Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 1, 1873, Page 12

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 1, 1873 Page 12
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PRIZE PEELERS. Evils Growing Out of Competition Among. Policemen. How Mistaken Zeal Resulted in Breaking Up a Household. A Melancholy Tale of Blight- Ed Hopes. A week ago The Tbzbukx had a fow remarks relative to tho mistaken zeal of some members of the police force, who Hunk the measure of their efficiency is the number of arrests they make, as that of a clergyman is the number of sinners he brings under conviction, or as that of an Indian is the number of scalps that adorn his lodge. There 'is* .an . animated competition between the patrolmen for the prizes which have been offered by the Board of Police Com missioners to the three returning the largest number of arrests; as in Sunday-schools there Is competition as to who ; shall learn the largest number of texts. So when patrol men Smith and Jones are running neck and neck for the stakes* if real law-breakers do not come in their way they have to manufacture them. There - must be arrests, right or wrong. When business is dull, and Smith sees a belated wanderer a little overcome with liquor, but still able to navigate,* what is easier than to slyly trip hp, and then pounce on him as he lies half stunned, and cany, bim off as a drunkard ? Did one ever notice an express wagon driving along the streets on which . Smith ; has his beat, and keeping always a few yards behind him? That is Smith’s tender, his receiving-ship, bis gaxno-hag, where he deposits his prey when captured. An express wagon is detailed to ac company every policeman who is a competitor 1 for the 'Washburn prize. When Jones sees the notorious John Allen conversing with-an emi grant, even though it is certain that John has not sinister designs on the emigrant’s iron-bound trunk, Jones hails his expressman,, and Allen is trotted off to the station. When Smith meets a man late at night, he orders him to go home at once, and not stay loafing about the streets. 41 Hurry up,” says Jones, u don’t stay around here.” And if the stranger tells Jones to attend to his own business, Jones grabs him, the ambu lance is ordered to the front, the wound ed are removed, and Jones continues his triumphal advance, scoring one. When Percy twangs his midnight guitar beneath Julia’s window, and blends the melody of his voice with the music of the strings, and Julia, not daring to Abow herself, r since her hair is in curl papers made out of Percy’s love-letters, stands on one side and wonders whether ho will bring her those opera tickets he promised, then Smith cornea along and tells him to stop his infernal racket. Percy,! who fancies himself young Borneo, and Julia the maid of Verona, and who knows how Borneo’s sword wouldhave flashed from its sheath had a watchman disturbed him in his devo tions, defies the policeman most valor •trnßly, knowing that Julia hears him. Exit Percy, after a brief struggle, and Julia, dy ing with laughter, is eager for daylight, that she . may tell the story to her bosom friend. • To a person who never leaves the house, all this may he very funny, bnt with those who are liable to fall victims to Smith or Jones, the case la quite different. The revelations which follow ' ed the preceding article on the mistaken zeal of policemen have thrown much light on the misery and unhappiness which have been caused by the misguided zeal of these preservers of the •peace. Desolated homes, domestic strife, di vorce suits, etc,, have resulted from these ill-ad vised arrests. Half-a-dozen persons have been to this office during the last week, and have pointed out, in tho dearest manner, how all their .misfortunes arose, not from themselves, hut from the police force. Among them was & de pressed-looking, middle-aged man, who had a trick of stopping every few minntes to wipe ‘away his tears with a dingy pocket-handkerchief, ■Which, he repeatedly stated, had been worked by one now forever lost to him. Since he could not £e kept from beginning his story with an ac ' count of his courtship in Devonshire some six teen years ago, it was found necessary to en ' force the role of the office against receiving ver ‘ bal communications, and to shut him up in a room by himself, where, with much agony, he ‘ sweated out the following: -To theJSditor of The Chicago Tribune : . Bis; I can traely BUbstatantlte your articlle in yee ' lerd&y paper concerning in just arrests. I bappend lately to bo one of the Unfortunate that come under ’ police tyr&ny About 8 weeks ago I considered I had - lust cause to report a policeman on duty in the West : Dlviaon of this City and accompained him to 6th pro . dnt police Station for that purpose. As soon as I I was given in charge for Broken ess and dis * Orderly conduct The statement he made, was copied down and I was not allowed to moke any charge against him My Gold Watch Chain Ac were taking from me and t locked np (for the first time in my life) in a dirty! - fildiy oelL Two of 1U occupants were in beastly - stale of intoxication. And belsve them to be as great ’ blackgaurds as to be found in Chicago. The long . weary hours of night passed very slow as 1 paced the . prison cell aimaiay to a caged fl^rchon, in his den. 'At the break of day the' HHHwo rightful occupants as previously stated awoke there slumbers and commenced Carsing. Svnear- iug, and using the most beastly language possible for • anything in the shape of human form to utter Some low prostitutes occupied the adjoining cell were not , better. And for two hours the Prostitutes and two j Blackgaurds bawled and did as they thought At 8. a an my case was called. And charged as before stated. ( With the folkug additions viz That I was drinking .•with bad woman Called bm oat of his name, And ob* fCtrocted him doing his duty. The accusation Blr I tswear before my God is false And I innocent of all j chargee against me Bis Honor asked me what I had jto Say. Gave my statment of the affair. .Penalty Ten and costs. -During the trial )nnknown to me) miy wife was in Court and beard all And the conquence *cf the affair at present is Tam parted from my Wife '-.afterlivng together Happy for 16 years my Home Is Miroken np And all the furniture Ac sold Chicago, May 28, 1873. "When this production was finished, its author jread it over .with illustrative tones and gestures. /%Vhen it came to the point where he paced up >and down like a caged lion, he marched back kind forth for a few minutes. Since he had a iveiy down-trodden appearance, and went round khe room, with a sort of limping trot, which jcaused hia long heard to waggle from aide to 4eide, the resemblance to the pacing of the caged flion was not striking. At tho close, he broke .{out in vehement lamentations about that, form •Hure, an inventory of which he also submitted, 3 and the proceeds of which had, it seems, been {pocketed by his wife. There was in particular, ~a rocking-chair to which he was specially •-Attached, for while rocking back and forth in it, «nd smoking, he had for sixteen years watched .jlus wifOjiWhile engaged in her domestic voca tions. This unhappy man, who is now a total /wreck, asked if anything could he done for him. suggestions wore made, bnt the only one ,/which seemed to cause a smile upon hia de : jected face, was that he should lie in wait with a /arge rock, and throw it with unerring aim at tho Jhead of the author of his misery. He went /away, saying he would think it over. If he eels at .it, he can plead mitigating circum tetoces—tho loss of his wife and of the furniture i There also came in a melancholy young man rj who told a sad tale of blighted hopea. It seems the was employed in a religious clothing-house In i this city, where all the salesmen are required to •. "belong to the Yokefellows and the Band of Hope. .'He spent his leisure honrs, which were few in . courting a gid of wealth and strong religious’in . durations, taking her to church and to the meet :ings of the Daughters of Bebekah. Wednesday serening, ho went to prayer-meeting, and ho •working too late to accompany her, was in the inhabit of waiting at the door to escort her home. (The other evening he stood m front of .•the church awaiting her, and, having frothing else ■to do, began scratch ing her name on a lamp-post with his pencil. In .tether days, people ent their sweethearts’ names Von a tree, but on this occasion, there was none jhandy. Policeman Brown came by. It was a ’<hril night. He had made no arrests. His score -was very low for tho week. 80 ho took this -young man and carried him away., As he was ■doing it, the young lady came out and eaw her - beau departing. Disgusted at the sight, she went off, leaning on the arm of hia rival. The nut morning the yotmg man waa charged with . “defacing public monuments,” and fined $5. . He lost his sweetheart and hia situation, and was •, expelled by the Yokefellows. This case is specially commended to the liberal Christian Union. ; But this simple story reveals the possibiltfiea .. of misery which await a man here. He is out ; late at night, and owing to tho zeal of a police man, gets arrested. His wife, finding that ho .dies not come home, does not go off into a .spasm, tearier hair, or conclude die has been deserted. She simply goes to the Police-Oourt and takes a seat in the rear of the room. She sees her husband broysht is* looking aoogyof course, and with the careworn air of one who has for hours been fighting hostile bugs. She hears the policeman teu ' his story, and she believes, him, for he wears an uniform. She hears- the Judge fine her husband, and then she goes home to sell the furniture and apply fora divorce. Man is mortal. He must go out to see a friend. He must drink a little beer or whisky-punch, for he is not a il mucker.** Ho must occasionally get a little boozy and describe hyperbolas and parabolas as he goes home, and ho must sit down on the curbstone and meditate whether ho shall take the trouble to go across to bis house, or whistle for it to come over to him. If ho is to bo arrested for indulging in these amenities of life, where is our boasted civilization ? What is the use of the Personal liberty League ? Where are the Freisinniger Buerger? For the present, and while this state of affairs lasts, people who have to be out of nights had better have a friend to accompany them, or go to Wa&Lbam and get an exemption from arrest u good for this day only.” THE BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF LAGER-BEER. To the Editor of Th& Chicago Tribune : Sib : I have noticed in your paper two com* xmmicationß from a correspondent, who eigne himself “ Osaian," under tho dates of May 19 and 23. The one under date of the 19th hardly deserves a notice; hut the one under date of the 23d, headed “Destructive Effects of Lager- Beer,” is so palpably inconsistent with the truth, and the experience of every intelligent man, that I cannot refrain from replying to it. He narrows the issue down to tho following “ self-evident proportion,” and proposes to fight it out on that lino* viz.: “That the manufacture and sale of lager-beer are to crime, and endanger the public safety, and that it is an agent of intemperance.” In support of this self-evident proposition, he quotes from what J. Fenimore Cooper, Horace Greeley, and Dr. Holland saw in Paris and some of tho larger cities of Europe. These men are excellent authority in their line; but upon social questions of this nature, which come within the daily observation of every person, they are no better than thousands of other men who come continually in contact with tho masses of the people, and who do not entertain strong prejudices upon the temperance question. - 1 claim that lager beer, as a national bevor- I age, is consistent with habits of sobriety and tern- j | peranco; and, in countries whore its sale and manufacture are protected and fostered by the I Government, instead of proscribed, crime, tho result of intemperance from the use of the same, is unknown. In support of this assertion, I can bring the testimony of men who are much more competent to judge of the effects of the use of beer and wine than Messrs. Cooper, Greeley, and Hol land, —who, from their constant association among the people that use this beverage freely, are competent to pass an intelligent opinion on its effects. Dr. Bowditch, of Massachusetts, r eays: “ I fully agree with all that has been said as to the value of light wines as an aid to temperance; but I believe the Gormans are destined to be really the greatest benefactors to ibis country, by bringing to us, if we choose to accept the boon—their lager-beer. It contains less alcohol than any of the native wines. This fact, with tho other fact that the Ger mans have not the pernicious habits of our people, would, if we chose, diminish intem perance in this country. X have had a very large practice among the Germans for the last twenty years, and my observation has been that they are remarkably free from consumption and chronic diseases, and I have attributed it to their free use of lager-beer.” In countries where its sale and manufacture are protected by the Government, and its free use encouraged, I give the observation of some of our own people who have observed its effects -upon the masses: The United States Consul at Frankfort writes: “The drunkards have disappeared; a great deal less wine and cider is consumed, and the people now generally drink lager-beer; and it cannot bo said that the general health or morals of the people suffer by tho change. In the City of iTrankfort, with a population of 100,000 persons, and an average mortality of 1,400 annually, only five persons nave died of delirium tremens.” The United States Consul at Vienna writes : “ Touching the relative amount of intoxication in this country, where lam residing, and that seen in the United States, I may say that I have seen more intoxicated persons in the streets of Kew York in one day than I have chanced to see in Vienna during the past year.” These men, from long experience and observa tion by residence in those cities, are much more capable of judging of the effects of lager-beer upon the masses than Messrs. Greeley and Coop er, whose observations were entirely superficial, as the observations must be of those who make flying trips through any country. We do not feel entirely satisfied with the opinion of Charles -Dickens on the character and habits of the American people, on his first visit to this country. I again claim, in behalf of lager-beer, that, from tho small percentage of alcohol it contains, combined with the refreshing properties of car bonic acid gas, the nutritive extract of malt, and the tonic properties of the hop, it is a whole some and necessary beverage, grateful to tho appetite, and beneficial to the human constitu tion. It partakes of all the advantages of alco holic beverages, and, at the same time, quenches thirst caused by bodily exertion. Dr. Molescort says: “Good beer is nutri tious as fruit, and, taken in modera tion, increases the secretion of the digestive juices, and promotes the solution of the food; and it is, therefore, a laudable custom .to refresh artisans who have to work hard, in ‘the morning and afternoon, with good beer, which, by its proportionate amount of albumen (which is equal to that of fruit) supplies a direct substitute for food.”. Dr. Chambers says: “Alcohol, flavoringeth ers, sugar and water, such as are found in molt liquor, are in the most digestible form in which they can be given, both in health and disease. Beer is nutritive, and, when used in moderation, is salubrious and beneficial to the system.!* The manufacture of lager beer bears a striking similarity to the manufacture of bread, the chief difference being in the quantity of grain employed and the amount of water added. The one, intended to produce solid food, is baked, and the other, to produce a refreshing and nourishing beverage, is boiled. The component parts of lager beer are as follows: 91 parts of water, 5.50 malt extract, 3.60 alcohol, and the remainder, making up the 100 parts, carbonic acid, &c. A drink composed of such ingredients, and containing so littlo alcohol, cannot bo “condu cive to crime, dangerous to public safety, and an agent of intemperance:” Tho fanatics, of course, will insist that it is; but all men imbued with a reasonable amount of common sense cannot see it in that light. In conclusion, I desire to quote from the veto message of Gov. Dix on tho “ local-option law ” that was passed by the Kew Fork Legislature a short time since. He says:- “The bill, while professing to leave to tho people tho largest lib erty in this respsc-, restricts them to the nar rowest : they tr> not permitted to have a choice as to what beverage it shall bo lawful to uso within tjieir respective boundaries. The bill is framed in the interest of restriction, and not of freedom, of choice. X deem this narrow view ex ceedingly unwise. A wide difference prevails among the people of the State in regard to the propriety of distinguishing between ar dent spirits and the lighter beverages, some of which do not intoxicate unless token in uncomfortable quantities, and which in countries where they are generally used, have proved a restraint upon the consumption of spirituous liquors, and. to a great extent, a safe guard against the prevalence of intemperance.” I did not intend to occupy so much space in your valuable paper; but, as “Ossian”has at tacked, in a most outrageous manner, a harm less and necessary beverage, and taken false premises, and drawn false conclusions, I felt that Uiey should not go before the public un contradiQted; and I would suggest to “ Osaian ” that he take some other line to fight put on. Chicago, May 31, 1873. Gambbutds, A Victim' A Second Troppmann* a Bocond Troppmann has been ar rested. A man named Antonio Evangelista, one evening went to the house of a friend, a oon tadmo, Antonio Lncacalche, and ashed, the loan of five lire. Lncacalche said he would give it to him m Gnlaooio, where he was going on the fol lowing day, and it Was arranged that Evange lista should accompany him, and, accordingly at an early hour, they left the house. When upon the country road, Evangelista turned sud denly upon Lncacalche, and with a hatchet laid open the head of the unsuspecting man, and then finished him with a dagger-blow in the throat. Coolly turning back to the house, he called the wife to come out, saying that her hus band wanted her. No sooner had she come into the road than a like fate met her, a hatchet-blow killing her instantly. The son, hearing her death-cry,-ran to her aid, but he fell under the axe of the inhuman assassin. An only daughter, seeing from the window the fearful sight, suc cessfully barred the door, and the ruffian, after repeated attempts, turned sway and disappeared, fls if as arrested the following da? at Cassino. THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, JUNE 1, 1873. ANIMAL-PUTREFACTION. Are the Effluvia-Therefrom Pestt leutial in Effect? An Argument to Prove that the Popular Beliel This Regard Is a Fallacy. Unpleasant Smells Wot Necessaril; Noxious. To the Editor qf The Chicago Tribune : Sib : While there is nothing ■which so clearly indicates the progress of science as the gradual disappearance of superstition and prejudice, there still prevails, on the other hand, a class of popular theories to which the above does not apply. Such theories are believed to be well founded upon some scientific basis, on close ex* animation, turns .oat to be merely a popular belief, the superficial foundation of which has been left unshaken, out of a common feeling of reverence for its age, or for the genius of the person who advanced the same at an early day. The theory of the contagiousness or pestilen tial effect of the offensive effluvia which gen erate in the - putrefaction and transforma tion of animal-mattor, is one of this class; and, Chicago being a city in which, owing to the packing-industry, a great deal of refuse animal-matter Is produced and necessarily han dled, there is not a summer passing but what, based on tho above theory, smelling committees, experts' reports, {he monthly statements of our Sanitary Superintendent, and other influences, combine to keep the mind of tho public in con stant excitement and apprehensions of great danger. Allow me to devote a few lines to the discussion of this subject, so that wo may pos sibly ascertain whether there is any good reason for any one to horrify tho public, or for the pub lic to be so alarmingly horrified, with the bug boar of Bridgeport slaughtering-houses, tan neries, and other establishments connected with the largo packing-interests of our city. To arrive at safe conclusions on this subject, it becomes necessary to examine the nature of tho odoriferous products which are formed by tho putrefaction of the refuse animal-matter, as well as those which are formed by the processes of manufacture, aa rendering and drying, to which they are subjected in order to convert them into useful and marketable articles. The odors which are generated by rendering are represented by small quantities of volatile oils, which, in their action, aro of no danger, either to animal or vegetable life. They may be condensed by passing them through a cooler, or destroyed by burning them. To say that tho vapors of- substances so inoffensive, mixed in a small quantity with air, would injure the same for breathing, is absurd.. They could only have a mechanical action on the breathing or gans; and, in this respect,' the smallest quantity of street-dust, mixed with tho air, is of more injury to tho lusga than tho smelling va pors of the rendering-kettle, even in a rather concentrated state. The smells which aro gen erated in the diving of animal-matter, as it is practised, with blood and other offal, for man ufacture of fertilizers, are substantially vapors of water, containing small quantities of volatile oils, and also products of putrefaction, if the animal-matter had been put in the driers in a putrid state. The products of putrefaction are principally ammonia and other volatile alkalis, in combination with sulphuroted and phosphorated hydrogen, batyric, valerianic, and other volatile acids, and substances of a complex nature, some smelling like garlic, and others like musk. Of course, none of these substances are fit for breathing, inasmuchas only oxygon is tho proper medium for the support of animal life; but, in tho atmosphere, the oxygon is diluted by ni trogen in a large proportion (a substance which, breathed for itself, would bo instant death); and so tho air may bo diluted by other gases and vapors, however disagreeable to tho smell, without rendering it dangerous for health. None of tho substances above mentioned are more dangerous than carbonic acid, and none of them are near so dangerous as carbonic oxide, while some of them aro used in other mixtures, oven as perfumery and flavors for eatables. No one contemplates tho prohibition of tho nso of coal for heating purposes on account of the very dangerous, though inodorous, carbonic oxide which thereby is created in a quantity outweigh ing a thousand-fold the gases created by the Eutrefaction of animal-matter in slaughiering onses and other establishments of a similar character. Now, why should the gaseous products of those establishments be looked upon in such an alarming light ? All the gases thus imparted to the air aro Uke a drop in the sea, and they have no effect except upon the nasal organs: and the effect they have upon these is not physically dif ferent from that of a lovoly flower or a sweetly scented perfume. If, In the drying of animal matter, the heat is carried to a charring temper ature, the products of dry distillation will also contaminate the air. These products are chiefly combinations of ammonia with carbonic and other acids, together with empyreuznatic sub stances. the vapors of which are not only harm less to the system, but, in some degree, possess dlsinfcc tive properties. There is not the least- doubt that the gases which are created by tho putrefaction of ani mal-matter are highly disagreeable to the smell; but this does not justify the general assumption that they are also very dangerous to tho human Xfcem. Tho theory which, in this respect, has lost gained universal ground, is. that, in the putrefaction of animal matter, certain contagious or infectious matter, are created, which produce or nourish contagious diseases in the human system. Do the facts warrant such a hypothesis ? Those miasma which aro consid ered to bo the carriers of various contagious dis eases are, in the nature of their action, closely connected with, or rattier belong to, a class of substances which are termed ferments, —that is, such substances as are capable of producing in other substances changes which, in magnitude, bear no proportion to the small amount of ferment which' is required to cause such change*. Brewers' or distillers' yeast may be taken as a well-known representative of this class of substances. This ferment accomplishes, in a very small quantity, the conversion of a groat quantity of sugar in al cohol and carbonic acid, and albuminous or nitro genous matterpresent is thereby converted into ferment; so that the process which is induced by the ferment tends also to produce new qu&n-. titles of the same. ' This is the case with all other ferments tho nature of which is somewhat known, as mucous, butyric acid, putrefactive, and other ferments: and the force of analogies loaves no doubt that the ferments known as in . fective or contagious miasma behave in the same manner. These particular fermefits are also generated in that particular kind of disease which they originally produced. But there is no in stance known in which alcoholicjferment is prop agated in butyric fermentation, or putrefactive ferment in alcoholic fermentation, although all three fermentations may go on at the some time, and in tho same substance, provided each one Is started by its proper ferment. Now, this being a fact, why should it be sup-, posed that the ferment or contagious miasma which induces cholera, pox, or any other conta gious disease, could be generated by any process but cholera or pox itself ? Nothing at all war rants the hypothesis of their being generated by putrefactive fermentation, when the disease it self can only prosper in a living organism. These propositions apply also to excrements, for the same reasons. Excrements of a healthy indi vidual can never discharge any contagious mias ma : but, in case the individual is possessed of a contagious disease, tho ferment or contagious miasma pertaining to that particular disease may bo discharged by tho excrements, and thus spread itself, in the same manner as the putrid carcass of a previously-diseased animal may and will discharge infectious miasma. Although all of the above propositions aro re markably well-dexfionstrated by the proverbial health of tanners, butchers, scavengers, and others working about such establishments aa above-mentioned, and tho general healthy state of the districts in which such establishments are located, there ore still those who say that they cannot endure the offensive smell; that it makes them sick; that it makes them vomit, etc. Now, in this regard, I will state that none of the sub stances formed in tho decomposition of onimal tnatter are emetics proper, and, if the smells of these substances produce nausea upon some persons, it is a sure sign that the stomachs of such persons are in disorder, on account of which Nature itself is anxious to yield, on the slightest pretext, to relief. The above is in no way intended to interfere with those laudable exertions to reduce the stenches and obnoxious effluvia created by these establishments to a minimum ; on the contrazy, X deem this advisable under all circumstances. But, while lam of the Minion that thie can he done successfully, 1 deem, at the same time, that it ought not to be done in such a manner aa to force upon the public the impression that, unless it is done at once, or unless these estab lishments are entirely abated, their lives and health are in constant and imminent danger. John E. Siebel, Analytical and Consulting Chemist; office, Otis Block, comer Madison and LaSalle streets, Boom 34. MY MISADVENTURES ABROAD, ET BEN ADAM. CHAPTER H. It is needless to inform the intelligent reader that I determined—Hire Lord Bateman—to go abroad, strange countries for to see. Had not each been the case, these memoirs conld not have been written. However, the campaign was not begnn withont mnch preliminary skirmishing. In the first place, it was requisite that I should follow the advice of lago, and “ put money in my purse.” This was accomplished by the happy ex pedient of a mortgage upon some outside real estate. Messrs. Trot 4 Golightly,. the well-known brokers, nego tiated a five-year loan, at 10 per cent inter est, for a modest commission of 6 per cent. “ 'What," thought J, “is money compared with health and pleasure ? Hong before thin indebt edness matures, the increase in tho value of my mortgaged property will suffice for its payment, and leave a handsome competence for my de clining years. ‘They also serve,’ said Milton, ■ who only stand and wait;’ and certainly it is more agreeable to make one’s fortune by waiting than in any other way.” These flat tering prospects have not, alas I been real ized. I now bum the midnight gas, and spin out my brains like a spider in a frantic effort to keep pace with the internal on that detestable mortgage. But lot me not poison tho reader’s enjoyment by useless lamen tations. Bather lot me draw a decent veil over my family-skeleton. As tho cheerful stranger remarks, in Kotzebue’s drama, “ Those who are r-e-e-ally unhappy never complain!" My admirable wife cordially assisted my prepa rations. I can never be sufficiently thankful to a kind Providence for giving me a helpmeet so devoted and so faithful. She is, like Words worth’s heroine, A,pexfect woman, nobly planned, ■ To warn, to comfort, and command, (especially to command); and to her wise foresight and thoughtful care I owe all that makes life worth having. The disposal of Jack first commanded our atten tion. Jackis a troublesome boy. He has had bad every advantage which parental affection and lavish expenditure conld furnish. His edu cation was superintended by the first masters in the Bcammon public school,—an institution which was founded, and is wholly supported, by the distinguished citizen whoso name it bears. The obligations of tho Scool-Fnnd to Mr. Scam mon are, however, too well known, and his pro verbial modesty is too great to allow of a more extended notice or his benefactions. The fact is, that Jack has too active an intel lect, —a peculiarity which ho inherited from his father. This leads sometimes to embarrassing results. He is fond of asking conundrums on all sorts of scientific subjects; and, inasmuch as I never was great in physical research, I am al ways obliged to give them up, which tends to weaken the parental authority. When 1 was in college, I used to shirk the chemical classes, and devote the time thus saved to writing farces and melodramas, which 1 sent to various gentle manly managers, by whom they were in variably returned with thanks for tho pleasure which their persual had afforded. So long as Jack confined himself to queries sug gested by his unassisted intellect,—such as, “ Why is a Cow’s tail long?” “ Why is a Fox’s tail bushy ? ” Why does a Cow have four legs, and a milking-stool only three ? ” I managed to wrestle with these abstruse questions ; but be finally got bold of two infamous works, called “ Tho Chemical Beason Why ” and “ Tho Bibli cal Season Why,” and thereafter there was no peace in the family. He secretly crammed him self from these works, until it is a wander that one big head could carry all he knew. Then he propounded problems (from the first-named book on week-days, and from the second on Sun day), such as .“Who is the man in the moon?’’ “What chemical preparation will take out the spots in the son ?” “'What did Delilah do with the hair which she cut off from Samson ?” until I was obliged to giro the young man a lesson (illustrated with cuts) concerning his obligation to honor his parents in order that his dare m«y be long in this land of liberty and progress. The conclusion some to in our family conclave was, that Jack must be taken along in order to keep him out of mischief. Parental affection forbade the thought of leav ing behind our infant cherubs, Evelina and Cle mentina, aged respectively S and 7 years. Their nurse, Kate, was also included in the proposed party, owing to circumstances over which I bad no control. That matter was decided by Mrs. Adam. “ Kate will be so useful,” said she, “in teaching the children French." X ventured to suggest that Kate’s education as a native of Killamey was not exactly such as to give her the true Parisian accent; tut this exception was no sooner taken than overruled. “ The Celtic and the. French lan* “ have, it is well known, guagea,” said my wife, a common origin; and the sympathy of the two nations was well illustrated by the heroic Irish* . men who fell at Fontenoy.” After this, of course, there was no more said. I considered, more* over, that Kate had been in the family for sev eral years, and she and Evelina had had the measles together, so that she was almost a blood-relation. X therefore resigned myself to consider her henceforth in all respects as one of the family. My elder daughter is a most in- teresting child, and inherits her mother’s dis position. She has a violent antipathy to the “ opposite sex,” especially to its younger mem bers (not improbably in consequence of her brother’s behavior), and on one occasion, when an infant cousin made a part of our family, the

little girl added to her evening-prayer the origi nal petition, “ Please God, don’t let dear cousin Georgie grow up to be a boy !** Our financial preparations being made, all other arrangements wore speedily completed.- My bongs waa rented, and the furniture disposed of to the keeper of a boarding-boose in consid eration of ber taking tbe family to board nniil the time of sailing. Lika a prodigal' (or an ostrich) wo atonp onr carpets and curtains, and even managed to digest considerable hard ware. The lessee unluckily proved impecunious. and we soon found that most of the boarders were paying their' way by a like past con sideration of disposable furniture. The table became leaner- and loaner, until at last the landlady was unable to make “ both ends meet,” and wo had to be satisfied with tea and toast for breakfast. One unhappy day, I returned to my homo (be it ever so ghastly, there is noplace like home!), and found all the furniture in the street. The landlord had seized upon everything for back rent, and wo had forthwith to seek fresh fields and pastures new. This experience was so discouraging that I al most repented of ever having thought of chang ing my former state of peaceful obscurity. This disaster, however, proved to be only the fore- runner of a long list of misfortunes, of which time would now fail me to make even a cata- logue; so I will adjourn the recital to'another chapter. A correspondent of tbe Euterpe, a Leipzig musical paper, asserts that he has discovered at Augsburg an unpublished work by Haydn, con sisting of a setting of Schiller's “ Ode to Joy,” which has been rendered famous by its incor poration with die choral movement of Beetho ven’s If inti Symphony. The arpaarance' of the Jubilee singers of fisk University, in London, has awakened great en thusiasm in that city.. The. first concert was giv en under the presidency of the Earl of Shafts bury, who briefly explained the purpose of the professional visit of the Jubilee minstrels. MONETARY. Saturday Evenino, May 31. Daring tbs past week tbs money markets both East and West have grown easier. It is possible that the fact that the National Banks have re ceived the call for their statement, and naturally do not expect to have another one soon, induces them to let oat moaey a little more freely, bat aside from this the supply of moaoy seems to be iacreasmg. Deposits at the banks are as largo aa they have been for six months, and the supply of money ottered in . the open market is .largo enough to make a good demand forbnsiness paper. There is considerable currency being sent to the varions wheat markets in the Northwest to be need, doubtless, in paying for wheat which is now coming into the country stations much more rapidly than last week. The amounts of cur rency ordered from hero to Milwauoee, Winona, Bed Wing, and other places in that direction yes terday and to-day indicate a more active move ment of the grain in tho Northwest, and the probability of larger receipts both here and at Milwaukee next week. Exchange was sold between banka to-day at 25 cents per SI,OOO premium. There has been but little done In local stocks during the past week. The clearings of the Chicago banks for the week were: Date, Monday Clearings. Balance*. Holiday. Tuesday.... Wednesday. Thursday... Friday. Saturday... Total $17,272,487.28 $1,660,006.08 Corresponding week last year.... $15,106,828.13 $1,435,952.39 Messrs. Lunt, Preston & Kean quote as fol lows this afternoon: Buying, Selling, 6-2050f’62 116# U6# 6-20S Of ’64 116# lie*; 6-20s Of ’65 118 118 V 6-20s of ’65, Jan. and July 118# 119 6>2os of *67, Jan. and July 131# 121# 6-20 a of '6B, Jan. and July U9# 120 10-40 a lU# 114# TJ. 8. 6s (new issue)... ...315# 315# Gold (full weight) 117# 118 Gold Coupons U7# IXB Gold Exchange 118# Sterling Exchange 108#®109# Northern Pacific Gold 7-30 a 100 &int. ‘ Chicago City 7s .... 99# & int. Cook County 7s 99# & Int. Illinois County and Township 10s. .... 95&D8 . l*k3XJ> WAJtKANTS.' 160s War 1813.... 178 183 120s War 1812 136 143 160 a cot Wat 1812 176 187 120s not War 1812 133 140 Agricultural College Land Scrip. 185 The following quotations of local stocks ate furnished by Messrs. Hammond Sc Gage; BuL A iked. l£o 135 137 100 137 140 135 Flgst National Bank. Third National Bank.. Fourth National Bank Fifth National Bank.. Union National Bank... Commercial National Bank 140 Merchants’ National Bank 200 Gorman National Bank 125 130 Manufacturers’ National Bank 105 210 Northwestern National Bank 220 Corn Exchange National Bank 120 122 City National Bank 145 Cook County National Bank 100 ... National Bank of Illinois 113 National Bank of Commerce 104 Chicago City Bailway...' 160 165 West Division Hallway 175 180 North Division Hallway 03 100 Pullman Palace Car 103 Elgin 'Watch Company 105 Chicago Gas-Light and Coke Company. 108 110 Chamber of Commerce 05 07W Traders’ Ins. Co 100 ... sales : $10,500 Cook Comity National Bank atlQl, $9,500 Chamber of Commerce at 95. SI,OOO Traders* Insurance at 100. COMMERCIAL. Satubdat Eveono, May 31. The following were the receipts and shipments of the leading articles of produce in Chicago during the past forty-eight hours, and for the corresponding day one year ago: BECEZFTS. | BHIPITEKTS. 1873. J 1872. I 1873. j 1872. Flour, brls 14,10G1 10,601] 12,202] 10.254 Wheat, bu. 119,070 67.595 119,786] 29,223 Com, bu. 188,260 784,735 303,273! 814,830 Oats, bu. 187,530 314,993 120,652 i 186,264 Bye, bu 3,529 15,16uj 7251 , 8,104 Barley, bu 6,400 2,790 4,018] 19,783 Gnss seed. Ibs 46,570 16,060 44,656 8,000 Flaxseed, Ihs 22,560 Broom.com, 1b5.... 31,810 31,580 650 Gored moats, 1b5.... 158,300 204,640 1341,639 767,538 Beef, brls 1 109 CO Porkjbrla 95 123 907 Lard, tbs 147,480 33,580 294,705 220,267 Tallow, lbs 79,599 45,040 73,300 Butter, lbs 132,662 134,540 j 73,500 186,487 Lire hogs, No 20,712 32,273 17,804 19,907 Cattle, No 6,253 5,836 5,751 6,037 Sheep, No 1,069 2,101 Hides, lbs 226,290 106,400 169,014 101,924 Hlghwines, brls.... 586 325 385 601 Wool, lbs. 463,364 253,980 293,570 132,177 Potatoes, bu 13,697 13,132 3,991 900 Lumber, xn ft ia,-<6O lo.cfla s,oss Oiling!ca, m 3,327 3,300 3,508 4,765 Lath, m 708 771 607 232 Salt, brls.. 2,517 2,666 Withdrawn from store on Thursday and for city consumption: 690 bu wheat; S, corn; 3,718 bu oats; 251 bu rye; 3,520 bu 1 Withdrawn for do during the week: 3, wheat; 10,497 bn com; 17,652 bn oats; 8, rye; 12,189 bn barley. The following grain has been inspected into store daring the two days ending with 10 o’clock this morning: 204 cars wheat; 443. cars com; 6,800 bn nnmerchantable do, by canal; 232 cars oats; 11 cars rye; 2 cars barley. Total (894 cars), 406,000 bn. The following were the receipts and shipments of breadstuffs and stock at this point dating the week ending with this morning, and for corre sponding weeks ending as dated: nrcEnrrs. May 31, May 24, June 1, 1873. 1873. 1870. .... 49,122 48,052 33,266 ....339,030 262,325 150,427 ...,610,720 674,499 2,113,405 ....513,680 430,540 845,103 .... 12,614 14,415 31,135 .... 20,169 18,629 16,097 JHIPMEKTS. Floor, brls Wheat, bn Corn, bn Oats, bn Bye, bn Barley, bn live bogs, N0.... Cattle, No .... 355,958 411,063 185.846 ... . 17,772 16.464 14,817 Flonr. brls... Wheat, bu...., Corn, bn Oats, bn Bye. bn...... Barley, bn..... lire bogs, No. Cattle, No The rapid decrease in the amount of our stocks of groin .especially in wheat, is dae to two causes. The receipts are lighter than the aver age, except in oats, having boon kept back by bad weather, or diverted to other points through dissatisfaction with the inspection. Then the shipping movement is really a free one, and in such few hands (by laKo) that shippers are able to dictate in regard to rates. Tins being the case, there is a better margin of profit than usual to the shipper. The history of the grain trade in the past shows that folly two-thirds of tho time our market has been relatively higher than New York, Hence shippers have been losers. . ... . . There is, however, one important element of loss to shippers in tho past, which is only in directly connected with differences in price in tho two cities, and which tho shippers haveit in their power to remedy. It is a notorious fact that a great proportion of tho grain shipped from Chicago to New York, by Chicago parties, is sold to arrive on the seaboard, and that such sale has often been nothing more than a call to the New York operator. When thegrainarrivea.it is taken all right if there be a profit in it; but if tho market have declined materially between the times of buying and arrival tbo grain is carefully inspected, and has often been refused under such circumstances on the ground that it was not equal to sample. It is useless for the shipper to protest in such cases, because be has no security, and cannot affora to pay demurrage; hence ho is obliged to put the grain on the market, and perhaps sells it to the same man at tho market price of that day, which may bo several cents below the price, first agreed upon. It is no wonder that under such circum stances many would-bo shippers hold back, as only a few can wield capital enough to bo able to take tho chances. And this is the great secret of our present low rates of lake freight: the absence of competition among shippers. It would seem, however, that Chicago is now influential enough to have a voice in the matter, and it is probable .that so long as our Chicago shippers ore obliged to take gram on the graded plan their host course would be to insist on delivering it by grade, not by sam ple. They could then demand marginal referen ces which would protect them against the mean evasions from which they have so severely suf fered in the past. A good deal of grumbling is hoard on the Board of Trade in regard to our Chicago inspec tion of grain. A while ago it was com: now it is wheat. A good deal of wheat has peea re- centlv inspected in aa No. 3, which weighs 56W @57 lbs to tho measured bushel, and is claimea to be sound and reasonably clean, as required for No. 2 spring, which need not weigh more than 56 lbs to the measured bushel. The receiv ers of this grain claim that their principals have not justice done them, and will send the rest of their grain elsewhere. We know nothing of the rights of these cases. There is no doubt that it would be very pleasant to some Inspec tors to put grain in tho highest grade it will bear, and equally pleasant to some others to exhibit their critical judgment by spying out reasons for grading the other way. Tne duty of tho Chief Inspector is to see that neither of those leanings bo followed, because any departure from the golden mean, in either direction, is in justice to some. But the rules require to bo properly interpreted, as the grayest cruelties hare often boon perpetrated in the name of iuatice, and in accordance with tho letter of the law. We note that several parties who have hith erto resisted the payment of fees for the out inspection of grain, claiming that they did not want such service performed, are being threat ened with suits, and some have paid rather than go to law. It is understood that some of these gentlemen have offered to the Commissioners to make np a test case; bat that request was not acceded to. It is thought probable that the par ties interested will take concerted action, with intent to prove that the State has no con stitutional right to exact fees for such -service when the owners of the grain do not want the Inspectors to meddle with it. THE MARKETS. The leading produce markets were moderately active to-day, and most of them wore steady, though the preponderant tendency was to weak ness. The business transacted was nearly all of the speculative order; selling up to June deals, or changing over into future months, so as to prepare for deliveries on Monday. There was not so much selling to do as was expected, many of the shorts having been filled yesterday. The weather was fine, and the receipts large, show ing that in this direction there was no suspen sion of effort on Decoration Day. Drygoods Jobbers report continued quiet in that department of trade, the principal inquiry, as for some time past, being m the shape of small orders of a miscellaneous character, to complete assortments; consequently, the tone of the market is not particularly buoyant,though with the exception of certain lines of goods now - out of season, and some unpopular makes, the quotations are pretty generally adhered to. The grocery trade was again dull, with little or no alteration in prices. Coffees are still held with pronounced firmness, and syrups, molasses, spices, and nee, are also fairly firm, but aside from those there is some shading. The extreme low prices of sugars are attracting the attention Of buyers I and liberal orders are being placed, but the market is still lacking in strength, large orders being filled at a concession from the quotations. Teas are more settled and steadier. A steadily fair demand exists for good to choice batter, and stocks are kept down to a low point. Choico yellow is chiofiy inquired for, and sales wore readily effected at23@2sc. The poorer sorts sold anywhere from 10c to 18c. Bagging con tinues quiet and easy at 86j*£c for Stark, 350 for Ludlow, 34>£c for Lewiston, and 82>£c for American. There was a moderate amount of trading in the cheese market at the prices current earlier in the week, or at for New York factory, and at 11@ 12c}£ for western do. Coal was again unsettled, the tendency being downward. Only a small business was doing at SIO.OO for Lackawanna and Erie; 89.00@9.50 for Blossburg, and at $6.00 for Wilmington. In the fish and dried fruit markets there were no new developments, the former continuing fairly active at firm prices, and the latter ruling quiet and easy. Ilay was in light supply and firmer. Under a good demand sellers were asking and obtaining 50c per ton advance. The hide and leather mar kets were quiet as previously quoted. A liberal movement in the leading oils was witnessed, and carbon, linseed, turpentine, and whale were quoted firm. Lard oil was steady at the decline recently noted. There were no noticeable changes in paints, pig iron, tobacco, and wood. The demand for lumber at the yards continues active, the movement being confined mostly to common building material and fencing. - Prices are easy for the lower grades, bat strong for the higher ones. The offerings- at the docks were very large, and the demand moderate, and mainly from local dealers. Metals, iron, and steel were in light request. The market for metals is steady at quotations. Nails are fairly active at $5.00, with 12}£< o off for 100 keg- lots. Wool and broom corn easier, unchanged. Hops wore dull and nominally low er. Hungarian seed was in moderate request at $1.20(a)1.35. - Other seeds were quiet and un changed. Potatoes were dull and lower. Choice green fruits were in fair request and steady. There was no change in the poultry market; choice chickens sold readily at former prices, but turkeys were dull. Eggs were in fair supply and demand at 13}f(SX4o, Higbwines were dull, and 1c lower than the price at which the last reported sales were made, recoding to the lowest bid of Thursday, in conse quence of the fact that the late advance was not sustained in New Pork. Sales were reported to- day of -100 brls at 90c per gallon. The market closed at 90c bid, and 90>$a asked. Lake freights wore less active at yesterday's reduced rates, at for com to Buffalo; 6o (nominal), for wheat to do; 10% c for com, and for wheat, to Kingston or Oswego; and 25c for com on through rate to Boston. A tdtal of 5 charters was reported to-day, which will carry out 127 ; 000 bu com. Provisions were quiet and irregular.. Hess pork was weak, and declined 25c per brl, being freely offered on the more deferred options, with a paucity of buyers. This caused a weakening in cash lots, though there was not much on the market for immediate delivery. Lard was a shade firmer t yesterday's outside quotations be ing freely bid, but was generally held off the market. Heats were quiet but firm; they are believed to be in very light stock and few hands, recent shipments hiving been liberal, and it is probable that a considerable proportion of those now hero are simply awaiting shipment, and will bo forwarded with in a few days. The market closed at the following range of prices: Hess pork, cosh or seller June, - $15.85@16.00; do eel dor July, $16.25(3)16.30; do seller August, $16.45(3)16.50; lord, cash or seller June, $3.50 @8.53; do seller July, $3.80(3)8.85; do sel ler August, $9.00; summer do, SB.OO. Sweet .pickled hams quoted at 10@12o. Dry salted meats quotable at for shoulders; 89£@8Ko for short ribs; for short clear. Boxed shoulders, 6%@6%0. Eng lish meats, 8%@8%c for short ribs; for short clear. Bacon is quoted at 7}£c for shoulders; 9Kc for clear ribs for short clear, ana 13@14££° f° r hams, all packed. Hess beef, $9.00@9.25; extra mess do, slo.oo@ 10.25; beef hams, $28.00(320.50. City tallow, 7%@Be; grease quotable at 5%@G%0. Sales were reported of 1,000 brls pork, seller June, at 16.00; 500 brls do at 815.90; 700 brls do at I Friday >429 bu barley. 1,763 bu 1,770 bu . $15.85; 1,000 brls do seller July at $16.40 ; 500 brls do at $16.30; 500 brie do at $16.25 ; 500 brls do seller August at $16.50; GOO tea lard seller June at $8.55; 100 tea do at $8.50; 1,250 tea do seller July at $3.80; 100 tea do at $8.75; 100,000 Iba abort riba aellor July at B%c ; 100 boxes long (17 Jba) at 10#o; 65 tea sweet pickled bams (20 Iba) at 10c. The Daily Commercial Deport gives the follow ing as- the shipments of provisions from thia point for the week ending May 29, 1873, and since Nov. 1, 1872; also.comparative figures: Pork, Lard, Sam* ShoulcCrs Middle*, brie. tct. te*. . lb*. Ibs. ■ Wk eds Mar- 22 1,265 3,8® I,'wi ””211,000 966.700 Some week ’72... 3,056 1,237 1,148 239,000 £87,000 Since Nov. 1.*73. 193, UW 170,®! 65.901 38,207,414 150,744,763 Some time*7l-72. 91,053 153,109;65,2S 30,318,061 96,238,313 The shipments in detail were os follows: Shoulders, 206 tes; short rib, 40 bxs; short clear, 16 bxs; long dear, 64 bxa; long rib, 67 bxs; bxs; Stretforda, 95 bxs; Staffordshire, 45 bxa; South Staffordshire, 75 bxa; long hams, 180 bxs; Binning, ham, 49 bxs; Irish cut, 23 bxs; bacon, 271 bxs; - Staffordshire hams, 10 bxs; clear backs, 23 bxs; bellies, 14 bxs; middles, bxs; Belfast tongues, 60brls; beef tongues, 76 brls; beef, 375 brls; tallow, 140 pkgs; bocks, 5 brls; 8.8. middles, 7,066 pea; shoulders, 6,256 pcs; provisions, 300 bxs. Flour was in better demand than on Thursday, both on local and shipping account, and was steady at former prices. The inquiry was chiefly for Minnesota extras. Bran Vaa plenty, but firmer. Sales, were reported of 25 brls winter extras at $9.20 ; 100 brls do on private terms ; 100 brls spring extras at SB.OO ; 100 brls do at $7.25; 100 brls do at $7.00; 100 brls do at $6.80; 200 brls do at $6.75 ; 1,650 brls do on private toms.' Total, 2,375 brls. Also 10 tons bran at $3.50, and 30 tons do at $8.25, both on track. The following was the closing range of prices: Fair to choice white winter extras $ 8.50 @ll.OO Bed winter extras 7.00 @ 8.60 Good to choice spring extras 6.25 @ 7.60 Lowto medium 5.00 @ 6,00 Mlnnesotas (patent) 8.00 @ll.OO Good to fancy Minnesota 6.50 @ 8.00 Spring snporfines 3.00 @ 6.00 Byefloor. 4.15 @ 4.40 Bran.;. 8.25 @8.75 'Wheat was active and strong early,; then dragged, and ruled rather weak during the regular session.*-The early strength was predicat ed upon the advance in Liverpool yesterday, and the expectation of a good demand, from the short interest, especially on cash wheat. There was quite a flurry about 10 o’clock, and cash wheat sold freely at $1.30^£@1.31; but the de mand was satisfied with about 50,000 bu, and the outfcot receded to about $1.29# for car low^ with $1.29 V for round lots, dosing at -31.28; asked for the latter. There was a modara&s in qniry for the June option up to 11 o’dock, but little-afterwards, though it is behoved tLat* good many trades were left unprovided for as some of the Juno shorts think it will nav them best to fill in late in the month. Honcoit wm anticipated that deliveries will he very light on Monday, and there can scarcely bo much cash wheat offered next week beyond the empts. The option opened at 81.27 V, advances to 81.28K,. and receded to $1.27% *fflS for some bmo, then sunk to 81.26 V, and dosed at the inside. Seller July was neglected, but averaged about 1c below June, dosing little bet. tor than nominal at $1.2% Seller August was nominal at |120k@1.21, and sdler' the year at $1.14@1.15, with one or two sales early~at-the outside. No 1 spring was very heavy, at $1.33, closing lower No. 8 spring closed nominal at 81.18 V, and rel jected do was dnll and unsalable. Cash sales were reported of 1,200 bn No. 1 spring at SL33. 10,000 bn No. 2 spring at 81.31; 35,000 bu do at 51.30 V; 15,000 bn do at 81.30 ; 47,290 budo at 81.29 V; 22,800 bn do at 51.29 V; 1,8130 bn No 3 spring at 81.19 V; 7,200 bu do at 81J.9. Total 140,200 bn. ■ Com waa less active than the average of the past week, though a fair business was iiraasactad at about the eamo prices of yesterday. Thera was not much shipping demand, except for re jected, tho trading being mostly in options. Seller Juno was relatively weak, being .liberally offered by parties who have it coming -to thea on Monday; while the more deferred optima were strong, as there was an extensive ,d«oand for them from tho sellers for Jnne, who wanted to keep in the deal without carrying the 1 grain. The general feeling, till near the close, was one of strength in the future, as it is thought the receipts will be lia’ht for several weeks yet, audit is nucored that a combination of capitalists has bought up a large percentage of the com now in (Tib, and intend,' to hold it over till next year. Seller Jnno opened at 39c, advanced to 39Vc, aid declined to 390 at the close; seller July sold at 42V@42V0; seller Angnst at 44V@Uc ; and seller the month, oc regular No. 2, at 33%@59c, all closing at tho in side. New receipts of No. 2 closed at 40Ve, and No. 1 at 41c. Cash sales were reported of 2,800 buNo. X at 41J£ C > 3.200 bn do at 41 Vc; 4.000 bn do at 41c: 5,600 bn yellow at 41 Vo; 2,400 bn no at 41—o; 4,800 bn do at 41c; 2,800 bu do at 40^0; 1,000 bu do at 40Vo; 7,600 ha No. 2at 40Vo; 16,000 bu do at 40Vo; 2,400 bu do at 40Ve; 3,200 bn do at 40c; 4,000 bn do at 89Vc; 5,000 bu do at 39V0; 40,000 bn do at 39c; 15.000 bu do at 33%0; 10,000 bu do at 40V<s, free on board; 25,600 bn rejected at 87Jfo; 400 bo no grade at 33c; 2.000 bu do at 32c; 2,800 bu do at SlVo- Total, 159,200 bu. Oats wore dull and V@V° lower, in cause queues of large receipts and an utter absence of shipping demand, orders having fallen off under increasing arrivals and the knowledge that large quantities of oats are gathered along the lines of railroad trSratary to this city waiting to come in. We note here that it is reported that nearly all tho oate now here aro held on account of parties in Ohio and Indiana. Seller Jnne opened at 31% c, improved to 31 Vc, and receded to 31Va at the close. Seller July Bold at 33V@33Vc, and seller the n\onth at 31V@31Vc, both clos ing at the inside. Strictly fresh receipts dosed at 31Vc. Cash sales were reported of 23,300 hnat32o; 8,000 bn', at 31 Vc 1 4,200 hu at 31Vb; 15,000 bn at 31 V« ; 10.000 bn at 31% c; 3,000 bn rejected at 28Vb; 4-SM bu do at 28Vc. Total, 68,800 bn. Bya was in fair deft’and at Thursday’s pricey though the receipts were more liberal. Bales were reported of 3,600 lau No. 2 at 63Vc, and 400 bn by sample at 70Vo. Barley was inactive, except the sale of 600 bu by sample at' 92c, and nominally unchanged. The range is abont 70@78c for No. 2, 63@75cfot No. 3, and 43@49c for rejected ; the inside in the Bock Island Elevator, and the outside in other houses. LATEST. In the afternoon wheat was moderately active, bnt weak, declining #c, and closing at the in side at $1.27#@1.27K cash; $1.26# seller June, and 81.25# seller July. Com was quiet, and declined #c, dosing at 38%@38#c seller June, and 42@42#c seller July. Other grain and provisions were .neglected. CHICAGO LIVE-STOCK MARKET. flteViow for tlie Week Ending Saturn day Evening, May 31* Satubpat Evexiso, May 3L * The receipts of live stock during the week have been as follows: Cattle. Eoq9. Sheep . Monday 6,057 6,020 152 Tuesday.... 6,166 8,258 1^» TVedneaday 3,215 13,818 620- Thuraday 3,086 12,633 A 52 Friday 2,167 8,080 617* Saturday 800 6,500 60 Total 20.492 65,233 3,513 Last -week 17,805 48,575 6,421 Tfeek before last. 23,070 72,723 Shipments were as follows: Cattle. Boat. Sheep, 3,COS 3,777 .. 2,785 8,643 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday. Friday 14,737 35,885 1,115 -10,70* 1,516 Total JO,7Dft ■Week before last 18,309 62,212 370 CATTLE—The ■week Just dosed has witnessed no very pronounced Change in the situation of the cattle market, the quality of the stock offered for sale end the character of the demand being essentially the same as during last week and the previous one. -Bad the supply embraced fewer good to choice steers of from 1,250 to 1,450 lbs average, and a larger amount of butch era’ stuff, and fat pony steers of from 1,050 to 1,150 tbs average, the daily arrivals would not have proved oppressive, and prices would no doubt hare bees fairly sustained all around. But the receipts of fat steers' of heavy weight have steadily exceeded the wants of shippers, and they have been enabled to fill their orders at materially lower rates, the decline reaching 35@25c per 100 Os. The offerings of good to choice cows and light fleshy steers, such os our city butchers seek, have fallen con siderably short of the demand, and not only have last week’s prices been flrafly maintained, but for the more desirable lots there wero ready buyers at a substantial advance. The present scarcity of this description of stock is not likely to prove more than temporary, and. drovers will promote their own interests by exercising considerable caution itx handling such. In stock steer* only a limited amount of trading has been done, Chs supply proving extremely light. Prices are nominal at $4.00@4.90 for common to good grades. New milch cows are in fair request and in moderate supply at unchanged prices, sales making at 525.00@30.00 for common, and at $35.00@45,00 for; fair to choice. Veal calves are plenty, and sell slowly,'at a range of $3.00@ 6.25, as to quality. There has been an increased num ber of Texas cattle on qJe without sensibly affecting values, good to choice corn-fed commanding $L75@ 6.40, while poorer lots have sold at S4.OO@JLSO. . To-day trading was active, shippers taking hold with more than usual freedom. The effect wu to sensibly stiffen prices, though the increased flrtcmesa did not smount to a positive advance. The fresh receipts were light, and they, as well as most of the stale cattle left over from yesterday, were disposed of. Sales were reported at for Inferior to extra, with the bulk at $5.00@5.G5. The market closed steady and firm, with fair prospects for the ensuing week^. QUOTATIONS. Extra—Graded steers averaging 1,400 !bs and upwards $5.85@6J0 Choice Beeves—* Fine, fat, well formed 3year to 5 year old steers, averaging 1,300 to 1,450 Jfca 5.500*70 Good Beeves—Well-fattened, finely formed steers, averaging 1,200 to 1,300 Medium Grades—-Steers in fair flesh, aver aging 1,100 to 1.250 lbs 5.0005J5 Batchers* Stock—Common to fair steers. and good to extra cows, for city slaughter, averaging 800 to 1,100 lbs 4.0005.35, Stock Cattle—Common cattle, in decent flesh, averaging 700 to 1,080 tt>s 4.0004.90 Inferior—Light and thin ‘cows, heifers, . . stags, hulls, and scaHawag steers 3.0003.73 Cattle—Texas, Northern wintered 4.000450 Cattle—Corn-fed Texas 4.6505,40 HOGS—Since our last weekly review the arrtraif have been 65,239, against 48,575 last week, 72,723 week before last. The receipts have been considerably larger than had generally been anticipated, the *aet that the formers are now busy with their planting leading to the lielief that the receipts would be ma terially diminished. Monday's and Tuesday's axrirals t ßert somewhat below the average of the past ftw weeks, and the market opened active and firmer In consequence, but under the heavy receipts of- thesu> ceeding two days there was a sharp action, prices receding to $4.500185, .•* which range Thursday’s market dosed dull rad heavy with a downward look. A falling off of nearly 4,000 in Friday’s receipts, however, changed the com plexion of the market, and prices have worked backto about the dosing quotations of last week, or to $4,600 4.75 for common to medium, and far good to really choice. Common, coarse, uneven, and nixed lots—now that fair to good grades are becoming more plenty—aro much neglected, and can scarcely be sow at any fair price. . To-day trading was satisfactorily active, and th* feeling was firmer. New York, Boston. Philaddpme, and local buyers operated on a liberal scale, rad l large number of transfers were effected at $4.600 4Jw. Vit note the following IwV BA ___ Ah, Av. Pricc.\Xo. Jv. Price.] No. Av, £%*• 63 201 $4.95 55 294 $-4.90' 161 198 S3J» y 50 220 4.95 48 230 4.95 6ft 169 51 263 4.65 36 269 4.65 118 219 4.65 43 323 4.37# 41 171 4.80 67 167 C 2 139 4.90 36 194 4.90 57 279 4^o 122 225 4.92>tf CO 247 4.85 55 210 .4# 140 2CO 4.90 50 304 5.00 66 218 4JB 63 207 4.50 110 188 4.85 64 200 4^o 33 260 4.90 60 227 4.80 194 218 4A5 49 228 4.95 64 229 4.60 78 203 4^5 63 203 4.85 63 218 4.90 51 243 64 205 4.80 C 8 190 4.90 56 264 4.0 SHEEP—The receipts of sheep have been only 3,500 bead—the lightest week’s supply during present season. Thera have been no prices, the same grades of sheep Belling from day w day at. widely different prices. Shippers tow M*® head, snd the remainder went into the hands of butchers. Sales were mostly within the rang? of 85. W. We ojnit oMtoUtuu.

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