Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 21, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 21, 1873 Page 4
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* TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TKnMS or KUDdCmPTIOH {PAYAPMt IN ADVAMOR). Pally. by mall 812.001 Sunday S2,KO Trl-Wcokly U.OU | Weekly 2.00 Parti of nyoavat the tamo rale. To prevent delay nml mistaken, be eur# and give Post Ofl’co nddroas In full, Including State and County. Remittances may bo made clllior by draft, express, Post Oftlco order, or In registered loiters, at onrrlsk. TEJIMfI TO 01TV HUDBOniltKllfl. Dally, dollvcrod, Btmday excepted, 25 cents par week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, PC cents per week. Address THE TIUHUNIC COMPANY, Corner Madison and Doarborn-sts., Chicago, 111. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. MoVIOKER'S THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and State. luißngomout of Kdwln Adami. " Enoch Arden." IIOOLKY'S THRATUR—Psndolph street, between Clark and LaSalle. "Tho Victims." Afternoon and •voolng. AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, comer of Con fro” •treat. Tho Laura Koono Comedy Combination. Our American Cousin." Afternoon and evening. ,QE MUSIp Halxtcd Btroef, between Madhun and Monroo. Theatre Comluuo Combination. Afternoon and evening. Clinton street, between Randolph And Washington. Vanek, tho Prostldlgltatour. BUSINESS NOTICES, RUPTURE CURED DY DR. MARSH'S PATENT Radical Cure Trust. Spinal curvature, bow leas, clubfoot, ole., moolianloally treated. Trussed, braces, supporter*, etc. All Instruments guaranteed. Competent female attendant. MARSH A UOWLES. 103 Wash* Ingtoust. SCHRNOK’R MANDRAKE PILLS. BOHKNCK’S MANDRAKE PILLS. SUHENCK'S MANDRAKE PILLS. KCHKNOK’S MANDRAKE PILLS. If your bowola are costive, TRY THEM, SOIIENOK'S MANDRAKE PILLS. If you have worms, TRY THEM SOIIENOK'S MANDRAKE PILLS. If your breath is had, TRY THEM. SCHIiNCK’S MANDRAKE PILLS. If you fad tiroway, THY THEM, SGIIRNOK'S MANDRAKE PIU.B. U you are low spirited, TRY TUEM, SOUENOK’S MANDRAKE PlLia f ou bavo a sick lioadAcho, TRY THEM SOHRNOK’S MANDRAKE TILLS. If you liavo boon drinking frooly, on reaching homo like jour Mnndrnko Pills. You will Imvo a good appetite for breakfast and not fool any olToota of tho liiinor. TRY THEM. uiuoMabs, and of nor preparations of Mercury, actually produce moro sulTorlng and death than tlio diseases which thoy profess lo euro. And jot this corrosive mineral, bo denuunood by tho allopathies doctors, Is proscribed by thorn almost universally In Llvor Complaints, Consump* tlon of tho Lungs, oto. MANDRAKE PILLS aro composed entirely of routs andberbs, obtained from tbo groat storehouse of nature, and tholraalutaryotTccts will appear aa noon as tlm medicine is brought (o tho test ofn InlroiporlmoDt. SOHENOK’S MANDRAKE PILLS do not produco any nausea or sickness of tho stomach; but, whon given for Dyspepsia, it may bo proper to uso them in connection with tsailENOK’.S SEAWEED TON IU. liy this Judicious treatment, tho digestive fnculllos era speedily restored to their-full rigor, and tbo worst cases of Indigestion may bo cured. When werelloot that tho llvor Is tho largest internal organ of tho body, that to it is assigned tho important duty of altering tbo blood and preparing tbo bile, that it Is subject*to many disorders, and that when it is diseased or Inactive tbo whole body sudors sympathetically, it Is cot surprising that a medicine which can restore tho healthy operations of tho llvor should produce wonder ful changes in tho general health and effect cures which si*y appear to be almost miraculous. Headache of long continuance, severe pains in the side,'breast,and should ers. aching of tho limbs, a fooling of general weakness end wretchedness, and other alarming and distressing symptoms indicative of imperfect or disordered action of tho llvor, are speedily removed by tbo uso of SOIIENOK'S MANDRAKE PILLS. Costivonosa, piles, bitter or sour eructations, and that indescribable fooling of oppression, mental anxiety, lan guor, lethargy, and doprutdon of spirits which unfit a man for tho management of business and tbo enjoyment ofllfo, are all relieved by the uso of SOUENOK'S MAN DRAKE PILLS. Prepared by.T, 11. SOIIRNCK & SON, Northeast corner Sixth and Arch-sts., Philadelphia. For s&lo by all Druggists and Dealers. CJ'ljic'sxriP Qfrikmtf. Wednesday Morning, May 21, 1873, Tho Farmer’s Convention in tho Thirteenth Circuit nominated tho Hon. N. J. PiUsbury for Circuit Judgo. Mr. Pillahury had already re ceived tho people's nomination for tho office. Three of tho eight sloops-of-war which Con gress directed Secretary Robeson to odd to tho navy aro to bo built In private yarda. Tho others will ho built in tho different navy-yards. Three of them aio to bo built of iron, tho rest of wood, and all will bo screw-propellers. Gov. Diz thinks that to include beer and cider In prohibitory liquor laws can havo no other effect than to increase tho uso of stronger drinks, and thereby swell tho very evils of intemperance which such legislation seeks to lessen. For this reason ho has vetoed tho Local-Option bill lately passed by tho Legislature. Decoration Day, in tbo opinion of the Execu tive Committee of the Grand Array of the Re public, should bo celebrated by tbo decoration of tbo graves of Union soldiers only. They dis countenance the proposal that both the North and tbo South should join allko ou that day iu paying tributes of affection to their soldier dead, and announce that any attempt to strew flowers on the graves of “ the Rebel dead " at Arlington will not bo tolerated. An attempt was made in tbo Presbyterian General Assembly, at Baltimore yesterday, to" reconsider tbo veto by which it was decided that tbo Church should take part in tbo Cen tennial Celebration. This movement was mado by the Southern members, who oppose any par ticipation by the Church in a political and secu lar affair like tbo Centennial. They failed by ton votes to obtain a reconsideration, but will try otbor moans to carry tboir point. Chicago has narrowly escaped being made tbo rofugo of tbo colored fiend Jackson, who com mitted tbo horrible Tborapson-strcot murder in Now York last Saturday night. Ho was acci dentally discovered yesterday hiding in tbo collar of a negro thieves' resort, In that city, with a gash four inches long iu bis throat. Ho told bis discoverer that bo intended to leave that night for Chicago, but the latter disclosed bis whereabouts to tbo police, who have frustrated bis design of going West. Three hundred delegates, representing thir teen States, wore present at tbo opening session of tbo Governor’s Convention at Atlanta. Tbo Convention is called to discuss tbo Georgia Canal scheme for giving tbo producers of tbo Mississippi Valley communication with tbo Atlantic seaboard by a series of canals connect ing the navigable waters of, tbo Tennessee, tbo Coosa, and tbo Ocmulgoo Rivers, wkjeh would afford continuous navigation from tbo Missis sipp River to the ocean. The Convention has resolved to confine its deliberations to the ques tion of cheap transportation. Comstock, tho young dry goods dork of Now York who Ims found his mission in exterminat ing tho obscene litoratnro business, has got George Francis Train into trouble. At Ids in stance, Train was sued for publishing Indecent matter lu tho Train Ligne . Tho trial closed yes terday by ■Train’s acquittal, not na innocent, but as irresponsible on account of insanity, Tho ▼ordict was no sooner pronounced than tho presiding Judge issued gu order committing him to tho insane asylum. This was done with an alacrity which it would bo & great satisfaction to «oo displayed in cases when acquittals for murder *ro granted on tho similar ground of insanity. /Tho farmers have, in tho Supremo Court of this Btato, ox-Gov. Palmer says, in the correspond ence published elsewhere, a faithful and discreet guardian of their rights that assures tbolr final triumph In tho combat with tho rail road corporations. Tho doolalons which It ban made on tho questions of tho rolallons of thoso bodies to tho peoplo aro a Kuaiantoo that popular rights will ho protected hy tho courts. 110 prosonts a roviow of thoso decisions, giving a succinct statement of tho law of tho State as it now stands concern ing tho respective end relative rights of tho peo ple and tho railroads, and concludes by ex pressing his belief that It is far bettor tor tho farmers to trust their cause to juries and Judges than to appeal either to Congress or tho State Legislature for tho onactmout of arbitrary tariffs of charges. Sir Goorgo Etionuo Cartier, who died in Lon don yesterday, was a Canadian by tbo double right of his birth and his descent from Jacques Cartier, tho discoverer of Canada. Ho has boon a loader of tho French-Canadian Conservative party ovor slnco his olootlon to tho Canadian Parliament in 1848, and uudor tho old Canadian Government was Provincial Secretary, At torney-General for Lower Canada twice, and Prime Minister for four years, from 1858 to 1802. Ho was made Minister of Militia on tho formation of tho Dominion Gov ernment In 1807. 110 was one of tho delegates to England on tho questions of Confederation and tho Intor-Oolonlal Hallway in 1805, and again in 1300. In 1808, ho visited England again, to arrange a settlement of tho difforoncos that had arisen between Nova Scotia and tho other North American Colonies on tho subjeot of union. Ho was 69 years of ago. Tho explanation given of Charles Francis Adams' misconception of tho relations between President Lincoln and Secretary Seward is, that ho was out of tho country during tho critical period ho discussed in his oration at Albany, and had no oportunity for direct observation of tho part which Mr. Seward really played. However this may bo, there is no danger that his errors will not bo speedily cor rected by those who wore personal witnesses of tho relations between tho President and tho See rotary of State. In addition to tho others who have come forward to correct Mr. Adams' misstate monts, Secretary Welles is getting his story toady. It will bo interesting, among other things, it is said, for its proof that Mr. Adams was appointed Minister to England only at tho urgent request of Secretary Soward, who had groat difficulty in dissuading tho President from appointing Mr. Dayton. Tho Chicago produce markets woro generally woak yesterday, in spite of continued had weather. Moss pork was rapro active, and 200 per brl lower, closing at SIO.OO cash, and $10.40 @10.45 seller July. Lard was moderately active, and 200 per 100 lbs lower, at $8.65 for winter, aud $7.80 for summer rendered. Meats woro dull and unchanged, at C%@6>tfo for shoulders, for short ribs, for short clear, and 10@ll)£o for sweet pickled hams. Highwinos woro quiet and steady at 000 per gallon. Lake freights woro active and %o lower, closing at s}{o for corn to Buffalo. Flour was active aud steady. Wheat was quiet, aud l@2o lower, closing at $1.33 cosh, and seller Juno, Cora was moderately active, and lower, closing at 33>£o cash, aud 39#c seller Juno. Oats woro more active and lo lower, closing at 31%* c cash, aud 82% c seller Juno. Rye was quiet and firm at 70c. Barley was quiet and unchanged at 71 @Boc for No. 2. The stocks of grain in atoru in this city on Saturday last were 613,917 hu wheat, 4,814,094 hu com, 1,385,399 hu oats, 294,540 hu rye, 88,805 bu barley. Total, 7,099,837 hu, or 1,697,356 bu loss than a week previously. Hogs opened weak and lower, hut closed firm at $4.55@5.00. Cattle and sheep woro fairly active. DRUMMOND ON PERKINS. Tbo opinion of Judge Drummond, ordering the United States District Court to remove Norman 0. Perkins as Assignee of the Skate In surance Company in bankruptcy, and to appoint bis successor, is of importance to the public in' establishing certain principles that will apply to numerous other cases of a similar nature now in controversy. The general bistoxy of tbo case is pretty well known to tbo public. The Arm of George 0. Smith & Co. was interested both in tbo State Insurance Companyandintbo National Loan and Trust Company—tbo latter a banking institution. There was, at tbo time of the fire, on deposit in tbo Banking Company to tbo credit of tbo Insurance Company tbo sum of sßoo,ooo—a fact which was not known generally among the policy-holders of tbo Company. Tbo losses of tbo State Insurance Company in tbo fire largely exceeded its assets. Proceedings wore instituted in the State Courts to wind up its affairs, and Mr. Hurlbut, tbo President of tbo Company, was appointed Ro coivor. Application was then made to the United States District Court to have tbo Company de clared a bankrupt. This being done, Mr. Nor man 0. Perkins was elected Assignee by tbo ma jority of tbo creditors. Mr. Perkins was believed to have acted as Attorney for tbo Smiths, who wore alleged to have boon engaged largely in buying up policies at from 10 to 17 cents on tbo dollar, either directly or through agents. Sub sequent to tbo appointment of Mr. Perkins as Assignee, and after ho bad assumed the position, several petitions were filed asking bln removal on various grounds. Judge Drummond examines the testimony in onoof tboso applications vory closely, and bases bis order for tbo removal of Sir. Perkins main ly upon tbo fact that this gentleman, while act ing as tbo representative of tbo creditors, who were policy-holders, bad studiously withhold from them all information concerning tbo SBOO,OOO deposit to tbo credit of tbo Company. That is to say, bo betrayed tbo interests of tbo creditors of the Company, whoso representative ho was, Into tbo bands of tboso who were en gaged In buying up policies ut a low rate, and who bad knowlcdgo of this deposit. Judge Drummond's comment upon tbo behavior of Perkins is the most refreshing blast of righteous indignation that has corao from tbo Bench in many a day. lu tbo opinion of Judge Blodgett, refusing the ap plication for removal, bo said in effect that bo bad long known Mr. Perkins, and could not be lieve him guilty of tbo unfair dealing charged against him. Judge Drummond, in b!a opinion, says that tbo “Court knows nothing about him [/. e., tbo Assignee] except wbat appears upon the record," and that “ by its showing bo cannot stand as an impartial, disinterested Assignee, proper to administer the assets of the Com pany," It would have boon difficult for Judge Drum mond to draw any other inference from the evi dence whIGU ho recapitulates in bis opinion than that Mr. Perkins was purposely concealing tho SBOO,OOO deposit from tho inquiring credit ors, and consequently misrepresenting tho ao THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1«73, tiiftl value of tho policies. There was evidence that Mr. Perkins had said that ho did not know what tho Company would pay, that many poli cies could ho bought for 10 cents on tho dollar, and that ho had sold his own policy for that amount,—thereby giving tho inquiring policy-holder to understand that It was not prob able that tho assets of tho Company would pay much moru than this. It was also in ovidonco that, in detailing somo of tho assets, Mr. Por klus bod specifically mentioned a bond of $30,000 and a fow mortgages, but had not a word to say about tho $300,000 cosh on deposit in bank } that, at this very time, thoro was a man In tho same office with Mr, Perkins who woo buying up tho policies at 13 cents on tho dollar, and to whom Mr. Perkins roferrod tho creditors for in formation. Tho Court, also finds in tho record that Mr. Perkins gavo ovaslvo and unsatisfactory answers to tho moat direct questions asked him in tho Court below. It is difficult to boo how any personal acquaintance that Judge Blodgett may havohad with Porldna aforetime could offset facts of this nature. The general value of this decision of Judge Drummond consists in tho warning thus given to all mon who have boon guilty of sharp prac tices with tho money belonging to bankrupt in surance companies intended to defraud tho policy-holders of what littlo is left to thorn, that thoir operations will not bo tolerated in a court of equity; that thoy will ho mado to disgorge and that thoso who shall be detected in unfair dealing will bo exhibited to the public in thoir truo character. Such a decision was sorely needed in this community, and wo believe that Judge Drummond’s opinion in tho Perkins ease foreshadows tho judicial v treatment of all tho Insurance grabs growing out of tho Chicago llro. It is worthy of noto that Judge Drummond mado no reference to tho charge publicly brought by tbo counsel for tbo appellant, to tbo effect that Judge Blodgett was himself a stockholder in tho State Insurance Company. THE CODET-HOirSE PLANS, At last, a gloam of common souse appears in tho action of tho Common Council with refer ence to tho now Court-House plans, or at least, one member of tho Council has had tho good aonso to suggest a reasonable method of arriv ing at somo definite result. What has boon dono hitherto hns been tho merest child’s play, the result of which has only shown tho Inability of tho several Committees to decide upon a plan, tfs might have boon known at tho outset. For ty-nine plans wore originally submitted, good, bad, and indifferent. These forty-nine plans were immediately reduced to eighteen, in a hap hazard way; these eighteen to nino, tho niuo to six. Tho Committee then took tho six plans and began their search for tho best one, which resulted in bringing tho whole forty-nine in competition again, Another sifting process commenced, which had a similar ending, leaving tho Committee with a specified number of plana on hand, and with tho same consummate inabil ity to decide upon what thoy wanted. As every scheme which thoy have tried loaves them in tho same quandary, and as tho people are anx ious to have a decision sometime before tho close of tho nineteenth century, thp brilliant proposition has now boon made by tho Joint Committee to select eighteen or twenty of tho local architects, who have submitted plans, give them an audience one by one, and lot them explain tho various plans. Tho publlo will object to this scheme in tOlo, for tbo reason that by ibo time tbo cxgliloou architects got tlirough showing tho defects in each other’s plans, tho Committee will liavo lapsed into a state of utter idiocy, and bo miablo to toll a plan of a Oourt-Houso from a plan of a windmill. Tho Court-House plans and tho Com mittee are already sufficiently muddled, without lotting eighteen interested architects loose among thorn to eat each other up, and throw dust in tho eyes of the already half-blind Com mittee. Tho opinions of such witnesses wouldn’t bo worth tho paper thoy wore written on. There is only ono thing certain in this wilder ness of uncertainties, and that is that tho Com mittees of tho county and city are as ignorant of architecture os thoy are of tho Targum, and as incapable of deciding upon tho merits of tho plans as thoy would bo of making a revision of tho Bible. It would bo tho part of mod esty for them to say so at onco, and lot out tho job to competent parties, and not continue tho Kentucky Block farce any longer. It would not bo to thoir discredit to mako such an acknowledgment frankly and openly. Hon who have never made architecture a study, fur ther than it enters into tho construction of an ordinary dwelling-house, cannot ho expected to judge of tho merits of an immense and involved edifice, like tho proposed Court-House, to cost somo millions of dollars, with its innumerable details of elaboration, its intricate divisions and subdivisions, its relations to light, boat, and ventilation, its adaptation to public use, the strength and permanence of materials, and tho union of all those features in one harmoni ous, symmetrical whole. To tako a committee at random from tho Common Council, who may bo good brewers, shoemakers, tailors, haber dashers, or lawyers, and expect them to boablo to render a competent decision in a caso involving tho moat technical as well as tho most general laws of architecture, Is about as sensible as it would bo to expect a broker to ho a judge of numismatics, or a man who never studied mathe matics to make astronomical calculations. Ponding tbo ignorance and masterly inactivity of tbo Committees, an opportunity has boon offered for the formation of rings iu the inter ests of certain plans. Meritorious plans bavo boon thrust aside. Incorapetoncy and humbug have come to tbo front. Sleeve-buttons bavo put in an appearance, and shirt-studs bavo boon strewn about. All sorts of critics bavo indulged in all sorts of speculations, wise aud otherwise, on architecture. All this time, tbo Committees bavo gone tlirougb the plans, with an appear ance of much wisdom aud a solf-convlction of profound ignorance, and they are to-day where they wore when they first started, and whore they will continue to bo from now to doomsday, if they aro expected to mako a decision upon tbo genuine merits of tbo plans. Aid. McGrath, at tho last mooting of the Coun cil, suggested a plan which will relieve tho Com mittees from tho dilemma in which they aro placed, and which presents the only feasible method of arriving at an intelligent decision. His suggestion is to place tho matter in tho hands of exports, and, to accomplish this, ho proposes that the Mayor ougago throo architects, one from Now York, ono from Baltimore, and ono from Philadelphia, and that they shall soloct the throo boat plans out of tho whole number, which shall bo entitled to tho prizes. Tho only conditions governing tho action of those exports aro, that they shall affirm upon oath that thoy know none of tho plana or authors of tho plana, that they havo no interest In thorn, and that thoy will not llaton to any person or persona having suggestions to make concerning them. Under such oiroumstancos as those, it would bo possible to obtain not only an in tolligont but an honest opinion. In selecting tho throe exports, care would .of course bo taken to select respectable men, of acknowledged skill and prominence in tho profession. Throe suoh men could not bo bought, as their professional pride would pre vent it. In a certain way their technical skill and professional ability would bo on trial before tho whole country. Tho now Court-llouso is to cost too much money and involves too heavy a taxation to bo trifled with by incompe tent Oommittooa or prejudiced architects. Tho city and county want tho best building which can be procured for tho money to bo ox pended, for their special uses, and tho public does not want to bo inflicted with, or pay for, an other monstrosity in tho public square, in tho place of tho one whoso destruction was tho prin cipal compensation, for tho groat fire. Until some bettor plan can bo offered, Aid. McGrath, it seems to us, has mado a very timely and a very wise suggestion, which tho Committee on Public Buildings will do well to report upon. A GHOST AT THE BANQUET, Some people fancy that tho tariff question is one of interest chiefly to a* few theorists, and certain specially-favored manufacturers, and can bo very comfortably avoided by sensible per sons. Certain gentlemen of this stripe under took to avoid It tho other day at St. Louis, and, to their disgust, discovered that tho shades of our strangled industries, liko tho ghost of Bancyio, would not down at their bidding, but persisted in obtruding their unwelcome and horrid forms at tho festivities in honor of yisiting Congressmen. Tho people of the West demand cheaper trans portation for the products of tho Mississippi Valley, and tho St. Louis people called a con vention to consider tho methods hy which a result so desirable could bo attained. They chose a Committee of Arrangements, and it proved that certain fossils of tho old Whig variety, and sundry gentlemen who have a taste for dodging everything like controversy, became members thereof. Wherefore they voted that tho tariff was not a question pertinent to tho subject, and should not bo considered. That ghost hoving boon ordered out of sight, tho ar rangements for tho performance wont on unob structed. But it was desirable to submit to tho Conven tion resolutions and speeches sotting forth some idea of existing evils and needed remedies, and, by chance, it happened that there was chosen as Chairman of tho Committee to propose resolu tions a man of practical and scioutiilo knowl edge, a distinguished engineer, who has not tho habit of trying to put inconvenient facts out of tho way by trying to bo ignorant of them. [Of necessity, therefore, tho inquiry of this gentle man into tho real causes of difficulty led him straight to tho tariff, and tho unhappy Commit tee of Arrangements in duo time was forced, with a dismay which wo can readily imagine, to listen to, and to unanimously adopt, resolutions declaring that the trade in ships should bo free, that legislation had somehow prevented that use of iron in ships and barges to which every other civilized nation had resorted, and that a remedy should ho sought. Hod that distinguished on .(jlnoar puoboJ Ills Inquiries a stop farther, bo might have boon compelled to offer resolutions somewhat as follows: Resolved, That as railroad Iron requires removal on tho average once in thirteen yours, while every mile of road built within tho last twelve years has been compelled to use In track ond rolling stock Iron In creased In cost by tbo tariff from 40 per cent In 1801 to 46 per cent in 1872, tbo necessary cost of transporta tion by all railroads now In the United States has been thus greatly swelled, and a heavy burden Imposed up on all producers and consumers. Resolved, That the iron monopolists who soil tho greater port of the Iron produced at Bt. Louis for $lO to SSO per ton, at tho same time actually shipping somo portion of their surplus to England for profltablo solo there, ought to bo compelled by removal of protective duties aud for competition to sell their iron at such rates that the building of irou barges on tho Mississip pi, and iron steamers for tho outward shipment from Now Orleans could bo profitably undertaken at once, aud tho cost of transportation by the river bo thus ms torlally reduced. Resolved, That the utter prostration of tho American ship-lmildiug and shipping, caused by that form of tariff which has novor yet failed to injure these inter, cats, has put tho commerce of Now Orleans wholly at tho morcy of foreign shippers, reduced tho imports there from $23,000,000 In 1800 to $16,000,000 in 1873, and tho number of American vessels entering there from 700 to 300, and, since tho lack of Inward-hound car goes forces outword cargoes often to pay a larger freight iu order to meet tho oxpeuso of both trips, has rendered tho commerce of Now Orleans Inadequate for any material relief of tho West by tbo transportation of its products, both for want of a sufficient number of vessels there socking cargoes, and by reason of en hanced costa of freight. Resolved, That no plan of river Improvement or ca nal construction will prove adequate for tho relief of tho Western producers until their worst enemy, tho monopoly tariff, which increases tho cost of all trans portation, drives our shipping from tho soas, and checks our natural growth of exports, shall have boon uprooted and forever put away Into tho same charnel bouse with slavery, polygamy, aud other relics of bar barism. Whether Capt. Eads would be inclined to ac cept tho phraseology of those resolutions or not, if he is as clear-headed a man as his works as an engineer show him to bo, ho could not fall to reach conclusions substantially in accord with them.

In 18C0, the tonnage of American ships em ployed in foreign trade was 2,510,237, and iu 1072 it had fallen to 1,410,048 tons. In 1800 It was 81-thousandths of a ton per capita ; in 1870, only 30 ; In 1871, only 80, and in 1872, only 84 thousandths of a ton per capita. Never before, since wo achieved freedom on tho boos by tho War of 1812, has our tonnage been so small in proportion to population. In 1815 it was 101 ; In 1820, 04; In 1830, 45 ; iu 1840, 53 ; and in 16G0, 00-thousaudths of a ton to each inhabitant. Now It Is barely one-tbird as much as thirteen years ago. In 1800, more than 07 per cent of all tonnage entered and cleared at our ports was of our own flag; but iu 1872 only S4|£ per cent was of our own. In tho same period tho proportion of British ships entering and clearing at our porta rose from 27 to 52 per cent. In 1860, 20 per cent of all our tonnage was of American bottoms, entering and clearing from lako ports, but In 1872 only 10 per cent. Tho American portion of all tonnage, which entered and cleared from seaports, was 40 percent iu 1860, and 24 per cent in 1870. Wo built in 1872, for foreign trado, 11 ships and barks, and 8 steamers, but wo sold to foreigners 10 ships and harks aud 6 steamers; lost at sea, 01 ships aud harks and 5 steamers, and condemned, 8 ships and barks, and 2 steamers; not loss during one year, 72 ships and barks, aud 4 steamers. This sort of decrease has boon going on over since tho War closed. Our touuago decreased 203,107 in 1860, 82,078 in 1807, 03,574 in 1808, 118,011 In 1800, 143,030 in 1870, 112,117 In 1871, and 72,626 in 1872. These are pleasant figures for tho study of those who hollovo that tho shortcut road to na tional prosperity is by denying freedom to its industries. Wo especially commend them to tho study of tho frightened gentlemen at St. Louis, who tried In rain to dodge tho tariff question. Not until they face' it like men will they'do any very groat thing in tho way of securing a bettor outlet for tho products of tho Mississippi Valley, THE EVIDENCE IN GEN. VAN DUBEN’B CASE. Tho case which was reported against Qon. Van Duron, a few days ago, in which It was stated that Sutherland, tho Now York restaurant man, had boon offered a place for an American saloon in tho Vienna Exposition on condition that ho would divide tho profits with Van Duron, has boon considerably modified. In a recent Inter view with Sutherland concerning tho matter, ho told a reporter that Van Duron used language from which ho drew this inference 5 that ho had repeated his conversation with Van Duron to a relative of Secretary Fish ; and that tho relative of Secretary Fish had reported that Van Duron had actually made an offer of the place for a division of tho profits. If Gen. Van Duron has boon removed, and disgrace brought upon tho American namo abroad, upon more second-handed assertions, tho Administra tion is very seriously to blame in tho matter. A case which Illustrates the exaggeration of such statements after they have passed through sev eral different persons has occurred in Chicago. It recently came to tho knowledge of Tub Trib une, in what was regarded a credible manner, that Qon. Van Duron had written a letter to a Chicago exhibitor at tho Vienna Exposition, In which he offered to give the exhibitor a preferred place fora consideration of 6100 in money. The Tribune was at tbo pains of' tracing tho rumor hack to tho man who was said to have received such a letter, and It was ascertained that no letter of any kind had over been received from Qon. Van Duron. Tho minor had grown out of tho receipt of a circular describing tbo charoctor of an American catalogue for tho Vienna Exposition, and soliciting advertise ments. Qon. Van Duron bad no connection whatever with this enterprise, which was en tirely legitimate in its way, and yet it had been tho origin of a rumor fixing an actual case of corruption upon him. In its present condition, tho rumor of tho Sutherland transaction seems to have boon reduced to protty much tho samo insignificant attitude, and it is now entirely probable that all the charges, no one of which has assumed anymore definite shapo than the two instances cited, will finally result in the same fashion. If this shall prove to bo tho case, tho Van Daren disgrace will deserve to ho placed on albvol with tho blackmailing of Messrs. Phelps, Dodge & Co., in Now York. It will have tho same feature of blackening an honest man’s character before tbo world without sufficient cause. The motive will not have boon tho gain of monoy to divido among tho Informers, but it may turn out to have been Just as depraved. Tho in jury will bo of a moro Infamous char acter, since not only Qeu, Van Duron’s reputation will havo boon*sullied without having given him a chance for defense, but tho Ameri can reputation for corruption in public office will have boon needlessly confirmed abroad. This case of Van Duron’s must be thoroughly run down. The Administration must show that it had sufficient evidence of Qon. Van Duron’s cor ruption before removing mm; or, if it fail to show this, tho caso must take its place along With others in which men havo boon brought into dis grace to serve tho selfish purposes of hangers on of tho present Government. * An official report lias recently been made t'o tbo Prussian Federal Council which shows the stops that have been taken to carry out the law for the expulsion of the Jesuits from Germany. No Jesuit establishments wore found in Lunen burg, Saxony, Wurteraburg, Baden, Mecklen burg, Oldenburg, Brunswick, Anhalt, Schworz burg, Waldeck, Reuss, Lippo, tue Saxon Duohios, or the Hanso towns. In the other Federal Slates, the establishments have been completely broken up. In Alsace-Lorraine, the establish ments at Strasburg, Issonhoim, and Metz have also boon dissolved. It is a curious feature of the results of Bismarck’s anti-Jesuit policy, that the Josuits have found a now ally in their op position, in a most unexpected quarter. The official papers openly accuse the entire Protes tant clergy of the eastern provinces of siding with the Ultramoutancs. In Pomerania and Silesia, their opposition to'Bismarok is peculiar ly bitter, and the religious legislation is far from complete settlement. This new element has increased its difficulties, and may yet load to serious complications, unless Bismarck relents. From tho tone of our oxchougos in all parts of tho country, tho people by thousands aro pre paring to como to Chicago during tho first wook In June. Tho arrangements for a musical festival and Us adjuncts of receptions, ball, and civic shows are being rapidly developed. Tho great concerts aro to occupy two days, and furnish tho control feature of au occasion tho main pur pose of which will bo to see and to show Chica go. Our citizens aro taking hold in earnest. By concession of two railroad companies their great now passenger-house becomes a jubilee coliseum for Jubilco Gilmore, and tho Board of Trade yield their groat hall for ajubilco ball-room. Citizens’ committees ore getting ready for all tho offices of attention and hospitality duo our visit ors, and at the half-rate excursion faros offered tbroughouttho region tributary to Chicago, it may ho imagined that during jubilee wook tho Influx will bo something unprecedented in tho history of tho city. Every citizen is interested to un derstand the importance of tho event now near at hand. One source of tho want of success which bq oma to have attended tho Vienna Exposition un doubtedly grows out of tho exorbitant prices of living in that city, which have boon increased by hotel-keepers and others until they have become an imposition on the traveling public. A cor respondent of the Now York Times writes that, at the hotel where ho is stopping, a tolerable breakfast costs tlireo florins without wine, or $1.44 in gold. Even tho boot black demands 10 krouzors for his services, which iu ordinary times ho would have per formed for 8. A rage for money-making and speculation seems to have seized all classes in Vienna. Tho American Commissioners them selves seem to havo been Infected with tho same mania, and it is rather amusing to road that every privilege of any account in tho Exposition has boon monopolized by tho Austrian Govern ment for purposes of revenue. Human nature is about tho same, tho world over. The man with wings has at last been found, and tho Darwinians should ho happy. M. Uar nois-Oondamlno, a French physiological profes sor, publishes in tbo liemie dos Merveillca Bcicnti- Jtques an account of a Tory peculiar family liv ing at Auvergne. A post-mortem examination of one of the family showed an unusual length ening of tho clavicle and scapula, and a very groat enlargement of the pectoral, dor bM; and abdominal muscles, indicating a change from tho human to tho bird typo. A boy. in the family has third eyelids and rudimentary wings, tho lat ter consisting of a triangular flap of tho shin, forming a continuous connootlon between tho upporportlonsof tho arms and back,—ln foot, “a little lower than tho angola.” Here la certainly a now departure In species to confirm tbo Dar winian theory, which tho disciples of that creed will not ho slow to improve. They may yet evolve for us tho perfectly-winged man and make tho winged beings who inhabit Figuior’s plan etary other a possibility. Prof. Harrington, who has recently boon to Alaska, thinks that it has paid the United States to buy that territory. Ho brings book a most glowing account of Us resources. Tho valao of tho annual seal aud sea-otter catch Is estimated at $125,000 per annum. Cod and salmon are very abundant, and Alaska will probably furnish tho whole Pacific Coast with Its oodflah. Ice la exported in large quantities to Ban Francisco. Silver and copper oro found in con siderable quantities, amber and precious stones in small quantities. There Is plenty of bituminous coal for the use of steam ers. There is a largo supply of timber, and tbo land is arable, but bettor adapted to grazing than to agriculture. An tho fur trade, and indeed nearly every product of any consequence how ever, are in tho hands of monopolists for years to come, it is difficult to seo wherein lies the special advantage of tho ownership of Alaska, except to tho monopolists. Tho Government gets a very small percentage on its investment. Tho people of Alaska got comparatively nothing. NOTES AND OPINION. Tbo Republican Convention at Cleveland, 0., last Saturday, denounced tho Congressional aal ory act, and declared all those who bavo accepted pay under it * ‘ praoticularly deserving of censure.” Tbo State Republican Convention moots in Co lumbus to»day, and Cincinnati papers say it “will assail tbo Congressional salary-thieves with vehemence.” Tbo Cincinnati Gazette says t There is an effort in some quarters to orente the Im-. prossion that tho storm will soon blow over, but this cannot prevail at Columbus, whoro tho delegates will bo fresh from tho people. It will not blow over. Tl»o< feeling of Indignation hsa taken deep hold of the pop ular mind, and. so long os tho original cause remains, this feeling wfll bo in active force. —Tbo salary-stealers will bo glad to know that tbo Hon. J. H. Reagan, ox-M. C. and Confeder ate Postmastor-Gonoral, publishes a lottor to tbo people of Texas defending tbo act, But, tbon, tbo Galvoston Ifews says i There aro certain convictions of moral right and wrong, with moat persona, which cannot bo changed by any argument or authority, aud, while wo are far from impugning tbo motives of our Representatives for tbo vote they have given, tho universal instincts of tho people will condemn that voto oa morally wrong, in spito of all arguments to tho contrary. —Tho Republican Convention at Steubenville, 0., May 17, unanimously resolved tbo Con gressional salary act was “ a disgraceful plunder ing of tbo National Treasury,” by which tbo members bavo “justly forfeited tbo confidence of tbo people.” —Tbo Lafayottoi(lnd.) Journal does not bo llovo tho American people are given over to be tbo spoil of corrupt loaders, and says: There has been, aud will bo, shocking corruption, but its universal and speedy condemnation is a hopeful sign, —Wo never, In all our experience aa a journal ist, behold a more persistent and Inugor-con tiuuod demmolatioa of *uy act of (JonyiUßß XUan that which dally falls upon tho back-pay and salary-grab at tho last session of that body. . , . Mr, Burcbard would bavo displayed greater wisdom and a higher sense of honor, bail bo based his action in receiving the money, after voting against it, upon the ques tion of right and wrong, and not upon tbo action of a future Congress, where every vote cast has a $5,000 or a SIO,OOO weight pressing it in favor of tbo increased pay.— Jlarrisburg (Pa.) Stale Journal. —Tho pcoplo perceive tho diagrace insoparablo from having anything to do with this money, and thoao who think the memory of tho tranuac tiou will dio out may as woll make & note of it. —l’iltsburgh Evening Telegraph. (11, Bucher Swoope), —Tho Congressional Conference in St. Louis resulted iu “mostly wind, howivor.”— Omaha Herald. —Still tho Republican loaders in lowa are try ing to work up a fooling for Mr. Dudley W. Adams for Lieut emuit-Qovernor, so that he will not bo mado Governor by tho Grangers; but wo opino that tho Grangers aro not to bo brought into tho support of tho rings of tho country iu such way. However, we will wait aud see.—Bur lington {lowa) Oaxctle. —Who can foresee what results may bo ac complished by this organization which is spread ing with such fearful rapidity throughout tho Western States ? TimowlU show that they have no blind, unreasoning hostility to rail roads, aud that they will ask of tho railroads only that which justico demands. When farmers are generally organized; when, from a nebulous mass, they aro changed to a solid body that can act aud work, consult, and counsel, and strike together,—they will vastly promote their own interests and increase their prosperity. Aud, when farmers prosper, tho whole com munity prospers.— Sycamore (.Ill.) True Bepubll • can. —Tho evidences multiply dally that tho mon ster corporation with which San Francisco has boon struggling for tho last two years is actively in tho hold again, with tho avowed intention of appropriating to its own uso tho servants of tho people wherever they can bo of tho lease service to it, or can aid it iu whatever raids upon tho public treasury it may now have m con templation. In this movement It is using again tho samo agents, hut upon a somewhat broader hold than ovor boforo occu pied. Tboy aro daily turning up as guides and directors In almost every political and local or ganization, tolling tbo people what they ought to do, aud laying down tho law upon all manner of questions with an air of authority .... If the railroad fightsdts battle without regard to party, the bout way to campass its defeat is to rosort to tho samo tactics. There is a general fooling abroad that thore is no real livo issue boforo tho people at this time but tho railroad, and that in dealing with it all former distinctions and linos of division will havo to bo. abandoned as out of placo, nonsensical, and absurd.— San Francisco Bulletin. —The September election promisee to bo ono of the moat hotly contested of any heretofore hold in San i'ranciaco. The Liberal Robublicana are preparing to be hoard in the distribution of tho spoils—the Young Men’s Democratic Club Wishes to reorganize as a Reform Ciub f Tho Straight Republicans want nominations from Alpha to Omega ; the Straight Democrats ditto.. Tho people will quietly stop in. nominate an in dependent ticket, and swoop the hold. That is about tho sizo of it.— San Francisco Chronicle , —Politicians as distinguished from statesmen, find party manipulators as distinguished from genuine reformers, are quaking and trembling before the unexpected revolution that is going on in the minds of tho voting masses. Their occupation being utterly gone unless they oau work tho people (into party traces, they view with alarm tho determi nation of tho farmer particularly to slip the har ness and seek now pasture, Wo meet on ovory hand tho most wniuiug appeals to the' agricul tural class not to dissolve their party connections, and to look to their old masters for- redress of tho very grievances which those same masters have created.— Lemars (Iowa) Sentinel, ' —Wo continue to got driblets of information as to tho Congressmen who have, and those who have not, returned their hook pay to the United States Treasury. Among those who Jiace drawn it aro Senator Hamlin (Itopublioan), of Maine, and Oeorgo W. Morgan, of Ohio, a lead ing Democratic member ot the last Congress, not ro-olcoted to tho Forty-third. —Detroit Tribune, —A Hillsboro (HI.) paper states that Congress man or Judge Edward x. Dice has already drawn his $6,000 back-pay steal, and is putting It into a now house. Thou good-hy. Judge.—Carlin villo (Jll.) Democrat. lo not this refreshingly cool? Hero Is a man who deliberately walks up to tho publio treasu ry, helps himself to several thousand dollars of money which does not belong to him, and, when called to account, insultingly replies that to give np tho plunder would be “vulgar doma™** ism ”! —San JiYanotaco DuUctin. ® —The people of Kansas, more aceustomail in. derelictions of their public servants, and alceadv weary of investigations and public clamor have as yet taken no action in tbo case of rCongrosHW P"''»;,*• J lho ","' n tu °y lrußt.ll, aSn.o has betrayed tlioir confidence for bin own solfiHh prollt. But thorols no mistaking hoToC of tho people upon tho ouhjeot, an Bio fntur" wSI —Mr. Shollabargor was ouo of the OonfftonH. men that voted, os ho claims, against the safary- JfJJ ’ a U d ’ nevertheless. made haato to take Urn steal, Such aro the sort of persona tho Presi dent .gathers round him to perform tho duties of the Government. Is it any wonder that political morality is at so low a discount, and that im morality is pervading society from its rind to its core ?—Dubuque Telegraph. _^!!2 b , ar t! or "“y ! "If I did wrong In talc, mg 56,000 bade pay, it was not my (list sin, foe I took haok-pay umlor tho aot of July, 1800. which gayo tho Congress that passed it elnhS rinfonan ™ a t ia PO««VOly Us Soto defense. If it bo a steal, I have my own pre codont as authority for it. I took SI,OOO once fiwSt’ nnn’ tllor ® foro < h*™ A perfect right to take $6,000 now."-.M>u, Orleani Times. u *Jj e Connecticut House has already before It a resolution condemning tbo salary-grab. The SUS’S.ff- tb ? Udlort Slates arol7rtf.or.lSna Ihap this. Tlroy have considered a similar reao< Intion, and passed it with a most unparalleled unanimity.— Pittsburgh Commercial. P ** THE RAILROAD QUESTION. Correspondence Between Gon. John lUuConnoli and ox«Gov« Palmer* Sepcial Dispatch to Thr Chicago Tribune Springfield, 111., May 20,-Tho follow ing Important oorroopondonco has Just taken placs touching tho question of railroads and their management as settled by tho decisions of our Supromo Court, and furnishing an .plloma of tho law as it now Is on that subject: . «■ * , _ . Spbikofuld, 111., May 17.1879 Hon. John M. Palmer: . * D a< :In vimr of too groat Interest. Involved!!, oonlrevorfly between the producers of the State end the railroad companies, it Is desirable to | k .» O 'I. P » r J, C , w !!“ l , ls too present condition of the law, aa found In the decision! of our Supreme Court la respect to that subject. p emo uourt » liSiR?."? ?*• f “ v °. r to gtoo mo a statement, em. tt qSe.llon, J nC ° h “ ko“ n decided on I take tho liberty of asking this from you. hellarlDir your sympathies ore with us In this great struncJa against monopoly. Youra truly, 8 Bgia Johh McConnell. oov. PALiren’s heplt. ■t >. flPniNuriELD, HI * Mftv 10 iflT't * T our , uoto j ln which you allude to tha groat Interests involved In the pending controvert between the produccra of tho Slat© and the ndlroiil corporations, and to tho Importance of precise knowU thA o nKi Pf* 88 ? 4 c , ouJ Hlon of the law In regard to nf^hn bJ I^ giuTOl I ed ». R ?? rot i Uoßt of mo a statement! of tho substance of what has been decided by the Bu« promo Court, is before mo. 9 lam sensible of the groat Importance of placing bo- Jmo the people the substance of what has been decided by their highest tribunal, for, as you seem to undor etaml, the Court has, by a scries of decisions. Bottled nearly all questions at Issue between railway carriers and the people upon tho solid ground of principle. Jt la well understood that the dispute between tho poople of this Blute and tho railroad corporations is as to the orient of tho rights of tho corporations under their charter, and tho proper measure of their obliga tion" and duties in their relations to tho public as tbs owners of so much' of public highways as admit ol private ownership, and as carriers of passengers and freights by their respective lines. On tho part of tho railroad companies, It is insisted that they aro moro| private corporations; that theli charters aro contracts by which tho State has con. ferrod upon them certain franchises which thej may exercise for tho exclusive benefit of their stock, holders, ami that among tho franchises with which they have boon invested by the Slate Is that of making such regulations for tho trans. action of their business, aud tho determination ol the amount of compensation they will demand foi every kind of service they perform os they may think proper, and that these rights are so vested in tho cor* porutionsi that they cannot bo Impaired or controlled by tbo Statu ni any manner, or to any extent. It may bo that this statement of tho pretensions of tho railroad corporations Is somewhat broader than their theoretical claims, but, if It is objectionable at all. It is rather that It Is too distinct than that it is too ex tensive. The people of tho State who have watched tbo growth end expansion of tho railroad system with so much satisfaction, and bavo made such im mense sacrifices to aid its rapid develop ment, astounded and alarmed at the preten sions of tho railroad corporations, and conscious that to concede to thorn the vast powers they claim is not only to surrender commercial frecedom, but political liberty, they are organizing to reals® them. Fully agreeing with yon in your estimate of tho grav ity of the struggle, I regard It as a greater consa quonce that no mistake bo made by those who are en gaged In it. There ere certain underlying princlplce of constitu tional government that the people of tho State can not afford to disregard, font is to those fundamental doctrines and to their acceptance that wo owe the safety of life and liberty and property. Amsng those *" the right of every citizen to own property, and to use It for the promotion of his own interests, subject only to such Just and equal laws as are made to oper ato upon all other persons under like circumstances. It would bo a misfortune of the most serious charac ter for the people, either from choice or necessity, to bo compelled to disregard these op any other of tho essential principle s of our Government in their efforts toi maintain their rights, but happily for all classes of citizens, tho Supremo Court have, as I think, with a degree of fidelity and wisdom that Is most dratJfvinp and which tho most undoubted success to the popular cause, from year to year as questions involv- Sj relations of tho railroad corporations and tha have been brought before it, mot them, and y tho application of Just and rational principles settled them, so that Justice may ho done to all, and tho rights of tho people fully protected end main tained. I will not trouble you with formal quotations from adjudged caeca to prove the truth of this statement, but will state brlotly tho principles settled as the result of numerous cases. The Court decided, many years ago, that the charters of private corporations aro contracts between tho State and tho corporators, with which tho Legislature cannot Interfere, but tho Court also holds that contracts between the State and corporators aro mutual, and that tho corporation, whsu created, la what the law makes It. and by the acceptance of the charter the corporation becomes what the Legislature Intended it should bo, that it possesses only such functions and powers as tho act creating it confers, and assumes such duties os tho act of incorporation imposes. That acts creating railroad corporations were passed for the public benefit and advantage; that they were Intended to create au Incorporation to engage In the business, office, aud employment of a common carrier, and that, under their charters, they possess all needful Sowers for the prosecution of that business, and that, y tho acceptance of tho charter, the corporation con' traded with the State to exorcise the office and employ* ment of a common carrier, aud to discharge all the ob ligations and duties according to tho laws then, or that might thereafter, bo In force for tho government of common carriers. That It is tho law that common carriers are bound to furnish reasonable and ordinary facilities for trans portation, such as will moot Ibo usual aud ordinary de mands of the public, aud wltb respect to an unusual Influx of busiuess, they aro bound to make an honest aud fair effort to aid tho public in tho prosecution of their business. That it is tho law that common-carriors aro bound to carry for all persons indifferently, without partial!- tv, favoritism, or unjust discriminations ; and that 11 they do not provide themselves with reasonable facili ties for transportation, such as will meet tho usual and ordinary demands of tbo public, or If their servants from improper motives glvo a preference to one per bod, the carrier is liable iu damages to tho party In jured.. That It Is tho law that common carriers may do maud a reasonable compensation for tboir services and no more. That It Is tho law that railroad corporations may make such reasonable regulations and contracts for tho transaction of (heir business os aro not Incon sistent wtlh thoJr duties to tho public as common car riers, and can mako no other, |aud that all rules, regu lations, contracts, or other means adopted by railway cooperations to justify extortions, unjust discrimina tions, or abuses, are unwarranted by their charters aud customary to their duty to tho public, and are void. It cannot be expected (hat tho law as established by tho decisions of tho Supremo Court will be satisfactory to all persons or to all interests. There la something iu the sacred mystery of “ Tested right*” that afToots the imagination of many as witch* craft did our ancestors, and such men will hardly bo satisfied with the severe simplicity of the doctrine set tled by the courts, that railroad corporations have a vested right to bo common carriers, and that the nubile have tho vested right to insist that they shall discharge tho duties of common carriers according to tho lam of the land, without partiality, injurious discriminations, extortion or abuflc,aud there may be others who would appeal to tho Congress of tho United States, or tho Legislature, to fix arbitrary tariffs of rates for railroad services ; bnt tho groat body of intelligent people will. I believe, prefer the verdicts of Juries to tho decisions of politicians, and when the law that throws the bur den of proof of reasonableness upon the corporations is applied, and juries pass upon all questions in dis pute, I do not believe that tbero can be any serious question os to tho result. Respectfully, John M. God. John McConnell, Tlio Petroleum Trade* New Yoke, May 20.—A mooting of potrolonm doaloiswaa held this afternoon, at which the following mica wore adopted : Crudo potroloum, unless othorwlao atatod, aholl be undoratood to bo puro, natural oil, nolthor atoamod nor treated, and free from water sediment or adulteration, and of the gravity of 40 to 47 Boaumo. An allowance will bo made to tho buyer of of 1 por cent for every X degree above 47. Refined potroloum must be tho standard white or bettor, with a fire-teat of 110 degrees Fahren* holt and upward. Naphtha muat bo prime white aud sweet s gravity, G6 to 70 Boaumo. There was a debate about tbo definition of resldium, some wanting a gravity standard fixed for'it* Ihe matter wm field over to the meeting tin morrow,

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