Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 2, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 2, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TEEMS OV BUDSOTItPTtOH (PATADLS IN ADVANCE). ;;v,v.;:: 8 3:88 Parts of aycaratlbe same rate. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo sure and give Post Office address in full, Including Slate and Oonnty. Remittances may bo mado either bydraft, express, Post OOioo order, or in registered loiters, at our risk. TETIUfI TO CITE BUDfiOIUDERfI. Pally, delivered. Sunday excepted, 25 cents por week. Daily, delivered, Sunday included, 80 cents per week. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Deorborn-sts., Chicago, 111, BUSINESS NOTICES, LYON MANUFACTURING CO. ARE THE ONLY Importers o! pure Lyon Insect Powder In America. Oot »ho genuine. ‘"ABBOTT A TINSLEY, PHOTOGRAPHERS, 160 Itate-sU, aro tbo lucky possessors of view of plan of ibe Court-House that will probably win. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY—WE SOLD IN Irawlng of 23d April last tho 0M»,OOO jnrtEo. circulars isnt; Information given. J. B. MARTINEZ A 00.. Uanllors, 10 Wall st. P. O. Box 4685. Now York. ' KIDNEYS AND LIVER—JAPANESE. KIDNEY !MUb, per Jar, S2O ourrouoyj Japanese Liver Pills, por tr. S3O currency. Ono Jar Is sufficient to onto cither liome, radically. Register your loiters. O. A. MOL .KUT, 431 Dupont-st., San Francisco, Oal., Bole Agent or North America. ""PERSONAL—DR. ÜBLMDOLD TO TUB FRONT ignln. Wo are glad to see that during the Doctor’s tem porary residence in Europe, tho supply ol bis genuine Hstractßuolm—the only known apoolflo for urinary dls jrders and obscure complaints in either sox—has been luppllod from bis formula sad apparatus by his represen tative hero. Tho genuine article bears tho Doctor’s ilg. nature, and Is probably the best known and most valuable .remedy of the kind In tbo world. JOHN F. HENRY. New York, solo ngont. ©Jj.t Q&ifasne. Monday Morning, Juno 2, 1873.1 Gov. McEnory advises tho people of Louisiana to submit to tho Kellogg usurpation until Congress moots again. Oon. Sherman, as well as tho authorities of tbo War Department, aro represented to bo strongly opposed to tbo conduct of Secretary Delano in asking for tbo release of Bantanta and Big Tree, but tbo former admits that any pledges the Government bos mode tbo Indians for tbo return of tboao Chiefs ought to bo performed in good faith. Assistant Attornoy-Qon. Spooner, of Wiscon sin, says that for tbo Chicago <k Northwestern and tbo Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroads to pool their earnings would bo a violation of the spirit of the State Constitution, and would render it tho duty of tbo Attorney-General to apply to tho courts for a writ of quo warranto against tbo Companies. Tho cboico of a President made by the Con stituent Cortes of, Spain, now la session, indi cates that the Federal Republican element is in tbo majority. The address of Figuoras to tho Cortes was full of good. Re publican doctrine. Spaniards, bo said, bad tbo right to choose how they would bo governed. They did not moan to intermeddle with tbo polities of other States, and wanted no extension of their territory. Ho promised to extend tbo abolition of slavery to Cuba, and urged that an end bo put to tbo union of Church and State in Spain. Somo persons who are described as loading Irishmen of Now York, Philadelphia, and other cities, announce that a convention will bo bold next month in Cleveland to form a National Irish Loaguo for tbo political aggrandizement of Irishmen. "Irishmen, they declare, bavo not bad their fair share of tbo offices, and this for tbo reason that they bavo wasted tbolr strength in quarreling among themselves. Tbo Cleveland Convention will rostoro a permanent harmony among tbo Celtic citizens of the country, and ttUi pioQyu nil its members to vote for any Irish man who may bo a candidate tor office,'no mat ter what may bo bis religion or bis politics. Tho Rev. Hoary Word Beecher bos hitherto preserved an unbroken silencowitb regard to tho charges repeated so offensively by tbo Woodbali- Claflin crowd, of Now York, but which originated in a quarter more respectable. In tbo single al lusion which Mr. Boeobor boa made in ref erence to them, bo said that be know no other way of treating these women and tboir attacks than aa bo would treat a scullion who should throw dirty water on him—bo would cross to tbo other side of the street and pass on. But bo scorns to, bavo finally decided to meet them. Tbo Deacons of Plymouth Church held a mooting last Friday evening, at Mr. Beecher's request, it is said, and determined to investigate tbo matter. The immediate occasion of this action is tbo publication, tbo other day, of tbo singular articles of agreement between Mr. Beecher, Mr. Bowen, and Mr. Tilton. Tho Chicago produce markets woro moderately active on Saturday, and grain was weak. Moss pork was in light demand, and 250 por brl lower, closing at $16.00 seller Juno, and $10.26(3)15.30 seller July. Lard was quiet and a shade firmer, at $8.65 por 100 lbs cosh, and $8.80(3)8.85 seller July. Moats woro quiet and unchanged, at G% for shoulders, for short rib, 8% @B%o for abort clear, and 10@12o for sweet pickled hams. Lake freights woro quiet and steady at 4>£o for corn to Buffalo. HlgUwinos wore dull and lo lower, at 900 per gallon. Flour was steady, and moro active. Wheat was active and weak, closing at seller Juno, and sl.2s>tf seller July. Corn was loss active, and unchanged, closing at 38%@88K seller Juno, and 42@42X0 seller July. Oats woro dull and lower, closing at 31%0 seller Juno, and 83%0 seller July. Ryo was in fair demand and firm at Barley was inactive, and nomi nally unchanged, at 70@780 for poor to good No. 2. There has recently boon issued from tho press of tho Union Publishing Company a life of Hor ace Greeley, by Mr. L. D. Ingorsoll, a well-known journalist of the Western States, and a long time resident of Chicago. Tho book contains nearly 700 pages, Including everything that per tains to tho history of Mr. Orooloy, In giving tho life of Mr. Greeley It necessarily treats of the times in which ho lived, and wo thus have connected with the biography a succinct com pendium of the political events, and a history of tho men Who wore upon the stago of public lifo, during that period. Thoportions of tbo book re lating to Hr. Greeley’s early life—the time spent in Now Hampshire and Vermont, and afterwards in New York,—are very graphically written. Tho history of Mr. Greeley, from tho ilmo ho started tho Now York Trihum down to tho day of his death, Is also a history of political parties aud political events, and of tho chief actors therein, and this portion of tho book Is written intel ligently, fairly, and with excellent powers of narration. A complete history of tho slavery question, In its many forms, is embodied. Tho work enters with sufficient detail into Mr. Orooloy’s European travels, without wearying 4ho reader, and the active part taken by tty) groat journalist during the war is faithfully presented. Incidentally throughout the book ,ihnro are many things of a public as well Sb of a personal Batura that servo to giro increased interest to its pages. Mr. Ingorsoll has taken an enlarged and liberal tlow of Mr. Orooiey'a labors, and, unquestiona bly, the true • one. •Ho bad done much for bis country, for tho human family, and forAmori-, can journalism, and the eventual establishment of his paper aa an independent organ of public opinion tho last public act of hlalifo, was thofit ting crown of his distinguished career. Tho book is copiously illustrated. THE' JUDICIAL ELECTION TO-DAT, In tho Second Judicial District of tho Blato thoro la to bo olootod to-day a Judge of tbo Supromo Court to succeed tbo Hon. Anthony Thornton, resigned. Tho Hon. John M. Schol fleld 1b an independent candidate with llttlo or no organized opposition. In tho Fifth District a Judge of tho eamo Court la to bo olootod for tho full torm of nino years, in ploco of tho Hon. 0. D. Lawrence. Tho candidates aro Judgo Law rence, and Alfred M. Craig. In addition to those, thoro aro to bo olootod a full bench of Circuit Jndgos. In this county thoro aro to bo olootod flvo Jndgoa of tho Circuit Court. Tho present Incumbents aro Judges Will iams, Rogers, Booth, Troo, and Farwoll. They aro all candidates for ro-olootion. Thoro is no opon opposition to any of those Judges, but there is a secret ono, and one that is hard-working and industrious. It has for Us purpose tho olootlon of Mr. Sam Ashton-only this and nothing moro. Tho policy adopted Is to bavohis name on tho tiokot substituted for that of ono of the prosont Jndgos. It is under stood that ono particular class of voters havo boon induced to unito, and agroo not to voto for Judge Booth, and to those will bo offered tickets with Ashton’s name in plaoo of Booth's. But wo understand that tho moot of thoso ballots will contain but four names, thoso Of Judgo Booth and Judgo Farwoll being omitted, and Ashton's inserted. By ontting both of those names, tbo chances of Mr. Ashton's oloction over ono or tho othor aro inoroasod. Ordinarily, It would bo insulting to popular intelligonoo to ask wbotbor tbore is any danger of Ashton being elected, but at this time there is such a danger. During a comparatively short nuSnber of years Ashton has boon candidate at different elections for both bronchos of tbo Leg islature ; also for tbo Constitutional Convention for Water Commissioner, for Alderman, and has repeatedly sought a Judgeship, all in vain. Ho is at present a County Commissioner, having boon placed, just after tho fire, on tbo fire-proof ticket by a committee of which bo was himself a member, and was elected in tbo general success of that ticket. Wbotbor bo will bo oloctod to-day depends precisely upon how many peo ple have regard enough for the character of tbo Judiciary to go to the polls to vote against him. If Mr. Ashton can poll 2,500 votes, and there are only 2,400 votes against him, ho will certainly bo elected. On a full vote, wo suppose tbo present Judges would receive nineteen votes out of every twenty polled; but if tbo nineteen stay at homo to-day, and the election is loft to tako core of itself, thou Mr. Ashton will bo olooted as Circuit Judge for six years to come. There will bo no such delay, or crowding at tbo polls as need cause any man to lose five minutes of bis time, and, considering tbo Importance of having an intelligent and respectable Judiciary, no mau can excuse himself for not voting to-day. A list of tbo voting-places Is published elsewhere. THE SUNDAY-BEER QUESTION. Tbo Mayor has revoked tbo licenses of ton of tbo German' saloon-keepers who kept their places open Sunday week in concerted defiance of (bo law. Nothing loss than -this could bavo been expected. Tbo saloon-keepers throw down the glove, and tbo Mayor was bound to take it up. It Is announced that it was at first bis in tention to revoke tbo licensee of all who bad entered into the compact to defy the law, and that bo refrained from doing so only on account of tbo subsequent action of tho Sa loon-Keepers* Association rescinding ' tbolr resolution. It is to bo presumed that tbo Mayor has selected tboso for pun ishment who bavo shown tbo most settled determination to violate tbo Sunday law. This punishment will act as a warning to the sa loon-keepers that they cannot sot tbomsolvos up in open defiance of public authority. If this is sue woro brought before tbo pooplo, with moroly tbo violators of law on ono sido and its support ers on tbo othor, tboro is not tbo slightest doubt that tbo latter would bo found to bo an over whelming majority of tbo pooplo. It must bo observed that tbo Gorman saloon-keepers have not acquiesced in tbo enforcement of tbo Sunday law with tho same decorum as tbo Irish and Scandinavian saloon-keepers, though tho lat ter aro presumably as much opposed to tbo spirit of the law aa tbo Gor mans. By their irregular action, tbo Gorman saloon-keepers have injured tbo prospects of tbolr own movement, though it la only fair to tbo German citizens who aro not saloon-keepers, to recall tbot they bavo condemned in tbolr meetings tbo oourso taken by tbo latter, and bavo ordered tbom to .take bock seats and permit tboir customers to con tend for tboir own rights. Compliance with this demand will enable tbo present issue to bo moro fairly brought boforo tbo people. There la another feature in the movement thus for which has very seriously impeded its progress among the people at largo. Ur. Hob* ing and some others have contended that tbo Germans should preserve a separate organiza tion. This was very properly voted down at the mooting of Thursday evening. The maintenance of a Gorman organization for political purposes is just as inde fensible and pernicious as an organiza tion of native-born Americans, native-born Irishmen, or any other nativity separating itself from the rest of the community. Moreover, the proposed isolation would insure its defeat. Thoro is no particular reason for agitating tho Sumlay-boor question among the Gormans, They are a unit on tho question already. Their object should rather bo to present their views in a calm, candid, and intelligible manner to other people, and to mako tho issue broad enough for all persons to stand on who sympa thize with that idea of personal freedom which holds tho present Sunday law to be an unneces sary infringement upon it. Thoro are many men who would vote against a religious obliga tion of Sunday observance, as applied to them selves, who would not yoto with tho saloon keepers in any proposed defiance of law, nor with tho Gormans in any mere nativity move ment. And there are many more who would voto for any reasonable liberty of beer-drinking, who will not voto for free whisky on Sunday. It is entirely probable that Ohlcago and ovory other large city in this country would voto in favor of allowing tho hoor-gardous and beer saloons to remain opon on Sunday, under suit 'THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE!: MQNDAY, JUNE 2, ablo police regulations, if tho sale of boor could bo practically separated from tho saloof spir ituous liquors. There have boon no serious accusations against tho Gorman people for disorderly conduct, and but little responsibility thrown upon boor os an agent of intemperance, vlco, lawlessness, violence, and crime. As a matter of fact, Sunday is not moro disorderly normoro produotlvo of crime in Continental countries than other days. Tho Gorman Sunday or Sunday afternoon is essentially a family holi day. Tho gardens are open, family excursions arc made, and boor lo freely sold and consumed. Tho habit of taking strong drink, however, is tho exception rather than tho rulo In those countries. Thoro is a growing sentiment in all parts of this country that a distinction should bo made between boor and alcoholic liquors. Such a distinction holds in England, whoro a license to sell boor and malt drinks alono 1s very much cheaper than tho li cense for selling spirituous liquors. One objec tion to tho beer-saloons of American cities is that they also keep whisky, and usually of tho poorest quality, which they soil to those who call for it, thereby attracting a moro disorderly class than would visit them otherwise. If this ques tion of Sunday boor is to bo brought before tho pooplo as an issue, it will bo well for those who tako tho Gorman side to suggest somo practical distinction in licenses, in taxation, and in privi logos. A movement to substitute for tho com mon American habit of taking strong drinks tho Gorman habit of drinking boor would bo highly commendable. Tho restraint of any man’s convictions and ac tions on merely religious grounds is not to bo tolerated in this country. If a largo portion of the community boliovo they have a right to pass Sunday as a holiday, no other or larger class who do not so boliovo have tho right to deter them. It is only as a police regulation that tho Sunday law can bo justified, and thoro is reason to boliovo that if nothing but boor woro sold on Sunday tho necessity of this police distinction between Sunday and other days would disappear. If, in addition to this, all tho boor saloons should bo closed during tho morning church-hour, thoro would bo a reasonable concession on both sides to tho different customs of observing tho day. WHAT MONOPOLIES COST. In consequence of tbo “Protective ” system, tbo farmer receives loss than bo otherwise would for what bo sella, and pays more than ho other wise would for tbo manufactured articles which bo buys and consumes. Ho is therefore doubly taxed, and, excepting tbo sum which bo may pay in duties upon articles actually imported and consumed by him, not ono dollar of oitbor tax goes into tbo public Treasury. Could tbo amount of tboso taxes bo exactly ascertained, such a public indignation would bo rousod against tbom that they could no longer bo main tained. But tbo advocates of monopoly rojoioo in tbo fact that it is oxtromoly difficult to traco tbo consumption of products to tbo individual consumer; that tbo amount of products of oocli manufacture is imperfectly known, and tbo cost of such products, os compared with tbo nat ural coat, or tbo cost under ’ a system of lower duties, has boon and may bo tbo sub ject of unlimited falsification; and that tbo product of somo of tbo most important manu factures do not appear, at first glance, to bo consumed or paid for by tbo farmers at all. Tako tbo iron manufacture, for example: » A very largo proportion of its product is used in railways, and tbo corporations, and not indi viduals, appear to bo the consumers. Yet tbo pooplo who use railways, oitbor for travol or for shipment of goods, bavo to pay for tbo iron, aa for every other element In tbo cost of building and maintaining tbom. Tho farmer who ships wheat or cattle, and pays in freight a little moro than bo would pay if the railroads bod cost loss, is ad actual consumer of tbo iron used, and Is paying for it in tbo increase of freight, or tbo decreased price of bis products which tbo higher freight necessitates. Not tbo loss, when bo buys any implement or machine and finds its cost enhanced, is bo paying, first, a tax upon tho iron consumed in tbo making of that implement or machine, and, second, a tax upon tbo iron ueod m transporting it from tbo factory to bis farm. A largo quantity of iron is used in tbo building of vessels and their en gines ; bo whoso freight pays for tbo running of such vessels is tho real consumer, and bos to pay for that iron also. A largo quantity is used in buildings in our cities; tbo cost appears next la the rent of stores, and offices, and warehouses, and next in tbo commissions and charges of merchants ana shippers who occupy those build ings, and noxt in tbo cost of all oxebango of products which pass through their bands, and, finally, in tbo prlco of tbo products which tbo former sells and of tbo goods which bo buys. Thus all burdons aro distributed. That industry which supports tho largest number of persons pays tho largest sbaro of all burdens imposed upon the community of which they form part. Tbo unusually accurate enumeration of males engaged in gainful occupations, obtained at tbo census of 1870, affords opportunity to ascertain 1 what proportion of all consumers are dependent upon each industry. Of 10,009,G35 males so em ployed, 5,525,603 wore engaged in agriculture, or 61 8-10 of tbo whole number. In manufactures of all kinds woro employed 2,350,471, or 22 per cent; In professional and personal services, 1,018,121, or 151-10 per cont; and in trado and transportation, 1,172,540, or 11 per cent. It ap pears, then, that about 62 por oont of tbo ontlro population must bo dependant upon per sons engaged in agriculture. Tho census also informs us whatvaluoof man faotured products, uot imported, was consumed by our own people or exported. In 1870, the value of manufactured products was $4,283,000,- 000 In currency j tho value of such products exported (including petroleum) was about $70,- 000,000 | there remains, therefore, for consump tion by our own people, 64,207,000,000 in curren cy value of products not imported, hut of our own manufacture. Persons dependent upon ag riculture being 62 per cent of the whole body of consumers, their share of the value consumed is $2,187,040,000, or about $31)0.00 for every male person employed in agriculture—supposing, of course, that tbo moles thus employed must pro vide by their industry for tho consumption of those dependent upon them. Now, the entire value of “ all products of farms, including betterments and additions to stock," according to tho saino census, was $2,447,538,058, so that, after paying for thoir share of manufactured products consumed, tho entire body of formers will have loft as return for a year's labor, about $209,800,000, or only S4O to oaoh malo person so employed —not a .very extensive remuneration for a year’s work. But tho farmer has still another expense—his share of the consumption of im- ported Articles. The value Imported in 1870 was $102,877,587 ; of this tho farmers and those do* pendent on them should have consumed 52 per cent, or $210,180,816 in gold—a larger amount In currency than tho entlro surplus of farm pro ducts aftorpayiug for products of domostlomanu facturo. Consequently, the farmers as a vrholo must bo running Into debt—unless, by reason of their heavy burdens, they oro forced to con sumo loss than thoir share of domestic products and foreign imports. Tho nominal value of manufactured products consumed has advanced, since 1860, over 121 per cent, whllo tho numbor'bf consumers has in creased only 22 per cent. Do wo consume so much moro in quantity, or only in cost i Tho number of hands employed in manufactures has advanced from 1,811,210 to 2,075,007, or 58 6-10 por cent, yet tho nominal valuo of thoir products has advanced moro than twice as much. Does not ovory ono know that tho average ofQcionoy of laborers In all manufactures bas not doubled within ton years? Under natural conditions, inoroaso in the ofllcionoy of labor in any employ ment should oauso reduction In tho cost of its products. Tho consumer ought to share in tho bonoflts of that improvement, so that tho ag gregate cost of all articles produced should in crease in loss proportion than tho number of hands employed. But, If tho cost of articles produced has increased as rapidly os tho number of bauds, 68 6-10 por cent, tho real valuo of manufactured products in 1870 was $2,893,707,011 in gold, whereas It was $1,232,025,892 in currency, a difference of 10 27- 100 por cent in nominal prices, supposing that tho oflloionoy of labor has not increased. With a moderate allowance for increased oflloionoy and consequent reduction of oost, tho difference between actual oost and nominal prices of manu factured articles will appear greater than 60 por cent. Of course, in some branches of industry, tho advance in prices of products has boon much greater, and in others much loss, than 40# por cent, but tho average must havo boon at least that much, oven if no improvements and inven tions have lessened tho cost of products. But, of this difference, 23# por cent was exactly tho average premium on gold for tho year ending Juno 80, 1870. Tho remaining increase, 23 per cent, must bo tho result of artificial prices maintained by monopoly duties. It appears, then, that consumers in this country have not only been deprived of all reduction in tho cost of products by moans of inventions and im provements giving greater efficiency to labor, but, in addition to that loss, havo boon compelled to pay 23 por cent moro for all manufactured ar ticles consumed. Accordingly, if tho farmers and those depend ent on them consume manufactured products nominally worth $2,187,040,000, those same pro ducts, had the prices of 1800 continued, and had labor made no progress in efficiency, would havo coat only $1,405,820,000, and, of tho nominal value, about $348,177,000 was duo to a deprecia tion of 23 X per cent in currency, and $344,438,- 000 was paid as a tax to tho manufacturers. Tho tax thus paid by tho formers, not one dollar of which goes into tho Treasury, aver ages $02.84 for every male employed in farming. At 40 per cent upon dutiable imports consumed, the tariff takes from each person employed, as a farmer only $lB.Bl for tho Treasury of tho Uni ted States, and more iftiah three times as much for tho monopolies. The farmers fool that they are injured by unjust charges upon tho railroads, and yet tho entire receipts for freight of all railroads in tho country wore, in 1870. loss than $300,000,000. In all tho railroads in the United States could bo bought outright, track, rolling-stock, and all, with tho money which tho farmers have boon forced to pay, within ton years, through tho Increased cost of manufac tured goods since tho present tariff was im posed. Tho robbery of ton years, at $340,000,000 a year, would buy all the railroads In tho coun try, and about pay off tho national debt besides. MB. HESING’S SILVER-WEDDING. Silvor-woddinga havo ceased to bo rarities, but silver-weddings like that of Mr. Hosing, on Saturday night, aro exceptional. Tho Hosing silver-wedding was remarkable in many ways. Tboro was a remarkable collection of guests. There was a remarkable gift mado to tho groom. Thoro was a remarkable list of donors of this gift, and thero is a remarkable significance attaching to tho gift. On occasions of this kind, it is customary to present tho wed ding host with articles of silver to mark tho lapso of tho quarter-century; but, on this occasion, some of Mr. Hosing's friends rodo Into his affections and good graces with a threo-thonsond-dollar carriage and horses. To properly estimate tho esteem and good-will which wore brought in tho carriage, it is only nocossary to catalogue the donors. They woro

N. B. Judd, Collector of Customs ; Charles H. Bood, State's Attomoy; T. M. Bradley, Sheriff; A. H. Barley, City Comptroller; Jacob Gross, minor offico-boldor; Buffalo MUIor, President of tho County Commissioners; James Stewart, Bo corder 5 F. 800110, County Commissioner j Joo Poliak, County Clerk; S, A. Irvin, Col lector of Internal Bovonuo 5 0. B. Forwoll, Congressman; J. B. Bice, Congressman; James P. Boot, County Attomoy; John Hortlng, County Commissioner; Erastus 8. Williams and Lambert Tree, Judges 5 Goo. TonHollon, City Collector; Phil. A. Hoyno, United States Com missioner; Jonathan Young Scommon, keeper of various trust-funds, and, valiantly bringing up tho roar, Sam Ashton, candidate for tho Circuit Court. Tho tenderness for Mr. Hesing which tboso gentlemen have suddenly manifested is most touching. Their gift was in spired by a purpose so devoid of selfishness or of policy, that it oven touched Mr. Hosing, and it is related that when thoso remarkable friends gathered about him and made this display of their affection for him, ho did not trust himself to speak immedi ately, but went to the window and contemplated tho two-horso token of friendship, as thoTroJans centuries ago contemplated the horse which tho Greeks sent them. Mr. Hosing did not speak, for ho was lost in wonderment as to what tho little gamo of office-holders might bo. Mr. Hos ing wondered for a long time, but, boforo tho evening was over, found an oppor tunity to address tho “ gift-bearing Greeks " upon tho qualities of horses and tho ad vantages of riding over going a-foot. And then the procession of ofilco-holders took up Us lino of march, hooded by Mr. Judd and closed by Sam Ashton, who was busily engaged in wondering at tho crowd with which ho wos training and wonder ing whether ho would got his money book at tho election to-day, while all the others wondered if tho silver-wedding would result in a goldon har vest next fall. And thus ended Mr. Hosing's sil ver-wedding, as far as bis friends,tho office-hold ers, were concerned. And now what Is tho plain English of it all ? Mr. Hosing has made a good thing out of It. Bo has got an elegant carrlAgo and two high stepping steeds, cash value, SB,OOO. That is bet ter than being kicked and cuffed by tbo office holders, and, if they can keep themselves in office with & carriage and two horses only, it is a very cheap bargain. But there Is an alarming contingency. Upon m&turo reflection, Mr. Beslng may think it is too thin. Aftor all tho trouble ho has bad in getting up his DcutschC'AmcrlkanUcho Vcrein , two horses and ono carriage aro very small pota toes indeed. Nevertheless, tho office holders mado a good bid. They calculated wise ly, and tho Gorman voto, which Mr. Hosing is supposed to control, may ho delivered next fall. It Is impossible to estimate tho offeot of tho silvor-wodding present just now. When Na poleon 111. wanted to effect any particular pur pose ho invariably redo out on tho boulevards and exhibited himself. Whoa Bismarck has some pot project to accomplish with tho poo plo ho rides out and shows himself. So, when Mr. Hosing takes an airing in tho office-holders* carriage, and the two black steeds of the silvor-wodding go prancing through tho streets of iVord Beit, and up and down tho leafy avenues of Lincoln Park on Sunday after noons, it is possible that tho result may bo all that tho Bopublioan party desire. At tho same time Mr. Hesing Is a very queer driver, and tho election is a long way off. Whou tho campaign really commences, and Mr. Hosing, having loaded up Ills carriage with tho Gorman voto, goes out for a rldo, ho may drive into the camp of tho of fice-holders, or ho may drive over into tho camp of tho Philistines, or tho horses may run away with him and tho vote got lost, and tho silvor-wodding result in a funeral, after all. It would havo boon more provident if tho office holders had deposited tho valuo of tho carriage and two tfiaok horses with Mr. Jonathan Young Scommon in trust for tho Kopublican party until after election. It is certain that no unwiso. or Improper uso of tho fund would bo mado in tbo interval. Time will toll, however, and, mean while, wo congratulatojMr. Hosing that, whatever else may bo on foot, ho, at least, can go in his carriage. Several pooplo havo hod silver-wed dings recently, and still havo to walk; but Mr. Hosing's silver wedding was not ono of that kind. It was nono of your ono-horso affairs. STATISTICS OF MORTALITY. Tho volume on Vital Statistics, which forma,a part of tbo United States Census Report for 1870, offers much interesting information for those who take tho tho pains to dig for it in tho mass of tables with which it is filled. In pre senting eomo of tho curious phases of life and death in Amorica, it may bo assumed, for con venience sake, that tbo total population was 40.000. (it was actually 38,658,371) in 1870. Of those thoro wore more people between tho ages of 6 and 10 years than at any other period of life,—there being within a few thousand of 9.000. of young people who wore over 5 and under 10 years of ago. From this ago backward and forward tho number decreases with very re markable uniformity. Out of tho entire popu lation of tho country there wore only 7,504 peo ple living over 95 years years of ago, only 12,071 between 00 and 05, and after tbo ago of 66 years the computation drops from millions to thou sands. Tho smallest percentage of deaths oc curs between tho ages of 10 and 16 years. Tho proportion at that ago is 5.60 in 1,000 persons, under and over, this ago there is a gradual in crease of deaths both ways, though tho mortal ity between tho ages of I 1 * 1 and 2 is double that between tho ages of 3 and 3, and tho proportion of those dying under 1 year is three times that between tho ages of 1 and 2 years. Out of every 1,000 children bom in tho United States, 170 die be fore they are a year old; if they survive tho first year, however, their chances of life are not so slim again until they are 85 years old, when there are 188 deaths in 1,000 persons of this ago. It is worthy of note that, while theproportion of those who survive up to tho ago of 70 is larger in England than Amorica, after that ago it turns in favor of this country. If one can manage to live to bo 70 years of ago, ho has a bettor pros pect for living to bo 100 years old in this country than in England. Tho proportion is very nearly the same through tho different ages, so that it appears, in spite of tho life of excitement and overwork common to Americans, tho advantages for longevity ore greater in this country than in Great Britain. Tho most dangerous diseases of tho country may bo discovered in tho following numbers of deaths from ooob: From consumption, 69,806; from pneumonia, 40,012; from ontorio fever, 22,187; from obolora-infantum, 20,255; from scarlet fover, 20,320; from diarrhma, 14,195; from convulsions, 13,751; from inoophalitis, 18,701; from croup, 10,692; from dropsy, 7,856. Thoro woro 11,447 deaths from debility; 7,980 from old ago, and 9,060 still-born. Alcohol, pnro and-aimplo, killed 1,410 pooplo, and 23,740 people mot their death by accidents and injuries. Of those, 1,845 committed suicide, and thoro woro 2,057 homicides, with only 31 execu tions. Massachusetts had tho largest pro portion of deaths from consumption, 853 In 100,000 persons. Tho District of Columbia oomos next, with 830 lu 100,000; tho proportion In Louisiana was 318; New York, Bhodo Island, Dolawaro, California, Connecticut, Now Hampshire, and Vermont had each over 200 deaths from consumption put of ovpry 100,000 inhabitants. Illinois bad only 143 deaths from consumption la ovory 100,000, which is a hotter showing than tho avorago. Tho States and Ter ritories which faro best aro Arizona, whoro thero woro only 10 deaths from consumption oat of ovory 100,000 population, and then Idaho, Ne braska, Nevada, Now Moxicp, Wyoming, Col orado, Arkansas, and Florida. Thoro was no Stato or Territory in tho country whoro death did not occur from consumption, though thero was only ono death lu Arizona, four n Wypming, five la Idabp, thirteen in Dakota, and seventeen m Montana. In pneu monia, which is raoro prevalent and more fatal than pooplo ordinarily suppose, tho proportion of deaths la larger in that part of Toxas lying oast of tho Colorado Bivor than in any other section of the country, whoro it oauaod tho death of ono out of every 6.7 persons who died. Idaho is freer from it than any other locality, only ono death occurring thoro, at tho rate of seven in 100,000 living persons. Illinois has its share of pneumonia, there being 114 deaths ’from it for ovory 100,000 Inhabitants, and ono death out of ovory 11.7 occurs from this disease. Thoso who have a wholesome dread of small-pox will probably help to populate Wyoming, Wash ington Territory, Idaho, Dakota, and Dolawaro, whoro not a ainglo'oaso of this loathsome disease la reported. Arizona suffered most heavily, how ever, as ono In ovory 2.7 deaths was from small po*. Illinois la tolerably free from this disease, as the rate of deaths In this State was only one in seven from smalt-pox. ' . Tbo percentage of deaths to population was larger In Arizona than in any other section, tbo ratio being 3.01, caused doubtless by tbo visita tion of tbo small-pox. In other localities, whore no auob special cause existed, Louisiana appears to bo the least healthful of tbo States. Tbo per centage of doatlis to population thoro vros 2; in iho District of Columbia, 1.68} in Now York, 1.68; in Toxas, 1.07} in Pennsyl vania, 1.49; in Illinois, 1.09; in Missouri, 1.08 1 in Indiana, 1.05} in California, 1.61} in Massachusetts, 1.77} in Nevada, 1.46. Tbo lowest percentage of deaths was in Idaho, oloßj in Wisconsin, 0.04} in Wyoming, 0.81; in Dakota, 0.71. Among tbo States of largo popu lation, Wisconsin has bod tbo smallest propor tion of deaths. It is notablo that tbo percent age of deaths increased in Illinois over that of 1860, while the rule was a doorcase. In Illinois, tho sickliest months soem to bo August, Septem ber, and Maroh, and tho healthiest Juno, Novem ber, and December. Out of 88,072 deaths in ibis Btato, 28,116 wore native born, 828 of whom woro colored, and 6,608 wore of foreign birth, mostly Gormans. Tho proportion of nativity in tho deaths throughout tbo TTnitod States was 424,780 of native bom to 05,003 of foreign bom. Thoro woro 60 homi cides in ibis State to two executions. Alco hol killed 67 pooplo in Illinois, and 183 pooplo mot their deaths by railroad accident; there woro 100 suicides, and lightning struck fatally Just seventeen times. Among tbo noticoahlo curiosities of tbo mor tality returns are cases of gout, diabetes, and disorders of tho intellect reported under throe and oven under ono year of ago. Death from toothing and oholora infantum is reported as occurring over 10,16, and oven 25 years of ago. Tho compiler admits, however, that those entries may bo duo to clerical errors, which is most .likely. GOLD AND GREENBACKS. Tho Chicago Times presents for our consider ation certain conundrums regarding tho relative valuo of gold and greenbacks. We think they can all bo answered by assuming that gold does not perceptibly change in value, while greenbacks fluctuate In value perceptibly and suddenly j that what is called & rise or fall of tho gold pre mium Is really a fall or rise of tho value of greenbacks. In order to got rid of tho illusion caused by the dancing-jack of tho gold-room, wo may best put oprselvos in some place whore the variations of greenbacks ore quoted, instead of tho supposed variations of gold, as in Cali fornia or Canada. Hero greenbacks are quoted doily at 85, 81, 80, or whatever may bo their ac tual worth. From this stand-point wo can an swer tho principal conundrum of tho Times, which Is stated in this way: * ' ' There is no good ro&aon to suppose that tho purchas ing power of a paper dollar has changed materially during tho past three months. Bui the premium on .gold has chaugod very materially. If, then, tho prem ium measured tho depreciation of paper three mouths ago, it cannot measure tho depreciation now, and vice versa. Can The Tmmms decide infallibly at which of tho two points of time the premium marked tho true depreciation 7 If it cannot, how can it possibly know that tho premium marked tho depreciation at either point of time, or at any other point of time 7 The answer of the Californian or the Canadian would probably be that ho could bay more with greenbacks when they wore at 85 tbanwhon they wore at 75, oven though his purchases wore con fined wholly to tho United States. In the first place bo could buy more gold. In tho next place ho conld buy at wholesale more of everything that is paid for in gold or its equivalent—that is, everything that is Imported into the United States from foreign countries. In the next place ho could buy at wholesale more of every thing that Is ex ported from tbo United States to foreign coun tries whoso price is regulated by tho foreign market. In the next place ho could buy at whole sale more of every kind of American manufac tured goods whoso raw materials are either im ported or largely exported. And, finally, ho could buy more of any commodity whatsoever if tho supposed variation of 10 per cent was per manent for one year. Tho fact that we do not detect in retail transactions, and in short periods of time, and in minute changes in tho value of greenbacks, tho varia tions in price which accompany them, does not alter tho principle. Those variations are, in fact, discounted in advance by dealers and manufacturers, who insnro themselves by charging enough moro, through a given period of tizno, to cover tho risk, so that their prices apparently remain without substantial change. And here is whoro wo find tbo principal evil of an irredeemable paper currency. Capital is pro tected by this species of self-insurance, while labor is not protected at all unless by periodical strikes. Wo aro thus enabled to answer tho Times, that, at both the periods to which it refers, gold did mark the true depreciation of tho currency. Tho Harrisburg Journal affects to dispose of - tho Chinese question by tho point-blank asser tion that wherever Chinese labor has boon em ployed it has proved a failure. Tho Journal complacently says : “ Wherever tho Chinaman has booh employed ho is now unablo to got work. Though he may he doolie, traotablo, and pationt, there Is still a certain something about tho race which unfits it for commingling witji our own, either in association in tho workshops and tho field or by political relations. Tho problem of Chinese labor has boon solved, and the solution is ogainst its adop tion in tbo United States.'' Since tho Journal Is so authoritative in its statements, it may bo able to answer thp conundrum why it (a necessary In San Francisco, where Chinese la-, her is more common than in any othqr city in this country, to cut off their pigtails, rofuso to send thoir bodies hack to China, and disorlmi-’ nato against thoir labor by taxing the!? laundries an excessive sum* If tho Chinaman cannot suc cessfully compote with either tho whito or tho black laborer, why Is It necessary to persecute him ? ’ ' It la Uglily probable that our posterity, some ages hence, will not bo troubled with prohibitory liquor laws, and that temperance men of that time will make no opposition to spirits in any form. This probability, however, is contingent upon tho truth of science. Prof. Mitchell assorts that tho gradual cooling process to which tho earth is subjected is necessarily accompanied by a gradual absorption of water, so that in a few hundred centuries all of our oceans, Jojeoti, riv ers, and springs will bo dried up. This is a dis tressing outlook for tho temperance men of tho future, and will most; effectually settle such com plications as tho 11-o’olook' closing, Sunday boor, and other features of tho liquor question. Tho Small-Pox In St* JLouis* * From the St, Louie THnee, There wore 1,053 deaths in this city during tho past year from small-pox, and the expense in curred by tho Board of Health on this account amounted to $49,28410, According to tho rec ords, tbo death rate was 1 to every 202 inhnbit ants and Icase to every 62. At tho Grand Avo nao patients woro treated, and thoro wore 280 deaths, or 28 per cent of tho total num ber treated. .The disease was most fatal among tho negroes. • - ° NOTES AND OPINION. The Bloomington Pantograph discovers a plot to defeat Judge Tipton, to-day, in tho McLean Circuit, by tickets bearing tho name of James B. Ewing. Judgo Tipton made tho decision in tho Alton Railroad oaso which was overruled in tho higher court. —Tho Now York Legislature having at length adjourned, only tho Massachusetts Legislature .remains in session, of iho thlrty-ono which started in together at tho beginning of tho year. —At lost accounts, the farmers in Minnesota had organized 250 granges, and woro increasing iho number at tho rate of two a day. —This from a Governor whoso administration is tainted with tho Rankin scandal, is rather cool j and yet tho Muscatine Journal approvingly says: °"“ on at, tho decoration exorcises, yesterday, was remarkable for Us bold and dedde<l condemnation of recent abuios of public trusts. lie condemned tbo salary steal and thofalluro of Oomrroea to hoed tbo recommendation of the President for tha settlement of thb Louisiana tabrogui; Siwd iS words of bitter reproach to tho sordldncss and faith lessness of certain of tho Vienna Commissioners, b» whom disgrace was brought upon our nation before Umwholoworld; and denounced In strong but Just the “Indiscriminate respect paid to wealth " br society, as tho Marco ana Incentive to corruption and Injustice in high places. All this condemnation of wrong waa gracefuby based upon a comparison of snob things with the unselfish patriotism of those who sacrificed their lives, and in whose memory tho cere monies woro tbon being performed. —lt is becoming dear to tho Davenport (7a xeUc (organ) that tho Formers' Movement Is not to be an appendage of tho Republican party in lowa, and tho Oazdie therefore says: What Is to bo tho effect of all this? Obviously, to dlvldo the fanners. Tho Granges that go Into it will bo tom by Intrigues for nominations. Some of tho boat men will Insist that tho order was not Instituted for any such purpose, and will sot their faces against and tho result will bo division among the farmers, tho breaking up of Granges, and tho explosion *f the fanners' movement. —Muttorings from every quarter of lowa show there is cannonading all along the line. The Dob Moines Begonoy will wake up some fino moraine Uko Imperial Crosor. “Dot yesterday ho stood before the world, now none so low as do hiin reverence.”— Cherokee (Iowa) Times, —Tho farmers arc not so easily hood-winked as some people think for, and tho Oranges can not bo run In tho Interests of sorehead political dead-beats and shysters.— Oarroll County (Hi.) Gazette. —lt Is charged that tho Orange movement Is a scheme for foisting a few men into notoriety and power. What more or bettor Is the Bepublican party ? It is only a vast ring for tho advance ment of a few loaders. You may vote tho Bopub lican ticket till dooms-day, and you,"as farmers, will not bo benefited an iota. If there must bo rings, have one of your own. You may revere tho party for Its past groat deeds, but to cling to it now is like hugging tho corpse of a small-pox patient. As for resurrecting tho DoiAocratio party through this fanners’ movement, no one harbors tho insane idea. Tho farmers are going to make a good ticket and elect it.—The lowa Granger, —lnstead of being ibe dupes and tools of cau cus-pocking and convention-running ringitos, let the people who really desire reform moot in mass convention in every town and county of tho State and proclaim with tho thunder shouts of freemen that oppression, bribery, and stealing In official station*! mnst bo stopped, and suit their actions to thoir words and it will stop.— Fayette County (Iowa) Union. —With a proviso that tho leadership in tho groat movement bo not permitted to fall into tho hands of infamous,designing, and degraded polit ical shysters, tho. effort for reform, as designed in Its inception* to bo the groat movement of on opprosßoa agricultural citizenry In thoir own behalf, shall eventually and certainly bo consum mated.—Leavenworth (Kan.) Commercial. —The unmistakable voice with which tho poo- Elo have spoken and are speaking, all point to & otter ora in our political history, and Indicate beyond a donbt tho existence of a more healthy condition, Wo believe that even In Kansas the day bos passed when a notoriously bad man can bo elected to any responsible office by tho votes of tho people, and wo are very certain that onr prosperity os a commonwealth, no less than onr reputation as a State, is established upon a sura and substantial basis by this progress in public sentiment. —Atchison (Fas.) Globe. —What tho farmers and the laboring portions of every community ask, what they want, what they moan to have, Is an end of all special legis lation, and an ora inaugurated in which pros perity shall oomo, not to him who boat can man age to. levy a wrongful contribution upon his neighbors and fellow-citizens, but to him who worlu] the hardest and most intelligently in the production of values. This is what tho farmers* movement means, and this is wb&t it will accom plish, if rightly managed. —Terre Haute (Ind.) Gazette. —The railways are public highways, designed especially for public benefit, and not exclusively for the benefit of private individuals; henco there is a demand for cheaper rates of transport tation. It is a reasonable demand. The rail ways can afford it. They must listen to thin public demand, lor tho people have tho power to enforce It. Tho issue is thusmadoup. There la no occasion for any misunderstanding of the subject. Tho farmers arc not alone in this pop ular demand. Equal and exact justice between all concerned is what we want.— Canton (III.) Register . —Beyond alldouht tho Congressmen who voted to increase their pay are amazed at the intense and universal indignation of tho people thereat. The moaning of this cyclone of popular anger is this: Tho essential fundamental principles un derlying our Government having boon fixed . finally and beyond peradvonturo, the people have commenced in earnest to correct ana purify the modes of administration. It is a good sign.— Zaporte (Ind.) Herald. —Jasper Packard seems to be ahead now, but the people will bo hoard from at the next Dis trict Convention.— lndianapolis Journal. —Politicians have gone to Congress poor, and come homo worth thousands of dollars more than their legal salary. Again, wo say, look out for. scheming politicians.— Ogle County (III.) Orange. —The S4OO of back-pay donated by Congress man Wells to the Protestant Orphan Asylum has been made tbo subject of lively discussion in tho Episcopal Convention. — St, Joins Democrat . —Pomeroy is to ho a candidate for Senator in Kansas, Ben Butler for Governor in Massachu setts, Harlan for something in lowa, Colfax for Congress in Indiana, while Grant and Kellogg propose to run Louisiana. This looks like re form I Those Republicans run reform about like Old Awkoy run hotel. It is time for tho people to got their eyes open.— Burlington (loiod) Gazette. —A political organization cannot safely put a premium upon desertion; but neither can it wisely repel support or crucify for a single mis take. Our notion of wise party policy is to on largo the numbers rather than circumscribe them, and to deal leniently with those who aro really disposed to ho friendly in tho future. Just as wo would wolcomo old political oppo nents who honestly come to our position, so wo would receive back those who, led astray, are sincerely desirous of returning. Tho tost of party, association is tho acceptance of declared principles and faithful co-operation in thoir pro motion.—Albany (W. K) Evening Journal, .—There la a rumor abroad thot W. W. O’Brien has about concluded to join tho Republican party.— Peoria (111.) Review. —Some of the newspapers are amusing them selves with a discussion of the nomination of Mr. Herzihg by tho Republican State Convention of Ohio, for membership of tho Board of Publio Works. Ho is a Gorman, and was a Greeley man, and nevertheless is the regular Republican candidate. Tho question is s What is tho matter here? Tho answer is easy. Mr. Horsing bad the confidence of tho Canal Ring, lessees, and stl pondanos. Therefore ho was nominated. The Canal Bing is ano party affair. It nominates Its candidates in both parties—and is impartial.— Cincinnati Commercial —A Bangor correspondent of tho Boston Post writes that tho Democratic party in Maine will soon issue a call tor a gubernatorial convention embracing "all citizens who desire to rohuko the unhallowed legislation of Congress, and out rageous conduct of tho dominant party, 1 * in their many-questionable schemes, and who aro sin cerely praying for reforms in tho State and Na tional Governments. Tho convention will be held tho second wcok In August. -•Tho Pennsylvania Constitutional Conven tion has adopted a provision that tho members of tho Legislature shall take an oath at the ex piration of tholr term of office that they have uotboou bribed nor played any games of-tbe Credit Mobilior sort. It would bo worth a trip to Harrisburg to see Simon Oamercn’s corps lift tholr hands and eyes starword aad take that oath.— LuisvUle Courier-Journal ; Homicide* Baltimoqe, Juno I.—John A Cirtls, colored, aged 21, instantly killed Win. Sheaf, also Color ed, last night, at 80 Holland street py plunging a butcher-knife into his side, ■

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