Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 29, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 29, 1873 Page 2
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2 BOSTON. The Massachusetts Beer-Fight —The Authorities in a Dilemma. A Theological Melee—The Ho meopaths and Allo paths. jnerienn Social Science Associa tion-Comparison of Races —Gossip. From Our Own Correspondent, . Boston, May 23,1873. it was, If I mistake not, tbo inimitable Arto mus Ward who once electrified an audience by declaring, in that tone of melancholy gravity which gave such point to bis drolleries, that bo woa “ In favor of tho Maino Law, but opposed to execution I” It la rather amusing to observe, fl o wemay from time to time, what a largo pro portion oi tho noisy advocates of prohibitory liquor laws nro IN THE RintE CATEGORY. Hero, in Massacbuuetu, wo bavo just now a striking instance. That sapUufc body, tbo Qroat and General Court, being largely composed of tbo class of philosophers who bollovo that they can by legislation compel water to run up hill, bavo so amended our liquor law as to inoludo ole ond lagor-boor among tbo forbidden stimu lants. The Prohibitionists bavo boon working ft, long tbno for this ond, and, in tboir temperance meetings, bavo rather given ns to understand that, when It was scoured, tboy would at onc'o proceed to inaugurate tbo Millennium. But, though they bavo, according to their own dec larations, got things jlist as tboy want tbom, tboy seem to bo NOT YET PERFECTLY HAPPY. Tho law nominally wout iuto operation May 1, and'it was Oipoctoil tIIKL ilvo Htato foraoa nuulJ «ro this have mado a stroke; but tbolr move ments have thus for boon extremely Bpasmodio and uncertain. It ia assorted that half the liquor-shops in the State have boon closed by tbo voluntary action of the proprietors. Of the other half, only a very few have been visit ed and now and then a boor-wagon ia stopped; but there has boon no vigorous effort made to enforce tho law. As a natural conse quence, tho few who have been mado victims, and also those who have voluntarily stopped selling, complain bitterly of tho lack of all fair ness and impartiality in tho measures taken. At a mooting, tho other day, of representatives from tho principal alo-botlling .firms in tho city, & resolution was adopted to tho effect that, hav ing discontinued sending outalo and porter fora reasonable number of days, and fluohig that th» law was not enforced upon anyotlior class of wholesale dealers, they would again commence sending out teams until it should bosoonforcod, when, as law-abiding citizens, they would dis continue tho sale; but, in all coses of prosecu tion, tost tbo case In tbo courts. It is obvious that those men have A REAL GRIEVANCE to complain of. They aro willingloabldo by tbo law impartially enforced; but they not unrea sonably object to a discrimination between them tud any other class of offenders. Unfortunate ly, an impartial and rigid enforcement of tho law is precisely what the Prohibitionists dare, not bring on, as they know very well that it would thus quickly become so obnoxious as to causo a nearly universal demand for its repeal. Wo havo, therefore, tho SINGULAR SPECTACLE of a law on tho statute-book tho authors and ad vocates of which deprecate its enforcement, while its enemies ore loud in tboir demands to have it enforced. Petitions, praying tbo author ities to show neither fear nor favor, are in circu lation In many of tho cities and towns, and aro largely signed by men who desire to render tho -law as odious as possible. It is certainly unfor tunate for tbo causo of comporauco that there should be found among its foremost advocates so many of those narrow aud domineering spirits who, because a thing seems good to thorn, aro resolute to cram it down ibe throats of all other men. We have hod one Governor boro in Mas sachusetts who perceived tbo truth, that, though temperance may bo good, liberty is bettor ; aud ho died a mark for every species of insult and obloquy from tbo Prohibitionists. ANDREW JOHN* A. faced a public sentiment almost universally op-. nosed to him when ho fearlessly declared that tho Prohibitory law was based upon unsound principles, and. would fail of its end; that tem perance reform secured at the cost of any in fringement of tho rightful liberties of men might promise fair to tho ovo, but would bo worthless as tho apples of the Dead Sea shore. General public opinion baa tnado groat advances since then, but it is weary waiting for legislatures to loam wisdom. The bucolic gen tlemen who gave us our liquor law insist upon thinking that natural laws cau bo abrogated by* statute,— that a universal instinct can be legis lated out of humanity. It is also AN AWKWARD POINT against those rural members,that they should hare insisted on exempting cider from the list of for bidden stimulants. Thoso impartial, puro, and disinterested law-makers take away tbo city workman's beer, while they permit the farmer who is their constituent to fuddle himself with cider ad libitum! 'Naturally, tho community which has been In tho habit of regarding thoso gentry as sincere, if mistaken reformers,has lost eomo of its respect for thorn. Meantime, though fierce hostilities remain suspended, there Is a cloud gatnoring which will make trouble for tho poli ticians next fall. Tho liquor question, hav ing boon forced into unduo prominence at this time, cannot fail to have a marked effect ’ upon tho next election. Butler’s friends are already predicting that It will surely give tho State to Uiem. THE EPISCOPAL CONVENTION, which elected tho Rev. Dr. Paddock ioi the Bishopric of Massachusetts, bad a very lively session for a body of such dignity. There woro a good many discordant elements in tbo outset; and, as tho balloting proceeded, tho discussion upon tho merits and demerits of the bevoral can didates was something more than animated. Tho proposal by ouo of tho Rovcrond Doctors to hold a secret session, for tho purpose of discuss ing tho orthodoxy of somo of tho candidates, created an intense excitement, and for a while tho confusion was more like that in a political nominating cnnvnnUcm tbau jinyUiinc one would look for among staid divines. tub key; im. de koven, tho candidate whoso views wore tho subject of debate, is understood to hold substantially the Homan Catholic doctrine of tho “Actual Pros cnco” in tho elements of tho Eucharist. Of course, this would bo intolerable to the Low- Church party; and many of tho speeches dis played tho peculiar bitterness which theological differences usually elicit. It was, however, from tho lay members that the hard words mostly came, Mr, Bichard H. Dana, while advocating £ho claims of Dr, DoKovon, took occasion to characterize an opposing candidate as a “MERE MILU-ANO-WAXES MAN,” and said that, whatever tho clergy might wish, tho dcsiro.of tho laity was for a “live* Bishop, Ac. This, of course, created" a clamor among tho friends of tho candidate in question, and sharp things wore said on both sides. Tho Hon. Bobort 0. Wlhthron made a stfoug speech, in which ho arraigned the opinions of Dr. DoKovon as inconsistent.‘not only with a “ sound theology,” but with tho gen eral prouunciamontoa of the Bishop; and pro tested against tho “dcnmgogUmi” which was artfully appealing for a *• live ” man, without re gard to hfu opinions on most important points of belief. Such laxity ho considered most dan gerous to tho Church. Dr. Huntington also mudo an address, in which ho declared that, if ho must have tho doctrine of transubstantiutiou, ho preferred to have It from Koine, which glories tin It, rather than from a Church which unwill ingly tolerates it. It was in the midst of a a storm or excitement . and tumultuous cries of “Questionl” “Ques tion!” that tho first Imllotlngs-wore hud, aud tho election of Dr. Paddook doclar- Sd. Tho now Bishop is, # of course, of io most unquestioned orthodoxy, and ho la said to bo a man of liberal mind ana gonial char acter, But it is not often that wo have tho spectacle of two members of the legal fraternity, .of such rank and standing as Messrs. Dana and Winthrop, in hot dispute over a question in theology, and the profane ones can't help smil ing a little. That the disputed question should po one so long hammered, so hopelessly knotty, £n<b in truth, so entirely foreign to the real roligious.Hfo of our time, as tbls oho of ibo 11 Ao 'tuiu Prooonoq,” toads to still moro forcibly em phasize tbo absurdity,, ' • ; THE WAR OP TUB MEDICOS baa como to im end, and nobody Is hart. Tbo last not of tbo faroo is* fully worthy of thoso which wont boforo. Tbo Board of Trial- Commisßionors ro-asaomblod at tbo Tomplo Place rooms on tbo dny appointed, and had tbo offending practlUonots boforo thorn. Tbo latter road tbo arguments which tboy had prepared In dofonso, and roltoratod tbolr pro test against tbo injustice which had forood thorn to appear tboro to answer charges, under circum stances which they pronounced **tbo most ex traordinary In tbo history of medical Jurispru dence,” One of thorn, at tbo conclusion of bis argument, proposed that, at tbo next annual mooting of tbo Society, In Juno, a committee bo appointed to Investigate tbo claims ond preten sions of homeopathy,—proffering aid from Us practitioners In prosecuting tbo Inquiry: but the proposition was not noted on. Finally, tbo Chair man of tbo Prosecuting Committee summed up tbo evidence, and stated that tbo decisions. In tbo various cases would bo given at a future timet And, with this most lamoand impotent conclusion, tbo curtain falls ou tbo disgraceful farco. Tbo only practical results which appear from it arc, that certain homeopathic physicians havo bod a good deal of gratuitous advertising, end that tbo Massachusetts Modical Society has - fallen off immensely in prestige. [May 24. as wo arc advised by telegraph, tho Board of Trial rendered its decision, recommending the expul sion of tbo offending members.— Ed. Tribune.] TUB AMERICAN SOCIAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION hold its eighth general mooting in this city last week. Several of tbo papers road and discussed by tbo Association woro of so muob moro than ordinary interest as to call for special mention. Of thoso, uono was moro conspicuously impor tant than that road on tbo third day by don. P. A. Walker, and entitled, “ Somo Bosultsof tbo Census of 1870.” It was literally crammed with information. Tbo various effects of, the lato war upon our present population, - and tbo indications of ibo census in relation to the popu lation of 1000, woro exhibited at length; but the most! interesting facts referred to the rates of effective increase by birth in tbo various parts of the country, AMONG TUB DIFFERENT RACES ■of onr people, and in tbo different classes and omnlovmonts. In this connection, tbo speaker predicted that 1880 would shown doorcase of Gormans and Irish, and an increase of English, Welsh, and Scandinavians. He quoted tables of figures to show that tho fecundity of tho Gor mans Is greater than that of the Irish, and drew tbo conclusion that tho Gorman inhabitants of tbo United .Rtaloa nro Increasing moro rapidly than the Irish among us. ' iniß « u «u iin nonsidored duo not merely to peculiarities of location aua occupation, but to qualities of stock developed under tho conditions of America. Gou. Walker's paper called out a good deal of discussion, i * tbo course of which Dr. Edward Jarvis said that ho had mado a careful study of tho VTTALTTV OF INHABITANTS OF VARIOUS NATIONS, and had found that tho chances for lifo wore much greater among aomo races than among others. For instance: Oat of a million births of children of Irish paroutoge, a much smaller proportion lived to bo 20 years old than was tho caso with a million births of children of other •nationalities. If wo wefo to import Irish as znero working machines, wo should got fewer days 1 work ,from them than from an equal number of any other race. Looking at tho subject fr6ra a purely utilitarian point of viow, It was bettor to.import Scandinavians or Gormans for work than Irish. These statements aro very likely to bo correct, but they aro not in accordance with tbo com monly-received idea of tbo fecundity or of tbo endurance of the Irish race. OTHER, PAPERS. Col. T. W. Hlgginson road an essay on “Tho Higher Education of Women,” calling out tho warm discussion which is ant to follow every introduction of tho much vexed “ Woman Ques tion;” but nothing specially now was elicited. Dr. Jarvis had a carefully-prepared paper upon “ Tho Influence of Sox Upon Crime ;’ r and tbo Rev. D. A. Wasson created some excitement by his account of tbo International Society, and its relations to Socialism, Communism, Imperial ism, and. Democracy. A paper on tho true nature of “Municipal Government, ’* by D. B. Eaton, of Now York, was especially suggestive and timely in this ora Of city “ rings.” THE MAT ANNIVERSARIES and tbo apple blossoms always como together, and both are duo next week. Then tho orchards will burst into fragrant bloom, and tbo city pavo will blossom with white neckcloths; an odd con junction, but an immemorial ono in Boston. Tho season here is unusually late. Tho weather la cold, and tho trooa aro not yot In full loaf. Tho Common wears much tho appearance of a hollo exhausted by a winter of dissipation, slowly re gaining. her freshness and beauty under tbo goniallnfluonooa of spring. That worthy indi vidual, “tho oldest inhabitant,” does not rocall so uninterruptedly cold a season. Wo scorn, in deed, to havo had no spring, and yot, according to tho calendar, summer is Just upon aa. THE “ NEW MAGDALEN” is verifying your correspondent's predictions of success. having a groat run at tho Globe. It Is well put upon tbo stage, and is by far tho most satisfactory dramatic representation we have had for some time, Hiss LoOlorcq’s imperson ation of Mercy Morrich is a brilliant triumph of artistic power. The role la one which colls for tbo representation of tbo most varied passions and intense emotions. Pride and shame, love and hate, courage and fear, ambition and re morse, alternately fill tbo soul and sway tbo con duct of tho Magdalen, and demand not only groat versatility, but much artistic skill in tho vapid transitions which aro necessary. E. B. 0. MAN-TRAPS. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sm: Ono more human life has boon added to the list of sacrifices to man's Ignorance, care lessness, . cupidity, or whatever name may bo givon to that disposition which causes men to subordinate safety to tho desire to savo expense, regardless of consequences. It is truly shocking to an observing person lo see tho number of man-traps which aro sot, and into which tho unwary are liable to fall. How often they secure their victims, and bow ready most pooplo are to place tho responsibility on the carelessness of tho persons killed or injured I A scaffold falls, ana pooplo say, “Any fool ought to h&vo known bolter than trust himself oh so flimsy a structure.” Yet thousands are daily working on those apparently no bettor, and escape. I truce it tho foreman or superintendent who,* to savo a little time or expense, permits his workmen to uso au insecure scaffold, or work in needlessly-exposed places, or who is so ignorant that ho does not know when they aro In danger, Is really as guilty, if they aro injured or killed, as though ho deliberately planned their destruc tion. A foreman should bo selected as much for abil ity and disposition to provide for tho safety of pooplo employed in tbo vicinity of his work, as to got a suitable amount and quality of work out of his men. Tbo mass of working men are either careless and not aware of tho dangers’ they aro in, or afraid of losing tlioir, places by offending tlnflr foreman if they object to working whore and as ho directs. ’ These are not tho only nor tho worst dangers to which they and tho community are exposed. Nearly every building of any noto at tho present time is supplied with one or more elevators, and scarce a week pasaou without some one being either killed outright or seriously injured by their use. Not that this is necessary, hut that, ilrst, the largo majority of those who work around and rido on them do not realize their dangerous character and exorcise tho necessary caution; and also, and very much more, because, either through ignorance or desire to savo ex pense, tho parties who arrange tho elevator and its surroundings do not properly protect it and provide for tho safety of those who have not the knowledge or presence of mind to keep out of danger. Now, I claim, and can demonstrate, that an elevator oau bo so arranged that It shall bo next to impossible for a person to got seri ously hurt by Us use. Yet, after having seen nearly every one in tho city, I am compelled to say that not ono in ton seems to ho arranged with any intelligent regard to snob a result. A number have hud money enough expended on them, but so unwisely that it only servos to in crease tho danger. Talk to the responsible parties,’and most likely they will say, “if people are fools enough to got hurt, it is thou* own fault. Wo ore not responsible.” i «iV i 6l . 1 a ccr * a l n rendering-tank exploded and killed two or throe persons, the owners wore thought to ho criminally responsible, because i«?wiui ntll)0 T atlmt it was in an unsafe condition. In that case, but few persona wore exposed, while probably thousands doily rido on and are liable to bo injured by elevators. What Blmll bo uald then, of Ihoeo who, knowing Uiouo finite, and having Iholr attention lUod to thorn hy oonatautly occurring ocoidonte, yot coolly ro fuso to adopt such safeguards as would almost entirely prevent such accidents ? • Tho city compels people to have their boilers luspootoa periodically, and to provide against certain other dangers. How many more lives and limbs must bo sacrificed before they will bo required to make their elevators safe, or bo re sponsible for the Uvea and Umba of tho victims of their neglect? 'f. W« Eaton. THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, MAY 2'J, 1873. LAWRENCE vs: CRAIG. The newspapers Opposed to the Former— - The Convention that Nominated tbo Latter. . ’ Mr. Craig ns a Railroad-Attorney and ns an Eloctiouooror. Tito Journals Opposed to Jmlpo Law- renco* LAB.IT.It, 111., M.y 90, 1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: ' Bint To exhibit to the manly farmers of tbo Fifth Judicial District the character of tbo press which seeks to use them as tboir pliant tools to accomplish a purpose, I hero reproduce an article written to the Chicago Times, May ICi Intended to onablo tbo responsible editor of that dolootablo shoot to sustain, if in bis power, somo of ibo many assertions, recklessly made, bearing upon this contest: To the Editor of the Chicago Times: ' It has been bo oflou repealed of late, in tbo editorial colnmtifl of tbo Times, that Judge Lawrence in tbo can didate for the hjglicat Judicial otllco In tbo State oa tbo representative of tho railroad Interests, and tho state ment has bcou made so boldly olid persistently, that wo have determined to ask the responsible editor of tbo Times for tbo proof of bis statement through bis own columns. Will tbo Times cilo a single opinion of Judge Law rence, given In any case of record wherein a railroad was a party, In wblob tbo matters at issue, as presented by the record, woro not decided according to tbo law? And, further, as all tbo opinions of tbo Justices of tho Supremo Court nro tbo result of a conference of tbo full Boucb, wherein tbo full Bench, or a majority thereof, concur, is It fair to fasten, or sook to fasten, tbo responsibility in any given case upon tho Justice to whom tbo lot fails to wrlto tbo opinion in accord ance with tbo. views of tbo full Bench, or a majority thereof? - - • Again :If tbo opinion in any given case, wboroin a railroad is a party, in accordance with the law, as pre sented by tbo record in such case, and results favor ably to such railroad.—even if It bo essentially wrong, —who oro to biamo, tbo oxpouudors of tbo law, or tbo law-makora 7 ... If, lu n given cone. a certain state of foots Is present ed by tbo record, which if decided upon according to tbo spirit of tbo law as wrlttonTipon tbo ‘statute-book, - manlfost wrong and injustice would result, and the court saw It, and recognized and deplored tbo fact, yet they mnst decide according to tho law or violate tboir oath of olllco, and leave It for future legislation to cor rect tho evil. Courta arc not responsible for bad laws, and wo do- Biro tu Kuuw from tlio Times a bliirlo citation waoroln a perfect law lias keen Imperfectly interpreted by tbo Court, and in which Jmb/o rawrcnco took on active part. . la viowoftb* n»ct that It was. and is, tho express visit of a largo majority of tho Bar of tho Fifth Judi cial District that Judge Lawrence should again become, a coudldato'for tho olltco, the conclusion is Irresistible, that either tho majority of tho liar of that district aro In tho Interest of railroads, or tho assertions of the Times are not supported by tho facts. It is natural to suppose tho lawyers of tho district would bo best able to decide as to tuo fitness of a can didate for the Supremo Bench; but tbo Times ondtbe Journal aro tho latter-day converts to tho notion that tho farmers and anti-monopolists aro tho orudito class who should docldo this question. Upon tho samo principle, if tbo THmes desires an ox firosslon of opinion as to tho merits of its press-work, t will of course call In a gang of stevedores. If thb Times desired to bo honest in its oppo sition to Judge Lawrence, it would givo its readers an opportunity to see both sides of the, controversy, and in that way to enable them to form an impartial, unbiased, honest Judgment. But tbo fact is, tbo Times and t7bnma/,and cer tain of tbo local press of tbo Stato, in viow of tho action of tbo Court in tho Journal contempt case, aro fanning this flame in tho interest of that portion of tbo press who boliovo it to bo tboir sovereign right to teach courts os well as tbo people. Thoycaro nothing for tho farmers or tho anti-monopolists, but to usotboin in this effort to teach tho Judiciary the power of tho press, Tho result will, I think, show that portion of tbo press of tho Stato that tho pooplo are de termined to havo a fearless Judiciary, and that their unseemly an'ogauce is a stench iu the nos trils of all honest men. judge Lawrence has shown himself to bo a cultivated gentleman, aud a most clear and able expounder ot tbo law. independent in action and just in motive. Tuo interests of tho people demand that tho Judiciary should bo hold above and beyond all moro political influences; and all attempts of tho proas to control or to influence tho decisions of this highest legal tribunal in tho Stato should bo mot with that prompt and earn est douunciatiou'which it Justly deserves. This is an Instance whore tho olllco should sock tho mau, not tho man tho oilico, as Mr. Craig Is now doing, by traveling over tbo district in tho garb of a farmer. In his general appearance in this roapoot, ho out-lTorods Herod; but tho pooplo are not misled. Sir. Craig will doubtless soon resume his practice, and the suit of clothes ho was accustomed to wear before ho bocarao tbo farmers* candidate. G. H. L. The Convention tliat Nominated Mr. Cruiif. Yates Oixr, HI., May 21, 1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: As one of tho pooplo of tho Fifth Supremo Judicial District, I would like, through yonr columns, to call attention to somo of tho posi tions taken by tho Convention thjit placed in nomination for a seat on the Supromo Bench my follow-citizen, tho Hon. A. M. Craig. That Convention, among other acts, adopted tho fol lowing resolutions : Resolved, That tho provisions of tho Constitution of 1873 of the State of Illinois, In regard to railroads, are. equally with tho other provisions of tho Consti tution, tho supromo law of the State; and our Legis lature should provide tho necessary legislation to execute such provisions, and our courts should sustain and adopt tho samo. Jieiolved, That wo will support no man for office who Is not lu accordance with tho sentiments of those resolutions. That wo recommend to tho anti-monop olists of this State to nominate such candidates for Supremo and Circuit Judges, to bo supported ut tho ousuing Judicial election, as aro pledged to sustain tho wholo Constitution and laws of tho State lu accordance therewith, and wo will support none other, Tho first of thoso resolutions was undoubted ly colled forth by tho decision of tbo Supromo Court of tbo Btato in tho celebrated caso whoroin tho Pooplo, ox rol. City Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners, woro plaintiff, and tho Chicago, Alton & St. Loals Railroad Com pany tho defendants; and was Intended as a slap at Judgo Lawrence. This decision hod ref erence lu port to tho enforcement of Soc. 12, Art. 12, of tho prosont Constitution of tho Stato, which provides for tho fixing of maximum rates for the transportation of freights and paa . scugors, and which, so far as it sought to affect railroads running under charters granted them prior to tho adoption of this Constitution, has, by tho unbroken ’current of do'oisious of tho Supromo ■ Court of tho United States in oases in volving similar principles, been declared uncon stitutional as viewed in tho light of Part 1, 800. 10, Art. 1, of tho United States Con stitution, which provides, among other things, that “No Stato shall pass any law impairing tho validity of contracts, —thus settling, beyond tho possibility of a doubt’or controversy, that snob provisions of our Con stitution, so far as they may affect vested rights, aro repugnant to tho Constitution of tbo United States, wiiich, being tho supreme law of tho land, must bo tho measure of tho validity of every law, whether passed by Stato Legislatures or Constitutional Conventions, in all cases in volving its provisions. If this bo tho oorrooi view of the case,— and no good lawyer, 1 presume, will coll it in ques tion,—what must ho tho effect of tho enforce ment of tho provisions of the Btato Constitu tion as contemplated by tho resolutions of tho Princeton Batons ? Do those gentlemen pro pose to sot Btato Constitutions above tho Con stitution of tho United States ? Xu other words, do they purpose to inaugurate, by and through a prostitution of the State Judiciary, what ninny, of tho leading spirits of that Convention failed to accomplish through their representatives, tho late llobolflinarms, who, under the store andbars, sought to establish tho same doctrine. Let ns examine tho personnel of tho Princeton Convention, —for tho fruit may bo known by tho tree, as well as the troo by tho fruit,—and see if our last position ho well taken: First, thou, Judge Craig, Its nominee, was notoriously a peace Democrat during “ tho Into unpleasant ness.” Among the loading representatives from this county, personal friends and special advo cates of Its candidate, was Capt. George A. Charles, a loader of the anti-war Democracy. Bo too wore Messrs. Heaton, Oashtnnn, Lacy, and Knablo, from this county, and Messrs. Burdott and Dowdell, of Peoria; and doubtless tho same element will ho found to have hold, as hero, tho loading inlluonco in each of tho delegations act ing in that Convention. Those principles, in their adoption, may bo en tirely consonant with tho views of, and accepta ble to, tho old poaco Democracy. Btato rights may bo modloine for them and those who believe with them; bat bow will this pUl—sugar-coat it as you-;may—go down with tbo .thousands of bravo and trno men who battled to'establish tuo converse doctrine ? To tbo latter class I say, Hub oft tho sugar-oontlng, and see how; nauseous tbo pellet you are, asked to swallow, i In this section, wo aro wondering Just how It Rooms to tbo loyal, old Chicago Journal t the fierce foe of Secession, wbon it turns in with tbo Chicago Times as its bedfellow in tbo bod of State rights; - - But 1b tboro no remedy for railroad extortion ? Aro thoso monopolies to rule States and control tbo nation? Certainly not. Judgo.Lawrence, hi tbo decision above referred to, with a clear ness never too muob .to bo admired, points out a remedy, showing plainly how laws may bo framed that will at least correct a largo majority; of glaring abuses, and which suggestions havo re sulted in tho enactment of suitable laws by our lost Legislature, and wblob tbo railroads have wisoly concluded to oboy.' But, over and abovo this, tbo Constitution of tbo United States fur nishes an unquestionable remedy for tbo wrongs which certainly bavo arisen from tbo abuso of tbo provision above quoted, in that it provides for Its own amendment. Rdbtiodb. Bln Gralg aa a Hallroad«Atfomcy* Uaquon, Knox Co., 111., May 20,1873. To the Editor,of The CMoago Tribune: ' . Sir : As a citizen of thlw district, desirous 1 of having tho truth in regard to Mr. Craig’s rail road character known by tho pooplo, I wish to mako a candid statement. In Juno, 1871, tho only cow of Mrs. Mary E. Broadflold, residing In Yates City, was killed by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy oars, at tho crossing abont half a milo west of town. I was employed by her to try and got a settlement with tho Company, as it was a severe loss to her. I applied to tho railroad authorities at Galesburg in behalf of tho woman, and was treated with tho discourtesy usual to high railroad officials. After waiting a long time in tho hopo of getting' a settlement, I commenced suit against tho Company for tho valuo of the cow. * The .Hon, ,0. I*. Price appeared as the attorney for tho Bailroad Com pany. A motion was mode for a change of venue from tills county by Mr. Price, and on affidavit filed in support of tho motion. Tho object of this motion was to take tho cose oat of tho county to whore it • would bo expensive for tho plaintiff to prosecute her suit, and coat her more than tho oow was worth, up to this time no attorney had appeared in the case except Mr. Price, and imagine my surprise to boo Mr. Craig spring to his foot, and'make an argument in favor of tho railroad and against Mrs. Broad field. Notwithstanding the earnest effort of Price and Craig, tho motion was overruled, and tho case tried, and a jury of farmers gave a ver dict against tho Bailroad Company for SCO. 1 Mr. Craig’s name does not appear as tho attor ney of tho Chicago. Burlington a Quincy Bailroad In tho records of the court in that coso; hut Ido know (and many other persons who woro in tho court-room -will remember tho circumstances) that, upon this question between this ladv and this great railroad, Craig did interfere iu behalf of tho railroad. Now, tlio only question in tho matter is, whether Mr. Craig’s. natural sympa thies are all on tho sido of a groat Bailroad Company which refuses to,pay awdman'for her only oow, or whether ho is a regular railroad-at torney. lam oharitablo enough to believe l that ho is a railroad-attorney. . ; . , I give you this, os I have never seen a state ment of tho facts iu this case in any paper., How Mr. Craig* Electioneers# QALEsauna. 111, May 20, 1873. To tho Editor ftf The Chicago Tribune ; Sir: Mr. Craig boa little time with bis friends in Galesburg. Last week no-made his appearance at tho notorious saloon of Miko Connor, tho worst don in Knox County, treating tho crowd to drinks. In this stylo or - election eering thoro is nothingnow to Mr. Craig's habits, but if might bo supposed that, in canvassing for a high Judiaial office, - ho would -put on a moro dignified stylo. W. DECORATION DAY# Composition and Order of Jllarclt of tlio Procession—Tlio Post-pffico— Got# Yates. The various companies, military and civic, who intend taking part in tho coromonios bn Decora tion Day, will assemble at 10:30 a. m. at'tho places designated for tho respective divisions, reporting on their arrival to tbo Chief Marshal

of tho Cemetery Division that they wish to join: Calvary Division, Col. Owen Stowart, com manding, will assemble on Fifth avenue, right resting on Mouroo street. Bose Hill Division, Maj. B. M. Woods, com manding, on LaSallo street, right resting on Mouroo. . Oracoloud Division, Col. 8. D. Baldwin, Com manding: On Clark stroot, right resting on Mouroo. All soldiers and sailors not belonging to any organization, who are desirous of participating, will fall in in. roar of Banoom Post, G. A. 8., Bobo Hill Division: or in rear of the Twenty fourth Beglmont. if for Gracol&nd. Tho column will move in tho following order: Platoon of Felice. Band. Grand Marshal and Aides. Invited Quests In Carriage* Calvary Division. Band. BosohlU Division, Band. Gra colon (1 Division. Tho ronto willbonortli on Clark stroot to Mich igan ; west on Michigan to Wells; north on Wells to Chicago avonuo; Calvary and Bosohill Divisions forming lino and saluting tho Groco laud Division os they pass, when they will coun termarch back to railroad depot, corner of Klnzio and Canal streets, arriving there in timo for tho 1 p. m. train. Minnto guns will bo fired by Col. 0. Lipplu cott’s Battery, as tbo procession moves.. . J. McArthur, Grand Marshal. THE POST-OFFICE, Tho Post-Office will bo closed on Friday, 80th Inst., at 10 a. m., for tho day. Ono delivery by carriers will be mode throughout tbo city. The afternoon malls will oloso at 10 a. m.; tho even ing malls at tho usual hours. The money-order and Cashier's Departments will bo closed tbo en tire-day.' J. McArthur, P. M, oov. YATES. Goy. Blohard Yates has accepted an invitation to bo present in Chicago and participate in tbo decoration ceremonies. He will deliver tho ad dress at Gracoland Cemetery. AN IMPOSITION. Tho Grooh Hay Hoad. About the basest imposition practised upon tho people of Ohlcago is for the owners and managers of iho Green Bay Boad to charge toll, at tho gate a little south of Qracolond Cemetery. That gate ought to bo abolished as a fraud and a nuiaafico by tho Grand Jury and the County Court. It is difficult imagine how the road could bo kept in a worse condition. Its owners should bo modo to keep it in as g66'd condition, and watered at that, as tho avenues in Lincoln Park, or tboir gate should come down. Thoro is no road leading out of the city.that is so constantly thronged, and tho receipts must bo enormous. Somebody is perpetrating a huge swindle upon the public by putting all this money into their own pockets, and leaving tho road to take euro of itself. Will not tho city or tho county, or both,—parties who ought to guard tho inter ests of tho public,—give early and energetic at tention to tuiS matter ? MURDER IN CASS COUNTY, MICH. Correspondence <\J The Chicago Tribune . Oisaorous, Mich., May 20,1873. Lost Saturday, a colored man by tho uamo of John Stafford was shot and killed by David P. James, on his farm, in Newberry Township, this county. James came down here to give himself up to tho officers, but was told by hla counsel to go homo, and, when wanted, ho would bo sent for. Tho evidence before tho Coroner's jury showed that James and Stafford had quarreled in a field where Jaihos was planting corn, and James had boon beaten; whereupon ho wont to tho houso, got his gun, and ordered Stafford off his promises. Stafford turned to go, and, when about fifteen paces away, James shot.hlm, kill ing him-instantly. James and his wlfo then dragged tho body into tho hoiiso, with tho in tention. it is thought, of alleging tho killing to have taken placo there. Officers Morwln and Allen arrested James last night, and ho Is now in jail. Stafford was a hard character, and so was James. Considerable ex citement prevails in the neighborhood in regard to tho circumstances, and rumors of lynching wore ailoat. When found, James was secreted about miles north of his residence, in the woods, at a houso occupied by a single man,— claiming that he hod secreted himself for fear of being lynched. His examination will take place sometime this week* Joan A. Talbot. , THE TORNADO. . ! ' . 1 1 1 ■ i ' \ I An ; Appeal/ for -Aid for the Suffer- ers In lowa.' Particulars of the Devastation in Kansas. TUo Tornado in lowa. '■■■■■' '' May 37,1873. To the Chicago Tribumf Bin: In bobalf of tho sufferers made homeless and destitute by tho torriblo tornado which passed ovor this county on tho 22d Inat., I bog leave to mako known tholr obndition and wonts to tho pooplo 6f your city; also, tho manner of receiv ing and disbursing such donations' as they may doslro to send to those sufferers. A general view of tills great calamity has boon obtained by your pooplo through tho press of your city;: It would bo useless to attempt a far ther description, for language Is utterly bank rupt to give tho true, appalling character of such a destruction of Ufo and property. Cut yesterday all was life, plenty, comfort, and hopo, with this' pooplo; to-day, death, dostruo- Uou, desolation, and despair I This sod condition is absolutely Indescribable. Those who escaped death aro utterly helpless, and tholr lives aro moro torriblo than death it self. Tho citizens of this city hold a public mooting last night, to ralso material old for thoso suffer ers. Baring tho mooting, dispatches woro road from Mr. Coolbangh, and tho Cashier of tho Union National Book of your city, donating oaoh SIOO for tholr-relief. Tho generous donations were received with gladness and joy. John A. Henderson, President of our Board of. Supervisors; Capt. T. B. Dougherty, and William Wilson, Jr., merchants, woro appointed, a general receiving and disbursing committee, with instructions to learn tho actual wants-of the truly needy, and furnish them proper sup plies. While conducting this meeting last evening, wo wore reminded of similar ones hold in tills city had county to ralso donations for tho suf ferers of • Chicago, nearly two ■ years since, when that city was nearly blotted out of existence by one of tho greatest calamities of earth. Our pooplo responded nobly, generously, and prompt ly to those deserving sufferers. To-day, many of thoso generous donors, in turn, Imvohdcomo tho victims of another grout calamity,’tmd Chicago lias arisen from hoc ruins to moro than her former greatness and pros perity. doubt not tho prayer of those sufferers, whoa made Known to your good pooplo, will receive a generous response with glad hearts.' Mr. Ooolbaagh and tho Union National BanV have stepped forward with generous and timely aid. and wo know that many other donations will follow thoso. provided assurance can bo given that they will roach the true sufferers. 1 All donations sent to tho above named Com mittee, or to tho National Bank, or tho First National Bank, of this city, will do safely re ceived, and distributed to tbo sufferers, and a trno account rendered to the satisfaction of all. J, F. Bnown. ‘ Tlio Tornado in Kansas# From the Feoaho County {Kan.) Journal, Extra, . Way li. From Mark A. Patterson, Esq., of Lincoln Township, in this county, wo loam tho following hurried particulars of a terrible wind-storm which occurred in that township on Thursday afternoon last, about S o'clock, in which seven Cons wore killed and ten wounded, and an onso amount of property destroyed. From our informant wo learn that tho torriblo hurricane commenced at tho residence of Mr. Joseph Boyuolds, about 3 miles northwest of Jacksonville. His fonooa lyoro scattered in every direction, posts wore tom from tbo ground, and a hon-houso was lifted eomo forty feet in tho air and scattered like feathers. Tho wind evidently then rose and took a south easterly direction, doing no further damage until it reached tho residence of Hr. Black. Ho with, his family wore inside tho house, when the* wind struck it and completely demolished it, without a moment’s warning being given to tho inmates. Nearly every member of tho family, consisting of seven or eight, wore moro or loss injured, —Mr. Black himself probably mortally. The storm then suddenly took a northeast direction, towards tho farm of J. W. Bogard, a quarter of a mile from Black’s. Mr. Bogard’s bouse had its roof blown off and ono side blown down, but tho family miraculously escaped in jury. Two houses adjoining Bogard’s wore then attacked by tbo storm, and soon nothing was loft of thorn. They wore unoccupied. The frame house of Hezoldah Smith was next in order.—some 260 yards farther on. It mot a similar rate. Mrs. Smith was seriously hart, but .will probably recover. Mr. Spurgeon, Secretary of tbo Kansas Stato Grange, lived about a quarter of a milo from Smith’s. His house, which was occupied by himself, wife, and six or seven children, and his father and mother, and a brother, was lifted from its foundation ana blown to atoms. Mr. Goo. Spurgeon was not at homo at tho time. Tho old gentleman received injuries from which ho dioa on Friday; ono child had its arm broken in two places, and an other its leg broken. Out-houses,wagons, fences, «ko., were mown to pieces, and a lot of stock was killed.- Ono wagon-tiro was found some distance off detached from tbo wheel, and almost com pletely straightened ont. Tho feathers woro blown from chickens almost as clean as they, could have boon nicked. Two houses belonging to Jacob Hooper, aboat a quarter of a mile from Spurgeon’s, woro next visited. Mr. H.’a family occupied ono, and an other family the other. Tho houses were, like the others, completely demolished, but tbo fam ilies escaped without any loss of life. Quo of the houses was built of logs, which woro scat tered in every direction. Ono log was thrown .across tho bod in wliich tho children woro lying at the timo, but, strange to say, tho children wore unharmed. ' Tho next place was tho log houso of Andrew BrazoU. about a quarter of a mile oast. His wife and child wore in the houso. Tho logs wore scattered In every direction, and. as strangely as it may seem, both escaped serious injury. A largo granary, filled with com and oats, was scattered to the winds. The next houso blown down was that of old Mr. Boaoubury, about half a mile further on. Mr. B. .had a largo family,who woro in thohouso. Tho storm came: suddenly, and, almost before they know it,' the house was demolished. Tho family all escaped, with the exception of a child about 7 months old, which was blown from its mother’s arms and dashed to pieces. Household furniture, out-houses, and everything of a mov able nature, totally disappeared, leaving the family entirely destitute. Mr. B. also lost a lot 'of stock. Mr. F, H. Dumbauld, who is Master of tho Kansas State Grange, lived on the adjoining farm, and was the next sulTcrr. His houso mob a similar fate to that of tho others, aud ono of his children was killed. A largo bam filled with tobacco was also blown down, and It with its contents Is a total loss. The .farm-houses of D. B. Addis. John Frogg, and Mr. Gwlnu .were-also demolished, They woro occupied by thoir families, but wo havo not hoard whether any of-them woro injured or not. The .house of a widow by tbo rmrao of Hooper was also blown down. Sho bad quito a largo family of children, one of whom was in stantly killed, and another disappeared, and has nob yet boon found. It is supposed tho latter was blown into tho creek and probably drowned. Mrs. Hooper had her arm bioson in two places. it is also rumored that a Mr. Saulsbmy’s house was blown oyer and one of his children killed. It is impoosiblo at present to form any idea of tho extent of tho damages. Suffice it tosay that the portion of tho country through which tho hurricane passed is completely laid waste, and tho inhabitants are in an extremely destitute condition. Tho storm excelled in fury anything wo over hoard of. STILL A MYSTERY. Tho Coroner commenced, yesterday, at tho Morguo, an investigation iuto tho cause of tho death of Michael McLaren, who was found in the river, ( near YauDuroa street bridge, last Sunday. 'Seven witnesses, all members of the Moulders’ Union, wore examined, hut their tes timony throw no light upon ' tho case. They stated that McLaren was present at tho moot ing on tho night of tho 17th lust.; that ho was very drunk, and had a quarrel with a man named Henry J. Doolan. Tho latter is Conductor of tho Union, and his duty is to keep order while tho members ore In session. McLaren was very noisy, and Doolan told Win to keep quiet. MoLoron refused to do so, and called Doolan a “ scab,” which implied that ho did not belong to the Union. Doolan retorted with “ You are & liar,” nnd a fight might havo taken: nlaco had not tbo noise attracted tho attention or tho men In tho hall. Ono oMbom was aunt out by tho; President to aoo wboiwastbo matter, 'and when ho obaonrod tho condition of MoLafeh, ' ho'led him down stairs and told him to walk'around for a whilo. McLaren started south on Flflh avonuo, and no ono saw him subsequently nntil his body was taken out of tbo river, Dotoctivo -Simons fonndthat Doolon did not leavotho hall until aftor 10 o'clock, and that bo wont to bis homo in company with several friends. Dr. Emmons, tbo County Physician, was not present at tho Inquest, and the result of tHo post raortoni examination being nnattatnablo except from him, tbo Jury wore dismissed nntil 10 o'clock this morning. Drs. Strong, Ohonowoth, and Hiddoa- • son oxaroinod tbo)wounds la tho hood* arid they, aro fiatisflod'tbat tbo fracture of tho skull was not sufficient to cause death." It may havo boon produced by a blow from a blunt Instrument! n fall, or a propeller’s wheel; It is generally thought that a fall caused it, and that McLaren walked into tbo river from tbo dock between. Monroo pn’d Adams streets; nothing whatever having boon discovered which Would Justify tbo conclusion that bo was murdered. ANOTHER NEW HOSPITAL. Tho Aloxlnn Drotliora’ Hospital Ready for Do«llcatloti->Tho Ceremony to lie Performed Monday Forenoon I>y . flUliop Foley—Programme of Ar**‘ iraugemonts. • j . On Monday next, at 0 o'clock a. m., tbo Alex lon Brothers' Hospital will bo dedicated by iho Bight Bov. Bishop Foley. ’ It is orootod bn tho site of .tho formor ono, which shared tho fato of all other North Sido Institutes in tho groat fire of 1871. Tho now bdlfico, has risen from iho ashes of tho old, and presents a very attractive and.'etrikingly-offoctlvo appearance* It is built of pressed stono and brick, three stories and basement in height, surmounted by a roof. Tho style of orohltooturo is ploasiifg to tho oyo, being a .mix ture of Boman and Gothic. It . has : a frontage on Market and Franklin streets of 160 foot, and on Blaok Hawk street, which runs west from Wells to Sodgwlok street, of 72 foot. Tho. north wing is tho ohapol, a perfect gem of beauty, and Is tastefully dooordted for the occa sion. It has four stained glass windows, Oothlo stylo, each 21 foot high, and wore donated to tho Hospital by Mr. Mish, a woll-known glass stainor. Tho main entrance opens on Market street, through tho pleasure-grounds, which aro very tastefully laid out, and at considerable ox- Eonao. Tbo interior arrangements aro excellent,' olng designed with special reference to the com fort of tho patients. Tho Hospital has GO rooms, comfortably arranged, and well venti lated. Tbo building was designed by Mr. Otto Mats. Tbo mason-work was done ■ under the •superintendence of Mr. Suffer; carpofitor-work by Mr. H. Wiahmoyor.: plastering by Mr. Boss ; tin-work by Lauor & Kreasor; cornice-work by Mr. Gateau; steam-boating by Messrs. Crane Bros. Tho mechanics in their several branches have given tho Brothers entire satisfaction. Right ovorthodoor of tho main entrance, placed in a nicho, is a beautiful marblo statue, debt foot high, representing Saint John of Ood (founder of tho order of Tho Brotbora of Morey) folding in bis arms a poor paralytic, whoso bead is rest ing on the shoulders of the Saint, while bis fingers clasp around the nock. It is an admira ble piece of sculpture, from the chisel of Mr. • Busbor. by whom it was donated tp tho Hospital. From tho top of tho control towor floats tho "Stars and Stripes,” on a flagstaff 50 foot high, surmounted by the American eagle, which meas ures foot from tho tip to tip of oach wing. This was tho gift of Drs. Bolfert and Baxter,' both of whom have boon In dally attendance on tho Hospital from tho first advent of the Brothers, hi Chicago— Tho wholo.institution is supported by charitable donations. -Catholics and Protes tants alike should testify to thdr-appreciation of tho groat sacrifices made by those Brothers in tho cause of human suffering, by supporting an in stitution which-makes no distinction m either religion or nationality. ■ On last Sunday, a mooting of the Presidents and representatives of tho Catholic societies of tho-city was held in tho reception room'of tho Hospital; with tho view of participating in tho S recession on Monday, Juno 2. Mr. Charles E. [ooro, of Saint Oolumkillo Society, occupied tho chair, Mr. Mathew Schmitz acting as Secretary. Tho following resolutions wero adopted: Iteeolved, That all tho Ostbolio noddles in the city are requested to attend In procession. Iteeolced, That a Grand Marshall shah bo elected, under whosoordors tbo sovoral societies shall form. itesolved, That each society shall elect their Assistant Marshall. On motion, Mr. Adam Schillo was unani mously olooted.Qrand Marshall of tho day. Tho following lino of. march was then agreed on: Tho South and West Side societies aro to moot and form on South Olark street, at tho corner of Folk, at 7.30 a. m.; thonco 'march north on Olark street to Van Baron t west-to Wells; north to Chicago avenue, whore they will bo joined by tho societies of tho-Nortb and West Sides.- The societies of St. Michael’s . Church will .moot at their respective bolls at 7:30 a. m.; form in lino ; thouco march south on Larraboe street' to Division, whore they will-bo joined by the so* oioties of tho Northwest: form ono procession;, then march from Division to Haricot street; thonoo to tit. Joseph Church, whore tho societies of that ohuroh will join thorn; thou march south to Chicago avonue and Wells street, whoro all will form in one procession under tho direc tions of tho Grand marshal, and toko up their march from Wells west to Division; thence to Sedgwick street; thouco to North avonuo ; east to Franklin ; thouco south to tho hospital, whoro all aro expected to arrive at 0 a. m. Tho dedicatory ceremony will bo conducted by tho Bipht Bov. Bishop Foloy, after which a sol emn high mass will bo celebrated by tho Bov. Father Moinrad, prior of tho Benedictine order. Tho choir of Saint Joseph .Church, under the direction of tho organist, Hr. Banker, have kindly consented to be pres ent. Tho dedication sermon will bo preached by tbo Right Bovorend Bishop, followed by a ser mon in tho German language by tho Bey. Fathor Karlstattor. 'As no of charity was over .Inaugu rated or carried to a successful oud without tho assistance of tho ladies, they have generously tendered their services on this occasion, and promise to attend faithfully to tho requirements of tho inner man. Tho following. names. com prise tho Ladies’ Committee: President —Mrs. Collins. Viec~l*resident —Mrs. Barth. Treasurer —Mrs. Bushor. .... Assisted by Mrs. Prindevillo, Mrs. Itlohoh Mrs. Will iams, Mrs. Allen, Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Moumgor, Mrs. Chapman, Mrs. Ernst, Mrs, GocUo, Mra.' Ryan. Mrs. Mason, Mrs. Sohnatlau, Mrs. Dietrich, Mrs. Horn, Mrs. Augustus, Mrs. Nigh, Mrs. Walsh, airs. Bank, Mrs, Trautman, the Messrs, Bchmlth. - • , ■ Dinner will ho served up'lmmodiatoly after the ceremonies aro concluded. All - kinds of re freshments will ho .served, strong liquors ex cepted. Any of tho Catholic societies which wore not represented at the mooting of last Sunday. , do-' siring to loin tho procession, can. form with tho other societies at tho lime and places os already directed by tho Grand Marshal. THE RAILWAY MASTER-MECHANICS’ CONVEN TION—ITS LABORS AND RESULTS. i DunMNaiON, la., May SO, 1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: ' ’ > Sm: 1 was much interested in your editorial on this subject. .The discussions aud labora of such a body of practical men aro, indeed, of groat interest to the public. Vast os bur rail road-system has become,, yet very far from perfect. When such men moot once a year, to tho number of morb than 100, representing all tho loading companies, something surely must result from 'such a convocation. ' Woli,lot us see what was clone. According to your dispatches from Baltimore, the Associatlou mot on Tuesday, May 18. Tho President an nounced a donation of .$3,000 from tho Commit tee of Kocoptlou of last year, Tho Vlco-Prosl dout also gavo out tho following programme: Tuesday afternoon, an excursion to Annapolis, au.d visit to tho Naval School; Wednesday after noon, visit to Druid Hill Park ; Thursday after* noon, visit to Mount Olaro Works, Baltimore & Ohio B^lroad,— on which day tho Association adjourned slno die. Friday was spout in visit-, ing Washington City, and Saturday wound up the “ proceedings ” with a visit to Now York,' and a grand banquet at tho St. Nicholas Hotol, given by tho railway supply men who had axes to grind. This, whilo brakomon and conductors on freight trains kiss their wixos and babies every morning, uncertain whether they "will over see them again, but very certain they will ho brought homo, soouor or lator, mangled corpses, scarcely to bo roooguizod, through tho barbarous system of coupling oars now m use, but which any ouo of a dozen well-known devices would certainly obviate. This, while hundreds of passengers and railway-employes wore killed outright tho past wiutor, other hundreds maimed for life, and millions of dollars of property destroyed through the defects of tho present shape of Iron rails and axles, as adapted to tho severity of our climate. Tbo Association passed a Hip* .pant resolution deprecating compound axles, or those made of more than ono piece of iron, /When it is well known that any bar of motnl modo °f more than ono piece, on which there is much strain, is relatively stronger than when made of a single piece, ana that, if one part of such a bar breaks, tbo other will bold it together till tbo fracture can bo detected and repaired. --"It is more than believed—it is pretty certainly known—that fuUyono-baU.of tbo. present de struction of life aud-proporty from couplers, nnd broken axles and mils, might bo obviated by an Intelligent effort to do so. But what can bo ox- Soctocl when such n body as thd above moot their utlos and responsibilities In such a way ? While theta Is a timo for ; nir things, Junketing and frol ics certainly do not belong to such occasions os this. ' B. CORRUPTION IN SCHOOL-SUPPLIES. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune : ■" 6ia: Indiana,-overcoming hor former back wardness, has of lato boon pushing forward to the front rank in matters educational. One of the late changes in tho School law of that State deserves some attention, as it indicates tho ex istence of ahovll which the people havo evident ly attempted to cheek., In tho act changing the office of School’Examiner W County Superin tendent, It is provided that tho latter shall not act as agent for school-books, or school-furni ture, or anything pertaining to schools. Tho evil of allowing public officers to have any advantage from tho contracts which' they moke with, tho public money, is too fatally apparent in our wide-spread and disgraceful corruption to need any comment boro. Tbo States have token core to prevent this In tbo case of school officers by legislation which boa in tho main boon ef fectual. Bat tho exigencies of modem trade will find the weak places in any barriers, and tho fault of the Indiana legislation is, that it did not go far enough. It should by all moans have prohibited all school-officers, Directors, and Trustees, from becoming interested in such contracts. Such interests are taken, and the law evaded on the point. ■ I know of a loading manufacturer of school furmturoln Cincinnati who has recently circular ized Indiana thoroughly, to say nothing of other Slates, offering to .Directors and other school officers liberal commissions on their furniture, if it can bo introduced into tbo schools. • It docs not require any consideration to see tbo evil effects of such a course, both on the schools, and school-officers ; and tho least on tho former, for tbo harm is not in tho getting of prio kind of furniture rather thon another, But 'in the corruption of tho moral sonso that must follow. Tho efforts of Directors to uso tho pub lic money to their own advantage, and this they cannot help being tempted to do, tbo inevitable tendency-being to -buy for their schools of the firm which pays thorn tho best commission. Not is It so much tho small gain of 650 or SIOO which tho Director may make/ os it is tho, training in political honesty .y?hich ;ho will got.—tho men that the public money is merely a grab-bag, into which every public officer may thrust bis hand, If it bo only in the buying of school-furniture or school-books. Some of those men have horn received their first trust in public affairs, and from it will ho advanced to other olilcos. This is their initia tion. No wonder that, when they learn to mako perquisites out of tho neighborhood funds, it should terminate in Credit MobiUor in Congress. Many of: those men ore as yet too honest to touch bribes, and •have' positively ■ refused oil offers of tho kind; but human virtue cannot bo rolled upon'to stand against persistent tompta .tion, and tho public,' which has tho highest pos sible interest ip virtue, should protect tho tender plant in the souls of all its incipient politicians by a legislative hedge strong enough to keep out all marauders in .the shape of either book agents or stock-brokers. & MOUNTED FIREMEN. To ths Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sm : Tho importance of mounted firemen, with police powers, whoso business shall bo to patrol the city, arrest incendiaries, give prompt alarm in case of fire, and precede tho regular force to tho scone of conflagration, has not been fully appreciated. The first five minutes of a fire are tbo per ilous ones, ; and never should ton bo allowed to elapse before somo working member of the Flro Department is on tho spot, ready to pitch in, re gardless of office or dignity. Hero was tho beauty of tho volunteer system, which gave our private - citizens ■ a special pride and interest in having a neighboVsproperty,' They did not look on with folded hands,' wilting, for the ongino to arrive and perform their duty, but, forming ** an impromptu bucket company, they fought tho flro face to face. As' a more spark .may produce a groat conflagration, so a single . bucket* of water, used at tbo right time and place, may extinguish one. Tho prompt arrival of one intelligent and active fire man at an incipient fire may do more than the entire force a mlnuto too late. Honco tho urgency and wisdom of dispatching at once, and at full speed, • mounted firemen, provided with band-hose, buckets, etc., to .tho fire, with fall authority to comp'd tho service of any bystander they may require in subduing the conflagration, those volunteers to serve until the arrival of tho •regular firemen, and to' bo paid like them for their services. . In a largo city, next-door neigh bors aro apt to bo strangers, and it is too much to oxpoct a volunteer to risk his life without being paid, for his services. But mounted firemen aro a necessity, both as patrols and as advance-workers at tho scone of conflagiation, and should bo provided for every ward of the city. - ■■■ M. 0. Abolition of. Privilege. - From the Woodstock (til.) Sentinel, One of tho'most serious objections wo ovor bad to the franking privilege, arose from tho fact that It was a privilege. In theory, wo have no privileged classes In this country; and still there is, aud; always has boon, far too manyol them. ' Because wo mako' Thomas Buncomb our Representative in ’ Congress, it is no reason why,ho should rccoivo and scud all hie mall-matter and postage froo. ’ It Is no rea son why *ho should rccoivo froo transporta tion for ulmsclf and family, on all the railroad and steamboat linos in tho laud. It is no reason why tho express and telegraph companies should do his business .without compensation. It is no reason why gas in Washington should bo fur nished him without charge—no reason why he should have free tickets to all tho entertainments in that city, or anywhere - else. ■ Tho salary of a member of Congress should bo, and was, oven before tho last steal, so liberal that ho could pay his way everywhere the same as if he was o . private citizen, . We do not know why any man should enjoy privileges of any.sort. . Wo don’t know why an Individual who makes preaching his profession should not pay taxes on all of his property, tho same as if he wore a physician, a lawyer, or an editor. ‘ Wodon’t know why property invested in churches should bo exempt from taxation. It amounts to many millions in this Stato, and yet it docs not contribute one dime toward tho sup pbrf of tho State or National Governments. It oujoys'tlio'protection of' Government the samo as any other species, of property, but makes no pecuniary return. ‘ A 1 religious society may bo ovor so rich,lt raoy.havo more money tfianit can use judiciously, and still it enjoys entire immu nity front taxation; Churches aro privileged property. .. . And this brings the subject of editorial doad-hoadism, which is only another name for “privilege.” Wo are quite as much opposed to this sort of privilege whoa the benefits inimro to gentlotnen belonging to our profession, as when ’they aro onjoyod uy other parties. Of course, wo have done tho. usual amount of froo riding; and wo are willing it- should., bo understood wo doelro to long as anyone olso does: .in other words, wo wont all tho privileges granted to anybody. - But whenever the railroad compa nies will stop issuing ,froo passes altogether: when they come fo the determination to mako all who use tneir roaqspay a reasonable sum for tho same, they will receive our hearty thanks, and we shall pay for the riding we do os-ohcorfully as anyone. .. A Now York journal; speaking of tho matter, says i ■■ Nowhere but In this country do poop!., above tho rank of mendicants, solicit free rldor on railways, free passes on steamboats,, free tickets to tho circus, and free dinners at hotela, > But hero boats of people who would ho Insulted by. tho imputation of mendi cancy or poverty, solicit those benefits habitually, lay ing aside all dignity and Independence of spirit, and contentedly receiving a value for which they retain no equivalent. This is all iruo, and wo shall bo glad to sco tills whole discreditable business Broken up root and branch 5 and now is a good tlmo to Erosooute thb ' work. Tho franking privilege oa boon abolished, and now. lot us look abou and boo what other privileges oxisl> and open uppn thorn. Uudor our Republican system there should bo no privileged pontons. Every man la tho poor of every other men, and entitled to tho same treatment, not only from the Qovommont, but from tho institutions which are tho offspring of Government

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