrated by tho Bender family, near Ohorryvalo, in Southeast Kansas. It is now known that tlio Bonder, family fled in this direction. A detective, Mr, Thomas Boors, of Independence, Ivan., who bos dono more than any ono else to forrot out tho mystery, arrived yesterday morning, ‘ having traced" tbo Bonders to St, Louis. A Times reporter called upon Mr. Boors during tho day and obtained- the inside' history and full particulars'of the , Benders* bloody career. For. several months different persons have boon disappearing very, mysteriously on . tbo routo between Independence arid Osage Mission. Nearly a dozen people had suddenly dropped out of sight in this way. and tho matter was oxciting a groat deal of talk throughout southeast Kansas. About a month ago. Dr, William A. York, a brother of Senator York, who exposed tbo machinations of Fomoroy, disappeared In the same way. and efforts to find him wore in vain.' Dr. York lived in Fort Scott and had gone out on. a collecting tour, riding a valuable roadster. Ho finally rode down to Independence and visited bis.father, then b6 started homo, passing along tho treacherous routo. to Osage Mission, ana nothing more was over soon of him. The York family is ono of considerable In fluence in that part,,of Kansas,, and the'affair caused groat excitement. Tho other disappear-' ancos woro recalled to memory and tho people began to talk of tho existence of a gang of murderers and robbers somewhere between the mission and Independence. On the routo between these places is a dismal stretch of prairie, sparsely settled. Two of tho landmarks of this prairio are Drum Greek ,and Big Hill. Midway between them lived the Bond er family, consisting of the old man and the old woman, a young man who passed as a son of Bonder, and a young woman who passed as tho daughter of tho old woman. Tho young people Easscd as married, although tho younger M ll3 * oudor boro a very slippery character on tho point of morality. Bonder had a frame house of several rooms, which ho had built upon a claim. Ho professed to keep a grocery iu the front room of tho house, and an eating-room for travelers. Tho placo was considered a kind of half-way stopping place. The house stood in tho midst of a prairio, with nothing to break the view for a milo around. The younger,, Mrs. Bonder professed to ho a spiritual medium, and hold occasional seances. She also had a card in one or two of tho country papers, inviting calls from those who desired to nave tho future revealed. . About two weeks ago or more, . Senator York organized a party and scoured tho country far and wide to find some trace of his brother. In the course of their ride thoy halted at tho Bonder placo to food. Young Bonder, when bo hoard of their mission, volunteered bis services to aid iu tho search. The visit .occurred on Wednesday. Tho younger woman also called Senator York aside and, tolling of her powers, proposed tohold a seance on tho next Friday night, saying that if ho would come sho would reveal the whereabouts of his brother. York paid littlo or no attention to this, and tho

party soon passed on. About two weeks ago, Mr. Thomas Boers, who has been a Kansas dotoctivo for ton years or more, was urgently requested by Senator York to take hold of tho caso, ondbo did so. Day and night he traveled tho route between Osage Mission and Independence. Booking to soivo tbo mystery. Ho soon struck the trail of a desperado with whom ho was acquainted. The man had served several .times hi tbo Penlton- tiary, and thoro was nothing to show that ho bad ' reformed. Boors fonnd that this man ..was traveling back and forth between tho. Mission and Indopondonco, and ho shadowed him close ly: Wherever the man stopped, Boors waited : and learned his conversation. Ho found that tho villain was talking freely about mysterious disappearances. . Atone place be told a woman about the mur der of a little girl 7 or 8 years old, .and when tho horrified listener exclaimed. “How could they do it?” ho exclaimed. “Why, they strangled her.” This was told to Beers, and he know ho had a clue. . „ , • At another place tho disappearance of York was tho topic, and tho man, confidentially said they would never find York, for ho had boon burned In a cornfield and tho ground had been ploughed over. . ... Boors hoard this, too, and some other things. Then ho learned that the Bonders had suddenly disappeared, and he began to see light. Ho wont back to Independence, told York his suspicions, asked him to go with him in order to identify anything that might bo found, which had be longed to his brother. York put but little confi dence in tho detective’s suspicions, and sent a younger brother with him. • Boors went from Independence to Oberryvale by rail, and then taking a wagon rodo out to the Bonder claim, a few miles off. Tho place had been deserted hastily, but there woro plain evi dences that great efforts had Loon made to bum clothing, pieces of harness, and papers. There •was a small stock of groceries in Che front room. Between this and tho next room only tho joists l\od been put up, and a ahoot was liung upon Uioso for ft screen. Tho Benders had gone, apparently takingnoth iug but a little wearing apparel with them. As ■ they searched tho house, Boors told young York to'keep a sharp lookout for anything which might have boon his brother’s. lie did so, and before they had gone for ho picked up a ploco of his brother’s bridle. . Thoh tho search began in earnest. In groping aboutin the room back of tho grocery Boors found a llttlo trap-door and raised it. There came up a sickening stench, peculiar to decom posing liuraan remains.' Almost nauseated, Boors and his little posso examined the place. The trap opened into a pit about six foot deep, and this had a passage opening out under tho foun dations. They maao a careful examination or tho pit, and found tho soil saturated with what was plainly human gore. Back of tho house was a piece of ground, perhaps an aero and ft half in extent, which had been broken up and appar ently recently plowed. lt • _ _ . , Boors subsequently learned that Bonder had ploughed this ground over tho day after Senator York and his friends had been thoro on their ■ Bo, Tho 'detective at once began tho examination of this ground, and, taking young York with him, started diagonally for the southwest cor ner, intending to begin ft systematic soarch,look ing carefully for any appearance of subsoil or disturbance. „ . ' , , A low rods from tbo comer Boors slopped aim ; looked about him. Young York, who was on his , right, a few foot from him, turned and came to ward him. Glancing down, Doors saw between i them a llttlo depression, audaomo appearance of . subsoil. Both noticed it, and the dotoctlvo said: , “There's something hero. York*, go and get ft i wagon rod.” York complied, and soon returned, i Boors took the rod and gradually pushed it i down until U struck hard ground lust;« It , reached tho ring. Then drawing it out ho found that ho had plunged the iron Into what appeared • to bo human remains. . Tho others, who bad in tbo meantime boon • rummaging tno house, woro summoned,- and dig j ghig was commenced. About four foot below i the surface they came uuou a body partially do- composed; and lying i fa£o downwards. Tlion ,lUcy- Btoppod theJaidth and. began to dig down a,trench two foot wide bn one Bide of tho graved toward which tho face was turned a lltllC’.* While they woro thus employed a party ar rived from Ohenyvalo having gained an ink ling, of what, was going on. Among tho now .JftOTnofs was a doctor who had been sent out by Senator York. was lowered below the lovel df Hid bottom of tbo grave ’ and ’ tho earth dug away eArofully from tho 'face- and head' of tho body. Then tho detective, seeing that from tho oonul iion of the corpse the utmost care would ho nec essary iq order to Insure recognition., told tho doctor ho must detach tlio head from the trunk. It was done, and having been carefully cleaned, was lifted out And placed'on a sheet brought from tho house. Tho countenance was exposed to view and In an Instant tlio features or Dr. York woro recognized. . .Some of too men thoro sat down and cried like children, others turned away, sickened, whito with' others • the sight only nerved them to con tinue tho search. While tbo detective was telling this heart-sick ening story to tbo Times reporter, bo would stop .as ho camo to ibis borriblo econo, At tbo finding of Dr.lfork's body, nnd eeom to forgot tbo pres ent and gOliaok, in bla Agitation, to that tomblo morning of tbo 6th of lfav. Tbo work went on and other bodies wore found, until, in all, nlno bad boon unoartbod wbon Boom loft. In every case. oxoopt that of tbo lit tle girL tbo skull was broken in tbo book of tbo head. Tbo detective la of tbo opinion that tbo mur ders woro donb in tho following manner! . The parties either oamo or,wore enticed to tbo bouao where tbo young woman engaged them In conversation, for sbo bad tbo reputation in all that part of tbo county of being a good talkor. Then ono.of tbo mon would strike tbo viaitor.on . tbo bkbk of tho bead,' foiling him to tbo floor, when tho other would strike him with a \ heavier .slodgo-liko Instrument. Then it would bo but tho work of an instant to drag tbo victim to tbo trap and cut his throat. In evory caso, except that Of tbo Child, lUv» ianiblo - nuuudo Mero found in tbo back of ; tbo bead,’ and tbo throats wore cashed from , car to oar* Two hammers wore* round in , tho house, which bad evidently, boon used in tbomannor described.' •' There was also something Tory peculiar about the manner of burial. Tho gravos wore all from throe to five foot doop. Tho Bodies were straight ened out with Iho right hand drawn up and laid flat upon the right breast, Tho loft arm and hand wore stretched straight beside tho body. This Mr. Boors iufonnod tho reporter has boon a pass sign between a largo gang of cut-throats and horse-thieves working,along tho route from tho mission to Indopondonoo. iTho nows of tho flndiugofYork’s body spread liko wildfire; and boforo night scores of men* had flocked to tho place to aid la tho search. Among them came a Gorman, wholly innocent of wrong, but because ho happened to bo.of tho same nationality as the Bonders, the crowd strung him up throe times tb make him confess, and finally desisted upon Boors’ declaration that tho man was Innocent. About a year ago thero was another member of tho Bonder family, a young man. but ho all at once disappeared, .Tho supposition is that, in attempting to dispose of some victim, this Bon der was either killed or mortally wounded, and then secretly buried, Of tho bodies found thas far nearly all have boon missed since loot October. H. Lonohor. one of tho victims, was a. farmer in Howard County, He sold out his claim, and, taking his little girl 8 years old, ho started for lowa with his team. Tnolaflfc known of him waswhonho canipod on Drum Crook.' Ho could bo traced ho farther, and tho . finding .of his body in. Bonder's field with tho remains of tho child a .little way off, solved the mystery. A- day or two after Longohor was lost, his teain was found about sixton miles south of tho Bonder nlaco. It had evidently boon driven there in groat haste and abandoned. At several points on the lino between the Bonder place and tho spot whore the team was found, several persons, wore told of Boehm tho team go past at a furious rate, pud on tblw Bn© wore found, at Intervals, tho end hoard of Longchor's, wagon and his guns, which had fallen out in iho hasty drive. The Bonders talked boldly about this disap- Eoaranco, and insinuated that tho man must avo boon shot down ou Drum Crook. W. F. McCarthy, another of the victims, was a Howard County farmer.' Ho was formerly in the Quo Hundred and Twenty-third IllinoisTn fantry. Ho had had a long dispute about hia claim with a man who belonged to the Sender gang. The latter had token him away to havo a settlement, and ho was never seen afterward till his body was unearthed. Tlio supposition is that ho was enticed to Bender’s, and murdered In the same manner aa ibo othoro. B. F. McKenzie was a farmer from Ohio, who was looking about for lands. Ho had 60,000 or $7,000 and disappeared as mysteriously aa tho others. His body was found also. Another man named Boyle, who started from Independence to Mission with S7OO in hia pos session was found also. Two others wore identified, but tho rest of tho bodies wore not recognisable. Nearly-all of the victims had toama or saddle horses. In two instances thowagons wore found on the prairie, and in onoinslanco a horse which had been peculiarly marked was loft with tho wagon. la the other caeca the horses wore run off by some members of the gang, and disappeared as mysteriously aa their owners. Dr. York, when ho disappeared, had with him a very fleet and valuable roadster. • : - „„ ■ t It Bcoma that of tor the visit of Senator York and hia party, tho Bonders took tho alarm, Tho next morning tho old man plowed the field, and shortly aftorworda they hltchod up and drove to Thayer, a station on tho Gulf road, 20 or 25 miles away whore they wore not known, arriving there in time to take a night train, it seems that they stopped a little way out of town, un harnessed tho horses, and tied them to the wagon. Then leaving tho dog with the team, they went to tho depot and left. ■ Tho team remained out of town two or three days, no one knowing to whom It belonged. Finally, the Town Marshal wont put and brought it in,- ' -• ‘A day or two after that somo country people wore In town, and one of them noticing the dog which had boon loft with the team, exclaimed; “Why, there’s old Bonder’s dogl” This led to somo explanations, and tho team was readily identified. This led to a visit to the Bonder placo, and then it was discovered that tho whole family had departed. This was just before or about tho time that tho detective made hia visit to the claim. , • . As soon aa tho bodies wore unearthed. Boers entered upon hie search for tho criminals. Ho found that the Bonders woro co-operating with a band of thieves, and just before ho left Kansas, hod sworn out warrauta for tho arrests of twenty two parties, many of them professedly farmers, holding claims in SouthGrn'Kansas, * - Boers himself has assumed tho difficult task of hunting down tho four members of tho Bonder family. Ho succeeded in tracing them until they loft tho State, and then had an interview with tho Governor of Kansas, who authorized him to go ahead and hunt down tho murderora regardless of expense. ■ With this understanding ho started and ar lived in Be. Louis yesterday, having followed a clear troll to this place. The Bonders loft Kansas with sbont 910,000, and Boots thinks that they have gouo straight to tho seaboard with tho intention of hiding across tho ocean. * Ho will follow as fast as the trail can he pick ed up. Chief McDonough will render every as sistance possible. Information has boon receiv ed already of parties boro who havo told mors about tho murders than they ought to know us ta says tho psoplo of Southern Kansas aro terribly excited over tho discoveries, and it would bo a dillleult task lo keep tho Bon dars ont of the hands of a mob if they should bo token back now. ■ Tho claim upon which tho bodies woro found, ho says, is bolug visited by hundreds and thous sands, who oomo from many miles. Tho lot was carefully and deeply plowed over before all ibo bodies woro found, and it is not known yot but that there may bo other victims buried near tho bloody homo of tho Bonders. Boors is almost worn out with thotomblo strain ho has boon under for two weeks, and whoa visited yesterday by tho Times reporter,. was trying to recuperate a little. Ho will sot to work this morning in full earnest. Women and tl»e Centennial Cclolmt' lion. TUo women of Philadelphia have formed an association for tho purpose of introducing tbo feminine element into Dio management and de velopment of tbo Centennial Celebration In that city. Their plan, as wo uudoraland it, In that tho woman of Philadelphia shall toko $3,000,000 worth of otock, and then appeal to their stators through the country to oomo up to tbo work with, the Hamo good will and energy. To effect this they have appointed committees and eub-com mtttoes. who are thoroughly canvounlng tho City of Brotherly Love, through every street ana alley, in order that the •“ women of wealth and women who gain their living by tbolr own handi work may stand together In this undertaking. Women defliroua or inaugurating almllar aflaocj atloiiQ throughout tho country can rocoiyo xml Information by addressing Mra.E. D. Qlliosnlo, Prealdont of Women’s Centennial Executive Committee. No. WlWfthmt street., PUUodol»hia. chase/.’ 1 The Eecord. of the Late .Chief: Justice. His Clmraoter, Political Relations, and Presidential Aspirations; Its Carriage and Modo,llomo and Family, Fortune and I’amo. From Our Own Orroependcnt, - WasimtOTOH, May 7, 1873) , Another nlcho Is fitted In tho bridge which carried the Republic over ibo bursting dam of Slavery, Oboso, tho financier of emancipation, has followed bis colleagues, tbo War-Minister and tbo Minister of Stato. Lincoln’s statue, al ready old enough to loso ibo newness . of, tbo bronze, and wear tbo dork, rich buo of ImpqrUh ablo metal, receives with a melancholy .' smile each now arrival. The lost of tbo very greatest ban now passed on. It Is humiliating to know that ibis 1b bo ; that tbo generation wo havo on* terod up Is altogether a now ono; and that tbo War itself la not a dead issuo to this day. In tbo North wo bavo not recovered from Its corrup-. tions, nor In tbo South from Its chaos. But timo and years will prevail. tub cloud Enrons tub fall. Chief Justice Ohaso, like Stanton aud Seward, lived to feel tho comparative loss of power, and to soo the sceptre grow almost barren In his : grtpo. Possessors at ono timo of power almost un ■' qualified, those men yielded, office not wholly by volition/ and saw with trouble tho homage of mul titudes grow loss and loss, until they folt them selves almost distributed back amongst the more constituents of lator reputations. This Is tho aoho • of ; life,-—to soo Ibo editorial loader on oneself dwindle to a paragraph, and the para ; graph finally woor a tooth, and at last silence, worst of all. Mon without career know nothing of this. It is tho sweetness of private duty to bo thus compensated for novor having known tho on j oymcnl of command. 1 think tho current estimate of Mr. Ohaso to have boon tho truo ouo: that ho was ambitions, not satisfied to bo an Interpreter of statutes merely, and not wholly consoled at tbo boad of tho Bonch. But tho current estimate which would confound Mr. Chaao’s ambition with tho baso discontent of a politician, is gross as tho commentary of pot houses. Ho folt his capacity and natural superi ority r for the highest office, to accomplish ibo most harmonious Influence. Other men, os well, interpreted his; admixture of lofty quali ties to bo bo destlnodi lor no loss command, and predicted for bis Administration, should ho oven roach it, a time of renaissance, mental elevation, and statesmanship. □IB OKABAOTEH. Tho grades of public life ho had ascended with on equal stop, and composed front, and stature rising with the prospect. Ho Indulged in no tricks of surprise nor sensation. His life contains no catch-phrases. His lllus- (rations wore seldom apt, to nestle awhile in tho car. and buzz themselves to satiety' there; but they took tho proportions of mind- and rose a little short of poesy. Tito forces which raised him never made him their instrument for. subse- quent ends, and-lienoo there Is a consistency in his life which will give him no' uncertain por trait. Like Mr. Bumnor and Ur. Trumbull, ho possessed personal character sufficient to com pel unknown coalitions iu politics, and tho m flnonco with which ho led. men may take tho name of Enlightenment. Ho was a preacher of tho Gospel of Justice, Mercy, and Righteous ness, aa truly os If his undo, Bishop Ohoso, had ordained him; and marble is tho. material of which to mako his monument, for there is a trail of whiteness loft behind him. That ho .wished to bo Prooldont, traa no .order, - morals, or oxamplo. The mothorX tow to hot child, tho height of human usefulness she points out, is the Amorioaa Chief Magistracy, honor ably deserved and. attained. No Ices'is it the tablo-tand of tho man of affairs;, for, non o can look toward it from any of tho moaner passes and depths of career, phase was suspected of desiring it because ho was fit for it. His qualifi cations wore his accusation. Ms COMPETITION FOU THE PRESIDENCY. Ho never had accusers, in reality, who woro not place-servers, and such as would rather livo in tho ignominious ease of present domination than be detached, vigilant and individual citi zens. Within tho Republican party, In Mr. Lin coln’s first term, thoro wore fow men of the first rank who gave a tame • acquiescence to tbo ne cessity of his ronominatlon. Homy -Winter Davie, Oliver P. Morton, oven Beu Wade, wore accused of being restive, and believing that affaire hung too loosely. It was no bettor in tho Cabinets of Washington, Adams, Madison, Mon- : roo, or Tvlor, Mr. Charles Francis Adams, lu ' hla late eulogy on • Seward, made tho point that- hia distinctive sacrifice lu Mr. Lincoln’s Cabinet was in voluntary hari kari, abandoning competition for the succession to which, saya Mr. Adams, ho had allthorighta of qualification. But Mr. Seward abandoned tho Presidency because ho knew that he had no more prospects, and ho was at tho head-of the Cabinet already. Mr; Chaso had not yet made the essay. And, if Mr. Lincoln made Mr. Chase Chief Justice, as some declare, "to shelve him” for tho Presidency, -ho acknowledged hia formidable quality, and was himself a .politi cian in 'this act of 'strategy. If bo'appointed Mr. Chase Chief Justice in acknowledgment of his desert, tho Yamo of the latter is no loss se cure. To have rooaivod the highest office in Mr. Lincoln’s gift, and with it tho public Impression that bo might else have taken tho Presidency, exhausts the scale of appreciation. Tho Presi dency itself,’under tho conditions of the nomi nating convention, would bo no such tost of fit ness. ;■ ... ’ CHIEY JUSTICES AND TUB PBESIDENOY. The manner, and time, and public talk about Gov. Chase's nomination to tho Supremo Bench satisfied neither himself nor the period that ho had ended hi 3 active career there. Public con viction 'in this country will. not 1 accept. anything short of tbo grave as tho final retirement of necessary men. Thoro is a selfish class in our society which is too indiffer ent to vote and too rioh to lake office; but tbo Presidency is not to bo dishonored oven by a Chief Justice, If election and duty point that way. For that pinnacle, on tho level with tho seats of Kings, the General tears off. his triple stars and tho priest his vesture. John Marshall, and John Jay, arid Roger Taney kept out of poli tics because politics, after they became Chief Justices, lot them alone. Marshall and Taney novor ceased to dwell on tho line of public af fairs, and from the Bench contemplated the co ordinate parts ol tho Government with tho inter est of old times. Justice Davis, tho trusted friend of Mr. Lincoln, also hoard tho Macedoni an cry of "Comedown and help us!” ami, like tho youthful Samuel, ho answered: 1 * Lord, hero am XI" Tho fact is, that, if Justices are to bo koptvostal from politics, they must ho vestal when set upon tho Bench. To make a man Chief Justice from a political motive • la to.dp tho man an Injury, and make the Bench a more switch or sideling for another candidate to ho run by. ouase’s opportunity and onus. Tho association of the Chief Justice with par ties after 1860 grew out of the needs of the times. It was a period when a Chief Justice might wish, for his country’s sake, to resume active Magistracy, and recover the Republic from tbo chaos of opinion, and tho mutual solf ißlmess of sections and parties. His office was itself o qualification for this task. The Im peachment trial of an opinionated President by a Senate already in tho secondary stage of that corruption which was soon to break out in pub lic view, brought Justice Chase down from tho Bench to preside over tho pageant. Tho spec tacle was prolonged, and tho moral lesson of it discouraging. The man who was to succeed to tho ProsTdouoy, if Mr. Johnson should ho con victed, voted every time as a Senator for tho accomplishment of both ends, and ho proved to bo the same who, in 1800, led a little billons faction to Chicago to put tho Ohio delegation against Mr. Chase. Mr. Wade and his outsiders spent all tho tlmo they had to dispose of when not distributing tho patronage they expected to got, in denouncing the Chief Justice in such Eas Forney’s Chronicle, Fulton’s Custom- Amcrfcnn, Young’s Tribune, ot al. Tho failure of that trial they imputed io tho Chief Justice. And, over clnoo, they have kept up a littlo chirping and wagging of heads, which will now probably brook out in their obituary fulml nations. But, if tho country had taken tho man on tho Bench in 1608, Instead of Uio mau at tho bead .of-thtf army, tbo sins of carpot'bagging and Ku*Klux never would have been enacted. Tho Executive countenance would have been turned from adventurers and men of low degree, and the public patronage would boon given to persona who could have renatlotiaUzod acmUmout lu tbo South, and spiritualized. It In tbo North. . Those, imbita of attention, devotion, surveillance, and ‘organization)' by which' ho made the Barren Treasury grow faster than war could exhaust It, and loft his two terms of administration In Ohio in most admirable recollection by men of every party, wcco needed at tbo oloso of Administration, and bo bollovod that be could accomplish the task.. Amidst all tho innuendo and fueilado'poured upon him by editorial brokers,- not ono* authority over expressed tbo opinion tliAt ho .would not.make a capable President. He was never called to an account on tho scoro o if Llb qualifications or bis purity. Secretary of the Treasury, bo novor took a gift. No kin of bis office. Tbo reason was, that bd bad brooding and the broath of honor. ' ■■■ UIHCAIUIUOB AkDUODB. Ho. was a man of finer nature than has boon seen In Washington politics In tbo present pe riod. His nature was wholly Republican, but It was the Republicanism of good manners,-whioli. raised tbo surrounding lovol without depressing tbo epiritß of any. To bo bis guest was to fool« higher respect .for oneself. Ho did not laboc , upon, bis private auditors, and was not brilliant iu speech or reminiscence: but bo bad a faculty of humor, quiet and twinkling, and a breadth of nature which began impressively and grow by acquaintance. Tbo groat art of encouragement, by which, as generous men grow older, they standi like cathedrals, all buttressed round with younger men, Mr. Chase possessed almost to a fault. Ho was of uso to others more than they could rotum it. Tho groat fortunes modo by. tbo patronage of tho Treasury stood aloof, fearful of being askod to labor amongst bis friends; and tbora was a time when some who had derived income and opportunity from his Judicial fondness hastened to doolaro for tbo regular ticket In ad* yquco, lost their obligation might bo to their prejudice. Those Gov. Ohaso lot pass like Aristides when ho. wrote bis own sentence of banishment upon tho voter’s shell. But Tamil* iurlty ho know now to arrest, and ho could ro« boko with a look that was Washingtonian. DELATIONS TO FAUTIBS. In his moral rotations to politics, society, and tho Bar, ho was orthodox, submissive, and re ciprocal. Ills origin was good, but dependent; yot ho nevor oto tho broad of dependence, but, with Now Hampshire frugality, made his way quietly from college to school-teaching, and, ia the vestibule of tho law, waiting for clients, ho became an author In the law. when his profes sion developed and made him a citizen hold In neighborly esteem, bo planted himself upon tho highest ground of human usefulness, and be came an Interpreter of tho law In the interests of humanity. Ho did not drift with the tide to easy honors, but led tho choice spirits and tha awakening conscience of tho country. Irrespec tive of party linos. Ho nevor aspired to bo tho creature of any party, and modo no profession of party loyalty at any time. That organization which would yield the most to Freedom and Progress suited him well, and at least four par ties have paid his talents and ideas tho mood of Sort. On whom wore so many diplomas ever >wod by pubilo parties ? Ho was not only In ibo right with two or three, bat in the might .with two or throe. The Presidency might have been bis, at the hands of the Democracy, in 1852. Had he hold tho hanks to personal allc §iauco, ho never would have made his legal-ton er decision. Tho residence of tho Chief Justice has latterly boon on old country-seat on the hills at tho head of Tiber Creek, about 8 miles north of the City of Washington,—a roomy, oblong, plain brick dwelling, painted pea green, and surrounded by stoop heights and woodlands. I drove oat there a week ago, and found a quietness prevailing which should bo melancholy to .young people iu this backward spring. ’ Near at band, - a gipsy camp was pitched in tho woods, and the usual accompaniments of wild doge, horses, and onu* • dron surrounded it, • A short distance from tha house, a dueler of modem cemeteries wore as* sombled on tho road, in one of which was the tomb of tho tato Amos Kendall. Hero Chief Justice Chase has passed a year of loss of recu peration. work, companionship, and doubtless apprehensions of tho short remainder of days.' There is a turn in tho strength of moa of affairs which takes thorn unawares and hastens decays Ho was warned about throe years ago that bis lime was short, and, since that slight stroke of poralyaia, hia hair haa fallen ont, hia faoo grown lone and thinnor, and hia oyoa havo grown dinw mar and of diffuaod light. , A sturdy man housed to ho, with a solid, farraor-into -iirrißKw. and tho portraits’ on tho greenbacks of hia splendid hood, large, collected expression, and folded arms, all massive and imposing, little 'somblod tho oldest liguro of lato on the BonchJ wearing out tho hoars of duty thero listening tu close arguments, and going homo to labor oa tasks; which must moot tho criticism of tha country. His worldly fortunes have boon. goodly, baft not groat.’ Hia daughters wore happily married*' aud have not needed bis bounty, and they have? given him the wealth of their pride and affection.! Perhaps tho prize of higher honors was not leas . desirable for their sakes. Both of. these ladies inherit their father’s mental disposition. Mraj Sprague has probably boon the most porfeco. social product of tho period of tho Republican party in Washington,—naive, elegant, engaging.’ and spirited} and airs. Hoyt, with loss scope* of influence, has been no loss dear to her father, and of more definite accomplish-* monte. Several grandchildren will preserve tha blood of tbo Chief Justice; his memory amongst! jurists will bo oqual to that of any man.on tho Supreme Bench. Courage, roconsideration, com-* pass, original views, clearness, and grace of an* thorship, and labor in tho law; in ml its doparU monts, as critic, compiler, law-giver, ana ptmndor: those will enrol him high m his pro* xoasion,* so that no antiquary* need bo'called to discover him. As Theodore Parker said,. twenty years ago: "In tho greatest question of the ag oj tho question of Human Bights, as champions oil mankind •’there will appear Adams, Giddings;* Chase, Palfrey, Mann. Halo, Soward, Bantoulj and Sumner-” To this it may bo added that,' ..when, tho question of Human Bights was Mr. Chaso was one of - tho first and few who be lieved that rehabilitation and magnanimity w.era bettor than the more stiffening up of parties ou old issues and antagonisms,—better than tha cowardly riot of plunder which wo have permit ted in tho South, and are in tho roflox billows ol in tho Northern Stalest Gath; Of all tho many trades in Now York tho ba nana'trado is perhaps tho moat curious. It in in the bauds of a single house, to whoso energy and enterprise is duo tbo present largo importa tion of tho.fruit. Ton or twelve years ago noli ono-flftioth part now concumod inthooity was seat hither, aud the dost of bananas - was thea 'quite out of the roach of tbo poorer classes. The! ' firm which imports them ia composed of throa ' brothers, one or whom superintends their latiq at Aspinwall, whence the stock is shipped. Two of the. brothers conduct tho business in Novn York. They receive consignments from Aspln* wall by every steamer. Tho fruit Is, put on/ board without being pocked, and, being'in wannj temperature, ripens considerably during tha passage. ’ For this reason tho stocks ara plucked while the fruit is yet green. Thus in n) partially ripe condition tho fruit arrives in tho city. It is thou taken and hung in a room arti-! floially heated. A temperature of 75 degrees brings it to maturity in a very short time. The< bananas are sorted, and Uiobo nearly ripe aro. of! course, placed in a cooler atmosphere.. By tuLn moans tbo fruit can ho ripened for auyday’a mar-’ kot. To-mbnow’s fruit is now fast becoming a bright yellow, and to-morrow morning, whoa ift is exposed for sale, it will be in perfect condi tion. Tho banana, before it finds its way to tho. retail purchaser, has boon subjected to eight dif ferent temperatures. It is of two varieties, bub tho fruit differs slightly. That whioh la most sought after, however, Is called rousa paradlfii noa,' aud tho fruit of it is a littlo shorter, stnughtor, rounder, and of a more luscious flavor. than tho oth^r. mercury in tho Human System* Prof. Hyatt delivered a lecture on mercury !a 'Vicuna recently, when ho exhibited the leg bcmo of a man whoso death had undoubtedly boon has tened by moroury. On striking tho bone heavi ly upon tho table, out fell thonsands of littlo glit tering globules of mercury—bright metallic mor oury—which rolled about upon the blaok surfaco boforo him, collecting hero and thoro into drops. This mercury had boon absorbed during life, un dermined tho man’s system, and proved fatal to him. ‘The mortality among those who work in mines of quicksilver, or in tho works whore it la reduced, is known to bo frightful. In tho 'cele brated mines of Idria, tho mon work alternately one month in tho nihlos and one in tho smoltlng houso. But notwithstanding this, it appears that of tho hnndrods employed thoro, ono-fourth become salivated. —Tho first thing a little girl, 11Y 0 *?,,, 0 whoso mother was shot by her father m Maiden, Mass., last week, did, was to take up the gun which tho murderer had thrown down, and cut a notch in tbo stock, so that sho might Identify U whoa called on to testify. HO&OS AND FAMILY. FORTUNES AND NAME. Thu Danaua Trade.

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