Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, May 29, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated May 29, 1873 Page 4
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TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. terms op bdimoription (payarlb ih advance). Parts of a yonr n( tho baiuo rnto. To Rrotontdolsjr ami mistakes, bo saro And airs Post O(i!co address In full, including Htato nnd County. Remittances may bo made clliior by drnfl, express, Post Othca ordor, or In rcpUlurod lollero, lit ourrlsk. TERMS TO CITY SURfiCmREHS. Tnlly, delivered, Sunday excepted. Cft contr per wook. Dully, delivered, Sunday Included. 80 cents par week. Address TUB TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Doarborn-sli., Chicago, 111. CONTENTS OF THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE, IiU9T PAGE-NEWS ov TIIE Weekj Washington— .StMo Affairs—Political—I 1 orclan j -Ol>lUiary Personal— Religious Bodlos-Koonlar Bodies—Money and Business —ljilmr-Rallroads—Fraud and Tiicft—Crlracs—Casual, ties—Fires—Miscellaneous. THE FARM AND Garden: A Question in Regard to tho Value of Plowing—How Plants aru Fed—Manuring on tho Hnrlaco-Khallow Plowing— I The Bont Winter Apple—Tho Plum, with Somo Suggest Inna in Regard to Improved Varieties, and a Uolloetuiu of tho Native Fruit—How tho Grape Han Booh Improved. Corn: Will Thom Bo a Short Oropl’ Tim Lumper-Trade: Suspension of a Heavy Combi. • nation, with Liabilities of $0,000,000. BlttJUNl) PAGE—Editorials: Agriculture tboßaslsof Industry—Tho Fanners* Movement and tho Old Parties - Tho Corn* Crop of 1878—Mr. A. M. Craig’s Record— Through Frolcnta and tho Railroad Law—The lowa Tornado-Tho Crisis In Franco—Tho Minnesota Treas ury* Ut laical lon—Taxation of Churoh-Proporty—A Per. version of Truth. THIRD PAGE—Lima: Llfo In tho Capital of Pora-A Morulng-Vlow from tho Hill of Corro Aral—Lights In tho Markot-Sauaro— Flowers. Fruits, Birds, ami Mon keys—A Street-Panorama—Beggars, Dogs,‘ and Tur key-Buzzards—Water-,lars, Donkeys, and Lottery* Mou. Political! Ohio Republican Kioto Convention —State Odloers Nominated—Tho Platform. A Good Work: What the Humane Society Is Accomplishing— How Its Agent Manages Affairs at tho Stock.Yaras— Instances of Ornoltr Practised on Horses. Sheep, and Oxen. Judicial: Messrs. Lawrence and Craig—Tho Farmers' Association of Knox County vs. Orals— Farmers' Convention In tho Hooond Supremo Court IBs. (Net: A Split and Two Nominations—The Chicago Cir cuit kludges Announce Themselves as Candidates lor Ho- Election—tatter from .Judge Vandovoor—Circuit Con ventions. HUMOR: A Collection of Comicalities. FOURTH PAGE—Editorials: Tbo Farmers and tbo .Supremo Court—A tiorimmago In a Grave-Yard—Tho Pans System—Mr. Jasper Packard and tho Baok.Pay— A Supporter of Craig. The JUDICIAL ELECTION! Monday, Juno 3, 1878-Candidates for Supreme and Circuit Judges la Illinois—Proceedings of tho Farm* ers’Convention for tho Second Supremo Judicial Dis trict-Rival Conventions at Polo. The apiary: What Invontlvo Genius Has Done for tho 800-Moth—Curious Dovlces-Ounnlng Ways of tho Moth—How It Eludes Capture—How to Ascertain Their Presence In a Hive— Way to Remove Thom—To Prevent Their Invasions. Mrs. Ham Jones: Effects of Wot Weather—A Com* psnjatlonor Salvo for Its Continuance—Delay In Flori culture—Tho Sowing Society tho Victim of tho Con tinued HSlua—Clearing Up tho Dead Trees and Shrubs —Condition of tbo Orchard— I Tho Insects nnd tbo Birds —Seme Things that Alust Bo Endured—Yankee Flint- Com and • Buckwheat—Almut Croquet-Playing—Ono Should Make tho Bont of tho Situation. The Bender Family : Arrest of John Bender at Ely Station. lowa Juuiler Notes: More Distinguished Guests. Wet Weather: In lowa nud Nebraska. FIFTH PAGE—The INDIANS: Unconditional Surrender of a Largo Portion of tho Alodocs—An American In vasion of Mexico In Pursuit of Redskins—Where Ospt. . Jack la—Fight with tho Apaches. A Bio Jou: Husk, ing 700,000 -Bushels of Com. Tire Farmers’ Move- MENT: Resolutions of tho Hondonon and Do Kalb County Farmers’ Ansoolatlons—Address of tho Farmers’ Convention of tbo Twenty-third Judicial District. THE Late astor House Convention: Statements by a Member. Louisiana: Trial of Gen; Do Blanc and Others of tho St. Alnrtliuvlilo Tax-Resistors —Tho Prisoners Discharged on tho Evidence of Wltncssos for tho Prosecution. Railroad Convention: A South- Atlantia Outlet for tho Products of the Northwest. Weather and Crops: In Illihuls and-Kansas. Na tional Agricultural Congress: Its Meeting at Indianapolis. Butter and Cheers: Sales at Elgin. Cheap Transportation: Tho Fanners' Convention at Atlanta. Ga. National Finances: Receipts and Ex penditures for tho Quarter Ending March 81, 1873. Advertisements, a SIXTH PAGE-TUG lowa TORNADO: Tho Terrible Oy clonoln Washington and Keokuk Counties—Full Do tails of tho T Hurrlcano of Last Thursday Afternoon— Milos of Devastation and Ruin—Groat Loss of Property —Houses, Barns, Fonons, Orchards, and Forests Razed to tho Ground—Sohoot-Housos, Teachers, and Scholars Whirled In tho Storm—Twelve Persona Killed and Twenty-four More or Loss Wounded—A Flock of I,COO Khocp Carried Off nnd Mashed to Atoms—Tho Village of Lancaster, Kookuk C’onutv, Badly Wrecked—Tho Hur ricane on tho Mississippi—Tn'o Steamboats Seriously Damaged—'Thrilling Description of tho Storm-King's Ride. SEVENTH PAGE-TORNADOES: At Various Points In Illinois, nod at Memphis, Tono. THE Polaris: Sto ries of tho Rescued—Who Tyson nnd Buddington Aro. Miss MEIIETAREL’a SON: An Interesting Story byT.B. Aldrich. Poetry: Wilt Thou Begin Thy Life Again 7 A Chinese Lovo-Hong—Holy's Guess. EIGHTH PAGE—Financial: Chicago Money-Market— New Railroad Loans. Commercial: Chicago Produce- Markets, with Review for tho Wook—Chicago Lumber- Market—Herkimer County (N. Y.) Dairy Market— European Markets—Buffalo and Boston Live-Stock Markets—Now York Dry-Goods Market—Now York, St. Louis, Toledo, and Milwaukee Produce Markets. Louisiana: Proclamation by tbo President. Grain Prospects: In tho Northwest and California. Tree- Planting in Illinois: Premiums Offered by tho Stato Agricultural Society. Peaches: Tho South Haven (Mich.) Orchards. Singular Death: Killed by a Peanut. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. McVIOKEITS THEATRE—Madison street. between Dearborn and State. Engagement ol Edwin Adame. " Enoch Arden." HOOLEY’S THEATRE—Randolph elroot, between Clark and LaSalle. ".False Shame." AIKEN’S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, comer of Con* gross street. Tho Laura Konno Comedy Combination. T * Huntod Down 5 or, tho Two Lives of Mary Leigh." ACADEMY OF MUSIC Halstod street, between Madison ami Monroe. Theatre Continue Combination. BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTURV-WB SOLD IN drawing of 22d April last tbo @£00,00(1 prize. Circulars sent; Information given. J. IJ. MARTINEZ A CO., Bankers, 10 Wall-at. P. O. 80l -1685. Now York. OPEN ALL NiOHT-OUR OLARK-BT. STORE will Ito kept open hereafter all night (or tbo convenience of (hose requiring prescriptions. GALE A BLOOKI, Druggists, South ularkut., opposite tho Court House, nad 67 West Randolphs!. BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYK. THIS SPLENDID hair dye In tbo beat In tho world. Tho only true and per fect dyo. Harmless, reliable, and Instantaneous; oodlsap pointmuot; no ridiculous lints or unpleasant odor. Reme dies tho ill effects of bad dyes and washes. Produces Im mediately a superb black or natural brown, and loaves the baircloan, soft, and beautiful. Tbo genuine, signed W, A. Batchelor. Bold by all druggists. OIiAULEU BATCHELOR, Proprietor, N. T. Uht Cfeilmue. Thursday Morning, May 29, 1873. Tho Atlantic Bank is not so badly hurt by Taintor’a defalcation as was feared at first. Its Moots aro found to amount to 70 per cent of tho Mobilities. Secretary Richardson has recalled all tho legal tenders outstanding of thoso illegally reissued by tho Treasury, and has restored tho greenback currency to its proper level of $350,000,000. In the opinion of tho Boston Eight-Hour League, tho suro euro for tho corrupt elections, dishonest legislation, and wide-spread crimes of tho day, is to reduce tho hours of labor. From L&8allo comos tbo statement that the inversion of the grain trade from the canal, on account of the Chicago inspection, is so serious that a largo number of boats are lying idle along the river and the canal, which is doing less busi ness than over boforo. President Grant is said to sustain Col. Mac kenzie unreservedly in carrying his pursuit of tho Kickapoo marauders across tho hud and giv ing thoir defeat tho finishing touch on Mexican soil, and to havo determined to treat Mexico os an accessory if sho makes &ny protests. Spurgeon writes to a lecture-broker of Wis consin who offered him SOOO a night to lecture for one hundred nights in this country, that his only ambition is to proaoh Jcbub Christ simply, and without attempt at eloquence. Ho declines to come, but invokes a blessing upon our pros perity. , ' Mootings were, hold last night in tho Third, Fourth,'Fifth,'Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Four teenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Wards, to protest against tho temperance ordinances of tho Common Council, and to select delegates to tho Central Committee, which moots to-day at Bis marck Hall, • Several railroads of tins State, among them tho Chicago, Alton & St. Louis and tho Chicago & Northwestern Hoads, have assured , tho Hail road Commissioners of their Intontion'of obey ing tho now Hoiiroad law, and have asked for a conference, In order that they may learn what Is expected of them by the Commissioners. Soutanta and Big Tree, who have been tried and convicted of murder am] are now In Jail in Texas, aro the subjects of a great deal of bollol tudo at the Interior Department. • Becfotaiy. pclano has again asked Qpy. Davis to par don (hem. JJo mode a similar request on March 23, but recalled it three weeks afterwards. 110 explained that ibis apparent reconsideration was a temporary concosaion to Borne objootlons made by Gen. Sborraau and to public soutl mont, tbon inflamed by tbo Modoc massacres. Secretary Delano Bays bo boob no reason for interfering with tho awarda for Indian supplies recently made by tbo Indian Oommlßßlonora, nnd baa approved them. Ho does not think tbo Oommiaaionora wont beyond tbo discretion al lowed them by Congress, and, as they bad tbo concurrence of tbo Assistant Secretary of tbo Interior in all they did, ho would not ovomilo their docifilons except for mistake or fraud, proof of wblob bos not boon produced. Froo passes for themselves nnd tbolr wives are to bo givon by tbo lowa railroads to tbo lowa editors who go to Codar Rapids next attend tbo annual mooting of tbo lowa Press Association, and tbo Chicago A Northwestern Railroad offers to cany them all froo of obargo to ibis city. To proTont any possible misappre hension, a circular baa boon sent to ovory editor in tbo State, tolling him where and bow to get bis paas. When tbo Newfoundland Government gave tbo Now York, Newfoundland it Loudon Telegraph Company its charter in 1855, it reserved tho right to buy in tho franchise and linos at cost in XB7C. It now promises to forego this right if .tbo Company will forego its exclusive privilege of landing cables on tbo island. Legal measures are being takon in England to prevent tbo Com pany from joining in tbo consolidation of tbo ocean telegraph companies. A writer In the Inter-Ocean says: “If tbo school fund is to bo made an eleemosynary fund lot us have an equal distribution, and givo as much to tbo poor as to those who aro rich onougb to spend a few years on travel in Europe.’* It Is to bo hoped that Mr. Scammoa will take tbo bint from bis own paper and pay up his indebted ness to tbo school fund, lost it should become on eleemosynary fund, and lost tbo poor should demand an equal with those who aro rich enough to spend a fow years on travel in Europe. It is stated by tbo Secretary of tbo National Agricultural Congress, in session at Indianapolis, that tboro aro now 10,000 formers’ associations in tbo country. Ho assumes an average member ship of *4O, which gives those societies 400,000 members in all. Tbo Congress is attended by about 150 delegates, representing ninety Fann er’s Clubs, Stato Granges, opd Agricultural Col leges. Resolutions have beonintroduced for tbo abolition of tbo National Eight-Hour law, on ac count of its disturbing influence in private busi ness, t\nd indorsing tho Morrill Land-Grant bill for the benefit of Agricultural Colleges. Tho Chicago produce markets wero generally weak yesterday. Moss pork was active, and 450 per brl lower, closing at $15.70@15.75 cash, and $10.10@10.15 seller July. Lard was dull and 180 per 100 lbs lower, at $8.45@8.50 cash, and $8.75 @B.BO seller July. Moats worn quiet and higher, at o%@o>tfo for shoulders, B%@B>£o for short riba, BX@B%o for abort clear, and 10@12o for awoot-picklod bams. Hlghwinoa wore quiet and rather weak of 910 per gallon. Lako freights wore quiet and a shade easier, at Sc for com to Buffalo. Floor was dull and unchanged. Wheal wiw moderately active, andl@l>tfo lower, closing weak at sl.2B>£ cash, and $1.20# seller Juno. Com was active, and lower, clos ing weak at 88*}£o caab, and 88%0 seller Juno. Oats wore firm at %o decline, closing at 320 cash, and 32#0 seller Jtmo. Rye was quiet and steady at GB>£c bid. Barley was dull and nomi nal at 70@78c for poor to good No. 2. Hogs wore moro quiet and easier, with sales at S4.GO@ 6.00. Thp cattle trade was dull. While the Grand Army of the Republic aro mounting guard to arrest any widow or child of a Confederate soldier buried at tbo National Cemetery at Arlington who may attempt to strew flowers on tho grave on decoration Day, tho Washington Capital publishes some facts which tend further to expose the absurdity of tbo exclusion. That paper states that “ many of tho graves at Arlington to bo garlanded with choice flowers, as those of unknown Union heroes, really contain on the average about 25 per cent of a dead Confederate's remains,— sometimes only ono of his boots,—some times a pair of breeches.*’ The job to coffin and bury tho dead, it seems, was lot out to contractors, who woro paid by tho coffin. Those contractors began by putting each body into two coffins; then into three, and, later, into' four coffins. Having used up all tho bodies of tho Union soldiers, they went for tho dead Confed erates, and removed them from their graves on tho roadsides and farms ; each of thoso dead Confederates was distributed in from two to four coffins, and bis clothes and his boots into one or two more. Of course, those wore all buried as unknowp Union soldiers, and their graves are' annually docked by the Grand Army of tho Republic, who cannot allow any Confederate graves to bo g&rlandod ou tbo samo day. The Governors 1 Convention at Atlanta, Go., after a two days 1 session and ono day’s animated' debate, adopted a memorial to Congress. Tho memorial sots forth tho feasibility of a canal and slack-water navigation, beginning on tbo • OUlo Qiv«r nt iUo noulU of iU« Tannouuo* fol lowing tho latter rivor to QuntotavUlo, Ala.; thonco by a canal thirty miles long to tho Coosa Hirer, and by tho latter to Homo, Qa. j, thenoo by tho Etowah Ilivor a long distance j thonco by a canal to tho Ocmulgoo Elver, and by tho latter stream to tho ocean at Savannah. There la also to ho from Homo a like canal and slack-water ronlo to Mobile. The Georgia route, excluding tho Mobile branch, is estimated by tho engineers to cost thlrty sovou millions of dollars. Tho State of Georgia has incorporated a company with authority to construct this work. This company has neither money nor credit. No sauo man will invest a dollar in such an enterprise. Tho memorial adopted by tho Convention asks Congress to sub sidize tho corporation by an issue of national bonds in oxohnugo for tho bonds of tho com pany! principal and internet to ho paid out of tho oamioga of tho canal. Tho opposition In tho; Convention was composed of those who, whllo agreeing as to tho advisability of this work, opposed tho intervention of any pri vate company, and Insletod that the whole canal should ho constructed by tho Conors! Govern ment, Thodohato on this point of difforonoo was warm, hut tho onbaidy and private corpora tion plan carried tho day. It is amnslng to look at tho votes. With true Southern devotion to dtatq sovereignty, tho delegates voted by States, .and, among those States recorded as voting In favor of, an Isaup of thirty-seven millions of hoods to subsidize a Georgia corporation to build a canal and water-route, 1,400 mbps long, tbrougb the mountains of Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia, are tbo States of lowa, Now York, and MißHOuri. GOLD AND GREENBACKS. Tbo Financier of May 21 tolla us wby It thinks that tbo doprooiatlon of tbo currency is really much groator than tbo ourront premium of gold, —in opposition to somo criticisms of ours on tbo viowa of Frof. Perry nnd Mr. Amasa Walker on that subject. Wo bold that tbo gold premium is tbo exact measure of tbo depredation of tbo currency,—allowance being made for abnormal disturbing causes, such as victories or defeats in war, Government Interferences, Block- Friday conspiracies, etc. Tbo Financier maintains that tbo gold premium is not such a measure that tbo premium ought to bo much liigbor than it is as compared with cur rency,—koto much higher Is not suggested. Tbo reasons it assigns for ibis belief aro throo in numbor, viz: 1. That tbo Legal-Tender act practically demon etized gold, leaving for it no uses in thin country except for tbo payment of import duties and interest On tbo public debt, for tbo arts, and for purposes of omamont. That tbo cessation of its principal uso (as money) cheapened it, Just os tho cessation of tbo boor manufacture would cheapen-barley. 2. That tbo law authorizing tbo Secretary of tbo Treasury to soil gold has artificially cheapen ed it, That tho Treasury Is the hear of tbo gold market, forcing down tbo price whenever it shows a tendency to riso. 8. That tbo protective tariff now in force baa artificially cheapened all exportable articles, in cluding gold, by causing them to exchange for loss quantities of otbor commodities than they otherwise would. Tbo argument is, that whatever artificially cheapens gold causes it to exchange for a loss numbor of greenback dollars than it ought to and would if those artificial restraints woro re moved. Wo think wo have stated tho Finan cier's position fairly and fully. Wo will now show wborolu wo think it is erroneous. That tho cessation of ono uso of a commodity susceptible of two or moro uses, tho supply bo* ing tho samo, cheapens tho article to that ex tent, is a truism in oconomio science. But gold hns not ceased to bo used as money in the world generally, nor oven in all parts of tho United States. Its ueo os money has largely increased in Franco and Germany since it became domono* tizod in this country, and has materially in creased in India and Japan. To whatever ex tent Its disuso in tho United States has exceed ed its increased use in tho rest of tho world, it has boon cheapened, not in tho United States merely, but everywhere. This cheapening, bo it moro or less, is exhibited in higher gold prices for commodities. Loss goods will bo exchanged for tho same weight of gold. Tho general fact, that tho cheapening of gold in ono country will cause it to flow into other countries, so that tho gold-equilibrium of tho world shall bo preserved, is conceded by tho financier. But it contends that, after tho surplus has gone out of tho country, tho same causes act upon tho remainder-—that is, upon tho amount retained hero for tho payment of duties on im ports, etc. This is on extremely subtle distinc tion. Wo aro not quito sure that wo understand it, but wo think it is a sufficient answer to say that gold is as mobile an element in tho com mercial, as water is in tho physical, world ; that in this respect it is peculiar, differing altogether rrom Parley ami everything else, for whereas only a certain amount of harloycan ho sold at any price, any amount of‘gold can . bo sold at some price; that you caunot permanently ele vate or depress any portion of tho gold supply of the world as compared with tho general level, unless you put barriers around it, virtually sepa rating it from tho mass. You may artificially dam tho water, or you may prohibit tho export or tho molting of coin. Bpt, if you leave them free, you caunot produce au effect upon ono por tion without affecting in like manner every por tion. Now, tho doprociatiou of greenbacks (which aro moro tools for facilitating exchanges) is caused by tbo fact that there are moro of those tools in use than aro needed. Com is depreciat ed at the present time for tho samo reason. Hots would be depreciated in like manner. How much aro tho greenbacks depreciated ? Take a thousand dollars of them and boo how much you can buy. You can buy 850 gold dollars, or you can buy a letter of credit good for that weight of gold coin or bullion in any part of tho world. What other measure would you have of tho worth of your greenbacks ? Tho idea that there should bo any other teat would pro voke a smile if it were not advanced by respect able writers. It was advanced under analogous circumstances, and in almost identical language, in England half a century ago. It was thou assailed and demolished by Mr. Tooke in his History of Prices (Vol. 1, part 0), and by Mr. Ricardo in tho House of Commons. Mr. Van eittart, tho champion blockhead of tho period, contended that tho English greenbacks were not depredated at all, notwithstanding tho gold sovereign was worth considerably moro than tho paper one in tho market. Another party, whoso organ was tho Quarterly Jievicto, maintained that tho real depreciation of tho bank-note was much greater than tho difference between gold and tho bank-note in tbo market. Both those fallacies wore so completely over thrown by Mr. Tooke that they have not since boon sustained by any respectable British authority, save In a qualified manner by Mr. J. R. McCulloch. They are now consigned to-the limbo of forgotten heresies by English econo mists, and aro doomed worthy of little more than a sneer by tho eminent French writer Chevalier. Wo do not soo why tbo law authorizing tho Secretary of tho Treasury to sell gold should ho mado more account of than tho law authorizing him to hoard it} why his power to put it out should bo of more consequence* than his power to take it in. Ho has no gold except what ho collects from tho people. If ho obtained hia sup plies by alchemy, orfromthomoon, tho caso might bo different; hut slnco ho moroly helps him solf from tlmo to time to a portion of tho com mon stock, and discharges it again Into tho com mon stock, his transactions, although larger, aro in no wiso different from those of any other broker. Instead of being a hear on tho gold market, tho Treasury has boon a bull from tho beginning, for it has kept ouf of the market from $60,000,000 to $100,000,000 over sluco tho closo of tho War. A few extra discharges have boon made by tho Secretary of tho Treasury, to ohook tho advance in gold caused by his own unaoi ontlflo action, and those h&vo sometimes, though not always, boon effective. A more gambling oporatlou can be ohookod by discharg ing upon it a certain amount of this hoarded gold, Just os a temporary fountain is created at Uuhonloho by damming tUwator for a wook and lotting It all off In an hour. But when thoro Is a real cauao for an odTanoo In tho price, as thoro was at tho outbreak of tho Aus tro-rrußslan-Italian war, tho Secretary of tho Treasury Is aa impotent to stop it as John Smith. Wo repeat that, to tho ozlont that tho Treasury withdraws gold from use ( i. e. lessons tho supply), it causes an advance in tho price over and abovo what it would naturally bo. Instead of cheapening gold, tho Treasury has mado It on tho average dearer than it should havo boon over eiuco tho hoarding policy was commenced. That tho existing tariff has artificially cheap ened all exportable articles, including gold, causing thorn to bo exchanged for loss quanti ties of uon-oxportablo commodities than thoy otherwise would bo, is thio. That Js what pro tective tariffs aro intended for, and that is what has boon accomplished In this instance. It does not follow, however, that tho gold premium Is an inadequate or untrue moosuro of tho de preciation of tho currency. Relatively to iron, both gold and wheat havo boon cheapened by tho tariff. Relatively to greenbacks, wheat may havo boon cheapened olso, though wo doubt it. But gold, by reason of Its extreme mobility,and by reason of tho fact that it is money, transfuses itself into general prices throughout, tho world. Honco wo say it does not follow that booauso tho tariff has changed tho relative values of gold and iron, or gold and cloth, In this country, It has thoroforo mado gold any tho loss a true moosuro of tno depreciation of tho currency. TEE COUNTRY PRESS AND THE DEAD- HEAD SYSTEM, One of the boat points made by Mr. Henry Wottorson in bis address on Journalism, deliv ered recently before ibo Indiana Editorial Asso ciation was in reference to tbo de pendence of tbo newspapers on tbo dead-bead system. Tbo country newspapers seem to bavo accepted Mr. Wattorson’s advlco in good part, and aro generally ranging themselves on tbo right sido in tbo present agitation of tbo rail road-pass system. Tbo best, article wo bavo soon on tbo question is from tbo Woodstock Sentinel, which wo repro duce. Tboro are encouraging signs from various quarters that tbo abolition of tbo pass system would bo well received by tbo better class of country editors. They cannot fail to porcoivo tbo degrading character of tbo prac tice, and will not bo able, if they should try, to deceive tbo pooplo in regard to it. Tbo railroad Superintendent who gives away a pass disposes of tbo property of otbor pooplo. If a man should outer bis ofilco and bog for $lO of tbo company’s money, because bo was an oditor, a Congressman, a clergyman, or a largo shipper, ibo Superintendent would bo likoly to show him tbo door as a dead-beat and a nuisance. Yet tbo application for a pass over tbo road for a dis tance for which tbo faro is $lO amounts to pre cisely tbo samo thing if the applicant is under tbo necessity of making tbo Journey, and, if bo is not under tbo necessity of making it, tboro Is still Joss reason for giving him tbo pass. This is equivalent to taking $lO oat of tbo pockets of tbo stockholders of tbo road, and a multiplica tion of passes is equivalent to a multiplication of tbo $lO faros thus given away. Tboro is no Justlllcation for this disposal of otbor men's money, except an old and corrupt practice. Tbo losses thus sustained are thrown upon tbo pat rons of tbo road, who aro required to make up lu liigbor pttHnongor aud freight rates tbo cost of tbo gratuities disposed of in this manner. Those paying patrons aro likewise the clients of tbo newspaper, whoso duty ond profit oliko con sist lu tbo protection ond prosperity of tbo com munity at largo. Tiio dead-head system subjects the country editor to an infinite variety of mortifications. Ho Lob not always the influence to obtain the gratuities to which he thinks the system en titles him. Ho therefore frequently advortiaes his lack of consequence by an applica tion to n city newspaper to help him out. If the country editor has over written a letter, sent a dispatch, or copied a prospectus for a city Journal, it forms a pretext fordemand ing the ossistauco of said Journal in the procur ing of some slight gratuity like the transpor tation of the editor and his family to the East and return. If the country editor takes a notion to run up to the city during an oporas-easou, ho is of the opinion that his metropolitan cotobor ateur should provide him and his party with seats. If the country editor has never written a letter, or sent a dispatch, or copied the pros pectus, and still wants a favor under the dead-head system, ho agrees to write a letter, or

send a dispatch, or print a puff, and thinks that this is sufficient to procure a recommendation for a railroad pass or an order for tickets to the theatre. So long os the dead-head system shall bo retained, Just so long will the country editor yield to the temptation of soliciting at the sacri fice of his independence, and Just so long will the metropolitan editor bo compelled either to make an enemy of the country editor by refus ing him, or got the reputation of an incorrigible doat-boat among railroad men, theatrical man agers, and other classes who follow the system of making the public pay for what they give away. '' -.The country editor la' actually the sufferer by the system after all. Ho depreciates the tone of his Journal, barters off his independence, fills his columns with flatulent puffery, disgusts his readers, and ruins his advertising patronage. For doing all this, ho receives less in return Hmn the city journalist, who tokos the favors of the railroad as a matter of course, without thinking of making a return—which is quite as demoral izing as anything that the country editor docs. In the meantime, the country editor struggles along, and wonders, with ingenuous. but unex pressed astonishment, why it is thbt his good-natured notices, his personal puffs, and his gratuitous advertising are unappreciated. Ho does not seem to comprehend that ho has cheap ened the value of his columns by giving away what ho should have been paid for. If typ country editor should go over the columns of his newspaper for one year, and compute, at average prices, the value of the gratuitous ad vertising that ho has done, and then foot up the number of posses and other gifts that ho has received, the time ho has lost in securing them, the mortification ho has oudurod, and the trouble ho has made for men upon whom ho has no claim, ho will probably find that tho bal ance Is against him. Ono of tho chief objections to tho dead-head system is, that tho compensa tion is not governed on either side by any fair and regular principle. Tho shrewd and ' “ cheeky ” are tho ones whomonopolizo tho ben efits of it, while they throw tho disgrace upon tho whole profession. It is in the in terest of country newspapers that the system should be broken down, and , MAY 2!), 1873. thoy will do well to oncourago tho railroads, who aro now agitating tho question, to load off in a movement for tho utter abolish ment of tho practice of granting passes for which their constituents havo to pay. Wo claim for tho city press no superiority ovot tho coun try editor in this matter. Wo havo all boon sinners aliko. Now lot us all join in tho effort to break down tho vicious system. Where Is tho railroad that will tako tho load in refusing to glvo passes to anybody ? That rood is tho ono that all editors ought to patronize, and, if thoro is any pulling to bo dono, that is tho ono to bo puffed. THE HEATHEN CHINEE. ■ Tho Chinese question is beginning to look up again in San Francisco. Tho authorities in their measures of opposition to immigration from China havo adopted a very singular, tho same {imo yory effective, expedient, which has worked so woll that tho six Chinese companies havo telegraphed to Hong Kong advising their countrymen to stop coming to California. Tho obstacle placed on Chinese immigration is of a threefold nature. First, all Chinamen sentenced to tho County Jail aro to bo deprived of their pigtails. This touches them in a tender spot. Every well-regulated Chinaman regards bis pigtail with veneration. Ho would almost as soon part with his head as with that ornato ap pendage. .. For any outside barbarian to mutllato it, is profanity; to cut it off, is sacrilege. It is clearly within tho logoi power of tho San Fran cisco Supervisors to carry out'this hood-shaving regulation, If it is mode general. If thoy havo a right to shear an American or an Irish convict, thoy havo the same right to shear what little hair is loft in tho Ohinoso convict's pigtail. Whilo such a punishment may scorn a very, trifling ono to Americano, it is a very serious ono from tho Celestial point of view, and tho Ban Francisco Supervisors aro entitled to credit for shrewdness in having hit upon an expedient for abolishing tho cheap labor of the noathon Chi nee whichdoos not involve an act of barbarity, which is apparently harmless, and yet thoroughly affective. Tbo otbor foaturos of tbo pW, bowovor, will not bold water. One of tbeso is to prohibit tbo removal of dead bodies to China, and tbo otbor, tbo imposition of a tax ’of sl6 per quarter on Chinese lauudrymou. Tbo privilege of burial in Cbinoso soil is tbo last privilege with which a Chinaman will .willingly part. Tbo fow prospects of Immortality which Buddhism holds out disappear entirely if tbo lato deceased is buried ontsido tbo Croat Wall. Ho loses all those dollc&to attentions wblob otherwise would bo paid to bis grave, in tbo sbapo of firecrackers, colored paper, rioo offerings, etc., ond has no ono to look after him when bo arrives m tbo otbor world. To a Chinaman, tbo Cbinoso routo is tbo only routo to Heaven, and this custom of burial in Chinese soil is such a vital point that in all contracts for Chinese labor in this country a special clause is Inserted which binds* the contractor to send bock all who shall happen to dio before tbo contract ex pires, and tboir comrades always see to it that this clause Is faithfully carried out. This proposition, therefore, is quite as cunning os that to eliminate tbo pigtail, but it is ques tionable wbotbor they bavo tbo legal right to prohibit tbo removal of tbo bodies. Tbo Cbinoso aro not citizens. They never demand or oxorciso any of tbo.poouliar rights of citizens. They come boro only to mako some money and then return to tboir native land, and wo question wbotbor tbo authorities bavo any more right to stop them from going book dead than they bavo to stop them from going back alive. Such a reg ulation is clearly a violation not only. of inter-. national law, but of treaty stipulations. Tbo third and last proposition, to levy a spe cial tax on Cbinoso laundrymon, is plainly illegal and in contravention of treaty stipulations, which cannot bo thus arbitrarily act aside by municipal or Btato law. Tbo treaty between tbo United States and China guarantees them tbo samo privileges of making a living aud engaging in business as otbor aliens in this country, and tboso guarantees ore reciprocal. Tbo San Fran cisco Supervisors might, with tbo same consist ency, levy a tax upon Gorman bqor-sollore ex clusively, or Irish grocers exclusively, or dis criminate in any otbor way against for eigners la business. If tbo Cbinoso in that city, therefore, are disposed to tost tbo tax in ibo courts, the decision will indubitably bo in their favor. It is highly probable also that tbo Courts would decide that tbo authorities bavo no right to prevent tbo removal of bodies to China. Tbo loss of tbo pigtail, bowovor, still remains, and its effect will bo quite as forci ble in preventing emigration as tbo otbor two plans combined, inasmuch as without that appendage tbo Chinaman loses casto in this world and jeopardizes happiness in tbo next. Tbo limitation of tbo rule, to convicts is an unimportant ono. Cheap labor is at tbo bottom of tbo wbolo matter, and a thousand and ono pretenses will bo m&do to got Chinamen Into jail. The samo dispatch which brings tbo nows of the action of tbo authorities states that tbo County Jail Is overcrowded with Cbinoso convicted of violation of tbo sleeping ordinance, requiring a certain amount of epaoo for each man in lodging-houses. Tboro is a still more important question involved, aud that is tbo moral right of any country to refuse for eigners tbo privilege of earning tboir living in it> which suggests & wide and fertile field of in quiry for the social economist. President White, of the Cornell University, has come to tho defense of Mr. Ezra Cornell. Ho recently delivered an elaborate address at Ithaca in refutation of the charges presented by Assemblyman McGuire. Mr, White says that Mr. Cornell first purchased 100,000 acres of the land-scrip at 60 cents per aero, and pledged him self under bonds to turn over all profits to the Cornell University. As seven-eighths of the . land then remained unsold, the Commissioners of the Laud Oflloo of Now York State con tracted with Mr. Cornell for the sale of the remainder at GO cents per acre, Mr. Cornell again agreeing to account for all profits to the Cornell University. In doing this, Mr. White claims that Mr. Cornell gavo his services to the State, without compensation, to do what the Commissioners found they could not do— dispose of the million acres of land which Con gress had granted. After locating all the lands, except 800,000 acres for tho benefit of the Univer sity, ho proceeded to sell this residue. Ho sold some of tho scrip nt $1 per acre, some for loss, “hut," says Mr. White, "ho never sold an aero for which ho did not obtain a higher prico than tho most skillful Comptroller of tho State had over done." Ho offered 100,000 acres publicly and privately at $6 per aero In vain. Ho then endeavored to organize a land-company for tho purchase of it at this price, and, in order to establish oonfl- , donco, proposed to subscribe largely to It him self. This plan also failed. Meantime the Uni versity wm sadly In need of funds, and the only offer that was made came from Mr. John Mo- Qraw,—who hod given one of the college buildings at Cornell,—at $4 per aero. For Along time Mr. Cornell refused to sell at this price, but finally decided that ho would do so if all the Trustees, including the Governor, Lieu tenant-Governor, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the Comptroller of tho State would sign a paper requesting him to dispose of tho lands at that figure. This was done, and tho sale of 100,000 acres at $1 per aero was made to Mr. MeQraw. Tho baro statement of tho faots in tho oaso is tho same which As semblyman McGuire made, but with a different coloring. President White holds that Mr. Cor nell thus made $300,000 clear for tho State which ho might havo put into his own pocket. Mr. McGuire says that tho land was worth moro than it brought at tho tlmo of tho solo, and that it could havo boon sold for moro. Ho also charges that Mr. Cornell was associated with MoGrawln tbo purchase, and that the lands which they paid $4 for aro now worth SOO per acre,—which is a perfectly preposterous state ment. NOTES AND OPINION. In tho National Oonvontlon of Spiritualists, Froo-Povors, Woman-Suffragists, and that sort of people, at Cincinnati, Miss Addio L. Ballou took the platform, last Monday, and is thus re ported : While oho did not indorse all that Mrs. Woodhnll said ana did, she could not sit still and hear her vlUl flod. If free love would Interfere with tho laws of parentage and tho descent of property, how much worse would It ho than tho system that prevails now f What man was there In this room who could toll which were his children? Ho might recognize some, hut what of tho rest? If tho men hero wore faithful In ..this rosneot, they were exceptions. Which sentiment wss received with groat cheers, and tho fair speaker subsided. —Tho Milwaukee Sentinel opens a view of tho future of the railroad question in Wisconsin, saying s It la high time that both those corporations [the St. Paul and tho Northwestern] wore mode to under stand that tho people of Wisconsin havo rights which they aro bound to respect. It Is high time, also, that the Wall street and European owners of both were In formed that it is for their interest and tho interest of their roads to bo guided more by the advico of those at this end of tho Hue. Tho rejection of tho laud £rant was a great mistake, aud by it tho St. Paul Hoad as incurred the displeasure of a largo proportion of tho pooplo of tho Stato. It has placed Its managers here, and tholr friends who aided them In obtaining tho laud, In a false and very embarrassing position be fore tho nubile. Tho St. Paul Bead will be mado to fool Its blunder in tho unfriendly acts of legislation in tho future. .... Lot these Now York and Eu ropean stockholders bowaro bow they disregard and tramplo upon tho rights of their patrons in tho West. Lot them not provoko tho oxorolso of thoso ample pow ers which havo boon reserved in our organic law to deal with corporations and protect tho rights of tho pooplo. —ln 1850, before the elections of that year, and while the Congress had another session to servo, Congressional pay was raised to $3,000. Again, in 1800, before tho elections of that year, aud while tho Congress had another session to servo, pay was increased to $5,000. In both instances tho judgment of tho pooplo was per mitted, and, indeed, invoked.' 1 In 1878, upon the last day of a corrupt Congress, tho olootlons having passed, a combination of jnembors who never expected to come back, and of other mem bers who wore sure of two years more (within which time, it was hoped, the storm would blow ..over), raised tho pay to $7,600, and had almost raised it to SIO,OOO. Such being tho history of those transactions, tho Milwaukee Sentinel, with out fear of an overshadowing United States Senator, says: Tho fact that so many members have already covered their buck pay lulo tho Treasury Is an evidence that they think tho increase at best was of questionable pro priety, aud its application to themselves was all wrong. And tho only consistent thlug for Congress to do, and tho only thing that will satisfy the people, is the un conditional repeal of tho'act. —Tho common sonso of tho country has como to tbo conclusion that for men holding as a sftorod trust power tovoto away public money, to vote it into thoir own pockets, is a scandalous broach of faith, aud an act displaying a debased standard of honor. This conclusion Is a sound ouo. If it is peculiar to thoso lator days, so much tho bettor for tbo country. If somo re spected men did not viow tho matter in this light seven or seventeen years ago, so much tho worse for tho memory of thoso men, Tho ques tion is one of present aud actual morality, and no amount of precedents can obscure it now. It has gone too for for that.— New York Times. —Ail tho members of tbo Forty-tfiird Congress who draw pay at tbo increased rate during tho existing recess are equally culpable with tho memoers of tho Forty-second Congress. By ac cepting it or any port of it they make themselves a party to tho wrong. If it was a "stool” on tho part of thoir predecessors, they repeat tho “ theft,” and make it thoir own crime every timo thoy accept a dollar of tbo excess. Who will bo tho first, as ho draws his monthly pay, to dis gorge $208.38)^ —tho dlitcrouco between the old and now rate of pay, and to cover it into tho Treasury of tho United States, and to keep it up monthly until tho law shall bo repealed, or until tho end of his official term of service? Gentle men, do not speak at onco I Somo of you havo acknowledged tho principle, and have com menced nobly. Lot there bo no wavering. Car ry it out to its fair logical conclusion.— TTaaA ington Chronicle (Uarlan.) —Jasper Packard has grown witty, if not wise. Ho writes to his constituents, with a borrowed bravado, that ho will return sl2 of tbo back pay ho has taken, that amount being about tho pro portion [as ho calculates it] duo to his district. He appears to bo too obtuso to porcoivo that tho demand for restitution of tho filched lucre is mode from tho wholo country, and not from any particular locality, and his frivolous imperti nence is ro&Uy moro insulting than his original grab was dishonorably groody.— La/ayelte (ind.) Journal. —Acker’s defense to tho book-pay stool is frivolous and absurd. Liko Boyer, ho has in bis pockets money belonging to tho pooplo which bo never earned. Wo ask tbe Democratic papers and Democracy of the State to speak out against these two ambitious tricksters.—.Reading (Pa.) Eagle, —S. 0. Pomoroy, who was vflry nearly ex pelled from tho United States Senate for attempt ing to soouro his ro-oloctiou to that body by brib ery, announces himself as a candidate to nil tho vacancy caused by tho resignation of Mr. Cold well. Ho has, it is said, entered actively into tho canvass and is confident of success. Mr. Pome roy Is a man of amazing effrontery and tho poo plo of Kansas exceedingly tolerant. There is but ono parallel case in history, and wo hod hoped that it would bo tbo only instance of tbe kind. It seems, however, that wo aro mistaken, and that tbo young political system of tho West is as rotten as the old one of Pennsylvania.— Phil* adelphia Press. —The chief employment of Pennsylvania poli ticians seems to lie m getting together in con vention and “revising tho rules" of the CivUSor vico. when they are not trying to discover where in Pennsylvania bos boon “sllgnted ” in tho matter of appointments.— New York Times. —lt is not the public good, tho woll-boing of tho whole pooplo, that is taken Into account by tbo party press, but tho interests of the few party loaders or seekers after office. Tho high est aim of partisanship scorns to look up no higher than to placo this ono or that in some profitable position. For that purpose, and only that, it would seem from tho papers gov ernment was Instituted, society organized, and mankind exists. No wonder that, with such teaching by tbo party press and by such follow ing of tho pooplo at largo, tho legislation of Con gross and of Stato Legislatures is whob it .has eon of late years, ana still loss wonder is It that tho National and State Governments aro admin istered for private and personal ends, and-’not for tho benefit or in tho interest of tho groat public.— Dubuque ( lotoa ) Telegraph, —Tho time has come when a complete renova tion must tako plaoo. Old party hacks aro spavined, knee-sprung, and wind-broken, and therefore unfit for further service. Party is but a name to secure office; office is put a position to rob tho people, and wo blush to say it, yet duty compels us to declare, that a spirit prevails, from tho Board of Supervisors to tho President of tho United States, to defend, and to enrich tho holder of office at tho expense of honor and justice. Not every man Is thus dishonest, but whore shall we look for that purity in position that onco distinguished tho patriotic pooplo of the United States ? We are willing to try tho mangers, and, if they fall, let Gabriel blow his hem, for tho last hope is gone.— Audubon Coun ty ( Iowa ) Defender. —Politicians aro beginning to leam that what is known as tho “ Farmers' Movement" is not a nine-days' wondor. It is tho result of a long felt want, and ia as natural ana legitimate as any other reform—a movement that is bom of the times, and not manufactured to order In tho editors’ sanctum or (ho political club-room. No *ko organized the first Grange buildod[better than they know,—all original and truei reformers do,—but tho movement itself Is os sure to grow and win in tho end as truth is B o r s/i°A« ?P h w OTOr orror In time.— Grand Mapide (Mich.) Democrat. —The noble fight which tho farmers of tho West are now making against tho tyranny of monopolies enlists our heartiest sympathy, and wp wIU Join hands with them in the straggle which is to bo made against tho iniquity known as a protective tariff. Organization to shape law is the right and duty of citizens, and whatever can bo done to contribute to tbo pros perity of tho farming population is on addition al wealth to tbo country. To this end wo will labor, bbt when wo see mistakes made, or what wo honestly believe to bo mistakes, wo shall frankly point them out .—Lafayette (.Ind.) Jour nal, —lf there Is a State worso tax-ridden, and party-ridden, and cllquo-riddon, than Minneso ta* I* 0 *° 000 it' All tbo way down from «tato oflieprs to county ofilcors, tbo wbolo mat ter is fixed up by a few gentlemen of leisure, re gardless of the best interest of tho people, and . the railroad men manage to control tho Minnesota, thou wo aro in favor of a third party. Tho name of a party Is nothing to us. Wobelievo la measures, ana in electing men with sufllelent brains and hones ty to carry them out.— Waseca JNews (liepubli —Th° Minneapolis News (Republican) thinks Mr. Booger was in tho fatal «clutches of the most scoundrelly political corruptionists that ever disgraced a State,” and adds: «Wo do not suppose that tho ring would havo hesitated at any moons to prevent an investigation of their use of tho Slate Treasury, and hod Soegor re fused to havo plead guilty In accordance with their demand, ho would doubtless hove been murdered.” —Wo bollevo that tho people of lowa will not • ro-oloct a man so corrupt and voclllatlng as Gov. Carpenter. All know that ho was tho prime mover in having Rankin shielded from tho pun ishment of tho law; therefore no ono who wants an honest Executive in lowa can support him. Two years ago ho was the railroad can didate, and oloctod aa such. Now tho farmers aro ahead, and ho protends to bo on tho side of tho farmers. Tho fact is, tho railroad rings un derstand him, and ho is only trying to cheat tho Grangers.— Page Oounty (Iowa) Democrat. INTERESTING CASES. Salt to RocoTor on JLlfo Insurance Pol« tcloa—Tlio Companies Assort Tlial tho Policy-Holder Is Still Alive— Can a Pardoned Criminal Bo Bound by Conditions') Washington, May 28.—Tho courts of Balti more aro just now engaged in solving two legal eases of tho most interesting character. Tho first is a life-insurance cose, whore tho widow brings suit to recover $20,000 accruing from pol icies on her deceased husband. Tho plaintiff claims that her husband lost his life by the ox- Elosion of a coal-oil lamp, which burned imsoif and tho building which he . then ■ occupied. The companies refuse payment on the ground thaJJjibo husband isnot doad,as was proved by exhuming tho body, which was subjected to a thorough medical ex amination, and witnesses of tho highest stand ing havo boon subpoenaed, both for plaintiff and defendant, and the trial promises to bo both ex citing and sensational. Tho second caso is moro important on account of tho legal considerations raised. It seems that in 1800 a man named Tucker was convicted of harso-stoaling in tho Circuit Court for Charles County, and was sentenced to tho Penitentiary for tho term of seventeen years and six months. When ho had served out something near six years' of Ills term, ho was pardoned uy Qov. Whyte on condition that ho would leavo tho State of Maryland and novor re turn. Ho returned to Baltimore last January, and soon after was arrested for alleged complic ity in tho Lamprey murder. It was ascertained ttiat ho had no hand in the assassination of Mrs. Lamprey, but in tho meantime attention was called to his violation of, tho conditions of bis pardon. Ho was brought boforo tho Court on Fri day last, and tho Jury impaneled to try the question of facts involved, returned' on indict ment sotting forth that Tucker is tho same man who was sentenced in 1860, and that ho did vio late tho tonne of his pardon. Had tho trial end ed hero, tho prisoner would havo boon romandod to prison to servo out the remainder of his term, but his counsel made a motion in arrest of-judg ment, and upon this motion tbo constitutionality of tbo recommitment of pardoned convicts who do not observe tho conditions of their pardons will bo argued. Should the motion bo over ruled, tho coso will bo carried to tho Court of Appeals. THE JUDICIAL ELECTION. Tbo headquarters of tho Executive Commlttoo which baa in charge tho interests of tbo five. Judges who are seeking ro-oloctlon next Monday,, have boon established in tho basement of No. 92' LoSallo stroot, and tbo Chairman orsomoof. tho mombors aro constantly on band to attend, to business. Tho general apathy on the subject; is so groat, however, that tboro is very little for* them to do, and their rooms are generally empty.. There seems to bo a general disposition to lot. tho election go by default, especially in tho> country, where, Just now, the formers havo> no timo Ho spare for voting, if tho: weather is pleasant. Whatever vote is poll ed must come from tbo city, and, from present; indications, that will not exceed five thousand.. If tho turn-out is so small it is not impossible) that Sam Ashton may ;bo elected, for Judge. Booth will bardlyroceivo any votes on tho Northi Side or in tho southern words of tho West Di vision, and Ashton's friends, such as they are,, will all bo at tho polls and do all they can for him. It is by no means certain that all whot scratch Judge Booth will voto for Sam, bat a certain percentage of them will. - This being the case, and ,Judgo Booth being specially attacked since ho is a temperance man, It would bo well for all tho temperance people, regardless, of weather, to vote Monday, and show whether they do possess any strength. Tho registration has boon very imperfect in many precincts. In some, it is reported, there has boon none at all. In others, last year’s poll list has been taken as. a basis. In all events it does not take a man long to swear in his voto, and there will certain-, ly bo no crowd at tho polls. Tho gentlemen ap pointed as the various Word Committees are re- . quested to meet at once, to organize, take meas ures for stationing men at the polls, distributing* tickets, getting out as full a voto os possible,. etc. THIS SETTLES IT. It having been rumored around by certain ovil-disposod persons that tho three billiard games to bo played between Übassy and Bossun gor will bo hippodrome affairs, gotten up for tbo purpose of catching bote, tbo following affidavit has boon subscribed and sworn to before J. Ap pleton Wilson, Notary Fubio, by the persons most interested: A. P. Ilapp, John Beeaungor, Thomas Foloy, Mens. . Lacourao, Mono. Übassy, and Henry ITonholincr, be ing duly sworn, depose and say that the three games of billiards now ponding between Mona, Übassy and John Beasungor arc legitimate and for tbo amounts - stated In tbolr contract and published advertisement, namely, two hundred and fifty (250) dollars a aldo on I each and every one of the throe games, and that a for* - felt is in tho hands of Henry lfopl|olmcr. Previous to getting out tho affidavit, Mr. Tom. i Foloy hot SSOO to $25 with Mr. Michael Uonohaa, that tho games woro Intended to bo, aud would* bo, squaro ones. In tho sale of pools last evening for tho first match, which occurs to-night, and in which. -Übassy gives tbo odds of a discount in 400 points, Bossuugor was tbo favorite at an avorago into of about ten to aovou. About S7OO worth, of pools were sold. Tbo solo will bo ronowod at balf-post 4 this afternoon at Foley's. Tho lowa Doctor*. Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. Mahsiiaixtoww, lowa, May 28.—Tho annual mooting of tbe lowa Stato Medical Society was called to order by the President at 10 a. m. There was a largo attendance. Tho President, J. Williamson, of Ottumwa, delivered his ad dress. Papers wore presented as follows : Bo- Sort on “ Thormomotory in Disease," by Dr. W. . Bobertson, of Muscatine ; *' Optical Defects and their Correction," by E. H. Hazen, of Davenport; “ Presentation In Labor," by J. W. Smith, of Oharloa Olty. Those papers elicited considerable discussion. Adjourned to 7p. m. Tho ITII nk-Unkor fflurdor. H CiiiDEX, Mo., May 28.—Tho Coroner’s in- 3 neat in tho Warren murder case rendered a vor lot that Dr. Baker came to his death by means of a pistol In tho hands of Luoy' Anq Vinfr. Local Option in Now York* Albany, May 28.—Tho attempt to reconsider tbo voto by which tho Local Option biU was lost foiled by a yoto of 58 to 40.

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