Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 19, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 19, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE CITY’S HEALTH. How It Is Jeopardized by a Lack of Cleanliness. Horrible Condition of Portions of tho Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Wards. The Streets, Gutters, and Lots Reeking 1 with Filth. Slimy Cess-Pools and Decomposing Vegetable Heaps Poisoning Our People. Timely Advice on the Subject of Cleanliness from a . Physician. CHAPTER 11. That tho unprecedented increase In tho death rate of “this city iu 1872 over that of previous years is to.bo attributed in a groat measure to tho deficient and insufficient drainage, and tbo filthy aud neglected condition of our streets, there can bo no longer any doubt. It was shown In yesterday’s Tribune that iu Wards whore tho streets wore sewered, and thereby rendered com paratively clean, tbo death-rate was small, while in districts whore there woro no sewers, and tbo streets filthy and neglected, tho death-rate was largo. If this state of affairs is allowed to continue, and no energetic measures Immediately taken by tho proper authorities to make the sewerage./ and tho streets of tho city what they should bo, tbo death-rate for 1873, even if wo escape an ep idemic, will still bo greater than that of last year. Dri H. A. Johnson, for many years a member of tho Board of health, and a man bf largo expe rience in sanitary matters, was Interviewed by a Tribune reporter for the purpose of ascertaining his opinion as, to who was most responsible for tbo terribly filthy condition of our streets, aud what remedy had to bo applied to change this state of affairs. Ilis reply was as follows: “Tho drainage of tho city, and tho cleaning of tho streets and gutters, is under the charge of tbo Board of Public Works. Tho gutters in many parts of tho city nro excavated below the openings into tho catchbasins of tho sowers, and. consequently there is left a pool of stagnant water. It is a matter of much importance that ‘ this should be immediately remedied. Whore there ate no sowers, tho drainage must of necessity bo very imperfect, tho soil Dccomos impregnated with organic matter, over ready, with an increase of temperature, to pro duce disease aud death. Each family, then, should endeavor to prevent tho accumulation of filth, of all kinds ; should havo garbage ready for tho scavenger by the timo specified in tho notice that is loft at every house in tho city J should remove manure from stables, vaults, or boxes daily, or as often as necessary to prevent offense; collars, out-houses, and rear yards should not only bo made clean, but disinfec tants should bo used wherever there are offen sive odors. Tho Board of Health should bo no tified of any neglect of their duties. If tho scavenger does nob pass through tho streets, or oo’lect tho garbage, it is of the utmost impor tance that tho fact should immediately ho mode known to tho Health Officer. Thoßoard or Pub lic Works should bo hold strictly responsible for . the cleaning of tho streets, gutters, aud alloys, and for tho drainage of tho oity, both iu tho sew ered aud unsewored parts. There are minors of cholera in Now Orleans, and there is reason to fear that wo shall havo much sickness during the coming season, oven if wo do not have a visita tion of this fearful scourge.” Tho surest method of finding tho dirtiest and most pestilential spots and streets, is to go'to those streets showing tho largest mortality. ’ The district lying between tho river and Hoi sted, and Harrison and Twenty-second streets, is undoubtedly tho most densely populated in tho city, and in it tho dirtiest streets iu Chicago, not excepting Bridgeport, can bo found. Tho Ninth Ward, for example, which runs partly through this district, aud is hounded on the north by Van Burcu street, west by Aber deen street, oast by tho river, and south by Twelfth street, allows only 7G square yards of room to each inhabitant. This densely-popu lated district has but fow sewers, although there tu moro need of them thau iu any other part of tho city, tho ground being low aud tho soil clayey; besides, this part of tho city is nearest to tho centre of tho sewerage system. Tho want of sowors is greatly felt in iho dis trict lying between the river and Canal street, which has none at all. All tho sowers running east empty into tho Canal street sower, instead of running through to tho river. It may, there fore, bo surmiHcd what a post-breeding spot this district, which lies in tho heart of tho oity, must be. On Mather street, only a few paces from. Canal, ihero ia a large coss-pool of putrid liquid of the color of molasses. It is thick, black, and olimy, and seething, foaming, and boiling, as if & terrible commotion was going on underneath, forcing up its noxious gases, scattering stench on every side. Leaving tins sickening spot, and going along the Pittsburgh «k Port wayno Rail road track, a pcst-spot is reached in front of Bopor, Brainord & Co.’s manufactory, in tho shape of a largo sunken lot, Ullod with rotton manure, creating a smell that Is anything but agreeable. Tiio attention of tbo aforesaid manufacturers being directed to this nuisance by tho Sanitary Policeman accompanying Tub Tribune reporter on his expedition, they prom ised to cover tho place up with earth. Passing ou a little further, DoKovou street is reached. On both sides of the street, from Canal to tho railroad track, the gutters ore filled with a green, thick, and slims* compound of decomposed vege tables, tho smell of which is very obnoxious. A heap of rotten potatoes, nearly in tho centre of tho street, and opposite tho alloy, was placed ihero by a considerate grocer, to add to tho agree ablououu of tho odor and improve tho pioturosquonouu of tho place. Cross-- lug Canal street, Bunker street is reached. There is a very narrow street, lined on each oldo with dilapidated buildings, each of which is in habited by several families. Near Canal street this street Is almost uuder water, and tho gases arising therefrom aro undoubtedly responsible for tho munv deaths occurring iu tho neighbor hood, especially among children under 5 years of ago. Tho stroot improves somewhat on com ing nearer to Hulated. On Twelfth stroot, near Deaplaines, a lot is entirely uudor water, owing to a broken hydrant, which bus remained in that condition for tbo last v threemonths. It is already covorod with a green’ vegetation, and if allowed to remain there a little longer'will begin to ecat tor disease and death. Forquor stroot, run ning from Ilalslod to Bluo Island avonuo, Is equally as had as Bunker stroot. Hills of manure are relieved by valleys of slops, lined ou either side with deep ditches, full of a thick and inky substance which lias no oxit because it cannot roach tho catch-basins of tho sowors, tho ditches being obstructed every few slops by heaps of rubbish. Ewing is another very nar row and densely populated stroot. Tho ditches ou both sides of this street aro llllod with a green and nauseous substance, in which ore be ing stowed &U possible abominations, and tbo odors arising from it aro not very pleasant. But tho pavod and sewered streets in this ward aro ilso iu a very dilapidated and unhealthy condi tion. Canal is full of liolos, am} pools of stag aunt water fill tho gutters on each sido of tho atroot. Halsto}! stroot in tho samo, and Polk itroet is still worse. This latter thoroughfare is frequently obstructed by heaps of garbage, an excellent specimen of which can bo scon in front of No. O.'Jl. Tho Eighth Ward, which is also very densely populated along tho river, is still worse than tho Ninth. At tho corner of Bluo Island avonuo and Twelfth street, a largo coss-pool may be observed, tho stagnant water of which is several feet deep, nnd roaches far under tho sidowaiks and houses. This pool is not only dangerous to lifo on ac count of its noxious exhalations, but also that xm a dark night any ono passing along tlidno busy thoroughfares may fall iuto it and bo drowned, no barriers being tboro to prevent such calamity. Passing down Bluo Island avo ynto, Maxwell street is roaobod, which runs from piuo Island atouuo to Halstod street. Before exhibiting thin street to pnbllo gazo, lot tbo reader pull out bis "Jockey Club “arm hold it to hia noeo. This Biroot may bo singled ont of a thousand by tbo peculiar, Intense atouoh that arises from tbo pools of thick and inky compound which, In many places, is novoral foot doop, and occasionally expands to the width of a small lake. Almost ot every slop a dead dog. cat, or rat may bo soon'. Those usually sagacious ani mals had mistaken this for & respectable street, because It is very broad, and tried to pass through, but with their lives had to pay for their recklessness and foolhardiness. The poor crea tures undoubtedly died of asphyxia. How a human being can livo there without sharing tbo samo fate is a mystery. . Kramer street* Is ono of tbo narrowest and most densely-populated streets in the oity, runs oast to west from Jefferson to Ualatcd street, and during tho entire length is covered with de cayed fruit, dead rats, torn shirts, bits of broad, dirty paper-collars, green peas, egg-shells, old bools, potato pools, stovepipe hats, and many other articles too numerous to mention. That tho odors arising from this conglomeration of filth do not smell liko cologuo need hardly ho mentioned, nor do they benefit tho health of that vicinity in tbo least. Wilson and Liberty streets run parallel with Kramer, oro only a little wider than alloys, and an densely populated ns any streets tho city. In filthiness those two streets suc cessfully compote with any yot mentioned, especially Liberty, which in rainy weather is entirely impassable. All through this street is a stench which cannot bo described; it sickens and nauseates in an instant tho passer-by. Another street of this sort is Barber. It runs parallel with those mentioned before. Through this street, or alloy, a sower has boon laid through tho influence of Long John and John Qunzonhausor, who own considerable property there. Yot the condition of this street is as bad as that of its imaoworod neighbors, because tbo houses oro not connected with tho sower in tho street. Long John’s property can readily bo pointed out. because it is covered with tho most unsightly shanties, which are erected in tho midst of pestilence-brooding streams of inky liquid. Tho . tenants cannot afford to roako connections with tho sower, be cause most of tbo leases are mode for ono year only, and such improvement would cost more tbau all their earthly posses sions are worth, and Mr. Woutworfb refuses to make the connections because it would cost him a few dollars. In front of Fuorman’s logor-boer saloon, No. 670 Jefferson street, is quito a small-sized lake, the liquid iu which, judging by Its color, must bo lagor-hoor that has boon spilled by ibo caro losß occupant of tho promises. Another street in this neighborhood which de serves oepccial monlion is Meagher, which fronts tho Burlington Itailroad, tho ditch of which is full of a dark-green, slimy, babbling substance, tho stench of which must bo very unpleasant to tho many strangers entering our city for tho first time on that lino of road, and impress them very unfavorably with tho greatness, prosperity, ana hoalthfulnoss of this tho glorious metropolis of tho West. Tho Seventh Ward is still worse than tho Eighth and Ninth. It begins at Sixteenth street and runs south as far as Twenty-second street, and, like tho other wards, tho district botwoou Hoisted and Canal streets is tho most thickly populated and tho dirtiest. Entering tho ward at Sixteenth aud Hoisted streets, a smell greets one's nose which would suggest tho proximity of “ Brighton Artillery,” with loaded caissons, but as none of those odorous artillerymen can bo soon near or far, ono wonders whore tho infer nal stink comes from. Tho curiosity is soon dis pelled. It oomos from Burlington street, which at this point is only two blocks in extent, and a mercy it is that it is no longer. Wore there no other filthy streets, no other pest-holes, no stiuk-factorics, or rendering-houses in this city, tho odors, gases, and stenches that daily arise from this post-hole wonld be sufficient to carry disease and death into every house In this city—to engender cholera, small-pox, or any other post that can bo thought of. Now Yorkers are bragging and writing about their dirty streets,—about their Five l > oiuts. Lot them come to Chicago aud look at this spot, and then hold their peace forever. This entire street is lined with miserable wooden rookeries, each . occupied by five or six families. Tho deep gutters are tilled to over flowing with a black, putrid, liquid matter, in which dead rats and cats sloop peace fully side by side, as If they never hod boon en emies before. Those living in this street do not seem to recognize their condition, but they are, nevertheless, subject to tho influence of tho miasma everywhere around thorn, as is testified by tho numerous yellow cards indicating small pox, that decorate many of tho houses iu this street, and tho many deaths occurring iu this neighborhood. Cholera, which hero finds a hot bed, and sufficient food for its increase, may soon leave its limits and make an impartial on slaught upou those who tolerate and promote such abominations. Once freed from its shackles, cholera, or any other epidemic, will stride triumphantly forward, invade palaces and hovels, and murk Its entire route witlx death and desolation, which might have boou prevented had everyone done his duty. Leaving this place, and going farther cast, another* street of the same description will ho found. This is Strong streqt; it extends from Sixteenth to Twenty-second street. Botwoou Sixteenth street and Oanalport avenue tho street is not quito iu such bad condition as Burlington, but, crossing Caualport avenue, one’s stops are arrested by a deep morass of filth which roaches across tho entire street, and covers over an acre of ground. Tho odor rising from this veritable dead sea poisons tho air already deadly with tho essence of decomposition. No human being could breathe it for an hour, and live to narrate his experiences. No vegetation is pos sible around tho slimy pool of putrefaction. Not being able to cross this cesspool without a steamer, ono has to retrace hla stops and seek more congenial quarters. Canalpori avonuo has a sower, is paved, and is in a tolerably good condition, but some of Ibe lots fronting it ore in an unclean state. Lots 4-1, 46, 48, and 60 on this street, belonging to D. Fortune, brewer, are entirely covered with a green, filthy water several foot deep, as is also another lot nearly opposite. Under the side walks pools of fluidoxtraotof stable manure send their flavors up to heaven, and tho alloys along this avonuo rook with filth and manure. Fassiug a little further west, Halated street is again reached, and going north on that utroot one comes to the Lumberman’s Omnibus .stables, opposite Eighteenth street. Tho stench arising from this stable, which is a rickety structure, and a disgrace to the neighborhood, is as intense .as that produced from tho filthiest render ing houses at Bridgeport. The stable is filthy inside and outside. Under the sidewalk tho sick horses of tho Com pany are kept, aud, judging by appearances, nearly all their horses are sick, and are loft standing several inches iu pools of manure ex tract. Next io tho stable is a largo, deep lot, several feet lower than tho foundation of the rickety structure, into which drains the mass of corruption, soluble and insoluble, from the sta ble. An immense heap of manure alongside the stable odds immensely to this sum of sweltering rottenness. Tho neighbors, seeing a good-look ing man, with a stove-pipe hat on his head and a cane under his arm, standing in front of tho stable taking notes, mistook the reporter * of TueTriiuime for an .officer of tho Health Do fiartmout. At once ho was surrounded by a argo and excited crowd, and tho following i choice and emphatic expressions greeted his 1 oar: “ Why in thunder don’t you take notice of 1 this post-hole? Any amount of complaints have boon made to your department, and over so many Health Officers have boou hero and looked at it, but nothing has yet, nor over will bo, done to it. What uo you c&ro if wo all die of cholera?” “If that shrinking loch will ahtay a Icedlo 1 longer wo will got dor collera uml (for shmatl pox. Mein Gott! how das shrinks uud Koiu lagor-hoor on Sundays. To hell mid your dom -1 boranco. Koin Monsoh can uhtand such laws.” “To tbodivil wld yo; if this dirty hole be longed to a poor Irishman, ye’d go for him in a mlnultt, but those follors are too rich for ye. That’s what’s tho matter." Tho reporter at length succeeded In explain ing his mission to tho excited crowd, and assured 1 them that The Chicago TmnuxE would leave > no stone unturned until it had secured them their rights. Tho largo crowd sighed a sigh of relief at hearing this, and an exclamation of “Bully for The Tribune" escaped their lips, knowing that their cauo was now in good hands, and would ho promptly attended to. But not only tho streets and places mentioned are filthier in this district, but nearly all the streets between Canal and Haluied, and Harrison and Twenty-second streets, need immediate at tention to prevent a calamity which may yot bo averted. TIMKI.t ADVICE. 2b the Editor o/ The Chicago Tribune, Bib : I havo road your able uud woll-tlmdd article in Tub Tribune of this date, respecting sewerage and tbo health of tho city generally. This is a vary important subject at this time, and if good results from your article in ttio Im provement of tho sanitary condition of tho oity, generations to como, us well as tho prosout ono, will rise up and bloss you. Tho first groat thing, as you havo said, is, we want more sowers. One of tho greatest curses uud sources of danger is the stagnant and poisoned water standing for mouths in tho uUohoy.yrhioli never can run into tho catch-baain. THE CHICAGO DAILY TlltßtNE: THUii£DAY,i| .TUNfe 1»J, 1873. because the ditch is lower than the basin. Remove tills danger, and wo will nave made a vast improvement. Another vital point during tho heat of sum mer is moro clone attention to iho removal and proper caro of tho garbage and decomposed matter oround dwellings, butcher-shops, groce ries. oto. The fault is not all with the scavengers, by a longways, Tho people arc at fault. They throw this male rial in alloys and in back yards, and put their own lives iu Jeopardy as woll as their neigh bors. Moro attention should bo given to water closets. Lot them bo kept clean, and a pound of chlorate of lime put in tho vaults, which will cost Just 10 cents. Lot every citizen who has a trough or ditch under his house running to tho street seo that it is not slopped up auu overflowing uudor tho houso.' Clean tho back yards and alloys, and mako tho homo a place fit far mankind to dwell in. As you havo woll said, wo must all got to work and do our port, as individuals, and do it at onoo ; if wo do not wo will havo oudloss trouble before this season ends. Lot every good citizen stand by tho Health, Officers, and help them to prosecute such as are unwilling to observe tho laws of health. Re spectfully, ‘Henry Van Bdben, M. D. Ouioaoo, Juno 18,1873. T SANITARY PRECAUTIONS. 7b the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bir : Is it not timo that our city authorities should tako some decided action Id regard to sanitary measures ? Our city is, in many places, in a filthy condition. Our worthy Mayor is, I know, overtasked with tho duties of hfc office ; still, would it not bo bettor to glvo moro timo and consideration to sanitary matters, oven to tho neglect of what may bo considered necessary city improvements ? 1 could call your atten tion to many places I havo soon which require iho scavengers cart.—many places rooking with - decaying matter. You doubtless remember iho rago of cholera in tho oarly part of October. 1860. It lasted but a few days, it is true ; hut in those fow days it swept away hundreds. What was tho condition of our streets and alloys at that timo ? Tho most filthy that 1 havo over known, and I havo boon a resident of Obicngo eluco 18D3. Should wo not seriously consider tho' importance of guarding against possible danger from a similar cause ? 0. 8. M. Ouioaoo, June 10,1673. LITERATURE. Tho Ilonapnrteo. The second volume of Lanfroy’a "Napoleon tho First” has Just boon published by MacMillan Co. Tho death of Napoleon 111 has given now interest to tho wonderful history of his family. Timo seems but to give now interest to all that relates to tho great Emperor who founded tho family. Tho first volume of Mr. Lnufroy’s work appeared a year or two ago, and produced ft pro found interest. Tho second volume comprises that portion of tho history of Napoleon from tho first stops toward monarchy, in 1800, to tho bat tle of Jena and tho docroo of Berlin, in 1800. This period, though brief in tho number of years, is thronged with events. It tolls tho story of tho establishment of tho Empire, and closes with iho victorious Emperor silting in tho conquered capital of Prussia, dictating to tho vassal kingdom of his domain. This history of tho Emperor, when complete, will tako a high plaso in historical literature. Another contribution to popular knowledge of tho Bonapartos is made by E. Edwards, iu bis “ History of tho Bonaparte-Family,” published by Sheldon & Co. It gives a collection of inci dents.in tho lives of tho various personages who havo homo tho uarao of tho groat Corsican, and is pleasant to read, but hardly worthy tho titlo of ** History.” Tho Bonaparto-Patlcrson marriage, which gave America a royal family, is tho subject of a readable volume from tho hands of W.T. R. Saf foll, of Philadelphia. Ho describes this famous alliance, and publishes a good deal of secret cor respondence, which forms part of its annals, and has uovor before boon given to tho public, und makes an interesting recital of iho facts of this romance iu real life. (Chicago, Jansen, McClurg & Co.) The “ Living Age*” LUtelVs Living Age for tho weeks ending Juno 7 and 14, has tho following valuable and inter esting contents :■ Maury on Bleep and Dreams, Edinburgh lieview; Niagara, by Prof. Tyndall, Macmillan's Magazine; Notes on Ghosts and Goblins, Cornhill Maga zine ; Tho Physical Effects of Forest upon Atmosphere and Boil, Academy; Two Acts of Self-Devotion, lilackwood'e Magazine: Lecture on Mr. Darwin’s Philosophy of Language, by Prof. Max Muller. Fraser's Magazine; Malin gering, Chambers' Journal; Godchildren. Fall Mall Gazette ; Tho Literary Sin of Singularity, Spectator; with inotallmeuts of "The Parisi ans,” by Bulwer (Lord Lytton) ; “ Innocent.” by Sirs. OUphnut; “Tho Prescott’s of PamphUlon, ’ by tho outhorof “ Dorothy Fox,” and " Tho Two Brothers,” by tho. distinguished French novel ists, MM. Erckmaim-Ohatri&n. Acknowledgment. We havo received fromß. D. Russell, 148 State street, advance copies of Our Tbimy Folks, tho Atlantic Monthly. Harper's Magazine, and the Popular Science Monthly for July. RAILROAD CONVENTION AT FORT SMITH, ARK. Fort Sairrn, Ark., Juno 12, 1878. 7b the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sin: Wo write you to call attention to tho Railroad Convention to bo bold at ibis place on tbo 4th pros., for tbo purpose of securing a north and south road through tbo western bor der counties. Wo havo, of course, no choice ns to whether it is in tbo interest of Chicago or St. Louis, and would aid for ono as readily as for tbo other. Wo boliovo such a road cau bo built, and wo boliovo your business-men are Interested in having it built, ns a portion of a diroct Texas and Gulf lino. Chicago now has a road as far as Jefferson City, Mo., tapping tbo Chicago, Ailou <t St. Louis Rood at Jacksonville. Tbo road is graded and tied ninety miles south of Joffersou City, and it has boon determined to build it to Neosho, Mo., 120 miles north of this point, Tbo railroad men all seem to bo looking for a roato through tbo Indian country, west of the Arkansas lino. This wo boliovo inimical to tbo interests of your business-men. A road through this part of tbo State, as a part of a diroct Texas lino, having diroot communication with your city, would give it tbo trade of 175,000 people, who havo settled in a country almost devoid of roliablo transportation, and which population would doublo iu throo years with a railroad. It is for Chicago men to decide whether the trado of 800,000 people, who manufacture nothing, and buy everything, oven to corn, bacon, ana Hour, is worth looking after. This trkdo would bo lost to your city if tbo road passes through tbo Indian country on the way to Texas. Wo have written the President of your Board of Trade, urging him to soud a competent person to investigate this matter, and see what interest, if any, Chicago has in it. The Convention will bo largely at tended by delegates from the western coun ties, fully prepared to talk of town and county aids; also, of private subscriptions iu laud and otherwise. They will also havo with them sta tistics of llio trade and resources of tiro several counties, and will bring with them specimens of iron, load, marble, coal, slate, &0., ftqmd iu their counties, with statements of tbo location, na ture, and extent of tuo veins, banks, or lodges whence taken. It will afford a lino opportunity to study tbo country, which wo hope will not bo ovorlooKod by tbo enterprising men of your city. Wo boliovo you will bo serving tbo best interest of your *city by calling tbo attention of your business men to tins movement. Very re spectfully, J. 11. Olbnuemino, Chairman, Cienvvii Ijiilco* J'Vomi the Gene m Luke (UYf.) Herald, June 14. Our Chicago aud other vlHitora, uh also several camping parties, havo commenced tlio Uveli nobb of the present noaHon, and almost ovory train thin waolc haa added to tlio number. No queution exists hut what Geneva will have all the visitors sho can poßslbly ontortain, both in public ami private houses. Last year many of tho business-men of Chicago camo on a llshing excursion, and thiu year they avo all coming again, ana will bring their friends with them. Tho ciscoes luivo put in u light appearance bo far, up to tho timo of going to prose. On Timm* day 3>tf dozen woro brought in by Charley Hoy inuur, which readily found sale. at $2.50. Host judges say Monday or Tuesday will bo the day. Many parties from Chicago, Uolvidoro, Elgin: Harvard, Elkhoru, and other phicoa are on hand to enjoy this luxury which no other people in all tho world can aniov. THE COURTS. Important Papers Missing from Iho Vaults of the United Stales Courts. In Bankruptcy—The Judge Enforces a Recently Declared Rule, A Troublesome Building Suit —North Side Planing Mill In Chancery. Chancery Invoked, Fruitlessly, to Sup press a Pawnbroker's Sign. Yesterday Wirt Dexter filed on affidavit in the United States Circuit Court, in tbo suit M. A. Howell, Jr., v. Hartford iTlro Insurance Com pany, affirming that tbo papers In tbo o&uso, filed on tho 15th April last, had disappeared. Tho following letter was also put in from M. A. Howell to Aaron Rulo, for mauy years engineer and machinist of plaintiff: Ottawa, 111., March 14, 1871.—Dear Sm: I havo hoard something sold about ttacsu insurance men want ing you to answer questions undor o&tb. I don’t think they want any such thing, If they could got yon to say that this machinery was old, played out, and worthless, it would do, but they don’t want any man’s testimony that will say It was in good order and did tho host of work, or that any of It was now. Now If they should bother you, go and anawor their questions. Thcro Is no übo to go Into particulars/ aud whoro you aro asked any questions that you might answer Indifferently, when not on oath, you can say whoro it taxes your memory ot all if under oath, thus, if It is about auy machine, answer in this way: “1 do not remember; it was sometime ago. I cannot say; or lam not prepared to say /rom memory what exact amount of cow work or improvements was pul on that machine. It It was Tiers before me I could ansicert I do know It was. when It was packed up, a first-clans machine, and did tho best of work; I was employed constantly at this work, and kept no account of every wheel, or pulley, or shaft put in theso ma chines. 1 did my work as ordered by Mr. Howell and ho was satisfied with tho work, it was good.” This it the way to answer, and no Tate can compel you to say any more, or can find any fault. Wo aro building up iho mill sixty feet longer than before—2oo feet long now. Wo havo got out tho main gears to all tbo machines, and every ono says they can’t soo any wear. I havo got brass boxes, pulleys, split gears, four sizes of pipes from i{ to 2-incb, and many things to tako in court. They novo had pimps around looking for old worn-out gear, hut cannot find any. Any question about quan tity or exact amount of pipe, bolting, or anything, say that you do not know; your business was to do tho work hid out, not to keep tho accounts: thcro woo a largo quantity of this or that, colors, stock, Hock, etc.; don’t know how much; UowoU nad everything In first-class order, and was ready to do a nice business, When a man answers questions this . way, ho knows what bo is doing. What a man know two years ago, and not since in*tho samo business, ho Is very apt to fbrgct, and memory cannot bo trusted. ’‘Tho safest way is to say: “If it was hero 1 could toll you,” or “ If 1 had continued in tho busi ness I might know moro about it, 1 or might remember bettor.” But glvo mo tho benefit of what you can by your opinion or Judgment. Tho fact Is, when Lewis loft, tho machines worked poorly; were neglected. When we stopped they did tho best of work in tho country. 1 havo tho werk, and It proves it. I havo tho gear and same wheels. They prove that there was no perceptible wear on them. Yours, M. A. Howell, Jb. It is also related that among tho lost testimony was that of Henry P. Bmulcor, now deceased, which is claimed to be important to defendants, as going to prove that plaintiff had conspired with others to wilfully barn tho paper factory. The affidavit wont on to show m dotalThow tho affiant has boon engaged throughout this cause, which was brought to tho United States Coon from La Salle County Circuit Court; that tbo controversy grow out of a claim of plaintiff against 23 insurance companies, of which de fendant was ono, tho aggregate amounting to $30,000, for insurance on his wall paper manu factory at Marseilles, La Hallo County, which was destroyed by firo Oot. 3 18G9. Defendant expected to prove by tho evidence, when. tho cause came on for trial, that tuo amount insured was largely in excess of tho value aud that tho firo was tho result of incendiarism procured by tho plaintiff. Tbo missing testimony was takon in 1871. Among it was proof that part of tho property, insured for $40,000, was worth only $15,000, and that tbo balance was In tho same proportion. On tho day that this tes timony was filed in tho United States Court, tho plaintiff applied for aud rccoivod a continuance. On Wednesday, tho 11th lust., tho plaintiff came to tho office of Wirt Dexter and entered into conversation on general subjects, finally inti mating that ho had experienced some difficulty nt tho United States Courts about the testimony, aud that matters in those Courts appeared to bo somowhat confused. Thereupon tho affiant sont Mr. Adams from his office to tho Court to hunt up tho facts, and bo came back and report ed that tho papers could not bo found. Then ho wont himself, and tho nows was confirmed. Tho evidence made up a largo bundle, and was con spicuous. He boliovod it to havo boon stolon by some interested party. William H. Bradley, Clark of tbo Court, also filed an affidavit to tho offoct that Howoll was frequently about tho Court, coming to and fro, and that, after tho papers woro missed, ho complained of being ill-used by Wirt Dexter, who bad accused him of stealing them, and that they woro many of them roolly in. his interest. He also said that Mr. Doylo, counsel associated with Mr. Doxtor, might havo takon them, as ho hod stolon papers before. 11. K. Boyle's affidavit affirmed that ho had novor had tho papers in his band slnco they wore Hied and put safely away in tho vault. Sidney Smith, of counsel, gave a confirmatory affidavit as to tho filing and missing of tho pa pers. E. A. Drummond, Clerk, also affirmed to the

samo effect. < Tho matter coming boforo the. Coart, Hr. Glover, United States District Attorney, for tbo defendants, applied for permission to file coun ter affidavits if a continuance was granted on tbo affidavits filed, which was allowed. IN BANKRUPTCY. P, Van Y&lvankenburg & Co., of New York, yes terday petitioned tho Court for tho adjudication of Quy 'Wilson, of Harvard. McHenry County, claiming os creditor on a note for $509.71). in this cqbo tho Court made tho following order : “ There being no •sufficient evidence of actual insolvency, Ido not doom it proper to outer a rule to show cause on this petition. I hold that suspension of payment for fourteen days on a single piece of paper does not alouo show in solvency.” Goldstein & Moaslorj'of Taylorsville, 111., yes terday petitioned for tho adjudication of Michael & Goldstein, of Chicago, claiming as creditors on an unpaid note of $4,405, and In addition, al leging preferential payments to various credit ors, of which particulars are unkown. Tbo usual rule to show cause and warrant of seizure wore entered. John T. Ohuraasoro, Provisional Assignee in tho estate of Edmund Shanahan ot al., on male-, ing his report, yesterday, filed a rather unusual ■ affidavit, lie affirms that, in administering tho estate, ho has boon occupied sixty days, and spent fully one-half of bis time in the work; that tho oaro and * re sponsibility of tho trust have been quite un usual, and he has boon subject, to, and received from, tho debtors, West & Manning, publicly and privately, tho most ; foul and unjust aspersions of his business character and integrity in tbo management of this estate, and Ims boon put to a largo amount of anxiety and trouble in respect of the same, much of which is well known to tho Court. And ho believes and freely submits to tho Court that his compensation in the promises Is worth tho amount claimed onMiis account (GO days at sls por day, or SOOO, and percentage $220). Tho account submitted shows $12,615.08 re ceived from April 5 to May 28, inclusive,, and $1,480 expenses, which, with the above compen sation, loaves a balance of rocoipts of $10,062.79. TIIOUULESOME DUILDINQ. Henry ITolimaim filed a bill in tbo Circuit Court ngainht Joseph Hooker, John Bobuoidor, John liuotti. Jacob llopp, Joseph Bcbloouthalor, Anson A. Bigelow. William H. Bigelow. Charles 11. Bigelow, Frank Staubor, and Daniel Sulli van. Complainant relates his woes as follows: On the 21st of Juno, 1872, ho eptorod into a con tract with one Joseph Bookor, whereby Booker agtoodfco erect for him the building, known as 400 Milwaukee avouno. for $0,076, throe-fourths of said sum to bo paid during the progress of tho erection of said building, and tho balance to bo paid thirty days after tho completion ; that ho is ignorant of Lho English language, and that defendant's, architect, Molssmor, and Bookor drow up tho agreement with tho express inten tion of defrauding complainant, and inserted in it tlio contract pneo as $0,076, iiiHtoad of $0,076. as wan actually agreed upon; that not satisfied with their clearing $1)00 above tho anticipated price Bookor scamped tho work in an outrageous manner | that during tho progress of tho build ing complainant paicito Bookor $3,000, and to various persons, who had worked thereon, or bad furnished material, $2,113.00, and to various monhanina who bad obtained iudmont uuinat complainant tlio sura of $042.44, and $08.22 local expenses; amounting in all to $6,883.72; and that afterwards a number of other people began suits against him. Umlor those circumstances complainant thlnko that ho is ill-treated, and prays that tho defendants, consist* ing of Hooker and sundry other parties who have done work for Hooker without getting paid, and are looking to complainant for redress, mar bo brought to answer In Court of Equity and that a writ of Injunction issue against them restraining them from prosecuting further any and all suite commenced by them against com* pl&inant for tho purpose of enforcing a lion up on complainant’s premises. THE NEW NORTH BIDE PIANINO GO. OAilB. ••• " ..V..... U.VU .UA.II.IU W. UAIIDt The caao of Poison Elder v. tho Nov North Sldo Planing Company camo up before Judge Gray yesterday. Plaintiff brings tho suit peti tioning for tho appointment of a Receiver to take account of tho affairs of defendant, to hand all tho profile to complainant and other members of tho North Bide rlanlng-Mill Company, and to declare tho proprietors of tho latter Company, proprietors of tho former, and ascertain their ox&oi Interest thereon and to compel a settlement of tho affairs of both companies, no for as they pecuniarily affect tho petitioner and all other parlies to tho suit. Plaintiff states that tho North Bido Com pany was established for a term of years, now unoxpirod, with a capital of $50,000, on his sharo of which bo received dividends at from 17 to 20 per cent. The (Company’s property was destroyed by fire on the 9lh October, 1871; but, as there ore no liabilities and $23,054 of assets, tho stockholders decided to rebuild at a meeting hold soon after tho liro. Tho prospects of lirofltablo business woro at that timo very mght. Tho minutes of tboir mooting disap peared shortly afterwards, and plaintiff charges tho Secretary of tho Company with having fraudulently disposed of them. Plaintiff alleges that a majority of tho stockholders of tho old concern, fraudulently trading on their knowl edge of the business of tho old concern, and usurping Us good will, got up a now concern, tho present defendant, and did tho business which, properly speaking, belonged to tho old one. Plaintiff insists that tho act of part of tho proprietors of tho old concern in starting a now one was an act of unlawful, collusion, whorofor ho brings tho present action. INTERESTING LAND CASE. The caso of Botsford v. Wilson came up for trial boforo Judge Farwoll yesterday, Mrs. 'Wilson, now dead, in bor lifetime sola to tho plaintiff, Botsford, certain property, giving a warranty deed for it. All parties supposed that she bad a good ■ title, which was denied under administrator's salo of a portion of tho estate of one Charles O’Connor. After tbo application for sale was made, a posthumous child was born, wbiebupsot Botsford's titlo in part, and bo now comes to got bock tbo consideration money bo Said for tbo land, out of the heirs of tbo now cooaeed Hire. Wilson. pawnbroker's signs. T. Shirloy yesterday moved, boforo Judge Williams, for the dissolution of tbo injunction, in tho case of Marsh & Co. v. Niels P. Larson; restraining defendant from exposing a pawn broker’s sign outside tbo building on tbo north east corner of Monroe and Clark streets. Tbo motion was sustained, plaintiff's bill was dis missed as wanting equity, and the triumphant pawnbroker will bang out bis golden symbol as soon as possible. CRIMINAL COURT ITEm Tbo ease of James and Mary Ann Wright, charged with an assault to obtain a confession, -was concluded yesterday. After tbo trial the jury woro unable to agree, and woro discharged, whoa tbo prisoners pleaded guilty to the second indictment, which was for throatoniug violence to extort a confession. They woro fined SSO each and costs. John Driscoll was tried on a charge of steal ing u quantity of clothing from tho boarding house of Mrs. Carew, on South Halsted street. Ho was found guilty, and bis term of imprison ment lixod at one year in the Penitentiary. Samuel Gaskins pleaded guilty to tbo larceny of a coat. Sentence was suspended. THE COURTS CONDENSED. Alfred Ordway files bis bill iu the Circuit Court Court against 11. O. Goodwiillo, asking for an injunction to restrain defendant from collecting any rent from tbo tenants in tbo dwelling-house No. 204 West Taylor street, or in any way intermeddling with said tenants. Complainant avers that ho employed GoodwiUio os bis agent in tbo lotting of said bouse aud tbo collecting of tho rent, but ibat Goodwiillo bongs on to tho rent with a grasp than only an appeal to law can loosen, and, in tbo hope of securing tbo ton months' rent still unpaid, ho brings tho present action. Lousing Bonnoll, proprietor of tbo Nowball House, Milwaukee, writes in relation to tbo suit brought by Charles J. Wicker.' of this city, against Charles D. Bolyer, “of tho Nowball House, Milwaukee,” for tho recovery of money loft for safe-keeping, that Charles D. Bolyer “ never kept tbo Nowball Houso," and that no such person has any connection with that hotel. Anthony Warner make application in tbo Cir cuit Court for a writ of quo warranto against Mark Wiuomann, calling upon him to show cause why bo bolds tbo position and fulfills tbo duties of Vice-President of tbo United States Fire Proof Tubulated Plaster Casting Company. Tho arguments in tbo case of tbo Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Bailroad Company v. tbo Pittsburgh & Fort Wayuo Bailroad Company were closed yesterday before Judge Farwell, who took tbo matter under advisement. Edward MoQua files a prrocipo, in assumpsit, in tbo Circuit Court, against Ira 13. Eddy ; dam ages, SIO,OOO. Sarah Wirtlo files a prrocipo, in assumpsit, against tbo Continental Life Insurance Company, in tbo Superior Court; damages, $3,000. In tho County Court, Edwin C. Douinlg was yesterday appointed guardian of Lucy Gray >Orano ot al., minors, under a bond of SI,OOO, to bo approved. Stephen A. Baco was appointed guardian of Stella J. Brown ot al., minors, un der a bond, to bo approved of $200,000. Frank B. Orr ana Oswald Lockett file a peti tion in tho Superior Court agaiust Alfred H. Blake and Edward Morrison, for a mechanics’ lion of $012.68 upon Nos. 113,115, 117 East Mad ison street, and 131 aud 133 South Clark street, commonly known as “ Morrison Building.” Oliver E. Bryant begins an action of replevin la tbo Circuit Court against T. M. Bradley ot al., for tbo recovery of tbo fixtures of a two table billiard-room, bar, concert-room, scenery, and fixtures, also ono horse aud buggy, all tbo -property of the establishment at No. 104 Mil waukee avenue. Richard R. Griffith applies in tho Circuit Court for a writ of attachment against Frederick W. Games, who, bo alleges, owos him S7OB, and is about to fraudulently conceal his effects so as to hinder or delay his creditors. supreme court opinions. Ottawa, Juno 18, 1878,—Tho following causes have boon decided, and opinions are filed in this office, of this dato. O. D. Trimble, Clerk. 10— I Tloruau v. Granger: It. and It. 04—Hoard of Trustees of Town 2d, N. It. 2, E. 3d P. M., Woodford County, v. Davison; It, and It. 00— Cronk ot al. v. Trumblo; Atf. ns to Weaver, and rov’d, and bill dls’d. us to Alice Cronk. 75—Wolf ot al. v. Boottclior; Add. 01— Gilbert v. Bone; It. and It. 112—Mamor v. Lessen; It. and It. 128—Burr v. Mucllur cl al.; Ail'd. i;i£—Dungan v. Hall; 11. ami It. 102—Board of Trade of City of Olilcago v. Bucking ham ct al,: It. ami It. 105—Chicago, Milwaukee & Bt. Paul Railway Compa ny v. Melville; It. and It. 173—R„ R.» I. At St. Louis Railroad Company v. Schunlck ; affirmed. 107—'Rue v. City of Chicago; affirmed. 230—8e1l v. Gordon: R. audit. 233—Klsoudruth v. Kminerct ol.; R. and R. 2*B—Bradley v. Harbour, impleaded, fee.; R. and R. 274—Honeynmu v. Jarvis, guardian, &o.; R. and R., with leuvo to plaintiff to plead ovor. 303—Jacobs v. Hayes ; affirmed. 331—Edwards v. Hartt ot al.; R. and R. 3G7—Alien v. Webb ct al.; reversed and bill dis missed. 373—Deane ot al. v. Dunham; It, and It. ORDER TO REDOCKKT. It 1b ordered that tlio following cases bo placed on tlio docket for the September term, 1873, lor the purpose of roargumont. 103—'Town of Lake View v. Rosehlll Cemetery, 203—John Stojio v. Fntiburg I', N, W. It.lt, Co. ot nl. 12—Douglas fitroulor V. The Pcnpli*. Ac. 18—Ira Y, Mnnu ct al. v. The People, Ac. 043 J. Young Hcttiuimm v. Qoo. W. lull. 831—Hoourlty Insurance Co. v. Dewitt C. Farrell.. I*. 11. Walker, HIDHRV BUEKMB, John M.-Hcott, W. K, McAllister, BENJAMIN R, SUELUOK, NEW SUITS, Tmi United Statu Dihtuxot Court.—Clark W. Upton, Assignee of tbo Great Western Insurance Com pany, in bankruptcy, v. Daniel Webstar: assumpsit, 110,000. Tub OinooiT Court.—7,4oo,l—Appeals. 7,403 Anthony Warner v. Mary Winomun ; application for quo warranto. 7,4o3—Richard It. Griffith v. Frederick W. Eavnr; assumpsit, S7OB. 7.lol—Withheld forscr vlco. 7,4os—Oliver 13, Hrynnt v. T. M. Bradley; replevin of bllUard-room llxturcH. 7,400 to 7,417 •Restored cases. 7,4lß—Frank R. Orr at al. v. Alfred 11. Blake and Edward Morrison ; petition for me chanic's lion. 7,410 Heilman v. Becker ot al.: bill for Injunction, 7,420— Appeal, 7,42l—Edward Mt-Ouu v. Ira B. Eddy ; case, SIO,OOO. 7,423—M. McNeill v. A. Gaydon ; assumpsit, SSOO. 7,423—Alfred Ordway v. R. Q. Qoodwillio ; bill for injunction. Tiik Buimuiou Oouut,— 43.776—Sarah Wlrllo v. .Continental Life Insuranco Company: aesumpslt, $3,000. 43,770—Henry H. v. Hannan Morse; divorce on the ground of adultery. 43,777—Appeal* 43,778 Thomas 11. Grant et al. v. M. 11. Bailey; assumpsit, SSOO. 43,770—J0hn Cavagtm v. Richard Murphy; as sumpsit, S3OO. 43,780—First National Bank of Old ’ osgo r. Rudolph 1’orl; BSaumj>slt L ssoo. 43,781—Bon iuma J* Zbrndotol; v. I’obar A. OoluJai xanlaviu of store fixtures at 04(1 Btato street. 43.783—Manufactur ers’ Nnlionnl Hank of Chicago v. Milo n, Wagtirj os aumpolt, S7OO. THE ISSUES OF THE DAY. What n ITlnluo Man Says About Thom* Front the J*ortland Argut, June 10. It sooros that the Hon. John J. Perry had been asked to penult his name to bo used as Republi can candidate for Senator in Oxford County, and had about concluded to permit his namo to bo used, when tbo movements of certain interest ed politicians caused him to change his mind, lie says t “ Independence of thought and action are of more value to mo than the office of Senator, and I will have no personal connection with any political canvass that looks to a ■ sacrifice of cither. 1 * And after stating that the old issues regard ing slavery have passed away, he proceeds thus: “ The Republican party,, at the time it was formed, was a political necessity. It was organ ized for a purpose, and most grandly has it thus far fulfilled its mission. But it can novor in the future make slavery or divide it from any other Eolltical organization. Neither can tho party oroaftor bo long uSod as an agency to gratify the ambition of wire-working politicians, nor bo mode a fort of' mutual admiration society’ for tbo benefit of political rings or political combina tions. “ New issues, vital to tho very existence of tho American Republic, are now pressing them selves upon tho attention of tho people. They are now at our very doors, demanding recogni tion. Tho next treat battle to be fought out at tho polls will bo between combinatiousof wealth, backed up by bloated, soulless corporations, ana tho rank ana filo of tho people,—-between hon esty on tbo one side, and knavery and rascality on tho other. 44 Tho Credit Mobilior development was only a small cropping • out of an organized system of villainy which has existed in Congress for years. I venture to remark that thoro never has boon a single railroad grant passed through Congress nob tainted with Congressional knavery to a greater or loss extent. Neither is tho infamous •Salary Grab*—which, .from present appear ances. will send to political. graves every mem ber who in any manner favored It. or even takes the stolen money—tho grab at the contents of tbo National Treasury. The last few days of tho session of every Congress for years, has always boon spent in wholesale stealing from this same treasury by hitching on amendments to tho gen eral appropriation bills, and then engineering them through both branches—through the agency of 1 Committees of Conference.* Mil lions of dollars are swindled out of tho treasury In this kind of a way every year, by amendments, which, in tho shape of bills, could novor have passed either House under tho or dinary rules of legislation. In tho meantime, tho people have been taxed with tariff's upon al most ovory nrticlo that wo havo to oat, drink, or ytso. with a paid corps of Internal Revenue njolicotors at their hoofs, demanding more money to replenish a treasury thus depleted and made empty. 4 ‘ Those and similar 1 grabs’ must bo stopped, or thoro Is no virtue loft in tho. American peo ple. Again, railroad monopolies and telegraphic monopolies must bo throttled by Congress, and such members sent there by tho people os will represent them —aud nob tho infamously corrupt lobby that hang round Washington, fattening on tho life-blood of tho people. Tho farmers of tho West must bo relieved from tho mercenary grasp of Wall street gamblers aud speculators, so that their com to them will bo worth something more than to bo used for fuel; while tho people of tho East must bo saved from ’millions of taxation, annually assessed on tho broad they oat, by thieves, speculators, and cor poration swindlers. “I repeat,—those of necessity aro to be made political issues to bo settled at the polls. Which ever party takes tho side of tho poopio will fight to conquer. If noithor of existing parties array . themselves with tho mosses upon these issues, a now party will come up, take tho field, aud oloar the track from everything in its way. <( Hereafter economy in tho affairs of Govern ment must bo practised os well a preached. Hereafter honesty must ho one of tho principal tests applied to our public servants. Hereafter tho laboring millions must bo relieved from tho oppressions of associated wealth and soulless corporations. To all political parties, which can find no other track hut that. designated by tho old * ruts,’ a voice comos travelling upon ©very passing broezo ; * Look out for the engine while the hell rings.' John J. Pebiiy. Prom the Portland (He.) Advertiser. Tho Hod. John J. Porry, whoso trenchant lot* tor wo published yesterday, has passed through tho regular political grades from mombor of the Logisiaturo to State Senator pud Member of Congress, serving in tho latter capacity from 1855 till 1857, and again from 1859 till 1861. Ho was also a mombor of tbo half forgotten Peace Congress of 1801. Ho was ono of tho throo Maine Representatives who in 1850 voted to in crease tho pay of Congress from $8 & day to $3,000 a year. Blnco tho formation of tho Ro fmblicau party, ho has boon a recognized loader n tho organization and baa token a prominent Eart in most of tho party conventions, but of tto years has hold no public office. A MIXED CASE. Two Widows liooklng for tbo Estate of Ono man—Ootb Claim fflim as a Uuslmndi I'nm the St. Louis Globe, June 15. Tho caso detailed bolow, now in progross in DoUovillo, 111., is said to bo tbo most strange aud novel over known in Bt. Clair County. Dr. Lo poro Roms died in Fcbruaiy of this year, and Charles Asking was appointed administrator of bis estate. Now comes boforo Probato Judgo Piopor, Mrs. Rath Baldy, of Council Bluffs. lowa, and protests against tho appointment, and asks that it bo sot aside, that sbo may bavo tho same, on tho following stato of facts detailed la evidence In tbo Probato Court: Dr. Potor O. Baldy married Ruth Stebbins Opt, 8, 1803, in Toledo, Tama County, lowa, and lived with her in Council Bluffs. lowa, for niuo to twolvo months, and then left her, and Mrs. Ruth Baldy has not soon him sinco. WhUo ho lived in Council Bluffs ho was acquainted with -Dr. Campbell, an oculist, on Fifth street, Bt. Louis; uovoral witnesses in Council Bluffs know Dr. Campbell also whilo Dr. Baldy was living tboro. After Dr % Baldy loft Council Bluffs, ho corresponded with Mrs. Baldy through Dr. Campbell, the latter gentleman at tending to tho Jotters from both parties, and particular instructions woro given that tholottors should not bo directed to Dr. J. O. Campbell, and that Dr. J. O. Campbell hod received somo of tho letters already. This correspondence con tinued until tho latter port of 1860, and then tho ovidonco does not show that any moro letters woro received until 16G9; hut thoro aro indica tions that there had boon moro letters during thin interval, but they do not appear in evidence. In 1669, Dr. Loporo Borns writes, through Dr. Campbell, os ho says in bis letter, at the instance of Dr. Baldy, that her husband has boon sick, and wants llis wife to t&ko a boat and como at once to Bt. Louis and stop at tho Everett House, and that ho (Dr. Borns) will produce her hus band, but that Dr. Baldy is a wanderer on tho earth. This letter purports to have boon written from Alton, 111. Dr. Boms seems to bavo written moro letters to Mrs. Baldy through Dr. Campbell after 18G9. The marriage of Mrs. Baldy was- proven ; pho tographs of herself and husband, taken in lowa, woro produced) as well os a photograph of Dr. Borns by Mrs. Ruth Baldy. An oxport swears that'tbo photograph of Dr. Borns aud Dr. Baldy provo them to bo ono and the same per son. The description of Dr. Campbell Is hold to establish tbo fact that Baldy and Boms woro tho same person, and ho is said to havo written to Mrs. Baldy to como to Belle ville aud establish her claims as administratrix. Tho abovo is a very brief synopsis of tbo testi mony on tho part of Mrs. Baldy and her wit nesses. Per contra—Mrs. Lopore Roms swears that she was married to Dr. Lopore Borns in October, 1805, that her name was before this marriaco Airs, Obson, and that ho came to Coutrovillo some fourteen months before, and that sho had boarded him continuously during this time pre vious to marriage. She says sho was married by a priest in Bt. Louis, iu tho night, but sho can not say in what part of tbo city, and sho cannot produco any certificate or other proof of marringo, oxeopt that she occupied tho position that a wifo should occupy, and tho law mercifully says that is bnough to establish marriage la Illi nois. Tho wholo case seems to turn in tho eyes of tho dofouso on two points s 1. That Dr. Lo poro Dorns seems to havo turned up in Centro villo, Bt. Clair County. 111., in tho early part of 1801. Bomo throo or four witnesses swear that they woro acquainted with him then, and Mrs. Baldy swears that ho was living with hot iu lowa at tho samo timo. !J. That .Dr. Baldy had a half-brother, and that Dr. Lopore Boms was that brother. Tho plaintiff's reply that so conspicuous a man us Dr. Borns, iu so small a town us Coutrovillo, should havo boon known to more than thveo or four witnesses in tho early part of 1801, and that tho truth is, those three or four witnesses are mistaken shout a year in thoir timo, and must by no moans weigh against thoir strong array of cmmmsiuncoß and positive proof. It only remains to ho said that Mrs. Dr. Baldy Ib ft young woman of about 03 In appearance, modest and finished In her manners, and seems honestly and deeply affected by the whole pro ceeding, never umilirigduring all thoglhoß, trials, and witticisms of counsel, while Mrs.-Boms is o woman of about 50,* coarse In feature, with a heavy faco, fully denoting groat stiongth, She mulled frequently during the proceedings. The contrast between tbo women wos most marked, and was generally remarked by the crowd of by* stanilora. Tbo decision will oomo Monday. NEWS PARAGRAPHS. Maine claims tho most ancient bachelor In tho world. Ho lives In Bangor, is 102 yoaPs of ago, and is still active. —A loading Now York insurance Journal calls an agent to whom it is hostile a 44 capsule, fash ioned after tho likeness of a man, ana filled with the' oil of a greasy and rancid hypocrisy.” —Detroit Is not satisfied with her present reservoir system of walor-works, and proposes to expend $1,000,000 in trying to secure some thing bettor. —Several Yale students found a resting-place In tho polloo station. Thursday night, ‘ serenad ing ft female boarding-school. What mado it particularly hard to boar, though, was tbo fact that the girls hod gone to Now York tho evening previous. D —Two daughters of Wm. P. Galaghor, in the town of Cortland, 111., tills year plowed and put in 80 acres of small grain. Ono of those girls. M so Nancy, did tho plowing, while tho other. Miss Adolla, sowed tho grain and harrowed it in They ought to bo enfranchised forthwith. -Pickpockets do not enjoy life In California. An old bull-whaokor felt a strange hand In his pookot there roepntiy. and, pulling his penknife, with a blade that weighed a pound, cut off the mans hand at tho wrist and throw it after him with tho advice to 4 4 put it in whisky where it would koop.” - —Tho crop prospooty In this vicinity,and along tho ontlro lino or tho Northern Pacific Road iu this Btato, aro very flattering indeed. Wheat and corn aro both looking as well oa thoy could possibly under any circumstances. If nothing Intervenes tho crops will bo immdhso.— Detroit (Minn.') liccord. —Tho Springfield (Moss.) Union, in speaking of tho children of tho mills, says: “Half starved and over-worked, cuffed and shoved about as if there wore no room for them any where, they are considerably more in need than tho omnibus and car-horaoa of protection of a society to prevent cruelty to animals. Ten. eleven, twelve hours a day in our mills, and six teen to eighteen in other countries, is a heavier burden than any such shoulders should carry.” —Tho Dean of Westminster has offered to al low tho remains of John Stuart Mill to bo in terred in tho ancient Abbey. Tho relatives of tho deceased havo declined tho offer, with thanks, as It was always hia wish to bo buried by tho side of her whom living ho so tenderly loved, and whom dead ho so fondly remembered. Avignon will undoubtedly enjoy tho distinction of being his last resting place. —A brakoman on tho Central Ohio Road, Jo* soph M. Hawkins by name, just for convenience in tho enjoyment of homo comforts, Las a wife at each end of his route. A cruel society could not endure tho thought of permitting one man to enjoy such on undue proportion of the com* men fund of human blessing, so tho said Jo* soph will bo required to spend about as much time In the Penitentiary as ho has boon engaged in tho performance of this double act in lifo’a arena. —Passing through Westminster Abbey, twenty years ago, I remember to havo noticed, on tho tomb of Major Andre, an alio relievo composi tion containing tho figure of Washington, tho head of which had been knocked off. uinco that time, aomo one, —an indignant American, per haps,—has avenged tho Insult by knocking oft tho hood of Andro. Both are now restored, each figure showing on its nock tho marks of decapi tation.— Correspondent JTcio York Evening Post. —A week ago there was a lively Indian scaro on tho western end of tho Winona & St. Peter Railroad, whore the construction force is at work, some forty miles beyond Marshall. A party of fifty-throe mounted warriors, believed to belong to the Sissoton band of Sioux, drovo up within a mile of tho laborers, and after mak ing a series of mysterious demonstrations, dis- Soared. Tho laborers wore entirely unarmed .unprepared for any attack, and felt greatly alarmed, but nothing further was hoard trom the Indians aside from their stealing two or throe horses.—St. Paul Pioneer. —Embryotic yacht life and typical of tho com ing scoundrel, says tho Brooklyn Eagle, was , illustrated tho other day in tho case of two Jer sey City boys. Ono lad, employed in a bank, was sent to another bank to draw $2,000 in small bills. Ho got the bills and some boy compan ions and “ slid out" for Now York, with §OOO of tho money a small yacht was purchased, and thou ' each lad purchased a sailor suit. They started on a cruise, and will doubtless carry out their dime novel dreams by boarding some fish ing smock with drawn cutlasses and demanding its treasure. —Tho AUa-Califomian tolls a story of an old settlor, who, having worn his board full for bov oral years, concluded to sbavo hie side whiskers. Ho bad hardly done bo, whon, to his great sur prise, an old rainingacquaiutancojwho had pass ed him unrecognized almost every day for years, “ struck him for a piece,” and said ho had not known his hirsute friend all this time, or ho would havo spoken to him boforo. And now “ old Californian” is lotting his whiskers grow again, for he can’t stand tho tax put on for re cognition by those who know him "in tho days when ho was young.” —lt has been generally believed that shad could not bo taken with tho hook and lino. Mr. Thomas Oholmora, of Holyoko, Mass., has.dem onstrated to tho contrary. Discovering that cap tured shad contained in their maws a peculiar kind of miller, ho mado an artificial fly liko it, and caught in 1861 not loss than 1,100 shad in this way. His secret leaked out, and fly-fishing for shad is now usual at Holyoko. A common trout-hook is used with tho fly attached, aud with a lino of 300 foot, guarded oloso to tho hook with catgut or wire. Tho fish, after boiug caught, must bo played patiently and tenderly. Oou* filcncliam and tlio filotlocn* Gen. Mcachnm has boon in lowa City, aud tho Press, of that piece, says: “Concerning tho murder of Canby and Thomas, Qon. Mcacham was confident before iboy wont to tbo council tbat they woro going to their massacre. 'They bad all boon warned by ‘Toby.’Riddlo’s squaw, but no ono believed her except Moachnm, wbo had known her for four years, and trusted her implicitly. Bbo is a pure blooded Modoc, and her husband, Riddle, is a white Kentuckian. It is too lato to regret that Canby and Thomas had not tho insight into her character which enabled Moncbam to trust her fidelity, for then tho fatal council would not havo boon hold. But Canby trusted nobody but.tbo army, aud tho Rov. DA Thomas confided in nothing but Providence, whilo Moacimm re lied upon the squaw, and ho was tho only one who como out to toll tho tale. Ho was shot in tbo crown and forehead, in tho right arm and loft hand, and had ono of his oars nearly cut of! in the attempt Hooka Jim mado to scalp him. Ho shot ono of the Schonchins and is confident ho killed him, for the head was brought to camp by ono of tho Warm Springs. Thoro is a family of Bobonchins, which accounts for tho Bchon chin captured with Jack. Tlio Browers* From the Cleveland Herald. It required no groat penetration during tho Browers' Convention to dlatinguiah Us members from tho ordinary crowd upon tho streets. Not bo much by tho inevitable cigar,—for that no longer is a characteristic - of a class, —but by tho adlpoßO conditions of the avorago delegate to that Convention. Lager manufacture has a ten dency to obesity: wo suppose it must bo tho manufacture, for every member of tho Conven tion was solid, though perhaps lager as a bever age is fattening. Wo do not Know that tho scales wore brought into requisition to mark tho difference between lager-boor drinkors aml cold water men during tho Convention, and so wo cannot state tho difference, but on an avorago wo should say that ono lagor-boor brewer would mako two teetotallers Idolc the beam so quick they would think they woro going up in a bal loon. At Rochester tho browors returning East from tho Cleveland Convention bad their weight taken. There woro twonty-two. and their gross .weight was two tons, their individual weight a\> eragod a trillo over 105 pounds. If health moans “ heft," certainly tho browor Argument that logo* is healthful is proved by tho scales. JRliio itud, (Smy* rVow the Caxro {III.) llulUtiu, The press In many parts of tho country have given Bt. Louis tho credit of being Uio Unit to decorate tho graves of both Confederate arm Union soldiers on Decoration day. Tho people of Southern Illinois, who moot annually at tho Mound City National Cemetery to strew with flowers the graves of 5,000 soldiers, have never made distinction between those of the blue and tho gray. Both havo shared alikei tho tributes of romomhrunco. During tho llrst yoora of tho obsorvanco of tho rite this was dono without special pro-arrangomont or comment. .A yow ago it was mado tho subject of congratulation by tbo Bpoakors, and received the approvol of the largo concourse of people who took part in tho ceremonies. Tho Mound City Cemetery contains tho craves of no insignificant number of Con federate dead, and the fact wo havo referred to is not unworthy of note.

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