Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 4, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 4, 1873 Page 2
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2 TWO GREAT RAILROADS. History of tlio Michigan Sonthcrn & Lake Shore, ami of tho Chicago, Rock Island & Pacilic. 1,136 Miles of Road Controlled by tho Former, and 919 Miles ■ by the Latter.' ■ Who Built Them—How They : Were Built and Man aged. Xholr Proscut Condition and Fu ture Prospects. Tho two railroads that have twice given to Chicago a stately passenger depot costing one third of a million oro entitled to more than a passing notice, for only companies ranking proportionately foremost could havo require ment for accommodations so grandly extensive. With tho unparalleled progress of our city they havo always ■ kept ovon pace. Like a fabled story, more startling than tho most, gilded ro mance, is tho history of their wonderful growth. Brilliant' success always wins admira tion, clouded and dark though tho intermediate record may bo. THE HISTORY OP THE LAKE SHORE RAILROAD is ono of diversified Interest. It was inaugurated when Chicago gave comparatively little encour agement to Eastern linos. The familiar cry vras, •» Westward ho I ” Enterprises that prom ised to open up the Groat West invited and received tho surplus dollars of the Eastern capitalists. Tho product of this policy gave to us a superabundance of Western railroads, and a corresponding lack of- moans to roach the seaboard. As yet wo have but threo direct Eastern roads, and of them, In business capacity and results, tho Lake Shore & Michigan Southern, in many particulars, ranks foromoat. Viewed in tho merely profitable aspect, it sur passes all our railroads. Its gross earnings ex ceed those of any other Chicago railroad by sev eral millions. ■ This is tho result of a liberal policy. Its man agers for tho last balf-dozou years have been men of largo experience, sagacious, ovor on tbo alert for tuo “main chance,”. present or prospective. Moro particularly bus this policy prevailed since tho consoli dation of the Michigan Southern with the Lake Shore Hoad.. Each of, those corporations was groat before they became locked In on insopara-. Bio embrace. They woro constructed in detach-’ moots, without any definite intention of- being linked together. Toledo was at onco tho divid ing Uno and tho junction .point. Eastward therefrom four railroads formed tho .connection with Buffalo. Between Cleveland and' Toledo, the railroad having tho united names of tho two cities extended 113 miles. Thence eastward, tho Cleveland & Ashtabula Railroad ran 95 miles to Erie. The former was controlled by tho Barneys,' of Now York; tho latter by tho Stones, of Cleve land. In March, 1859, they united tholr interests under tho consolidated namo of tho Lako Shore Railway Company. During tbo separate exist ence Mr. A. B. Stone was tho President and Manager of tho Ashtabula Road, while Mr. John Nowell, President of tho Illinois Central Railroad, ran tho Toledo Road for tbo Barneys and the public. THE MICHIGAN SOUTHERN, Meantime tho Lltchflolds, of Now York, had worked & railroad through from Toledo to Chi cago under tho style of tho Michigan South ern & Northern Indiana Railroad. It was in tended to ho a close competitor of tho Michigan Control. With this object in view a branch was constructed from Adrian, Midi., into Detroit; but, os tho Detroit cars had to await connections at Adrian, this route never became a very formid able rivol. Tho Michigan Central always had tho advantage of oloso connections with tho Cana dian railroads, and thus skimmed off tho cream of the business. During this formative period Mr. M. L. Sykes, Jr., vr&s tbo oxooutlvo officer, and Mr. H. H. Portor tho Superintendent of tho road. Doth tboso goutlomon long slnco severed tho oonneo lion, and aro now associated with tho Chicago & Northwestern, tho former as Vico President, and both as Directors. Succeeding these camo Mr. E. B. Phillips, who was President of tho road up to tho time of tho consolidation with tho Lake Shore, in May, 1809. Under his manage ment tho road advanced in popular favor. In conjunction with tho Book Island Boad it had given Chicago tho most imposing passenger do fiot on tho continent. Steadily its earnings woro □creasing. Already it began to expand and take, in adjacent linos. Northward into Michigan it reached through Kalamazoo toward Gronaßap ids and Lansing, for tho remunera tive trade of that prosperous region, and eastward it ambitiously contemplated swallow ing tho famous Erie. Tho way for tho accom plishment of this process was being smoothly mado when tho younger Vanderbilt party stopped in and defeated tho plan. Quietly they gained possession of a majority of tho stock, and, at tho May election of 18G9, voted thom eolvcs into office, and authorized tho consolida tion of tho Lako Shore with tbo Michigan South ora Beads. This grand coup d' etat gave Hor. F. Clark tho Presidency and Augustus Bohell the Vlco-Presidoncy. Displacing Mr. Phillips, they lot him down easily into tho office of General Manager. Five mouths* experience of waning authority convinced him of tho expediency of re tiring from a position that was no longer agree able. Into his place stopped Mr. J.H. Dovoroux. who, being moro in accord with the Cleveland interest, received unanimous support and en couragement. Those changes necessitated tho removal* of tho general offices to Cleve land. Gradually this was done. For a time tho General Superintendent and Chief Manager woro retained in Chicago, but, soon after Mr. Devor oux’s accession, tho General Superintendent was cnllod to Cleveland, and, upon Mr. Hatch’s re tirement from that office and Mr. Paino’s suc cession thoroto, tho Chief Engineer was also lo cated thoro, ana since that timo no gonoral offi cer has boon stationed in this city. It was thought by many that tho rebuilding of so mag nificent a .passenger depot, containing such ouporb offices, would have the otfoot of drawing tho gonoral offices to Chicago; but tho fact that tho Company is now erecting a gonoral. office building in Cleveland must dissipate that expec tation. CONSOLIDATION. In August, 1600, the 88 miles of ilio Buflilo & Erie Railroad wore merged into the Lake SUoro & Michigan Railway, making a continuous rail way of 510 miles botwoon Chicago and Buffalo, Gathering strength, tho Company thou branched out in other directions, took in several branches and straightened some portion of tho main line) Ono movo included tho Ashtabula Branch—3o miles; another, a lino from Adraiu to Jackson. Mich.—4o miles—and still another connected Adrian with Mouroo, Mich.—33 miles. Mean time, tho route botwoon Chicago and Toledo was shortened by tho construction of tho Air Lino from Elkhart to Toledo—l3o miles, and Bandusky was taken in by tho branch lino ex tending from Elyria, 0., to Millburg Junction— • *7o>£ miles, Tho branch from Toledo to Detroit la a separate organization, but its capital stock is owned by tbo Lake Shore Company. The same is true regarding tho 07 miles of road from White Pigeon to Kalamazoo, and tho CO miles from Jonosvillo, Mich., to Lansing, In addition to tho foregoing, tho Company leases end operates tho Cl miles of road from James town, Pa., to Oil City, Pa., and tho 58 miles from Kalamazoo to Grand Rapids. For tho latter tho Lake Shore Company pays tho interest on $103,- 800 of tho Company's stocks and bonds: and, lor tho 38 miles of main lino botwoon Toledo and Adrian. Tho Company pays $300,000 yearly to tho Erie & Kalamazoo Railroad Company. Tho foregoing enumeration represents a mileage of 1,133 miles of road now owned and leased by tho Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad Company. There is also a double track be tween Buffalo and Cleveland—lß3 miles,—and £2 miles of second track have boon laid between Cleveland and Tplodo. A second track is also being laid between Elkhart, lud., and Chicago, which, .when completed, will render the Lake Bhoro, practically, a double-track , railroad be tween Chicago end Buffalo. TSU'noVEMENTH. No railrdad In tho country is making greater efforts to perfect Its equipment and road-bed by tho introduction of s eel rails, their substitution £or iroh. and the replacing old bridges and cul verts by substantial structures of siono and Iron. In tho main track about 250 miles of steel' rail' Lavo boon laid, and it is tho policy of tbo Com pany as far as practicablo and as rapidly as the track requires renewal, to substitute steolfor • r' N - v . }*%<*(*& OMtylng thtf )io>vloo^ COST OP OOKBTIIUOTION AKD EQUIPMENT. Tho advantageous location of tho Company's ,I‘PPB entering; Toledo In enhanced by tbo roconi purchase 0 1 189 aorosj whereon a largo dlolrlbut mg freight yard ban boon arranged, with a net work of track ton miles In extent, upon which through trains are made up and run past To ledo. thus greatly expediting business., li'ortho single item r of : construetlon. tbo Company last year expended five and a half millions, and, for additional equipment,. nearly...two millions more. Nothing short of seventeen and one half millions—last year's admit' of. such lavish expenditures.'' * I t' TUB. RESULT « Is; a magnificent railroad, superbly appointed, a credit alike to tho country it traverses and tho stockholders it enriches. They can .afford to assumegrand undertakings,- riot at dno end or particulars portions of tho lino,.but at every point whore tho investment will pay. And, when tho great Are of October, 1871, swept away their $125,000 Interest in - the Pacific Hotel and their half of thomagniflcout $350,000 passenger depot, tho, Company did* not tiyto grub along'amid' tho ashes and rains, but immediately cleared them away. and; . with 'an alacrity that inspired enthusiasm in tho hearts of our desponding citizens, began tho. erection of tho palatial structure that is bolug publicly opened amid tbo jubilations of tbo continent upon which it stands, first among tbo foremost.- TUB omOBQS: At tho.onnuol olootion bold last month, tho old . officers of tho Company,woro ro-olootod; Horoco F. Clark, President 5 Augustus Bcholl, Vice-President; J. 11. Ddvoroux, General Man ager; Ohos. Paine, General Superintendent, aud Olms. Collins, Chief Engineer, Mr. Dovoroux was induced to resign his position to accept tho Vice-Presidency of tho Erie Railway—a bonus of SIOO,OOO being tho attraction; bat, tho 'currant. belief la that, as such a move was intended to link tlio Atlantia & Groat Western indissolubly with- Brio, tbo latter obuld not carry tbo bunion, and tho arrangement 1 fell to tho ground. Consequently, Mr. Dove-' reux remains at tho post ho has so admirably filled. THE CHICAGO, ROOK ISLAND A PACIFIC RAILROAD. 1 The contractors wbo built tho railroad between Chicago and Rook Island got tholr start la Con necticut. A canal had boon out down tho Con necticut Valley into Now Havou, but it was ; not a success* This 'so' dispirited tho losing, pro ioctore that thoy offered to sell out ohoap. M. j. Faruum and his confreres saw tho ouanoo, took it, and mado money out of-it by laying o railroad on tho dry bod' of the canal. In' this way they gained possession -of a val uable property, with tho profits of which they came west, ana undertook to oonnoot Chicago with Rock Island by rail. In those pltmoor days, railroads woro not so easily built. EARLY HISTORY. 1 Tho contractors had hot gone far boforoihoy. discovered it was easier for them to do tholr part than for tho stockholders to do thoirs; They had; however, advanced too far to retreat, so they put tho ro&d through and took possession. Mr. Farhum bocamo President, and Mr.'John F. Tracy, who had displayed ability and, sagacity in construction, was mado Superintendent of. tho .road. i Meantime, John A. Dix, who has probably fig ured in moro States than any other man, in a* nominal capacity, was trying to push iho Missis sippi & Missouri Railroad through from-Dav enport to Council Bluffs. Tho onco famous Dr. Durant wan associated with him. But tho latter turned aside to war upon President Famum, of tho Rook Island Road. Tbo struggle was pro tracted and bitter, until Fornum, wearied of the strifo, asked his efficient old,to assume tho quar rel and settle it. Resolutely Mr.' Traoy sot about the unwelcome task, and by a series of strategic movements that baffled Durant, won tho gamo and was vested with tho Presidency. Tho various maneuvers by which tho result was ascomplishod have a spicy flavor. Tho conflict was a personal ono, and of no pubiio interest. SUCCEEDING EVENTS aro still fresh within tho remembrance of our readers. It was no further back than tho spring of 1866, when two separata factions sought-to hold mootings, transact business, and control tho roods. Tho Tracy wing woro roaolvod to consolidate with the lowa road, and issue about six millions in bonds to covor it; and tho rival interest woro equally determined thoy -should not. : The Court was called upon to adjudicate tho matter, and the order issued in tho form of a prohibitory injunction. But tho end,was not Sot. The ono party having resorted to tho' law, io other took to iho road, and steamed away from station to station, always beforo tho “ minions of tho law ” could ovortako them. This running-fight was kopt up until a truce was arranged ; and, as heretofore, Mr. Traoy came out practically ahead, and ho has not sinco boon - displaced. CONSOLIDATION, Before this consolidation, tho length of • road operated was 228 miles. This was Inclusive of tho Peoria & Bureau Valley Bailroad from Bu reau Junction to Peoria, 40 miles. Tho amal famaUou added 810 .miles across tho Stato of owa* giving a ■ through lino from Chicago to Omaha, and thoolmngo of name with tho sound ing addition of Pacifio, indicated tho trado for which tho road was designed to compote. In or der to roach tho coal Region, a branch was start ed from tho main lino, at Wilton, 25 miles west of Davenport, and run CO miles southwostward on tho way-to Oskoloosa. This, with tho bridg ing of the Mississippi (2 miles), gives tho 590 miles owned and leased by tho Company, to which should bo added tho 250 miles of tho Chicago A Southwestern Bailroad, extending from Wash ington, lowa, to Leavenworth, Kan., and seven ty-nino miles built in lowa during 1872, giving a grand total of 010 miles operated by the Book Island Company. Comparatively fow railroads can make such a favorable showing as did tho Book Island last year. Tho operating expenses woro a fraction over 48 per . cent of tho gross earnings, and tho latter woro $5,900,707.88. THE TRADE AND TRACK. Situated jointly between tho Eastern and tho far Western roads, tho Bock Island is dependent largely upon them for itshqsiuoss. If tho snow on tho Union Pacific blockades that lino, or tho Eastern roads are eo glutted with freight as to bo unablo to rccclvo tho Bock Is land is tho ono to bo correspondingly “ squeezed." Despite this apparent drawback, -the road is’being, put iu admirable condition. Stool rails aro boing laid upon that portion of tho track subjected to tho heaviest traffic. Over 100 miles havo already boon laid, and tho num ber will approximate 200 before tho current year runs out. A corresponding improvement has boon made in tho roadbeds by reducing grades, widening cuts and ombanlanonts, and ballasting with stono. Bcoaueo of this superior condition tho Company passed through tho trying severity of last winter without having tho misfortune to break a single stool rail, aud wore also remarkably froo from mishaps on ac count of defective iron rails. LOSSES BY THE FIRE. Tho Company’s losses by tho great llro woro very serious, and in many respects, incalculable. Tho loss of property in and around tho splendid union depot exceeded $300,000, to which may bo added tho $100,600 Invested in tho Pacifio Hotel. In tho hopo of ultimately recovering the latter item, and at the samo timo inspire faith in tho stability of our renovated city, tho Book Island Company promptly joined the Lako Shoro Com pany in securing tho immediate rebuilding of tbo princely structure. Simultaneously thoy united in tho reconstruction of the. union passen ger house that is, for tho uouco, a coliseum. COMPETITION VERSUS COMBINATION. With tho management of this groat railroad thoro is as much {satisfaction as falls to tho lot of any corporation in tboso unpopular times.' It passes through some of tho best towns in mi nus and lowa, and has tributary to It a richly productive territory. Tho “pooling" of all though business between Chicago and Omaha by be throe trunk linos, while it destroys com potUon and tho “out” rates incident thereto, renders tho business equable, Ho long as tho Rockfsland and tbo Northwestern are under ono residency, this arrangement will continue; but, ehmld tho Clark interest or whatever party may coitrol the Union Paoiiio secure either one of tho throe linos between Chicago and Omaha, tho “pooling” operation would not last longer than tho time required to break it up. In that event, a much shorter route to Rook Island would bo established via the Northwestern to Sterling, and thence by tho Rockford A Rock Island Roach Tho manipulations of tho loading operators in stocks often defeat the hopes and expectations of verdant residents along the linos; and those Interested in Rook Island have had frequent cause for regret. It was on the day marked in many mined stock-speculator's calendar as “Black Friday,” that Rook Island fluctuated boj’ond tho roach of those who touch only tho safest investments. The annual election occurs this week. There is no probability of any immediate change. Iho management Is boliovod to bo satis factory to tbo stockholders. It is Mr. Iraoys .pot project, and into it ho -throwa the energy and sagacity for which ho is remarkable. Tho actual operation ho 'entrusts to Mr. Hugh Riddle, who performs the duties of Vice-President, General Bupor- Jmondont, and Ohlof Engineer—a trifle more than any other resident railway official assumes, but the condition of tho road Indicates his abil ity to run the throe offices successfully. Ho ca ? 6 r * rom Erie Road when Jay Gould aua James Fisk, Jr., made it uncomfortable for x I THE CHICAGO da ' f S s . j an -in jopohdont rmtn to remain on tho broad- although Mr. P. A. Hall for a long tlmo assisted him m tho Suporlntondbnoy,' and Mr. E. 11. Johnson ran tho engineering -depart ment, Mr. lllddlo thought ho could do it him- Volf, and tho prospect is that ho will bo allowed to do lb as long no ho willing. A PRACTICAL SOLUTION OF THE SUNDAY BEER MUDDLE. ‘J' . ' Ti the JidUor of Tht Chicago Tribunt: . ■ 3m : An article appeared in your paper of yes terday on tho Bnnday-bonr question, as you nro pleased to term it, so full of. common aouso and, sound advico as to’gladden tho heart of every thinking citizen. > ’ Tho writer of this camb to Chicago In 1847, a Qerman-bom boy of about 10, and baa boon a silent observer of matters and things over since, thoroughly American in' sentiment, uovor mixing in politics,—proud, though, of his descent. The question of boor or no boor on Sunday or oh work-days has for years past boon, and still is, a perfect nightmare to tho responsible and respectable portion of my countrymen. It over has served, and still does servo, to placo thorn in a false light, and hao booomo as. disgusting to tliom as to all other classes of citizens. It ought to be settled in a reasonable way, onoo and for ever. Pat Chicago being a cosmopolitan olty, it con only bo successfully govornod by measures suited to tbo tastos, settled habits, and preconceived notions of all tbo different classes of its Inhabitants, by a government of compromises, of indulgence and toleration, se vere and harsh only to extremists. •You kindly invito proposals for a practicable solution of prosont difficulties. 'Allow mo to. makoono. Our Common Connell is, by tho city charter, empowered to license, regulate, and restrain tho sale of ardent spirits, .alcoholic, vinous, and fer mented beverages. Yourself, tlio Now York .Na tion in a lato issue, Gov. Dix in bis late voto-mos sago, npt to apeak of numerous - solohtifio aud other writers of note, draw a marked lino of dis tinction between tho effects of wino, boor, nlo, 'elder, Ac., and tbo properly so-called ardent spir- as whisky, brandy, gin, Ac. Now. then, if tbolattor act ns irritants, 'promoters of brawls,' : ond disturbances of tbo public peace, while tho former act as sedatives and promotors- of harm less conviviality and sociability simply, does it not follow as a natural consequence that the sale of tho'ouo class of beverages ought to bo gov erned by a sot of public regulations essentially differing from'those applicable to tho other class? 1 . Ought not, tbon, tho Common Council to draw Ia 1 lino of domarkatkm / between, them, and say, . “ You who sell tho most dangerous kind of liq uids shaU'bavo tho privilege to sell thorn ; but you must submit to a stricter supervision and moro restraint than tho vendors of moro harm v less beverages. You must desist entirety from' • selling your liquids bn'tho ono day of the vrook when people are. idle and rUoat exposed to temp tation. Your beverages not os irritants, but aro ’comparatively harmless when tho toil and busi ness of every-day labor acts ns a natural ro strnintupon ovil inclinations, —when there is no/ time to got drunk ; therefore, you may soil on work-days, but not on Sunday. • ' ‘ “But' you who . • desire to soil tho comparatively, harmless . bovoragos,i sim ple sedatives, promoters of sociability and quiet enjoyment, wo will trust you farther. You may sell every day of tho week, but, you must also, wliilo your own tastes and habits aro gratified, respect tho feelings of a largo class of your follow-citizens, who deem indecorous what to you appears harmless; and you must, during tho fow hours, which thoy spend in religious worship, show your willingness to do by others as you yourself wish to bo douo. by,' in keeping your places closed.’! Lot separata licenses bo issued to each class. —ono kind to vendors of boor, wine, &o.; and another kind to vendors of whisky, &c. Lot tho Srioo he equal in amount; but high,—tho higher ib bettor,— so na to mako tho business respect able, and iho hotter controllable. , The respectable and responsible boor andwino seller would rather pay SI,OOO license than 850; and tho browor will much prefer to soil to a small number of cash-paying customers, than bo obliged to sell on trust to a groat many who don’t pay. Tho beer and wino seller will bo glad to got rid, by any decent pretext, of a class of transient customers, to satisfy whoso tastes ho is now obliged to keep on band tho fiery stuff which ho scorns to drink himself, and whoso {noßonoo only touds to glvo Ultj house a disorder y appearance; while his next-door neighbor, who deals exclusively in that commodity, will not grudgo him his Sunday extra gain if ho finds customers sent round to himself constant ly on work-days. Lot tho city authorities issue, two kinds of licenses, equal m amount, eo us to create no jealousies, but as high as possible, so us to kill off the sponges and leeches who luako tho busi ness disreputable, .and allow ono. class, who mako their greatest profit on Sunday, to keop open a limited number of hours on that day ; while tho other class, who, in any event, do not make much extra profit on Sunday, must keep closed that day, Yes, lot oven tho former class of li censes bo higher in prico than tho latter,—one 8500, tho other §9oo,—and nil will bo satisfac tory. X. Chicago, Jun03,1873. MUSHROOM MEDICOS. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sin: Thoro is nothing, I think, that strikes an observant Englishman so strongly, after a 'short residence in this city, as tho very cheap estimation in which human lifo and lirrfba aro hold. On tho othor side of tho Atlantic, human lifo especially Is most carefully guarded on tho thousand and ono avenues by which it can bo; assallod; bat boro those avenues socm to bo, if not totally neglected, at least most negligently watched. I will say nothing of tho carrying of deadly weapons by ovou tho merest boys. Tbo othor day, a 4, mad dog" ran a short career on Wentworth avenue. A policeman snapped, a re volver that would not do its work (how is it that police, revolvers will roles, and roughs* ditto , never/do?), and tho econo was ondou by a boy jproducing a pistol and shooting tho animal) 1 saw,;but said and shall say nothing; but this is ; a digression. * Thoro aro othor things by which lifo and limb aro endangered, and that, too. iu a way that requires tho most unceasing vigilance 'to prevent. A question that I ofton ask myself is, (i Whonco camo all tho doctors, and what ;do thoy do fora living ?" They, many of thorn, seem, like mushrooms, to spring up in a night (i. e., if mushrooms do spring up in a night, as according to popular theory). To-day thoy aro dry-goods clerks, copyists, what not. To-mor row thoy hang out a shingle, and call themselves “ Doctor." I know personally two , instances, in this same city, of parties now prac tising as physicians and surgeons who have had no moro professional instruction than saoh as may bo picked up in a fow, a very fow looturos; men who cannot oven writo a common note grammatically or curruuciy, tiua to wuom x wouia not iutmat tho oaro of my dog; who havo, to my certain knowledge, irreparably injured ono unfortunate woman, iu a difficult confinement, through sheer ignorance and carelessness com bined; and of whom I hoar that several othor persons havo boon moro or. loss injured by their want of professional knowledge. Who is it that • gives those men tho'dlplonms under which thoy practice, certifying that they aro competent to act us physicians ? Or huvo they any diplomas at all ?< Could I or you, woro wo so minded,, hang ont our shingle and call ourselves Doctor, and no ono say us nay? lo thoro no way to pre vent men from practising tho uoblo science qf medicine, unless duly qualified by competent authority? Poor, ignorant emigrants come over boro, and aro quacked by those mushroom medicos, until what with them, and with incom petent druggists" (save tho mark!), ono won dors that any of them are developed iuto citizens at all. In England these things are watched with scrupulous euro; hero, aro thoy watched at all? Bospectfully, E, W. L. Ouioauo, Jum>3, Ibfii. THE ITALIAN SALOONS. To the Editor of Tho Chicago Tribune Sm : While leading Mr, T. W. Eaton’s essay on tho Gorman movement in Tug Bunday Tmu one, it occurred to mo that, if ho Is right in his assumption that most crimes are committed on week-days (or rather nights) between 11 p. m. audG a. m., and from Saturday night at 12 o'clock to Monday morning at 0 o’clock ; and if ho moans really true reform, it would ho just as necessary to oloso up tho Italian saloons, and all houses of assignation and prostitution, at tho same hour of tho night, and over Bunday. Thoro is no doubt that those, from tho outside, so inno cently-appearing fruit-stands, with their ice cream signs, and “meals at all hours,” and “ ladies’ dining-parlors up-stairs,” and “ ladies’ and gouts’ refreshment-rooms,” are ton times worse, hi producing crimes and mining moral and innocent girls and uoys, men and womou, thou tho publio driukiug-Baloons. LY TRIBUNE; WEDNESDAY, JUNE--4; ; 1873. If any ono will' go to tho trouble of loojaiig, behind tho curtains In those innocont-lookliig v fruit-stands after 10 or 11 o'clock p. m.; boo tho crowds of woll-drosscd but blasphemous girls and half-grown loafers; listen to their slang, and uncouth remarks; and-coarse -Jokes ;-boo their carrying-on of shameless Indoconoy, .the drlnklngof whisky (of course called for under, a different namo), etc., 0t0.,_, ho must bo convinced, if ho 1b not a hypocrite, that it; would bo far bettor to' allow publio drinking bo wido open, than to allow those donft of Immorality to do business all night long and Sundays. 1 liarmonod to ho out. after 11. o’clock ono night last week, and was oßtonißhod to aooall, those places carrying ou a most nourishing busl-t miss. If any real and true reform is meant, and Mayor Modili and Superintendent Washburn do in earnest moan reform, these ought to bo tho first places, that should bo closed, at least after' 11 p. m., and especially on Sundays, whou, as Is a well-known fact, they hovo tbolr llvoliost traf fic in all tho branches of their nefarious busi ness. , , Justice. Oiuoaoo, June Q, 1873. THE COUNTY GOVERNMENT. A mooting of tho County Commissioners was hold yesterday afternoon, President Miller in the. chair. Present, Commissioners Ashton, Jones, Harris, Lonorgau, Galloway, Clough, Russell, Boguo, Singer.’ ,REPORTS OF FEES. Jacob Gross, Circuit Clerk, reported that tho foes received by him during tho lasi six months amounted to $21,211.02. Of thtvt, ho had ex pended for stationery! clerk biro, oto., $18,724.12, Ho had retained on hand to tho credit of tho Justices, witnesses, etc.. $928.85, and hod ■ turn ed in $7,103.05. • , ’ . Tho Sheriff reported that tbo foes received by' him during, tho lost six months amounted to ,64,227.81. Thoro wore fees, not paid, to tho amount of $1,292.04; ;'Tboro had beon expended for salary of Sheriff and Chief Olork, stationery, &o;, $3,037.40, showing on-hand $200.36.- • - « .; f • - • MISCELLANEOUS. T - ; j Armstrong & Egan asked for an instalment of SI,OOO as Buporlutondouts of tho work on tho .Jail, ' Tho - Committee on Public Buildings * was : authorized to request .the City Boiler Inspector 'to mako an examination of the bailors in tho various county buildings. , • Tho Directors of tho Humana Society for tho Prevention of Oiuolty td Animals askod tho Board to appropriate $3,000 for tho ouforoomont of tho law. It .was referred to tho .Finance, Oommlttoo. It was decided, on Mr. Clough’s motion, .that thoro bo no formal laying of tho cornor-stono of ‘tho Jail. . . Tho Board adjourned. MUNICIPAL MORTALITY. • Tho regular weekly report of tho Sanitary Su perintendent, road at'tho meeting Of tho Board of Health yesterday, showed that thorp wore 180 ; deaths and 16 still-births during, tbo wook end ing May 01. Tho deaths comprised .$2 males and 07 females. Thoro was'a •idooroaeo of 0 In •tho death rato compared with tho previous week* Tho mortality by wards showed an Incroaao in. tho' Fifth, Ninth, Elovontli, Fourteenth, Fif teenth and Sixteenth Wards..- Tho .largest num ber of deaths occurred in tho Sixteenth Word, and tho smallest in tho Seventeenth, with oh in-' crease of public institutions and emigrants. Thlrty-throo coses of small-pox and varioloid wore reported during the wook. Thoro was a decided d6oroaso : in iho number .of infected houses. During' tho somo' period in 1372, 88 had boon reported. Tho groat influx of emigrants at this timo is tho main, source from whence tho cohos originate. Thoro was a slight decrease in tho number of deaths by small-pox, compared with last wook. Tho extension of tbo sewerage system to certain lo calities was an absolute necessity. ’ Thoro wore E laces in tho city whore, without drainage, nolli ig could bo done in tbo way of sanitary im provement. * ■ ■ Tho report of Dr. John Bold, Health Officer, showed that 783 notices to abate nuisances hod boon served during the wook ending May 31,’and that 632 bad boon abated. Tho sower notices served numbered 162, and tho sower connections made, 83. -. • • Tho Board adopted tbo following resolution: JiMohed, That tiiia hoard reffardu tho clfanalnff of tho South hnmcli a nauitary nccumsity, ami tbo soouor etopa aro taken with that end la view the hotter. JUDICIAL ELECTION RETURNS. Only a fow of tbo poll-books of tho county towns wore returned to tho County Clerk, yos tordny, and as tho envelopes iu which thoy wore inclosed wore sealed, it was impossible to got tho number of votes oast for tbo candidates for Cir cuit Judge. It can be safely stated, however, that at least .1,000 will bo added to Judge Booth’s majority. Subjoined are tho votes in some of the towns: ORLAND. Williams, 32; Rogers, 32; Booth, 82; , Farwoll, 02; True, 13; Ashton, 10. LEYDEN. • •Williams, 40; Rogers, 40 ; Farwcll, 40; Treo,

40} Ashton, 40. CALUMET. First Precinct.—-Williams, 40; Farwoll, 40; Tree, 46; Booth, 8; Ashton, 33. - • LAKE VJEW.- . Farwoll, 103; Williams, 103; 'Tree, 103; Rogers, 103; Booth,' 87; Ashton, IG. worth. Booth received a small majority. PROVISO. Williams, 111; Tree,-’110; Booth, 110j Far wpU, 111; Rogers, 111; Ashton, 1. DREMFN. •Williams, 40 ? Troo, 40; Rogers, 4C; Farwoll, 40 ; Booth, 8; Ashton, 3(3. ■ PALOS. Williams, 22: Tree, 22; Rogers, 22; Farwell, 23; "Booth, 22. ' The returns wlll probably not bo canvassed for a week or ton days. SECTIONAL ANIMOSITY. 2\> the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sir: God bless Tub Tiurdne lor its editorial article iu last Sunday’s edition on “ Sectional Animosity." It shows forth those greatest of all Christian virtues,—moroy and humanity. An outstretched hand to a fallen foo is tho true,sol-* dior’s doctrine, oven though that hand be out- ■ stretched-hut to strew a few poor, withering flowers upon tho gravo of on unknown fooman. - Harmless, indeed, lies tho poor soldier now, lonely among strangers,—none tho loss a sol- Idler for being's Rebel.' How expressive must havo boon tho znuto appeal of that nameless - gravo at Calvary for only a few flowers among. Oio TnQ»jr,. to 1 jffht up <v»rttmank’ji ‘ dark hours for a little while. Rebel or Union, ho was an American soldier, and, os such, worthy of any steel In Christendom. Only a low little flowers,' and yot tho intensity of “ HR's" loyalty begrudges him this. All honor to The Tbiruhb for tho robuko glvou whore It was so justly merited ! 'Who I am, it matters, not }.only tins: I havo boon A Soldier. Ouioaoo, JunoS, 1873. - ■■ ,Itlr* CliOßti’s S'irmiitiOM in 18(18* To the Editor of the Mte York Tribune: ■' • < Iu your comments on tho connection of Chief Justice Chase with tho Democratic Convention of 1808, ono fact is omitted which, In'justice to his memory, ought to bo known. "Tho Con vention, It will bo remembered, adopted its plat-' form before proceeding to tbo nomination of tho candidate. Into that platform was incorporated the well-known greenback proposition of Sir. Pendleton. Tho platform, as adopted, was transmitted by a friend to Mr; Chase. By .tbo first return mail came a letter from him to the writer hereof, inclosing another, to ho road to tho Convention in cubo of his nomination. Ho look especial pains that it should come to hand promptly. Tbo latter was short and emphatic, rofusing'to bind himself to tho greenback resolution, and it was in tho Con vention before! tho nomination was" made, ready to ho produced If tho choice foil upon him, Iu relation to this matter ho stood ready to havo his name, on reconsideration, rejected, rather than commit himself to a doctriuo which ho consider ed unsound B. New York, May 15, J873. Nasi. Xew York Correspondence of the PfnefmtaM Commer -1 eUtl, The stories which aro going the rounds about tho poverty of iho caricaturist Nast Uavo had a sort of semi-official contradiction from tho Har pers. It appears by this that ho received “large prices*' for his political caricatures, and (hat It was "Harper's Weekly which had tho credit of originally bringing him into notice, and which placed him In iho ouviablo position ho now oc cupies." I can't toll what prices Knot got for hh) extraordinary caricatures; but 1 do know for oorialnty that iust bbfbro ho left this ioin-j Hry for Enropo' boldiusolf said bo couldnot live on what ho was paid for them, and that ho was In.-fIUoU straitened-circumstances that ho could not afford to llvo in Now York at all, hut hnd-boou-oompollodio-lako a small heuso on tho outskirts-of thp vHinge of Morristown. Nast very mnoh pleased if thoro wore any truth In tho story that ho lias a salary of $16,000 a year. II scorns to irio, however, that the news paper talk about Naflt’sprlvato'or buamoss af fairs is decidedly impertinent. Ho is ft shrewd person, very practical (n his ways, and lias novor asked any assistance from tho publio or any offico ,from Gen. Grant, whom ho certainly did some-’ th[ing-to oloot, I know that tho daily picture pappr hero, tho Graphic, would bo glad to got hold of Nast. i ’ . • ; TpE TRANSPORTATION QUEStION. j A fltomorlal to Oonffroßii* 2’o the Senate and lloueo of Jlcprcscntaticeeof the \Oniled SUMei: 'Wo, iho undorslgnod, citizens of iho Several States named below,-would most respectfully present this memorial t During tho.winter months, for'years past, thoro has boon a pressing want of increased transportation facilitios from tho West to tho' aPabord. Tho railroad companies havo boon un able io rocoivo and transport all tho property offered thorn, and their inability to moot tho de mands upon /thorn for transportation has in duced them to exact exorbitant rates of freight, with results aliko damaging and disastrous to tho agricultural, manufacturing, and business interests of tho oniiro country.. Tho immense cloVatora % and groin warehouses of Chi cago .havo boon,, (in .mid-wintor) filled to overflowing, compelling thorn partially ;to suspend business,' oo that , tho railroads bring ing grain from tho West to Chicago havo boon uu i able to unload tholr Oars, and consequently they havo boon obliged to refuso transportation to tbolr patrons. Tbo warehouses. in becoming full.ifarraors havo, in many instances, bbouTinabloi to flnd-a market • for thoir grain. Thls wintor freight-embargo has also prevented tbo Western pork-pookora and provision-dealers from realizing, on. millions of dollars’ worth of property wanted in European markets. Tho im posslbluty-of shipping siud property whon ready •for market has resulted in sovoro stringenoy in money-matters, deranging and damaging busi ness, and causing financial failures. Wo would, also, rospootfully remind your honorable bodies of tho rapid Increase of' population and of tho agricultural growth and industrial pursuits of tho vast-territory, (raoro than.-000,000. square miles) between Lakos Michigan and Superior and the western boundary lino of Nebraska, which, to a very groat extent, is tributary to Chicago In all business-matters', and through which city tho major portion of tbo, r surplus products of that section of tho pouhtry must pass during tho season of suspended navigation of tho lakes and 4 rivers, to roach tbo groat markets of tho Atlan tio’Btatos and Europo. Wo havo observed with pleasure tho several propositions for enlarged, ■and:; additional water-facilities between tho East 1 and West to mutually benefit tho pro ducers and consumers of our produce. Wo aro convinced r that water-routes, ■ however , improved aud enlarged, will not fully, answer tho fiurposo desired, especially in this northern' latl udo, whorl ako' nvor, and canal navigation la suspended for more than ono-thlrd of tho yoar, which turns tho entire transit-business,on to tho present' railroad-lidos, greatly overtaxing tholr rolling-stock, at' winter-rates of freight: tbo ef fect of which, as has, boon shown, is toohook ftrain-Bhlpmonts to Iho East, thereby filling (ho mmonso warehouses In Lako Michigan ports at . long-storago rates with grain at low prices. Tho farmers who can hold until tho next spring cau.sloro lt at home for bettor rates at tho opening of navigation; but tboso who cannot . do so' must often sacrifice tholr best interest to meet current expenses. and payments, while, at tho samo timo, tho -consumer at tho East is obliged to pay prices out of proportion with thpso received by vlio producer, because tbo present facilities for transporting property aro Inadequate to movo all that is pressing forward, . and likewise insufficient to movo tho quantity demanded by tbo wants of tho East. What wo need, and r must havo, as it appears to us. to afford proper relief to all interests, is a double-track railroad between Chicago and Now York to bo worked ,exclusively in. tho touuago businoss, at slow speed and at cheap rates. This road, workod at oboufc-- sovon miles to tho hour, Would carry from Chicago to Now York, ovory yoar, a tonqago equal to 450,000,000' bushels of wheat, and return ns many tons to Chicago. In case Congress is not prepared to order tho construction of such a highway as a national, wo humbly pray your hon orable bodies to grant a charter for tho con struction of such road, with judicious and proper restrictions as to capital-stock, toll-rates, speed of trains, and impartiality in tho reception. ami transportation of freight,' . * The charter to require tho Company (to whom it may bo granted) to receive and transport over Its lino 'with reasonable dispatch, and at proscribed maximum and uniform rates of , toll, all cars ~(whether loaded or empty) corresponding in gauge and construction with Us own, or of a certain speci fied standard of construction. Tho charter, also, to require of tho Company oomploto and full re sponsibility in tho oaro And delivery of all prop erty which it receives. ' The charter, also, to re quire tho Company to mako annual reports to tbo Secretary of tho Interior of all its opera tions, Including detailed statements of its capi tal-stock paid in, its receipts and expenditures, and such other information os may no required by tho said Secretary of tbo Interior ; and tho Government, by order of tho said Secretary, or by vote of Congress, to havo at • any timo tbo right to investigate all tho. affairs of said Com pany, for tho purpose' ofc-vorifying said reports or for other purposes. In tbo establishment of rates of toll for trans portation, tho Company -to bo allowed to exact only so much as will, in iho judgment of its managers, approved by tho Secretory of tho In terior, produco a not rovonno of not exceeding 12 per cent per annum ou tbo actual cost of tho road and equipment; and no dividends to bo made exceeding 12 percent per annum, —any sur plus earnings over tbo amount so divided being carried to a surplus account which shall ho ap plied to future dividends,' and' corresponding abatements made in tho traffic rates. A LEGISLATIVE ADJOURNMENT. Dii{?raooful Scenes* Albany, '(Slay 30) Corretptmdenoo of the Ecu York • World, Tho legislative gang of reformers aro packing up and ,clearing out. .1 sjfppoqo everybody ought to fool thankful enough for that ono foot to cauuo thorn to abstain from all further com plaint. '• But' tho closing sObiißß of this comody of legislation y/oro such a fitting commentary on tho whole plcco that they l should bo partially described, at least, Tho Legislature adjourned at 4 o'clock this morning, having boon iu almost constant session for the’ last sixteen hours. When tho two Houses mot for tho Inst time at i 7 o’clock iu tho evening there woro still throe very important 'hills to bo disposed iof, .namely, the Supply bill, tho Industrial' [Exhibition bill, and tho hill or concurrent roso-, .lutiona containing tho proponed amendments to Übo fVvrmtiftit.inn. There woro also about forty bills of loss Importance remaining to bo passed tho Assembly. It appeared that nearly 'all tho little' Jobs had boon put through, for this 'was‘a Legislature which would not hesitate ‘to Eut through- a job' at any time of day or night, o the members, when they came together in tho , evening, had everything o£ importance off their .hands, The amendments to,tho Constitution not - being considered a.mattor..of any moment as compared with tho smallest hill m which there was a good money job. Tho members, there-' i loro, began almost immediately to turn . tho Assembly Chamber .into a bedlam. . They I began by slyly blowing the tin horns which jthoy. had surreptitiously brought into ..the | chamber, and from (hat they began to throw pa- Sor balls at each other .from ono’ s|do of the outa'to tho other. The Speaker'labored In , vain to restore order, and threatened to call out tho name of any member,who was detected iu violating tho rules of order. ’This acted as a chock only for a few minutes or so, and then tho untamed reformers got worso than over. Tho tin 'whistles woro blowing in all parts of tho house, largo wads of paper, saturated with wa ter wore tlirown at members* heads, and occa sionally one of tho heavy document-flics, weigh ing twenty pounds, would bo soon flying across the chamber, bringing up against tho shoulders of somo unsuspecting person, fairly knocking him oil his pins. A silk hat placed in a conspic uous place on a desk would not last two min utes. At last the Speaker rapped more furious ly than over, and directed tho Borgoant-at- Arms to “ arrest any person found blowing a tin horn." This only mudo tbo members laugh, ami although they eyed ihooflicors of tho Houso a little more closely they wore soon join ing in at a worse rate than over. Finally tho Speaker, in rapping on tho desk so hard, broke Ins gravel, tho head of it flying off upon tho floor. During all this time tho Clerk .was road ingout bills and passing them all by himself, not a eluglo member voting on them, tiro Clerk simply marking every member as voting in tho affirmative. And hero justice should bo done tho Speaker for tho watch ho kopt solely and alono over tho hills that woro being rushed through, for whenever a hill of doubtful char acter was taken up be would command tho Houso Li W „bo loaat long, enough ffoir XPtoi bofvr the Olork rood iho tltVof iuq bUJL Bpoakor-*gbl really angry, aa ho often did. ho would rise, and a fow raps monT’Vlolont than usual would bring iho Uouso to ordor, -oaatioalng-thom-that no bu&lneaa— transacted until perfect ordor waa roatorod, All would thou bo silent for a moment, but as soon as tho Olork bad spokon tho first word again a sound liko tho dying groan of a gamo*cook would oomo from- tho roar of tho chamber. Sometimes tho stillness would bo broken by a high, sharp note* immodiatoly followed .by on-, other just two octavos lower. At siuohUmod tjlo Bpoakor himself,.although.boiling over with rngo, was often obliged to laugh and. alt down sheer exhaustion. . {Whilo those scones wore enacting in tho As sembly Chamber the Senators -up-stairs wore beginning to fool boyish also. Liout.-Qov. Robinson having retired, Senator Woodln was acting ns Prosldbnt pro tom. In tho midst of tllo evening session Mr. Woodln vacated bia obalr as Presiding officer, 'and jok ingly asked 'Mr. Dovelin to All It. Mr. Dovolin . declining, Bishop Carey, tho well-known lobbyist, who' was standing near, volunteered to preside, and ho actually took tho chair of the President of tho Senate, and was allowed to remain in it about two min uses, whoa one of the Senators came to his senses and demanded that the lobbyist bo compelled to Vdcato. . . ,Durlng all this tlmo a conference comtnlUoo wore out deliberating on the Supply bill, tho point of difference being as to whether the ap propriation for the Elmira Reformatory should bo allowed.' It was nearly midnight when re ported, and then they disagreed. Another com mittee was appointed, which reported at about 8 o’clock in tho morning, their decision being to strike out (ho Elmira appropriation. -'The con stitutional amendments wore acted on about 2 a. m., both Houses agreeing to libido by tho amendments as mode by tho Constitutional Com mission as regards tho excluding of tho Black River Canal from tho list of canals to bo* pre served in tho bands of tho State, • ' | Tho seono from this time on grow from bad to .worse, and when, at half-past 8 a. m., tho As sembly took a roooßß (or the, purpose of .holding .tho customary mock session, there was little hil arity loft, it having been all expended in tho reg ular session. Tho Speaker vacated Ids scat, and Mr. Pierson was carried up from tho floor to supersede him. Tho scone that followed this was simply brutal. There was not tho least dis play of any wit, but tho mook session was much more orderly than tho regular evening session. The heavy document flics wore thrown ab.ut with more forco, and that was all. Many an in dividual will carry homo a scar on his head as tho result of being in this moloo. A MINNESOTA CYCLONE. A Lively Visitation From tt&o Storm- Xting:—lQouoos, Fences, and Animals ,on tUo Wingi From the St. Cloud {iUhn.) Journal. ■ On last Thurday afternoon.a southwest wind, a kind of tornado, swept through a strip of country horabouts, to the.damage of .whatever lay-in its path. A one-story house on ■ tho farm of Mr. James Blggorstaff, about six miles oast of hero, in Sherburne County, was completely .wrecked. Nothing was loft but tbo lower floor. Boards and studding woro carried by tho toma- ; do h distance of thirty-rods, while tho roof was whirled and carried an equal distance on tho book track. The bouse was occupied by Mr. Thomas Halgh.who was knocked down by a fall : ing timber, ana his wifo was- scratched a little. > His wagon was carried twenty rods and dropped with a.broken axle. A log fifteen feet long was moved twice its length. The storm-spirit, in a jouing way, seized a crook of eggs sitting on a', shelf in tho house, carried it a dozen yards, and deposited it neatly on tho ground without break ing an egg. Half tbo planks wore wrenched from tho bridge across Elk River, near Mr. Biggerstaff’s . place. ' The bouse of J. G. Cater, - about - two miles southwest of Mr, Biggoratafl's, was damaged somewhat. Abnggy belonging to Senator Bur bank, which happened to bo there, was turned over and over and over, until there was not much loft to turn again. On tho St. Francis; O. F. George’s house was unroofed, and Mrs. Rushton’s. house was dam aged. • Demolished fences and .uprooted trees, for a Width of 20 rods, marked tlio course the storm' bad token. ‘ ‘ At PaynosviUo, in this county,, an enormous barn belonging to O. Holmor was ripped to pieces, and tho roof was taken from his bouse. Some qf tho-furniture was found 'a mile away. Other buildings wore, unroofed. The track.of the storm was only a few rods wide. Wo have hoard of no one being moro than slightly injured, At Maine Prairie, Elk,. Lake, and elsewhere largo hail stones foil. In this city there was a heavy dash of rain, accompanied by wind, for a few minutes, ’ . * * •'■ From the St. Cloud {Minn.) Press. On Thursday tho.sovorost rain aud wind storm of tbo Boasou ocourrod.. Near Itasca two bouses woro completely demolished, eleven telegraph polos twisted out of the' ground, aud one largo Oak tree tom up by tho roots. Mr. Theodore Book’s house, near Zioin In this - county, was blown down and tho contents . scattered across tho pralrlo. His • wagon was broken into small' pieces. A log. some three feet in diameter and ton foot long was moved about fifty yards. At Mr. 0. Holunor’s place, a short distance from Mr. Buck’s, the ’wind was furious.His house,- blacksmith-shop, bam, aud. smoke-house wore blown down to tno ground. Tho bam .was 40x60 feet. His wagon-box was taken a distance of forty acres. His loss is estimated at SI,OOO. ' Mr. > James Biggorstafl’s house, six or seven miles oast of this city on tho Elk River, was de stroyed by tho hurricane. From tho Wright County (Jfttm.) Times. A terrific lomnclo, accompanied by hail and rain, passed oyer tho., country a few miles north of Clearwater on-Thursday of last week. It was' from 40 to 60 rods wide, and toro to fragments nearly everything in its course. Houses, bams, fences, and trees woro blown down and scattered in every direction. Bo far as wo have hoard no lives were lost, and no ono was r seriously. 1 in jured. .Somo of tho hail-stones are said to have boon as largo as goose eggs.- In Santiago, Slier-' hurno County, oak trees a foot In diameter woro broken off and carried moro than fifty rods. Scarcely a whole hoard woe loft of a house and granary belonging to Mr. O. F. George. Some of his boo-hives woro found sixty rods from their standi A cow was taken up and carried. eighty rods aud dropped in a plowed field without being materially injured. A now frame house, 14x23, with an ‘‘ell ” 14x16, belonging to Mrs. Rushton. a widow, was tom to pieces, only one side ,aud one end being left standing. Her furniture was badly broken up aud a portrait of her twlu boys, which cost S2OO, was destroyed. The dwelling of Mr. Thompson was unroofed aud a bouse be longing to a Swede named Anderson was tom down. Tho course of the tornado was from east to west. Whore it struck the ground or loft it wo have not learned, and tho full extent of the damage has not yet been ascertained. On tho. same day a storm of similar character Visited the neighborhood of Daytou,-doing con siderable damage; At Anoka a water-snout was formed in tho Mississippi,' and traveled up tho river a distance of a mile and' a half. It was cone-shaped and had tho appearance of a fog or smoko, and a dark oloud hung directly over it. It appeared to travel at the rate of ten or twelve miles an hour, r ■ . . NEWS PARAGRAPHS. Fifty now locomotives have boon ordered for tho Lake Shore Bond. , —A Judge at Raleigh was guilty of borrowing a chow of tobacco of a prisoner and then Bond ing him up for throe years. —Tho Apaches recently stampeded a party of Methodist preachers on circuit, and now do their scalping iti clawhammer coats, i —A‘ Cairo pound-beeper has rosigncd'hocahso ;tho.Common. Council made a fuss.about .his writing “ lion." before Ids name. ‘ . ' —Some women insist upon riding in the smok ing-cars recently put upon tho Third avenue lino in Now York, in spite of the remonstrances of conductors. Several elderly dames, iu the fruit and confectionery business, smoko their own pipes with enjoyment. —lt is now tho fashion in Paris, nt receptions, for ladles to sit hi the middle of .a room, hack to hack, on a largo ottoman, and ou sofas against tho walls ; tho gentlemen stand and walk around tho hoo-hivo. ’Of course, no position can bo moro effective for tho display of dross. —Joseph Townsend, aged 13, living at Prince ton, Minn., teased his invalid sister Mabel, aged 10, by throwing grains of com at her. Bho’ flung a largo pair or shears at her brother, which struck him iu the'left breast, penetrating - his heart, causing instant death. The girl is almost deranged with grief. —lt is now understood that the Now York Control Railroad Company has decided upon a routo across the City of Rochester for its now double track for freight trains, and that is by an elevated bridge or trestle-work, running north of and nearly parallel with fhq present direct Buffalo lino. Those tracks will bo on an Iron trestle above tho streets, and out of tho way of all danger to tho public. —Of a Memphis hello it In sold that “words Mil i il.'V l i j :> Jbbuo from bor lips, each instinct with a separate ,luo,Anu expression of tliolr own, aud might al most bo likened to boos leaving tho calyx of a flower, onoU charged with its burden of pollen ana uonoy*—sense andswootnoss.” • Tho reporter -wbo-wroU-tUlaJa-toJjo..axouaea, foc-thoy.havo. bod a cholera scare in Memphis, —A man who will takes newspaper’ four or five years, and then refuse to pay for it, should bo 'gin rntmfimo'with an h and end it with a */■ and put an oin tho mld/Ho;— Jiff.- Gilead (Ohio) Keg* }stort~ l lho -editor who will send bia paper to a 'man four or flvo years without getting bis pay fot it, should begin his namo with an f and end it with an I, and put two o’sin tho mldcUo.— Lima Democrat, f- Jim Carey, tho cranbomr.klng of .Wisconsin, on Thursday fast closed a bargain . with E. W. Ddniols, whereby tho saw and grist mill and water-power of tho latter, at Aurorarillo, wore transferred to Carey Bros.,' of Berlin. Tho boys buy tho property for tho sake of tho woter to flood, their extensive 'cranberry marsh. They now.can control the waters of Willow Crook, And use thorn as they please. They paid Mr. Daniels $10,009 fgr tho property, 1 ■ •-Tho plate-gloss works at Now Albany, Ind., recently made four glass dials for a clock for the Bteoplo of a church ,in Columbus, 0., each of which Is sovou foot in diameter and half an Inch thick, Mid tho numerals oro one foot in length. They were oast la tho rough In Now Albany, and then sent to Cincinnati, whore they wore ground by man-power, there being no gloss-grinding machine largo enough to do it. Those are sold to bo the largest dials in tho United States, —The Pulaski (Tomi.) Citizen tolls this little tale, which reflects groat credit upon the Inco nuity of somebody: “Charles T. Robinson, of Giles County, killed a chicken snake which meas ured seven length. Ho found it in a crack of tho • fence, half of its body being on cither aldo. On examination it developed that tbosnoko had swallowed arablt before it had attempted to crawl through tho crack, and that after Its body.woa half through It caught and swallowed another rablt, thus having a rabit on each sldo of the fonco. Tho crack was so small that tho rablts could not get through, and tho consequence Was tbat.ibo snake was hitched. It was killed in this situation.” r i—rcmjja gives some details relative to thotwo pictures by Murillo lately destroyed at iv° J G {°“° °* DotUlohom, near Jerusalem, * * 92® » dißaoDßiona of the opposing soots of ihonko : «‘They , wore,” Bays tbo journal. two veritable chefs d'ccuvrc, which, having boon sent out at the very period when they wore executed, have probably novor boon engraved. One represented the ‘ Nativity’ and thb other the ‘ Adoration of the Magi.’ Those two paint placed in tho oratory, had boon remarkably well proßorvod, owing to tho ■ care which had boon taken to cover thorn with glass to protect them from tho smoko of tho torches and tapers.” J— Henri Delosoluzo has a column letter in tho Now York Herald about tho chute of M. Thlora. .Wo regret to have to record. that Hourl per mits himself -to allude to tho ox-Presldent of tho French Republic, as on “ aotuto llttlo trick ster,” who, after having ’ butchered Paris, dia . armed tho National Guard, bamboozled tho provinces, filled tho offices with “ moderate ” .aough-lacoß, and in overy possible way betrayed •the French Republicans Into tho bands of tho Monarchists, has now boon “ kicked down tho stops with as Utile ceremony os a valet who, hav ing served a dirty purpose for hls'mastor, and, presuming upon it, is pitched out of doors with scorn and contempt.”, It must bo remembered thntHbnri looks at persons and event’s from the commwiard point or view, and through tho red dest of Mpootaolos. •—ToliAlo Is to have a public library, —A West Chester (Pa;) lady wroto hor wiU on a slate, and it has uoon admitted to probate, .—Tho Gorman-speaking Catholics have raised over $500,000 for a Catholic daily paper in Now York. —Bomo Unknown person has given Union Col lege $50,000. . The college will accept tho gift, though anonymous. ! —The Chicago. Rook Island & Pacific Railroad Company, is laying a second track on its road ■ from Book Island oast to Colona, twelve miles. . —A barber in Washington, who was shaving a ‘ man who refused to outer into conversation with him, dropped dead, —it is supposed, from despair. . ’ ,—A gentleman who was present at the open ing of tho Vienna Exhibition, has returned to Boston. Ho says tho American department was simply disgraceful. .—Five hundred men are at work on'the Wis consin Central northwest .of Stevens Point. A largo force is also at work on tho Ashland end. —George M. Rounds, a boy of 18, has recov ered $5,000 damages in a suit against the Dela ware, Lackawanna'' & Western Railroad Com pany, tried at Chenango. : —The wifo of D. T. Gearhart, tho defaulting and absconded Cherokee (Iowa) County Treas urer, has become insane from tbo trouble which has oomo upon her. —Revoking licenses of those violating tho law prohibiting the selling ot liquor to minors is now tho order of tho day in Milwaukee. —Tho Mayor of Philadelphia has determined that the city ordinance prohibiting tho sale of oysters during tho months of Juno, July, and August shall bo strictly -enforced.' —A chap given to statistics estimated that over 2,000 toes wore frozen during* tho post win ter, by young ladies keeping their beaux linger ing at tub gate; instead of‘asking them into tho parlor. —A man In, Baltimore, who was 'on trial for passing a counterfeit bill t was discharged be cause some oho stole tho bill from the Justice in ’ tho court-room. Thou they said thoro was no evidence to hold him. ’ —Marathon County is tholargest In Wisconsin. It is 100 miles in length and fifty-four wide, and contains ninety-seven townships and 4,000,000 acres of'land, - Not over CO,ooo' acres under cul tivation. Tbo soil isricb aud water-power abun dant, and minerals and quartz rock exists. —The Indiana State Sunday.Sehool Union will bold its annual mooting at Anderson on'tho 3d, 4th, ai^dfithinst. ~Tho Nebraska State Fair will bo bold at Lin* coin; September I‘ to. G. 1873. Among tho pre miums offered are tho following : I ‘Sixteen pre miums of 40 acres each, first-class Nebraska lauds, will bo given for newspaper articles writ ten and published in any newspaper or newspa pers in the world, either as editorials or commu nications, between the Ist day of April and tho Ist day of ’September, 1873: Subject': ‘Ne braska—Her - Natural Advantages and Re sources.’ " . —Tho absurd rnmor of tbo prevalence of chol era in Now Orleans has given riso to“ many news paper articles end any omohnt of fright in tbo Western cities. Tho report was probably made by somo chrome croaker, who, with tho rest of his class, do'an incalculable' amount of Injury and create an unnecessary apprehension at this season of the year.— New Orleans Picayune, May 26. ...... < —Prof. Tyndall comes it strong when he illus trates ibovaluo of a single potato by supposing that all tno other potatoes woro destroyed. Tho ono wonld contain 1 tho germ for' stocking tho whole world. Its compounded product in ton years -would equal $10,060,000,000,—in value worth moro than all London and New York. . —The murderer Lusiguan’i, lately hung In Now Jersey, had some native wit, If ho did part his hair in the middle. Just before ho was led out to execution, one Of tho priests said: “I would willingly be in your place 5 you In heaven boon. “ Well, take my place,” said the pris oner, “I will got undor.tho bod.” —The Hoosao tunnel contractors have report ed to tho Massachusetts Legislature' that the actual length of- boring now to do through solid rook la about 1,720 feet, which they are shorten ing up at tho rate of - about 300 foot per month. They oxtloct to bo entirely through tho moun tain by the 16th of "November qoxt, after which date some six mouths will )d6 required to’pnt tho tunnel in working order for regular trains. —Hero is a matrimonial experience: About forty years ago, a man wbo thou resided in Bhaftsbury, Yt. r married,’ and' after living with hia wife Uiroo years; they parted.. JTq thou mar ried a Manchester lady, and they went West. ( Thoy raised a family of ‘bight ‘children; and tho wife died, ‘Ho then returned to Bhaftsbury, and took West with him another wife. Then she died, and ho now nmrrlosthbwomau from whom ho ported thirty-seven years ago. l —A suicide was'rocbiitly committed In Paris (Which 1 was attended withmoro than tho ordinary consequences. Tho body of 0 man was found ia tho Bols'do Boulogne shot through the head. It was afterward discovered that tho man had boon servant to M. Rodrigues, a well-known stock-broker, and that ho • had - announced to a follow-servant - hla Intention to commit sui cide. When M. Rodrigues was. made ac quainted with his valet’s death, the shook was so groat ho foil down in a fit of apoplexy, from iwlqch ho, never recovered, dying a few hours af terward. ' —Accordingto a Loridon loiter, “diamondsare more common in private society than they over have boon. Many ladles are crazy about them. Lot them got as many as they can, some night or 'other they moot with a- dowager who eclipses them; and their happiness is gone. A lady of rank who had a good collection, and who does ,not often leave many at homo, was asked tho ; other day the actual cost of those then upon hor person. Bho replied with perfect truth and much complaisance. ‘They cost rather moro than 420,000.’ 4 Air 1* said a nobleman who was proa ,opt, 4 Lady Contis’ collection are worth nearer half a million.’ From that gallery one woman, at least, wont away distressed. A friend who was by told mo she turned very palo. and ho thought oho would faint." 1

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