Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 10, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 10, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TRima OP OODfiCmPTTOU (PATAStK TM ADVANCE 1 ), 1 c:3S! I ?vc n o 'l‘ls-.v;.v: ; : 8 S;38 Paris 0/ n year at tlio same rate. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo sure and give Post On ce address In (nil, Including Stale and County. Remittances may bo made cither bydraf t, o*proM, Poßt OSlco order, or lu registered letters, at our risk. TRRMB TO OITT BUllßOniHEnfl. Dally, dcllvorod, Sunday oscoplon. 86 cent* per week. Dnlli-. dollrorod, Sunday Included, 80 cent* por nook. Address THE TRIBUNE COMPANY-, Corner Mndlson and Dsatbotn.sls., Cbloaao, 111. TO-DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. LEY’S THEATUE-Randalph slroct. *»*lwocn .ml LaSollo. 11 Miriam’s Crime," and "Yo Clou tlo Savage." MOVIOKBH'B TIIEATIIH—sIfMh bjUwpon Doarbont unit Htnto. Tbo KftUo Putnam TroupO. •‘Old Ourloalty Shop. 1 ’ ACADEMY OF MUSIC - Ilalstcd street, between Madison ami Monroe. Theatre Oomlquo Combination. MYERB' OPERA ' HOUBK-Monroo .Irool Stato and Doarltnrn. Moran A Manning a Allnaliola. BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY-WB SOLD IN drawlojr of 82d April lest tho 0 . A nn^ sent; fnformatlon Rlvon. .1. U. MARIINEZ * CO., Hankers, 10 Wnll-Bt. P. O. Hex ICSS, Now York. BATOHBLOIVB ItAllt DYI2. THIS SPLENDID hnlrilyo la tho host In tho world. Tho only Jruo atid per. feet dye. llarmloM, reliable, andlnstantancouß, nodlMp- THiintmont s uo ridiculous tint# or unpleasant odor. Homo* Si™ Ih.llV.ltcnt. ol bad d,c. and 1T..1.M, IWnan. Im tuodiatoly a miporb black or natural brown, aud loaves tne hair clean, aofV and beautiful. The Bcmdna.alßned Vf. a, llatcholor. Jiold by all dfUffglati. 011AULK3 BATCH ELOK* Proprietor, N, Y. QIJjC. CWim. Tuesday Morning, Juno 10, 1873. A bill for tho hotter Government of Ireland, baa boon introduced into tbo British Parliament by Earl Russell, who proposes that tbo Lord Lioutonantoy ho abolished; and that tho Jury l&w bo so amended that a verdict may bo se cured by the concurrence of eight out of twelve jurors. A Farmers’ Board of Trado boa boon formed by the formers of DuPogo, Kendall, and Kauo Counties. Tbo farmers will moot on fixed days of tbo week in tboir hall at AYost Aurora, and soil tboir produce with all tbo advantages of competition with each other and between tbo buyers, as is done by the dairymen of Elgin, who have tried tbo plan of an Exchange for a year with good results. Tho English Government has a small war on hand with tbo Asbantcoo, growing out of tbo transfer of tbo Province of Elmlm by tho Dutch to the English. Tbo King of Ashantoo bos ob jected to tho transfer, and is bound to try con clusions with tho English to soo if ho cannot got It himself. Tho English, In tho meantime, have vory shrewdly secured the Fanils, a very strong tribe, as allies, aud will lot them do tho most of tho fighting. Tho Polaris survivors have boon secretly ex amined by Secretary Robeson, as to tbo cause of Capt. Hall’s death, aud tbo failure of tho expe dition. Nothing is officially disclosed of tho re sults of tbo investigation, but it baa " leaked "out that it shows Capt. Buddington, who was placed In so unfavorable a light by Esquimaux Joo’e story, to bo guilty, at tho least, of having de liberately deserted tho Tyson party. Ho is sold, whilo Intoxicated, to havo driven them at tho peril of tboir lives off tho ship to tho Ico-floo, ’where ho loft thorn with a scanty supply of pro visions to take tboir chances of roscuo or death. Annexation schemes abound. Washington pfficials aro now eager for tho absorption of Oautomala into tho Union, and no loss than two Gautomalans have waited upon tho President, to assure him of tho yearning of tboir fellow countrymen to bo annexed. Another annexation project is proposed, as a preventive for any trouble between this country and Mexico ovor such transgressions of tbo boundary Uno as Mackenzie's rocont Indian raid. What aro known as tho Mexican frontier States, aro to bo transferred to our dominion. In this way tho boundary lino would bo shortened, tho debatable land where tbo Indian marauders take rofugo would bo wholly under our sovereignty, and with tbo consideration which Mexico would re ceive for tho cession of the territory she would bo ablo to pay her debts. Even Capt. Jack has novor done anything moro dastardly than tbo massacre of fivo Modoc captives at Lost Rivor by tho Oregon volunteers on Sunday. Seventeen of tho sixty-throo Cottonwood Modocs, who surrendered a few days ago near Fairchild's ranch, woro on their way to Gon. Davis’ camp uudot tho escort of ono of tho Fairchilds, aud woro inter cepted By some Oregon volunteers, who delib erately shot ovory male of tho party. Nothing hut tho unexpected arrival of a detachment of troops seems to have pre vented tho murder of tho twelve women and children. Nouo of tho Indians woro armed, and tho affair was simply a butchery not less atrocious than tho assassination of Gen. Canby. Among tbo victims woro Sbacknasty Jim and Bogus Charley, and it is said that none of them woro under any indictments for murder, and that they hod not participated in any of tbo treacheries of tho band. Tbo Agricultural Congress which recently as sembled at Indianapolis, while it recommended and urged some vory Important measures with reference to incroaecd facilities of transporta tion, is moro nollcablo for what it failed to do khan for what it really' accomplished. Tbo Davenport Gazette remarks that while it gave Us attention to numerous canal schemes, especially of thoso in tho South, which will cost hundreds of millions of dollars to construct, wbilo tboir. uso Is problematical, it failed ontiroly to recognize tbo importance of tbo ship canal at tbo mouth of tbo Mississippi, which can bo constructed for tbo comparatively small sum of §6,000,000. No man who has examined this question doubts tbo absolute necessity of this groat improvement, and Us vital im portance to the interests of tbo producers of tbo Mississippi Valley and its tributaries* That the Convention should have ignored it ontiroly is Incomprehensible. Tbo Chicago produce markets wore steadier yesterday, with fi fair business. Moss pork was quiet and 100 per krl higher, closing at $16.70@ 15.75 oaeh, and $16.65(5)16.00 seller July. Lard was quiet, and 100 per 100 lbs higher, at $8.40(3 8.46 cash, and $8.66@8.C0 seller July. Moats wore quiet and steady, at C%(®6>tfo Udr sLoil dors, for short ribs, B'}£@BK° forshort clear, and 10@12o forsweet-ploklod bams. Lake freights were more active, and unchanged, at 0a for corn to Buffalo. IXighwinos wore quiet oud ptoady. at 000 per gallon.. Flour was dull and oaslor. Wheat was loss acllvo, and l@2o lower, closing at $1.24)£ cash 5 $1.24>6 seller tho month{ and: $1.22% seller July.. Coni wan moderately active, and . . %oslower, closing at 34%0 cash,- and 07%0 Boiler, July. Oats wore active and lower, closing strong at 23)^0 cash, and 20% c eollor July. Rye was active nud unchanged, at Olq. Barley was dull and nom inal nt CS@7Bo for poor to good No. 2. Hogs wore active and firm at ICo advance, with sales at $4.28@5.55. Cattle and sheep were un changed. i , THE SALARY GRAB, ■ Sir. John -T. Avorill, member of Congress from tho State of Minnesota, has published a letter in which ho justified his veto increasing his salary to $7,500 per annum, and defending such increase as on act of Justice. Mr. Avorill is ono of thoso members who hastened .to draw tho hack pay, assuming that the popular protest against tho action would soon bo forgotten. Tho storm of indignation has, however, In no wise abated, and Mr. Avorill now seeks to divert its forco from himself .by some most extraordinary statements. Ho claims that the increase from $5,000 to 87,600 is not in fact au increase of $2,C00, because the allowance for mileage and stationery has boon abolished, which items, in the ease of Minnesota members, amount to SI,OOO a year, and because of tho repeal of tho franking privilege, which, bo says, will subject him to an annual expense of SSOO to SI,OOO for postage on correspondence and on tons of documents which bo will dis tribute. This is not only special but very potty pleading. Congress voted tbo increase of $2,500 to all the members alike, loss tbo mileage and stationery. Tim allowance for stationery was SIOO a year, and that for mlloogo was according to distance. If Mr. Avorill resided at a greater distance from the Capital than tho avor&go mem bers, that was his misfortune; but when ho voted to pay himself something extra, bo also voted to pay tbo increase to tho groat body of tho mem bers whoso miioagowaa of inconsiderable amount. If ho voted for this increase, as ho says ho did, bocauso ho thought ho was entitled to It, then ho went into tho combination to plunder tho Treasury, receiving for bis veto much loss iu tho distribution than others. In extenuating tho guilt of porsbns committing robbory, the fact that ono received less of tbo plunder'than tho others does not mitigate tbo offense. Tho tur pitude is in tho act of robbory, end not tho amount taken. Out Mr. Avorill is excessively liberal in his estimate of what ho has exchanged fortho advance pay:,ooo, and postage SI,OOO, makes2,ooo a year; his back pay was $2,500; not receipts by him for two years SI,OOO, or an annual increase of only ssoopor year. Lot us state tbo case differently: Under: tbo law ho would have received for two years’ salary, SIO,OOO ; mileage and stationery, $2,000 ; post age, $2,000 ; total, $14,000. Ho voted to Increase tho salary for the past two years, and, according to his own estimate, re ceived : Salary, $15,000 ; postage, $2,000; total, $17,000, or $8,500 a year. When ho voted him self tho increase of back salary, ho did not re quire that ho should pay for tho $2,000 worth of free postage which ho had oujoyod; but adding that to his other receipts, bis not increase, ac cording to his own figures, wore $2,500 a year, which is tho largest statement of tho extent of tho robbory which wo have yet soon. Mr. Avorill cannot escape tho alternative presented by his own figures. If tho loss of tho frauklug privilege Is equal to SI,OOO a year) then its pos session must have boon worth that sum; and os ho did not refund tho postage when ho took tho incroaso of salary, ho must admit bo voted himself an annual not incroaso of $2,500 (after. deducting Ids mileage), or that his claim that tho loss of bis franking privilege will involve him In any unu sual expenditure for postage, la a gross exagger ation. Ail persons writing to Mr. Avorill, here after, will have to pay their own postage, and, of course, liko all other persons writing on their own business, will inclose stamps for return latter. Tho tons of dboumonts which Mr. Avorill oxpocts to pay tho postage on will not oxist, — ono purpose of repealing tho franking privilege being to get rid of that business. Hereafter, all persons* needing documents will have to remit tho postage for them. Mr. Avorill declares tb&t, if the act increasing tbo pay of members of Congress had stood alone, it would bavo passed, which statement is probably untrue to tho extent that, hod it not been included m an appropriation bill, it would not have rocclvod one-half the votes thatpaß Members of Congress know it was a fraud and a robbery, and they would not allow tho proposition to come to a vote as uu in dependent measure. Mr. Avorill bogs the question when ho declares that it Is “ universally conceded, in view of tho largely-increased cost of living at Washington," (bat justice demanded that tho salaries of mem bers of Congress should bo increased, and there fore there Is no complaint against tho increase made in tho pay of members of tho next Congress. Tho talk about tho increase in the cost of living at Washington is all nonsense. Mr. Avorill c&u live at Washington for as little money as ho can at Bt. Paul, If lie wants to do so. But there are in Congress a j largo number of wealthy men, who have ostab- | lishcd residences there, and who expend annually fivo to ten times tho amount of their salary in tho expense of their households. Any member of Congress who attempts to imltato that stylo of living can do so, so long as his money lasts. Members of Congress ore not elected to repre sent their constituents In tho social, but in tno political, circles of Washington; they do not send men there expecting thorn to enter into a social rivalry with foreign Ministers, wealthy capital ists, or with the lobbyists, whoso establishments are tho most expensive of all. They do not ex pect their representatives to llvo any moro ex pensively at Washington than they do at homo, and they have tho right to demand that repre sentatives who tako their families to tho Capital and enter into tho fashionable and extrava gant lavlahnoßß of social life will do as they would have to do at homo, pay tho ex penses out of their own pockets. There are members of Congress whoso expenses at Wash ington do hot exceed an average of $1,200 a year; and if members will d&nco, dine, wine, and entertain largo assemblies, and will eook iu dross and other charges to Imitate their moro wealthy associates, lot them do so at their own and not at tho publio expense. Tho salary of members of Congress, was but SB,OOO and mile age up until 1805-'O, and tho cost* of living was as high then as it Is now. Mr. Avorill refuses to recognize any difference in tho morality of the last Congress Increasing the pay of tho next succeeding Congress, and voting at the oloao of their own term a retro active increase of their own pay. In Mr. .AYoriU'ooase ttrtMTTM Jmt Uttlo difference.,— THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: TUESDA ho voting in both instances to Increase his own pay after ho had boon elected to servo at another stated 'salary. Arguing that as it was proper to increase tho salary of tho coming Congress, ho asks wherefore was It wrong to in crease their own pay. This logic Irresistibly demands why Mr. Avorlll, lu voting himself SG,OOO extra back pay, did not vote tho same back pay to his predecessors as far back as 1800, and oven further. Why not have voted tho samo back pay to tho widows and orphans of all tho members who havo died since 1860 ? And onco started on tho retroactive opera- Won, why limit it to two yoors, or flvo year o, or any other number of yoaro ? la Mr. Avorill a bettor roproßontntivo than hie predecessors ? And if bo considered himself entitled to enter tbo Treasury and tako $5,000 extra pay for past services, why did ho close tbo door to others who bad ns honest and as just a claim as ho had ? Tboro is no disguising tbo fact that tbo salary grab of the last Congress was without exception tbo most impudent raid over mado upon tho Pub lic Treasury. It is so recognized tbo country over, and Mr. Avorlll will find when tho timo comes that no sophistry or* equivocation can blind tho judgment of tbo people to tbo enor mity of tho act, nor to tho faithlessness and effrontery of those who have pocketed tho mill ion and a quarter of stolon money. THE BEEB QUESTION. Tho address delivered at tho Browers* Con gress at Cleveland by Mr. Louis Sohado, sotting forth some Interesting facts concerning tho mauufaoturo and consumption of lagor-boor, is , likely to draw additional attention to tho prac- , tico, already quito general among the intelligent people of this country, of making a distinction between molt drinks and alcoholic liquors. This distinction obtains almost universally la Eu ropean countries. Even in England, whore tho habit of taking strong drink provalls more large ly than on tho Continent, It Is customary to in- * oludo a dally allowance of boor in tho compen sation of servants and laborers. In Germany tho beverage Is national, aud tho Govern ment has frequently had to contend with popular uprisings when it has tampered with tho excise duties, just as It would incur tho indignation of tbo pooplo by legisla tion calculated to increase tho price of broad. Everywhere in Europe tboro is, and has boon for a vary long time, a strong disposition to en courage tbo manufacture and consumption of boor ad an agent of temperance among tbo peo ple. Tbo loading chemists of Europo, including tho lato Baron Liebig, have taken an active in-* tercat -in Improving its nutritious elements and preserving the purity of its manufacture. 1 Tbo statistics which Mr. Scbado presented at Cleveland show that boor Is likely to soouro as strong a foothold in this country as in Germany. There is reason to hopo that this condition will bo attended by equally good results, and that thorowill bp as small a proportion of drunken ness among tho American pooplo ns a whole no tboro is among tbo Gormans either at homo or in this country. Mr. Scbado tolls us that tho consumption of boor in tho North German Con federation in 1869 was 21.23 quarts per head, aud tho tax was 8.02 cents per head. Tho con sumption of boor in this country in 1872 was 20.47 quarts, and tho tax 21 cents per hood.' It is probable that tbo increase of consumption in Germany during tho past threo years will have mado tho consumption iu North Germany last year somewhat greater than in ibis country, but tho tax in this country is very much larger and tbo revenue proportionately greater. Tbo brew ing interest iu tho United States is represented as twice as largo os that of tbo distilleries. Tbo broworios and malt-houses are worth §56,- 790,083; they pay §7,459,220 annually, in wages; their materials cost $37,180,778 a .year, and there is an annual produot of §07,723,158. The browors employ 14,033 bands, and tbo Gov ernment enjoys a yearly revenue of between eight and nine millions of dollars from tbo manufacture of boor. On moral grounds, the amount of revenue which tbo Government re ceives, tho number of men who find employ ment, and tbo consumption of homo products at good prices, cannot justify tbo oncourago mont of on industry that is hurtful .to tbo mor als of tbo pooplo; but if, as many thinking poo plo aro coming to holiovo, tho moro general in troduction of boor*is calculated to improve tho habits of tho pooplo by roudoring-tho practice of drinking alcoholic liquors less common, then those circumstances bocomo an important stimulant for tho encouragement of tho manufacture. On tho other hand, tho temperance, or rather tho total-abstinonco, pooplo can never hopo to achieve their universal reform unless they begin at tho manufacture and prohibit it altogotbor. Whenever they shall undertake to do this, thoy will bo mot by tho producers of tho materials consumed in suoh largo quantities, by tho largo numbers who find employment directly and in directly in ' their manufacture, aud by all those who favor tho policy of making tho so-called luxuries of lifo, as distinguished from tho neces saries of lifo, pay tbo bulk of taxation. On this very ground, tbo prohibitory law of Massa chusetts is now* condemned by tbo formers and dairymen, who helped to pass it, because they find that their business is suffering from tho de cline of tho browing business.* Mr. Scbado also gives an estimate of what im migration has done to America, which is val uable in teaching tho importance of concessions to tbo social aud Sunday customs of thoso who come from other countries. Tho population of tbo United States in 1700 was 3,231,930. Mr. Scbado estimates that, if tbo increase from im migration bad boon cut off, and tbo increase bad oniy boon from tbo surplus of births over deaths, tbo population iu tbo United States in 1870 would have boon only 9,460,835 instead of 34,- 125,000, which was tho actual white population according to tho last census. According to this statement, which allows a moro liberal increase from births than in tho most pros perous and progressive nations of Europo, 21,450,835 of tho pooplo inhabiting tho United States are emigrants aud tbo descendants of, em igrants. Of tbeso, tbo Gormans, French, and Scandinavians, and perhaps a portion of tbo Irish, not so far removed from foreign ancestry as to have abandoned tho customs of their fore fathers, aro of a different way of thinking iu regard to drinking boor and keeping Sunday from that class of porsops who aro called Puri tans by Mr. Scbado in tho present controversy. It is, therefore, fair to consider in how far tho emigration from Europo&n countries bus boon encouraged by tho idea of tho fullest personal liberty in this country, and bow much tho doc trines of prohibition and a strictly religious ob i oorvanco of Sunday would affeot emigration In tbo future, if they wore adopted generally, or i tbo growth of. particular cities pud localities where those doctrines should ho applied. All those things nro of oonsoquonco in tbo consideration of tbo boor and tbo Baud*? quoa- tlono, which aro just now attracting considerable attention, not only In Chicago, but throughout tho country. Amdng tho notablo. Instances, of the disposition to regard boor os .occupying a distinct place from alcoholic drinks, may bo cited Gov. Dix’s veto of tbo Local-Option bill in Now York, because It failed to recognize this dis tinction, and tho failure of the bill to receive as largo a vote after tho veto as it did boforo. Tho Nation, too, in a recent article on tho subject, insilfts that this distillation should have a practi cal recognition by making taxation and restric tions on ilio manufacture and sale of, hoor.light or than thosodn the case of alcoholic drinks. A very serious difference of opinion exists among tho Now York papers with reference to tho healthiness of that city. WUUo tho World is laboring dally by statistics, descriptions of lo calities, and pictorial Illustrations of tho worst places, to prove that Now York is tho filthiest place on and Is. doomed to bo visited by epidemics of all sorts tills summer, tbo. Now York Times presents an array of comparative figures going to show that tho city Is ono of tho healthiest in tho world, and that there is no reason why strangers should not go thoro with .perfect Impunity. During tho month of May, last year, the number of deaths in tho city was 2,050, while iu May of this year it was 2,800, which shows that tho city is at least no more dangerous than at former periods. Tho Times follows this up with statement of tho mortality of forty-tlireo of tho loading cities of tho world, which wo roprodaco for tho sako of itsvaluoas a reference. Tho figures indicate tlio number of deaths to each thousand of tho popula tion, and aro as follows: Ban Francisco, 17; St. Louis, 20; Oincinnati, 20 Balti more, 25; Philadelphia. 20; Chicago, 27; Brooklyn, 28; Boston, 80; Now Orleans, 80; Halifax, 81; Now York, 82; Savannah, 80; Mon. troal, 07; Memphis, 40'; Valparaiso (Chili), 00- Turaing to Europe, tho rate is no follows s Zurich, 13; Genova, 10; Basle, 20; London, 2i; Paris, 21; Liverpool, 27; Leeds, 27; Glas gow, 28; Manchester, 28; Dublin, 29; Leghorn, 80; Venice, 80; Milan, 80; Vienna, 81; Genoa, 81; Stockholm, 81; Nice, 01; Havre, 81; Rot terdam, 81; Berlin, 82; Bologna, 82; Naples, 84; Florence, 85 ; Romo, 80; Prague, 41; Munich, 4i; and Cadiz, 44. Tho Times furthermore claims that the high rate in New York is partially duo to deaths in the public hospitals, prisons, and asylums, which are tho receptacles of tho pauperism and discaso of tbo Old World, and that, deducting those, tho doath rato would bo reduced to about 20.per 1,000, which compares favorably with all tbo loading cities except London and Paris. Tho Times maintains that tho city was novor in hotter con dition ; tho WoWd maintains that it was novor in worse. Tho Times claims that it is not filthy at all; tho World claims that it is tho filthiest city in tho world. Whoro doctors disagree, who shall docldo ? • Tboro Booms to bo a Tory Just appreciation outside of this Btato of tho eorious mistake which tho farm ova of tho Fifth Ju dicial District • have -made in defeating Judge Lawrence.and electing a. man in his place upon tho understanding that ho will declare tho law to bo, not what it is, but what they, for tho time "being, conceive that it ought to bo. Tho ovil tendencies of such action can not fail to command attention wherever tho bias which is responsible for It doos not oxist. Tho Now York Tribune justly spooks of it os “ a grave misfortune, of which tho farmers them selves will probably bo tho first to fool tho effects." It points out tho real dangers when it adds: “In fine, - tho farmers aro spoiling- their own campaign. If they can oloct a Judge pledged m ad vance to overturn a decision which they do not Uko, they may bo assured that tho rail way companies will try the samo experiment. 'What It moans to havo a railroad Judgo on the Bench wo know to our cost in Now York ; and wo can promise our friends in Illinois that they will find such a man very different from tho ablo and incorruptible Chief Justice whom thoy havo just got rid of.”'* Thoy havo blindly rushed in between two dangerous coasts. On tho one aide, thoy havo jeopardized their cause by giv ing out that thoy propose to overthrow monopoly, not according to law by which it may bo defeat ed, but by a subversion of tbo law,—a policy .which, if continued, will .alienate all sober, thinking people from them., On the other side, thoy have commenced a gamo (that of electing Judges to sorvo class-interests) at which two can play, and it is a gamo in which tho railroads aro likoly to havo tho best of it.' Tho Carlisle of Spain havo & hero whoso ex ploits ore more remarkable than those of Don Carlos. Ho is a soldier-priest, named Manuel Santa Cruz, and he was formerly tho oura of Hcmlaldo. Ho la a young man, bora lu 1812, and was ordained. a priest in 1860. Ono day, during the Corbet uprising of 1870,'h0 was asked to watch over a depot of arms for a fow hours. Tho arms belonged to - tho Oarlists, and tho young priest was reported to tho authorities. An order for his arrest was issued, and ho was obliged to fly for his Ufo. Ho first took tho hills, but after ward found lus way Into Franco.. On the first of September last, bo organized a Oavliat raid of bis own with twonty-nino men, whose association ho had scoured, and crossed over into Spain. His course from this on has

boon described to bo a series of successes, and bis name bos bocomo a terror throughout the provinces. Ho is popularly known as tho Aombre-demonto, tho man-devil, and tho peas ants havo fabulous stories to rolato of his atroci ties. His reputation in ibis regard Is of con siderable service to him in his guerrilla business, and his name is sufficient to procure whatever supplies may bo needed from tho country'people. His retainers are known as tho Black Legion. A correspondent who has interviewed him, how ever, maintains that Santa Cruz is not as black as bo is painted ; that ho is religiously devoted to tho causo of Don Carlos as just, and at tho close of every day’s march, which la alwaya as wonder ful aa If tho aoldior-prioat had the'seven-league boots, ho calls his band together and has them go over tho rosary, with beads In one bond and musket in the other. Henry Clay, in one of his speeches boforo tho Kentucky Legislature, took occasion to fortify his argument by a reference to "tho common law of England." Immediately, a lank Ken tucky hack member arose, and domoudod to know if wo woro governed in this country by tho common law of England. Mr. Olay explained, with his usual urbanity, that such was tho caao. "Then,” exclaimed the patriotic member," I movo to repeal it right away. Our fathora fought and blod and diod to ouenpo from tho tyranny of Qroat Britain, and if wo aro living undor thoir law uoiTi I nay it Is time wo stopped it Kentucky , JUNE 10, 1«73. blood was up. The indignant opponent of “the Common law of England"—an out growth of monarchical institutions—found many sympathizers and supporters. Tho mo tion was actually In danger of being carried, and it was only by repealed, explanations, and the exorcise of his utmost influence, that Mr. Olay prevented the Legislature of Kentucky from re pealing tho common law of England. Moat people think Mr. Clay woe right, and that tho worthy representatives of tho people In their aoßibwhat laughable Ignorance wore about to do a ridiculous thing. The editor of tho Journal la not of tho samo opinion. Ho sympathizes with tho baokwooda members In their opposition to tho common law. In on editorial on I'riday, speak ing of Judge Lawrence, ho says : Ito Is a complete Illustration of what can bo expect ed, bo long as our legal men draw their inspiration ex clusively from tlio codo of England, which is au out growth of monarchical Institutions. From this it Appears that Hoary, Clay and Judge Lawronco moot bo. put In tbo samo cate gory of “ unsafe and 11 dangerous " mod who daro to draw their law from authoritative and long tried sources, instead of from tho Chicago Journal Injustice to himself and tho masses whom ho represents, wo earnestly call upon tho editor of tho Journal, noW that ho has got rid of Judge Lawronco, to follow tho example of his Kentucky predecessor, and begin a vigorous agitation for tho immediate repeal of tho common law of England—tb&t'outgrowth of monarchical inati tutiona. The - English Court -has found itself in a ca rious predicament with roforonco to tbo otlquottb. which. shall bo observed towards Nasr-od-Din, tho Sbab of Persia/ who has Just arrived in Lon don. Tlio English aro particularly disposed to bo on good terms with' Persia while tho Russian invasion of Khiva is ponding, for tho sako of tho future good and glory of , their Indian Empire. Unfortunately, a serious obstacle stands in tho way, for tho Shah, wlthont recognizing tho do mestic habits of England, has brought throe wives with him. Victoria is too good and too magnanimously inclined to bo disposed to enter tain tho throo Mrs. Nasr-od-Dlus at the-samo time. Tho attaches of tho Court do not caro to ask tho Shah which ono of tho wives ho desires to have entertained, and they do not like to toll him that bat ono wifo can visit her Royal Majesty. Tho English Court Is, therefore, in serious perplexity. They want to keep on tho good side of tho Shah. They hod laid but & gorgeous programme of entertainment for him which was calculated to send him homo In tho best of spirits, bat now having got him they aro puzzled to know what to do with him. Tho Russians, meanwhile, ore progressing further and further in their Asiatic march of conquest. They have got an elephant of tho largest dimensions and no place to put him. At last accounts, no satisfactory solution of tbo problem bad boon reached, and mcauwbilo tho whitebait is spoiling at Greenwich, and there is a gloom at Windsor and Balmoral. Tho tolograph has brought tho intelligence of tho death of Frinco Heinrich Wilhelm Adalbert, tho grandson of tho lato King Frodorich Wil helm ll.,aud cousin of tho present Emperor of Germany. Tho deceased led a very adventurous life. Ho was born at Berlin In October, 1811, and entered tho Prussian army at a very early ago. Between 1820 and 1812, ho traveled in various parts of Europe, Asia, ami Africa, and afterwards crossed tho ocean-and explored tho coasts of Brazil. Boturning therefrom, ho wroto a book of advonturo, which had a vory largo circulation. In 1818, bo reorganized tho German National Marino, and published a work on naval subjects. 110 inspected tho gunboats wbicb Prussia constructed in 1861, and, when tho war with Denmark begun, received tho titloof Admiral. When tho French war oamo to ap end, tho marine of Prussia was transferred to tbo Federal Government, and Frinco Adalbert was continued os Inspector General of .tho Ma rino. Ho was married but. once. After tho Eisslor sisters, Fanny and Theresa, hod become famous tho world over, and made fortunes, bo made a morganatic marriage with Theresa, she having, boon first ennobled under tho title of the Baroness von Barnim. Ho is spoken of os having boon one of tho most gonial, as well as one of jtho most intelligent, of tho survivors of tho roignlng house of Prussia. Tho Now York Tribune, inan elaborate state ment of tho trade oij tho groat lakes, presents some very interesting statistics, showing a nota ble increase in tho moans of water transporta tion, The Erie Railroad la now running thirty steamers in all, with an aggregate carrying ca pacity of 25,000 tons. The Pennsylvania Rail road has a Hoot of twonty-ono steamers, ranging from COO to 1,600 tons capacity. Tho Atlantia & Pacific Lalco Company havo 8 steamers, and tho Western Transportation Company 12' passenger and freight steamers. Tho number of vessels of all kinds engaged has greatly in creased. In 1863, the lake' shipping was classified as follows: Stoamors, 143; pro pellers, 253 ; harks, 74 f brigs, 85 ; schooners, 1,060; sloops, 10 ; barges, 3 ; total, 1,010 ; total tonnage, .412,127; total valuation, 823,229,000. At tho close of 1672, tho estimation was about as follows: Stonmora of all kinds, 668; sail-ves sels of all kinds, 8,208; barges, 1,653; total num ber, 5,420; total tonnage, 717,299; total valuation, $53,843,000. Tho figures for tho present year, U Is believed, will show a decided increase over tho lost statement, both in tho number of ves sels built and their carrying capacity. Those figures show that, notwithstanding tho groat competition of tho railroads in tho carrying trade, tho lake trade has not fallen off, but that it can boar a much greater expansion before tho pro duce of tho Wost can find suflloiont accommoda tion for its moving. Tho presence of Count Audrassy, tho Hunga rian Premier, at tho Vienna Exposition, gave oc casion for some curious and interesting reflec tions. The man who now stands at tho head of tho statesmen of Austria and Hungary was ex ecuted in ofllgy In 1849, by command of tho Aus trian authorities, and driven out of tho country. Attention has boon drawn to the fact that . it was tho brief contest between Austria and Prussia, in 1860, which taught tho former Government tho imbecility of a policy which sought to hold tho Hungarians as a race of serfs or outlaws., It Is told that tho Austrian Emperor, before signing tho Poaco of Vienna, summoned ono of tho Hungarian loaders, and .asked If tho Hungarian people would furnish moans and mon for another campaign in case Austria would rostoro them their rights. Tho Emperor was informed that the proposition carao too lato, and was forced to submit to tho terms which’Prussia saw flt to dictate. The assumption that this experience taught Austria to mako Hungary a part of tho Imperial domln- Ilon, with a full share of equal rights, is well founded, and It le probable that tho i?roeout prosperity of tho Austrian Kingdom may bo tracod dlrootly to tho strength added by Hun gar(aa thrift and rosourcoa. Tho situation has changed indeed when tho refugee of MO holds tho first place in tho nation. Tho recent statement of President Eliot, of Harvard College, mado to tho Social Science As sociation of Boston, that tho coeducation of tho saxes is how on tho wano In tho West, especially at Oborlin Oollogo, whore it commenced, baa brought out a letter from President Fair child,of Oborlin, lauvhioh ho corrects President Eliot's statement as far as tho buccosb of. tho eohomo at Oborlin is concerned. Ho says: “There has boon but ono opinion among us in regard to tho succoio of tho 'exper iment,' and thoro Is not, to-day, tho first symp tom of a reactionary fooling among either teachers or pupils. Nor havp I tho slightest ev idence of any such reaction in tho schools of tho West that havo adopted tho system, and 1 am Bomowhat intimately acquainted with most of thorn. A fow days since I was at tho University of Michigan, whoro ladles havo boon in attend ance for two or throo years. Ono of tho Profes sors told mo that almost all tho Professors wore opposed to tho arrangement at tho outset—now, not ono.?’ k A writer in tho Now York Sun recoils, apropos of Qon. Grant's usual summer sojourn at Long Branch, tho practices of former Presidents in absenting themselves from tho Capital. Mr. Johnson sooms to havo sot tho first Important oxamplo of deliberate absence in his “ swinging around tho circle.” Mr. Lincoln lived and diod at his post, and his presence at tho Gettysburg ceremony and tho Hampton Beads conforonco, which was o'llbial, aro cited as tho only excep tions to his permanent presence in Washington. God. Taylor and his successor, Mr. Fillmore/ re mained constantly at Washington. Mr. Polk wont away onco to Tonnoasoo for a fortnight j Mr. Tylor, Mr. Vanßuron, and God. Jackson absented them selves only a fty times during thoir terms, and thou for a short period. It is estimated ’ that God. Grant baa already taken moro personal recreation than all tho other Presidents togeth er, from Washington to Lincoln inclusive. Mr. Rylanda, a member of tho British Parlia ment, has inaugurated a movement for a reduc tion of tho oxpondituro in tho diplomatic ser vice, which seems to havo struck a popularohord among tho pooplo. Tho tlmo when an Ambassa dor was of greater consequence than a monarch, -or Parliament, or tho pooplo, has passed away, and with it tho doslro to maintain a gorgeous rotinuo at ovory Court to Hatter tho national pride and entertain tho national tourists. NOTES AND OPINION. . Recurring to tho subject of tho Congressional salary-grab: How many have refunded it ? Treasurer Spinner keeps silent os to individuals, and has acknowledged nothing sinco tho fund was $112,000, contributed by twenty-seven per sons whoso names ho withhold from tho public. Wo then counted forty-two claimants of tho honor, and now count fifty-four, including Ham lin, Wright, Shollahargor, and Van Trump,, who aro sold’ to bo frauds. How many more aro frauds ? Hero aro tho names of all who show propor certificates:. Senator Coasorly, of California $ 070.10 Senator Pratt, of Indiana 4,120.00 Senator Sumner, of Massachusetts 4,444.00 Samuel 8. cox, ot Kow Xorlr 4,812.00 John M. Orobs, of Illinois 3,080.40 'William B.Holman, of Indiana..... 4,460,00 Phllotus Sawyer, of Wisconsin 4,171.40 Henry 11. Starkweather, of Connecticut...... 4,099.20 —Tho fact that no effort is being made In lowa to “ purify tho Republican party within tho party; " that there is absolutely no opposition within what is loft of tho party to Gov. Carpen ter's ronomlnation ; that tho primaries go by de fault ; that nobody (except tho managers) cares whether tho Republican State Convention meets Juno 25 or not, or whether it nominates Carpen ter or not, or who it nominates, or what it doop, is rather ominous. And this was tho party of GO,OOO majority in lowa. —What's up now ? Tho Davenport Gazette (organ edited by Postmaster) says : Tho Republicans of lowa owe it to themselves, and to their brethren in other States, to act with an eye to the political situation, and for tho general bonollt, by * putting their best foot forward in tho coming earn ing campaign. If thoy allow thomsolvcs to bo hood winked Into accepting a name, however worthy and respectable, that will possess no significance, ut homo or elsewhere, in' this peculiar crisis, thoy may have occasion to regret their mistake. —Tho lowa City liepublican (organ edited by Postmaster) acknowledges with dismay that tho farmers, who “ aro au overwhelming majority of thoprosont parties, M and might 11 run thorn just as thoy choose," have utterly abandoned tho time-honored Republican and Democratic organ izations. But thou, says tho oditor-Postmastor, hopefully; Thoy can form no closo corporation from which (hoy can exclude whoever is objectionable. —Gov. Carpontor sot up a little Grange of his own at Dos Moines, and got Into it, and was about to bo brought out in fino stylo, June 13, as a Grango orator, but tho Dos Moinos Leader says: The action of Capital Grange, inviting Gov. Carpen ter, through a committee of political friends, to ad dress the Granges an a certain day. was disapproved by tho Council of tho Patrons, it being regarded as a trap to forward the designs of politicians banging about Cos Moines. Tho refusal of the Granges outside of Dos Moinos to Join tho politicians, is . only a warn ing to tho ring of politicians who contrived tho scheme, and Gov. Carpenter Buffers by it. —Tho Monmouth (111.) lievieio, which labored for Judgo Lnwroucoand regrets hisdofeat, says: Tho supporters of Judgo Lawrence are Just na heart ily iu the movement of tho farmers against monopolies as aro tho friends of Mr. Craig, and will work just as earnestly to carry it to a successful termination. Row . lot tho Cfrangoa open tho boll lively for tho campaign this fall. — l The farmora of Ballard County, Ky., have borotoforo voted- os Democrats, and aro ropre- Boutod in Congress by a Democrat (Crosslaud) who helped himself and others to iucronso of pay. Tho Ballard farmers in Convention at Dlnndvillo, Ky., now say : /fosobed, That .wo,'the tUlora of tho soil, tho mon upon whom tho world relies for substance, do now como boldly to tho front and demand that tho gross Injustice Inflicted upon us by tho politicians, salary 1 grabbers, monopolists, and ring masters of tho laud, must and shall comutoanend If wo aro faithful to ourselves and to each other, wo shall con-' slltuto a power In tho land, tho power which, when ex ercised through tho ballot box, will accomplish any re form which good citizens tuny reasonably demand, and while wo beg to say that wo as a body proscribe uo class of men, yot, nevertheless, wo say to all that “ our uamolßlegion.” and wo “mean business,” and wo must bo consulted. —By tho farmoia of Fulton County, IU.: Resolved. That wo will work and act together In peaco and harmony, for tho aupproHMlou of thooo rings, corporations, and monopolies, whoso iron heel of op pression la planted upon tho breasts of tho laboring class of the people; James K. Magio, of tho Canton Register (Post master, professional lobbyist, and ofllco-jobbor), wanting to know whom tho mon of Fulton moan by this, is told they moon him, for ono. —By tho fanners at DoWilt, Iowa: Resolved, Thatwo flrmly believe tbo Stale cannot create a corporation It cannot thereafter control. Jtootaed, That wo have nouao for bogus representa tives, and wo pledge ourselves to voto for uo man not lu full sympathy with tho laboring dosses. * Resolved, That wo condemn the salary-steal of Con gress, and wo regard It our duty to bury politically every man, high or low, who took tho salary. —By tho farmers at Bollovuo, lowa i WncußAS, Wo have watched with deep Interest and profound Indignation the flagrant and repeated viola tluiu of law and public morula by high olQcluu lu tho misappropriation of publlo money, bribery, corrup tion, and systematic plunder la places of public trust; That wo will not hereafter lie dural by any politician or party, but will support for ofllco men of undoubted Integrity, men wboorolu favor of Just, honest, and economical administration of public affairs, regardless of polities or of party. —By the farmers of Columbia County, Wis.: ■WnxnxAß, In Urn present demoralized condition of the two political parties it la Impossible to get any leg hduUuU| whether w Ut State bciiUwtwq that protects or does justice to tho laboring o!asses { and • Whereas, Corruption and dishonesty luvvopsnncs ted through all onr Judiciary, rendering it impossible to got a fair decision that will bus Inin tlio laboring classes lu thoir rights ; and , Whereas, Corrupt State Ingislation ban been such as to cranio am! honor moneyed monopolies and cor porations, who, with their greed for gain, havo ex torted, and continue to extort, unjustly, from the la boring classes; and Whereas, Tho laboring classes have been betrayed by their representatives, both In National and State Legislatures, until tho colt of tho golden serpent has throttled labor, making inaction a sin and forbearance tio longer a virtue. Jiaolvcd, That wo, as laborers, do cordially invito all who foot aggrieved and are interested to Join with us. By tho farmers of Fiilmoro and Mower Conn ies, Minn.: Jtesolved, ThSt the farmers of (his Convention recommend and urgo upon farmers throughout tho Htato tho organization of a now party, to bo known as tho farmers'party. “Is it not tlmo for tho pooplo to take tho management of affairs into their own hands, and say to tho bummers, “Standback? Havo wo not bad enough of private and personal ad ministration { enough of peculation, swindling, and salary-grabbing; enough of corrupt legis lation, and corrupt Interpretation of tho laws ? Is it not timo to havo reform in all departments of Government, State as woll as National ?—A farmer w Portland (Me.) Argun, ■ —Lawless railroad corporations, under tho false, designing plea of “ developing tho re sources of tho country," ore robbing us of every thing. Our State Legislatures are packed with railroad ofllolals and professional offlco-sookora who control logislotlon and shape it to bonoflt their own corporations at our expense.— Farm* ere’ Address at Portage,. Wis. —Fostered nnd fattened by tho ruinonn polio, of an ImbooUo and groveling admlnletritlon, tho moneyed rings "of tho country havo grown to such proportions that nothing short of a general uprising of tho working masses can ebook thoir encroachments, and save tho nodes nf tho roo -810 from tho yoko that Is being fastened upon 10m .—leaventeotih (Kan,) Argus. —A question which has already secured tho earnest discussion of groat communities, is not ono to bo glossed over by foir words or by fair promises. Neither la it a question which cau bo so individualized that merchants, mechanics, “laboring men,” oto., can stand aside and say— this is a war botwoon farmers and railroads—lot them fight it out. It is a contest in which wo arc all interested—tho pooplo on tho ono sldo and tho railroad monopolists on tho other. —Mock Island (111.) Union. — l Tho right and only successful way is to os snrotboDO Western farmers wo are with them, and then, if wo can, with thoir aid, rosouo tho nation from tho hands of corrupt mon.— White* hall, (N. Y.) Times. —lt was mon to/io got mad that lodoff in tho anti-slavery crusade of 1835, and it is thoy whoso temper is none of tho best, in view of tho times, that must load to-day,— Muscatine (Iowa) Trib une. —Tho monopolies cannot bo overthrown tm« less their friends bo turned out of oflico, and tho friends of tho anti-monopolists oloctod. This must bo done.— Peoria (111.) Democrat. —Tho laboring classes can never expect relief at tho hands of tho old political parties, con trolled in tho interest of a few arrogant and cor rupt men who boliovo in tho rule or ruin policy 5 and it is to thorn tho laboring men owe their slavery monioyod monopolies. Tho laboring men now have tho strength and power in their own hands.— Paxton (11Q Journal. —Tho withdrawal of tho farmers from both ot tho old party organizations is patent to ovory well-informed citizen of Iowa; and it is this fact that has caused tho iluttoring recently among tho railroad monopolists, tho professional wire pullers, and office-seekers generally of tho domi nant party.— Keokuk Constitution. -An honest and united dopartnro like this will bo successful. In this plan of action wo aro sustained by ovory loading farmer who has mado known his views to us, and wo think wo will bo very generally sustained by every thinking man for reform in tho State. —lowa Homestead. —When it is tho open boast of railway man agers that they can bribe Legislatures and cor rupt courts to suit their own nefarious purposes, it is time pooplo awakon and boo to what dangers they are exposed. This issue should extend be yond tho limit of a class movement to tho wholo pooplo, whoso good imperatively demands re dress from tho ovils of monopolies. —Jqffcrson {lowa) Dee. ‘ —Tho farmers understand what they aro about. They can disregard all tho mock alarm of party newspapers with perfect safety. Thoy-may rest assured that tho fears that the organization will booomo political are simply tho expression of an apprehension that the Patrons of Husbandry will not become the natrons of either of tho old parties. —Evansville (Jnd.) Journal. —There seems to bo but one expression among tho people of Northwest Missouri, and that is that this is a movement in tho right direction. Aside from immediate and material benefits, tho whole country will bo benefited, mid political unity and peace will prevail—a consummation in itself most devoutly to ho prayed for.— Platte City (Mo.) Landmark. —'The Philadelphia Ledger, which is over watchful of tho iron interests of Pennsylvania, is apprehensive that " tho fooling now existing -against tho railroads need not belong continued, to begot hostility to tho present tariff, to which tho farmers will presently givo their undivided attention. Tho next ory wul bo, Down'with the tariff I” OTTAWA, ILL. Drunlcon Riot Over a bog Fight—One Rian Nearly JPoundcd to DcaHi«« oC a Woiiltl-lio murderer* Sptcial Diipfltch to The Chicago Tribune. Ottawa, 111., Juno O.—A fearful fight oc curred in tho northom part of this city on Sun day evening. A party of a dozen men woro at a houso visiting, and all got pretty drunk, when a dog fight caused a general riot, reuniting la a man named Sir getting pounded nearly to death. Tho caso of Riloy, for an attempt to kill the City Marshal of Mondota last April, camo up in tho Circuit Court hero to-day. Tho Marshal tried to arrest Riloy for an alleged violation of a city ordinance, whon tho lattor turned.upon tho Marshal and tried to out him to death, and camo near accomplishing his purpose. Tho trial ex cites considerable interest. MADISON. Got* ‘Waslilmrn Circuit Conr(-« Cliuroli Reopening:* Special btapatch to The Chicago Tribune. Madison, Wis., Juno 9.—Gov. Washburn loft this afternoon to attend an adjourned Indian Council at Sparta for tho purpose of persuading tho reluctant Winnobagoos to remove to tbo In dian Territory. Tho United States Circuit Court moots hero to-morrow, and Justice David Davis of tho Su premo Court la expected to sit with Judge Hop kins. ~ , Tho Presbyterian Church hero, on which flomo $9,000 have just been spent in improvements, was reopened yesterday, and by tho appeals ol the now pastor, tho Rev. L. Y. Hayes, lato of Ottawa. 111., $11,200 woro pledged on tho spot to wards tho liquidating of all indebtedness. lowa Press Association* Cedar Rapids, In., Juuo 9.— To-morrow morn ing, at U o'clock, tho Press Association of lowa moots at tho Union Opera-House. An informal mooting will bo bold at tho ofllco of tho Republi can, Tho address of welcome wUI bo delivered by Judge N. M. Hubbard, and tho reply by Col. •J, P. Troyuor, President of tho Association, and tho annual address will bo delivered by Waldo M. Potter, of tho Davenport Gazelle, and tho Eooraby J. L. Orooroy, of thoDubuquo Times. ut few editors aro iu tho city now, though all wIU probably arrive on tho night trains. On Saturday night tho City Council made on ap propriation of $2,000 towards tho entertainment of tho Association. Tho affair has every ap pearance of a grand success. Is Ifto One oC tlto Renders 1 Social A to The Chicago Tribune. Brooklyn. lowa, June O.— A young man sup posed to bo William Bonder, giving bio name as Ely Avery, is boro under nrrost. His actions aro suspicious. For about, two wooka bo baa boon In this vicinity, and for a fow days bo worked in a brickyard. His employer bocamo dissatisfied with bis movements, and discharged him, Tho losu of a job had no depressing effect, as bo remarked bo could make mpro money than tbo proprietor of the brickyard, and at tbo samo timo showed a big roll of notes. Throe Students Drowned. Kew York, Juno I).—While tho pupils of tho Bov. Mr. Bollock's school, at Norwalk, Conn,, wore boating on Saturday afternoon, accompa nied by tboir teacher. tbo atoamor Americas ran into ono boat, capsizing it, and three boyo wore drowned. Thoir names are Charles J. Bostwiok, of Auburn, N. Y.: Edward Morris, of Troy, N. Y., and William 13. Crane, of Somers, N. Y. Fntnl Full* Coatesvtlle, Pa., May 0.— I Throe painters fell from tho Pennsylvania Railroad bridge, at Cen troßvillo, this afternoon, by the breaking of tho scaffolding. Henry Ulrich and Joseph Lewis nwi ;wj but!« (UkU tokw,

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