Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 15, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 15, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TFRMB 0* SUDBOnirTIOM' (FATADLV IK ADVANCE). Pnllv, hvmail $12,001 HnnJay.., ...SIJ.OO Xrl-Wookly U.UU | Weekly 2.00 Partsofa yenrat'tho samorato. To prevent delay «ml mistakes, bo sure hoc! site Polk' Office address to full. Including Rlato and Count/., Hciidllsncca may he made either by draft, express, Post OOlcoordcr, orln roKltdorod loiter*, at oiirtlak. 1 TF.nMH ‘xo city mmsciiimniß. pally, delivered, Kunday excepted. vr. cents par week. Pally, ooUrorot), Sunday included, I’D emit* porweek. Andrew THIS TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Dearborn.*!*., Chicago, 111. . CONTENTS OF TRIBUNE, FIRST PARB-Nkw. or Tin. Wrr.«i WuliMiton- THo Imil.n.—StJito AlT.iri Polltlo.l—Forclßn-OliUu* Ar y—personal—Money auu Business—Labor—Railroads —Fraud ami Thoft-Urlmos—Casualties—Ffros-Mtiool laiieoui. THE I'IKMi AKO Htadi.rj Animal Heat—lt* Source— Economy In Liberal Fording and Warm Htablos. Fruit IK Lower Kuyvt: Reports from Reliable Grow on-Tho Fruit. Alt Right. Tits Transportation OUF.BTION: Address of Got. Smith, of Georgia, to tho Farmer* of tho Wont and Northwest—Tho Congressional Conference at St. Louts—Hucecho* by Mayor Brown, tbo Hon. HenryT. Blow, and Got. Woodson. BF.CONL) PAGE-Editorials: Our Judicial Election— The Strangling of Agrlculinra—Tho Ijato Olilof Justice -*Frolght*lUtlwaytothe Kail—lnaurnuco In Illinois— Tbo War In Louisiana—Mr. Burohard on Back-Pay— Death of Oakes Ames—Death of .John Stuart Mill— - cant. Hall’s Arctic Expedition—Tho Nomluoo of the Frlncoton Uoutnntlun. Tim halauy Question: Loiter from tbo Hon. 11. O. Burohard. THIRD PAGE—The North Volt.: Fata of Cant. Hall's Expedition-Arrival of Nlnotoou Survivors—Death of thu OaptalQ—Separation from tbo fillip—Floating on Ico for 167 Days—Tho Polaris Still Attoat, with Persons Aboard. Tim Faum and Garden : Surface- Dmlnlng-DrainlnK with Plow and with Tllo-Cuttlng Drains for Tilo with Horse-Power—lluw Wells Near Buildings May Bo Used as Cisterns— I Tho Seasons—'Tho Fruit-Crop-A Fow Tiling* to Consider on a Rainy Day. Grain-Inspection: Complaint Against tho Inspector of Grain lu Chicago— Explanatory Loiter from Ohlof In spector Harper. Mrs. Sam Joneb: How to Mako tbo TJreo Pass Pleasantly on tbo barm—Strawborry-L'ulturo fur tho Girls—Valuo of tho Small Things— I Tho Sowing Society—A Paper on Tobaooo-Chowlng and Smoking— About Nostrums-A Remedy for lloadacho—Mending Old Tin-Waro—Women Running for ORloo. Tim. APIARY: When Boos Bo<(ulro FeucUng—Boos from Italy —Aro Thoy All Italian Boos ?—Proposed Improvement of Boo*’ Habits and Oharaotorlsllo*. The DUELLdA Fight Near Richmond, Va. Notahls Divorce: Sen ator Sumner Obtains a Legal Separation from Ills WUo.. FOURTH PAGE—Editorials: Rloro Progress Backward —Flexible Courts—Another Ballroadßond-Fight—Rail road Charges and Operating Usponsoa. Farmers AMD Producers: Second Day’s Proceedings of tho Farmers’ and Producers’ Convention at Now York—Resolutions and Speeches. The Grain-Trade: Dissatisfaction with Chicago Corn-Inspection. Tin: Ohio Railroad Law: Thu Stato Supremo Court Declare* It Unconsti tutional. Coin a: a Curious Custom. The Indians: Additional Accounts of tbn Last Fight with tho Modocs —Two Soldiers Killed and Fight Wounded—Tho Savages Flunked and Pursued by tbo Warm Spring Indians— Tho 'Troops and Warriors In Tint Pursuit at latst-Ao-- count*. Louisiana: Tito Kellogg Government to Be Sustained by tbo National Executive, 11 It Takes All tiio Troops In tbo Country to Da It—Proclamation by Gen. MoEnory Denouncing the Hucklngof Gun-Shops—All Ouletntfit. Martinsville—TiioTnx-Ueslstrra Surrender, and Aro lloloasod on Parole. It ailroau-Fuki.hitinu : A SnggssUon. Mr. McCormick: 'An Explanatory Letter. ... . FIFTH PAGE—The Kansas Butchery: Particulars of tho Labolto County Horror—Tho Diabolical Crimes of the Bender Gang—Finding tho Bodies of Eleven Vic tints—Wholesale Arrest of Persons Implicated in the Mnrdors—lntense Excitement Among tho Pooplo In Uio Vicinity. The Joiiilek: Movement Among tho Chicago Hotol-Mou—Tltolr Pledge as to Prices During Gala-Woqk.. Tub. Dixon Horror: tyooiory oi Bodies—Burying tlio Dead—Tito Injured. COApMINB DiSABTEh: Fifty Person* Punned Up In a Burning Shaft Near Plctou, N.S.—Little Hope Entertained of Rescuing Any of tho Viollnis. Thl Farmers Move ment: Mooting in Alacou County, 111.—Iho Hon. John Soollloldj of Clark County, 111., Booomntondodjby r. Alcettog ntvnndalH as a Candidate to Fill tho Va cancy Caused by tho Resignation of Judge Thornton— Fanners’Convention at Contrnlta, III.—J, P. Johnson Nominated for Judgo of tho Twenty-third Circuit—Ad dress of tho Contral Committee of tho Aluscatlno County (la.) Industrial Convention—County Commit tee* of tho Illinois Stato Farmers' Asssoclntlon. Chief JusticeOiiask; Tho Funeral—Ooromonlos at Wash., ington. ADVERTISEMENTS. _ ..... 81XT11 PAQK-LOUIBIANa: Progress of tbo War— Fighting In tbo Tccbo Country—Alloccd Attempt to KUI tbo Bogus Govornor, Kolloga—Movements of United States Troops—Action of tlio National Adminis tration. The Chicago Reposition: Important Moot ing of tho Board of Directors. Snow-Storms: In Texas and Now Mexico—Fruit Ruined. . Chief Jus tice Chase: Particular* of Ills Death—'Tho Funeral In Now York-Hkotch of Ills Career. The Dixon Hor ror; Aloro About tho Bridge—Tho Coroner’s Imiuest— Monday Services. Chicago Musical Juuilke: Pro- tho Affair. The Red Man’s Prayer: a SEVENTH PAGE—Woman’s Rights: Judgo Bradley, of the United State* Supremo Court, Gives His Views ou the Myra Uradwoll Case— I Tho Kooont Modifications of tho Civil Status Giving Women a Koparato Legal Ex istence—Tbo Paramount Destiny and Allsolim of Wom an— I Tho Laws of tho Creator. French Traits—lll,: An Essay oy Prof. William Alathews, of tho University of Chicago. Queens of the Kitchen: Au Essay by Allss Margaret F. Buchanan. OHITUARY; John Stuart Alill. Humor: A Collection of Comicalities. The Guardian Cat: An Interesting Story. EIGHTH PAGB-FinaNCIAL: Tho Chicago Money Market—Failure of a Prominent Grain-Speculator—^Tho Capital and “Water” Por Milo of tho Groat Trunk- Linos. Commercial: Chicago . Produce Market*— Chicago Llvo-Stock Market, with Review for tho Week —Chicago Lumber Market— Horklraur County (N. Y.) Dairy Market—Now York Dry Goods Market—European Mnrkats-Uuffalo Llvo-Stock Markot-N’ew York, Cin cinnati, Alilwaukoo, Toledo, fit. Loals, and Now Or leans Produce Markets. Bridge Disasters: A Komlnlsconoo. TO DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. HOOLKY’9 THEATRE—Randolph Btroct, between Clark and I-aSallo. "Risks." MoVIOKER’B THEATRE—Madison street, botvroon Dearborn ami Stuto. Engasomunt ol Edwin Adams. "Wild Oats." MYERS’ OFERA-HOUSK—Alonroo' street, between SUito ami Dearborn. Kitty Blaucbard Burlesque Com pany "Bad Dickey." ACADEMY OP MUSTO — i Hnlstod street, between Madhuu and Monroe. Josh Hart’s Tbcatro Comlquo Combination. , AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Com gross street. San Frsnclaoo Mlnstrol#. FOREPAUOITB ClßCUS—Madison street, comer of Elizabeth. GLOBE Til EATRG—Dosplnlaos street, bo'wcoa Madi son ami Washington. Kngagomout of Mias (Jarlotta bUnlsy. "Crlmu; or, Sooruls of City Life," AMPHITHEATRE—OIIutou street, between Randolph tuil Washington. - Vanok, pin Prostldlgitatcur. BUSINESS NOTICES. BATCHELOR’S HAIR DYE. THIS SPLENDID balrdyo Is tho bestin tho world. Tho only true and per locid)o. Himiilo**, reliable, and instantaneous; nudisap- S ointment; no ridiculous tints or unidtusanl odor. Homo j ’ii tho 111 olTools of bad dyes and washes. Produces itu-- mod lately a superb black or natural brown, and leaves t no hair clean, soft, and boautEul. Thu genuine, signed >V. A. Batchelor. Sold by all druggists. CHARLES BATCHELOR, Proprietor, N. Y. (B’ljica.vj.ti ifeibime. Thursday Homing, May 15, 1873. Stokes’ case baa been taken to tho Court of Appeals on a writ of error from tho decision of tho Supremo Court refusing him a new trial. A citizen of Now York gave tho United States in his will half a million dollars toward tho pay ment of tbo national debt, but tbo Courts of that Stato declare tho bcqncst invalid. Gov. Wasbburuehas not yot hoard officially that tho Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad will re fuse to tako tbo St. Croix & Superior land grant. Tbo statement to that effect wan false. General Agramouto, one of tho ablest anil most successful of the Cuban iusurgeut loaders, was killed in a recent battle, which resulted in bis death and the defeat of hie force, with u louu of 80. Tho Constituent Cories, just elected in Spain, hna an overwhelming majority of Federal Ro publicans, of whom thcro are 810. The Radi cals, Internationalists, Independent Republicans, and Monarchists number in all only 73. Tho 375,000 penny postal-cards sent to tho New York Post-Office wore sold In two days, and another batch of 1,000,000 has been called for by tho Postmaster. Most of those which have reappeared in tho mails hoar advertisements. The Galesburg Farmers’ Club has resolved to support Judge Lawrence in tho coming judicial election. They declare him lu bo an incorrupti ble and learned Judge, and denounce tho Prince ton Convention which nominated his opponent as a gross fraud upon tho farmers. A prominent member of the Boston Board of Brokers, a young man 30 years old, who has hitherto borne an unsullied name, was ar rested yesterday for forgery. His method was to alter tho figures of stock-certificates, raising certificates for one, two, and throe shares, to one hundred, two hundred, and three huudred, respectively. By those opera tions ho has swindled various parties out of $200,000. Tho burning mine at Pictou is tho grave, it is now stated, of no less than seventy-five mcu. Of iboao, twonty-six leave behind thorn wives and children to mourn tholr lons.- Six men managed to crawl from the shafts after tbo first explosion,) but two of tbom will dlo of; their hurts; Tbo flrst’oxpltwlon ban bobn followed by .others, ouoof which won hoard for fourmilcai and another ’is said to havo destroyed a fosouo party of thirty volunteers. All tbo shafts of tbo mine kayo been swept by Iho Homos, which aro still, buruingj and it is v not possible that a single soul can osoapo. Tbo Spanish Ministry bavo determined upon atnoasuro which, If thoy can carry it through tho Oortos, will malto a groat change for iho hotter in Spanish colonial policy, hlthorto so harsh and despotic. Thoy propose to glvo Cubans tho political rights of Spanish citizens, and a representation In tho ImporialOovommont, allowing all malo citizens 25 years of ago, who aro engaged in commorcial, industrial, profos* slonol, or official pursuits, to veto, It being etipu latod that tho first two classes mast be tax payors to tho. amount of 75 posotas a year,— about SBO of our mouoy. In tho spooohos at tho St. Louis Convention thoro wore somo remarkable statements. Con gressman Stannard, who represented tho com mercial bodies of that city, declared that “ river transit is 100 por cent cheaper than canal, and nearly 800 por cent cheaper ( tban railroad.” By all moans, if those figures bo into, rlvor trans portation ought to bo onoouragod. Such a ro duotloa of freights as that would bo a glorious tiling for shippers, but wo fear tho patriotism of tho boat-owners, Inpaylngsolargoabonusfor tho privilogo of carrying freight, would not last long. Mr. Stannard will mako his maiden-speech in Congress at tho noxt session. Two hundred Gorman citizens of tho Bovon teonth Ward mot last night to form an organiza tion, regardless of former political distinctions, for tho purpose of taking tho control of tho City Government out of tho hands of tho "so-called temperance, party ” next November. 1 Tho speeches, in whioh A. O. Hosing and " Buffalo ” Miller took part, woro very bitter In tholr denun ciation of tho municipal authorities, the English proas, and tho natlvo Americana for thqir course iu relation to tho Sunday-Boor question. Tho resolutions woro of tho samo tenor, and pledged tho Gormans to unllo In defense of tholr bibu lous rights without regard to party. Nixon’s counsel are making desperate efforts to socuro a stay of tho. execution fixed for to morrow. Thoy applied to six Judges without success, but finally secured a writ of error from Judgo Fanohor, and mado tholr argument for a stay of proceedings boforo tho Supromo Court, which will givo its decision to-day. Gov. Dix refuses to intorforo. Nixon’s oaso is peculiar ly atrocious. Uo shot, without warning and in cold blood, a man whom ho had uovor seen boforo, and whoso only offense was that ho paid uo attention to Nixon’s peremptory order to toko his horse and wagon out of-his way as tho lattor was driving down Broadway. Tho Usury bill, which lessons tho punishment for usury by making only tho osccssivo interest, instead of both principal and interest, forfeita ble, has boon rejected by tho Now York Assembly. Many of tho strongest. opponents of tho usury laws and their merciless penalties disfavored this bill. In tbplr present severe shape thoso laws aro inoperative; no ono can bo found to en force them. But under so mild a forfeiture tho operation of tho law. would not sobm harsh, and in oonsoquonco tbo Courts would bo constantly in terfering in tho business of tbo money market, attempting to keep tho pricoof money down to the invariable rato fixed by law, and thereby in troducing much greater confusion'and risk into 'monetary affairs than tho old law did. Tho St. Louis Congressional Conven tion yesterday listened to tho reading of a series of resolutions prepared by tho. Mer chants’. Exchange of St, Louis. When'the roll was called about ono hundred Congressmen an swered to their names. Besides these, thoro aro present tho Governors of Missouri, Ohio, Vir ginia, Kansas, and Minnesota. Tho resolutions urge that tho Mississippi, bo confined at Its mouth to - pno channel, which the rush of water will deepen and keep clear. They favor tlio adoption of a comprehensive, sys tem of river improvement, to fix permanent channels in tbo shoals of all tho lurgo rivers of tho Mississippi Valley, and ta froo thorn from obstructions. < Thoy call for tho abolition of all taxes which intorforo with cheap ocean and in land transportation, and for tho ropoedof tho laws which prevent American merchants from buying ships abroad. No action was tejmn. Tbo enforcement in Massachusetts of tho law prohibiting tho solo of malt liquors, which has boon undertaken by tho Stato Constabulary, has brought results which wore not dreamed of by those who favorod tho prohibition legislation. Already, It is said, tho sale of boor and ale has decreased SO per cent. As a consequence, many of tho brewers havo suspended operations and discharged their help. A largo number of coopers who wore earning $3 a day havo boon thrown out of among other trades dependent upon tho browing busi ness. Tbo most unlooked-for result has boon tho disaffection of tho farmers who wore loudest in calling for the law, and who aro now as vigor ously opposed to it. They have boon in tho habit of feeding their milch cows on brewers* grains and barley sprouts, and they suddenly find their supply out oif. Tho consequence Is an increase in tho cost of feeding and a decrease in tho quantity of milk for city supply, which mate rially affects their profits. Tho farmers will now bo in favor of repealing tho law prohibiting tho salo of malt liquors. Tho Chicago produce markets were loss active yesterday, and generally irregular. Moss pork was in moderate demand, and 10c lower, at $10.60(310.00 cash, and $10.00(317.00 seller •Juno. Lord was moderately active, and 100 per 100 lbs lower, closing at $8.05 cash, and SO.OO seller June. Moats wore inactive and un changed, at Cj£@G%o for shoulders; 8%(38%o for short ribs: 8%<390 for short clear; and 10@ 11%0 for swoot-pioklod haras. Lake freights wore loss active, and unchanged, at C%o for corn to Buffalo, llighwiaos wore quiet and steady at 89%0 per gallon. Flour was in fair demand and firmer. Wheat was active and lo higher, closing at $1,82% cash, and $1.32 seller Juno. Corn was active, and %o higher, closing dull at 41%0 seller the month, and 42%0 seller Juno. Oats wore dull at %o lower, closing at 830 seller the month, and Slo seller Juno. Ryo was quiet aud steady at 69%0. Bar ley was Inactive aud nominal at 78®8do for common to good No. 2. Hogs woro lß@2oo low er, owing to excessive receipts, prices THE UHLUAGO DAILV TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, MAY 15, 1873, wore $-1.80(5)5.20. Oattlo sold at a decline of }io. Tbo sheep market was active and firm. Tbo shippers of oom along tbo Illinois & Michi gan Canal, at LaSalle, Joliet, Ottawa, and'other points, aro complaining of-Iho Ohioago inspec tion, and shipping oom by rail whenever it is possible to do so. The evil of whioh they com plain, however, is not ohargoablo to Chicago, but to to tho State of Illinois. If thoro is any thing wrong in tho inspection, Chicago is no more to blamo for it than for tho loss of tho Po laris. Tho Stato has arbitrarily fixed iho grad ing of com and appointed iho Inspector. ;Not only this, but whon tho Chicago Board of Trade songhfc to obtain tho privilogo of fixing grades and selecting its own Inspector, its bill was summarily rejected by tho Legislature. If, therefore, there Is any blame in the promises, it belongs to tho Stato, and thoro tho shippers along tho canal should fasten it. Chicago has no moro to do with it than with tho grain inspoo iion at Odessa. It is by this system that Chi cago is losing somo of tho com trado, that tho Stato is losing in canal tolls, and that tho ship pers themselves aro losing by tho inoroasod cost of transportation, but tho blamo doos hot belong to Chicago. If tho shippers fool aggrieved, they should fix tho responsibility whom it be longs, join bauds to romody it, and no longer wasto ilmo and breath in abuso of Chicago, which is no mom to blamo than thoy. THE BT. LOOTS CONVENTION. Tho excursion of Congressmen from St. Louis to Galveston has been inaugurated by no loss than throe speeches,—ono by tho Governor of Missouri, ono hy tho ox*Lioutonant-Govomor, and now member of Congress, Stannard, and tbo third by the Hon. Henry T. Blow. Tho sub stance of tbo business is tho necessity and im portance of moro perfect water-routes from tho intorlor to tho ocean. Tho question is, of course, important, and ono groat difficulty in having something accomplished is tho fact that, whon it is proposed to expend five dollars for a really practicable and desirable ond, at least fifty dol lars moro aro demanded for otbor works that aro not practicable, and aro usoloss, oxcopt for pur poses of Jobbery and plunder. Tho speakers at St. Louis pointed out, with groat clearness, tho magnitude of tho commerce which would bo maintained if tho Mississippi River was so improved at dts mouth that ves sels could arrivo and depart from Now Orleans without tho delays and cost of lighterage and tow&go; bnt ovon St. Louis gentlemen pould not discuss this question without seemingly bidding for outeldo help by talking about a canal from tho Ohio River to Richmond, and another by way of tho Tennossoo Rlvor into Georgia, with bronchos to Mobile and Savannah. Tho . three works mentioned up to Tuesday night as deserving immediate attention woro: I.'Tho James Rivor & Kanawha Canal. 2. Tho Atlantic and Groat Western Canal, through Kentucky, Tennessee; Alabama, and Georgia; and 8. Tho Fort St. Philip Canal, from a point on tho Mississippi Rivor bolow Now Or leans, at or noar Fort St. Philip, to tho Gulf. Of thoso, iho lattor Is unquestionably of groat practical importance, if it bo feasible, and, whon accomplished, will furnish a permanent moons of reaching Now Orleans from, tho Gulf. At present, no vessels drawing over 17 foot can cross tho bar at tho mouth of the Mississippi; at that point voobolb entering iho rlvor havo to transfer their cargo to scows and baigos, which aro towed up tho. rivor. Vessels of that sizo cannot tako full cargoes at Now Orleans without breaking buljc. again, at tho bar, and having their freight carried, ovor it in lighters. Tho cotton trade at Now,- Orleans, if this difficulty did not exist, would givo employment to four times, tho numbor of ocean-going vessels that now do business at that city. Tho difficulty at tho mouth of tho rlvor is ono that cannot bo remedied. As fast as tho bars aro dredged out, thoy form again. If this Fort St. Philip Can&l woro constructed, it would permit steamers and vessels of tho largest class to onter tho rivor at a point for'abovo tho river obstructions, and permit on uninterrupted continuance of com merce. Tlio construction of tho oahal, if prac ticable, will bo costly, so far as tho amount of money is concerned, but it would bo of perma nent valuo, and would opou tho wholo Missis sippi Rivor to iho immouso commerce which be longs to it naturally. ' If iho Convention &t St. Louis has the facts ( and information showing that tho Fort Philip Canal is possible of construction, or that thoro is any other mode by which the arrival and de parture of vessels to Now Orleans from tbo ocoau can bo mado a certainty and froo of all obstruction by tho over-changing progress and ■ deposits of tho river, and will confluo its recom mendations to that objoot, it will olioit from tho : wholo country a strong and earnest support. Such a work must bo of national importance and of national interest, and worthy of tbo lib eral and prompt action of tho Government. At pr.9Bf\nt,.tho obstructions at tho entrance to tbo rlvor provoutivo of commerce; thoy aro broaking up commerce ' in tho groat section of country of which It is tho natural outlet. Those obstructions ore dolly growing worso. Thoy dofy the remedial art of man. Tho only recourse is to avoid them by an artificial channel. If tho construction of this channel bo possible, either at Fort St. Philip or olsewhoro, it ought to bo done. The mistake of all those convoutions is, that, instead of addressing themselves to a really proper and desirable end, they purchase a cheap recommendation of them by adding thereto a liko commendation of other 'works which are visionary and absurd, impracticable and delu sive, and thus tbo really meritorious is buried be neath the mass of wild and utopian achomes. The speech-makers at St. Louis had much to say about water-routes below the “freezing lino.”l Where is the freezing Hue ? During tho wiu-j tor season, the Ohio Ilivor and tho Mississippi*; lUvor above tho Ohio are as closed to transpor-4 tatiou as is Lake Michigan. Of what avail,* then, Is It to St. Louis or Dubuque, or St. Paul ' or Omaha, that tho river is open between Vicks burg and Now Orleans, if it is not open to tbom ? Tho propriety of making tho Mississippi lUvor 'accessible to tho largest-sized vessels does not.; rest upon tho fact that New Orleans is below the; freezing lino, hut to the fact that the opening of* that channel should bo made permanent in sum-j mor as well as in winter. This measure 1 stands upon suohnationalgrouudsthat it is vast ly injured and hindered by tho weakness whichi forever couples it with the wild scheme of canal i and looked rivers from tho mouth of tho Ohio ■ through tho mountains of Tennessee, Georgia,) and Alabama, and thu other equally absurd, scheme of a ship-canal from tho Kano-* wha over tho mountains of Virginia, to Blohmoud. All that is secured by this! kind of log-rolling la a persistent opposition' from tho friends of those sohomes to tho open- j iug of tho Mississippi t River, uulosi* _r mw\\ t greater sum of mouoy be given to Iholij own projects. Tho truo < tost of u the propriety ‘and importance of expenditures ’for works of this kind is tho valdo 'of oaoh} of them that Is not opittlod to public support on its own merits ought not to receive suoh support by attaching it ,tq others. Nothing .whatever la gained by r such log-rolling ; on tho'' contrary, tho improvement of tho moans of' entering tho Mississippi River has boon icing delayed, and will bo indefinitely delayed because of loading it down with wild and extravagant Jobs, invented as a moans of expending publlo money. ; If tho St. 1 Louts Convention will therefore confine itself to tho ono groat national and necessary work, it will dosorvo and receive tho cordial support of tho wholo country. OUR FOREIGN TRADE. In political economy, the school of experience is peculiarly severe and costly. Tho more'stupid, the scholar, tho higher tho price ho has to pay for tuition. Nations that will not loam have to . go over tho same weary lesson of losses,'year; after year, until the “damnable Iteration” of disaster forces some notion of tho truth upon even the most obstinate mind. In this expen sive school, this country Is learning tho error of false theories which advocates of protection im planted, and loft lingering behind them in tho; minds of mon to cureo tho land. As if to up root those heresies, stern experience reiterates, • year after yoar, tho unwelcome events which*! provo that tho system of protection does not do i what Us advocates have protended that It would, j They mado .many believe that this system , Would prevent over-trading; chock the, undue Importation of foreign goods, into which,, they ! claimed, tho nation, If not restrained by protect- I ivo grace, would surely rush; and thus cause ; a balance of trado In our'favor. The ; official records for olovon .months of { 1872, now published In Report No! 6 from thor> Statistical Bureau, show an excess of imports over exports of $117,707,227 for tho olovon months/or nearly $130,000,000 for tho ;yoor. Tho excess of imports during tho, corresponding ;I mouths of 1871 was but $18,611,607. Yot these figures embrace specie exported, and do hot om braco tho interest on debts previously contract-« od, which that spoclo is not sufficient to pay. During tho lost fiscal yoar, of which wo have complete returns, ending Juno 80, 1872, tho not outgo of precious metals was $61,575,000.; Bat tho interest on American bonds hold abroad cer tainly exceeds sixty, and probably is not far from. • ninety, millions. During that yoar tho exports of domestic products, other than spoclo, woro (In. gold values) $128,855,031. Tho imports of foreign, products for consumption woro $010,903,199, and.. tho oxcoss of imports was $182,5-17,508. If this is not over-trading, what is ? There is yet to bo added tho balance on interest account un paid by spoclo exported, making tho balance against us ovor two hundred millions, nor have wo considered under-valuation of imports,or ex cess of frolght-monoy paid to foreign vessels. Boorotary : McCulloch estimated tho undor-valu- • ation at fifty millions when imports woro but four hundred millions. Tho returns show that 72 per cent of imports and 70 per cent of exports. arc moved in foreign vessels, so that nearly three-quarters of all freight-money goes to*, foreign shippers. In view of those facts, the .- actual balance against us for tho fiscal year 1872. can hardly bo loss than $250,000,000. Aud,oswo have seen, the calendar yoar 1872 promises ayotv more unsatisfactory showing. Only certain halfrcrazy protectionists claim J that any oxcoss of imports is proof of an un-' healthy condition of foreign trade. On tho con trary, somo such oxcoss may bo accepted as evi dence of a healthy aud mutually profitable ex change of commodities. If cotton is worth' moro in Liverpool than■.ln Now York, goodsi bought therewith and valued abroad for imports-? tion will exceed tho export valao of -tho cotton hy tho cost and profits' of tho shipment. But so largo an oxcoss os now exists, oqual to moro than ono-half tho entire value of exports, can by no moans bo thus explained. It proves beyond question a degree of over-trading, a reckless ness in running into debt, which has never boon equaled at any period in our. history. For oven

in the times of wanton advontaroi which pro ceeded tho crash of 1837, oar oxcoss*of imports was at no time as groat as ono-half'our exports. Constantly as experience has dSaprovod tho false notion that “ protection” -will restrain foreign importations, and causo a balance of trado in our favor, It has never before given. so. conclusive and startling a demonstration as that which now confronts us. For olovon fiscal years' under the system called protective, from July 1, 1801, to Juno 80, 1872, inclusive, wo have now full statistics,- and can comparo .them with tho olevon years preceding, lu which,.except for tho months of April, May, and Juno, tSGI, tho lowest revenue tariff over tried since 182 V) was in force. Since 1601, imports for consumption have ex ceeded domestic exports- other than spoclo hy $572,C09,281. ; But during the olovon. years pre ceding, domestic exports other than 1 specie ex ceeded imports for consumption by $01,808,719. Thus tho average annual oxcoss of exports un der tho revenue tariff was $5,891,701, while tho average annual oxcoss of. imports under protec tion has been $52,055,889. . A part of this oxcoss has indeed been paid by using paper money at homo, and sending abroad our specie, but only a port. Our debts abroad, national, State, county, municipal, and corpo rate, woro by no ono estimated lower than $1,000,000,000 four years ago, and by some of tho ablest financiers at $1,100,000,000, aud tho interest on thoso debts, growing ever since 1801, can scarcely have cost us loss than $830,- 000,000 In olovon years. Thoro remains, of our exports of specie since 1801, loss than $250,000,- 000 to moot a deficit in merchandise exports of $572,009,281. Tho protectionist cannot claim that thoso re sults are exceptional. Every experiment in pro tection has resulted iuia balance of trado against us. Tho very first trial of that system, in tho ' years 1621-21, inclusive, gave a balance of sixteen millions against us. Thinking that wo had failed to chock imports only because duties woro not high enough, Congress adopted a higher tariff, which gave a balance against us in the years 1625-27, inclusive, of seventeen millions. Then tho ex treme of protection was applied, aud gave, in tho years 1829-32, inclusive, a balance of thirty fivo millions. Tho people of that day had learned something lu twelve years, and, to avoid a swooping away of every vestige of tho system, Olay devised the Compromise Tariff. But a fourth trial of protection, in 1613-40, inclusive, again changed a balance in our favor of twenty millions into a.balanoo against us of eight mill ions. Thus atiovory trial of ibis system an ad verse balance of trade has •resulted, and, os we now sadly observe once more, just os our fathers did In 1632, repeated additions to the tariff only 8wo)i tijo.oxoosa.of Imuwts. .purely, no iuUUi- gent man will hereafter Imagine that “ protec tion ” tends to provontovor-tradiag. Nor will any such person doom our foreign trade hr a bbalthy condition when Imports are increasing more -rapidly by half, while Exports, ore increasing only 00. rapidly as population In creases. A country advancing In wealth, power' of production, and general prosperity, will In crease both its surplus of products and its 'con sumption of foreign goods more rapidly than its people grow In number. This country ought to advance, and In spite of protective Interference does advance, in wealth more rapidly 'than In population; under a revenue tariff, from 1850 to 1860, It gained In population 08 per cent, and in wealth 120 per cent; and under the protective system, from 1800 to 1870, it has gained 22 per cent in population, and its wealth, diminished nominally by emancipation and actually by the losses of war, has still Increased 51 per cent. Its foreign trade, in exports and imports alike, .should, therefore, advance faster than its popu lation, and our imports do thus advance. In 1800 wo Imported to the value of $10:71 per capita, and in 1801. to the value of $9.02 per capita , while in 1872 our imports wore $15.08 per capita . But while our exports of domestic products other than gold wore $10.07 per capita in 1800, and $11.09 per capita in 1801, they wore only $10.57' oer capita in 1872. During eleven years under the protective system, while Im ports have Increased from $291,000,000 in 1801 to $011,000,000 in 1872, or 109 per cent, and while population has increased 22 per cent, ex ports have only advanced from $859,000,000 in 1801 to $128,000,000 in 1872, or 19 per cent. Is it not plain that this wide gap between purchases and payments must soon -bo closed, or that bankruptcy will result ? , MAY HYAOINTHES. Poro Hyocluthe having fulfilled tho ono in junction of Soripturo to take unto himsolf a wife, h&B promptly and without unnecessary do lay also fulfilled tho other, which hide mankind to multiply and roplculuh tho oarth. Inthoso respects, he has shown himself to ho a provident family man, b good citizen, and a conscientious theologian. Pore Hyaointho is now pero in re ality as well as in name. There is something very ghastly in tho idea of a father without off spring,—a father who has nothing moro vital to contomplato than skull and bones, or crucifix and rosary; about whoso knees no chil dren cling; who bequeaths his faco and name and nature to no offspring, but wanders through tho world a singular entity, ono-sidod, angular, an apple without a stem, a jug without a handle, a book without print, with, if tho old saying ho true, some wretched woman somo whero dragging through Ufo and pining away in tho shade because she has boon elected to bo an affinity, and never finds tbo complement which can make her solitude a state of blessedness. Pore Hyaointho long ago stated tho reasons why he had entered upon tho state of marriage, and they were both philosophically and theologically sufficient not only to cover his own case, but that of every monk and priest in Chris tendom. Apart from those considerations, there are physiological grounds upon which Pore Hyaointho might have based his cause. Hr. Francis Gallon'lms shown very con clusively that tho Church of Romo has hindered tho progress of civilization by its regulations with regard to celibacy. During tho sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, tho priesthood and other holy orders of that Church embraced in their membership a superior class of moo, not only in theological dogmas, hut in politics, science, literature, and the arts. It Included the best intellect of Europe; hut that class of men did not, as they might havo done, produce a generation to follow them, which would cer tainly have been a of superior beings, who, with increased advantages, would have given to tbo world a higher status of civilization than was established by tbo inferior class, upon whom the work of popu lating tho earth devolved. Stirpicalture, there fore, became of a lower order of character. Tho race did not roach tho high plane it might have reached had tho intellect of the Church repro duced itself in a higher typo of tho species, in stead of preserving its brains on dusty library shelves, pressed and dried like leaves iu on herba rium. There is still—although not to os ; largo an extent as .in - those days when tho Church was tho arbiter and the re pository of the . arts and sciences—a largo amount of wasto intellect in tho C&tholio Church, exhausting itself in the present and doing nothing for the’ future. There is to-day many a parish priest whoso celibacy Is robbing, tho future of its Fouolon; many a ’ Bishop whoso single blessedness involves tho loss of . some twentieth-century Thoraas-a-Kompla; many a Cardinal who might bequeath his rod hat tqa future Wolsoy, or fool tho delightful pos sibility that a Richelieu might ctana some day in his red shoos, wore it not for tho obstacle of his vows; and there has been many a Pope who might havo combined the good ness of Pius IX. aud tho literary and esthetic munificence of Leo X. in somo future ocoupant of tho Vatican, but for the fact that tho Popes havo not paid household bills for two, and poured their joys and sorrows into a family bosom, which at tho same time nourished a future hope and a family glory. To all of those, Pore Hyaointho has sot an example to bo emu lated—in the humble rural personage of some village priest, and among the traditional glories of tho Vatican, and tho solemn splendors of St. Peter’s. His marriage and its prompt result gives point to tho text, “It is not good for man to ho alone.” It is a sermon they should ponder. Pore Hyaointho is as good a man double as ho was single, as eloquent a man, as industrious, frugal, charitable, and re ligions. In reality, ho is moro so, because ho now has additional helps to sanctity, a woman’s Infinite suggestions of usefulness, a freedom from tho potty hindrances and clogs of Ufo, and a little child to show him moro clearly that king dom whoso Hastor ho serves—“for of such is tho Kingdom of Ilonvon.” Hereafter Poro Hya cinth© will preach bettor sermons. A now element lias entered into his theology which will brush out tho dust and ashes, warm it up, make it moro gonial and kindly, put life into thodry hones, send the warm blood through tho shriveled veins, and commend his words to tho souls of tho people. By tho rite of marriage, and its happy and prompt result, ho has become ono of tho people, and will know them bettor hereafter, and his bout will warm towards all men, women, and children. Moro Hyaointho is an Ameri can woman, and all American women wiU offer her congratulations over tho little Hyaointho, which, like its counterpart of tho garden, has come up iu May, aud they will send tho earnest wish to her that it may bo as fair and beauti ful as those also. The uiokuouß ami deoHuo of Kato Dakar, who bae bm detained iu the Chicago jail iw an in* portant witness of the fatal encounter between two negroes, .which occurred some since, forma tbo subject of severe comment in many journals of tho neighboring cities. The case is taken as na instance of tbo outrogoouk prac tice of using tho same jail for detaining'as wit nesses person's wlio'hare boon guilty! of ho crime, those who aro incarcerated to walt trial and who 1 may ho Innocent, and those who aro serving, out.' punishment 'under vordlotfi. Tho practice, from all oceounts, extends pretty gen erally to all cities. It is one which was especially denounced by tho Commissioners of Oharlty of this' State, In their last an nual report, as ono of tho most shameful evils of the county jail system. Without.any reference to tho merits of this particular case, it servos to illustrate a general abuse, Our county jails, as a rulo, aro scarcely fit receptacles for tho most hardened : criminals, but when innocent witnesses ore . remanded to them because they aro not able to furnish bail for their appearance, tbo hardship is considerably increased. The at mosphere and surroundings of jail life aro apt to brood sickness, both physical and moral. There is no distinction in the discipline between tbo guilty and those who await trial, nor between the convicts and tbo detained witnesses. In this manner tho detaining of witnesses becomes an abuse and an outrage 5 and, unless some different accommodations con bo provided for ibis class of inmates, it is a question whether tho courts aro serving tbo ends of justice by remanding them. Tho Census Reports for 1870 show an Increase of 0.91 per cent in tho negro population of this country. Tbo Now York World believes, and this is most likely tho cose, that tho increase represents the natural growth of tho plantation negroes from 18C0 to 1604-6, rather than an In crease among tho froodmon from 1805 on. Ob servation, without tho aid of any actual statis tics, induces tho conclusion that mulattoos are on tbo increase among tho colored race, and It is hold that the offspring of mixed races are unproductive in nature and prone to disease and early death. Tho census also shows that thoro is a notable disposition among tho colored people to abandon the agricultural pursuits in which they havo boon mainly useful In America and flock to tho cities. Thoro has boon a very notable increase in tho colored pop ulation of all tho Southern cities since tho War. Per instance, Baltimore has added 11,009 negroes to its population since 1800; Charleston, 0,027; Memphis, 11,682 ; St. Louis, 18,701; Now Orleans, 20,880; Washington, 24,473, and so on in proportion. Tho conclusion is, that tho race of blacks in this country must deteriorate when tboy abandon tho work to which thoy aro adapted by nature and habits, and Book the lazy and slothful life of largo cIUos, whore thoy are at a disadvantage in competing with tho whites in skilled labor and commerce, but must relapse into idleness or unprofitable pur suits. Henceforth their destiny will bo a mat ter for tho negroes to determine for themselves, as the whites havo done all for thorn that can bo expected. NOTES AND OPINION. In Minnesota tho party managois have sot all tho plus for next Governor, next United States Senator, etc., and ore indulging tho boys with a discussion whether tho Scandinavian element ought to have tho Stato Treasurer or tho Secre tary of Stato. Of -those* managers tho St. Paul Pioneer draws this picture: They want puppets, not manhood. Honesty is what thoy dread. Jnciopomltmca la their horror. A nuggea tiou of real reform sets their loath chattering liko Belshazzar's at tho impious feast. Thoy du not intcud to trust any. ono they cannot use. Thoy claim to own tho party, and prax>oso to run it to their private advan tage. Unless tho patient mule kicks up his heels, thoy will continue to do so. While honest men nroauloep, they arc at work, and have already fixed up tho ticket. . . . . Wo think the old hunks havo boon fed long enough at tho public expense. —ln lowa, also, the party managers havo sot tho pins for Gov. Carpenter's ronomiuation, with a Granger on the ticket for Lieutenant-Govern or, a Democrat for Judge, etc. A correspondent of the Keokuk Constitution, who writes as a Re publican and a Granger, says: Gov, Carpenter was. and, go far a> tho public knows, Ib, lu favor of a protective tariff. He was. and id doubtless yet, opposed to tho taxation of railroads as other property. His connection with State Treasurer nankin's affairs surely cannot recommend him to tho support of any honest man. . —ln Pennsylvania tho party managers havo set the pins as usual for tbo election in October, and tho Pittsburgh Oazetle fools impelled to roiso this warning voice: Tho QazdU has too long and too faithfully advo cated Republican principles to bo swerved from its course now. Yet it Is out!rely free to warn tho party of a coming danger. Wo do not know that our warn ing is timely enough, ns several conventions have been hold already, and delegates to Harrisburg selected. Tbo idea that fidelity to Republican principles involves tho indorsement of any and ad kinds of trickery, by means of which corrupt nominations uro made, at times, is now quite obsolete. As nearly as wo can judge, and wo are receiving expressions by which wo can very accurately gauge public sentiment, (ho dis position now is, if a corrupt Republican ticket Is nomi nated, to let It go by default. —ln a similar strain, tho Pittsburgh Evening Telegraph (Republican) says: Tho great body of Republicans are Urod of tbo thraldom of tho party, and are determined that it shall 'bo purified and elevated: that it shall bo relieved of tho incubus that rests upon it in Pennsylvania, oven If it has to bo accomplished by the defoat of tho candidates .that may bo foisted upon it by theso corrupt mana gore. —A farmer, writing in the Galena (HI.) Qa zdte% declares “ tho last Congress was a'pack of thieves, '* and says: The lover of a government of tho people cannot but bo alarmod at tho direction everything . pertaining to political matters and public position is taking in this country. Whon ho contrasts tho exhibition of self sacrifice and public virtue manifested by all classes during our late terrible civil war, with tbo exhibition of venality manifested by tho public servants of tbo people, from thu cloao of tho war to the present time, it comes very near startling him out of his well settled faith in a republican form of government. —'Tho Republican convention at Monmouth, HI., May 13, was called to nominate John J, Glenn, of Monmouth, for Circuit Judge, and per formed that duty alter a majority of tho dele gates had retired. Tho Kuox County men will continue to support Judge Arthur A. Smith, of Galesburg, for re-election. James H. Stewart, of Momnonth, is an independent candidate. •—Treasurer Spinner, in acknowledging a re mittance from Congressman Cotton, of lowa, pleasingly remarks that tho bonds forwarded gained sl3 in value while on tho way. '—The Grand Jury at Bt. Paul, Mina., desired to bring la a criminal indictment against tho de faulting State Treasurer, but Gov. Austin flatly refused to answer any summons or to furnish any evidence upon which tho jury ooald act. They did this a little differently in Dos Moines, but to the same effect, having thoro packed a Grand Jury expressly that tho defaulting State Treasurer of lowa should not bo indicted. Those things are done in tho Interest and name of “parly." —Tho Pittsburgh Commercial, speaking of tho conference of Congressmen at St. Louis, says: Tho members are evidently going in 11 for a good time,” uud will probably uoed mighty little tempting or baiting from 001, Scott before ho has made bis hook fust in their gills—lf ho undertakes to “capture” thorn. —lt is highly probable that an extra session of Congress may be called before or during tho dog-days, which would considerably interfere wilu business at Long Branch.— Harrisburg (Pa.) Stale Journal. . , —it is not fair in tho Afatfon'nowspapor to de mand, at the very outset of tho Farmers' Move ment, a precise programme of their future op erations, and an exact exhibit of the moans and methods by which they propose to work. It must bo remembered that tho Fanners Move ment has hut just begun. Tho evil they know: the true remedy they have not yet got hold of. Perhaps they indulge ia too muon denunciation; but this Is because they realize the evil. Per haps thoy fall to enlighten U9 about their pro- gramme; but this is because they have not yet boon able to mako it out in satisfactory form. The Nation newspaper, which is an intellectual organ, should come to tho relief of tho farmers, instead of earplug at them.—Cfiicfnmrii Commas dial. . —lie roust bo n dull interpreter of tho signs of the times who has failed to see in Hie popular railroad agitations of the northern,half of tho Union the portents of a groat movement Tho farmers have tho power, and they should exert It in an open and independent manner, re lying upon thofr strength, intelligence, and jus tice, courting observation, challenging criticism, oppoallng to tho wisdom of fair-minded thinkers of all sections and professions, as prompt to ac cept hottest and sensible ’suggestions as to ad vance theories of reform,.and wise enough to adopt tho facts of the situation as tho basis and framework of their theories and principles.— Louisville Courkr;Tournal. —Suppose tbo farmers, in Illinois and else where, stick to their text. Suppose this anti monopoly movement, instead of being the momentary flurry which some writers choose to regard It, turns out a veritable hurricane. Sup pose tho present Legislatures, or now ones elected for tho speoiflo purpose, embody tho demands of the grain-growing interest in legislation. What will tho railroad companion do about it ? It Is a decidedly interesting question.— Springfield Jfc puhllcan. • " —The movement moans revolution, and wo must take all tho moons wo find at our hand to accomplish our purpose. And first, wo must re form tho courts, by crowding off the bench all those legal owls who screech the screeches of tho past, aro blind, when ■ brought into tho light of E resent events, and can see only when enveloped y the darkness of legal precedents. This will bo denounced as a dangerous doctrine, and it may bo, but it must control If tho people hope to mako any headway against the power of tho monopo lists.—Cairo (III.) Bulletin. . 1 —lf tho people will fearlessly stand by their rights, oven tho mammoth money-power of the railroads will find a limit beyond which it durst not ao.— Wilmington (JV. 0.) Star. —No politician of ordinary intelligence can fail to porcolvo that tho ties of party in tho Re publican organization aro looser than they have over boon in any previous period of its history. Tlio Credit Moblltor scandal, the book-pay steal, tho corruption at Harrisburg, tho municipal swindling, both In Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, and tho control of tho party machinery by men utterly unworthy of confidence or respect, havo produced a deep impression upon tho people, and have disgusted thousands of voters, who have no other Interest in politics than to secure an honest and efficient administration of public ond governmental affairs.— Pittsburgh Telegraph (Republican). . —The salary steal was tho logical rosuH of tho Republican crood and practice. But with tho Democratic party it was dlffoftmt. No Demo crat can reflect without indignation that a bam sordid, miserable love of money should havo prevented tho Democrats in Congress from doing right, first for tho sake of right, with re gard to tho salary question, and then for tho purpose of making a record-which would havo swept tho Republican party from power. But tho low order of too many of tho men who have got t6 Congress under tho name of Democrats disgraced their party and lost tho opportunity.— St. Joseph (Mo.) Gazette ( Democratic ). WALL STREET. Review of tho Money, Gold, Stock, and Produce Markets* Special Diepatih to The Chicago Tribune. New Yoek, May 14.—Tho chief speculative attraction this afternoon was Pacific Mail, which further declined to on a report that ono of tho opposition lino of steamers between San Francisco and Hong-Kong had arrived on tho Paoifio coast. Tbo transactions woro very largo, and holders continue to realize tho real current prices. MONEY was easy, and call loans on approved stock col laterals wore occossiblo to borrowers at 0 to 7 por cent. Tlio larger number of negotiations were at tho lower rate, but about 2:30 p. m. there was . a more active inquiry, and 7 per cent currency was freely bid, with a few transactions at 7 por cent coin. In discounts trade has been good, and considerable amounts of first-class paper in the hands of tho note brokers have boon disposed Of. GOLD was very dull and sluggish, from 117J£ to 117%, touching 118, but closing at 117,% though in the lato dealings thoro was more firmness in conse quence of lower quotations for consols. The final rates paid for having gold balances carried wore G and 6 por cent. GOVERNMENTS. No lifo or animation in tho government bond market, and prices wore heavy from lack of speculation. There wore only a few offerings and but little disposition was evinced to trade ovon in this small way. STOCKS. Tho speculative interest of tho stock market centered in Pacific Mail at tho second call,which, aftor soiling at 48K, became weak again, and dropped oft to 4%, caused by heavy sales, naturally producing depression. Panama, in sympathy with Pacific Mail, sold at 111, against 112)$ at tho morning boards. Tho sales between 12 and 2 o’clock aggregated 69,780. shares, of which 23,370 wore Pacific Mall, 6,600 Western Union, 4.800 Columbus, Chicago & Indiana Central, 4,600 Lake Shore, 4,500 Uuion Pacific, 2,000 Erio, 1,000 Ohio & Mississippi, 1,700 Rock Island, 1,800 St. Paul, 1,000 Wabash, 500 Central, 400 Harlem, 400 Panama, and 500 St. Paul preferred. After 2 o'clock the market became irregular and weak, and prices declined to % per cent on tbo gen eral list, while Pacific Man sold down to 46|£, and Panama to 110. Both, however, subso auontly recovered. The decline in prices ranged iroughout tbo day from % to 5% in thu loading shares,' nncADsroFra. Tho market for Stato and Western flour rules quito firm, with a fair domain!. Sales of 10,500 brio at $5,75(2)6140 for superfine State; $6.95(5) 7.40 for extra State ; $7.d5@7.50 for cboico do ; $7.60(5)8.85 for fancy do ; $5.75@0.35 for super fine Wostoru; $0.75(5)7.85 for common to medium extra Western ; $7.40@8.00 for cboico do: $8.50@10.50 for common 'to choice white wheat Wostoru extra; $6.00(5)7.40 for common to good shipping brands extra round hoop Ohio ; 57.50@10.50 for trade brands; $7.50@9.35 for common to fair extra St. Louis, and $9.35(2)12.50 for good to choice do. Southern flour is raoro active and firmer. The sales aro 1,700 brls at $6.25(2)3.20 for com mon to fair extra, and $8.25(2)11.53 for good to choice do. PROVISIONS. Vory little activity iu pork. Contract stock is flat, and tbo .only transaction hoard of was a lob of 250 brls on tho spot at SIB.OO. Lard is a littlo tamo, aud prices woro a shade easier. Western, stoam on tho spot sold at 0%o: also 1,000 tiorces for tho month’s delivery at tbo samo fig ure. June delivery was modoratoly.activo, aud sold at 9)£@9M°; July hold at 9%@9%0. Cut moats at tho moment aro vory dull. City pickled shoulders sold at 7%0 ; dry salted aro qmot but firm Boxod bellies are easier, and & few lots, say 7,000 tbs, 10-lb average, sold at woight. Hams moot with vory httlo demand at tho moment, and aro nominally un changed. Smokod moats moot with a small trade demand, at B%c for shoulders, and 13>£@15o for ufims. Bacon is very dull; long clour hold at 0%0, aud a few small lots of short sold at Barreled boof sold to tho extent of 50 brls at Ho for now plain moss. BUTTER AND CHEESE hero has had a profitable season since the war, having passed tho year without a failure of a regular receiver or dealer. The value of tho receipts of butter for tho past year'iu this city alone amounts to $20,000,000, and choose to over $12,000,000, while wheat was only $20,000,000, com $21,000,000, out moats about $12,000,000, oua lord $8,000,000. I. O. O. F,—REORGANIZATION. Tho reorganization of Templar Lodge No. 440, I. O. O. F., took place last evening at their hall, corner of Washington and Dosplalucs streets. Tho reinstating of tho lodge was performed by Past Grand Master Ellis, assisted by Post Grand Boorotary Willard and Past Grand Sherman. Noblo Grand, W. 0,. McClure; Vice Grand, Joseph Uirohborg; Recording and Finan cial Secretary, R. Jordan; Treasurer, Zi . Frank. After the ceremonial speeches wore made by Pant Grand Muster* Ellis, Past Grands Sherman, Willard, Anplehory, Noblo Grand MoOluro, and others, Post Grant Master Ellis,. Fast Grands Sherman, Willard, Applobory, Noblo Grand McClure. and others. After tho adjournment of the lodge, tho members re paired to a repast, and spout a very pleasant evening. Swedish Lodge No. 1 visited, in a body, Templar Lodgo 440, and convoyed their congratulations. Convicted of Manslaughter* Baltimore, May 14.—George Davis, arrested a few weeks ago for tho rauraor of one Perry, colored, hi 18(13. has boou convicted at Annapo lis of manslaughter.

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