Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 20, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 20, 1873 Page 4
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TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TERMS OP BOBBCniPTIOK (PATAIIUS IK ADVAKCE). Ports of a jonr nt llio BAtno rato. To prevent, delay and mistakes, bo sure and «lfO Pont OTco address in full, Including Blato and Count/. Remittances may bo mndo either bydrnft, esprsss, Post 011100 oulor, or iiljW/fistorod Jotter*, at ourrlsk. TF.nMrf TO OITt OUDfIOIUUERS. Dally, delivered, Bumlny escorted, 2B contp per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included. SO cents per week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Oornor Madison andDoarborn-sti., Chicago, 111. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. MoVIOKEU’9 THEATRK-Madlson street. between Dearborn and Stole. Engagement ol Edwin Adams. ••Enoch Arden." IIOOLEY’S THEATRK-Rondolph street, between Clark and LaSalle. • * Risks." AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Con gress street. The l*ura Koono Comedy Combination. *• Out American Cousin." ACADEMY OF MUSIC Habited slreet, between Madison and Monroe. Tbcatro OomlQuo Combination. AMPHITHEATRE—OHatrm slreet, liotwcsn Randolph and Washington. Vanok, tho Prostldlgltatour, BUSINESS NOTICES, RUPTURE CURED BY DR. MARSH’S PATENT Ington-at. _ BATCHELOR’S HATH DYE. THIS SPLENDID halfiho is tbo boat In tbo world. Tbo only tmo and per foattlyo. Harmless, reliable, and inilanUnomu-, uodiaap nointmont 5 no ridiculous tints or unpleasant odor. Reme dies tbo 111 clfocts of bad dyes and washes. Produces im tnodlatelv a superb black or natural brown, and leaves the hair clean, sort, and beautiful. Tbo genuine, ■isned A. Batchelor. Bold by all diugglsla. OllAULbb lIATOIIKLOR, Proprietor, N. Y. W&t> Tuesday Morning, May 20, 1873. Stokes is drawing near tho end, whatever it is to ho. The Court of Appeals has decided to be gin his trial, tho last ho can havo, on tho 26th iost. Tho ordinance (0 give to tho St. Poul A Mil waukee Railway right of way into this city was last night recommitted by tho Common Council to tho Committee on Streets and Alloys, West Division, by a vote of 25 to 11. Several petitions from saloon-keepers were re ceived in the Council Inst evening, asking that the time for keeping open their saloons bo ex tended to midnight. A motion to that effect was mado ond referred to tho Judiciary Com mittee. . Tho action of President Thiers lu rcconatruct iughis Cabinet has aroused tho Right Centro, who demand that ho explain the reasons for tho changes ho has mado. They-insist that tho Cabinet shall bo mado what they call Conserva tive. A motion for tbo dissolution of tho issembly has boon again voted down. Oakes Ames' will leave a large fortune to bo distributed among his family, and divides his manufacturing property,.which was very exten sive, among his sons. A very largo bequest is mado for educational purposes. Ho bequeaths §50,000 a year, the interest of railroad bonds, for tho maintenance of public education in School District No. 7, in North Easton. The Yellowstone, a river of Montana and a tributary of tho Missouri, which it joins at tho point whore the latter crosses tho boundary be tween Montana and Dakota, is found to bo navigable for a largo part of Its course. An ex ploring expedition under tho charge of Qou. George A. Forsyth, of this city, has just as cended tho river in ono of the largest steamers of tho Upper Missouri. Thoy report that, al though the water was lower than for three years before, tho river was navigable os far as the Powder River, and 80 miles farther if a alight obstruction in tho channel ho removed. Tho weather reports of the Signal Service Bureau are to bo supplemented by daily reports of the water gauge of the chief rivers of tho Mississippi Valley. In cose of flood or any sud den movement, tho observations will be made and reported every three hours, but in ordinary cases only once a day. No observations will bo made in the months of August, July, and September. The importance of this record is highly estimated by Gon. Myor, tho olßcient head of tho Bureau. Ho says that tho value' of property which can bo saved in single instances by its warnings along tho routo of approaching floods or ice-rafts will more than reimburse tho coat of tho service for a year. • Tho Government of Greece has determined to abolish all its diplomatic missions except that at Constantinople, as it has peculiar relations with Turkey. Old fogy and antiquated as tho Government of Greece has always been con sidered, there scorns to be ominont good sonso in this action, at least. In these days of steam and telegraphy, it la diffi cult to see why Ministers of Foreign Affairs -cannot communicate directly with each other aa well as through third parties. In certain emergencies, special agents might bo needed, and Consuls might bo necessary, to look after national interest s&krond; but, for ordinary purposes, tho cumbersome diplomatic machinery might bo simplified without detriment to the service, and with decided advantage in dispatch and economy. Tho Chicago produce markets were loss active yesterday, and generally weak, though some wore higher. Moss pork was dull aud So porbrl lower, at $1C.16@10.20 cash, and SXO.CS@ 1G.70 seller July. Lord was dull and easier, at B%c for winter, and 80 for summer-rendered. Meats wore inactive and unchanged, at G%@ for shoulders, B%@BK° for short ribs, @B%o for short clear, ami for sweet pickled hams. Ilighwiues were quiet and strong at 90c per gallon. Lake freights wore steady and more active at C><,o for corn to Buffalo. Flour was quiet and un changed. Wheat was quiet and higher, clos ing dull at $1.02 cash, and $1.30% seller Juno. Corn was active and higher, closing weak at cash, and 100 seller Juno. Oats wore dull and unchanged, closing at S2}fo cash, and 83%0 seller Juno. Bye was quiet aud firm at 70c. Barley was dull and easier at 71@80o for No. 2. Hogs wore dull and weak at $4.70(p)C.00. The cattle and sheep markets wore quiet, tho former at a slight decline. Norman G. Perkins, who was elected Assignee of tho State Insurance Company by its creditors after its bankruptcy last year, has been removed by Judge Drummond, By this order, Judge Drummond reverses the action of the District Court, which refused to remove Mr. Perkins. The ground on which Judge Drummond rests his decision la, that Mr. Perkins suppressed facts within his knowledge which It was his duty to diaohwe to the or*dltnra. HoknOW thatthaDnm, pany bad SBOO,OOO on deposit with tho National Loan <fc Trust Company; ho also know that tho managers of tho two companies woro essentially tho enmo, and that, in the character of bankers, they woro buying up claims against tho Insur ance Company to oirsolagainatthodopoalt, a pro ceeding which no court of equity would over sanc tion. Vot ho gavo no intimation of olthor of thoso Important facte to any of tho orodltore who In quired of him concerning tho affairs of tho Com pany, although it was “ bis Imperative duty ” to do so. His reticence Is pronounced inconsistent with fair dealing and incompatible with good faith, and his testimony on tho trial is criticised as flippant, unfair, uncandld, and discreditable. Tho District Court is directed to name his Buccossor, JUDGE THORNTON’S LETTER. We invito tho attention of voters of tbo Fifth Judicial District to tho loltor of Judgo Thornton printed in this day's Tribune. Judgo Thornton has resigned his seat on tho Supremo Bench, and is, therefore, froo to speak of his associates. Judgo Thornton is a Democrat, was elected in a strong Democratic district, and, if thoro woro any antagohism of Judgment resulting from political bias, it would naturally occur between him and Judgo Lawrence. Whatever may have boon tho differences in opinion between tho Judges on any of tbo multiplied questions submitted to them, Judgo Thomt6n boars witness to tho loam- ing, ability, and fearless independence of Judgo Lawrence. ITo reviews tbo charge that tho latter is tho friend of railway monopolies, and so thoroughly explodes this calumny that no docent man will hereafter repeat it. Judgo Thornton further states that last winter Judgo Lawrence urged upon his follow-Judgoa to con sider and decide the Alton Railway oaso at an early day, in order that, if the law of 1809 should bo found defective, tho defect might bo pointed out by tho Court in time for tho Legislature thou in session to mako tho needed correction. Tho coso was taken up, examined by tbo Judges, and the unanimous conviction prevailed that tho law was fatally defective, not because it provided penalties for unjust discrimi nations, hut because it prohibited any discrimination under any circumstances, and refused to tho defendant tbo right of offer ing testimony in dofonso or in explanation of tho discrimination charged. Tho right of defense is coequal with tbo right to necuso, and no man or corporation can bo made to suffer in his per son, his liberty, his property, or his franchises without a trial according to tho forma of law, and ono of Iheao forms is tbo right to bo hoard in dofeuso. Judgo Thornton, who is ono of tho Judges who,united in that judgment, calls at- tontion to tho fact that tho opinion of tbo Court, as road by Judge Lawrence, practically decides that tho discrimination charged in that case— demanding greater rates for transportation from Chicago to Lexington than from Chicago to Bloomington on the ground of competition—was unjust, and would have been punishable had tho lawpormitted tho Company to make a defense,and had tbo penalties boon at all commensurate with tho wrong inflicted. Hero there was a practical affirmation of tho power of tho State to legis lato for tho punishment of such a discrimina tion, and a declaration by tbo Court that, had not tho existing statute boou so manifestly in valid in tho other particulars, aud tho penalty so dispropoftiopato with tho offonso, judgment ■would have been rendered against tbo Company. Tho Legislature, acting under tho suggestions of the Court, promptly remedied the defects in tho previous law. Tho circumstance that tho Alton Railway Company, immediately upon that de cision,proceeded to remodel its tariff of freights,. abolishing discriminations aud establishing uni formity in its charges, shows moro conclusively than anything else that tho corporations are not prepared to go before Judge Lawrence again with tho same kind of a caso under tbo amended law. GEN. VAN SUBEN’S DEFENSE. When Gon. Van Buron received notice, by tele graph, of his suspension as tho Commissioner of tho United Stales at the Vienna Exposition, ho addressed letters to President Grant and to Sec retary Fish. Those letters have just boon made public. They are of a tone and character to de mand the suspension of publio judgment until after tho charges against Gon. Van Buron shall have boon thoroughly investigated, and either refuted altogether or affirmed in a manner that shall make tho evidence as clear to tho public as it must bo presumed to have been to tho Presi dent when bo ordered Gon. Van Buron’s sum mary removal. Tho impression which one receives from a perusal of Gon. Von Duron’s letters is, that they wore written by an honest and much-abused man. They aro not couched in well-considered language, and do not contain any ingenious evasions of tho point at issuo. Tho man who wrote thorn appears to have boon overwhelmed and crushed by tho sudden and unexpected dis grace put upon him. Ho claims that ho was never permitted to know, or ovon suspect, that -charges had been mode against him; that ho was entertained at Minister Jay’s table; that he was allowed to assume his position as Commissioner, to install Ills family at Vienna, and to placo him self at a height from which tho fall would ho tho greatest. Then ho was notified that ho had boon removed, without giving him an opportuni ty for defense. Ho moots tho charges against him, of the very nature of which ho scorns to be in ignorance, in tho broadest and most direct manner. Ho makes affida vit that ho has “ never asked, boon promised, received, or expected torecoivo, a single cent, or any consideration or advantago to myself, of any name or nature, either directly or indi rectly,” for “any commission or appointment,’» nor “for any concession, or grant, or promise, or act, or authority, in connection with tho exhibition,” except tho sum of SI,OOO on account of salary, to which ho was • legitimately entitled. No denial could ho more sweeping than this. lie demands a restoration of his placo, not because ho wants to bo a Commis sioner, which, ho says, has become hateful to him, but because no one had a right to dis grace him and his family without giving him an opportunity to justify himself. Ho also de mands a searching investigation, which shall be as publio and as striking as tho degradation which ho has- suffered. The majority of those who road Gon. Van Du ron's letters will come to tho conclusion that lie has been mistreated In that ho was deposed without oven a hint of tho charges of corruption against him. It will devolve upon tho Govern ment to mako out a strong case against him to justify this proceeding. If there is a failure to make out such a oaso, there will he no way in which to atone to Gon. Van Huron for tho seri ous wrong put upon him, and the disgrace that now attaches to his name will bo transferred to Minister Jay, Secretary Fish, and President Grant, for hayina bronaht tl>a honor of * nnWl# man into bankruptcy without hearing him fn his own dofonso. Qon. Van Jhtron has boon a re spected citizen of Now York, against whom no scandal has over boon uttered. Tho posi tion of Commissioner which ho assumed was one rather of honor than of profit. There Is abundant ovidonco that ho has worked diligently to mnko tho American representation at Vienna respectable and creditable. Tho dis grace attached to bis removal is ono that will follow him and his family long nflor tho present Interest in tho Vienna Exposition shall have subsided. It is a disgrace that has spread abroad throughout tho world ami has tarnished tho American national reputation, which was not In a condition to hoar up under any now evi dences of corruption. Ills removal, therefore, should not havo boon ordered upon more suspicion or irresponsible charges. It could only bo justified by ovidonco of the moat con vincing character that Gou. Van Duron had boon guilty of corrupt administration of his office. If tho Government is in possession of such ovidonco, It should bo mado public. Oon. Van Duron accuses Hr. John Jay, tho Minister of tho United States at Vienna, of hav ing practically organized a conspiracy against him, and intimates that Hr. Jay was jealous of tho honors and attentions that Gon. Van Duron would ho likely to rocolvo ns tho head of tho American Commission. This impression on tho part of Qon. Van Duron, oven if ho is innocent of tbo corruption imputed to him, may bo at tributed to his indignation at tho treatment ho has received, and his knowledge of tho fact that Minister Jay had boon chiefly Instrumental in securing bis disgrace. That Minister Jay played so Important a part in tho suspension of Gon. Van Duron, however, furnishes an additional reason why thoro should ho n thorough investi gation of tho wholo affair. Minister Jay is a man of aristocratic notions, which havo-boon developed in his residence abroad, and ho attaches moro importance to tho forms of etiquette that obtain nt European Courts than Americans generally. If Minister Jay has boon moved on account of moro formal objectiousto Gon. Van Duron’s administration, or by any other reason than that of protecting tho Ameri can Government from palpablo abuses aud dis graces, it is fit that this should bo known, and that tho shnmofuluoßß of the situation should bo turned against tho Minister instead of tho Commissioner. Mr. Jay should, therefore, insist upon a production of tho proofs against Gou. Vau Duron, in justice to himself. So far as was known, there havo boon but two specific cases of corruption alleged ogainst Qon. Vau Durcn. One of thoso was that a Mr. Kitzol paid Van Duron SSOO for bis place in tho American Department. Van Daren demanded tho privi lege of confronting Kitzol before tho wholo Commission, if ho had mado this charge, and tho reply from tho Legation was, that ho had never made tho statement imputed to him. Tho other case was that announced from Now York a day or two ago, in which John Sutherland, a well-known restaurateur of Liberty street, New York', is alleged to havo mado a statement to tho Stato Department to tho effect that Van Durou came to him and offered him a place for a res taurant in the Exposition if Sutherland would divldo tho profits. This assertion still needs to ho confirmed. Gon. Van Durcn intimates in his loltor to Sec retary Fish that tho charges against him will bo changed from that of corrupt administration of his office to that of general mismanagement. This will not do. Tho removal was not hosed on this ground. It was distinctly given out to tho wholo world that Qon. Van Burou had been guil- ty of using his position ns a vehicle for specula tion, that ho hod sold out appointments and receiv ed money for preferred places in IhoExposltiou. A policy of management may bo differently re garded by different persons, aud tho grossest mismanagement on Gen. Van Buron’s part would have been preferable to tho national disgrace of a corrupt uso of his office. Corruption was tho chargo, and it la only direct and substantiated proof of this charge that will justify President Grant, Secretary Fish, aud Minister Jay in the course thoy have taken. Gen. Van Buron says: 1 claim tho rights of a citizen, and an officer who has received hia authority from the President ami Sen ate of the United State*, and who, without conviction of any offense, in, by telegram, disgraced before tho world, to bo restored to roy legitimate position, and to have my character vindicated as openly as It bus been assailed, and by tho samo high authority.* Gen. Van Buron does not ask too much if ho has boon abused. If ho is guilty of tho charges made against him, tho American people aro en titled to tho proofs of it, that it may iuclto them to renewed efforts to break down tho comjpUon* of our day and country. THE RAMO tfiTsEX IN CHIME. At tho recent mooting of tho Social Scionco Convention at Boston, Dr. Edward Jarvis, of that city, read a paper on tho physiological origin of crime and its relations to sox. Tho interest in tho paper was in no slight degree enhanced by the reputation of tho author as a statistician. The discussion was an ablo one. It described the manifold kinds and dogrooa of crime; crimes against tho person, crimes against property, crimes against public order, decency, and against one’s self. In all those crimes, there is a strong bodily influence over tho moral stale. They ore produced by different motives and causes in tho mind and heart. Those prone to one form of crime will shrink from others. Tho animal appetites and propensities are often cultivated until they obtain tho mastery. In syoh cases, persons becomo slaves to desires they cannot resist. Conscience is weakened, moral attributes ate destroyed; the law is aggrieved, and wo may hocomo criminal. Ho claimed that there wore other sensualities that aro so de veloped as to lead to wrong. Tho stato of tho body corrupts tho sensibilities, perverts tho un derstanding. paralyzes conscience, and loads to thoughts and acts which, in a healthier condi tion, would bo avoided. Disease often makes tho naturally amiable and just irritable, eolflsh, and exacting. Tho temper and judgment aro af fected by tho digestion. When digestion is easy, everything is luharmouy; whoult Is painful, the temper is inflamed and suspicious. Drunken ness excites tho brain, and may mako tho man capable of any crime. So with any disturbance of tho stomach, lungs, heart, or general fovor. There aro crimes of iutolllgonco: in crimes against the person and property, tho mind is employed in tho ovil work. Tho ag gressor plans. Ills reason shapes the moans to tho end, while in all other crimes tho mental powers aro dormant, and tho passions, appe tites, and propensities aro tho only agents. Witnessing this difference between crimes in which tho mind was tho coutroling power and the crimes in which tho mind was overwhelmed by the unnilxcd animal appetites, Dr. Jarvis states that twenty years ago ho was induced to *•»««»•- rriikt proportion they amorally vert committed by mon and by women,—whether men and women woro equally templed to violate each and nil articles of the law established for tho protection of person, property, public order, ami private decorum. From tho mass of mate rial at his service ho classified crime under two gonoral heads t 1. Those against person and property, in which tho ond sought was solf gratification at tho cost of others; these requiring ibo aid of intellect in their exe cution. 2. Tho sensualists, tho intemperate, tho night-walkers, vagrants; those whoso of fenses began and ended in themselves, having no purpose to injuro others. An analysis of 102,408 commlttols showed that men woro more prono to crimes of Injury, aud that women woro moro prono to sensuality. But, not satisfied with this examination, ho extended it further, and, taking tho criminal records of Massachu setts, Boston, Now York City, and London, tho aggregate of convictions was 800,720, of which for crimes against persons and property 243,273 woro by males, and 05,000 by females ; while the division as to sox of the other class of crimes was j males, 200,257; women, 232,535. Tho ratio of comparative liability of tho sexes to commit tboso two classes of 01111106 is thus shown t r —-MAWiB,-——, 1 •FF.MALE3, 1 ■, Persons, Sen - Persons. Sen - Property, suality, Property, suality. MnßflncliUßcttfl ...40,04 63.35 31.10 08.00 Boiton 62.04 47.30 22.11 77.89 Now York 40.00 CO.OO 11.80 88.14 London 01.68 38.42 39.45 C 0.65 Total 48.92 51.18 32.02 77.38 Among tho whole 293,209 female offenders, loss than 23 per cent committed crimes ogalnst person aud property, whllo over 77 per cent, moro than throe-fourths of them all, otfondod against themselves, against their own health, peace, and interest. Their offenses required no aid of tho intellect, no plan, no purpose, no rea son ; while, on tho other hand, tho majority of tho offenses of tho males woro against persona and property; they woro accomplished with plan, purpose, and reason, by tho aid of intellect, aud woro intondod to benefit or gratify tho offenders at tho cost of others. Tho oximes of mon woro crimes of eolfisUnoßS; those of women woro of sclf-sacrifico. Tho several average repetition of crimes by tho samo person was 1.82; but among womon it was 8.4G for each; or, in other words, whllo each 100 malo criminals wont to prison 162 times, 100 fomalo criminals went 810 times. This is incidental to tho character of tho crimes committed by tho respective sexes. Another deduction is, that tho offenses to which womon aro prono aro far loss injurious to so ciety than those committed by men. For every 100 fomalo criminals of all ages thoro aro 170 males; that thoso malo offenders aro at war against society, and far moro dangerous to public safety. It is also shown that even in tho lino of offonsoa to whioh womon aro most ad dicted they aro far outnumbered by tho mon ; and this result is attained, too, in apito of ibo fact that society is less lenient to womon than to men ; it demands a higher morality of that sex, and is moro ready to punish them for transgressions than It is to punish their brothers. WITHOUT THE BENEFIT 01? CLERGY. It is not long ago "that Iho’Chicago Times ex perienced religion, and became apublio advocate of tho doctrines of Christianity. Like most young converts, it was a very active worker, was rather loud in its professions of faith—in fact, vaunted itself, like tho Pharisee, upon its good works. Tho Korthxccstem Christian Advocate took tho young convert to its bosom, and the curiously-assorted pah* indulged in a pious em brace, which was very touching to witness. Tho Sunday Times defended tho Advo~ cate against tho attacks of tho worldly press, and tho Advocate winked owlishly when skeptics doubted tho sincerity of tho Jaimes 1 conversion. Tho now laborer In tho vineyard, under tho protection of tho Advocate , became a zealous propagandist. It first took tho Young Men’s Christian Association in charge, and then it gathered all tho churches and their Hocks under its wings. It was so thoroughly devoted to tho future interests of mankind that it fol lowed tho Scriptural injunction, aud put no money in its purse. It put behind itself such hindrances to virtue as advertisements and other sources of profit which worldly newspapers sdk after, and it devoted itself to tho care of tho churches and tho advancement of tho caueo of religion. It spurred up tho pious to a more ad/' vancod standard of piety, aud it abused thojm pious, and loudly called upon them to turn''from the error of their ways. In fact, so loudly did it call, that it quite overwhelmed itsco-worker, the Advocate, aud loft it nothing to do. Such zeal and ardor in tho cause have not boon soon since the days of Hubs. For a timo all wont swim mingly, and tho curiously-matched twain en joyed tho monopoly of religious labor, aud usurped all tho virtue thoro was iu tho commu nity there was worth having. Nothing could pass muster which was uot up to their high plauo of exemplary conduct. At last, howovor, trouble hegau to arise, and tho loud professions of tho Sunday Times bogan to ho suspected by some. It was oatlng too mauy strawberries in tho festivals. It got too many neckties at tho sooiahlos. It was ming ling with tho sewing societies and tho Boreas societies too freely. It persisted in making all tho prayers aud preaching all tho sermons. How one small paper could contain all this religion hocamo os difficult a conundrum to solve as how tho ono small hood of Gold smith's schoolmaster could carry all ho

know. Still tho Advocate embraced its long-lost brother and protested his guilo lossucss, and commended his zeal and purity to other carnally-minded newspapers. Thus assured of tho protection of tho Advocate , it turned village-gossip. It drove its scavenger cart through tho highways aud byways, collect ing till the scandalous stories it could find con cerning tho members of the churches. It had picked up odds aud ends iu tho sowing societies. Men and women are always prono to toll tales concerning each other, without much regard to their Until, provided they can worry thoir neigh bors. It takes very littlo material to • build up a pyramid of scaudal. Having gathered together its material, therefore, it erected its booth in tho market-place, and commenced pour ing out its decoctions upon tho heads of tho community, Sunday after Sunday. It has had its weekly sport, tho community not seeming to caro much for it, until at last it ran over a stump. It emptied Its vials of wrath upon tho muscular Christian who ministers to Trinity Church, and when, on tho same day, this clergy man found tho Sunday Times In his church, note-hook iu hand, occupying the front pow by virtue of . its remarkable piety, looking upon the men and women It had defamed that morning as if pitying thoir depravity, and preparing to appropriate tho droppings of the sanctuary, tho minister put himself on a level with hie congregation, mnvle their cause hie MAY m, 1*73. own, and requested the Sunday Times to leave, whereupon, the Sunday Times showing some re* Instance, it was led out by the oar. Where, oh whore, In that supremo moment of mortification, was Its friend, (ho Advocate f As It had shared in tho religious vauntings of the Sunday Times, why was it not there to share also in its persecu tions ? Why did it allow it to venture into a danger like this, alone and unfriended ? Call you this backing your friends ? Tho inference from tho llov. Mr. Sullivan’s action is, that to have a Times note-book in one’s hand Is prima facie evidence of disreputable character, warranting instant exclusion from church. It is to bo hoped that tho next time one of its attaches goes to a place of worship tho Advocalc man will lie on hand to protect him. The charges of corruption against tho lion. Ezra Cornell, in which it is alleged that ho en deavored to soli out for his own benefit tho land grant of a million acres mado to tho Stato of Now York for tho establishing of Agricultural Colleges, has induced tho Boohoslor Union and Advertiser to tako tho ground that tho diversion of this land-grant from tho purposes for which Congress appropriated It was tho original wrong. Congress mado tho grant of this land to Now York among tho other States for tho endowment and maintenance of at least ono college "to teach such branches of learning as aro related to agriculture and tho mechanic arts,” and "to promoto tho liberal and practical education of tho industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life.” Now York’s share of tho land-grant, being 000,000 acres, was turned over to tho Cornell University, on condi- ion that Ezra OornoU should endow tho institu- tion with $600,000, —a condition which has since boon fulfilled. Ezra Cornell and Andrew I). White, now President of tho Cornell University, woro at tho time members of thoNow York Senate, and exerted themselves to secure this disposal of tho College Land Scrip. Tbo Legislature of Now York was then Republican, and tbo land-grant was turned over in bulk to this one institution. Tho Union and Advertiser maintains that it was a misuse of tho land according to tho terms of tho Congressional grant; that it was tho evident intention that several colleges should bo established, and that thoro is now not ono college in tho Stato, not oven Cor nell College, that supplies tho educational facili ties which Congress intondod to glvo. Tho charge which Mr. MoQuiro mado against Mr. Cornell in tbo Now York Assembly was, that Cor nell endeavored to dispose of 100,000 acres of this land, worth SGO per acre, to a land company of which bo was tho principal stockholder, at $5 per aero. It was further charged that Mr. Cor nell subsequently mado a transfer of tho land at $4.60 per aero in a manner in which bo was sus pected of having a personal interest. Tbo Now York Legislature has authorized Gov. Dlx to appoint Commissioners who aro to investigate tbo wbolo matter. A'few days ago, Qon. IVoitzol, Col. Comstock, and tho officers in charge of tho lake survey, ac companied by Gov. Bagloy, of Michigan, Sena tor Chandler, and Mr. James F. Joy, tho railway magnate, took a steamer from Detroit, and pro ceeded up tho river on tho first survey with ref erence to tho building of a bridge across tho St. Clair, or Detroit, River. Tho question to decide is whether a bridge can bo thrown over tho river at any point, and in such manner that it will nob interfere with tho demands of tho lake com merce. If this can bo done, ihoro is no doubt that tho bridge would ho a groat saving, and of important benefit to the rail way business centering at Detroit and thereabouts. Tho manner of transporting tho , cars at present la to move them across tho : channels in huge steam ferry-boats. Tho pro cess is slow, aud involves considerable expense. On this account it may be expected that a great pressure will ho made to secure from tho United States Engineers a report favorable to tho erec tion of a bridge, aud it may bo that such a re port should ho made. It will not bo well, how ever, to obstruct tho use of tho natural high ways of commerce, for tho reason that, if no present moons is known for overcoming the ob stacles which tho railways moot without inter- lake commerce, some mpatfa ' will bo invented in tho future, and it /'would ho wise to await such a time. It is cited iu illustration of Senator Morton’s dictum, that “ Ours is tho best Civil Service on tho planet,” that tho Postmaster at Bamberg, Barnwell County, 8. 0., cannot read writing. This deficiency has been mildly criticised by some of tho residents of Bamberg, who have boon sub jected to tho annoyance, natural to such a con dition of things, of having their mail dissent. Tho Bamberg Postmaster, however, is a colored man, and it is possible that iho Administration refrains from removing him for fear that such action would ho construed ns a violation of tho provisions of tho Fourteenth Amendment to tho Constitution. It is difficult to conceive, how over, that tho President has boon very seriously inconvenienced by the enforcement of tho Civil Service rules in selecting tho Postmaster at Bamberg. y The Portland (Mo.) Argus charges tho United States Marshal of that Stale with compelling physicians and others who have given away or sold liquor iu cases of sickness to pay him monoy to avoid a criminal prosecution. It fur nishes tho proofs in tho case, and charges that informers have been traveling through the State, pretending to bo sick, and, after having got liquor ou this pretext, have used tho United States officials as Instruments to carry out their blackmailing operations. Tho Argus calls the attention of tho United States Bistrlct Attorney and Commissioner to tho proceedings of tho Marshal, and demands that this blackmailing of gentlemen who happened to havo liquor aud furnished it, as they supposed to roliovo suffer ing, shall coaso. The enforcement of tho Massachusetts Boer law is causing widespread dissatisfaction iu that Stato. Tho bottlers of alo, portor, and lager boor, after having stopped supplying thoir cus tomers (or several days, in obedience to the or ders of tho State Constabulary, discovered that tho law had not boon enforced iu the ease of other wholos&lo dealers, aud determined to re sume business until all wore treated alike. The heavy brewers are looking about for eligible places of business iu other States. The farmers who have lost food for thoir stock are clamoring against tho law. So general is the dissatisfac tion that thoro is littlo doubt the complexion of the next Legislature may turn upon this ques tion, vrhou Gamhriuuu may possess his rights again. ' There Is bad nows for champagne-drinkers from Franco. Tho English papers publish a letter Avrtl )M, tUo Uowieit 9Uwa* pagno house atEpernay, which oaysi "Since Thursday night, tho weather having become ex cessively cold, wind north, and occasionally showery, with hall and snow, our vines have suffered greatly. Since then wo find every morn ing that the cold Is more bitter and ice thicker; in tho meantime more harm is done to our future vintage. To-day tho weather Is colder than over, and has turned out for ns a com plete disaster; our vinos aro badly frozen, and no prospect o{ a milder temperature cheers up our desolation. Wo have tho very same accounts from tho otiior wlno districts, and tho brandy country has also vary much suffered. Wo aro at a loss to know how wo shall he able to got wines, and to satisfy all our customers.” For tunately, tho woathor has boon reasonably pro pitious in Now Jersey, so that tho usual cham pagne vintage from that State will be as largo aa over. A balance-sheet of tho revenues and expend itures of tho Church of England, whioh is offi cial by virtuo of tbo approval of tho Archbishop of Canterbury, has recently boon Issued, and gives somo interesting facts relative to tho finan cial operations of this groat roligioua establish ment. Tho most reliable statistics show that the membership of tho Church is about 12,000,000. Tho average annual receipts aro over $50,000,000, which aro derived from tho followiog sources: Endowments, $21,000,000; State aid, $2,500,- 000; parochial collections, $10,000,000; and miscellaneous contributions and re ceipts, $10,500,000. This fnnd is ex pended os follows: Maintenance of tho clergy, $20,600,000; education of tho poor, $16,- 000,000; church Institutions, foreign missions, church building, &0., $14,600,000. Under tho head of clerical maintenance, tho 2 Archbish ops, 20 Bishops, and 70 Archdeacons receive $002,780. There aro 80 deans, 127 canons, 120 minor canons, 000 singers, and others, who cost $1,080,026. In addition to thoso, there aro 13,041 rectors aud vicars, and 5,700 curates, whoso ser vices amount to $15,780,256, or an average salary of about SBIO apiece. ' Tli e Boston Commercial Bulletin , tho organ of tbo American manufacturers, publishes tho fol lowing paragraphs illustrative of tho way in which protection is providing a “homo mar ket” of consumers of Western beef, pork, and broadstuffa: A Yankee shoo factory, which does all tho work by machinery and turns out a fhiinhcd shoo in seven min utes. is to bo exhibited at tho Viouua Exhibition by U. 11. lilgclow, of Worcester. Several of tho Paterson (N. J.) silk factories are not running to tbolr full capacity, aud a largo uumbor of hands aro out of employmeut, owing to tho extreme dullness of tho trade. These offer a promising market. When shoos aro made exclusively by machinery, and tho silk lactones aro closed, what becomes of the “homo market ” which is to consume all our surplus breadstuffs ? Dr. 0. H. P. Peters, of Litchfield Observa tory, Now York, who has studied tho face of tho sun closely, and almost dally for a quarter of a century past, writes that ho does not boo any reason to believe in tho existence of tho planet “ Yulcau,” for which Mr. Kirkwood, of Bloomington, lud., claims to have found tho proof. . NOTES AND OPINION. If, ns Mr. Burchard says, “It has heretofore never been considered disreputable for tho [salary] increase to apply to the Congress passing tho law,” whore, will Mr. Burch ard tell us, shall the increase stop ? It did not stop at $5,000, hut, at a not an nual cost of $1,200,000, was leveled up to $7,500, aud a good many wanted to level it'up to SIO,OOO at once. Because $5,000 was permitted, shall, therefore, $7,600 ho ? aud, if it ho, may not SIO,OOO ho grabbed ? Tho fact is, this thing is not going to stop at $7,600,—n0t very long. It will bo fixed, presently, by a power that un makes Congressmen, and Uncle Sam’s Collect ing Agent will bo abroad in tho laud. —Tho Pittsburgh Gazette (Administration) calls out to Republicans evorywnoro that inoy “warn local loaders, clearly and emphatically, that ony attempt at this time to disregard the bettor sentiment of tho party will bo attended with disaster.” —Edwards Plorrepont subscribed to the $105,- 000 Grant purse, and ostentatiously gave $20,000 to get votes for Grant’s ro-oloction in 1872. Re ward : tho Russian Mission. —lt appears that the venerable Kent, for whom Maine “ went ” in 1840, is brought out now, for Governor, in the Hamlin intercut, and that the Blaine interest will support Nelson Bin* gloy, Jr., of Lewiston, for the Republican nomi nation, Juno 10. Blaine has a good record on tho salary grab, and Hamlin—well, Hamlin is constrained by bis nature, or tho force of cir cumstances, always to have a candidate of his own for every vacant office. Mr. Blaine’s news paper, tho Augusta Journal, plainly tolls Mr. Hamlin aud others that— There Is a deep feeling running through tho Repub lican party, occasioned by recent events, that honesty, dean hands, and manly character must bo insisted upon aa requisites In candidates for Important places. This feeling is thrilling every Republican pulse iu tho 'Slate. It Is strong in tho country and city. It will not bo trilled with, So! blows it that way, too, in Maluo ? —Bunnell, of Minnesota, says proudly: “ 1 never did voto to increase my compensation aa a legislator, ond never will; ” but, with the in crease iu his pocket, and two years to servo in Congress, bo also says, defiantly: I shall do no act touching this salary matter that can bo deemed ns an endorsement by mo of tho cry that tho last Cougrcas was only a baud of robbers. Of course, therefore, Mr. Buuuoll will not repeal tho salary act. . —Tho Pittsburgh (Pa.) Commercial, owned by tho State Treasury eradicate of Mackoy, Er rett, ct al., uses this language in a prominent way t There is only ono place where tho money grabbed by tho back-pay swindle will slick,and that is in tho pock ets of tho grabbers. Thoir efforts to give It away are imsuccesstul. , x . —Congressman Randall (with extra pay) gels pretty severely cuffed by Pennsylvania Bemo cratio editors, although ho is the executive head of tho party in that State. Tho Pottsville Standard says, with special and direct reference to Randall: 'Wo Insist that when by fortuitous oveat an unworthy candidate gets prominence In a party, every honest voter and good man In that party owoa it to himself ond his party organization to bury him beyond political resurrection beneath a pile of indignant ballots. —Tho $4,700 “ back pay ” which Robert B. Roosevelt, ox-M. 0., devoted to tho Board of Education iu New York City, has boon declined, tho Board saying: WitKitEis, Iu tho estimate of degrees of merit in tbatny«lom of popular education which is tho founda tion of our republican form of government, tho high est place should ho assigned to moral consideration, unimpeachable Integrity, aud honesty J therefore, bo It HesalvtH, That this Board .... most respectfully decline to accept tho sum thus offered, ou account of Its origin as defined by tho douor. believing that by IhU concurrent teullmouy they undue will best promote those high ends In pho education of tho young which are of paramount importance above all prizes of silver aud gold. —Hurry White, a Pennsylvania politician, ap preciating that the people are sensitive on the pay question, declines all pay as a member of the Constitutional Convention, because be has drawn pay during the same period as a State Senator. —The Connecticut Legislature baa appointed a committee to hear all persons who may have anything to Bay on the subject of a State Con stitutional Convention. —John A. Bingham's organ, the Steubenville Herald, discovers that Danford, who boat Bing ham, last year, has rewarded the man who sold out Mr. Bingham by appointing that man’s sou to West Point; and the ifcraid says the com petitive examination was a put-up job. All of which goes to show that, in the opinion of Mr. Bingham's organ, Mr. Danford, though a npvr member, Is already well supplied with Congres sional qualifications. —California elects, In September, a Legisla ture, and tho money-power' is being exerted to keep up the regular show of a party fight, while tho ludOQondont pwaa urges tbs people to ignore the party-machines altogether, and remember only the greet isaue of The People vs. The Cor porations. The Sflcraraouto Union a&ya what la wanted is tho equitable taxation of railway property and maximum rates of charges for pas sengers or frolght. Tho candidates for United States Senator are Republicans, viz.: George 0. Gorham, monopoly; Got. Newton Booth, anti monopoly. Gorham also represents tho party maohino interest, and Booth goes in for smash ing tho machine. —Tho Quincy Whig (Administration) 'figures it down to a nicety, that, “of tuq Democratic Congressmen voting on tho ‘ salary grab,* more than throo-flfths woro in favor of tho moasuro and loss than iwo-flfths opposed ; while of the Republicans seven-sixteenths supported the bill and ntno-slxtoonihs opposed.“ Now, what do tho pooplo onro about those fifths and six teenths ? They intend to personally punish those who took tho money; and they will do it in a manner to bo remembered. Tho’Alton Telegraph (Administration) says: Till* is a subject on which both loading partis* of tho country are agreed. No candidate should receive a nomination from either the Republican or Demo orsUo party until he has pledged himself to a repeal of thin ipereamd salary law. Plenty of good men can be found willing to aorvo the pooplo in Con ureas for the pay heretofore allowed. •—lt is a lamentable, but nevertheless an un deniable, foot, that tho groat danger which threatens tho youth of this country is the ex ample of Us public moo. Their acts and tholr influence aro a public scandal and a public curao. And whether this state of things is directly chargeable to a political party or not, it is cer tain that its growth has boon coincident with tho accession to and maintenance in power of tho party of Credit Mobilior, Back Pay.oto.— Roches* ter (AT, Y,) Union, —Tho inordinate greed for wealth, tho growing appetite for a splendid Government, the unro publican increase of salaries, tho vicious Infla tion of our currency, the filthy sowers built in our political system by selfish and greedy loaders, who with words of patriotism upon thoir lips are robbing tho peo ple and undermining the very foundations of our governmental system, have all tended not only to debauch our public men, hut to spread impurity among tho pooplo themselves.— Pills* burgh (Pa.) Post. —Even tho President, upon whom a con fiding country had twice bestowed tho highest ofilco in Its power to confer, has conclusively shown by his direct act (hat ho loves money hotter than bo loves honor orprindplo: and, for one, we no longer regard It as our duty to de fend him or tho party* that for party’s sake seeks to do so .—Monroe (iris.) Republican, —There cau no longer bo any question os to what pooplo generally think about tho salary theft. Tho popular verdict ia unanimous.— Reto York Tribune. —Tho salary stealers of both parties are marked men ; and unless they repent tbo mark will prove that of Cain.— Portland {Me.) Argus. —Mr. Samuel Shollabarger id selected as the chief advisor of tho President in inaugurating civil service reform. Mr. Samuel Shellobargor is a thief. Wo speak cautiously and advisedly. Uo has laid hands on money to which he had no bettor claim than the highwayman has who over comes his victim with brute force.— Utica (N» Y.) Observer. —lt Is a national disgrace to have the United States troops used to sustain a j-Jtato Govern ment which a committee of the United States Senate has declared to bo utterly unauthorized and fraudulent.— The Nation. —An Eastern paper regrets that tbo President hasn’t a son Just graduated from a law school, for then ho could appoint a Chief Justice from the family. This is a dangerous suggestion. A son may no detailed to he graduated within sixty days.— Rochester Union. —Wo sincerely hope yot to see tho differences between tho railroads and their patrons satisfac torily disposed of without resort to tho courts, or acts of violence, fooling quite sure that tho welfare of tho entire country depends in a great measure upon tho speedy adjustment of these disputes.— Galesburg (111.) Register, —At this time, when tho wholo country is seemingly aroused on tho question of railroad extortion, it would bo supposed that these cor* poratious would “go slow, at least. Instead of this, they seem to bo so confident of their power that they are daily making arrangements to for* thor fleece tho producer, and enrich themselves at tho people's expense. This confidence in their power, ana in tho corruptibility of politicians, is, probably, in a great measure, founded on their past success, and they are evidently satisfied that ono-horso nolltlcianß wifi rule, the farmers* movement to its failure. They evidently laugh at the matter, and, like tho man who desired Noah to take him in 41 out of the wot.” don’t be lieve there is to bo much of a shower.— Darling* ion (iris.) Democrat. ’ —An Administration organ hastens to claim what political advantage there m&y bo gained from tbo agitation of tbo question of cheap transportation, by assorting that the 44 Republi can parly initiated the movement last year.” Well, suppose It did, what does that amount to? The same party initiated Civil Service Reform, and most beautiful work it has made of it, too. —JVeto York Tribune. —Give a scoundrel rope enough, and we all know what happens. Judge Durell, in under taking to rush the Now Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad into bankruptcy for a paltry debt of $250, has inadvertently stirred np a Tartar. That road happens to opportaln to ' one Henry S. McOomb, and Mr. McCorab Isn’t an eligible party for a drunken United States mag istrate of DurolTs size to stumble against. Tho Now Orleans Herald mentions that 44 the Col onel” has retained Jerry Black and Hon. B. P. Butler, of Massachusetts, and has stripped for a fight.— Springfield Republican. jjon Butler’s Congressional colleagues, of whom ho so cunningly made cat’s-paws to draw tho back-pay chestnuts from the Treasury, com ing homo with burned fingers, are making very earnest efforts to find respectable receivers of stolon goods to put their ill-gotten greenbacks where they will do tho most good.—Hartford (Conn.) Dost (Gov. Jewell). —Parties must bo reorganized. . Neither can stand, as a whole, upon any principle, not _ oven that of common honesty in legislation, while we believe that tho number Is increasing of those who, if loft to their own convictions, would soon unite upon a platform that would embrace the best principles of both parties and discard tho bad practices of both. But the . partisan man agers are fighting stoutly against the introduc tion of principle m politics, as fatal to ihoirj am bitious plans.— New York Evening Dost. —A single conspicuous, decisive act of politi cal virtue that could fairly bo credited to tho Democracy would turn to obvious foolishness all tho shallow talk in which our liberal friends aro so fond of indulging. On tho other band,- with out some such demonstration of superior politi cal morality, a name and organization devised by tbo angola of boavon could not civo success and prestige to any party.— Bujjdto Courier (Democrat). NEWSPAPER-BOXES. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune : Sib: Would it not ho well for Undo Sam to provide a score or more of large newspaper* boxes in this city, similar to those used in Bos ton, for the reception of prepaid newspapers, circulars, and hooka ? With the present mailing facilities, persons are compelled to carry their newspaper-packages long distances to the branch or distributing olllco, or else deposit them on the narrow shelf of a letter-box, whore they may bo easily stolon, blown away, soaked with tala, soiled, or destroyed. It is about tlmo that this indifference to tno newspaper-department of tho mall wore remedied, and I can think of no more convenient and economical a remedy than a number of rain-proof boxes placed at important points throughout the city. hi. 0. Ouioaqo, May 17,1879. Tho Coo Forfforles. Boston, MaylO.—Proceedings have been insti tuted iu the United States Bankruptcy Court by Warren & Co., tho largest aulTorors by the forgeries of James A. Coe, against tho estate or that individual. On Saturday a provisional war rant was issued for tho attachment of property, real and personal, of Coo. Tho warrant was served by United States Marshal Usher, who recovered a tin trunk iu which Coe kept hla securities, and which ho removed from the union Safety Deposit vaults on tho day that his frauds wore discovered. The box was found in possession of Sohiur & Welch, attorneys for Elijah Smith, an in timate friend of Guo s, who asserts that ho took charge of tho box at tho request of tho owner, The nominal value of the contents of tho box is estimated to bo between $120,000 and $190,000. Coo delivered up the key to a trunk, also the toy to hla box iu tho safety deposit vaults. Upon opening the package iu tho vaults! it was found to contain seventeen SI,OOO bearing bonds of the Lake Shore, Louisville * Southwestern Bnllroad. Tho nominal value or tho bonds and certificates thus far recovered is nearly SIOO,OOO. Tho creditors will moot and elect an Assignee, and on Saturday next the oais wiU come formally before the Court.

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