Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 20, 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 20, 1873 Page 1
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VOLUME 26. FURNITURE. CHAMBER SETS. $ 35, $ 45, $ 60, $ 75, $ 90, SIOO, $125, $l5O, $175, S2OO, $235, $285,. $345, $425, SSOO, S6OO, S7OO, S9OO, SI,OOO. • W. W. Strong Furniture Co., 200 & 2(fe Wabash-av. COD LIVER OIL. ■VCnLXjSOJST’S CARBOLATED COD LIVER OIL Is a Specific and Radical Cure for CONSUMPTION AND BOEOFULOTJS DISEASES. Remember tbo name, ‘' Willson’s Carbolatcd Llrer Oil.” It cornea In large wedge-shaped bntUo*. bearing too inventor'a signature, and Is sold by the belt Druggists. Prepared by J. H. Willson, 83 Jolm-st,, N. Y. For sale by all Druggists. . Woßtem AgonUt HURLBUT £ EDSALL, Chicago. „ , , , r BEAD ESTATE. BBPOETMT SALE OF VALUABLE BUSINESS PROPERTY Wo am authorized by ELIJAH SMITH, Eeq.. Trns. too. to rocolvo sealed propnaaU lor llio imrobaae ot 48 foot front b/ ISO foot dsop. situated on Mlcldsaa-av., be tween Madison and Monroo-sts., described as toUonis S.Jsof 1/it 8, and tho north 8 foot of LoiVln Block 1, Fractional Section 15 Addition to Chicago, Cook County, 111. Purchaser to sMitme mortgage of $20,000, dae live years from Jan. 1. 1873, with semi-annual into rest; bal- Idoo H down, and 1, 3. and 3 year*, with 8 per cent Inter •at. Said proposals will bo rccoirod for ton days, to tho »7th Instant inclusive, and will bo opened on the 28th and Acted upon. Capitalists should glvo this thole attention, *a tho property mnat positively bo tnlrt. • Direct proposal! to KLIJ All SMITH, Trustee, caro of Silson & Foster, 87 Markct-st. Great Auction Sale OF lOOUNHIUmi IN THE FAMOUS TAN BENSELASE TRACT, The Most Beautiful Grove Property in TV anhegan, Thursday, June 26, 1873, ON THE GROUND. An EXCURSION TRAIN will leave OW cr-sp at 0 o’olook a. m. EHEE TICKETS will be furnished by . Ll . __ WM. A. BUTTERS & 00., Auctioneers. EMOTE HOMES. GEO. SUMMERS, 188 Bast Madison-st., Room 4, is now selling splendid lots in Nor wood Park on MONTHLY PAYMENTS, also offers assist ance in the erection of dwellings. STATIONERY. STATIONERY, BMBoois, ail Prate COLTER, PAGE, HOYNE & CO., 118 and 120 Monroc-st.. Chicago. MEDICAL. CANCERS CURED! A New and Sure Remedy! ■With this wonderful remedy Cancers pan bo killed in from 12 to 30 boura, and thoroughly cured in from ono to four week*. No cutting, no cauterizing. Correspond ence solicited, especially with those who have been un successfully treated by other parties. No euro, no pay. Clltnponoaor..nd /or JAY 000K> ’ 63 TTalstcd-st., Room 25. Chicago. HOTEL. ATOMS HOTEL ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN. Ml Side MafllsoHl, let, CM aid LaSalle. Ilooma 91 to 92 por day, Restaurant open from oa. to. toflp.ni. Prions roodgr>to^__^^^___^_^^^^_ M DENTISTRY. M. B. JOHNSON XDBJSTTISIV, BO I>Iadl8on»Bt. SUMMER RESORT. GKLiBUSr HOUSE, Mount WnolilTißton, N. 11. Till, '.mrlto >nmin.r rmott will bo oponod Juno 13, 18.8. J. M. TllyMl SON 4 00. Addro.. till Juuo 1, tV. 4 O. It. JULI.IKIIN, Port laud, Mo. MEETINGS. Masonic. •Washington Chapter, No. 43, It. A. M.-Regulsr Convo satloa this (Friday) ovonlug at Vi o’clock, jlasiuesa #f importance. All inomb.-ni la arrears arc hereby NOTl ■rpn iq ho oresont. Ry order of tho M* K. 11. 1 • FILD to BO pro.uub. j Ko lf SINCLA|K Secretary. Hnsouic. Tbo member. of Ortontal Lodgu. No. 88, A. F. .nd A. M . .ro boroby notlflod to.ttond (ho lUiul.r Omuiunnb oiilnn till. Frld.y .yonlnii .17M n'olook Jmportut bn.b So«“o.T.rymou.b.r. if,^ i. o. o. r. o’WBB^W Waafaloi * O.T/tBKtNB. Scribe. mxe ®l)wuoxr UNDERWEAR. IHDEBVIIB. • "tvo havo a largo stock of Summer Merinos, Angola Flannels. Bilk, Lisle Thread, Joan, Linen, Jaconet, «0,, in lino goods at bottom prices. Hosiery. : Our stock contains about twenty varl6tlea of ifine goods for Men’s wear, adapted to tho season, at unusually low prices. HICEVEiR. •Wo hare a very rich and select stock now, quel replenish every month. lira COLMES AD CUFFS. ! The greatest variety of styles ovor offered larger quantities* of extra fine goods for Men's Wear than any other firm, we buy at closer figures, and do sou at cor respondingly loss prices. WILSON BROS., 1 S.H. Oor. State and Washlngton-sts.; "Ar cftde-oourt, Olark-st., south of Uadison-st., Chicago. Pilco’s Opora House, Fourth-st., Cincin nati. . * WALKER, ANDREWS & CO., 14 Wall-st, N. x. A TVm'RllillVQ c Ss 00-* 10 Plaoo Vondomo, PARIS. Travelers’ Credits leaned, both in STERLING, on UNION BANK OF LONDON, And in francs on PAMS, UNDER TUB SAME LETTER. Circular Notes, Of £lO, £3O, and £6O on the UNION BANK OF LONDON. Commercial Crefllta; Eiclange on Lonlon &Pans. Stock*, Bond*, and Gold bought and told on commis sion. Railway Loam negotiated. KOUWTZE BROTHERS, Bankers, 12 Wall Si., isswe Circular Notes, And Letters of Credit on the Union Bank of London, available in all parts of the world. MONEY TO LOM On fintrolass Chicago Real Estate. Largo sums at 9 por cont on improved property. MEAD k COE. 153 LaSalle-st. GENERAL NOTICES. TO THE TRAVELING PUBLIC, F. FASMELEE & 00., Inins lie & Bwie Express, Office, 166 Dearborn-fit,, Chicago. Having Increased oar facilities, we are now prepared to deliver baggage to and from all parta of the cdty, and we make it a specialty to deliver baggage promptly and with aa Uttlo delay as possible. To prevent confusion at the depot*, passengers, by glv log tholr ohecki to our agent on tho trains, need not hare any farther trouble of its reaching ita proper destination. Pasßongore delivered to and from Hotels awl Railroads. Orders promptly attended to by leaving word at our office. aPßmicxisrs’ patent [RON FIRE-PROOF SHUTTERS. fifannfaetnrod by SBAVBY A 00., IBP Lake-st. A 6-Incli ACHBOMATIO ASTRONOMICAL TELESCOPS, Complete, for sslo cheap at J. G. LMGGTJTH’S, Optician, 82 Stale-st„ Bel. WasMngton aM Molpli. MARINE GLASSES AT J. O. LAKGOUTU’S, Optician, M Btate-et.-. between Washington jnd_Randolßh. STOVES, RANGES, &o. BOYNTON’S HEATING FURNACES! “Our Favorite” Ranges, “Tho Cabinet” Cook Stove, Baltimore Heater*, Heating Stove*, Tuttle Sc Dailey’s Registers, &c. Those soode are the very best manufactured, and aro rall.bi! A reTpoet! Tho BOYNTON vbKNAOD baa no equal. Ovory 60 different sires end kinds for beat ing buildings of every description. Heating and venti lating promptly attended to. Estimates made on short notice. Wo Invito the attention of dealers and tboie wanting ap erfoot working furnace or cooking arrange ment to sail and see us or send for circulars. , ULISB A BROWN, 83 Lake-et.. Chicago. $300,000. Capitol Prise, $50,000. Missouri State Lottery. Grand Sldelo Number Scheme. Drawi the lost day of every month, B.BBoPrlr.es, amount Ins to ASOO.OOO. Whole tickets, ild; Halves, $6. Bond /or circular to MURRAY, MILLftuAOO., Box 2.440, St. Louis, Mo. BLANKBOOKS In large variety retailed at wholesale prices, Atli. SOHIOK & CO.’S, «IT WHili PAY TO OHDBII SHIRTSI From IIAItUIS 4 001111, To Jobbers or 'Wholesale Trade REQUIRING LARGE FLOORS. Tho flno stone building, fi etorles. 40x160, No. 144 and 140 Wabash'iv., to rent (except seooud door) to a tirtt-cUs* tenant, ut low Frioo. Apyly to JAMR( , L nOWBi Wltbßoddln A Hamilton. FINANCIAL. FOR SALE. LOTTERY. STATIONERY, &o. SHIRTS. TO RENT. THE POLARIS. Report of the Investigation Made by the Secretary of tbc .; Navy. Tlio Authorities Satisfied that •; Capt. Hall Died a Hat ,: ural Death. They Regard the Separation of iho Tyson Parly from tlio Polaris Accidental. What the Expedition Has Done for Science—lnterest ing Details. The Tyson Survivors to Go in Search for the Missing Vessel. Copy of Oapt. Hall’s Dispatch to the Secretary of the Navy. - Washington, Juno 19.—Secretary Hoboson baa sent to the President bis report in full of tho investigation of the Polaris matter, in which bo aays that the statements of all the persons rescued, who could speak or understand Eng* glisb, except that of the wife of Hans Christian, wore taken down, and are now, together with the diaries kept by some of tho party on the'ico, and a diary of the cruise of tho Polaris, the lat ter kept in Gorman by Hermann Seams (ono of tbo seamen remaining on board), and picked up on tho ice, after separation from tbo ship, being printed, tbo bulk of them being already in typo. Secretary Itoboeon says it must bo clearly un derstood that, in permitting this publication, tho Department neither make nor declare any judgment against Buddington, who baa no op portunity for defense or explanation. Tho facta show that) though ho was perhaps wanting in enthusiasm for tho grand objects of tbo expedition, and at times grossly lax in dis cipline, and though ho differed-in Judgment as to tho possibility, safety, and propriety of tak ing the ship further north, yot ho is an experi enced and careful navigator, a man not addicted to liquor (of which none remained on board at tbo time of separation) and a safe and competent commander. Tho Secretary then gives the de tails already made public of tbo measures taken by him to send tho steamers Juniata and Tigress to tho relief, if possible, of tho Polaris and tho remainder of her crow. Tho Tigress ho pro poses to purchase and strengthen for tho service required in a search in tho Artio regions. Capt. Tyson, Esquimaux Joe, and all tho rescued sea men, will accompany tho expedition, being anx ious to rescue their comrades and bring out their old ship. Tho following is tho result of tho investigation and examination of Capt. Tyson, Frederick K. Moyer, Esquimaux Joe, and others of tho res cued orow: CONDENSED RESULT OP INVESTIGATION. At midnight on Sopt. 8, 1871, Capt. Hall landed with a boat on the coat shore of Polaris Bay, and in the name of Ood and tho President of the United States, raised the American flag on the land ho hod discovered. On one occasion, while besot in Robeson Straits, tho Polaris seemed to bo in such danger of being crashed, that provisions wore placed on tho ice, and measures token to bo in readiness for leaving her, but she happily escaped without injury. Immediately after securing the ship In winter quarters, Capt. Hall made preparations for a sledge journey northward, and othor work was commenced by landing? and setting up an observatory, getting scientific observations under way, surveying the harbor, clearing up ship, and making snug for the win ter. On the 10th of October Gapt. Hall loft tho Polaris, accompanied by Ur. Chester, the first mate, and Esquimaux Joe and Hans, with two sledges jvnd fourteen dogs, and sot out on an expedition, the first stop taken by Capt Hall to feel up tho land more northerly than white man's foot ever boforo touched. In the progress of the journey, unhappily the last that Capt. Hall was to make toward the polo, ho discovered, aa appears by his dispatch, a nver t a lake, and a large inlet, tho latter in latitude 81 dog. 57 oco. north. He named this New man’s Bay, and its northern point Capo Brovoort, and tho southern ono Sumner Headland. At Capo Brovoort, in latitude 82 de grees 2 seconds north, longitude G1 degrees 20 seconds west, ho rested, making there his sixth snow encampment. On October 20 ho wrote hia last dispatch to tho Secretary of tho Navv, the original draft of which was found in his own handwriting in hia own desk on its examination in Washington, after it was delivered to tbo Sec retary of the Navy by Esquimaux Joe, who had kept tho desk in ms custody from the timo it was picked up on the ico, after tho separation of the rescued party from tho ship. A copy of this dispatch, so singularly preserved, accompanies this report. Capt. Hall himself deposited a transcript of it in a cavern on the side of tho mountain at Capo Brovoort. Capt. Hall, it appears, bad hoped, when ho loft the Polaris on this journey, to ad vance northward at least 100 miles, but. after having gone.about 63, ho was compelled by tho condition of the shore, and the ice, and by the state of cllmato, to rotum and await tho ap proach of spring for another attempt. He reached tho ship on tho 21th of October, appar ently in his usual fine health, but was attacked the same evening with sickness at tho stomach and vomiting, and, taking to his bod, was next day found to bo seriously ill. His most marked symptoms seem, from the evidence, to have boon such as indicated congestion of tbo brain, accompanied by delirium and partial paralysis of one side. Tho witnesses all state that his at tack was called apoplexy, and some of them speak of their own knowledge of his paralysis, and delirium. Ho recovered, however, some days after, sufficiently to leave his hod and to move about the cabin a little, and to attempt to attend to business, but ho soon had a relapse, became again delirious, and died on tho Bth of November, 1871. Throe days after ho was burled on tho shore. From personal examination of tho witnesses, and from tholr testimony as given, wo reach the unanimoua opinion that tho death of Capt. Hall reunited naturally from disease without faulty ou tho part of nuy ono. All the persona exam ined testify to tho uniform kindness and care of Capt. Ilnll, aud to the good order aud oQldcnt condition of tho Polaris whllo under his com mand. On the death of Capt. Hall, Haddington suc ceeded to tho command of the Polaris, as had boon provided for in tho instructions for tho voyage, issued by the Secretary of tho Navy. Tho winter was passed os usual in Arctic regions. Early in Juno, before the Polaris was released from tho ico, Capt. Haddington dis patched Messrs. Cheater and Tyson with boats to endeavor to get no for north ns practicable. ■\Vlth much difficulty and delay they got as far north as Newman’s Bay. They there awaited the possible opening of tho lop till the middle of July, when written orders from Capt. Budding tou directed tholr return to tho ship. While they wore away, aud some time in Juno, tho Polaris hud broken out of winter quarters, and had made several attempts to proceed northward to nick up tho party with boats, but tho ico wan found to ho Impassable, and Capt. Buddlugton, on receiving tho party on board, determined to make tho best of his way southward to tho United States, as soon as tho Ico would permit. They started southward in August, 1873, and slowly mode their way along tho western shoro, until the next day, when tho ehlp, having got further In tho middle channel, CHICAGO, FRIDAY, JUNE 20, 1873. wm lionet by 100, in lutlltido about 80 dogroon 40 Hocondo north. Bho rma in dinner of irrook for i nomo bourn, when oho nan freed again. In August tbo ship wap made fast to a largo floe of ioo in latitude 80 de grees a minutes north, and longllnd- about 08 degrees west, and, while null’ fast to this floe drifted oouth.through Smith’s sound nearly to Northumberland Island. In pursuance of usual orders under similar circumstances, a quantity of provisions and some fuel had boon ‘laced on tho dcok of tbo stoamor, In readiness o bo removed to tbo ico should tbo safety of tbo ship bccomo endangered, and it was ordered and understood that if a crisis should bo immi nent, not only theso stores, but tbo clothing, pa pers, records, instruments, guns, ammunition, oto., wore also to bo put upon tho 1100, in order to’ preserve tbo' lives .of tbo party .and tho result of' the expedition, should it become necessary to abandon ~ tbo. ~ ship and take refuge on the ice. A canvas had also boon erected on the floe for shelter, -should tbo ship bo lost. • • • ' ; - ; On tbo night of tbo 16th of October, In about latitude 79 degrees 53 minutes north, during a, viblont gale of wind and snow, tbo need for such preparation became apparent, as the ship was suddenly besot by a tremendous pressure of ice, Tvhich -was driven agoinst her from tbo south ward, and forced in under her, .pressing her up and out of tho water, and by successive and violent shocks, finally throwing her over on her beam ends. Capt. Duddhigton directed tho pro visions, stores, and material’ in readiness ad be fore described to bo thrown overboard on tbo ice. and ordered half the crow upon tho ico to carry them upon a thlckorport to tlie hummocks, whore they would bo comparatively safe. He also sent all the' Esquimaux with their kyacks out of she lhip,and lowered two remaining boats upon the 1100. While so engaged in the darkness of an Arctic night, in tbo midst of a fierce gale and driving snow-storm, tho hawsers, of tbo Polaris failed to hold her, and she broke adrift from tbo floe, and in a few moments was out of sight of tho party, who at that moment wore busily at work on tho ico. It ia tho uniform opinion of tho witnesses, and out unanimous conclusion from their testimony and from tho clroumstaneos detailed, that tho Reparation of the ship from the men, women, and children upon the ice-floe was pure ly an accident. After losing sight of tho ship, some of tho men and a largo part of tho pro visions wore found to bo afloat ou a separate piece of ico. Tho men wore rescued by moans of boats which fortunately had boon saved on tbo ico, and the party thus collected on tho main floe passed thought as well as they could. Tho next day they made an attempt to roach tho laud with tho boats, but failed, notwithstanding their most persistent efforts, owing to the ob struction of the ico and tho violence of tho wind. While thus striving to got on shore, but at what particular time of day it is not exactly ascertained, tho Polaris came in sight to' the northward, apparently coming toward the floe under steam and sail. An India rubber blanket was hoisted on an oar, and displayed from tho top of tho hummock. Tho colors wore set, and other signals wore made to attract tho attention of tho Polaris, and as eho passed so near to them, that they plainly saw nor down to her rail, and conld distinguish her escape pipe, and kept on towards them until they supposed her to bo not moro than four miles off, they felt sure she could force her way tlirongh the ico to their position, and that in a little while they would bo again on hoard. In this they wore disappointed. The Polaris altered her course, and disappeared behind tho t shore. Some lime afterward, as tho floe , drifted away, she was again soon by some of the men under the land with her sails furled and ap mrently at anchor or medo fast to tho shore or co. It is most likely that tho party on tho ico was soon from tho Polaris. Tho hut created on tho floe, tbo ship’s boats, tho colors, tho elevated signal-blanket, and tho group of nineteen per sons standing in relief against a white back ground, could scarcely havo remained unnoticed. Lt was natural under those circumstances that tho party on tho ico should havo felt deeply dis appointed nt tho failure of tbo ship to come to their roliof, and should at tho time havo ascribed it to ovor-oaution, if cot indifference, other than inability on tho pait of tho responsible commander. Neither is it unnatural-that this fooling, fostered by tho weary watches of their long winter upon tho Ico, should remain to affect in greater or loss degree tho present Judg ment on tbe subject; but it must not bo forgot ten that tboy, Uko ourselves, wore and aro with out full information of tbo actual condition of tho Polaris at tbo time spoken of, and cannot know bow far tho real dangers of thoir position woro understood aud appreciated by those on board. Such information and knowledge are absolutely necessary to a correct 'judgment, aud must not bo assumed as a foundation of consnro against tho persons acting under circumstances so trying and uncertain, who, by reason of their enforced absence, have no opportunity for ex planation. It sooma most likely that tho actual condition of the Polaris was such as to impose upon her commander tho duty of getting her, with the lives and property which remained under her charge, at onco into a position of safety, under shelter of Northumberland Islaud, whore she was last soon by the party on tbo fioo. If such was tbo state of. the case, tbo first duty of Capt. Buddlngton, under such circumstances, was to look toms vessel particularly, as bo probably boliovod that tho party on tho ico could, by aid of two boats, tbo Klaco and scow in thoir posses sion, find their way back to tho Polaris quito as easily as hd could forco his way to them; but whatever may havo boon his opinion on this, tbo elements quickly determined tho question. Shortly after tho Polaris bad beon sighted for tho second time, a violent gale from tho north east sprang up. Tho wavos then bccamo thick. Tho ship and land was lost sight of. The ico fioo drifted away to tho southward with theao seventeen persons • still upou it. In view of the circumstances it is therefore our unanimous judgment that this final separation from the ship was also accidental. Tho roport noxt details tbo adventures of tho party on tho fioo, until rescued by tho Tigress on the last day of April, 1873. At tho timo of thoir separation from tbe Polaris every one belonging to the expedition was in good health. Tho Polaris bod plenty of provisions, hut not much coal, probably enough to last through the winter. It was last aeon apparently at anchor under Northumberland Island, whore it is most likely she remained for winter quarters. Dr. Hayes found Esquimaux residing on that island, and an Esquimaux settlement at Nocoik, close by. Oommunication with theao pooplo could be easily opened aud maintained, aud no apprehension for tho Polaris, or in tho ansonco of acoidout or sickness, for thoso on board, is entertained "by any of tbo rescued persons. As to whether tho ship can moko her way to tho Danish settle ment at TJper Navlk or Disco, without steam, if she got free from ico this season, supposing hor to bo in as good condition as when tho rescued party was last on board, tho witnesses differ in judgment, but tbe safer if not tho bettor opin ion is that she will need assistance to bring hor completely and safely out. SCIENTIFIC. On board tho Polaris are specimens of drift wood picked on or near tho shores of Newman’s Bay and Polaris Bay, among which Myers thought ho recognized distinctly the walnut, the ash, and tho pine. Among tho numerous facts that appear to bo shown by tho testimony olioit od on examination, wo may mention as one of much interest, that the dip of tho needlo amounted to 45°, and its variation to 00 ©, being less than at Fort Fmlke and Bennsoiar Harbor, as given by Dr. Kano and Dr. Hayes. Tho rise and fall of tho tides woro oorofully ob served, tho average being about 5% foot. The greatest depth of water noted was about 100 Fathoms. The existence of a constant current southward was noticed hy tho expedition, its rapidity varying with tho season and locality. Tho wlutor temperature was found to bo much milder than was expected, tho minimum being 50 degrees below zero in January, although March proved to bo tho coldest month. Tho pre vailing winds woro from tho northeast, although there woro occasional tempests from tho south west. High winds woro noticed, howovor, fromf all points of tho oomprss. Bain was occasion ally observed, only on land howovor, tbo precipi tation presenting itself ovor tho ico in tho form of snow. During tho summer tho oxtent of both lands and elevations was baro of suow and Ice, excepting patches hero and thoro in the shade of the rooks. Tho soil during this period was covered with a more or loss dense vegeta tion of moss, with whioh several Arctic plants were interspersed, some of them of considerable beauty, but entirely without scent; many small

willows, scarcely reaching the dignity of shrubs. The,rooks noticed woro of a schistose or slate nature, and in some instances contained fossil fdaritu, specimens of whioh woro coi ootfid. Distinct evidence of former ' gla ciers woro seen in localities now boro of ice. Those indications consist in occur rence pf terminal and lateral moraines. Aui- mat life moo found io abound, musk oxen being shot at intervals throughout the winter. , Qoeso, duck, and other water fowls, Including movers and other wading birds, abounded during the summer, although tho species of land birds woro comparatively few. No flab woro soon, although nets and lines woro frequently called into play In attempting to obtain them. Tho wafers, however, woro found filled to an extraordinary degree with marine invorlcbratto, including jolly-fish and shrimps. Beals woro very abun dant. Numerous Insects woro observed also, especially several species of butterflies, boos, autl insects of llko character. Tho geographical results of tho Polaris expe dition, so far as they can now bo ascertained from tbo testimony of Messrs. Tyson, Myor, and their comrades, may be summed up briefly as follows: The open Polar Boa - laid down by Kano and Hayes is 1' found to bo in reality a sound of considerable extent, formed by a some what abrupt expansion of Kennedy Channel to tho northward, and broken by Lady Franklin’s Bayou tho west, and on tho oast by a largo inlet twenty miles wide at tho opening, and cer tainly extending far inland. Its length was not ascertained, and Mr. Myor thinks it-may bo in fndt a strait, extending till it communicates with the Francis Joseph Bound of Germania and llriuuo expedition, and with .it de fining tho northern limits of Greenland. Thislnlot was called tho Southern Fiord. North of it, on the same place, is tho indentation of a shore called Polaris Bay by Capt. Hall. Hero th 4 Polaris wintered. Tho northern • point of this hay. is named Capo Lupton, Its southern point is yet without a name. From Capo Lup tou the land bonds to tho northeast, and from the eastern shoro is a now channel from twenty five to thirty miles wide, opening out of the sound above mentioned, to which Capt. Hall, as has already boon slated, gave tbo name of Hobo sod’s. Btrnito. Tho western shore of those straits, north of Qrlnnollsland, is also nameless, Northeast of Capo Lupton in latitude 81 degrees 37 minutes is a deep inlet which Capt. Hall called Newman’s Bay, naming its northern point Capo Brevoort, and its south ern bluff Summer Headland. Tho trend of laud continues to Repulse Harbor, in latitude 87 de grees 0 minutes north.—the highest northern position reached by laud during this expedition. From an elevation of 1,700 feet at Repulse Har bor, on tbo oast coast of Robeson’s Straits, it was soon that the land continues northeast to tbo end of those straltb, aud thonco oast and southeast till lost in tho distance, its vanishing point being south of cast, from tho place of observation. No other land • was visible to tho northeast, but land was scon on tho west coast, extending north as far as tho eye could roach, and apparently ter minating in a headland, 84 degrees north. The errors in shore line by the west coast, as laid down by Dr. Hayes, and also the errors in tho shore lino of Greenland, as laid down by Dr. Kano, wore observed and corrected. Of course the full scientific results of tho Polaris expedi tion cannot bo known until that vessel shall have boon found and brought book with the treasures she has gathered, and tho records and details of her Arctic explorations. But enough is told by tho witnesses whom wo have examined to excite tho expectation and encour age the hope of largo and valuable additions to tho domain of human knowledge.. (Signed) GEonos M. Robeson, Secretary of the Navy, Spencer F. Baird, Assistant-Secretary of tbo Smithsonian Institute, William Reynolds, Commodore United Slates Navy, 11. W. UOWOATE, Acting Signal Officer, United Stales Army. To tho President. Juno 10. OOi’Y OF THE DRAFT OF CAPT. HALL’S DISPATCH.' Sixth Snowhouse Encampment, -I Cape Biif.voort, North Side Entrance to 1 Newman’s Bay, Lat, 82 deg. 3 min. North, f Long. 01 deg. SO min. West, Oct. SO, 1872. J The Honorable Secretary of the United States Kavy, George ff. Robeson: Myself and party, consisting of Mr. Chester, First Mata, ray Esquimaux Joe, and Greenland Esquimaux Hans, left tho ship in winter quarters at Thank God Harbor, latitude 81 degress 38 minutes north, longi tude 61 degrees 44 minutes west, at meridian of Oct. 10, on a Journey by two sledges, drawn by fourteen dogs, to discover, If possible, a feasible route inland for my sledge to journey next spring to reach the North Pole, purposing to adopt such a route, if found better than a route over tho old floes and hummocks of the strait, which I have designated Robeson Strait, after the Honorable Secretary of tho United Slates Navy. We arrived hero on tho afternoon of Oct. 17, having discovered ft lake and river on our way. Along the latter, our route was almost a serpentine one, which led us on to the bay, fifteen minutes dis-* taut from boro southward and eastward. From tbo top of an Iceberg, near tbe moutb of tbo said river, we could see that this bay, which I have named after tbo Rev. Dr. Ntwmau, extended to tbo highland eastward and southward of that position, about 15 miles, mak ing tho extent of Newman’s Bay from Its headland or cape, full 30 miles. Tbo south capo Is a high, bold, and noble headland. I have named it Sumner Headland, after tbo Hon. Charles Sumner, orator and United Stales Senator, and tbo north capo, Brovoort Capo, after J. Carson Brevoort, a strong friend to Arctic discovers. On arriving boro wo found tbo mouth of Newman Bay open water, boring numerous seals therein bobbing up their beads, this open water making close both to Sumner Headland and Brevoort Cape, and tbo Ico of Robeson Strait being on tbe move debarred all chance of extending our Journey on tbo Ice up tbo straits. Tbo mountainous laud, none other about hero, Will not admit of our'surveylng fur ther north, aud, as tho time of our expected absence was understood to ho for two weeks, wo commence our return to-morrow morning. To-day wo are storm-bound to this our sixth encampment. From Cape Brovoort wo can see land extending on tho west side of tho strait to the north 22 degrees went, and distant about 70 miles, thus maklug • tho land wo discovered as far as latitude 83 degrees 6 minutes north, Thoro is the appearance of land further north, and extending more easterly than what I havo just noticed, but u peculiarly dark nimbus cloud that con stantly hangs over what seems to be tho land prevents my making a full determination. On August 31 tho Polaris mads her greatest northern latitude, 82 degrees 29 minutes north, hut, after several attempts to got her further north, she became besot, when wo wore drifted down to about 81 degrees 30 minutes. When on opening oc curred, wo steamed cut of tho pack, and made harbor ou Sept. 3 whore tho Polaris is. [A corner of the man uscript la here burned off.) Up to tho time I and my party left tbo ship, all have been well, and continue with high hopes of ac complishing our great mission. Wo find this a muoh warmer country than wo expect ed. From tiro Capo Alexander, tho mountains on either aide of Kennedy Channel and Robeson Strait were found entirely hare of snow, with tho exception of a glacier that wo saw, commencing in latitude 80 degrees 30 minutes north, on the oast side of tho strait, and extending in a northeast direction. As far as can ho soon from tho mountains by Polaris Bay, wo havo found that tho country abounds with llvo seals, game, goose, and duck, musk cattle, rabbits, wolves, foxes, bears, partridges, Jen nings, etc. Our sailors have shot two seals In the open Waters while at this encampment. Our long Arctic night commenced Out. 13, there hav ing been only tho upper limb of tho sun above tho glacier at meridian. .... - - . , This dispatch to the Secretary of tho Navy I finish at this moment, 8:23 p. ra., having written it In Ink In oar snow hut, the thermomotor outside minus 7 do i groos. Yesterday tbo thermometer was minus 20 de grees to 23 degrees, that la 20 degrees minus to 23 de grees minus Fahrenheit. ; A cony of this dispatch was placed in & pillar at Brovoort Capo Oct. 21, 1871. • CAPT. TYSON Bays in his testimony that in tho consultation of the officers with Capt. Hall on tho 20th of Sep tember. 1871, relative to going further north, it was decided to advance. Buddington opposed the plan, saying “Ho would bo d dif ho would move from there.” Ho then walked off, and Oapt. Hall had some further conversation with Buddington. Tho ship then went into win ter quarters, although tho channel was then open os far as ho could see. OA.PT. HAlili’s BIORM£RS. During his sickness, Oapt. Hall was delirious. After getting somewhat bettor, bo still seemed to think aomo one was going to injure him, and. was very suspicious. Ho thought some one was going to poisou him. Ho accused Buddington and tho doctor with trying to injure him. When lie partially recovered ho was careful of what ho alo and drunk. Tho night of his death, ho re tired, and Mr. Chester, who was with him, said he was fooling bettor, and would bo around in a few days. During tho night ho grow worse and died. Tyson obtained in formation from Buddington, who camo to his room and told him tho Captain was dying. Capt. Tyson went to tho cabin to look at jdm. Ho was insensible, and lay on hia face in bis berth. Oapt. Tyson could not boo bis face, which ap peared to bo buried in tho pillow, and ho was breathing heavily, and so ho died. Ho never said a word heforo I**u death. Thoro had boon some litp difficulty be tween Oapt. Buddington and Capt. Hall. It was before he started on his Journey. Capt. Hall was about suspending Buudlngtcm from duty* Tho difficulty was his foul language about tho ship, and his taking anything ho could lay his lianas on in tho shape of provisions and liquors. Oapt. Tyson told Oapt. Uoll to give Buddington a good talking to, and perhaps ho would do bettor. On strength of that ho passed it over, and went on his sledge Journey, and returned and died. , , , ~ Oapt. Buddington assumed command in his owu way. Hprlug came, and nobody was allowed to go. Ho sworo he would bo d—dlf anybody should do anything, bnt ho allowed an attempt at an expedition with boats. They storied for homo on tho 15th of August. Tho ship was leaking. They woro besot with Ice Inst north of Capo Frator., Tho causo of that was, Buddiiigton was' intoxicated, and run his vessel off in tho middle of tho sound. lie was drunk not on mm, but with alcohol, which he obtained from Dr. Bessel's stores. Tlio Doctor caught him at it aud they had quite a tusslo to gether. Tho Polaris drifted on till tho night of tho 15th of October. They had a groal deal provisions on tho dock, placed there in enso of an emergency. Tno engineer came running up out of his room, aud re ported that tlio vessel had sprang a leak additional. Capt. Buddlngton cried: “Throw everything overboard." Thin tho crow pro ceeded to do, but tho alarm proved a falso ono, and os Tyson found that tho ship was making no moro water, ho wont ou tho Ico to try to savo tho provisions if possible, and aftor a short time tho ship broke away in the darkness, aud was lost sight of in n moment. Tyson says Buddlngton was a disorganteor from tho very commencement. Ho associated himself with the crow, and slandered his com mander, and In other ways spoke slightingly of him. Ills ground of complaint was that Capt. Hall was not a seaman. Tyson gave further testimony as to his drink ing habits. No ono on board ovordisputod Bud dlngton's commands, and tboro was no violence of any kind oh tho ship. 1 rnEunmoK mvehb’ testimony was in accord with Tyson as to Capt. Hall’s sickness ' and death. Buddlngton was drunk most always, while they woro going south ward. THE ESQUIMAUX. Esquimaux Jno and his wife Hannah having been examined, tho former said tho ship was all right when Capfc. Hall wnu allvo. Capt.Hall complained to him that tho coffee made him sick. Ho said something about being pois ouod, but Joe could not toll exactly what it was. Hannah testified that Oapt. Hall told hor tho coffoo was too sweet for him, and made him vomit. When delirious ho spoke of somebody having poisoned him, but not at other times. She did not holiovo ho had boon poisoned, and did not hoar him accuse anybody of doing so, except when ho was out of his head. ( FIRES. Four Blocks of Buildings Burned In Burlington, lown. The Opera-House, Court-House, and Other Large Buildings in Buins, Loss, sßoo,ooo—lnsurance, $150,000. Other Fires Yesterday. Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. BtniLiNaTON, lowa, Juno 19. —At about 8 o’clock thia morning tho alarm of flro was sounded, and flames wore at onco scon Issuing from almost every part of the now Opera-House, which was being constructed by Luke Palmer, on Main street, between‘Washington and Colum bia. Almost instantly thia building was en veloped in flames. In loss than five minutes after tho flames wore discovered, tho walls caved and foil down simultaneously. Tho flro by this time was in tho livery stablo of Mr. P. F. Uloricho, on Washington street, but tho horses and carriages of every description had boon taken from tho building. Tho wind was blowing in a northeasterly direction and drove tho flames from tho old post-oflico corner, and tho building immediately oast of it. It also drove tho flames from Mr. Wright’s now building, on the corner of Main and WaslUngton, and it being flre-proof, was saved, or it saved itself. Those buildings men tioned wore all that wore saved on tho block bounded by Main, Washington, Third, and Chest nut streets. . .... Tho flro soon caught east of Main street in the frame buildings, and it caught in tho Xourt-Houso. Bennett & Franz' car riage factory and Mr. Bennett’s dwelling woro soon in flames. Tho block bounded by Main, Washington, Water, and Court was soon burning, and the ground was all burnt over with tho exception of Nick Wayno’s dwell ing and saloon and tho laundry. From those two blocks the flames spread very rapidly to tho two blocks immediately north, carrying complete destruction, excepting Duncan A Harford in tho last block, and throo dwellings on tho northwest comer of the west block, so that there are but about nine buildings loft on the four blocks bounded by Water, Washington, Third, and Court streets. . .. Tho best buildihgs burned were tho Opera- House, Bennett Franz’ carriage factory, Court- House, livery stable, McOutchoon House, tho Swede Hotel, and a few other brick buildings. There wore a largo number of dwelling houses, stores, blacksmith shops, and a large amount of lumber belonging to Duncan A uosford de stroyed also. • „ _ , , During tho progress of tho fire, Galesburg, Ottumwa, and Cedar Baplds sent us assistance. Tho old Tornado was the first to arrive, from Galesburg, with six hundred feet of .hoso and thirty men, under charge of tho foreman, Q. W. Williams. It reached tho city at 8 a. m. by freight, A steamer, the Ottumwa City, from Ottumwa, with thirty men and 800 foot of hoso, arrived at 8:20, coming by special train, widen made tho run of sovonty-ttvo miles, in cluding a stop at Mount Pleasant for breakfast, in one hour and thirty mlnutos. Tho Scandinavian House, on tho corner of Front and Columbia streets, was one of tho last I of tho large buildings to burn. Ittook flro about 1 daylight, and was soon a mass of flames. Tho house was tho joint property of John Armstrong and H. H. Scott. Before sunrise, and while the building was wrapped in a shoot of flame, Mr.. Armstrong contracted for 800,000 brick to re build tbo house thus being laid wasto. Wo call this enterprise, and wo gladly toko it as tho foreshadowing of a spirit that will characterize tho owners of tho real estate in all tho burnt district, and that, hoforo twelve mouths will havo passed, tho four squares burned over will bo much bettor built than they wore hoforo. Tho total losses are $307,800, divided as follows: Luko Palmer, $75,000 ; miscel laneous, $50,000 ; Bennet A Frantz, $30,000; Unterkirober, $21,000; Duncan A Hoaford, $20,000; tho Court House, $20,000; MoOutchw iiu.iso, $12,000; Chris. Alien, $10,000; Joh.* Woldhoff, $10,000; Anton Borgor, $0,000; Par sons, Boiry & Warren, $5,000; Dowoin’s estate, $5,000 ; Scandinavian House, $4,000; Lam bert Quinn, $1,000; Mrs. Damford, SI,OOO ; Vermont House, $3,500; Dr, Harvoy, $3,600; Pacific House, . $3,000; J. Ben nett, $3,000; John Boesch, $3,000: J’. Ebnor, $3,000; W.Larrett,s2,soo; JohnWicklosß,s2,ooo; Mr. Egonolf, $2,000;-Arrick’a estate, $1,200; Thos. Lawthor’s oatato, $1,000; P. Kricokbaum, $1,000; D. Judd, $1,000; John Lolgor. SI,OOO ; llagorty, $900; Nixon A Strauss, $800; Goo. Koiohhaum, $800; I. O. O. F., $500; N. Wagner, slight loss. ' Insurance companies suffer to tho amount of $150,014, tho different companies as follows: Imperial, London, $10,450; Allomania, $9,200; Gorman, Brio, $8,442 ; London, Livorpool A Globe, SB,OOO ; Aurora, Cincinnati, $7,050 ; Phcsnlx, Hartford,. $7,100 ; Boyal, Liverpool, $7,000 ; Queen, London, $7,000 ; North Ameri can, $7,000 ; National, Hannibal, $0,800'; Springfield, Mass., $5,800 ; Firemen’s Fund, $5,700 ; Traders', Chicago, $5,000 ; Gorman, Freeport, $5,000 ; Continental, New York, $5,000 ; North British, London, $5,000 ; Girard, Philadelphia, $4,000; Homo, N.Y., $3,000; National, Hartford, $8,000; Gorman American, $3,000; Howard, N. Y., $3,000 ; Amazon, $2,700; St. Joseph, Mo., $2,050; North Missouri, $2,600; ititna, $2,400 ; National,.Philadelphia. $2,022; Bt. Paul, Minn., $2,000; Franklin, Philadelphia, $2,000; Phonix, Brooklyn, $1,500; State, DouMoinos, $1,200 ; Hartford, Conn., SI,OOO ; Black Bivor, N. Y., SSOO. Tho above is an accurate statement. Detroit, Mich, Juno 19, — I Tho Village of May vlllo, Tuscola County, was nearly destroyed by ilro last night. No particulars received. Milwaukee, Juno 10.—Tho woods aro on flro between Big Oodur and Bscaunba, Northern Michigan, along tho Hue of railroad, iralua aro prevented from passing. ' Springfield, Maas., June 18.—Tho Carow paper-mill at South lladloy Falls, Mobs.,' was almost wholly burned at 3 o'clock this morning. The loss is $60,000; insured. I NUMBER 305. FCHEIGN. | CB Virulent Smi ® •JPox in Chatham, ' E Sjland. Deputy Dane, ol | ranee, to Be Prose* cutcd fo C ommunism. loint Note from South American Repub* i lies Demanding the Independ- ence of Cuba. A Woman Hung in Canada, Yester day, for Murdering Her Husband. CUBA. Special Dispatch to 7'he Chicago Tr(b\ine. New .York, Juno 19.— Private dispatches from Ban Jooo say that Costa llica has responded to tho circular letter recently sent out by United States of Columbia, calling on all tho Kisparo- Amorloan llopublics to join in a demand to Spain for the independence of Cuba, and incase of ro fusel to intervene with foreo from Havana. The news has come that tho Spaniards havo found several ompty lighters along tho coast which, from, thoir construction and position aro thought to havo boon used to carry arms aud stores to tho patriots. It is rumored in Cuban circles horo that a largo expedition of mon and war material is on Us way to join tho revolutionary forces. FRANCE. Versailles, Juno 19.— Tho case of M. Band was taken np in tho Assembly this afternoon, and gave rise to an animated debate, which was participated in by a largo number of Deputies. A member of tho Loft offered a resolution di rooting an inquiry into the charges against M. Bane before authority for his prosecution bo given. Tho resolution was rejected by vote of 450 nays to 200 yeas. Tho report of the Special Committee granting Oon. Ladmlrault au thority to prosecute M. llano was then adopted by a vote of 485 affirmative to 137 negative. GREAT BRITAIN, London, Juno 19.—A dispatch from tho Groat Eastern, dated yesterday noon, reports 443 miles of cable paid out. Tho Groat Eastern was then, in north latitude 62 degrees SO minutes west, longitude 20 degrees 36 minutes. A virulent typo of small-pox is prevailing at Chatham. Twenty-nine women have boon at tacked by tho scourge. London. Juno 20—C a. m.—A party of farm ers from tho south of England sailed yesterday for America. They intend to settle in Minne sota. Tlio Shah of Persia will -visit tbo Queen at Windsor to-day. BELGIUM. London, Judo. 10.—A correspondent at Bras sols telegraphs that the Belgian Government has refused Gen. Clusorot, the French Communist, safe conduct into Belgium, and further informed him that if ho came into the country ho would bo arrested and surrendered to the French au thorities. * SPAIN. Madrid, Juno 19.—A majority of the Finance Committee of the Cortes are in favor of abolish ing the law granting pensions to members of the Cortes, and placing them on the same footing with other functionaries. London, Juno 20.—A special dispatch from Madrid to the Daily iVeios says the Conserva tives in the Cortes are Booking to rovivo tho project to establish a Unitarian Republic, with Marshal Serrano as President. CANADA. Fort GarrY, June 19.—A Mcmnonlte deputa tion from Russia ftavo arrived at the township sot apart for them by the Government for their approbation, and appear well pleased with the country. Special Dispatch to The Chieape Tribune. Barnia, Juno 10. —This morning at half-past 8 o’clock Mrs. Workman paid the extreme pen alty of the law for the murder of her husband some months ago in the Township of Sarnia. It was considered at the time of her trial that the circumstance was more the result of a drunken brawl than premeditated murder, and great ex ertions wore made up to the very (lay of the exe cution for a commutation of the unhappy wo man’s sentence, and two petitions to that pur- Eoso were presented to the Executive in Ottawa, ut without avail, and stern justice has de manded the fulfillment of sentence. The condemned woman loft her coll ac companied by two ladies and three clergymen, who had interested themselves in her spiritual welfare. When the bolt was drawn she dropped six foot, dying instantly, without a motion or groan. Tno execution was essentially private, os none but officials and members of the wross wero present. St. Catherines, Ont., Juno 19.—The repairs to the Welland Canal have boon completed, and navigation has again resumed. SUSAN B. ANTHONY. Sbo la Fined 9100 and Costs of Prose* cution* Canandaigua, N. Y., Juno 19.—At 2 o’clock tliis afternoon Judge Beldou made a motion in the case of Miss Anthony for a new trial upon the ground of misdirection of tba Judge in ordering a verdict of guilty withoue submitting the case to the jury. Tho Court, in a brief review of the argument of tho counsel, denied the motion. Tho District Attorney immediately moved that tho judge ment of the Court bo pronounced upon the de fendant. Tho Court made the inquiry of Miss Anthony if she had anything to say, why sen tence should not bo pronounced. Miss Anthony answered and said she had a great many things to say, and declared that in er trial overy principle of justice had boon vio lated ; that overy right bad been denied; that she had had no trial by her poors; that tho Court'and jurors woro nor political superiors, and not bor poors, and announced her determi nation to continue her labors until enuality was obtained, and was piocooding to discuss tho question involved in tho caso when eho was interrupted by tho Court with tho remark that thoso questions could not bo roviowod. Miss Anthony replied she wished it fully understood that she asked no clemency from the Court; that she desired and demanded the full rigor of law. Judge Hunt then said, “ The judgment of the Courtis, that you pay a lino of SIOO and tbo costs of prosecution,"and immediately added, “There is no order that yon eland committed until tho fine is paid and so tho trial ended. A motion for a now trial is to be made in tho caeo of the Inspector!), to-morrow morning, on the ground that Hall, one of tho defendants,was absent during tho trial. The Pig Iron Interest* Cleveland, Ohio, Juno 10.—Tho Notional Association of Pig Iron Manufacturers mot at the Konnard House to-day. The mooting was called to order by the President, Mr. A. D. Stone, of tho Cleveland Bolllng-Mlll Company, Mr. Harry H. Brown, of tho Jackson Iron Com pany, was chosen Secretary pro tom. A letter was road from Secretary Dunlap, ten doring his resignation. Accepted. The most Important work of tho mooting was In tbo debate and resolutions. Tho former was of a confidential character. Tho following arc tho resolutions: Jltsoktd, That is (be sonoo of this meeting that tbs currency now in circulation Is Inadequate to tho re quirements of tbo general business, and wo suggest, •s a permanent remedy for tbo stringency, tbo ar rangement of a froo banking law, and meanwhile, un til such law can bo unacted, it will, in our Judgment, bo expedient for tbo (Secretary of tbo Treasury to reitsuo Uio $14,000,000 of legal tender reserves. Jteeolved. That it is tbo souse of this meeting that in the present condition of tbo Iron trado In this country, It is desirable that tbo production of metal should ha curtailed so far as imsslblo until a more favorable market Is established, and that a copy of this resolu tion bo sent to each member of tbo Association. Car ried, Adjourned, after tho transaction of consider able routiuo business, to moot lu Xhttsburgh next month,

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