Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 14, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 14, 1873 Page 4
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TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TTSTIItB or BOTJBOMFTION (FAYASU! IN ADVAHOS). :;® ‘ 1 v.-.v.: : 8 i:80 Partaof ayoarattho aamorato. To prevent delay ami mistakes, be sure and glvo Post Ofltco nddrene In full, Including State and County. 1 Remittances may bo made either by draft, express, Post Oflico order, or In registered letters, at our risk. ** -• TKJIMB TO CITY fIUIWOIUnBIIB, Daily, delivered, Sunday exoepton. % cent* per week. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included. 80 cents per week. Address Tim TRIBUNE COMPANY, OocttorMadlsonaudDestborn.su.. Chicago, 111. TO DAY'S AMUSEMENTS. IIOOLEY'S THEATRE—Randolph atroot, hriwosn Plsrk and LaSalle. ''Victims. 11 Afternoon and even- MoVIOKER'B.TIIEATRR—MadIaon street, between Dearborn and State. Tho Katie Putnam Troupe. *'old Curiosity Shop." Afternoon and evening. ACADEMY OF MUSIC Ualated street, between Madison and Monroe. Theatre Ootnlguo Combination. Afternoon and evening. • MYERS' OPERA HOUSE—Monroe street, between State and Dearborn. Moran A Manning’s Minstrels. Afternoon and evening. . r BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY—TVE BOLD IN drawlngofKd April last tho ft 500,000 jprlee. Olroulara lontt Information given, ,T. u. MAuTINKZ AGO., Kmkora. P. 6. Box <685. Now York. • • BATCHELOR’S HAIR DYE. THIS SPLENDID haltdyo !■ tbo beat in the world. Tho only true and per* feet dye. Harmless, reliable, and Instantaneous; nodU*p polntincnt; no ridlouloue tint* or anploaaant odor. Home aloe the til effect* of bad dyce and waahoa. Produces im mod lately a superb black or natural brown, and leaves iho hair clean, soft, and beautiful. The Bpmdnv. vV. A. Batchelor, Sold by all drugglata. CHARLES PATOHBLQK, Proprietor, W. Y. Ul)t (Slptogfl ©ftbuw. Saturday Momine, June, 14,. 1873, NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. The pressure upon our columnß on Sunday morning la do that wo oto compelled to request advertisers to send in their advertisements for that Issue at as early an hour as possible, in order that they may with certainty socuro the proper classification. Tho West Side, after July 1, is to have, by or der of iho Postmaster-General, a branch Post- Offlco. ' Internal revenue receipts up to date are $78,000 in excess of tho estimated receipts for the year ending Juno 80. Tho two weeks that still remain are expected to swell this surplus to about four and a half millions. Washington crop reports prcs&ge that the cereal crop of 1873 will bo tho worst harvested ainoo tho War. Tho severity of last winter and tho unpropitioufl spring have out tho wheat crop of tho whole Lake region down fully one-half, and havo injured all other farm produce more or loss. Fruit will not suffer so much. •• Illinois Control Jlailroad stock boa fallen since April from 120 to 111 X* which was tho ruling price yesterday in Now York. This decline the Wall street operators declare to bo occasioned by tho farmers’ movement. There is a rumor that tho stock of tho road is to bo Increased by an addition of $5,000,000, making its total stock $35,000,000. Henri Ilochofort, who was sentenced to im prisonment for life on account of his complicity In tho outrages of tho Commune, and his publi cation of falao nows and attacks on tho Govern ment in his infamous Mol d'Oi'dre, has been ordered by the French Government to be trans ported to Now Caledonia, a French penal colony in tho South Pacific. The now Spanish Ministry is iu sympathy with tho Federal Republican sentiment. Their policy has boon announced in the Cortoo to bo in favor of the immediate separation of the country into Federal States. Tho. army is to bo reduced to order, tho Carlisle aro to bo promptly sup pressed, and slavery is to bo abolished. Among othor embarrassments in tho accomplishment of tills, programme is a deficit in the Treasury of 28,000,000 realo,—about $8,000,000 of our money. A groat hardship is suffered by those who seek Government positions under tho present Civil- Service rules. They must travel to Washington at their own expense to be examined, and while waiting tho result must maintain themselves at an outlay which they can ill afford, particularly if, as is the case with most of them, they ore unsuccessful. To mitigate this evil, tho now Civil-Service Advisory Board recommend that for purposes of examination and selection the country bo divided into four districts, with an Examining Board in each. Mr. Tracy has resigned tho Presidency of tho Chicago & Northwestern Bailroad on ac count of his health and his duties as Presi dent of tho Bock Island, with which his inter ests are most closely connected. Horace F. Clark is believed in Now York to have tho pros pect of .tho succession. Should ho bo chosen tho President of tho Northwestern, tho Vander bilt railway connections would practically bo trans-contluQUtal. President Vanderbilt and bis son-in-law, President Clark, would then control the Now York Central, tho Lake Shore Si Michi gan Southern, the' Chicago <k Northwestern, and the Union Pacific. The Gorman Saloon-Keepers’ Union have & fatal facility in adopting ill-considered resolu tions, os was abundantly shown In their indis creet and ineffectual assault on tho Sunday law some time ago. Lost night, they resolved to punish a prominent dry goods firm. in this city who had “ permitted” some of their clerks to serve as jurors in a prosecution against one of tho saloon-keepers. Tho jury disagreed, and no conviction was bad, but tho saloon-keep ers havo resolved that, until Field, Loiter & Co. discharge tho clerks who acted os jurors, all tho Gormans of tho city should refuse to give them heir custom. The Comptroller of South Carolina, In his re turn to tho writ to compol him to levy a tux to' pay the interest on tho bonded debt of tho State, protests against tho whole operation, claiming that tho bonds upon which tho petition is based wore not lawfully hypothecated and sold, and that a largo portion of them, amounting to $7,791,700, wore issued without warrant of law, and ho therefore asks that uu investigation shall bo had to determine what portion of tho entire public dobt of tho State, which amounts to nearly $16,000,000, is valid. This is one of tho numorons miseries brought upon tho State by tho carpot-baggors. It is unfortunate, how ever, that the loss, if tbero is any loss, through non-payment of interest on tho $7,000,000 of fraudulent issue, will not fall upon tho carpet baggers themselves, but upon tho holders iu Now York who bought up the bonds. The car pet-baggers have looked out for themselves. The Chicago produce markets wore dull yes terday, and hroadatuffß were lower. Moss pork was quiet and a shade easier at $16,80@515.85 cash, and $15.00 seller Jnly, Lard wan inactive and nominally easier at $8.40@8.45 per 100 lbs caeb, and $8.4G@8.80 seller July. Moats wero iuaotivo and unchanged at oK@o%o for shoul ders j 8%@8%0 for short ribs; 8%@8%0 for short clear \ and 0%@11%0 for owcot-pioktod haras. Uighwlues wero quiet and steady at 000 per gal lon. Lake freights wero loss active, and %o lower ot 6%0 for com to Buffalo. Flour was dull and easier. Wlioat was quiet and 2o lower, closing firm at $1.21% eollor the month, and $1.10% seller July., Corn was quiet and % @lo lower, closing at 84%0 cash, and 80%0 eollor July. Oats wore dull and %o lower, closing at 27%0 cash, and 29%0 seller July. Bye was quiet and firm at Gl%o. Barley was iuaotivo and nomi nally lower, otC3@CBo for poor to good No. 2. The hog trade was active, and prices advanced to $4.86(§>4. < ft), whore they closed firm. Cattle wero weak'and a shade lower. In an article on tho recent election in this State to fill tho vacancies on tho Supremo Bench, tho Graphic, of Now York, makes tho following statement; 14 Judge Lawrence baa virtually de cided that the railroads bold charters which em power thorn to ohorgo what they please, and that neither the Legislature nor the people can help themselves.” Judge Lawronco virtually and actually decided no such thing. Tho only case to which tho Graphic could have referred was that of tho Chicago & Alton Ballroad. The decision in that oaoo was tho unanimous opinion of the Court, consisting of sovon Judges unsurpassed for looming and integrity by tho same number of Judges anywhere in this country. Chief Justice Lawrence delivered tho opinion in tho case, and thoro wore just two points to it, viz: X. Tho State statute, under which tho suit was brought) was invalid because it sought to make all railroad' discrimination punishable whether just or unjust. Tho Consti tution of tho Stato of Illinois provides that “ tho General Assembly shall pass laws to correct abuses and prevent unjust discrimination.” The law failed, therefore,. to comply with iho Constitution, and the Court so decided. 2. Tho Court hold that tho forfeiture ot franchise and property worth from ton to twelve millions of dollars, for tho first offense of a railroad, was on excessive * penalty in tho contemplation of law, and could not bo enforced. Those wore tho only points In tho decision. 8o far from having mode tho decision with which lio is credited, Judgo Lawronco showed that the pooplo.ond the Legislature can always right tho abuses which afflict. them if they will go about it according to law. Ho * was defeated in tho election by a variety of argu ments, tho chief of which was that if ho should bo olooted after tho Princeton Convention had nominated another man, tho Formers* Move ment would come to an end. THE STOKES CASE. Tho announcement that tho Now York Court of Appeals finally granted Stokes a now trial has occasioned very general surprise. Tho conduct and evidence in the case passed muster before tho Supremo Court, and it was thought that there had boon no toclmic&l.flaws which would justify tho Court of last resort In ordering a now trial. Two opinions wore submitted, one by Justice Grover and tho other by Justice Bapallo, both of which concurred in reversing tho judgment of the Court below. - There wore throe points on which this decision was based : 1. Tho Court bo* low had admitted evidence showing that Fisk had made throats against Stokes’ hfo whore tho pur pose of the evidence was to prove that those threats bad come to Stokes’ oars, but It bad ex cluded evidence of throats of which Stokes bad had no information. Tho appellate Court hold tho exclusion to bo an error, because tho evidence of throats was material, not only in justification of Stokes, if ho know of them, but as calculated to throw additional light on the question whether or not Fisk bad made an at tempt to take Stokes’ life. Throats on tho part of Fisk would bo equally important as evidence in this direction, whether Stokes knew of the throats or not. 2. Jennie Tumor was a witness for tho accused, and gave important evidence. In the cross-examination, the prosecution drew out testimony in regard to the witness’ rela tions with her employers. Having drawn out this evidence, tho prosecution was permitted to put a witness on tho stand to prove that Jennie Tumor's answers* wore untrue, This ‘ was hold to bo an error, as 'the prosecution must abide by tho evidence elicited from its cross-examination, instituted for the purpose of impairing tho credibility of a witness. 3. The Court below charged that, “tho fact of killing In this case being substantially conceded, it be comes tho duty. of tho prisoner hero to satisfy you that it was not murder, which tho law would imply from the fact of tho killing under tho cir cumstances, iu tho abconco of explanation that it was manslaughter in tho third degree or jus tifiable homicide.” Tho Court of Appeals hold that this was throwing the' burden of proof upon the accused, and therefore error. Tho statutory definition of murder in tho first degree in Now York renders intent as essential to the crime as tho killing, and tho intent, therefore, must bo proved os well as the act of killing. Those wore tho grounds on which a now trial was ordered. .It is possible that tho Court of Appeals would have ordered a now trial on tho single error found in the charge to the jury, but Judge Grover’s opinion reversed tho judgment of tho Court below “ for errors In rejecting competent evidence offered by tho prisoner, and in receiv ing Incompetent evidence against him.” This is tho usual cause for tho reversal of Judgments in criminal cases. Tho law of evidence in this country Is. so complicated and technical that a criminal trial never occurs which does not offer opportunities for exceptions to the ruling of tho Judges; and it is rarely that some ono or more of those exceptions concerning tho improper ad mission or exclusion of evidence does not secure a reversal from tho higher court, and an order for a now trial.* There is need of a thorough revision and simplification of those rules of evidence. As they are now, they ore constantly impeding tho course of justice. If they shall multiply within tho next few years os rapidly as they have increased within tho past few years, it will become simply impossible ;to secure conviction iu a murder trial, no matter how plain a case may bo made out against tho accused. The history of tho Stokes cose la an Illustration of tho danger. That this was a clear case of deliberate murder scarcely admits of a doubt. Yet legal technicalities have clogged tho progress of this trial at every stop. First came tho effort to quash the Indictment, which, after much wrangling, was sustained. Then a long and careful trial took place, in which* legal acumen was employed to confuse the minds of the Jurors, and tho result was a disagreement. A second trial occurred, with tho experience of tho first on both sides and IHlii CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SATURDAY, JUNE 14, 1873. as excellent preparation as time, talent, and money could secure, and Stokes was convicted. The case was taken up to the Supremo Court, which; since the removal of Barnard and Cardotio, has had a good reputation for learning and honesty, and iho Supremo Court could find no error on which to base a reversal.' The case thou wont to tho Court of Appeals, after having passed through all this array of legal learning, audhoro it won discovered that tho law of evidence had not boon strictly complied with. A third trial has boon ordered at groat expense to tho public, and with Increased probability that Stokoa will on capo punishment altogether.. Tho law of evidence is clumsy, redundant, and technical to tho last degree. There is ono work, u Qroonloaf on Evidence,” which makes throe largo volumes, and a shrewd criminal lawyer might find enough technicalities to mako throe vol umes more, and confuse the most learned Judge and most intoll'gent Jury that over tried a case. This mass of confusion and complication is tho outgrowth of precedents, established os safe guards for accused persons at a time when the penalties wero grossly disproportionate to tho offenses. While a man was subject to bo hanged for stealing forty shillings, it was not unnatural that tho Bonch and tho Bar ehoold unite to hodgo the prisoner In by all tho technical objec tions that could bo invented. Now that penalties aro hotter proportioned to tho naturo of tho crimes, and hanging is limited to tho singlo act of deliberately taking human Ufo, there is no reason why all tho ovidonco pro and con should not bo produced clearly, Intelligently, and con secutively for tho information of tho jury. Un der tho present rules of ovidonco, tho protection of tho community is likely to bo defeated in every criminal case that is brought into tho courts. There is need for an introduction of Bomo of the French directness into tho-oriminal jurisprudence of this country. Under tho French eodo, tho President of tho Court Interrogates tho prisoner with a view to ascertain as fully as possible his vorsion of tho alleged criminal act. Evidence is then taken oh both Bides, unham pered by technical objections, In a direct manner calculated to present every phase of tho cose clearly before tho court. Somo reform In this direction has already been inaugurated in this country. Every prisoner tried in a United States court Is now permitted to givo his own testimony. In Illinois the accused may testify, and so in several other States. Bat thoro is nowhere any obligation upon iho prisoner to testily. .The purpose of criminal trials ought to bo to convict tho guilty and acquit tho inno cent. This purpose has boon frustrated by tho technical rules that so frequently repress ma terial ovidonco. Thoro is a necessity for open ing .the gates wider and permitting all material ovidonco to flow in. Its importance and credi bility aro precisely what tho jury should deter mine. WHAT 008 CLOTH COSTS. Friends of monopoly like to boast of the “marvelous progress of our manufactures under tho benign influence of protection.” Now, progress in cloth-making ought to give us either more or . cheaper cloth, or both. Hut it appears that protection does not give ns more cloth; that wo actuary make loss cloth, import loss, and wear loss, than wo did in 1860.. In pro portion to population, wo make seven yards loss, import six and a half yards loss, and consume in all about fourteen yards loss, than wo did before this blessed system of protection began its “ bo- . nign influence” aforesaid. Wo have mode a groat scarcity of cloth, and oall.that “progress.” Let us give thanks I Because, in proportion to population, wo make loss cloth by one-sixth, and wear loss cloth hy ouo-quartor, ions us bless and praise tho system of protection! The re vivalist who said his flock was somewhat “ back ward in coming forward,” should have studied this tariff; he would have commended it as pe culiarly forward In getting backward. It sounds liko a rather ghostly joke to suggest that we may have gained in prices.' But protec tion being a groat blessing, inasmuch os it does not give us more, it certainly must givo us cheaper cloth. Not from abroad, of course I It would bo treason to American Industry to got anything cheaper from abroad. Therefore, wo pay duties {equivalent 69 per cent on woolen cloth, from 85 to IX3 per cent on flannel, from CSX to 60 per cent on worsteds, and BOX per cent on roady-mado woolen clothing—care fully imposing tho lowest duties on those arti cles which tho richer people only would import. On about 6,000,000 yards of woolens and flan nels imported in 1870, wo paid duties of $4,429,- 870, or an average of 55 cents to tho yard, and, os tho import cost of the same goods averaged only BOX cents a yard, tho tax averaged 69 per cent. . Importing 61,802,031 yards of worsted and mixed goods, wo paid duties of $11,890,528 ; average duty, 10X cents a yard ;. avorago.import cost, 20X cents a yard; so that the tax averaged 66 per cent. Clearly, instead of getting cheaper cloth, wo added $lO,- 819,698 in. gold to tho cost of' , all imported woolen or worsted cloth, beside the increased importing charges which such duties necessitate. Importers aro not yet benevolent enough to charge us nothing for it if wo require them to uso one-half more capital iu moving tho iaamo quantity of goods. Evidently, it must bo the cloth of domestic make which has grown cheaper, if any. And yet, if domestic have grown cheaper, while 66 to 00 per cent iu gold has boon added to tho cost of foreign products, ono hardly sees how wo continue to import. 70,000,090 yards of woolen and worsted goods! Some years ago, lion. David A. Wells, Special Commissioner of tho lldvouuo, presented some, facts showing that there had boon a groat increase iu tho coot of certain woolen goods of domestic make. ‘ Of comae, monopolists informed us at once that ho had been “ bribed by British gold,” picked out and published prices of other articles which had not increased in cost, and abused him shamelessly. To tost tho truth of those contra dictory assertions, lot us refer*to tho census of 1870, taken, compiled, and published by ofiicials of tho Government now controlled by tho pro tectionists. This oouuus informs us that the value of products, of woolen and worsted manu factures in 1870 was $177,495,000, but, In 1860, the value of such products was $05,695,000. But tho ceuuus also, informs us that the quantity of woolen, mixed, and worsted cloth produced was 240,424,573 yards m 1870, and only 147,017,- BG2 yards iu 1860. The increase in quantity of products was, therefore, 60 per cent, so that, had the prices of 1860 continued, the value of tho goods actually produced in 1670 would havo boon $103,867,000, Instead of the valuo reported, $177,405,000. Tho difference, 03 per cent of tho entire valuo of tho increased quantity of products, had the prices of 1800 remained unchanged, represents the actual increase of prices since 1860. Wo aro paying $09,608,000 more than wb should do at tbo prices of 1800 for tho articles ftotnally pro duced by those branched of manufacture. It Is now in order forsomo monopolist who baa grown rich by robbing tbo American farmers and laborers la tbo name of protection to movo to suppress tbo census and all other sources of truthful Information, as tbo oQlco of Mr. Wells was abolished, on tbo ground that any man who shows this people how they aro robbed must have boon bribed by British gold I It may bo slightly inconvenient to moke such a charge against so many Government officers, scattered all over the country, tbo majority of whom aro themselves protectionists. But It must be dono, or tbo people will loom, from official authority, that they have boon robbed of sixty-eight mill* ions In tbo cost of tholr woolen and worsted cloths alone, which baa boon increased 03 per cent since the census of 1860 was token. 'lt lids ugly and disloyal foot is not suppressed wo shall have nothing to' boast of—neither more clothing, nor cheaper clothing.- In other coun tries, invention, science, and improvement in skill of manufacture have brought cheaper clothing to consumers, so that tables of prices show-that goods cost, somewhat loss than they did thirteen years ago. To admit that tho pro tected people of this country have not only boon deprived of all sharo In the world’s progress in skill aud science, bat that they have, In addition to this loss, a peculiar progress of their own, which consists in paying for the same quantity of products 63 per cent, or $68,000,000 more than wo did thirteen yoars ago—this, surely, is intol erable I Wo had bettor suppress the census at once 1 Nobody will be astonished to learn that our cotton cloth costs more than it did in 1860; but, tbo cotton supply of Groat Britain being depend ent upon our production! it is a little difficult to sco why wo should havo increased tho cost of ootton goods morb than that country. For bavo wo not a blessed - system of pro tection to help as? Still/ the value of products, of tbo cotton manufacture in creased from $116,681,774 to $177,488,739, al though wo produced less ootton cloth by 84,668,- 112 yards, and .used loss ootton by 24,100,000 .pounds (according to tho census). If wo make : 7>£ por cent loss cloth, and yet pay 54 per cent iznoro forit, thoro must bo a difference of over : GO per coot hero, also, between tbo prices of 1860 ’and 1870. As for tho silk goods, wo pay a duty ik>f CO por cent on those imported, and mannfao ■turo not enough to affect tho market. Nor do wq k mako any linens, upon which tho duty is from SO to4oporcont. Tho following statement, therefore, ' shows tbo quantity in yards and thousandths of \ a yard per capita of each kind of doth manufac tured and imported, with tho average increase • since 1860 in tbo price of each, oxoopt that tho • full duties upon qualities now most imported are given, whereas in 1860 thoro wore' exacted reve nue duties of 10 to 24 por cent on cotton, 24 por cent on wool, 16 por coot on flax, and 20 per cent on silk, so that (ho increase of prico of cloths imported caused by higher duties equals tho dif ference between those duties then enforced, and those now enforced and given below : SIANUFAOXUCED, 1800. „ 1870. Price, 1860. 18T0, ties. C0tt0n....80.033 27.083 61 7.015 1.095 50 Woolen... 3.971 4.9791 .413 .207 09 Worsted.. .723 ‘ 1.438/ w 2.137 ' 1.091 66 Linen ,2.007 2.258 35 BUk.-. .026 60 .857 .405 60 41.227 34.026 61 12.689 6.160 66 On somo articles of eaob class wo pay far moro, and on others much loss, than tho increase stated, but tho census- reports prove that tho average increase of prico of oil goods manufac tured is Cl per cent. Our marvelous progress, therefore, consists, first, In a loss of moro than ono-eixth In tho whole quantity manufactured, and just one quarter in tho whole quantity of cloth issued by us ; and, second, in an increase of G1 per cent in tho cost of the wholo quantity of domestic make. Clearly, those census reports ought to be suppressed at once. To bo robbed in this way, and then to be told of it, is ehamo-' lull ' ■ - ' • SENATOR MITCHELL, The now Senator from Oregon, John Hippie Mitchell or John Mitchell Hippie, as the case may ho, for ho has enjoyed both those names, is evidently destined to And his seat full of thorns. The charges made against him are so grave in character that they cannot bo ignored. If thoy should provo to, bo trao, public opinion alone may forco him to resign. Should it not do so, and should it turn out that tho Senate cannot take cognizance. of purely social misdeeds upon tho part of ono of its members, - still tho preju dice against him will' bo so strong that ho will prefer resignation to social and political reproach. Tho substance of tho oh&rgos made against him is, that ho is passing under an as sumed name, his rool name being John’Hippie, It is furthermore said that about six years ago ho abandoned his wife and family and fled from Pennsylvania, ‘whore thoy were then residing. This charge is substantiated by bis first wife, who baa lately made a statement to this effect in ono of tho Pittsburgh papers, and has added that she was first sodnood by him, and that, since his desertion of her, ho has managed to got her clilldrcn away from her. Ho married his second wife in 1802, tho ‘ daughter of a prom inent citizen of Oregon, although tho first one, Mrs. Hippie, was not. divorced, as is alleged, un til 1807. If this statement should provo true, there is also a question of bigamy. In addition to those facts, Judge Thompson, bis late law partner, who was one of tho Grant Electors at tho last election, states that, when Mitchell or Hipplo loft Pennsylvania, ho was at Pittsburgh on business, and had funds in his possession belonging to the . firm, which ho used for tho purpose of paying his expenses to Oregon; although -ho afterwards forwarded to his partner title-deeds to property which ho doomed sufficient to cover tho amount, and fully discharged all his indebtedness. This is the sub stance of the charges against him which ho will bo obliged to face. In justice to him, It should bo stated that ho denies the material part of the charges against him, and It is stated that ho is

going to Pennsylvania, whore tho story of his early life is known, to make a thorough and public investigation, and to bring forward old citizens who can substantiate his assertions that ho was Justified in leaving his family os ho did. At present, however, the burden of testimony Is against him, and circumstances seem to confirm tho statements of his first wlfo and numerous other parties, who aro in a position to know the facts. As far as tho Senate of tho United States Is concerned, even it It had tho authority to investigate bis case, it may bo doubled whether, in tho light of recent events, any official action would bo taken in the promises. At tho same time, should the charges against him bo proved to bo correct, the forco of popular opinion would prevent him from re taining his seat, and compel his resignation. In this emergency, an Interesting politics! question baa already arisen, for the Oregon poli ticians have taken It for grantod that tho charges aro true, and that tho seat'will bo vacated, and consequently aro speculating on. tho succession. Should it result as they expect, Oregon will have a Democratic Senator. Mitchell, or Hippie, was .elected as a Republican, and took hlssoai lost March, so that ho has tho full term of six years before him. Tho Oregon Legislature does not moot again for two years, and until that time his place would bo filled by an ap pointee of Gov. Grover, who is a Democrat, and consequently would appoint o Democrat, who would. hold his seat until tho Legislature could regularly oloot somo ono. Nesmith, formerly Senator from Oregon', la a candidate for tho place; but It is sold by the knowing ones that Grover himsolf has Senatorial aspirations, and will not appoint any ono who will not stop aside when tho time cornea and mttko room for him, Grovor basing his own hopes of success upon tho probabilities of having an ontl-Adminletra tlon Legislator© two yoars from now. Tho eagerness with which tho Oregon politicians aro laying their plans to fill tho anticipated vacancy would seem to indicate that thoy givo credit to tbo charges against Mitchell, and look forward to his resignation as o matter of conrso. As tho coso stands at present, circumstances do not scorn to warrant tholr action, and it Is sin cerely to bo hoped that ho can succood in clear ing away tbo cloud which now rests npon his character. There has boon scandal and corrup tion enough already developed in tho Senate, without adding anything more to it. • The following order, leaned at Yokohama and published in the Japan Gazette, Is worthy of preservation as a political curiosity of tho pres ent day i BmuAKB Kxn.—Tl has been tunil in this province tor fanners and others to moko presents on certain occasions as bribes. This Is. so. utterly opposed to civilized ideas! that it is most strictly forbidden for tho future. ; Gonxiki Kaihtama, 93d March, 1879. Shiraane Ken. It is very evident from this that America Is not gaining the Influence over the Japanese to tho extent which has boon popularly believed. If this wore tho case, wo would scarcely And an oflicial condemnation of tho practice of giving and taking presents coming from Japan. Tho failure to secure the Introduction of bur idea of political virtue in Japan can scarcely bo for tho lack of trying. According to late" advices, Mr. Mori, tho Japanese Minister at Washington, is suspected at homo to havo become infected with tho ruling passion of American political circles; Mr. Do Long, tho American Minister to Japan, who has just boon recalled, baa not escaped in sinuations concerning his official weakness ; and now Mr. Bingham, of Credit Mobiiior and sala ry-grab affiliation, has beon sont to represent our peculiar institutions In Japan. In spito of all this, presents to officials aro regarded at Yoko hama as <( utterly opposed to civilized ideas.” It is evident that tho American notion of official integrity bos made bnt slow progress among the Japanese, who may bo heartily congratulated on abettor appreciation of*“civUizod ideas” than ouy that obtains in the political circles of America. ____________ DIPOQTED. • Tho Kansas confiscation c&so, to which refer ence was made in The Tribune of yesterday, has boon decided according to .tho report ,of tho Master in Chancery. Judge" Dillon, of tho United States Circuit Court, bos issued a decree ordering tho various parties who had “ gobbled ” the proceeds frqm tho solo of the confiscated property to disgorge. Tho Court finds that there was a conspiracy to defraud tho Government. Among the parties to this conspiracy wore Gov. Osborne, who received SB,OOO, James McDowell, whoso share seems to havo boon $12,000, and O. J. Hanks, who is credited with $4,000. These parties are ordered to. pay back tho money fraudulently held by them, with interest from 1800 at tho rate of 7 per cent per annum. James McDowell was formerly United States Marshal. So was Oabomo, now Governor and son-in-law of Judgo Dolahay, .tho Judge of tho United States District Court of Kansas, in which Brqwn, tho former owner of tho confiscated property, endeavored in vain to secure a hear ing.. Brown says that ho was “ ordered out ”of Judgo Dolahay’s court. A memorial signed by 11,600 women (9,000 of England and Ireland, and 2,500 of Scotland) has been addressed to Mr. Disraeli on the subject of the Women’s Disabilities bill, which was re cently defeated for tho fourth or fifth ,timo in the English Parliament. In his reply, Mr. Disraeli says that ho hopes Parliament will soon abolish the anomaly that the Parliamentary franchise attached to a household or property qualifica tion, when possessed by a woman, should not bo exorcised, though in all matters of local govern ment, when similarily qualified, she enjoys this right. Tho memorial was signed by Miss Flor ence Nigutiogalo, Miss Martiuean, Miss Gobbo, Lady Anna Qore Langton, and many other dis tinguished ladies. ' An official paper, read. recently before the London Society of Arts, presented tho remark able statement that, in 1871, no loss than 18,078 people.'wore killed in India by tigers,’ cobras, and other - wild and venomous animals,—a mortality far in excess of that caused by tho East Indian wars in any year. Another remarkable feature brought out by tho paper is tho fact that tho num ber is constantly increasing, notwithstanding the, improvements in fire-arms and the increase of hunters who make tiger-killing a business. Unlike most other animals, tho nearer civiliza tion approaches them tho fiercer thoy become, and tho less disposed to quit their haunts. It now appears that, after all tho oongratnla tioub wo extended to Hone, and Madame Loysou upon ttiolr May Hyaolutho, tho report wasau in correct one, and that tho little Hyadatho did not appear. Pore Dyacmtho thoreforo does not have to walk the door nights, and is not inter rupted in hie devotions by squalls of any sort. While wo regret, in common with his numerous friends and admirers,'to have to recall our con gratulations, and to extend to him in placoof them tho cold comfort of patience until tho Ilyaciutho season comes round again, his friends in this country will bo glad to know that his work in Genova is crowned with success. An English letter-writer states that hla Wednes day evening lectures aro attended by audiences which number over 0,000 people. Already 1,000 people iu that oity have given in their adhesion to the now principles aud ’ tho number bids fair to largely increase. This writer says; "No one can enter except by a ticket, and 3,000 ore gra tuitously distributed weekly to those who givo their word of honor that they aro Catholics, while COO are given to Protestants. It is said that somo havd boon sold for 00 fraucs or 40 francs each, but EugU.-h residents toll mo they have boon unable to procure any for lovo or money.” Atlanta, Oa., Juno.l3.—Jsham D. O’Neil was executed in the yard of the Jail to-day for tho murder of James Little. Ho died protesting his Umoconce, and without a struggle. Expiation* NOTES AND OPINION. Tho veto'for Bnpromo Judge in tbo Second District of Illinois, Juno 2, wan: Jolm Bcholflold. of Clark County Arlus N. Kliiffnbury, of Montgomery, Scattering voten Mr. Soholfiold was tho nbminoo of tho Lawyers (May?) and of tho Farmers (May2B), and it was oxpootod bo would go ovor tho course alono; but Mr. . Kingsbury was brought out at tho last moment, by tbo Formers of tho west ern portion of tho District, upon tho alleged discovery that Bobolfiold’s election would bo claimed as a defeat of tho proposition to reverse tho Supremo Court. Mr. Kingsbury’s oandidaoy appears to have boon unknown—at toast ho got no votes—in tho ooetom part of tbo District, which embraces nineteen counties and extends across tho State. —Tho vote in tho Fifth District was : Alfred M. Orslg, ofKuozvillo 16,170 Charles Z). Lawrence, of Galesburg 1a,563 Scattering votes. SOT Total vote, 87,833. For President, laatyoar, 63,368, Viz.: Gram, ai,OOfl; Grooloy, 30,303. —Tho Yorkvilio (111.) lieoord soys: “Tho farmers are tho Republican party; thoy eon pu rify it of all dross.”' True, oh, Jiccord / but tho “ dross ” claims to bo tho Republican party, and tho formers aro disposed to see Just how much that “ dross ” weighs. In lowa tho “ dross M holds a Btato Convention Juno 26; tbo farmers, Aug. 18; and In October it will bo found wheth er tho “ dross ” or tho farmers havo that old ac customed 00,000 majority. But* what if tho farmers shall havo more than 00,000 I ‘ —ln lowa, this week, a Judge decided that cities or towns may buildbrldgos, ondmakotboirrospeo tlvo counties pay for them,—something the peo ple of that Stato did not know boforo. Another singular Judicial decision has boon made in In diana. Tho Laporto Argue says: Some stop should bo takon to’ got a decision from tbo Ouuntno Court on the recent ruling or - Jucgo blan field in relation to' the- legality of naturalization pa- Kre. If Judge Stanfield* position is correct, probo j not lona than ono-half tho forolgnors of this county have tbo right to vote, and tho somo la true in almost every county in tho State. It In of tho highest Im portance, then, that this ruling bo either sustained or reversed by tbo Supremo Court. Unlimited litigation and hardship may grow out of tho matter os It now stands, for scoroa and hundreds of foreigners who have been voting for twenty years are declared illegal voters, and a continuation of tholr use of tho bauot may load to disastrous complications. —All tho Administration newspapers in lowa have boon instructed to pronounce the Formers 1 Movement o failure, and to lament it with tears. The failure is m not making use of the mo chicory of tho Republican party and purifying it. - —The Massachusetts Legislature voted an in crease of salaries, making 11 a raise all around,*' and adjourned, Wednesday. This was Butler’s Legislature ; and Butlor is to bo noxt Governor. This, also, is tho Legislature that with righteous indignation denounced Charles Sum ner. —Nelson Dlngloy, Jr., editor of the Lewis ton Journal, has, it is now said, all- tho “ points ” for noxt Governor of Maine, or rathor for tho nomination at Bangor by the party of power, next week. . —Gov. Dix, of Now York, is studying what to do with nearly 300 bills loft in bis bands by tbo lato Legislature, and which bp may put into effect at any timo before tbo end of .the year. Tho ‘‘Supply bill,” appropriating over $4,000,? 000, has not yot boon passed by tbo Olorks and tho Speaker, and rumor says it is being pretty liberally tampered with. What was tbo use of tbo Legislature protending to pass it ? —New York legislators ore vowing vengeance on tho corporations which have gone back on them in tho matter of pay. It is tbo practice of tbo principal lobbyman of a corporation to biro a given number of members of both Houses of the Legislature for tbo session’s work at a given price. This price is regarded as pay for votes on aU subjects, but was not “ honorably " forth coming to tbo members of tbo Now York Legis lature, who are now vowing vengeance on those who cheated thorn. What ought tbo people to do with those who cheated them?— Harrisburg (Pa.) State Journal. —(ion. Butlor expects to bo tbo next Governor of Massachusetts, and has token the easiest road to that office by preparing to capturo tbo Repub lican nomination. Everything seems to favor him. Ho has either disposed of all bis rivals or secured their favor, lie has unlimited control of the Federal patronage, and tbo opposition to him at tbo primaries will be as nothing before his well-trained henchmen. Tho chances, too. aro that Butlor, after being nominated, will be elect ' cd,.. There will bo nobody to load a bolt, and, if there wore, the intelligent but intolerant people of Massachusetts would prefer tbo regular nom inoo to a Democrat or an independent. This is not a pleasant picture to think of, for Qon, Sut ler is an ugly man, morally and physically; but if Massachusetts is content with it, tbo country at largo will be satisfied.— Philadelphia Press. —Wo will not assume to predict tbo future, but we can assure all whom it may concern that 'Massachusetts is not prostrate at tho feet of Qon, Butlor.— Worcester Spy. —Gen. Q. W. Morgan was talked of In con nection with tho nomination for Governor of Ohio. Wo aro now’ informed on good authority that under no circumstances will his name bo before tbo Convention.— Cincinnati Enquirer. —Tbo most egregious humbug and imposition of the day is a party of Senatorial bummers, under tbo lead of a Minnosota-Crodit-MobiUor corruptionist named Windom, who aro examin ing tbo cheap transportation question, and who stylo themselves tbo “ Senate Committee on Transportation." When such men seize tbo banner of transportation reform and cheap transportation, a cheat audafailuro may certain ly bo expected.— Milwaukee. Hews. —Another result of tbo popular outcry against, railroads has already been experienced, and is destined to bo more keenly felt; This is tho paralysis that has come over all now enterprises. If the hostile attitude of tho farming commun ity has produced such adverse results, what are wo to expect from stringent laws and tho drift of judicial opinion ? . . . . The question therefore recurs whether tho rebound from cor porate arrogance and oppression to utter help lessness In tho hands of tho courts and tho law, has not been too groat, and that, in seeking to correct railroad abuses, tboro. is not danger, of stilling further developments, and of aggravat ing, instead of alleviating, the condition of ■ tbo Western -fanner T — Davenport (Iowa) Gazette— organ. , —At no time have wo over known such a wide spread resolution among ear fanner population to help themselves through public action as now. Acting on tbo aphorism, V Heaven will help those who help themselves,” they propose to boo what will come of it. Tho general prevalence of this idea has produced a state of excitement. Now hopes are entertained, now ambitions,—some good, somo bad,—aro horn into life, now possi bilities aro beginning to appear, and now’dosiros take tbo place of tbo old discouragements where with the past has boon bodged about. It is not unnatural, therefore, that this class of oar pop? ulation as a whole, now thoroughly awakened to their grievances and anxious for their redress: should make baste with dangerous speed ;. and it will surprise no one that many mistakes will be made, nor that somo of them will bring no inconsiderable mischief. — Waterloo (Iowa) Cou rier. —Tho Livingston County platform covers the whole ground, and if generally adopted by tho fanners, and is made the basis of tuoir action, will secure the co-oporatlou of nearly all people In tho West. True, it is not what tho politicians want, and not a fow of tho party organs will cry out against it, "as dragging politics into tho fanners’ movement.” But if the farmers ‘‘mean business.” if they expect to accomplish any re form which will prove of lasting bonolit to them selves, they must ignore all political parties, go on with tholr work, turn neither to the right or to the loft to seek or avoid a conflict with politi cal dogmas, but march steadily on In tho groat work of reform, with a power and uoralstonoo which will overthrow, and remove all obstacles. —Kcwanco (111.) Independent —A.U those spontaneous declarations of the honest tillers of the soil are only tho unmistaka ble Indications of tho bursting forth of that natural opposition which has neon so long nursed by the people against protected monopo lies. - Froo trade is the groat law of nature, it is akin to the free breezes that swoop tho groat prairies of tho West, and the tillers of tho soil are determined to receive tho bonolit of tho one as well as tho other, —Peoria (III.) Democrat. —Wo bollovo that every interest in this coun try has a right to organize for its own protec tion. Tho railroad corporations have boon doing it for years, and in many Instances tholr regula tions have been oppressive to tho producing in terests of tho country,— Canton (111.) Register, —From various points In this State wo loam that tho Farmers’ Granges are being organized. —lndianapolis Journal, —Throe Farmers’ Oranges havo just boon es tablished in Montgomery Oouuty, Pa. —The Grange movement appears to bo spread ing still among tho farmers of tho Northwest. If tho loaders do not got nil they want, they Trill' still make tho influences of the organisation! folfc. Tho polltloinnH will, no doubt, bo ready with tholr now lino of policy before tho fall olcc lions.—Cincinnati Gazette. .10,607 .10,1)60 . 3U —Farmer Aaron Brown notifies tho public that Gov. Carpenter will speak In spite of tl»o Oounty Grangers refusing to accept tho Invita tion extended to him by tho Capital Orange. Whoro was Formorjuano Brandt, that ho did not sign this notlco Moines Leader. —Brothers, it looks to mo that this gentleman [lgnatius Donnelly] is a fisherman, lie Las gob his fishing smack fully equipped, and, as he sup poses In good running order,. with any amount of trolling linos and spoon-hooka, and a political fly on each hook. —A Minnesota Farmer. —That facetious Congressman Packard has discovered that his Dutlor-and-wator letter, of fering to deposit 013 to tho credit of his Hoouior constituents as thoy felt so grouty about tho salary grab. was not such a choice piece of hu mor after all.* His organ now explains that ho wrote it “in a sportive mood,” ana that it was never intended for tho public oyo. Jasper should havo remembered that A Jest's prosperity lies in the car Of him that hoars It. Tho average constituent is, Just at present, in an unusually serious framoof mind.— Springfield Jiepublican. —Wm. A. Smith, Republican member of Con gress-elect in tho Fourth (Raleigh) District, North Carolina, has published a letter in widen ho favors tho absolute repudiation of tho Stato debt. North Carolina was carried by tho Repub licans in 1873, and has been under their rule eight years—and this is tho result: The debt of the Stale Is ovor $81,000,000, about $9,000,000 °f which Is old, the remainder having boon added by tho Republicans. Tho subject of pay ing It was brought before tho last two Legisla tures, but thoy neglected to mako any provision for the Interest, and now it is proposed to makq the shortest possible settlement or tho question by repudiating tho debt. PERSONAL Col, 8. T. Basoy, Urbana. is at tho Gardner. 8. B. Holabird, U. 8, A., is at tho Bhorman House. i, Don. S. H. Crow, Cleveland, la at tho Grand Pacific. Col. J. O. Carnahan, of Pittsburgh, is at tho West Side Briggs. —.Tlon. 3?. I*. Ovoracro, of Wisconsin, is at tho West Side Briggs. Hon. Calvin M. Frew, of Ford County, was in tho city yoatorday. Hon. A. B. Harris, United States Senator, Louisiana, ia at tho Grand Pacific. Judge A. L. Virdin. of Virdln, 111., ia register ed at tho Woat Bide Briggs House. Col. L. O. Gilman, United States Deputy Mar* shal, Bolvidoro, HI., is at the Ogdon House. Alexander P. Mann, a prominent lumberman of Muskegon, is at tho West Side Briggs House. Front Hitchcock, Sheriff of I'eoria County, and William Kellogg, of Peoria, aro at tho Og don House. P, E. HaaklU, foreman In Woodman’s bakery, having gone* west for bis health, tho employes, as a token of respect, presented him with a woll fillod purso when ho bid them good-bye. Among tho arrivals at tbo Gardner yesterday wore tho following s Charles Oamcss, Philadel phia} GoorgoS. Tory, Now York; 8. W. French and wife, Watertown. Mass.; George Nelson and wifo, Utah; O. F. White, London, Eng,: Will iam B. Wait and wife, Little Rook; E. O. Homer, Cleveland. Among thq arrivals at the Sherman yesterday were tbo following : T. J. Hartley, London ; Theodore Stpm, Now York ; N. E. Scott, St. Louis; H. P. Chamberlin, Cleveland; George D. Smith; Salt Lako City; O. E. Parmolco. Kan sas ; O. B. Lawrence, Galesburg; William Hamos, Dayton; W. H. Winter and wife, Princeton. Among tbo arrivals at tbo Grand Pacific yes terday were tho following: F. L. Buckingham, Now Havon; J. Yon Horn, Louisville; Edward Betts, Wilmington, Del.; S. Andrews, Now York; P. O. Weir, Cincinnati; W. H. Haakill, Providence; 0. Gould, Boston; H. D. Van Ren soUaor, Detroit; M. A. Wray, Titusville, Pa.; A. V. Denholm, Montreal; Charles Paxon, Phila delphia ; A. G. Foater and wife, Now Orleans. Tbo following gentlemen aro at tho Woat Side Briggs Houso: John G. Lonnow, Louisville, Ky.: J. Huntting, Now York ; H. H. Ford, Ash land, Ohio; W. S. Ocho, Davenport; P. M. Kano, Kingston ; Thoo. Doan, Taunton, Mass.; W. B. Coffin, Kan.; F. Bruinsdalo, Bridgeport, Ct.; John A. Ely, Philadelphia; Edw. Page, Lawronco, Mass.; M. L. Hartmg, Texas; and J. Broniano, Cincinnati. Wilkie Collins will como over and lecture na in the fall. Tho wife and daughter of John. 0. Fremont are at Saratoga. Mrs. Walworth will discontinue her school at Saratoga for tho present. Mr. Gilmore is reported to bo not over well pleased with tho results of tho Chicago Jubilee. —-Boston Advertiser. Kate Field has boon invited by Sir Charles and Lady Dilko to bo thoir guest during the fashion able season in London. John Swift, who was several times Mayor of Philadelphia between tho years 1832 and 1849, and subsequently many years air Alderman, died, lost Monday night, aged 83. President Grant hod a bad scare lost evening; one of his bullost pups was sick at tho stomach. Tho consultation disclosed tho fact that his meat had not boon out line enough.— Long Branch Court Journal. Prof. Plautamonr, who prophesied that the world was to bo burned up a few months ago, Is now in Paris. Ho desires to read a paper before the Academy to provo that wo shall &U be frozen to death about 2011. John F. Buncombe, of Port Bodge, lowa, bas accepted tho attorneyship of tho Atchison, To peka & Kansas Railroad, in connection with tho position of Superintendent of the Land Bepart morit, and will mako his residence at Topeka. Thomas B. Butler, tho lato Chief Justice Connecticut, was elected to Congress (a Whig) in 1819, elected to Superior Court in 1856, to tho Supremo Court in 18(31, and becamo Chiof Jus tice in 1870. Ho resigned only a few weeks ago, and died Juno 8. Tho Now Hampshire Legislature has elected the Bopublioan nominees, viz: Secretary of State, B. F. Prescott, of Concord ; State Treas urer, Solon A. Carter, of Koeno; Commissary General, Charles F. Montgomery, of Strafford; State Printer, Edward A. Jonks, of Concord. Tho Ohio editor who said that Kellogg’s genius shines with equal brightness in conquering the Louisiana rebels or singing in opera, has started on a deadhead railroad excursion with tho North Carolina editor who demands that Jeff Bavis shall receive a full and complete amnesty as an equivalent for his services in whipping tho Mo docs. ’ Lizzie and Lydia Taylor, five years ago enter ed tho office of tho OLarlotto Republican as com positors. They afterwards,went into the Battle Greek Journal office, and since that time they havo earned from $8 to S2O per week. From thblr earnings they havo supported their moth er ; as housekeepers they havo hvod well, bought a piano, taken music lessons, gave SIOO toward the building of tho Baptist' Church at Battle Greek, and have saved $1,200. They are unmar ried. ’ Eoferring to a rather questionable perform ance of John A. Bingham’s in tho House, the Washington Capital says: 11 ‘Hie defense offered by Mr. Bingham’s friends for this outrage was, that tho Chairman was so under tho influence of liqudr that ho did not understand tho case, nor appreciate tho full roauUs of his conduct. Wo accept this, and add-our testimony in evidence of a nolaucholy fact. Wo havo one agent in Ja pan, Mr. residue Smith, who is making tho American uarao a by-word, and wo shall shortly havo a Minister who can bo cartod daily or night ly from a Japauoao gutter to an American lega tion.” • A DnllforuJn Hoy. Prom the .S’atj Fruncineo t'i<mro. There is a boy in one of our schools who wears a green velvet suit which is broken out with boll-buttons. Thoro is a groat change in tho boy since ho commenced to go to school several mouths ago. Ho was then but a trifle bettor than an untutored savage, although wo frankly confess that wo don’t know what an untutored savage Ih. His first experience in school was a Bpoihng-losson. While tho class was going through the exorcise, ho sat on tho platform near the teacher, and locked his hands across his knees, and watched tho class very intently; The first was Hansom. "By gracious!” said ho, drawing his teeth hard. Tho teacher gave him a reproving look, and wont on: Multiply "Thunder and lightning 1 what a word I’ ho cried In a storm of delight. Again tho teacher nailed him with a look, and proceeded: Oscula tion. At this ho just raised himself up to hia foot and shrieked out in a perfect frenzy of oo* stacy, " By godoys, gentlemen, just shove youi tooth Into that \ A This broke up tho lesson.

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