Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 18, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 18, 1873 Page 2
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2 The city’s health. . How It Is Influenced by 'Lack -of- Sewerage and by ■ Dirty Streets. A Large Increase of Mortal ity Since the Great Fire. T .■ ~ ■ i ■ And It Is Attributable to tbo Want of Drainage in ilie Poorer Dis*. : tvicls of the City. Our Death-Rate Nearly Equal to That : of New York and New ' Orleans;’ ' Chicago’s Sewerage System, and ; Wherein It Is FearMly ; Defective. Criminal Neglect of Certain j Rich Prpperty-Ownera. TUo Danger Wo Are In Should • the Cholera Invade Our City. " OHATIKB I. Sine® tbe groat conflagration, tbo streets of our city have boon conspicuous for thoir dilapi dated and filthy condition. Oar warehouses, hotels, and business palaces bavo boon replaced, by tbo enterprise of private individuals, by more substantial, .finer edifices than .those wo bod . before, but tbe authorities bavo done nothing whatever to have the stroets correspond , with tbo splendid buildings that are lining them. On a muddy day it is a hard nndortaldng to at tempt io cross ‘any one' of our thoroughfares without sinking in the mud, while hi dry weath er it is pulverized by tbo many vehicles passing over it into the finest atoms of dust, through clouds of; which the people. of tho city have to wend thoir way, inhaling with every breath these flno and sharp particles which cause the premature death of many and. plant tho germs of throat, lung, and other diseases in tho system of many oth ers. Chicago can best bo compared with a peacock, which rejoices in tbo most superb plumage, and yot has the dirtiest foot of any bird on tho face of the earth. THE INCREASE OF MORTALITY. The increase of the number of deaths in’lß72 over 1871 was. 8,180, a greater variance than has occurred in any two years in tho history of the city, no matter what tbo increase of population was, or whether tho city was decimated by cholera or any other malignant epidemic, and yet no marked sickness was prevalent. Tho following table shows this increase, which must bo attributed to tho fearful condition of our streets, and tho want of moro sowers in the poorer and most populous portion of tho city. It also shows tho number of feet of sowers built each year since 1856, when tho work of building sowers was commenced: Year, . & |- ■ ara I. f la 1850 .7„.,7. 31,704 84,113 2,086 24.50' 1857 '. 25,081 03,000 2,414 25.00 1858 . 101,879 84,000 2,255 20.84 1350 ' 65,208 90,000 2,008 21.36 1860 09,024 109,260 2,264 20.70 JBCI 2,820 120,000 2,270 18.09 1302 . 15,685 137,030 2,835 20.69 1803 30,005 150,000 3.875 35.83 1804 25,021 161,288 4,448 27.67 1865.. 20,0-18 178,492 4,020 22.67 1800 . 48,127 200,418 6,634 32.22 1867 ? 80,661 226,000 4,048 2147 1868 47,841 352,054 5,084 33.74 1860 130,706 380,000 0,488 23.10 1870 78,160 200,227 7,343 34.53 1871.. 50,302 325,000 6,076 21.46 1872.. 42,'767 307,293 10,166 27.C0 Total ....693,330 I. " ! | COMPARATIVE STATI This makes the death rate ol equal to that of Now York and ! larger than that of auy Weston Been by the following table : b 8 f s? W3.292 26.976 674,033 16,485 310,864 6,265 299.227 6,9731 316.239 '4,633) 191418 C, 695 149,476 3,214 Now York I’hllndolphU.. Et. Louli Chicago Cincinnati.... Now Orleans.: Eon Francisco. 28.63 <23.05 <16.9:4 t as. at 139,22 I 19.66 •Sobbol census, Cot. 1. INFANTILE MOnTALITY. That Chicago is not as healthy a city as the public is generally made to believe, can boat bo seen by a comparison of tho infantile mortality in tbo different cities of tbo United States. In Now York, from 1806 to 1870, it was 50.60. per cent, under flvo years of tho-total mortality; 1 Philadelphia, in I§7l, 41.98 per cent; Baltimore, for 1806, 47.06 per cent, and in St. Louis in 1870 61 per cent, in 1671, .49 per cent, and 1879, 60.03 percent of. tho total, while the percentage of mortality under five years In this city has boon as follows: Xu 1807, wo- had 57.C3 ; 1808, 62.03; 1809, 03.00 ; 1870, G2.G4; 1871, 50.08 ; 1872, 68.19 per cent of tho total number of deaths. Thus it will bo soon that tho infantilo mortality In this city is larger than that of any other in the United ' States. . This- ,-inay seem startling to those • who arc- accustomed to boast that Chicago is tbo healthiest city In the world, but it is nevertheless true. POSSIBILITY OF THE OUOLEHA, Asiatic cholera Is always lounging somewhere in tho world, over ready to invade any part of it when tho proper conditions are present. It made on excursion into Germany last year, and If the reports aro true, it is at the present time raging at New Orleans, and has already gained a foothold at Memphis, from which place it is only A short distance to Chicago. Unless onorgotio measures are forthwith taken by tbo proper authorities, and every citizen puts his shoulder to tho wheel and lends a helping hand to tho au thorities by cleaning and keeping oleaathls city, this, one of tho deadliest of scourges, may again invade Chicago, and decimate us us it has done before, during the-- years from 1849 to 1864. At that timo 'cholera gained a foothold on account of tho low and swampy nature of our soil, our streets having no sowers to carry off tho refuse and offal of a largo and increasing popu lation. UEniNNIKd OP TDK SEWERAGE SYSTEM. To hotter this condition tho grndo of ihb Ity was raised, and a Boworago Commission /rented by tho Legislature in 1856, which adopt ed tho plans proposed by Gindelo and Ohcahrough. They prosecuted thoir task with such energy and vigor, doing thoir work so faithfully ana well, locating sowers on snob streets whoro they woro most beneficial from a sanitary point of viow, that tho sanitary condition of tho city was great ly Improved thereby. INFLUENCE OF SEWERS. For the purpoßo of allowing the influence up on the health of the city of this, tlio most im portant sanitary measure over inaugurated, at tention must be called to tho fact that, during iho six years of epidemic, from 3819 to 1864, tho death rato was 48.92 lu a thousand, while for the next succeed ing six years commencing in 1860 with tiro con struction of sowers, and ending in 1601, the time when tho duties of tho Sewerage Commission wore transferred to tho Board of Public Works, dcftth-rate was only 22.97 in ft thousand. - ■■ ..... ■. jfc •»i i nnwMHi it imiiiim mimmmu i is£ rn miniriirn t mnTnrojnnnnmntnmrmt .|rmrmtm iimiiiuuuu> l i'nr •' ' Totinh SU ' I Jndlitnnl.jL_^j[ll trflflt 1 " 1 I JClaVla I J-Tcl BtrwC I ~~| - 11 fuUoa II "~1 Btrflct 1 I , ||||| „„|| I jimnrtJ inilHliimi wn i ununtinmmntmT i|i -mnimiiiiw— — r ; >- — 1 at. ' 31 1 I _ ■ , ■ - ~ Jhtinonßt. ~ r ~ Bkjnzi ,1 .... I J ( i, TW *imT«»iw'»iiii i rti i .iiiiniitrmTfflJinimiinj r mt 1 i £iuuuy i liammmuu i ■"—»■■< Liu I urn, [mi fißiLii«miii!mKuimuHi«iiuuini , y|i|gTUtmiiinPTinipniiußiiinynwitptU» , ‘ TtTTI ■ ■■= < s j /I " Ipi, I : 4 II M :•. . n >2 £ fi w STroat2r*Second St. |%) .• n I* I [//. _ -DonglM ’ ■ nAHD.MeNAi (!v Under the regime of the Board of Public Works the construction of eowora did not koop. pace with the increase of population, nor did they do thoir work with the energy, faithfulness/ and ■pirit with which it was done by thoir prede cessors. - ,J CONSTRUCTION OF UNNECESSARY SEWERS. Sowers wore built on streets whore none were needed. In 1802 one was constructed by order of tho Common Counoil, 4,572 foot in' length, ond ! 4>£,foot in .diameter, aud running, further west , than auy other in. tho West . Divi sion, on a street ' which was at that timo - very sparsely populated. This sower, was not built for any sanitary pur pose whatever, bat solely for tho pecuniary ben efit of interested persons. Tho cost of this work was equal lb half the amount expended for the entire. West Division. Thorp wore localities with very 1 dense populations nearer to tho cen tra of tho system, and whore much good for tho sanitary condition of the' entire city could have boon accomplished, but they ) wore neglected. In 1869 a sower was built, 5,348 foot In lengh, costing SIIB,OOO, .or about one-fifth of tho total amount expended for eeworago during tbo year, aud on a street which at that time did not drain a territory whoroon 300 .people lived, whilo this amount of money could have boon expended in localities whore 2Q,00Q persons could have boon benefited, and whore sowers woro lan actual necessity. . an order was passed by tho Common Council for tho draining of Vincennes-avenue aud Langley place, which -are among tho highest aud boat . strebtk in the city, and for remote from tho cen tre of population, to tho exclusion of streets in the Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Words, whore sewers are sadly needed. ' Many other instances could bo cited to cor roborate the statement that sowers have boon, and ore now,.built in the interest of the few aud wealthy, who reside in the higher and bettor por tions of tbo city, to tho exclusion of tho many and poor, who aro compelled to reside in- those sections which, by reason of low ground and rickety bouses,* are mostly in need of them, and from which localities, should an epidemic over gtjln a foothold there, it would spread like wildfire over tho entire city, invading alike the polices of the rich and tho hovels of tho poor. Grim death is. no respecter of per sons, and creates havoc among all classes, regard lees'of thoir wealth and social position. No fa vors aro shown by him, and no privileges grant ed, as is done by our Oommon Council andßoard of Public Works. But, in Justice to those two bodies, it must bo admitted that )TICS. I Chlcaj Sow Orl a city, i I o nearly loans, and os will bo 93,647 18.987 8,017 10,160 5,075 r 6,123 l 3,164 83.04 25.M 20,11' 37.60 i 20.90 I 30.60 , 16.90 1.000,0001 760.000 400.000 •867,293 - 260,000 200.000 186,000 great pbessubb , . Is continually being brought to boar upon them by wealthy, influential; ana interested persons to secure drainage on streets whore no necessity exists for it from a sanitary point of view. If they aro unsuccessful in tboir en deavors ■ and demands, they secure the passage of orders by tbo Common Council for paving tbo streets, which is paid for by tbo froporty-ownors, thus compelling the' Board of üblio put in sewers at once, as a mat ter of.oconomy, before paving the streets, to the exclusion of fllthy and unhealthy portions of the life and comfort of their pooror.foUow-beings, to whom'life is os dear as to themselves, as long as there is a chance to enhance the value of their own' property and fill their coffers with ill-gairicd, wealth. They have always the advantage be cause they are beet able to. take core of them selves. Those living in of tho city, whore tho population is very dense, ore the least able to control the condi tions that affect health, and they should; therefore, be the legitimate objects of tbo city's core. They should, bo considered first by thq municipal authorities, and tbo places where they live should bo the best sewered and bo" kept scrupulously clean. Tho Board of Health should see to it that violators of sanitary laws aro. promptly.punished, that.scavongers do their duty, and that packers, ponderers, and manufacturers generally, conduct their business so as to give no offonso.- If all this is done, in- ■ stead of expending tho sewerage funds wherever personal or, political influence can direct them, wo may keep, that terrible pestilence from our doors; and continue - to. enjoy health, comfort, ond peace. . OHIMIHAIi KEQLECT 0? HICK morEnTY-OWJ.*EUSI But. it la urged; by some that mauy of tbo , poorer people are too lilthy, and that if sowers woro constructed they would bo unwilling to avail themselves of tbo benefits arising therefrom. This la not true. Ail-tbo Sanitary Police aud Health Oflicora declare that they bavo but little trouble with poor pooplo. They do uot like to bo sued nor' troubled, and, therefore, willingly comply with tbo laws ana regulations of tbo Health Department. ’lt la with tbo rich aud Iniluoutial propofty-ownors they experience trouble and vexation. Long John Wentworth: for example, owns conalder ablo property on Barbor street, aa dooa also Mr. John Ouuzonhauscr. This atroot la lu tbo Eighth Ward, extends from Canal to Habited, aud la hardly any wider than an alloy. Yet, through their inlluonco, a newer wan put lu this atroot, but they refuse to roako the proper oon noctiona, while tbo poor tenants. having only Icaada for ono or two years, cannot afford to put lu a permanent improvement that would cost moro than their entire shanty la worth, and con sequently Long John's and Quuzonhanaor’a property can be pointed out by tbo pools of water, rooking with filthiness and corruption, and omitting odors soflioioutly strong to nauaeato a night-scavenger, that have collected all around and ovor thoir promises. Those persons have boon sued several times. Eight suits are now ponding agoiuak John Qiinzonhansor aud ono against Mr. Wentworth. There is also one now ponding against ox-Mayor L. D. Boouo, for per mitting tbo property No. 26 Frank atroot, of flbioh b« Is lbs gwttor, to (eaukiu la a most da- ONLY ONE YEAR AGO, the pooreb Disnucrs !IIE CHICAGO DAILY WEDNESDAY, JUNE \ \ A.,, ite* OUR SEWERAGE SYSTEM. plorably filthy condition, the wator-cloaots hav ing run over for inoro than a year. In spite, of numerous complaints, nothing has am yot boon done by oar cx-City Father to mako the placo fit for n human being to inhabit. HUNDREDS OF OTIIEB9. There are hundreds bf,others, equally rich and just as influoutlal, whoso property is In no hot ter condition than that of tbo persons men tioned. All they care for is to collect os much rout as possible, uuwiiliug to spend a single dollar to mako thoir tenants comfortablo. What is it to them if thousands of tbolr fellow-beluga aro hastened to an untimely grave through thoir greediness, or if tho entire city should do deci mated by cholera, or any other epidemic, en gendered by the unwholesome gases arising from tho filthy and polluted pools surrounding thoir property ? Havo thoy not splendid country resi dences, far out of tho roach of danger, bought at tho oxpouso of tho health and comfort of thoir poor tenants? What do thoy oaro for all tho sanitary laws and regulations, which, in thoir opinion, aro only - made for tho poor? Whouovor a Justice gives judgment agaiust them thoy immediately appeal to a higher court, protracting proceedings until tho middle of tbo winter, when tho ontlro city is covered with snow and mud, and then ask to havo thoir premises inspected to provo that thoir property is in no worao. condition than that of thoir neighbors, .and. that those who reported thorn wore blackmailers and scoundrels. - THE LATE HEALTH OFFICER, Ambrose Burnham, in his .lost report, speaking of the subject of sower connections, referring to tho section under which thoy aro -'enforced, said: This section seems to havo been gotten np In the in terest of laud nml lot owners, ami worJca great wrong and Injustice to (he poor people who lease those lauds and lots, many of (hum nut being able, financially, to put In the said sower connection as required by the section. Tho improvement Is a permanent one, and should ho made by tbo party owning the foo-slmplo. Another reason is, tho leases run from tho time of notice to put In such connection from one mouth,, to one or nine years, and many of them from year to year, and some aro subject to vacate premises on ten or more days’ notice.; It is utterly useless to sue tho poor tenants, under the circumstances, and fine thorn, for they cannot pay tho fine, and to work it out in tho Bridewell will not drain the land or abato tho nuisance caused by lack of drainage. It will not benefit tho city, but will work a great wrong to tho tenant and those who aro dependent on said tenant for their bread from day to day. Several efforts have boon made to induce the Legislature,,to pass a law making tho property owner responsible for tho sower connection when the'lease of ground did not extend over five years,' but influences woro always brought to hoax upon our legislators that defeated tUoiuoas ,uro. WHERE SEWERS SHOULD 3JE PUT. By looking at the accompanying man, it will be soon that, as a rule, the highest portions of tho city, whore bur wealthier people reside, have the most sewerage.' Tho sowers extend south.from Chicago River four miles, and two and a half north on tho lake shore, 1 and west two and a‘ half' miles from tho river, in the central and highest portions of tho west Bide, while there are districts unaoworod much nearer to’> the river. Tho Chicago River is tho centre of tho system, and tho territory near it low, and tho soil clayey. Tho necessity for its drainage is, therefore, much greater than whore it is high and sandy. Besides, tho population on and near tho river consists mainly of poor people, and every kit of ground is densely populated. Tho drainage of that district is, therefore, tho groat sanitary necessity of our city at this timo. Tho moro complete tho drainage near tho rivor, tho better it wQI bo for thoso living moro remote from it. Brainago influences nearly all diseases, and contagious' and epidemic disorders aro ren dered moro malignant and fatal by tho want of it, so that oven those living away from tho pestilential localities aro endangered, which malms it not only a matter of duty, but one of safety, to those who are bettor situated to soo that the poorer portions of our city aro provided with sowers. INFLUENCE OP BEWEIIB ON MORTALITY. The following table shows tho effect of drain age on life, tho First, Second, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Wards being omitted, for the’ reason that no c just comparison could bo made, owing to tho change in population since tho. lire : j:l; nltsiglgai | til ai« tJj'JaaS? S. s S*2. ■*»*. f |:| : j • s' ISg ; oS?V| : SR § ?5| ;&3: gy : S-Sj, P :Pt Third 03 103.6 2.00 322 60.40 Fourth .200 .203. 3.12 210 77.02 Fifth; 331 100.5 2.33 ' 010 63.34 Sixth; 4')o 80.12 1.00 833 37.00 Seventh COD C 5. .00 033 20.03 Eolith 213 81.00 1.33 010 32.18 KluUi 70 111.2 1.00 761 30.00 Tenth 81 237.75 3.83 251 60.23 Eleventh 73 112. 8. 371 40.03 Twelfth 170 160.33 2.6 327 03.81 Thirteenth 700 248. 2.5 210 07.71 Fourteenth 438 107. 1.00 302 62.02 Fifteenth 374 05.75 .87 1,482 27.02 Sixteenth 270 71.5 1.05 5771 02.10 Seventeenth...., 137 77.6 2.66 401 37.74 Eighteenth...... 80 101,6 2.04 30l| 60.70 " noon t’ ‘ , »aUli of tho health of oaoh ward pun tho number of foot of ivldual in it, no matter what iin with rocard to tho lu ,oral rule, tho densely eot ilty are on or noar tho rivor, id. therefore, tho Sixth, and Sixteontli Wards show to. Besides, our hospitals, iharitablo institutions, aro iruits from those low, uu oworod districts, entailing upon tho ooimnuui coitahUy bo avoitod It will bo noon that doponda principally \\\ aonomgo tooacU imli\ other conditions obtai habltauta. Aa a gone tied portions of tuo cl and undralnoil, aui Seventh, Fifteenth, i the Ugliest death rati alms-houses, and ol mainly filled with rcci healthy, and unno a largo expense ty, which could £ V “n- * ti ■ / V < . \ iIM If tbo Board of Public Works would construct sowers where they'wore actually needed. In the yoarlßo9, that body expended the sum of $054,-. 144.26 for tbo construction of sotvors, more than', was expended during tbo'years 1870, 1871; and 1872 combined, yet not cent of that money.wont to the Sixth and Seventh Wards. " SPECIAL NEED OF‘SEWERS. Chicago Ims more need of sowers than any other city, in'this country, by, reason of the low and clayey soil on whichit is Situated. New York/ St. Louis,, Cincinnati, and other largo towns have a natural drainage, they being local-! cd on high and undulating ground, and yet h&yo . mbro sewers.than this 1 city. . This city is situated ou a level plain,-‘having very "little elevation In, its hlghbst : nouits,'"anU tho refuse matter pf'ita ( largo population ‘ cannot bo carried’away by. heavy rainfalls, except whore' it has an outlet; through sowers, consequently a green, pestilential' mass of filth Is continually standing, in the gut-;' tors, or, rather, ditches, of most of The uusowor-" od streets, and oven in the sewered ones whore tho houses aro not connected with tho sower* in •thostroot. , ..... , * CONDITION .OF THE CITY, i, . . ‘ rV ! An attempt, is sometimes inode to, clean those, gutters or ditches, but beyond'fishing out a few stray loaves and pieces of wood, little ifl 'occom pUshed. Tho filthy water cannot by, any possi bility bo made to run off, because those ditches havo been dug several feet deeper,{ban the.catch basins into which they load, a majority of our streets ore unsoworod, it' is a. uiatter of course' that most' of them orb in on unhealthy, and dangerous condition. ... But not only are the unsowored streets .filthy and dirty, but tho sewered and, paved ones. with, but few exceptions, aro hardlylnoottor,condition.. Heaps of rubbish, and pools of stagnant water; everywhere insult the vision of the passer-by,, Host of our streets aud avenues still remain in' tho same condition in which'the fire of 1871 left, them; .Though originally ' entirely- level, they now present as picturoaquo 'an'ttppoaiance as . thoßocky Mountains. Hills ; and vales, rivers and lakes, follow in rapid succession, and woo to the horse that carelessly slops into one of tho many abysses that abound. One of our princi pal thoroughfares, SOUTH CLARE STREET, bos become entirely impassible/ and an'attempt is now making ■to repair' it. This pavement Is. being laid in tbo most reckless manner, having, already settled in several places; If any of the readers of this article take tho trouble to look at it between Washington aud Madison streets, they will find deep depressions in tho gutter on either side of tho street, filled with stagnant water; although it has not rained for moro than two weeks. State street; another one of our business thoroughfares; has the old-fashioned- : oobblo-’ stone pavement, whicbwas laid many years ago, and la full of holes, all filled with pools of water, while tho moisture oozes from between' every stone. In tho spring and- fall it is an utter im possibility to cross this' street, oxoopfc hT'a-fow places. Such a pavement would bo a'dlsgrapo’to ‘ the smallest country town, and yet this groat and prosperous city tolerates it. and allows it to spread disease or death over our cost avomios. With tho exception of Michigan and Wabash avenues, :: and a few other streets Inhabited by-the aristoc racy of tbo city, all toll tho same tale of filthi ness and comiption. unrebukod by the authori ties,' aud tolerated by. all whom It most con cerns. •’ ■ • STREET SWEEPING. Tho nnpaved streets cauuot bo swept, and tho paved ones aro little kouofltod by tho process of swooping. It in done with machines. >yhioh con sists of a wagon, under which there-Is.; a- liirgo broom, that revolves by tho action of tbo wheels, and through an aperture tho dirt is thrown into tho gutters, wboro it is allowed t? remain fbror* ormoro. Bat tho principal evil la l swooping tho streets with those maohinos is because the broom touches only tbo level street, but 1 cannot reach down into the holes and cavities which disfigure our streets everywhere, consequently they aro generally lllled with putrid matter, which is allowed to remain from one year to tho other. - /:j - ‘ 1 J A DETAILED STATEMENT. • Another article, published to-morrow, will be gin the description of tho actual condition of the different streets and postholes that endan ger tho Uvea of, every human being in this city, and wijl bo'continued until every dirty street and every pesthole has boon pointed out to on? indignant citizens, who seem to bo Ignorant of the actual state of affairs. TILE MAP. In ordor to mako those articles on the sewer age question moro oomprohonsihlo, and to give a bottor idea of tho wants of the olty In this respect, than could bo dono by pages of description, tho accompanying map of tho sowerago system of Chicago has boon prepared. All the heavy linos indicate sowers: but, ’ owing to tho small size of tho map, It is impossible to indicate thoir dimensions, whether 5 foot or 1 foot in diameter. Tho shaded parte aro the lower ground, lying along tho North aud. Bouth Branches, and which Is almost entirely destitute of sowers. Tho shading along Twelfth, Six teenth, and other streets indicates tho ward boundaries. Thoro oro now a littlo ovor 160 milos of aoworago in tbo olty, and tbo map shows, at a glance, where it has gone. Tho South Bido wards, with the exceptions of tho Sixth, aro tolerably woll sewered. So aro tho Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth of tho North Bldo, and tho Touth aud Eleventh on tho West Bldo, But tho remainder of tho West Di vision, most of it densely populated, is totally destitute. The Governor of Rhode Island has retained

tho lion. Thomas A. Jonokos to respond to tho suit in tho United States Circuit Court by North Providence parties, intended to tost the question whether the State Constitution is ilftonslatonfc with the Constitution of tho United States, so far os relates to tho admission Of foreigners to tho elective franchise* if . The Mayor’s Right to Revoke Licenses Sustained by Judge Rogers. •j T V >'•> Tho Ohartor anCOity By-Laws Ooh- I ■ sidered---What Constitutes' ! Immorality? A Decision Placed on Purely Judicial I Ground, Carefully Avoiding the 1 fi •• \ Sunday Question, i ' , i. ~ , In tho Bobwuohow cnao, Judge Bogota yester day dolivorodjtUo fallowing opinion . > * Thofadte Inthis ouo, as appear by tho papers filed, and tho odnilsslons of tho parties, through their at torneys,are that Schwuchow ohtatnod a license from tho. Oily of: Chicago to boU wines, liquors, ote„ at 140 West Madison strcoL'from July, 1872, until July 1873,‘undor which ho.kopi'ft saloon nnd-sold wines: that ho was coilvlotod of, a violation.- of the bo-callcd Sunday ordi nance, by soiling liquor on Sunday, and that tho May-, dr for (hat offense, and after ono or moro conviction* thqrofor,'by a notice'served on him, revoked tbb'll ceuso, subsoquent to which .revocation, ho. continued to 1 soil , liquors, , until' bo - was arrested' on a. charge of soiling without a license. It la ad mlttodpby tho City Attorney., that tho arrest and •detention are unlawful if tho license so granted to tho ’ petitioner la still In forco. ■ That tho license was .prop- • orly granted is not’dottleA : i tho. only quest!on .thcn Is: Hod tho Mayor tho power to rovoko and annul It 7 Tho several provisions of tho city charter bearing upon tho subject of licenses to sell Uquora,tho penalty for unlaw* fnl'salosand thopower of revocation are as follows: Chip.<,■ 800. 8,.'.Th0 Common Council,shall JutVo. power by ordinance .... b. To regulate tho soiling or giving away of any ardent spirits by any shop-keeper,trader,or grocer, to bo drank In any shop, store, or’grocery. . ... or other ploco within the city. ,- T. To lease, rogulato, and restrain tavern-keepers, grocers, and keepers of houses from soiling or giving away wines and other liquors, whelhbr ardent, vinous, or fermented. 13. To .authorize tho Mayor,-or other proper ofiloerof the eity, to grant and issue licenses, and diroot tho man ner of Issuing and regiUorlng .thereof,'and tho fooa-to bo paid therefor, 04. To nuuto, ordain, amend, and repeal all such ordinances, by-laws, and police regula tions not contrary to the Constitution of this State, for tho good government and order of (he city ... as .may bo necessary or expedient to carry into effect tho powers vested in tho Common Council or any officer .of , sold-r-dty,-—by *-this • act, - and * enforce . observance of . all rules,- ordinances, by-laws, and f ollco and other regulations, mado in pursuance of his act, by penalties, not .exceeding SIOO for every offense against (he same,'' Tho Common Council may also enforce auch-rules, ordinances, by-laws,’ and po lice and other regulations as aforesaid by punishment .of flne’and IzOprlsomnont; *. ; or both, In tho* discretion of tho Magistrate or court boforo which ■conviction may bo bail, provided such lino shall not •xcood S6OO nor the Imprisonment sir months. 1 ' Bee-' tlon 34 of amendments to City Charier, passed 10th of February, 1805’: 44 Licenses to soil liquors shall not bo I grouted to any person.but tho party in aclffal possession of tho: ' premises In which 'Uqtior shall bo sold, and no> Iteanso shall bo granted to females except upon recommendations of. a ma jority of tho members of tho Common Council and tho Mayor of Said city may, In nls . discretion, rovoko • all licenses held In violation : of, this section, and all .licenses held or. granted to any person who may bo convicted of gambling, immorality, or keeping a dis orderly house. , . . Tho Common Council, under those provisions of tho Charter have passed tho fol lowing Ordinances: Chap. 23, Bee, 1. All li cences which 'may bo' Issued under any ordi nance of tho ’Common Council, shall bo-sub ject to the ordinances'■ and regulations which may bo in forco at tho Unto of Issuing thereof, or which may subsequently bo mado by tho. Common Council. And If any person so 11 censed shall violate any pro visions thereof bo shall bo liable to bo proceeded against for any lino or penalty -imposed thereby, and bils license shall bo subjected to bo revoked In tho dis cretion of tho Mayor, or of tho Cotlrt or Magistrate before whom ho shall bo convicted of such violation. Boc. lj Chap, 44,-authorizes; tho. Mayor to-grant a license for tho sale of liquors, and requires bonds from tho person to whom tho license Is Issued “con-, dltloucd that'tho b6rty''eo licensed shall faithfully observe and keep all ordinances' heretofore passod or to bo pcsscd during tho period of such llcouoo: and that ho will not keep open his bar, nor soU any liquors upon Sunday { and that ho will prohibit all gaming. etc. 1 See. 31. Any license so granted may bo revoked upon written notice by the ‘ Mayor, whenever it shall oppeor-to his satisfaction that tho party so licensed shall have violated any provision of any ordinance of tho Common Council relating to spirituous liquors or any condition of tho bond aforesaid. If tho Connell bad tho power to pass these ordi nances then there Is no doubt that the Mayor bad tho right to rovoko tho license lesuod to Bohvruohow. It is coutcndqd bytbo attorneys of tho petitioner that tho Charter provides for fines and Imprisonment of such offenders and not forforfolturos or* revocation of li cense. r- 8o fares tho original Obarter' is concerned this Is trud, ind If there was no subsequent authority given I by tho amendments to tho Charter, I. would find 'lid difficulty. In deciding -that, tho ’ Common* Coun ■<dl had no legislative" power" to Impose tho pen alty! of revocation' ofi license to sell liquors. It has no power nor jurisdiction beyond what is ex pressly granted by the charter. The enactment of an ordinance Imposing a forfeiture or revocation of li cense would bo ultra vires, and absolutely void. When it was ordained that violators of tho law against selling liquors without liconso, or selling them on Sunday, shall bo fluo ond Imprisonment, it has exhausted its -powers under tho original charter, which authorizes it to license,' regulate,, and restrain grocers,, saloon .keepers, eto,. and to make such ordinances and police' regulations: for tho good government and order of the city, I os may bo necessary to. carry into effect tho powers: vested. In, the Common Council or any officer of tho city or by penalties not exceeding SSOO or Imprisonment not exceeding six months.” And If tho powfcr to Imposo tho penalty of revocation cannot bo found In tho‘original charter, it cannot bo found in 'tho common laws, as an incidental power of municipal corporations/ Kirk v. Newell, 1 Term Reports,' ÜB, In which Lord Mansfield said 11 No such extraordinary Sower of making by-laws t<* Incur a forfeiture appoar jg to bavo been confessed. It Is Impossible for tho Court to say this by-law can' be supportedand Bullen Mid-. - 44 The act (of incorporation) prescribes on wbat terms by-laws shall bo enforced ; namely, by fino and amercementtherefore, the ' corporation .is pro dueled by tho act from indicting any other kind of forfeiture.” So of tho original charier of Chicago. It prescribes that violations of its ordinances, by-laws, and! police regulations, shall be punished by penal ties Of fines and imprisonments, or both. Tho Coun cil being thus empowered by tho original charter to express Its ordinances. and police regulations, by fluo and j imprisonment, It is limited to tho manner pro "Scribed, unless tho power to. Impose another- penalty can :bo found In aii amendment to tho Charter, uot dn a by-law - or. ordinance. . ~This principle of ! law has boon- fully recognized by our American Courts. Dillon ou Municipal Corporations, See. 270. noise v. Town Council. 6 Richardson, 414. Hart v. Mayor, etc., of. Albany, 9 .'Wash. 688 and 605. Cotton v. Doty, 6 Ohio. 304. liocto v. New Orleans, 10 Louisiana, 821. And in this State au ordinance was treated as void because it' fixed tho minimum fine for tho offense at $5, when tho law roqulrod'lt to'bo $3. Petersburg V. Motzkor, 21UL, 209. But by See, 34 of . Amendments, to the City Charter, passed 10th Fob ruary, It Is provided that tho Mayor may, in his- dis cretion,' rovoko all licenses, held by any per son 1 who Is not in actual possession of tho promises' in which- -liquor’ ' shall bo- sold, “ and all licenses bold or granted. to any. person who may bo convicted of gambling, immorality, or keeping a disorderly bouse.” BcUwuehow has not been con victed of gambling, or keeping a disorderly house, nor of selling liquors In a house of which bo was uot In actual possession. Ho baa been convicted of soiling llquora.on Sunday, in violation of the so-called’ Sun day ordinance. Is this a conviction'of Immorality,. under Sec. 34 of the' amended-charter 7 If so, then the Mayor had.the legal rightfand power to rovoko tho license.. This question . Involves, to ; some extent' tho whole subject /of, . Sunday laws and '• Sunday observances, os well as ' social and 1 religious: opinions.; A. flold :.luto which ’I am. reluctant to outer, and ao Inquiry which I shall,- so. far os my declsionln this pass* is concerned,' confine myself to its legal aspects and bearings, .-For, - with a man’s social and rouglouk: views I -do .not moan to auarrel. Tho Jew observes. Saturday as his.Babbolb,' odloatcs to it an entire cessation of labor, and regards itimmoral and Irreligious >to violate - It; and a.few small denominations of Christians, oven, adhere to tho celebration of Saturday, the seventh day ; while tho groat body, of .Christians observe .Sunday os tho ♦* Lord’s Day.” and think It a desecration to do. work, sell any merchandise or- oxorolso any worldly labor, except that of necessity or charity. In Great Britain and tho Hulled States the day has been loug observed as one of rest and Christian observance, more strictly than in other countries of Christendom. This Is shown by the provisions of law and by common custom or usage. As early as tho middle of tho twelfth century, In the relgu of Henry VI., an act was passed firohlbtuug fairs and markets on Sundays, and In tho wenty-nlnth of Charles I, a statute was passed which Is regarded as the foundation of the present Sunday laws.) It enacted that no person should door reeeivo any worldly labor, business, or work of. hia ordinary calling, upon tho Lord’s day, or any pari there of (works of necessity and charity only excepted), nor sell * any wares. ■ fruit, goods, or chattels. This! statute has been substantially adopted by 'all the States of this. IJnlon, The Puritan colonists were rigid in tho extreme In tho oboorvancoof Sunday. There has boon, however; a Gradual relaxation from tho old Puritan idea of Sun ay apd its observance. Yet (ho laws, In their letter, are to-day-very similar inmost of-, the Stales to the earlier enactments. Illinois, at a very early day, adopted such a statute, and, by tho Revised Statutes or 1845, enacted that any person who ahull 44 knowingly disturb the peace and good order of society, by labor or amusement, on the first day of tho week, commonly called Sunday (works of necessity and charity ex cepted),’ shall bo fined,” etc. And whoever shall be guilty of any noise, rout, or amusement 44 ou Sunday, whereby tho poaco of any private family may bo disturbed, such person shall bo deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and fined. And that any person who should acll any liquor within onomllo of citizens as« somblod to worship God, unless In a licensed tavern or grocery, shall bo doomed guilty of a high misde meanor, and bo fined- This last provision was not confined to’ Sunday. Subsequently the Legislature passed an act prohibiting the sale of liquors on Sun day at all. Those enactments make such offenses mis demeanors, and they aro published under tho division called 44 Offenses against the public morality, health, and poaoe.” Tho city has also an ordinance against gelling liquors on Sunday, under which Sohwuchow way convicted, 1 cite these statutes to show that the act for which be was convicted was Illegal, a mlsdo meouor, ami held by our law-makers os criminal, a K.\ jwolitX'tWwi Immorality tin Any 00l i Which con-! irovindatnodlylno commands or (lit aocjal qutioe;: idjyklco/lhlotnporoncq, tto.,* 1 , to bo “ wickedly, vi-'’vlolAtlon of Jaw or dtUy.* 'Oerlilnljr-lncu Hohwbohdw'wnn convicted of an immorality;' whnn omiriolod of violating a law and doing that which both tlio State enactment and city ordinance forbid. I ohooeo to nut my opinion of Its immorality npon tho -gremnd nfltrvlobitlon-of statuto • law*MHrTJUyWflI-‘ nsneo, that It Is by law denominated a misdemeanor and punished by fluo—for tho reason that I do not desire to go Into tho more religious aspects of thy question, or Into tho question whether tho Sunday' laws should or should not bo repealed. It is for tho Legislature and iho Olty Council, not for tho iudl-. clary,' to determine how,fat the .provisions of tho Sunday lavft should bo modified, repealed, made more' l stringent, dr so qualified, If at all, as to bring thorn ■ into accordance with tho tastes and habits of our citizens, native or foreign bom. 'With my views of tho laws as they exlst.-l hold that tho Mayor liad llib power to revoke tho license of, the petitioner, and that no is'properly and Jegally.hdld. ■ - ,' . Uo’will therefore bo remanded to answer the charge for which ho wfch arrested/ * " 1 Ia HEW RAIEROAD ENTERPRISE. ; • , 0! .1 Proposition to Gonstrnoti a trunk tine from Oblongo to tbo Southeast Atlantic m'As everything Appears to the Project, tho. Next Congress will 80-Petitioned 1 for* a National Charter. • v A number of .our 'wealthy and onorgelio rail road men mot; at tho office of Mr. Robert 800, 1 No, Dearborn, street, outlast Saturday, foe the purpose of taking .stops to-organize a com part/ to build a diroot trunk lino and railway from Chicago to tho Southeast Atlantic coast. Among those present from abroad woro W. B. Haymonct, Presldont of tbo Indianapolis, Delphi & Chicago Railroad Company ; Mr. John M. Olarkol and Jndgfi Bothwoll, of Augusta, Ga. Tho proposed road is to run an air lino from Chicago to Indianapolis; on tho continuation of tho earn©-course tho Ohio River, at Vovay ; ibonoo to Lexington, Ky,, l and Knoxville, Tonn*; thonoo, via tho Blue Ridge Railroad, tho Rabun 1 Gap, In the Blue Ridge thonoo to Augusta, Ga., tho objective point; thouco, by roods already completed, to tho coast of Savannah, Fort Royal/ and Charleston. ■ i Thoair-lino distance from Chicago to Savan nah is ,707 miles, while tho shortest lino by rail ways in operation between thoao points ozoeods 1,000 miles.. Tho proposed road, could bo . built at a saving of more than 200 miles distance, or bno mllo in every five. By tho now lino, 1 Chi cago and. the Northwest would bo brought in direct commercial communication withimportant 'Atlantic 2 harbors,.and,with the Statesof.North Carolina. South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, from which thoy aro at present isolated. Thoao four States aro. mainly dependent upon. tho. Northwest for their supplies of food, which thoy aro only enabled to obtain through indirect and expensive routes. It was shown at tbo mooting referred to above that Chicago is situated in a central position ,to that portion of North America north of tho Golf of Mexico tad oast of tho Rocky Mountains. If wo toko as. a" radius the distance from Chicago to Now York, and. with Chicago in tho centre, describe a circle, tho limit of tho radius would touch ovory important point on tho. Atlantic coast south of' Now York, viz.: Norfolk, Wilmington,. Charleston, Fort Royal,. Savannah, and Mobile. . . It was declared to bo tho policyof Chicago to encourage .tho building of now - arms. of commerce, which ‘' should radiate from hot os' the centre 11 to every .point,, in tho| -country, and it was . unanimously conceded that tho road was one of‘groat impor tance; and now urgently commer cial necessity. Tho feasibility of tho scute, it was stated, had already boon determined by ac tual surveys, while tho cost of construction woifid bo much loss than that of any other lino that could bo built from Chicago ,to the Atlantia It was'showp that, by adopting portions of roan, already builtor .commenced, - thoro would only bo 'about 600: miles required to oomploto the whole lino. The question had boon suffi ciently canvassed to warrant tho statement that the people along tho wholo lino wore deeply, in*, torostod in tbo project, and worb ready to grant every aid in their power to encourago it. Tho right of woy, with a few exceptions, will bo do nated. It was also shown, upon official statistic-. al reports, that tbo population and resources of tho country along the lino in taxable wealth aro abundant to support tho road and make it a pay ing institution... . .. Among tho prospective advantages; claimed for the road was tho tropical trade * which would naturally find its way inland through thojiarbors. above mentioned. Tho climatic advantages of tho now route olfor great inducements to grain dealers. l Knoxville and Augusta aro excellent points for storage and distribution. It was fully established, by tho testimony of grain'd-ealers, that ‘Augusta,• tho objective point of tho road, was the boat point readily accessible to tho coast for storage, and was free from all the ob leollous known to exist at New Orleans ahd Mo- Hoi The road was declared to be one of nation al importance, not only by bringing into closer commercial relations and social l&teroouvso the people of States separated by mountain barriers, but also by being a valuable auxiliary, in case or foreign Invasion, for furnishing means of quid? transportation for Western supplies to tho coast In view of the great importance of the rood os d national and : international' channel of 1 com- it was resolved .to apply do'tbo next Congress for.a nationalcharter. One .of the ad-, vantages daimod for a notional charter over tho charters already In existence is that it would give tho enterprise a national character,' strengthen' tho confioonco of capitalists, and' obviate', any unforeseen local difficulties that might occur* THE DEAD-HEAD QUESTION. The threatening resolutions against “dead heads” have not yet received the necessary sig natures. Since their adoption tho Directors have consulted, and they aro not unanimous in commending the wisdom of tho plan. They admit the abuse, but question whether. tho pro posed remedy would not be worse than tho evil. Besides it is merely a local movement. - Tho ..Eastern roads evince no disposition to join the compact.'' Their proportion .of - the “ dead head”/ load might bo considered burden some, because nearly every Western man whoso .connections bring him within ‘tt\e 1 favored list wants to pass East once or twice a year; whoro .os comparatively few of tho * Eastern railroad meni tnvTol'ovor tho southwestern.railroads. For the Western managers suddenly to, abrogate a system they have patronized most* 'extensively is a delicate matter; and, woro . they to do'lt,' faro would not bo exacted from such men as Col. ticott, Horace F. Clark, and Jay Gould, when interest or pleasure led them west of Chi cago, • Special cars or trains would ho placed at their disposal. As a matter of economy, there fore,'the proposed'-reform is not altogether promising. Exception will bo made in favor of. employes. The only objection is, that it creates a privileged class. Its advocates ask if every morohantxloes* L hot favor hla employes, allowing them to have . whatever they desire at the cost price. This ad vantage is restricted to trade.” On the samo principle tho railroad profession claim . tho Saus privilege. Tho managers do not claim-of 10 use or. abuse of it. Tho ‘• incubus ”is made up of other material—of Government officials, politicians, country editors, men who can and willmake the'companies “sweat” if they and their numerous kindred aro not passed, .‘r-:-: The strongest presumption of failure la, lack of confidence in each other; One company sus pects its rival will not observe tho rule strictly, and, each dotorralngiog not to ho outdqno, tho broach would soon ho made wider than* over. Important modifications will bo suggested at the next mooting. Tho whole sub loci may bo postponed -until k a general convention can bo colled a and tho movement be mado national. While tho sentiment In favor of very, material ly curtailing tho issue of passes is unanimous, the present movement, is considered inoppor tune, and the proposition to recall what was given, hot without somo show of reason, is pro nounced rather email,- • - , j Chicago Land Company. 'The great sale by ,auctlon of the lands belonging to the ClUcago Land Company will Uko place this day, Juno IS, at 10 o'clock, Bale will coxmucuco at East 'Division street bridge. Carriages will leave Ogdon’s Building, comer of Lake and tilark streets, from 9 to 10 o’clock, to convoy Intending purchasers to the ground. Tbo terms or tbo solo are cash, and a deposit of 10 i>cr cent will bo required from all purchasers. To capitalists this Is a ruro chance for fuveslmout. Cpl. John A, Ellaon, of the hr ox of XUiaon St Foster, auctioneers, will oluclato. Fine Clothing at Cost, We are determined to sell our preaeut stock of ele gant and stylish clothing at cost, previous to removal to our now quarters, northwest corner of State and Madison streets, Aug, 1, embracing all tho novelties in white vests, linen and mohair sacks and dusters, English and Scotch cheviots, and au Immense stock of boys’ and children’s goods. Must bo sold, and wJh be If low prices will do it. Oall and see us. Edwards, Bluett A Go., Nos. 15 and 47 West Madison street, and No, m SUto street, V 1 Warehouse commissioners, They Como lo Chicago to Study Up tho Grading of Grain. Tho Inspection Committee of Three, ; ••" and Their Duties. ■ Complaints; About tho New Eailroal law—Freight Tariffs. , The Board of Railroad and Warehouse Com missioned arrived In tho city yesterday,-and' ■mot at ttio'Pocifio Hotel, There wore present ' * Commissioners Pearson and- Drown, and A. McLaughlin, .Secretary. President Cook was 'absent. - ■. !> on&niNO or enuw. In tbo forenoon the Commissioners ytoitod the Board of Trade, and Consulted members of that body about the chadgea in the grading tit' grain to bo made • July 1, .when tho now* lew ‘goes Into effect. Nothing waa decided, and .will . not bo until tbo Board is fhlly advWdd of tho needs of tho trade as evolved from tho views of producers, receiv ers, and shippers. INSPECTION comm TEE. In connection with tho change in grades will ho tho appointment of tho Committee of throe on Inspection, provided for by tho eamo law. This Committee .will be appointed July 1. Tho duties will bo moro honorary than arduous,- though thoro may bo times when nlco §uobuodß, . involving largo • amounts, will spend on, tho decision of tho Committee. Tho Board will endeavor! to have tho produc ors, t tho receivers, and tho shippers represented on tho Committee. The appointments will not bo announced, until July I,,as thoy cannot be mado until .that day, but .in tho meantime tho Commissioners aro imbibing suggestions on tho subject, i Thoy havo under consideration a num- ■ > 5> or of names, including 8. D. Fobs, Charles J. Davis, D.H., Lincoln, J. R. Bonnloy, H. H. Ross, H. O. Rannoy, and D. W. Irwin. It is not improbable that aomo throoof tho foregoing gen tlemen will bo chosen. ' * • i THE INSPECTION DEPARTMENT. This Committee will bo,a sort of an Appellate. Cdurt, to wliloh pornona dissatisfied with tho dooiaion of tho Inspector may appeal, their judg ment-to bo final. Tho Cnlof Inspector will thoroby bo relieved of a heavy responsibility, and. while thoro may novor bo an appeal taken, It will be moro oatisfaotory to. him and to tho irado in general to know that an appeal may bo .taken if dqslrod. .Tho Board expressed them selves pleased with tho Inspection Department, ; and, at tho suggestion of Chief. Inspector Harper, dotormiued to prosecute parties who aaaumo to inspect grain without legal authority. , THE NEW RAILROAD LAW. The Board has just forwarded to all tho railroad companies tho blanks to bo.flllod with informa tion to bo embodied in tho next annual -report. Of qoarao, tho Commissioners are reticent as to tho effect of tho now Railroad law, but seem to have a lurking suspicion that If the railroads com* ply absolutely with tho law, that it will be con siderably modified, if not repealed, next winter. Already complaints are reaching them in antic!* nation'of tho enforcement of tho law. For fnßtanco:'.Slr.' 0. 0.. Merrick, - of . Chicago, has I addressed tho Board a communication sotting forth that ho is part proprietor of a coal mine on tbo lino of- tho Chicago, Rock Island' & Pacific Railroad, distant about 100 miles , from. -Chicago, and complaining that the Railroad Com pany baa notified him tbat.on and after July 1, : when tho now law goes into operation, tho -tariff on coal from hla mmo to’ Chicago will bo ad vanced 60 per cent. Mr. Merrick complains that ho cannot _nt such rates compote with tho Indiaua mines, and ilia business must suffer. Ho socks advice or assistance from the Board,. but the Board is os helpless as ho. All tbo Board, bos to to enforce tho law. and Mr. MorriSk os'Weli. as tho . railroads will bo compelled to obey its provisions. Bdhodnlos of freight tariffs for all the roads In tho State will have to. bo constructed by tho u Board under tho eighth section of tho law, and submitted to tho Legislature at its next meet ing, and, after that. 'lf tho law ia not altered, such schedules will bo prima. facie ' evidence; of reasonable maximum rates. Tho - Board will immediately apply its ability to this delicate and difficult task, and as only six months will ©lapse before tho Legis lature assembles, they will loso no timo, but bo .ginatouco. RAILHOAD VERSUS THE PEOPLE. Tho cases of tho Chicago & Alton Railroad against the citizens who insisted upon riding on .the rood after offering the fare allowed by Taw, will come up :ln tho United States Court at Springfield, probably next week. Mr. Corydon Beckwith will represent the' rood, and Att’y-Gbn., Edsail thopooplo. Tho aet directing tho Attor ney-General to defend these suits will hot bo law until July 1, so it is likely tho Attorney ‘General will apply for a postponement, or pro ceed to defend. Hobos authority in the act to employ counsol to assist him. It is understood that tho Hon. B. M. Benjamin, of Bloomington, has already been retained for the people, ami the .Hon. Lyman Trumbull is also spoken of as likely to bo in the ease on tho same side. „ The Board will hold a full mooting in Spring field at. an early day| and tho information col lected yesterday, will bo brought to boar on the appointment of tho Inspection. Committee and other matters. - - > , THE FARMERS BANK. JledtlDg of OroiUtors—Proccedlng*«» Tho creditors of tho Former’s Bank hold a meeting at the office of Ela & Parker, attorneys, on Monday, , Messrs. TenEycks offered to turnover to the creditors all their assets, books, oto,: The gen oral opinion seemed to bo that it would bo best to appoint somo ono to take charge of tho prop-' erty for tho creditors, and avoid the expense of ■ hailkruptoy if possible.* ’ Mr, 0. IT. Ton Eyok was questioned pretty sharply. There does not-appear to .bo a very rich show for a dividend. , The party who holds fi mortgage qn ,the.baqk,% fixtures being'present, Mr.- Ela was asked as to , the validity of tho mortgage, and said that pro-,' coodinga m bankruptcy' would have to bo .in-' Btituljcd in order :to test tho validity-of tho, mortgage, and it was a question for thorn to de cide whether tho amount, and the chances, would justify tho expense of such proceedings. A committee was appointed to investigate the affairs, books, etc., to report at another meeting, to bo hold at tho office of Ela & Parker, 1&4 .Washington street, oa Wednesday at 2 p. m. . The Shooting- of Young Hrantz—En» , tortainmoui ot , tho Seniors.' r ' Tbo preliminary examination of Joseph Laab andi .Ferdinand Wiblc,' flUßpoctod of shooting Charlie Brautz, which was to have boon con tiuuod yesterday, was postponed- for, wont of witnoußOß who could owoar pouitivoly thatthor eaw tho prisoners commit tbo atrocious deed. Those men wofo larroatod on suspicion, and.the examination up to this, time has failed to implicate thorn in any way.. Why ono of tbom ebould bo incarcerated m bopo that something may turn up that will prove him guilty, itj yoc to bo explained. . , The students, of tbo University connected with , tbo literary societies, have elected tbo foliowiug gentlemen editors of tbo Ti'ipod for the ensuing year William L. Marlin and A. J. Scott, Adel* pblcs 5 M. A. Kaufman'and J. H. Bales, Iliu* m&na, - • , Tbo Senior class wero entortoinod Monday evening at tbo rosidohoe of L. ‘O. Titnor. Ena., whose sou is a member of the class ; last nlghi they wore the welcome guests, of ,W. 0. Doudy, D. b.r: to-night the hospitable roausiou of Prof. Oliver Maroy will bo open to receive them, and to-morrow night Prof. Louis Klatlor will bo hon ored by thou* presence. This class has always boon remarkable for tboir *.♦ cramming ” propou eitlos. . . Amiiaomouiu ut Vnssur. I'rvmtheSt. Louie Democrat, Wo have rooleved a loiter from a I'omalo cous in now going to school at Vassar College, and as tho epistle contains iuformation of a. startling character it is thought bout to publish a part of it. After a request tosoud her down abet of soft slate-pencils audgnm-diopH to oat, she says : Wo do have such fun hero. All tho girls arq made to participate in out-door exorcises, and wo row on the lake, ride horseback, turn hand springs, run foot-races, and have hoops of fun. Bello Bastings can climb a thirty-foot smooth polo lu two minutes. Noll Vivian (you remem ber her) can turn a handspring and not make « wrinkle In her dross. I put nbeautiful head on Mary Podge yesterday in tbs boxing-room. FREIOUT TARIFFS. Adjournment. EVANSTON.

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