Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 12, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 12, 1873 Page 2
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2 BERLIN. Results of the Last Session of the Prussian Diet. The Four New Ohui'oh-Laws, and the Now Departure. The Prussian “Union” Parly, and Its Prospects in the Coming Campaign. 1 Portly Theological Character of the Can vass—Tho Important Bole of tho Old Catholics. Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribime. Berlin, May 23,1873. Tbo last session of tbo present Prussian Par liament has come to an end. Tho weapons have been forged by which tho Stato, this time sup ported by all' tho different fractious of Liberal ism, is to fight tbo battlo AGAINST DLTHAMONTANISM AND SOCIALISM, —two powers that, however intrinsically opposed to each other, still unite In tho same wish and endeavor of seeing tho present Government yea, tbo Stato Itself—pulverized to atoms,-In order to profit by the then incoming chaos. Tho coming elections, both for tho Prussian and German Parliaments, will, therefore, bo un usually lively and strongly contested. To under stand the moaning and bearing of tho groat struggle soon to commence, or, rather, of this now act of tho groat drama, a review of tlio lalo Parliamontaiy action will greatly aid. Everybody recollects the opening of the groat Bismarck orueade against tho Order of Jesuits, ending with their expulsion from tho Empire. But this measure was only tho precursor of other far more Important ones. Though tho Jesuits had left, their spirit remained, or, rather, their disciples, being in possession of all tho high places in tbe organization of tho Catholio Church in Qonmfliy, continued in their resistance against tbo Government, and in their strenuous adhe sion to tho Infallibility doolrino, and Us (to tbo Stato) dangerous consequences. This audacious spirit on the part of tbo Church-loaders had to curbed, and tbo sources from which it recruited itself had to bo stopped and choked up. To at tain those ouds, tho Constitution of Prussia itself HAD TO BE GUANOED { the principle, "A free Church in a froo Stato,”, moro or less embodied in tbo old Constitution of 1350, had virtually to bo declared a failure; and, instead of a complete separation of Church and Btato, wo have got tho former subordinated to tho lattor in somo important reflations. While, according to tho gld Constitution, "Tho Evangelical and tho Roman Catholic Catholio Churches, as well as all other religious denom inations, aro loft froo "to rogulato aud admin ister thoir affairs independently, or in a self governing manner,” tho now amendment adds: "Imt they remain subject to tho laws of tho Btato, aud to tho legally-ordained inspection by the State.” By moans of this amendment, tho Government has boon enabled to bring in four bills, thathavo nil boon passed by groat majorities, aud that will form tho GREAT FEATURE OF THE COMING CAMPAIGN. AU parties, except tho party of tho Right Coq tro,- tho special representatives of Catholicism, with somo members of tho oxtromo Right, united in tho support of thoso bills; and, iu consouuonco thereof, wo shall have tho spectacle of seeing Liberal candidates getting tho votes of Conservatives, aud Conservative, or at least Free (Liberal) Conservative, aud perhaps oven New Conservative (tbo name of a faction just formed) candidates elected by moans of votes coming from Iho camp of tho National Liberals and of tbo Progressive party. Tho political lino of domarkation will bo, this summer aud fall, between the " enemies of tho Empire,” tho Ul tramoutancs anil thoir allies of the Socialistic, Democratic, or oxtromo Conservative stamp, on ono side, and the National Liberals, tho Progres sives, tho Freo Conservatives, tho New Conser vatives, and tho Conservatives, on tho other. The issue baa boon forced upon tho Administra tion by the other side. The grievous faults of the reactionary period of 1819 and 1850 had come homo to roost. The former policy, of lotting tho Catholic Bishops do as they pleased, iu order to cot thoir aid against the terrible Democrats, had brought about a greater danger than over Dem ocrats wore, aud IT WAS SELF DEFENSE when such laws as that directed against Jesuits, aud now again tho four so-called church laws, had to bo passed. But tho recent refusal, on the part of tho Brit ish Parliament, to pass Mr. MiaU’s bill to dises tablish tho Anglican Church, and tho increased majority against his bill, give proof that another current has sot iu ; that the hopeful confldonoo in tho eventual lying down of State and Church with each other, like lamb and wolf, has suffered shipwreck; audthot,inQormanyatloast,theStato Is resuming ogaiu its sovereign and self-assert ing position m regard to Church, school, and other establishments, and corporations gener ally. Tho aim of tho four now Prussian laws is u two-fold ono : In tho first place, tho Bishops shall bo INTIMIDATED AND CHECKED in thoir proceedings against priests and laymen ; tbo power of suspending priests from office on the part of Bishops is considerably curtailed; tho common priests aro placed under tho protec tion of tho Stato ; and a now tribunal is estab lished to decide between Bishop aud priest, between excommunicated laymen and Bishop. Tho latter is threatened with heavy fines if ho acts in contravention of tho now laws, and be may, iu somo cases, oven bo himself sus pended from office. But all theso fines aud punishments will avail little unless tho Catholio masses themselves come to approve of tho new laws, aud to comprehend tho necessity of cer tain limits beyond which no Church can bo allowed to go without causing tho very existence of State and society to ho seriously endangered. The second and principal ond of tho now laws is to procure a bettor, a MORE PATRIOTIC CLASS OP PRIESTS. The first law strikes a blow against the present system of finishing Catholio theologians by moans of seminaries. Tbo old system is now re enacted. The Catholic theologian has to study again iu Gorman universities, whore he comes in contact with modern science, with students of other faculties besides theology, with tho groat now spirit of Gorman nationality and Gorman Fatherland. Tho boys’ seminaries and boys’ convicts, —thoso nurseries of futuro Ultra montane priests and tools of Romo, —have to close up thoir business; no now pupils aro to bo received; but bo who wants to bo a priest In Prussia has to go through tho publio high school (gymnasia) and universities. Tho artificial seclusion and ono-sidodnoes, tho characteristics of tho present system, have to como to a sudden end. Finally, no priest can outer into his officp if tho officers of tho State (in this caso tho high oat official of tho respective province, tho "Obor President”) protest against it, aud this protest maybe justified by facts, by which "tho pro sumption Is satisfactorily sustained that tho person [nominated or appointed by tho Bishop or other superiors] will resist tho laws of the State, or counteract tho legal orders of tbo au thorities. or disturb tho public peace.” By this olauoe, tuo Government iu endowed with ; A PERFECT VETO-POWER Id regard to such ecclesiastical appointments as may seem to run against the interests o t the State. It is remarkable that tho Orthodox Prot estant clergy, though also dissatisfied with the present Secretary (Minister) of Puhlle Worship, Falcko, has more or less given in its adhesion to the now laws, considering them practically only intended for tho curbing of Ultramontane en croachments on tho territory of tho State. Tho Kmnqelicai Church Gazette oven contouda that, as oftioial Catholicism has dared to assort its in fallibility, it is also tho right of tho world to as sert Us infallibility, and that Ultramoutouism, first of all things, Ims to ho chocked. Tho campaign will, under those clrcuatnncos, . partake of a peculiar character. Tho Prussian Cabinet, sinco the retirement of Solchour and Itzonplita (caused by tho grout philippics of Lasker against tho Privy Counselor Wagner), containing a clear majority in favor of tho Now Departure, will throw its weight against ill Ultramontane candidates, and all such ultra-Oou aervativo ones as have heretofore aotod, or aro likely to aot, in unison with tho Ultramontanos. The National Liberals—do facto tho ruling party, though not represented by men of their own stripe in the Cabinet—are forming everywhere coalitions with tho Progressives or. in elootlon dietricts where it is necessary, with the Free Conservatives, quo of whom, Aehenbaoh, baa just boon appointed Minister of Commerce, in the p|aoo of Count Itzoriplitz. It In not impos sible the National Liberals rahy tblo fall aolilCVO A CLEAR MAJORITY in tho Prussian House of Deputies—a result novorboforo attained .yet, and promising groat consequences, among others tho cessation of such compromises as are made necessary by tho want of a majority. Tho Ultramontauers will call npon Hooron and Hollptboy will appeal to, and speculate on, tho Ignorance of tho mosses ; aud, as tboy bovo.a roliablo and active agent in each village,—l. 0., tho priests,—they will bo able to add a few more seats to tbo fifty or bo which they occupy. The Boats which they may possi bly gain wfll bo lost by that olota of Ultra-Con servatives that does not like Bismarck, nnd is moroßoyal than* tho King hlmsolf. Tho bottlo will, therefore, bo fought, not on new Issues, but old ones. Tho question will not bo about a policy for tho future, but about tbo support of the State in Us assumed position. The end will probably bo tbe COMPLETE ISOLATION OV TUB TILTH AMONTANES. The alliance of political fractious in favor of tbo present policy of tbo Government reminds ono of tbo poaitlqn of tho Republican party after tho ohOotmept of tbo Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments ; It is tbo defense of those Amend ments, not tho laying out of now work, on tho Btrongth of which they—l. 0., tho Liberal parties —claim reflection on tbo part of their constitu ents. Tho political programmes present, there fore, no now points. The novel feature of the campaign itself will bo tho combined attack from all parts of tho Government parties (for in that light all tho above-mentioned' fractions will practically appear) upon tbo dogma of Papal Infallibility, and tbe unheard-of assumptions of Sower based upon it. Tbo importance of tbo Id Catholio • movement, from a political standpoint, is self-evident, and also tho interest tho Government has in promoting that movement. So intlmato is yet the connection of Church and State, or, rather, such a power is still inherent in religion, that tho coming campaign will necessarily UK lUCLiaiOUfluY TINGED { and it will be tbe task of tho press to circulate largely the ideas sot forth by snob men os Bol linger, Friedrich Bluntsohli, and others, against the new doctrines about tho relations between Church and State, assorting themselves under tho pretense of being the authoritative voico of the whole Catholio world. The death of tbo Pope, and the election of a loss obstinate suc cessor, would, of oourso, greatly facilitate tho victory of tho modern State aud its representa tives over xncdirovol dreams and strange anachro nisms. E. SOULAEQEB. PALMER AVENUE. 3b the Editor of The Chicago Tribune. Sm: From tho standpoint of common citizen ship, I deslro to oall attention to a matter of justice which has boon long noglootod, but which should be neglcotod no longer. I alludo to an old suggestion, that tho name of State street should bo forovor erased, and tho namo of palmer avonuo substituted in its place. Btato street, as a namo for ono of oar greatest thoroughfares, shouldcoaso to have an existence, for tho reason that it is a namo common to al most every city and town in tho country. Chi cago is an original city, and should bo original in small matters as well as groat. Lotus not imitate Boston, or Now York, or London, or Paris. Nothing is moro contempt ible than such imitation. Thoro Is *not a man on State street who would not bo glad to boo this name exterminated. Palmer avonuo would not only bo a ranch finer namo in sound, but would, moroovor, bo a graceful compliment and act of justico towards tho gentleman who has staked his all in making it what it now is, and what it is to bo. Every disinterested citizen must see tbo em inent propriety of such action. Lot a few citizens draw up a proper petition to tho Com mon Council, aud I entertain no doubt that such a change would bo sanctioned by that body. Tho ontiro city would say Amen. Mr. Palmer may bo called iho father of our now architecture. Ho, first, boforo tho firo, at largo oxponso, erected buildings for commercial Eurposos, iu which tho idea of beauty was om odied. By so doing, bo stimulated others. Wo wore all proud in looking -at tho old Field «fc Loiter store, and in tolling our friends that it was built by a successful Chicago merchant, No ono grudged him his wealth. Ho expended it where ho had mado it. Ho expended his wealth "like a prince,” as they say, but nobler and moro generously than tho uorvoloas Princes of modern times. Thoro is no estimating tho good which ho has done. The now Chicago, or tho ideas upon which it is founded, sprang from iho ashes of tho magnificent buildings ' which Pot ter Palmer nad erected as tho forerunners of tbo futuro. He sowed tho seeds from which tho present palaces of trade have orison. How strange it scorns that, in a city so practical as Chicago, tho othoroal ideas of beauty in archi tecture should have taken such deep root I Tho services of Mr. Palmer should bo univer sally appreciated. Losing millions by the fire, no ono has hoard him utter a word of complaint. A merely rich man is nothing iu a community. Ho is oftentimes despised. It has boon said, and with a groat deal of truth, that " twenty first-class funerals ” would provo of inestimable benefit to Chicago. Thoro aro millionaires in this city who are always talking of tbo groat things they aro going to do, but do nothing, Tho only things thoy ovordo with vigor is to oppose au public improvements and to fight all taxes. Such men aro a cureo to any community, and wo bavo a protty good crop of them in Chicago. But there is a wido contrast between thoso anda man of the stamp of Mr. Palmor. Mr. Palmor is a workman. From 7 o’clock in tho morning until 0 iu tho evening, you will find him any day in tbo vicinity of his hotel, carefully superintending everything that is done. Ho has consulted many architects, and has personally inspected tho greatest hotels on tbo European Continent; hut, after, all, he Is himself tho architect of his own building. Ho asks no credit, but ho deserves it, neverthe less. Lob tho street bo called by his namo. It ought to, and I most sincerely hope it will bo douo. Even on tbo score of interest, every one owning property on the street would be bene fited. The namo, known now throughout tho country, would add to tho consoquouco of tho street, and would tend to add to tho value of its property. - what a monument Mr. Palmer Is now build ing 1 There will bo no hotol-buildlng on tho face of tho oarth to compare with it in con venience, security, durability, and substantial elegance and rofinod taste. It will bo of its kind, "ono of tho wonders of tho world.” All citizens of judgment concede this, unless they chance to be the owners or keepers of other buildings of a similar nature. It cannot be ex pected that ono hotel proprietor will go into ex laalos over another man’s hotel. Wo must not ask too much of human nature. The Pacific is a grand affair; tho new Tremont Is a model of beauty and proportion; tho Bhor man Is an ologaut structure, unostentatious iu its oxtornal appearance, but full of good things within. Thoso hotels aro on honor to tho city, and will, beyond question, be generously sus tained by tho public, as thoy will well deserve to bo. How astoniohlng aro'the fruits of tbo groat firo! Tho old structures stood In tho way, and thoy woro consumed in order that a Garden City might riso upon thoir ruins; Values, so far from being destroyed, have actually boon onohanecd. Tboao who lacked confidence before aro now full of faith. Everything has an upward tendency. Tho world roalizos that a city which could so soon recover from tho most extensive conflagra tion of ancient or modern times must bo in destructible.’ An enormous physical power Ims boon shown. It remains to bo soon whether Chicago possesses those groat moral and intellectual forces with out which no city can bo truly groat, however, numerous its population or beautiful its palaces. How moan is oust, unless aminatod by tho shin ing spirit or the inner electric’ fires I Respect fully yours, J. Esaias 'Warren. The Kansas fc'loud* From the Leavenworth (Kan.) Times, June 8. Probably tho heaviest rain-storm that over swept over our broad prairies visited tho central and western portions of our Skate on Sunday and Sunday night of tho 2Clh ult. Tho heaviest por tion of the storm seems to have fallen in Morris, Marion, Chase, Lyon, and Osogo Counties. The Burlington I J alnot says the Cottonwood and Neosho Rivers wore, on Tuesday morning, at Emporia, out of their banks, and tho entire val ley on both sides of tho Cottonwood, from Em poria west as far as Toledo, a distance of about nine miles, was almost completely Inundated. Many of the farmers wore compelled to move their families out to the higher lands. Tire Kansas, Arkansas, and other streams have been higher than known for years, and railroads, culverts, bridges, ami other portable property has suffered to some extent. Wo are glad to learn, however, that the damage to crops has been greatly over-estimated, and tho loss in this quarter is comparatively trilling. Fortunately, the flood subsided as rapidly as it came. hardly interrupting tho regular routine of daily busi ness. THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, IRISH ALL OVER. i Tho Exposition They Arc Gelling Up for Angus!. It Will Be Irish-Amerioan and Inter- Continental. , In Order to Insure Success, They Will Issue SIOO,OOO Irredeem able Bonds. Tho Fair to Bo Hold at tho West Side Kink and Thereabouts, The Jubilee Is over. Tho men who got it up have retired as millionaires. The thousand lit tle children who sang on Friday, and who then woro tbo envy of ihoir class-mates, have become ordinary mortals, and aro cuffed aud spaukod Just as if they and Gilmore bad not taken part In tho grand glorification. The crowds who oamo from villages and from corn-growing farms, bavo gono borne. It has boon generally taken for granted that after tbo hurrah of last week, a stato of quiet would continue through sultry July aud August, and until tbo Exposition of September comes to enliven tbo autumnal months. It la assumed that daring the months which aro immediately before us, city people will be busy visiting their country cousins, and will not care about getting up anything which may take the rural frlamla from homo. During ; those months, tbo gamester learns now tricks, tho bankrupt goes through tho courts, and gets whitewashed for tho fall trade ; the young lady who baa boon jilted, picks up a husband and casts away her willow; tbo parson finds time to write now ser mons, or tinker up old ones. All Ufo takes a re cess. So it would have been this year too, but for one of tbo elements in Chicago life which is 00 erratic in its movements, that it utterly defies all calculation. It baa as many moods and faces as the laughing Proteus. * To-day it is sobbing at a wake ; to-morrow screaming In a shouting jig. It votes for Dan O’Hara and Charley Far woll. It is never whore it is expected to bo, and very of ten whore It is not wanted at all. Who but iho Irish would ever dream of organ izing a jubilee to last through throe August weeks ? It takes the descendants of the soldiers of Fontonoy, and Flcton’a fight ing veterans, to attempt ■ such a thing. It requires men who have a genius for attempt ing the impossible to undertake to draw a crowd hero iu burning August to break in upon the tranquil current of onr lives, and drag us from cool homos to iho hot Rink, which from tho Ith to tho 23d of August is to ho an epitome of tho history, productions, and curiosities of Ireland, and to show that though yet beneath tbo Sax on’s yoke, “she lives, she breathes, she burns.” Tho name given to this affair is the “ National Iriah-Amorican Inter-Continental Exposition and Ghuroh Fair." It is'under tho patronage of the Irish Literary Society, tho Foniou Organization, the United Orangemen, and St. Jaiiatu’sOhurob. From this list of names it will bo soon that tho millennium is near at hand, and that united Ire land in America is no longer a dream. If there is any Irishman who is outside of those organiza tions, ho must bo a traitor to his native laud and a British hireling. Tho objects or tho Exposition arc to acquaint Chicagoans with tho resources of Ireland,'to promote tho growth of unity among Irish men and women, and to raise money for St. Jarlath’s Church, which is named after an Irish gentle man who was a Christian in those days when ono risked something by it, and who. having boon captured by tho Danes, was put to death by them, “ under circumstances 01 peculiar atroci ty,” as the papers say. The reasons for holding the Exposition at so lato a date aro numerous and satisfactory. A supply of tho valuable relics and curiosities which aro to bo exhibited will have to bo manu factured, and tho money which is needed for starting tho enterprise has to bo raised. The needful Is to bo raised in tho usual way, by tho sale of bonds to the amount of SIOO,OOO. These bonds, which will soon bo ready for delivery, aro very beautifully designed, and are of unusually largo size, it being intended that any uncertainly as to their ultimate payment shall ho compen sated for by their bigness. Neatly framed, they will form an ornament for any parlor,' and will servo to keop fresh, in tho minds of their own ers, the memories of the Exposition. They aro printed iu groou, illustrated with historical scones, such as St. Patrick banishing tho snakes, tho battle of Olontarf,. Donnvbrook Fair, tho relief of Londonderry, tho battle of Ridgeway, etc., and profusely ho sprinkled with little harps and shamrocks. It has neon decided not to have coupons, since it would bo a constant source of trouble to the bondholders to bo sending to Chicago] every year or so for their interest. There Is also some question as to tho timo to bo fixed for promising to pay tho principal, and it may never be settled. It Is oxpootod that a market will bo found for those among lovers of art, servant girls, patri otic Celts, and Americans who want the Irish vote. Tho Hon. O. D. Farwell and tho Hon. J. D. Word aro expected to invest largely, and the Temperance Bureau, which has lately boon flirt ing with the Irish, and attempting to bring about a coalition of whisky and water against beer, will bo requested to prove its faith by its works, and to subscribe to tho liish-Amorican Inter- Continental loan, which, owing to its poverty, it will probably fail to do. StiU, it Is not bo-, lioved that there will bo any trouble about dis posing of tho bonds, since experience has shown that there never wore bonds issued yoc that did not find purchasers somewhere. There never was a mouth but what there was food for It, nor a bond but what there was a simpleton for it. They may bo had on application at the office, No. 073 Jackson street. When tho necessary amount of money has boon raised; after deducting all expenses for printing bonds, for salaries, office rent, etc., tbo management will engage the Rink on tho corner of Ada and Randolph streets, a building which has boon used for skating, for a menagerie, aud for holding Republican mootings. It will also occupy the vacant lots in the vicinity, both south and west of the Rink, which it will fit up in tho lAannor made necessary by its extensive and truly unique programme. A portion of the va cant ground willbo used for the erection of a steam boiler, for iho purpose of furnishing power needed in tho mechanical department of tho Exposition. As a general thing, this me chanical department is a greasy boro t whoro people spoil their clothes, and have to listen to nasty men explaining eccentric motions. There are lathes and spinning machines, and steam engines, and printing presses, high 'ly utilitarian and immensely stupid. But the Irishman with his turn for sentiment, and his distaste for tho purely useful, intends to change all that, ami to make this de partment one or peculiar interest. Its principal feature will be' half a dozen stills, whoro pure pothoea will bo produced, with tho genuine peat rook in it, and will bo retailed fresh, at reasona ble prices. Milk from tho cow, and cider from tho press, will bo at a discount. There will also ho a genuine Irish spinning-wheel, run by a young lady from the County Connemara, where such machines still Unger. Tho newspaper which is to bo published during tho Exposition, and which will be further mentioned hereafter, will ho set up boro, and tho writers will also do thoir work in full view of the public. Visitors aro requested not to speak to the editors while they are engaged in literary labors, nor to present them with bills. Tho success of tho paper de mands that their minds should bo free from care. Tho persons employed in tho manufacture of Irish relics will also no placed hero.- A large quantity of clay has boon imported from Ireland, and wil! bo mado on tbo spot into small bricks, which wil. be interesting curiosities. From the exaggerated statements of some Irish patriots, Americans have boon led to believe that the manufactures of Ireland have boon crushed out by the discriminating legislation of Croat Britain, aud that tho linens and laces which her sous and daughters onoo made wore things of tho past. It is true they wore unable to recon cile these statements with the immense quan tities of "genuine Irish linen” offered at reduced rates by peddlers who had smuggled It. This Exposition will aim to correct that (atm, for it wilt have what in dry-goods slang is called 11 a full lino ” of Limerick laces, linen poplins, Bal brlgg&n hose, Bl&moy tweeds, Irish frieze and corduroys, hog-oak jewelry, and shillelaghs of a pattern similar to tho ono flourished by Cue Rot. Mr. Sullivan. In order to remove any shadow of doubt from tho mind of tho purchaser of tho last named articles, they will be manufactured on tho spot by ortlats imported for tho purpose. Dublin tailors will also be in attendance, and will make suits and overcoats of frieze to order on tho spot. There will bo none of tho privacy of tho tallows back-room. \ The customer wili io Was- j urod In'lihbllo; Jtho coat will bo outjoUt before * his eyes | the cross-logged tailors will makojt in hlo presence, and ho can wear his patriotic' garment off on his back. But Ireland is not rich in manufactures alone. She is rich In an historic, though on unhappy, past. From tbo ramparts of Derry to tho rooky, shores of Bantry Bay; from tho Races of,Castle bar to Vinegar Hill, it la all consecrated ground. Its rivers bavo boon reddened with blood. Its baro-loggod Kernes havo laid In wait In ovefy mountain pass and thlokoi. Danes, Soots, Nor mans, Spaniards, Fronobmon, and Englishmen,- all have oncampod.npon its fields and left their memorials there. In order to food tho (lathe of patriotism in tho hearts of tho Irish, and appeal to the pockets of tbo Americans, the following relies will bo on exhibition: . Turf from the Pass of Plumes in tho Bog of Allan. This pass was tho scone of a furious battlo. between tbo English and the Irish,' and so much blood was shed that tho turf which Ins grown there over since Is of a deep rod, and will not burn at all, differing, therefore, from ordinary turf, which Is not rod, and burns badly. Pieces of • the ■ Blarney-stone, an inch square, which can bo sot os charms or carried in tho vest pookot. Tho marvelous qualities of this stono are well known, and it has long boon used by somo of tho politicians of Chicago. Those who want office tula fall will find it invaluablo. In order that tho idea may not become current that those pieces consist of Joliet limestone, it may as well bo explained that tbo Dlarnoy-stono has a wonderful faculty of reproducing itself. ’ Outa niece off tho original ana it grows again, just like & person's toe-nail. Bottles of water, from tho Biver Boyne, in pints and qaarts. its ex hilarating qualities oro remarkable, tbo more mention of this water often throwing an Irishman into a state of violent excitement. Whore a cheap substitute for whisky Is needed, this is Invaluable. A number of stakes from tho English Polo, which was con struotod’around Kings and Queens Oountios by tho Sassenach In order to keep tho Irish from devouring them. Specimens of tho pikes used by tho men of ’OB, Including the ono with whloh Col. Walpolo was perforated. Tho original ourso of Oromwell, engrossed on parchment, containing tho passages suppressed in modern editions. A musket Belonging to tho Qaoon’s Own. loft by Its owner when going from Bidgo way to dinner. Tho pastoral staff of St. Patrick Books, from the Giant’s Causeway. Collection of bones gathered on Irish battle-fields from Clontarf down to Goray. Cannon ball fired by Oromwell Into Bogin aid’s Tower at Waterford. Matthew.Arnold says that tho Celtic mo has never excelled in tho plastic arts, and cannot ob tain tho highest degree of bzcoQonco in them. Notwithstanding this opinion of a friend of tho Colt, tho managers intend to havo a department of fine arts, and, by tho programme, it will bo a very creditable ono, consisting of sculptures, paintings, and engravings, including copies of the greatest masterpieces of Irish artists., Tho. management has to content iisolf with copies, sinco Therenever wore any originals. Thoro will also bo a complete series of Hudson’s Irish scenery, a fine collection of photographs, stere oscopic views, chromes, oto.; a model of tho harp which once shod tho soul of musio in Tara’s HaU ; and olk-born drinking cups •. instead of the Jacob’s well to bo found at most fairs, tboro will bo a small lako of Eillamoy, with echoes bv gentlemen engaged for tho purpose. Thoro will also bo a National Wax-Works Gallery embracing representations of tbo Buko of Wel lington, Brian tho Groat, Lord GoatloroagU, O’Connollj Flood, Phil and Brinsley Sheridan, Burko, James Stephens, Cardinal Cation, Presi dent MnoMahon, James Stephens, etc. Tho department of Literature and Oratory will bo under tho immediate charge of tho Irish Lit erary Society. *A newspaper, ably edited, ond well provided with interesting reading matter, will bo published weekly for a few weeks prior to tho beginning of tho Exposition, and doily during its duration. Tho gentlemen who. do tho editing wore formerly connected with tho Irish limes, once published hero,’ and dro affoctiouotoly re membered by tho subscribers to that shoot. During tho Exposition tbo Hon. John F. Scaulau will recite, in quarter-hour doses, his celebrated oration on tbo Tarifftbo Hon. A. L. Morrison will looturo on “Temperance, an Irish Trait;” John F. Finorty on tho “Battle of Ridgeway as Soon by an Eyo-Witnoes iu Buffalo Y’ Mr. Fltzgibbon on “ Religion, tho Basis of Educa tion, and Mr. McClure on “ Presbyterianism tho Solo Safeguard of tho Republic. In addi tion to this, Jeremiah Mahony ond William Fo garty will, from time to time, deliver original poems. If possible, plays of a national charac ter will also be given in tbo national tongue. Tho actors will bo obtained from Connemara, whoro English is rarely spoken. But Ireland is not loos renowned for the beau ty of its daughters than tho valor of its sons. Tho “yellow-haired maidens of Erin" wore tho delight of tho poets, as they have boon tho joy of many an American household. So tho Expo sition, under tho hood of “natural productions of Ireland,” will havo a collection of choico rep resentatives of tho various types of female beauty to bo found In tho old country. Tho short-potticontod girlocua of Galway; tbo re fined daughters of Dublin; tbo Spauish-cyod wemon from tho South coast; the graceful lassos from tho Shannon; tho rod-bairod women from tho County Down; tho peasantry Qf Leit rim, will ail bo present. In addition to all this, tbo ladles of St. Jar lath’s Church will havo for salo a quantity of E in-cushions, slippers, dolls, smoKing-caps, ended suspenders, oto. This department will not differ materially from tho ordinary church fair, which is too unpleasantly familiar to all dwollors in this Christian country to require any extended notice. Another now and pleasant feature is, that a banking office, under the management of a sound and popular firm of this city, will be pro vided for tbo accommodation of the merchants ' and others visiting the Exposition. Ail who patronise the affair can secure time-loans on reasonable terms without depositing collaterals. This feature alono will insure a largo attend ance. . • . ‘ Arrangements have boon made for the impor tation of a number of Jauntlug-cars, that most prominent feature in Irish scenery, which will ran on' Ilandolph and Madison streets. Each one will bo driven by a genuine. Irish peasant, in his national costume, a contract having boon made with Mr. MoVlokor to do tho costuming in his best stylo. It is guaranteed that each light-hearted Coltio .driver shall make

at least one bull ovory five ' minutes. In order to make it easy to roach tho Rink, tho West Side Street Railway Company has agreed to put on an extra car. No additional charges will be made. Invitations havo boon sent to a number of distinguished gentlemen, and it is probable that the soono will bo graced by the presence of tbe Irish members or.the Common Council, tbo ITdn.' Mark Sheridan, the Hon. I’hil lloyno, the Hon. 0. B. Farwell, and generally all those politicians who aro on tho anxious bench. Tho Board of Management request us to call special attention' to tho immense advertising medium offered by this entertainment, and wo do so with pleasure. Not only will there bo' about & quarter of a mile of fence available for posters aud signs, but the entire outside 'of the liiuk will bo divided off into squares, which will bo routed out at very low prices; and opera glasses will ho bandy, so that passers-by can road tho advertisements which are stack up near tho roof. Tho cost of tins kind of advertising is in an inverse ratio to tho distance from, the ground. Tho building, when thus decorated, will closely resemble the' curtain of a varieties theatre. Mr. MoOluro has'charge of this fopiirlmont. Tho tickots will bs'sold atthe following extraordinarily low rates:. Admission from sun-rlso till C o'clock in tho evening, 25 cents; from G till midnight, 60 cents, that is, tbo longer you stay, tho loss you havo to pay. Boa sou tickets, admitting a Indy and gentleman twice a day, and entitling one to special banking facilities, avo $5. ' i During tho evenings a brass-band will beguile tho 4mo by playing national* anthems. While tbo Exposition is in progress it is understood that all Irishmen will bo united fur tho foray against tho pockets of Chicagoans. Tho sec tional animosities, hallowed by tbo associations of a thousand years, will bo tem porarily forgotten. Oorkoniau and For Down will abstain from personalities. Mon from Tip perary and Kilkenny, Bligo aud Mayo, will dwell together like tho lion, and the little white lamb, on tho millennial day. To see this is, as tho cir cus billssay, “alono worth the price of admis sion." These are, iu brief, tho prominent features of tho Irish Exposition of' August. To American loaders, some of them may seem exaggerated and absurd, but tho Irishman has no common place, matter-of-fact, Anglo-Baxan way of doing things. 'Ho gives to the commonest matters a glimmer which other races cannot bestow. Ho sees all things through tho purplo haze of patriotism, which naturally oomowhat dis torts one's vision. To eoo a once groat and still noblo race gathering together, oii alien shores, those scattered, broken relics, those me mentoes of a dead nation, la pathetic, not farci cal. Those who are seeking for them, havo their eyes blinded with tears, and if they pick un stones as well us jewels, who can wonder at Hr Tbo worn-out shoos of a dead child are ns pre cious to tho mother as tho corals that onclrclod Its nock, and to tho heart of au Irishman, the old shoos of O'Connoll aro as dear as tho golden collar of King Moloohl, and tho speeches of John M. Rountree as tbo oratory of Grattan. 80, though it will be very hot during those coming August days, wo vrlu all go tho Exposl* tlou. i ifIEWS FROM CITY hJaLL. \ I The Committee of Seventy, (he Mayor, and Saloon Licenses. A Conflict Between the Haokmen and Livery Stable Mon. The Court-llouso Pltuig, Yesterday afternoon, Moeard. Willard Wood ard, cx-Aldormon Thompson, and Benjamin E. Gallup called upontbo Mayor, on behalf of tbo Committee of Seventy, to suggest to him whether, as tho time for Issuing liquor licenses for tho year is near at hand, it would not bo possible to refuse to renew them in a hundred odd cases whore tho applicants. wore known to bo .violators of law, or persons unfit to bo intrusted with such permission. They did not intend thereby to hit at persons who may have violated tbo Sunday law, bat at all whohavo broken the law by keeping disorderly) 111-gbvornod, or disreputable places. It is to somo extent what Aid. McGrath has boon trying to have carried out,—that licenses shall bo granted only to respectable, responsible per sons, and which meets with tho approbation of tbo Personal Liberty League, and nearly every body else. ThfeMayor, however, seemed to bo doubtful as to his power, owing to an ambiguity in tho ordinances on tho subject. Tho ordinance entitled “Licenses,” which applies to thoao granted for keeping moat-markets and theatres, as *woU as saloons, says licenses may be Issued to snob persona os the Mayor In bis' discretion may doom suitable and proper per sonal -But the ordinance entitled 11 Spirituous Liquors.” says tho Mayor is authorized to grants license to sell liquor, wine, or beer to any person applying In writing, upon Ills executing a bond with sureties, to bo approved by tbo Mayor, conditioned to observe tho laws, • and that on compliance with tbo requirements, a license 11 shall bo issued,” signed by tho Mayor, oto. Since, under ordinary, rules of interpretation, this ordinance specially. applying to, ■ liquor licenses is tbo ono to govern, it , would seem as if tho Mayor was compelled to grant a license, if these requirements wore complied with, and that his ouly discretion lay in approving tho sureties to tho bond. If so, the revocation of a license for keeping open Sunday would not dobar tho saloon-keeper from getting a new ono ; it would simply deprive him of the value of the unoxpired part of his license. This matter will probably bo submitted to the law department for its opinion, though, if, tbo Mayor chooses to tost tho question, bp can do so by refusing to grant a license to some unlit per son. Then the applicant can bring a suit in mandamus to compel tbo Mayor to graut it, and tho courts will dooido. THE COMMITTEE ON LICENSES yesterday considered the ordinance vetoed by tbo Mayor, which requires livery-stable keepers to take out licenses for their vehicles, ana to conform to all tbo requirements made of hack men relative to lamps, badges, etc. A delega tion of hackmon was present, to state their side of the case. They said they did not care for tbo licensing of one-horse teams, but what they did want, was to have licenses taken out for all standing-top carriages need for hire, to havo them lighted, ana numbered, and to bavo tbo driver wear a badge. They alleged that thor own business bad become unprofitable by reason of tbo competition of tbo livery-stable men ; that the public preferred an apparently private to a manifestly public team ; that the livery-stable men had runners in the hotels and elsewhere, and took faros on tbo stroot when tboy could ilud them ; that those teams ran into others, and not being numbered could not bo identified, and that extortionate rates wore charged and tbo haokmon blamed for it. Of these charges, somo aro probably a little exoggoratod. The haokmon have an advantage, in that they can afford to underbid the livery-stable man, for tboir estab lishments are cheaper. Tbo latter offers os a consideration for his higher rates a somewhat nicer team, which is taken for a private team. Persons aro willing to pay extra for a little stylo. Now, the bookmen seek to deprive their competitors of this compensation for heavier . expenses in order to soo if they cannot forco the business into their own hands. If both teams are numbered, and both driven by men with badges on, tbo cheaper will have the ad vantage. The Committee decided to report an ordinance requiring licenses to bo taken . cut for all standing top carriages. They must have lamps with the name of the owner and the number pointed on them, and tho driver must wear a badge. Then tho Committee wont to soo wbat tho Mayor thought of their work, and found ho did not agroo with it, believing tho proposed ordinance would moot with the bitter est opposition, not from tho livery-stable men, but from tho massif tho public who woro in tho habit of hiring their carriages. If the ordinance is passed, it will, therefore, probably fail to meet executive approval. STREET OPENING, The Committee on Streets and Alleys of tho South Divisiou met yesterday afternoon to con sider tho ordinance for opening Fifth avenue to Twelfth street. It was aooidod not to do that, but to recommend tho opening of Sherman from Taylor to Twelfth, sinco It can bo done much more cheaply, tho ground through which it would run being of comparatively little value, and sinco it would he to tho west of tho railroad tracks, and persons going down it to Twelfth, and thonco westward, would not havo any obstacles in their way. THE FLAKS. Tho joint committee on Court-House plans hold a meeting yesterday afternoon in Ken tucky Block, to which reporters woro admitted. Tho object of. the Committee was to examine tho architects of tho six pious “ finally ” chosen. Hr. Mutz was tho first architect called, aud an informal conversation with him, which developed nothing now, decupled tho ontlro afternoon. Mr. Gay was on hand to undergo a similar ex amination, but bo was not reached. It is tho in tention of tho Committee to go through more of tho plans than they first intended, and probably sixteen architects will bo. called upon to “rise and explain." THIERS. SIIh £*ro«ltoaig , natioik Speech, On May 21, tho sitting of tho French National Assembly commenced at 0:80 o’clock iu the morning. H. Thiers ascended tho tribune and said:' If any one ought to give explanations to this Assem bly and to tbo nation respecting tbo policy which was eo attacked yesterday, It Is certainly myself, for if I am not alone responsible' (and 1 am not), I cannot r«v fuse to the colleagues who have, with mo, de voted themselves to tho same task a respon sibility which attests tholr influence—if 1 am not solely responsible, tbo principal culprit. If there bo ouy culprit—l say it before the Chamber and the coun try—lt fis I. t" Tret’himx " from tho Loft.l I was right when, some mouths elnoo'before tbo Commission of Thirty, I discussed tho question whether tho President of tbo Republic ought to intervene in tho discussions upon interpellations. I repeat that, upon this solemn occasion, 1 consider as directed specially against myself the attack to which 1 am about to reply, ami,' "although- in my opinion It would havo been more wise and more "patriotic to wait during another five weeks, for within that po rted the foreigner will have evacuated our territory, I havo not hesitated to accept the challenge of my ad versaries, but I cannot accept a position which Is not my own. We have soon Ministers endeavoring to re tain power up to the last moment, and 1 do not blame thorn, for it Is a legitimate ambition for men to sock tho triumph of a cause to which they aro dovbloJ, Bueh la not my position. I am not a Min ister who has sought power under ordinary circumstances, aud who desires to prolong his possesion of it. 1 was called to power in tho gravest circumstances that have occurred iu our history. I did not seek It. 1 was alarmed at it. It was on my part an act of devotion to accept It. I exercise it iu bitterness of spirit; I still retain It for this discussion. But understand well, Uis I to whom your verdict will apply, and not only to the Ministers who liavo loy ally seconded mo. I will explain tho course wo have pursued with all tho frankness which wo owe to one another, [Applause from tho Left.] Tho policy which was yes terday described as a double-faced polioy, ad dressing Itself now to one side aud now to another, giving words aud net deeds—that Is a policy wo havo not selected; It wua imposed upon us by tho nature of thluga. Our merit consists in having obeyed that necessity. Think of what was tho position of the country when wo accepted power, Tho country was Invaded by tho foreigner lu tho North, by tho democracy in tho South; It was without a Govern ment, without finances, without an army. And tho greatest of our mlsfortuucs was our di visions, It was necessary to form a government Iron: mutually opposing parties. Just consider what aro thu divisions among yourselves. Do you think that government is an easy thing lu such times? Allow mo to point out your position, which la not m tho same proportion In tho country as hero. [Applause from tho Left.] There la, In tho first place, a great division, which would suffice to make it diffi cult , spino wish for » 1 monarchy, some for a re public. It would bo strange If, lu a country where monarchy has existed during centuries of glory and of prosperity, It did not retain faithful adherents. lam far from blaming them; but thou, again, others are favorable to a republic. If you have reason to alarm youti'olvea at the idea of a republic, in a spirit of prudeuce aud not of passion, tho partisans of that form of government have also the right to, tlitdlc r that in (Uo present slate of the world.' when the-fall tldo of democracy is running, the' Republic ir, ' the ultimate form of- ' government in ■ onr country, Wo oro under the- • pressure of thosoolroumstAncefl.- As soon aa tills grave subject Id touched wo hare a division Into equal parties. You have seen the fact lately when -such respectable names - as those of MM. Martel and do Laroy wore In dispute. But that Is uol the only serious cause of division, Tho llouso of Bourbon lias boon divided alhco the revolution. That terrible revolution, -which “ has enacted bo much. good mingled with bo much 6viL has created a third dynasty by tho war. upon that tide of the Assembly, then I And Conservatives indeed, but also three dynasties. On tho other band,' la there but one Republic? No, there are men Who know thoroughly tho conditions of tho Republic, the causes which have led to its failure, who say that for tho Repuhlio to suc ceed it must ba one not to cause alarm, but to give sat isfaction. (Applause from the lioft.] It is said the Republic la not republican. Yea, among tho higher classes, whoso first thought is of publio order, there aro apprehensions, rapugnaheo, hut among the masses the Republic has an immense xnajorl- Sot adherents < (Denials . - from • tho ght, applause from tho Loft,] I wish to offend uo opinions, nut if tho masses think as you suppose thoro Is no ground for your alarms. .Why do yon frighten . yourselves, if tho masses oro with you ? (" Tres bien," from the Loft.] There aro among tho Republican party men who aro wlao enough to understand that tho fate of the Republic depends upon its satisfying ana not . alarming the country. These men ’have assorted that tho Republic ehould remain in tho bands of* those who nave a conservative past to recommend them. Rut there aro others who think differently, and who aro gravely compromising tho Republic. In stead of recognizing, tho necessity of patianco until tlmo hoe become favorable for them, they think it de sirable that the Republic should bo exclusively In - tho hands of Republicans; They also' profess doctrines which alarm the country. Thus there are throe dynasties and two republics. Each of those 'parlies says to me, “Adopt our vlovp, govern- acobrd ing to our opinions. Place yourself at onr head and wo will follow yon. 1 ' lam thankful for tho 1 offer, bnt I would remind those who make it that they are not the only persons who havo to consider; that there are other respectable men, equal In numbers, who make tbs same request. Thence has sprung tho principle which has dictated my conduct and that of my colleagues. What the country wanted was not a party Government, but one which, inflexible in tho presence of disorder, when tho struggle was ended shows itself calm.-lmputltd, and conolUatory. It -wo had boon a party Government publio peace could not. long have remained undisturbed. [Applause from tho Loft.] There Is no skepticism in this impartiality. I am by nature no skoptlo either in politics or in phil osophy. 1 only believe that party government would bo disastrous for tho country. Our policy, thus de fined, bad a double task to fulfill, to make peace and to release the territory ; and a task for the future, which consisted in directing you toward a form of govern ment which shall bo, not eternal, but durable. Lot mo briefly remind you of tho position of affairs. 1 make no appeal to your gratitude; I know men. I aak hut iustfeo. I have no fear of what will bo sold of mo eroaftor. I may be found wanting by a part* tribun al, but I do not fear the decision of history.- M. Thiers then reviewed tho accomplishments of his . administration, and continued; What. Is the task for the future 7 Thoro arises tho question of moral order, but It Is strange that those who call for it begin by dis turbing it. What is moral order ? Is It that Franco should bo demoralized? It has been said that it is de void of religion, although the throngs who fill the churches havo l>oen a subject for congratulation. Then wo bear of stock-Jobbing, which la said, to have cor rupted the nation. Rut look abroad and sco tho differ* onco. What Is meant by moral order being dls turbod? It means division among ourselves respecting tho form of government, (“ Tres Wen," from tho Loft.] Wo havo been told that this Is not tho question, “Wo are not Monarchists; wo aro Conservatives." Wo also olaim-to be Conservatives, and I havo to prosorvo restraint over myself when I find men younger than myself, who have been politicians In words rather In deeds, ventur ing to doubt my conservative spirit. [Applause from the Left.] When you say, “Wo aro Conservatives, and not Monarchists," you must prepare for (ho same crit icism as when uM, Porter, woddhigton,'aud Dorcngor say, “Wo aro Conservatives." Tho statement is not believed. Lot us bo sincere. That which divides us Is tho question of republic or monarchy. Thoro is no * other. No doubt thoro may ho daugor in bad doctoral legislation, but wo havo introduced n bill upon that subject. I havo but ono merit to claim, that of having kopt my word upon'tho question of tho Republic, and of having adopted a conrso upon that point. Yes, I havo done so. In bis cabinet a pri vate individual may havo hesitations upon theories, but do you thluk it would bo ppssiblo to go on forever with a provisional form of government 7 Wo aro hut a provisional Government, wo aro told, but why should wo bo charged os though It were a crlrao with n condi tion which has been imposed upon ns ?. When after two years and a half wo found that tho question was ‘about to be raised, and all minds wore becoming agi tated, wo said that tho moment foreseen by tho Bor deaux Peace had arrived,'and a decision must bo come to respecting tho destinies of tho country by clear and satisfactory legislation. Wo had another reason for thinking thus. It was that practically monarchy waa impossible. Yon yourselves know that. .Otherwise, why do you not attempt to restore it 7 Why are you so careful to say that you speak not as Monarchists, but as Counepvftllves 7 It Is because you know that there is bnt ono throne, which will sulllco for threo aspirants, [Applause and laughter from tho Loft.) Now, whoso place Is it to make propositions to tho country 7 It Is that of tho Government. I regret sincerely tho loss of tho two colleagues who havo loft us. I do.not deny that I requested their resignations. In order to ap pear hero with a complete Government I had to apply to men than whom there wore none of greater worth or catoom In the country—whoso views were In accord ance with mine. Tho Commission of Thirty directed us to draw up laws, but how could wo do that if tho very principle of the Government was not defined? When these measures aro examined our policy can bo Judged, but it is rather unusual to docido upon them without knowing what they are. What Is a conservative policy 7 It may bo under stood by certain signs. In the first place, since It Is tho national sovereignty that is to bo organized, tho sourco of tho national representation must ho purified. Wo do not consider that It Is possible at present to attack tho principle of universal suffrage. I know its incon veniences. I was, I admit, ono of tho authors of tho law of May 21; hut I hold it to bo impossible to repeat that attempt. lam not tho author of universal suf frage ; it was a legitimist writer who shadowed it form; U was tho Bonapartes who applied It, When tho sources of tho national representation havo been purified, then wo havo to constitute tho representa tion. It must bo divided into two assemblies. I only know of ono Republic of classical times orin the mid dle ages which entrusted tho fato of the country to a single Chamber. As to . tho Executive power, wo comldcr, according to tho examples of history and lessons derived from America, that by tho side of theso two Chambers them should be, not a directory, but a President of tho Republic, In case of a conflict between tho two powers, how should tho difficulty bo solved 7 1 appear boforo a single Chamber. Disputes bavo arisen, and there have been occasions when, to put an ond to them, I havo bad to sacrifice myself, Tho law of tho Thirty was revolting to all my instincts of good sense. However. I accepted it, because I was told it would produce harmony between ns. That harmony I have not sluco found. Tho power of dis solution must bo placed somewhere, and in that lies tho real principle of the Conservative Republic. These measures are opposed on different sides. Seme say. “ You aro constituting tho Republic, which wo do not want. Wo desire that the Assembly should retain its constituent power." Tho others say, “ Wo • do not want tho existing Assembly 5 we want a constituent Assem bly " They think that It would adopt their views and constitute the Republic they prefer. I reply to the first we know lhal the conservative Republic must bo organized, and to the others that wo do not trust to the future Interests which aro so precious to us; wo do not contest either tho extent or tho duration of tho powers of the Assembly: wo desire that it should or ganize tho Republic, we did a conservative nek in in troducing tho laws which have boon submitted to you. Wo soy to tho one party: “ Make tho sacrifice of vot ing tho only form of Government which Is possible;" and to tho other t “Instead of wishing like you for tho dissolution of tho Assembly, wo doslro that it should exist long enough to pass the laws for tho conservative republic." Tho elections bavo not been of tho most reassuring character. I will not—lt would bo inconvenient in tho prosen co of our new colleagues—discuss tho character of their claims, nor of their elections ; I will only say that I am far from sharing tho opinions of those who re card those elections os most alarming events. I am not blind to the dangers of tho future, but I know that partial elections are often bad. Those elections are called “ bad " by- those whoso convictions aro over ruled by them, because Conservatives aro apt to ab stain from voting when the elections aro not of su premo Importance. I am persuaded, and .1 havo taken pafna to inform myself, that tliora wilt bo no cause for apprehension in o general election. My maxim is that wo should treat everything serious ly but not gloomily.' Ido not despair of tlis future of tho country, especially when I noo that It is our divisions widen makes the results of universal suffrage bad and’that candidates who would otherwise bo re jected aro chosen simply because they support tho llODublio. lam persuaded that when the question is Bottled a majority will declare I|solf, and wo. havo, moreover, prepared a guarantee for that onfl-a second Chamber and the power of dissolution. . When you bavo endeavored to purify tho sources of tho national representation, when you shall bavo two Chambers, ono with tho power of resistance, I bdlovo that, with a firm conservative government, all dlfllcul tlcs will bo overcome. , .. _ But in any caso, I say find another method, and I will discuss it. .For my own part, I boo no other method hut a dictatorship. I know very well that those to whom such power might ho offered would accent It. Wo havo scon a dictatorship hero, and has Iteavodua? You abandoned to It tho solution of oil ouosllons. What has It done? Tho country fcllln ItilS with glory, but how did it fall In 1070 7 (Great amdausu from tho Left.] Let us havo recourse to legal means. Tho dictatorship of - groat men leads you to rbln: that of little men not ouly ruins you, but ruins you Inglorlously, (Renewed applause from the Left 1 The Conservative policy la that which, standing between tho two extremes, is Inexorable toward moral disorder.’ What would bo said if wo here were to destroy shops, as In tho. country of pur conquer ors, Any one who attempted to break Into,a shop hero would nay the penally oven before ho had completed the crime. Material order la, therefore, assured. It may bo despised, but it is still something to possess, Wo wore told yesterday that wo woro about to become tho proteges of Radicalism, and a melancholy end wo* predicted of ua—that wo should not only be victims, but ridiculous victims. That a man who, during a long life, had rendered to his country signal servers, should evlnco such severity, I could undtustund. I thank Ulm who said It none Uio lets, him tho compliment. He will havo no more of a ma- Jorily s ho. too, will bo a protege; ho will have a pro tection which a former Duo do Broglie would looted with horror—bo will be tho protege of tho Lm plro. (Loud applause from the Loft, and general ex citement,] , A Voxoa Bonder—Four Mon Killed "Wliilu Aaloop, From the Valla* {Tex.) Herald, June 7. On Friday last a moat fiendish murder ooonrrod on Elm Fork of Trinity River, near tho village of Head of Elm, iu Cook Oountv. One of the numerous herds of cattle being driven over tho Kansas trail had been corralled for tho night, -and after supper those that woro not on duty "h-j guards, noon rolled themselves in thoir blfißKCta, to got what Ultlo rent a ** cow boy ” can havo. AboutlO o’clock a Mexican, who was ono of tho hands employed, acting ns. cook) stealthily procured'An axb and commenced In cold blood to murder tho' unconscious sleepers. Uo succeeded in ‘killing 1 four,'when, Just ao ho -was.ln tho act of dispatching tho fifth one, the sleeper suddenly awoke, and, discovering his danger, gave tbo alarm and ho with tho remain ing ohes escaped. Ono of tho murdered men had Ida head com pletely severed from his body, while the others woro mangled In the most ghastly and almost unrecognisable manner. Tho Mexican was not looked upon os being dangerous, and no causa was given for this fearful deed. The only object was to secure tho monqy and stock belonging to tho party, which tbo fiend was only .prevented from doing by tho alarm which was given, dur ing the ozoltomont of ‘which < ho proolpUatelr fled. . MEWS PARAGRAPHS. It cost McDonough County $8,711 to fence the Court-House yard. ' “-The Northern Pacific baa thus far received 874,725 acres in-Minnesota. , "-Th® Holly Springs South saye that at no lime hi the history of North Mississippi has tbo caterpillar boon so numerous, at no lime so de structive. • —Tho Boston Advertiser, ono of tho oldest and most respectable of tho blanket-sheets, fa soon to bo turned into a quarto, with tho modem improvements. —Now York will soon bavo to organize a now Committee of Seventy. Tho members of the old ono have nearly all got the offices they wanted, ' —Wo loam that John Rinbnll and Goorgo Price, formerly of Warren, woro lately hung In Nebraska, for hosso stealing. Wo h&vo not learned any of tho particulars.— Warren (UO Sentinel —Tho Springfield Jtepubh’cnn, In referring to tho plan or oxooatlag criminals by anrosthoaia, remarks, by tho way, that “ tho Qreolcs, who know how to do things nicely, administered a bumper of hemlock. It worked well, too—they novorhod but ono Socrates.” —William Glospol, of Dutch Nock, N. J., owns a sheep which seems to possess a greater propel ling newer in its hind ports than before. In running, tho hinder parts invariable outruns tho fore part of the animal,' which mokes it neces sary for it to turn around every fdw feet when running rapidly, Tho sheep has never boon in jured in any way, but from its birth tho tail of tho animal has manifested a determination to koop at least even with tho head when on a run. —Furious is the British women of certain class when aroused, and when seventeen furies, “ some of them with babes,” sot upon two men with tho purpose of ’ coercing them co join a laborer’s strike, it is evident that the sterner sox must submit or - else ignominioasly invoke tho aid of tho police. At the Chaddiugton Potty Sessions, lu England, just tho above-mentioned number of women wore lately sent to jail for ton days for thus striking terror to thohearts of two men who wanted to work at a rato lower than that fixed by tho strikers. —The late Dr. Marshall Hall, of England, Bald i “If I woro seriously 111 of consumption, I would live out doors day and night, except.ln rainy weather or mid-wlntor; then X would sleep In an uuplostored log-house. Physio has no nutriment, gasping for air cannot ouro you, monkey-capers in a gymnasium cannot cure you, *and stimulants cannot euro. What consumptives want is air, not physic—pure air, not medicated air—plenty of moat and broad.” —Tho miseries of a worthy paterfamilias whoso family has boon abroad for some years whilo ho had been working hard to earn tho money to support them at homo aro thus touchingly set forth by an exchange. Ho met them in Paris recently, and his children speaking French ouly, ho Wf’.s obliged to go to school to acquire tho language in order to converse with bis offspring. —Tho famous auctioneer. Mr. Christie, once, while Rolling a collection or pictures, having ar rived at a chef d’convro of Wilson’s was expatri ating with his usual elegance on its merits, qnlto unaware that Wilson himself had just boforo entered tho room. “This, gentlemen, io ono of Wilson’s Italian pictures; ho cannot paint Any thing liko it now.” “That’s a lio!” exclaimed tho irritated artist, to Mr. Ohristio’s uo smell discomposure, and to tho groat amusement o # tbo company; “ho can paint infinitely bettor.** —Tho Committee having in charge tho erec tion of a temporary wagon-bridge appointed Mr. Charles Emerson, tho Alderman ana lumber merchant, to go to Chicago last week and pur chase the lumber. Ho purchased tho lumboi on Friday for $12.50 per thousand, a figure much lower than tho market quotations for that kind' of-lumber. JXo induced tho railways to send us tho lumber freight free, and arrangements aro now completed for putting up the bridgo in a few days.— Dixon ( 111 ) Sun, —A lady writes to tho Now York Herald: “I happen to bo the wife.of an iuvotorato smoker, and do boldly avow that I lovo tho perfume of his cigar bettor than all tho perfumes of Arabia. I think thoro is nothing moro delightful,-and I am never more happy than when my husband is by my side, with slippers on, and a fragrant Ha vana between bis lips—a picture of homo com fort which many a poor marriod man has never soon, who Is driven from homo by a cross, selfish wife, who would rathor send her husband to the * club,’ or worse places, so as to bo rid of his after-dinner smoko.” —Wo do our very best to boliovo all tbo queer stories that we find, for wo could not conscien tiously present thorn to our readers unloss wo believed thorn to bo true, but hero is ano that, wo caution tbo public, Booms to us a llttlo doubt* ful. \Vo will not say it is a lie, but it Is Improb able. A horse In Bt. Paul, Minn., drank beor till be was in a beastly stato of intoxication. His owner, knowing that bis previous habits woro exemplary, thought bo was dead, and skinnod him. Next morning a ghostly steed, without bido or hair, was found grazing on the public common, and a skillful veterinary surgeon is en gaged in planting bis superficies with hair from a neighboring tannery. —A silent nut veritable revelation has taken place in tbo English fashionable world. Hitherto it has boon tbo practice, when friends or ac quaintances wore about leaving town, to call on one another, and leave a card with the let ters, in pencil, JP. P. 0. At present, if that missive bo loft by tbo owner, and no departure takes place within eight days, no umbrage is to ho taken ; but if a fortnight or a month elapses, and thoro is no prospect of tho departure, the p. p, 0. is to ho accepted as a notice to quit all visiting—a decision as definite and unchangea ble os tho laws of tho Modes and Persians. —lt is very strange that a good house can not bo built in Lincoln, Nob. ' Tbo old ' Insane Asylum was in danger of falling before it was . burnt down. The State University was shaky, nud it is'supposed to require £BO.OOO to put it in safe condition, Tbo Capitol building is now in danger of caving In, and Qov. Pumas wants 85,000 or SO,OOO to “ repair ’* it. And lastly tho building in which the City Council bolds its mootings is reported “unsafe.” Nothing of tbo kind baa over occurred to buildings in this city. But then, they woro not built “for tbo State.’ 9 —Nebraska City News. —lt would bo pleasant to bear tbo mild re joinder of the member of tho Now Zealand House of Assembly, whom Mr. Anthony Trol lope describes In bis’•'•lately published work, “Australia and Now Zealand.” Ho says of this luckless member that be was “so vulgar, so ig norant, so illiterate, so incapable in his attempts, so nauseous in bis flights of oratory, so blasphe mous in his appeals to religion, so Impudent b j tho gentlemen around him, so weak in his lan< guago, so strong ’in his Billingsgate phrases, that 1 could think but llttlo of a constituency/ which would return him, and marveled at tbi patience of a House whlob would ouduro blm.“ —Now London, which fits out and mans all the Polar .expeditions, stands by Capt. Haddington. Thoy don't believe down thoro that Buddington would do anything out of tho way or that ho will fail to bring iu his shin. Capt. Hall made bla first voyage under Buddington in 18(50. Tho lat ter was also tho first acquaintance of Joo and Hamuxh, the Esquimaux, and took them to New London, or rather to Orotou, where they still own laud. Buddington on one of the first voy ages with Hall saved his life at tho risk of his own. But wo shall soon know what tho Secre tary of tho Navy gets out of Capt. Tyson about it. Mr. Robeson, with unusual astuteness, has reserved to himself tho privilege of first inter viewer, having caged up the iiolars on the Prolio so closely that oven tho Herald man couldn't find out anything. Cant. Tyson thinks tho Polaris will yob come iu all right, but further than that 1 wo do not yet know what ho has told tho Naval Secretary. —Of what possible uso mosquitoes could bo in the economy of Nature bus been an unsolved puzzle to most of the human family, even thoso who have a profound faith in the utility of nil tilings. But science bus answered that question at last. The infant mosquito is discovered to bo tho best food whioh the trout-brooders can giro to tho young fish. Mr. Mather, of Honoyo Falls, N. Y. ( a practical trout-raleer. raises mosquitoes also for his finny pets. With two barrels of stagnant rain-water he croaton mosquitoes enough for each thousand fry, and tho youthful mosquito is strained out of its native barrel and. incontinently thrown to tho fishes. Luckily the fish are hungry follows, and devour theso larvts greedily, If It were not for this way of gottlni rid of them, Mr. Mather's neighbors might con. elder this moqulto-ralelng business a musanoe,

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