Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 20, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 20, 1873 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. TERMS OV BtmSORU'TtOK (PATARLS IN ADVANCE). pally, bynml) 848.001 Simrtajr 83.60 Trl-Woekly O.oblWookly 2.00 Parts of n roar nt tlio came rate. To prevent delay and mfstAkos. bo suit) and glvo Post nddrott In full, Including Htnto aud County. liomtttnncos may bo nmdo either bydmft, express, Post Oltlco order, or In rcKlatcrod letters, nt our risk. TERMS TO CITY BUnflOHUlKIia. Polly, delivered, Sunday oxooptod, 26 cent* por week. Pally, delivered, Sunday Included, 80 cents per week. Address THIS TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Wndlson and Doatborn»aH.. Chicago, 111. TO DAY’S AMUSEMENTS. ATKF.N'B THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Con gress street, Spectacular opera, "Zoloo.** HOOI.EY'S THEATRE—Randolph street, between Dlnrk and LaSsJlo. "(ianio of Lory." MoVIOKER'B THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn .and Stato. The Katie Putnam Troupe, •'libido O’drasß." , ACADEMY OP MUSIC - HaUtod street, between Madison and Monroo. Theatre Ootulquo Combination, MYERS' OPERA HOUSE—Monroo street, between State and Dearborn. Moran A Manning's Minstrels. AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton stroot, between Washing ton and Randolph. Gal Wagner’s Minstrels. BUSINESS NOTICES. LYON'S INSECT POWDER WILL NOT HARM A baby, but tboy aro death to ileus, cockroaches, and bugs. ROYAL HAVANA LOWERY—Wifi SOLD IN drawing of 22d April last the <600,000 1 orito. Circulars sent; information given. .1. 11. MAk'IINKA AGO., Ranker*, lOWall-st. P. O. lies 4685. Now York. “"FOR FRECKLES AND MOTH PATCHES. ASIC tour druggist for Perry's Moth and Freckle t/jtlon. Depot, 49 llund-st., Now York. For Plmpleson the Face, Blackheads, and Floshworms, nso Ferry’s Improved Com* «dono and Pimplu Remedy—tho Groat Hkln Medicine. Prepared only by Dr. U. 0. Parry, Dermatologist, 49 Sond-st., Now York. REMARKABLE BUOOESR—WITHIN THE LAST ton days 9,8)0 bottloa of Dr. Iluwo’a Arabian Milk Cure and Tonic have boon sold In this city. Tbo Doctor re ceived ovorSOO visitors last week, whom bo examined gratuitously, and every one oxproMcd themselves dollght- Dd with tholr treatment, and tho advice received. It Is to bo hoped vro shall soon bu favored with another visit from the Doctor, who loaves ui lu a few days for hi* homo la Now York. Uls medicine* can bo found at tbo drug •tores. CONSUMPTION CAN RTS OUUBD-aOItKNCK'S • Pulmonic Simp, ScUonck'a Hcaword Tonlo, Botionck's Olfttidrnko iMlfa, »ro tho only medicines that will cure Pulmonary Consumption. » I'rcouontly medicines that stop o ecash trill coca* slon the death of tho pationt. They luck up the Uvor, •top tbo circulation of tho blood, hemorrhage fallows, and, In (act, they clog tho action ot tho very organ* that caused the cough. hirer Complaint and Dyspepsia aro tho causes of two thtrds of tho uoaos of Consumption. Many persons com- Klaln of a dull pain in tho side, constipation, coatod mono, pain In tho Ehuuidor-hlado, footings of drowsiness snd restlessness, tho food lying hoarily on tbo stomach, iccorapauitid with acidity ami botching up of wind. Thosu symptoms usually originate from a disordered londitloo of tno stomach or a torpid Ilror. Persons so affected, if they tako one or two hoary colds, tnd If tho cough In those cases bo suddenly chocked, will And tho stomach and Ilror eloggod, remaining torpid and Inactive, and almost before they aro nwaro the lungs aro n mass of sores nnd ulooratod, tho result of which is death. BtJIiUNOK’S PULMONIC SYRUP is an expectorant which does not contain opium or anything calculated to Shock a cough suddenly. tSCHRNCK’S BKAWKF.D TONIC dlseblros tbo food, snlsos with tho gastric juices of tbo stomach, aids dlgcs dou. and creates a ravenous appetite. When tho bowols aro costlro, skin sallow, or (ho symp toms otherwise of a bilious tondosoy, BOUJiNOK’B SXAiv- DKAKi: PILIjS aro required. Those medicines aro prepared only by J. 11. SOHQNOK A BON, Uht S&jktiie. Friday Morning, June 20, 1873 c Tbo wheat crop of California this year is ex pected to exceed 22,000,000 bushels. A woman was banged at Sarnia, in Canada, yesterday, tor tbo mardor of bor husband. A usury law, Axing tbo rate of interest at 7 percent, has been paesed by tbe Connecticut Senate. Tbo Formers' Board of Trado, instituted by the producers of Kano, Kendall, DuPago, and Do- Kalb Counties, bold its first mooting In Aurora yesterday. ________________ A heavy mall from Now York City and New England, for tbo Western States, was burned last Tuesday while on route by the Now York Control Railroad. United States postal cards may bo soul, after «Tuly 1, into Canada, under an arraugomont made by Postmaster-General Croswoll, upon the pay ment of ono cent additional postage. ... It is proposed that all tho Spanish-American Republics unite in a manifesto calling on Spain to concede Cuba hor independence. Colombia lends In the movement and has been joined by Costa XUca. Tho Warehouse Commissioners, who have been in consultation with the grain men of this city concerning tho changes to bo made in grading groin under the now law, havo decided to abolish the “weight tost" of No. 2 wheat, and to establish a now grade o'? oats, covering a slight mixture -of block oats with White, and a now grade of corn containing thrco-foarihfl of yellow grain. Mr. Trussing, of tho Board of Education, com plains that tho proposition of tho German mem bers of tho Board of Education upon tho subject of German In tho public schools is misundor otood. Tho proposition is not that Gorman shall be compulsory upon all; but that a child once beginning Gorman shall not bo allowed to drop it. Once begun by a scholar, it becomes compulsory upon him to continue it or leave school. Tho French Assembly has consented, by a vote of 485 to 137, to permit the prosecution ofM. Banc, ono of its members, who is charged with Laving taken part in the outrages of tho Com mune. Gon. CJugeret, another Communist leader who is under sentence of death, and, to escape which ho has boon wandering about Europe, has boon forbidden by Belgium to outer Us territory under penalty of being given up to tho French Government. • Although Susan 13. Anthony, when asked by tho Court wlmt she had to nay why sentence should not bo paseod upon hor, eagerly solicited the utmobt rigors of tlio law, she was treated with what muet have boon aftlicting tondomoßS to the would-be martyr. Tho Judge condemned bor to pay a lino of SIOO, and hastened to add ■that tho usual rule requiring priaonora to be committed until their fines were paid would not bo enforced against her. Another project for a Government freight* railroad is submitted by the parties who met .yesterday in New York, to aot in unison with tbe American Cheap Transportation Association, formed by the Astor House Convention of Pro ducers and Consumers last mouth. They pro pose that a double-track roadway, to bo used for freight buaiuoaa only, ahould bo built between 2Jew York and Chicago by tho Government, and that it ahould then be thrown open to private .transportation companies, who would relieve the Government of tho operation of the road. Be dsides other advantages, they claim that the time of transit would bo reduced from ton days to ithreo. The Now Orleans .Timet denies that there is or has been any Asiatic cholera in that city, and Insists that there la not ft healthier city in tho country. Upon the basis of this assertion it vigorously assails *Qov. Kellogg for issuing Ids guorouUno proclamation, and pronounces tho quarantine a unclose and expensive humbug. 16 makes, In this connection, the remarkable as sertion that, for several years together, when Now Orleans was without quarantine regulations, the city was exempted from yellow-fever visita tions, but . whoa such regulations were strictly enforced the disease invariably prevailed. The principal objection, however, which the Times makes to the quarantine is the fact that it is still further restricting commerce, which was sufficiently trammeled before. Tho steadiness of tho movement up the Mis sissippi Valley from Now Orleans of a distemper whioh, whether it bo roally tho Asiatic cholera or not, has counted its scores of victims in a day, and tho possibility that our rcokhig streets may offer it an invitation it cannot resist, aro reasons enough to induce our readers to turn to tho circular from tho American Public Health Association givon ip our colums this morning. This memorandum is prepared by parsons of wido experience in sanitary matters, and will bo found to contain valuable directions booed on tbo experience of tho Boards of Health of other cities for the preparation and application of dis infectants for streets, houses, clothing, and sick rooms, and for preventive measures of cleanli ness which, if used In time, will leave no occa sion for disinfectants. Burlington, lowa, lost Us Opera-House, Oourt-Houflo, two hotels, and all hat nine of tho buildings on four blocks by tho destructive firo of yesterday. Tho early hour at which tho conflagration began and the northeast wind combined to givo it a serious headway, and it was overcome only with tho . holp of engines and firemen from neighboring towns. Tills was rendered promptly, tho relief from Ottumwa traversing a distance of sovonty-fivo miles in an hour and a half. Tho loss for a town like Burlington is very heavy, amounting to over SBOO,OOO, but half of which is covered by insurance. Tho firo began at 8 o'clock in the morning, and before sunrise tho proprietor of , one of the hotels destroyed had contracted for tho. material for a now house. Tho same buoyant spirit is general, and It is promised that tho burnt district will bo rebuilt within a year. The Chicago produce markets wore generally weak yesterday. Moss pork was quiet and G@ 10c lower, at $15.60@15.70 cash, and $15.70@ 16.75 seller July. Lard was quiet and steady, at $9.30(5)8.3234 por 100 lbs cash, and $8.35@8.40 seller July. Moats wore quiet and unchanged, at for shoulders, for short ribs, 8)4@8%o for short clear, for sweot-picklod hams. Highwinoa woro quiet and steady, at 800 por gallon. Lake freights woro leas active and unchanged, at 6%0 for corn to Buffalo. Flour was dull and easier. Wheat was qulot aud l@lKo lower, closing at $1.20 cash, and sl.lO seller July. Cora was active and lo lower, closing at 29% c cash, aud 823-/0 seller July. Oats woro moderately active, and >£@3/o lower, closing at 25J£o cash, and2G?/o seller July, Byo was quiet nml 3*fc lower, at COo. Barley was dull and lower, at 50 @ssc for poor to good No. 2. Hogs suffered a’ further reduction of 10@15c, declining to $4.00 @4.35, whore they closed steady. Tho eattlo trade was dull at weak aud irregular prices. Bhoop woro steady at $3.00@5.00. At tbo mooting of tbo Board of Directors of tbo Chicago 4; Northwestern Bailway in Now York, yestordoy, Mr. John F. Tracy's resigna tion of tbo Presidency was accepted, and, Mr. Albert Keep, of Ohicago, was elected President. The result, in a measure, explains tho mystery attending Mr, Tracy’s proffer of his resignation immediately after election at tbo annual moot ing. It further indicates that tbo Clark-Qould party woro not in the hopeless minority that tho first election led the public to - suppose; but that' ’they woro rather in a posi tion to dictate tbo terms o.f compromise. Mr. Keep is a Chicago man, a capitalist, interested in tbo development of tbo city, baa boon for many years and is now aDircotorof tbe Lako Shore «t Michigan Southern Ballrood. With the management of that road ho has long been actively Identified, and will bring to his now position tho experience thus advantageously gained. He is a cousin of tbo late Henry Keep, former President of tho Northwestern; is about 45 yearn of ago, of vory pleasing address; is thoroughly conversant with tho requirements of the position to which ho has boon called, and is conciliatory in his views regarding tho apparent conflict between tbo railroads and the farming interests. THE “LEAGUE OP JUSTICE” The St. Loaia Republican has information of the existence of a secret organization entirely distinct from the Granges and the Patrons of Husbandry, known as “The League of Justice." Tho primary object of this League is represented to bo tho re pudiation of tho railroad bonds issued by various county, town, and municipal governments throughout the Northwestern States, and the seizure and common division of lauds that havo boon granted away to corporations by tho United States Congress. Tho information comes from a St. Louis gentleman, for whoso responsibility tho Rqniblican vouches, and was obtained by him in conversation, on two separata occasions, with two men purporting members of 'the League, ono from Kansas and tho other from Illinois. Tho character of , tho League, as communicated by thoso ■ two men, ia revolutionary, and its purpose is not merely to prevent bond-swindles, laud steals, and the growth of monopoly in tho fu ture, hut to overthrow thoso of tho past. The Illinois man and tho Kansas man agree as to the characteristics of tho organization in general, but refuse to communicate any of tho details. They claim that tho League is established in Kansas, Nebraska, lowa, and Missouri, and is making headway in Texas, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. They represent it as more M Masonic "in character than tho Oranges, and tho organiza tion is divided into lodges under a central con trol. A membership of 200,000 Is claimed in tho various States. Mon alone aro admitted' be tween the ages of 21 and 50 years. “Wo have arms," says one of them ? “ wo will havo justice, peaceably if wo can, hut wo will havo it by force of arms If wo must." Referring to tho local railroad-bonds and land-grants, ho continues : The League will make hot work for the thieving scoundrels yet. You mark my words: The railroad companies that have had grants made by Congroas will never got one dollar after tho next year—for the lauds —norwlll anymanhoveatltlofrom them. They shall not have It. The land belonged to the people, and they did not send men to Congress to deed away their In heritance (o make a few men rich. That ia not to bo thought of. Wo have 10,000 men in Kama* who aro sworn to prevent It or die, and they mean business. The origin of the League seems to have been among certain classes In Kansas who had squat ted on lands purchased from tho Indiana by James £< Joy*. These wio Indian lands, and THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: PIItDAY, JUNE SO, 1873. wore never subject to the Homestead law. They wore given to the Chorokoo Nation in exchange for certain lands in Georgia, when the Indians wore removed from that State. Subsequently the Indiana concluded to soli thorn, and, at their request, the United States Government offered them,* through Mr. Harlan, thou Secretary of tho Interior, to tho highest bidder. They wore first bought by tbo Connecticut emigration Society, subsequently suspected to bo a myth, at a low prico and on long tlmo. This salo was afterwards sot aside, and Mr. Joy bought tho lauds for cash. Squatters took possession of them, and either refused to pay Mr. Joy any r thing or would consent to give only tho Govern ment prico of $1.25 an acre, claiming the right to settle on them under tho homestead and pre emption laws. This opposition to Mr. Joy ex tended to a railroad which ho undertook to build through that section of tho country. Tho saltiers ioro up the rails and committed such other overt oats as to require tho presence of United States troops. Tho purpose of dispos sessing Mr. Joy seems to havo boon enlarged to that of dispossessing all railroads who havo had Indian land-grants, and MI persons who hold moro than a quarter-section of such lands, no matter how obtained. To this purpose has boon added that of repudiating local bonds issued in aid of railroads, which accounts for tho mem bership in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Wo should bo slow to boliovo in tho existence of such an organization as “Tho League of Justice ” is described to bo If there hod not boon vague muttorhigs and open throats in various quarters, looking in .that direction. But, whether there is actually an organization of this kind or not, there is a spirit that suggests its existence, and this spirit cannot bo too quickly .crushed out. There has boon nowhere more steadfast and consistent opposition to railway land-grants and tho loaning of municipal credit to corporations than The Chicago TninuKE has given, hut wo cannot concede tho right to any man, nor to any sot of men, to undo by violence what has boon done in a lawful manner. Oars is a representative Government, and the peo ple aro directly responsible for tho land-subsi dies and land-steals whioh they or their rep resentatives have voted. Despotism has hod no baud in tho business. . Tho proposition to re pudiate the bonds and seize tho lands which rail roads have secured from Congress, Legislatures, County Commissioners,; or Town Councils, Is revolutionary, not in tho sense of putting down despotism, but in sense of turning representa tive Government into • anarchy. There is a severe lesson in those land-grants and bond-sub sidies, but it does not teach that property can bo taken back by force after it has been disposed of lawfully. Tho lesson is, that tho people must take care of . their own In a popular form of government; that they must not bo blinded by party prejudice; that they must not permit themselves to bo misled by knaves; that they must keep their eyes in their heads, and stop villainy in its inception. The people may make this lesson useful, if tboy will, but not in tho way suggested by the “ League of Justice,” which is utterly subversive and de structive of representative government, ] Wo cannot boliovo that tho farmers, or any considerable number of them, will think of ally- • ing themselves to a revolution of this liind. It is ultimately opposed to their most vital interests. They are laud-owners. Such a movement as this aims at tho destruction of all ownership. If land, or bonds, or franchises, lawfully acquired, can bo snatched away from railroads, then forms may bo seized and divided. If tho communistic revolution suggested under tho name of tho “ League of Justice ” should over bo started, it would secure its recruits mainly from tbo ranks of iboao who have noth ing to loso. Tho farmers cannot afford to outer into a combination of this kind, and it is gratify ing to know that tho Grange organization has nothing to do with tho “ League of Justice.” • TEE FOUNDLINGS’ HOME. Ono of tho noblest and most deserving chari ties in this city is that organized by Dr. George E. Shipman, for the cave and maintenance of forsaken children. Tho project grow out of his own good heart, and ho sot to work with ho other capital than tho contents of his purse and ah abiding faith that tho importance of Ids groat work would sooner or later commend itself to tho attention and sympathies of charitable poo? plo in this community. His faith in the ulti mate success of his labors and his Invincible determination woro such that ho has never yet made a direct appeal for help, although tho necessities of tho institution must have .drawn heavily upon his moans. Ho labored along patiently, discouraged by no obstacles, until his work began to speak fpr itself. Chari table people began to find out tho noble work which tho good Doctor was doing, and deter mined to aid him. Tho nows of this charity also bocamo known onteldo of the city, and ho soon found that Divine Providence had raised up many friends who wore glad to contribute In money and material, and thus strengthen tho hands of tho Doctor and encourage him for increased effort in tho future, but tho receipts of contributions have not kept paco with tbs needs of tho Homo. Tho temporary quarters soon became too small. The little waifs who had hitherto boon loft to die upon tho sidewalks or in tho ditches increased so fast that tho Doctor was compelled to look about him for .larger and more commodious quarters. With tho same abiding faith In tho excellence of his charity and in tho sympathies of charitable people which ho had manifested at the outset, ho at once com menced tho erection of a large and handsome Homo. Tho walls of the now Dome are nearly finished, but tho work has boon stopped for want of funds. To finish tho building will require not loss than §25,000. Tho Homo has no funds to draw from, nor any moans of finishing tho buildings except tho voluntary contributions of thoso who aro interested in tho work. Meanwhile, the building which is now occupied has boon sold, and tho present proprietor desires lb take poa? session in September next. Tho necessities of tho work aro therefore very pressing. True to the system upon which ho started, Dr. Shipman sends out no solicitors for the Dome, so that thoso who wait for a solicitor until they give will never give at all. An extract from the littlo paper published in the interests of tho Homo saysi "May2B—Tho Lord baa most wonder fully answered our prayers this morning for help, and given double tho sum that was asked. Tho now building baa again come to a standstill for tho want of moans. Yet wo havo no fears hut wo shall bo provided for in some way when the time cornea for us to vacato our present quarters." In behalf of Dr. Shipman and his beneficent work, wo appeal to the charitable people of tho community to holp him finish tho new Homo. It Is hut a small amount, comparatively, which bo needs, anil bis work should not bo hindered a single day for ibo lack of It. There is no moro deserving class in ibo community than tboso little waifs,.dosortod by tbolr parents, who, but for somo such Institution as tills, would olllior bo loft to a boro ob&nco of llfo or put out of oxist onco by violonco. Tbolr forsakon and helpless condition appeals eloquently to tbo charitable. All oibor classes of unfortunates, tbo poor, ibo Blok, tbo Insane, ato amply provided for. Tbo obarltablo people of ibis oily should now soo to It that tboso HUlo ones, offsprings of mlq fortune or sbamo, bomoloßS and parentloos and helpless, bavo parental caro in ibis excellent In stitution. It cannot bo oxpootod that Dr. Ship man alono can carry on tbla work, which baa latterly increased so rapidly upon bis bands. Ho has organized it, sot it on foot, and got it into good working order, . almost unaided and without troubling tbo public with constant ap peals. Tbo publio should now rocognizo tbo work bo baa dono, and oomo forward and hand somely sustain him, and all tbo moro generous ly for tbo reason that bo baa not importuned them for old, bat bos trusted to tbooxooUouco of , bla cause for ita support. Ho baa bod bis re word in tbo good bo boa already dono, and no man could wish a prouder and moro enduring record than tbo successful establishment of aucb an institution. It belongs to oar citizens now to do tbolr share of tbo work in guarding ibo Homo against any possibility of having its use fulness impaired for look of funds. RAILROAD PASSENGER BATES, Tho now Railroad law will benefit tbo traveling publio. Ratos of faro aro to bo lowered after July 1. Tbo proposed reduction is not very largo, yot it will bo a welcome concession. It may not Immediately apply on all tbo roads in this State, bat tbo loading linos will bo forced Into tbo reduction. Tbo Chicago, Rook Island & I’acifio Railroad . Company inaugurated ibo downward movement. Tboy would bo compelled by tbolr charter to reduce tho rate of faros in lowa to 3)4 cents per mile after Bopt. 1, and, thinking it best to make tboir rates uniform, tboy resolved to oxtoud tbo reduction ovor all portions of tboir lino. ThoNortbwostorn and Chicago, Burling ton & Quincy, being rivals of tbo Rock Island between Chicago and Omaha, woro forced to adopt tbo samo rate. Tariffs on that basis &ro now boing mado up by the throe Companies to cover all their lines and branches In Illinois, lowa, and Wisconsin. North of Fort Howard, tbo Northwestern will rot&in its present tariff as far as Escauaba and beyond to Nogauneo, where, by tbo recently-enacted law of.Mloblgan, tbo rate isfixodatScontepormilo. By a wise provision in ported in Ibo Illinois law daring its passage, an exception' was mado, 'permitting tho'issue of excursion and commutation tickets. It is not oloar why tbo same principle should not equally apply to tbo heavy shippers of freight. In tbolr respective classes tboy aro flm most constant and profitable patrons of tbo roads, and, as such, are entitled to special consideration. The Illinois Central bos not yot oomo Into tbo ' arrangement. In lowa, tbo Company cannot de lay compliance longer than Bopt. 1, because, boing a laud-grant road from Dubuque to Sioux City, acceptance of tbo grant recog nized tbo right pf tbo Legislature to proscribe tbo rates for passengers and freight. The same obligation rests upon tbo Rock Island Company, and upon a portion pf tbo Northwostarn in lowa. Tbo throe lines and

tbo 0., B. & Q/ being parallel, are compelled to accept tbo lowest rate forced upon either Com pany. Tor a time the 0., 33. A Q. objected to a reduc tion of passenger rates on its several branches In this State. They could well afford to trans-. port passengers over tho main lino at cents por mile. But tho necessity of making the rato uniform was recognized, and tho probability is, that comparatively fow railroads in Illinois— the exception being the struggling, non-dlvi doud companies—trill charge more than S}tf cents per milo.after the Ist prox. GRANTING ABSOLUTION. The Buffalo Commercial Advertiser , an or di narlly intelligent paper, in a late number says : There wore many among tho rank and file of tho Liberal party whoso defection tho Republicans can forget and forgive. They wore deceived by their loaders, and led astray like sheep. But as for tho arch conspirators lathe liberal revolt, there is no room as ypt in tho Republican heart for sympathy or forgive new toward thorn. Sympathy and forgiveness are admirable traits of character, and ought to be cultivated on 1 all proper occasions. When, however, it Js pro posed to oxtond sympathy &ud forgiveness to others, tho relative positions of both parties havo a bearing on tho matter. When forgive ness and sympathy are not asked or wonted, tho offer to’ - give or with hold tho s&mo Is both superfluous and phooky. It may bo worth wbilo to ask, how ever, What party stands need of forgive ness ? Tho party which elected tho President in 1679 also elected ihp State Government In Pennsylvania, . The latter was a pro-' requisite of tho former. Doqo the citizen whp neither approved nor contributed to tho victory ;n tho Pennsylvania election stand in hood of sympathy from those who perpetrated that of fense against public decency, which sot a pre mium on forgery, perjury, and robbery ? Is tho party that stands responsible for tho Credit Mohlllor, with its at tendant perjury, falsehood, and corruption, in a condition to oxtond sympathy and forgive ness to Ihoso who are not within the pale? Is the party that recently perpetrated the “salary grab,” and robbed tho National Treasury of a million and a quarter of dollars, in a situation to talk of sympathy and forgiveness to others ? When, in tho history of any Administration, was there such a humiliating spectacle aa tho proven bribery of a score of loading statesmen, and tho Executive pardoning a ■ convicted ballot-box stutter, and appointing on impeached Governor to a high Federal position aa evidence that official corruption was not regarded by him as a bar to Executive or Republi can rooognitlpn? And tho "party,” from' duo end of tho country to tho other, applauds tho disgraceful exhibition. Do those who arc not responsible for those acts, and who continue to hold public dishonesty aa some thing reprehensible, stand in need of sympathy and forgiveness from tho office-holding crowd whoso business is to Ilok tho baud that foods them ? Wo do cot suppose there la ft person in tho United SUtou who left the Republican organize tlou iu 1872, and who dgss pot now nook an of fice, who feels the least regrot for Uia ration, and who iu not proud that ho la do longer, even iu appearance, responsible for tho practices which defile tho Republican organization, National, State, and municipal, throughout tho country. The Republican party haa nothing to do hut to make mouoy for iu managers. It does not generally fail In this object, but wbon it doon It comes short of Us mission. And this would bo true Inevitably of any party whoso principles woro do facto accomplished. At this day, tbo President of tbo United Slates, at tbo cry of bis associates, bids tbo troops of tbo United States to bold Louisiana to tbo oarlb, while tbo party, white and black, rob and carry off every vostigo of ibo property of tbo pooplo. Tbo Buffalo or gan offers sympathy and forglvonous to tboso who protest against this crime I If, .however, success Is superior to all other considerations, is tUo present condition of Ibo party such as entitles it to extend sympathy ond forgiveness to tboso not within tbo palo ? Has tbo Buffalo organ board of tbo Farmers’ Movement In the West, whore tbo pooplo, de claring tbolr purpose no longer to bo gulled by either tho Republican or Democratic party, bavo resolved to have a party of tbolr own ? Has it board of tbo Republican party in lowa, with its CO,OOO majority, now on Its knees bogging for Ita existence until oftor tbo olootlon in October ? .Has It board of tbo general revolt, wbon Re publicans who, in 1872, voted tbo Republi can ticket, now rosolvo that they have no faith In tbo Orodlt Moblllors, tbo Cborponnlng and Bocor jobs, or the salary-grabbers, ond will henceforth support no man for office who ac cepts a Republican or a Democratic nom ination ? If tbo Ropublican party in lowa,by craven supplication, do manage to elect tbolr Governor at all, It will bo tbo lost time tboy will oloot anything In that State. The municipal and . local governments ond Legislatures of tbo Western States will bo wrenched from tho Republican party as fast as tho elections como round? tbo revolution against'old party humbugs will extend until the places which know thorn now shall know tbom no moro forever. For a party thus standing under Impending annihilation, dosortod by tbo groat multitude of its members, to talk of granting absolution to outsiders, is a plooo of remarkable insolence and stupidity. HOW PROTECTION DEFEATS ITSELF. The question is often asked by candid mon, “ How will you raise tbo rovonuo which wo now need without high duties, or such Incroaao of. imports as to completely destroy our manufao tnros? Is not tho tariff quoatlon practically sottlod, for tho prbaont at least, by tho oxlstonco of a heavy debt which compels us to raiso a largo rovonuo ? '* However absurd such inquiries seem to thoso who havo. examined tho subject, thoyaro tho natural expression of doubts which want of Information prompts in candid minds, and should bo mob by facta. It is true thoso doubts would in part bo re moved by a full understanding of ono of the first principles of political economy,—a principle es tablished not only by theoretical reasoning, but by tho oxporionco' of ages and of many nations, —that within certain limits every reduction of duty will result in an Increase of rovonuo. It causes au in creased consumption, and tho lower duty on tho larger quantity imported will yield more rovonuo than tho higher duty on tho smaller quantity, first, because tho higher tho duties tho higher tho additional charges which traders must make to protect themselves from loss by fluctuations in tho market, and to obtain return for tho larger capital required in tho handling of a given quantity of goods, thoso charges'operating as a sort of duplication of tho duty and as an added obstacle to consumption; second, because >tho higher duty tends to causo more of evasion and undervaluation; and third, because reduction of cost within certain limits prompts in crease of consumption in a still greater ratio. But in splto of thoso reasonings somo doubt still remains whether increased im portation might not destroy our manufactures, and whether such an increase as would not break thorn down would suffice for tho largo rovonuo now needed. But few, ovon of tho most intel ligent free-traders, aro aware how complete an answer to thoso doubts is furnished by our own oxporionco. Lot us examine tbo facts regarding the manufacture and importation of cloth, and supposo that tho duties aud prices of 1800 had in no way boon altered by protective intermeddling. Wo may infer that tho growth in production, In importation, and in consumption of cloth would each havo advanced at tbo same ratio at which each actually advanced during tho ton years of low duties ending in 1801. During that period the manufacture of cotton, wooion, worsted, eilk, and linou goods actually advanced 70 por copt, according to tho census reports of 1850 and 1860. According to tho Treasury records, also, the importation pf all goods of tho same kinds actually advanced 75 per cent. Both progressed with remarkably oven pace, but each Increased far more rapidly than tho population. Oloarly, an equal increase in both during the last decade would not havo de stroyed manufacture. But, would it have yielded sufficient revenue, or permitted a growth of manufacture materially loss.than has actually occurred ? From 1850 to 1860, the manufacture of cotton goods advanced 70 6-10 por cout, and tho like incroaao until 1870 would have ’given us a pro duction of 2,027,813,749 yordfy whereas, .ac cording to tho osnsue, we actually mado only 1.008.000. yards in that year. But tho reduced consumption of cotton during tho War has oausbd a considerable choogo In tho uso of wooion and worsted instead pf cotton goods; lot us suppose that tho same change had takou plapp Under lowor duties. Wo consumed in 1800 sovon and one-fifth yards per capita of wooion and worsted goods, and in 1870 oight and one-fifth; an increase of ono yard to each person. But ono yard of wooion and worsted goods in tho avorogo cannot bo counted as equal in wear to moro tbdn four'yards of cotton; if, thou, wo had substituted ouo yard of wooion and worsted for four yards of cotton, thoro would havo boon a doorcase of about 160,000,000 .yards in tho uso of cot ton, which, divided botwoon manufacture and imports, at tho ratio of produc tion to imports in 1860, would bo a loss of 108,000,000 yards in production and 63.000. yards in imports. Tho production, instead of 2,027,813,740 yards, would then havo boon 1,019,813,740 yards, or 850,000,000 yards greater than tho actual production in 1870. Again; tho manufaoturoofwoolon and worsted gpod£ prqi}ucc(J, in 1860, wily 83,206,052 yards, and in 1800 It produced 147,047,862 yards, an' in crease of 70 8-10 por pout,' IJad tho nj&iiufab turo advanced at tho s&mo ratio until 1870, wo should have produced of wooion and worsted goods 205,400,865 yards, whereas w? actually produced only 100,077,042 yards. Hence, with out any allowance for ohango from cotton to wooion goods, and without protection, tho manufacture should havo. produood about 76.000. yards moro of wooion and worsted goods, advancing at tho rato of tho last decode of low duties, than it has actually produced iritli proteptlon, aud with tho change from cotton to woolen I If you now allow a farther increase for that change, divid ing tho ono yard per capita according to tho ratio of imports to production of woolen and worsted goodo in 1860, wo have 25,003,000 yards jnoro for production, and a total product,of -200,528,855 yards as tho result of manufacture under low duties, whereas 100,077,042 yards has boon tho result of " protected » manufacture. But tho question still remains whether the imports would have yielded at low duties tho rovonuo needed. Now, tho imports of cotton goods advanced 75 por cent from 3850 to 1800 and at tho same ralo wo should have imported 000,659,738 yards of cotton poods in 1870 or, deducting 53,000,000 yards for tho change from cotton to woolen, 844,- 659,783 yards. Tho increase in number of yards from tho 220,770,039 imported in 1800 Is 63 per cent ; had tho Imports of other cotton goods advanced In tho somo ratio, tho entire value of imports of cotton, which was $32,559,. 000 In 1860, would havo boon $48,010,000 in 1870, and at tho 24 por cent duty of 1860 would have yielded a rovonuo of $11,078,600. But tho pro tective duties of 1870 actually yielded from cot ton goods only $9,200,000 rovonuo. Again | tho imports of woolen and worsted goods (oxcopt carpets) in 1860 wore $35,804,122, and tho increase since 1850 had boon 120* pop cent. Had tho same increase continued, wo should have imported $77,807,628 of snob goods in 1870 without allowance fop the change from cotton to woolen. Allowing, then, for that change ■ 18,495,000 yards ofc tho average price of imported . goods in 1870, or $4,723,250, wo havo a total importa tion of woolon and worsted goods of $82,600,878, and at 24 per cent duty this would yield a rev enue of $19)218,107. Tho actual rovonuo yielded by protective duties on all woolen and worsted goods (oxcopt carpets) in 1870 was $20,577,000. Hence, with tho same duties in force in 1860, and with tho increased consumption prompted by low prices under tho last decade of-low duties, wo should bavo obtained almost tho same rovonuo that protective duties have yielded, and yot man ufactured 160,000,000 yards more of woolen goods. Tho entire rovonuo obtained from woolon and cotton goods, at tho low duties and with tho increase of tho last decade continued, should .have boon $430,891,700, whereas tho actual rev enue undorprotoctivodutlcs was only $29,783,900. Bat tho manufacture, instead of producing 1,003,- 694,204 yards of cotton and 100,977,042 yards of woolon and worsted, if Increasing precisely as it did Increase under low duties from 1850 to 1860, only subsisting ono yard of woolen for four yards of cotton per capita, should havo produced 1,019,813,749 yords of cotton and 290,523,865 yards of woolon and worsted goods. Tho total production of 1870 under low duties should havo boon 2,210,337,004 yards, whereas tho production of 1870 under protection was only 1,254,571,836 yards. Protection has retarded tho manufac ture by 1,600,000,000 yards of cloth, and has cost tho Government over $1,000,000 In loss of revouuo. Meanwhile tho un happy consumers, tho cost of whoso cloth has boon increased Cl por cent, poy as mpeh for 1,254,571,836 yards as they would for 2,019,859,- 850 yards at tho prices of 1800, tho poor seam stresses got loss wages in gold than they .did thirteen years ago, and tho much-protected operatives, receiving 4-4 por cent moro wages than they received in 1860, pay 60 per cent more for tho necessaries and comforts of Ilfo. Such is protection ; a self-defeating blunder as a rovonuo measure or as a stimulus to manufac ture, an outrageous swindle as a pretended pro vision for tho welfare of American labor, and a wholesale robbery of tho ontiro nation of con sumers. Miss Carpenter is engaged in New York In ex plaining and advancing tho Orofton prison re form, which has boon tested in Ireland with ad mirable results. It is so called because Sir William Orofton, though perhaps not tho origi nator of it, introduced and perfected it in Ire land, Under this system, which by no moans dispenses with tbo idea of punishment, the prisoner is first remanded to solitary confine ment, whore ho is kept for a time on broad and water. During this confinement ho 'boos no one hut his keeper, whoso duty it is to explain to tho criminal tho system of probation and reform upon which he subsequently enters.' Alter tho allotted time of solitary confinement has passed, tho criminal is put to work among the others. Hero tho marking system begins. The labor is all done in common, and each day’s conduct has its influence in shortening or lengthening the duration of confinement. In dustry and good behavior may shorten tho term at least one-third. After this probation, the prisoner goes one grade higher, when ho re ceives wages and has more time for application to books. There is still another grade whore tho prisoners work In tho open field without keeper or b&rrior, and return to their barracks at night, when nothing hinders thoir escape. In this grade everything is* intrusted to thoir honor. Tho theory is, that tho discipline they havo passed through up to this time has prepared them for this last tost, and, if this proves to ho, tho case, they are certainly well fitted to go out into the world again. Whoa they go into society, they havo something with which to be gin life, which thoy havo earned during sorvioo, and thoy remain for ft time under police sar voillnnco, reporting- to the public authorities at elated intervals. Tho system has worked WQndorful reforms Jn tho Irish prisons, turning out, it is claimed, thoroughly rcfqnaed men. Tho full extent of tho salary-steal Is not yot thoroughly understood by tho people. There is Is a general impression that tho salaries of tho President and members of Congress wore en larged, but that tbo riso stopped hero. Tho fact Is, that tho increase of salaries included a largo forco of othor persons in tho Government ser vice. Tho salary of tho President was 'in creased $25,000 a year $ that of each Con gressman $3,500 a year; thoso of tho Vice- President, Speaker, Supremo Judges, and tbo seven members of tbo Oabiuot, $3,000 a year each. All tbo Assistant Secretaries had their salaries raised $2,600 each, All tho Commis sioners secured au advance of SI,OOO each. Tho Supervising Architect of tho Treasury, tho So licitor of tho Treasury, tho assistants in ' the Postmaster-General's office, and all tho Auditors pnjoyod on Increase of SI,OOO each,, JTUo salaries of llio 'Secretary of tho. Senate, tho Clerk of tho House, the Chief Clerk and Journal Clerk of the House, and aU tho elqrta and assistant dorks, tho doorkeepers, and tho assistant doorkeepers, Postmasters, aud As sistant Postmasters, aud everybody ojae con nected with tho Senate and House, came in for a share of tbo grab. Alter specifying & long list of officials, Congress seems to havo feared that somebody might havo boon overlooked, and made a general clause providing (hat everybody clso in or about tho Capitol building, not other wise provided for, should havo an increase,of 16 per cent, dud added that tho now salaries should bo payoblo « from tho beginning of tho present Congress, or from the date of their appointment during tho present Congress.” Though wo hoar of no definite movement for tho repeal of tho Salary-Grab Jaw at tho noit session of Congress, It is already intimated that thoro will bo a combination to repeal tho bill which abolished tho franking privilege. Ono of tho many lomo excuses that have boon made for tho salary-grab was tho sacrifice of tho franking privilege ond mileage. It would bo a very con sistent Congressional policy to restore tho frank ing privilege and then (ho milooge, leaving tho salary question whom It stands now. Tho argu ment is advanced that It will require between $700,000 and $1,000,000 to supply tho scales With which to weigh mall matter, tho circulars of instruction, tho appropriation of stomps, etc., and that tho abolition of the franking privilege Is responsible for this expenditure. If the ex penditure of any ouch amount ns Ibis Is contem plated, It hears tho evidence of frjxud on tho faco of It. Instead of serving as an argument for tho restitution of ono of tho worst abuses tho Government has tolerated, It should demand an investigation os to tho ways and moans by which another million Is required to make tho reform practical. The obituary record of tho past few weeks in cludes several distinguished names. Among them oro Frederick Ludwig G. von Itaumer, tho eminent German historian, whoso reputation Is world-wldo; Phllippo do Sartlguos, who has left several works on political economy of high roputo; Baron von Kubech, tho Austro-Hungarian diplo matist; John Camden Cotton, tho well-known London bookseller and publisher; Frederick Pinckney, forforty years Deputy State-Attorney of Baltimore, and son of tho distinguished law yer and statesman, William Pinckney ; Halil Pasha, Grand Master of Artillery in tho Ottoman army, who created tho Ordndnco Department of Turkey; Joseph Broch, for many years President of tho Massachusetts Horticultural Society; and Wolfgang Menzol, ono of the greatest po lemical writers Germany has over produced! Ho was a violent opponent of Goethe, Hogol, and Voss, and hold his ground for many years, but was finally overthrown by Heinrich Heine, who mado him a laughing-stock all over Germany. Tho Jury question is about to como to an issuo in Germany. Bayard Taylor, in ono of his letters, explains that - thoro are two forms of tho jury system in use, tho .Schoffongoricht and Schwurgcrlcht. Tho latter corresponds with -our system, but tho former Is peculiar to Ger many and Gorman Switzerland. It reserves all questions, both of fact and law, to Judges and jurors, who moot together and return a common verdict. Tho Judges arc generally three in number, ond the jurors not moro than six. In tho draft for tho crim inal code which has boon submitted to tho Imperial Parliament, tho, preference Is given to the Schoffongoricht. Tho people as a whole are opposed to tho jury system altogether,,upon tho ground .that it Is a French importation. Tho advocates of tho system havo therefore very shrewdly sought to show that it was orig inally tho creation of Fatherland, that It thonoo traveled to England ond France, and afterwards came back to Germany, where it was completely developed. -••••. Tlia mixed question which so long disturbed tbo English Court, what it should do with tho four wires accompanying tho Shah of Persia, was fortunately solved by tho Shah himself while at Moscow, by sending all four of thorn back to Persia. It seems that when tho Shah arrived at Moscow ho found apartments pro vided for himself hi tho palace, but no provi sion made for bis wives, whom he ac cordingly sent to a * country house. Thereupon tho wives got indignant, and woro loud in their complaints at such treat ment. Tho Shah abnt for thorn, and, after giving thorn a lecture upon thoir conduct, ho informed them, notwithstanding their tears and protesta tions, that they must go back; and a fow hours be fore Hie Majesty loft Moscow tho iodiesatartod by railway for Blazon, on route for Persia. One can faintly imagine the feelings of tho quartette as they wont back with the proverbial flea in tbolr oars, only to bo laughed at by the other ladies whoa they re-entered tho h&rom at Teheran. NOTES AND OPINION. Tho Administration is preparing to make a gigantic effort to “ savo Ohio” in October. —:Tho Davenport (Iowa) Gazette (organ with Post-OfQco attachment), continues to lament that tho Grangers will go into politics, and says: It will hardly do for men engaged in such business to plead a desire for political reform. It dues not lie In their mouths to say,*J‘The old pardon are corrupt, ,and we must atari another ouo.” They entered tbo Grange knowing (hat its constitution forbade political action, and under a pledge that this provision .would bo sustained. If thoy will trample down a 1 rhlo so essential to tho harmony and permanency of thobrdor, how can they bo trusted with tho management of pub ho affairs 7 —Also, tho Illinois State Journal (organ with Internal Eovonuo attachment) laments that the farmers will celebrate Fourth of July aa an in dopoudonco-day. It says: Whut are, after all, tho present accidents of cheap corn and high freights, in comparison with the rich heritage of political blessings which have h.ieu secured for ua and our posterity by tbo founders of our won derful system of government f Must we forego cele brating the latter, because wo have more breadstuff# in tbo land than thoro is a profitable market for 7 Shall tho glorious Fourth of July lose Its significance because tho railroad corporations havo no souls and Will insist on charging excessive rates to tbo shlpplnff community 7 —A liet of tho fourteen Senators who had, up tq Juno 11, put their back-pay into the Treasury, Is telegraphed from Washington to Administra tion papers, with the remark that it may be re lied on, viz: Anthony, Bayard, Oasserly, Chandler, Fenton, T. W. Perry, FroUnghuysen, Hamlin, Pratt, Sohurz,. Scott, Sumner, Thur man, and Wilson. Will tho lion. Oliver P, Morton, Alexander Rannoy, and John Shormau riso and explain ? Thoir local organs, long ago, said that thoy had refunded the money. - —The three Congressmen of Now Hampshire voted loud and long against tho salary steal, and "did not draw it." After tho oloetion in March, thoy all drew It. Tho four Congressmen of Con necticut also voted loud and long against the salary steal, and, saying thoy “ did uot draw it," every one was re-elected in April. Of tho Con neotiout Congressmen only Mr. Starkweather has boon heard from, contributing $1,009.20. Tbo other Connecticut Congressmen o,ro: Joseph B. Hawley, Stephen W. Kellogg, aud William 11. Bamum. —To what depth of degradation tho public morality of Massachusetts must havo come, un der (ho rulb of party polities. The Springfield JlcjyUlliccin pays ;' ' ■ •• ; Dullorgoca into this fight with unusually propitious onions. True, bo ban tUd aalary-giaii ob bis bhoqUleiV, aud la handicapped to that astcut. That may loau Ulria the pace, as it certainly ought to, and *a lu any |)V»fi trn Stole tl cerUxU\ty icould. But ho makes light ot this selMmposod Imriiuu, airily pronouncing }t the merest bagatelle, which ho would a ItllJo rather carry than uot. Tho uvout will show whether ho judgea oor» roctly ot tha temper and average morality of Mossa* chiuotta voters. —Hero is a picture of “ the noxfc Governor of Massachusetts," drawn by tbo Boston Journal; Qea, JJutivr hj &9t a reforms of abuses; Ue U 4

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