Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 20, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 20, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE CITY’S HEALTH. Why There Were 10,156 Deaths Reported Last Year, Visit to tlio Region from Whence a largo Number of Funerals Depart. What a Reporter Saw While Walking Through Bridgeport. The Abominations In and Around the Slaughter and Rendering Douses, Frightful Condition of Ogden Slip and Heoly Slough. Letters from Citizens on the Subject of Sewerage, Memorandum from tlio Amer ican Public Health Asso ciation. CHAPTER 111. ( Filthy, odorous, and pest-brooding streets are I 1 Ur K oly responsible for tho greater portion of tho ’ 10 156 deaths reported for tho year 1872. That must havo boon tho general verdict of those , who have road tho description of aomo of tho t ■troota of tho Seventh, Eighth, aud Ninth Wards i published In yesterday’s Tribune. But, bad os M that district is, there aro still others that are ac- j cossorios, If not equally responsible, for this wholesale slaughter. Tho districts described ; yesterday woro given the' preference, because they are situated in tho very heart of tho city, mud are tho most densely populated. That those streets have no sowers is unpardonable, if not criminal. Thoro are still other districts, tho doath-rato of which is equally largo, if not larger, than that of tho districts described yester day ; but they are farther out of the way, and not as densely populated as those moutionod. It will I ho observed by looking at tho soworago mop published with our first article, that all tho wards showing a largo death-rato lie within that part of tho city which, on tho map, ia shaded as low and marshy ground. Ono of tbo lowest, as well as unhoalthiest, wards is tho Sixth, which includes all tho territory west of Olaric and south of Twenty-second street. It is tho southwest comor of tbo city, and embraces within its limits tho well-known, mueb-abusod Bridgeport. By taking a walk through tbo ward, after en tering it at tho corner of Clark street and Archer avenue, tho first street reached deserving special mention is Elgin, which has lately boon sow orod, but, os tho houses arq unconnected with tho drain, tho stroot, or alloy, for it is only 44 feet wide, is in a horrible condition, and all tho yards and lots aro very filthy. Heaps of garbage arc lying in tho middle of tho Btroot, brooding disease in tho hot sun, while I mountains of manure decorate tho yards. Tho odors arising from this conglomeration of filth, mix with tho fumes and gases escaping from the chemical works of Mahler it Chappol, on Btowart avenue, between Elgin and Twentieth ’ Btroots, which combination of smells creates a stench in which that of sulphur greatly pre dominates, impressing ono with tho idoa that hero is tho shaft leading down to tho regions of Hia Satanic Majesty, aud this impression ia fur ther strengthened by tho sight of heaps of sulphur facing tho street. How unhealthy those fumes aro may bo imagined ’from tho fact that ail tho large trees within a radius of 100 yards of thoso works havo boon killed, tho black trunks of which aro still standing, liko ghastly epoctres, looking upon Elgin street as if to worn tho inhabitants to shun aud leave this place of pestilence aud death, whore trees cannnt exist, much loss human beings. Grove is another street that is lifting up dally its odorous voico in supplication to bo cleunc< but without avail, probably because tho Alton <k St. Louis Railroad runs through it, and is ex pected to carry all tho sweet aromas arising therefrom to our neighbor on tho Mississippi. Calkins Fisher’s lumber-steaming establish ment, on this street, is surrounded by dark, brown pools of stagnant water, which escapes from their boilers, and has no other outlet ex cept to run under tho neighboring houses, where U becomes stagnant and filthy, forcing sickness and death into tho homos of those that aro com pelled to Uvo there. 'While tho reporter and tho sanitary police man that was accompanying him wove measur ing tho depth of tho water which had collected under one of those bouses, an old woman, hag gard and worn, camo out of her door and asked, ! v* Axo yo tho men to soo that there is something done for us”? On being answered in the affir mative, tho poor woman, with tears in her eyes, exclaimed t “ God bices yo and yor families for this. Two children I have already lost, snd tho rest of us will soon follow them if nothing is done for ua.” The reporter and tho party ac companying him assured tho poor woman that somothiug should bo done forbor. A few yards south of this place is a largo va cant lot, which is filled to overflowing with stag nant water. This is caused by a leak m tho watorpip© beneath tho railroad track, and as the railroad company objects to having its track tom up, which has to be dono, to repair tho leak, tho water is allowed to over flow and inundate tho surrounding property, though much damage is done thereby. Under tho sidewalk on tho northeast corner of Archer avenue and Grove streets there can bo observed such a sink of iniquity the like of which human oyohas never scon nor uoso turn ed up at, since tho creation of tho world. To stand ton minutes boforo this pool makes one's nostrils curl with a suspicion of his own decay, Ic needs only to bo mentioned that this posthole is occasioned by tho overflowing of numberless wator-cloaota that abound under tho sidewalk; and no one will ever hereafter pass that spot without holding his or hor nose. Overpowered and siokouod by tho poison, ono loaves this nauseating spot to Inhalo a few whiffs of fresh air on tho bridge. Rut what is this ? Instead of fresh air an aroma of death is inhaled. 'Wondering what this can be, ono looks around, but nothing unusual meets our ©yo, until at last it droops down and looks upon tho dark chasm far below. An inky, boiling, bub bling river moots tho gazo, from which poison ous gases continually oscano, polluting tho at mosphere for miles around. There is no neces sity for any lengthy description of this place. It is us familiar to every Chicagoan as hash la lo a Wabash avonuo boarder. Every ono must bavo rend of tho bridge, and tho fuky waters below. It has been sung by all tho poets of high and low degree Chicago has over brought forth. This bridge is tho gate to tho Cologne of Amer ica—Bridgeport—and tho sty beneath is Ogdon's Slip, tho recoptaolo of tho abominations of slaughter mid rendering houses, and beyond, as far as tho oyo can reach, tho beautiful Bridge port is situated, —No shimmering sun hero over ehono No halcßumo bro«zo hero over blow. Clouds of smoko envelop everything, and tho all-pervading smell is an odor of dead. Deadly gases that ariso from numberless escape-pipes ©re carried by tho winds into tho homos of tho rich as well os of tho poor, where they aro con tinually inhaled ami ultimata disease and death will bo tho result. No such places as aro found in this district should ho tolerated, i The streets of Bridgeport oro not In such a horrible condition as some of tho streets hereto fore described. This is In a groat measure duo to thehonosty and integrity of ilr. Bioson, Btreot Commissioner for this district. Mr. Bioson Is a ■lmplo-mindod Gorman, who feels a groat pride £u lus position, and looks after hw men, and as a the work under hid charge la well done—tlio streets aro plowed ami nicety rounded,, and tho'ditohos properly dug out. Biit just boro it would bo of little importance whether tho streets are neglected or not; tho odors and gases hovering around everywhere could not ho more 'intense than they already are. They come from tho numberless slips, sloughs, slaughter and rendering houses, candle and soap, blood and gut factories,that everywhere abound.Tholargoatund best known of those establishments is Bold, Bhor win A Oo.’s slaughor and packlngdionao, which is situated at the head of Ogdon’s Blip, into which drains all tho liquid refuse from their im mense institution. Hero aro slaughtered from 1,000 to 1,500 cattle weekly, tho offal of which Is dumped into pens below, Most of those pons are continually filled to the brink, and through tho floors there oozes a dark putrid fluid, which runs into Ogdon Slip. All around this rotten ness millions of flies aro feasting, while heaps of hides, entrails, and dead calves moot the eye everywhere. That part of tho offal that Is too thick to mn into Ogdon Slip is collected and manufactured into fertilizers, heaps of which aro lying around, and add not a particle to tho agrooablonoßß of tho smoll pervading the place. But tho worst and unhoaltUloßt smell arises' from tho rendering tanks, whore tho fat Is mollod i into tal low. From theao tanks there Is continually escaping a blue vapor, which, if carbonized, will bam llko gas. _ ~ At Derby A Pond’s gut factory, opposite Bold, Bhorwin A Co.’s gluo establishment, they aro cleaning guts and packing pigs’ foot and trlno, tho scrapings of which usually cover tho floor to tho depth of on Inch. AH tho soluble part of this stuff runs Into a sower on McGregor street, and, if the sower docs not run into Ogdon Blip, no one knows whore it does load to. Next to this placo Is Tumor Bros.’s cut-string manufactory. This place Is in a very dilapidated and filthy condition, tho floors being in a fine state of rottenness, superinduced by tbo offal and gut-scrapings strewn around and al lowed to decompose. In Iho yard of this ofitnbUubmout ia fin abomination wliloh should bo immediately corrected. All that part of tho offal too thick to run into tho aowor Is dumped into a deep, square hole in the centre of tho lot, which is partially covered up with boards, over which Is spread a thin layer of earth. From this holo a stench arises stronger and far more deadly than any of those heretofore described. 'Websteris Dictionary docs not contain an expression adequate to convoy tho idea of tho odor arising from this chasm of decomposed guts, and tho sooner tho authorities have tliis nuisance abated and tho holo filled up with earth, tho bettor it will bo for tho health of tho entire city. .... , Next comes SchnoUlcr A Co. a tallow factory, which olao largely contributes to tho conglom eration of Bltli in Ogden Blip. Tho catablhh mont is kept tolerably clean, but yet tho odors I arising therefrom aro very noxious indeed. AH these places, and many others of smaller degree, I add to tho filthy condition of Ogdon Blip. I Leaving Ogdon Blip, and crossing Archer avo- 1 nus, J. O. Mitchell’s slaughter-house comes in , view. Mostly hogs avo killed here. It is tho dirtiest aud filthiest of all tho slaughter-houses at Bridgeport. Tho hog-pona, which front on Archer tvvonuo, and aro coucoalod from view by a high board fpuco,* aro about tho nastiest pons in which hogs woro over quartered. Thoro aro at least two foot of tilth and manuro on tho floors, and how it smells can bo imagined from tho fact that from 500 to 1,000 hogs tako daily ablutions in this morass. In tho yard stands a largo tank full of clotted blood, livers, and en trails, all of which aro in tho highest stato of de composition. This tank, by actual moauromont, ia ton foot deep. ..... Not far from this placo is D. Krojgh b boot and pork packing bouse. Although this place ia in a tolerable good condition as far as cleanli ness is concerned, yot its oxlstouco is made known by tho all-pervading odor. Now comes a placo still worse than Ogdon Blip. Worse than that? tho roador will ask. Yes I tenfold worse ! It is the justly-colobratod Healey Blough, whoso geographical position ia hardly unknown to tho public, aud which should have boon filled up long ago. It originates with tbo Chicago Biver, and runs south about ouo mile, and In no placo is tho water over two feet deep, but tho soft mud under tho water un doubtedly reaches down to China, as uo human heingovoryotfouud bottom. Whatever abomina tions find thoir way into this receptacle of filth remains to foster there foroyor. Tho inky, bubbling water has no current whotpvor, and uo wavelet over ripples its surface. Sohuouo man’s alangbter-houEO is one of tho institutions that add immensely to tho oolobrity of Hoaloy Slough as a health-destroyer. It will ho remem bered that thoro was a boiler explosion at this establishment not long ago, at which accident throo or four persons woro killed. In conse quence of that calamity thoro is not much doing at present, workmen being busily engaged in restoring tho placo to its former grandeur, Tho cattle-yards fronting ou Hoaloy Slough aro full of dirt and filth, all of which runs into tho ditch. Tho propriotois say their placo con nects with tho river, hut their enemies insist that it connects with tho Blough. Tho next ben efactor of tho Blough is tho albumen or blood factory of Stern, Hirach A Co. This is undoubtedly ono of tho unhoalthioat g laces in tho City of Chicago, if not in tho United tatoa. Tho reporter of The Tbiddne, knowing « no danger where duty calls,” entered. Through rivers of clotted blooa ho was lod up a pair of xickoty stairs to tho rooms whoro albumen is being dried on tin plates. Tho heat in those rooms was abovo 100 degrees, and tho smoU tho most intonso that can possibly bo imagined. The reporter hastened from this horrid place, almost suffocated. Strange to say, tho keeper of a saloon wedged In between 8., 11. A Co.’s nlood-factory and Tum or’s alaughtor-houso ia tho very picture of health. Ho swears that those smells aro vory conducive to health, and ho could testify to it by tho fact that when ho moved thoro ho only weighed 125 pounds, whilo now is turning tho scales at 800 pounds, avoirdupois. But it must bo romomborod that tho man is rapidly growing rich from tho patron age ho resolves from thooo places. Going further south on Hoaloy Blough, J. Turner's sloughthor-houso ia reached. This is a model establishment, and is supplied with aU modern appliances calculated to prevent offense, yet it contributes largely to tho sweltering rot tenness of Healey Slough. Mr. Turner oays tho Blough is not quite os bad ns it used to bo, and that fish aro now living in it. Although tho ro- Eortor bogged Mr. Tumor vory urgently to catch im ono of these fish, that it might bo sent to Prof. Agassiz, and its species determined, yot Mr. T. refused to gratify him. Mr. Turner has a patent arrangement by which ho coUocts all tho fumes and odors escap ing from tho roudoring-tanko, and leads them through gos-pipos into a carbountor, from whence thoy aro conducted back into the fnruaco and burned as fuel,’thereby saving a considera ble amount of money. Ho also lights part of his establishment with this gas, which bums nearly as well as that manufactured from coal. Thoro aro many other establishments of tho samo character as those described at Bridgeport, but it is boidiy necessary to describe thorn, as thoy all toll iho samo story of filth and stench, which cannot bo abated unless tbo authorities will boo to it that thoso places are uo longer tol erated in our midst to scaltor disease and pesti lence into every household. TUB TUIIITIETII STREET REWEB. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: 8m: la concoction with your exhaustive arti cle on sewerage; allow mo to call attention to tbo fact that the Bower on Thirtieth street baa been laid coat from Wabash avenue and West from State street, leaving tbo block between Wabash avonuoand Btato street without a cower, and, consequently without drainage. This omission is unaccountable, as iho residents of tbo block were ready, and willing to pay the assessment. The houses are of fair quality, but tho base ments are full of stagnant water, sending forth vile smells, calculated to brood disease. Who Is responsible for the want of drainage in front of this unfortunate blook, and for tbo un usual amount of sickness from which its inhabit ants suffer? 11. Waeuen. OUIOAGO, Juno 18, 1873. TUE GENEUAL COMPLAINT. To the Editor of The Chicago 2'ribunt: Bin: It is ft pleasure to noto that you devote columns to the consideration of the health of the city, and that you call attention to the con dition of the wards where the poorer dosses are compelled to reside. Meetings have boon hold in the Boventh, Eighth and Ninth Wards, and appeals for more sewerage have been made time and again to tbo Oomraou Council and to tbo Hoard of Public Works, but without avail. They have done nothing to remove the filth wo are forced to on duro, though In every heap of lllth, lu every stagnant pool, iu every choked gutter, the seeds of disease lurk, waiting only for the summer sun to develop and mature them. The invaria ble answer returned by Iho authorities is that there Is no money in the treasury. They may moan to toll the truth \ but do they tell the whole truth ? There is no money iu the Treas ury for tho poor, but there always is plenty to construct sowers in the aristocratic por tloua of tho oily. Tho iiolitlolano oomo amongst us before election without their nostrils tied up, and make loud promises but when the election is over they laugh at us while they hobnob with tho wealthy, and nlvo them all tho sewerage and everything else they ask. It is hard to bo poor. 1 think it iu a mis take wo are not all rich, but I presume we all can't bo. Cut that lo no reason wo shouldn’t THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, JUNE 2D, 1873. Jrnvo sowers. * Now, Is it ? Don’t wo bAyo to my taxes, don’t wo pay tbom more promptly .halt many of'our more fortunate, richer,; ana bettor sewered neighbors, who arc In tho habit of lighting tholr taxes in tho Supreme Court? Uoro In a country that brags of its llborty, and yotapoor man can’t havo a sower. Tho want of ft sowor has norm tho acoda of communism mmy boaom. On aowora I’m ft Communist. I wont eomo of tbom. I want tbom for my fam ily, for my children. I’m lobb able to pay doctors than thoao who don't pay their taxes until tho law.cays they must. Tho consequence of such nogloot of tho Interests of poorer classes in aowora as in many other things. tho unjust discrimination” in favor of tho noli and ogainst tho poor in tho matter of aowora, will sooner or lotor fall upon tho lioada of thoao who disregard ourdomanua. . • M. K., A resident of Morgan street. OutOAOO, Juno 10, 1873. BIIOLTO STREET. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin: In giving an account of tho filth of our Btroota, pray do not forgot Sholto stroot. It la ono of tho moat filthy slroota to bo found in this or any other city. Tho stink of it, thoao hot days, ia perfectly sickening. Wo havo peti tioned aovoral timoa for a aowor, but got no sat isfaction. Wo aro poor—there la nothing thought about us. A Resident. Chicago, Juno 18,1873. CHOLERA. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune, Sm: Tho” presence of cholera, or a dlaonno olosoly allied to It, at aovoral places In tho valloy of tho Mississippi, Is undisputed. Thoro is, howovor, a doubt with regard to Its being Asiatic oholoro. This diaoaao, whatovor it is, is gradu ally making ita appearance farther north. At Now Orleans, at this time, it is abating, as for tho wook ending Juno 16, only tbroo deaths oc curred from .aporadlo cholera and two from obolora morbus. Two of tbo cases reported as sporadic cholera aro doubted.' At tho lost mooting of tbo Board of Health, a circular prepared by tho Executive Committee of tho American Public Health Association was sub mittod. This circular woo referred to tho Soni tary Oommittoo of tho Board of Health of Chicago, In view of tho probability of this city being affected in like manner with our sister citiea, tho Committee doom it important lo lay this circular boforo our citizens, and with that object in view, I herewith enclose a copy to Tub Thiddns. Respectfully, J. 11. Rauch, Sanitary Supt. MEIXOUASDU&I ON CHOLERA. New York, Juno IG.—To combat ami arrest the pro greji*, and prevent the epidemic prevalence of' this Bconrgaof sanitary negligence, it la necessary that tho Inhabitants of every city aud town should promptly resort to tho most effectual purification, and tho best known means of disinfection, and that this sanitary cleansing and preparation should bo at onco aud very thoroughly carried Into effect,—before nuy cases of cholera occur,—aud that in tho presence of tho disease thoso . sanitary duties should bo enforced in every household, and throughout tho entire district. Experience has proved that the Itoat way lo prevent -both pestilence aud panto is to know and prepare for tbo danger i It is tho only way to deal successfully with cholera. SANITARY OLCANBINfI. Tho local conditions that thiefiy promote tho outbreaks and -propagation of cholera aro (I.) Neglected privies ; (2.) flUh-aoddon grounds ; (3.) foul cellars, and filthy or badly-drained surroundings of dwellings: (4.) foul and obstructed house drains; (5.) decaying aud putvosccnt ma terials, whether animal or vegetable; (G) Uuvonlllutcd, damp, and unclcauzod dwellings and apartments : These localizing causes of cholera should bo prompt ly ami very thoroughly removed buforo a etna of tho disease appears iu the town or district; and if any sources of putrescence or of oxccaolvo moisture re main, thoso should bo controlled by tho proper cleans ing. drying, and disinfection. Thorough scavenging and surface drainage, with tho application, nt tho same timo, of qulclc-llmo and coul tar or crude carbolic acid; whitewashing with fresh quick-lime; tho cleansing and thorough drying and ventilation of cellars, basements, chambers, and clos ets ; aud dally care to cleanse, flush, ventilate, aud purify tho sources of defilement about all inhabited premises, will afford almost complete protection if suitable caro la taken of personal health. Tbo security of personal health requires—puro drinking-water, freah and substantial food, temperance, and tho need ed rest and bathing of the body. DISINFECTION AND DISINFECTANTS, Tbo principle./ rotating to diuiufcollon h» a means of destroying the propagating or infectious cauaoof cbol- | era—tho ‘‘ cholera coutuglum " arc readily understood ami may bo so explained to any family that tbo house hold may Insure ftn own immunity against tho intro duction and spread of thodlcoabo. I'or popular use wo append a brief utatemont of these principle* at the end of this circular; and wo respectfully recommend that tho Htatomcut, and tho following achedulo of rules and methods bo given to tho proas, and to aUPrlucii pals of schools. Superintendents of places of public re-, sort, railroad depots, ferries, hotels, and public Insti tutions ; aud to tho Masters of ships and ctcanu boats, and tbo coudntors of ;)05Aonj{cr trains throughout this Continent; , believing, as wo do. that, by tho timoly aud continued applications of theso measures, tho prevalence of cholera may bo prevented: But, let tho fact bo remem bered, that thoro can bo no substitutes for thorough cloaualug and fresh air. RULES AKD METHODS OF DISINFECTION, For Privies, W'ater-cloeeta, Drain s, and Severe. — Eight or ton pounds of sulphate of Iron (copperas) dis solved In flvo or six gallons of water, with half a pint of crudo carbolic acid added to tbo solution and briskly stirred, makes tho cheapest and best disinfecting fluid for common use. It can bo procured iu ovory town and by ovory family, aud if tbo carbolic acid is not at hand, tbo. solution of copperas may bo mod with out It. To provent privies and water-closets from becoming infected or offonsivo : Pour a pint of this strong so lution into every water-closet pan or privy-scat onco or twico ft day. To disinfect masses of filth, privy-vaults, sowers, and drains, gradually pour lu this solution until li roaches aud disinfects oil tho foul material. For tbo chamber-vessels uaod by tbo elclr, and for ttao disinfection of ground upon which any ozcromont nl matter has been cast away, use tbo solution of cop* poras and carbolic acid: and, for dlsinfootlag ox* tensive masses or surfaces of putrescent mate rials, and for drains, sowers, and ditches, this disin fecting fluid may bo used, or tbo “ dead oil M (“ heavy oil of coal-tar, or coal-tar itself: coal-tar may bo usca as a paint upon tho walls of cellars, stablos, and open drains. Other disinfectants, such as tho solutions of scs qulohlorldo of Iron, or of chlorido of zinc, arc effect ual In privies and drains, and upon foul surfaces aud offensive materials. Qulck-Umo Is useful as an absorbent and dryer upon foul walls and In damp places; and whitewashing with it should bo practised In comraou tonemeuta, fac tories, basements, closets, and garrets. J?o disinfect tho clothing dulllod in any manner by ozcromcntal matters from the sick, throw all such articles Immediately into boiling water and continue the boiling for half an hour; or placo them in a coin* lion, covered, made oa follows : 1 pound of sulphato of zinc, 0 or 8 gallons of water, to which add 3 or 3 ounces of pure and strong carbolic acid. This Is also an excellent disinfectant for bed-pans and chamber vessels ; also for disinfecting floors aud other dofllcd surfaces. Keep tho coiled articles saturated until they can bo boiled. If tho acid la not at hand, ueo the zinc water | alone. Apartments, bedding, or upholstery that have been uced by tbo rich with cholera or diarrhoea, should bo fumigated b* the burning of several pounds of brim stone (sulphur) upon a defended iron pan, or by car bolic tcld, chloride of lime, and sulphuric add with tho place tightly closed for several hours under a phy sician’s directions. From being tho most feared anil destructive pesti lence, cholera has become entirely submissive to saulto ry measures of prevention, and can now bo controlled and extinguished more quickly and completely than any other epidemic disease. Believing, therefore, that tho people of the United States will wisely apply tho suggestions which'are given In this memorandum, the undersigned Committee presents them for the purpose of hastening and making suro tho most extensive, thorough, and speedy control of this destroyer, Bx'Ei’MEH Smith, M. 8., New York. Edwik M, Snow, M. 8., llhodc /eland. 0, W. Wiiixb, M. D., Louisiana, John 11. lUucn, M, B„ Illinois. Wm, Cmindenin, M. D., Ohio. OunisToi'iiEu 0. Cox, M. 8,, District of ColumMn. Moheao Mounts, M. D., Sew York, 3, M. 'NVooDWouxn, M. D., Stipt. IT. S. J larine Hospital, • Fiunoib Bacon, M, B m Connecticut, Hknuy llautsuoiink, M. B„ Pennsylvania, Euhiia IlAnms, M, U., AVir York. Executive Commutes of tho American Public Health Association. RUFFIANISM ON THE WEST SIDE. lb the Editor of The Chicago I tribune Sm: I notico In your issue of yesterday a complaint from “North-Sidor” on tho actions of uomo young vagabonds who infost that much burnt district. As misery loves company, it may give unction to tho soul of “ North-Bidor ” to l.nowof tho misery of aWost-Sidor. Not a thousand miles from tho corner of May and Tay lor streets thero aro a fow vacant lots, which afford stamping-ground for somoof tho worst boys that over graced tho annals of our fair city. Fightiug, shooting, and even murder can bo homo by tho people of that neighborhood at in tervals,— excitement, passion, «to., being taken into consideration. Hut, for sheer, perverse, dcvilishuosa, tho boys who flock from Folk, Aberdeen, and other streets on to tho above lots, bear off tho palm. Shutting off tho gas, taking up a plank of tho sidewalk, and laying low to await in tho dark tho breaking of uomo unfor tunate pedestrian’s ueok, is a common amuse ment. Tearing down fences, abusing tho womon-folks, in tho abaonceof tho men, Insult ing tho paasors-by, swearing and using tbo most ohaooue language, aro overy-doy amuaoraouts to occupy their timo between their regular “ sot tosr All these boys carry pistols, and, If the onicer in command don't oxort himself more., too will soon hoar of a homloido in that liood, if not by tho.. rowdies, It will result from nomo of tho exasperated people who live in the locality. Since tho attention of tbs police was called to this matter, wo have had an occasional visit from thorn,—no douljt atj often no their duties will permit. .But I assure you that, if they don’t pay more atten tion to' tula now almost unbearable nuisance, bad results will come from this. nou-oVorilowing accumulation of the worst lot of boyu tho writer over oamo in contact with, ns tho neighborhood referred to is ono of tho best on tho West Bide, and tho pooplo who live there as poaooahlo as any good citizens could dosiro to llvo among. I trust you will caliche attention of tho proper authorities to this matter, ftud help to relieve ft good neighborhood from a nulsanco which ml- Sates from another section of tho Wool Bido, trust “ North-Sidor” will not give up tho strug o because ho finds aomo others znoro unfor tunate, but will buckle on hla armor to abate the nuisance, in which ho will ho joined by ono who knows how it is himself/, from tho West Side. Onuuao, Juno 10, 1873. THE FARMERS’ MOVEMENT. Washington County* Itfltin. AFarmore* Festival was hold at Cottage Grove, Washington County, Mian., Juno 14. Speeches wore made by tho Hon. Ignatlns Donnelly and Got. Austin. Tho latter 11 advised tho farmers to go slowly, proceed cautiously, and not go to smashing things too suddenly; not to kick out of tho traces, liko unruly and excited horses sometimes do. Ho also warned thorn to beware cf demagogues and adventurers, that might get in amongst them and lead them out of tho furrow." Mr. Donnelly “ reminded tho Gov ernor that ho had known county and State con ventions called In harvest tlmo. by tho rul ing party, to accommodate tho door farmer.” Tho following resolutions woro adopted: Heeolved, That wo have observed with deop Interest tho movements of farmers in tho vludicallon of thoir rights and interests, as a class, both InourownßUto and throughout tho groat agricultural Northwest, and hereby express our most hearty sympathy with thorn, and promise co-operation whenever ft is practicable. Heeolved, That while wo make no aggressions on any class of our follow-cillzcns, none shall combine or as- I sail our interests with Impunity, ami that wo will pro- I tocl thorn by nil lawful means. Heeolved. Tlvat wo, as formers, have boon too prone I to din and delve, vrhilo tho head-work men havo se cured tho profit of our labor, aud that henceforth wo propose to do some bead-work os well as band-work. Heeolved. That, with united action, wo may cmnncl- E ate ourselves from the thraldom of moneyed monopo es, and swarms of middlemen, but without union wo 1 are the more slaves of capitalists and speculators. Resolved. That It is our privilege and truo policy to sell where wo can sell dearest, and buy whore wo can • buy cheapest, and that any other arrangement im poses burdens and taxes on tho many to enrich tho Heeolved, That the prevailing tendency of legislation, both 8 Into and national, lu in tbo Interest of capital, at tho expense of Labor, and that vro demand for labor its just and equal share. Heeolved, That wo hall with groat satis faction tho recent decisions of our Su premo Court In relation to Blato control of railroads, and believe the Judges there to bo up right and Impartial men. and beyond tho reach of corrupting influences, characteristics very rare la these days. ■ . Whereas, In the earlier days of our Republic, with a former lu the National Executive Chair, aud many farmers Govcrnora of Slates, and with a largo prepon derance of the tlllaw of tho soil In tho holla of tho Legislature, corrupt practices woro utterly unknown; jteiolved. That it is our opinion that a return to the puro and simple practices of our fathers promises the only guarantee-of good and boneot government. Hr solved. That wo would recommend to all farmers tbo adoption of tho practices, acquirements, and prom isee Inculcated In our motto, viz.; “AB3oclallcfl,lufor- I* matlon Co-operation, and Remuneration.” MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY. Discovery of a Now Dlauct—Com- mencement Reunions* Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune. Ann AtmOß, Mich., Juno 18,187."/. Prof. Watson, of tho Observatory boro, lias recently discovered, nn additional planot. It woa first soon by him, on Thursday night, tho«.l2th, and ita planetary, character woo established on tho night, of tho 18th. Its right ascension was 17h. Kkn.. 555.; declination 21 dog. 54 min. south., ft is moving woat In right ascension fin., Ida., andlu declination 7.0 m. Is-, daily. It resembles in brilliancy a star of tho eleventh magnitude, Tho discovery of this planot places the total number discovered by Prof. Watson at

Sixteen, or within ono of tho highest number [ discovered by any astronomer on tho Conti tinont,—seventeen being accredited to I’rof. Peters, of Washington. Tho Doml-annual examinations ore now taking place. The coming week will bo devoted to tho Commoncomont exorcises. On Sunday, tho 22d, tho Baccalaureate addresses will ho delivered. On Monday there will ho tho summer-oxaralua tion for ontranco. On Tuesday, tho anniversary of the Society of Alumni, with Alumni bannuot, and. on tbo same day, tho reunions of tbo class es of ’6B and '7O occur. Commoncomont takes place on tho 25th. .Tho present graduating class consists of 81 members,—ono of whom ia a lady, —of which number, 41 oxpoct to receive tho de gree of B. A., 14 Ph. 8., 12 B. 8., and 18 O. E. Tho olaas-auppor of ’74 occurs to-night. THE LIVINGSTON COUNTY MOVEMENT, Dwight, Livingston Co., H't,7 Juno 10,1873., / To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune. Sib: I havo just returned from a very largo, reunion of tho granges of Dwight and Union, ; hold at tho latter place. Over 200 raembora wore i present. A most bountiful feast had boon pro-* vidod by tbo loaders of tbo Union Grange, to which wo did ample justice. Speeches woro. mado aud songs sung; and tho platform of tho» Livingston County Farmers was road and unani mously adopted by tho *1 show of hands,” as tho platform upon which tliq. grangers propose to fl *Tho Patrons of Husbandry-in thia county aro dally gaining in strength, coid deriving already tho greatest social and pecuniary benefits from their organization. Wo hopo to show by foil a membership of over 2,000. ■ ■ t Saturday next, a similar mooting of six granges ia to bo hold at Forrest; on tho 24tU lust.'thoro will be another mooting at Odell; and a mooting of all tho granges iu tho county will ho hold at Pontiac Juno 28. B. T. K. Prime, Secretary Patrons of Husbamlij of Livingston County. P. fl —I rogrot extremely that tho' editor of tbo Inter-Ocean was not present upon tins occa sion, as bo would havo had a liuo opportunity of judging for himsolf of tho “roalsizoof tho Livingston County movement." llocr* Letter from Vienna to the Italtimore American. Tho Gormans in the United Statoß, and those Amorioaua who affect a fondness for lagor-hoor, don’t drink it as it is drank in Germany. Thoy rush into a restaurant and gulp down two or three glasses and move on. Hero a Gorman never thinks of finishing his glass of beer in loco than ton minutes, and to drink it without eating . something at tho same time, oven if it is only a onißt of brown broad. In fact, a Gorman in tho . Fatherland is constitutionally opposed to doing anything in a hurry, and especially to drinking boor with “rapid speed.” Tho consequence is that wo do not see men hero with groat,. Hugo paunches, os at home, capable of swallowing, a keg of boor after supper. They seldom treat, one another, but sit down to tho tables, and al though thoy drink together, each man pays for what he consumes, whether it bo beer or food. This of Itself 1b a groat preventive of excess, as, if half a dozen or a dozen wore to sit down to drink, as with us, each must treat in turn, and thus six or u dozen glasses ho guzzled, whether thoy want it or not. If our temperance friends could institute what is called tho “ Hutch treat” into our saloons, each man paying his own reckoning, it would ho a long stop toward reform in drinking to excess.. In short, beer in Ger many is a part of each man's food. Ho takes it as a sustenance, and not as a stimulant. An Irish Jury* A now way of obtaining a verdict has been dis closed at mlllnakill (Quoona County, Ireland) Quarter Sessions. Ellon Moore was imiiotod for having stolon a shawl. Evidence (sustaining the obargo having boon given, His Worship charged the Jury, who retired. After a considerable lapse of time one of the jurors came out of the room and wau leaving tho Court. Ills Worship ob- , served tho man, and directed tho Deputy Clerk of tho Peace to ask If ho was a juror, Juror— Yoa, sir. Deputy Clerk of the Pence—Where i are you going? Tho Juror—Ah, honor. I wouldn’t stay there; they’re all hoxiu’ and flghlln’ > inside. Tho juror was then ordered hack to tho room, and a Constable placed at tho door. Tho prisoner was found guilty, and the jury being jl discharged, one of them was hoard to say, “Only \\ I threatened to lick him, he'd never agree.” | ; LA CRbSSE. Meeting of the "Wisconsin Edi- torial Association. Spooclios by Senator Matt Carpenter and Olhore —Tho -Railroad Bridge Ques tion, &0., Ho. • Special Correapondenet r\f Tht Chicago Tribune, La Onoass, Wla., Juno 17,1813, Tho discovery of tbo Upper Mississippi by tbo Into Father Mnrquotto and associates, tbo bat tlo of Bankor mil, and tho organization of tbo Wisconsin Editorial Association, wens ALL AND EACH CELZEEATED ■ Trltb becoming enthusiasm in this city yester day. Tbo newspaper publishers from tbo differ ent bailiwicks throughout tbo State had congre gated on tbo day previous, most of tbom via tbo Milwaukee &St Paul Road. Tboy wore brought to ibis city from tbo depot on a ferry-boat char tered for tbo purpose. Tho brotbron woro givon a melodious welcome hero by tbo Germania Band, of Dubuque, which bad also boon engaged for tbo occasion* A number of tbo editors hod brought their wives along; those, and with a light sprinkling of Senators, mado up a gathering which promised to bo eminently respectable, thoroughly happy, and ablo to speak for itself. * THE CONVENTION was called to ordor at tbo Court-House, at 10 o’clock ibis morning,—Editor, Postmaster, and President Seymour presiding. Mayor Van Stoon wyck mado tbo address of woloomo, In tbo namo of tbo Common Council of tho city; and this was responded to by Vico President Sam Ryan; dr.,of Appleton, on behalf of tho Association. Doth addrossos were happily givon and properly ap- plaudod. President Seymour then Jald oil tho roboa of office in a woll-wordod and* pleasantly* delivered farewell addroaa. Tho speaker reviewed .■ tho history of tho and mado congratulatory and propormontioa of his labors.in it. Tho Association ban reached its seventeenth anniversary; and somo of them, tho speaker sold, had boon ” productive of substan tial benefits to tho public.” A very liberal amount of applauding was given, tho speaker during his address. Ho was followed by Col. Elias A. Calkins, of tho Milwaukee JVctos. Hr. Calkins devoted himself to tho description of tho production of a newspaper. ,lb was a care- fully prepared address, and was pronounced ox- collont throughout. tub roEii of tho oooaslon was road by Loroy Irons, of tho Columbus Republican. It boro tho sug gestive title, “ Badger Quills.” Tho singer bo fun by asking for tho ** breath of roses out of ho mellowest Muses.” Further on tho Mxtso got a little loose, aud'Spon around in this stylo : Or if tbo groat/Ohlcago Extend its Icon arma To placo Ita own embargo, In epito of Uro-alarms, On CornmoDco’u golden apple, Till Ht, ilioulu, ooroly “sick,” Lota our Milwaukee grapple The problomatlo trick; Snd tho song was finally hushed in a roll of • “ bread and butler.” After tho poem, tbo annual ELECTION OF OPFIOESS was had, resulting aa follows: J'resident— Sam llyan, Jr. Vice-Pfcvidsnta—' TUomoa 3. Allen, X. O, Knight, Col. James BlutlKT. Kccordintj Secretary— Jameo Root. Treasurer— David Atwood. Corresponding Secretary— Elios A. Calkins. At tbo conclusion of the business meeting, tbo Convention adjourned temporarily to wtc/ioss tho parade and maneuvers of tbo. City Firo De partment ; and at 1 o’clock p. m. lunch was had at tho Rink, following wliich a few speeches woro mado. Among them was a pointed defense of the salary-increase, and a pungent exposition of tho cmiao -and effect of tbo abolition of tbo franking privilege, fiom BENATOtt C.VIIViNTEB. Of tbo salary-grab ho said, jocosely, that, If tho money belonged to the people, vihut moro direct way of getting it circulated titan to give it to such follows as him to spend.” His sotting forth of tho franking-matter was qirito asfohcit ouo as his apology for tho salary-grab. Ho said that, by insisting on tho doing away wim that business, tho country editors had rolkwod him of tv great deal of hard clerical labor, aud.-tho spend ing of SSOO a year for olorU-hlro, as well as ro- Jiovod themselves of tho burden of pub lishing tho moro important news-items •of the day, until they hod been given them second-hand by tho editors d tho dailies in tho larger.cities. r ‘ You have gr /on the metro- | politan papers a monopoly in thin thing, said tho speaker ; and, whether they b uliovou him or not, tboy did admit tbo speech acbmrablo for its very audacity. President of the GUIOAOO, DUBUQUE & SONKESOTA BAILBOAD having courteously placed a lino of coaches at tho use of tho Wisconsin editor/* on tho river road, for tho day, a largo muni tat crossed tho river in tho afternoon, and passed a few hours riding up and down tho lino, and -worn apparent ly very glad to accept tho olfor, only regretting they could not spare the tlmo to pass over tho entire lino from La Orescent to Clinton,— a journey which, can hardly ho excelled in the items of easy! swift, and safe travel, freedom from dust, and delightful scenery. Tho members of tho press and their friends are invited to take a foot in. a - COirTLIUEK’r.iBY BALD in tlio Pomeroy Opera-Home to-uiglit, which has boon docked out with evergreens by tho Social Club of LaOroßEo for this event, and to-morrow : morning tho excursionist U will resume their journey, taking tho Ale: tandor Mitchell, Capt. Laughton, for St. Paul. 'J Zhey will pass on. bear ing a lively souso and app reciatiou of tho liberal and really praiseworthy c dTorta of the people of Li iCrosao to mako their vi Bit hero, in all respects, pLcaaaut. A number of tho excursionists will pnobably “ do " tho Lako .Superior region before tlu >y go back to their edit tsml desks. THE HAIUIOAJJ-1 WnnOE lIEUE, or rather tho question, Whoro shall it be ? is yott ono of tho day’s topic a. but will probably bo sot tied definitely in a few weeks. Humors, whjlch have some consrklorablo claims to cro demco, aro rife, that a m iw company, b&okod by No’.r York capital, will co: aimonco tho building of a bridge hero within a v< iry few weeks, in a lo oxilty much moro accoptf »b!o io tho City of La- CroHuo than tho ono dote nnined upon by tho St. occasion herctfto state, for tho bene fit t those whom it may c oncorn, that the facxr tieu for sending TELEGRAPHIC JHESSAOES froi n this point aro inadequate to tbo demands of tbo morning press,—very greatly inadequate to, auch occasions aa tbo present. Vraiim. Upheaval ot Australia. Prom a Melbourne Paper. Tho gradual upheaval of portions of tho coast of Australia waa first remarked, wo boliovo, by' the b>bo Mr. John Kent, who waa the commis aarifU- ofllcor in charge, in tho early days, of tho nonal settlement of Morton Hay. Mr. S. U. Wmtto, of Hobart Town, ban sent an interesting communication on tho same subject, which ia referred to by. tho Sydney Umpire, Ho (contends that tho sheila found in heaps in Tas mania cannot have boon loft where they aro /tfouudby tho aborigines, because tho heaps cou- I ►tain the remains of testaceous raollnsks, too •minute to have boon of any service to the blacks, land ho attributes tho presence of bits of char* •.coal in such heaps to drift agency. His doßcrlp* •&ion of one of theso shell deposits is interesting. »►xbiH deposit is situato at Bandy Bay, an indent; lot tho estuary of tho Itlvor Derwent, distant ‘from Hobart Town about two miles. In a bank, {formed by a road cutting, distance sixty yards. | (inland and forty foot above high water mark,. I ‘exists a shell bod three foot in .thickness, i ►The shells have a matrix of dark arglllo • arenaceous soils, and beyond being more or loss [.comminuted, especially tho bivalves*, exhibit a * vfow traces of geological ago. Above tho shell •'bed reposes a stratum of vegetable soil a few j inches thick. The shell rest upon a stratum of •‘brown clay, haying no traces of organisms, and 1 that, la turn, reposes on coarse grained yellow , isaudstono, traversed by veins of marl near its I- laurfaco. Tho shells aro all of genera and species I mow found living in tho water only sixty yards - ;in front and below tho deposit. In this bod a l . jjuoon-howl shaped fossil bone was found by a ■'laborer employed in making tho road ilvo years .', ft g o 1 havo little doubt that It is •the hone of tho pyoldal process of boom cetacean. ;it is 2% Inches in length by 2 X inches in jbroodth, and presents no further signs of decay 'than the associated shells do. Mr. Wlntlo de scribes many similar shell boils which ho boa .examined in Tasmania, and afllrms that tho -(analogues of those bods exist in Victoria, and ’.Now South Wales. Ho considers that JhoQO .*raud analogous facts provo that thoro.ia outsell- IfiUon of the land towards tho polar rollons, arid that tho coast of Australia in slowly rlaing.at no loss than sixtoon foot in a century, whllo-durlng tho dawn of tho pleistocene epochs a wide tract of land sunk down, whorohy Now Zealand became separated from tho mainland of Australia. EUCHRED BY A LUNATIC. Xho fliff&ent Cano of Emotional Sanity on Ilooord—A Putnam County, N. Officer Put liito tlio Utica Asylum by a Crazy man* Vika. June 0, Correepondtnee of the Putnam County Courier . This morning I noticed two of your citizens gotoff tho earn at this place—Abraham J. Mlllor ami Samuel Berry. Olad to bco anybody from homo. I naturally hastened to glvo thorn a cordial, greeting, aflor which Mr, Mlllor took mo aside and said ho was taking Berry to tho asylum. Imagine my astonishment when Berry also . took mo aaldo and informed mo In a very confidential manner that ho was taking Mlllor to tho asylum. X’orcolvlng no marked traces of Insanity in either, I was perplexed which to believe, or whether to believe either. After turning tho subject over In my mind once or twice, I re solved to stay with thorn and see tho thing out. Wo first went to tho hotel, procured some re freshments, and while there Berry called for pen and Ink, saying that ho wanted to wrlto homo to his wife. Having prepared a letter, ho called a porter, and dispatched him to tho Post-Office I then supposed, but as subsequently appeared, ho was sent to the asylum with a letter of which tho following la a verbatim copy: . TmmsuAT, Juno 6,1873. Superintendent (\f Fnetine Asylum: l)tun Bin: In about one or two hours from thli timo I shall bring to your institution for treatment a young man from Putnam County. Ilfs insanity has ficculiar modes of manifcßtation.ond during lucid iu orvaln Is not porcopllblo at all. while on tho cars last evening ho abstracted from my coat pocket the papers f lvcn me by tho authorities upon which to enter him ll the myhmi, *nd now »B«urta -il»*i h» la s°n>B to lodge mo In tho asylum. 1 thought I would write you in advance. In order that you may bo able to properly estimate his talk when we arrive, Yours truly, SAMtntn Debut. After dinner I accompanied the boys to tho Asylum, where we wore mot by tho polite phy sician in charge, and conducted to tho reception room. Almost as soon as we wore seated Miller roso to his foot, with quite as much dignity as any Envoy Extraordinary over pre sented credentials to tho court of a reigning potentate. Drawing from hia pocket Judge' Wrights'e order aad accompanying papers, ho handed them to tho Superintendent upon whoso I face gathered a pleasant but rather incredulous 1 smile.' After placing them on tho desk he glanced at Berry, who returned it with a siguifi cant'wlnk of tho left eye. That silent but ex pressive language, soon “ settled tho hash " of poor “ Aby,’ v who was soon conducted to tho apartment for now patients. In vain did ho at tempt to expostulate and explain. Tho doctor’s only answer was that ho understood his case, and advised him to remain quiet—that excitement was injurious, ond would onlydolayhls recovery. Having attended to our business, Berry and I started for tho depot. On tho way down ho ex plained to mo the facts of tho caso, and said ho would have a big thing on tho Brewster boys when ho returned. Deploring tlio uncomfort able position of poor ” Aby,” and desiring to right matters as far ns I could, I induced Berry to raturu to the institution with mo under pre tence of saying . something to “Aby” before leaving. When wo again reached tho asylum, I explained tho true state of affairs to tho Super intendent, who Boomed to disbelieve all of us. To extricate himself from tho dilemma ho tele graphed to‘T Brewsters, and upon tho receipt of tho reply, immediately exchanged tho positions of the’parties. - An “Aby" emerged from hia gloomy abodo ho looked very much like some individual returning from tho funeral of his last earthly friend. Ho said the poxt time they want to send lunatics to tho asylum they must get Fred Knox to tako them. Ho also informed mo that bo would not Lavo undertaken tho job only for tho expectation that ho was going to have a pleasure trip without costing him any thing. LYNCH-LAW; DJic {Ranging of Jonepli C* tituviiUn County* XUCo., for dorse* Stealing. franklin, Mo. (Jinn 17), Dirpatehto the St, Louie Democrat, . Joseph 0. Howard, a notorious homo-thief, ling infested Franklin County for Homo tuuo past. Hio first appearance boro was about four years ago. His habitation was a littlo log hut, citualocl among tho bleak bills, about six miles south of Frauldiu, wboro bo hvod with a noto rious woman of a woli-known river ‘ Captain. They bad only ono companion, an orphan boy, of whom raoro will bo said hereafter. * An un certainty Booma to bavo surrounded .them, how ever, that engendered a groat deal of- distrust m the minds of the surrounding fanners. Tbo Ut ile patch of ground near bis place was hardly cultivated, and Howard Boomed to have no occupation or business. During a greater part of tho tirao bo was to bo seen in Ibo saloons of Franklin. His main associates wore throe or four os suspicious characters as himself, and bo was engaged in a number of broils aud rows, which did not raise him in tho estimation of tho community. Tho distrust with which bo was regarded deepened into a stronger feeling, almost from tho commencement of mu residence hero. Tho farmers of this and adjoin ing counties bavo Buffered from tho depredations of borso-tblovos, and about two years ago a vigilance committee was organized. From that timo on information was received that throw suspicion on certain parties, and among them Howard. Until recently no evidence of sufliclont reliability could bo obtained to justify prosecu tion, aud then, suddenly, Howard disappeared. Ho was arrested a littlo raoro than a week ncoin St. Louis, and on Monday afternoon was taken' out of bis coll aud placed f bo bands of Deputy Sheriff Huffschmidt aud the Town Marshal to take him to Union, tho county seat of Franklin County, for trial. Vogue ru mors woro alloat daring tho day that should Howard got into the - bauds of tho vigilantes bo would bo lynched.-' It. was assorted that a num ber of tho vigilantes bad boon in the city during tho day, hut the rumors were looked on; as base less tbo general public, wboeo oars, they asked to be allowed to mako a con fession aud go to tho Penitentiary without for; mality of a trial. Tho request was refused, aud Howard placed on the train. Ibo trip was ac complished in safety, and tho tram arrived at Franklin about 7 o’clock, tho purpose being to keep him in thoFranklin jail ana • romovo him to Union in tho .morning. . About tho middle of tho afternoon between sixty and sev enty vigilantes bad ridden into the town on horseback: no disguise was worn, and the men were recognized as farmers from tho lower-part 1 Jefferson Comity, near Catawissa.' A strict si lence was maintained, while a parade was mode through tho town in double column, and then they dismounted and marched through the streets on foot,to tho depot. Horo they wore drawn up in lino, facing Ibo track ns tbo train drow up at tbo depot. Not a word was opokon, end no demonstration of violence rujido by the eriiwtb Tbo ofllcora camo out with tho prisoners hotWL'on thorn, the crowd parting before them. They t*»ok up tbolr way across tbo street to Huffßcbnn'U’S Boloon * ' vbor * adn ? lc or Y, a 0 ♦2 -iim crowd poured in to watch tho iirihonor but W ordered out. Mr. Huff schmldt’ took i’to prisoner into .-book 1 V-intU Knlirmatm was Si. who ordered - «>« ‘° f< , b w ° brought into hio onloo. a .\ l %sfcd tlio iS?- dooru above, and tbo cron d follouo I oner into tbo court-room. (Wat begun immediately'by'tbo T , naked Howard if bq was ready. aid answered in tbo.npgtytlvo. .•'+ b £ SJj?® tiou by tlid Justice was whether, b * J 1 ? 11 ,. Huffßobmidt’s more. . Howard answo/cd Hero an interruption occurred, uoraCf 9* spootatorn pressing forward to ask tho p'risunor moro questions, but was quickly Buppi’CMO* l * Tbo Justice' thou aakod Howard if bo could .v vo bonds, to which bo nnaworod in tbo negative. Tlio commitment was thou mode out, and tho prisoner placod in tbo bauds of tho Town Mar shal, (i. liruralargor. Hero-tho vigilantes inter posed, shoving tho Mumbai aside, and Howard was examined ny a committee of tho order. Tho committee consisted of five men ; tbreo of them, according to Justice Kabrman’u state ment, wore Andy McOluro, Fred Whitworth, and a man named ilobiuson. The first question put to Howard was whether bo bad any confederates. Howard said no. Thou tboy aakod him if bo bad taken tbo horses of Fred. Dotwillor, Mr. Him- Bcbmidt, and tbo other' complainants- Howard acknowledged that bo had, stating that bo had boon running down hill for tho laet tbroo years, and that they woro tho only homos bo bod o> cr taken. Tbo Oommitteo then told him that if bo would 101 l who woro his confederates they would not hurt him. and Howard again said that ho bad none. Tbo examination was oQnoluaocl about 8 o’clock, aud Howard wau then paced, in tbo town jail. Tbo building wft amril but strong structure, roughly built of pjocoa of j atoiio, and containing two colls. kacb lighted by a window, and tbo is by a door on tbo opposite side. After placing him in tbo jail tho Marshal and tho Deputy went out to got their prisoner Boroo Bup nor. On tbolr roturn tboy woro knocked down from behind by prisoners in ft crowd ftu«^ tho keys taken away from them. Tho doors wof 6 unlocked, and tho coll In which Howard wan confined was opened and ho taken to a piece of woods adjoining tho town. Hero, according to tho common supposition, ho woo again asked,as to his confederates and disclosed their names on tho promise, on their hqnbr, th£i ho should not bo harmed. Tho main citizens of tho place re fuse, almost unanimously, to reveal tho names of tho supposed confederates, but they are under stood to bo James Eads, a man named llobinson, and one other. Howard was then returned to tho jail. Tho particulars of what followed cannot bo definitely ascertained, and probably will always remain more or loss a mystery. It can only-bo stated that about two hours after, Howard was again taken from his prison, conducted In si lobco to a quiet spot half a mite distant, a rope procured, and ho was hung by tho nock until aopd. whether this was tho same band which had promised him'thoir protection cannot he The common report is that the latter band came from tho lower, their prede cessors from the upper, ■ part of Jefferson County. That ho did not commit sulcido is pretty evident from tho fact that ho was strung to a Urab almost fifteen foot from tho ground, - with tho rope strongly fastened to a limb be hind him. It is supposed the rope was first fastened aronnd his nook, and that bo was then pushed off Into eternity. Tho spot was close to a little by-path loading oif from tho main rood, and looks directly upon a grave-yard, its white head-stones buried In the thick grass, and Us silence only disturbed by the rustling of tho trees that embower it, or tho singing of birds. The body swung almost to tho ground, tho toes being only a few inches from tho earth. The face was pale, tho eyes closed, tho month open, and protruding, blackened, and swollen tongue. His hands wore handcuffed before him. The rope had boon spliced, tho upper portion re sembling a clothes lino, and the lower part be ing three-quarters of an inch thick. The knot had boon placed behind tho loft oar, bat tho nock had not boon broken. Marks on tho ground doomed to show that ho bad beon dragged a con siderable distance to tho tree. About 8 o'clock fcbo body was out down by or der of Justice Kahnnau to bold ati Inquest. When tbo rope was cut tbo body foil Btiflly for ward to tbo ground, face downward. Ho wit* noßflcs were examined, and a verdict was Imme* dlatoly rendered that bo camo to bis death bj • strangulation by bauglng by a rope, caused bj parties unknown. Howard was a man of good family, his father, it is said, being Judge of the Court of Appeals of tbo Fifteenth Circuit of Now York. Ho bad received a lino education, and bad pleaded la several cases before tbo Justices* Court in Frank* bn, While hero bo lived almost entirely on tbo support of Mrs. Fads, doing a little work occa sionally on tbo farm. A few weeks ago Mrs, E&ds loft for Now York, whore it is said abo has relatives, aud Howard, when asked why bo had stolon tbo horses, sold: “ Web, tbo old lady badgono away anal could not got any money, and 1 bad to do something.’* Tbo orphan boy who bvod with them is said to have boon murdered by Howard for having broken a bottlo of wine ho was bringing homo. Tho doath of a night watchman named Asp. who was found, with outs and bruises about tbo head, at tbo depot ono morning several months ago, Is also-accredited to Howard. Tho common sup position hero Is that Howard was working with a gang of horse thieves, extending their connec tions from Callaway County, on tbo Missouri, to below Sto. Qouoviovo, on tho Mississippi, which ran horses from one section to another, crossing over into Illinois when required at Sto. Genevieve and Alton. THE JUDICIAL ELECTION. Alleged Intimidation ofi Voters* From thcA Udo {III.) Banner. The want of boubo, couvluhv, and manliness shown by eomo mou on tho day of election for Supromo • Judge; wao, indued, humiliating to every true man. Some mou who believed that Craig was tho best man for Supremo Judgo woro bo ultra in that belief that they almost refused to allow any ono to differ with thorn. Some of tho zealous OraigitoD would eay to buaincßS raou, “Wo aro looking after you, and, unless you veto fiquaro, wo will spot you.” What did they moan by spoiling? Our understand ing was that they meant If you vote for Law rence wo will do all in our power to decrease your bualnoßß, and will bo inform others that they may help us to injure you. Tills was evi- . doutly an attempt to intimidate voters; ana those mon who raado tboraHclvos so officious can justly bo taken bold of by tho law, and made to answer as to their intentions. _ Such an attempt to intimidate la unworthy ol any houorabloman,hoho a producoror consumer, but especially is it unworthy of mon who have formed themselves into an association for tho purpose of putting dowu monopolies. The right to veto as tho dictates of a man’s judgment save, is tho right of ovory American free man, ane only men who aro ignorant, tyrannical, or foolishly zealous would over attempt to cur tail that right. Wo sincerely regret that any man or sot of men could ao far forgot thoir man hood and sense of justice as to allow themselves to stoop bo low ob to attempt to intimidate a voter by intimating that it would injure his busi ness. This attempt of intimidation is ocpccially to bo deplored, coming from farmers who aro try ing to help thomßolvea, and,an they claim,business iu general. It will and ought to mako everybody suspicious of tho good intentions of ouch per sons, and will put a damper on thoir movements. If such aro tho teachings of Granges, wo hope that tho Lord will blot thorn from existence, for they do not dcaorvo to Uvo among decent people, and under a froo government. Wo do not say that such is tho teaching of Oranges, but, on tbo other hand, hope it is not. Not only was this kind of intimidation practiced in Mercer Township, but more or Icbb all over tbo county. To all honest, well-meaning persons, intimidation is only monarchy in a simple form, and wo fo«l confident that oyory man who said ho would snot another man because ho voted for a diiTorout man, with tho intention to injure hia business, will fool heartily ashamed of his con duct when ho rollocts, ana that all real mon will | condemn intimidation as beneath tho support of * an honorable, uoblo mind. 10 1 f AGASSIZ AND BROWN-SEQUARD. Prospect of a laboratory for Physio • logical Experiments at the Ander son School on JPonlkcuo Island# To the Editor 0/The yew York Tribune: Sir.: Ireadiulhis morning's 'inbuno a nvr remarks concerning Dr. Prown-Boquardand the Anderson School of Natural History ou Pouikoao- Island, which load mo to infer that somo infor mation concerning my plana for that institution may not bo unwelcome to you. Natural History ia to-day no longer a more descriptive ficionco. It aimo at improving knowledge by experiment as well aa by ■ observation. ? And from tho first day 1 know tho intentions of Mr. Andoraon I have' wished to combine physical and cboimcal experi ments with the Instruction and tho work of re search to bo carried on at Pomkcso. Ihat phja ioloclcal experiments lie at tho very foundation of an exhaustive study of zoology is as plain ua tho simplest truth. Put to do auythmg of value in that-direction a master is needed at tho head of tho department, and of course I thought at ouco of my old friend Prown-Saquard. Hearing of his intention to pay a visit this summer to hia Bclontiflc friends in Europe, I felt that my hopes for tho school wero involved in lus movements, and I at ouco came to Now York determined to do my utmost to induce him to join mo in laying tho most solid foundation for tho Andoraon School. . , , , I havo so far succeeded that my friend hoa promised mo to give dp his journey to Emopo, and to stand by mo until tho school is fully or ganized. and I know I shall havo tho sympathy of all tho true friends of science in my buccmh. Whether It will be possible for mo to induce Hr. Prown-Soquavd largely to forego, for tho pres ent. tho advantages of a medical do- himself hereafter chioliy pUyslological experiment, tho future may decide. But what I rejoice in is tho fact - now settled that wo shall have, In connection with- tlio Andorison ScUool, a nhvuloloclcal laboratory worthy of tho high im cortanco’physiology boo gained of late years in roforonco to medical science; ami thus tho may extend the range of its usefulness in of science to the practlcaUv s of Yoa«; Juuo 14, 1873. _ A Crazy Ulan* fh . Pouahiwvtto <*v. r.) June 10. * J SSi , ™ricalling hinwolf 0. N. Hudson was eeou onftoduomlay morning, the dth lust., by thS mSsob Greeley, lounging about tho and noon their going to uoo what ho was doing thoro’ho askodthora It ho could hoo Miss Ida Oroolov Being shown to Miss Ida bv her amit, Sira. Clovoiaud, Ho nti^ Qc y f }|^ J received lottoro from him, 0. N. Hudson. Ite coiving an allirmativo reply, ho followed them to the houeo, eaylng that ho wanted to talk on Ira nortant buuinoßd. Ho then attempted an■ pa pfauation of his droarae and ylulonn, •““■"‘UW 1 imfc thov all noinled unmiotakably to Mies id. become Ida wife. Moving he 1 following punning, 'ihuruday.

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