Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 10, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 10, 1873 Page 2
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2 CUR PUBLIC LIBRARY. First Annual Report of the Board of Directors* Information for the Mayor, Coun cil, and People, The Grand Work Accomplish- Ed in a Year. Over Ton Thousand Volumes Will Soon Be On the Shelves. Tbo Now Library Building- Financial Statement. To the Honorable the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Chicago; Tho Board of Directors of the Chicago Public Library bog leave to herewith present to your honorable body their first annual report. Tbo sot of tho General Assembly of tho State, passed March 7, 1872, by virtue of wbloh tho Public Library has boon oatabilsbod (800. 7), requires that tho Board shall make, on or before the pocond Monday in Juno of each year, an annual report to tbo City Council, " stating tho condi tion of their trust on the fjrstdayof Juno; tho Various sums of money received from tbo Library fund, and from other sources; and how such moneys havo boon expended, and for what purposes; tho number of books and periodicals on hand; tho number added by pur chase, gift, or otherwise during the year; the number lost or missing ; the number of visitors attending ; tho number of books loaned out; and tho general character and kind of such books, with other statistics, information, and sugges tions as they may doom of general interest.” The Board of Directors, in accordance with tho statute above named, have compiled for tho pur pose tho statistics in detail, which are herewith presented in the form of reports from the stand ing committees of the Board, and statements prepared by tbo Secretary of tho Board, showing in detail tho progress tho undersigned.have boon making in regard to the trust assigned them by yoar selection. As Individuals, the members of your body need little information as to tbo widely-pub lished fact that THE READING-ROOM of tho Library was opened to tho people on tho .first day of January last. But, in making this first official communication, it is only proper that tho public record should show what has been officially done. The undersigned, there- k fore, bog leave to state that as soon as tho Board of Public Works proceeded (under tho ordinance of April, 1872, passed by your body), establish ing the Chicago Public Library, and set apart the rooms now occupied as temporary quarters, tho Board mado tho necessary preparations to open a public reading-room. Accordingly, a cat alogue was prepared of somo of tho loading pub lications in Europe and America—consisting of periodical, magazine,. and newspaper issues— with which to furnish tho visitors. THE COST INCURRED w&s equal to ah annual rato of about $2,600, in , making' which they wore assisted by tho Comptroller, Mr. Burley, in anticipation of the ' receipt of moneys to bo collect ed from tho tax of 1872, to bo sot apart under tho law os a Libroiy fund, and which is to bo expended under tho direction of this Board. As soon, therefore, as tho rooms provided were turned over to this Board, and at as early a day as the same could bo done, tbo reading-room was thrown open, aud tho Ist day of January, 1873, will always bo remembered in tho auuals of our city as a day from which will date a broader intellectual culture of tho masses of our population. STATISTICAL. Tho accompanying papers appended, of tho etatistice of the Library, prepared by tho Boo rotary, Mr. Wiokorsham, will show that since tbo opening of tho reading-room tho total number of visitors has been 60,038—that tho number has reached a dully average of 831 visitors; tho weekly average has boon 2,319, and Die monthly numbor or average has boon 10,007 up to tho Ist day of Juno. The wholo number of issues of periodicals to readers has been 83,986; tho numbor of daily issues has been 225; weekly issues, 1,675 j and monthly issues, C.707. It should bo noted as a fact in favor of the suc cess attending this movement, so far, that tho work has more than realized the expectations of tho most sanguine advocates of the Free Library in large cities as an educational institution. In no single instance, within tho knowledge of tho Board, has a citizen visited the reading-rooms since tho opening without some expression of his SURPRISE AND GRATITUDE at tbo manifest beneficence of which this mu nicipal liberality is to be an inexhaustible source. It is supplying to thousands of tho young and old of both sexes iu the city tbo opportunity of that mental improvement denied them by a hard fortune, or by penury and indigence. To whole classes it affords opportunity and means of em ploying idle time in tho gratification of the most [audible iuolinatious. And tho essential charac ter of tho beneficence will always be iu this: That Us blessings are distributed among tho very classes who, thrown upon tho world without othor counsellors or friends than those of books, arc easily led aside into haunts oi vice and folly—wasting time in places of ill reputation, contracting habits of crime and ig norance such as disgrace our modern civiliza tion. THE LIBRARY PROPER has not yot boeu opened to tho general public. It is open to any visitors, however, who desire to see the progress tho Board is making in tho accumulation of books. The 11 tank ” is esti mated as equal to a capacity of holding 17,000 volumes with tho shelves as now arranged. THE NUMUER OF VOLUMES now on the shelves has reached a total of 6,853. This shows an increase since the Ist of January of some 4,000 volumoa. We have a large num ber of valuable pamphlets, amounting to 3.223. Of tho books tho Board havo only purchased 078 volumes—tho rest, some 5,874 volumes, oamo as free gifts to this Library from tbo people of Eng land, Germany, Franco, Ireland, Scotland, and about 2,500 volumes aro nearly all gifts from citizens of Ohicago. FROM ENGLAND wo have received, of the national collection thero set on foot after our great tiro, some 8,530 volumes. There is still to be. received a special contribution of aomo 1,000 or 1,200 volumes, the gift of Hr. Thomas Hughes, M, P., and a few friends, Tho English Patont-Ofilco reports, which havo been present ed by tho English Patcut-Ofilce Commissioners, number some 2.800 volumes, tbo binding of which, in Loudon, this Board has ordered through Its agent, Mr. John Robson, at a cost of about 68,000. We aro not in possession of any precise data for estimating tho numbor of other volumes in tho oolloctlou made for tho foundation of this Library in England, but wo aro advised that several moro cases, shipped by our agent, .Mr. Robson, aro now on thoir way to Chicago. It. is probable that tho outu'o English gift will, when all tho books aro received, amount to ut least 7.000 volumes. Those, with tho numbor of books In tho Gorman collection, as well as those: received from other sources, will make a grand total of some 10.762 volumes: and this, too. it may ho said, without as yet making any considerable draft upon our income, excopt for tbo fow named. And bore would bo au appropriate place to form ally express to nil the contributors abroad for thoir efforts In founding this Library in Ohicago since tho fire, as a “ mark of thoir sympathy.” the profound sense of gratitude so generally felt by all classes, had it not already been dono os well by this Board, as by tho Ohlof Magistrate of tho city, Mr. Medill- It is for tho Common Council to say what other recognition or acknowledgment is proper under the circum stances. Wo think It may bo safely assorted, in respect to all this collection, that rarely, if ever, has so Urge a collection of books boon made of rarer merit or greater value than those now brought together in tho “Iron Tank," improvised into a temporary place of reception, under circum stances which give to tho collection an interest never before associated with tho foundation of a public library. VALUE OF COOKS. The Board of Directors, in estimating the commercial value of tho books already on our shelves, for the purpose of Insuring against fire, havo directed a policy of firo Insurance to bo taken out for $10,005. Tho probable value is $15,000 or $20,000. But tho wUigipal value of many of the works ' trill; scarcely tear any poduniary estimate, Some ftrfl editlobs or-Works of which no duplicates ex ist to bo purchased. Tima, the English Govern mont sends 212 volumes, largo octavo size,of their .momorials and chronicles and oalondurs.of State papers, of oorrospoudonoo and public transac tions with all tho civilized countries of tho globe, from tho earliest periods of their history. Those, published by the Master of tho English Rolls, under authority of a special act of Parlia ment the year 1800, havo occupied hundreds of transcribers and translators In all languages, at a coat of time and money which breoludo the litter possibility of such a thing being over undertaken as a private enterprise. The complete sot of tho English Patont-Oflico reports, with some 77,000 specifications, and 9,800 volumes, besides tho annual additions of. 140 volumes each year, can scarcely over go Into h private owner or publisher’s hands, ana there are but throe or four complete sots in tho public libraries of this country. Tho University of Ox ford, that most ancient seat of English learning, has made up and sent to Chicago a collodion of hooks, which—aside from tho literary merit of the works sent—are, in stylo of bind ings and typographical appearance and work manship, or a value which, for tho same number of books, could scarcely bo replaced in case of loss. Tho Board fool, In view of all that has boon thus done for the city nr BTnANOEns, In respect to tho Library, groat anxiety as to what is yet to bo douo by ourselves. The real Work of opening this Library has yet to bo ac- both as to books and binding. Be fore the Library can bo opened, so as to dis tribute books and become a lender- to the thousands who will become readers of them, a largo sum of money—say at least SIO,OO0 —must bo expended in purchasing, to place upon tho shelves some 10,000 volumes of the prose works of fiction, of writers of tales, novels, works of biography, and history ; or, hi other words,' tbo cheaper popular literature of . the day. Those works, according to tho experience of other pub lic libraries of this country, constitute 70 to 78 per cent of all tho works called for, and that are taken to bo road by tho masses of a city popula tion. Of snob works wo havo as yet comparatively few. Wo oro fortunate, however, la having already accumulated more in tho valuo thau in tho quantity of tho works accumulated. In such a library as wo are establishing, tho character of tho books already on our shelves are a proper nucleus in tho formation of a groat metropolitan library; and a necessary foundation upon which tho "walls” of tho futuro "edifice” should bo raised. . THE NEW BUILDING. Before tho Board can open tho Library to tho goncr&l public, oven for tho purpose of reading tho works in tho rooms, a now building with more ample accommodations isa necessity which tho public must accept oa loovllablo. Fortunately, tbo diffloaltyof providing for this want will probably bo solved as soon as the funds can bo found to puroU*a» tho books neces sary to begin its operations in lending out to borrowers. The Board havo acquired sufficient knowledge of tho works of other libraries, at Boston and at Oincinnati. to bo - satisfied from their own experience that very different accommodations will be required for assistants from those fur nished by the Board of: Public Works in tho present temporary quarters. rr is A PORTUNATB CinCtniSTANOB, In all this progress wo havo boon making, that public opinion from tho vory first indicated the old Post-Office site as a proper location, and tho building itself, as being in dimensions and sym metry of stylo and architecture, adapted to ful fill all requirements of a now Public Library building.. Upon an examination of tho condi tion of tho walls and foundations, they wore found equal: in strength to a restoration of a building in stylo and proportions tho samo os before. Tho United Stales, after selecting an other site for its future use, had no need of tho ono abandoned, oxoopt for an Appraiser’s ware house or store for goods, and this required for convenience a river or water front. Tho sug gestions of tho public mind woro at ouco acted upon, and convoyed to tho United States Treasury Department by some citizens of Chicago, who at onco opened & cor respondence with tuo Secretary of tho Treasury, with tho object of accomplishing what was de sired. The effort, —in which tho members of your honorably body, united with tbo Mayor, Mr. Mo dlll, tbo members of tho Board of Education, ana also tho Board of Directors.—in an applica tion to Congress for an exchange with the United States of tho lato Bridewell lot on tho Chicago Eiver, for tho Post-Office site, and building, on tbo corner and Dearborn streets, resulted, as your honorable- body is -probably aware, in tho passage of tho act of Congress of March 8, 1878. authorizing tho exchange to bo made by tho Secretary of tho Treasury, and tbo appointment of a Commission to ascertain tho difference in tho vahio between tho two pieces of ground. Jurisdiction having been coded to tho United States by an act of tho Legislature of this State, according to tho condi tions of the act of Congress, tho Sec retary of tho Treasury appointed tho Hon. Thomos Drummond and Norman B. Judd, the Commissioners on behalf of tbo Govern ment, and the Mayor appointed, with your con currence, Thomas Hoyno and Edwin it. Sheldon on tho part of the city. Tho four Commission era thus appointed chose as tho fifth person tho Hon. John O. Rogers, who thou organized, and tho first stop was then taken in the proceedings. This Commission, after several sessions, and tho careful ox&mination of several exports in knowledge as to the value of real estate in Chi cago, recently submitted their full report in writing to tho Secretary of tho Treasury of tho United States, and the same is now before him, subject to his approval. Tbo Board do not en tertain a doubt out that tho Secretary will ac cept the judgment of the Commission appointed to ascertain tho v&luo of tho property. And thus it will bo settled that tbo exchange intend ed by Congress and the municipal authorities, os well as tho whole municipal public of Chicago, will soon follow in full consummation of those proceedings. Tho two acts, the act of Congress and the aot of tho General Assembly in this State, in further ance of the general object, are about to bo rati fied by a concurrence of all interests, State and National, in which there seems to have been a unanimity of action raroly attained from the first. This Board ontortain the most reasonable and well-grounded confidence that for several years at least, with a proper adaptation of tho area of space contained within tho present wall of tho old Post-Office site and building, that its restora tion can bo mado to furnish amplo and con venient accommodation for all the husinoss to be done, and for business assistants, besides al lowing the necessary halls, alcoves, and galleries, in which the shelves and nooks of tho Library can be arranged. But, whilo expressing this opinion as to what may bo dono for some years to como, lot us not ho understood. as saying that, with a well-arranged reading room equal to tho present demand, —fitted up 'for the general public on tho main floor of ' tho building, that there is any moro room at present than what may bo needed, taking into account tho nature of tho work to bo dono with in the first one or two years in preparing tho general library, with a view to tho extent of tho public demaud, and tho accession of now matter within that time. FINANCIAL CONDITION OP THE LIBRARY. Tho Board now call your attention to tho finan cial condition of this trust, Tho law requires wo should stato the various sums of money received from the Library fund, and how the same has been expended: Briofiy, we may stato that tho Boardhasdrawu from tho Library fund for all expenses up to Juno 1, including costs of tbe purchase of books, 67,- 204.14; and they havo expended tho same amount, i Tbo report of tho Secretary, accompanying this ! report, will show all the different items of this ; expenditure. . As your honorable body is aware, tho future success of tho Library, in a groat measure, will i depend on tho levy and collection of tho tax : provided by law, not to oxoeod the one-fifth of a mill upon tho valuation, of the taxable property of tho city, and to bo collected and set apart an nually as a Library fuud. As a result of tho first year (1872) since the act took effect, the tux should produce tho sum total of $50,889.10 on a total valuation of a city property equal to $284,- 197,430, as shown by report of our Committee ou Finance. Tho amount actually collected on tbo first year <1872) ami credited to Library fund by tho Comptroller to Juno 1 la $20,007,71 And deducting our expanses... 7,204 44 There should bo a bsltnco now In the Tms- ury, subject to the order of tUifl Hoard, of thenum of 1X3,703,27 But tho City Comptroller fools compelled, under tho order of your honorable body, passed some time ago. to ohargu against this bal ance to our library fund some $14,428.02, leaving a present balance against our fund of $725.86. This charge against tho Library fund is to reimburse tho city the expense incurred in fitting up the present “temporary quar ters" occupied In the Tank and over the tempo rary City Hal), for reading-rooms and library purposes. The sum thus deducted and charged against this fund at any other period in the existence of the institution could no borne with loss detriment than'at this early stage of its progross, but now it proves a matter of serious embarrassment. Tho samo sum expended in books for the Library at this time, if tbe build ing afforded tho ueoeaeary accommodation, | THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: TUESDAY: ':JUNE AO. V 1873." V J ; : L-i / i : i 1 f ! 7 ' I L_L . ■ • would'onablo tho Board to open and 'put the books of tho Library Into circulation. Board doom it necessary, to a proper discharge of tho trust reposed in them, to hero interpose definitely . THEIR OBJECTION TO THIS OUAnnS. In doing so, they desire to impute no blame to any ofllcor of the city, or your honorable body, in respect to the manner in which *it has arisen. Tho whole outorprioo of tho library from Us first inception has received tho most cordial support of all branches of the City Government. And to tho Mayor, especially, tho Board of Public Works, and the City Comp troller, for tliolr promptitude of spirit and fer tility of resource in promoting this work to tho utmost extent of tliolr ability, tills Board now express, os thoy have always done, their pro found sense of tho obligations under which thoy havo boon placed os to the success that has so far attended their efforts. Tho question is ono arising out of tho pecu liarity of circumstances in which the city found itself placed. TDB HONOR AND CREDIT of the municipal government was necessarily engaged to accept the munificent gifts offered by a foreign people and government to establish a free library in Chicago after oar great fire, Tho organization of this Board after tho move ment abroad bad boon sot on foot, and Us im portance understood, was a way out of the diffi culty, and tho Free Library Law was enacted as tbo work of tho people. By reference to tho ordinance of April 1, 1872, establishing a Free Library under tho State law, It is expressly declared: “That there shall bo firovidod and set apart, under tho direction of ho Board of Public Works, a room for tho re ception of any books that may bo donated or procured for such library, until a permanent location bo otherwise provided.” It will bo found that this Board la vested by tho law of their organization (See. 5) "with ex clusive control of the expenditure of all moneys collected to tho credit of tho library fund, and tbo construction of any library building and tbo same section declares that "all moneys re ceived for such library shall bo kept separate and apart from other moneys of'such city, and drawn lor by tho proper officers of said city upon tbo proporly-authoutioatod vouchors of tho Library Board;!’ In a simply technical and legal point of view, tho Board cannot rocognizo a charge or, expense which was nevor incurred by them as a Board in tho construction of either a library building, or the accomplishment of any other ono of tho several objects within tbo lottor or purview of tho statute. This Board do not fool authorized to assume a charge against their trust, in viola tion of law r nor any charge, unless the clearest authority exists to authorize it. Tho Committee of Finance, through tho Hon. 8. 8. Hayes, to whom was committed tho special examination of tho subject as Chairman, has re ported against it, and wo trust that, under all the circumstances, tho wholo charge may bo paid out of tho general treasury. Your honorable body, in view of what has al ready boon said in this to a “Now Libra ry Building,” tho probability of an early abandon ment of tho present 44 temporary quarters,” and that tho city corporation will take the buildings tbo ground upon which they stand belonging to the city, and make tho property and rooms avail able for other purposes, This Board are with out either tho authority to act or tho moans of making either land or improvement useful to tho library. Upon tho latter fund tho wholo $14,000 capital expended falls as a dead loss without tho roturu of a cout on tho investment. And it is under such circumstances os those that this Board submit it as a question of law oa well os of equity, whether tho whole expense of the temporary quarters, fitted up by tho Board of Public Works according to tho express language of tho city ordinance, “as a room for tho re ception of any books that may bo donated or procured for such library,” shall now fall upon 41 tho Free Library Fund,” or remain as it has hitherto remained—tho gift of the corporation in behalf of .the general object? And, oven if this bo not a froo gift, it is at most a question of ront that should bo charged for tho temporary occupation of city prop erty, and with this expression of the views en tertained by the Board, tho wholo question is rbspocfcfully submitted for your consideration as ono vitally affecting tho constituency you re present. IN CONCLUSION, it may not bo considered improper to say that while this is tho first official report over made by this Board to tho City Council, it may bo the last in respect to tho official existence of somo of its members. According to tho constitution of tho Board, tho terms of office of throe of its members are about to oxpiro on tho lot day of July next. Wo cannot close tbo connection that has existed without a tender of our congratula tions that such au institution as tho Fubllo Library has boon founded by your efforts. The present administration of our Municipal Govern ment, coming in Immediately after tho groat fire of 1871,—had it no othor claim upon tho gratitude or remembrance of posterity?—will always remain associated with tho origin and establishment of tho most imperishable memorial of our present civilization, as well as tho spirit and energy of our soroly-chaotonod and ovor-to-be-lovcd city. Lamartiuo, twouty-fivo years ago. writing in uttor despair of tho condition of tho working* mou of Franco, on account of thoir low tastes and imperfect intolligonco, cries out: “ Libra ries for tho people aro wanted!— Books in tbe hands of tho women, tho girls, and tho children by each fireside!! Books to bo made tho visi tors, tho hosts, tho guests, and the friends of tho workman's liomo! Books in every house in tho evening hours,—-in rain, and in winter,— making home tho coutro of affection and virtual Pleasing communion must bo found with tho great minds who, in all ages, havo best under stood, felt, written, or sung tho human heart! I To do this, books must bo made cheap, and cost little,” etc. Thus, what this good man and groat writer proposed to accomplish, by cheapening tho cost of publication of books, in Franco, will soon bo accomplished in this city by tho Froo Library Law, without any cost whatever to tho people. Tho treasures of all knowledge contained in books will bo dispensed in free and equal abund ance to all.—tho same as tho sun dispenses its light,—ana tho infinite magnificence of Heaven is within tho reach of all ages, and every human intolligonco blessed under that of Clod's. Tnos. HoYNB, Pros., Elliott Anthony, Julius Rosenthal, JA9. W. Bueauan, B. 8. Hayes, Robert F. Queal, Daniel L. Suorey. Willard Woodard, Herman Raster, Board of Trustees Chicago Public Library. Chicago, Juno 4, 1873. THE TWENTY-FIRST JUDICIAL CIRCUIT. Decatur, 111,, Juno 0, 1873. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin: As the smoko passes away, we may be gin to -look over tho battle-field, and count up tbo slain, and bury thorn. I happened to bo in Springfield when they woro forming tho now Judicial circuits, and I was thou amazed at the uuanimous consent of both political parties lu fixing up tho Twenty first Circuit. That was tho ouo strong Demo cratic district lu tho Stato, and it was, with a smilo and a bow, gracefully banded over to tbe Democracy as a suitable placo to oloot a Demo cratic Judgo. In strict pursuance of that littlo arrangement, tho small party wiro-pullcrs in tho seven counties of that district wont .to work, and pocked a Dem ocratic convention, and, with a yawp and guzzle of tho genuine “ old sod-corn ” Dominated thoir mau. Thou commenced all tho old party war crios, gags, and tricks. Tho cliques woro liko littlo boos, and all tho old Democratic stand-bys wore loudly called upon to “ stand by tho nomi nee, ” “ don’t bolt,” and, “ if you do holt, never mind, wo'H remember you.” After tho first hoop-la was over, sensible Dem ocrats began to speak out, and say, “ I object,” and so tbo freemen wont to work, put tho Hon. J. O. Alien on tho track, and elected him. Be hold tho result I Tho democratic party lu till s stronghold is dead and buriod, aim tho Repub lican party wont down in tho same grave. Tho people are now .to tho front, and 1 doubt If a purely political nominee can over again ho elect ed in any township in those seven counties. 1 extend you, my do&r Tribune, my hand on this political funeral, and acknowledge tho in valuable aid that wo havo received in this noble work from your ablo, foarloss, and independent paper. Republicans now aannol get enough of thoir olaquours together in Southern Illinois to hold a convention, and tho old Democratic leeches have just been wiped out In tho most merciless man ner. Therefor, thanking a kind hoavon, lam your Amicus. The oomroiltoo which is being formed at Lon don for tho purpose of promoting a memorial to tbo Uto John Stuart Mill will most likely include Mr. Gladstone, Lord Derby, tho Duke of Argyll, Lord Salisbury, Sir H. Mayno, Mr. Forstor,Mr. Gosohon. Mr. Stausfeld, Mr. H. Bcoucor, and Prof. Calms* WASHINGTON. The Next Presidency—Morton at. the Springs, Repairing ’ His Boiler. Tho Chief-Justiceship—Mooted Men t Roar, Drummond, Curtis, Gushing. The Grangers’ Revolt-Transpor tation Skittle-Sharps. An Account of Borllkon—Tlio Arkansas TootU-Plckiug Bench—Points of Interest. From Our Own Corretpondent, Wasbinoton, Juno 6, 1873. * THE NEXT BAGS FOB THE WHITE HOUSE, There are some who believe that old party linos may bo maintained as far off as 1876, and these spend time discussing the probabilities of tho succession. Tho first question put is, whether Grant will rtm again. Those who argue that ho will, hold that ho has tho passion of oflloo, no sense of coyness, nor roapoot for tho habit of previous Presidents, and can roly upon his pat ronage and tho jealousy of other aspirants, for a ro-oloctlon, Snob reasons belong, for tho main part, to that wing of the Democratic party whioh is so accustomed to defeat that it never boob a bit of blue sky, and believes tho worst to bo in evitable. Gen. Grant probably entertains no notion of running again, and, if ho did, ho would bo obliterated. Within his party are men who will relinquish the chance for tho Presidency onoo out of turn,—never twice; for fonr years is a groat division of human life to an American politician at tho period when ono gets tne pros pect of tho White Honse in bis focus. Gray hairs, shakinoss, stiff joints, and the symptoms of apoploxy, and wait four years ? Forbid It, tbo Providence which watches over Morton, Conkllng, Blaine, and HAMILTON FISH. “ Do you know that old Fish is amongst the ▼olantoors for tho Presidency ?” said a high official to mo a week ago. “By George, his prospects are as good as any of thom."'Bupposo the money-interest of tho country throws tbo vote in *76, as it did without division in ’72, wouldn’t .It pitch upon Fish os about the safest man in tho Cabinet ? And ho has got to every honor by tho silent slide which ho seems to ho waiting to take now. Governor of Now York, Senator, and Secretary of State, ho occupied all thoso places almost without a canvass. His place is about the only one In tbo country whoro ho might have a positive policy, and at tho right time, by a pop at Mexico, or somo other part, got tho veering and volatile half of mankind enthusiastic for him. And do you notice that, whereas ho bad given up his house, and declared in solemn earnest that, he would loavo Washing ton at tho beginning of the second term, ho baa now rotakon tho Morgan mansion, ond h!o wifo has exerted herself this winter as never before to entertain with cost and splendor unoqualod hero ? Grant is giving Fish moro of his llmo than ho used to. They ride out together, and look owly.” “There’s nothing now in that last,” said I. “ It comes from getting up early iu tho morning to study tho Constitution and tho Manual of Congress water.” And has it come to this, that tho Secretary of Statu, with all that family-tree behind him, be ginning with Petrus Stuyvcsant’e wooden-leg, and running down through Preserved Fish, -one of tho noblest Elders of tbo hod who over blow his nose between Psalms,—has ho been playing possum ? In that high, columnar heard, iu tho tulipy rudoßconco of that interminable nose, do wo see tho worm in tho bud, the Presidency on tho brain? “And ho said, ‘Follow mo, and I will make you Fish-ors of men I ’ ” aov. MOUTON baa gouo out to Hot Springs, taking along bis dork of committee and private secretary, Mr. Hitt, of Illinois, a shrewd, secret-keeping, polite man of affairs. When Morton wont aforetime, ho had a calvary escort from Little Rock to the Springe. Now ho dictates letters and hangs on to the empyrean' with strong-willed hone. Nothing can compen sate a man for tho private station so much as tho sufferings of an ambitious man closo at hand to tho Presidency. Jloro is a Senator and Gover nor, whoso grip, sway;, and force all admit, labor ing at tbo rough wilderness springs, in broken health, not to pacify Heaven, but to bo Presi dent,—to join that mighty lino of citlzou-mngis tratos which is, on tbo wholo, tho host average lot of rulers known to history,—the aloanost shaved, tho most round-headed, and tho least bloody-minded. It is a big ambition, and this man in particular is big enough to tako a hand In

tho match. Thoablost trait, as woli as tho now oat, in Morton’s character, is his truce doing. Other men quarrel at critical times of prido; ho concludes peace in tho moment of victory, and turns tho balance to tho account of fame. Ho can suffer without losing fortitude, and bo full of mental pain without despondence. Renewal is tho power of tho highest vitalities,— to grow green and now upon tho dead stump of a former self, as this man is seeking to do at tbo Hot Springs; to bridge over tbo gap between paralysis and the sceptre, and enter tho course amongst tho stud with a broken limb Uko “Long fellow's ” last gamo encounter. Morton is fortunate in his locality as a Presi dential aspirant. Indiana has never had a Presi dent, and it is the dividing State of tho present Union, midway between corporations and grangers, capital and agriculture, and bet tor situated toward tho South, of which Louisville is tho Koy, than any Repub lican State. Morton is related to formida ble questions of the hour by this fact; while Blaino, Fish, Conkllng.aud tho rest aro hotter acquainted with tho needs of tho British Prov inces. Ho has about cloven tho sconco of Mr. Cockling already from the Nave to tho Chaps, and sot his hood upon our battlomouts, where it can be soon very well curled. It would therefore seem that, if party linos continue as at present, and Hygola grants her favors to this old gallant, Morton will stand at tho polo In tho next race. But Johu Logan says no shan’t be President. His goose is therefore cooked. Thcro is no more uso of his scalding himself in boiling water; for Logan says he shan’t be President. Ho kicked the groat martyr Caldwell in the bone and cuticle of persecution, and for this Mr. Lo gan has registered a Methodist oath that ho shan’t bo President. THE CHIEF JUSTICESHIP. Who shall bo Chief Justice ? This question is of concern to the legal fraternity wherever iho English language prevails. It passes the boun daries of theStatoe, and goes to Europe, where wo. owe $2,500,000,000. A sordid, soggy Administra tion may bequeath itself to posterity in a Chief Justice merely amenable and worthless, and offensive to his brethren. A very considerable body of silent, perhaps Influential, gentlemen hope that Judge Hoar, of Massachusetts, may receive this honor, it is urged in his favor that bo has the experience, the learning, and the health to illustrate the rank, and remain long in it. He has boon Judge. Attorney-General, Congressman I think, -'and was nominated Justice, but withdrawn because of the opposition of the carpet-baggers. Ho is very nearly handsome; that is, ho has clear, true-blue eyes j rosy color, olive with tem perance ; a manly, well-proportioned body, over the bettor size ; and tooth a little too white and Carkerish. If this bo a compliment to the den tist instead of the Judge, forward a bill to both of them. Judge Hoars head is both full and lovol. He Is orthodox, methodical, reflective, and of bold, out-spoken character. New England has had but one Chief Justice, Oliver Ellsworth, and ho was of Connecticut. A Western community of lawyers and laymen, of quietude and appreciation, not unlike Judge Hoar's well-wishers, hope that Judge Drum mond, of Illinois, may take up Mr. Chase's mantle. Without doubt, tho bolter opinion of tho country Is inquisitive aS to those two men. CONVERSATION. Tho President." said a Justice recently in my hearing, “ says no will appoint the best man ho oan find regard to qualification, and without, regard to party. Ho probably does not mean this; for. if ho did, there could be but one man to namo." “And that 1s ?" 41 Benjamin Outdo, of Boston, a Democrat, I thinknouo 'ot> my/brothren..Will &altlaay this opinion. Curtis used to bo on the Bupromo Court Bench, and bo loft it to mako some money at tho practice of law. Having succeeded in this,.Xßupposo be would now. accept .tho Chief Justiceship j but ihoro la no ohanco of Grant giving it to him." I Inquired of this Justice as to tbo lawyor-liko .Senators of our day. 41 Ob I” said bo, , 44 nobody In tho Senate praotloes law before .tho .Bupromo Court ,oxoopt Edmundo. Hondrloka used to ploaa regularly wbilo in the Bonato, and a fluo lawyer bo la. Rovordy Johnson waaovonmoro constant at our Court. 'He tab natural lawyer. If anybody will open, and ho can como in Boooud to mako tho main argument, bo will aay about all that thore la In tbo caao, Just picking it up by ear, and constructing hie argument in tho court chamber. Tho moat anxious men on tbo Bench for tho Obi6t Justiceship are Millor and Swayho: but Hiller has gone to Europe, and probably loot bis ohanco. wo told him so before ho started." " Has Caleb Cushing any prospect of tbo sue ooaaion ?" “It would bo bard to aay what bo bos not a prospect for. If be was not above 70 years of age; for all periods' and Presidents appear to bring grist to bis mil). Ho does not, however, answer Grant’s requirements, in that bo is not a lawyer. I should call Cushing a learned layman, not a learned lawyer. His bead is full of a groat many things, of which the law la not tbo most perfectly acquired. I remember leaving court with Chief Justice Taney when I first hoard Cushing plead, and I eatd that it must be my fault, but X could not boo a jurist, or a lawyer either, in Caleb Cuabing. 4 Why,’ re sponded Taney, ( uo lawyer accuses Cushing of being a profound lawyer. " In tho prosont elate of tho struggle between corporate power and producers, location in tho Chief Justice becomes a notable point at Issuo. A Western man, uncontamlnatod with railroads, might naturally loan an bar to the agricultural people’s cry. A certain type of. Eastern lawyer regards tbo Granger movement as Jacobin in its obaraotor, and would como to the Bench with as insurmountable a preju dice against it as Chief-Justice Tandy enter tained toward Abolitionists. COST OF HOUSEKEEPING 21. o.*B. . Hero aro tho house-rents of Homo of tho Croat magnates who cannot live without tho addition of back pays Air. Boutwoll, board for self and family, $l4O a month. Senator Sargent, Califor nia, house-rent SI,OOO per annum. Air. Morrell, of Maine, now house cost $14,000, or about S9OO a year. Henry Wilson, Vice-President, boarded at tho Washington House, for many years, at the rate of S7O a modth. Ditto Bingham. Mr. Douglas, Com missioner of Internal Bovonue, pays $1,200 a ▼oar house-rent, furnished. John Sherman boards at Hamilton Houbo, with wife, for SIBO a month. The average Congressman spends in Washington City, during tho year, about $4,000; and nearly all tho Eastern and part of Western members save and take homo about $2,000 per annum. Mon liko Chandler, Stockton, Hooper, and Stewart spend probably $12,000 to $20,000 per annum, but are exceptions. . ARKANSAS TROUBLES. You may got out of tho fog as to the late Arkansas muddle by remembering that tho wickedest man in the United States, measured by his official responsibility, is Jack McClure, lata of Ohio, Chief Justice, Public Printer, ana editor of tbo official organ of Arkansas. Those' throe positions bo holds at tho same time. At tending prize-fights in open day, and basking at night at wh&t is called “ tho oil-room ” of a con cert-saloon, where partially-denuded girls quit tho stage to serve decoctions, McClure has put the capstone on his fame by standing single and alone iu a Supremo Bench of six mon, and dis senting from their verdict, that they bad no jurisdiction in tho caso of Gov. Baxter. Baxter is a native Arkansas man, whom Clay ton had nominated last summer for tho purpose of withdrawing Bohol votes from Brooks, tho Greeley candidate for Governor. Brooks was elected, but Baxter counted iu. This put'a skeleton in tho üburpor’s cloaot, and ho know that tho same gang which counted him iu hold tho proofs of his defeat, and might admit their own infamy to got rid of him. Honco, when McOluro blustonngly proclaimed that only one man could rule in Arkansas, Baxter or Jack McClure, tho former tnruod tho militia Generals , off, and prepared to make a fight of resistance. McClure, stopping at nothing, got ready to swoop Baxter out of tho office, and move up tho Liberal Governor by the operation of tho Courts. But Powell Clayton felt that not ovon ho could countenance a thing so unblush ing, and tho Chief Justice was loft in lonely con splouity, as the only man on tho American Bench, siuoo Barnard left it, who could do the boldness and tho crime of removing a Governor to m&ko himself a despot. Arkansas is a sort of Paraguay. Bad in old days, it is, if possible worse in tho period of freedom. Tho seats of both United States Sen ators woro purchased. Tho railroad land-grant system has been a career of felony, repudiation, and impotence. And tbo history of mankind may safely bo challenged to find such a Bench as McClure presides upon. TUB TIIUEE OUAUDSMRN. ■ Dolahay, Sherman, Duroll,—the throe District Judges of the United States who buvo received fc tho decoration of tho Order of Demerit,—ara candidates for Congressional action in Decem ber. Dolahay is already impeached, and is ex pected to resign; Duroll’s case will como up for early action; and nobody knows whether Sher man can bo made to resign. Ho is said to hold that his brother John docs not possess tho qual ifications to looturo him upon tno duty of resig nation, having taken a hand in nearly all tho whisky-cases which woro settled about IBGO-’G9. And, by tho way, Peter Swab, tho head of tho whisky-ring In those days, who resided at Hamil? ton, 0., is now a mere laborer, dispossessed of everything. In his day ho was admitted topoli tical consultation with tho groat Warwick of tho West, Wash. McLain, and 'with ‘“Gentleman George.” Now," plucked and turned out to pasture, tho groat distiller ohows tho cud and meditates upon tho woes of Nobuohadnozzar, Lc6t <fc Stocking, too, the bonded warehouse mon have separated, as tho business could not suport two such magnates. Tho lane la long which never turns. items. 4 Walker, tbo battle-painter, has been paid $25,000 by Gen. Joseph Hooker to paint a por trait landscape of tho Battlo of Lookout Moun tain ; and Doun Piatt has an engagement to write the General’s life. Attorney-General Williams is building a house, and appears to have it on his mind : for, in a looturo before the Law-School, a few nights ago, ho said that a Judge or Souater could not build a houso now-a-days without having it put in tho papers, Is it thus? The groat pile' of the Stato Department Is proceeding amain toward completion, and ono side of tho President's grounds la filled with vast masses of hewn granite. Tho south wing of tho building is up .to tho third story, and tho foundations of tho centre and north wing aro laid. This odifico is the only one of Mr. Mullet’s construction which has escaped criticism. It is In a light, graceful, and almost florid style of classical renaissance. Tho now cement streets of Washington aro now on trial under a Juno sun. and thoy fool to tho foot Uko India rubber ami beeswax. Tho Board of Public Works proves to bo a good form of organization to rush things, but costly to koop about tho houso. Ido not bollovo that anybody : knows tho precise financial condition of tho city, but we are all agreed that tho Government owes us a living, and wo shall expect you to support us. Perhaps you uoVor thought what you ■ would bo without a Capital ? Perhaps you don’t 1 care a nythiug about what tho European despot says of tbo Republic as ho sees it In stanced in the groat city of tho rnlors ? Per haps you aro not ashamed of yourself that Washington is smaller than Now York I In that case, It is plain to be soon that you aro un worthy of a Board of Publlo Works, and we hear with delight that you are unable to select a plan for a City Hall. Let us lend you Mullet or Babcock. A homelike little abuse in those days Is tho building and equipping of private residences under tho cover of now public buildings. About two-thirdsof tho Smithsonian Institute is the ele gant habitation of Prof, Henry’s family. Without leave of anybody, tho Agricultural Commissioner and family reside in tho uow department of that namo. Finally, the Ohiof of tho Coast-Survey has mode himself a residence in tho now Coast- Survey building. And I should not wonder if tho now State Department wore built with resi dences for tho Secretaries of War, Btato, and Navy. This is, perhaps, not objectionable, if it wero not done in a subtle, hidden way, and with out authority. Qon, Grant has given a blow to Washington City greater than all tho favors conferred upon it in his Administration, by going away absolute ly from May until October, or nearly half the year,taking the Courties and tho lobby with him, and leaving desolation behind. Every succeed ing President will avail himself of tho oxamplo, and make Washington liko an Arctic year, one day and one night, and tho night longer than the day. tux anANoxns’ movement in the West astonishes tho politicians. Tho grain of mustard has become a groat tree, and iho birds of the air—-which meant buzzards— lodge tho branches thereof, or would liko to do so. ](t Is the aim of Blaine, Morton, Oglesby, and the rest to tako this movement under their wings, and cozen it out of any genuine advan tages, by tendering it schemes of national rail- ways built eastward with subsidy. Mr: \yindom, bimself a North Pacific matt, la looking at such frivolous piocoa of extravagance as cahal-exton alona across tbo Allegheny Mountains; and -tho . Chesapeake. & Ohio Canal, la now under advisement, —a oonoom which 1780 to 1815 to cot it from Georgetown to Cum berland,-"Tho James lUtor & Kanawha Canal nearly broke tbo Treasury of Virginia. The Coosa * Tennessee oohemo la purely a lobby movement. Neither la It necessary to build na tional lines from tbo Mississippi Eastward. Tbo Pouheylvania and the Now York Central Roads are laying four tracks, and tbo Baltimore & Ohio ithroo; so that, between tbo gralu-flolil and tbo uoast, there will bo In reality fourteen tracks by inoxt September or tbo year following. “There la this in tbo Grangers' movement/" said a dis tinguished Jurlat’to nio j “Noman will ’dispute that It can rightfully claim that ft bushel of grain shall bo’ carried, oyer an intervening dis tance , os cheaply oa between terminal points'. And I think wo have reached tbo point whore massed capital, incorporated, and organized production must hare thou* battle. It looks to mo as if the farmers would go under in tbo contest s for I very much doubt whether they can make a logical proposition reasonable enough not to alarm tbo other interests, or And expo nents - which tho railroads cannot bribe. The workingmen, besides, must ultimately antagon ize tho grangers on tho Eight-Hour law, which, extended to tho farms, would bo ruinous to pro ducers. What the farmers want, first, la legal counsel to go ahead without foolishness; for it is certain that thoy are determined." TUB OOKBTBHOTIOH 00UPAK7 of tbo Texas Pacific Railroad appears to have been a soil to entrap people of easy conscience and small capital. Sovonty-fivo per cont of tbo subscriptions have bean called in, and tho howl of tho wouudod, and tho despairing looks of tho slain, aro piteous to soo and near. In this Com pany tho ‘ great Col. M’Oomb had SIOO,OOO, ox- Gov, Cook, of Colorado, $50,000, and so on. THE HON. JOHN UAJILIKON. Amongst tho annual guests at tbo Exooutivo Mansion, our old friend abovo named is stead fast, ana’tho confidence in him unshaken. ■ Ho occasionally visits tho city daring tho session of Congress, but, with a praiseworthy discernment of tho fitness of things, comes Infrequently and for short periods when tho public business crowds his distinguished friend. When Congress adjourns, however, Mr. Borllkon flies to his bo lovod liko tho beams of Eero’s lamp to her enamored Loandor. “Como,” says ho, “these’ responsibilities (often greater than you can boar) weigh you down. Fly with mo, and the friends of tho Barlikon firm, to enjoy a day's shooting. Thoy disappear. They fish; thoy hoar anecdotes; thoy lovo each other’s company, until thoy grow woodony of look, and their logs on tho blvouao aro en tangled like children's Bleeping on'picnic. A healing, hearty, homely friondia Mr. Barlikon. Responsibility la afraid of him; ho exorcises it with his bulbous wand, and ho is a groat mimic , and story-teller. You should hoar him begin tho recitation: Twos at tho royal feast of Poraio, This piece Lo can recite better than little John Drydon himself. Mr. Barllkon, to look upon, is ruddy, short, broad, and with a atomach which is iu itself an invitation to roposo. Ho literally “ shakos when he laughs, like a bowl full of jolly," Hla mater nal grandfather, MoabacU Btillo, Esq., was a pioneer in Bourbon County, Ky., and con structed tho first mash-house in those parts. Tho mash-house was defended by a stockade, and tho bold fron tiersmen of that day handled their rifles and their mashing implements with equal spirit, so that John Borlikon, tho heir-at-law, is one of the wealthiest Americans. Ho was brought up in the old Kentucky wav,' and his father sent him on a tour with tho famous stallion, “ Mint- Julcp Eclipse but John diverted tho property into a raolng-tiold, and broke half tho neighbors, returning his nnmmal to tho old gentleman with tho proceeds. Ho could havo been elected to Congress any time within tho past twenty years, but ho has no lovo of honors, and devotes his Ufo to practical jokes. Tho other day ho is sold to have made up a dummy of ono of tho most distinguished men in the country, and ridden the whole length of the Avenue, driving a pair of blacks, and protending to support his friend la the seat. Luckily, the elite (I holiovo that is the word) wore'all out of town, and tho shopkeepers wore too obtuse to see tho joke. I can assure you, however, that it wae the most artistic dummy over driven through our streets. John's habits aro free, not to say outre. Xdo not know what outre moans, and, therefore, use it with confidence. Ho was selected by his dis tinguished friend, a few weeks ago, to entertain Gen. W. 8. Hillyor. Hillyer is counsel for tho immortal MoGarrahau, whom many think to bo the veritable Wandering Jow. Tho way ho can lie and live on, is paralyzing. Hillyor had an engage ment with Mr. Barlikon’s distinguished friend, and Barlikon persuaded his host to toko out the blacks and leave him to dispense tho hospi tality. What there was between them, 1 reck not of. Not knowing tho signiilcation of rock, of course I could not. Whatever there may have boon between them, tho major port got into tho General; for, whereas ho loft tho hotel clean ehavon, bright of oyo, tidy of dross, and walking both upon his hods and tho bolls of his loot, ho returned limp, distraught, oval, and rooking like a pilgrim traversing an earthquake. They put him iu his little hod, and night drew her sable curtain down and pinned it with a star. But now mark how a groat humorist revenges himself. They asked the General whore ho had boon on this memorable interview. Ho avowed, with his hand extended in tho region of the zenitlntbat ho had been nowhere nut to the ’ "Where did you yet your benzine?" said the remorseless physician. << There," said tho General. “ I loft hero full of cologne, and my mustaches were waxed. When I came back they wore untwisted, and I smelt like a wash-house." “ And,” exclaimed tho client, “ an enemy bath done this ?” ■ “No, verily," said the General, “’twasnotl it was ” “ ’Twas whom ?” “’Twos Barlikonl But if my condition is thus, ha! ha! ha 1 what must bo bis 1” The disposition of tbo Barlikon family to Un ger too lato at tho Executive Mansion precipi tated tho premature removal of tho Capitol to Long Branch. Wo may congratulate ourselves that the gentleman of tho old school ia fixing up tho matter of a third term with as much baste as is consistent with expediency. Gath. THE REPUBLICAN MOVEMENT IN ENGLAND. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Bib : Grant me a small space of your valuable paper that I may make a remark or two for the benefit of “E. 0.,” and such others as suppose tbo people of Britain have gono over to Ropub* Ucanism/ First I may ask, what importance should be attached to tho proceedings of some fifty-jive men gathered as a convention in a groat city like Birmingham ? And next, why take notice of a man of such a stamp as Brodlaugb, a political dis turber, a proved tum-ooat, a money-taker, and a follower of any cause for a name ? RopubUcan- Ism is admired by the many of tbo old countrys 'but, as John Bright so well puts it, “To make a .change in our Government whon we are getting on so well, would bo foolish.” The insinuations of “ E. 0.” respecting John Bright’s motives need Just one word: As all tho world knows, tbo Court camo to Bright; bo did not Book tho Court. Nearly all tho groat measures (Free-Trade, tho abolition of tho Coin laws and Church-rates, tho Reform bill, tho dis establishment of tho Irish Church, and the Irish Land laws) having been passed, it became possi ble for him to Join tho most honest and liberal government Groat Britain has over known.* Updoubtodly England will need Republicanism when tho Bradlaugh .class of people rale, and their principles aro accepted in place of thoso of Bright and Gladstones but, from present appearances, tho tlmo is for off. Yours faith fully, T. B. S. Cuioaqo, Jane 0, 1673. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune, Sirs Allow me to reply, In part, to tho com munication of E. 0., published In your Monday's issue. Ho displays a lamentable ignorance of tho mainsprings from which tho Republican move ment in England to-day gains its strength, or ho is strongly prejudiced in favor of tho Bradlaugh wing of tho English Radicals. Does E. C. for got, while to-day ho ewoars at John Bright, that, had it not been for tho groat ‘‘Quaker of Roch dale," In MB, It is more than probable that tho horrors of the French Revolution would havo been duplicated In England? Chart ism, as tho hulk of- Its followers un derstood it, ineaut Revolution, os wit ness their bloody attempt in Newport and Birmingham; aud thus Bright, by drawing to himself the “ moral-forco" Chartists, neutral ized tho impending danger, and proved that mon could be radical without bloodshed,—not the least of his distinguished services to tho Litor als of England. It u too Wo now tor men to imeir >t Bright, and uao expressions regarding his connection with Court and Qablnot. Does E. 0. forgot tho manly protest (of which Bright wan author) against tho silly custom of dross for presentation to-tho Quccn. -aud, with tho s&mo independence, refusing to bond ms po litical opinions to milt bis then associates, —an ta iop. o »- do 'ico.whlch. to-day impels him to refuse . offering aid or sympathy to Bradlangh or hla fol lowors. on tho ground that England in not now. and will not bo for years. “ ripo for ft RchabUc. 1 ' As sincere a lovor of Republicanism oa E.. 0. himself, X, as an Englishman, should bo sorry to soo its prospects injured, and Us progress re tarded, by tho coming into political power of Bradlangh and his associates. Your position, Mr. Editor: is tho correct ono ; and no amount of gasconading on tho part of hot-hoadod fanatics will over convince sensible mou of tho present foaslbllty of a Bopublio for England. finally, their cause will novor bo helped ono lota by innuendoes and ill-natured flings against him of whom Whittier wroto, “Tho shouts of enfranchised millions, as thoy lift tho untitled* Quaker of Bochdalo into tho British Cabinet, tollmoofatimo that's “ ‘ Coming yet for a* that, When man to man, tho wide world o’er. Shall brothers bo, and a’ that.’" ’ Yours respectfully, . Earn. W. L. THE FARMERS’ MOVEMENT. Grand itlaia-OonTontion at Lawrence* Knn«»—Tho Procession, Gannon* Speeches, and Resolutions* A grand Farmers’ Convention was hold at Lawrence, Kan., on tho 4th Inst., some 6,000 per sons being present, Tho procession was about throo miles in length, and tho following are some of tho inscriptions upon tho banners: ** Down with Banks, and Up with Corn 1” “ No Quarter to Monopoly T'» “ Equal Taxation 1” “ God Speed the How 1” • •* United Wo Stand, Divided Wo Fill 1” “ Live, and Lot Live 1” ■ 4 “ Money Bings, Beware 1“ “ Tbo Idea of November, 73 I” “ Fanners Will Be Free I” “ Uarmony J" “ No Mora Parasites I” L ““ I*" T*ios, ana Mure “ Industry Will Bo Bowardod l» « Farmers to the Front—Politicians to the Boar 1” Peaceably if Wo Can—Forcibly If Wo Must 1” 1 “ Boform or Involution 1” “ Vox Popull I” “ Passes Up Salt Blver Free I” “ Fraternity, EquaUty, and Fair Exchange 1” A donkey drew a cart on which was mounted a box representing tho United States Treasury. A ‘ ‘ dummy ” sat by tho box, with his arm thrust deep into tho “ Troasury.” On tho side of tho . box was tho suggestive query, “ How is this for Lowo ? [Lowe is tho name of tho Representa tive in Congress from Kansas; ho voted for back-pay.”] Abovo all was a tho inscription, “No More Salaiy-Stoals I ” Ex-Gov. Charles Robinson was chosen Chair man of tho Convention, and delivered an address showing the situation of the country and tho condition of tho farming community. Speeches wore also made by Messrs. Henry Brown, Alfred Taylor, L. W. Hovor, Dr.. Lawrence, and others. Tho following resolutions were adopted t it. W s£ nßAß »^ armerß ’ club9 » unions, and granges ol tho Patrons of Husbandry, have common cuds and purposes to accomplish, among which are the eleva tion of the fanners’ status, by tho exorcise of tbolr prerogatives in tbo matter of affixing the price upon their products, instead of abjectly accepting any prlco dictated by tho greed or avarice of thoao who dcslro to grow rich on tho difference between what Is paid tho producer and what tho consumer pays, as well as in a more respectable mode of disposing of tho same; lessening tho cost of supplies ; demanding some con- • formltv in tbo price of other labor and products to tho prlco of our labor and products ; simplification of government, and o reduction of taxes by dispensing with sinecure offices and reducing tho pay of remaining ones to a farming basis; a cessa tion of all monopoly of tbo people’s common needs and necessities; a governmental supervision over every nubile enterprise that tho people are taxed to maintain and compelled to patronize, among which. aro education, jurisprudence, maU-sorvlco, markets, and transportation; therefore lietolvea. That sold clubs, unions, and granges of tho Patrons of Husbandry should find moans to con solidate their efforts for tho accomplishment of ttaosa ends; that they should politically and commercially affiliate, la order that wo may realize as much as possi ble tho benefit of all of our organized farmer strength, for purposes of self-protection, and that only. Itteolved, That wo, the farmers of Douglas County* will to-day pledge ourselves that, whenever tho proper ly authorized representatives of our clubs, granges, or unions, shall make arrangements with business houses to roduco per cents of profits, in view of increased patronage, wo will faithfully give such business houses all of our patronage, except In cases and under circum stances that shall make honorable exceptions to pledge. Jiewlvcd, That we bollovo tho practice of candidates for office nominating and electioneering for themselves detrimental to tho best Interests of free government; that tho offico should seek tho man, and not tho man tho offico ; and wo pledge each other to Ignore all po litical preferences and prejudices that have governed us hitherto to oar hurt, and support only such men for office as wo know to bo in our interests, and in whoso integrity and honesty wo havo tho most implicit confidence. Jiesolved, That tho development of, and tbo beet In. torcats of, our State demands immediate legislation ia reduction of freights and faro upon our railroads, upon a basis of justice to all parties,; that tho time of tho tax penalty be extended to the Ist of May; tho abolition of sinecure ofllcca; tho redaction of salaries: rigid economy in public expenditures, and that tho oppressive and unjust taxes now assessed and charged upon tho people bo reduced to the needs of an eco nomical administration of tho Government. Jieeolced, That wo will call a convention of farmers this fail, and put in nomination for olhco anti-ring, anti-monopoly, anti-capital, anti-corruptionist men* for officers for this county. A PAPER OF LEGAL KNOWLEDGE. To tho Editor of Tho Chicago Tribune , Bib: It is humiliating to tho lawyer* attf should bo to tbo public, to read law-books by persons who bavo no acquaintance with snob topics, and wbo do nob know tbo names or residences of tbo most eminent Jurists of tbo day. Thomas M. Oooloy edits a fourth edition of. Story’s “Constitutional Low,” and tbo scribbler for tbo Inter-Ocean, this morning, calls him Pro-* foaaor of Law in Harvard university. Ono> would think that a paper which pretends to roprosont • Western interests would know who Thomas M. Oooloy is: Professor of Law at Ann Arbor, Mich.. Judge of tbo Supremo Court. of Michigan, and author of “Constitutional Limitations. But think of a man writing crit icisms upon law-books wbo does not know wbo Thomas M. Cooley is, and does not know enough, to give duo credit to the West. But of tbo same character are tho men who - pass upon tbo ability of our own Supremo Court Judges, and wbo rejoice to see a person, like Mr. Craig take tho place of such a man as Judge Lawrence upon our own Bench. To such, shallowness have wo como. * A Laavyeb. Chicago, Juno 0,1873. SHALL WE CELEBRATE? To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sir : Tho so-called Jublloo baa ocjtue and gone* As a fluancial scheme, wo all knowhow success-. fulitwQS ; but, os a suitable celebration of tho groat rebuilding, it was a failure. We all know owover, that tho City of Chicago was in no wise, accountable for tho affair, auy more than it. will be for the next circus. ' But tho question' now is, Shall Chicago celebrate hor great re building ? Every true Chicago man will say, emphatically, Yob I During tho Exposition to-' bo hold next fall, lot us hold a grand public cel ebration,—ono worthy of our city. Tho Oth of October will witness the Exposition in fall blast/ and on that day—tho second anniversary of tho fire—lot us havo a grand Jubiloo concert, for which wo' havo plenty of tlmo to prepare. Lob us fire tho cannon, ring tho hells, and illuminate our buildings ; In a word, hold ono grand, > glorious, and genuine Jubiloo. Como, Chi cagoans, show' St. Louis and our oUior rivals'- what wo arofcdpablo of doing. Invito thoi world to cdifl6"and make merry with as. Cuioaqo, Juuo 0, 1873. Falcon. ' Tho Shall on Ilia Travels* A communication from Bt. Petersburg, print ed In Oalignani'aMeasengei', says : “ Tho Shah of Persia is expected hero to-morrow, May 22, aud will occupy tho ground floor of tho Winter Pal aoo, for, according to tho etiquette of the Court •of Toherun, ho cannot bo lodged in a higher story. Sixteen persons only of his suite bavo{ tho right of remaining under tho same roof as their Sovereign, so that all others will bo accom modated in tho city. All tho Ministers, except the head of tho War Department, accom pany tho Shah. Ills Majouty wished also to 1)0 followed by tho entire regiment of hie guard, and by his whole harem: but ho was dissuaded from that course, and only throe of his wives will soo St. Petersburg. Tho sum of money destined by the Persian ruler for tho expenses of hlu journey In Europe amounts, to 0,000,000 gold pieces, worth 11 francs 89 centimes each, or a total of about 100,000,00(1. francs. It is, however, well understood that when ho has onco set foot on the Eliasian tend-, tory hie expenses will bo paid by tho Treasury, / and In that way a sum of 200.000 francs has beets sot apart for his reception at Astrakhan. vernation turns much on tbe rubles which tha)- Eaatoru Sovereign Is to bring with him, of in appreciable size and water. Tho gala uniform, ortho Shah, all covered with diomoudi, la valued at 8,000,000 fiance.

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