Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 17, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 17, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRipUNE. trams or sunscmrxioH (pataulr m advance). PMfc:: 8 Si;!!!! 1 I’arU of a year at the a«mo tile. • To prevent delay ami mlaUkea, bo aure and glvo Poet Office addreu in full, JnMudlog flUto and County. ftomlttaiicea may bo nmde either by draft, exprett, Poet Offioooiucr, or in rotrMorcd lot tern, nt onrrlsk. _ triimh xo mxy uium-nniKna. Dally, dollvored, Hmulay cxcoptoi. £A cents per Dally, delivered. Sunday Included, St) cent* par woek. •Address THKTKIUUNK COMPANY. Corner Bfedlson end Doarbora-sti., Chicago, HI. TO DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. IIOOI.F.Y’S THEATRE—Randolph sired, between Clark and LaSauo. 'MUiks.'*. Afternoon And evening. MdVIOKRR 8 .TIIR ATRK—MndUon street, between Dearborn Mid Slalo. Engagement of Edwin Adams. "The Inconstant." Afternoon and ovonlng. , -.ACADEMY OF MUBIO llnhtod street, between a i°rro«* Mart'* Thoalro Comlquo Combination. Afternoon and evening. AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Con. gross street. Bon iranolaoo Minstrels. Afternoon and STSDIQg. FOREPAUOH’S 'OIROUS-Stato street, cornet-of Twenly-aocond. Throe performance*. . 6 S tS H FF nn ATRE-OHnton etroot. between Randolph nod Washington. Vanok, tho Proatldlgltatour. After noon and evening. BUSINESS NOTICES. BATOHEtOR'B HAITI DYE. THIS SPLENDID hairdyo is tho bostln the world. Tho only true and por* feotdye. llarmloaa, reliable, and instantaneous; nodiaan. Boinlraont; no ridiculous tints or nnplesssnt odor. Remo airs the til effoots of bad dyes end washes. Produces im mediately a auporb black or natural brown, and loaves the bale dean, soft, and boaatltul. Tho genuine, signed W. 6. Batchelor. Sold by all druggists. OUARLBB ATOHELOR. Proprietor, N. Y. ©filwro, Saturday Morning, May 17, 1873. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. The pressure upon our columns on Sunday morning la eo great that wo arc compelled to request advertisers to send iu (heir advertisements for that issue at as curly anhour as possible, in order that they may with certainty secure the proper ciasEtlTcatlon. Liquor is sold at 8,403 places in Now York City. Twood lias pleaded “not guilty" to the fif teen now indictments found against him. Internal Revenue receipts for the year will probably oxceed tbo estimates by $3,000,000 or $4,000,000. They woro expected ’to ' reach $110,000,000. The Chicago Times is greedily eating Its own words on tho railroad question. Tho IrUcr- Occan hasbecome demoralized by tho spectacle, and has reached a state of bewilderment on tho subject which is pitiable in tbo extreme. Senator Cassorly,who voted against tbo salary steal in all its stages, has refused to accept his share of it." In doing this ho disclaims any in tention of impugning tho honor of those who accept tho book-pay. Owing, perhaps, to tho suspension of tho Bonk act by tbo Government, none of tbo bonks at Vienna havo bcou broken oy tho financial pres sure. On tho Bourse, tho difficulty appears to bo on tho increase. One hundred bonkers aud brokers failed yesterday. One effect of'the increase of tolls on tbo Chesapeake & Ohio Canal baa boon to turn a largo port of its coal traffic over to tbo railroads, which more than make up to shippers in time the slight excess of thoir charges over those of the canal. Tho leaders of the recent movement at St. Martinsville to resist tho installation of tho Kellogg officials havo boon arrested aud taken to Now Orleans. They reached tbo city lost night, and had a grand ovation-from tbo citi zens, who turned out by thousands to do them honor. Charges aro rife of corruption on the part of tbo Indian Commissioners in the contracts re cently awarded by them for Indian supplies, and an investigation baa been demanded of Sec retary Delano by Commissioner George ■Hi Stuart, Chairman of tbo Board implicated by tbo accusations. Soeger, tire late Treasurer of Minnesota, and Munch, bis fatbor-in-law and State Treasurer before bim, aro to bo indicted by tbo Grand Jury at St. Paul, on Monday, next. Tboy were months ago proved by a Committee of tiro Legislature guilty of having misappro priated tbo State funds, but have boon by some mysterious influence protected so far from im peachment or prosecution. All tbo State Assessors aro advised by tbo farmers who mot at Earl, yesterday, to resign in a body at tbo end of Juno. In this way, it Is thought, they might defeat the enforcement of the tax-levy of 1872, which, in the opinion of the meeting, by its provisions tor the increase of taxable valuations, taxes property twice, and also oppresses tbo farmer by refusing bim any deductions for indebtedness or personal prop erty. Nixon'was banged in New York yesterday, and O'Neil at Mount Carroll, hi this State. Both of them approached their fate firmly; They wore each Catholics. Nixon wont to tbo gallows clasp ing tbo crucifix in bis anus, and, like O'Neil, re ceived tbo last riles of tbo Church before bis elocu tion. The latter expressed bis belief that bo was gobig to Heaven, and to tbo lost asseverated the innocence of bis brother, who has boon sen tenced to imprisonment for life as an accessory. No railway abuse, iu tho opinion of the Erie Investigating Committoo, requires immediate attention so much as tho loosing of railroads As tho law now stands, Directors, without ask ing the consent of stockholders, can lease their property on terms which amount virtually to a ealo, and in this way sacrifice their rights as well as the public interests. Tho Committoo propose to moot this ovl? by a general law prohibiting tho leasing of any lino to another that is competing and parallel, and allowing those only to unite which are continuous aiid connecting. In any case, tho consent of throe-fourths of tho stock holders must bo obtained. Sir Hugh Allan’s mission to Loudon, to raise £30,000,000 of tho £105,000,000 which oio noed iJfor tho construction of tho Canada Pacific i tail way, has not boon a success. Ho lias boon apposed by tho Tima and Telegraph ; all tho influence of tho Grand Trunk Hallway hao boon agaluot him, and ho finds himself utterly uu able to win tho coufldouco of English cap- UaUsls in tho ochorao, Tim searching «am inatlon mndo into the affairs of tho Company by its opponenta addo another particular lit which its management hao followed the p*aropla of its swindling prototype on this sldo the ijno. It is charged that tho eubsoriptlon of £IO,OOO - COO. with which tho scheme floated off, in a fraud, tad that not a contoMt has been handled by tbo Becoiver-Gonoral. A similar fraud was por-‘ potrated by the stockholders of the Union Pa iiflo, and is * tho biels of tho suits about to bo brou gbt against it and tbo Credit Moblllor. j Tho Presbyterian Church will be very fully represented In tbo Centennial Celebration of 1870, if tbo report made to tbo General Assem bly by tbo Centennial Committee is adopted. They recommend that suitable persons be named to prepare discourses for delivery on that occasion on tho various historical periods of tbo Church's growth from its founding to tho pres ent, and on Us present and future work and prospects. They also suggest that sufQclont spaco bo obtained for tbo exhibition at tbo Cen tennial of all tho publications of the Church, including an illustrated volume, prepared ex pressly to commemorate tbo Centennial. Charles Francis Adams* ill-judged exaltation of Mr. Boward at the expense of President Lin coln, In hla recent eulogy, has colled forth another protest. Montgomery Blair, who was Postmaster-General under Mr. Lincoln, says that gross injustice bos boon done Mr. Lincoln by Mr. Adams, and that Secre tary Welles shares tbo same opinion. Chief Jus tice Chose was asked by Mr. Blair to join in a statement to tho country that Mr. Adams had boon misled as to tbo relations between tho President and hla .Secretory of State, but ho soomod to prefer that tho mistake should bo ig nored, saying that President Lincoln's momoiy cnnld uot bo hurt by any of Mr. Boward's merits. 1 Wo have before us a slatomont.of, tho ship ments of com from Now Orleans by steamer and sail vobbol from Feb. 17, 1872, to November in tbo same .year. This corn was taken to Now Orleans from Illinois by tbo Illinois Control Hallway, placed in elevator at that city, and sliippod as follows To Liverpool. Londonderry. Glasgow Portland. Mo. Now York..., Total, This is quite an extensive trade’ of Itself, aud, it will he soon, was carried on without any inter vention on tho part of St. Louis, that city being out of tho lino of tho corn trado with Now Orleans. A now railroad , imbroglio of a rather fierce description bos boon started in Wisconsin by tbo refusal of tbo Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company to accept tho St. Croix land-grant on tho terms of tho recent act of, tho Logislatnro. Tho reason assigned for tho refusal is, that tho title of tho State to the lands is in litigation—a fact which, sonic of tho newspapers say, was well known to tho Company whoa their attorneys drew tho hill aud their agents lobbied it through tho Legislature. There is a vast deal of iudig naut comment on this action in tho press of tho State, and some talk of an extra session of tho Legislature for tho double purpose of disposing of tbo laud-grant and passing a law to prohibit tbo St. Paul and Northwestern Companies from pooling thoir earnings. Tho Chicago produce markets were less active yesterday. Moss pork was weak and 400 per brl lower, closing at SIG.OS@IG.IO cash, and $10.70 seller July. Lard was dull aud 8o por 100 lbs lower, at $9.00 seller Juno, and $9.20@9.25 seller July. Moats were dull and per lb lower, at for shoulders, B%@BKo for, short ribs, for short clear, aud for swoot pickled hams. Lake freights were quiet, but firmer, at s>tf@Gc for com to Buffalo.. High winos woro active and unchanged at 89|£o por gallon. Flour was more aotivo and strong at former prices. Wheat was active, and lo por bu higher, closing at sl.B2>£ cash, and $1.31 X sel ler Juno. Corn was active and 1c lower, clos ing at SflKo'coah, and 40%0 seller Juno. Oats wore loss aotivo, and a shade easier, closing at 32%0 cash, and seller" Juno. Rye was quiet and steady at Barley was nominally unchanged at 71@830 for poor to good No. 2. Hogs wore dull and weak at $1.75@5.05. There was no decided change in tho cattle and sheep markets. It seems that no man in American public life is to escape tbo suspicion of tbo general corrup tion that has become contagions in this country. Probably one of the last men in tbo country whom the people would bo likely to accuse of unfpir dealings is the Hon. Ezra Cornell, tbo generous founder of Cornell University, at Ith aca, N. Y. Yet, in tbo discussion of a bill intro duced into tbo Now York Legislature "to facili tate a sottlomont between the State of Now York and Ezra Cornell in reference to tbo sola and lo cation of tbo College Land Scrip," Mr. McGuire accused Mr. Cornell of organizing a ecbomo to enrich himself under the guise of a public bene factor. Tbo land was Now York's share of tbo Congressional donation to various States to es tablish Agricultural Colleges, and bad boon turned over to tbo Cornell Univer sity. Mr. McGuire charged that Mr, Cornell bad first endeavored to organize a stock com pany, in which bo should bo the principal stock holder, to buy up 400,000 acres of this land at 95 per acre, while it was really worth from 800 to 870 per acre. Palling in this, bo bad actually disposed of tbb laud at 81.50 per acre to a man named McGrow, and Mr. McGuire charged that it was tbo intention of Mr. Cornell to possess him self of those lands at a low figure and make an enormous profit therefrom. Ho demanded an investigation to ascertain tbo real value of tbo lands, and examine Mr. Cornell's accounts. To this demand tbo Senate baa responded by dl. rooting Gov. Dlx, with tboconaont of tbo House, to appoint a committee to scrutinize hi tbo most searching manner Mr. Cornell's conduct in tbo matter, Mr. Cornell will doubtless second tbo investigation, and ponding its results tbo public will bo slow to believe bim guilty of tbo offense charged upon him. There is considerable discussion In tho news papers about tho Truesdoll bridge,—tho pattern of bridge which gave way at Dixon with such fearful sacrifice of human life. There have been some efforts to approve of Mr. Truesdoll’s patent, which consists of a scries of braces and a clamp of peculiar construction. It is stated that Mr. TruosdeU erected fourteen of those bridges in Now Eugland prior to 1863, when ho sold out his patent to a Mr. Briggs, who has since built about forty more throughout that section of tho country. Whatever justifications may bo put forward for Mr, TruesdoH’s features lu bridge-building, the faot remains that several of his structures have gone down under a pres sure that .should not,have brought tills about, It is when the Dixon bridge was ac cepted each arch was subjected to a strain of ninety tons, or fully six times the weight ou tho bridge when it foil. Now, as tbo amount of pressure which a bridge can sustain may bo cal culated., with absolute certainty by competent engineers,' either, the calculation in the case of, the Dixon bridge' was false, or Mr. Truoadoll’s particular supports are to blame. One lesson which tbo Dixon accident should teach is that highway bridges should bo constructed with greater capacity to resist strain than rail-, road bridges! The heaviest railroad ’ train passes over a bridge steadily, and iboro is no pressure on any particular portion of it. Tot a dog trotting across a bridge Is said to shako it by reason of tbo regular succession of strains. Tbo samo is true,- to a greater extent, of horses. It is customary for soldiers to break stop before crossing a bridge, in order to guard against tho simultaneous strain uhloh they would put upon It. A swaying mass of pooplo oolleotod on a bridge tost Its strength more than several times the same amount of weight transported steadily across it. It la probable that tbo street bridges in Chicago have greater strains tb&n any railroad bridge in tho country on those accounts, and tho conclusion is, that road and passenger bridges need to bo built in tbo strongest fashion. JUBIOIAB INDEPENBENOE. Wo print in another place tbo manly letter of tbo Hon. J. M. Scholflold, of Clark County, to tbo Farmers’ Club of Macoupin County. Judge Thorton, of tho Supremo Court, having resigned, tho Bar of that district, with hardly a dissent ing voice, requested Mr. Soholfioid to hocomo a candidate for tho vacancy. With somo roluot ■nco, no agreed to do”so. Under ordinary cir cumstances, Mr, Scholflold would ho elected without opposition. Ho is known to all tho citi zens of tbo district aa a lawyer of groat ability, a careful student, who bos rejected all manner of political offices that -ho might, devote himself to tho law, and.’ as a gentleman whoso personal integrity is known and road of all men. Tho members of tbo Bar, and the pub lic generally, under ordinary , circumstances, would have considered that tho district was' for tunate In securing a man of this character to ac cept a place on tho Bench. Tho “Macoupin County Farmers’Club,’’how ever, resolved, that the members would not vote for any manforJudgowho holds opinions antago nistic to tboir opinions, and therefore directed that certain questions bo addressed to Mr. Scholflold. That gentleman has responded in a. manner becoming a man who has respect for tho oflico of Judgo. Ho frankly states his own previous connection, professionally, with rail road corporations, and peremptorily, declines to answer any question requiring of him an opin ion in relation to matters that may possibly Cargoes. BmhtU, ....25 021,402 ....11 2GU.GIO .... 1 25,893 .... 1 .12.617 .... 1 16,000 .... 1 24,000 ,\.,40 008,612 como before tho Court for decision. strongly states the cose when bo informs tho Committee that his openness on tl;o ques tions involved can bo of. no consequence to tho people unless thoso opinions would bo followed by like decisions when cases should arise j that, therefore, substantially, ho was asked to state in advance how ho would decide a case when on tho Ronch. His definition of tho distinction between a political and a judicial office is clear and forci ble, and, wo commend it to tho careful considera tion of all mon who havo rights which can only be protected by an honest and independent ju diciary. Ho declines to offer opinions as bribes for votes, and proposes to accept tbo office only os a froo.tuan, with liberty to act in accordance with his own convictions, and declares that ho will “not bo a Judge to register tho prodotor mluod decrees of either corporations or indi viduals." This letter places tho judicial election in that district upon a proper issue. Do tho people want a Judge who, iu order to got votes, declares will decide cases iu favor of A aud against Bj that ho will decide all controversies between husbands aud wives lu faver of tho hus bands ; that on tho Bench ho will discriminate in favor of those who vote for him and against those who voto for his opponent? Do tho people of tho Second Judicial District, waut a Judge who is so anxious to bo elected that ho will peddle out to voters blank decisions in thoir favor, to ho entered of record after tho elec tion ? Do the farmers, who own tho soil 6f tho State, want to have a Supreme Court composed of Judges who will barter thoir decisions in ad vance—either for votes or money ? It is no an swer to say that thoso Judges are asked to give thoir opinions In favor of tho farmers; that does not alter* tho case a whit. Tho man who will promise to decide all cases in favor of one class, is not a fit man to bo Judge at all. Such a per son, if seeking tho office, must bo seeking it for. his own aggrandizement ami not for tho public benefit. Tbo question propounded by the Macoupin Committee, whether “railroads and other incor porations aro subject to tbo same laws which govern tbo citizens at largo ?*’ is not susceptible of on answer, oven if Mr. Scbolflold should so far forgot what belongs to tbo character of a Judge as to attempt an answer. Tbo Committee probably wanted him to say yes. Yot railroads are not subject to bo sent to the Penitentiary for crime as tbo citizens at largo aro. Nor are they liable to bo divorced on grounds of adultery, Perhaps Mr. Craig, in the Piftb'District, could give a categorical answer to this luminous biter rogatory. Wo are glad that Mr. Scbolflold did not attempt to do so. THE MODOO WAH, Tbo nows from tbo Modoo war is, to say the least, not very encouraging. Tbo force of'6oo troops, after two or three mouths’ bold labor and a heavy loss of life, having forced tbo thirty savages out of tbo Lava-Bods, have the satisfaction of knowing that tbo latter, after getting twenty miles away, have now occupied a position winch is oven stronger than that of tbo Lava-Bods, Meanwhile, the troops are engaged in disputing possession of their camping-grounds with scorpions and rattlesnakes, and Copt. Jack in Gen. Canby’s uniform, is striving to make bln position Impregnable, upon which no attack will bo made until more reinforcements arrive. What tbo result will bo then, no one can say witii confidence. Meanwhile, two plans of dis posing of Modocs have boon suggested by In dians who have an 111-will towards tbo Modocs. A strategic Pinto has volunteered a suggestion that it is of no uso to fight' Modocs with gnus. Tbo general impression of white people is voiy similar to that of tbo Pinto, although they will hardly agree to tbo plan of “ fixing ” tbo Modocs, which bo then suggests, namely, to inform them that they want tobayoablg talk with them, and, having got them to tbo big talk, that each Piuto shall seize bis Modoo neighbor by tbo right wrist and then smash bis bead with a rook. This would settle tbo Modoo quos- tion very conclusively, if tho Pluto didn't make a mjstako, and got his own head smashed. Tho Indians whom Gon. Crook nsen in his recent successful raids against th.o Apaches, havo, how oyer. elated very succinctly tho roaepuy why tho TIIE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: ’ sATWiDAV, ! MAY 1873. whites aro not generally successful in hunting the Indians. Ono of their number gavcvibo key to tho. Modoc situation in the following torso language: u White man is a fool.; .116 gota up lu ♦. tiio morning and makes hoap/nolao, 1 Ho travels in day-time and kicks up much dust. See him, for twenty miles. At night ho makes big . ilro. 800 him everywhere." The mistake which our forces commit is in employing the tootles and strategy of modern warfare against a foe who lights upon on entirely, different plan. Tho Indian follows his trail by moonlight, and when the morning comes ho hides away and sloops, after posting a sontry upon some high place which commands a viow for miles around. At night, • ho 1 travels again, and when ho overtakes. his ene mies ho springs upon them suddenly, and seeks to kill ' every one. If hut ono escapes, ho turns about and • disappears, that ho may not ho surprised in an enemy's country. Tho Indian must bo fought with tho Indian tactics. Those who hunt him mast know him and his habits. Tho Government might well afford to offora toward for those thirty Modocs, dead or alive, ondhondrods of frontiers men and friendly Indians would speedily find a way to bring them In. .It would bo an economy in ovory way. Tho expense per capita would bo greatly lessened, tho war would bo brought to a speedy close, and there would bo a material saving of human llfo.' Tho present stylo of fighting Modocs is fearfully expensive. The original estimate of $75,000 per Modoo Is not exaggerated. Half that ■ sum would suffice to take them all, If tho Indians and frontiersmen wore, allowed, an opportunity to com it, and thoyawould close tho war infinitely sooner than it can ho done with all the strategy of Jomlnl, or tho tactics of Marmont. THB DEMOCEATIO PABTY AND EEEE . tEade. Tho Now York World recently proposed that tho Democratic party should abjure all other questions and mako froo trade tho exclusive prlnolplo of tho party. At onoo thoro was a wait from a largo faotion who objected to making tho party responsible for any doctrine which would divide it._ “ What will yon do with Pennsyl vania?" asked, those persons; “and without Pennsylvania what can the party or any party do ? 11 Tho persons who mako ■ tho objection to having froo trade a dis tinctive and avowed policy of the. Dem ocratic party are, as a class, tho samo men who objected to coercing a sovereign. State; who, further on, washed their hands of all responsi bility for tho prosecution of a war waged against slavery.; who opposed the Thirteenth Amend ment so resolutely that tho Fourteenth became necessary; and who talked so londly of repu diating that, that tho safety and peace of tho country demanded tho adoption of tho Fifteenth Amendment. Those samo persons have re cently got tore-adopting the Kentucky.resolu tions of 1798, and think the memories of tho bid Democratic party ought not to bo disturbed by making that party an advocate of froo com merce, free markets, free production, and the abolition of special privileges. Wo do not think froo trade, or any other principle of government, Is to bo over promoted bythoDomooratioparty. That party is; of itself, fatal to anything It supports,—oven to Sunday boor in Chicago. Taking tho public men who have boon Us loaders,, and tho mon it boa sent to Cobgroas, and its press generally, they exhibit a

profound ignorance of tho principles of taxation for revenue, and a general disposition to sell out to tho protectionists upon every possible occa sion. With tho exception of tho late Mr. Brooks and Mr. Cox, of Now York, Mr. Kerr,'of Indiana, and three or four others, there has been a lamentable deficiency of Domocrhtlq intelligence and effort in Congress, both in opposing unjust tariff legislation and in accomplishing tariff re form. Thoro hos not boon a Democratic Senator during tho lost ton years that hos had tho infor mation and ability with the inclination to ex pose and oppose tho tariff robberies. On tho contrary, tho Democratic Senators from Now Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, and West Virginia hove strangled every measure which tho friends of revenue reform have boon able to push through tho House. It was the blind ig norance of tho Democratic members of both Houses that voted tho repeal of tho revenue duties on tea and coffee, and loft tho duties on coal, salt, lumber, and on all tho groat staples of cottou and woolen clothing,, iron and other metals. Tho foot is, tho pro tectionists have only been able to maintain the more robbor-liko provisions of tho tariff through tho partly-ignorant and partly-dollberato support given them by tho Democrats of the Senate and House of Itoprosontativos. Those mon, who have boon thus used as tools of tho pensioners on tho civil list, have boon loud in their doolama- tlon against nogro suffrage aud nogro equality. They have boon valiantly fighting tho War all over again, and at tho same timo permitting tho pooplo to ho robbed through a form of taxation that in tho oxtout of its exactions has boon without precedent. Those are tho mon that tho World proposes to marshal in solid array as a party in favor of froo trade, when thoir record during tho loot ton yearn has boon almost uniform in support of protection. Tho objection, however, that is urged by some papers professing to ho in favor of free trade, that Pennsylvania must bo oonsldorod as lost to any party that opposes protection, in founded upon an assumption not warranted by facts. In 1812, tho Whig party enacted tho protective tariff of that year in tho direct intorostof Pennsylvania. That tariff was repealed a fow years lator by tho froo-trado tariff of 1816. Pennsylvania voted in 1846 against Henry Olay, tno apostle of pro tection, aud in favor of James K. Polk, who had In Congress opposed the tariff of 1812. Tho tar- iff ot 1840 was passed by tlio easting vote of Vice-President Dallas, a Pennsylvanian. Mr. David Wilmot, of Pennsylvania, a Democrat, in Congress repudiated tbo policy of protection, and upon that issue was triumphantly re-elected to Congress. Throe years ago, Mr. Spoor, a Democrat, avowed himself a free-trader, and defeated Dauiol J. Morel! for Con gress in Pennsylvania. Since ho has been In Congress ho has resolutely advocated a reduction of the duties ovon on pig-iron, and Ipst fall, notwithstanding the State gave over a hundred thousand majority for Qraut, Mr. Spoor, the avowed free-trader, was re-elected by. an increased majority. There Is no State in the country whore the principle of taxation for revenue only will find a more relentless opposi tion from chartered monopoly than in Pouusyl- vania, and whore it will be supported more bravely by that portion of the people who are its victims. But, by a tacit agreement between the loaders of both parties, protection is made common capital; both parties combine’to robths people, and to threaten all parllesln other States who propose any interference with the niouop* oly. mat Is noodcd Is a freo-trado organisa tion In Pennsylvania | to mako tho light thoro In the otrongbold of protection, and tboro Is no tnoro doubt of tho final triumph of truth In that Stale than In any,other.; Wlih (ow oxoop lions, tbo'inlolllgont friends of revenue roform In Congress and hi pnbllo life aro Republicans. Those mon have wrought all tho roform that has boon accomplished. What they have donohaa boon done in spitoof tho hostility of patty or ganizations, and any attempt to bring tho Demo cratic party Into existence again, as tho exclu sive advocate of free trade,.is calculated ,to de feat roform by identifying It with something that Is detestable to a majority of tho pottle. THE UNION PACIFIC BAILBOAS SUIT, Tlio Government has commoncoil ault against tlio Union Pacific Hallway stoobholdore to com pel thorn to pay np tholr subscriptions to tho capital stock of iho road, in accordance with tho terms of tho law. This stock amounts to $88,788,000, a sum greater than tho wholo amount of principal ant} Interest duo to tho Gov ernment on tho bonds Issued to tho Company. Only a very small portion, perhaps 6 per cent, perhaps nothing, of this stock was over paid for. If It wore paid in full,' as it should have boon, tho Company would bo in position to pay tho interest of its socond-mortgogo bonds regularly, and oven to pay tho principal. Wo can soo no reason why thoy should not do so. What tho Govornmont offered to do in tho be ginning was to lend its credit to tho Company, and give a certain amount of land outright for tho construction of tho road. When this loan of credit,was made subject to another mortgage of an equal amount, tho Government virtually lent; its credit for $54,500,000, since it would bo nec essary for it to assume and protect tho first mort gage in order to mako tlio second available. This sum of $64,500,000 was more than enough to build and equip tho road. Therefore, what ever risk there may havo boon In tho original undertaking whs entirely as sumed by tho Govornmont, and the land-grant was thrown in ns a gratuity. As tho lauds have boon, mortgaged for $10,000,000, it is fair to prosumo that they wore worth double that sum when tho mortgage was executed, and that they nro not worth less now. Tho Government ought not to uao harsh meas ures or tako advantago ot moro technicalities In its dealings with citizens. ■ Tho law is clearly on tho aldo of tho Qovonunout In tlio ponding suit, and tho question whether equity is on the aamo sido is tho only ono to ho considered. Wo think it is. To compel tho stockholders to pay up thoir subscriptions, 'is simply forcing them to tako money out of thoirpockots andput it into thoir own treasury. They aro made no poorer by tho operation, though tho security of tho Govern-' moni tor tho ultimate payment of its bonds is considerably improved. Thoso bonds do not fall duo until about tho end of tho present cen tury. Payment is not pressing, but if tho stock subscriptions wero collected, tho money could bo applied to tho payment of tho other indebt edness of tho Company, to-wit: tho first mort gage and tho Income bonds (836,693,000), leav ing the not earnings of tho road, which now amount to over 84,000,000, nud are increasing, to bo applied to the payment of dividends. Tho stock would then bo worth par, or exactly what they pay for it. Thoprosontfanoy value of SOpor cent of thereabout would, per haps, bo lost, but .tliat may bo offset against tho land-grant, and Is, at all events) a very small penalty for tho manifold rascalities of Credit Stonilicr. Of course, tho same rule which is applied to tho tjnion Pacific should bo applied- to tho Cen tral Pacific and all tho other subsidized roods. THE BOE3EL LAW IN OHIO, TUo State of Ohio lias a sensation. The Con stitution of that Biato prohibits in express tonus ony county, town, or township from being a stockholder in ony corporation, and from raising money for or in aid of any corporation or asso ciation, and from loaning its credit to or in aid: of ony corporation or association. Tho result of this has boon that tho counties, towns, and mu nicipalities of Ohio havo boon saved from tho mortgages, lions, and intolerable taxation for railroad-aid debts which havo proved so oppres sive upon municipalities in lowa and 'Wisconsin, and whoso foroo is Just hoginning to bo folt in Illinois. After long and dexterous fencing, tho 'Legislature of Ohio, in 1872, passed what is called tho Jloosol act, by which counties, towns 010., wore allowed to build within thoir own cor porate jurisdiction, or 1 to vote money' or bonds to aid in building, parts of railways,: tho samo to bo sold or loosed to snch poreonsor corporations as would oporato thorn. Tho law' further required that this salo or lease should bo made to tho persons or corporations who would ngroo to build tho greatest number of miles of railway for tho money voted by tho town or'county. Upon tho vote being taken, tho county issued its bonds, which, however, wore not bo delivered until tho road was com pleted. It will bo soon that this was a very thin disguise; that it was only a mode of evad ing tho Constitution. It was, howovor, lobbied through tho Legislature by tho railroads and contractors, who forthwith, upon its passage, without: giving Ihno to havo tho validity of tho low tested In tho courts, urged on tho pcoplo to veto tho bonds. Tho act was passed, April 23, | 1872, and on tho Ist' of December, in tho same yoar, tho bonds filed with tho Auditor amounted to 82,085,000. Since that time the amount of thoso bonds has increased to over 84,000,000, not including a groat many voted but not yot filed with tho“ Auditor. Tho work upon some of tho roade has boon begun, and is now in progress. Tho Supromo Court of tho Stale have decided unanimously that tho Doosol law is but an attempt to ovado tho plain prohibitions of tho Constitution. That Constitution prohibits local indebtedness for railroads, and tho aot of tho Legislature authorizing cities and towns to cre ate bonded dobts to build pieces of railroad and then give them away to companies who would complete and oporato thorn, was an at tempt to do something indirectly which could not bo done directly, and was, therefore, void. aChore seems to ho a general acceptance of the j Jibjmout of the Court as the only one that could possibly bo rendered. The dodge of tbo Boosol law was 100 weak, and yet it is likely that, had not this decision come, the municipalities before the close of 1873 would have voted themselves under a debt ot $10,003,000 or $15,000,000. A few of tl|o newspapers urge that the Convention, now in session to revise the Constitution shall make provision for legalizing these' bond issues, but a majority of them think the brief experience of the Boosol law demands a prohibi tion of municipal debts’in terms that will not permit the repetition of oven such a weak ex periment as that. the recent, salary-grab of the Iforty-socond Congress brings up a tcoblieoHon of' John A* .Andrew, while ho was' Governor of Massachu setts. The Loglolatnro of 1800 passed a bill to Increase Its salary b)> a two-thlrds vole over his •veto. It was at first proposed to Increase his salary from $3,000 to ss, ho hoard of this, ho sent word to tho Legislature i “If you undertake to raise my salary, I will bond book a 1 veto of the bill within an hour. It la not In ac cordance with my Ideas of honor to pass upon tho question of my own compensation." But John A. Andrew Is dead, and Ideas of honor soom to have died with him. CASTING OCT DEVILS. Tho United I'ronhyloriana of lowa aro now re inforced by Prof. Blanchard and hla anti-secret ooclbly organ, the Cynosure, and a rollglona pa per called tho Telescope, which baa a habit of magnifying ovory objoct upon whlohlt ia brought to boar out of all natural proportiona. Tho al lied forces are moving vigorously upon tho Pat rons of Husbandry, and tho Telescope in a re cant Issue propounds a whole series of startling questions to tho Patrons, which the Professor's organ approvingly copies.' Tho -first question Is, Why aro its councils secret and why should Its ceremonies bo perpetual secrets ? Ths answer to this is in reality on answer to all tho questions, and it entirely does away with tho sinister and ulterior motives, which the farmers aro requested to contemplate through this highly refracthig Telescope. To establish s secret or ganisation, there must bo a charter snd an Initia tion, and both these luxuries cost monoy. Tho party In Washington, whoso thrifty brain devised this scheme of organising tho farmers into a secret order called tho Patrons of Husbandry, must bo paid for his services; and, at tho same time, there la need that a fund should bo accumulated for tho benefit of tho order. If tho farmers can pay him, and at tho same time place their institution upon a solid financial basis, and can accomplish that end bolter and more quickly by wearing regalia, ad mitting their wives to take degrees of Pomona' and Cores, and keeping their months shut, wo see no particular impropriety in thoir doing so. Until the Cynosure and its co-laborer, tho Tele scope, can really show that tho founders of this order have some sinister object in view, snob as tho re-establishment of ancient mythology, I they aro only crying wolf whon . there is no. wolf in sight. Thoir rago and distress .at tho sight of. a white apron aro as capricious as tho rago of the bull at tho sight of a rod rag. Tho Patrons of Husbandry havo explained tho object of thoir order in tho moat public manner, and tho objects are sufficiently praiseworthy. If they do not care to come out into tho public highway and blazon forth thoir Elonainian mysteries to tho whole world, wo see no reason why they aro at fault, or why there la any occasion to imagine that somo dreadful antichrist is hidden beneath tho skirls of tho peaceful divinities of tho field and garden, under whose banners they havo arrayed them selves in thoir contests with railroads and mid dlemen. If tho United Presbyterians and tho Cynosures and Telescopes aro aware of any such dreadful mystery, they aro certainly not doing thoir duty by tho farmers it they keep it to themselves, and allow the deluded, victims to rush pell-mell into danger only to find them selves flayed at last with tho sickles and pruning knlvoa of Cores and Pomona. Of what possible uso it is to go howling round about tho dreadful myotory f Out with 11. hot uo „,„ f It is. Ckat out the ovil spirits .at once. If they know ot any other objects than tho re muneration of tho inventor of tho schome, ortho accumulation of a fund to carry out its purposes, let them toll what they know, or forever after hold thoir peace. An address has boon directed to tho inmates oftho Inebriato Asylum of tho State ,of Now York, iu which tho ground is taken that tho treat ment of drunkenness os a moral ovil, that should bo suppressed by moral suasion, must bo aban doned. It is hold in this address that it is a physical ovil of tho greatest magnitude; that it is responsible for most of tho crimes and noisome diseases of tho timo. It is, therefore, hold that this physical evil must bo put down by physical force, and it is proposed to form an organization which shall main tain that all tho distilleries and breweries in tho United States, and all implements used in tho manufacture ot malt and spiritous liquors, shall bo destroyed. Other nations will ho re quested to Join in this ontorpriso and do tho samo thing. Fortunately, there is not much danger of the immediate application of this “physical euro for a physical evil." If the prin ciple upon which it is based wore onoo recognised, it would ho difficult to toll where tho work of destruction would stop. There aro fow laboratories in tho country whoro poisons aro not produced, few medicine chosts whoro they aro not' found, and no school of physio whoro they are not used. On tho some princi ple, tho destruction of drug-stores aud tho kill ing of thodootors would bo fullyauthorlzod. Mon sometimes go crazy over business excitement; women aro lod into excesses, and vice, and crime, by ovorfoudnoss for dross | disease aud death aro tho results of overwork and various abuses of tho physical system. All thoso must, in tho same light, bo regarded as “physical evils," and, according to tho now ouro that has boon suggest ed, they can only bo eradicated by tho wholesale destruction of the tools that bring thorn forth. Prof. Agassiz has recently written a letter to a member of tho Massachusetts House of Bop resontatives, denying that ho has over made tho statement commonly imputed to him, that tho blood of tho negro is chemically a very different fluid from that which flows in tho veins of white mon. Tho reason for tho writing of tho letter at tlds timo is, that tho charge has recently boon reiterated in tho Massachusetts Legislature against him, to prejudice that body against making any grant for tho now natural history project. Prof. Agassiz, in closing his letter, says, with some fooling i “ Thoso insinuations, however, had an object with those who made them, and I cannot bolter moot tho whole than by stating thatl have boon wishing all my life for tho bolter education of all my follow-creatures, mon and womon, with out regard to color, or to position in society. I believe that there are few men who educat ed gratuitously as many of their foilow-mou as I have, and I can afford to despise the wild and malicious remarks which hr this respect aro olr oulatod ogainat mo.*? Mississlppl, which produced the President of the Idle Confederacy, could not afford to bo behind Virginia,'the Mother of Presidents, in the chivalrous instltntjbn 'it ’dueling. So wo have tbo account of an' affair between a couple of prominent citizens of Horn lake,—Mr. Mc- Clelland and Col. Botelor. Tlio Mississippi du elists were unable to find seconds,—which be •po.ks the 'dfiolirto of’ tlio J code,—and bo thoy proceeded to o neighboring hill with double «lqd shot-guns, 001.. Botolor, who did not nont T, k “ ’ lUt ° n ' y U- oppo? “ wlll ' squirrel shot, Mr. MoOlolland m °ro vindictive, „ a „a tack- A ”, S ‘° “ rra ” g0mo " t ’ Mr> McClelland paced, off and called out twenty p„o 08 , then ehoutod: Are you ready?" Col. Botolor anawerod, •< Beady," McClelland wheeled, and both toed Blmultanooiißly. Botolor wae not touched, but McClellan fell, with a sensation In hi* loft log which taught him hpw squirrels fool when they are ohot hy Mississippi' cavallora McOlo land, strange to oay, waa not satisfied with tho more prickings ot squlrrol-ahot, and wanted moro j but a number of high-minded Mississippi gentlemen, who dooidod that tho do mandsof honor had boon satisfied, camo fot ward and Interfered. Virginia pistols and Mississippi shot-guns having boon hoard from, it Is now time for the: Arkansas bowlo-knlfo to aseort Its place In tho oodo of honor. ' Ami iong the other distractions of tho now pauish Republic, tho financial question begins to loom np in a very serious manner. The per potnity of tho Republic is ae much a question of money aa of polities, perhaps more, and the latest accounts from that unfortunate country ahow its, flnancea to boln anything hut a prosper ous condition. During the latter pert of April nP ° n ‘ h ° toc Protested o *id °th° r Pressing claims became co great that the Minister of Finance was obUgcd to summon a meeting of tho principal capl tallsls of Madrid. Ho laid before them a statement of tho national finances, and added that by the end of tho financial year, Juno 30 the deficit will amount t0.2,000,000,000 of reals (8100,000,000), which must bo mot, and that to meet tho moat important demands, which matured about May 1, ho douirod an advance of $2,500 000 under a guarantee. Tho capitalists, however, did not approve tho terms which wore suggested, and tho mooting broke up without buy definite action. At last accounts, tho Govommont waa con sidering tho advisability of making compulsory tho renewal, of all tho bills on tho Treasury, aa well as the issue of paper money under cer tain regulations. A govommont in this impecu nious condition, and unable to offer any security which can obtain credit, is in a hopeless condi tion, and might aa well declare both financial 'and political bankruptcy. Southern Judges do not rcceivo much consid eration in tho State over which ox-Sonator Kel logg has established his dominion by the grace it tho Administration and with tho aaslatsneo of tho Metropolitan Polico of Now Orleans, Judge Aholl, of Now Orleans, has recently brought to tho attention of tho Now Orleans Grand Jury that he was compelled to sit fl ftoon months without salary at a loss of $0,250; that ho has sacrlilcod $4,000 in peddling and pawning State warrants j that the State owes him $2,700, which ho can’t get, and which would only ho worth 60 cents on tho dollar if ho conld got it. This ho very aptly denominates his “Hlad of 77068,” and ho sug gests that, it tho people of tho State are to bo oorapollod to pay taxes of 6 or 0 per cent at the prison door or at tho mouth of tho cannon, he ought to got "his share of it. Tho trouble Is, that Judges are of Uttlo account in a Govern- , mont of the kind which Mr. Kellogg and aro naturally tho last persons to bo paid- Tho obituary record of tho past month In cludes tho names of Prince Camlllo Massimo, who was for a long timo Director of tho Posb- Offloo Department under the Pontifical Gov ernment ; Col, Gabriel Dasani, of tho Boyal Neapolitan army, who took a very prom inent part in tho defense of Gaeta; M. Aroiase do'Oaumont, President of tho French Archaeological Society; MnJ.-Gon. Alfred Geogor Goodwyn, one of tho most gallant officers intho i English sorvico, who had served in ,all tho Afghanistan and Indian campaigns of tho past thirty years;. Carlo Cocola, an eminent musical* composer of Milan, who had a widoly-oxtondod Italian reputation for his operas; andCaphD-* T. Chamberlayno, ono of tho gallant six hun- , dred who made tho memorable charge at Balak lava, during tho Crimean war. Missouri has bad a contested case of fcmalo suffrage, which has just boon decided by tb® Supreme Court of that Stato. Ono Virginia L. Minor, who was Joined by hor husband in tbo complaint, instituted suit against a registering officer who refused to receive her vote at tho last Presidential election. Tho decision of tho Su preme Court of tho Stato agrees with tho late decisions of the United States Supremo Courts in tho Myra Dradwoll and Now Orleans Siongh tor-Houso cases. It holds that tho Fourteenth Amendment was intended especially to give former slaves tho right of suffrage and equal rights with white men under tho law, but that it does not abridge tho power of every' State to limit tho right of suffrago to tho male inhabi tants. - A very singular murder wag recently commit ted upon one of the Irish railroads. Tho con ductor of a night-train, noticing that hia train was slackening its speed, wont forward to tho lo comotive to see what had happened,'and was sum prised to find neither tho engineer nor tho fire man upon tho engine. Ho at ouco stopped tho train, and, upon making investigation, found tho ouginoor lying dead some distance in tho roar ; with a fearful wound In his head. Shortly af terward tho fireman made his appearance, and ■stated that they had had a quarrel, and that during tho struggle, ho struck tho engineer, and both fell from the ongino. Fortunately, tho speed of tho train in some manner was slackened, otherwise a moat appalling disaster might have taken place. Such a possibility aa ; this is not a very pleasant consideration for rail road travelers. Engineers and firemen who have trouble with each other would display more consideration if they would wait for the first' station and thoro settle it, rathor than knock each other off tho engine, and leave a train to go on its way with no ono to control it. Bail road traveling baa dangers enough now-a-dava. growmg out of caroloaa conductors and other eauaoa, without having tide now dangor added. Aiooomotivocabis the beat place in the world in which to keep one s temper. Tim Keokuk (Iowa) Constitution of May 2 rolatoe the fact that Mr. jaapor ViaU, now a roeldont of Montana Territory, recently aent an order to a Mr. Wilbur, of Boonoaboro, lowa, for tbo beat gamecock that could be procured without regard to cost." Tbo ebloken baa boeu eout, tlio price of which la SIOO. The In taroat of tbia otherwise trilling transaction la found in the fact that Mr. Joseph VlaU la an blatorioal poraouago.' Tbo Constitution atatea that tide poreon lived at one time in Keokuk jutdiraa onoo Street Buporvleori that bo wont tbonoo to Washington to got an offloo, ■and fajl*d|' tbat In ' Ida dlatreaa, partion larly Ills want of pecuniary moana, be an. Plied to an Xowap, at 'Waablngton. for aid in procuring the appointment of Indian Agent in Montana Ho was advlaed that aa a probmluary ho should abandon bia bad Boblta and become a Quaker or Join tlio Mothodtot Church, m