Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 13, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 13, 1873 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

2 THE OTHER SIDE. Wlmt-.llie lion. Leonard Swell Thinks of llie raRC-Board of Trade Decision. The Supremo Court Not Asked to - Pass On tho Issues Poised , j iu the Brine-Lin ooln Oases. . -Whilst tho Powers of tho Corpo ration Arc Not Denied, Those of tho Directors Arc. : Tho Piige oaso, pnblluhod in yoßtordiij’o Tnni mis, bolng oonsldorod by promlnmit members of tho Board na dcelnlvo in' Oioir favor of tbo caaoa of Brluo v. Board of Trndo, and Lincoln v. Bomo, waa printed in full, in order that the com morolal public might know exactly tho grounds upon which those gentlemen view their triumph an assured beforehand. Wo now print tho other eido. A TnrauNE reporter yesterday welted on Hon. Leonard Swett, who, appears lor Brino and Lincoln, a id asked him what ho had to say, be yond what ho had already boon reported to have said by tho dally papers of tho city, as to the elToot of the Pago decision on tho two lost named ’ Mr. Swott sold that, whilst the Supremo Court decided that the Board of Trade had a right, under certain circumstances, to ejecta member for failure to fulfill a contract, it simply passed upon such evidence as was brought before it’ in tho record. In tho Pago case, tho evidence showed that Pogo bad admitted his Indebted ness to Stovers and Brouii, and his inability to pay. In the Brine and Lincoln cases, the Issues wore of an entirely different character. With regard to tho rights of the corporation, or' Directors, to adjudicate on such a case, nothing was said by ,tbo # relator? but tbo Court itself pointed out tho difference* between tho state of facts on which its decision was'based and in cases involving .judicial ques tions like those of Brine and Lincoln. On page 114 the Court say, referring to* tho trial of' Pago before tho Directors: “Pago appeared and ad mitted tho indebtedness,” and on page 118, “tho : relator distinctly admitted This would have disposed of all the Judicial Ques tions involved in tho Brine and , Lincoln cases had they made any such' admissions, but they did not; The only inquiry left was, whether tho facta admitted,constituted an offense punishable by expulsion or not, and no one doubts or con tends but that it did, or that tho corporation had not a right to pass upou it as such and to expel thomomber. ■ • - ■ „ lloportor—As I understand, you claim that tbo difference between tho Pago aud tho Brine-Lln coln cases is, that Pago admitted his indebted ness, whilst there is a dieputo as to such in debtedness in tbo Brine-Liucoln cases which a court of competent jurisdiction con alone decide; in other words, that tho Board may act in'a case whore a member admits all tho charges, but whore a member contests the chargostho juris diction of tho and that of tho courts begins. > - , Mr. Swett replied by referring to tho rule pre scribing tho suspension of a member," tbo scope and meaning of which was limited by tho Court, on page 115, in the following words “It ap plies to cases of uou-compliauco with contracts about which there is no dispute.” Again, as to* tbo question of tho unreasonableness and un jnstnoss of tbo by-law, in which tho Court hold it to bo both just and reasonable ; in tbo ;Page case, tho counsel simply contended that the by law was dehors tho powers of the corporation, because It made poverty a cause of disfranchisement, .and for that cause was unreasonable; but ho did not contend that tho by-law was unlawful because tho corpo ration could not delegate to tho Directors its powers to disfranchise no such proposition was hinted at anywhere in tbo agreement. It was not for the Court to hunt up arguments, and hod reasons, or any other question than that submitted, namely, was tho by-law unjust and unreasonable ? Tho other aspect of the ques tion, namely, tho unlawfulness of tho corpora tion delegating to the Directors its power to dis franchise. was an entirely different matter, upon which tho • Court was not called on to express arv opinion. Ho referred to bis brief, in which this matter is treated of, and read, from page 49 : “The laws of com mon souse and mo laws of legal construction are very plain that: 1. Whatever may be tho language of tho Judges, the decision, as a prece dent, in a strict sense, binding in future cases, extends no further than the facts involved in the case, as appearing in tho record. 2. It is not binding as to any matter to which tho mind of the Court did hot advert, oven though within . tuo record facta.” Bishop's First Book of Law, See. 893. [Here follow cases.} Our Supreme Court lias also expressly decided this; : question. In tho City of Chicago v. Major, 18 Illinois, 849, an account was brought for injuries to tho do-‘ ceased, causing his death, under a statute providing that tho administrator might maintain such action for tho bcnoOt of his widow and next of kin, to whom the damages should bo.distributod. In tho dcclarationwbicU was sot out in the case, there was no averment that tho deceased loft a widow or next of kin. There was ver dict and Judgment in favor of tho plaintiff. Upon ap peal this Judgment was affirmed. The Court, in its opinion, quotes in full tho language of the statute, and bolds that the action could-bo maintained where the deceased left no widow, but did leave next of kin, and establishes 'the rule of damages. Nodofoct in tho declaration was pointed out or discussed. In Chi cago & It. I. It. It. v. Morris, 2C Illinois, 400, an action was brought by an . administrator upon tho same statute, and Judgment rendered in favor of the plain tiff. The defendant, upon appeal, raised tho objection that the declaration did not aver that tho deceased loft a widow or noxt of kin. In answer to his objection, tho plaintiff cltod Major’s case. But the Court re versed tho caso upon this point, and. in reference to Major’s case, it says; "In answer to this objection, it is urged by appellee’s coubsol that there were no such averments In the declaration la Major’s case, and that Judgment was rendered upon that record. T|ie reply to this is, this objection teas not mcule in that can at any lime, nor .the attention of the Court called to the point. Tho caso was decided on wholly different ■ grounds.” Mr. B.vott considers it very plain that the Page decision does not settle whether tho powers of disfranchisement can bo delegated, or whether tho Board of Trade can oxeroiso powers which are judicial in regard to contracts; and he feels as assured as ho over was that he will prove this to ho tho case, and that the Court will take an entirely different view upon tho different state of facts which ho has to lay before them. CROP PROSPECTS IN NEBRASKA. Lincoln, Nob,, Juno 10, 1873, To the Editor (if The Chicago Tribune: • 8m: Your special dispatch from Plattsraouthj fivodays ago, exaggerates tho damage dohoin Nebraska by recent rains. Such exaggerations are natural, for, as tho old Calvinistio sago, Dr, Emmons, used to say, “ Nothing is so bad as it looks at first.” Onco, at least, every season^ formers fool liko land-lubbers when' first sea sick. ’ . •' , i ; But visitors hero from Saunders, Seward, and other counties, now declare their crops are look ing finely. Corn, thought to havo rotted or washed away, shows 'itself, Uko human nature, able to outlivo everything.. Wheat no longer looks sallow, oven to jaundiced oyoa. ' , "Your dispatch talks of “ enormous damages to corn in cribs, which aro mostly all uncovered” I can.leiirn cf no such damages,.and:think they • 'innst he an inference of somo. nowlibg lu No ■ biaska, astonished to boo corn-cribs roolloss, us much us tho Turkish Emir was to see every man doing his own dancing at a Now York hall. Tho truth is, experience has shown that coverings '' over born-criha are superfluous, since rain glides off from oars as from the backs of water-fowl. On a buggy-ndo of several days about this Capital, tue only covered crib I noticed was that of tho United States Agont among tho Otoe In dians,—intended as a shield, not against rain, bat robbers. . , . According to many farmers, the recent rains have done them more good than harm. Thoy have softened the prairie-sod so that “now breaking,” always tho hardest task of the settlor, ' was never so easy as in tho last weeks. The Adame ■ County Gazette estimates tho acres of “ now-breaking" there at 35,000. ' Tho Platte bridges at Preraonfaud Schuyler have boon, injnrnd, but not “washed away” as ▼our dispatch stated. Their injuries will bo ro calrod before thoy can bo needed for marketing crops. It Is worth adding that, in Nebraska, “ mud roads ” aro never muddy as in Indiana. Deluge them to-day, thoy will be dry to-morrow. The sandy loam drinks la tho moisture, but re- taliut ovaporato In '■fmmmor*droutb< Tho oldest far rti QM say, Our crops have never boon dried up, nor yet drownod out," Your dispatch la right In saying that damages havcrboon chiefly in tho low lands; -But-recent sottlomouts have almost all boon mads on up lands. which have boon found, while safor from flood and frost, ns well as easier to oultlvato, •c ally prodactiVo"'wUh thS far-fam&d Platto bottoms. 'Troo-plantlnr has boon already so ex tensive that you would doubt whether tho di vides or tho rlvor-sldoa show moro ttoos. • ; - . | . • ~i ; -,X. X» Z. AN EXCURSION WITHOUT SMUiCHES. [•the Clilot Grain Inspector Escorts o Party,of Notable* XUrougU the Great Elevators*. ‘’“'v!' Mr. William Henry Harper, Chief Inspector of * J Grain, escorted a party of,, gentlemen I somoof our mammoth elevators yesterday, tho: j object being to giro thoni some Idea of tho.mafc-, , nitudo of our, grain trade, and to o tlieM ‘ ; Into sorno of its' 'Quite* !,>',! large* 1 number wore' iutltod,. but many were compelled to decline on account of urgent business. As it , was the party was pleasant, and Inolhded Son-, ' ator Oglesby, Hon. 0. B. FanfoU, Hon. Jaspeo 1 , D. Ward, Rev. J. 0., Pock, Canal Commissioner Brainard,GeorgoAnnour, Hiram Wheeler, Murry Kelson, Andrew Shuman, David A; Gage; 0. E. Culver, President; and J. W. Preston,. ex-Prosl dont of tho Board of Trade; Richard Gregg, G. P. Comstock, B. Fowler, Hon; John M. Roun tree, John H.“ Harper, United States* Collector - 'Eighth District of Illinois; fcan Mhnn, o* Cairo, ! Supervisor of Internal lUvmiue. . • Tho party took carriages at the Pacific Hotel, and drove to tho' minola. Central’ the. outside of which was viewed, and He height ad- ■ Then tqthe. Chamber of Commerce, I wboro Mr. Ouivor explained to . Senator Oglesby, 1 end to others, tbo forms, of 'warehouse receipts in vogue, arid np*stalra Mr. ’ itandolpb. tho Soo relary of the Board, ebook bands with the dis tinguished people, ahdshowedihem “’Change. Onoof tho gentlemen took a stimulant in the: •shape of a purchase of 5.000 bushels and a eal* . 0 f 20,000. Then dpwn, tho wide staircase to the, ; patient hacks, and artay to ..the' canal street crossing of tho 0., B. & Q. Bailroadj where some of Mr; Harper’s subordinates wore decld-* i Ing the'fato bf car-loads 1 of • grain. 1 After being • satisfied with the explanation tendered by Mr. Harper and his men, tho party was wheeled away to the elevator of Armour, Dole d; do., where Mr. Armour did the honors. They looked i at tbo emptying of the cars, and mounted aloft to tho top of tbo'giant structure, until they stood ; beside the lightning rod, at a height of 110 foot, and gazed npon tho' grand ; city - spread ing out oil around thorn. Fully impressed with the ’ magnificence of tho scene, thoy descended to level ground and onco-.moro wore afloat in tbo hacks, bound for the National Elovor tor on Archer avonuo; whore Mr. Murry Nelson took tliomi iii charge, put them thrbugh a course of elevator sprouts, and evoked expressions of wonder from Ml who had never soon suoh wondors before. Then Mr. Nelson lodthoway on board tho good ship China, where Captain Dickson, with trao Bailor-like hospitality, had spread an excellent luncheon, • Including tho in evitable champagne. ' Tho health of tho clova-. tors wore drunk, and the health of the steam boat was served in tho samo way * »• Tho parly rode. homo well pleased, tho busi ness men because thoy. had shown tho capability of Chicago as a grain- mart, and tho- politicians because thoy had been permitted, oven for a couple of hours, to wander around' thoelovatora —tho suburbs.of tho farmers’ movement. Mr. Harper conducted tho.excursion with ability, and with his cigars and gentlemanly courtesy made it pleasant for everybody. ■*' Tho most remarkable part of-tho excursion was tho absence of speeches. There* was. not a single oration, no allusion to “our"calamity,’’ and “ashes”-were entirely forgotten. It was a groat comfort, and abbreviated tho proceedings . by full two hours. • A BUNKO. DEN. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sib : Tho oaglo-oyod detectives who peram bulate about Washington street, between Fifth avenue and LaSalle slroet, will porbapa bo re joiced to know that a very noat awindlo, la tho nature of a confidence game, is being carried on under their precious noaoa. Tbo modus operand! is about os follows : A clorky-looking individual oomos uo rapidly bo hind a wayfarer, and,- topping him on tho shoul der, discourses os follows, more or less i “ Mr. A, father wishes mo to soy to you that ho has not enough of tho pattern you desired to fill your order, and wants to know if ho shall aond what, ho has now, and fill tho rest at somo other time,” etc. Of course tho traveler says he knows nothing of. any order, and tho astonished (?) clerk says, ‘‘Why,you aro certainly Mr.A, of Very hkely traveler says “ No, sir ; I am B, of ." If ho does, ho has laid a foundation for future operations. After an hour or so an other chap will moot him and say, “ Ah, how do. you do, Mr. B." If you do not recognize him, ho will toll you ho Is Mr. 0, from ■ ■ ■■ (somo place near where you reside). Ho will mako himself agreeable, and at lost say ho has a lot tery ticket which ho thinks baa drawn a prize, and will ask you.to go around and see with him. .Of course ho draws tho prize, .but. there is al-J ways a fraction which Is not paid in money, bat with a ticket to “one of our special- drawings,”. C says ho is about to leave tbo city s and of course is allowed to have a “ epocial drawing ” at once. • 'Ho has bad luck, and requests his'friend B to . throw for him. —wins, and divides tho tickets,; and then they noth throw together. The minu ties of tho game would take too much spaed to describe, but if B ever gets started at tfio game' ho is hound to bo tbo loser, and of course O loses (?) too. Tno initiatory stops are very well managed, and calculated to ; trap the unwary. For tho benefit of tho unexperienced, and also for “ye police,” be it known that tho present place of easiness of this lottery game la at No. I 162 Washington street, in Booms, —r and , in tbo arcade. Any country visitor who is os- ; - oortod thither had bettor watch his pocket, or,! bettor still, stop before he gets in.: Busxious. - , Chicago, Juno IS, 1673. * IKE BRIDGE-QUESTION. 3b the Editor of The Chicago Tribune, Sin: In your Wednesday's issueappears tho following: .. It is becoming a very serious question whether a whole mile of street-traffic mupt coma to a stand-still for a quarter of an hour from thirty to forty times a day for tho benefit of. ono ,or two coal and lumber dealers, while their schooners pass Into tho river. There being no tides to interfere with the shipping, it would seem that certain hours of tho day or night could bo sot apart for this purpose. As it acorns to bo taken. for granted by our courts that oil other interests must give way .to navigation, as far as navigable waters are con cerned, it follows that etroot-tralllo must stand still to lot vessels pass. If this is the case, it wouhlseom desirable to doylso some more expe ditious and common-Ben'qe method of operating our bridges than the exceedingly slow and old fashioned method now in vogue, thereby reduc ing the obstruction to J ana-truffle to a minimum; This could bo, done, I-respectfully submit, by placing at each bridge a small water-engine or motor (easily obtained from various makers) by iwhlch to turn tho bridge, the power to be fur nished by tho pity' Water-Works. In ' this [way tho bridge-tenders would he relieved from what Is 'certainly pretty hard physical labor, and would, very naturally, then open and close the bridges much oftoner, and in much less time, than is now done, thereby roloiving our streets to a very, degree. Tho expense ,would not bo largo,’and I think the advantaged gdined would fully warrant it. This arrangement was urged by tho writer on tho then Board of Public Works, through tho public prints, and in private, six or seven years ago. Respectfully, Edwin Lee Dbown. . SATURDAY HALF-HOLIDAYS. To the Editor of Tf\tChicago Tribunes Sib: I havo read with interest the various letters In your columns on this question. Will Ohlcago not arise from her lethargy, or is she bo intent on the amassing of gold that tho nobler purposes of life are being ignored? Is there nothing to live for bqfc business ? Busi ness certainly ought to bo pursued industrious ly, but not to tho utter exclusion of everything else. There is a time for everything. As a Scotchman, I can say with confidence that Scotland owes her world-wide famo as a God-fearing and Bahhath-keeplng people, amid these degenerate times, in a great measure to the Saturday half-holiday system. If it were only tried by the employers hero, it would not . hurt them pecuniarily, and (hoy would be re- i cmcACkf .-m, (Bfflo.; x% Vf Warded bribe.lporcasod dlHgonpb a’n<i. bjtpra- } 'tiOss'of N tfiolr bmployos. Masters' ofthJ N lf'thoy. fool Inclined, . go homo at / .2 : ~6 , olook > on Saturday, and enjoy tho (pleasant com lany of tbolr famines for an afternoon. - 3ut» ah Ithoro- - Is no such -pleasant..relief.in store for the unfortunate bookkeeper or olork; no pleasant rnmblo with hid sweet domplaollo,] In the country, for him. Tho music that greets his oar from one ‘week's* end to-tho other la tho ceaseless scratching of his own pon.-Tbo aobf improvomont and relaxation tbatho is allowed is tho-brief moment, snatched before going 'to' bod, and which can’t bo embraced with,an aching, hood and .floro oyoß, .before which are .flitting,. oVon In'his, dreams, tub everlasting oohuhna of dollars. • ' ' If this half-holiday, system, were only, tried for, s,littlo. the beneficial; results would bo very, soon noticed,-’ and c thoro would not be so much of an excuse for tboso who advocate the sale of liquors ion Snnday.'i If somo influential citizen would but i Intoroot himself bn bohalfof the dorks, ho would : receive tho wannest thanks j or, If tho clerks I thomaolvos wonld appoint a committee to sound 'employers oh the quostlon, something might ho ’done.- , * Relaxation. 1 Ouioaoo, Jane 11,^873, UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS. Its First .Coramonccmcnt—Order of Fxorcises>*«*Speoclios t Etc. Correspondent* of The Chicago Tribune, - liAwnsxoE, Kan., Juno 10,1873. This Is the first f Commencement-week of: tho young University of Kansas,—an institution i which, all Kansans believe, Is, at no distant dayi to take rank by tho.sido. of .Michigan, Howard, i and tho more prominent educational institutions of lh‘o'country. ; ••-V * i 1 Tho institution was. first. opened (if I recol lect correctly),' In its preparatory department, in rieoo, although it-amounted to scarcely more I than a respectable high-school until 1870, from which time it has rapidly grown ’in Importance, until now It has quite .on extensive catalogue, and tho Dopartmont of Arts and Liberal Sciences .Is organized in all its classes, with a Faculty of nine instructors, at the hoad of which 1b Gen. | John Frazier, President of tho University. !. Tho first building for.tho uso of tho University, wad a small, three-story structure, erected by. tho City of Lawrence, on tho. orost.of Mt. Oread, —an eminence of ground . south of tho city, ; Whore, in tho earlier days of . Kansas, tho fortifications eroded by Jim Lano, frowned down in harmless eilonco upon the Border Ruf fian hordes who burnedtho Froo Btato Hotel and tho lleraid 6/Freedom office. Tho traces of their fortifications aro yet plainly discernible. to romind the visitor of tho ; troublous. times that opened the experieuoos of this historic olty. - Tho building above alluded to soon proved en tirely insufficient for tho wants of tho rising University, and, bn the inability of tho Btato to providb more capacious quarters, tho. Olty of Lawrence threw herself into the..broach, voted SIOO,OOO of .bonds, and with tho proceeds haa erected a building ' that, In capacity, ologonco of architectural deaign, and completeness moll its details,-is superior to most, and second to no other building in this country designed for sim ilar osos. -It has boon constructed after patient examination ‘of- tho boat .specimens of eduoa tional structures in this country and Europe, and the result ie one of which- Kansas io partic ularly proud, as her ■ University building is pro vided,* It is believed, with all tho conveniences for carrying on tho higher educational work of tho Btato which modern improvements have de vised. The endowment of tho University is liberal.— 72sections of land having boon donated by tho General Government, tho proebods of which are to remain os a porpotual'fund for its benefit. In addition to this, tho general interest manifested by tho people , throughout tho Btato indicates that the' Legislature will, from time to.,timo, make such liberal appropriations as tbo wants and success of tho Institution shall demand. ‘ As before . intimated, tbo University ia now graduating its .first class, and the occasion is, therefore, one of moro than usual importance to , the Btato. Tho exorcises wore commenced with tho Baccalaureate sermon by the Bov.. Blohard, Cordloy, of Lawrence, and an alumnus _ of the: University of Michigan. The sermon dispensed! with tho old’traditional essays on education, manners, and morals, and struck out right and, loft at the peccadillos of the day, including sola-; ry-grabs and other political shortcomings, and. was well received by ovory ono, except those It hit, and of .thoso Kausas has hor full share. 1 An address was delivered yesterday before tho: Oread Literary Society of tho University, by ; Maj. W. O. Ransom, also an alumnus of Miom-: gan University j subject, “The Romance of History.” Tho effort was well received, and Is favorably reviewed by the morning papers. To-day is Class-day, and tho exorcises aro now proceeding altor Jbo following programme : Mufllc, Invocation. Muhlc. Esaay, “ Founding Bridges in tho Wost,* 1 jMmray ; Harris, nowling Groon, Mo. Oration, “ Uses of SupentUlon,” Flora Richardson, Monroe, Via. • , MubJo. Oration, “ Influence of tho Norman Conquest, Ralph Collins, wllklnsburg, Pa. _ . • Oration, “ Tho Manners of Chivalry,” L. D.L. Tosh, Upshur, 0.. Music. BonodicUon. Tho proscenium of the stage is handsomely decorated -with the national colors, and ever greens, relieved by garlands of roses. A hand 'somo arch, bearing the motto of the graduating oloss, “ Aciildborcs jucundi," spans tho front, the whole arrangement being in good taste and 'pleasing to the oyo. On the stage are seated tho Board of Regents, the Faculty, and highoduca - tional dignitaries and officers of the State.. Murray Harris, of Bowling Green, waives tho • essay attributed to him in the programme, and.: instead, presents to tho audience a beautiful model'of a truss-bridge, which is, porhaps. a •more satisfactory and interesting affair *to tho : crowd than would be the dry details of tho pro : cess of founding bridges in the West." The oration of Miss Richardson on tho “ Uses of Superstition M was far more than ’on ordinary production, and tho young l&dy loft tho stage rewarded with moro than tho usual number of ■ bouquets Incident to tho success of a Commence ment effort. The orations of Collins and Tosh were credit-, able to those young gentlemen ; and, all in all, tho University of Kansas may bo well satisfied with tho exorcises of its first graduating class. The Fifth United States Infantry Band fur nishes the musio for tho occasion, mid it is of a superior order. . ■ To-morrow is Commoncomont-day. The de grees will bo conferred, and tho new Senator In galls will deliver an oration on “ Tho Higher Kduoition whioh will befollowodby a banquet given by the citizens of Lawrence, and a promoj cade-concert at night.• • - As tho effort of Mr. Ingalls will roach you through other channels, I only remark that it will doubtless prove a brilliant effort, and sign myself, truly yours, Da», , Christianity In Japan. The Japan Gazette prints ' a translation of a letter which has appeared' In the native paper, Minaio Shvnbun, under the , heading of the “ Christian Religion.” Tho . letter after dis cussing the various forms of religion which havo boon national in Japan, * concludes os fol lows : | 1 • “ In various countries of tho West thoro ls;the system of worship of tho Lord of Hoav4n, , which forbids tho worship of idols, of wood ,ot stono. • • • A “ it teaches that which is of daily uso to men, and tho 'tendency is toward an Increasingly careful observance of its precepts. Its teachers, in proclaiming its doctrines, teach, what is for tho benefit of all, and. thus silencing a narrow spirit, thoy incite to a broader and hotter, which teaching Is tho secret of tho civilization of the West. ‘ “ Slnco tho Govornmofat of the Tonno has boon renovated, tho time has como for tho aban donment of evil habits. A'religion thoro must bo, but if Shintoism is proposed wo know not how to teach it. If Confucianism or those will uot do. t “ If, therefore, despising the foolish ohorge of changing the national cuotoms and of defiling tho country, the religion of Jesus ho Introduced, it will ho well for tho people. Nor will such a course involve anything incompatible with tho customs of the country or true reverence for our aucostir. i “If this religion should bo tolerated it would spread liko a fire in tho dry grass of tho plain when lighted at a hundred points. “ Should somo who hate this religion break out Ih rebellion, this, by tho thoughtfulness of tho followers of tho new religion, might bo easily subdued." ’ i Vito Cholera in Nashville and._ Mom' phis* FVcmt lAs Louisville Commercial, Tho Nashville .Funner of Sunday gives some ' startling details of the progress of tho cholera in' that oity, tho cause of it, audthonanlo that la, prevailing among the peoplo. A largo number of people havo loft tho city to avoid tho scourge —a foolish act, hut one which no doubt many of our citizens would bo guilty of under tho same pirQumstanoos. SQme of schools have been tliorewaaarumor thattllokfalitr olbso, f>Ut tho managers -dfeyi any such iutontlonT. Fot*bo benefit of those who prato about “ afapfineatlon of Providence, tho Hand of God laid heavily upon his erring -ohUdren,!ljind.mako.UßO...ofauauaiL sacrilegious, ntid silly stabhoringa about epidemics that spring, from'rvfolatjona of give. Uio cause of tho Nashville"cholera * r Tho cholera, so farr haß”boon*mo*tly con* fined to tho WiUon.-Bpringr Branch bottom, 1 which is the most sickly portion of tho olty. j The branch is nothing I 'more not less than an 1 open sowor, omitting foul and pestilential odors. ; Some two or throo hundred boys, owned hy peo ple in its proximity, have oven taken groat. do ight Swallowing in ItandUtirrlng up.a stanch, that is intolerable. .It ought long-ago to. have been covered over. • Most of-' those who’ have been attacked and have died wore colored people living in its immediate vicinity. Tho attack was, almost in every instance, brought about by tbo imprudent oatingbf'vegetables. But it la not now confined altogether to. tho. colored classes, bat extends to tho whito people living in' the lowef portions of tho olty as wolL . Up to Friday night here had been as many as forty deaths einoo the Ist of June.” This la the kind of" water the peoplo In tho oholoro'infeotod region have boon.ufilng :.. ■ ‘♦•lt is stated, on the authority of physician, that the water which comes from .Wilson Bpring is notlungihoro nor less than the scopings from .privies. He says that; with the proper sanitary renovation of the oity/oholora will ho suppressed within a very short time, and that not an hour should be lost in tho removal of ovorything having the semblance of filth. Tbo work should jo on to-day. If it required 600 men to oleah up be oiiy;ihthe most thorough and efficient man ner, it should bo done, and done without delay.” In Memphis tho cholera has •swelled tho mor tality list to a frightful extent. TDuring tho last month 880 deaths wore reported, .32 of which wero placed to the account "of obolora. M to chol era morbus, 27 from congestion,-and 18 from di arrheal a portion .of the :88', lrom.unknown dis eases may safoly, bo • placed to these aocotmto, and bo classed under tho head of epbradloohol efa.—sporadic:’ because the terra' Asiatic carries with it a significance and 'terror that l wo ; doh , f like to dwell upon. . ... • > THE FORT DODGE TRAGEDY. of tho, Shodilnff^Fro* , position to Hong tUo Deputy In tho of tho Corpse ' _Bliorif*’s PonoFattbliholowu to Koep Order* ‘ . From the Dubuqxu .-Our telegraphic dispatches Sunday..morning! informed our readers that tho ,liquor control yeray at Port Dodge, which has engendered up much bad 1 fooling. Among tho oitlzenjj of that town, culminated in a! tragedy last Saturday evening by the shooting to. death,by tho Mar-? shol, of a saloon-keeper named Hainos. Prom anoyo witness,' who was.present just.after tho shooting took place,' wo ‘ gathered tho following particulars of tno unfortunate affair ? • tSHainos, It appears, 'on a former occasion, bad mode his boost that the Marshal could not arrest him. -On Saturday .morning the ,Marshal had confiscated a lot of liquor m a saloon belonging to a saloon-keeper namod:SUotman. Tho trans action naturally caused some oohunotion and feeling among tho anti-prohibitory: men, and they had met and discussed , the. question, to gether, drinking at their, meetings* although not to excess, names wad among.tho number.-.This was tho state of things when, in. the pvenlng, about 6:30 o'clock, Haines and same companions wont into tho-cigar, store of i a Mr.’ S. J. Bennett- to. purchase some cigars. -.The Marshal and his Deputy happening to pass by. or come up at tho time, tho fact .was mentioned to Holnos, who replied that be didn’t'oar a d —n : for tho MarshaL nor his Deputy.'i ;Tho, Marshal. | cither overhearing him, or having. boon notified i of tho assertion,, entered the cigar store,;and ap-< preaching Hainos demanded of him & revolver, j whiohit appears ho know, bohad. oir his per son. Hoinoa handed the revolver over, and then • tho Marshal- told him che was going, to arrest him. Haines protested; saying ho had no right ■ to arrest him, and then declared lie. would not submit to on.arrest;-: Upon his making! ■this declaration, the Deputy caught him by the ; arms and tho Marshal struck him fivQ:times over ■ the head with a heavy cane he carried ; either j blow, it Is j said, was,sufficient to cause death.; While tho Marshal was striking theso blows 'Mr. Bennott said to him* “If you aro going to kill tho man, I don’t want you to do ft my store. Tho Marshal then stopped back three paces, and 1 . with the revolver, ho nad received from Hainos, 1 fired at him tho fatal shot which caused his in stant death. / . • 't ‘ After tho Marshal • committed < tho deed, ho walked out of. tho door.of tho store ou tho side walk, and flourishing tho revolver to tho con-, stornatlon of tho crowd, that, had fathered about - tho door, . said “ That’s what; comes of soiling whisky. .In wrenching tho pis-, tol from him, I have killed one of your com-j rados." Ho then passed over to tho , opposite, side of tho street by a hardware store. In tho; -meantime those who* were in tho' store carried Hoinoa’body out and laid, it on tho sidewalk. 1 : When tho manner of tho shooting became, known to tho crowd, which by that time: bad increased to two or throo hundred, it was proposed to hang tho Marshal and Deputy ihoro, in the . presence of tho murdered body of Halnoa,. It-being tho evidout sentiment of tho crowd, the Marshal and tbo Deputy slipped into tho hardware store, whero thoy wore secreted in the.cellar. Tho exasperation of tho crowd and the grow ing - disposition to lynch tho Marshal and hid Deputy, caused tho Sheriff to put on a patrol of twenty men to : koop down any riotous proceed ings that might arise, and tho patrol was- kept up all night. On Sunday morning about,-2 o'clock, tho Sheriff relieved tho Marshal and his Deputy from.their collar, hiding, place, and cov ertly through back streets conducted them to tho jail for greater safety, and,to await a legal investigation. - . . -t . . > ■ Hainos was a married map., Hdhad a wife and two small children,.and tho wife: iadaily ing to require the services of an obstetrician. It is not improbable that tho . shock of . hor hus band’s death may causo hot’s and tho child’s also. If so, itiwilLbo four,, deaths—directly tho result of this extreme agitation of tho liquor question at Fort Dodge. ' > •-- • . .ifrom parties who loft tho 111-starred town yes terday morning, wo loam that very. many por J sons wore rot in tho streets discussing tho sub ject of “ tho murderalthough tho 1 oxoitomont had quieted down so that there was no longer apprehension of tho populaco taking tho law into their own bonds. Railroad and Warehouse Commis sioiietv«>llo(urnot Railroad XSlanlCHy :EtC» •' From the Springfield {111.) Journal, June 11. i

The blanks recently sent out by the Secretary to the County Clerks of the respective comities in the State, for the purpose of. ascertaining the amount of county and township- subscriptions, etc., in aid of railroads, - are being returned at the rate of twenty or thirty per dny v In sev eral cases the reports show that certain coun ties have never, voted any aid to railroads. . The Clerk of Cook" County reports that they have no record of donations or subscriptions in aid of railroads, dither by*, incorporated cities, towns, or villages; and ho thinks there aronono. Among tho counties that have hot 1 voted aid to railroads, wo notice tho following : Jo Daviess, ; Carroll, Livingston, and Champaign. - ' . Among tho returns from counties wo take tho following statements of aid voted ; , Ford County, to tho Lafayette, Bloomington b . i JoffSn DoWltt County, to the Oilman, Clinton. A * to* *U»o Chicago) Danville ft ' . Vincennes Rai1r0ad............ • •..... ••• •• • -10,000 Sangamon County, to tho 8. kJU. B.E. 8., W. ■ Company, Eastern Division 60,000 1 Western Division... • ••• Q„ 0, k B. Railway C0mpany.............. ... IDO,OOO i Bprlngliold Township, to tho S. ft I. B. 12, Rail- ght TownsUo to the B. kI,S. E. tojlroad 20,000 TaUdnatou Townslilp, to tho Jacksonville, w. . _ k B.E. Railroad Company 20,000. The Secretary of tho Board is now engaged In tho classification of freights preparatory to making up tho schedule of freight tariffs, as the law provides, . ■ - . ; , we learn that Oommisßloner Pearson visited the Grain Inspection and Registrar Department of Chicago, on Saturday .last, as delegated by the Board, and found everything In a very satis factory condition, ■ . , ■ • 1 Mr». fconir, ol Paris, 111., Murders lior Oblia and tben Commits Suicide. from the Terre Haute ttnd.) Octette, June 0. The Gazette In in receipt of' Information from Paris, detailing ft ciuftl tragedy which occurred, there during the latter part of lost week. It appears that ft daughter of the Clarkes frospeefahio olllsone ol that plaoft), tho widow of one Long, became enamored of a young man, whoso namo , ‘ our Informant could not give, nud tboy became betrothed. From thin tntlmftto re lation, the widow was misled by the scheming sconelirel into criminality and I subsequent shame. Tho day of their marriage was sot and postponed until finally tho flondcdisappeared, and the woman’s shame became tho public prop erty of mischievous gossips. As tho nows spread her desperation increased, uutU It reached snob an altitude that oho consigned her offspring to the vault of an out-house when it waa born, Jhttra W probably died from ailfTooiLlion :ln! filthJ Tbil^>oQu^ad and it Is.sUtadihaMlta donfessod td'hor''parents-' 'shortly' attbrwards'. Bitoydhy. night tho wretched woman outu-hor thrdat from oar to oar, and was found wrapped Jn.bloQd.and.cold in death Sunday morning. a Monstrous confession. A Very nonmrkaljlo doenmont "Writ ten bjr n niuraorf)r— •Sirlviiitp to Kxool n® a Criminal—A Sitter for tho lUota . plrfftlolans* •> C atsJcitlf Jf, Y, (June 7). Correspondence of'the Keio \'■ '• - i York nun, . ' 1 On tlio night of-‘May 1, Harmon Holebor, ft uclßaora-grludor, of Albany, waa murdered near this oity. About the 16th ult. Joseph Waltz waa arrested, charged with tho orimo. > Ho is a tall, muscular youth of about 93 youra. Ho has long, light hair, slight board ftnd>whlakors of tho aamo color, ana oloar blue oyos M Ho has boon indict ed by tho Grand Jury, and his trial haa boon sot for tho Dooombor toran - The followiug la a copy of tho confession,' written by himself: ' I .W Hotw or DoNDAax.-May 23,1873.. ; Mr Dkaa OrrsnoßD and Excited Emends : 1 beg leave to have Homo reconciliation with youin order that you may no longer bo In any doubt'of my truthfulneaa in regard to the terrible, shocking, and lnfemoua deeds that I was forced by some mysterious power to do. You wore already Informed of the principal and moat important causes ofjtU this agitation; .but It was an ImposalblUty for mo or any one else to explain to you. at that time, tho mlnuto, and at the samo time most Indlspeiißabio'dotAlla; * * ‘' * One day In January bust it seemed to me that there were a groat imany,.people on earth who were con stantly risking,their life and reputation In swindling, robbing,"and deceiving their feuosrarUtures,,for va rious reasons and eausosi Since that day it seemed to mo aa‘lf ] something had planted Itself In my mind,' that kept urging mo forward to'perform some grand, heroic, and enterprising! feet, whether good or bed I oouldnotsay,.! 1 tried to forget It, but it was aver before me. 1 be* Sn toloee.iumai intereoi In miy dally occupation, and e‘great appetite for learning, and knowledge, and wisdom, which I had waa also Io«Mne& - My rnlnd' seemed to-bo near, iuaiu«nuuivujM»w-i.wMi now turned was to something wholly out'of tha com mon oonne. About two days after, this I could no longer do without causing some, commotion‘.or oxclto- • meat. That very night Ox the third day I began my first robbery I ; 1 • I arose from bed at about 1 o’clock a. m., end went entofdoors; .It waawarro,'. but. very windy, I wont to my room again, butcould not.thhfltof going to bodj I wanted very much. to rouse tip something or some body ; when suddenly the thought came to surprise and cause trouble to some" duo."l thought of 'going over to the house of my nearest neighbor. James'B. Goetchlus, and throw stones at tho door of hla house and windows $ .* when • another- thought .flashed acroes m,o„togoU)tholoU-gate,,aboat holla mile off, and do something of tho kind there. •- 1 1 put on my boots, and started for tho latter Ip-all hostel As I' arrived'near the place, ! began to lose much of my courage, and sat:downpn,a snowbank for some time thinking. I was about to got up and go homo,- audloavo ail in <peac«, when ’I thought of the rod school house a short distance further, off; my courage, returned, and I wu there In a few minutes. I, entered a window, at tho cast side, aud found- the Stovo tod hbt and tho room vorj' warm \ this frighten ed me, thinking there might bo somo ouq dwelling In tho'school houso. 'However, Tcnterodat last, and what I did there you all know. . I had Just such books at homo of my own, and could have no Use forthenn Tho reason that I took- thorn was simply to rousp aud tho" pupils, and teacher. . Seeing all remain quiet, I did tho samo deed over again a short time after, this timo.Jeaving a note there containing remarks such as threatening their life, and using very profane language. Peace still continued, and I was not satisfied. Tula yearning and tempting .was Incessant. About a month afterward I started on another burglarious expedition. ‘ This waa tho Jeffer son Sunday-school. I entered It, forcing, open a blind on tho south side,' about 2 o’clock a. m. By. this time I began, to feel some sorrow tor those cnioi acts, and began to road some of tbo moat pious and best of the -library books 1 had thus obtained by theft. They wore, Indeed. Tory good books ; and having road tho first ono through, I began to roalizo"and perceive my great wick edness. I was much'comforted, and road several more with good result. But I could not feel easy. I next broke open and robbed tho school house on the Athens road and tho one at Leeds. After that I wanted to re- ( pent, and was about to confess my crimes to tbo Bov. Father O’DriscpU and Hr.. A. M. Osborn, a .Cataklil • lawyer, when! saw the following glowing notice In tbo . Oataklu Jleeordir, which was probably tho reason that, I' lost all desire to make.an open confession of my guilt, for it was stated in such a singular and Inciting manner that It seemed' to relievo mo of my sorrow and distress and rouse up tbo old desire to do further mis chief : 41 The school-houso In Leeds was broken open on Tuesday night, end in tho morning tbo contents of tho, desks, the furniture, maps, etc., wore found piled pro-' lulscuously on the floor. A letter.was left stating tho determination to commit depredations,—said they had: commenced at tho small school-house on tho Athens ' road (the one’ that was burned last night),r-aml that. they wore on their way West, etc. They claim to bo in i -the service of Belial,—ondno doubtaro right there.” Ah a counter-irritant I then read tho fourth,. fifth,; sixth, seventh, and eighth chapters of St. Matthew, and retired to my night's rest, much relieved of my imeaal- - ness ; but my great sins could, never bo bidden or dropped from my mind,and a spark of thls.lntenso do-' sire to perform somo unnatural exploit waa still smoul dering In my brains. About the last of April wo wore visited by an old friend of ours from Albany,..who went about some; times In tho'spring as a scissors grinder. He was an ' bonost, upright man, respected by all who know him. We gladly Invited him on this evening to supper, and that he could pass tho night with ns. Aftor supper wo ha dkept up a pleasant and delightful conversation with, each other, aaia usually; tho .cose with' true friends' 'that havonot scon each other for a long time ; and In' this way was that evening passed. ' We showed our friend to bud on a sofa, on which - were placed somo quilta and blankets for a covering. My parents then rotlrodup-stalrs. I waa now the only ono up, and sat down by the' table and read for about ( . half an hour, when I felt sleepy, and was about to enter my room, wbon suddenly I waa aroused from all Bleep-' < Incss by-this itxong sensation, in my mind to’oxoouto some uncommon or unnatural and Inhuman Juggle. The power was much stronger and moro sudden than. I haa ever experienced It before. I wanted to relieve myself of it, but I was utterly helpless. I began to bo cemetery not,' my ears were ringing, and my heart beat very loud and quick for a'short time, and the hair ' bn my head seemed to bo standing upright. ' All .this lasted hardly a minute, when I began to become cool ' again, and everything was very quiet. I took'up a small Testament and began to read. I had scarcely I. finished tlio first. verso when some violent I and olcctrlo force swept past my face. It was 1 like a flash of lightning, If: it could have keen directly before my eyes, and without any noise. 1 dropped; my arm and book with a - loud clap on tho little tablo before mo. I began'; to shake and tremble in every limb. Groat'fear seized mo Tor a little while, after' .which everything seemed to run into my brains. I 'sat a few momenta-on my bed in great confusion. Then I wont out of doors, lamp In baud, and searched for an axe or hatchet, and wont back Into my room. I could think of nothing bat of striking some ono on tho bead. , I pressed my forehead egaiust a pane of glues, think-, Inc the sudden cold would have some effect in pro-, duolng a different sensation", but all In vain. I turned down 1 tbo'lamp very low, took up tho hatchet and entered the ‘ room of my friend, the sclssors-grlndor, who was~Blccplng soundly. I placed tho lamp on tlio floor directly below his head. I theu, cautiously bent over him to see In what position his bead lay. I took tho hatchet and, rolsed.it up to tho height of tho colling. ..... I was about to turn away and leave tho man in peace, when I waa again seized by tbo demon, and wnsToreed to raise the hatchet and give the fatal blow; but It seemed as If tho strength and force of tho blow that I was about to implant In the bead of tbd peaceful Bleep er had all entered into tho handlo. of tho hatchet. I withhold tho blow, took up tho lamp and hatchet and went'back to my own room, greatly troubled In mind and spirit. I was about to give, a loud scream, but I bad no strength for it. 1 sat there as helpless as a babo, when all at once a painful thrill or sting pierced my heart and brains and roused me up like a maniac. ' I took tho lamp and hatchet up once more and entered tho room of tho sleeping man, placing tho lamp where 1 did before, and raised tbo batchofc quickly, but my boartfallod mo. My forehead became wot with por epiratlou, and I .stood there in delirium swinging - the - hatchet. up - and down - above the head .of Hlio in&n, when aflimgthl struck tho m*u ou tho fori* head, but tho blow seemed to-have no force as I dealt 1U He breathed with a deep voice, and, doubting of Its fatality, I struck him twice with the cutting part of tho hatchet, not knowing for certain whore. I bit him, . and sank fainting, and senseless ou tho floor., when consciousness returned, aud I behold the dire scone, 1 tho mauglcd body, tho pools of blood, and tbo awful thought of murder, I sank back again with a foollug of pain and - horror. I then wanted to go off and cast myself into a bottomless gulf and bury myself out of • sight of tho world, With these thoughts I walked back and forth in tho rain In a very confused or d«* ranged manner, for somo time; then with a fierce and euergetio perception In mind aud body, I wout to the dismal room, took nn the corpse, carried Item, and laid U down Dosidoalow stone fence. I then wrapped tho body in • the blanket, and laid many smaUj • flat stone’s around It to .conceal ' It, lisped a short prayer, and departed •to -the houso. There I began to clear off all traces of blood, aud to carry the boots,* ooat, hat/Ac.; off-under tho barn. Tho mo chine I also carried off and placed behind a fence In tho bushes, and covered it up with brush and stouca. I then went to bed, but In. five minutes my parents came down and began their work ns usual. I got xip a«alu. and'went to tho barn to help food tho .stock, when father asked mo what It was that ho beard some time lu tho night, as If some ouu were gurgling-ot breathing with something lu tho throat. ,• A I toldlilm that I hoard it too, hut that I could not ' account for it, and that It was probably the habit of this mau to .do something of tho kind, as ho told us the previous evening of h& ,having a had cow* And now tho thought comotomopf my.wlckodlloandof having thus deceived my good, honest father. ; Tho sclssor-grindor was soon .missed, aud wo found faint traces of blood about tho floor aud on ono of tho blankets, when my parents became greatly excited, and when they found the- blankets, quilt, and pillow inlss- Imr. • they wore astonished beyond measure. They looked at me and found.mr In equal surprise., They thou thought that thlihad man had token the quilta and made p£T with them. Father wont In search of him along tho road toward Athens, but ho could find no trace or vestige. Ho had too much work to do to spoud any moro time searching for him or the things. Father went to boo tho Gouatablo. But all remained quiet, aud I began.-to think myself clear of all sua- night I began digging a grave In such a manner and qn such a place That it would be im possible to find it again. I carried the corpse to U on a wheel barrow. .Slaving laid it carefully in and wrapped It - ia the blanket, I knelt at the end of tho crraAO aud prayed for an hour and a half to God for the protection and repose of the soul of my friend whom 1 bad thus caused to leave this world unprepared and without ft last look or parting word to his bereaved and'aflllclod'wlfe, and chlldrcS,'anjl tWtk'U.kilnjbiiil .trig ddnS, 1 covered up Uio remains 6f mj friend Jn. ?- grcat'AorroVr, In tho name of the Fdthtr’ ondol'lho Bod * tniToftlio Holy Ghost, and urOcoodedlb the house Itl" a very brokou-ucarlod condition. I thon locked overy thing up In a trunk and wont up to tho barn again, took up the clothes and carried them flown tho lot and bid them. ""What Id Id thoni donnfktioTrto-lhlmlayp - for the aun was shining and I found myself sitting at tho foot of tho grave of ray departed friend. When the long and tedious day drew to a closo I i wrolfeTlellerby the Influence of tho-sarno visionary , i agent, and was nstonlabod, not a little, when I road It 1 I to myself... I Ihcfi tried to copy It on a sonata to paper, ; but when I had It half finished I .dropped to tlio floor, with a loud rlhglna and sibilant sound In my, head, 1 whore I must have been dnring. tho .hlgliLL/flr.ln tho 1 . morning I found the little table upset aoalost tho bod, : , and myself loaning dgalnst the door with a choir over, , mol-When I>endoav6red-to'get tip 1 could hardly 1 bond a finger or limb, being os rigid and Inflexible as doj\th. Thus I lay helpless until itho fiery thought re , turned to perform tho grand. Imposing, or mnjostlo work, moral or traglol Before this thought every . morbid feeling fled. My hands became red as flro. and, with some pain In straightening ray arras and back, I arose. I felt after I had killed too man that It was not the great deed I wanted to do, for I was greatly disgusted and terror-utrlckon, and overcome with sorrow and grief for having caused the untimely death of my friend I and had lost all thoughts and desires of over doing so awful and terrible a thing I After this I passed many nights sitting on the grave, for my sorrow became so grqkt, the burden of sins so heavy, and my wounded spirit so restless.' that 1 did not' knbWhiili. the time whit I was abbut.- I often walked off a little way, and thon inmod suddenly around and went. bach ’again to : tho spot, and wanted to do something, but never could thlnkwhat*.-j.-.. . ’.. j •. ' , ’ r In about two weeks the sdsaor-grlndor’s wife, ac companied by. a .youth, come toonr.house to inquire for him. I hurried to the bsm and hid myself, for I could not appear before them In such a broken-hearted condition* The following night, when all was quiet, I took everything In my trunk winch belonged to the lost man, and bid them at divers places. The books, Ac., I placed In boxes, and burled them also. A day or two after this tbo search began. The officers, D. P, Ben nett, Charles Ernst, and others, finding tho floor and sofas saturated with blood, immediately suspected mo of having killed the man. 1 wanted to “ own up,” and toll them tho wholo truth on tho spot.-but I had not tho courage,.. I began to defend myself by tolling dread • ful lies, that gavo me such a pain within that I came BMKiis’BSrfioWtraVtiffatoiJEspaotwW'fflStfjail friend. Oh I tho dreadful sting my soul received an I again denlod my guilt before tho. venerable Justice I My dear, Innocent father .was taken with mo, for the first time In all oar llfo, into bondage. I requested of Bbsriff D. P. Bennett and J. 11. Moooh tho permission and liberty of going to tho farm accompanied by my father, promising them that 1 would throw tho full light into tho whole mystery, but they coldly refused to do anything of tho kind* telling mo that such a thing was.not allowed. Afterward they lot mo go,- but I re vealed nothing at that time; but I haVo now told you, my friends, or this whole mournful event. And I am. by tho grace of miy Heaveply Father, that I received through tho mercy of .His only begotten Son, Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, prepared to die, and pre pared to live in blessed peace. Joseph Waltz/ MAC MAHON. Thio Address, of tlio' Nbwly«l!lcctod President of the Fronclr Republic to •thoNatlonol Assembly nt’VersaUlos* Parii {May 28) ef ’ the Kev}"--York Marshal MaoMa'hpn has’npt kont tho National Assembly long in suspense regarding tho courso ho intends to adopt m tho.-government of tho country. **■ When the session ; opened yesterday the Duke, do Broglie, Vico President of tho Coun cil,' announced' that ndhadiiililstf b'ssossionamos sagofrom the nowly-oleotbd President'of'tho Bopuhlio, which, : he said, ho had boon requested to rood to tho representatives of the land. Tho Duke then road as follows: . . • : Gehtlemem: Galled by tho National Assemblyto tbo trosldency of tbo Republic, I Lave exercised promptly tbo power yon confided to mo, and have choaen a Min istry whoso members aro selected from your. ranks. fOhcers.] Tbo idea which bos guided mo la tbo for mation of this Mlniitry, and that which WIU Insplro tbo Ministry In all Its acts, is respect for tbo will of thb Assembly, and tbo desire to bo always its scrupulous executor. "[Applause from tbo Night and Centro.] Tho right of the majority la tho rule of all parliamentary governments—[cheers]—but this - rule has a special necessary application to tho institutions wo gov ern, in virtue of which: tho magistrate charged- with executive power Is but .the dclcgoto of tho Asaaembly— [cheers]—with whom rests tbo solo authority and who is tbo active expression of the laws. [Cheers,] This Assembly; In tbo course of tbo two years of it* exist ence. has bad tjv.o great tasks to perform: liberate pur territory which was Invaded ofter a frightful struggle, and re-establish order among a society torn by a spirit of revolution. -■ •' - , : Tbo first of these tasks has been pursued with a con stant devotion, not by tbo majority alouc,. but with a perfect unanimity on tbo part of tbo representatives of Neither of the groat measures,• which had for their I object tho recovery of our national independence, bos ,1 called forth a debate, nor been mot with a severe ‘ op position. It Is not too much to say that these mean- ■ ures could not have been carried if tbo country herself, tho entire country, had not ready, though onerous enough some of them were, to accept them with heroic patience and without cither, a declamation or a mur mur. [Cheers.] This agreemontof all classes waa tho, principal force which aided the illustrious man. whom > 1 replace, In his methodical and practical negotiations, ‘and from whom only a difference of opinion, which I ‘ deplore, has separated .you. [Cheers.] I count upon, you, gentlemen, to exert the same force .with tho: efforts I shall make. In order to. finish,' by tho complete- fulfillment of our engagement, that work which, thank God, is now nearly accom-; pllsbed. Tho task wiU also bo facilitated by tho excel-' i lent relations which tho recent Government baa estab lished between Franco and foreign powers; and which I shaU endeavor to maintain. My line of conduct, in this respect, •will be exactly thot which has been sev eral Umca indicated 'by my predecessor to this tribu nal, and which you have’ always approved; maintain that peace we have so highly professed and practised, so that Europe, convinced of: our, sincerity, may see in the reorganization of. tho army (at which I shaU 'continue to labor without'relaxation) but-tho legiti mate desire to repair our forces, ana to recover tho rank to which wo are entitled. [Ohoera.l - In tho poUcy of tho Interior, thb scntiment that has dictated all your act* haa been that of social consorvo ‘ tism. Of tho groat laws you have passed, an Immonso majority have had this essential conservative charac ter Sometimes divided upon questions merely polit ical you have, nevertheless, been found ready to unite upon the ground of defense of tho great fundamental principles upon'which society rests; and which is menaced to-day by ao many audacious _ attacks. Tho government which you represent ought, therefore, to o. and will bo, I pledge you, energetically and reso lutely conservative. [Cheers.] The 7017 important 'laws upon tho. organization .of tbo .army, upon municipal administration, public instruction. aud : other questions which affect Interests of tho first' commercial and financial order, are either prepared or now under discussion In your commissions. On these. I think. I bavo chosen Ministers competent to treat with you. Other laws, which raiao constitutional: questions of groat gravity, have been presented by mv predecessor, on which you will express a decisive opinion. You -have taken and will examine them: the Government will .also study them with care, and when tho day shall arrive that you may Judge conve-, nlont for their discussion, it will give you on each, . point raised Us well-considered opinion. _• J But while you deliberate, gentlemen. It is tho duly, and tho right of tho Government to oct. ; Its task Is,. ' first of all, that of an administrator—that is to say, to, insure by doily application the oxbcutioiT of tho lows which you have made, and ,to keep ou fait regarding public • fooling. and opinion. [Clioort.] To -Impress upon tho Administration entire unity, cohesion; to cause to bo respected, and on all occasions to respect; tho law, in giving 'to all degrees those functionaries that respect themselves and tho laws—is a-plain duty,-often inoperative, but for this reoson all the more necessary to bo complied with now, owing to tho revolutionary-times, and ono in which the Government will not fall.- [Obecre.] „ * Such aro, gentlemen, my intentions, which I• bellevo are almost iu conformity with yours, .load the titles which commend our obedience, the-Assembly adds to them that of being tho bulwark of a society menaced In Franco and iu Europo . throughout by 0. faction which Imperils tho peace of all nations, but which can-; not hasten your dissolution because that it sees In you . tho principal obstacle to its designs.' [Applause.] • I consider the poet m which you have pincod mo as that of a sentinel who watches- over andmalntalus tho Integrity of your sovereign power. [Loud cheers.] A Woman I ' Murder* Mop- Mother#- t Binghamton, N. t.'{Jnneb), Correspondence qf the Few York World, Blnoo tho nigUfc ou which Hulloff . mur dered tho dork in this city, - there has boon no excitement comparable with that occasioned by'facta which'havo come-to light within a day or two in regard to tho doam ‘ of an old woman, filrs.Coimlty, tho mother of Mrs; Thomas Conning. On- 2h Mr,‘Conning called at tho ofQcoorDr. G. A. Thayer, whom ho, requested'to visit a woman lying 111 at his house.' Tho doctor found tho old lady lying Insensible on a lounge, her head, back] logs, amfarms bearing marks of violence. Ho oakod who’ tho patient' was, ~ and Mrs. Conning said In reply that , she was an.old tramp who was deranged and had no. .frioudn j on thd foregoing night -sho had boon . allowed toeloop in an upper room of tho house: had fallen from tho balcony, and thus received her bruises. Mrs,‘Conning asked to havo hor removed, as she was so dirty sho did. not wish her about tho premises. Tho doctor reported tho caeo to Superintendent Spaulding, who called upon Mr. Conning and asked to boo the woman, bnt ou being informed that she was got* ting hotter, lot tho matter drop. doctor called oncoor twice again, and learned that hie patient was Mrs.’ Conning’s mother, flho died.in a few days, and, owing to tho suspicious circum stances oounogtedwitu her death, a post-mortem examination was hold), by tho two Drs. Thayer, who reported that tho marks on the' throat had boon made by human hands, and the bruises Boomed to have boon made with somo blunt • in strumont. On Sunday last, a Coroners Jury listened to tho testimony of several witnesses, whoso testimony revealed , a most shocking case of tho most horrible and unnatural cru elty. According to tho witnesses, Mrs, Con ning \ and her children wore in the habit of pounding tha’ poor old woman, who waa 70 years of ago. They , would hit her on the head with broomsticks, knock her down with clubs, throw, stones at: Iter, and cruelly abuse her. Mrs.’ Obrmlhte oftbn threatened' to turn her mother out of aoora, end sometimes 'VV V-S kotually forced her to pans cold winter nights in ilit/coal-houso. Tlio victim acorns to havo boon •Very nulot and long-suffering, and novor to have complained to tho neighbors, but Mrs. Conning nwore bo loudly when abusing her by pounding, choking, and kicking ns to attract their alton- Hlonr* ■nitrold lfldy would* bog - to sloop- withbr doors, but was not -permitted to.do so .• The children havo boon sben to throw stones* at and ourso their grandmother, and oven to aseault lxot with hatohots and axes.. She has boon soon run* ning out of tho house with hor faco bloody, cry ing murder I " and saying, that hor daughter wu killing her. Th 6 Inquest clodod lost night, when tlio following verdict was rohdorod : “ Tho ddath of Mrs.- Oonulty resulted from Injuries caused by tho hands of Mrs. Conning." '• , _ * ’ Tragedy in Imercer county, ky. Two Men Killed and Throe Probably* , j •• Fatally Wonnclcd* . ■ Prom ti\* Louisville (Ky.) '■ Commercial, June 10. From the Herald of yesterday wo. gather the. following particulars-of' 0 tragedy-in Mercer County* < “ Yesterday afternoon a crowd of some 2,000 colored people assembled at Eldorado meeting-house, in Mercer County. Ky., about ton miles east of Hairodabnrg, to attend a basket mooting. During the services, about 4:80 o’clock in the afternoon, a family of brothers by the name of Nelson arrived at the church, and a difficulty immediately was sprungi t between a colored man named Addison Mack and the Nel son family, which ended in the killing of two persons and the mortal wounding of throe others at the hands of Addison Maok alone. "It seems that some throe months since Addi son >Mock' ran off with a colored -girl named Sarah Nelson, who is a' sister to tho brothers named, and the parties were -married according to the present laws of tho United States. Yes terday the parties Interested root for the first tlmo sinco the marriage. Outside tho door of the meeting-house, John ' Nelson, ono of tho brothers, attacked Addison Mack, and after Sono of his revolvers an cfsh nn‘ Nelson jh tho bowels in such a manner that death ensued in a few moments. Henry Kirk inter fered In behalf of Nelson, and ho received a bullet through tho chest, causing a mortal wound. .... . .?* John Mftok, a brother of tho shooting man, thou rushed in to tako his brother’s part, and ho, like tho other two, received fatal wounds. One shot pibreed his head and the other wont through his cheat. -Ho died almost immediately. Milton OissoU then attempted to lend a hand to Addison Mack, when tho latter drew another pistol and shot CissoU through tho fleshy part of tho thigh, inflicting a wound that is considered .fatal, ns tho main artery was severed, and it was found impossible to stop tho flow of blood. Mack did dot recognize OissoU os his friend until after the affray. • • " John Wallace, a mulatto, then put in for his sharo of tho fight In behalf of the Nelsons,when, ‘ to his surprise, bo caught tho balance of tho loads that woro in Macro pistol, which wore four in number; and ho, too,' received wounds that ! aro known to bo fatal. After Mack hod emptied birth his pistols into tho bodies of five of his fel low-beings, ho surrendered like a man, and was takon.tojail at Harrodsburg.,. Tho shooting of his brother was accidental, of courso, for ho did . not have time to recognize him, much loss think 1 about mooting a friend. i, " Tho congregation inside tho church hearing 1 the confusion outside, arose en masse and with a'singlo surge the entire building seemed to bo i vacated, and hundreds of horses were at once ’, mounted, and then it was that tho nows of tho * traccdy spread like wild ‘ firo throughout tho county. There was talk of lynching Mack and | hiA wifo. but this desire seemed to prevail i' among tho younger negroes, tho older heads i using their Influence against it, thus preventing • Judgo Lynch’s interference. Tho occurrence ’ caused the wildest.excitement throughout Mor -1 cor County." ' A IWnll-Carrlcr ls AVonmlcfl NI no Tint* l>y kndtan&it iiml Still Liven* £Yom the Omaha {Xeb,) Tice, June 3.' Upon tho arrival of tho Union Pacific train from tho West lato Saturday afternoon, wo had tlio plc&oiiro of mooting at tbo Union Pacific de pot Mr. J. F; Carter, the young mail-carrier who was, some six weeks ago,,'Bo badly riddled up with bullets by a parly of Indians north of Lara mie. His account of the affair, as briefly told to us. is, in substance, as follows : He was engaged in carrying the mail from Cheyenne to White Clay, a distance ol ,140 miles. Ho had a team of California bronchos and a light wagon, -weighing only ISO pounds. ■When ho was out’ about thirty miles on bifl route, ho was fired upon by a party of Sioux In dians, in ambnsbi commanded byLittlo "Wolf, nephew of Bed Cloud. One of tho shots struck him in tho ncok, narrowly escaping tho spinal column. Young Carter foil over in tho box of tho wagon, and his team started on a rapid run* .away. The Indiana sprang to horse, and fol lowed in closo pursuit, firing all the time at the fallen mail-carrier for a distance of nine miles, when his team ran into a camp of friendly Chey ennes, who protected him from his blood thirsty pursuers. . Upon being Ilf todout of tho wagon no was found to be shot In nine different, places—once in the nock, twice in tho loft arm, thrice in tho right log, once in the loft log, once in tho shoulder, and once in tho groin. His wagon was covered with blood and pierced with bullets. As soon as bo recovered sufficient, strength to bo moved any distance, ho wua "taken to the militarypost at Laramie, 29 miles distant, by tho Cheyennes, who hud previously bathodhis wounds and given him all tho atten tion possible. At Laramio bo had his wounds, dressed and all tho bullets extracted except the •one in his groin, thirty-six hours after the at tack bad boon made upon him. By careful 'nursing; and owing to bis strong, wiry constitu tion ana wondorfulpoworof endurance, bo rapid ly recovered, and in a few weeks was able to« travel. Mr. Carter is but 21 years of ago. Ho speaks nine different Indian languages, and fer ine lost five years has boon,in tbo employ of tlio- Government as ft scout. Ho bad boon carrying the mail but five or six days, having taken the place of a mail-carrier .who - wad killed by tho. rcd-sklns in ambush. •Carter Is going homo to recuperate his health, and ho says when ho en tirely recovers ho intends to return to kill two- Indians for every wound ho received. ... From the Danville {III.) Time 9. Tho farmers of Now England p-ho blast holes In tho ground to plant a fow acres of beaus and com hops, doubtless have imperfect notions of •tho area of some of our Western farms. Hero 'inVermilion.County a single individual owns , and manages seven thousand acres, while other forms of still greater magnitude may be found in adjoining counties. Mr. John Sldoll, of the township bearing hia name, ..has a domain of seven thousand acres, Tho tract is six miles long, and varies from one to two miles in width. Running through its entire length is tho Littlo Vermilion River, skirted for two miles with beautiful groves find •.'clusters,, .of ’ thickets. Three thousopd acres are in meadow, mid as much more In hluo grass, pasture, and tho remaining thousand id devoted to corn. Roam ing over the groat pasture ar©' fifteen hundred, cattle, a thousand of which will shortly bo ship ped to Now. York city. Hr. Sided has also about a thousand bogs on his place. - Tho corn he •ralsosi tbgother with thousands.of bushels that ho buys annually, is consumed on his farm. Ho employs about forty teams and fifty men, aud. has nine'comfortable tenement houses upon the Elautation. 'There ate ‘no public roads through is'promises, hub Hr. Sided says that it is a. highway of itself., roads run through the pasture from ono end of tho domain to tho other, with'gates at tho fence crossings.. Tho farm abounds in springs, aud is well drained through out. Tho proprietor of this miulaturo dominion dwells im* bride-mansion 0 f B izo and surround ings corresponding with the general magnitude of his'eomprohensivo undertaking. ■ -&> Danville. Railroad will run longtliwiao through the. farm, and tho contom* pUtod'Hattoon '& DauvlUo Railroad crosses the fgrnior about a quarter of a mile from.Mr. Sidell’o houßo. u -In tho!ovont f of tho completion of theso. -roads a station will bo created at the junction, upon Ids promises. ■ ' " •••■ ”■ . Mr,- Sidell has tlilrty.milos of hedge, and.ho expects to plont much more. His business in volves moro capital than is employed by.any mining company, banking-house,: or mercantile establishment in .Vermilion , County, and Hh suc cessful management ‘demands capacity and en ergy of tho first grade. Prom the Frankfort (.Ky.) Yeoman, It has often boon said that cows, especially rallohoowß, never sell for, os much as they are really worth, but r A. 1 J. Alexander, of Woodburn, Woodford County] 1 sold on Thursday, tho lipth or May, a 2-yoar old heifer, known as The Duchess of Alrdrlo XV.,” to go to England, for SIO,OOO, which may bo regarded as a sum not very far below her real value. Sho is said to bo “ a beautiful specimen of a beautiful race, and it appears that tho English brooders, having heretofore parted with all their finest cattlo, are now determined to havo some of them back at any price. r —Tho minio rifle-balls and shells that Bher J man peppered tho country around about .*v.a H »a. wltlvdurlug lila march to ‘'‘“..““‘'.K? Bt n' about tolerably thick, and tho little UQorgiQ. darkles derive a considerable revenue from tholi* gale to oity Junk -dealers. A AVcotorn Farmer* A 810,000 Cow.

Other pages from this issue: