Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 1, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 1, 1873 Page 8
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8 TERMS. OF TtfE TRIBUNE or EUBECmmON (PATASLE is,advance). D&llv, by mail $12.00! 5nnday.,....., $3.50 Triweekly 0.001 Weekly..... 3.00 ' Parts of a year at the same rate. To prevent delay and mistakes, be sure and give Post Office address'in foil, including State and Coantj. Remittances may be made either by draft, express, Post Office order, or in registered letters, at onr risk. tebus to errr bubscbibers. Daily, delivered, Snnday oxceptca. 25 cents per week. Daily, delivered, Snnday included, 80 cents per week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY. Comer Madison andDcarborn-sts., Chicago, 111. BUSINESS NOTICES. HOT All HAVANA LOTTERV-VE SOLD IN drawing of 2-d April last the prip. Circular, Mat: Information givea. J. B. MARTINEZ AGO.# Bankers, 10 Wall-at. P. O. Box 1685. Mew York. OPEN ALL MIGHT-ODK CLARK-ST. STORE srtll be kept open kercalter all night for Bio oonrenience of those requiring prescriptions. GALE A hLOUnt, DrnegliU, 85 Sooth Cl«rk-it., opposite tho Court House, andaf West Bandolph-st. MIRACULOUS CURB OF ASTHMA.—Db. S. D. Howe—Dear Sir* You advertise that any person buying and taking your ‘‘Milk Cure” and “Tonic willbocurod of ‘Whma.”«tc. I have done so. and my aßOun*. of si.. n f Ko«amber last, and my friend on the 6tn or 7tn of ■iMs«nhnr | n >. • janth 76jt bad, obstinate otist. 1 can Sro foil particular* of the cases If deshod. Allow me to referyou to Gerity 4 Morrell, druggists, here, as to the £acta which 1 have in this communication only hinted at, oak to them and any other person or persons Here, as to Hnyp! n ycnr* thankful, grateful, for what your medicine has done for mo, independent of every other matter of consideration whatever. Boliovo me, truly Jerome B. White. 1 Xbe’ above named gentleman !i one of tho moat respecta ble lawyer* In tho city of Elmira, and Dr. Howe has thousands of letters of a similar import. See advertise ment. Fr xmu, Dec. 24, 1872. Uht Wtlhvm. Sunday Morning, June 1, 1873, EXPENDITURE FOE DEIHK. A report of tho Excise Commisfaionera of the City of New York discloses that in that city there are 8,4.03 places where liquor is sold at retail, which is equal to one saloon for every 115 of the population. In the City of Chicago there are 2,800 licensed places for the retail of liquor. Adding to these the various other places whore liquor is sold and drank on the premises, and which pay no license, the aggregate number may be fairly stated at 2,500. Assuming the total pop ulation at 350,000, this furnishes one saloon for each 140 persons of all ages in the city. It is curi ous to inquire the proportion of the population who visit and support these saloons. The cen sus tables put the proportion of population in Illinois under 15 years of age at five-elevenths of the whole. This would give of this age in Chicago about 158,000. Of the remaining 132,000 population, 90,000 are women. two classes may be safely computed as non drinking, or not patrons of the saloons. They number 248.000. This leaves for the num ber of males over 15 years of age 102.000. But the whole male popula tion of Chicago do not visit and pat ronize drinking saloons. There must ho deducted the thousands of boys who do not visit the saloons, and the adult males who do not drink liquor at aIL Then there is a very large class who only drink at home, and who never visit a saloon. The numbers of these can only be estimated. The following table will, per haps, approximate the true numbers of those who do not visit drinking-saloons at all: 1. Children under 15 years of age.. 2. Females over IS years. 3. Boys over 15 years 4. Adult male teetotalers 6. Males who drink at home Total. Tjftftvmtt oa fTio ntunluv of Uatnlual ui icgulwr customers-of the saloons 62,000 persona. This number divided by the number of drinking-places gives about 25 persons for each saloon. This is not too low. Of course, it applies only to the resi dent population. It should be remembered that in all large cities there is a constant influx of strangers, and tho better classes of these estab lishments derive a great portion of their support from those who spend but a short time in the city. The whole Northwest, so far as it travels, finds its way to Chicago during the year,[and, ex cept a comparatively small percentage, these visitors patronize the saloons, billiard-halls, and restaurants liberally during their stay here. Nevertheless, the fact that 2,500 places for the sale of liquor and beer at retail are support ed and maintained shows the large amount of money expended in them. These 2,500 saloons support as many families, they pay large rents and employ expensive help. Estimating their turntmi average profits from the sale of liquors of all kinds at the moderate sum of $3,000 each, kJtho aggregate profit annually is 87,500,000. As- Mumicg that this profit is about cent J/on the amount received from the sale of liquor, and we have as the aggregate of sales of liquor by retaU in this city $30,000,000 a year, which is, perhaps, below rather than above tbe actual figures. If to this sum be added the largo expenditure for cigars and tobacco, any one can compute for himself how much is expended annually In ’a city of this size for drink and smoke at retail. There are persons who will be startled by these figures; but Chicago is not peculiar. Like ex penditure for like objects is made in all parts of the including Boston, where prohibition is the law, and in all parts of the civilized world. The fact is established that a very large propor tion of the earnings of every people is expended for stimulants and narcotics in one form or an other. No law or regulation ever made by Gov ernment has overbad any effect in restraining this appetite of mankind. The expenditure for liquor actually consumed is by no means confined to the saloons. The more expensive and better grades of wines and liquors are consumed in the privacy of the domestic household. There has been at all tunes a war made upon the use of in toxicating drinks, hut it has hardly made any perceptible impression on its consumption. No legislation has ever been effectual in breaking up its use, though in small communities it may havo suppressed its public sale at retail. Under these , circumstances, would it not be a wise policy on tho part of those who so zealously devote themselves to the extirpation of intemperance, to apply some of .their energy to tho correction of the great frauds and injuries done by the sale of poisoned decoctions, under the name of liquor, which are really nine-tenths of, fill that is consumed ? If a mp n will drink, is it not a great end accom plished if he ftftTi be induced to substitute beer or pure wine for alcohol ? - And if he insists on drinking alcohol, would it not be something gained if he was not allowed to purchase fusel oil, or drinks compounded of strychnine and other deadly poisons ? The extravagance and bigotry of certain Church newspapers almost pass comprehension. The United JPresbyterian of Pittsburgh, speak ing of the falling of the bridge at Dixon, Bays: “The Christian conscience throughout the country cannot help associating the fact that it •sraa the result of an , unnecessary nao of ike JiOrd'aDay. People were on the bridge, not to worship or hear the religions rite, bgt to witness a ceremony.. They .were not remembering the day to keep it holy, and this loss of life, seems all tho more sad from this consideration.” The same paper iw-mAnfa Chief Justice Chase spent his last Sabbath afternoon on earth “riding in the Park!” A atm more striking instance of this style of bigotry is manifested by the editor of the English Church Herald, who, in speaking of the late John Btnart Mill, says: “His death is no loss to anybody, for ho was a rank but amiable infidel, and a most dangerous person. The sooner those * lights of thought* who agree with him go to the same place, tho better will it bo for both Church and State. We can well spare the whole crew of them, and shall hear of their departure, whether one by one or in a body, with calm sat isfaction.” It is pitiable that the Church, as a whole, has no moans of defending itself against such bigots, whose bigotry would bo of little consequence if its influence extended no further than themselves. Unfortunately, however, it reflects upon the whole Church by misrepresent ing its real character, and does almost irretrieva ble damage. OVER-POPULATION. In tho domain of economic science the doc trine of the Eev. Thomas B. Malthus on Popu lation has long held an established position. There has been a vast deal of dispute as to what Mr. Malthus’ doctrine really is. When his Es say on Population was published it produced un wonted excitement in tho religious world, be cause it directly antagonized tho prevailing dog ma that “When the Lord sends mouths He will send meat.” Mr. Malthus showed by an ex haustive review of tho various famines which have afflicted the world that this dogma was false. Some persons claimed that his book was impious, because Jesus Christ taught us to take no thought for the morrow, what wo should eat or what wo should drink or wherewithal wo should be clothed. Mr. Malthus replied that in point of fact ail his assailants wore habitually disobeying that injunction,—that they were en gaged for the most part in taking thought of those very things,—that ho only insisted that they ehould take tho same thought for tho chil dren they wore bringing into the world as for themselves, lest nature, or, if you please, Divine Providence, should mercilessly level tho popula tion of the world to tho moans of subsistence by periodical famines and by the plagues which result from a scant supply of food. As for Mr. Malthus’ religious character, he ived and died a clergyman of the Church of England, and in all respects, save as to bia “ hard-hozrted doctrine,” was as orthodox as St. Paul himself. Unluckily, Hr. Malthus attempted to put his doctrine into mathematical form, stating that population tends to increase in a geometrical ratio, while the capability earth to pro duce food increases only in an arithmetical ratio, thus: Each pair of human beings on the average will produce four children, while an acre of ground on the average cannot be made to produce more than double the quantity of food in one generation that it produced in the previous generation. Therefore, at the end of thirty years there will he four persona re quiring subsistence from the same amount of land that formerly subsisted two persons. Im proved methods of cultivation will answer to produce a double quantity of food. At the end of Dkxij years iliexo will Ire eight ponsuHß CO bo fed from tbo same area. But improved methods of cultivation will not suffice ‘to increase the productiveness of the land by. more than the amount which it produced at the beginning of the sixty years. If it produced enough for two at the beginning and enough for four at the end of thirty years, it will not produce more than enough for six at the end of sixty years. So thero will bo two persona unprovided for; and at the end of ninety years there will be sixteen persons, and only enough food for eight. His formula stood thus: Increase of population 2 4 8 16 32 ..158,000 ... 90,000 ... 15,000 ... 10,000 ... 15,000 ..288,000 Productiveness of land. This formula, which. was introduced by Mr. Malthus for purposes of illustration merely, has been assailed for want of accuracy. That it is not accurate has been proved, but all that Mr. .Malthus claimed was that population increases faster than the pro ductiveness of land can be made to increase, and that after all the available land on the globe shall have been brought under cultivation (and oven much sooner than that, since the difficulty and. cost of colonization are very great), means must be taken to prevent the full natural increase of population, else there will ho an increasing num ber of persons bom to a life of penury and starv ation. What the Malthusian doctrine really con sists of is stated by its author in these words: The increase of population is necessarily limited by the means of subsistence. Population invariably in- creates when the means of subsistence increase, un lessprevented by powerful and obvious checks. These checks, and the checks which keep the population down to the level of the means of subsistence, are moral re siraintjTice, and misery. The whole argument of Hr. Malthus went to enforce “ moral restraint ” as the only admissi ble remedy for the evils of over-population. What is meant by moral restraint is defined by Mr. J. S. Mill, in his Principles of Political Econ omy, as follows: Unhappily, sentimentality rather than common sense usually presides over the discussion .of these subjects; and while there is a growing sensitiveness to the hardships of the poor, and a ready disposition to admit Hdimß in them to the good offices of other people, therois an all but universal unwillingness to face the real difficulty of their position, or advert at all to the conditions which nature has made indis pensable to the improvement of. their physical lot. Discussions on the condition of the laborers, lamenta tions over Us wretchedness, denunciations of. all who are supposed to be indifferent to it; projects of one kind or another for improving it, . were in no country and in no time of tho world so rife as in the present generation; bat there is a tacit agreement to ignore totally the law of wages, or to dismiss it in a parenthesis with such terms as “hard-hearted Malthusianism,” os if it were not a thousand times more hard-hearted to tell human beings that they may, than that they may not, call into existence swarms of creatures who are sure to be mis erable and most likely to be depraved; and forgetting that the conduct which It is reckoned so cruel to dis approve is a degrading slavery to a brute instinct in one of the persons concerned, and most commonly, in the other, helpless submission to a revolting abuse of power. - During the lifetime of Mr. Malthus, Mr. N. W. Senior, an eminent English economist, present ed some views or suggestions in opposition to the conclusions of . the former- Ee behoved that in an advancing state of civilization there is a tendency to diminish rather than increase the size of families —tha( among those who really , have an abundance of this world’s goods the average. fruitfulness is a di minishing rather than an increasing quantity. Whether this might he due to physiological or to social causes (including in the lairter a greater deference to the physical, health and well-being of .wives), he believed it would be .found that such a law gristed- It it does exist it is cer tainly at war with the general drift of Mr. Malthas’ doctrine, which assumes .that population increases with the means of subsistence. Mr. Senior’s theory, or rather thought, for he did not reduce it to a theory, was, that, in the advance of the world to a higher state of civilization, population will not necessarily increase with the increase of the means of subsistence. Hence the millennium, so far as embraced in the dogma that when the XoM sends mouths Ho will send meat, which was clearly not true in Mr. Malihua’ time, is not impossible of realization. Mr, Malthus retorted with statistics, which cer tainly did support his side of the case, and from that time to this there has been little or no scientific opposition, though much grum bling, against his doctrine. And now comes Mr. W. B. Greg, in his recent ly published wort entitled “ Enigmas of Life,” to reinforce the forgotten battle of Mr. Senior. It cannot be said that h? has added much to what Mr. Senior said. He admits that ho has not been able to find any statistics of sufficient scope to refute Mr. Malthus, but ho thinks that ho him observed in England, whore what la called •* moral restraint ” is less practised than anywhere else in the civilized world, a marked diminution in the number of chil dren bom to the families of the well to-do classes. Ho thinks that cere bral development is opposed to fecundity, and that as a nation advances in education and intelligence the power of multiplication dimin ishes In obedience to a physiological law* He believes that this is a fact, and suggests investi gation by statisticians and medical men. If this bo not tme, ho says rightly that the Malthusian doctrine is the most stupendous of all the enig mas of life —being apparently an insurmountable barrier to human progress; for, if the human race is bound to increase faster than the means of subsistence, with no other correctives than war, pestilence, and famine, and with no other hindrance than moral restraint, which he re gards as practically no hindrance at all, the great mass of mankind have nothing to look forward to in this world but penury, degradation, vice, disease, and crime. We trust that Mr. Greg’s suggestion will bo taken up by statisticians in this country, for we fool tolerably sure that it will bo found that the size of families him diminished in a very marked degree among the native American .stock during the past fifty years, notwithstanding the moans of subsistence have increased in a still ‘greater ratio. SECTIONAL ANIMOSITY. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sib: There was an article in Tuesday’s Tbibxjke, reflecting upon the action of “ the Grand Army of tho* Republic ”in refei'cnce to the decoration of the Con federate graves at Arlington on the same day appoint ed to decorate tho graves of tho Union soldiers. As I am a woman, and, therefore, not one of those bugbears of the radical press, ** the military,” please allow me to say a few words: “ The Grand Army of the Republic” may or may not be a u political organizationbut It would seem that, when they choose a day to do honor to their dead comrades, —a day recognized all over the land as sacrod to the memory of those who gave their lives to crush a most wicked Rebellion, —*‘it is an in sult ” to wish them to offer tho same honor and respect to the loyal and disloyal alike, —to place on the same level the men who saved the country, and those who fought to destroy it. Wo must not pass over a man’s mistakes or crimes because he has* gone where we cannot help or harm him. His deeds live after him, and by thorn he shall be? judged. They are written on the pages of history; and wo must honor the true and condemn tho false. An unjust war cannot bo excused because a faction choose to “think they are right.” What nation has* not thought so, no matter how unjust the war 7 There is a groat amount of sentimental sympathy wasted upon tho South; but, only a few weeks ago, one of these men and “ brothers” was rejoicing at tho death of the gallant Gen. Oanby, another added to the t long list of Union Generals who have passed away. May “ the Grand Army of tho Republic” long keep Decoration-Day sacred to the memory of tho Union soldiers, and keep alive a spirit of loyalty and grati tude for their services. M. We were not aware that anybody wished “ the* Grand Army of the Republic” to decorate the graves of the Confederate dead, or expected that they wonld do so. All that was desired was, that the relatives and friends of thofie dead ; might bo permitted to pay a tribute to their memory. Can any person of common sense, to say nothing of common decency, see anything* wrong in that ? And, if a friend of the Union • cause—one who mourns the loss, of a near and* dear one who fought in the Union ranks—should place a garland upon the mound covering the body of one who marched under the opposing flag, and who, however wrong the cause which he espoused, believed in its rightfulness, • gave his life in its behalf, and left behind him a desolated home, could any person of common sense, to saynothing of common decency, regard such an action otherwise than as a deed of mag nanimity,—as a deed worthy of high praise? Was not the decoration of the grave of the Bobel Captain at Calvary Cemetery a noble act? Bid hot Judge Steele, at Springfield, speak rightly • when ho said of the Rebel dead: ‘‘Lotus notforget, while we condemn their course, that they were flesh of our flesh and blood of our blood; and in pity, then, lot ns pause and drop flowers upon their graves”? Did not Gov. Washburn, of Wisconsin, do honor to himself and his posi tion when he suggested “ the propriety of laying floral tributes on the graves of our late enemies, not as countenancing the crime or errors of those who sought to destroy the Union, but as the token of a desire to bury in the grave all bitterness and animosity of the past ” ? Was not a noble sight presented at Jefferson Barracks, when, after orations by both Union and Con federate officers, tributes were paid to Blue and Gray alike, —of 14,000 graves not one being passed unheeded, no distinction being made as to Loyal or Rebel, white or black ? Our correspondent speaks of “ sentimental sympathy wasted upon the South;” and cites, as a reason why no. sympathy should be extended to that section, the fact that a Southerner rejoiced at the death of Gen. Canby. Does the South hold a monopoly of foolish and unfeeling people ? Does not the letter of our correspondent breathe the same spirit as that which actuated the Southerner to whom she refers ? Does not Gov. Washburn properly characterize this spirit when ho says that “ The bitterness engendered by the war is only kept alive by the machinations of had men for base purposes ” ? And Is it not desir able, in the interest of the North as well as of the South, of the Nation as well as of Society, that this spirit, ou both sides, should be extinguished as soon as possible,—should be utterly crushed out by the weight of popular in dignation and contempt; and that, in its stead, —to use the language of the Rebel Col. Blayback, —there should he “peace, reconciliation, frater nal feeling, and hearty co-operation in all things calculated to promote harmony mid conduce to the prosperity and glory of our common coun try”? .2 4 6 8 10 The sentence of whipping and pillorying has been pronounced against a colored girl in Dela ware, who baa been convicted of murdering her baby. The Governor of the State, however, has THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, JUNE 1, 1873. remitted the sentence rmtn the 14th of June. Meanwhile, the most respectable Delaware papers are calling upon the Governor to spare the State the disgrace of such a punishment. The punishment of the la**b h ftH never yet served the purpose it was intended.. to fulfill, and the enforcement of this relic of barbarism has only tended to disgrace the State of Delaware in the eyes of the whole country. It is sincerely to be hoped that the Governor of that Stale has both judgment and' human ity enough to commute this .sentence to imprisonment.' The whipping-post is the punish ment of a savage, and the sooner the Legisla ture of that State abolishes it the better will it be for all concerned. As long as it stands, Dela ware is in need of being civilized^ HOW THE FASHIONS ABE SET. Tbero have been two suits recently of simul taneous occurrence and similar character, one in London and one in Paris, the incidents of which are entirely novel, from an American point of view, and instructive, as showing bow and by whom the popular fashions of dress are set. Tho defendant in the Paris suit was Mile. Cora Pearl, in the London suit Miss Walters, better known as “ Skittles,” —botn conspicuous characters. Mies “Skittles,” who testified that she was never called “Miss,” hut “Mrs.” or “Madame,” had retained no less a personage for her defense than Sergt. Ballantine, who complained that the opposing counsel had designated his client by a name which was very unpleasant to her. The suit was brought for about $1,770, claimed by Creed & Co., ladies’ tailors, for making and repairing throe or four garments. The defendant had de clined to pay the bill because it was exorbitant, but offered to settle by paying SI,OOO, which the ungallant ladies’ tailors refused to accept. In undertaking to determine tho value of the arti cles which hod been furnished, a mass of testimony was submitted on both sides, which brought out that the ladles’ tailors are a much more exacting set of people than milliners, which would scarcely have been credited as possible a few years ago. They de scribed Miss “ Skittles ”as being “exceedingly fastidious and particular.!’ She was accustomed to demand not only that patterns should be cut and submitted for her approval, but that special drawings should bo znado and appropriately tinted before she would pass on them. She was also in the habit of making the foreman come to her house and await her leisure or pleasure, at a salary of 5 guineas a week. These items, of■ course, entered into the cost of the gar ments, and the bulk of testimony of experts was that the gross profits of ladies’ tailors should be 50 per cent. Lady readers will be interested in knowing some of tbo principal charges. A black riding-habit, with silk lining, was put down at S7O, though Winn “ Skittles ” protested that she always wore ‘ ‘ the simplest riding-habits.” There was a mere alteration of a black poplin dress, the original production of Mr. Worth, of Paris, which was

charged at about $25. A single shoulder-knot had coat over SC. A blue silk costume, consist ing of tunic, body, undor-skirt, and jacket, was valued at S9O. A black silk under-skirt, trim med with velvet, was charged $93. A brown Saxony-cloth costume complete cost Miss “ Skit tles” Just S2OO. The whole bill came to $1,770, and, as the jury allowed $1,500, these items ore a fair indication of tho charges that a ladies’ tailor may mt&e. The information is im portant, as a ladies’ tailor has recently set up in business in Chicago, to the intense gratification of the fashionable ladies, and to the profound disgust of their husbands. The defense made by Miss “ Skittles ” was unique. She demanded first that her tailor should bring a model of herself into court for the display of the dresses ; but the plaintiff's counsel claimed that, while ho had no donbt that this would be very gratifying, especially to the younger members of the bar, it won® bo a very difficult, if not impossible, thing $9 do. This was in the nature of a com pliment. Mies “ Skittles ” then set up that she had made the fortune of Mr. Poole, a ladies’ tailor, who had been making her garments for many years, and that Mr. Creed, the tailor who brought suit, had been delighted when she had gone to him and when he found out who she was. The force of this point can only be ap preciated when it is known that such women as the Skittles in London and Cora Pearl in Paris furnish tho fashions for tho haut-monde as well as the demi-monde, Tho tailors whom they take under their patronage are made men. Mian Skittles evidently thought that this should have been taken into account,. and that Mr. Creed ought to have charged her less instead of more. She admitted that she had paid S7OO for a single dress, but then there was lace on it. Thero is little doubt that Mr. Creed was ungrate ful, but we ftftn understand that ladies’ tailors should have an experience calculated to sour against tho world, and to make. misanthropes of men who would otherwise be kind, gentle, and generous. Hiss Cora Fearl has bean sued in Paris for a bill of about S7OO. This is the lady who, at a bacchanalian entertainment one night, took a hat from one of her admirers and boasted that she could transform it on the spot to a ladies' hat that would be the rage of all Paris within a month. A wager was made, Cora Pearl punched the hat in the side, pulled a plume from her hair, adjusted it to the hat in band, and next day ap peared in the Bois with tho hat on her head. The result was precisely what she had predicted. Within a week every milliner in Paris had hats of this pattern in her window; within two weeks no fashionable lady was complete without one; with in a month tho impromptu bad crossed tho British Channel and prevailed in Loudon; the next steamer brought it to America as the mode, and so it became the rage on two continents. Mile. Cora Fearl has now set a new fashion which has brought her into a lawsuit. Some time ago she hit upon the brilliant idea of having a cast made of her hand, and disposed of terra-cotta fac sim iles to her numerous admirers. Her first order was for twenty-four, and then orders followed in rapid succession to supply the demand. The idea was not altogether original, for, when Liszt, the groat musician, was the furore of Paris, a great many years ago, in his youth, it was common to find a cast of bis right hand as the cherished object of his lady adorers. MUb. Cora Pearl seems to have at tained an equal devotion, though among the other sex, and in a different manner. She, also, had a hand carved in marble, and a vase of elab orate pattern, in which a mould of her hand and another of her bosom rwere features. It was for the cost of these articles that suit was brought. She churned that the articles were or dered by, and for the use of, a young curassier, who, for the nonce, was playing tho part of “protector." But the young cuirassier had squandered all his money, and the mercan tfle'manufacturor of hands and vases sued Mad emoiselle herself and obtained judgment. As she is living in a bouse valued at $120,000, the gift of Prince Napoleon, it is thought there will he no difficulty in collecting the money. These bo the women who furnish' the modes for the world’s fashionables, who invent novel ties or popularize them, who bring out ladies tailors and make their fortunes, and whose follies and extravagances find a ready imitation all the world over. If there - is not a certain degrada tion in tho thought on account of the position of the Cora Pearls and Skittles in Lou don and Paris, their imitators must experience a feeling of repugnance when they learu that these women are no longer even young and pretty, but as old, ugly, and repulsive in their looks as in their characters. There is a certain incongruity about the whole situation that can only be accounted for at* all because 11 It is tho fashion.” THE SOCIETY PLAY. The Black Crook marked a distinct era In the history of the drama. It supplanted the stand ard English plays, and substituted in their place a spectacle which was made attractive and fasci nating by all the scenio and mechanical re sources of tho stage, and by an unblushing display of half-nude women and lascivious dances. The Black Crook set the fashions for a score or more of other spectacles, each more pronounced the other in purely sensual appointments. It created a morbid and un healthy public taste, which refused everything except the moat highly-seasoned food, and was dissatisfied with a play which did not combine the glitter of tinsel with the fascina tions of indecency. Nevertheless, this sort of exhibition had a short run. It does not take long to exhaust the resources of tho stage in this direction, and indecent exhibitions can only be carried to a certain point without coming under police regulation. Having attuned the mßTiTnnmj thereafter there was no variety, and the real friends of the drama hoped that tho public would once more return to the legitimate drama. That hope, however, has been disap pointed. The Black Crook and kindred spec tacles have been shelved, it is true, butan infinite ly worse species of drama has taken their place— worse because it is more insidious andmore sug gestive, and because it openly displays vice under a thin guise of virtue. The Society Play has taken the place of tho spectacle, and in almost every theatre in tho country the foulest details of domestic life are nightly developed on the stage to fashionable and refined audiences, who manifest no disapprobation, but, on the other applaud the sentiments and situations. The New York Sun gives a summary of one of these plays, which is now drawing large and fashionable audiences at one of the largest the atres in that city, and which, having been a success there, will of course find Its way to this city sooner or later. The story of the play is substantially as follows : A young man about to be married gives a supper to his bachelor friends and invites ahevyof prostitutes. The brother of his intended, accompanied by a clergy man, arrives unexpectedly, and the latter having retired, the brother Is induced to join the party, and in the course of tho revel falls in love with one of the prostitutes. * This ends the first act. The brother, who has come to town in search of a girl who had received some injury at the hands of his family for which ho wishes to make reparation, finds her in tho person of the prostitute with whom ho has fallen in loro. Acting upon the advice of his clerical associate, ho resolves to take her to bis home, and present her to his mother and sis ter, and offer her his hand in marriage. This is the end of the second act. In the third act, she is found domiciled in his family, and the mother and sister, after a slight remonstrance, receive her as a daughter-in-law, and the priest extends his benediction. After a time, the sister’s intended husband arrives, and is somewhat astounded when ho learns that this professional prostitute is *to become his sister-in-law. He orders her to quit the house, and threatens, if she does not leave, he will take steps to make her. “ Don’t do that,*’ cries the prostitute, “or I shall denounce you— for you were my first on tho list.” “I know bettor,” says the young man. “It is true, so help mo Heaven,” replies the girl, in the most approved melodramatic manner, which does not fail to bringdown the house. He then informs her that if her victim marries her his fortune will be forfeited. Tho broken-hearted prostitute then determines to give up her lover as a had invest ment, for which on each evening she is rewarded by a double call before tho curtain. This ends the third act. The last act is one of blasphemy. The prostitute is about to be absorbed in the church, not of repentance for her past, nor with the de termination to lead a better life in future, when the wedding procession of her lover crosses her path, and she dies. Such is the story which is nightly told, and of the performance tho Sun says: Among tho crowded audience that witnessed the first representation of this drama wo noticed some of tho wealthiest and, so-called, best families in New lorli. Brothers with their deters, fathers with their young daughters, yonng wires beside their newly-married husbands. We looked long and wistfully in those sweet and pure upturned young faces, IVo felt sure that most of them, perhaps all, would fail to understand tho full meaning of the play. Wo did them injustice. They understood and relished it all—thoroughly,* It was a dull piece, with nothing but Its patent pollution to recommend it; but that charm kept these girls in their places for three hours, and sent them home wiser and worse women. The theatre is not to blame for this. - The man agers give the public just what the public want. If the standard drama will not draw people, ex cept when presented by two or three such actors as Mr. Booth or Mr. Jefferson, the managers cannot bo expected to impoverish themselves by giving it to empty seats. They would prefer to give the standard drama, as it costs less to mount it. These society plays require expensive scene ry and properties, and, in many cases, require certain special effects which are very costly. In addition to this, these plays are not written with reference toparts,andtheresult is, that the differ ent lines of business are almost inextricably mixed up, not only causing great confusion, but great dissatisfaction among the members of the stock company. The standard drama, as ordinarily placed upon the stage, is more economical in every way, and involves much less trouble than the Society Flay, But the public won’t attend the standard drama, and will attend the Society Flay. They won’t applaud the standard drama, and they will applaud the Society Flay, and there is no alternative left the manager but to give the • Society Flay or lose money at a frightful rate. It is the demand for the Society Flay which creates the present generous supply of that article in the market. The only consola tion in the premises is the fact that, like the spectacle, the Society Flay may at last become nauseating. There is a certain point beyond which it cannot go, and tho play we have cited seems to have reached that point. This having been attained, subsequent performances are but repetitions, become monotonous, and tiro by their very monotony. When that time comes, the standard drama may revive; bnt at present it must be acknowledged the prospects are not very hopeful. WHO OWNS BETSY ? There is nothing in all nature mors ludicrous, and at the same time more pitiable, than the hen with one chicken. The amount of affection she lavishes upon her pin-feathered unit, tbs dis tressing solicitude for its welfare, the ostenta tious manner in which she affects to look down upon other hens who go scratching over the -barnyard for a full dozen, and the boastful man ner in which she exhibits her solitary offspring, usually make both her and her chicken a nui sance in every well-regnlated hen-coop, and bring down upon both of them the severest re monstrances from the noisy lord of the harem. In nine cases out of ten it eventuates that the solitary chicken develops into a tough, ungainly fowl, of some mongrel breed, which is neither good for the gridiron nor to provide material for omelettes, and which usually comes to some ig nominious manner of death while scratching up seeds in foreign gardens. If there is anything that resembles the hen with one chicken, it is the poet with one poem— the .rhymester with but one leaf on his laurel spray. He admires that poem, caresses it, and fondles it, as if it were the only poem in this world of rhymes. He cuts all manner of capers on his one-winged Pegasus, and makes more fuss over his one muse than other poets do with their whole nine. An instance of this ludicrous and pitiable state of things is afforded by one Mr, 'WHham Carleton, of 'Michigan, who claims tho paternity of an almost endless string of rhymes called u Betsy and I Are Out ” —an effusion for which the school of Mr. Bret Harto and Mr. John Hay is directly responsible, Por some little time Mr. Carleton had reveled in the prospects of fame. Ho got into tho newspapers, and fortunately had his name spelled right. His vumumcnlum perennius cere already began to loom up before his mind’s-eye, His laurel switch began to hud like Aaron’s rod. His collar grew wider and his necktie more neglige. The barber cut his hair less frequently. Sentimen tal young women began to dote upon him and request hia autograph. His laundry bill was in creased in tho item of wet towels, and Fame had just begun to distend her cheeks in order to blow his name throngh her trumpet, when a ruthless woman from Massachusetts, Emerson by name, steps in and demands her offspring, which she is ready to identify by a strawberry mark on its left arm, and which, she claims, the furtive Carleton stole away with malice aforethought, and is now passing off as one of his own chil dren. The mother-in-law, aforetime, has come in • for much of this world’s abuse. This time, how ever, it is the brother-in-law, for it was to Carle ton’s brother-in-law that, in an unlucky hour, she entrusted “Betsy,” and the next that she knew she found “Betsy” playing in tho public street with an anonymous unwashed and un kempt brood of Mr. Carleton’s offspring, with whom she bud nothing in common. Bike Hood’s woman in Holbom, she wildly rushed into the street and claimed her offspring, where upon in steps Mr. Carleton, picks it up, and runs off with it, exclaiming to tho. distracted mother in the moat ungentlemanly prose: “ You are a liar! Yon are a base impostor!” Thus the matter stands at present. Mean while the distracted public is threatened with a deluge of letters, affidavits and davite, depositions, voluminous correspondence longer than a quarterly review article, and pos sibly mandamuses and injunctions without end, not to mention the profusion of esthetic per sonalities which usually grow out of these poeti cal squabbles. By all that is prosaic and respect able, we appeal to the high contending parties to quit their nonsense about this ill conditioned child. It is a wretched gamin at best, whether its name is Emerson or Carleton. It was brought into the world scarce half made up, and hasn’t improved any since birth. 'We warn them in time that, if they do not atop their unseemly squabble, the public will revoke both their poetical licenses. If wo must have a din about our ears, lot it con cern some worthy object. If the Emerson and the Carleton are bound to smash their cheap lyres over each other’s heads, let them retire to some secluded spot, where their jangle won’t annoy other people and disturb the public peace. Tn any event, we beg of them to believe that this solitary chicken isn’t worth fighting over. It is a poor starveling thing at best, and tho public wouldn’t give a snap of its finger to know who brought it into tho world- Besides, there, are less noisy ways of disposing of tho ques tion. For instance, let this Carleton and Em erson agree ,to play seven-up for it, best three in five to have it, and the loser, to . give the winner a‘ quit-claim deed. Or,, they might pitch pennies for it. Or, they might find some mral Solomon who would agree to divide the child in twain and each take half. Or, they might send for Judge Durell, who will shortly bo out of a job in Now Orleans. He has been engaged in smaller and meaner business than this," and would take to it kindly. ■Whatever ;they do, let them do it quietly. Tho public cares nothing for the matter; and; as both “Betsy and I Are Out,” would prefer that they "remain out and end the game. It is a poor chicken, anyway you look at it. The extravagant style of living, ■which is at present a characteristic of fashionable life in f>'iq country and in England, in one case at least has come to a logical conclusion. In the English town of Boss, a young solicitor hy the name of Skyrme succeeded to the extensive business of a brother solicitor. The entire community trusted him implicitly, and confided to him large sums of money for investment. He had the let ting of houses and lands, and many heavy balances were in his hands uncalled for. He was, supposed by the people to bo xejp rich, and bis frank, open-hearted manners made hi™ the favorite of every one. Ho was happily married and lived in elegant stylo- He was described as “ open-hearted, open-handed, generous to a fault, accessible and pleasant, frank, open, and simple.” This impression be kept up for many years, and it was not dissipat ed Tintil after bin death. On the 26th of April last, he was found dead in his bed, and it was supposed he had died of apoplexy. After his death, it’waa shown that all these years he had been one of the most accomplished, skillful, and heartless swindlers of the age. Almost every one who has trusted him is ruined. Those for whom ho lent money on mortgages received forged mortgages. Those for whom he bought man sions and landed estates received forged deeds. His banking account was overdrawn SIOO,OOO. Not only - were his brother solicitors and the' landed gentry swindled, bnt almost every trades* man in the town has severely Buffered by his rascalities. It is now known that his death was caused, by, poison, . and not by .apoplexy, and the lamentation over his death has changed to a bitter execration of his mem ory. Ho had resolved to live’in a "certain style of elegance, and he did so, but at last his vil lainies reacheda point where they could he carried no further, and detection became certain. To escape the shame and punishment of his crime, be resorted to suicide. This is the logical con clusion of this extravagant style of life. Others, with less courage, fly from their disgrace or sub mit to it. The case of Skyrme may be an ex ceptional one, but it is only so because he car ried it out to the bitter end. A recent letter from Mr. Bayard Taylor to the New York Tribune , written in Tienna, indicates hopeless confusion and a disgraceful incapacity. He does not intimate that the charges against. Gen. Van Buren are true, or that he ought io have been removed, but ha does say that ths new Commissioners have failed to reduce, the chaotic condition of things to anything like order. Ho speaks of ths situation as painfully humiliating to an American, which is passed over in a sort of pitying silence by the other nationalities present. Ths “Honorary Commissioners,” appointed in large numbers by all the different States, are generally making themselves conspicuous by their absurd conduct, though they have received no recognition what ever from the Austrian officials. He charac terizes the wholerepresentation, as it is present ed before the world, as a “black smutch,” which it undoubtedly is, and he ascribes it properly to tho appointment of a lot of nobodies, Who' were never beard of before, as the Executive Commissioners. If this is where the. fault lies, however, it is not Gen. Tan Bnren who is to blame, but ths Administration, which should have been actuated in this matter by a higher consideration than party service or polit ical interests. An anti-tobacco association has been formed - V in Paris, which haw just petitioned the. Govern ment to interdict the sale of tobacco to youths under 16, and the railway companies to forbid smoking in their carriages and stations. The smokers, however, have risen in remonstrance, and claim that anybody may smoke French grown tobacco, especially the kinds called Ze Petit Bordeaux and Ze Tonneins, without any in jury whatever. They deny that nicotine is the dangerous element in tobacco, and say that a raw smoker could not smoke a London cigar three minutes without violent nausea, and Havana tobacco contains hut 1 per cent of' nico tine, while he can smoke the French cigars with impunity, which contain 8 per cent; and that an habitual smoker can smoke twelve or fifteen pipes of Capdrdl without inconvenience, bnt could not smoke two chibouques of Turkish tobacco, which contains hut one-half per cent of nicotine. The statistics, however, are not so effective against the anti-smokers as the fact that the Govern ment is paying its Gorman indemnity very large ly out of the tobacco revenue. If It can smoke the Germans out, there is little hope for the anti-smokers. The practice of offering premiums, which has long since run tho gamut of American enter prise from literary magazines down to prize candy stores, has broken out with extreme vio lence in England. The most startling applica tion of the system has been made, by a London omnibus company, doing business on a co operative plan, which offers “a set of prizes every three months to the persons who can pro duce tho largest number of tickets in proof that they have performed the journey.” There is a large number of prizes, ranging from £5 down to A shillings. The device, we suppose, is to bo ranked as an encouragement of industry, and is likely tocreate anew occupation. Henceforth, tho trades of London will include the professional omnibus-passenger. It will require a small; capital to start the business, and a familiarity with tho average number of trips made by the non-professional or amateur passenger. Thera, will also be some competition for a while in re gard to tho first prizes, but the craft will soon divide itself up into various, degrees of skill and industry, commanding £5, or £3, or 10 shillings, according to the varied endurance and persist ence of those who devote themselves to the business. The calling is one that can he com fortably joined with other pursuits,—that of the pickpocket for instance, —and it will give a man - a standing before the Police Courts which will* release him from the charge of vagrancy. The condition of the poorer English clergy is* beginning to attract considerable attention in ’ that country. A vast number of the livings of' '.the English Church do not exceed in value £lso* per oTinnm, while many do not exceed £IOO. The Princess Louise and the Marquis of Lome, sympathizing with the clergy, now propose to raise a central fund large enough to make it . certain that no incumbent of any living belong* • ing to the Church of England shall have less' . than £2ooper annnm. The London Echo, allud-- . ing to this proposition, very aptly says; “Why does not the Church begin the reform within. herself? Why not dock the stipends of absented* Canons and overpaid Hectors ? There are priests who are richly salaried, Mid whose services aron mystery and darkness to mankind. Many a man . who holds a nice place in the Church, and who draws a handsome income, never knew what it was to perform a hard day’s work.” Iha inequality which It is sought to remedy grow* , out of religions nepotism. The choke places » are all picked out by Archbishops and Bishops -for their relatives, while the poor clergy, who have no wealthy or powerful friends, *re 16** *° . shift foil themselves. In this light, the action of the Princess Louise and her husbandis shown to be a noble and generous action, especially in contrast with the parsimonious and niggardly * . . conduct of the Church itself. Bayard Taylor, as the representative of the New Irak Tribune, was fortunate enough to' be the single representative of American joumal ism present at a dinner given by the Vienna press'- to the foreign correspondents at the Exposition. He sends over the bill of fare as a model of its' kind. It was as follows : Soup a H Regmce. (Madeira of: , Pate de folo gra». (Flneit Amtriinwlns ’ Bbine and trout. (St. Jnlien of 1865.) Fflet da bceuf and vegetables. (Steinberger CaWr fricassso and mushrooms. (Chauteaul* Eose. 18C6.) -iomkx Lobsters, tartce ravigoU* (Chilean d’Tquen, low*! Boman punch. _ . ■ • Geeao roasted on the spit. (Vcure Clicquot.) , Saddle of venison. Asparagus. Gateau a I’Amexi caine. (Imperial Tokay of 167 Cheese, ices, fruits, strawberries, liqueurs, eto^ f etc. , While this rather exceeds the diet prer’ cribed, by Mr. Dio Lewis for every-day use, it ia/ m not** -hie contrast with the meaningless jmdasey which It is customary to present in American bills of fare on similar occasions. r Xhesawoa* derful documents are usually corny ,caed in ths interest of ornamental printing/ and represent nothing hut a hatch of incongru/ ,us dishes with/ unpronounceable names that not ,ody is expected to for. It ia evident that Vue courses of tbs Tiezma dinner were prepared/ with reference td present use, and wore as they wer* •erred*

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