Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 1, 1873, Page 10

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 1, 1873 Page 10
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10 CHRISTIAN PATRIOTISM. The Evils Threatening Society, and the Bemedies for Them. A Discourse Delivered by the Rev. Abbott E. Kittredge, At the Third Presbyterian Chnrch, Chi cago, on Sunday Evening, May 25,1873. Text—XL Chronicle*, Ist chapter, Uth and 12th •verses. ' A true Christian patriotism will be alive to the .evils which threaten society, and also to the •fearless advocacy of those measures which will texuove the causes of alarm, and will tend to the strength and purity of the nation. And I ask your attention to some of these evils, and to their remedy, that our patriotism may be active and earnest in deed as well as in word. And I remark, first, we must guard more vigilantly THE PUBITT OF THE HOME. The nation is an assemblage of homes; the .Commonwealth, grows tint of the family; the national structure rests upon the hearthstone as a foundation; and, whan you study the history of the growth of nations, yon will find that the nucleus was the family; then the clan compris ing the family and its dependents; then the tribe; end lastly the nation. In the early his tory of Home, the fireside was the most sacred epot on earth. There were two guardian deities (Lares and Fanates) who watched over it, and tradition informs us that, for 170 years, there vu no separation by law between hus band and- wife; and, so long as the home was inviolate, the Homan Commonwealth was politically and socially pure. In the character of its citizens were blended virtue, courage, manhood. Female chastity was the honor of woman, and we find among the rites of the nation what was called the Vestal tire, —an eternal fire, constantly replenished,— the belief being, that, so long as the purity of bar matrons and virgins remained unsullied, Borne would last, and no longer. And history proved the truth of this maxim, for it was when Home learned from Greece the morals of the latter, when the sanctity of Its domestic ties was - tarnished, that the death-knell of the nation was struck. It was not political corruption which tainted the home, but first domestic impurity, «hd then, as a consequent,. corruption in the Senate. The strength of England in the past fc&s been the English home, —a sacred, pure tearthatone. The weakness of France, the se cret of her so easy disintegration, has been, that France, as a nation, has no homes; that the national life is an out-door life of amuse ment and excitement. The strength of the 'Herman Empire, steadily and firmly con solidating in the centuries past, has been the German home, —as a rule, beautiful in its purity, in its reverence for . ago, md in its heart-songs of love and truth. The weakness of Eastern nations lies in the fact that Shey are a collection of units, like particles of Band, cohesive only by the power of the whirl wind, and falling apart when the power is re moved which called them together. And, whea # ’We open the Bible, God’s text-book of morals,' we find religious and national life represented as the home-life, and domestic impurity always followed by calamity. Our Savior, by His obe dient childhood in the homein Nazareth, by His blessing upon the marriage-feast at Cana of Galilee, by His love for the pleasant household In Bethany, recognized and CONSECRATED THE HEARTHSTONE as the foundation of true prosperity, and the hope of the nation and of the world. And so it has bean in the history of. our own land. The Mayflower brought .to Plymouth Rock a collec tion of Homes-to form the nucleus of American life and strength; and, so long as the marriage wow was sacred, and the honor of woman kept Inviolate,-so long there was purity in national councils, and perfect safety of property and . life. But, m the rapid growth nf our nation, in its intensity of mercantile life, in the aggregation to our citizenship of other nationalities, and, to. a great extent, of living atoms, instead. of. households, the home-life has felt the influence of this peculiar growth, enter prise, and immigration, and the Vestal Are burns not aa dear and full as it once did. The fre quency of divorces; the accommodation of civil law to this looseness of morals touching the marriage-row; the inconstancy of husbands and wives; -'the increasing number of unmarried tnen t many of whom, in the free indulgence of passion,-disdain the restraints and expenses of Lome and familyv the large number oi unsexed women who boldly and shamelessly advocate the abolishment of all*walls of purity, exalting p^i-. sion as the ruling sovereign of the soul,—these are signs of the times, which are alarming; they are "WIDENING • BEAMS n? THE WALLS OF THE NATION, — for the Bacredneßß of the home and the purity of woman are the essentials to our very existence ms a people; 'and it is from these disorganized ij. homos, from these broken hearthstones, Hpom these slime-pita of free love, that Mmui corrupt politics and our dishonest trade y are bom, and come forth to curse the nation. Xet the divorce-lawyer be despised and scorned by all decent people; drive him out of society; make him an Xshmaelito. Hefuse to recognize, even in social life or on ’Change, the man whom you know to be corrupt in morals. Bofuse to advertise in the paper which is steeped in sen suality and hatred to the Church of God; re fuse to purchase a angle copy of it, —to have it seen in our houses. x>emanda greater strict ness of the civil law, that It guard, • instead of demolish, the walls of onr homes. Lay it down as a rale which has no exception, that the man. whom you cannot admit into your family cannot be a pure statesman, and refuse to elect b?m to any office. Keep your children until they are men and women. Kill your homes with the sweet, fragrant dowers of LOVE, PDBITY, TBUTH, BELIOION; go out and carry these dowers into other homes,. now gloomy and discordant; and bo assured that you will thus be working at the very founda tions of: the nation, and that your. labors, though silent, will be mighty in their results. If, as we are told, woman was the first tempter of man, and, in some way. has been connected with &U the evil of the world, so woman is at the bottom of all the good in the world.—woman in the horns, as mother, as sister, as friend; and here is her mighty ana jeweled sceptre of power, grander and more vast in its sway than the plat form or the ballot can ever give her. js another evil which imperils the future of our land, and claims the thoughtful, prayerful con sideration of a true patriotism. It 1s not neces sary for me to spend a moment thin evening in reciting to you statistics of the extent of this evil; of the heavy burden of taxation which it lays upon our communities; of the crime and li centiousness which it breeds in our midst; and of its terrible power to drag down into the mire of sin and debasement the strongest intellect and the noblest characters, the pride of the heme and the pillars of society. Yon are al ready familiar, by reading, by observation,—per haps some of yon by experience,—with these un doubted facts. It is no fanaticism which declares, hut a fanaticism of unaccountable, determined blindness which denies, that the saloons of this and every city-where liquors are retailed and drank on the premises, are batteries of death, firing their burning shot at all that is no ble, strengthening, and elevating in society, and especially-attacking-the fortress of civil law, which licenses these saloons to fill its prisons with criminals, and to fill our streets with mur derers. In respect to this evil, and our duty as patriots touching it, there are' '' TWO METHODS OF CUBE. neither of which can bo disregarded if wo would preserve onr nation for the. future. One path of duty looking to the immediate preservation of hnman life and the pnblic peace; the other hav ing reference to the permanent eradication of this evil frdm onr midst. The first question baa been forced upon us by the increasing preva lence of crime having its origin in intemperance; and it was first urged upon our attention by a German citizen of wealth and position in onr city, by whose direction a committee was organ ized to aecura from the hands of the civil law the speedy execution of murderers and the punishment of all criminals. But there were those who, while approving of this step, saw at once that the mere act of hanging would not alone secure prevention of crime, since the crimes were committed by those who had been mads crazy by drink; and it were surely far better to strike at the root of the evil, and- thus save the necessity of the scaffold being frequent ly erected. It was found, by actual statistics of onr courts, that those violations of law were moat numerous on the. Sabbath and after the hour of midnight; and therefore it was that oar city authorities put into execution the law al ; ready on the statute-book closing saloons on this day, and that our Council have Just enacted a law compelling the maniao-makers to close at an early hour of the night. It is not a demand of religious fanaticism; it is not, in any sense, an effort of those who believe in the religious observance of the Sabbath, to corrupt others to conform to their ideas ; not one single word has been uttered of this character by those who have advocated these measures, and the charge is made only to inflame, by a falsehood, thopassions of those who otherwise would to disposed to observe the law. It is a question solely of PUBLIC SAFETY AND OBDEIt, and of the right and duty of the law to protect its citizens. If the sale of beer does not en danger the property and lives of the community, then this beverage should be excluded from pro hibition under our present laws, which do not forbid the sole of papers, cigars, sweetmeats, etc., on the Sabbath-oay. And knowing as I do, from travels in Germany, the habits of its pco Sle, and the innocency to them of this liquor, I ave always felt that some exception should be made by which our German citizens could meet, if they desire, and enjoy their national beverage in quietness and order; but, when the leaders of this nationality clasp bands with the ; rum seller. and send up a wild cry of personalrights, —that a Tnun can sell what he pleases, and when he pleases,—every true lover of his country must answer. No! A society established on auchidoaa would rail to pieces, and become a mob of rival and antagonistic desires. I have a personal right as a citizen to do what I please, and to accumulate property In the way I please,— provided Ido not injure my neighbor and the community. Firing stones in itself is right; but firing stones through my neighbor’s window is wrong, and the law restrains mo. It may be a pecuniary advantage to me to leave an opening in the walk in front of my dwelling; but, if it endangers the public safety, the law can compel me to close up the hole. I suppose the use of nitro-glyoerine would be a great pecuniary ad vantage to many, and 1 have a personal right to manufacture, soil, or use it; but, as a member of society, the interests of the community transcend those of the Individual, and the law prohibits this article, because it is dangerous to property and life. The cry, therefore, of per sonal liberty, is the cry of TBEASON TO THE PUBLIC GOOD, of the mob against the power of the law. If liquor does not madden the blood, docs not de throne reason, and fill our streets with madmen, then let those opponents of the Sunday law prove this,—prove mat saloons are a blessing to the community, instead of a curse, —and the law will not then encroach on their liberty to sell. If it makes a man more of a man, more sober, more loving and careful for the dear ones at home, then let us know it, for the question is one of the public welfare. Denunciation and inflammatory ha rangues amount to nothing. All this wild about personal rights is childish; and to the declaration, so freely made, “We will do what we please, and traffic day and night to fill our purses with money wrung from the tears, and sobs, and lives of the community,” we simply answer, calmly, Not in this land of equal rights, where law is as majestic os when sur rounded by bayonets and swords. If that is your definition of liberty, you cannot find it here. The law has a right to close every liquor-saloon all the week, for the simple reason that they are a curse to the community, and fill our streets with drunkards. And, if the contest regarding the one day of freedom from this peril is forced upon us, let us meet it as our fathers and broth ers have met the issues of the past, and the right must win , and this curse at least be miti gated. So much for this question, and now, as to the great evil of intemperance, HOW CAN IT BE RADICALLY SOLVED? Not by legislation, for the law should go only bo far as to protect property and life; beyond ibis there is an individual right to drink tea or coffee, water, or beer, or wnisky; and no pro hibiiory law can be legally sustained. To cure this gigantic evil, you must lift the drunkard above the power of this appetite, and abolish saloons by robbing them of their customers; and then the doors will swing to, because the business has ceased. To a certain degree, edu cation and the inculcation of moral principles will accomplish results looking to this end; but the history of each year in our life as a Republic proves the alarming fact that there is no great ness of intellectual power, or strength of kindli ness, or nohility of heart, which are beyond the reach of this degrading, beastly appetite. There is but one hope for the uplifting of our fellow men, and that is IN THE POWER OP GOD working by His Holy Spirit In the soul, chaining appetites and passions to His will, and implanting a Divine motive of life, which will use all earthly desires, yet, at the same time, emancipating the soul from all bond age to them, —that new life which breaks down the partition-wall of death, reveals a sublime immortality, brings to the soul the glorious truth of God’s love, and a guiding, indwelling Christ, and places in the hand, as a chart of the voyage to Eternity, the Bible, immaculate as a text-book, and strengthening to mind and heart. This is the mission of. the Christian Church, — sot dogmatically, not in any sectarian spirit, but lovingly and unselfishly, like our Great Exem plar, to go forth armed with Hta Divine power to emancipate God’s children from the power of sin, and to make them kings' and priests unto God by faith in His Son. And so, when we look out upon the multitudes who are sensual, who are eager for wealth, and are careless as to its cost, though it be integrity, honor, Heaven, the soul; and when we see our youth, in whom is the hope and pride of our nation plunging, day after day, into this seething cauldron, from which few emerge till death flings them naked and poor up on the shore of Eternity, lost for over,—l say when we see all this, and then read on the pages of history the downfall of so many nations whose outward splendor only revealed more clearly the corruption and wreck of the moral and spiritual life within, we may well take warning, and, knowing that mere admonitions are but as feath ers before the mighty torrent, which, if not ar rested, will sweep awav the foundations of our Republic, our wise ana only safe policy is to rec ognize the cause of this evil, which is, that mnn has LOST SIS ANCHORAGE IN GOD, and has forgotten hia own immortality, and eo the cure Is in the return of the individual man f o this anchorage. Not but what there are Chris tians (professedly so) who yield to sin (Demos foresook Paul, having loved this present world) • but this does not affect the fact of God’s omnifv otenfc power to hold the soul; Hia blessed promises to do this; the per fect life of Jesus Christ, who was tempted in all points like as wo are • and the great crowd of witnesses to the efficacy of God’s grace in elevating the spiritual above the temporal, and love of God above the love of earthly things. There are a great multitude in the past, and tons of thousands who live to-day, who have been lifted by this regenerating power of the Holy Spirit above the lires of passion; above the iron, though seemingly silken, chains of sensuality; above the frenzy of the love of wealth; above self, into the will, and love, and life of God; and here is the only and the sure hope of society and our dear land. Opposed to this Divine power is skepticism, never perhaps stronger than it is to-day,—not a manly desire to know the troth, hut a skepticism which always accompanies corruption of the moral character; a skepticism which springs from indecision, which is false to tho con fidence, and which is but another typo of a prevailing worldlincsa which engenders s. superficial liberalism; a skepticism which 18 . jot. independence, but presumption, which is a stranger to all humanity and meekness, is but another name for rank atheism. Prance has not yet recovered from the terrible blow to hernatiohallife and strength which was. inflicted in ITB9 by tho same hand which wrote- on the closed doors of her sanctua ries the blasphemy, “No God.” But from skepticism, if wo rebound to superstition, we have gained little. CaniSXIAJf PA2I7T, jealous yet humble, bold yet loving,—the only manly, only strong and.ovcrcoming power jn tho BOl “» Chi'jsliau. faith, founded on. & rock, en-* grated in the eternal wisdom a:;d lovo of God. Eubject not bo much to the Divine power as to the Divine character in Christ Jcsas; above tho reach of the atheism of science, vot a child in ™ presence of the infinite and immeasurable this is tho power which overcomes tho world* this tho only efficient and perfect remedy for tho evils m society,—this the hone of our mvMou Build its Trails, however betmfiul, on any other foundation, and the storms will sweep away a’l that is precious and sacred in those words "Father-land,”—for, as it is not iho clothes which he wears which makes the man, hut the character within, so it is not iho splendor or trade, or armies, which are a nation's strength, hut the character of its people; and as in the individual, so with the nation,*the cor ner stone of all-ehduriug growth and power :s lovo to God by faith in Christ; and lovo, to man tho first blossoms of that niiion of the heart with' God. : And, tho mcro' free ihc nation from all outward restraint, (it greater is tho cert j Bits that this human liberty ho ■ held within iito inflexible grooves of the Bivino lav;, and held I by the grasp of love. And the of Chris; ! THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SUADAY, JIJJNE I, 1873. is more and more moving onward, in this sublime mission of pazsEEvrsa and puiufitko the nation by bringing individual man Into the love and service of God in Christ. That this is true, is manifest from the violence and bitterness of hostility to her progress; for, when the Church sleeps, Satan never troubles it. It is also mani fest from the growing union between Christians of different names and denominations, the increasing spirituality of believers, the vast amount of labor put forth for the conversion of souls by the varied agencies of the Church, the tidings of revivals all over the world, and the great numbers who are being added publicly to the Lord. Never, I believe, since our Lord ascended to glory, and the showers of grace ushered in the Pentecostal day, never was the Church of Christ, notwithstanding defections here and there, so strong, so active, so warm with love to Christ, and fired with the passion for souls; and, by these cheering tokens, ■ and, above all, by the promise of our Great Captain, we know that the hour is hastening on, and that its dawn has already come, when the kingdoms of this world shall bo Christ’s, when AT.T. SHALL ENOW THE LOUD, when righteousness shall run down our streets like a river, and when violence shall no more he heard within our borders, for equity, truth, and love shall reign in every soul, and shall he the Srieats of the soul before the inner shrine of hristian faith. r While, then, dear friends, we scatter the flowers, sweet and fragrant, on the graves of those who died to save a nation’s life, —scatter them tenderly, lovingly recalling the great debt of gratitude which, under God, we owe to their valor and heroism even unto neath, —lot us not open up again the old wounds, nor add one spark to the differ ences of the past, but, in the sweet charity and love of the Gospel, clasping hands with those of every section in our broad land, let us remember the greater conflicts which aro still before us; let us reconsecrate ourselves to tbia work of the future, —praying to God that He will baptize our. love of country, and bring it into an entire alle giance to the King of Kings; that He will not only blend all our different nationalities into one as American, but blend all hearts into one as Christian; and thus may we go forth AS SOLD IE ES OF THE CBOSB, fearless of the face of man, loyal to the Divine will, pure in love to our neighbor, that this, our dear land, may not only light the fires of civil liberty all over the world, but may cany the torch of salvation, and the peace, and purity, and love of Jesus Christ, to every nation, and into every soul. THE FALLS OF NIAGARA. Prof* Xyndall on Xheir Geneiii and Proximate Destiny* From a Recent Lecture by Prof, Tyndall in England, VTe Lave now to consider the genesis and prox imate destiny of the Falls of Niagara. We may open our way to this subject by a few prelimi nary remarks upon erosion. Time and intensity are the main factors of geologic change, and they are in a certain sense convertible. A feeble force acting through long periods, and an in tense force acting through short ones, may pro duce approximately the same results. To Dr. Hooker I have been indebted for some samples of stones, the first examples of which wore picked up by Hr. Hackworth on the shores of Lyoll’s Bay, near Wellington, in New Zealand. They have been described by Mr. Travers in the Transactions of the New Zealand Institute. Un acquainted with their origin, you would certainly ascribe their forms to human workmanship. They resemble flint knives and spear-heads, being apparently chiseled off into facts with as much attention to -symmetry as if a tool guided by hu man intelligence had passed over them. But no human instrument has been brought to bear up on those stones. They have been wrought into their present shape by the wind-blown sand of LyelTs Bay. Two winds ore dominant here, and they in succession urged the sand against oppo site sides of the stone ; every httlo particle of sand chipped away Its infinitesimal bit of stone, and in the end sculptured these singular forms. The Sphinx of Egypt is nearly covered up by the sand of the desert. Hie neck of the Sphinx is partly cut across, not. Os lam assured by Hr. Huxley, by ordinary weathering, but by the erod ing action of the fine sand blown against it. In these cases nature furnishes ns with hints which may bo taken advantage of in art; and this action of sand has been recently turned to ex traordinary account in the United States. When in Boston I was taken by Hr. Joslah Quincy to see the action of the sand-blast, A kind of hopper containing fine silicions sand was con nected with a reservoir of compressed air, the pressure being variable at pleasure. The hop per ended in a long slit, from which the sand was blown. A plate of glass was placed beneath this slit, and caused to pass slowly under it; it came out perfectly depolished, with a bright opalescent glimmer, such as could only be pro duced by the most careful grinding* Every lit tle particle of sand urged against the glass, hav ing all its energy concentrated on the point of impact, formed there a little pit, the do ponshed surface consisting of innumerable hollows of this description. But thfo was not all. By protecting certain portions of the surface, and exposing others, figures and tracery of any required form could be etched upon the glass. The figures of open iron-work could bo thus copied; while wire gauze placed over the glass produced a reticulated pattern. But it required no such resisting substance as iron to shelter the glass. The patterns of the finest lace could be thus reproduced: the deli cate filaments of the lace itself offering a suffi cient protection. AH these effects have been obtained with a simple model of the sand-blast devised for me by my assistant. A fraction of a minute suffices to etch upon glass a beautiful lace pattern. Any yielding substance may bo employed to protect the glass. By immediately diffusing the shock of the particle, such substances practi cally destroy the local erosive power. The hand' can boar without inconvenience a sand-shower which would pulverize glass. Etchings executed on glass with suitable kinds of ink are accurately worked out by the sand-blast In fact, within certain limits, the harder the surface the greater is the concentration of the shock, and the more effectual is the erosion. It is not necossaiy that the sand should be the harder substance of the two ; corundum, for example, is much harder than quartz; still, quartz sand can not only depohsh. but actually blow a hole through a plate of corundum. Nay, glass may be depri ved by the impact of fine shot ; the grains in this case bruising the glass before they have time to flatten and turn their energy into heat. And here, in passing, we-may tie together one or two apparently unrelated facts. Supposing yon turn on, at the lower part of a house, a cock which is fed by a pipe from a cistern at the top of the bouse, the column of water, from the cistern downward, is set in motion. By turning off the cock, this motion is stopped; and when the turning off is very sudden, the pipe, if not strong, may be burst by the internal impact of the water. By distributing the turning of. the cock over half a second of time, the shock and aanger of rapture may be .entirely avoided. We have hero an example of the concentration of energy in time. The sand-blast illustrates the concentration of energy in svace . The action of .flint and steel is an illustration of the same prin-. ciplo. The heat required to generate the spark is intense, and the mechanical action being modor ( ate, must, to produce fire, be in the highest degree | concentrated. This concentration is secured by j the collision of hard substances. Calc-spar will ! not supply tho place of flint, nor load the place of fire-by collision. \Vith the softer substances, tho total heat pro duced may be greater than with tho hard ones • but to produce the spark, tho heat must be ini tensely localized. But wo can go far beyond the more depolish lno 01 Ska*; indeed. I have already said that quartz sand can wear a hole through corundum aiuolcadsmeto express my acknowledgments to Gen. rughmao, who is tho inventor of the sauu-biast. To Ilia spontaneous kindness I am indebted for some beautiful illustrations of • his process. In one thick plate of glass a figure has been worked out to a depth of three .*wailss of an inch. A second plate seven tgi as of an inch thick is entirely perforated Through a circular plato of marble, nearly half an inch thick, open work of the’ most intricate and elaborate description has been executed. It would probably take many davo to perform this work by ans ordinary process ; with the sand blast it was accomplished in an hour. Bo much for the strength of the blast; its delicacy is illustrated by a beautiful example of lino on gravmg cichcd oa glass by means of the blast. ihia power of erosion*, so strikingly displayed wneu Sana js urged by air, renders ns better a- .a conceive its action when urged by water. J-i.o cioaivo power of a river ia vastly augmented by me wet. matter carried along with it. Sand or yc.jvler, caught in a river vortex can wear awiiv ,;ue haruese rock; “potholes” and neep cybtidiisal shafts being thus pro- JV* 0 ?: n •'•xtraordhiary ' instance of t Am.: vz erosion is to be scon ia tho Val l ourT.r.'! o jißjve tho village of thfo name. Ihe gor,Vu*Tlan:2eck has ’ been thus cut out.* were once frequent in the val- leys of Switzerland; for hardly any valley is without one or more transverse harriers of re sisting material, over which the river flowing through the valley once fell as a cataract. Near Pontreslna in the Engadin, there Is such a case, the bard gneiss being now worn away to form a gorge through which the river from the Morter atscn glacier rushes. The harrier of the Kirchet above Meyringen is also a case in point. Behind it was a lake, derived from the glacier of the Aar, and over the barrier it. poured its excess of water. Hero the rock being limestone was In great part dissolved, but added to this we bad the action of the solid parti cles carried along by the water, each of which, as it struck the rock, chipped it away like the particles of the sand-blast. Thus, by solution and mechanical erosion, the great chasm of the Fensteraarschluobt was formed. It is demon strable that the water which flows at the bot toms of such deep fissures once flowed at the level of what is now their edges, and tumbled down the lower faces of toe barriers. Almost every valley in Switzerland furnishes examples of this kind; the untenable hypothesis of earth quakes, once so readily resorted to in accounting for these gorges, being now for the most part abandoned. To produce the Canons of Western America, no other cause is needed than the in tegration of effects individually infinitesimal. And now we come to Niagara. Soon after Europeans had taken possession of the country, the conviction appears to have arisen that the deep channel of the river Niagara below the Falls had been excavated by the cataract. In Mr. BakewelTs “ Introduction to Geology,** the prevalence of this belief has been referred to; it is expressed thus by Prof. Joseph Henry in the Transactions of the Albany Institute : “ In viewing the position of the Falls, and the fea tures of the country round, it is impossible not to be impressed with the idea that this great nat ural raceway has been formed by the continued action uf the irresistible Niagara, and that the Falls, beginning at Lewiston, nave, in the course of ages, worn back the rocky strata to their pres ent site.” The same view is advocated by Sir Charles Lyell, by Mr. Hall, by M. Agassiz, by Prof. Ramsey, indeed by almost all of those who have inspected the place. A connected image of the origin and progress of too cataraot is easily obtained. Walking northward from the village of Niagara Falls by the side of the we nave to our left the deep and comparatively narrow gorge through which the Niagara flows. The bounding cliffs of this gorge are from 800 to 350 feet high. We reach the whirlpool, trend to the northeast, and, after a little time, gradually resume our north ward course. Finally, at about seven miles from the present Falls, we come to the edge of a de clivity which informs us that we have oeen hith erto walking on table-land. Some hundreds of feet below us is a comparativelylevel plain, which stretches to Lake Ontario. The declivity marks the end of the precipitous gorge of the Niagara. Here the river escapes from its steep mural boundaries, and in a widened bed pursues its way to the lake which finally*receives its waters. The fact that in historic times, even within the memory of man, the Fall has sensibly reced ed, prompts the question. How far has this re cession gone? At what point did the ledge which thus continually creeps backwards begin its retrograde coarse ? To minds disciplined ia each researches the answer has been and will be, At the precipitous declivity which crossed the Niagara from Lewiston on the American to Queenstown on the Canadian side. Over this transverse barrier the. united affluents of all the upper lakes once poured their waters, and here the work of erosion began. The dam, moreover, was demonstrably of sufficient height to cause the river above it to submerge Goat Island; and this would perfectly account for the finding by Hr. H&U, Sir Charles Lyell, and others, in the sand and gravel of . the island, the same fluviatile shells os are now found, in the Niagara River higher up. It would also account for those de posits along, the sides of the river, the discovery of which enabled Lyoll, Hall, and Ramsay to reduce to demonstration the popular belief that the Niagara once flowed through a shallow valley. Tho physics of the progress of excavation, which I made dear to my mind before quitting - Niagara, are revealed by a close inspection of tho present Horseshoe Fall. Here we see evi dently that the greatest weight of water bends over the very apex of the Horseshoe. In a pas* sage in his excellent chapter on Niagara Falls, Hr. Hall alludes to this fact. Here we have the most copious and tho most violent whirling of tho shattered liquid; here the most power ful eddies recoil against the shale. From this portion of the Fall, indeed, the spray sometimes rises without solution of continuity to the region of clouds, becoming gradually more attenuated, and passing finally through the condition of true

cloud into invisible vapor, which is sometimes , re-precipitated higher up. All tho phenomena point distinctly to the centre of the river as tho place of greatest mechanical energy, and from tho centre the vigor of the Fall gradually dies away towards tho sides. The horseshoe form, with tho concavity facing downwards. Is an obvious and necessary consequence of this action. Bight along the middle of the river the apex of the curve pushes its way backwards, catting along the centre a deep and compara tively narrow groove, and draining the sides as it passes them. Hence the remarkable discrepancy between the widths of the Niagara above and below the Horseshoe. All along its course, from Lewiston Heights to its present position, the form of the fall was probably that of a horse shoe ; for this is merely the expression of tho greater depth, and, consequently, greater ex cavating power,* of the centre of tho river. The gorge, moreover, varies in width as the depth of the centre of the ancient river varied, being narrowest where that depth was greatest. The vast comparative erosive energy of the Horseshoe Fall comes strikingly into view when it and the American Fall are compared together. The American branch of the upper -river is cut at a right angle bv'the gorge of the Niagara. Here the Horsesnoe Fall was the real ex cavator. It cut the rock and formed tho precipice over which the American Fall tumbles. But, since its formation, the erosive action of the American Fall has been al most nil, while the Horseshoe has cut its way for 500 yards across the end of Goat Island, and is now doubling back to excavate a channel par allel to the length of the island. This point, I have just learned, has not escaped the acute observation of Prof. Bamsay. Tho river bends; the Horseshoe immediately accommodates itself to tho bending, and will follow implicitly the direction of the deepest water in the upper stream. The flexibility of the gorge, if I may use the term, is determined by the flexibility of tho river channel above it. Were tho Niagara above the Fall sinuous, the gorge would obedi ently follow its sinuosities. Once suggested, no doubt geographers will be able to point out many examples of this action. The Zambesi is thought to present a great difficulty to the erosion theory, because of the sinuosity of the chasm below the Victoria Falls. But assuming the basalt to be of tolerably uniform texture, had the river been examined before the forma tion of this sinuous channel, the present zigzag course of the gorge below the Fall could, I am persuaded, have been predicted, while the sound- ■ mg of the present river would enable us to pre- I diet the course to be pursued by the erosion in : the future. Bat not only has the Niagara Elver cat the gorge; it, has carried away the chips of its own workshop. The shale being probably cmmbled is easily carried away.Bat st the base of the Fall we find the huge boulders already described, and by some moans or other these are removed down the river. The Ice which fills the gorge in winter, and which grapples with' the boolders, has been regarded as the the transporting agent. Prob ably it is so to some extent. Bat erosion sots without ceasing on the abutting points of the boulders, thus withdrawing their support and urging them gradually down the river. Solu tion also does its portion of the work. That solid matter is carried down is proved by the difference of depth’ between the Niagara Biver and Lake Ontario, where the river enters it. The depth falls from seventy-two feet to twenty feet,, in "consequence of the deposition of solid matter caused by the diminished motion of the river. In conclusion, we may say a word regarding the proximate future of Niagara. At the rate of excavation assigned to it by Sir Charles Lyell, namely a foot a year, five thousand years or so will carry the Horseshoe Fall far higher than Goat Island. As the gorge recedes it will drain, as it has hitherto done, the banks right and left of it, thus leaving a nearly level terrace between Goat Island andthe’odge of the gorge. Higher up it will totally drain the American branch of the river; the channel : of which in due time will become cultivable land. The American Fall will then be transformed into a dry precipice, forming a simple continuation of the cliffy boundary of the Niagara. At the place occupied by the Fall at this moment we shall have the gorgo enclosing a right angle, a second whirlpool being the consequence of this. To those who visit Niagara a few millenniums hence, I leave the verification of this prediction. All that can be said is, that if the causes now in action continue to act, it will prove itself literal ly true. . “ The Xruth at East. One of the editors of the Boston Transcript has long been convinced that the currontversion of the cherry-tree story was inaccurate. So he went in to find the tmo facts of the case. Into The dusty records" of the past "he dived, found what he was after, grappled with it, and drew it forth to the light of 1878. It will ho observed this version bears some resemblance to too one that has so long occupied a prominent place in spelling-books, hut it is more beautiful and pa thetic m its tone. If it does not exhibit a Sir Galahad purity, it shows a childish ingenuous ness that will call forth the wannest admiration of the devoted country. Hero it Is in all its beauty; “ Georgey, boy,” said the grandfather to the future father of nia country,‘‘Benjy Franklin’s father is a soap-boiler, and he is going to grow up and call down fire from heaven. Yours is not, yet you are not wholly umnstrucled, my son, in the science of chemistry. Tell me, then, since I have now leached these cherry-wood ashes for more than a week, is Ahe liquid ready for the addition of soap-grcoso ? ” The hero of Monmouth, Trenton, and such, let up for a space upon the stick he was whittling, to reply, with all the ingenuousness of childish ignorance, ** Father, I cannot tell a lye.** After that bo passed into history. RUSSIA'S CAVALRY. The Horsemen of tlie Czar-irrnrTpinna Hiding* 'Writing under date of Kay 2, of a review held in Bfc, Petersburg inhonor of the visit of the Em peror of Germany to the Czar, the correspondent of the London Daily News sdya: The great attraction of the day was the cav alry, and that far surpassed anything which I have ever seen. The two elements of excellence were, of course, the horses themselves and the horsemanship of the riders* Can anybody ox* plain the peculiar charm about Russian horses ? Without presuming to answer my own question, I think I may point out that one secret with trainers here seems to be to educate the horse; to make him trustworthy, faithful, am bitious | and to dispose of ail those con trivances which, in more civilized countries, crush the spirit out of the poor boasts. In what other country can one see horses like those which dash along the Nveska so free, and fresh, and graceful ? In what other country do they have such a glossy akin, such swan like necks, such, delicate limbs ? And in what other country do they offer such material for cavalry? One must reflect, too, that Russians of a certain class are born, like Arabs, in the saddle. The horse is a member of the family .a brother, a compan ion in every, adventure. The Russian Govern ment had, therefore, good material; but it has employed it well, and the proof is the superb horsemen who to-day galloped along by Kaiser Wilhelm and his German officers. The Rus sian cavalry has the ordinary divisions found in all Continental armies, —namely, hussars, dra goons, cuirassiers, uhlans, Ac.,—as well as some species peculiar to itself. I pass over the for mer, ana only call attention to the horses. Those sleek and muscular beasts had evidently been se lected as carefully as the men themselves. For each battalion they were all of one color, now a glossy black, now a rich brown, now a light gray, and the uniformity seemed to extend even to their size, shape, and motion. The effect was singularly striking. The Tcheck and Cossack cavalry have been so of ten described that there is nothing new to bo said about their appear ance. The detachment - which took part in the ceremonies of to-day wore tr bright red jackets and a sort of far hats of the same color, and rode chestnut ponies. On their backs carbines were strapped, and in their hands they carried long red lances. They led the cavahy division. The first circuit of cavalry was merely for inspection; the second was for evolutions. How impatiently the Cossacks went through the first, and how eagerly they entered on the second! The ponies, even, trembled with enthusiasm. As tho caval cade approached the Emperors, the riders set tled firmly in their saddles, loosened tho reins a little, and—tho. word is given! Like a flash of lightning, and simultaneously, the horses shoot off, and before the spectators have caught their breath, are half way around the square. What an astounding pace! If a horse should stumble, tho rider would never mount again. The Cos sacks crouch low in tho saddle, and shout like fiends; while their long glittering lances, stretch ing out horizonlaUy far beyond the horses, are terrifying oven to friends and non-combatants. Tho Gormans do not spare their plaudits. They love tho ulilaus who trampled down the Turcos, and the Bismarck Cuirassiers who rode into the jaws of death at Mara le Tour, but nothing like those unearthly horsemen from the plains of Russia. Let me not do negative injustice, however, to the rest of tho cavalry. After tho second turn around the field tho whole body formed at the rear, op posite the Emperors and the amphitheatre. Tho front stretched tho whole length of the field; somewhat longer—to use a comparison which many English readers will appreciate—than from the Seine to the barracks at the foot of the Champs de Mors, and several regiments deep. Thero were probably 15,000 in all—the cuiras siers with their white coats and heavy black horses, tho hussars with their pikes, the mounted grenadiers and the dragoons, ‘and at the wings the reckless Cossacks again. The Grand Duke Nicholas waved his sword, and the entire force moved toward tho Emperors and the spectators. At first it was a light trot, then an easy gallop, then faster and faster, till one could only see thousands of glittering uniforms and superb horses dashing madly toward the crowd. Nearer and nearer they come, and ever at the same terrific pace. It will bo death for tho Imperial party who are on tho ground be low 1 Suddenly tho Grand Duke's sword flies up again in the air; the officers pass the word along; still the 15,000 horsemen shake the earth. The Grand Duke’s sword falls, and the mighty mass comes to a stop as if transfixed by an elec tric shock. Perfect silence reigns. The long line of cavalry is os calm and steady as the mar ble palace itself, and far back through the cen tres all is tranquil. That was a glorious sight, and worth a journey to St. Petersburg to see. I shall never look on such a spectacle again. A PRAIRIE-SONG. Now Evening comes. The hidden deeps Of Heaven their secrets render; And clouds, on golden seas asleep, Drift down the purple splendor. The springing prairie-boskage rings With manifold existence, White-breasted plovers flash their wing# Across the dusky distance. Brown-feathered quail now pipe their call To bring their mates—a-roamlng— . Thro’ dewy atmospheres, which fall Athwart the Held a-gloaming. And high on spire and minaret Of every cloud-built castle, — Low on tho lush, green meadows wet. Where tiny blrtilings nestle, — The magic loom of twilight wears Her mantle, vast and sombre; And every dusty fold receives Star-Jewels without number. Now deepening shadows, prostrate all. Arc on the meadows lying; And huehed the ever-znoumful call’ Of killdaro homeward flying. Englewood, HI. B. J. 0. Snakes Exorcised by Bagpipes. It appears, remarks the Brisbane Courier, the frightful effect of the sound of bagpipes is not confined to human beings, but -is death to the snake tribe. The Mayborough Chronicle says : “ Here's the latest snake story. We do not vouch for its authenticity. Mrs. P. was thrown into a state closely bordering on hysteria by her little girl crying out that a huge snake bad gone under the house. The alarm was soon spread. The neighbors assembled and assisted Mrs. P. in searching for the unwelcome visitor. They were unsuccessful, and in despair. Happy thought! Some one remembered that “music hath charms.” Mr- H. was pre vailed upon to visit the scene, and stand behind with his bagpipes. . Before a dozen bars had been played, his snakeship made his appear ance, to the delight of the charmer and the ter ror of the ladies and children. Mr. H. re treated, stiUpiaying, and the fascinated reptile followed. When about twenty yards from the house, the musician struck up “ Love Among the Boses.” The snake reared nimself on high, darted out his tongue savagely, fell over with a guggle, and expired lying as he had smiled. This was something like a snake. A Veteran’s Joke. The marriage of the Archduchess Giseia with Prince Leopold of Bavaria has produced a show er of Orders at Vienna, The following story is now circulating in that capital apropos of this plethora of honors: An Austrian veteran whose military prowess had raised him to a high pin nacle of glory in his own profession, was unfor ' tunato in this, that be was deeply in debt. One day, as ho was conversing in ins tent with a foreign General, a messenger cams in and brought a dispatch. He had barely read it, when he joyfully shook the stranger by the band, crying, “ Congratulate me v’ “ Upon what ?” inquired the General. “I have received an Order,” rephed the Austrian veteran, rub bing his hands. “ How is it," inquired the astonished visitor, “ that you, who possess almost every Order, can show so much pleasure on the receipt of another ?” “ Oh, it is the only Order I have not got.” “But even then ?” “Now,” replied the impervious General, chuck ling, “ they have nothing left to give me but Money!” GROTE, THE HISTORIAN A Memoir of Him by Hfa Widow. His Intimacy with Young John Stu- art Mill. The Romance of His Xove and Marriage. Mrs. Groio has published tho flret volume of a memoir of her distinguished husband. Its pearanco at this moment is singularly well-timed, —for, among the group of young Utilitarian philosophers that it describes, is JOHK BTUAHT Mttt.. He was in years, but junior in weight and force of mind to none. An instance of this was his correspondence, when only 12 years of age, with Grote, on subjects of the most abstruse kind. Mill, Grote, and their radical companions, formed what they called the “Utilitarian Society,” and used to meet at the banking-office of Mr. Grote, Sr., in Threadneedle street. They did not, as was popularly supposed, spend their time ih'the pe rusal of Adam Smith's “Wealth of Nations,” reading it backwards as well as forwards ; but they debated freely and thoroughly every topic of political and social economy which was thrown up by the discussions of that time. In a few years, young Mill was the acknowledged centre of the Threadneedle-street philosophers, who used to meet with him every morning, from half-past 8 till business hours, to disp ense the topics which were to be treated of in the Westminster Review, then the organ of the Utilitarian sect. Those were the days in which Mill wrote for tho Morning Chronicle with that exceeding gravity and carefulness which galled Macaulay to the impatient criticism that the Utilitarians thought that to bo philo sophical they must be dry, and that they forgot that a sophistry could lurk in a syllogism as well as in a metaphor. When Mr, Grote found his wife, one morning, rummaging in his papers, and was told by her that she was gathering tho materials for his life, he exclaimed: “My life! Why, there is abso* lutely nothing to tell!** But, uneventful as the life of tho banker and scholar Is usually thought to have been, it turns out that, with all tha wealth, leisure, social, and ed ucational opportunities that were his. Mr. Grote had to struggle with many and great discour agements, and his success, like every great suc cess, was achieved in spite of these. The story of his riEST AHD 02TLV LOVE, and the trials and tribulations through which he won the devoted wife who was the moving in spiration of his best literary and political work, and who survived to erect this monument to his ‘memory, is full of the torturing vicissitudes, long-enduring constancy, and happy consumma tion, that make romance. When young Grote was giving himself up to all the fascination of love, he was warned by a young clergy man, who was a friend of Hiss Lewin, the lady of his affections, and himself, to give up all hope of winning her hand, as she was engaged to another. Sodeeply. was Grote affected by this. revelation, that bis health began to fail so noticeably that his father, who seems to have been of a harsh, exacting nature, soon discovered the passion, which hitherto had been hidden from blip. He at once exacted from his son a pledge that he would never offer himself to any woman without his consent. Barely had thin cruel promise been extracted, when young Grote learned that the clergyman who bad vol unteered tho information which had destroyed his happiness was a villain, and had deceived him in hopes to win the fair Miss Lewin himself. Bat this discovery brought no happiness with it. His father was inexorable in his refusal to al low him to seek Miss Lewin’s hand. He was compelled to abandon all intercourse with her and her family. He gavo up all hope of ever winning her, and betook him self, with an industry little short of pro digious, to his studies. It was all in vain that ho sought to forgot the fair girl who had “ mag netized him,” as ho expressed it. Ho could not banish her from his affections. They met again by accident, and all their former fondness was rekindled. Fero Grote was compelled to give consent to the determined lovers, bat, ugly to. tho last, forbade them to marry for two rears. Mrs. Grote, writing now in tho cool of ife, calls this “ a cruel compact,” as it certainly was. The Lewins held a better social position than tho Grotes ; Misa Lewin, if the girl hold any of tho promise of the woman, must have possessed fine moral and intel lectual qualities; the two wero devoted lovers, and there was no lack of money to forbid their union. They were affi anced, and George Grote began at once to keep a diary, in which he minutely recorded each day’s work for the inspection of his betrothed. It affords a marvelous instance of HOW MUCH CAK BE ACCOMPLISHED, under the inspiration of love and ambition, by an industrious young man. The quotations which Mrs. Grote gives show that young. Grote, al though engaged in business of an exacting nature, found time to cultivate literature, politi cal economy, German metaphysics, poetry, his tory, philosophy,—a dozen different subjects. In his devotion to his betrothed and his studies, Grote managed to spend tho two years of their engagement in happiness, despite the despicable conduct of his father. This amiable parent would have no communi cation of any sort with the young lady o rher family, and would not even pay them a chance visit. .Ho gave his son, after his mar riage, a mere pittance to live on. But such trims were easy to bear with SO NOBLE A. WOMAN by his side. Daring their engagement she had assiduously cultivated those studies which would qualify her to assist her husband. After their union, sho gave up all her noble friends and con nections of rank in deference to her husband's rooted aversion to everything aristocratic, —an aversion which had been implanted by the teach ings of James Mill, who may he said to have bent = his mind to the shape in which it reproduced, itself in the History of Greece. Mrs. Grot© was a woman of singularly generous impulses, noble ambitions, quick and certain sympathy. All these charming traits sho brought to his aid, and she gave him, beside, the keenest and most exhilarating stimulant n man can have, —utter, unquestioning, fond faith in him and his work. It was her suggestion that led him o write his great work, and her unseen, faithful, and affectionate influence was with him through life to the end, urging and keeping him on in his career as a great scholar, an earnest and honorable politician, and a successful man of business. LITERARY NOTES. There is no truth in tbs report that Henri Taine has accepted a Professorship in an Ameri can university. —Kate Field will gather her occasional papers into a volume under the title of “ Hap-Hazard.” —The wife of Arthur Arnold, the editor of the London Echo, is translating Senor Castelar’s works on Borne into English. —Richardson’s novels, “Pamela," “Clarissa Earlowe,” and “ Sir Chaldea Grandison,” are to be reprinted in London in cheap editions. —MSI. Erckman and Chatrian have published another of those stories of real life for which they are famous, under the title of “Lea Deux Fleres.” —The revision of the New Testament, now in progress in England, will occupy seven years, and that of the Old Testament twelve years. —The French historian, Thierry, who died last month, published his first work fifty years ago,, and the proofs of his last were brought to mm on bis death-bed. It was an article in the Rexne det Deux Mondes. ■ —A volume of lectures, biographical, histori cal, etc., cn “ Ireland and the Irish,” by the Very. Bev. Thomas N. Burko, O. P., is presented as the second book in the “ Irisb-American Libra ry ” of Lynch, Colo & Meehan. —lt is rumored that the work upon the life: and times of the late Chief Justice Chase, which was in progress with a view to speedy publica tion by Judge Robert B. Warden, of Ohio, will not appear, in consequence of serious disagree ment between the biographer and the surviving relatives of the Chief Justice. —The second volume of M. Guizot’s “ Popu lar History of Franco” has appeared simul taneously in French and English. Unhappily the work will end, like all the really good his tories of that country, with the outbreak of the revolution in 1789. —Frenchmen are still busy with war litera ture. Ontof twenty-five books in history and geography, published in Paris in April of the present year, no less than twelve are new his- tones of tha Franco-German war or of some of its campaigns. —Mr. John G. Shea, of New York, one of tha very few cultivators of tho aboriginal American tongues, proposes a grammar and dictionarv of tho language of therGros Ventres of tnoMla. sonri. Should 100 subscribers ho found for this ho will follow with an English-French-Moi hawk vocabulary or Seneca dictionary. —Bishop Colonso’s now book will contain an elaborate and learned dissertation on “ Tha p™. Christian Cross.” - - —Messrs. Hurd 4 Houghton have ready for publication a book by Mr. Joseph Bird, entitled ‘‘Protection Against Fire,” upon which the au thor has been engaged many years. His doc trine, he contends, if put in practice, would pre vent ail great fires in cities. The public will of course have to see his proofs before they rush tohis conclusions. —There was once a member of Congwas who distinguished himself by always writing the name of tho Supreme Being with a little g. But the Spectator, in an article on “ The Literary Sin of Singularity,” points oat tha fact that Mr. Morley throughout the two volumes of his “ Bonssean,’ 5 denies tha capital letter to nearly all words iu which Englishmen are accustomed to find it. Not only does he write “Christians” and “trin ity,” but he has “ belief in gbd," tho “idea of' god,” Ac. —The London National Reformer has been printing a series of articles on the question Has Christianity Been Favorable to al Progress 1" It answers the question in tha negative. —The new illustrated edition of the Bronte novels (Scribner, Wolford 4 Armstrong) w£U soon bo completed by tho publication of. Its. GaskelTs life of Charlotte. —Japanese literature is not abundant. Twen ty-four books were published in Japan last year, of which nearly all were translations. With one exception they relate to what were, till lately, foreign subjects. Seven were translations of foreign elementary works on chemistry and physics, four on geography, two on American history, and three on civil law. . —M. Henri Bochefort is said to be the author of the anonymous novel how running in Rappel, entitled “ Lea Depraves.” —Leconte de Lisle, author of “ Poemes Bar hares,” is called by tho London Spectator the ' second living French poet, Victor Hugo being first. —Tho British Quarterly puts George Eliot, as a novelist, above Sir Walter Scott. “ She paints with Hiss Austen’s unerring humor and accu racy, and with Sir Walter’s masculine breadth. Where are there in George Eliot’s stories such fantastic and unreal figures as Fenella, in ‘ Pot* eril of the Peak,’ or Meg Merrillea in Guy Man nering*?" ~ * —A novel from tho pen of a Major-General would be at any time something of a curiosity; but it seems we are to have during the coming autumn a book from the press of J. B. Osgood & Co., which will bo equally remarkable for its author, its subject, and its literary ability. Maj.- Gen. Lew Wallace has written a romance found ed on the conquest of Mexico by Cortez, and wo have seen the written opinion of a competent critic to whom the manuscript was submitted by the publishers. Certainly a more enthusiastic approval of the first venture of a tyro in litera ture never emanated from the reader of a great publishing house. “Ido not hesitate to com mend it, >Y says this authority, “as hardly sur- Sassed in historical fiction, and as a book that lere will be honor aa well as profit in publish ing. It is so utterly unlike ordinary novels, so fresh and fascinating, that there can be hardly a doubt of its popularity.” —New York Tribune . —Gustave Dora, the author of more book illustrations than any man living, except George Cruikahank, wants to take a voyage round the world in a sailing vessel, sketching as he goes. But he is so horribly the victim of sea-sickness that he cannot go. He wants to see all that is grand in North America, and would sail for New .York to-morrow but for the horrors of the pas sage. He has grown old in the past three years and suffers from depression of spirits, which hia income of 100,000 francs a year from his sketches does not subdue. —The supplement of the AUyemeine Zeiiung of the 16th of April has an article upon Swin burne’s “Byron,” and detailed quotations from tbo preface of the new editor, in which the hope is expressed that •* something at once new and true” may one day be brought to light concern ing Byron’s life. “However, this, like much else besides, lies in the lap of the gods, and es pecially in the lap of one goddess, who atiU treads the earth. Till she speaks we cannot guess* what she may have to say.” To ibis phrase the editor adds: “ Countess Guicdolihas died meanwhile without divulging anything.” “Now [says Mr. Karl Hillebrana, writing from Florence], I have had the privilege of looking through the whole of the extremely valuable manuscript collection left by the Countess,'which is still in the possession of her family. It con tains, besides tbe MS. of a work on ‘ Byron’s Stay in Italy,* by the Countess, which is full of : unpublished letters and contemporary notices, ft quantity of Lord Byron’s autograph manuscripts (for instance, of ‘ Marino Fallen, several cantos of ‘Don Juan,? ‘Dante’s Prophecy,* Ac.), and, what is a good deal more important, an extensive correspondence, dating from 1820 to 1823, which, however, is hardly adapted for publication.” - —Adams, Victor & Co. write to the New xork Tribune , in reply to a communication in that paper, as follows; “ Tho last labor which Miss EmilyFaithfull performed, prior to her return to England, was upon her novel, * A Beed Shaken with the Wind,* which we have in press. Your correspondent’s assumption that the novel is ‘but a republication,’ and ‘ls not the work of her maturer and wiser years,* is tho hasty con clusion of some over-officious friend. The hook is quite worthy of its eminent author. The fur ther assumption of your correspondent that Miss Foitufull * yielded to the desire of her publishers in not mentioning the work aa a ropublication* is not complimentary to the sturdy independence which characterizes the author; but, as Miss F. had her own way entire ly in tho matter, and is decidedly proud of her book, wo see no reason why, aa her publishers, we should deny to H. K. the little satisfaction which he (or she) takes in prejudging the forth coming carefully retouched edition of the suc cessful English novel. We may add. as an item of literary news, that Miss Faithful! expects to* place the MS. of her ‘lmpressions of America and Americana * in our hands ready for early fall issue.” —The Bar. Mr. Murray, of Adirondack and Park Street Church celebrity, will ehortly give new proof of his versatile tastes and genius, by publishing, through Messrs. J.B. Osgood A Co., a work entitled “ The Perfect Horse; Howto Creed, Train, Shoe, and Drive Him.” We un derstand that Mr. Murray has been at work on this book for many years, and his zeal for good horses has led him to study carefully all accessi ble literature upon them. In addition to bis 1 own work, the book will contain a preface by Henry Ward Beecher; an article by Dr. G. B. Coring, on the Northeastern Agricultural Socie ty, with special reference to the horse; and a chapter from Mr. Badd Doble, the well-known trainer and driver of Goldsmith Maid, directing “ how the trotting horse should he driven.” It will contain also, illustrations of some famous horses, and—by special permission—will be ded icated to President Grant; It will probably be published, early next fall. —A Boston letter in the Springfield Republican says: ** Miss Alcott’s novel • Work * which is an nounced for publication on. the 15th of June, has many illustrations, and some of them are capi tal. It takes its motto from Carlyle, and is ded icated to Mrs. Alcott; mas to 415 pages, and bids fair to have a large sale. In England, two editions of it will he issued by Sampson Low,— one in two volumes for a guinea, and tbs other a cheaper, one-volume edition from the Ameri can plates, with Eytinge's illustrations. Hiss Alcon’s Boston publisher, Boberts, will issue about the same time a volume of the ‘Wit and Wisdom of George Eliot,’ edited by a Boston lady, and including the good sayings,ln Mid dlomarch, ’ with an index to the whole, both of which the English volume lacks. This will be a treasure in a small space,— about the bigness of Mrs. Thaller’s book. Mr- Hamerton's volume, so long promised, is sml somewhat delayed, and so will Sir. Channing’s memoir of Thoreau bo. The latter is all printed, and, with the preface, contains 365 pages—the last 30 being filled with ‘ memorial verses, flm»- trating chiefly scenes in Thoreau’s life. The ‘first of these poems, which are eight in number, was read by Sir. Emerson at Thoteau’s funeral; the others.have been printed in the Aumbe, CommmcmweaUh, and Independent. All written, as Thoreau once said, ‘in a sublime slip-shod style,’and the whole book may remind US cr Thoroau’s remark concerning one of his friends, ‘As naturally whimsical as a cow is brindled, both in his tenderness and in his rough ness he belies himself.’ There is more learning and literature in it than in most books since Burton’s ‘ Anatomy of Melancholy,’ which set Sterne up in business as a humorist. The second volume of Lamon’s life of Abraham Lincoln, which ought to have appeared this year, ism>j yet in the publisher’s hands, and it is doubtful n Osgood ever prints more of it,—the first volume having failed to sett. Mr. Felt’s ‘ Kaballah also drags, and may not be published till autumn, n so soon. No American publisher has yet been found for Joaquin Miller s new volume, whies the Atheneum praises. Possibly Boberts mty reprint it by and by. It is successful in Englano, but probably would not bo strikingly so hem. Miller’s autobiography, on which ha is saioto do at work, with some account in it of the moaoc Indians, would sell well in America,*

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