Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, 15 Haziran 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated 15 Haziran 1873 Page 6
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6 THE NAMELESS DEAD. Vestiges of a - Long-Forgotten Eace. The Mounds of Wisconsin and Other States. Their Situations, Forms, Contents, &C., &c. The mounds of Wisconsin have-ever been iden tified with its history; yet there are but few, comparatively, who know aught of them beyond the fact of their existence. But little more was ‘ known to the writer until recently, when, passing several months in their vicinity, interest was aroused to learn somewhat more of tbs great problem that must forever remain unsolved. Soma of the facts and theories were gleaned from history, but much was obtained directly from the dwellers amid the mounds, —farmers and mechanics, who, with no preconceived theo ries to sustain, are without inducement to .color the truth in order to reconcile facta and fancies. The warm summer rain, scarcely more than mist, fell in gentle benediction on field and Cower as we drove into the little hamlet of Azta- Xan—the City of the Dead. An air of repose per vaded the dwellings of the living, scarcely leas profound than that which wrapt the nameless elomherers of centuries in their dwellings below. The houses of yellow brick, clustering about tho solitary church which stood like a tail senti nel in kbe midst, lent to the aspect of the town a qnsintness peculiar to itself, and widely at va riance with our preconceived ideal of rural land scape, with its tiny white cottages nestling amid verdant bowers, illuminated by their corollaries, fragrant roses and pinks. Brick-and-mortar, in separable associates of tho city, jarred pain fully, with a sense of inoongruoUßnesa which no familiarity could dissipate. The name of Azlalan was conferred by Judge Hyer, one of tho earliest settlers of 1836, who referred the origin of the monnds to a race of people co-existent with, and similar to; the ancient Aztecs of Mexico. The village lies in the midst, and many dwell ings stand directly upon these mounds, which ire, in some respects, the most remarkable of the ancient earth-works,—most remarkable that they bear more closely than others resemblance to a fortification. These are situated about half a-mile from the village, though tho monnds com mence in the heart of the town, extending nearly a mile on both sides of the_ road leading to Lake Mills. Adverse circumstances prevent ing us from making a personal examination of these wonders, wo interviewed in approved style an individual who, with hoe in hand, was diligently cultivating a patch of onions growing on one of the mounds, which, he assured ns, yielded far heavier crops than the surrounding soil. Leaning upon the fence to which wo had drawn in close proximity, he made intelligent and decisive answer to our questions, poured out }n rapid succession, while we watched anx iously tho threatened deluge from the heavens. While gleaning much from this source, we are still indebted to W. B. Smith’s History of Wisconsin for a. minute description of the mounds. The north and south walls abut on tho Crawfish River, and extend about 400 yards. from the west wall, winch is of tho same length. These walls have certain projections, apparently Buttresses, at intervals of 80 fest. Hear tho western wall, within the mclosore is an oblong mound, 5 feat in- elevation, in which wore found, some years since, pieces of a sort of matting, and several rope-strands of grass or other fibrous substance, a texture re sembling cloth, human bones, pieces of pottery of various kinds, together with fragments of brick or burnt day mixed with grass or straw, — all of which articles seemed charred by fire. Within the inclosure, on the southwest angle, is a largo mound, nearly square, from 15 to 20 feet m height, flat on the surface, with a connecting ridge, of from 3 to 5 foet in height, to another square monnd at the southeast angle. Such is 4boj3eßprir'tiAn.*nyep be mounds in X 856. 'These walls and their buttresses are now scout A feet above the snrrounding country. The whole inclosure, except where the land is under cultivation, le covered with a scattering growth ■ of shrub-oak end other shrubbery; but the earth-works, with their peculiar formation, are distinctly traceable. Above some of the monnds forest-trees are growing, which, from their size, indicate great age. In the circular monnds were found bones and pottery. Mr. Smith and Judge Hyer both incline to the opinion that they are the remains of ancient for tifications ; while Stephen Taylor believes them to be tumuli for the dead, and this fact tends to support his theory; that the soil differs in every respect from the soil surrounding them, wndit is improbable the builders should have as sumed such gigantic labor only to erect a means of defense. On the other hand, hut few skele tons are found, while hatchets and pottery are scattered throughout. But this fact lends no support to the former, theory, as it is a well known fact that primitive races inhume various utensils with tneir dead. ' The mounds on the track of the military road leading from Port Winnebago to Prairie da Chien are from 4to 6 feet in height, and assume the form of various animals, the fox, deer, elk, bear ; and also effigies of birds, the eagle, Ac.,— while others bear the form of the Cross, and ail ere composed of soil differing in quality from that about - them, and must hare been brought a long distance, or had a spe cial preparation. - A gentleman,- whoso farm in cludes several mounds, described a walled room discovered in one of them, built up of brick clay, containing oxide of iron; while.the native soil is impregnated with magnesium, which gives the brick made of it a light-yellow color, almost white. The mounds are all composed of soil of a reddish-brown, rich, very friable, and devoid of all extraneous matter, as though it hod been Sifted. Upon the bank of the Crawfish there remain ed, some years since, portions of a wall of brick made of reddish clay, mixed with straw, and sun burned, like the bricks made by the Israelites of -old. Portions of the wall are now in possession aof a gentleman of Hadis oa. In the Town of Harrison, the ancient camp ing-ground cf Blackhawk and bis tribe, the znonnds assume the form of turrets, and of co lossal men. At the western section of the town, the road runs directly across the figure of a gi gantic man, in a recumbent attitude, several hundred feet in length. Tho effigies are sup posed to be significant of the names of certain “braves." . Explorations of the animal-shaped mounds on the Fox Elver prove conclusively that they were the depository of the dead. Human bones were found with roots and fibres growing through them, and were distributed throughout the mounds; and it is equally evident the bodies were laid upon the ground, and earth heaped upon them. Ko appearance of elevation is via ihlo anywhere, nor are relics found below the altitude of the surrounding surface. Mr. 'Bringer, who describes the mounds extending from the Bed Biver to St. Louis, —a distance of . 500 miles,—suggests that these are the mins of. ancient duellings, constructed on the old Mexi can plan of large bricks covered with earth, which, mouldering down, left these mounds. IVhat an immense population, ho observes, must have occupied these dwellings, which cover so .large a portion of the Continent! Other antiquarians state that the square and -pyramidal mounds occur most freqnently at .tbs -.South, and that there is material difference in ..the construction of mounds in Georgia and Flor -ada from those of Ohio and Kentucky. The Carlisle’(Ey.) Mercury, _of recent date, esays y&t several mounds were recently explored on the farm of Mr. Harrison Whaley, near Moor field, Several skulls were found, and other hones, which, from their great size, must, have belonged to a race far more gigantic than that which now inhabits the earth. Cloy utensils were found, arrow-heads cut from the solid rock, also pipes of the same material. At least 15 acres have a multitude of bones a few inches be low the surface. The Chattanooga (Tenn.) Union reports that a Mr. William Staples, while digging a salt-lick on his farm, 12 miles from Kingston, struck a solid rock of limestone 7 feet below the surface, and in it a well S inches in diameter, filled with salt water. Investigating further, he found a lino of salt-kettles, or rather of kettles, of stone-ware, 40 in number, 3 feet in diameter, and 7 feet below the surface. Growing about them were oaks and poplars, evidently two cen turies old. Mr. Baffenesqne states that, in an ancient walled town near Colmnbia, Term., are many mins of houses, ranging in size from 10 to 20 and SO feet in diameter, all of circular form. But these relics of a lost nation are not alone confined to the mounds. There is abundant evidence that the Lake Superior copper-mines were worked at some far-distant period, with conclusive indications of a knowledge of mining as pursued at the present day. Various tools were discovered which could not reasonably be referred to Indian manufacture i stone ham mers in quantity equal to ten cart-loads, made of green-stone or porphyry-pebble, with eingle and double grooves, by which a withe was at tached; copper gad with battered head; cop per chisel with socket for handle; copper knife; fragments of wooden bowls for dipping water; levers of wood for raising copper to the surface, —all denoting work performed by a people of whom there is neither record nor tradition. Fits were found 14 feet in depth, extending in » continuous Una, at one place 12, at another SO mSes; and on one monnd of earth thrown out of a pit grew a hemlock tree 10 feet in circum ference. The annular growth of a tree cut from another monnd counted 395 years. Another pit, on Isle Boyale, had been worked tbrongh solid rock 9 feet, tho walls being perfectly smooth. Is there any connection between these mounds and the copper bracelets fonnd in the monnds of the Mississippi Valley? Who were these people ? Whence did they corns ? How-did they pass away, leaving in the bosom of Mother Earth only traces of their ex istence ? Conjecture is fruitless. At the dis covery (?) of this Continent, '• tho mighty oak, by whose immovable stem I stand and seem almost annihilated,” then waved its green coronal above their resting-place. The Name less Dead! Will this vast nation, With its count less cities, he one day numbered with them ? In the march of ages yet imprisoned in the womb of time, may not another race of men stand above our sepulchres, and speculate upon tho sleeping dead, as they disentomb rnde relics of the semi-civilization of a nineteenth century ? Whether those mysterious remains be fortifica tions, dwellings, or sepulchres, they prove tbs existence of a race that covered .this Continent, more numerous than that of the savage tribes that succeeded them; yet so utterly are they swept away that even tradition is mute, and wq gaze with feelings of mingled wonder and ead nesa upon these rude tokens of a nameless nation. Aztalak. FATHER O’KEEFFE. BV HABQARET P. BUCBASAH. A civil-ecclesiastical case has recently been brought before the British FarUament by M. Bouverie, M. P., involving the principles at issne between Bishop Whitehouse and Mr. Cheney, whose long-pending suit opened a new chapter on Wednesday last, before Jddge Will iams, of tho Circuit Court. There is this dif ference, however, in the” respective bases of action: Mr. Cheney’s counsel desires that the civil authority shsil decide what ie the doctrine of the Protestant Epis copal Church in the United States, upon the written and other evidences supposed to con tain that doctrine, before adjudicating upon the equity or legality of the Bishop's suspension and deposition of Mr. Cheney; that is, Judge Will iams is to assume the tiara and tho keys, and define doctrine before expressing an opinion UPOn a Simula onaaiiau nt diaHulinu. Bttt rattier OTteoffe’s action is one of discipline purely. He does not deny that bis own Bishop, the Eight Bev. Dr. Moran, of Ossory, or Cardi nal Gnllen, or Pope Pins IX, —all of whom are impleaded,—has misstated any dogma of the theological creed which they in common holdl In fact, the iesne raised by Father p’Keette is quite extraordinary. He deairea Parliament, the courts having failed him, to declare that the Pope has no authority in Ireland, That he has no authority, spiritual or temporal; and that this utter absence of authority does not arise from the Pope’s having been, at one time, potentate of a foreign realm; bat because the prohibition of spiritual jurisdiction by the Pope over the Catholics of the British Empire, first by Henry the Eighth, and continued by Elizabeth, has never been repealed, and is still in force I Father O’Keeffe js an irrepressible Irishman, aged 50 /ears, who became in 1863 parish' priest of C&Uan. Under the National School statute, this position gave him control of the State schools of h& pariah, and the handling of some tax-payers' money. He was not satisfied with the National schools, and entered intd negotiations with some Frenchmen with a view to Opening a JrPhog ladies' seminary in Callan. Bishop Moran disapproved of the idea, and intimated that he was not A proper person to have nuns under his control, Wherpgpon Father CKeeffehrought action for slander against the Bishop, who compromised, with much sore ness of spirit, by paying .£6OO to O'Keeffe for his legs! expenses. Subsequently he brought a second action of like nature against the Bishop, and lost; but compelled one of his curates to pay £2OO for intimating that he misused parish funds. But, when he brought bis first civil action against the Bishop, he violated what is a universal canon pf the Roman Catholic Church; what Is now a canon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States ; and has long been a canon of the Church of Scotland, of the ‘Wesleyan Methodists, and of the Quakers, £he Larger Catechism of the Scottish Church quotes St. Paul: “Are there no honest men among you, who could set tle your disputes, instead of bringing, them into courts before unbelievers?" Father O’Keeffe, folly aware of his violation of the law of the Church, entered into oorrespondenpe with Car dinal Cullen, Primate of Ireland, who persuaded him, in order to escape excommunication, to submit to the Bishop and refer the dispute to. Rome. Meanwhile the Bishop suspended him, and O'Keeffe refused to recognize the sus pension. Cardinal Cullen tried amiable measures to coax him out of Bishop Horan's diocese; and, O'KeefTe scornfully resisting, the Cardinal confirmed the Bishop's suspension by a rescript from Rome. ‘Whereupon CKoeffe brought an action for libel against Cardinal Cul len. Tno jury decided against O’Keeffe, who de mnirod to the verdict, and appealed to the Irish Court of Queen’s Bench. The four members of the Court are Lord-Chief-Juatice Wlfitesida, a Protestant, and Justices O’Brien, Fitzgerald, and .Barry, Catholics. The last three decided the de murrer untenable and without merit, and thus the Cardinal won a second time. O’Keeffe instantly brought the issue befdfo the Government by a resolution in the Commons to.inquire, whether ho is not de jure manager of the National schools of. Callao. The question " trill prove an ugly and vexatious one, and will add nothing to the mental peace ot Mr. Glad stone, who does not appear yet to be convinced that Church and State cannot harmoniously be run by 090 and the same person. ■ ;' The point raised 'counsel, that Cardinal Cullen’had no authority to act in the premises,because.-the Pope hssllo.authority, THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, JUNE t5, i«73. spiritual or temporal, in the Queen's dominions, and that the Court could not admit a Papal re script as a privileged communication, because of. the Elizabethan statute, occupied the most con spicuous place in the opinions of the four Judges, each of whom spoke for himself. Justice Barry conteuded that the Elizabethan statutes bad been repealed, explicitly or implicitly,-by the legislation of the last eighty years. Justice Fitzgerald denied that a subject, priest or lay man, could contract away his civil rights tea Church; and,- while' agreeing with Judge Barry that the policy of legislation for eighty years has been contrary to the Elizabethan statutes, he maintained that the exercise of spiritual au thority by the Pope in British domain is still for bidden by law. But he agreed that the demurrer was without merit. Justice O’Brien asserted that the object of the Elizabethan statutes was to extirpate the Catholic religion; and argued that the recognition of that religion, in vari ous relief acts passed, is a virtual repeal of the remaining portion of the statutes. Chief Justice Whiteside, in giving judgment in favor of the demurrer, said that it seemed to him a rion-scqnitnr to claim that, because religions bodies may exist by contract within the realm, therefore foreign jurisdiction cannot be intended longer to he excluded. In fact, the Chief Jus tice feared that “ This was the country, and this the time, to recover and reassert an authority long repudiated and forbidden." The Conservatives in the Parliament will un doubtedly do their boat to harass the Govern ment with thorns from the hedges into which O’Keeffe has leaped, to his spiritual disgrace ; and the Liberals will not thank Chief Justice Whiteside for assuring them, at this juncture, that religious equality is still denied by law in the British Empire. . astuteness of Father O’Kcaffo’e counsel, m bringing to bear upon a legal action in 1873, in Father O’Keeffe’s defense, the force of stat utes enacted in the days of Queen Elizabeth, for the express purpose of exterminating Father o’Keeffe’areh‘gion, is only equaled by tho clever ness of Mr. Melville W. Fuller, who, in his re cent application before Judge Williams for an extension of time, proposed te prove that Bish op Whitehoose has not suspended or deposed Mr. Cheney, and could not suspend or depose Mr. Cheney; and to prove this on tho authority of His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, His Lordship the Bishop of Exeter, tho Very Rever end the Dean of Westminster; and by citations from the history of the early Chnrch, the Apos tolic canons, tho effect of the Reformation on Chnrch law, tho canon law of England, and tho history, canons, and constitution of tho Protest taut Episcopal Church in the United States. In response to the offer of the testimony thus to be submitted, Judge Williams stated—intending gravity, and not naivete, no be had not nntil now fully comprehended the merits of ' the Whitehouse-Cheuey case. But what surprises one is, that Mr. Fuller said nothing of summoning the Venerable Bede. It. is incomprehensible that he should ignore Donstan, Abbot of Glastonbury, Lan franc, and Thomas a’ Bechet, each of whom would be an invslnable witness on the question between Mr. Cheney and the Bishop, no lees than upon the other question, as to what Jndge Williams has to do with the spiritual affairs of the Protestant Episcopal Church. It is not clear why he says nothing of Csdmon and “ Beo wulf ; ” why ha does not subpoena Arch bishop Wulfstan, whose Latin name was Lu pus, and Elfric, the strenuous defenders 'of tho English Church, against Papal pretensions, in tho eleventh century. Vary pertinent testi mony can be found in William of Malmeabury’s “De Gestis Pontiff Angl. ; ” and the sermons of Peter the Hermit should not have been forgot ten. It is singular that Mr. Fuller made no al lusion to the compromise effected between Henry X. and Pope Pascal IL, through the agency of Anselm, on the subject of homage and investit ure ; and it was nothing less than stupidity on the part of Mr. Fuller not te put the Koran in evidence. HYMN TO SANTA RITA, THE PATHOS SATST OP TUB ZMPOSSmnE, Have you heard of SantalUta? Patron of the hopetoaa ahe ; Fleeting dreams of pleasure fleeter Under her protection bo; Idle wish and aspiration, Fruitleas hope and gray despair <»---»«• •ueOJailuu, — Santa Bits i icar my prayer. Long have I, with ardor leal, Sought the maiden of my dreamt. Charing stOJ my bright ideal, - like a marsh-itch t*a taunting gleams Candles sweet and incense sweeter Do I vow thee, week by week.— Give me, lovely Santa Btta 1 The Ideal girl I seek. Rich fair eyes, like summer twilight Ere the stars glint through the blue, foaming with a soft and any light, Hiding summer lightnings too: Rich brown hair in wayward cluster, *’ Rippling down in heavy fold. Giving, in the sunset* lustra, Here and there, a gleam of gold. Pair, sweet face, whose quick expression Mirrors well the thoughts that flit, Soft now with love’s shy confession. Brightened now by fire of wit; fair, sweet nature—were I bolder. To dispel the doubts that spring, ' 2 would touch her angel shoulder. Just to fed the budding wing j Silver'voice to charm and fill me With an ecstacy of sound; Springing, buoyant step to thrill me In the waltz’s dazing round; Mind as bright as rainbow’s prism, ‘ Wit aa keen as archer’s dart. And, to work the mechanism, Just a little mite of heart This my longing, Santa Rita 1 This the girl for whom I wait. Tell me, tell me, shall I meet her ' Er© I die disconsolate ? Are my dreams but Idle fancy? Lives there such a maiden rare t 1 invoke thy necromancy— Santa Rita! hear my prayer I Anvgy A. ades, Secretary of Legation. lUdrtd, April 23,1073. ' -A'eio York Evening Poatf Blsmarclc’s .Diploma* Before his departure for St. Petersburg, the Emperor of Germany affixed his signature to the diploma aa Prince of Bismarck, which has just been completed after more tn*n eix months' work. Count StillXried has had the general superintendence of the work, which has been done by Her Blitz,-of the Royal Academy. The diploma is very complete ana elaborate, and has twelve pages. The arms of the Prince were painted by Kohde. Oh the first page is found the title of the Emperor, surrounded in the mar gin by the coat-of-anns of the twelve Princes of the realm. The eagle surmounts the rest. The great services which procure the elevation to the princely rank—that is, those which tend to the unity and exaltation of the Fatherland—the formal part conferring the rank, the limitation as to its descent, the description of the coat of anna, and the coat of arms itself, are contained in the next six pages. The coat of arms in Bismarck's former one, with the addi tion of the prinosly mantle and the eagle of Prussia, and Brandenberg oh either side’ of the shield. On the right of the coat of arms, Ban ish, Austrian, and French standards are intro duced, while beneath fs an exquisite picture of Strasbnrg. The signature of the Emperor is on the tenth page of this historical diploma. Deep Sea Currents* The principles involved in the circulation of the waters ot the sea were beautifully shown before the Eoyal Geographical Society recently by a simple experiment. A trough with plate glass sides, about C feet long and a foot deep, nut not more than an inch wide, was filled with witter. At one end a piece of ice was wedged in between the sides to represent the polar cold; while the tropic heat was represented at the other end by a bar of metal laid across the sur face of the water, the projecting ond of which was heated with a spirit lamp. Bed coloring matter was then put m at the warm end, and blue at the cold ead, so that the currents could be traced. Tbs blue water, chilled by contact with the ice, immediately fell down to the bottom, crept slowly along, and gradually rose toward the; surface at the equatorial end, after which it gradually returned along the surface to the starting point. The red water crept first along the surface to the polar end, then fell to the bottom, just as the blue had done, and form* ©d another stratum, creeping back again along the bottom and coming to the surface. Each color made a distinct circulation during the half hour in which the audience viewed the' experi ment.—Boston Journal of Chemistry. 1 ..LIVING IN VIENNA. ;: . 5 Starring in the midst of Plenty. The Task of Trying to Obtain Pood. .Vienna Corretpondenee of the London Kexco, lam starving. It is not that there is no food in the place; the markets are well supplied, and on the cartes of the restaurateurs is every delicacy of the season. It is not that I have no money. That state of things may be reached at no distant period, if prices keep rising in the ratio in which they have risen in the past week; but I almost thinkit would be better to be penniless, since then I might with a obaz conscience appeal to the generosity of my country, as personified in Sir Andrew Buchanan, or throw myself on the Vienna equivalent for the parish. . I starve with money in my pocket, in the midst of plenty; nor is my plight by any means exceptional. I constantly meet exhibitors about mid-day, who complain of having been forced to go without breakfast, and to dine necessitates the devotion of the whole evening to the operation, which is rather of the nature of a series of forlorn hopes than of ra tional and comfortable feeding. The reason that I starve is that I cannot af ford to devote five hours a day to the task of trying to obtain food. The minimum possible time for achieving breakfast just now in Vienna is an hour’ and a calf. With luck, a display of British wrath, or the promise of an extra tip to the waiter, yon may obtain a sum debt quantity of viands conventionally to constitute a dinner in a little over two bonre and a half. Supper cannot be bad under an hoar, reckoning the very maximum of promptitude. In Vienna there are no tables (Thole in the hotels. I have before to day contemned and depreciated the Institution of the table (Thole. Retribution has overtaken me ; what would 1 not give for a table Shote now ? ' lies ; there is I know a table (Thole at the Sfetropole. I have stood on the wrong side of the glass doors and watched my fellow-beings, chiefly indeed my fellow-countrymen and coun trywomen, eating it. It has always been so crowded that I never conld got neater then the door, and of course people staying in the house, —which 1 do not,—have the prior right to its accommodation. When the spirit and the flesh move you to eat, you ou ter a restaurant. These abound everywhere, and are of all classes, from Sachet's, tbs magnif- , iceut and very dear, down to the one at the cor ner, frequented by the coachman and servants, equally dear with the other in proportion. You sit down,and thewaitar, with more or loss prompt itude, comes to .you. .Yon order what you wish first, and what to follow. The waiter is extremely polite, quite full of' “ bittes,” and invariably starts off to the other end of the room when yon are in the act of making up your mind on tba sub ject of tbo "to follow." As be goea be mutters that ho will, without fail, return‘•augonbliok.” But time elapses long enough for a large number of twinklings of the eye, and be comes out. You get a little irritated, and knock on the table rather smartly. 'Waiters come humming around Son with “bitte" and “augonblick” on tbeir pa. At last yon grapple on to one who lias been rash enough to come within your reach. To him you confide your order, and release him. Does ho straightway fly to the battery, or can you hear him bawling the German lor “ Botber nm steak” to the cook in the kitchen ? Not at all. Be has absorbed your order; there is no thoroughfare through him to the cook. He is handling the AVemdcn Blatt to that stout old gentleman, three tables off, who is combing his hair over ’ his egg salad. Yon watch that waiter feverishly, and at length yon note that it has occurred to him to give what is presuma bly your order. Meanwhile there has addressed you a- diminutive manikin in a shabby dress coat. With us the stunted youngster would havo either been in a caravan or a training-stable; here he is a beer waiter. You order beer, as a matter of course, and ho brings you promptly a foaming beaker. You drink, and the light beer adds a fresb stimulus to your appstite. In an abstracted manner, you begin to nibble at one of the rolls in the plate before you. Your first mug of Doer is done, and the dwarf waiter brings you another, without being told to do so. Twenty minutes elapse, and you begin to get impatient. You strike - your glass with your knife with the result that a waiter approaches, and blandly ob serves, "Beady directly." .During the next ten minutes you make the same noise at intervals of about two minutes each with a similar result. At length your first installment of food arrives, the waiter who brings it wearing an aspect of defiant triumph, as an anticipatory method of coping with the objurgations which it is pre sumed you will vent. At length then yon begin to dine, haring, however, in the long period of waiting, spoiled your appetite by the half un conscious eating of three rolls, and ilia drinking of three mugs of beer. • Your.flratreoursaia over; your plate is re moved, and in rather a better humor yon wait for the second course. You wait say a quarter of an hoar, and then you catch the waiter to whom yon originally detailed your desires. You find you have been waiting on what, in vulgar parlance, is known as a “ dead horse.” The man, with many apologetic “Bittes,” owns he has transmitted no order in connection with the “to follow,” and indeed respectfully insimiatea that you gave him none. ’ He appears to sympathize with yon, and will cheerfully consult as to the dishes which are likeliest to be ready, and therefore hid fair to be the most quickly attainable. Of course everything that you like least is, in the nature of things, snre to be in this cate gory. If you abominate pork, pork is quite ready, and ho can get it directly. You make your decision, and the man disappears. Another quarter of an hour elapses, and yon bare, in a fidgetty, unsatisfactory manner, drank another mug of beer. Again you catch the eye of your waiter, and ho comes to you with aggra vating alacrity, as if be bad not been away a minute, and tells you that what you have or dered is all gone, and you most select something else. If you can,- you refrain from swearing, and do so. Your waiter disappears, and ia seen no more. Peiiapa he has fallen down in a fit of apoplexy when drinking a surreptitious “ book " in a back passage; perhaps be has gone to sup per; perhaps bis time is up and he has retired to the bosom of his family. Twenty minutes elapse, and you become reckless. There is a strange waiter standing off and on, vaguely, with "a dish in his band, uncer tain at which table is its proper destiny. A piratical impulse seizes yon; yon beckon to him, and bid. him set down the fare oefore you. He la only too glad to get it off his bauds somehow, and complies readily enough. Of course, if you don’t like pork, the irregularly acquired dish ia sure’ to he’pork. gm bono to' narrate farther? Your whole

meal is a series of . struggles, of protracted dot lays, of lottefy-liko chances, of aggravating lip servico, for the chorus- of T‘hiltea” and “augeuhlipks” never ‘ceases. At length, whether you prematurely lose your tem per, and m the cutting off your nose fq spite your 'face fashion,. determine to go away half dined rather than endure longer, or whether yon have “ fought it out to the bitter end,” you desire to pay as a preliminary toyoor departure. You shout “Zahlen!” the signal for tho pay waiter to come. The pay-waiter is engaged at the other end of tho room with a party of ton, each of whom has dined differently, and has in troduced fractions into the calculation by hairing portions. .When he has leisurely finished with them, ho flings an “gugeublick’’ in your direction, and proceeds t? ooino to a prior settlement with the lady and gentleman in the comer. Then he sets out for you, but is intercept*! by the way. Yon are sorely tempted to take your hat and go, for you have made your JawfuJ tender over and over again, and cannot get it accepted ; but if you do so the waiters converge on you in a remonatrative rush as yon near the door, and it is evident that the company regard you in tho tight of a would-be dinner-sneak, which is not pleasant. At length you are allowed the privilege of paying for what you have had, after having first practically made your own bill jut, since the pay-waiter takes down the items to your dictation. You feel it would be a meat revenge to cheat him, and it is tho custom to to him—s am sure I don’t know for what. It isall very well to enunciate tho aspiration, “ Jl»y good digestion wait on appe tite, and healthon both ;’ r but how can yon ex pect to digest pleasantly food—l will not say a meal—eaten in each a fashion; and os for health, I venture to suhnit that a Christian is not an ostrich. Yon may (hide this is an exaggeration and caricature. I write on the knowledge that what I write-will bo sad by a large' number of my countrymen now in Vienna, and I appeal to them whether itis either. It is because I can not habitually siaro the'time to dnn and wait for my food in bis way that I say I am starving. The other morring, busy with letter writing and an accninuation of impending en gagements, I went into a restaurant for breakfast alongwith an American friend. We ordered a beef-soak, and waited for it in vain for thirty-five ninntee. Tl)o Major, my friend, is a man of actiin and determination. Be gave the waiter five ninntas more, and told him ho ■would go if the)teak was not forthcoming with in that time. It was not. and the Major march* od off, canm'ng me with aim.—Just as we got to one door, the steaks came in at the other. “Here it is,” cried the waiter, for once stirred out of his equanimity. “Eat it yourself!" sternly re sponded the Major, and shook from off his feet the dost of the place. I had to follow, though my mouth watered exceedingly, fori had both ecen and smelt the steak, and 1 was, oh, so hun gry, but it was clear that the Major considered a principle at stake. I went to the same place next morning, and found the Major’s energy had improved matters. I got some cold moat m two minutes over the half-hour. A SCULPtOR’S STORY. The Early Trials of a Great German Artist; Rome Correspondence of the Reia York Times, A few of the older and cooler men alone Kit by and smile as they recall their own days of fiery indignation at a world that failed to appreciate their genius, and at the nreforencA it showed to men who, in their opinion, deserved such en couragement least of all. Occasionally, also, one of these elder members is prevailed npon to let bia friends catch a glimpse of his own ex perience, and thus it was that, on a recent occa sion, a great German, accidentally finding him self in such company, told the young artists the instructive story of a well-known and emi nent sculptor. As it illustrates the trials to which even men of genius are but too often exposed, and teaches the lesson that self-made men are not, as so many believe, a pecu liar institution of our own country, the outlines at least may here be stated. The artist was a poor peasant’s son, bom in a remote province of the Kingdom of Prussia. Por years he worked as a common field-hand for bis ancle, a small but well-to-do farmer, and as he had never been to school, and could neither read nor write, he passed his Sundays in carving every bit of wood he could procure. His uncle died, foget tingto provide for his poor nephew; the little farm was sold, and the youth sent out into the wide world. He went to a carpenter in a neigh boring town, who had once praised his work, | and entered his service aa an apprentice; but all of his Sunday he spent in the handsome old cathedral, examining the Gothic arches, and the carved stalls of the canons, and trying to copy them at home, in his master's workshop. Fortunately, there came occasionally old fnmitnre to he repaired, and as the carpenter was not a cabinet-maker, be left the quaint chairs and chests of drawers to bia apprentice, who thus was enabled to train hia eye, and to become a better judge of snch work. At last he ventured npon carving, first a bouquet of fiowers and then an infant Christ, which was accidentally noticed by a great lady who came to inquire after some orders she had S'ven. She took the two carvings and showed iem to tbe Governor of the Province, who was so much struck with the skill and the talent they displayed that he sent them to Berlin. A week later orders came that the artist should bo sent to the capital, where be woold be entered at the academy, and his traveling expenses were advanced. Full of joy, he stoned, his knapsack on his shonlders, and the generous gift of sl6 in hia pocket, on his journey of more than 300 miles I But hia first experience in Berlin was .little encourag ing ; when tbe Professors heard that he was SO years old, they refused to receive him, and the great Bauch candidly adviasd him to re turn to tbe plow. It so happened, however, that one of the masters there had himself began his career qnito as late in life; be took pity on the poor peasant, and presented him to the Di rector. when tbe latter heard that the new pupil was a full grown-man, he replied that at that time of life he had already been a great man, having a wife and children at home, bat wben be was shown the flowers and the infant Quisle he asked rudely: “ Whore did yon learn that?” “ I never learnt anything, Sir. "Bat, I mean, what academy have yon attended?” The poor fellow had never heard of an academy, and did not understand the question. “I mean who taught you wood-carving ? ” “I learnt it by myself, Sir.” Now he was interested, and consented, at last, shaking his head ominously, that be might enter the drawing-class on trial. The poor man found himself there amid little hoys who plagued him sorely; Ins heavy hand was unable to nse a pencil to advantage, and he was soon transferred to the modeung-room. Here he felt easier, for ho conid knead the clay, and soon lost tho sense of oppression which had so far weighed him down. For two years he worked indefatigahly, bnt at tbe expiration of his term he only felt how mnch there was still to learn, while his native place expected him to return as an accomplished mas ter- Still he determined to continue, bnt where were the means ? For many days the sunshine was, as he eaid, the only warm dish he enjoyed, and often and often he was reduced to his last E. One day be was literally starving, when une most unexpectedly. He had, m a fit of 'despair, made tho model of a plow, a tool which, as a peasant, he thought he onght to un derstand hotter than anybody else, and friends had sent it to an exhibition. Fortunately it ob tained a prize, and as he rose fromhiq knees. Hav ing invoked God’s aid, a letter was brought in containing the magnificent sum of S2OO. This amount enabled him to remain two years longer in Berlin, which he devoted to indefatigable study, and incessant efforts tb improve his «Mil The sals of a carved crucifix furnished him the means of going to Italy, where he first worked in a quarry in Carrara, and then, with his scanty savings, went to Borne. Bnt here new difficul ties arose; he conid, after a manner, support himself by mending casts and assisting artists, hut where sbonid the money come from to pay for models, marble, and the indispensable tools. He had finished a Christ on the cross, bnt no body would bay it, and once more starvation stared in hia face. It was the third day on which he had eaten nothing, wben sitting in sheer despair in his dark work-shop, an empty barn, staring at bis Christ, and nnable to work or even to rise. Be was sunk in prayer when a horseman passed by, stopped, looked at the carved figure a long time, asked if it were for sale, and rode off again without saying a word. A friend happened to come in soon after, and seeing the artist’s condition, bought him a few penny's worth of bread. Bnt tho next morning two carriages drove up, filled with great ladies and gentlemen, the poor artist had to put a plank over two chairs to enable them to sit down, and then, at their request, showed them bis work They asked him what was his price,- bnt as he had no experience in snen matters, he left the decision to his visitors. The day after the Prince and his'wife— for such were his new patrons—returned with a number of friends, and ordered a largo sum of gold in bags to be taken from the carriages and. to be handed to tbe amazed artist. Ho stood utterly overcome -by his good fortune till they had all left, and then hastened home, hiding his treasure under hia torn mantle. To the end of his life, he said, he would remember the delight with which he sent for a hot'cup of coffee, and indulged in two small loaves of bread! He paid at once his debts, and set vigorously to work beginning a larger carving. "Bat his trials were not yet at an end. Several years had passed, bringing but a scanty support. When his purse was once more empty and noth ing on hand to sell but a large group in marble, which had exhausted his treasury; He was once mors overwhelmed with debts, and unable to buy a docent meal. It was a Sunday mom? ing, and ho sought relief in urgent prayer, when two wandering mechanics, Germans, hap pened to catch a glimpse of his work and asked leave to come in and see the group. Ho opened the door; .they entered, admired, and at last broke out in loud praises of the work, and es pecially of the happy man who could make snch a masterpiece and earn' much gold and great honor! The poor artist had to disabuse them and told them how much happier he had bean in his earlier years; “ then,” ho said, “as a peas? , ants’ laborer, I had S2O a year and no cares; as a carpenter's apprentice I had nearly a dollar a week, and was quite contented; even as a soldier J never felt want. But now, when .1 spend hundreds, and great Lords come to see me, I am all tbe time in trouble, and jnst now I am eo far in .debt that if help does not come soon, I most go to jail to-morrow.” Tho two travelers were dumbfounded by this rovela- iion, but they soon began to whisper to each other, and at last ventured, with mnch embar rassment, to ask if he would not allot? them to beip him who was their countryman. He told them frankly, while thanking them cordially, that a few dollars wonld not relieve him. They were not discouraged, however, hut told him that they bad saved a good penny in their wanderings, and at last produced their, savings bank-books, begging him earnestly not to offend them hut to accept theloantillbettertimeashonldcome. Ons had 8125, the other 8150. “ Bat, my good friends," said ho, '‘yon do not know me at all.” “Why, yes," they replied, “we have seen you for two years, every Sunday at church.” “ But many a hypocrite goes to ohnrch.” “Oh,-bat we know what yon are, and how hard yon work, and bow little yon spend: pray, take the money.” The tears ran down the poor artist’s face at thin evi dence Of God’s providence and the IrindnAiw of the poor mechanics, but he accepted the loan, and was thus enabled to sand his marble group to Germany, where it met with great admiration pud a ready sale. Frpm Oris day his success was secured ; orders came in, one by one, and -every year saw-his skill improved and bia income enlarged, until at last be reached the highest position among the great sculptors in Borne, and his name became famous bribe great world, t THE YET-TO-BE. The Tet-To-Be ! ’Us a happy clime ; . What Bweetjbright things there are garnered there.* The choicest things in. the gift of Time, All Hope can dream of the bright and fair I ! -Its fields are rich with a wealth untold; The fairest treasures of land and eea. All hearts can wish, or the earth can hold. Are ours at will In the Yet-To-Be, Young Hope lives there in her regal And .Fancy paints all the golden scenes; The shies are bright and tha sunlight fails On fadeless flowers and rhnwgpiAaa green; The heart has boards of its treasures there. Fond eyes are smiling for yon and toe, And siren tones swell many an air Away, sway, in the Yet-To-Be. There is no sorrow or sadness there ; Ho shadow darkens its sonny glow; Soft music breathes in its balmy air. And bright birds Bing whore its waters flow; Its slopes are gemmed with a thousand dyes Of flowers that bloom eternally Where lie, bedecked ’neath the azure skies. The vistaed scenes of the Yot-To-Be. Sweet isles of Lore in its far-off seas Lie roied in light of a fadeless day; The scented airs, the spice- laden breeze, Shake flowers and incense from every spray; Loved voices, too, with a cadence low. To greet ns come o’er its rippling sea. And notes of magical sweetness flow From Hope-touched harps in the Yet-To-Be. The I have drawn me there . A lovelit picture with radiant dyes, A smiling landscape divinely fair, Whsrg beams the sun of my Annie's .eyes; And. aa i gaze through the far-off years, Those mild, clear eyes ever beam on me,— Those gentle eyce in whose depth appear* Mypkdgo of Joy in the Yet-To-Be, I’ve dreamt a dream of s happy home, Where swift shall flee the brief yean away. Where shade or sadness shall never come To dim or darken the sunlit day. I’ve dreamt a dream of a good, true heart That never swerved in its troth to me. And thine, my Annie’s, that faithful part To light the paths os the Yet-To-Be. IjIT.EEAET NOTES. Emilo OUirier is In Florence, writing a history of Machiavelli. —Tbo second volume of Mr. Beecher’s "Life of Christ ” la In an advanced stage. : —lt is stated that ex-President Wools ay, of Tale, will write on the Treaty of Washington in reply to the Work of Hon. Caleb Cushing. —Charles G. Leland has in press “ The Egyp tian Sketch-Book,” the result of a recent visit to the Nile land. —J. T. Headley has done “ Tho Great Blots of New York, 1712 to 1873,” in an octavo volume, published by subscription. —Felicita Yeatvali has published at Munich under the singular title of “Fallas Athens; Me moirs of an Artist;” her own biography. Tie book is in German. —According to tho Academy, a German paper states that Mr. Bayard Taylor is going to folliw up his translation of “ Faust ” with a “ Histoy of the Germans, ’’■for which, it is said, he has tie (indispensable) qualification of a slight infnshn of German (Snabian) blood, introduced oily eight genoratious ago into his English pedigne. —Mr. Moncnre D. Conway is preparing an m tbology of sacred literature. It will oonsistof extracts from sacred writings, 'such as the Te daa. the books of Menu, Zoroaster, Confuciia, and also the Bible. —A Paris latter-writer says: “ Bret Harte las appeared in a French guise, thanks to M. Ane deo Pichot and his codaboraieur of the Rerue Sritannique, So for as the work has yet mde way among the Parisians, the palm has certsn ly been carried off by • Le Bonhenr dn Cajp- Engissant,’ otherwise, in the English vemau lar, • Tho Lnok of Boaring Camp.’ ” —Among books jnst published in Loudon is Max Muller’s “Introduction to the SciencEof Beligion,” consisting of four lectures deliveed jtt the Boyal Institution in 1870, together nth two essays “ On False Analogies, and the Ph!o sophy of Mythology.” —A first series of the political essays of IT. Louis Blanc has jnst appeared in “Questins d’AnjourdTmi et da Domain” (Dentn, Fan). Other volumes. It is expected, will follow. —Now that the executors of Dr. Bush hve been sustained by the Supreme Court of Pan sylvania, as against the Philadelphia Librry, the erection of a fine fire-proof library buildig, at the corner of Broad and Christian sirets, will be et once commenced, on the complotoc of which the latter institution will have to hale final decision as to whether they will accept Ik. Bush’s bequest under his peculiar condition.. —A new book by Miss Harriot W. Preset, promises to be of novel form as well as of nv«l title, “ The Nineteenth Century in Love.” fiie hero is a newspaper correspondent, the herine a cultivated New England girl, Theya( correspond, and the letters, about books ind such topics at first, grow into ont-and-out Itre lettera at the last. These form the great paiof the book; afterward' the married couple sstlo down in a New York “flat,” Miss Presto's purpose alms to show that love in the niueteetb century is not a matter of dollars and cantsif ter all. —Garibaldi's history of his “ Campaign in bly During 1860 ” is to be published sunnltaneosly in England and the United States. —Charles Nordhoff has gone to the Sandvcb Islands to got materials for a new book. —Joaquin Miller writes to the Boston Lycom Bureau that now that his Sunland songs are so well received in England, he will publish a la tely of his Ufa with the Indians, which will ru brics some important facts shoot the Modes. If the several thousand and one interestingan ecdotea hitherto told as to the many calling of that “ child of nature ” be at aU true, hia aito biography will require from a dozen to fifeeu volumes to give any cine to hia Ufo. “ Saga of the Sunland” will not .be issued hare tillan tnmn. —Mr. M. D. Conway’s new hook on “ Bepib lican Superstitions " is an attack on the double legislative body represented in Congress, and on tbs office of President, which he would aboiah and substitute an Executive Committee. —Lord Lytton’a publishers paid him, In copy right on bis novels, $150,000 in nineteen yean. —One of the curiosities at tho Vienna E:hi bition, recentlyreferred to, is a German tramla fion of Homer’s Iliad in stenography, by Piof.' Bchreiber, of Vienna. It consists of 000 micros copic pages, condensed into so minute a compass as to go into a nutshell. —The fantastical title, “ Gutta-Percha Willie,’’ baa been ohoean by George Macdonald forhia forthcoming novel —Forney has published his “Anecdotesof public Men” in a 400-page book. —“Everybody’s Friend” is tho title of Josh Billing’s hew book. —“The Brides and Widows of tho Bible” is the title of Mrs. £. F. Ellet’s book announced for next fail by Adams, Victor & Co. It is a series of biographical and personal sketches from the Bible, with historical illustrations of society, homes, and manners in those days.. ! —Tho London Morning Post is the oldest daily newspaper published in that city, having reached its 101 st year. Among •“> contnbators have boon Charles Lamb, Sir Jamea Mackintosh, Bobert Sonthey, Thomas Moore, WuliamWorda worth, and Arthur Young. The Prince Begont (afterwards George IV.) was once one of its pre* prietors, but history does not inform ns that he ever contributed anything to its columns. —Was ever the mania for ad captandu n» titles carried to. more absurd lengths than in the “girl-hook” literature of the day ? “WeGiris," “Onr Girl” “The Other Girls,” “The Old- Pashioned Girl,” “One Poor Girl,,’ ‘‘Only a Girl,” “ Tho Bescned Girl,” “ Three Successful Girls," and “ The Girl He Married,” are a. few of this ridiculous swarm of pseudo-romantic titles. And now we are to have the “ Ugly Girl Papers,” on cosmetics, which have adorned Harper’s Bazar, done np in a book. Yiveni les peiitesfilles!—Mew York Herald. —George Bands’new book, “Impressions et Souvenirs,” is a note-book of thought and labor. In it are incidental essays on the state of France; on color in painting; on pedantic punc tuation and grammar; on learning to read; on poetry; on man and woman; on Father Hya pinthe; on the Forest of Fontainebleau; and on the works of Maurice Sand. —The late Hr. George Gatlin had a favorite hobby, which was not Indian, although derived from the Aborigines. His idea was that breath ing through the open mouth, in sleep or other wise, is highly injurious, and even destructive, to the vital powers. His little book in support of this theory has had great vogue, and the fifth edition of it is just announced in London, en titled, “ Shut Your Mouth and SavoYour Life," by George Gatlin. —“Fntz” writes to the New York Bwninq Mail, in connection with Miss Alcott’s “Work:" “This is not her great story, the one upon which she is going to rest her literary reputa tion. That, if I am not mistaken, is slowly growing to its perfect form. It is ‘ The Cost of an Ides,' and it is not to he a mere story, or a missionary story with a purpose, hut it is in tended to include the author’s beat matured thoughts and observations upon human life. She regards much of what she has already writ ten as the easy, almost careless part of her mind; is glad to know that it is liked so widely and so cordially, and finds great satisfaction in the thought that she baa pleased so many, and that they count themselves glam, her debtor-te a fresh and sunshiny dlliSg But she builds larger plana for her literary c£ r ? 6 T; . to write something which shall he remembered and valued by thoughtful readers after her ‘little -Women,'now ular, shall have passed out of the worid's^rL »• rfZM* “*g«" “ffig last, the following brought good prices: » small quarto manuscript on vallum of the fir taenth century, with thirty-eight Urge m smaU miniatures, £1,200 ; » ft* Apooalypais Saneti Johannis" £IOO ■ “ fnJm us, Aldi, Tenet,” 1527, Bvo., in a Groher bSs’ mg i:240; “Leßommant da la Bose" 1 byfcantz Bauzounet. £M4; “Artt£ de teigne,” Paris, 1502, £l4O ; “ LancS du Pans, 1533, £124; “Tinmens do Coalongue’” twovolumes in one, Paris, £B7ss; “Lea oSg. Fils Aymon.” Lyon, 1520, £BBl6s. —lt seems that John Stnart Mill, had be bred J* 8 s.*° a^oa t this smnmer to Russia From 1837 to 1841 Mr. Mill was owner oMhe Westminster Jlevtew, though he newer edited it His letters to Be Tocqneviilo hare passed into the bands of Gustave do Beaumont, and are to be published. The Atheruzum remarks; “jn 2011 was almost the last of our great letter* writers.” It is stated that Mr. ifill has loft a full autobiography, with directions that it ah&li be published without delay. He has »Ifk? left treatises on “Nature,” “Theism,” and tha “ UtiUtj of Religion,” the first of which was to hare been published in the present year. Ar rangements will now be made for their speedy appearance. The last production of his pen ni a tract for the Land Tenure Beform Association, ■which will be placed in tha hands of the committee. for immediate publication. Many of the chief German papers contain ei tenure obituaries of Mr. John Stuart Atm Oca of the fullest and most highly eulogistic memoirs is from the pen of Mr. Karl Blind. The inflnencs Mr. Mill has exercised on tha study of political economy and on the philosophical thought to Germany, as well as on the Continent et largo, is recognized by moat of those obituary articles in the daily press of Berlin, Vienna, Cologne Hamburg, Dresden, Augsburg, Munich, Frii-' fort, and other towns. Tie Athencour, says ol the London Times’ review of John Stuart Mil ip which the dictum occurs, “ To class him with Locko, Bontham, Adam Smith, or Malthus it preposterous“ Wo have often had Occam™ to differ from Mr. Mill, but we think that ths literary public will be far from agreeing to pises toe nmne below Oust of Malthus, and we believs that his fame is likely to increase rather thin decline in the future.” i —Hdtten, the London publisher, is now ad vertising “ a now American humorist.” so uaw that Americans have not yet heard of him Xha individual's name is “ Dod Qrile,” “the Bean Swift of America,” Mr. Hotton says, and his book is entitled “The Fiends’Delight.” —The Boston papers have reason for their 1 jubilant chorns on the acquisition of the Barton library by their Publio Library. The widow acted most magnanimously in offering to th» public for $15,000 what Dr. Cogswell add Mr Sab l ® bad separately estimated salable ti 850.000 en bloc, and might have reached perhaps halt as much again at piecemeal sale m London. The drawback is that the collection is saddled with the nromiio that it shall always be kept separated mat none of its volumes shall bo taken from the §’ It , CODtaiM BCme 12.0W volumes, chiefly fine or large-paper copiee, of which are Shakspoarean, The Boston Public Übnn has been very fortunate in additions of this kind we may recall the valuable collection of American State Papers presented in 1850 by the Hon Ed ward Everett, numbering 1,000 volumes,- ti, Bowdiicb collection of books and mannscriota 2,500 volumes.; the Parker library, 11,000 yolmnes, nch in tbo learning and literature of the last throe centuries; the Prince library 2.000 volumes; tho historical and classical library of tho late George Xicknor, 7,000 volumes; the military collection of the late Gen. i Thayer, —u others of less distinction, but of great value. —slr._ Herbert Spencer, in preparing his Principles of Sociology,*’ some five years aga commenced, by proxy, tho collection end organ! ization of facts presented bysocietiea of differ ent types, past and present. Having brought the mode of classification into a satisfactory form, and having had some of the tables filloq up, Mr. Spencer has decided to complete the no dertaking, with a view to publication. The work will consist of three large divisions, and each di vision will comprise a set of tables exhibiting the facta abstracted and classified, and a mass of quotations and abridged extracts, on which th statements contained in the tables are based Tho condensed statements, arranged after a uni form manner, will give at one view, in .—fr table or succession of tables, the phenomas* that each society presents, and constitute an account of its morphology, its physiology, and (if a society having a known history) its devel opment On the other hand, the collected ex tracts wiU be classified primarily according to the kinds of phenomena to which they refer, and secondarily according to the societies ex hibiting these phenomena. The three divisions, OAoh thus conatiiaiod, ooznproboxiU tbr»» ywp of societies: First, uncivilized societies; second, civilized societies, extinct or decayed ; third, civilized societies, recent or still door* taking. Eventually the tables belonging to each division < will form & volume by themselves, whila the extracts belonging to that division, classified after the manner above described, will be printed in accompanying octavo volmaea for more convenient reference. Sale of a Boyal Collection, Considerable interest baa been exdted in | Northern Europe by the announcement that the ! collection of antiquities, paintings, etc., st f Ulrykadal, near Stockholm, the summer red- j dence of the late King Charles XV., of Sweden, is to be sold by public auction. Charles XV. m tj not only a poet and a musician, but also a painter and an art connoisseur, and be collected daring a his lifetime a great number of art treasures, | most of which ho presented to the national | museum which he founded at Stockholm. Ihe | remainder he left to his heirs, the principal of I whom io hie only daughter, the wile of the Croim I Prince of Denmark, and she has now directed j the collection to bo sold, in order to disfntoi ( the proceeds in accordance with his will Us > first day of the sale is to take place on the 16U> | inst., immediately after the coronation of King | Oscar, which, it is expected, will attract a | great number of visitors to the Capital r The collection will be sold in 100 ioa- | The first section comprises a unmeet j£ of antique pieces of fnmituro of different f periods, including some rare cabinets of the j seventeenth century, tables, mirrors, bedsteads > ; i with baldaquins in the style of the Benaissauco, ,' and various miscelianeons specimens of rococo ; : furniture. In the second section are wood carv-, inge, goblets, and bronze and silver work. The • thud section consists of a large collection of ar- j tidos used in hunting, two medi'toval Scandina-: vian drinking-horns, end corns valuable pipes; h and the fourth. or china and earthenware froa p all the ■»cet celebrated factoriee. In the fifii fe ration are costumes and embroideries ; in tin & sixth, statuary in marble, porphyry, and granite; p and in the seventh, oil-paintings and waUr C color drawings. The oil-paintings, which an p mostly of tho Flemish school, were in the apart-1 menta of tho late Qneen Louise. They conort ! of works by BuysdaeL Teniers, Van Ostade, i • Metzu Hobbema, Boucher, Dujardin, aud other I, eminent maatera. [ Wiggle-Tail Water In Texas. “Wo have a great deal of this wiggi»-h3 -water in this 'ere Texas," I was told by an cli settlor on Trinity Error, “and that makes oar State mightily among the new cornua “ What do you call wiggle-tail water?” I a*t“ detecting a rein which, well worked might few - to much valuable knowledge. “ Oh, water vi“ wiggle-tails in it. Wiggle-tails is little' sqm®? t* animals, so small that you can hardly sea® if unless yon look close. They don’t hurt *•* s’ much when you are real thirsty. Of a g night you would never know the **: | fetence. I’ve drunk a many a one* 8 - f; they never had any more effect i*“ :. taking a chew of tobacco. In a now cetrogj ;■> yon know, a man must not bo too conform-*” ; J partio’lar. He has to put np with a faw j ; ; which wouldn’t be exactly reg’lar in an old Er try. Those fellows that come herefrom*" >, tucky and Tennessee beat the world bemff \ ft tio’lar. They sling on 'nough style to do ® f New York City. They turn up their water, and make more fnss about »»» *£« harmless wiggle-tails than I would ahomjf' 1 alligators. I will tell you a fact. I summer a man and his family came out on J Elver from old Kentucky. He came®":, ft wagon, and Til bet didn’t have £ dollars ’tween this world and the next, ?• slung on style powerful. He eaid fl* r raised on water without wiggle-taila®. 1 tJ he was going clear back to to ole Kentacxtj, I it if ha couldn’t in Texas. Why, the rj fellow was offered land near me on too a an acre. But ho wooldn t. 0*“ , jJJj ; causa tha water had wlggla-t«"“ 1 ’. i i a jij j him if he was so confounded partm“f,J could strain, the water through a rag, hi ha didn’t want any of that m flal ~ moved on, looking for a better comwi- -3 kind of foolishness has been the ram j a man who might have done well in , ’. Letter to Cincinnati ComnierciaL . !

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