Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 14 Mayıs 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 14 Mayıs 1873 Page 2
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2 THE “MERCANTILE.” Tho Attorney-Qonoral Calls on tho Cir cuit Court to Wind ITp an Unsafe V ' Insurance Coinxiany. . v ilovr to Start a Company on Nothing;' Ono of ihq East Dodges. Not Ono Cent Paid of tho “Fully Paid" Caj lal—-The Hnliro Stock Charged to Di rectors as Loans. Tho people of the State, by J. K. Edeall, At torney General, yesterday commenced suit m chaucery agalueb tbo Mercantile Insurance Com pany. The' bill declares that the Company woo organized under tho laws of this State in 1805 for tbo purpose of carrying on tho business of tiro inenrauoo in this and other States, tbo prin cipal office being located in the City of Chicago. That duiring tho fall of 1659, by a vote of tho Directors, it was resolved to discontinue Issuing insurance policies, and that, after paying all accrued losses and debts, the slock should bo canceled by 11. M. Richmond, and all tho rights nnd immunities of said stockholders bo convoyed to said Richmond, his associates and successors, with power to reorganize at any time thereafter. That tbo business was discontinued in accord ance with tho above arrangement, until tbo Bth of July, 1870, when said Richmond and tho sub scribers to now stock in said Company, un dertook to revive and reorganize said Company, and on the 7lh of July, 1871, by veto of tho Board of Directors, undertook to increase tbo capital stock to $200,000. That by Sco. 20 of an act of tho General Assembly of this State, entitled “An act to incorporate and govern ilro, marine, and inland navigation insurance com panies doing business in tho State of Illinois, *’ Approved March 11, 1860, it is provided that it shall bo tho duty of tho Auditor of Publia Acoouuta of tho State, whenever ho shall doom it expedient so to do, in person, or by ono or xnoro persons to bo appointed by him for that purpose, to examine into tho affairs of miyinsur finco company incorporated in tho State, and when it shall appear to said Auditor from such examination that tho assets of any such com pany aro insuQioiont to Justify tho continuance • in business of said company, ho shall communi cate tho fact to tho Attorney-General, whoso duty 1 it shall bo to apply to tho Circuit Court of tho county in which tho ofllco of tho Company is situate, for an order requiring it to show c&nso why tho business of such Company should not bo closed, and that such Court should, there upon, proceed to hoar allogatibus and proofs, and if it appeared to tho Court that tho chargo is well founded, and that tho interests of tho pub lic demand tho dissolution of said Oompauy tho Court shall so decree. That on tho 29th of January last tho said Auditor, availing himself of tho services of George W. Smith, Josiah JI. Kellogg, and Edward w. Bussell, obtained from thorn a report of tho affairs of said Company, from which, and his own knowledge, ho con eiders that the onsets aro insufllciout to Justify tho continuance in business of said Company : whereupon this action was brought. That tho report of tho said Company, mado fmrsuaut to statute, on tho 81st of Dccombor ant, showed that tho amount of risks written and polices then outstanding and in full of tho said Company was $57,105; which amount has not since diminished, tho assets of tho said Com pany, exclusive of capital slock subscribed but not paid up, not exceeding SIO,OOO, which amount tho complainaut has roasou to boliovo has not since boon increased; tho capital stock aubscribod at tho same lime amounting to SIOO,- 000, no part of which has been paid up In cash, or if any, but a very small portion thereof; that tho stock issued by said Company, as full paid stock, has boon issued for other than cash consideration; that tho said Company has nocash on band, but on tho contrary is indebted for ofllco-rent, furniture, fixtures, and stationery, for a sura exceeding SI,OOO ; yet the Company claims that tho stock issued is full-paid stook; that tho Company claims to have loaned on bonds and mortgages $100,000; and from tho report of said Company it appears that tho whole amount so loaned wan loaned to tho Dirootorw. who aro tho stock subscribers, being an amount equal to such stock. Tho mortgages referred to in tho report, here after given, aro stated to bo largely in excess of tbo values, most of tho laud being swamp, tim ber, or qunsi-miuoral lands, unimproved, tho title being largely derived from tax-sales, and in sotno cases tho ownership being in litigation, and none of them being of a character that a company whoso resources may bo called upon at any moment should have invested in. Eor those reasons, tho Attorney-General considers this a case for 1 tho interference of tho Court, that tho Company j should bo restrained doing business, that a lie- ' coivor bo appointed, and tho corporation dis- * solved. * Tho following is tbo annual statement of ao founts on the 3lut Dccombcrlaat: Amount of full-paid capital stock now out- Btandlug (par value of shares $100) Is $100,000.00 Amount of unpaid subscribed capital au thorized, but not taken Loans on bonds and mortgages (duly re corded , and being flrst liens on tbe feo simple) upon which ono year’s interest is duo, per Schedule “ 11 ” $100,000.00 Interest accrued but not duo 3.000.00 Hue for unpaid premiums, etc 450 01 Furniture, Uttinysj hlatlouory, etc I,40o!o0 {Charter and franchise valued at $3,000). , Total $103,8C3.00 LLiDIUTIKS. Amount advanced liy President Olaoy to pay rout ami furniture % 253.00 Amount estimated to safely reinsure aU tlio outstanding risks of tlio Company, call* mated at an. average of 40 per cent of uu explred prcmluma. Amount of claims against the Company for stationery.... ; 417.00 For fixtures in otflee 650.00 Total, INCOME. Gross Amount of cash virtually rocci vcd dur ing tho year for premiums .* .$ 680,18 Premiums in risks written during tho year not actually paid In cash during the year, including nil premiums paid by notes or bills upon which cash, which ban nut boai received during tho year (carried inside}. EXPI-HDlTtmiM. Paid to agents, oto., commJßßlonn ou'prem* iums, salaries, fees, aud chargoa of o!U --corsaud Director.! Bent of otDco, slis; postage, $5,28: fur uttaro, ctc,,ftUS i bum JTIro risks outstanding, GAS-LIGHT, TWILIGHT, AND MOONLIGHT. Something of Imporliuico to Tax-Payers, To Editor of The Chicago' Tribune :. Snt: 1 was asked, in December Inst, by tbo city authorities, to proparo a tablo of times for lighting and extinguishing tlio street lamps in Chicago. As tbo ofllcial publication, mado some months ago, -was a tablo which I had not in tended to be printed, but simply handed in as a memorandum of Information on tho sub ject, and as thoro seems to bo no disposition to consider' the really ehort and economical tables which I did hitoud to bo published, and handed in for that purpose, I horohy sub mit them to Tub Tiiidune with a fow explana tory notes, for the information of the public, who have to pay tho gas bills. I‘UULIO LAMPS. Timo-tablo for commencing to light and ex tinguish, in the City of Chicago, in uuy year: a lldi.k—Take the dato in this table that i« near est to thoThursday of oach week; aud oommouco to light aud extinguish on each day of that wook At tho Union givou au opposite tho dato, except fho days near the full moon: 2att. Light. L'aHnguish. Data, Light. Extiuguiih. J8U.1.....4.4S 6.00 July 14. ...H.OO 3.4-5 C.OO Aug. 4....7.40 , 3.00 •TeD.8.....5.J0 6.30 Aug. 23...7.15 3.30 Teh.30....6.45 8,16 Bopt. 1....7.00 3.45 *0b,88....0.00 6.00 Bepl, V....0.45 3.15 8S? la'*’?™ }‘J5• Hejit.ie...«.ao ’ 4.00 ®I«T, io,. .O.JO 4.30 Bant. 24 *1 IS aia W. a*...mo i.is oof, ; Apr. 1 0.45 4,00 Oct, y.r 45 *pr.f1.....7.00 8.45 Oct! 1H iS.Jo J'4s jApf. 17....7.15 , 3.30 Oct. 27 B I<s rnn - Nov. 10...4.45 6 U0 pec. 4 4.00 6<5 I>«C, J1i..„4.30 o]ou truoteq ouly with rofor luUtful pa tUe auppoßi* jAiyi 7.30 3.00 ■*Uy17....7.45 UAC, .Jufle 1....8.00 3.30 Dime ii...8.1fi 3.30 f Thp aboyo table, ooosi to tibis sun. |s cal lion that ooch boat occupies ono hour. It elves tho following: _ B ' ° Wrtt 'Uverag* • Mwffit-LlfiUfcd ***** T P \ - iani * S }His M|dwlnleiwVtUnguiabVd ' “ ' m lh^ 0 } n bcfofe auntlßfi .....martin' 6fim * artm Knulnoxes, do. Hi 40m 31a 10m 4rtS Mlileummor, do lli Blm in 21m oim Thus making ollowanoo for difforonco in length of twilight, ns wall as length of day. Tho limes between theso opooha aro properly gradu- The use of tho above table would effect a saving of nearly or nulto $35,000 per year, out of the coat of gasllgbting by tho tnblo ÜBod for fourtoou years past, la this the reason why certain Aldermen think “It Is not worth while to make any change ?” i • i Tho above table, is constructed only with ref erence to the times of uunriue and nuneot. For the moon, I furnished tho following exceptions as a '■ .1 TADLR of nights near the full moon ; on whloh the put lio lumps of tho city of Chicago need .not bo lighted,.from April, 1873, to April, 1871: Date, frill moon, A’o lighting, April 12,4 p. ro. April 8, 9,10,11,12,18. May 12. C# a. in. May 8,1), 10, 11,12,13. Juno 10, 4p. m. Juuo 7, 8, i), 10, 11. . July 10, ,0# a, ra, July 6, 0,10,11. Aug. 8. 8 a. m. Aug. i, 8, 0,10. Bopt. 0, 3# p. m. Hcpl.'O, 7,8, Dot. B, 11# p. m, Oci. 4, 5, fl, 7. Nov. 4, 10 a. m. Nov. 2, 3, 4, 5, 0. Doo. B,lo# p. m, Dee. 2, 3, 4, S. Jau. 2,1# p. m. Dae. 30, 31; Jan. 1, 2, 8. Fob. 1, 6# a. m. Jnu. 20,30, 81: Feb. 1, 2. March 2,11# p. m. 3'ub. 20,27, 08: Mar, 1,2,3. April 1, 6# p. in. Mar, 28,29, 30,31 1 Apr. 1, 2. May I,lo# a. m. Apr. 27,28,29,30; May 1,2. Opinions vary ns to tho valuo of moon-light in a city.' My own opinion is that in tho business portions, whore tho buildings are bigb, tho moonlight is of so little account that U ought to bo disregarded. But lu the much larger area outside that business portion, gas could bo very well dispensed with on moonlit nights; which would ue a still further saving to the tax payers. E. Coldebt. LAIRD COLLIER’S CHURCH* JOnrlng* of tlto Cornor-Stono oftho New | Church of tho Hlcsuialtt-Kutorostlng AddrossoM* Tbo corner-stone of tho Olmroh'of tho Messiah (Unitarian), now being erected at tho southeast corner of Michigan avenue and Twenty-third street, was laid yesterday afternoon. Tho cere monies incident thereto were exceedingly Inter esting, and wore witnessed by about a hundred members of tho congregation and others. When the largo stouo which is to occupy suoh on important position in tho building was placed upon its foundation by tho workmen, tbo Rev. Robert Laird Collier announced tbo 2371h hymn, 1 which was sung by tho OBaemblcd people. Prayer was then offered by. tbo same clergyman, follow ed by the reading of tho third chapter of First Corinthians, by tho Rev. Mr. Wondto. Mr.-D. L. Shoroy, a prominent , member of the Church of tho Messiah, thou approached Mr. Collier, and presented him with a handsome sil ver trowel, In tho name of Messrs. Cochrane & Miller, tho architects of tho building, Mr. Sho wy said that when tbo - society entered into a contract with Ihoso gentlemen It made them tho superintendents of tho structure. Tho work so far had progressed to the entire satisfaction of every one. Having performed their duties, tho architects did not believe thot Mr, Collier could' perform his in tho laying of tho corner-stone without tho proper instrument, and therefore they presented tho trowel. They hoped ho .would accept it, and retain it when tho work would bo over. Mr. Collier tendered his thanks for tho gift in brief and suitable terms. Tho trowel is inscribed os follows: “Pre sented to Robert Laird Collier on tho occasion of laying tho corner-stone of tho now Church of tho Messiah, Chicago, May 13, 1873. by Cochrane & Miller, Architects.” Mr. Collier placed tho handle of tho‘ trowel .upon the corner-stone, and said: “Ipronounce this stone well laid in tho name of tho Father, of the Sou, and of tho Holy Spirit." The, Rev, Mr. Wondlo then stepped upon tho stono, and said ho hoped that all who wore then present would tako part in the dedicatory ser vice next October, lie bad boon much impress ed by tho ceremony of laying tho stone,. Every thing seemed to no in harmony with it, —tho blue sky, tho bright sun, tho green earth, and tbo ltU])iOmoi)U< of tbo mrtluuu ncutturod luoutiU. Tbo first thought of those before him should bo oho of thankfulness that another church was to be added to the temples of God in Chicago. Their second thought should bo one of congratu lation that tho members of tlto Church of tho Messiah, who had boon wandering about for so many weary months, would soon find a spiritual homo. Ho trusted that tbo ceremony would not bo looked upon lightly. ,but would bo remember ed as an emblem of the solid foundation upon which their faith rested. Tho Rev, Robert Coilyor followed from tbo samo platform. Ho had read somewhere that the next tiling to dotage was nnccdotugo, and believed that ho was drawing toward that portion of his personal history, is ho never could do anything without going backward and tolling old stories. But iu tho face of tho ceremony which ho had witnessed ho could not forgot tho old homo that tho First Unitarian Society, of Chi cago occupied on Washington street many Years. It was a dismal place, but many true hearts gathered beneath its roof and worked faithfully for tho belief that was in them. The result could bo clearly soon. Tho laying of tbo corner-stone of tho Church of the Messiah marked a now stride in tho history of Uuitarian ism and of tho City of Chicago. lie felt glad and proud of tho fourth foundation-stone, for it showed tho vitality and grit of those who had charge of tbo material evi dences of ibo faith. After the fire many societies of ‘other denominations had combined together in one church building, and practically abandoned their distinct organiza tions. The Unitarians did not do that, and ho had always felt sure that if they stood up man fully by themselves tho four Unitarian churches would como out bettor for it in tho end. Those who had passed away since tho last corner-stone was laid should bo remembered, for ho believed that their spirits wore with them in the joy of tboproseut ceremony. Ho had faith iu, tho Church of tbo Messiah, and in tho glory of its future, if it would continue to look steadfastly to Goa. Tho Rev. Robert Laird Collier announced that tho leaden box deposited beneath the cornor stono contained a lull history of tho First Uni tarian Society, a list of tho officers of tbo Booi-< ety,.acopyof tho piayorbook used by tho con gregation of tho Church of tbo Messiah, tho second Tolnrao of “Sunday Sermons," by Robert Laird Collier, a volume of “Day Unto Day,” copies of Ibo Chicago daily papers, pieces of ourronoy and coin, a copy of tbo Christian Register, and a copy of tbo Liberal Christian. JIo uald it was just tonyoars ago since tbo corner stone of the Church of tboMosalub, on tho cor ner of Wabash avenue and Hubbard court, bad boon laid. That church had boon dedicated on tho 10th of April, 1880, and tho Society had wor shiped in it until the fire. Since then it had boon worshiping in balls, and would cou- Imuo to do so until tbo now church was dedicated. Ho. could not toll tbo joy i nof 016 .*! lOW lookQd upon We up buildlng of tbo walls and tho prospect before the Church, In common with tho other Unita rian churches of tho city, it had a groat mission to perform in liberalizing tho sentiments and doctrines of other denominations. Much had boon done in this respect already,—so much, indeed, as to fill him with tho hope that tho day will come when it will make no difference what tho denominational name of a preacher who occupies a pulpit may bo. Tho ceremonies wore closed by tho singing of tho Doxology, ■ ■ ® 200,000.00 010.37 .$ 1,502.37 453.01 880.00 405.23 .$ 57,105.00 DARWINISM AND AMERICAN POLITICS. To the Editor of The CMcaao Tribune*} 8m ; I liftvo never taken much stock in Mr. Darwin's theory as to tho origin of man. Re cently, however, in contemplating our “ loading statesmen" of the present day, I cannot but con clude that Mr. Darwin’s theory is correct. If It la correct, I see no reason why it should not have a back action (something similar to tho action of Congressmen and other gentlemen with & virtu ous front), and, as man originated from tho monkey, tho monkey may in turn originate from man. i As an illustration of (ho probability of this change, I need but look at tho history of our Re public, At the foundation of our Government, there were men at tho head of affairs i men wore elected for President, Senators, Representatives, oto. It is true they received pay: but the pay was not so great but that honor Lad something to do with tholr reward. Public interest was first with them,—self-interest last. But how changed since thon I Wo are now paying $60,000 per annum salary, and as muob more for incl dental*, for a President who icottda twthitds THE CHICAGO JbAILY TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY, MAY 14, IfM » ftor ploßßur ° f P Qo P*°' a “^ mo i n chaojug it Presidents of. former times, Vnd B ?' at y and incidentals, with tilo; ofto-rtay, and his nay, for salary and incidentals j and, comparing thotn elosoly, what ii»i^ni l .i U *il? o^ 0 ' vo , w °uld haVo In tho Proaldoni “io enlnry woro increased to sloo> 000 per annum, and Incidonlalß in proportion ? Compare the Senators and Representatives of ™!a m T> ’H® 8 * ,o * p P®y»with tho Senators and Roproaonlotlvoa of. tbo last Congress, and do yon Buppoao would consti tute tho majority of our National OongfoßS if tho salary wero incroaacd to SIO,OOO per annum ? n m^ tho deterioration of tho men at tho head aL, « Government, and tho- general, decline [of American character, within tho paefc ton yaafs, wo may expect in a ■ fowr generations to arrive whore Mr, Darwin alerts us from; N. H. H; Chicago,' May 12, 1873, ' . , A MYSTERIOUS AFFAIR. / A r.niljf Locked Up at Police Ilcnd. qunrlor. Under Singular Clrciiin aiuucoa—lScr Connection with the Theft of BSOO from a l>rover»»Tlao i hadfi tho Drover, n Hanker, an Out*, raffed Landlady, and ;n l*alr of JPau* taloons Inextricably Mixed Up. A Mrs. Edwards has boon arrested and looked up at police headquarters under mysterious clr cumataucos, charged with tbo robbery of SBOO from tho person of a drover, tho surrounding incidents scorning to render it impossible that sho could bo tho thief, unless aided by accom plices. Tho whole affair is so singular, and so peculiar to city life, that it la not a little strange that tho facts shouldhayooscapedthoattontionof tbo watchful reporters, for tho greater part of a week, tho occurrences hero related having transpired about tho middle of last week. Tho arrested lady is described ns a widow with ’ ono child. Sho Is good-looking, still young, aud has tho appearance of a well-bred, rospootablo person of easy menus. Sho is well connected, and amongst hor friends and visitors are‘some of our most prominent citizens. Sho was tem porarily hoardiug on West Lake street. Tho day before her arrest Mrs. Edworda wont out walking on West Lako. street. After pro ceeding a short distance, Mr. , a well-known banker, is alleged to have mot hor. Tho two wore well acquainted. ( Wilh tho. banker was a certain drover, who had in his pocket tho sum of SBOO mid upwards, tho balance, after remit tances made, expenses, Ac., of his last venture In cattlo. Tho drovor must, by somo moans or other, havo become smitten with tho young widow, or tho young widow with tho drovor, for subsequent ovonta aro so inexplicable, without some such reason existing, that one is driven to that conclusion in tbo absence of other explana tion. Tho banker, introduced tho couplo, and tho trio engaged in a conversation, during wliioh tho banker found ho must bo going, and tho drovor discovered that his way lav In tuo same direc tion as that of his interesting companion. She, nothing loth to havo his company, consented to bo escorted, and away they went for a stroll. Thoy found tho walk so agroablo that they pro longed it for an unconscionably long period; and finally, tirod and thirsty, tho gentleman pro posed to tho lady to tako somo refreshment, ilomombor, it is tbo talo of tho lady that wo aro tolling, supplemented by ouch , facts aa aro known outside; and, if any inaccuracies appear, thoy must bo attributed to tbo source from which thoy aro derived. >u It was agreed, In pursuance of this proposi tion, that they should enter a ueiguborlug ’restaurant, rest awbilo, ami partako of some thing to cat and drink; and tho contract was carried out-to tho letter. Thoy evidently had a pleasant ropaat, iu which wluo largely figured, for the immediate future is au untold pago, tho next thing that clearly appears being tho gentle man drowsily waking iu a bed iu a strange house tho following morning, and tho lady at tho door hammering away for somo ono to open it, tho ■key having boon taken out during tbo night, and tho door looked on tho outside. Whilst tho lady was alarming tho houao, tho gentleman hurriedly pulled on his stooldngs, with an insane idea that tbo right tiling to do was to jump out of tho window, which was wide open. A doubt having occurred to him, however, that tho apparition of a man in his stockings, ilying out of tho window of a respectable widow lady’s bed-chamber at 0 iu tho morning, might bo tbo cause ■ of somo ccandol and wonderment, ho looked round for his unmen tionables, thinking that an ■ exit in brooch ea ttuulu k» niura utin.m* /I ututu comfortable, although loss hasty. Tho unmen tionables weren’t there. But tho landlady was. Tho malo citizen's punts wore found outside tho door. Thoro was no money iu thorn. Tbo own er swears that thoro was $6-10 In thorn whou ho wont to bed tho night before. But as tho wiudow was open iu tho morning and tho garments outsido; as nobody can tcU bow or when tboycamo in, Including themselves; as the wholo thing is an irregular proceeding, in which tho malo offender’s part was not loss ob jectionable and loss susceptible of explanation than that of tbo female; and as tbo highly re spectable banker has boon ablo to koop his con nection with tho lady quiot so for, oven to tho suppression of tho fact of her being in custody, tho latter may havo enough of tho tamo kind of influence that has so far prevailed to keep it out of tho papers altogether. Abovo all things iu tho world, certain officers have nobly pledged themselves that not n word of tho transaction shall ovor appear iu tho columns of the papers, tho valuo of which determination is hero Ulus tratod. Mrs. Edwards will probably never appear in the Criminal Court. She sent for Mr. Trade, and engaged liim to defend her. As soon as tuo business of tho day was apparently over, and tbo reporters and loungers departed, sbo was slipped down to I3au yon’s court, and tuo eloquence of tho police iaw 'yer, combined with tbe fact that tbo prosecutor failed to appeal', and that there was no other evi dence, secured her discharge. Trade had pro cured a warrant ’ for tho drover’s arrest, on a charge of adultery,’ bo being a a married man ; and bo bad also taken caro to moko laiowu to tbo gentleman connected with a bank- that his wife should bo acquainted with a certain little establishment at tho Stock-Yards if bo should prove at all refractory; and under such circumstances there is no reason to wonder that tho thing was kept so quiet. RAILROAD-FREIGHTING. Ur.oouiNQTON, 111., May 0,1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sms AVliy may not railroad-freighting bo con ducted on ns simple a basis as tho carrying of passengers by rail ? In tho passenger tralllo, tho trains are usually divided into faot and alow, or way and through trains, which aro thus modo to accommodate perfectly all stations and all classes of travelers. Simplo as is tho arrange ment, five different interests are subserved and accommodated s I, travelers ; 2, railroads; 8, United States malls ; 4, express; 5, sleeping and palaco-car people. , Why may not tho freight-business of our roads bo managed on tbo same simple basis, and with equal profit to all parties ? As for this matter of discriminations of freight, why should it bo any moro difficult to manage than with the way and through passenger travel? With the railroads themselves, as well ns the traveling fuibllo, there seems comparatively little trouble u adjusting passenger-rates to both local and common points, why aro those outside “ fast freight linos ” any more needful to movo tho freight properly, than “fast passenger linos ” to movo the passengers ? P. K. Pikbnix. SANITARY MATTERS. Tho Board of IloaUh mot as usual, yesterday afternoon, but trsuaoctod no business of any general mtorost. Tho Banitary Suporlntondont reported that thoro wore 161 deaths last week, 102 males and 62 females. Thoro wore IB deaths of pneumonia, 10 by convulsions, 15 by consump tion, and Oby small-pox. Thoroworoninemoro deaths than In tho preceding weak, but olovon loss thau for ttio same wook last year. Tho highest dcakh-rato was In tho Seventh Ward, aud tho lowest in tho Fifth. Tho moan dally' tomporaturo was 0 degrees higher than for tho procoding wook, but 8 degrees lowor than for tho samo week last year. Oases of small-pox and varioloid, are reported at forty different places. Thoro is a decrease as compared with tho preced ing weok. Five of tbo persona who died of small-pox aro colored. Many of the oases have boon of a malignant typo. —Leaving open water faucotu In the upper atoriob of Frank Slmw’ii building, State etroot. oud another on Liberty street, Bouton, canned a lose of $25,000 worth of goods in the rooms below, during Wodnoaday night, last week. The water rose, an tho couaumplion ceased, and flowed for several hour*, vrUh serious damage to the *oodj3 below. AMERICAN,BIBLE SOCIETY. ' «» u 'fot tho Xoa^r.udlng- »*| |.* . rho yoot^ust'closed bas boon marked' by no very apodftrfoaturoßi While, In commdfi with all parts of the country, wo have experienced financial ombarrnßamont, » partial embargo on travel, extreme cold weather,'and alioh IIUo •hindrances,-Jt haa-hasa'on thq a yb&r of progress. 'ThoronfitUnobshavo fallen oil Bomo wbafc from tho previous year, It la thls* is mainly Inftbo Ilea of legacies; less than $1,500 of the deficit is dn ordinary account. i Wbon wo take into consideration tbo unwonted atrlngonoy In the money market, and tbo oilier causes named, In connection with the effects ! of •the “ Groat Fire/’ which arc ydt sorely felt by many, wo have reason for gratitude to God for tho success that has crowned tbo year, and hope for bettor results in tbo future. Tho work has boon prosecuted during the year In tbo usual manner, aud with about the Usual results. Nearly every auxiliary on tbo field has been visited, either personally or by County Agents, and branch and auxiliary moot ings hold, tho work . sot In order, and the results gathered up’ and reported as far as practicable. Only a few exceptions should bo mado to this rule of annual visitation. In & few cases auxiliaries bavo tried to save tho expense of tbo Agency, but with such evident loss in al-‘ most every rospoot that they seldom repeat tbo experiment more than once or twice, but return’ to tbo old system as tbo more excellent way. It is almost Impossible to carry on anything like systematic operations without tho aid of an efficient Agent. Not one auxiliary, of any con siderable oxtout, has succeeded in doing this,' and it is quite problematical whether any one will. Tbo labors of our earnest and faithful co-workers in tbo Auxiliary Agency bavo boon abundant and untiring during tbo year past: prosecuted oftentimes amid diflloultios and deprivations that called forth all tbo horde virtues, and taxed body and mind not a little. This agency is one that is not fully appreciated, but is so obviously essential to tbo success of tbo Bible cause, and is such a medium of com munication -between the various co-operating churches, and so peculiarly bomo-mlaaionory in its character, that it is assuming moro Impor tance. and is moro highly esteemed than former ly. Tho sphere of our Local-Agonoy ■ system is also enlarging somewhat, add, porhapaj more maiy bo mado of ’this already very important de portment of Christian work, by combining Bible*- reader with Blble-distributor. But few of our auxiliaries have boon en gaged in tho work of thorough-exploration dur ing tho year past. Tho financial condition was such that it was not thought boat to db much in this direction for tho present, as tho work had boon already done in a larger part ;of tho field. Tliree of tho auxiliaries have been canvassing their territory. Bureau County, has completed a pretty thorough work, and comes out in a bet tor condition financially,—showing that it pays to do thorough work. .Knox Comity is now en gaged iu a very careful exploration of its field. Though this was douo thoroughly ft-few,years ago, two Agent found in ono township 25 fami lies without a Bible or Testament, and supplied most of them. Ho says: “ I have boon toovory family iu the. throe townships visited. No mat ter how hard to roach, wo have passed none. It is, indeed, a missionary tour.” Thin Society has lost by fire nearly their entire Depository during tho year—some S6OO worth of books. Bfcill they propose to go forward. Tho Chicago Bible Society has nearly recov ered from the effects of tho “Groat Piro,” aud has resumed its beneficent work with 'its woutod zeal. A -largo amount of colporteur and missionary labor has boon per formed during tbo past year, aud very much still remains to bo douo. Tho “ Burnt Dis-‘ trict,” which Is being rapidly rebuilt, has en gaged tho efforts of tbo Society of lato. Moro than 14,000 families have boon visited within tho bounds of the Society during tho year. Over 8,000 wore found destitute, and moro than 1,200 of .those woro supplied, besides nearly 600 individuals, Several hundreds of those supplied woro Catholics; and those; iu most instances, paid iu part at least for tho books furnished them, Some $1,700 worth of books has been donated to various ob jects by tbo Society daring tho year, viz; to Mission Sunday-schools, to Y. M. O. A., to prisons and asylums, and to tho destitute; by pastors and ly even with the Parent Society at. tho close of the year, and bavo a fair supply of books on hand. In view of tho success that has attended their efforts for tho year just closed, they pro- Eroposo to prosecute the.work of re-supply, and avo decided to make the supply of their rail roads, hotels, and boatmen .special ob jects for tbo ensuing year. Those enterprises will call for a largo outlay of moans: and it is confidently expected that, with tho blessing of God and the earnest efforts of the friends or tho cause, tho year to come may bo one of signalsuo coss. Several other auxiliaries aro taking hold of tho railroad Biblo work with much zeal. Tho Aurora Bible Society has voted to supply the cars of one of tbo main linos of the railroad, and tho branches centering there. Whiteside and Bureau Counties bavo each hold their quarter-centennial anniversaries during the year, aud have voted to supply tho rail road-depots of their respective counties with Bibles, placed in suitable racks. Tho books for Whiteside County bavo already arrived, labeled for use, aud will soon bo placed in tho depots of tho county. This new feature of our wort is at tracting much interest, and many auxiliaries are waiting to carry out tho plan iu their respective fields. We hope to be ablo to report tho work accomplished on most of tho railroads on tbo field by the close of tho year, and shall look for largo results from this enterprise. The work of tho year may bo briefly summed upas follows? ramifies visited, 72,507 ; desti tute. 4,200 ; supplied, 8,110; individuals sup plied iuadditiou, 1,038; Sunday-schoolssuppliod, 178. , By State By County . ... • , „ „ . . Agent. Agent, Auxiliary and Branch Saddles visited 134 038 Miles traveled 8 013 39,650 Bormous oml addresses delivered.. 07 • i »»pj Loiters written 2 120 3 079 Jrculor's and documents Boat out,* 7’c76 fyih Thovulue of book© circulated, 621,418,11; Bold. 610,438.60 ; donated, 60,079.45; The amonni remitted by Agout ou book account* 65,415.00 : cm donaUon account, $5,098.11 ; total, $11,413,71., Itomittauoos from tho entire field for tho yoar, ou book account, $10,065.48: ou donation ac count, $11,280.76: from legacies, ' $2,462.44 : total, $32,807.68. The aggregate of Agent’s and colporteur’s labors for the yoar is about ton and ono»half years. These are some of tbo statistics of tho Work for tho yoar in Northern Illinois. Though tho result is not what wo hod hoped for, yet, m view of all theso circumstances, there is no occasion for discouragement. Tho prospect for tho fu ture is hopeful; and wo oxpoot, by tbo Dlvino blessing, to accomplish more for the year to come. For greater results lot us labor, and way. and give. Tho receipts of tho American Bible Society for tho yoar ending March 81 are $609,607.05—ab0ut $20,000 loss than tho previous your. This is a wore favorable showing than wo expected two or throe months ogo. The receipts from Illinois ore nearly $46,000, making it tho third Slate in amount of remittances to tho Parent Society. * 13. O. Smith, , District Superintendent of American UlUu Society for Northern IlMuola. UoruusoH, May, 1673. ' llailrocuts In Poru-Some Uig JFnres* jSVio York Sun Inttrvinc. Reporter—ls Ihoro any coal in Bolivia or Peru? Mr. Evans—There la no coal in Bolivia, nor In Peru that I know about. They have dis covered petroleum in Peru, and there is good coal in Chili. Reporter—Are they not paying S3O a ton for Chilian coal in Pom? Mr. Evans—Yos, 1 suppose they have paid as much as that. Reporter—How can they run tho railroads profitably and pay (hat much for ooal ? Mr. Evans—How can they run tho Panama road and make it pay when everything they have rots out in a year ? Why, by obarglug high rates. They charge $27 in gold for currying a passenger 47 miles, and in Chifi $lO for 50 miles. F Reporter —Don’t you think that each a high tariff will keep tho people from using tho rail ways? Mr. Evans—Tho people there aro acouatomod to pay well for accommodations. I have given 83 there for watering my horse. I dined ouoo iu Peru with some gentlemen who owned mines. I said, “I don’t sue how you can afford to work your mines at ao muon expense.” “Expense," they replied, “ don’t matter much whoa you find tilings lino that lying around," and they showed mo novoral lumps of silver. "With regard to the value of tho guano yet re maining, Mr. Evans declined to give any opinion Ho/jßOJQfuaoa to say anything as to the way In which tho Peruvian Qovermneut is corded on. Of tho prospoolß of,Poru, ho- Bald, •• T6o much-' proeporily will baft a people an muchaa; adver- Blty. QoM and' pllvor will ruln.poonlo 'nulokok lhall anslhlng in tho;world. My 'belief ft' that u,f "? 1^' vo,llh , 111 Peru. Whoa i woo hdlldlng'tl o Tatfna road, an ludlan pood lo odmb dona frnmitbo.nioiinlalna.onr4 a ’.ynar.wlth'a S of gold north $5,000. ' Ho'would 8011.1t,' coda for bln village and depart. Attempts icovor whore ho obtained tho gold wore vain. In another instance, an Indian lady was found wrapped in a uhanl of beaten gold. Thoro are mluea of silver and gold In Peru only wait ing for Yankee Ingenuity aud Yankee pluolt to work * CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE. Some JlomlikUconcoa of Him* A CHAPTER OF WAR UWTOUV—MR, CH4BE*B ORATI TOD* TO MR. HOOPER—THE NATIONALIIANKINQ LAW AMD ITS FINAL TRIUMPU. To the Editor of the New York Tribune: Bin: Wbon I'Wofl preparing a sketch of the Hon. Samuel Hooper for my “ History of Con gress/' tho Chlof Justice was kind enough to write R/oug letter detailing the connection of the distinguished Boston Uoproaentatlvo with the early financial operations of. tho Govorn mout. In that letter tho groat ox-Soorotary of tho treasury gives Incidentally some auloblo-' graphic,details of hla labors and struggles which are perhaps nowhere else to bo found. Tho fol lowing extracts from tho letter will bo read with interest: I do not now recollect when our personal acnaalnl f,nc^.P 01 2 , ? cn p 1 eJ j rt „ b 1 u{ was, 1 think, not long before the Cthof April. 1801, 1 then advertised for proposals for a loan of $14,001,000 lu money (coin) In exchange for Treasury notes. Tho proposals were to bo opened five doya afterwards, on tho llth. This was a time of great anxiety, and depression Before tho day for opening of tho proposals arrived, the expeditious for !p oo.T°tnf?rc,,om,eut 0 o .T°t nf ? rc ,, om , eut , of I>Jcltonß Mid the provisloumont• n j retd J r “ailed; and on that day the cor respondence between Beauregard, commanding tho • rebels, and Anderson, commanding the fort, was going on, la reference to the surrender of Sumter. Tho next day tho rebel batteries opened fire. No time could bo more unpropitlous to tho negetU. nation of a loan. Yet the advertisement could not bo withdrawn without serious Itijdry to tho public credit* and a falluro to obtain the amount advertised for would have had, perhaps, at that particular Juncture, a ■till worse effect. . * Mr. Hooper happened to ho In Washington, and was a suoscribor for SIOO,OOO. On opening the proposals I 1 ouud that tho offers fell short of tho amount ronulrcd . Jy about a million dollars. 1 sent for Mr..Hooper, then personally almost a stranger to mo, end asked him to tako that sum In addition to whot ho had be fore subscribed, assuring him that ho should bo pro tected from loss In tho ovont of his being unablo to distribute the amount in Boston. Ho complied with my request without hesitation, aud disposed of tho whole amount without any aid from tho Treasury His readiness to como to tho aid of tho Government af that critical moment aud-tho jxjrsonal confidence ho showed in mo, znado an impression on my mind which cannot bo obliterated. Tho sum docs not now scorn large,-but It was largo thou, snd tho responsibility was assumed when most men would have shrunk from Very fow months had passed, after I look charge of ho Department before I became fully satisfied that tho host interests of. tho people, future as well as Im ..mediale, In peace ts woll as in war, demanded a oom •ploto revolution In currency, by tho substitution of notes uniform in form and In credit value, Issued under tho authority of tho nation, for notes varying In both respects Issued under Btato authority, aud I sug gested to different financial gentlemen tho plan of a national banking system, Tho suggestion was not re ceived with favor, or anything like favor . But my.oonvloUoa of-, tho necessity of some such measure, both to tho successful management of tho finances during the war, and to tho prevention of dla • aatroua convulsions on tho return of peace, was eo strong that I determined to bring the subject to tho attention of Congress. •' In my report on. the finances, submitted on the 9lh « December. IBCI,I therefore recorufuouded flic acloii . won of a national banking system,.upon principles and . under restrictions explained partly la tho report and ■ more ■ fully In tho bill drawn up under my direction, and cither scut to tho Committee of Ways and Means, or handed to one of its members— perhaps to Mr. Hooper himself. However tho bill may have gono to tho Committee, I am not ■mistaken, I tldnk, In saying that Mr. Hooper was tho only mem ber who gave It any support. • lam sure that tho only favor shown It by tho Committee was a permission to Jlr. Hooper to report It without recommendation, on hla own responsibility. ,Ho took that responsibility, •and tho bill was reported and printed. No action wan oskod upon it at that eoaolou. If action had been asked it is not improbable that It would havo been rejected, .with very few dissenting votes—co powerful thou was tho Influence of the Btato banks, go reluctant were they to accept tho now moacure, aud to strong wan tho general sentiment of tho members of Congress against It, - 1 Before thomoxt session a strong public opinion In favor of a uniform currency for tho whole country, and of tho national bunking system, os a means of accoinpiiaiiinif that object, had developed ilßclf, and Mr, Hooper found uitnsclf ablo to cany tho measure through tho House of lleprßMntatlvcs. It still cncouu tcrod a formidable opposition in the bou»to, rm<i i well remember tho personal appeals I waa obliged to make to Senators, as I had already to Koprosentatlvcs, la order to overcome tholr objections. -.PffifflMayiAa BmgHl M '& waa approved by Mr. Lincoln, who had steadily uup porlod it from tho beginning, on tho2slh of February, 1883 Tho results of tho measure during tho war fulfilled, and sluco tho war havo Justified, tho expectations I formed. It received valuable amend ments In both Houses of Congress before its enact ment, and baa since been further amended, aud is. I think, still capable of beneficial modification in points of much Importance to tho public Interests, But Uils Is uottho place nor tho occasion for a dic cuhhlou of this matter; all that you doslre la my esti mate of thosorvloes of Mr. Hooper. I havo mentioned only tho two principal occasions on which I was specially indebted to him; but they were by no means the only occasions in which ho* aided mo, or rather tho department of tho Government of which I then had charge, both by personal counsel and by Oongrcßoloual oupport. - During tho whole tlmo I was ut tho head of tho Treasury I constantly felt tho groat benefit of his wise and energetic co-operation. It would bo unjust, saying this ofMr, Hooper, not to say that tnorowero others. In and out of Congress, to whom, in other financial relations, tho Treasury Department and tho country were very greatly Indebted; but It is simple duty to add that tho timely aid which ho rendered at tho crisis of. the loan of April, 18C1, aud la promoting tho enactment of tho National Banking law, placed moT charged as 1 was with a moot responsible and djfiloult task, under special obligations which I can never for got, and shall always take pleasure lu acknowledging. With great respect, yours very truly, B. V. Chase. While wo. aro profoundly interested in this view of tho financial measures of tho Govern ment from tho groat Secretary's own point of view, wo cannot fail to admire the frankness with which ho given credit to thoso by whbao acts, pbuneol, and sympathy ho was assisted. A future ago will porcoivo more clearly than this what a debt of gratitude wo owo to tho statos- San who championed liberty when tho Govoru ont was on tho sido of slavery, and then with, wonderful ability guided tho State through tho liuancial perils of tho gigantic war which that aamo slavery brought about. • . . William Houatio Baqnes. Washington, D. C„ May a, 1873. TUB CAMPAIGN OP 18C8— SOME NEW BISOLOBDREa. ,JTw tho Editor of tlu Sew X’ork Tribune: ’ Sms At a dinner party in Washington, on tho 2Cth,'of March, 18G0, Mr, James U. Camah, tho eminent lawyer of that city, made a statement to tho offoot that, a fow woous provions, Mr. John Loo, brother of Admiral Loo, told him that ho had soon a loiter from .Qou. Frank Blair to Lis father, in which Qou. Blair stated that ho had boon informed by Washington MoLoau that it was useless to oontinuo tho struggle with Soy tnour oud Blair for candidate?; that ho (Gob. Blair') was salmiled of that fact, and thought that tho substitution of Chief Justice Chase for Gov. Seymour was tho only moans of success, and advised his - father (F, P. Blah'. Sen.) to go to Now York and endeavor to bring that substi tution about. Qou. Blair dcclnrodlusownrcad iuoea to withdraw and allow, another candidate to bo nominated, saying that , tho Chiof Justice was a-frloud of civil liberty, and his election would bo beneficial to tho country. Mr. Blair, Sou., thereupon wont to-Now York, but found there was no power in tho Conuuitloo to make a now nomination. Tho matter waa therefore dropped. ij. lUltimoks, Md., May 8,1B7!). THE YOUTH OP THE CHIEF JUSTICE, Mrs. Stowe, to a pleasant sketch of Mr. Chase, contained in her book entitled "Men or Oar Tunes,” published a few years ago, says that ho received hie name, Salmon Portland, from an uncle; Salmon Cbaso, a distinguished lawyer of Portland, who died suddenly while pleading to Court. She also gives tho following incidents of Mr. Chase’s early yearsi lu regard to OhttHs’a early education, wo have not many traditions. Ills parents woro of tlio bast class of New IlampßUlro farmers—Blblo-readlug, thoughtful Shrewd, closely and wisely economical. It is said that lu that region literary material was sy scarce that tho boy's first writing lessons woro taken on strips birch When Ids fotbor died there was found to bo little properly for (be support of tho family, and only tho email eonarutu estate of hlfl mother was left, film was of Scotch blood—that blood which Uat ouco shrewd E lone, courageous, and energetic, and waa competent > make a Hltlo lervo tho übos of a groat deal But an education; and a college education, Is the coal toward which euch mothers In Now England oct their faces as a flint—and by Infinite savings and unknown economics they compass it, When Obaaa wu U yuar.oH, tala iinolt, lh« Dl.hon of OtaJo •Daillluo| Sl onereiUotaka.ml«iuo.lo Jilin, ana tan anal.to Ohio alonu wllta an olilor brolhor, vtao While at Buffalo, the seniors of the party made an excursion to Niagara, but had no room In tholr vehi cle for tha boy. Young Chase, upon this, with charac teristic energy, picked up another boy who wanted to > Bee the falls, ana the two enterprising young gentle menfooted It through the snow for twenty mllw. and Bfw tho falls in company with tholr cldorsf ’ monoj by Incessant and severe labor, and with rich lialhM he could got. Ill* nephew boiag bis own fldsh •nd Wood, he folk perhaps at liberty to drive] * mile Word sharply than tho'rest, m that la’tho Vorm In which the family instinct shows Itself la pdople of ble' charkolor. 1 j ■ 1 -t * .The Bishop anpplauanMl hie own scanty salary by leaching echhol and working a farnt, and so Salmon's •preparatory atudlea wore seasoned with an abundance of severe labor. Tho youth wan near-Blghled, and Ironblod with an ob«iunto ap.- ThoJorm.r.ai6ablllly.wa. Incurable,- mll the latter ho overcame by means of a long and per severing courn of reading aloud. On the whole, the JJlihon seems to have thought woll Si.S!-f 1 *^ Mr iA 0 - r ot l. «fu«log blm to go in a wlmmlng. he did no with thecorapllmenlary oxoTaraa- I fJltj— 'yhy, Salmon, tho oonntry might low Its fu turol resident, ware! to lot you got drowned*” DaVlmaotu'“c&lC d anlcrod . oh " B ° ,fl college life is characteristic. co ” r *Reo u ß and etexdy nenno of Josl u. 1 f o , l,n ®d ll loading fealuro of hla nfler iif« P* 1 * classmates was sentenced by tho faculty to Jw expelled from college on the charge of which ni, ni m ? ba whoU * l«ooooui. oSi£ after In JSu • loM *}Um 0^ 80 tUo Prexfdonl, finally tow him that ho would go too. u he • wn«7i7i wmf iay H“ a «? ld>l Uut,on frlemff were tm£d with such injustice. Tho two youths packed nn tii*i* goods and drove off. But tho faculty SSStworS Ifblr fi 10 ! I .!.® lmoet before they had got out of tho vlllaan wl th VI oUtcn fs'!.* fl rescinded and they might couio Ki # „-. T i l,ey bo ™ ror - that «hey must lake llmS —bother they would do no, and they look o' B “ PMBantT “°“ llon ’ * flo ewhich thoyre- rh» t «» l ni, bo “ Gcn tram the following that Mr. Ohaao, like some other distinguished lawyers. traordLary B brniiancy^ ,a pror ° B3ion ,tUU ou^I i no^jlL Jfty .ri 0f Ic| ! al r iractico —era diya of walling' coual.?iw«h& Tho onlyprof.Bslnoal work ho did for 5 whonidd hh. , Sf.' v “? V? ,lr,w anagroamoal for.mnn, Sd b P oJ?owid H hack. r - oui 1 - Mk came rJUrt £b? 80 !* bfat nreumout baforo a Untied Slide. Sn r o‘ St's li” r r .oT,£ SS you most sincerely.” Chano. who answered tho Judge, who added: ‘‘A ioSnofl Sr Sm ~ ~ v vsk oi C him.’" 10010 -iricSl?o"h“h| b B hS To <A« iWor yc/it Jt'm roivt Jv/l'mi l Bm: Chief Juolloo Chose led a very rimiilo nifi'nlf - fo ' * or “»»y y<™« Oodhe'en wln^r b t -n 0 r 118G 0 ?, cIo , ck , iu “ u,,lra<:r »nd 7in winter, Before breakfast ho nonorallv took a. Sm^i» WO f k| rot ? rnin Khome in tune to moot Ido nmrning prnyora, which ho nlwnyn sold HI™liltwhon 1 iltwhon ho wo» w°U. Tho breakfast hour wlnwi 0 - 0 0ck * which ho either conversed with those around him or looked over tho morn* l n .?- P t apor f* ~A t, ?,h owoa ready for hie private Bocrotnry ln tho library. Hero ho spent an hour reading and dictating loiters or preparing his opinions. At 10 ho wont to tho Capitol, goner* ally walking, and took his seat on tho Supreme Bouoh at 11, remaining during tho whole session until Bp. m, After tho adjournment of tho Court, tho Chief Justice walked homo and partook of a cup of tea and a few crackers—this was his dally lunoh. Thou ho spent two hours at work over his opinions until dinner, which was always served promptly at 6 o'clock. Tho Chief Justice onjoyod this meal especially, and never hurried through with it, however pressing might bo tho business that awaited him. His table was- elegant, but not ostentatious, ana always consisted of tho standard English throe courses and a dessert. Wino was sel dom served at tho tablo of tho Chief Justice, and ho novor used tobacco in any form. After dinner ho would spend an hour playing chess with his private secre tary. Ho was excessively fond of chess, and played a strong, but not very scientific, game. At 8 p.m. ho was at work again, which’ often •lasted far into tho night. This wua before his paralysis in tho summer of 1870. B Washington, D. 0., May 8,1878. BEER. The Kioto nt Frankfort, Germany* FrankforUon-the-Main Wprfl 33) CorusvQndcnct of . the New York JforW. OnoJialf of a kroutzor is a little lose than one third of a conk,' Not a largo aura certainly, but largo enough’ to sustain a principle worth light ing about, at least in tho opinion. of the Frauk fortbnirina. Tims'wo have hail a two davo’ riot tho destruction of 50,000 guldens in property} the wrecking of sixteen breweries} aud tho smashing of hundreds of boor shops, tho wound ing of - thirty-seven persons, and tho killing of iwalun *»» " “ ,l *'“• ■ wUallitr it mug of Irankfort boor, the mug bolding a little more than bait a pint, shall bo sold for 4 kroutzors or for 4% kroutzors. Lot tho lovers of cheap boor everywhere rejoice nt tho nows that the four-kroutzor party baa carried the day and won its victory I For although tho mob has boon suppressed and quiet has boon restored, tho brewers have to-night decided to act as if they, and not tho otbom, had boon beaten, aud to-morrow and henceforth tho thirsty Frankfort workman will reap the fruit-of hia valor and quaff libations to hia slain comrades at the old rate of 4 kroutzors a mug.. Meanwhile, sing, 0 tn'iso, tho combat and its causal There aro in Frankfort throe kinds of boor— Bairisch, Wiener, and Frankfort boor. The two former are sold at tho beor-houuoa of-the hotter class at 6 kroutzors a glass; the latter is tho only fluid to bo had at tho innumera ble small houses frequented by work men and employes. From tlmo ira ; memorial tho price of this boor has been 4 kroutzors, and it is good and cheap at tho money. Tho small boor-house in Frankfort most always belongs to tho brewer who supplies it with boor: tho brewers fix tho price at which tho nut-brown liquor is to be retailed; and, if .they act togeth er, they have tho game in their own hands. Ev erything else in Frankfort. has risen in pneo since tho war save beer; it is no exaggeration to say that it costs you 40 per cent more to Uvo hero now than It did in 18(59. Thus It was not without reason that the brewers put their heads together U few weeks ago and determined that boor must go up. They announced that on and after a certain day tho price of-a mug of Frankfort boor would bo Icrcutzors. Tho now tarif took effect on April 1. • Tho peo ple at first submitted to it, not without grumb ling 5 the grumbling Increased day by day; in a week it bad grown into a growlj in a fortnight I into a ourao; and at tho end of tho third week, day before yesterday, it broke out into a yell, and an explosion followed. Monday was the fete of St.- Nicholas, a universal holiday among tho workmen. They bad decided on tho previous Sunday to devote this Monday to the settlement of tlie' dioputo, and they began on Monday afternoon. . In Grosso Friodborgor, Slraaao, at .the bottom of the ZOUO, is a boer-houso which I know very well, at 2 o’clock this place was crowded with customers, and all was going on well, when entered tho three workmen who wore deputed tp begin tho riot. They called for throo glasses of boor and tendered twelve kroutzors in payment. “It is not enough,” said tho waiter* “you must pay thirteen and a half kroutzors.” “Wo don’t nay more than twelve,” said (ho workmen. 14 Thou," sold tho landlord, who was Standing by, 44 you can go elsewhere.” 44 So wo will,” rejoined ono of tho men; 44 but first lot us persuade you to buy some now mugs.” With this they dashed their glasses on tho floor. Tho police wore sent for and tho men given into cus tody ; but then, by what scorned to bo a pre concerted signal, every man In the room jumped from bis seat, and expressed bis intention of defending them. Tho police re treated, leaving tho men behind j and the crowd then smashed every glass and bottle In the house, overturned aud broke the tables and chairs, and generally made tho place uncomfort able. A strong body of police now arrived, ami entering the boor-houao collared as many of the •inmates os they could conveniently drag off to tho neighboring- guard-bouao; on operation which tboy pm-formed in no very easy manner no may be oaeily imagined... A largo crowd had by ibis tlmo collected outside, and tbo now) spreading through tbo town, buudroda of algbt oookoru and tdlora flooUod to tbo spot 'until tho mooting gradually booamo so crowded that cir culation woo completely etoppod hi tbo adjourn. t tborongbforo.' At length the aoldiora at the guord-bouao wore called out and ordered to dls poroo tbp mob, a piece of -work which they ovl uontly did not enjoy. Ao they appeared lobe unobfo to produce any change In tiro atato of of fpira tboy wore prdorod away ogobi, aud tbo po- Imo having received rolnforoomonla proceeded to clear the way by making periodical dives into tbo foremost lines of tho tbiobly-paekod mess, and dragging off ao many oulprilo ua tboy could mus ter* And ao time wont by—tbo guard-house getting gradually full and tbo orowifstill lamo? than ovor.j After awhile tho efforts of the polico seemed to havo boon rewarded with some success, for the people appeared to bo tP° r i a n F ’ * iut «wm not difficult to soo, from the looks of tbo workmen, that all wpanot over. Following aomo of tbo groupo towards the IJosamarkt, I found tbo larco aouare occupied by a formidable body of trims which wore being told off into companies and pelotons. and sent to promenade the streets Almost Immediately after they bad been dla- IJtmds of people arrived on tbo nitfi" d .P roco °d Q d towards tbo old querists of the town, amidst a groat deal of Binging and waving of caps. It was now that Uw work «t dutruoUoa teoUy commenced, Al- taoat ovory beor-boupo was nocked,—that Is to «ay, as rixr os tho publlo room was concerned : .the windows wore broken and Ibo window /mSIS?L " ron .°! lotl ft 'vay. Hundreds of gla*n SSI?/?” H l ,,lvor ° ll to atoms, and chairs and tabloa shared n slmlJar fsto. fli ft Pl ,r oacliod tho temper of tl.o ttTOIIOT Of ttnfl ' ror ° ll 11 ill > otl’o™ foil wounded, Tho crowd quickly disnoreod, but only to rally in another quarter. It now turned Its otlratlm in.fu°J )rew f rio8 l nncl 8llto ““ of those wore as enultod end gulled hotwoon 8 and 12 o’clock wonldTv -hut 80 n 1 £ l i °«,®PProaohod tho mob ™ « u y i hut some of them wore not ouick f5? n fj l » five others woro Iclllod, and twenty 'ToU,K,“l before'morning. Towards a t t;:;iiSS3SS‘! SOMETHING ABOUT GRANGES. A TvMh nn Arletocrntlo Flavor ••Its Occurrence in JEuirllali r.s«n» n turo ana KteWlioro. ,lU Tl.rt TPftwi n rom tfie Cotton Traveler, Xho word Grange points to tho general medial ±2S l 0 5 0f tl ° movement Initiated by?farth wostoru farmers. The word In from tho Latin praniim, which moans grain; but" tho Roman* ilm ng °f H ° mo . ot the highest orders 'of the modem grain family. They had no more d X.l mai2o V ° l \ lu{liau com, than they had of toLMco j and Onto, tlio Censor, know nil llttlo .Indian-broad and Johnny-cake as ho know of pipes and Priuclpou. Maize, an amazingly now thing in tho civilized world now Is inoludod in grain. Grange lias a variety of meanings, or shades of meanings, but all point ing to an agricultural connection. In French it SJmlfi. a T era i^*Q far PV , aud Qrangior means a fK ml ‘ lu ol ? Sco . tc ' l Ik “cans a place where thOitlthos and rents of tho church wore paid in lw,Ja m0 T orn ?, cotch R means a grain fann s buildings. Inordinary English it means mo a v^, lDd^! U1 ‘“ t to «" ««t l”To? movable. The word is very old, and it is far is°e?it i fSmt 1 I t?a i l ° a m * ro farm * Soott *»«*»» SJJSi-* i ? fc i ? nd more aristooratical eonao to which it ia fairly entitled. Rothorwood (in Ivanhoo ), Cedric's extensive abode, is called a Grange, the time bo fc? the ° loso , of the twelfth century. When Maurice do Braoy trios to Ktuado tho Lady Rowcna to consent to marry , ho having abduoted h,or, ho asks her. •’How else wouldafc thou escape from tho mean precincts of a country Grange where Saxons herd with tho swmo which form thoir wealth ?” to which tho lady, referring to Rothorwood, re plies, “Sir Knight, tho Grange which you con temn hath boon my shelter from infancy.'’ Now- Rowona.is represented as being of tho old Saxon blood-royal, and Oodrio was of tho highest Saxon birth beneath that of Kings ; and tho Scions, though tho contrary belief generally prevails, wore more aristooratical than wore their con querors, tho Normans. Tho interval of time between “Ivanhoo” and “ Wavorloy” la about five centuries and a half, trad in “Wavorloy!’ tho Grange is spoken of as an aristooratical resi dence, as wo aro told that tho irecAty Iniclli gmcei*— tho only journal that Sir Evorard Wa vorloy “ patronized” and “ took in”—was trans ferred from Wavorloy-Honor “to the roctory. ; from tho rectory to Squire Stnbb’a at the Grange, ,from the Squire to tho Baronet’s steward at his neat white house on the heath,” and so on ; and an English Squire in tho first liaif of George jll.’s reign was a person of no slight consequence in English society aud politics. In iho cleverest of -Mrs. Bennett’s very clover novels, “ The Beg gar Girl,” written at tho close of tho last cen tury, and painting in tho nfost lively colors what wore tho contemporary manners of eighty years since, Admiral Herbert’s residence in York shire is called the Grange ; and it is described as being “ a homo whore everything spoko tho magnificent taste and opulent circum stances of tho owner.” In Mrs. Gore’s noble novels, Huim > P.nclitdi Ufo that la just passing away, tho word Grange is o«u a on plied to aristooratical residences—and in ono or tha boat of her later novels, “ Hockingtoii;” Hicham Qrango la tno family seat of a baronet and statoa mnu, who, when made a peer, becomes Lord Hicham, In Mr. Anthony Trollope’s new novel* “Lady Anna”—tho publication of which is luat begun m Harper's ’Bazar—Level Grange is sa*d to bo tho solo real estate owned by tholiad Eorl of Lovol. Now, poems and plays, novels and romances, when written by persons of knowl edge and talents, afford tho most correct pic tures of life aud habits in tho countries in which their scones aro laid. Wo all remember Mari • ana in the moated Grange, and wo know how common moated Granges once were; and tho very fact that a building was moated in tho old days shows that it was an edifice entitled to no small measure of distinguished considora klPn* * * * I will presently to ct. Luke s ; there, at tho moated Orange, resides this dejected Manana."~Measuro for Measure a. ni., s. 1. And tho editor says. “A Grange is a solatary farm-house”—which is ono of tho meanings of tho word.) La Granja is the name of ouq of tho finest nlocca and palaces (San Ilde : fouso) in Spain, built a century aud a half ago,, by Philip V., first of Spain's Bourbon Kings. La Grange la tho name of Lafay , otto a chateau, whore tho vie do chateau of earlier days was as well kept up in i this century as if democracy never had been, 'heard of, Tho word has about tho same mean ing as park, lodge, and hall, when applied to a high-class residence. La Grange and Lagrange are distinguished names in the science, tho i scholarship, and tho aoldiorohip of Franco. Thus ', wo see that tho name tho Northwestern farmers (or Grangiera) have adopted for thoir league has an aristooratical flavor, and that there-is oven a royal twang about it: but it is to bo noted, that It is always connected with tho laud, and with farming and gardens aud orchards, and the liko nice or useful things—and the laud ia the baeiu of aristocracy, and of ascendency, iu all countries' but our own. NEWS PARAGRAPHS. Peoria claims 83,11)2 population. —Throughout lowa, winter wheat, what littlo was eowu, is in Tory poor condition. , ; . During the past nino months thoro.hcvo '. boon exported from the port of New York C5Q.000 Bides of solo leather—an amount unprecedented in the annals of the trade. has been finally decided upon as the Mississippi termimißof the Green' Bay Bond and tho contract for itu completion from llorillon to wmoiia. by tho Ist of September, has boon let to Mr. George Riles. “-Tho following advertisements ora printed- in the wavorly, lowa, papers, just as wo print them, ouo immodiatoly after tho other: All persons are hereby notified not to trust anynerw eon, ixiv wife lucludod, on my account, ns I aboil pa* no Uobt of others coatmtlnff. John Horan. . I persona ore hereby notUlort not to truat my hue- • band, John Boyer, on my account, as I aball my na debt of his contracting. • iay T T *}° Ba , l( } Jo ? n ??y©r loft my bod and board becauot I refused to give him a deed of my property. I ahall try and got along without using his credit/ After ho Inis wauled his aubstimco In riotous living, wo may “ We’ll all drink aftmo blind, wlniu Jolumy comoa marching homo.” At» t 1 •. Hauau Doran. A Rochester man got into trouble tho olbop Rmif to ,' l ?', lul , O< P follow. Ho mot a Mra. Scott In o butcher's shop, and mistaking oomo motion 000 made for a afgu used in tho order of liebccca, a woman a degroo in Odd Followsbiii uooZS i 0 h Ri r o ai n l o !j orcd h i a “ssistnnoo if silo Uoodod it. She didn’t ooora to nood it, juat tbon mi r mi h °i ?t °" rroa . m , tllo laco nntl told bim ti mind his ovm business; yea more, for oho. }’ u ‘“ f vo °8 in B buabond on bin trail, and for a taedbadV” BOWOU ' ““ Poor 6dd Foil™ arIT. Allara “noocontrio German bailor of 1 “'I Jlo,lll ay aftornoon, laot t0 i ll > hm I,orao - The boroo gavo him an annoying chaao. Maag booamo vorv an giy and did not bridle Ida tongue. Ho obtained mile sympathy from bia family. Soon afterward bp wont out and waa not ooon again. Toward i"i° wore passing a bill on tbo Mil him bolow 1 h° 1 ; 0 /when th °y diaoovered n ,0 °“ fflt * hß “ nn « wound a email cedar troo. Going up to him, tho girla aaw that there waa a ropo around bia neolt. Tliia n waa dead. “ “ maUli “ bo * the true, andMaag —The lowa Oranger la reanonaiblo for tb« statement that live men wore grubbing hazel brush, eto,, on the farm of Thomas Coallliniat ton miles oast of Washington, when they fonmi ammrlI U fZ do "', c “ voril '8 a apace of about Uvo nround * hit ml th °, d “>', th , of ‘wo foot in the C m.l£ d ?T“ l ," ll,tta ot aoakoa were “ff? .f ~ 8 tboir winter quartora, together, honaiwin u0 focer, blaolc onalio, green anako d.-Z, )/ 1 v pe , r > * na rattlesnake. One buu- i ß dnTv “ n,ko “. wore taken out and killed, ttoduu, 00 kU ° Wn boTr ““Wyot remained in

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