Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 27, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 27, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. xeumo op sDDHcnirrtoN (PATAnts m advance). Dally. bpmall....;Bie»oo| Biimlnjr 52.50 tlrl-Wcflildy 0.001 Weakly 2.00 Parts of n yonr At tho snmo rnto. To prevent dolnjr an JnifitnUoi, bo sure and alvo Post Oflloo address in full. Including State anil Oountv. Remittances may bo tnndo cither by draft, express, Post Office order, or in roeietorod letters, at nnrrlsk. TKJJMfi TO (UTX BUDECniDtUB. Daily, delivered, Smulny cxcoploa, S3 coni? per week. Daily, delivered, Sunday Included, DO cants per week. Address Tim TRIUUNB COMPANY, Corner Mndlson ami Dearborn-sts,, Cblcooo, 111. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. MoVIOKRR'S THRATRR—Madiscm street, between Donrburn and Htalo. Engagement oi Kthvlu Adams. “Knock Arden.” FIOOI'EY’S THEATRE—Randolph street, between Clark ami LaSalle. “Through I'lro.” AIKEN'S TIIRATRB—Wabash avenue, corner of Oon« cress street. Tho Laura Koono Comedy Combination. “ Hunted Down ; or, the Two Lives of Mary Leigh." ACADEMY OP MUSIC - llalstod street, between Madison and Monroe. Theatre Oomtquo Combination. OLOOR TUB ATRR—Dosplninos street, between Msdl* son and Washington. “ Tbo Children of Cyprus.” BUSINESS NOTICES. r ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY—WR SOLD IN drawing of 82d April last tho ffBOO.OOO nrito. Circulars neat: information givon. .T. 11. MARTINEZ A CO., Rankers, 10 Wall-si. P. O. Rox46Bit, Wow York. HATOIIRLOH’S HAIR DYR. THIS SPLENDID hsirdyo Is tho best la tho world. Tbo only truo sml por ted dye. Harmless, reliable, ami Imlnnfauoous; nodisap pnlntmont; no ridiculous (inis or unpleasant odor. Ustno dies tbo ill effects of bad dyes and washes. Produces lm mediately a superb black or natural brown, and leaves the hair clean, soft, and beautiful. Tho genuine, signed W. A. Datcbolnr. Sold by all druggists. CHARLES HATOHELOH, Proprietor, N. Y. CO'bit&jgfl Ofrikmt. Tuesday Morning, May 38, 1873. Talntor, tho cool Cashier of tho Atlantia Hank, tried to bavo tho indictment agaiußt bim quashed, but failed, and is bold for trial. Tbo Northern Presbyterian General Assembly adopted a now hymn-hook for tbo use of tbo Church, yesterday—tho Book of Praise—and haa gouo on an excursion to Annapolis. Prof. Peters, of tho Washington Observa tory, bao discovered another planet. Ho says it is of tho eleventh magnitude, and gives its whereabouts with tho scrupulous exactness that characterizes tho calculatious of astronomers. Goorgo M. Pullman, as a representative of tho Pullman Palace-Car Company, Cyrus 11. McCor mick, and John F. Tracy, all of this city, aro among tho parties to bo prosecuted by the Gov ernment in its suits against tho Union Pacific and tho Credit Mokilicr. Tho Now Orleans Jiepuhlican states that Judgo Duroll has determined to resign, and recom mends that ho bo given a foreign mission. Tho rcsignotion will bo very accoptablo to oil honest pooplo, and, if ho is to liavo a foreign appoint ment, tho President will add to tho popular debt of gratitudo by making it as foreign os possible. Goorgo Francis Train is not to bo sout to tho Insane Asylum ou tho hasty order of Judgo Davis, whoso conduct in tho matter is soveroly criticised in somo of tho Now York papers. Judgo Faucher says Train is entitled to auothor chance to prove himself sauo, and has Axed Woduceday for a second investigation. Capt. Jack, with twonty-Avo warriors, has boon hoard of in tho Pitt River country. • Ho says ho. and his followers will dio with their arms in their, hands, but, notwithstanding this valorous uttcrnuco, there aro signs that half-a dozen of bio braves aro hovering about our camp to got a ohanco to surrender. Tho lost aro said to bo scattered. President MocMohou’s second message to tho French Assembly promises that tho homo policy will bo conservative, and that ho will follow tho foreign policy of Thiers. As iu his preceding message, ho alludes, pointedly, to tho army. His remark in connection with tho reorganization of tho army, that ho desires to regain for Frauco her rank among nations, will have a deep moan ing for French cars. Qon. Do Blanc and tho other St. Martinsville rebels wore on trial yesterday in Now Or leans, and wore discharged. Kellogg's agent acknowledged that tho accusa tion upon which the prisoners wore ar rested was made up largely of hearsay evidence, and tho colored witnesses who wero called to sustain tho prosecution admitted that no in timidation was practised upon tho negroes, as had been charged. Tho liquor question was brought before tho Common- Council last night by tho reports of committees, one of recommended that the sale of liquors bo allowed on Sunday after 1 o’clock, and another that saloons bo closed at 12 instead of IX o'clock. To tho latter tho Council added tho amendment, that tho saloons must bo kept closed from midnight until 6 o’clock In tho morning, and havo made it tho special order for Monday next. Another of tbo series of tho Gorman mass meetings, excited by tbo enforcement of tbo 11- o’clock and Sunday-closing ordinances, was hold in tho Sixteenth Ward i&sb night. The speakers said tho Gormans wore not fighting for whisky or boor, but for their personal liberty, and depre cated calling this a German movement. It was an American movement for tho preservation of civil rights. A call baa boon issued for a similar meeting in tho Eighth Ward. Do Lossopa, to whoso enthusiasm and Inde fatigable energy tho commerce of tho world is indebted for tho Suez Canal, is now interesting himself In another groat project for opening highways to trade. lie proposes that a railroad bo built acroas'Contral Asia to connect tho rail road system of India with that of Russia and through that with the railroads of all Europe, and is engaged in active correspondence on tho subject with Igratioff, the Russian Ambassador at Constantinople. " Betsey and I Are Out," a very popular bal lad, has, like " Snow ” and "Bock Mo to Bleep, Mother," several rival authors. Will Carloton, tho Michigan poet, published it as his own in the Toledo JUado in 1671, and has lately included it in his collection of Farm Ballads. This has called forth a protest from a Miss Nannotto Snow Emerson, of Massachusetts, who claims that she is its author. To this statement Mr. Carloton responds to-day in strong language. It is, ho soys, a base, deliberate lie, and Miss Emerson is a rank impostor and literary pirate. Miss Emerson’s story Is, that, a few months boforo Will|Oarloton published it as his own, sho recited it, as she was in tho habit of doing, to a visitor, Prof. William 6. Roberts, of Philadelphia, who is Will Carle ton’s brother-in-law, At his roouest sbe kayo him a written copy of tbo lines, which soon ro appeared in print, as already otatod. There oro not many business men In Chicago who, If thoy had a caso in court, would not rather throw dice for a decision than to have It tried before Sam Ashton. Wo aro compelled to speak thus plainly because there is some danger that Mr. Ashton's eccentric ambiliju to bocomo a Judge of tbo Circuit Court may bo gratified, through tho eupinonoss of tho better classes of tho community. Tho hummer element, aro naturally rallying to his standard, just as tho samo clement rallied to tho support of Cardozo and McOunn In Now York. And what is much moro surprising, his adherents boast that they have secured tho negro voto. That tho colored mon should veto for a candidate who was a Copperhead during tho ontiro War, and uovor voted a Bopublicau iickot in his life, unless ho may, possibly, bavo done so last fall, is oven moro astonishing than that thoy should voto for a person for tho high ofiloo of Judgo who !s no lawyer, and whoso calibre and associations aro those which would oxcito tho gravest apprehensions of all thinking mon if ho woro elected. Tho uncertainties of African expeditions aro beginning to bo of a very distracting nature. Somo time ago, Sir Samuel Baker was lost, and no soonorwas ho found than Dr. Livingstone got lost. Now that Llvingetono has boon found, Baker has got lost again. Tho substance of his movements, as stated by tho latest advices, Is that his expedition, consisting of 3,000 mon, was at first very successful, and pushed Its way Into tho heart of Africa. Disease and desertion, howovor, reduced his forco to IGB mon. Whon bo got to Dargan, ho oxpoctod to have assistance from tho old Sultan, but ho found that tho old Sultan was dead and tho now ono wouldn’t havo anything to do with him. Ho thon throw in his lot witli somo tribes who had rovoltod against tho now Sultan, hut the robots woro defeated, and Bakor barely madohis escape with thirty-two mon. At last accounts, it wan reported that ho was hemmed in by tbo Sultan’s forces some where iajlho heart of Africa, but wbero no ono knows. Meanwhile, It would bo wall for some ono to hunt bim up In order that Livingstone may iako his turn at getting lost again. Tho London papers contain tho announcement of a groat boor jubilee, consisting of an exhibi tion of ales, stouts, porters, and boors, at tho lloyal Gardens, Woolwich. To this exhibition, 4111 tho browers of England, Ireland, Scotland, also of Bavaria, Austria, Prussia, Saxony, and other parts of Europe, bavo sent casks of their productions. Each visitor, upon payment of a shilling, will bo presented with a tasting-ticket, entitling him to taste as much and of ao many kinds of tho stock on hand as ho chooses. Ho can then veto for that which suits his tasio best. Tho exhibition was to keep open from May 10 to May 24. Wo suggest that hero is au enterprise that has not so far attracted tho attention of tho various people who cator for iiio public entertainment byway of shows, fairs, jubilees, expositions, and other demonstrations. A national, or bettor still an international, exposition of boor would ut least ho a novelty, and would unquestionably ho profitable if carried out ou a liberal scalo iu any of tho largo cities. To-day, AdolphoThiers, somo,time President of Franco, enters the National Assembly as a simple Delegate. Ho resumes tho seat to which ho was elected iu 1870 by tho vote of one-third of tho nation grateful for his services iu secur ing peace, and which he loft Fob. 17,1871, to ac cept tho position of head of tho Provisional Gov ernment. In conferring upon him tho title of “ Chief of tho Executive Power,” tho Assem bly expressly continued him iu tho privileges of a Deputy. Ho was thou virtually President, al though tho Assembly did not formally entitle him “ President of tho French Republic” until August, 1671. Ho will bo accompanied iu his return to legislative duties by throe members of his Cabinet, Loon Bay, *Porior, and DuFauro, who join him iu a grace ful acquiescence in tho decision of tho As sembly, and a determination to show that, much as they love power, they lovo Franco hotter. They will seat themselves with the Loft, and, within tho limit of constitutional and parlia mentary proceedings, will begin an active oppo sition to the now Government. There Is some thing iu all this quite uow to French politics. It is possible to appreciate tho real virtue of it only by comparison with tho uprisings and blood shed which bavo gone with previous changes of government. Tho Chicago produce markets were generally quiet yesterday, aud prices on grain were .steady, without important changes, while pro visions were higher.';' Mess pork was buoyant, and Co@6oc per brl higher, closing strong at SIC.IS@IG.2G cash or seller May, and $10.35(7p 1G.40 seller June. Lard was quiet, but 10@15o por.loo lbs bettor, closing at $8.85@8.87K for winter, cash. Moats wore nominally hotter, closing at G%@6){o for shoulders ; for short ribs; for short clear; aud 10@12o for sweet pickled hams. IligU winos wore quiet and firm at Ole per gal lon. Lake freights wore active rft %@lo de cline, closing at Go for corn, and Go for wheat to Buffalo. Flour was dull and unchanged. Wheat was quiet, steady, and nominally unchanged, closing at cash, and seller June. Coni was quiet and firmer on tho Jnno option, closing at 8f%<a)38%0 cash, and 80@ 89X° seller Juno. Oats wore moderately active and 0 higher, closing at for cash, and 32(5)82}£0 seller Juno, llyo was iu octlvo and nominally Barley was nominal at 70@80o for poor to good No. 2. Hogs were active aud firm at $‘1,00(5)5.00. There was a good demand for cattle at unchanged prices, with sales at $3.50(5)0.25, ■ As tho immediate occasion of tho crisis iu the French Government was the character of tho now Cabinet appointed by Thiers about a week ogo, the Ministry named yesterday by President MaoMahon will bo closely scrutinized. Tbo Duo do Broglie ia made Minister of Foreign Affairs. In his early days tho Duke was an ardent de fender of Catholic interests, and in politics was a Liberal, with a moderate bias to wards conotitutional monarchy. Ho served un der Thiers, who sent him to England as French Ambassador. Thiers seems to uavo lost any confidence ho may have had in him. In tho debate, on Saturday evening, tho ox-Prosldout singled him out os "tho protege of the Empire.” Tho Duke is of a family eminent In French literature and politics. His father was a cele brated statesman, and tho present Duke was a prominent figure in the diplomatic service be fore Urn revolution of 181S, He |g a member of THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUTE: TUESDAY, MAY 27, 1*7:1 the French Academy, whoro ho succeeded Lacordairo la 1802. M. Boulo, appointed Minister of tho Interior, is doubtless the celebrated archrcologist, who Is known for Ills important excavations on, the silo of Carthago, no has never taken any ac tive part in practical politics, but several of his later works are remarkable for the spirit with which they attack despotism. Tho Finance portfolio is given to Pierre Magno, who has boon connected with tho fiscal administration of France, with some intermissions, over since 1810. Ho has boon Finance Minister twice, once from 1854 to IS'JO, and again from 1807 to 1870, when ho was succeeded by Buffet, now Presi dent of tho Assembly. Tho other departments are filled by men of much loss note, who are unknown to tho world at largo ns yet. THE VIOLATORS OF THE SUNDAY ORDI- NANCE. Tho courso of tho Gorman saloon-keepers on Sunday last, iu ostentatiously violating tho law which requires such places to bo closed on that day, unless intended moroly as a lest caso,for controversy In tho courts, was an act of inso lence and contempt of law not to bo tolerated. Tho oydhmnco against keeping saloons opou on Sunday has been in forco for several months, and its violations have been punished by fine and revocation of licenses. Yet, with afull knowledge of tho law and of its penalties, those saloon keepers resolved, In public meeting, to violate It, and carried that rcsolvo into execution. Thoro can bo but ono opinion among rospoct ablo citizens relative to this oction. Thousands of law-abiding people who sympathize moro or loss with tho Gormans In thoir opposition to compulsory Sunday observance, and who would bo inclined to voto.with them for any reasonable modification of tboso Sunday laws, willheartily disapprove this flaunting act of defiance—this violation of law for tho purpose of violating it. Thoro is a wido and material difference between an honest and determined opposition to a law and an intentional defiance o'f it. Thousands who may agree with tho Gormnnfriu thoir opposi tion to tho • law will insist that the city authorities shall make this public and avowed violation of it an occasion for tho imposition of its extreme penalties, to-wit s tho revocation of tho licenses hold by tho offenders. Unless tho Mayor is willing to havo tho authori ty of the city fall into contempt, ho must moot dofianco resolutely, and raus t deal out to tho offenders tho full measure of tho law. Ho can havo no choice ; ho must cither onforco his au thority or abdicate to tbo Saloon-Keepers’ Union. Tho Police Commissioners cannot over look this action. It was public and notorious, and it was intended as a challenge to tho City Government to onforco its laws if it daro. To quail or to back down now would bo an unseemly exhibition of moral cowardice which can only bo followed by tho contempt of all classes, including ovon those who havo thus defied it. Wo greatly re gret that any of tho Gormans should suppose that thoy havo found a shorter cut to justice than tho process of voting against an obnoxious ordinance. LETTER FROM GOV. KELLOGG, OP LOUI3I- ANA. State or Louisiana, Executive Department,! New Orleans, May 10, 1870, j To the Editor of The Chicayo Tribune : Bin; lu a rocout editorial la Tub Chicago Tniu. unk, 1 notice tho following statement: The KoUopgtto* secured the possession of tho Slato llouso, tho Legislature was organized, and one of its llrst measures was to reorganize the Supremo Court of tho State with material favorable to the Kellogg fuc tion. It was only after this had been done that tho Kellogg faction went Into a Stale Court according to law, and they were there sustained. Iu other words, tho Kellogg faction first organized outside of and con trary to law, and then In this lawless condition created a Court to sustain whut'it had done. I liavo waited hoping tills and many oilier mis* representations would correct tbemsclvca by tbolr own absurdity, but fludlug that they are repeated day after day by influential journale, I um reluctantly compelled to cuter Into an explanation. TboJSuprcmo Court of Louisiana Jo composed of old citizens of tbo State, every ouo of whom, with a single exception, was appointed In tho summer of 18G9, and holds otllco for eight years under tho Constitution; and tho single exception alluded to Is an appointment nmdo after tho Court had passed upon tho legal status of tho present State Government, and made simply to fill a vacancy. The Legislature took no aclloh affect ing directly or indirectly the atalus of tho Supremo Court. Tho first appeal made to tho Stato Courts involved tho status of tho lloturuiug Board, aud was tried be fore a Judge of one of tho inferior District Courts [Dibble], who had been appointed by Warmoth more than two years previously. Ho decided in our favor» and next morning ho was tom from tho Bench by vio lence, and another Judge [Elmore] installed in his place before tho votes hod been counted or any returns mado of tho election which had just been held, and In -which ho was a candidate. Tho Judge thus illegally Installed by Gov. Warmoth set aside the finding of the deposed Judge. An ap peal was taken to the Supremo Court, and tho Supremo Court decided as tho lower Court hud done when tho case was first presented to It, In favor of the legality of our llclurnlug Hoard. They further decided that (he returns of that Hoard wore conclusive until reversed by a court of competent jurisdiction. It was this Board, thus sustained by the Inferior aud Supremo Courts, that de clared in favor of myself, the remainder of tho Stato ticket, and a llopublieau Legislature. Tbo only action taken by tbo Legislature affecting tho State courts was simply this : Two of tbo Inferior courts wore abolished, ami In tbelr place one court, called a Sujvrior District Court, was created. It is probably tbo similarity of names between the Superior District Court and tbo Supreme Court that has led to misappre hension. "Xs a matter of fact, tbo Superior District Court, thus created, was not called upon to pass upon any of tbo questtona affecting tbo status of tbo pres ent Government, and did not coinu into existence until after tlioao questions bad been-remitted to tbo Su preme Court, tbo court of final resort In this Stale. Voiy respectfully, William I*. Kkllouo.. ANSWKU. In reference to tho litigation boforo Judges Dibble and Elmore, tho Senate Investigating Comnultoo 101 l us that Dibblo. granted injunc tions against both Canvassing Boards,—tho Kel logg and tho Wonnoth Boardu alike 5 that ho had boon a candidate for ro-oloction, and had been beaten two to one by Elmore, and was, therefore, interested in preventing any canvass of tho votea whatsoever, wince ho could remain in office ao long aa hia successor was not duly commissioned and qualillod. About one month later, Dibblo decided in favor of the Lynch-Kollogg Board, and enjoined the Wonnoth Board. That Dibblo was re moved from* tho Bench by force la conceded by the Senate Committee, with tho ad ditional observation (not mentioned in Mr. Kel logg’* letter) that " it is admitted by all por tiua that Elmoro was in fact elected by about 9,000 majority." Elmore immediately dissolved the injunction against tho Wanuolh Board, and dismissed tho case. Battled in tho State Court, tho Kolioggitos turned to Judge Durell, of the United States Court, with tho result already known—"tho saddest chapter In the melancholy business,” as tho Senate Committee say. By judicial usurpation and military vio lence, tho Kellogg Government and Legislature wore placed in power, and Warraoth Im peached aud deposed. An attempt was thou made to take an appeal to tho Supremo Court of the Stato from tho judgment of Judge Elmoro dismissing tho case of tho Lynch Board vs, the Wannoth Board, but it was found that this could not bo dono bocauao tbo Constitution of tbo Stato allows appeals to bo taken only in casoa wboro tbo amount in controversy oxcooda SSOO. In tbla cono thoro was uo salary attaobod to tbo oillco of Stato Canvasser, and tboroforono amount of money in controversy. So tbo Lynch Board did not appeal. Hereupon ono A. P. Field, claiming to bavo boon elected to tbo ofllco of Attorney-General on tbo Kellogg ticket, took au appeal ou bobalf of tbo Lynob Board. Tho Supremo Court, by tbreo agaluat two, decided that Field could tako au appeal, but, aa tbo Sen ate Committee says, tboy rendered no decision in bis favor, but did render a decision in favor of tbo Lynob Board, who had not ap pealed. Tbo Committee treat tbla proceeding aa a nullity. That tbo views of tbo Court bad boon ascertained boforo the appeal was taken is shown by Casey's dispatch to tbo President, dated Deo. 12, in which bo said 11 tbo Supremo Court is known to bo In sympathy with tbo Republican Stato Government.” Tho appeal was taken Doc. 19. Wo woro mistaken In saying that tbo Supremo Court bad boon reorganized with material favor able to tbo Kellogg faction. But tbo oaso stands not a whit bottor for Kellogg on that ac count, for, as Judge Trumbull remarko in bis separate report: “ Had tho Supreme Court of tho Stato stood in tho way of this protondod Legislature, its Judges would no doubt have boon summarily impeached and suspended as Gov. WarmotU was. That a wholesome fear of such proceedings operated upon a majority of tho members of that Court to mako tbom obse quious to tbo demands of tbo protondod Legis lature, is inferable from tbo fact that they mako haste, In odvauco of any case coming boforo thorn involving tho validity of tbo Legislature, to mako known’ tbolr sympathy with it.” OHIO EDITORS IN TROUBLE. Tho editors of Ohio mot Uio other day at Columbus, to toko into consideration tho inter ests of tho profession in that Stato, and during thoir session lietonod to tho following homo truths from Mr. Oscar T. Marlin, formerly of tho Springfield (O.) .dducrffccr, who woa tho orator of tho occasion. Mr. Martin said: There la not an editor hero or elsewhere whole not writhing in chains, who does not dally choke back sentiments of an honest heart from fear or favor. This la a bitter truth, hut none tho loss truth. Tho offalthatls thrown to yon, In tho shape of county printing, buys your silence just *bb tho midnight burglar buys tho silence of the faithful watch-dog with moat that Is thrown to It. Neither can bark; their mouths are full. You ride free to this Convention over tho railroad of a corporation notorious for Its bad management. A complimentary to tho theatre la tho paltry price paid for an unfaithful and untrue critique of tho performance, and you soil yourself, body and soul, for an Infinitesimally less sum than Judas received for tbo betrayal of his master. Tho public contracts, for which tho exorbitant .bid of a favorite on slim security is preferred to tho conscientious bid of a master workman, is not exposed by tho journal that advertises the bids, Tho rival over tho way begins tho howl. Tho fraud and corruption of your municipal bodies Is not unmasked because you area member of the ring. You quake with holy horror at the only symptom of virtue manifested by our legislators, In reforming our postal relations, whereby your privileges may bo abridged, and break out In bad eruptions of double-loaded Indignation* with frowning black boad-llnos, over the aalary-atoal of ypur poverty-stricken Congressmen. On-tbo title-page of your paper you fly such flaunting Ilea as “Tho freedom of tho preas Is tho safeguard of tho notion I” *• Truth crushed to earth," etc., and you prostitute tho patriot’s motto: “ Qlyo mo liberty or give mo death." You are bound hand and foot. Tho remorseless clamps of clique, parly, and corporation hold you fast. Mr. Martin is certainly to bu commended for his frankness. An open confession is good for tho eoul, and, while wo sympathize with tbo Ohio press in its struggle ogoinst tho clomps of clique, party, and corporation, vro aro bound also to admlro tho manner in which it admits tho soft impeachment. Mr. Martin’s address caused a decided sensation in his editorial audience, and a spirited discussion ensued upon tho pro priety of printing tho extract given above. Ouo editor denied that tho local press could bo bought up by doad-hoad tickets. Another said that tho country editors wore guilty of stealing on a worse scalo than tho Coi’Cvoismon who took back pay, wbioh cor taiuly is a severe way of putting it. Another editor wanted a committee of investigation ap pointed to goo what editors woro guilty of tho .peccadilloes charged in tho address. Tho mo tion to print finally prevailed, which, of coarse, was equivalent to an acknowledgment of tho truth of the assertions contained in tho address. Having made this confession, what aro the Ohio editors going to do about it? WilUtbey still go on soiling thoir consciences for circus-tickota and county printing, and com

mitting double-loaded abominations for tho sako of tho douceurs thrown to thorn ? Thoir reform is a very barren ouo if it is to stop, with con fession, and does nob manifest itself in works moot for repentance. There is no doubt of tho truth of every Binglo word uttered by Mr. Martin, only bo has slated tho cose mildly. Tho editors of Ohio know vory well that thoy aro owned, body, soul, and brooches, by every poripatotio circus-show end every stationary county convention, and that freedom of tho press under such circumstances is a delusion and a snare, and, what is worse than all else, the public knows It. Now, if those Ohio editors aro really in earnest, and have mado thoir confession with tho view of emancipating themselves from tbo thraldom of the compli mentary yoke, wo can point out to them tho straight and narrow path which will lead thorn to happiness, usefulness, and freedom. A year or two ago, a few of tho loading newspapers de termined to commonco a now ora in journalism by making themselves independent, and, ao it was impracticable to accomplish tho reform all at ouco, thoy began operations by lopping off tho worst head of thoir Cerberus first—that of party. Cutting loose, therefore, thoy drifted away from tho old caucuses with thoir dicta tions, thoir compulsions, and thoir inconsisten cies, and found thomsolTou'innncdialoly in a brisk popular hroozo. For tho first.tirao, they found themselves free to speak thoir minds, free to criticise ovory ouo, and fearing no one. This freedom they have used with the most beneficent results. Tho old corruptions and abuses of power which had hitherto existed, and boon con cealed because thoir exposure might Injure tho party, woro remorselessly dragged to tho light, and hold up to tho view of tho whole country, ; and the corrupt men connected with them woro punished as (hoy dosorvod. Bluco they made this now departure, thoy have never loon so happy, so inJluontlal, or so prosperous. Thoy aro with the people, and the people with them. Tho people can place reliance upon what thoy say, ns thoy know that it does not result from tho fear of punishment or tho hope of re ward. Tho action of tbo Ohio editors shows that tho iudopopdont position of those loading newspapers has begun to leaven tho whole lump. Thoy have reached tho first stage of re form in realizing and frankly confessing thoir subserviency to parties, to cliques, awl to oorDriStioM, . 19 in ibolr own bands. Lot thorn paddle tbolr own canoes, and tboy will very aoon bo as tonished that tboy bavo so long allowed others to do their paddling for them. If they wish to oxort any influence, to, correctly represent and guldo popular opinion, to prosper in tboh* busi ness,and to olovato tboir standard of useful ness. instead of being tho mouthpiece of a clique which represents nothing but its own sel fish interests, they will hasten at ouco to eman cipate themselves from that nominal position which, by tboir own confession, tboy aro now occupying. A SCRIMMAGE IN A GRAVE-YARD, Tho notion of tbo (< Grand Army of tbo Repub lic, *' at Washington City, with roforonco to tbo decoration of graves at Arlington on tbo ensuing 00th of May, shows very conclusively that tbo political organization which has adopted that high-sounding tjtlo is capable of doing an un manly and mischievous thing, which should cause ita members to blush for sbamo. A fow days ago, tbo announcement was mado that tbo gravos of tbo Confederate dead at Arlington woro to bo doeoratod on tbo eamo day with tbo graves of Union soldiers, whereupon a commlttoo of tbo Grand Army of tbo Republic waited upon tbo War Department and requested that this “insult” should bo prevented. Tbo War De partment accodod to tbo roquost, and conse quently tbo graves of tbo Confederate dead will go undoooratod on that day, oxcopt with those flowers with which impartial Nature docoratoa all graves alike. Wo almost wondor that this Grand Army *of tho Republic, which carries Us office-grabbing animosities oven into tho grave and vents its spite upon tho dead, did not pass como resolutions protesting against tbo Almighty, who allows tho samo flowers to grow upon thoso graves, who waters thorn with tbo samo raina, beautifies tbom with tbo same sunahiuo, and creates tho samo birds to eiug above tbom. The Grand Army of tho Republic do well to decorate tho graves of thoir comrades, and to keep alive a spirit of loyalty and patriotism in those degenerate days, when it seems at times as if ovory spark of patriotism had boon oxtln tinguishod with greenbacks. It is well to ro member those who died for thoir country, to recall thoir gallantry, and to honor thoir memo ry. But is it soldierly or manly to pursue a re sentment into on enemy's grave? Is it charita ble to say that tho turf which covers tho dead shall not cover tho mistakes, or, if you please, .the crimes, whicli they committed? Aro wo never to ’forgot that hate which was bom in tho passions of a sectional war, hut go on cherishing it and wreaking our potty vcngoaucoupon tho turf that covers thoso whp were our foes, and gavo thoir lives for tho cause in winch thoy believed in as fervently as wo did in ours ? Is time, wbicli softens everything else, and erases tho scars of tho battle-field, never to remove those old enmi ties, but must they go on rankliuglu our breast and bo kept alive by blowing tho old embers into flame and adding now fuel on ovory anniver sary? Tho Union and Confederate soldiers sloop side by side in that dark and silent rest whore all men are brothers and the same flowers blossom over them. No malice can reach them. Thoy woro citizens of a common country. Thoy woro equally bravo. Thoy fought for a cause which each thought equally rlghtoouo. They gavo tluilt lives with equal.readiness. Thoso of thoir comrades who have lived have acknowledged thoir defeat, havo returned to thoir fealty to tho Union, and have extended tho fraternal liancl to tho North in token of reconciliation and submission. Thoso who actually boro arms against tho Union havo displayed tho most loyalty. Thoy were tho first to renew thoir allegiance to their country. There is no disloyalty in tho South to-day among thoso who boro tho Confederate flag in battle. And now, instead of extending tho hand and throw ing the mantle of charity over the past, this grand army of office-holders propose onco moro to koop olivo tho old animosities. Tho protouso that there might bo a collision if tbo two sots of graves woro decorated on tbo same day is a pretense ‘ merely. Tho publio would like to know which party would take tho initiative in starling a scrimmage over tho bones of tbo dead. Tho information would pos sess considerable value in itself. If there bo any among us, cither North or South, who have so little sense of dccenoy as to dosocrato God’s aero on a day sot apart for a solemn coromony, it would bo highly useful and advantageous to havo thoir names published, so that thoy might bo ex cluded hereafter from all cemeteries whatsoever. But, in point of fact, thoro was no apprehension of a fight in tho Arlington grave-yard. Tho Grand Army of tho Republic is a secret political, not military, organization. Its purpose is to got office for somo mombovs of tho Republican party and to withhold it from others—to got office for some soldiers and to withhold It from others. It is a caucus, and its military mummery is merely tho ba'dgo which it has adopted to giro on air of respectability to its real purposes. The world has made ao Uttlo progress in llio teachings of tho Unlvorßal Peace Society that it has now actually six wars on Land, besides a variety of complications that aro apt to break out into? open hostility at any timo : 1. There is a civil war in Spain between the existing Gov ernment and tbo sustaiuora of tbo Carlos dynasty. It is of tbo spasmodic and guerrilla character, with no prospects of a decided success on oiiber side, and a promise of continuing tbo moatroToltingfcaturcaofnnintomoclnoatrugglo. 2. The desperate struggle of the Cubans against tbo Spaniards for national independence io likely to bo prolonged by tho difficulties which Spain has to contend with at home, the obstinacy of tbo mother country, and tbo determination of tbo Cuban patriots. S. Tbo war declared upon the Sultan of Atcbocn by Holland is more of an affair than it', was at first supposed to bo. The recent repulse of tbo Dutch by tbo Sultan's forces indicates that the war will bo fiorco and bloody before it Is terminated. There are also rumors that English subjects have been giving aid and com fort to tbo Atcbooueso, which may yet drag tho British Government into tbo trouble, i. Tbo war botwoon Russia and Khiva is no moan affair, and the great and powerful Russian Government will have to sacrifice many of her soldiers and largo amounts from her treasury before she can assert her dominion beyond dispute. 6. Tbo crusade which Sir Samuel Baker and bis forces aro making against tbo slaveholders of tbo Whito Kilo rogion la worthy to bo ranked as war. 0. Tbo Indian war now on tho bands of tbo American Government is tbo moat ungrate ful and annoying of all. Tho loss of a Brigadier- General, one of tbo first ofilcers in tbo American Army, of several minor ofilcers, and of men equal in number to tho entire tribo of hostile Kodomu lander the jitruiudo ouo of ao small im-. pork. Whether tbo now turn of affairs in Franco ehall load to war or not cannot now bo foretold, but tbo situation in of a kind that baa usually produced war of some kind or other in that country. Mr. Parton, In an article In the Juno Atlantia on "Tbo French Imbroglio,” which la a port of bis forthcoming Life of Thomas Jefferson, takes occasion io reproduce at length the famil iar story of Hamilton’s amoxir with a Mrs. Rey nolds. The scandal was first made public by Hamilton himself, ac a moans of solf-jußtlfico tlou against the charge of oflloinl corruption. Mr. Parton follows Hamilton’s version of the affair, and brings out its most degrading fea tures. It Is extremely doubtful whether the demands of Mr. Jofforaon’sblogrephyrondorodlt necessary to give tbo Hamilton scandal with such distasteful detail, but Mr. Parton goes further and depreciates Hamilton in every way in order to strengthen Mr. Jefferson, the subject of his eulogy. In one place ho saye that Hamilton was original in nothing, borrowing bis politics from ono sldo of tbo Straits of Dover and bis morals from the other side. Mr. Parton is rather a eulogist than ablstorlan, os an atten tive reference to many of bis writings will show. Ho givos himself up entirely to tbo admiration of tbo character which bo has under treatment. Just now bo is a strong Jeffersonian. Bat bis incidental attacks of Mr; Hamilton must be re garded as injudicious and short-sighted, ovon on hia own account. For it is not altogether im probable that Mr. Parton may, some day, desire, to write the life of Hamilton, —which would bo an excellent tbomo for his active and graphic pen,—and then ho would ■ find himself estopped in his peculiar field of eulogy by his present method of exalting Jefferson at Hamilton’s ox pence. A proposition has boon made in tho Constitu tional Convention of Pennsylvania, by Mr. George M. Balias, which, if adopted, will go far toward removing tho restraints and burdens now imposed on Pennsylvania newspapers by tho ex isting law on libel. Mr. Balias proposes that all papers in reference to tho conduct of officers or men in public capacity, or relating to other matter proper for pnbllo investigation or in formation, shall bo privileged; that tho publica tion of such documents shall not bo construed to imply malice, and that special malice must bo proved in order to sustain any civil or criminal action brought for libel in such case. Tho principle on which this proposition to based is sound. One of tho main sources for information cf interest and impor tance to found in tho court records. When a newspaper reprints the facts’ns alleged in tho cases, it does not give tho original publicity to tho matter, for tho records aro open to all who desire to inspect thorn. It simply serves tho public by reproducing in a more accessible man ner what is already public property. When tbo newspaper exceeds its functions, takes sides in a case, gives tho allegations a coloring of its own, or exhibits malice In its treatment of tbo matter, then and not till then should it become responsible for any damage which it docs to truth or character. A “baby-farming establishment" has boon discovered in 'Washington. Br. Stewart, tho Sanitary Inspector of tho Board of Health, found in a squalid tenement-house a delicate in fant, which a woman was trying to nnng up on a. bottle. On questioning tho woman ho found that the child had boon received from a private lying-in hospital kopt by a woman, and that it was ono of a number wbich had boon received in tbo same manner, and which tho nurse “koptas long as they lived.” The inference was, that they never lived very long. Br. Stew art followed up Ins information, and found that tho lying-in hospital was kopt par ticularly for tho use of “ young women who had boon unfortunate,” and that tho keeper also undertook to dispose of tho children. For this purpose she employed two or throo nurses who kopt tho children “ os long as they lived,” and thou awaited now arrivals. Tbo woman at tho head of tho establishment said that she was doing a good business, and tbnt she had purr sued tho same lino in Cincinnati, 0., and Nor folk, Ta. Tho caso scorns to ho an imitation of tho English system of baby-farming with mod em improvements. Tho charge of fraud in tho lotting of tho In dian contracts consists of an award to certain parties at higher figures than wore offered by other responsible bidders named. Tho success ful bidders for tho hoof supply for seven ogoncies aro Granville M. Dodge, J. W. Bla vius, and H. H. Wilder. Thoy are to receive, for a supply of 23,150,000 pounds of hoof, $32,- 231.25 more than tho hid of James B. Harlan, and $0,810.25 moro than William M. Pleas, offered to furnish tho same supplies for. Har lan and Pleas are both residents of Kansas. It is also charged that Gen. Dodgo, who has had tho contract for those agencies for tho last throe years, has never owned or purchased a head of stock, but is only tho head of a ring of con tractors. Mr. Stuart, one of tho Commissioners, has entered a general denial of all tho charges, and asks r thorough investigation. Death continues to bo buoy among tho promi nent men of tho world. Tho last mails bring advices of tbo death of Princo Iturbido of Mexico, tho last surviving son of tho Emporor Iturbido ; of Gon. Sir Edward Hathwaito, oho of tho moat gallant ofllcors of tho English army; of Joseph Fognaui, tho eminent portrait painter, who has painted almost every living sovereign of tho day ; of Lord Zetland, who waa ah enthu siastic votary of tho turf and tho Grand Master of tho English Froo-Masons ; and of Count d’Espagnao, a well-known Italian amateur painter. NOTES AND OPINION. With an impudence that is an Insult to com mon intelligence, newspapers in Minnesota, edited by ofllco-holdors, are now pluming them selves bn tho virtues of tho Republican party iu exposing and properly punishing crime in tho person of William Boogor. Tho Winona .Repub lican says, indeed: It might have been very gratifying to the morbidly curious to learn Just how poor Mr. gcoger scattered about tho State funds so loosely, oud who derived tho benctlts accruing therefrom: but It la questionable whether any end of publlo Justice could have been promoted by tbo revelation. —lt is noticeable iu how many Congressional districts, all over tho Union, tho people are talk ing of the now men they will next year elect to Congress. Indeed, it would oofim that tho de mand for “ now men,” iu tho hope to got bettor men, will inevitably sweep every man of tho present race of politicians out of public life. Tho obituaries of many hundreds of those, “ our eminent statesmen,” may bo written up aud closed with this year. Tho madness that rules tho hour has a method luitof very fearful de termination. A Columbus (lud.) paper says that W. B. , Holma holds Tmourot hpluuoc'e meijrt.foj;. hia abate of the back-pay grab. Why didn’t bo abow it then. And Gen. Coburn and Senator Morton too. The time for modesty lind retire ment on this subject has gono by. The people wont to know Just bow their representatives utond.—lndtanopoHa A'ews* The Indianapolis Journal (Morton), speak ing of the present disorganization of parties and laxity in discipline, says : It In not surprising, therefore, that no many little ion ahou;la bo won, or rather aban doned by the .Republicans, In the present year. It would be more surprising If they wore not no. Yot It is none tbo loss a matter of Bnrionn rogret that tho spirit of tbo national contest cannot bo maintained in strength enough to light these skirmishes as tboy should bo. Tbolr loss Is like tbo loss of pawns In chess. —Tho platform oftho Ohio Republicans, which tho Cincinnati OaicUo calls "a good piece of political carpentry,” tho Boston Journal declares to bo " an excellent opitomo of tho host political purpose of tho day.” —Of Gov. Carpenter ae a Granger, the Daven port Democrat says: • « Carpenter nhould lend himself to such SslSs^Hi.nL? Bo S rlnß ™- ol °otlon cannot bo won uerca at, .though it may bo regretted: but that the farming population of fowa will bo hoodwinked bv such cobweb blinkers Into passive acquiescence we hardly think probable. Tho actions oftho Governor sJ^£i« y “ urlnß t £.° ““lon. and at tho Rankin reasons for allowing him i? i lll ° ‘ wa * ka of private life, and the i o ®? bo bottar employed than In galvanizing him Into abnormal political vitality. —Tho Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention having fixed its own pay for a term of about llvo months at $2,C00, quito a largo number of members will, it Is said, make their protest forci ble by declining to rocoivo any compensation, —Tho Harrisburg (Pa.) Slate Journal praises tho platform of tho Ohio Republicans, and Bays: If the people of Pennsylvania desire similar resolu tion incorporated la tho Republican platform for IB7 ?»\“ oy *P u . ntlnßlru ct their delegates to pass thorn, as, If they fail to do tills, tho Influence which general ly controls a Republican State Convention assembling In Harrisburg, will defeat tbolr adoption. Only the strongest and tho clearest instruction will Insure tba condemnation of tho salary steal, and tho passage of resolutions In our Slate Convention demanding Its re peal. * Tlio State Journal to a party organ, and knows whereof It affirms, that tho party organization in Pennsylvania is in tlio hands of corrupt men. —Tho Cincinnati Commercial thinks that ‘‘Ohio will at tho next election boa hotly disputed State,” sinco tho “ Credit Mobilior revelation, tho back pay grab of Congress, tho President’s increase of salary, tho Louisiana muddle, and Grant’s policy of reappointing hla relatives, and wandering about tho country smoking,” have made tho people a good deal dis satisfied with tho Itopublican party. —Since tho return of peace, tho Itopublican party has boon engaged in building up other monopolies in place oi those which tlio war de stroyed. In tho South, tho monopoly of carpet bagism was instituted, arid, under tho protection of tho Republican party, it grow strong and groat, took possession of all tho offices, and has absolutely ruined tho people by its plunderings and oppressions. Hero is one glaring instance of the monopoly-cultivating spirit of the Repub lican party, and a most monstrous ono.-diadi son (Ms.) democrat. —There is a groat rumbling so«nd in the political and industrial elements. It roars louder than tho rushing of many voters. From every point of the compass it is b-sard, but it is especially tumultuous In tho Vftat, whither the seat of empire tends Hade up ol tho best material of all the oM parties, embrac ing tho youth and vigor of the country, and organized especially to protect the corner-stone interest of tho entire industrial fabric of tho land against extortion and legalized plunder, its march will bo triumphant. Its course will be onward. Existing organizations can only hold themselves together by getting out of its way. or yielding obedience to its decrees. It wui dictate policies. It will rule the country.— Jackson (Zitas-) Clarion. —Tho only way to make a fair contest Is for tho farmers, ‘ irrespective of present party, to unite in a new movement .and wage eternal war fare against tho oppression of monopolies and the thefts of tho politicians. As an independent force, tho farmers can accomplish wonders: as members of tbo old parties, they aro powerless for good.— Olemcood (Iowa) Journal. —lt would, indeed, bo a fearful spectacle to tho politicians—who como mostly from tho non nroducing classes—if tho farmers, who comprise noerly.ono-haJr the voters of tho notion, should oombinoin political action for tbolr own interests. But combine theymust If they would save them selves from being ground into powder under tho iron bool of tho monopolists. Tho tendency of capital to to combination and monopoly, and la bor must organize to preserve its independence. Money lords it everywhere, and in all old coun tries the farmers and laborers are little bettor than serfs. It is folly to talk of curbing monop oly by moral force and co-operative industry political power is tho true weapon againnt op pression of every sort.— Lexter (Mich.) Leader, —Tho farmers—those who have felt this op pression most severely—have made a move In tho right direction, and with a unanimity of ac tion will soon bo recognized in tho affairs of State. Woo bo to that party which ignores their interests, and places men in tho field for office who can bo bought with money or who aro not in sympathy with the people on this groat ques tion of transportation.— Lyons (Iowa) Adver tiser. —Tho point to which tho railroads carry their assumption in national, in State, and in munici fml govoniraonts, would in some cases bo ridicu ous if it wore not in all eases alarming But of all tho pretensions of a railroad corpora tion, the most astounding that wo bavo scon is that sot up by tbo Union Horae Railroad Com pany of this city—that the city has not a right to improve its own streets without the consent of this Company; that it cannot lay wator-pipes, or construct sowers without tbo 'permission of tbo railroad corporation, or without rendering it self liable for damages I Mark the progress of railway assumption.—Protn'Jcjicc (P.i.) journal. —As tbo pooplo aro familiarised by thoir contests with corporations with tho power thoy possess, and tho power which can bo evoked from tho Government, corporations will grad ually discover that they make a great mistake in provoking tho struggle, because it will load to results which would never have boon reached under other circumstances.— Harrisburg (Pa.) Stale Journal. ’ • —When a Congressman has once made a bar gain to work for a stipulated amount, and has performed tho service without grumbling, wo agree with tho OhiQ Republicans that ho should bo compelled to stick to his bargain.— St. Paul (Minn.)'Press. —Wo have hoard indirectly from our own Con gressman, tho Hon. B. N. Stevens. Ho acknowl edges having drawn tho money from tho Public Treasury; and is debating tho question as what is boat to bo done with it.—Psona (III.) Review. —Wo do not ouvy tho feelings of Mr. Phila delphia Van Trump, Democrat and Congress man, ou reading an article in a recent number of the' Ohio Slate Journal on'“ Van Trumpery.” This malicious publication quotes at length from a letter of Horn Philadelphia to his constituents' ou tho subject of tho back-pay stoaj. In this letter occurs tho following pathotio passage : I felt a high and controllng bcdbo of duty In what ever 1 did from its inception to its close. I could not bring myself to feel it to bo consistent either with pro priety or duty, at tho very close of a term of Congress for two years, by my oum vpte, to “put money in my purse, n against the will of my constituents. There won perhaps no roan In that Congress who needed money moro than I did, but 1 have not yet come to the conclusion to abandon tbo consoling idea that there yet remains lu this world of ours, bad as it Is, soroo thiug which Is still better tban monoy: on opproving conscience and a sense of duty honestly performed. ■ “And thou,” proceeds tho Journal, “having discharged himself iu manner and form as afore said, and got his uame ou tho list of the im mortal few who refused tho money, Van Trump wont and drew his $5,000 back salary like a littlo man, and wont into ologaut retirement, liko Cicero at Tueculum.” —When Mr. Van Trump opposed the bill orig inally iu Congress, hia constituents backed him, They regarded ; it as on outrage, and but littlo short of actual larceny of tho public treasure; They havo not abated that opinion ono whit ovou to this day. They believe that ovory dollar of back pay was wrongfully taken—that tho act of taking was wrong from beginning to end.— Lancaster (0.) Eagle, Van Ti'ump'a llomo Or* gau. —lt has boon stated in Now Hampshire that Mr. Parker, ono of tho Democratic Congress men from that Stato, who so bravely voted against tho extra salary, and, aftor bis own re oloction. drew tho raonoy, proposes to dovoto it to tho founding of an Orphan's Asylum; but the Nashua Telegraph says that tho only Otpban’s Asylum ho is erecting is a $5,000 residence for his own ueo. Another Tornado* Special DUmteh to The CMoano Trihme. SmiNariiiLD. 111, May 20.—A tornado passed ovor this city this afternoon, which did consider able damage to trees, uprooting some and twisting oil others. No casualties are reported. The telegraph wires are down iu various di rections, especially to tho west, whore it is thought tho wind must havo done moro damage thau here. It raiuod very hard after tho wind uuht)lde4<

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