Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 22, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 22, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. . TERMS 0» BUBBORITTION (FATAliut IN ADIANC*). ' E?tel?^;;::: 8< S;88| W^;;;;.v;"":: s S:88 I'nrts of a year at tho a'amo rate. To protont delay and mistakes, be sore and rlto Post Ollke nddtfefiß In fall,' Including Slate and Oeanty. ItomltUnooß may bo tnndo either by draft, oxpross, Post OQlco order, or In rcßlstorod letters, at our risk. TERMS TO CITY flUnflOmnF.Hß. Daily, delivered, Bmid&y oxccctort. 35 cpntp per week. Dally, delivered. Sunday Included. CO conu per week. Address THIC TRIBUNE COMPANY, Comer Madl«on oud Doarborn-gti.. OJilongo, HI. CONTENTS OF THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE, jTmaT PAGR-News opthe Weeks Waihlnnlon-Tlio Indians—titAto Affnlrs—Political—Foreign—Obituary— • Personal Religious Ilodlcs-Hoonlar Bodies—Money and Business—Labor-Railroads—Fraud ami Theftr- Onsualitloa-Orlmo—Flrea—Mlßcollanoous, The FielP and Btaules Lameness—Heaves— Htrlnghalt. The JUDICIAL CONTEST: Proceeding* Of Conventions In tlia Second, Fourth, Thirteenth, and flovontoonth Olr- CUltB. DEKALB COUNTY lIKrUIILIOAN CONVENTION: Its Resolutions. Agricultural Items: Prom Various IMrtsof tho Country. _ SECOND PAols—BditorUlr: Farmland Railroads— Tho St. LonlsOonvonllnn-Lawronoo: Orals—Mr. Hos ing’# Now Departure—Mr*. Stanton's Social Revolution ••Female Suffrage in Kngload-A Utdlculoua Attempt at Sutoidu. Mv Misadventures Arroad-B/ Boa. Adams, Sac].— Chaptorl. _ THIRD PAUE-Thb Mine Disaster: Full Particular* ul tho Dreadful Colliery Aooidontln Nova Scotia— Great Lost of Life. Tub Farm and Gardens Tho Subject- Matter of Fann-Ualoa Crnistdorod-A. Oslo on a Castor. . Rollor-Hlldlng on Wood—Tho Old Htvlng.Uato—Tbo Donblo-Ilollor Sliding Gate, and flow It Is Constructed . _«clf*AoUng Oatea and Old-Fnehlonod Bars-Tbo Weather and tho Crops. BUTTER AND Cheeses Ro. celpts In Now York for 1872. MnH. BAM Jones: Tho Pouliry.Yard—The Wlfpto Have tho Caro and Order ing of tho Poultry-Pork vs. Poultry an a Diet—To Pro - vent Hons from Scratching Up (ho Garden—Chicken- Food—Tho Best Dreed of Fowls—A Now Breed, “The Cornucopia of tho Grand Ores*"— A Little Monopoly— Tho Pigs on (ho Lawn—Rainy Weather. TBS Apiary: What It Is That Guidos tho 800 to Stores of Honor— Tho Uoe a True Aristocrat—Why Poisonous or Inferior Honor Is Sometimes Gathered—Now Lesions to Bo learned of tbo 800-Usefulness of Drones—'Why Thor . Do Not Gather Honey—How tho Boos Make Good Honey. Tbe Scaffold: Kxocullons at Mt. Carroll (III.). Now York City, and Sacramento (Oal.l. Fruit in AlicniOAN! Prospoote at Battlo Crook. Com* merge: Foreign Trado of the United States for 1879. Tub Transportation Question: Resolutions of tbo Grange at Hastings, Mina. FOURTH PAGlS—Editorials: Judge Thornton’s Lot ter-Judicial Indopendonoo—Casting Out Dorlls—A - Ghost at.tho Banquet— I Tho Chicago Jnhlloo— Oor. Palmer’s Lottor—The UaUroad Imbroglio In Wisconsin. Civil-Service Reform: An Instance In Minnesota. FORCST-PLANTiNU. WliatMr. Cleveland says of Tree ' Culture on tbo Groat Plains—Tbo Rapid Uocroaao of Our Timber-Supply, and tho Necessity uf It* Rehabili tation—An Association Formed fur tho Purpose of Car rying Out au Kxtondud System of Foroat-Planting—Tho Aid It Aaks of tho Government, and tho Kosulta It Promises—Somo Facta and Figures for tho Bonoilt of Railroads In tbo Far West. tiRAiN-SniPI’ERS: Mooting at Ottawa—Resolutions. A Freight Railroad : Sag gostlonof aPlan. Adams’ Bulooyon Seward: State, montof tho Hon. Montgomery Blair—Lottor from tho Lnlo Chiof Jnstlco Chase—Lincoln 1 * Fame Vindicated. A Signal Light: How England’s Legislators Aro Brought Together. riFTIiPAGIi-TuE Supreme Court op Illinois, and Its Chief Justice s Loiter from Judge Thornton on tho AnproaohingJudlclal. Kloolton—Loltor from tho Uon. James W. Davidson. The Vienna Commission ers : Thu Career of Leopold J. Boeok from Oswogo to Vienna—Lottor from Gun. Van Burou to a Vienna , Paper—Comments of tbo. Press of Tbat City. The PENITENTF.S: Roinarkablo Organization Among tho Kon-Moxicans—lnfamous lUtca and Horrible Oraoltloa. INDIANoIooy : Tho Redskins—Their Hablta, Lsn- Suago, Modes of Hauling,. Torture, Ao. Tub Modoos: uggoationa from Various.Sources. Cheap Transpor tation : Tbo Convention of Govornorsat Atlanta, Oa. Repentance: A Poem. Advertisements. SIXTH PAGE—The Judicial Election: Views of JndgoCaton—Address to tho Farmers of (ho Fifth Su premo Judicial District— Mr. Craig in LaSallo County— Ux-Qov. Palmer’s Opinion of tbe Character of Judge - Lawrence—Judge Lawrence Indorsed by tbo Galesburg Farmers’ Club—Tho Farmers of LaSallo County Rofuso to Indorse tho Nomination of Craig for tbo Supreme Judgshlp—A Bombshell Among Craig’s Trainers—Lot* * tor irom tho Hon. John Hoholfleld to the Macoupin • County Farmers’ Club—Conventions In tho Ninth, Thir teenth, Sixteenth, and' Twenty-tint Circuits. The Congressional Conference: Closing Proceedings of tho Mooting at ht. Louis. Herbert Spencer: What Ho Thinks of Us,- Great Fme: Destruction of Buildings of tho Chicago, Burlington <k Quincy Rail road, at Aurora—Loss, $2W,ttX). “Qood-WillAmono Men:" Lottor from tho Lato Chief Justico Gbaso. Honey-Bees rt Mails- A Strange Question' Before tho Postmaster-General. BBVI2NTH PAOB—THE Grand PACIFIC: Chicago’# Loot and Qroatest Hotel Enterprise—Tho House Almost Ready to Receive Quoata-Doscrlption of Its Internal Arrangements. Oracie’h Kitty: A Poem. Humor: * A Batch of Comicalities. The Chicago Exposition: A $250,000 Crystal Palace Ordered from Boyington. CORN: Amount Cribbed otr tbo Illinois Central Roll, road. Prisons: Trapping in Minnesota. Experi ences with Detectives: An Intonating Story. £IGHTH PAGE—Tub Railroad QUESTION: Letter from Ex-Gov. ralmor to Gon. John McConnell. Finan cial: Chicago Money Market—Tbo Spring Trade—Re demptions of Currency— I Tho Now Trado Silver Dollar— San Francisco Banka—Tho Post-Offlco Havlngs-Banka of England. Commercial: Chicago Produce Mar kets—Chicago Live-Stock Markets, with Review for the Wook—Chicago Lumber Market—Herkimer County (N. Y.) Dairy Market—European Market*—Buffalo, Bos ton, and Pittsburgh Llvo-Stock Markets—Now York Dry Goods Market—Now . York, Milwaukee, Toledo, Bt. Louis. Memphis, Oswego, Now Orleans, and Loals* villa Produce Markets.... TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. MoVIOICEB’S THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and. State. Engagement ot Edwin Adams. *■ Enoch Arden.’ 1 HOOLEY’3 THEATRE—Randolph street, between Clark and LaSalle. ’’Risks." AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Don stubs street. Tho Latin Koono Comedy Combination. T* Our American Cousin." ... ACADEMY OF MUSIC llnlsted street, botwoon MAdlsoo ami Monroo. Theatre Comlquo Combination. AMPHITHEATRE— Clinton stroot, between Randolph and Washington. Vtmok, tho Prestidlgltatour. BUSINESS NOTICES. RUPTURE CURED BY DR. MARSH'S PATENT Radical Cure Truss. Spinal curvature, bow lege, chib toot, etc., mechanically treated. Trusses, braces, supporters, etc. All Instruments guaranteed. Competent fonialo attendant. MAIISU A BOWLES, lU3 Wash tngton-st. BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE. THIS SPLENDID hotrdyo In the best In the world. The only true and per* foetdyo. Harmless, reliable, and instantaneous; no disap pointment ; no ridiculous tints or unpleasant odor. Reme dies the 111 elleote of bad dyes and washes. Produces im mediately a super!) black or natural brown, and loaves the hair clean, soft, and beautiful. Tho genuine, signed W. A. Batchelor. Sold by all druggists. OUARLBS BATCHELOR. Proprietor, N. Y. Thursday Morning, May 22, 1873. Tho Modocs are out of tho lava-bods, and their trail indicates that they are on their way to join Che Pitt Bivor Indians. Dorman B. Eaton, of Now York, has been elected Chairman of tho Civil-Service Advisory Board, tho place hold by Mr. Curtis before his resignation. In accordance with an act of tho Thirty-ninth Congress, Associate Justice Clifford, of tho Su preme Court, will act as Chief Justice till tho President fills tho vacancy. Judgo Duroll has doniod tho claim for dam ages against Now Orleans, presented by tho pro prietor of ono of tho gun stores which was broken open and rifled by tho mob a few weeks ago. Ho holds that, as tho city had no police available at tho time, it is not responsible. . Tho law for tho regulation and licensing of prostitution hi Bt. Louis has, from tho first, mot tho same resistance among tho women of’ that city that tho similar Contagious-Diseases act called out in England. Another petition for Us repeal has been presented to the Common Council, signed by a thousand women. Tho lato Chief Justice Chase has loft be quests of SIO.OOU each to WUborforco Universi ty and Dartmouth College. Tho rest of his property is divided among tho members of his family. Tho portrait of Chief Justice Marshal, by Poalo, which was presented to Chief Justice Chase by tho Bar of Now York, is given to tho Bupromo Court of the United Slates, Two hundred and ton ballots, consuming nine teen hours, wore taken by the Judicial Conven tion at Marengo on* Monday, In tho vain attempt to nominate'a Judge for tho Second District, Tho voto stood 12 to 12 on tho first ballot, and, •a every attempt to change It failed, tho Con vention separated, leaving candidates to run without nomination. Tho resolutions adopted by tho Republican fltato Convention of Ohio applaud Congress for its work in investigating corruption, aud con demn it for Us “ unwise " course in raising the salaries of its members when tho burden of taxa tion ought to have boon lessoned, and insist that the law bo unconditionally repealed. They Al condemn without reserve ” those who vqtod tot hack-nay or accepted it. With regard to tho transportation question, they stipulate that tho railroads must have reasonable compensation, but that any attempt at extortion or unjust discrimination should bo oorrootod by law. Southern Prosby torlans, who aro yory sensitive to any inclination of tho Okaroh towards political dogma or organization, hpvo mode so strenuous au opposition to the proposed participation of tho Church as a Church In tho Centennial Cele bration, that tbo Northern General As sembly has mado them a verbal concession. Tho preamble of the resolutions in which tho Assembly decided to lake port in tho exhibi tion has boon altered to make it appear tbat tho Church seeks only to improve the occasion to tho glory of Ood. No other change than this of words Is mode, and tho programme of exhi bition will bo adhered to. God. Van Buron is a oltizon of Now Jersey, and, during his residence there, seems to have gained tho ostoom of his neighbors, who are coming to his aid in tho hour of his adversity. A delegation of them have waited on tho Presi dent to assure him that their confidence in tho Commissioner's integrity Is not to bo shaken by the recont charges. Among them wore ox-Oon grossman Hill, of tho Boonetown District, and Mr. Yormilyoa, a prominent banker of Now York, both of whom aro considered in their com munities men of stem rectitude. Tito delega tion said Gen. Van Duron’s friends meant to inako his vindication complete by electing him Governor of Now Jersey. If Esquimaux Joe’s story may bo behoved, thoro is liitlo doubt that poison, and not paraly sis, was tho cause of Oapt. Hall's death. Oapt. Hall, ho says, returned from his lost sled well and happy, but was taken siok after drinking somo coffee. Ho vomited, his throat swelled, ho could not drink, and ho was tortured by burning pains. Joo says that Oapt. Hall told hiin that thoro was “something bad in bis coffee.'' His sickness lasted two weeks. During port of this timo bo studied his medical books to dis cover tho moaning of his symptoms, and camo to tbo conclusion tbat ho had boon poi soned. Joe's account is corroborated by ono of tho Icelanders accompanying tho expedi tion. Who administered tho poison ho does not stato ; but it is evident that his suspicions point to Buddington, tho Bailing-Master, who refused, through cowardice or somo othormotivo, low tho expedition to proceed any further north, and compelled Oapt. Hall to retrace his stops. The Chicago produce markets were moderately active yesterday, but generally lower, Mess pork declined 400 per brl, with fair sales, clos ing at $16.C0@15.65 cash, and $18.95@10.00 seller July. Lard was active, but declined 200 per 100 lbs, to B%c for winter and 7%0 for sum mer rendered. Meats wore dull and %c lower, at 6%0 for shoulders, 8%@8%0 for short riba, B%@BK° * or short clear, and 10@ll%o for sweet pickled' hams. Ilighwinos wore quiet aud strong at 00c per gallon. Lako freights woro dull and easier at 60 for com to Buffalo. Flour was loss active and unchanged. - Wheat was moderately active, and l@2o lower, closing at $1.80% seller tho month, and $1.27% seller Juno. Com was loss active, and lo lower, closing at 37%0 cash, and 88%0 seller June. Oats woro quiet and easier, but closed Arm at 31%0 cash, and 82% c seller Juno. Bye was quiet and %o lower, at 00% c. Barley was dull and unchanged, at 71@80c for poor to good No. 2. Hogs woro active and stronger, at 64.C5@5.00. .The cattle market was active and Arm. Sheep ruled qmot. It is protty generally known that, on Sunday last, a reporter of tho Sunday Times was ordered out of a respectable church on tho ground that his connection with that Journal was prima facie evidence of his unfitness to associate with docent people. Tho Sunday Times being anxious to advertise its Infamy,- tho ejected reporter sent a special dispatch to tho Now York Sun, tho Louis ville Courier* Journal, and two or throe other newspapers, detailing tho incidents of his ejection, and adding: “Tho affair creates much excitement, and tho clergyman’s lack of dignity is severely commented upon.” There is no objection to a newspaper advertis ing its own degradation after it has boon led out of church by tho oar, if it-choosos to do so 5 but we protest against tho effort to create a false impression abroad concerning tho public sentiment in Chicago about tho matter. There have not only boon no comments on <( tho cler gyman's lack of dignity,” but no expression, public 6r private, which did not commend tho action as a proper resentment of this newspa per's villainous onslaught upon churches and church-members. It is presumed that tho mer ited robuko administered by Mr. Sullivan to tho Times will have tho effect to stop its indecencies in tho future. Tho unanimous vote by which tho Presby terian Assembly adopted tho recommendation that two committees bo appointed to confer with tho Old School Synod of Missouri and tho Southern General Assembly, for tho pur pose of reunion with thoso branches of the Church, probably marks tho beginning of tho end of the political schism which has divided tho Presbyterian Church of America since 18G1. Tho Presbyterian Church North and South divided in that year, on acconut of the action of tho General Assembly at Pittsburgh, which declared that tho allegiance of citizens was duo tho United States, thereby denying tho doctrine of State , allegiance and State rights. Tho Missouri Synod has not boon associated with either branch since 1860. Its separation was tho result of tho adoption of a resolution by tho General Assomby, in 1865, that every church session and every Presby tery in connection with tho Frosbytortan Church North should examine every person who came from a Southern State asking for admission into any of their churches or Presbyteries touch-, ing his relations to tho Federal Government and touching his views on the slavery question ; and insisting upon a "confession of sin”if tho applicant had boon guilty of disloyalty. Mr. Tom Taylor, a popular dramatist and tho theatrical critic of tho Loudon Times, has a pro ject on foot to re-establish tho legitimate drama by popular subscriptions. Xu Boris, tho Theatre is always kept free from tho sensa tional tendencies of the modern dramas, and a series of classical plays are presented every season in a becoming manner. Tho eamo is true of tho Koenighcho Schauspiclhaus in Berlin j and in most of tho Continental cities one theatre is maintained by Government subsidy for tho production of tho higher order of playa. This is not tho case in England or America, and tho result la, that the prevailing popular taste gives direction to tho staple of all tho theatres. Mr. Booth's theatre, in Now York, has escaped tho infection of dramatic soneatiouaUem more THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1871 than any other In the country, but It has been rather on account of Ur; Booth's acting thoro so much than for any other reason. Ur. Taylor's proposition is to establish a theatre at tho Crys tal Palace, Sydenham, and sustain it by subscrip tion, for tbo proper production of thoßbakspearo an plays. Tho success of tho project is doubtful. Thoro la a groat difference between getting tho people's money through Qovornmout subsidies and taking it out of tholr pockets directly.* SENATOR CARPENTER AT NEW ORLEANS, Senator Carpenter, In Ida speech at Now Or leans, made a more vigorous defense of bis re port on Louisiana affairs than might bavo boon expected from ono who bad already onoo turned his book on bis own offspring. But thoro was no now point mado in bln speech, unless it be now (as perhaps it will bo to tho legal profes sion), that tho President has nothing to do, la tho .absonoo of Congressional -action, bnt to oxoouto tho dooroos of Judge Duroll's Court. Tho inforonoo from this is, that If Judgo Oarttor, in tho District of Colombia, should order tho United States Marsha! to solzo and bold tho National Oapitoi; and this officer should find himself opposed in tho attempt to do so, tho President could' do nothing but furnish troops to oxoouto tho order, Thoro is no limit to this species of . absurdity, oxcopt tbo possible limits of rascality in tbo Unitod States Oourt. Tho Constitution says that tho Unitod States Government shall not in terfere to suppress local disturbances In any Stato, except upon application of tbo Governor or Legislature thereof. Mr. Oarpontor, In his Senate report, showed in indignant language that Judgo Ddroll had so interfered, and in this showing all- tho members of tho Committee concurred with him, including Morton, Putting tho report and tho speech together, it appears that, .in Senator Carpenter's opinion, tho United States Government cannot interfere In tho local affairs of a State oxcopt upon tho application of tho Governor or Logislaturo ihoroof, unless a District Judgo shall tako tbo initiative. Thon it may intorforo to any extent I Senator Oarpontor announced In his speech tbat ho was a Stato Bights man before tho War, and was a Stato Bights man still. This is per haps true, but is of no practical importance un less Mr. Oarpontor has pluck enough to follow his principles logically, and fight for thorn man fully. ’ THE BUNDAY-BEER QUESTION. The following communication has been receiv ed in reply to an article printed in a recent issue of The Thidunb : To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sra: In yonr editorial of yesterday, beaded “ Tho Sunday-Beor Qucatlou," you say 1 that the issue is npon tho repeal of laws which practically deprive tho German citizen of tbo privilege of spending Sunday according to his preferences. As a temperance man, and member of tho Committee of Seventy, I wish to say, through your column, that wo accept that issue, and Insist that neither Gorman nor any other citizen shall bo permitted to spend Sunday according to their preferences, if those prefer ences involve great public danger, an tho keeping open of beer-saloons on Sunday surely docs. Would a parly of sportsmen bo permitted freely to practice shooting In our streets on Sunday, merely be cause not more than one man was killed each Sabbath, while tho great majority of our people escaped, having prudently abstained from leaving their homes during the day? If such practices would not bo allowed,- merely because it might bo a “ national custom ” of tho sportsmen, neither should a party of beer-sellers bo permitted to ply their national custom, because it hap pens that only a small minority of tho people thereby are carried home with broken heads. Wo.claim tho right of citizens to walk our streets, free not onlyfrom certain death, but free also from unnecessary danger, which right is denied us If beer-saloons, or any other saloons, aro permitted freely to dispense any alcohol, whether beer or brandy, that can intoxicate. It is tho sober citizen, not tho drinking citizen, whose liberties aro threatened. Yours truly, OsauN, : Ooioaoo, May 10, 1873. If tho now German movement shall moot with no stronger arguments against it than this writer presents, it will not encounter insuperable ob stacles. If tho enforcement of tho ordinance against keeping boor-saloons open on Sunday is sustained merely os a necessary police regula tion, thou why should they not bo closed on Monday, and Tuesday, and every other day in tho week ? The illustration of tho sportsmen shooting In tho streets, which “Ossian” makes, is a good coso in point. Ho is right in main taining that a general target-practice would not bo tolerated in tho streets of a Sunday, oven if only one man was killed each Sunday. Hut ho seems to ignore tho fact that this sort of pro miscuous shooting would not bo tolerated on Wednesday or Thursday any more than on Sun day. If, then, tho saloons ore to bo closed on Sunday for tho same reason that shooting is prohibited in tho public streets, as a protection of human life, it is equally necessary that they shall bo closed every day and all tho time, unless it can ho shown that there is greater liability to mischief on Sunday than on other days. This may bo tho fact as regards ardent spirits,—there being a greater number of idle people on Sunday than on other days,—but it is not true as regards boor, which is a narcotic and not a stimulant. If the Sunday law is not to bo regarded as a police regulation, then it must bo regarded as a Sabbatarian, or religious, measure. It is for ths supporters of the Sunday law to determine whether they can hopo to sustain themselves on this Issue. They are mot at tho outset with tho fact that there can bo no infringement of per sonal freedom, on religious grounds, in America, llcduccd to a religious controversy, tbo'quos-. tion is, whether those who livo in this country and favor tho English observance of Sunday may force their customs upon those who favor tho Continental observance of Sunday. It is protty safe to say that, upon a more issue of Sunday ob servance as a religious obligation, no party could carry tho city in favor of any particular custom, though tho Gormans would quite willingly agree to cho closing of saloons during tho hours of the forenoon usually devoted to religious exor cises,—this being tho custom in their native' countries. It is a mistake to place boor upon tho same lovol with whisky and brandy, and hold it re sponsible to an equal extent, or, wo thluk, to any extent, for orimo and depravity. There is no doubt that drunkenness plays an important part in tho tragodios of life ; hut, If we are to estimate Us precise influence upon orimo, it {a necessary to ascertain somewhat more definitely than the temperance men ordinarily do tho ogonts of drunkenness. There are largo num bers of people seriously opposed to tho vice of drunkenness who have come, by comparison of Groat Britain and America on the one side, whore strong drinks are tho rule, with the Continental countries on tho other side, where beer and native wines predominate, to holiovo that beer Is rather an agent of temper ance than of intemperance. No man who swoopingly includes boor aud wine in tho same category with spirituous liquors, and desires every man to bo prosecuted who sella, manufac tures, gives away, or drinks it, is prepared to examine the Sunday law on its merits. And wo aro of tho opinion (hat (Ids class of bolioycri will not hare the final settlement of tho ques tion. HOPE POR HOUSEHOLDS, Tharo are few houeokoopors who will not loam with genuine satisfaction that a practical move ment haa been inaugurated in Now York whioh promises to work’lmportant reforms in tho field of domestic service, Ills not the outgrowth of any of tho publio meetings which have boon called from tlmo to time throughout tho coun try to seek for a remedy of sorvantgaUsm. Tho project has boon quietly and unostentatiously undertaken by tho Qlrl’o Homo in New York. This is an institution kept up for the accommo dation of servant-girls out of places, and to afford a cheap and comfortable home for all honest girls who require one.. Tho Princi pal of this institution has formed a ol&so of instruction in domestic work, in which a small number of girls ore taken who de sire the benefits of snob training. As yot, the class Is limited to seven, who must , either be volunteers or entered at the request of their parents. The curriculum in this school of do mestic labor U very complete and systematic, and seven months aro required to finish tho course. One year la regarded as little onough for the needed instruction | but it is difficult to retain tho girls any longer on account of the ad vanced prices that aro offered for their skilled labor. Tho girls are taught in turn to make bods thoroughly; to swoop and dust in the neatest fashion; to wait on. table and attend visitors in a quiet, respectful manner; to cook in a plain ' and ornamental stylo; and to mako broad and pastry. An efficient cook is retained in tho kitchen as Instructor, and each girl servos an apprenticeship in this department. It is said that they soon learn how to mako a good soup, broil a chop, season a stow, and dross poultry, and that par ticular attention la given to bolfoo and pastry. Not long ago, Joan Ingolow, the English authoress, wrote a letter to tho Woman's Jour nal, acknowledging tho receipt of that paper, and taking occasion to point out tho peculiar deficiency in tho education of American girls. Sho then said that so long as household work is thought degrading, tho education of girls cannot bb .complete. Sho said that girls must loam how to . . mako starch ing. and ironing graceful accomplishments, and how to go into tho kitchen without demean ing themselves. 1 Tho .domestic-training school established at tho Girl’s Homo, in Now York, will contribute to thin cud. In its present con dition, tho beginnings arc small, but, .when it comes to bo discovered, as it will bo, that skilled household labor and kitchen accomplishments command bettor prices and more congenial places than sowing-girls or shop-girls can attain, there will bo a more general desire to partako of tho advantages which such a school of instruc tion can offer. Tho facilities of this-school will ho enlarged, and other schools will ho estab lished elsewhere in imitation of tho same plan. Skill in tho culinary art, and a range of prices to correspond, to it, would speedily contribute to tho removal of many of tho vexatious complica tions of tho servant-girl problem as it now stands. , THE INSANE IN ILLINOIS, Tho Now York World calls attention to what it intimates may turn but to bo ovidonco of a “ Ring ” in tho public charities of tho Stato of Illinois., Tho Superintendent of tho Census,' Qcn.“Walker, in his introduction to tho tables of tho returns of tbo insane, idiotic, and other un? fortunate classes, claims for thorn a complete ness andacouracy which, perhaps, do not por talu to other portions of tho work. After refer ring to somo criticisms in tho coeo of tho returns for Massachusetts, ho calls attention to what ho

terms tho wholly “ inexplicable ” case of Illinois.• Ho states that ho has boon furnished by tho. Boorotary of. tho Btoto Board of Chari- ■ ties of Illinois with lists of tho in sane and Idiotic of this Stato in 1870. Ho had compared this list of insane with that returned by tho Census Marshals, and an uttor wont of correspondence exists. Tho list of in sane furnished by tho Board of Charities con tained 2,370 names, of which Mr. Walker says 88 might bo deducted because of duplication, doatb, recovery of reason, and leaving the Stato. Six others oro marked idiotic, 32 probably recov ered, and 21 wore of doubtful insanity. De ducting all these tho Board list called for 2,250,in -sano persons, whoso names and residences wore given. Tho Census Marshals had returned only -1,021 names, leaving 620 to be accounted for.; But a comparison of tho names on the two rolls showed that only 721 names wore found on both lists; tho Stato list contained 1,656 names of insane persons not on tho census list, while tho census list contains tho names of 000 not on tho Stato list. Had tho names on tho census list agreed with tho Stato so far as their number' extended, it would have admitted tho explanation that tho census-takers had not found tho missing persons, but they found 000 Insane persona who wore not down on' tho'Stato list, and only 721 that wero named on that list. Upon this Mr. Walker says: In tho vlow of such monstrous discrepancies, It would bo reasonable to assume-that, Inasmuch os tbo returns of tbo census are mado by sworn officials visit ing each house and family by turn, while tho list of tho State Board of Charities would appear to bavo been mado up by no class of officials, and oven by uo dis tinct class of persons, the Board must have been Im posed upon, cither through nogligouco or design ou tho port of its correspondents. This proaumptlou, bo says, was confirmed by further investigations. Ho selected 999 names of persons recorded on the State list as insane, belonging to 123 towns having a population of half a million, and thoao lists ho sent to the census-takers with instructions to ascertain their existence or not. Diligent search discovered 43 of tho 399, and ho addss And la a considerable proportion of cases no family of tbo same surname was found wltblu tho towu to which tho State list assigned the person for whoso name search was made. Taking tho two returns, —that mado by the Gonsus Marshals and that mado by tho State Board of Charities, —and wo havo tho following singular results < Whole number named by State 80ard........... 3,870 Whole number named byccnaus..., 1,631 Difference between 1i5t5..,,.,..... 753 Number of names on State Hat....,.,,..,,,,.,., 2,370 Additional names ou census list,.,, 000 Actual Insane by both lists Deficiency on census list... Deficiency on State list Actual number named ou both hats. Tho fiat contradiction of thoso two reports, each purporting to give tho name and residence of each maano person, is calculated to destroy all confidence in both reports, or to create an impression that tho publio ore paying for tho support of a large number of persons as insauo who wero Insane for uo other purpose. Mr. Walker closes his review of thoso con flicting statements by asserting that, (< when, m contrast to facts like the above, It is stated that the census as an agency, whether Stato or taftlwajii BUtUUy'cwsUtout nltUlt self In respect to tho numbers of tho afflicted classes, never departing far from tho ratios ex hibited In tho following tables, It must, tho Superintendent thinks, bo admitted that tho figures of tho census aro entitled to full credence' until Impeached by evidence more carefully and systematically gathered than any yet presented.”- In tho report of tho State Board of Charities! of Illinois, made lu December, 1872, it Is assorted that tho Investigation by thorn lu 1800 resulted! In discovering 2,007 Insane and 1,708 idiots, "whoso names aro recorded In our office, with particulars of oSoh case.” It says t ■ Tho Buporlntcndout of the Census, tho Hon. P. A, Walker, kindly forwarded to thoonkoof this Board, for examination, an abstract,' ih manuscript, of tho pousus returns concerning Insanity in Illinois. No in sane .were returned from eleven counties out of 103 la i tho State. Tho counties omitted wore' Alexander, Brown, Calhoun, Cumberland, Ford, Hardin, Jasper,' Moultrie, Platt, Saline, and Scott. They embrace a population of 111,680 souls, and are known to contain at least 84 insane, tho number reported to us by physi cians, throe years ago; but in fact they contain more than wore reported to us. Tho testimony of all ex ports who bavo examined the manuscript returns on file In the various State Capitols is to tho some effect, Vi* t that tho omissions aro very numerous, and, In some Instances, astonishing. The report then collates a number of state ments made by gentlemen engaged profession ally in tho caro of tho afflicted classes, in which they berate tho census for its deficiencies in tho number of tho insane, blind, oto. This, however, docs not explain tho remarka ble discrepancy between tho two enumerations of tho increase m this State. Admitting that tho census-takers missed 755 insane persons in tho State, how is It that they found 000 others of whioh tho Board of Charities have never hoard ? How is It that tho oonsas-takora and tho agents of tho Board only found 721 persons whose names and residences agree on both lists ? Tak ing tho whole number of different persons named on both lists os insane, in 1870, to bo true, it will bo soon that tho Board of Charities had knowledge of only two-thirds of tho actual cases In the State. - ■ Tho imputation suggested by tho Now York TVorW, of a designed increase of tho numbers for corrupt purposes, is unfounded ; hut tho earnestness with whioh Mr. Walker maintains tho Justice of his figures ought to suggeat.-to tho Board of Charities a more thorough inves tigation than has yot boon made. A largo por tion of this body of insane persons is supported by tho publio, and, while no one will object to a liberal expenditure for the. caro and comfort of tho afflicted, there ought to bo at least some effort made to ascertain tho precise number who may bo classed as such. THE ERIE RAILROAD INVESTIGATION. . Tho Special Committee appointed by the Now York Legislature to investigate tbo affaire of the Erie Railroad has completed its labors and sub* mittod a report, which forms a very Interesting chapter in tbo history of railroad management in this country. The legal matters having boon referred to.tho Attorney-General, tho Committee confined Its attention to tho three following topics: JYr<£—'Whether tho dividend declared upon the stock of tbo Company outstanding against it lu February, 1879, was paid ont of tho net earnings of tho road. •Second—As to Improper expenditure of money by forclgu stockholders or oflloors of tho Company to ef fect tho transfer of tho management of tho Company la March, 1679, and as to tbo fact of a corrupt contract in tho negotiation of its bonds. Third—As to the. payment of money to Influence legislation. With regard to tho first point, tho Committee ia not at all clear. Tho dlvidoud waa made upon the statement of tho Auditor of tho road, that thora was a balance sufficient to warrant it, and Mi*. Watson, tho President of tho road, claims that tho dividends paid tho stockholders wore duo out of tho not earnings for 1872. Tho testimony of tbo Comptroller of tho Pennsylvania Control Ballroad is also referred to os showing that tho method of making up tho Erie statement, upon which dividends are declared, is* identical with that of the former Company. Tho Committee thereupon decides that if it is proper and in ac cordance with tho view of Mr. Watson to carry to capital account all additions to tho rood not necessary to keep it and its equipments in order, , then it may be claimed that the dividend was earned and . properly declared. - At tho same time, while recommending tho passage of a gen eral law applicable to all railroads, which shall determine their right to greatly increase capital in this manner, tho Committee expresses tho utmost confidence in the ability and integrity of - Mr. Watson, and its belief that ho Is adminis tering tho affairs of tho road for tho solo pur pose of ro-ostablishing its credit oud economiz ing its revenues. With regard to tbo expenditure of money by the foreign stockholders/ which effected the coup d'etat in March, 1872, removed the Jay Gould management, and put tho railroad In tho control of McHenry, tho Com mittee finds that tho resignations of a sufficient number of Directors to change tho management were purchased for $750,000. Upon tho morale of this movement, tho Committee says: “ Aside from tho motives which inspired tho. policy and tho actions which resulted in tho overthrow of' tho Gould Direction, tho manner and the moans cannot hut bo regarded with tho severest disap probation,” and, in another place, adds.: “The Gould Directory was kept In power by a lavish and corrupt use of money. Those working in tho name of honesty and reform should have shunned tho moans jvhich wore denounced as fraudulent in others* use. Tho parallel which tho Committee institutes is not a fair ono. Tho property of* tho Erie Railroad was ia tho hands of a gang of thieves. The honest stockholders had sought in every manner to got their property. They sought it through tho usual business methods, and through tho Legis lature, but those all failed. They then applied to the Courts, only to fail again, hocauso somo of tho Judges wore in tho pay of tho thieves, and Barnard was always ready with an injunction to offset any advantage they might secure. They wore then reduced to this alternative, either to surrender the property to tho thieves or buy it back from them. There was no other way to got it, oud, rather than give it up alto gether, they bought it book, os is done in com mercial circles very often, and thereby not only secured their property hut wrested tho whole road from tho gang of thlovou, and placed it in tho hands of au honest management. Any other action would have been .censurable, as it would have loft tho thieves in complete and un disturbed possession, and would have given them still greater advantages for carrying on their system of plunder. As to tho payment of money to influonoo leg islation, tho Committee expresses itself as well satisfied that such was the case, although it is unablo to specify thoso who wore bought, ow ing to tho ahaonco of certain witnesses who havo purposely kept out of tho way. Tho amount spent for this purpose ia 1868 alono was over a million of dollars. Mr. Gould's memory was oouvouioutly dofoolivOi but the extent to which corruption wM used may be Judged from Mr. Gould’s assertion that It would bo as impossible to specify the numerous Instan ces as It would bo to recall to mind the number of freight-core sent over the Erie Road from day. today. While no individuals axe implicated by name In receiving money for -their votes, tho Committee completely exonerates At torney-General Barlow and Henry Smith, former Speaker of tho Assembly, and severely censures Shearman, tho partner of ( David Dudley Field, for attempting to blacken their reputation by testimony which was pure fabrication. Tho Committee concludes its ro- 1 port with n solemn warning against tho reckless and profligate use of money wrung from tho peo ple to purchase tho olootlon of tho people’s rep. roßonlatlvos, and to bribe them when in office.' It is a warning which is not only directed to the Now York Assembly, but to tho whole people of this country, for thoso irregularities have by no moans boon confined to tho Erie Road. A Lydia Shorman haa boon found In Ohio, in' iho poroon of an old Oonnan woman, namod Barab Earhart, 70 yoara of ago, living at. Ger mantown. Tbo particular obargo upon which oho boa boon arroatod la that of attempting to poiaon three mombora of a family namod Hanna, who woro vlalllng bar, by placing aroenlo In thocoffoo which oho mado for thorn. Fortunately, tho amount of poiaon wao not onllloiont to oouoo tholr death, but ainoo her nrroat It haa boon dio oovorod that aha baa poiaonod bar hnaband, hor aon’o wife, bar aon-in-law’a ohUd, and hor hno band'e .firot wife, during tho peat fow yoara, Bam-buming and tho polaoning of animala aro ala 6 charged to hor ocoonnt. Thomotlvoaforhor flondloh conduct do not oppoar, oxcopt in tho re cant polaoning ooaoa. On tho doath of tho Hanna family, unloaoa now will ahould bo mado, tho ontlro property would oomo Into hor hando, and thia la ouppoaod to bo tho duo to tho at tempt upon tholr Uvoo. Tho caoo fumiohoa an other opportunity for tho aooial aolontiota lo in vootigato aoiology in crime, and to furaiah, if they can, oomo anlHolont roaeon why thoeo wholooalo murdoro aro nhnoat alwaya com mittod by woman, and why they Book, olmoot "without exception, to occomplioh tholr atroclone purpoaoa with poiaon. It la stated that tho Cunard lino of • ocean steamers has decided to adopt a now routo across tho Atlantic. The purpose of this change is to avoid tho danger of collision which now exists. Tho chart of tho North Atlantic shows that tho numerous ocean steamers aro running In a parallel lino, and so close together that danger of colliding is constantly imminent. Tho only advantage that can bo claimed for this system of parallel routes is tho apparent likelihood that any disabled vessel will find assistance from a steamer of some other lino. Itisboliovod,howovor, that a lone routo, besides avoiding tho danger of collision, would likewise bo apt to attract speedier attention In caso of delay or accident. It is intimated that tho now routo of tho Ounard steamers will bo selected in tbo lower parallels of latitude. Tho advantage of such a selection would bo tho avoiding of Doth ico and fogs to a greater extent than now. It is also hold that nothing will bo lost in tho way of speed, for tho reason that tbo winds of tbo southern latitude can bo utilized In such a way as to accelerate tho voyage and save coal. Ono of tho popular delusions destroyed by tbo census returns is, that tho frequency of solf murder has increased very much of lato years. Tho census for 1870 shows tho * proportion of suicides to havo boon 3.5 in 100,000 persons; tho proportion of 18G0 was 3.2, and of 1850 2.1/ in tho some number of • persons. This shows that, whilo tho number of suicides has actually increased during tho post ton years, tho ratio of increase was much loss than it was during tho preceding decade. It ia found, too, that thoro aro more suicides In tho mouths of April and May than at any. other season. At first thought, this would look as though bad weather had not tho depressing influence which it is sup posed to havo, but, if tho April and May weather of this year in Chicago may bo takon as an aver age, it is not surprising. that thoro aro more oases of suicide in thoso two months than at any othor timo of tho year. It has also boon ascer tained f*om tho census that hanging ia. tho favorite method for voluntarily shuffling off this mortal coll. The Khan of Khiva, whom tho telegraph has several times surrendered to tho Russians, bat ou onoh occasion relieved him again, is repre sented as & young man but 27 years of ago, of very decided military abilities and unbounded ambition. For somo time past ho has labored to seoaro allies against-Russia, by stirring up an insurrection among tho Kirghis, and oven sent an embassy to Calcutta to apply for English aid. Tho Viceroy of India, howovor, advised reconcili ation with Russia—advico which tho Khan con temptuously rejected. There is a pretender to the throne of Khiva in tho person of Mondali, tho son of ono of tho Sultans of a Kirghis tribe. Mondali is a fervent Mohammedan, and has re cently issued a manifesto in which ho seeks to bo installed under Russian protection, promising to introduco European civilization into tho. Kha nati. According to latest accounts, neither tho Russians nor Mondali are very near to tho ac complishment of their purposes. Bayard Taylor, who is acting at tho Vienna Ex position aa tho correspondent of tho Now York Tt'ibune, mado quite a sensation at tho banquet given to tho proas, Just boforo tho opening of tho Exposition, by a speech which was received with tho most enthusiastic applause. Ouo of tho most folicltous events of tho speech was tlio coinage of a now Gorman word. Mr. Taylor said; “It la to mo tho expression of a olosor union of the press in all lands, in ordor to oxtirpato old prejudices, to further peaceful and instructive comparisons in politics, society, and literature, and, finally,—! might almost say,—to inaugurate a kind of universal world-sociability (WeUge mitelhlichkeit) among tho people of all civilizdd countries." Tho next day, Mr. Taylor’s 1 Vellge* muethltchkell was all over Vienna, and formed tho staple of tho leading editorials in all the papers. • NOTES AND OPINION. Of members of tho Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1870, eight are now candidates for Judges, vis s For the Supremo Dench—Second District, John Soholflold, of Marshall, Clark County | Fifth District, Alfred M. Craig, of Knoxville. For tho Cirouit Bench—Fourth Cir cuit, Charles Wheaton, of Aurora; Sixth', Goo. B. Eldridgo, of LaSalle s Twelfth, Polcg 8. Par ley, of Henry, Marshall County; Thirteenth, Nathaniel J. Pillebuiy, of Pontiac; Twenty-first, James 0. Allen, of Crawford County. Twenty second, William 11, Snyder, of bollovillo. —Tho qorrospondoutof tho Illinois Slate Jour nal, writing from' Petersburg, 111., May 18, says i From the spirit that was manifested hero on Satur day, at the Fariuvrs* GomyouUoiu we should judge that political demagogues and rlngu bav*o bad tholr last —Gov. Dix, of Now York, has vetoed the Lo cal Option [prohibition] bill, because it includes boor and older In tho list of intoxicating liquors. During the ton days thatitho Governor hold tho bill, doubtful what to do with It, tho Watchword. tho organ of tho Good Templars, at Albany, saldt ■ C ? n ?- ot B ? bact on the assurances made tap r r i. f n C^0 T, 1,b,,^ nOll P f -bi«U iwilUouln Urn lh .i Patty.' Wo well rdmcmlicr effect lbo Uul ™ Tornporauco Stale Oonven (ion, held at Syracuse hist, fall, when tho Rev. Henry ward, of Buffalo, announced that bo was authorized and roqucslod by Bishop I’ock to make tbo public an nouiiccraont that bo (Ibo Blabop) kne\o Oen. Dix, if dected Governor, would sign the Local Prohibition l i* lien P ßßflcd l, y tboLeglalaturo. Wo knowenough of Blfibop rock to bollovo that bo would not authorize B ’ lc b R declaration upon any other outborlty than that of Qon. John A, Dix himself, oud, at present, wo do not sympathize with ibo current fears that tbo bill will bo vetoed, ' ■ Why, bless you, dear. Watchword, Gov.- Dix is a politician j and “ All’s fair in politics,” ain’t It ? • people not being in a frame of mind, this year, for fooling with, Gdv. Austin, of Min nesota, discovered rather quickly, on Monday, that ho was wanted before.tho Grand Jury at St. Paul, and that the Grand Jury wouldn’t prob ably wait for him above two hours, . Upon this tho Governor acted, and came down. Ho hod, s?i?° i T ys bo , foro ,’ ponied a summons of tbo ffTUUr d r!S W m° (lcalred his evidence to indict a guilty State Treasurer, hut ho don’t fool now fiko scorning anything any more. Tho LisnatcH baa thus boon relieved performance of an unpleasant duty.” But tho people have yet a duty to perform. wT’K 0 i a nofc ft B°°d year for William n Woabburno to run .for Governor of UiSoSl nnt°ft th ° Ko P ublict «i nomination.^ la not a good year anywhere (except In Massa for ring-thieves and .unless they wont to got hurt. 6 Bre— to?hlYton t ß°criro«r I,IPI ono fooblo ' TOlCo 3SS^ , SW3S^MS. ~lS Sl^^ liovo tbo bonost voters of tho party will rinn in witmi & h “ d ,,, Blvo Htro a ,.ci. jSg; fragM? 1U U “ V ° r “ 8 “ ‘ 1 vc,lluroto demand tfiolr auf- Bon knows “the honest voters ih^£i P i a ty V ne a^ ho toafc, too crack of Sfn«?{* ?' J 8 6,477, honest and dishonest, will fr!i° n n mt i° lino * ih at does Massachusetts caro f? r ? ft Balar y-gTftb while Ohorlca Sunmor Uvea A m ? Q j D i Co ™°? V rait ° r! and honoat Oakes Amos la mined in tho cold ground ? =»™^°« liawrono ? (? ttu o ■Hepubtimn-Jburnat nays of tho present reign of plunder: ' ° ur law-makora have been chosen for their nnnn,?. forlbSrSw? S,“L St ?2r. Ullc “‘ ll,oorlc »> Klber Sfan Joglfllatora. The consequence U that the practical questions of tho Administration auch os finance, taxation, ana tho like’ have been given • tho go-by, or have been treated capriciously, Ignorantly, and in tho interest of tho few rather than tho many. , , Tho salary-steal l ’ might havo been perpetrated 'during thoirar wlth lrmiuully, but now it arouses tho people from ono end of tho country to tho other. P At last everybody eoos that the great questions of the lost thirty years are settled, and, as by a common Impulse. Si 0 *££l° a \° ta f“ ln 8 attention to matters closer {>?• Farty Bhacklos, which havo boon bo willingly w^J 0^nt * 0 w op .? ir » n , Bbymn 8 ,0 i *wd now com- JjnaUons aro taking tho places of old ones, that havo —Thoro is something suggostivoor this gen ornUsok °f couMonco in Iho legislative branch of lbs Government, Tho business men of tbo country do not trust It,-regard it with constant foar,—and tbo trading politician and monopolist look upon it with contempt, because they know Its prise. Thoro is something startling as well as humiliating in thoso facts j but they aro well worthy of being spread broadcast, that tbo poo -810 may tbo more closely study their Import lur source of roal danger is in tbo law-making power, and yot that Borneo has its origin in tbo power of tbo people.— Harrisburg CPaA Slain Journal, —What with Gon. Schonck’a fancy mining stock, Qon. Promont’s bogus bonds, Gon. Sick les’ Erie “ reform,” the Credit Mobllior frauds, the back-pay swindle, and tbo Vienna disgrace, it would seem as if the American people must soon bo brought to their senses. If anything U looking to that end, Gon. Butler’s proposed cap* turo of tho Commonwealth of MassachußotU ought to furnish it. —Chicago Advance. —Tho condition of Louisiana is alike perilous and scandalous. If Congress, at tho last session.' had had tho necessary independence and firm ness. and the sense of j ustico which tho occasion required, tho President would have had no uaa for supporting by tho bayonet a Stato Govern ment in Louisiana which tho most distinguished Republican Senators havo declared ia founded upon on infamous usurpation. If tho time spent in consummating tho back-pay fraud had been honestly devoted to tho settlement of affairs in Louisiana, tho scandal wo now witness would havo boon avoided. —Ckrialian Union. —God. Grant’s splendid military reputation lias boon swallowed up in the miserable and melancholy, not to say shameful and scandalous, record of President Grant, as now indelibly writ ten in history. —Saginaw (Mich.) Courier. —lt was safe to charge Grant with the respon sibility of the back-pay steal, without any posi tive proof,' as it is always safe to suspect an acknowledged thief when a theft has boon com mitted.' He is true to his instincts always, never lotting an opportunity slip that will pat money in his pookot. Prom tho day ho conspired, with Jim Fisk and others, on that black Friday* to rob Wall street and tho country of millions, until now, ho has been a participant in many schemes and tricks to obtain wealth, until ho is now regarded as one of tho richest men in tho nation.— Grand Hap ids (Mich.) Democi'ai. —Any ono familiar with tho weight a Presi dential edict, has in Washington, does not need to bo told that against this command tho mom bora of Congress who honestly desired to placo ; tho grab on its merits or demerits only, could make no headway. Tho result has become u mutter of history, and history will also declare that tho hoad-coutro of tho deliberate robbery • was U. S. Grant. — St. Haul (Minn.) JHspatch , —Some of thoso members of Congress who have refused to tako tho money In tho salary steal, or who have returned it, keep bock their names. Being Congressmen, naturally they arc ashamed of acting honestly. —Boston Traveller, —lt is really quite touching—this sudden sen*, sitlvonoßß of our Oonaiors aud Congressmen about seeming to “ reflect ” upon any brother statesman in connection with tho salary-grab.-*. Springfield licpuhlican. —Gen. Spinner says, by way of correcting an erroneous statement, that Senator William T. Hamilton of Maryland baa not boon board from. —Farnsworth will find before ho has. done with this dirty business that tho really sensible thing for Him to do is to surrender tho swag to tho United States Treasury. If ho does not do this ho may os wellkoop it himself,— Sandusky (Ohio) Register. Each member of tho coming Congress un derstands that tho people will consider his vota. upon the repeal of the Salary law In tho same light as though he was voting upon tho original proposition, and ho will ho hold to strict account for Ids action.—Toledo Blade. The universality of tho popular execration. of tho “Back-Pay Grab” is some indication of Its forco; aud it will go on, wo believe and hope,; till tboro Is a thorough purification of tho pub lic service. To mako apologies in tho face of the coming tido of opinion for anything that will not ouduro tho most rigid tests, is the vainest possible whistling against tho wind. A good many men who have boon eminent in publlo affairs have boon retired to tho shades of private life by tho Credit MohUlor disclosures. A good many moro will owo tlioir retirement to tho back pay plunder. Mon who aspire to publlo prefer ment in tho future can hardly fail to see that tho appropriation of tho bacK-pay will be fatal to their prospects. Perhaps it is already too late for those who took tho mouoy aud restored it, or who hereafter restore it, in deference to popu lar indignation. Only thoso who never touched it at all can feel themselves unassailable.— Wheeling (West Fn.) Intelligencer. —lt is a melancholy fact that tho Press Asso ciation of Illinois has come to bo utterly dis reputable in many of its prominent features. It is little bettor than a patent process for the ac commodation and encouragement of dead-beats, and tho sooner tho whoto thing is discontinued the bettor for tho credit of tho profession. Tho annual Conventions of the Association are of no £ehnanont benefit to Ibo members of the press, [onagers of patent inside weeklies published at villages seldom over hoard of, and difficult to find ou tho map, occupy most of tho Con ventions' timo in discussing questions about which they know little or nothing. Tho business sessions aro hurried through, m order that tho banqueting and bumming may begin as soon as possible. Tho condition of affairs is a disgrace to tho Btato of Illinois. Last year, nob moro than half-a-dozon prominent papers woro represented in tho Convention, and this year tho indications are that those who havo any self-respect will stay away.— Jacksonville (111.) Journal ■ 1 —it Is given out from Council Bluffs, where tho President of tho lowa Press Association re sides, that tho efforts of the President of tho lowa Press Association to obtain transportation for Us members over the Eastern roads havo boon in vain, and it is thought tho proposed ex cursion will havo to ho roUuQU|oh()d»~~'£ u, *w , 9 l (on (fa,) QmHa,

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