Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 19, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 19, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE, terms of Buoflcmmos (tatahle m advance). I lßSa»v::.v:v.v.:::?sdW Parts of i» year at tho Mine rate. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo sure and giro Post OfHco address In full, Including Slate and County. Remittances may bo made either bydraft, express, Post Office order, or In registered loltois, /it onr risk. TKIiUB TO CITY HURfICIUIIRRS. bally, delivered. Sunday oxcopica, 25 cent* per week. Daily, delivered, Sunday Included, 80 centa per week. Address TUB TRIUUNIC COMPANY, Corner Madison and Dcarborn-sU.. Chicago, 111. CONTENTS OF THE WEEKLY TRI DUNE. nRST PAOR-Nxwfl or the Week: Washington male Affairs—PolUteM— Foreign-Obituary—Personal— Money and Buslnoss-Lftbor-IWlroads-Fraud and 'l’uoft Crimes Casualties F Ires Miscellaneous. Crops: Fniltaud Field Crops In the Alton Wlitrlot. In- DIANA kuKLUX: Mr.Uoidlng Still Ssorolod by thollog ulalors. A VALUAULK Cow: Balo of » I wo-Yoar Old liolfor for eiu.iwa. Loiiihianas Mooting ol» Joint Cummlttue of Vvhltei and Blocks at Now Orleans— Adoption of Itesolutlons Advocating the Unity of the Pooitlo of the State—Perfect Political Equality to lie Granted to All, Irrospectlro of Itaoo. Shout-Horns: BK?/oNl) B PAoIc-Fd!*TOmAtAs Railroad-Rates Under tho New Law-Polttloal Movement by lowa bannors -. Tho Judicial Election—Free- 1 tho Bully—Railroad Pools" snd too Common Law— New Postal I*w-Tho Position of THE OmoApo TniDUKE—Tho Road Paat-A Vo* l0 "‘ t 9, oTo^ o o r —A Political Curiosity Presidential Cheek Another Horgcant THIRD PAUK-TIIE Railroads: Ibo New PaMongor and FYoight-Tarllfs-How the Now Law cairo Uoacla— Knotty Questions wlthwblohtlioA gents ore Wrestling. The Farm, and Garden : leaving Ilome-The Crops—A Small lamer Selling Ills Corn— The Farmers* Movement—Tbo Calumet Marsh—Going Through Michigan—A Little Rod T a ,V o In *? Palls—Some Changes Bu««o»ted--lHo Balli-Oirop at Syraouso-Oswogoaudl a Now Route llrst Dawning of Rural Ufe-Stooklug Balmon-A. Ohooso'Foctory. Mrs. Sam Jonkbs Things Brighton }ng Up-Educating Wives nt the Normal bohool—What Airs. Bprlngor Said About Female Education—Mrs, Springer and Her Daughters—Butter and I Tub A MART: Creation of Animals and I lauts—Order of Insects to which the Boa Bolongs-lho 800 a Superior ■ Insect—lts Swarming .Ihstlnct, and How to Make It Beneficial to Mon. Nebraska: Crops In ihat Slate. Choi’S: A Great Falling-Oil la the Whoat-Orop of the Country Expected—This Year Pronounced tho Worst Since the War—The Wheat-Crop in 1871 and 73.. ST. TiWTtintnß l 1 Tho Periodical Neapolitan Miracle. iolvvnSi ■ • Played-out f A Monui.ctu, Kr»ot. edWLoif Krlokson, Who * * HlscoverodAmorioa la tho Year 1000. IRELAND ;*Som« Agr cultural Statistics. FOURTH PAOlt-BDITOIUAL: Tho Farmers Fourth of July—Hot Corn-Pro Rata—Judgo Lawrence— Proposed Return to the Franking Privilege. IHR VAREUOUfih Commissioners : They Como t ,°G{ llca iW toSludy Up the (Jndiuu ol Grain—The Now Railroad Law—Freight Rates—Railroad vs. Cllltons. Tue Ukad-UkaD OUEB tion* The Status of llallroads. Patrons of Hus* RANURY: Tho Order in England. TIIR INDIANS: Statement by Capt. Jack—How Gen. Davis I reposed to Treat tho Captive Murdororo-Intcrvlows with tue 1 rls onors—Oon. Shormnn’s Views—l robabllity that a Dozen Modoc* Will Bo Hung-lho ApacliCfl and KlcWauooß. llOimtm.K Tuauedy: An Entire Family Murdered by tho Father's Brother. ANOTHER TRAO* edy* One Negro Kills Another, and Then CommltU Suicide to Avoid Arrest. COLORADO: Effort. to Ob olu a Thorough Irrigation of tho rorruory. FIFTH PAGE—A Battle with BnuiiLAiin: One of the MoslDesperato Fights on Record—Throe Officers Tackle an Kauai* Number of Burglars—Revolvers Used In ft Rockies# Mannar— I Twoof the Robbers• Captured—l he SllhupM«lth >llull.l mill. Body. HlflonnuiTED! Wh«l Mr. E 11. DrjkoKuow. ol of Six Persons Near Uoawoqtia. lll.—Mrs. York s Death* Bod Oonfosslon Ulscredllotl. Potato-BUOSs How to Exturruituto Them. Tint Farmers Movement. Fourth of July, 1873—Tho Fahnors* Declaration of In dependence—Mooting* Its McDonough, VohnUlou Counties,-111.; Pago and ilopry Cpuntlos, la.: Pickaway County, O.; and In Southern Indiana. Tuk Judicial Election in Illinois: Comment* by “The Nation." Advertisements. , . SIXTH PAGE— Washington; Old ProbabllUlea at D Homo—HU House aud Family—A lx»k Into His Woatli or-Eyo—How He Put* on IBs Spectacles—A School of Prophecy. Matricide: A Woman Murders Her Mother/ Toe New Cuioaoo: A St. Louisan Pro nounces U '‘Tho Most Beautiful City on This orAny Other Continent." A Texas Murder: lour Men Killed While Asleep. A California Boy: Ills First Experience In School. Sweeping Flood: Sudden and Unaccountable F’rcshot In Blackwood Valley, Nob.—A Camp of United States Soldiers Swept Away by the Im petuous Watora-Less of 6 Mon and 2d Horses Belonging , to Company A, Third Cavalry. A Monstrous Con fession : A Remarkable Document Written by a Murderer— Striving to a Crlmlnal-A Study for ilia Motupbyslolaus. A Western Farmer: Mr. John Bidell, of Vermilion County, 111. Tre Farmers Move ment; Faruiera 1 F'ourth of July—l lenlo at Eyota, Allnn.—Convention at Manhattan. Kan.—Mootings In Sthrk County, 111., and Columbia County, Wls. lUE Walworth Pauhicidb: Homo of tbo Causes which Led to the Trngcdy-The Story of a Member of the F am- By. Tuk Fort Dodob Trauedy: CTroumstancos of tno Shooting—Proposition to H&ug the Marshal and Deputy In tho Presence of the Corpse—Sherirt s Pesso Patrol tho Town to Keep Order. June: A I oem. IN VENITOSB; Some Novel and Unique Articles. SEVENTH PAK—Tub Nameless Dead: Vostlgcs of ft Long-Forgotten Racu-Tho Mounds of Wlsconeln and Other Slates-Tholr Situations, Forms, Contents, Ac., Ac. The Illinois Prehs: Tho Htato Association Con vention at Ouluoy—Tho Salary-Grab Denounced—ln orcased Transportation F'acllllloa Demanded. TltUTll pul James to tub Editor: A Now Poem by Brot Harto. HvoLENE op tub EAR; Why Children s Kars Should Never Bo Uoicd-The Ear Often Impaired by tho Attempt to Clean It. HUMOR: A Collection of Ooinicalitios. An Uhbuccesbpul An Attempt at Transfusion of Blood from a Healthy Man to an Invalid Loads to the Letter's Death. aSuooes- TiON: Proposed Appointment of Judge lAwreneo to the Chlol-JuiUcoshlp of tho United State# Supremo Court. The Ykt-To-Ho: A Poem. Woman's ilioHTfl; A Phare of Thom In Vienna. Thao edy at Paris, III.: Mrs. Long Kills Her Child, Ami Then Commits Suicide. A Supper with Rachel; An interesting Sketch. The Railroad commissioners: Return of Railroad EIGHTH PACK—Gun Expositions Encouraging Ro norla from tbo Flnanclol Dopartmontr-Conliacta to the Amount of Nearly $900,000 Already Let by the Arohl toot. FINANCIAL: Chicago Money Market—Monetary AtfalrsatNew York and In England—Specie and Cur rency. Commercial: Chicago Proouca Markets— ■ Produce Statistics—Movement of tho Wheat Crop of I*72—Chicago Live-Stock Market, with Review for the Week—Chicago Lumber Markot-Elqtn Butter and Ohuesj Market—Herkimer County (N. if.) Golnr Mar kot—Weakly Review of tho Albany Livo-Stook Ms«otr Kuropuan Alarkota-Bullalo ond Pittsburgh UYe-Stock hlarkots—New-York Dre-Goods MnrksU-New York, ButTalo, MUwakeo, Toledo, and St. Louis Produce Markets. TO-DAY'S AMUSEMENT*. AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner olUon rroas street. Spectacular opera, “Zoloo." HOOLKY'S THEATRE—Randolph street, between Dlnrk anil LaSalle. “Game o! Love. MoVIOKKR’B THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and State. The Katie Putnam Troupe. “Blade O'Qrass." ACADEMY OF MUSIC Hoisted street, between Modiaon and Monroe. Theatre Comiquo Combination. MYERS' OPERA HOUSE—Monroe street, between State and Dearborn. Moran A Manning's Minstrels. AMPHITIIEATRE-CUnton street, between Washing, ton and Randolph. Cal Wagnor’s Minstrels. BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY-WK SOLD IN Irawlng *>! 22d April last tho iK»,000 wrffo. Girculare Hint: Information given. J. B. MARITNKZ AGO., Bankers, 10 Wall-st. P. O. Box 4585, New York. BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE. THIS SPLENDID halrdyo Is tho boat In thojvorld. Tho only troo and per fect dyo. Harmless, reliable, and instantaneous; no disap pointment; ho ridiculous tint* or unpleasaulodor. Rama dies tho 111 effects of bad dyes and washes. Produces im mediately a superb black or natural brown, and loaves tno hair clean, soft, and beautiful. Tbo genuiM. signad W. A. Batchelor. Sold by all druggist*. CHARLES BATCHELOR, Proprietor. N. Y. Uht dEbite®# Qfejkme. Thursday Morning, June 10, 1873. Among other items in tho appropriations passed last night by the Common Connell was one of 611,815.17 for tho Public Library. By diligent Inquiry we have learned that it was not the firm of Hamlin, Halo & Co. that took pains to circulate 10,000 copies of the Siaats Zi'ilung article concerning Field, Loiter & Co. Ono of tho greatest strikes of the year U threatened iu Loudon, whore tho house-builders have demanded, an increase of a halfpenny an hour In their wages, and declare they will strike if It is hot given them. Tho Captain of tho Murillo, the Spanish vessel which ran down tho Korthlloot off Dungo nosn a few mouths ago, has had his commission suspended by tho Admiralty Court at Cadiz for nine mouths. The Bank of England forgers were brought before the Mayor of London yesterday for trial, but at tho request of tho counsel for tho bauk, who woro not prepared to proceed, tho cose was postponed. Tho Supreme Court of this State met yester day at Mount Vernon, aud Judges Craig aud Scholllold took the scats to which they woro recently elected. Tho place of Chief Justice, loft vacant by Judge Lawrence, was given to tho Hon. Sidney Broeso, tho senior Judge of the Court. An expedition is to bo cent out by tbe Navy Department to several points on tho southern coasts of tbo Eastern Ilomlspboro to make oh- Borvations on tbo transit of Venus next year, one of tho most important astronomical events of tho century, and Prof. Henry, of tho Smith «ouiut luMituto, and tho ProfouHOW Qf the Naval Observatory, oro now auporlntouOing ilo equipment. Students of Biblical geography have long boon In doubt aa to tbo exact locality of Mount Cal vary whoro Olirlst won crucified. Tbo Oriental Topographical Corps, sent out from England to study tbo topography of Bible lands, think Iboy have at last found the spot bo hallowed to Christians, in tho hill outsldo of Damascus gale, near tho north wall of Jerusalem. Tho profile of this hill is Bkuli-ohnpod, and this peculiarity strengthens the suppooitlon that it la really tho Beene of tho crucifixion, which la described in tho Bible aa a “ place called polgotba, that is to say, A place of a skull.” Tho St, Croix laud-grant which was rofußod by tho Milwaukee & St. Paul Itailroad it) to bo taken up, according to rumor in Milwaukee, by tbo Wiflconein Itailroad Company, a now corpo ration formed for that pnrpoeo. Tho Compa ny is said to have organized by tho election of the attorney of tho Milwaukee A St. Panl Itailroad as President, aud to have appointed a committee to file securities, notify Governor Washburn, and take all necessary stops to se cure the land-grant. On the other hand, Govern or Washburn says ho has not soon any such committee aud knows nothing of any such Com pany. Tho Chicago produce markets wore more steady yesterday. Hess pork was quiet and a shade firmer, ot $16.70@16.70 cash, and $15.80 @15.85 seller July. Lard was dull and per 100 lbs lower, at $8.30@8.32>£ cash, and $8.40(5)8.45 seller July. Moats wore quiet aud unchanged, at for shoulders, B%@ for abort ribs, for short clear, and* * or BWOOt pioUod hams. Lake freights wore active and steady, at for oorn to Buffalo. Uighwinos wore quiet and un changed, at 890 per gallon. Flour was moro active, and weak. Wheat was quiet and higher, closing tamo at $1.21 sell er tho month, and $1.16% seller July. Com was active and weak, declining I@lK° and closing at 813*0 cash, and 83#o seller July. Oats wore ac tive and 3*o lower, closing at cash, aud 2G>*o eollor July. Ityo was quiet and steady at Barley was dull and nominal at 55@000 for poor to good No. 2. Thoro was a further de cline of 15@200 in hogs, prices recoding to $4.20 @4.50. Cattle wore dull and weak. Sheep ruled steady. Miss Susan B. Anthony has attained tbo goal of her ambition and tho crown of martyrdom. Having conceded through her counsel that she was a woman on tho day she cost her vote, she bos boon declared guilty of illegal voting, a mis demeanor under tho laws that is punishable in a variety of ways. Had thoro boon any other re sult, Miss Anthony’s vocation as on agitator would have boon gone, and she would have relapsed into hateful obscurity. Tho verdict of tho Jury’was in accordance with tho charge of Judgo Hunt, who ruled that tho regulation of tho suffrage was a State’s right, and not limited by tho Federal Constitution, except in the pro hibition of the Fifteenth Amendment against tho imposition of any disability on ac count of roco, color, or previous condition of, servitude. This loft the. Btato of New York tho right to confine tho suffrage to male citizens. It had done so by law, and, as Miss Anthony bod violated the law, she must suffer tho conse quences. Tho Election Inspectors who received her vote are also on trial, but tholr Jury has not been able, os yet, to agree. That will bo an interesting occasion at Janes ville, Win., on tho 20th inst., when Senator Car penter will undertake to givo his constituents his reasons for supporting tho salary bill passed at the last session of Congress. Mr. Carpen ter's letter, consenting to speak, indicates all the confidence In his ability to satisfy his con stituents which a.mon of his largo persuasive powers would naturally havo. Ho intimates that he is brim-full of good reasons, and says that he will present as many of them as he can in an hour or two, leaving others to suggest themselves to tho pregnant minds of his hearers.. We are willing to concede that what man may do Senator Carpenter is able to do In an argumentative way, and that if any one o» tho gentlemen who sustained tho salary-grab can mako that measure appear justifiable ho can do it. But, with the highest appreciation of Mr. Carpenter’s plausibility of speech, wo doubt ihat he will succeed in persuading tho average tax-payor that it was good polioy for tho last Congress to vqto away $1,500,000 without any return, or for Senator Carpenter to tako out of tho United States Treasury, in tho way of back pay, moro money than ho had agreed to servo for.. But, of course, wo shall all bo glad to hoar what ho has to say. GERMAN IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Tbo proceedings of tho Board of Education bavo of lato boon enlivened by dobatos on tho question of teaching tbo German language in tho public schools. There Is now, and has boon for some years, ‘provision for instruction in Gorman in certain grades ; and, also, instruc tion in the same language among tho pupils of tho High School. In both it is optional with pupils to study Gorman or not. Tho Gorman classes have boon largely composed of children of Gorman parents, who have sought to educate tho children in tho two languages at tho same time. While there aro many others besides children of German parents who have from time to time begun it, tho per centage is falling off. It is now proposed by Mosers. Trussing, Hosing, and Rlchborg, mem bers of tho Board of Education, to make tho study of Gorman compulsory. If this ralo woro adopted generally, a child entering tho tenth grade would begin bis education by looming his letters in English and Gorman, and as ho ad vanced everything taught him, spoiling, reading,- wriuug, history, geography, and arithmetic, would bo taught in tho two languages at the same time. Tho adoption of this rulo, however, involves other and more serious matters. Being made compulsory, each child, unwilling or unable to loam Gorman, would have to leave tho schools and go to uomo English school. Tho public schools, instead of being places to teach American children how to road, write, and spell their own language correctly, would become essentially Gorman schools, and no child would bo allowed to attend who did not study aud keep up with his classes in Gorman. There is no objection to any person studying tho German language; on tho contrary, a knowledge of It is becoming essential to any advanced grade of scholarship. Tho literature of Ger many at this time in all tho branches of sci ence, except the pure mathematics, is richer, perhaps, than that of any other tongue. Tho groat scholars of Groat Britain and America perfect their education in Germany. Bat this THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE; THURSDAY, JUNE 19, 1873. knowledge belongs to a higher education than It is possible to aoq\Uro In the public schools. Tho aim of tho public schools Is to furnish the chil dren of tho country with tho moans of obtain ing, free of cost, a Imowlodgo of tho elementary branches of education. For this purpose tlio schools of this city loach all matters pertaining to practical education, from tho alphabet to algebra. This Includes grammar, writing, geog raphy, and history, to which aro added somo vocal teaching and , Instruction In tho rudi ments of drawing. Tho City •of Chicago has supplemented this plan of education by tho establishment of a still higher course of instruction for thoso who pass through tho pub lic schools; it maintains a High School, in which Latin, Greek, French, and Gorman are taught; whore advanced instruction in mathematics, gen eral literature, and political economy Is given, and pupils aro prepared thoroughly In four years for a collegiate course if desired. This certainly is as liberal a provision as can bo main tained uudor any general system of public In struction. That tho system Is perfect is not supposed. What tho country needs is a number of polytoobnio schools, whqro instruction in tho practical and exact sciences can be obtained free of cost by all who Book it. That tho sys- 1 tom of public instruction will eventually include a largo and sufficient number of tboso schools wo have no doubt Of all others, they aro of tho greatest utility in tho preparation of mon and women for engaging in tho practical occupations of life. However valuable as an auxiliary to this higher education tho Gorman language may bo, that question has no bearing upon tho matter before our Board of Education. Tho Oily of Chicago will expend in 1873-4 tho sum of $337,000 for education, and oven at that groat outlay cannot afford all tho children of tho city school accommodation. There aro at this tlmo from 10,000 to 20,Q00 children of school ago attending private schools and paying for their tuition. Tboro is an avorago of 83,000 children enrolled in tho public schools, of whom 8,528 aro studying Gorman. Tho avorago time given to this language under tho present rule is about two hours per week. It is confessed that the result of tbo present system Is a failure, and that tho cost is pretty nearly so much money thrown away. It should bo boruo In mind also that 84 per cent of tho children who attend tbo public schools leave tboso schools after passing through about ono-bolf tho courso of Instruc tion ; that Is, loavo tho schools os soon as they can rood and writo and have passed through .arithmetic os far as long division. Tho groat majority of thoso novor go to school again* They go out to work at trades, in stores, and in various other occupations. To compol thoso to learn Gorman, or go without instruction in English, could have no other effect than to drlvo them from tho schools altogether. Of tho other 1G per cent, one-half leave at tho end of another year, leav ing not over 8 per cent to attend during tho last' three years of tho schools. Of tho whole 33,000 not over COO pupils pass through tho district schools. To thoso tho High School Is open, where Gorman, French, Latin, and Greek, and higher mathematics aro taught during a courso of four years* practical study ; hut of thoso who enter tbo High School 80 per cont leave boforo completing tho courso. It will bo soon, there fore, that of tboso attending tho public schools 64 per cent hardly attend thorn long enough to ac quire tho primary elements of education. Of tbo others, if tbo study of German bo made com pulsory, it is possiblo that tho largo majority would loavo school at tho same timo, 'and find such instruction os they need elsewhere. Even thoso who have a free opportunity to loam Gorman in tboTligh School abandon that school without passing through half its course. To moko Gorman a compulsory branch of tho common school education would ho to destroy tho usefulness of tho schools. To mako it compulsory in tho bighor grades would bo to drive tbo comparatively few children who attend those grades away; for certainly, if tho froo tuition in English Is not sufficient to retain them, tho compulsory study of Gorman would not do so. Tho State has undertaken to educate tho children. Shall they bo taught English ? If tho instruction in English is mode conditional apon being instruct ed in German, then tbo schools aro mado practically Gorman schools. Experience has shown that not over 10 per cent of tho chil dren over try tho Gorman language ; and wo think It a great violation of duty for any author ity to compol any child to leave tho public schools, or study against tho will of his parents any lan guage save Lis own. While tho* Gorman lan guage would bo a valuable addition, instruction in Englishlstho grandnocossity. Tho groat mis fortune of tho public schools is that tho children leave them at such an early stage that their in struction is limited. Any measure to onconrago them to give n few years more to their English education would bo of public and general bene fit ; but to interpose and make tho schools still moro irksome, by a coercive rale to loam Gor man, would not only bo destructive to tho school system, but an outrage on common seuso. THROWING THE BOOMERANG. The little misunderstanding between Messrs. Fiold, Loiter & Co. and tho Siaats Zcitung begins to grow amusing. There is one man in Sheboy gan, and his name is KooUn, who seems to have a realizing sense of tho situation, and whoso head is level as regards Field, Leitor & Co., tho Slaals Zeiiung, the Temperance Bureau, tho Ban day law, and all tho other features of this much vexed question which is just now agitating tho community and making tho hot woathor still more unendurable. To appreciate our Bhoboy gau friend's view of the situation, it is neces sary to review tho facts. A bailiff on tho hunt for jurors iu a liquor caso happens very naturally into Field A Letter's es tablishment, whloh is swarming with able-bodied young men, who, In addition to their duties of measuring cloth and doing up packages for Flora MacFlimsoy, are also enjoying tho proud prerogatives appertaining to an American citi zen, and are presumably ready and eager to serve their country In tho exalted capacity of jurors at two shillings a day. In this case, how ever, tho able-bodied young men woro indiffer ent to their duty as patriots, and would un doubtedly have cheerfully turned a penny with tho bailiff to see whether they should go. They didn't hanker after tho proud distinction of sweltering in a Justice's court, aud render ing vordiots against their follow citizens. Nor woro they so mercenary that a juror’s foe, bo it two shillings or four, should tempt them from tho strict lino of their first duty to tho yard-measure and shears. It may bo painful to say it, hut Messrs. Fiold k Loiter woro no more patriotic than their nine dorks, and protested against tho untimely manner of their taking off. Tho bailiff, howev er, was Inexorable. Bailiffs always aro. and in tho name of tho sovereign peo ple of tho State of Illinois ho clutched his prizes and boro them away in his talons to court, where they had to confront the august majesty of a Polloo Justice, and whoro a part of them had to sit in judgment upon a Teutonic man of sin, who hod defied tho sovereign people of tho State of Illinois and tho Common Council of Chicago by keeping open his saloon on Sun day, and dealing out tho boor, that doth not In toxicate, to thirsty souls. For souls will bo thirsty on Sunday Just aa they will on Monday, Tho Jury disagreed, although the four voted tho man of sin to bo guilty. It is possible tho four able-bodied young mon had a prejudice against boor and did not drink. Dry goods clerks never do. It Is possible iboy wore mad at having to servo tholr country In a Jury-box, and vontod their indignation upon tho dofond&nt. People always are mad when they are on a Jury. What ever tho cause may have boon, they voted for tho guilt of tho accused. Then some evil-mind ed person reported to the Btaata Zcitung that they had not only convicted a Gorman, but that they had also, iu tho most reckless manner, proposed to “ damn tho Dutchman.” It has since boon proven that they didn’t say Yonytblng of tho kind, although it would not havo boon anything very remarkable if they bad, as jurymen are usually in a condition of mind favorable not only to “ damning a Dutchman,” but damning everybody olso. Tho Btaata Zeitung, however, did not tako this comprehensive and highly philosophical view of things. It ponrod hot shot all along tho lino Into tho four clerks who served, and tho five clerks who didn't servo, and into tho firm which pays tho nine clerks their weekly stipends. It made things very lively round at Field & Loltor's, and it called tho clerks all manner of names, such os mummyfied Yankees, wator-slm plotons, Know-Nothings, hypocrites, and aesos, to bo all of which is certainly worso than to bo 41 a damned Dutchman.” Tho fight was growing to bo a very interesting one, when a third party stopped 10, and tho third party bos mot with tho same recoptloi^which tbo philanthropic stranger received when ho undertook to interfere in tho slight misunderstanding between tbo Irishman and his wlfo. This third party was another dry goods establishment which had on oyo for busi ness. Field •& Loiter wore' apparently down, and boro was an opportunity to go through tholr pockets and mako off with tholr valuables. So this Arm bad tho editorial article from tho Stoat* Zeitung printed In circular form, aud distributed it broadcast among tho Gormans in tho West, and thon sat down complacently to sco Mosers. F. & L. cloao up tholr shutters and tako advantage of the Bankruptcy act. They hod thrown tholr' boomerang, and they waited to sco It knock tho other establishment into flinders. But somehow tho other Arm kept Us shutters open, and tbo dories kept cutting aud measuring, and Flora MacFlimsoy kept coming in to worry tho souls of tho dorks aud to onrlob tbo coffers of their employers. By and by the boomerang came book. It had missed Field & Loiter and gone np to Shoboygau, whence Mr. Fritz Eoohn sent it back vigorously. Mr. Koobn was one ol tho Gormans to whom tho circular had been sent, and ho woo one of tho customers of Field & Loiter, bnt ho could not appreciate tho disinterested kindness of tho other concern, and ho did not understand the sudden interest which it took lu his affairs. Mr. Koebn may or may not bo an advocate of boor. It makes little dif ference. Business is business- If he can bny to advantage of F. <k L. ho will continue to buy of them, oven though it should bo proven that they wore doing tholr utmost to suppress tho mana- faoturo of Blor and Worst. and Fretzol. And wo presume that all other'"Gormans toko tho same common sense view of tho matter. In which caso, tbo third party who baa mixed in for tho purpose of accumulating dimes and ducats will probably havo an interesting time of it. Tho Gorman can see as far into a mill-stone as any one else, and it makos no difference to him whether the party from whom ho buys drinks boor or cider, or whether ho oats kraut or codfish. Ho will buy whoro ho can buy to the best advantage, and, if anyone seeks to-dissuade him from so doing, ho will bo very likely to got bit back. Tho letter of Mr. Koohn is a warning to third parties to keep out of a fight In which they oro not principals- If tho Gormans havo a bone to pick with Messrs. Field & Loiter, they prefer to pick it themselves, without any. sug gestions from outside parties, and tho letter of Mr. Eoohn is aa indication Chat tho bone Is a 1 very small one, and hardly worth picking. THE CHINESE QUESTION AGAIN. A few days since wo commented upon the ex traordinary action of the authorities .of Ban Francisco in passing ordinances which discrim inated against the Chinese as a race. These ordinances decreed that ovory Chinaman ar rested, for any offense whatever, should suffer the loss of his pigtail,—an indignity of tho worst possible description to thoso people. They also decreed that tho bodies of tho Chinese should no longer bo carried back to China for interment, and, by their authority, a special tax was levied upon all Chinese laundrymen. Tho Mayor of the city, however, rendered them inopera tive by vetoing them, and in Lis veto mossago took precisely tho ground which Tan TninuKE had taken, namely, that they wore contrary to tho letter and spirit of existing treaties, and therefore void, because neither city ordinance nor State law can contravene national treaties. Tho Chinese themselves, however, in their remonstrance against tho un just discrimination proposed by tho Son Fran cisco authorities, presented a knock-down argu ment. They called attention to tho fact that the policy of their Qovornmout hod boon borotofora strictly exclusive, and that thoy had abandoned that policy under tho compulsion of foreign powers, which had defeated their armies, opened their gates, and entered and taken possession, wheresoever thoy pleased, both for social mid commercial purposes.. Tho result of this was that tho Ohineao junks and trading-boats had boon driven out of thoir own waters by American and English vessels, and an army of Ohineso laborers, larger than all those now in America, had boon thrown out of employment. Having thus stated their promises, thoy draw a logical conclusion by proposing a speedy and complete repeal of all tho treaty stipulations existing be tween tho United States and China, which shall require tho retirement of all Chinese people and trade from tho United States, and tho withdrawal of all American people and trado from Oliino, thus severing tho commercial intercourse of tho two countries at ouo blow. Tho United States, thoy argue, will thus bo freed from the embarrassing questions which now disturb this country, grow ing out of tho presence of Chinese laborers and merchants, and China will bo at liberty to re sume its old exclusive policy, or, as the remon strants express it* “ they con stay at homo, mine} tliolr own business, and lot otbor pooplo do ibo same." This la tbo proposition which tboy make. and tboy invito ibo American poo plo to agroo to it, and tbo American press to ‘ aid ibom in bringing about “ this desirable state of affairs.” This is a dead shot* and gives tbo Ban Francisco au thorities an opportunity to stop and consider what they are about, Hereafter John China man will not merit the opprobrious epithet of tbo ** heathen Chinee." Ho baa shown him self to bo master of tbo situation by every rule of bodosty and fair dealing at least, and In the strategy of diplomacy bos proved himself an adopt. His proposition tonobos Ban Francisco in tho most vital spot. It goes to tbo very bot tom of bor puree. Without tbo Obinoso market, wboro would San Francisco bo ? Drive out tbo American traders from China, and what becomes of our silk and tea Interests,, which aro now so extensive and lucrative ? Evidently this was a view of tho case which had not occurred to tho sapient authorities of that olty in their blind and head long orusodo against tho Obinoso and Obinoso labor. It adds to tbo importanco of tho propo sition that it is not only a logical ono, but in every way a fair, honest, and consistent ono. It is tho somo method which any prudent and shrewd merchant would adopt in his pri vate business to protoofc himself against an unjust discrimination. In tho present. state of our commercial relations with China, a Boaponsion of treaty stipula tions would involve us In groat confusion, and produce a disturbance In tho market of mnoh more consequence than tbo distractions of tbo Obinoso labor question. Tho Obinoso aro hotter ablo to got along without us than wo without thorn. Wo wont tlioir teas, and silks, and other commodities under tho most favorablo circum stances, and *wo must havo thorn. How much wo aro indebted to tho Obinoso con ho estimated from tho fact that, dur ing tho ton months ending April 1, 1878, wo called upon thorn for about 80,000,000 pounds of teas, and for silks, spicos, and drugs in proportion. Is it entirely consistent, therefore, for us, after having broken their walls down, and forced them out of their exclusive pohoy, after insisting that they shall come oat and Americans shall go in, and extorting treaties to that effect, to force them back into their holes again by discriminating against their labor, and trampling upon . their personal rights and customs ? If thoro is no bettor or moro dignified method than this of solving tbo problem of Obinoso labor, wo had bettor ac knowlodgo tbo impossibility at once. Wo should at least imitate tho dignity of tbo “ heathen Ohiuoo " In dealing with a groat question. TEE “PBO RATA” DISCUSSION IN ENG- LAND, Tho pooplo of Qroat Britain aro as seriously harassed with tho perplexities of tbo railroad problem as tho pooplo of this country. Tho railroad corporations thoro do not aspect to oam as largo a percentage on tho capital invested os tho American railroad companies. They aro well satisfied with earnings that will amount to 6 per cent on tho capital stock, and 4 per cent dividends place tbo stock at par. But tho in vestments aro much larger. Thoro are 16,000 miles of railroad in England, representing a cost of £550,000,000 sterling, or about 9170,000 a mile. A largo ostlznato on tbo actual average cost of railroads In this country is 950,000 a mile. The greater cost in England is represent ed by tbo greater difficulties In engineering, tho long and more cosily process of securing fran chises, tho larger expense of purchasing tho right of way, and tho superior character of tho work that is done. Tho difference in tho capital invested more titan balances tbo difference be tween tbo average rates of Interest of England and America, so that tho railroad rates oxcood oven those of this country. Tho passenger rate a aro 5 cents-a mile, about donblo tho avorago of tho Continental countries, and tho freight tariff is higher in tho samo proportion. The pooplo have Jumped at tho conclusion that tho railroads ore oil practising extortion, which is probably true of a portion of them, and tho subject has regularly come boforo tbo Board of Trade and tho British Parliament for some time past. Tho latest discussion has boon as to tho policy of tho Government purchasing tho on tiro railroad System; but even those who favor this extreme measure advocate a payment of a full capitalization of 6 per cent earnings for twenty years, with an allowance for inercaso of vaiao within tho next twonty ypare. The Timm argument used is that tho. Govern ment can borrow tbo money at a lower rato of interest than tbo railroads pay, and, thoroforo, can put down tho rates to tho people,—an argu ment, by tho way, that would not apply at all in this country, if our Government should under take to go into tho railroad business. Ono of tho advantages claimed for tbo Gov ernment assumption of tho railroads of Great Britain is tho equalization of rates all over tho country, which would necessarily bo adopted. Tiiis has led to a discussion of uniform rates, and tho evidoaoo is all opposed to tho prac ticability and justice of tho theory that thero should bo a law requiring all railroads to charge precisely tbo same sum per ton per milo from everywhere to everywhere. Tho evidence resulted, os stated in tho last num ber of tho Quarterly Review, in establishing tho foot that producer and consumer alike would stiff on by such a policy; that rich districts on tbo ooast would bo gorged with trade, while tho towns- loss advantageously located would dio outthat the London supply of moat from Scot land! amounting to hundreds of tons yearly, would-be out off; that the main supply of vogo tablosffrom tho West would bo stopped, and that tho metropolis would bo forced to look to one qua rter alone for its fuel supply. It is notable that not odo of those who gavo testi mony in favor of adopting a uniform .tariff foiled to commit himself to an exhibi tion of somo selfish motive, and all wore obliged to admit at lost that tho policy would work se rious injustice, and in somo quarters absolute ruin. As an instance of Its workings, tho midland lloilroad Company now carries about 0,000,000 tons of coal a year, 2,000,000 tons of which go to London at a low rato for tho long distance; but If tho Company wore compelled to carry tho othor 7,000,000 tons at tho samo rate, they would bo forced to abandon tbo London trade,—a re sult which would bo damaging at onco to Lou don, to tho Company, and to tho coal district. •Another illustration was afforded by tbo Mid land Company, which carries a largo amount of iron.* Tho rato for fifty miles or loss is a penny per ton per mile, which It has boon found necessary to charge la full recompense for tbo ( handling, which is as much for a short distance as for a long distance, and tho transportation. - If tho Compa- I ny worry compelled to make a uniform rate por mile, it was found that it woold either have to do tho local business at a loss, or put on euoh a tariff as to ozoludo certain iron dlotriots from tho Midland manufactures. Another case t At Wiltshire, Eng., there Is an extensive deposit of Iron ore, containing only about 80 per cont of iron, but no coal in tho neighborhood for smelt ing purposes. Tho Great Western Company havo made low rates for carrying coal along distance, thereby enabling tho Wiltshire district to produce its Iron. If the Groat Western wore forced to mako uniform rates, it could not do so at tho price at which. coal is now deliv ered in Wiltshire, and the iron works would bo abut up. Those aro but samples of ovidoneo that was enlisted on all side's, and many of tboso who favored tbo adoption of a uniform toil woro found to have solicited tho same con cessions In certain quarters which they denied to others in different instances. Tbo proposed uniform tariff was to oxtond to passenger travel os well os freight trausportation, but it did not require much time or skill to domoustrato that a rood running through a district of 20,000 peo ple could not afford to carry passengers at tho samo rate as another rood traversing a district of 2,000,000 or 8,000,000 people, Tbo principle of tho proposed uniform tariff in England is materially tho samo as that of tho pro rata law in Illinois. Tho only difference is that tho Illinois law applies to “ like quantities of freight, M which affords tbo railroads a loop-holo to furnish special rates for largo consignments, though wo aro informed that tbo railroads do not intend to avail themselves of this possible privilege under tho law. However tho pro rata principle has boon technically and laboriously defined in the statute, the railroads have signi fied their intention of abiding by It, and it must stand or fall on tho trial whloh It shall receive. It is worthy of note, nevertheless, that tho prin ciple of a uniform miloago rate, which was advanced os one of tho reasons why Great Britain should tako control of tho railroads, eventually came out oa one *of tho reasons why tho Government should not assume this con- trot. It was hold that, in cose of Government' control, tho adoption of tho uniform rate would bo necessary, for tho reason that it would bo dan gerous to intrust a discretionary power in tho Jiands of any sot of Government officials. But it was demonstrated that tho uniform mileage rate would bo injurious to tbo best commercial interests of tho country; and, consequently, tho argument originally advanced in favor of tho absorption of the railroad system became an ar gument against it. Tho now movomout projected in Louisiana under tho leadership of Qon. Beauregard and other citizens of Now Orleans for tho greater harmony of races may bo sinooro and well in* tended, but wo doubt whether it will cut any figure in tho politics of tho Stato. Politically, tho negro has boon at tho top of tho heap in Louisiana over since ho has had a vote. Ho has held tho balance of powor, and has boon studi ously counted by tho carpot-baggers on which ever side they have chosen to range thorn solves. Mr. Warmoth and his faction utilized tho negro vote as long as they could, and then Mr. Kellogg and his clique got hold of it. Nor havo tho negroes boon con tent to vote. They havo always had their full sharo of tho political perquisites. They have governed in tho Legislature and strutted in tho local offices. Unless, then, tho now movement for tho equalization of tho racos bo in tho inter ests of the whites, it has no political significance. In its social bearings, it bos boon tolerably wolj demonstrated that Government cannot do for the negroes wbab they refuse to do for themselves. Under tho conatitn tional amendments, they havo tho samo rights as tho whites, and, as they vir tually administer tho governments in many Southern States, they have all tho moans at hand to enforce those rights. If, under those circum stances, they fail to acquire the social recog nition which this now movement proposes to give them, it is evidently because they fail to toko advantage of tho laws favorable to thoir progress, and neglect to cultivate tbo qualities that would give them a social status equal .to tbo political status which tho law has provided for them. Tho fact is, that tho negroes at the South have a larger field and bettor-opportunities than at the North. If they do not already own tho ground, it Is bocauso they havo refused to work for it It has boon choap enough ovor since tho close of tho War for ovory industrious nogro to acqulro a little plantation of his own, and with it all tho recognition which sober and« decorous industry commands everywhere, with out regard to race or color. Instead of taking this courso, tho negroes havo fiockod to tho towns and cities, and entered upon political bumming as a profession. They havo acquired tho polit ical power they chiefly desired, —with whateffoct upon themselves and tho country thoy inhabit is shown in tho condition of things in Louisiana to-day. Though the railroad managers have not yet come to any agreement on tho subject of a pro rata tariff, tho indications on all sides are that tho rates of transportation will bo materially in creased. .The tendencies ore inevitably in this direction, as an increase in tho rate is tho only way in which tho railroads can recompense them selves /or the loss of business which they will suffer under • tho operation of tho now law. In the experimental tariff submitted by the General Freight Agent of tho Alton & St. Louis Road, the rates are steadily advanced from Chi cago to a distance of 200 miles. The increase is from 20 to 60 per cent, or on average increase of, perhaps, 83 per cent. Tho Railroad Com missioners have already begun to receive com plaints from shippers in regard to the operation of the law. Tho owner of a ooal-miuo on the lino of tho Rook Island & Pacific Road, about 100 miles from Chicago, com plains that tho tariff on his coal will bo advanced GO per cent, and ho says that it will henceforth bo impos siblo for him to com poto with tho Indiana coal-mines at this rate, and that ho will bavo to abandon his business. If an increase of rates bocomos apparent from tho outset, it will not be long after the now law goes into operation before its effect on tho ship pers will bo well known. It is not at all proba ble that tho railroads aro increasing their rates unnecessarily. Tho decision of tho Su preme Court in tho Alton case has taught them that they cannot make unreason abloohargos, and tho penalties for doing sounder tho now law aro severe enough to deter them from making tho attempt, It is safe to assume, therefore, that they aro forced to increase tho local rates in order to conform to tho pro rata principle of tho law. It is a carious result that tho intermediate stations which objected to tho discrimination in favor of long diatanooa'or greater business will be tho first to suffer by tho now law for which thoj hayo clamored* Thin result may have tho effect of changing tho pop. ular'sentiment on tho subject of pro tala rates. That tho Congressional movement for grant ing away all tho public lands to Agricultural Colleges was tho result of a private lobby, with personal gain ih viow, was suspected at tho time it came so near succeeding ; hut it is now very certain that the farmers, who ought to tako tho chief interest In tho project if it woro worthy, regard it as belonging to tho class of frauds that, under various pretexts, have sought to secure tho possession of Gov ernment lands. The Agricultural Congress bold recently in Indianapolis refused to Indorse ibis proposed disposition of tbo lands, though it was brought before that body under tbo auspices of tho Agricultural College ring. Bill! later, a representative farmers* convention In Bouthom Indiana has passed a resolution de manding that tho public lands shall bo bold In good faith to secure homos for .actual settlers only, and that grants of lond for educational pur poses shall only bo made to promote a system of common schools, tho benefits of which may roach all classes of tho community. It is to bo hoped that tho scheme will not bo revived. It It shall bo revived, however, it will no longer boar tho tacit approval of tho farmers, and neither Congress nor any other legislative body wiU bo likely to fly in the face of tho farmers for some little time to como. * Tho Granges first started out with the inten tion of holding aloof from politics, and tho Bo publican newspapers have boon actively engaged in warning them against tbo dangers of con fusing their movement with opposition to party organi2atlon. It has not taken tho Grangers, very long, however, to penetrate tho shallow ness and guess tho selfish motive of this ad vice. One by one, their separate organizations have declared tho intention of cutting off from all existing party attachments. In lowa, this movement tor a now party has extended, pretty much over tho whole State. The latest declaration comes from tho Patrons of Hus bandry in Pago County, who declare that tbo only hope for tbo success of the fanners’ move ment Is at tho ballot-box, and who call fora County Convention of farmers to nom inate candidates for county ofilcors. The only comfort which tbo Administration party can find in this now political movement is in tbo persistent unanimity with which all those conventions have denounced salary-grabs, Credit MohiHora, monopolies,*and all other frauds upon tho people. Tho responsi bility for these frauds is indicated in the de clared purpose of tho farmers 41 to act together regardless of past political affiliations.” A now work has recently boon published in England, entitled “ Modem Christianity a Civil* izod Heathenism," which is not calculated to afford much comfort oithor to heathen or Chris- tiana. With reference to newspapers, tho writes says ovory view thoy express is a heathen ona 11 Tho editors themselves would not protond that it is otherwise. It is tho view of writers whe leave Christ entirely out of tho question—who would novor dream of stopping to consider what Christ might havo to say about this or that. Thoy would laugh at you if you suggested such a thing. Tho public press is concerned with tho rights of tho people, tho prosperity of the country, and temporal welfare of man. It utterly ignores Christ and Christianity.” This is sufficiently swooping on tho secular press, Tbo writer of tho work has no opinion to ex press of tho religious press, but ho administers a back-handed blow at Christians os a class in tho following sharp manner: “And yet you Christians road it, regulate your opinion by it, Buffer it to influence insensibly your thoughts, your principles, your moral tono.” Tho worst of it is, ho suggests no remedy for tho griev ance. A railroad case was recently tried in Indiana which establishes a -valuable precedent in fixing one of the rights of travelers. One Mrs. "Win ecott had a ticket to pass over tho Ohio & Mis sissippi Railroad, from Seymour to Brovmstown. Tho train failed to stop at tho latter place a suf ficient length of time forth* lady to got off in safety. Before tho train had got a quarter of a mile away, she requested tho conductor to stop the train, which ho refused to do, and carried her eight miles awoy, also refusing to stop at Vallo nia, which waaonly fourmiles from Brownstown. Mrs. "WinßCott, therefore, brought suit before a Justice of tho Peace, and judgment for S3O damages. Tho case was appealed by tho Company to tho Court of Common Pleas, in which she recovered SIOO, tho whole amount of damages claimed. Tho Court instructed tho jury that tho train should have boon stopped a sufficient length of time to allow the passengers a reasonable opportunity to got off, regardless of tho rules or customs of tho Company. It has been discovered that a number of sots' of tho “ Medical and Surgical History of the War” have found their way into second-hand book-stores, whore they have boon selling from $9 to $lO a set. As there wore about a dozen sots of this book printed for each Senator and member of the House, it is very naturally conclud ed that some of those gentlemen have confused them with their share of “ hook-pay,” and have disposed of thorn, Instead of sending them around among their constituents. Tho Toledo Blade clamors for. tho names of these guilty wretches “ who sold hooka belonglugjof right to their constituents, and pocketed the money.” It would bo more reasonable to demand that tho practice of book-publishing by the United Slates Government for gratuitous distribution should bo stopped. That tho particular books in ques tion should command a price, is simply an evi dence that they are of more value than tho great bulk of Government literature. NOTES AND OPINION. The oyndioato which has taken in charge the Republican party of •Mftßeaohuaottß, and which propoaos to make Bon Butler Governor now and Senator hereafter, dined in a body at the Rovoro House, Boston, last Friday. There were present fifty-nine persona,—among them, Collector Thomas Rusaoll, Marshal Rolaid G. Usher, George P. Bangor, George B. Loring, Johur 11. French, ct ah; and we now quote from the Boa ton Snfurtfny Evening Gazette : After the cloth had boon removed, 001. French madn a few remarks, and called up 001, Hoyt, of Athol, who proposed a sentiment which brought out Qou. Butler. The latter made quite a lengthy speech, In which ho mainly defended his course on the salary-grab, giving a history of its Inception In Congress, and stating that the subject woe referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, of which ho was the only member whoso term of office hold over, and, therefore, the Committee selected him ns the proper person to present the hill. Ho denied being the author of two bill, and elated that ho was at tirst greatly It. Later, however, ho became convinced that u was right, ami no ho advocated and should defend it. mo spoke of the number of times Congress had votcu m favor of similar bills in regard to lack-pay, and 6 one instance In which Senators ana Gov. Wiahtniru had lakim tliolr 1««* VW- Qou. Uutlor equ.roly anuouucod bln™U aa • urn proSSSI and 1110 nuilliui ok “ u declaration in his favor. — l The Bouton-iWDcrtocr nays i It U not to 1)0 beltovod on any ovldoaco jot oUctod

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