Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 13, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 13, 1873 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. ■ TBftMfl OP fIDBBOnTPTinN (PATADLS IN ADVAHO*). Parte o! a roar at tho tamo rate. To prevent delay and mistake*, bo sure and five Post 'Office address In full, including State and County. Remittances may bo made either bydtaft, express, I ost Office order, or In registered letters, at our risk. thumb to out ounflcmnnnß. • Dally, delivered. Sunday excepted. 20 cent* per week, delivered, Sunday Included, 80 cent* per week. Address TUB TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Dearborn-at*., Chicago, 111. TO DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. IIOOLTIY’3 TnBATRR-Rnmlolph street, between Clark And LaSalle. "Victims," , McVIOIUni’S TIIKATIIIi-Mndlson street, between Dearborn and State. Tbo Kalto I’uiunm Iroupo. •'Old Curiosity Bbop." AOADBMY QP MUSIC - Ualatod street, between Madison ami Monroe. Theatre Uomlquo Combination. MYBR9* OPKUA IloUSß—Monroe street, between State and Dearborn. Moran A Manning* Minstrels, BUSINESS NOTICES. LYON’S INSECT POWDISR WILL INSTANTLY DB* tiro? Inxsots, bugs, and lloas wherever they exist. J ROYALHiAVANA LOITKUY-Wlt SOLD IN Dankorn, HI Wall-st. P. O. Bex 4CBB. New York. Friday Morning, Juno 13, 1873, Kliivan nows to May 11 reports tho Junction of tho two columns of the Russian force, and (ho defeat of tho Kbivans at Obaiaot after a severe fight, in which two Russian Colonels wore killed} and at tho Amur Daria River, where 0,500 Khlvans wore routed without tho loss of a single lifo by tho Russians. Congressman Randall, of Pennsylvania, do fa*»da his vote in favor of tho salary-grab on tho ground that, by making tbo pay of Congress men adequate to their' station and work, tho increase of salary will remove many of tho temptations to robbery which under-paid Con gressional virtue has shown Itself unable to re sist. Power Congressmen, bo thinks, would have dabbled in Credit Moblllor, land-grant, and other legislative swindles if they, had boon hotter paid. . - Paulino Lucca has so wide a circle of admirers In this city that tho unexpected news of her do mestic troubles will gain her general sympathy. Judge Fanchor yesterday granted her a decree of absoluto divorce from her husband, Baron von Rbado, who is shown to have boon guilty of marital in fidelity In Berlin. Tho Baron von Rhode is Madame Lucca’s second hnsband. Her first husband, Baron von Rohdon, whom she married In 1865, was slain in tho war between Franco and Prussia in 1870. Party spirit runs so high in Madrid, over tho Ministerial question, that tho different factions havo taken up arms, and hold themselves In readiness for civil war. President Figueroa, in pursuance of his intention of resigning into tho hands of tho Cortes tho provisional power with which ho was intrusted, has loft. Madrid. Tho resignations of his Ministers have boon accepted, and a now Ministry has been chosen to succeed them, but it cannot yet ho told whether it is strong enough to avert tho revolu tion for which tho Irreconcilable newspapers and loaders of Madrid aro clamoring. Tbe latest freak of French political eccentrici ty is a proposition made by the Paris Figaro to divide Franco into four separate territories, each of which is to havo a separate ruler. France proper is to havo the Count of Chambord for King, with Versailles as his Capital. Aquitaine Is to bo given to tho Count of Paris, with Tou louse for his Capital. The Duke d’Aumalols to have Burgundy, with his Capital at Avignon, and the Prince Imperial Corsica and Algiers, with bis Capital at Algiers. As this would dispose of all four claimants to the throuo, and give each of them a kingdom of his own, there is a good deal of souse in tho levity of the Figaro. Generous Irrigation is all that is needed to turn tho arid stretches of iho groat plains west of the Mississippi into fortilo laud. Tho farm* era of Colorado havo determined to introdneo a thorough and economical system of irrigation into their Territory, and yesterday mot in con vention to discuss tho ways and moans of doing so. It was resolved that a general con vention of delegates from all the States and Territories interested in tho matter should ho hold at San Francisco next September. The' resolutions hint at a scheme for Congressional assistance like tho act by which public swamp lands were granted' to States that reclaimed them. The Chicago produce markets woro quiet yes-, tofday, and grain was weak. Mess pork was dull and a shade easier, at $16.80@15.85 cash, and $16.00 seller July. Lard was inactive and unchanged, at $8.45 per 100 lbs cash, and $8.50 @8.55 seller July. Meats woro quiet and firmer, at G%@o%c for shoulders, 8%@8%0 for short riba, 8%@8%0 for short clear, and 9%@11%0 for Bwoot-picklcd hams, Illghwiuoa wore active and firm, at 00c per gallon. Lake freights woro mod erately active and steady, at Gc for corn to Buffalo. Flour was more active, and unchanged. Wheat was quiet and 2o lower, . closing at $1,21% seller the . month, and ©1.10% aellor July. Com was loss active, and%o lower, closing at 85%0 cash, and 870 seller July. Oats woro quiet and %@#o lower, closing at 27%0 cash, and 200 seller July. Bye was quiet and a shade firmer at 61%0. Barley was dull and nom inal &t 05@700 for No. 2. Tho hog trade was ac tive at unchanged prices, sales making at $4.25 - @4-.f 0 for common to choice. Prices of cattle and sheep woro without material change. If Gon. Davis had been lot alone C&pt. Jack ami his confederates would have boon hanged a week ago. Hopes aud scaffolding woro ready, and tho murderers had boon formally warned ih at they woro to oxpiato thoir crimes on tho morrow, whon on tho very ovo of tho execution a Government courier arrived with instructions from Washington to hold tho Modpcs until fort Dot orders. Gen. Davis ex plains, In a very straightforward way, bis reasons for tho prompt justioo ho meant to ■ Heal to those assassins. To try them by a military commission would have consumed fully alx months, to say nothing of trouble ond ex pense. It did not seem advisable to turn them over to the civil authorities. Tho Modocs woro prisoners of war j tho murders with which they worooharged wore committed while they woro in arms against tho United States, and took place :jjoth in Oregon and California, raising trouble some questions of jurisdiction between tho courts of those States. A civil trial promised JsuWsfc tvu) wuW fwgo oven to tho Modoca. Finally, every Indian tribe In thoNorthwest know that tho Modocalmd boon i&koD, and was ourlouely watching, to boo what punishment -would bo motod out to thorn. They, as well na tho Modoca thomaolvcß, know that they merit death, and tho speedy Infliction of tho penalty would have given tho restless In diana of Oregon and California anew fondness for peace talks. The Springfield Register thinks that tho Demo cratic organization is tho proper basis upon ' whioh to build tho party foreshadowed by tho Livingston Oounty Farmers' Association, while a Chicago organ thinks that tho Republican par ty is bettor adapted, to farther tho ends of that movement. Tho Register, however, says that ,l whether tho farmers join tho Democratic par ty or tho Democratic masses Join tho farmers' movement, is immaterial." Wo have not ob served in tho columns of tho Ohicago organ any remarks implying that it is immaterial in what order tho procession shall movo. Most of the republican Journals, especially those whioh have post-offices, collootorships, and county printing to oumbor their line of march, insist that the farmers shall take their accustomed places in tho roar. Tho Grangers, on tho contrary, are not only .Insisting that tho office-holders and salary-grabbers shall go down to tho foot of the class, but have resolved in some of their latest conventions that they will not vote for anybody who accepts a nomination from either of tho old parties. This Is Indeed horrible. It would bo so easy in tho .coming fall elections, when the of fices to bo disposed of are of no groat con sequence, to nominate tho Grange candidates and then claim a victory for tho party. But if tho Grangers will not vote for anybody who ac cepts a Republican or a Democratic nomination, thoro is nothing for it but to fight tbo Grangers or to abdicate at once. Tho Register takes alto gether tho moro sensible course whon it allows that it is immaterial whioh flag tho combined host marches under—because, if tho Register wore disposed to stand on ceremony, thoro would soon bo no placo for Us friends in tho procession.’ Tho same remark applies to tho organs of the other party. 1 . 4 RAILROAD “POOLS" AND THE COMMON LAW. 1 Thoro was a proposition not long since to “pool" tho comings of. tho Chicago «fc North western and tho Milwaukee A Bt, Paul Rail roads. Tho managers of tho two roads wore in clined to make tho arrangement, and it might havo boon consummated but for a timely opin ion submitted by Mr. P. L. Spooner, tho Assist ant Attonloy-Gonoral of Wisconsin, in reply to an inquiry which Gov. Washburn madoghen tho rumor camo to his oars. Mr. Spooner expressed tho opinion that tho “pooling" of earnings is a virtual consolidation, and, as such, would como under tho prohibition of the State statute. Ho wont further, however, and stated that tho arrangement would bn unlawful,' oven if thoro wero no statute prohibiting it. “ Such an arrangement," says Mr. Spooner, “Is in the nature of a partnership. It would mako com mon interests which tho law and public policy require should be kept distinct, and would sub ject, practically, to ono management, distinct franchises which can bo lawfully exorcised only by tbo several corporations upon which thoy wore-respectively bestowed." Mr. Spooner then proceeded to say that ho would consider it his duty to bring an action of quo warranto against the railroads entering into such a combination, for forfeiture of franchise. This opinion is of moro general importance than in its immediate application to , tho Northwestern and tho Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroads. It is undoubtedly sound law. As a principle of common law, it applies in Illinois, or Indiana, or Ohio, or Pennsylvania, as well as 'Wisconsin. It may bo invoked in any case of railroad “pooling," and thoro is no donbt that it will amply protect tbopablio. Railroads receive charters from tho State for specific purposes. Thoy aro author ized to construct railroad linos and operate them between certain points. Thoy are not au thorized to construct or operate other linos of railroad, or to go iuto partnerships. Tho rail roads aro tho property of certain incorporated companies, and their earnings must bo paid over to tho owners of tho stock. It would bo ' unlawful to pay thorn to anybody oleo. Bat it would bo impossible for tho Chicago & Northwestern and tho Milwau kee & St. Paul, or any other two railroads, to “ pool " their earnings without paying them over to each other. Tho Milwaukee «k. St. Paul would pay over its earnings to tho Northwest ern, and tho Northwestern pay over its earnings to the Milwaukee «fc St. Paul. This would bo as unlawful as if tbo agent of John 800 should make a contract to pay ovor the oarningo of hie principal to Bichord 800, a competitor in busi . ness, or vice versa. Tho directors and managers of railroads aro hut tho agents of tho stockhold- ers .who own tho property, and it is a brooch of trust to tho stockholders of tho road as well as to tho public to agree to divide those earnings with any other rood. Tho pooling of earnings has become a fre- quent proceeding among railroad companies, hut this is no reason why it may not ho broken up whenever any one who has sufficient interest at stake will proceed against tho parties to such an arrangement. Tho Chicago, Book Island & Pacific, Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, and tbo Chicago & Northwestern have for a loug time pooled thoir receipts between Omaha and Chi cago. There has boon no effort to break it up, perhaps for the reason that it has not, in this Instance, been productive of injury to the stock* holders of the different roads or to tho public. The proceeding is unlawful, nevertheless, and it may bo brought to an end at any timo by a party in interest without tho aid of. a State statute. Tide feature of tho common law, so pointedly sot forth by- Sir. Spooner, is another Illustration of tho completeness of tho law as it stands, and of tho unseasonable haste of those persons who seek to obtain, through immature legislation, a remedy which they always have at hand. Tho Supremo Court of Illinois has already declared that railroads may uot charge unreasonable rates, nor make unjust discriminations, no matter what tho word* ing of Iholr charters may ho. Tho law which prohibits this antedates State statutes and rail road franchises. Now, tho Altoruoy-Qouoial of Wisconsin interprets tho common law as prohibiting railroad combinations that oro calculated to oppress tho people, and tho in* terpretation will undoubtedly hold in the court of last resort. Every other form of railroad tyranny, in which railroads are advancing their own interests at tho expense of tho rights of tho people, will unquestionably bo brought under tho same ban, strong with tho growth of ages, wmuUtwl iilwJto el THE CHICAGO MILY TIIIBUNE s; PRIDAIf, .TONE Id, 1871 lions. Such a resort has certainly marked ad vantages over experimental legislation, which Is :apt to ho defective and to impede tho ready rotk ody of tho law db it stands. A OAOE OF 00NFIB0ATI0N. A case of considerable lutoroot, which has boon ponding for oomo years in Kansas, has at last approached a termination whioh shows that tho United Slates* Government did not always receive aa*hmch benefit from tho confiscation of, property belonging to Rebels as did tho United States officials through whoso hands tho confis cated property passed. Tho case was this t .Mr. 1 Edward S. Brown, a resident of Virginia at tho outbreak of tho War, had somo’proporty in Kan-* sas. While his communication with Kansas was broken off,'his Kansas property was confiscated. As soon os ho had tho opportunity, Mr. Brown succeeded in convincing tho Government that ho ’was loyal, and a full pardon was granted. Do then proceeded to Kansas to recover j his property. It had boon sold In tho meantime, and It was supposed that tho proceeds had boon paid into tho United States Treasury. Hr. Brown’s salt demon strated that this was not tho case. Ho made some ineffectual attempts to eoouro a hearing before Judge Dolahay, but finally succeeded in having his case transferred to tho United States Oiroalt Court, where a Commissioner was ap pointed to mako an investigation. Tho case has now boon ponding something like nine years altogether, and tho referee has finally found that some SIO,OOO Is duo the Government from tho ■ solo of Mr. Brown’s oonflaontod property, and other sums duo from the solo of other confis cated property, amounting in all to ahonfc $30,000. It seems that there had boon an- ordor from the Court to deposit those funds in the banking bouse of Clark, Gruber & Co., but, in applying to this house, no funds wore found. Subsequent Investigation traced the money to the bands of several officials and ox-officials of the Govern* mont. One ox-Unitod States Marshal is ohargod with $13,061.74, andanothorox-Unltod States Mar shal with $7,484.05. The sums divided up among others wore smaller. A few of the smaller sums have boon paid bock into court,. but those who wore fortunate enough to grab the larger amounts are stiller holding on to them. Mr. Brown has not received his reward for exposing this piece of villainy, and it is not at all . certain that his claim will bo al lowed, but the cose has already made such progress that Judge Billon stated that “ the unparalleled fact was clear, that $30,000 belong ing to tbo United States Treasury had boon traced to tho possession of p&rtios who had no right to the money." Is this a fair sample of tho dis position of funds realized from confiscated property? THE NEW POSTAL LAW. In tho act of Congress making appropriations for tho service of tho Post-Office Department for tho yoor ending Juno SO, 1874, occurs tho following: Provided that all laws and parts of laws permitting tho transmission by mall of any froo matter whatever be, and tho same ore hereby, repealed from and after Juno 30,1873. . This provision of law, in addition to tho aboli- tion of tho franking privilege, applies to two ’ classes of mall matter, which now pass through the mails freo: 1. All newspapers within tho limits of tho county in which thoy aro published. 2. All newspapers passing from ono newspaper office to others as exchanges. Hereafter those papers will pay postage, oollootablo at tho place whore they are delivered. Ono effect of this will bo to revolutionize, if not eventually brook up, what is - known as tho exchange sys tem. Thoro woro in 1870 published in tho United States 574 daily papers, 4,295 weeklies, and C 22 monthly publications. It is safe to assnmo that oach of thoso dailies had &n average of 60 daily, 100 weekly, and 25 monthly exchanges. Those figures, which aro a low .estimate, give as the to tal of exchanges received by those 674 doilies in oach year, 0,298,800 dailies, 2,974,800 weeklies, and 14,850 monthlies, or a grand total of 12,267,- 900 papers. Tho receipts of exchanges by. tho weekly papers may bo put down as averaging oach 20 dally and 60 weekly papers, including in tho latter soml-wookly and tri-wcokly editions. This makes 70 papers oach per week, or an aggre gate of 15,033,800 a year. Allowing 2,078,300 of papers a year for exchanges received by mlecol- l&noous publications, and wo havo a grand an nual total of 80,000,000 publications received as exchanges froo of postage. Wo aro satisfied that this is below tho actual fact, but it will serve to show tho extent of tho business. Esti mating that thoso papers weigh, on an average, ton to tho pound, wo havo 8,000,000 pounds, or 1,500 tons, of matter passing through tho mails annually froo of postage. At ordinary newspa per postage, thoso papers would bo chargeable with not Ices than $220,000 a year for postage. Tho abolition of tho free exchanges of 'neces sity involves one of two things: 1. The dis continuance of exchanges; or, 2. Tho pay ment of postages. Tho postage having to ho paid at tho place of delivery, tho persons receiv ing tho papers will not pay postage on any paper which they do not need; and, as tho papers of tho largo cities carry tho largest ex change lists, there will probably bo a shrinkage in such lists after tho Ist of July. Arrange ments have long boon in use between tho papers in the largo cities whereby newspaper ofQcos aro supplied with tho papers of other cities by ex press. Wo now receive Now York, Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Now Orleans papers by express, 1 and m advance of their delivery by mail, and it is possible that hereafter this system will be come more extensive, jmd that tho exchanges between tho papers of tho largo cities will bo ex clusively by express. It was a misfortune, perhaps, that Congress neglected to pass tho law requiring prepayment of postage on all matter deposited in tho mall, and requiring printed matter to ho paid for ac cording to weight. This would havo reached an abuso of the postal system oven greater than that of the free exchanges. There are deposited In tho post-offices of tho country daily, ostensi bly issued from ofllcos of publication, many tons of all kinds of printed matter, which, in fact, is little more than advertisements of one , kind or another. On this but little or no postage is over collected, though it is all transported through tho malls, and handled over and over again by tho jjost-ofllco force. This abuse of tho ■ pPstal system will still con tinue under tho now law, aud it cannot bo reached until the prepayment of all matter de posited in tho mails is made peremptory. As U is, printed matter may bo sent hereafter as usu al, ond, whether tho.Govormnont got tho postage or loso It, tho service of transportation will ho performed, aud tho cost incurred all tho samo. Tho hardship of tho present change of law will fall on tho country press, and particularly the nooUj BMBS. W TTIU. Mft gfimeX l.Wwi, quire thorn to pay tbo postage on iho exchange papers they send out os'well as on those they re ceive, or compel them to subscribe forsuoh pa porn as they may most need. The change in tho law is tho first but a very longctop toward tho total abolition of the oxohaugo system. The exchange system has boon abolished for many years in England, both as between newspapers as well os between other publications. Each publisher purchases suoh other papers or publications as may best moot his wants, neither 1 giving or re ceiving anything free. Such, after all, Is tho best system, and after a little experience tho newspapers of all kinds, olty and country, will discover that a free list of any kind is a mistake, and an expense without any' adequate return. Tho best paper In a country town or section will always find customers for It upon Us own merits. It is not likely to bo overlooked by those whoso interest it is "to khow and havo tho host 1 collection of local nows. It will have tho still further effect of teaching newspapers that more partypollticshavo nothing Whatever to do with good journalism} that after all tbo best paper, no matter what Its politics, will win tho battlo against all. competitors, and iho best paper must of necessity bo that one which la iho most independent and fearless In tho expression of its ylows and in tho publica tion of Its nows. When newspapers loam to depend on tbo public and nob upon tho “ party,”, there will bo bettor papers, more Influential pa pers, and more prosperous papers, printed In all parts of tho country. - THE FRENCH INDEMNITY. The final day of payment of tbo French war indemnity to Prussia has boon fixed for tbo 6th of next September, and ono of tho last official acts of M. Thiers was tho preparation of a per, published in tho official journal of Paris, announcing the details of tbo final discharge of this enormous war-dobt, which is stated to be iho largest sum over exacted under similar cir cumstances by one nation from another. Ac cording to this paper, a treaty for tho evacua tion of tho French territory was signed at B(u> lin on tho 16th of March, 1878. Of tho throo milliards which remained to bo paid to Ger many, ono was paid last fall. Tho second was discharged last month.' Tho lost milliard will bo delivered to Germany in equal payments on Juno 6, July 6, Aug. 5, and Sept. 6. In return for this payment, Germany engages to evacuate, July C, iho four departments—Vosges, Ardennes, Mouse, and Mourtho-ot-Mpaollo, as well as tho fortress of Belfort, within four weeks from that date, bolding tho fortress of Verdun and Its military district in pledge for tho lost two monthly payments. Tho exact sum which will have boon discharged in September next will bo five milliards of francs, ,or 1,000 millions of dol lars, which sum has boon paid In about two years* time, tho first installment having boon paid in 1671, not long after tho evacuation of Paris by tho Gormans. In tho amount. In volved, tho promptness and quickness of payment, and tho adverse circumstances under which it was paid, it dwarfs every other finan cial transaction of modem times. Whatever loose and incoherent ideas tho French nation may have of a progressive and healthy Republi can form of government, it shows an elasticity and recuperative power whioh are as remarkable as tho financial features of tho case. Bioco tho downfall of Napoleon HI., political ovonts in Franco have followed each other in such rapid succession, administrations Lave changed so suddenly, and public men have risen and fallen so rapidly, that tho historian will bo puzzled to clearly trace tho logio of events, or to determine tho real posi tion of tho men who woro tempo rarily brought to tho surface by. tho shifting and deceitful waves of popular opinion. Many of tho men who Ailed a largo space in tho pub lic gaze, while tho Communal strife was raging, have apparently disappeared forever. Many of tho men who gathered about M. Thiers and helped him lay tho foundations of tho Conserva tive Republic aro now well nigh mythical. M. Thiers, dropping' from tho Presidential choir into a seat In tho Assembly, la already a man of

yesterday, and In a few weeks or months Qon. MooMohon may suffer a similar fate, and And his own words, that ho -might bettor servo tho country at tho head of tho army than at tho head of tho RopabUo, to bo strictly true.' Bat even if M. Thiers and all else that bo has dono for Franco should bo forgotten, bis groat service to his country in paying this indemnity, or in so managing tho affairs of Btato that it coaid bo paid, Is ono of those brilliant achievements of statesmanship which can never bo forgotten. Ilowovor bitter tho necessity may have been, it was tho salvation of Franco.' Unices that had been dono, tho progress of tho country would have boon completely stopped, and tho wholo of Franco must sooner or later have boon reduced to tho condition of Alsace and Lorraino. Tho circumstances under which it was. paid .have ' boon of tho most remarkable character. Tho war with Germany was not of M. Thiers 1 seek ing. Ho had opposed it at tho outset; but tho French followed Napoleon blindly Into it, and, when Napoleon was overthrown and tho Gor mans entered Paris, they came to M. Thiers to tako tho helm. Ho accepted it, and then had to' fight tho Communists to secure a placo for Re publican government in Paris, and, while fight-' mg for it, hod to commence planning arrange ments for- paying this monstrous indemnity, which might well have appalled a nation which hod not just boon devastated by war and was In tho very height of prosperity. Ho commenced his work with anarmy disorganized and crushed } with a country laid waste by tho ravages of war j with crops destroyed, trade interrupted, and commerce at a standstill; with a depleted treas ury j wltli throe claimants for the throne, and almostinnumorablo cliques within the Republican party operating against him; and with an array of adverse circumstances which would havo crushed any ordinary statesman. Cut -ho overthrow tho Commune, reorganized tho army, restored trade and commerce oven with tho Gormans on tho soil of Franco, refilled tho treasury, established Republican government iu the face, of tho vic torious Germans and tho plotting Parisians; overcame ouo by one, with subllmo patience, tho obstacles which advorso fate piled up bof oro him, and not only paid tho indemnity when it bocamo duo, but sometimes anticipated It. In September next, tho last Gorman will havo loft Franco, and she will bo froo from hor powerful enemy to rosuroo hor course os an Independent nation. All this Franco owos to M. Thiers,—a benefaction which Franco has already for gotten, After accomplishing this groat work, rathor than declare tho Repub lic which ho created, sho has forced him into retirement, and by vlrtuo of tbo very privilege which ho secured—that of choosing her own ruler—sho has placed a Bonapertlst upon a Republican throno which may yet be eurewoßtoiUs? s HbOJsk nW«h Fn»w may do, bowovor, can 'undo tho fact that M.. Thiers scoured the removal of tho Gormans and placed her upon her foot again, and history,' among all Its strange foots, will record nothing more brilliant ,iipr more marvelous than tho. payment of this gigantic indemnity In snob an Incredibly short space of tlmo, and under suoh adverse circumstances. SUBSIDIZING NEWSPAPERS. No doubt many American' citizens,' boastful of tho superiority of our Institutions over those of ollother nations,' rend with feelings of pity and mortification that tho present Republican Government of Franco have openly avowed tho policy of subsidizing tho press, on tho ono bond, and suppressing it on the other. M. Oambotta produced tho copy of a Ministerial circular, is sued under tho authority of Marshal MaoMa hon’s Government, recommending tho employ ment of subsidies to insure tbo > favor of news papers. Tho Minister of tho Interior camo for ward, rather eagerly than otherwise, to claim tho credit of this policy. Tho question resulted in a call for a vote of confidence, and tho Govern ment was sustained in tho subsidizing policy by 880 yeas against 816 nays. If tho American Congress wore In session, this action would probably suggest several eloquent addresses on the “ Palladium of Liberty,” in which there would bo grandiloquent eulogies of the free and Independent press of this country represented by tho Washington. Chronicle, tho Washington Republican, and other papers, including some In Chicago. Tho loyal American heart would be fired with indignation that a Government pro fessing to b'o Republican ohould deliberately do voto tho use of public moneys to gain tho sup port of newspapers. There would bo a general protest l . among tho high-minded politicians against bringing such disgrace upon tho fair nomo of Republic. Now there aro subsidies and subsidies. Tho French plan of purohasing'tho press, it appears, is to pay them outright, to openly avow it as a part of tho Administration policy, and to ac count for the funds legitimately. This French practice is very different from tho manner in which American newspapers aro subsidized, it is truo, but wo aro not snro that it is not fairer than tho American plan. It is a frank announce ment to tho French pooplo that tho Adminis tration press is in tho pay of tho Government, and tho French pooplo may estimate its informa tion and opinions on this basis. Those things aro dono otherwise in America. The Admin istration has its newspaper sentinels sta tioned at all important places. It deals out its subsidies in tho shapo of ad vertisements and political offices. Tho money which it costs to maintain thoso organs and hoop them grinding eventually comes oat of tho pockets of tho pooplo, and tho only difference is, that it passes through intermediate grades in stead of being paid over directly. Tho effect of tho process is to docoivo a largo portion of tho American pooplo, and to make dross assume tho appearance of tho truo metal. Tho sources from which tho Government advertising flows aro numerous. There are United States adver tisements, State advertisements, county adver tisements, town advertisements, and municipal advertisements. Then there is a corresponding amount of public printing to bo dono. Then there aro pnblio offices to bo distributed. There is tho party printing to bo dono during tho cam paign. There aro also private subscriptions taken up before election. All these are carefully and equitably distributed as a rule; whoa they aro not, thoro is apt to bo trouble. Tho various forms of advertising are more pretexts, of conrso; for, if they woro legitimate announce ments for tho information of tho .public, they would bo dealt out as business men parcel out their announcements, and would never And their way to tho political organs. Tho offices aro likewise made useful in tho subsidizing business. Administration papers, oven in Ohicago, ore con trolled and edited by office-holders. Wo submit that it is not becoming in Amor- icon citizens to hold up thoir hands in horror at tho French policy of subsidizing tho Adminis tration press, because tho American plan is more surreptitious and bettor calculated to deceive. If anything, the French plan is tho more honor able of tho tiro. Ur. A. T. Stewart’s Homo for young women in Now York is all finished except tho interior work. It is located on Fourth avonuo, between Thirty second and Thirty-thud streets. It has a front- 1 ago of 192 foot on* Fourth avonuo, and of 205 foot on each of tho other streets, and covers 11,000 square foot in all. Tho building is six stories high, with a Mansard roof of puro white in color, handsome design, and admirable con struction. Tho upper stories are from II to 11 foot in height, which will give space enough for fresh air. There is on Interior court of D-ixllG feet, which will bo rendered attractive by a foun tain and other ornamentation. Tho motivo power of the whole edifice is steam, which f arnishos heat, runs tho elevators, works tho ventilating fans, oto. Tho kitchen and laundry aro modeled upon tho znoro modern hotol plans, and tho dining room, which is 30x92 foot, will bo conducted on tho restaurant plan. There aro othor largo halls for lectures, concerts, library, and recreations. There aro two kinds of sleeping-rooms. Tho larger ones, 10x18, aro intended for sisters or companions; tho smaller ones, Bxo foot, for ouo person only, Tho objopt of the Homo is to fur nish working-girls with all the conveniences of a hotel and tho protection of good associations for tho smallest practical price. It is believed that good, wholosomo accommodations can thus bo scoured for a loss price than is paid for a squalid ► lodging in a tenement' house. la furnishing this, Mr. Stewart has provided a substantial charity, which will ho all tho moro efficient be cause it is not altogether gratuitous. Airs. Flak, as executrix of tbo estate of James Fisk, Jr.j has recently brought suit, very much of tbo snmo nature as tbo suit brought by tbo United States Government, against tbo Union Pacific Railroad Company and others. The Credit Mobilior Company, Gov. Dix, tbo Hon, George Opdyko, tbo estates of Oakes Amos and James Brooks, Oliver Amos, Cyrus H. McCor mick, Edwin D. Morgan, and others, are made par ties defendant. The late Air. Fisk, it is claimed, owned six shares of Union Pacific, 'stock, but bo tendered tbo money for the purchase of 20,000 shares at different times, which was re fused, though there were still that number of shares unsold. It Is charged that 60,000 shares have been distributed among the persons forming the Credit Mobilior com bination, for which no money was paid, and that vast and fraudulent profits wore made on tho various construction, telegraph, coal, supply, and other contracts, Tho declared object of tho suit is to have a Receiver appoint ed to take charge of tho property of tho Vntou JPftsUW OtqdU .MobUios tywatafU to have tbo Block fraudulently Issued rotarnod or paid for; and, Anally, to have tbo properly or tbo proceeds from its ealo. distributed among tbo'railroad's 6ond Jlde etobkholdora. A injunc tion 1b asked, enjoining tbo dofendauts from re ceiving any f urtber. Government bonds or grants. If tbo intention is to prosecute tbls suit honest ly, tbo frauds of the Union Pooiflo and Oredit Mobillor may bo exposed and 1 righted, oven if tbo Government suit should not bo pushed,for ward. Mr. McGuiro, tbo Now York Assemblyman who Aral made the chargee against Mr. Oornoll, bos published a reply to tbo speeoh made In Mr. Oomoll’e defense.-by Mr. White, tbo President of Oornoll'University. Mr. McGuire says that Mr. White failed completely to moot the charges which ho made. Those woro seriatim:. 1. The act incorporating Cornell University and turn ing over to It tbo laud-grant mode a condition that there should bo proof that Mr. Cornell hod given the University tbo sum of 9500,000 Tho law was ovodod, Mr. McGuire maintains, because Mr. Cornell gave his bond f0r,9500,000. 2. Another condition of tbo incorporation was, that Qonosoo College should receive $26,000, . This sura, Mr. MoQulro claims, was in tbo ' nature of a bribe to indaco tho opponents of tbo bill to withdraw their oppo sltlon. Mr. McQnlro claims that, in this con dition of things, tho State should not have paid tho $25,000,* os it subsequently did with tho passage of a law two years after. 8. Mr. McGuire charged that Mr. Cornell had a law passed in corporating a land company tor ilia' yuitfliaSQ Of 100,000 acres, of which ho was to bo tho principal stockholder. Falling in this, ho afterwards sold tho land at $4.60 an aero to Mosers. McQraw and Sago, two gbnttomon interested in. Cornell. Mr. McGairo says that ho has a letter in his posses sion from Mr. Cornell, representing that a largo portion of those lands woro worth SOO an aero. Mr. MoGuiro holds that Mr. White did not moot those charges at all. Tho telegraph announces that Prof. Isaac 0. West, who murdered Qoooh Tumor, a negro, In Dover, DoL, .lost Docombor, has boon ac quitted upon tho ground that ho committed tho dood in self-defense. Tho murder, as oar rood pro will romombor, was ono of tho most singular nrocord • Tumor had come into tho Professor's laboratory to do some work, and Wost states that ho saw tho nogro behind him with a bugo ham mer just about to strike him. Do whoolod sud denly round and struck the negro on tho, nook with an iron bar, killing him instantly. Ho then tried to got rid of tho body by skinning it, cutting it to pieces, and carrying it o£T in buckets. While sotting about this operation ho was in a groat stato of oxcito mont, and accidentally sot ilro to his laboratory, utterly consuming it. Ho thon became alarmed, Hod from tho city, and for a long time was ab sent, many supposing that ho had been burned up in tbo building. After a month’s absonco ho returned and surrendered himself to tho author-. itios, and has boon tried with tho result indicated' above. An evening newspaper In Washington is re sponsible for tbo statement that throe wagon loads of choice flowers, hanging-baskets, rustle seats, etc., wore sent from tho Botanical Gordon in Washington, # destined for tho President’s Long Branch residence. The Botanical Gordon is a sort - of public institution in Washington, supported by appropriations 'of money belong ing to tho pooplo at largo. It is in no senso, however, - an- attachment of tho White House, and much loss tho personal property of Gen. Grant. Washing ton is a dismal placo enough daring tho Con gressional vocations, and ono of tho torrid zones in summer. Gen. Grant has been accustomed to sock amoro congenial residence for tho worm season, but this is certainly no reason why ho should endeavor,to tako what is pleasant in Washington along with him, especially when it does not belong to him. Standing alone, tho in cident would bo somewhat too insignificant for mention; but, unfortunately, it is ono of a class. At tbo session of tbo Gorman Parliament, on tbo 17tb of May, a debate sprung up on tbo ad ministration of affairs in Alaaco and Lorraine, in tbo course of which Bismarck was severely censured by ono of tbo members for tho part bo bad taken in oxpolling members of various re ligious orders from tboso provinces. Bismarck roso and defended himself by saying that only tboso who woro notoriously' dangerous to tbo community bad boon expelled, and that there woro still several hundred,of tbo members engaged in teaching in tboso provinces. Upon tbo general subject of Ultramontanism, tbo speaker made some broad statements, which aro of intorost as being clothed with official authori ty. According to bis statement, England recog nized that Ultramontane efforts to unsottlo mat ters rendered constitutional government in Ireland impossible. As regards tbo sentiments of Russia, bo declared that the Government was violently opposed to Ultrnmontancs, and that tbo whole of civilized Europe,.agreed with his views. . ' ■ : Tbo English Government has made definite ar. rangomouts for paying tbo Genova award, but it did not do so witbout having its final growl about it. Tbo subject was brought up in tho Houao of Commons on tbo 20tb ult, . Mr. Bentinok, ono of tbo loading Tories, made a violent speoob on tbo • national degradation and disgrace. Sir Stafford Nortbooto followed blra fc and tried to excuse tho English Commissioners by saying that they woro hampered at every stage of tbo proceedings by ■ tbo Homo Government. Mr. Gladstone tried to smooth over matters, and offered os'a consolation tbo reflection that Eng land had a groat intorost in having tbo obliga tions of neutrality strictly enforced, and that she didn’t have to pay tbo indirect claims. Sev eral other members arose and growled, and then tbo resolution to pay tbo mouoy was passed unanimously. Tho manner of payment, by retiring tbo amount In United States bonds, was ex plained by tbo dispatches in our last issue. la a recant address before tho Social Science Convention at Philadelphia, on (i Tho Work of a Constitutional Convention,” delivered by A. Syd ney Biddlo, Eaq., it was suggested that a Judi cious system of costs might bo dovisod which would provont sham oases from delaying tho business of tho courts of ultimate resort. It is certain that a largo proportion of tho cases which oro now brought In to tho courts aro appealed without any foundation in Justice. If thoro wore a sys tem by which A should bo mado to reimburse B for his trouble, timo, Inconvenience, and ex pense, when A’b oobo is shown to bo absolutely without morit, tho probability Is that tho number of cases on tho dockot would be materially do *s«wi wV vteawft with the superabundance of unreasonable claims and appeals which aro commonly resorted to for tbo purppao of gaining time. ; 1 Tbo Boston Commercial Bulletin furnishes tbo following item, which shows bow rapidly manufactures are supplying a “homo market'* for surplus broadstuffs t Tbo soap [fancy! factory of , at Springfield, Mass., lii one of the largest concerns of tbo kind la Now England. Their factory la 130 foot long, 60 wide, throe stories in height, Abort, with now machinery, much of which la of their own'invention, Thla la driven by a atcam engine of flfty-horeo power. They employ constantly fifteen to twenty hands, and turn out over seventy-five tons of soap per week. ■■inis' soap' manufactured by this Arm la pro tected by a‘tox of 10 cento per pound;-in other words, tbo people of tbo whole country aro taxed for tbo benefit of tbls Arm 10 cents per pound on all the soap .they use, and tbo consideration iboy give Is,* that they biro one man who oats brood for every throe and throe-fourths tons of soap thoymako. Tbo soap Is, in foot, made by machinery, wbiob oats no com nor pork, but tbo tax is collected all tbo same, to support the “homo market.'* Tho Now York JStening Poif, one of tbo most consistent and able opponents of all manner of monopoly, speaking of tho defeat of Judge Lawrence, says: If tho good sense of Western farmers does not come to their old and correct this monstrous blunder of the new party, (hoy will bo soon taught by events which cannot be misunderstood that tho course they have entered upon will Inevitably defeat tbo purpose it was meant to gain. The struggle with the great corporations, which have already lu many cases usurped legislative power, Is hopeless if law Is not on tho side of those who enter Into that contest against them, , Tho rights of tho people rest upon tho Coqalitutlon, and can bo maintained In no other way. When this ground Is abandoned and tho struggle is reduced to dependence upon corruption, whether in votes or In money, the people are powerless against the corporations. Judges that can bo bought with votes can bo bought with money ; and when it Is ones established that tho Judiciary is to ho governed by anything hut law, tho people have parted with tha last defense for tholz liberties and their rights. ~ It is noticed that tho Constitutional Conven tion in Pennsylvania is favorably considering tho proposition that tho State Courts shall have jurisdiction in all contested elections, Stato, mu nicipal, and local. While this is a movement in tho'right direction, because it increases tbo strength of tho judiciary and diminishes tho po litical power of tbo Legislature, tho Nation very properly suggests that tho change is not apt to bo productive of tho good results expected from It'so long as tho judiciary is elective, and tho Judges are dependent upon political parties for their places. This is but ono of tbo many objections that aro to bo mob with on all sides against a system which constantly jeopard izes tbo usefulness and integrity of tho State judiciary. The Administration press of Ohio do not scorn to bo favorably impressed with tbo appointment of Mr. John A. Bingham as Minister to Japan. “In view of tho salary-grab,” says tho Cincin noti Oazctte, “and Mr. Bingham’s connection with it, and tho well-known sentiment of- tho country on that subject, wo aro very clear In tbo opinion ;tlmt bis appointment as .Minister to Japan was a mistake.” Tho Cleveland Herald says: “No prominent&an in tho Stato could have been made tho recipient of Administration honors whoso appointment could have boon more unsatisfactory than that of Mr. Bingham." Thoso expressions of opinion show tho difference between tho official estimate of tho salary-grab .and that estimate which emanates from a respect for public opinion. Tbo.Cincinnati Commercial, like & true phil osopher, has come to tho conclusion that it is of no nso to try to compote any longer with Chica go. It says: Life is fast in the great city of the lakes, ami money flOwo freely, and wo aro told that if wo were to spend public money with Bulflclent alacrity wo would make ourselves like her. Chicago baa among other advantages this—that an enormous railroad system tributary to her ban boon built witbout tho employ ment of her capital. Tbo Pacitio Railroad was constructed as if for her benefit. Tho war bad a powerful Influence In driving business from tho burning borders along tho Ohio to tho secure shores of the Northern Lakes. While Cincinnati is picking her way through State lines and constitutional restrictions to building a Southern Railroad, and gathering up her old trade with tho South, Chicago has the immense ad vantage of tho sudden growth of tho Northwest, and the extension of the lake-shore roads to tbo Pacific, Then Chicago has tho natural advantage of being a distributing centre for grain. In this particular alous she is greater than Odessa. Upon this statement of facts, the Commercial comes to tbo conclusion that it is folly for Cin cinnati to attempt to bo a distributing contro any longer, or to compete with Chicago. On tho olbot hand, it must go into manufacturing, re duce the percentage of public stealing, and tbo rates of taxation. Under snob circumstances, tbo Commercial says, Cincinnati will bo “a solvent and solid city, and not bloated and blubbory with speculation and dissipa tion.” Wo congratulate Cincinnati upon having discovered its . mission at last, and that it, is profitless to waste its breath and substance any longer in running a raco in which it was long ago distanced. As tbo Commercial also says that by tbo time tbo Southern Railroad acbomo is completed, tbo bonded debt of tbo city will bo considerably larger than that of Chi cago, and then that tboro are throe schemes of several millions investment each, and a water works job of five millions, wo boo no reason why Cincinnati should not bo tolerably happy. NOTES AND OPINION. It sooms impossible for Eastern editors, pro found in tbo mystery of politics, to. comprehend that what is going on in tbo West is anything more than “ a storm that will soon blow over." Well, it is something like a storm, and, as it probably will soon blow over to tho East, our friends at tbp.East may then bo .able to realize that it baa blown, old political dogmas all out to sea. • —Tlio farmers of Jo Daviosa County, HI., havo perfected tl\bir organization, and voted that it is timo to “commence business,” —declaring that tho men who horoaftor rocolvo tboir votes will bo strictly Inquired of and hold to strict account* —J. Allen Barber, tbo Wisconsin Congressman vrbo was some timo “in doubt whether to bo a fool or a Imavo," has now, it ia said, covered his back-pay into the Treasury. —lt is announced from Washington (and ap parently as a sharp hint from tbo old watch dog of tho Treasury) that qulto a number of those whoso names nro circulated about tho country as having returned their hack-pay havo merely declined to draw It, and it still forms a portion of their assets. —A correspondent of tho Boston Advertiser finds in-an old romance The Manikins”) a passage most strangely prophetic of tho salary grab, and says: Thoy were atmoot as far advanced In Loaplow half a century ago as wo are In this your of grace. Can it be that wo aro passing through a period of "occultatloa of tho great moral postulate by the passage of Pecuni ary Interest,*'— a must malignant star 7 —Tho Madison Journal save overy Republican member of tho House from Wisconsin is in lino, having voted against tho back-pay bill and re turned tho money to tho Treasury. Wo are afraid that, if tho motives that induced them to return tho "swag" could ho mado public, the Hue would not bo a very straight one.— Foua a a XfloOKfa.) Commonwealth, . . —Congressman llandnll, of Pennsylvania, a Democrat as to politics and a Dack-Payator aa to character, threatens to make such 01 his as sociates as refuse tho extra $5,000 * smell thun der,” It is hard for an honoat man to wmer stond tho infatuation which impels the ® u Pl™ rt * era and beneficiaries of the grab to obtrude it os 9, wwltprtovw W lowt excusably oflt v unless u f

Other pages from this issue: