Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 21, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 21, 1873 Page 2
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2 THE COURTS. Tho Loss of the Detroit—Shipping Insurance Trial —Verdict for $8,140. Tito City Scavenging Cnsc—Judge Will iams' Decides that tho Board of llcaithMono has ho Power' to Mako Contracts, Tax-Deed Injunctions Granted—A Sin gular Will Business. James Leary Again in Trouble—ln Bankruptcy—Criminal Court News. In Judge Wood’s room tho interesting insur ance case of Porter and Fuller v. the Mechanics* and Traders* Insurance Company of Now York, was tried. Tho defendants failed signally to show that at the time plaintiffs applied for tho change in their insurance certificate they (plain tiffs), wore aware of tho loss of tho vessel. Tho transaction as shown by tho evidence was simp ly this: Mr. Porter chartered of Balloutyno & Co., of Bay City, tho bargo Hunter to bring a load of lumber from Bay City to Chicago. After Porter left Bay City Ballautyno & Co. got Por ter's agont to change tho cargo from thoHuntor to tho Detroit. Tho first intimation plaintiffs got of tho change was tho re ceipt of a bill of lading, on Bopt. SO,.upon which thoir.bookkoopor bad tho certificate of in surance enclosed in a letter to E. K. Bruce, tho lusurauco'Agont, for tho purpose of having it changed. Tho jury in tho case brought in a verdict in favor of plaintiffs for $8,140.02. TUE CITY SOAVENOEHINO. Judge Williams, yesterday morning, delivered a decision in tho caao of Cunningham & Gray v. City of Chicago, iu which plaintiffs, who wore voted tho job of tho city scavongoring from May 1, 1873, which vote was afterwards rescinded, sought to restrain the city from granting tho contract to any one else, and any ono else from accepting it. After reviewing tho circumstances of tho case tho Court took up tho question of whether or not the Board had power to bind tho city. Ho decided that its functions aro merely auxiliary, its financial vitality is derived from the city, and it has not tho power of maintaining a separata existence. Tho next question was whether tho Common Council, having power ho to do, had ou thorizod tho Board of Health to lot tho scavenger work to bidders. This tho Court decided they hod not done. In conclusion tho Court said: The complainants having in this caao, bo far as ynt appears from the record, roado on honcat bid, and each hid having been accepted, and they, after noil 11- cation thereof, hoving gone on In good faith and con tracted a largo Indobloanoas with reference to their an ticipated execution of tho contract, 1 am loth to hold that they have no remedy. But, believing that tho Board of Health woro not authorized by tho Common Council to let this contract to complainants, or to any ono else, and that (ho contract, oven if authorized by tho ordinance, was incomplete until tho Oommou Council had made tho necessary appropriation for tho scavenger work, I cannot avoid the conclusion that It is a contract ultra vires, and that it cannot becniorcod by complainants, cither at law or in equity. If it should bo said that tho contract with tho defendant. Ball, is also invalid for tho reasons above stated, ami therefore that tho complainants huvo a right, as tax payers, to resort to a court of equity for an Injunction to rodrain tho payments to 8011, it Is enough at proa-- cut to aay that tho allegations of tho bill aro not eufll cient to entitle complainants to such a writ, ns tax payers ouly. They do not disclose tho extent of their Intercot to show that tlioy can bo damnified to ony ap preciable extent. Whether with further and other al legations of interest upon their part, complainants could restrain tho city from making payments upon a contract originally Invalid, hut upon tho performance of which tho contractor had already entered, is a ques tion not now before me, and upou which I express no opinion. Tho motion for au injunction must ho duuiod. TAX DEED INJUNCTIONS. James Norton files a bill iu the Circuit Court against William Kelsey Road, George Reed, tho Illinois Land and Loan Company, Josoph Pol iak, County Clerk of Cook County, and junction” restraining” the defendants, William Kelsey Rood, George Rood, and tho Illinois Laud and Loan Company, from applying ifor or taking any further action to obtain or procure a tax deed of Lot IG, Block 16, Ogdon’s Addition to Chicago, and restraining County Clerk Poliak from issuing any tax deed to said William Kelsey Rood, George Reed, or tho Illinois Laud and Loan Company, or other holder of tax certificate made by tho City Collector on the 22d Juno, IS7I. Tho lot was sold to satisfy a special assessment for curbing, filling, and pav ing West Indiana street from Dcsplainoa to Rucker, which assessment complainant alleges was illegal in several vital respects. Tho amount of assessment was $441, and W. Kelsey Rood wants double that sum to release complainant. Tho same complainant files another bill against John T. Forsythe, County Clerk Poliak, and the City of Chicago, for au injunction restraining Forsythe from procuring and Poliak aud the city from issuing tax deed of Lot 14, Block IG, Ogdon’s Addition to Chi cago. In all other particulars this bill re sembles tho previous ono. In both cases in junctions woro granted by Judge Williams. A PUETTY WILL BUSINESS. John Joseph McNulty, a minor, files his bill In the Circuit Court against Ann McNulty. Com plainant avers that on tho IBth August, 1871, one Johu McNulty died, leaving behind him tho oast-half of Lot 23, Block 10, School Section Ad dition to Chicago; that this property ho be queathed os a life interest to his widow, tho de fendant, and after her death it was to go to his missing son Owen, should ho over turn up alive, falling which tho plaintiff was to have posses sion; that John McNulty in Ins lifetime was not on good tonus with his wife’s relations, would jo', have anything to do with them in any way, and often stated that none of his wife’s relations would ever share in his property ; that tho will leaving his property as above mentioned was duly admitted to probate, and, together with all other papers connected with thomattor.woro destroyed by tho groat fire; that tho relations of tho wife, who is now a bed ridden woman of 70, have caused her to have re corded iu Cook Gouty Court a protended copy of tho will which gives to her tho land in foe simple, and that they aro endeavoring to make her transfer them tho property j to hinder which complainant has obtained a writ of injunction, by which tho old lady is restrained from making any conveyance of tho land until tho whole mat ter has been settled iu a Court of chancery. SUIT FOR DAMAGES FOR NON-DELI VERY. D. Hermann Loraor, T. W, Hounoraan; ami Alexander bring a suit in tho United States Cir cuit Court against Edward, Joseph. Thomas, and Daniel Willetts. Complainants allege that on tho Dint May, 1872, they purchased from defend ants 203 crates of Edward Clarke's white gr&uito croci.orywaro, at tlio rato of per cent Uis-‘ count from tho price list, tho goods to bo paid for in cash on their arrival in Now York, ana to bo ready for shipment from the port of Liverpool in tbo month of August; that although a reason able timo has elapsed since, and complainants havo over boon willing to receive said gi oda and pay for them at tlio price aforesaid, vol tho do 'jcndauU Imvo not delivered tho Banjo, but havo failed wholly to do bo, to tho dmnngn of plain tiff of 52,5U0. Thia suit was originally com nionccd in tho Circuit Court of Cook County, but in transferred to tho United States Courts at tho request of defendants, who are citizens of tho Slate of Now York. SUIT TO IIKLU&SC A MORTGAGE. James 0. Gilbert, of tho Town of Palatine. Cook Comity, files a hill in tho Superior Court against Thomas 0. and olovou other members of tho Richards family, Mary and George Poppard, and Itollin S. Williamson, administrator of the estate of tlio lute Thomas Richards. Complain ant avers that, on the 22dduyof September, 1871, ho owned Lots 5, 0, and 7, in Block 0, vil lage of Palatine, Cook County, upon which ho raised a loan from Thomas Richards, since de ceased ; that ho gave Richards u warrantee deed of said property to secure said said loon, and Richards bound himself in tho penal sum of 5.1,(100 to reconvoy to complainant tho land on tho payment of the loan; Unit Richards died be fore tho loan was fully paid, and complainant bringH tho present milt to cause tho adminis trator of tho estate to take from him payment of tho balance of tho loan and release the property, as was agreed upon between Gilbert and Rich ards. D, JAMES PEAUV AGAIN IN TUOUUI.C. Emily L. Ford filed her hill In tho Circuit Court yesterday, against D. James Leary, Bho avers that upon the plausible representations of tho unctuous D. James, sho lent one Bonham tho emu of S6UO, for DO (lave, merely taking Bon ham's noto scoured byD. James' guarantee. Tho .nolo was not paid, and tbo guarantee proved to ho a very poor one. In tho hope of regaining hor money, complainant brings her fiult In as sumpsit, laying hor damages at tho sum of SI,OOO. •• \ •• • . • criminal court items. . i ; Joseph Parker was placed on trial, charged! with assault with Intent to hill one II; U. lint* toh,’.by. striking him on the bond with a mallet. Efforts word madd to got tho prisoner to plead fruilty and got sent down for a year, but Qrooloy tad to mako hla oration, which little rhetorical effort developed some now facts, and cost the prisoner throe years’ confinement, which is a serious matter with a man 63 years old. Tho jury, after hearing tho evidence, found tho pris oner guilty,- and fixed his term of imprisonment at throe years In tho Penitentiary. James Thomson was tried on a charge of stealing a SSO sot of harness from G. S. Whit taker, found guilty, and sentenced to two years and six months in tho Penitentiary. A few minor oases, possessing no points of In terest, wore disposed of. IN BANIUIOTTOY. In tho mattor of Robert Wolf ond Charles Goldstein, bankrupts, an order was yesterday en tered for their examination before Register Hib bard, on the 25th lust. In tho mattor of Isaac 111. Michael and Samuel Goldstein, bankrupts, an order was entered for their examination before Register Hibbard on tho 24th lust. A petition In bankruptcy was filed by Homy R. Woodward, Charles Soabury, ond Richard H. Lowe, of Peoria, against ono John. J. Smith, petitioners’ claim consisting of four. past duo promissory notes of SIOO each, ono of $100.46 1 also, an open account of $220. Tho act of bankruptcy alleged Is tho non-payment of thoso notes and book account. COUNT? COURT ITEMS. Tho will of Rebecca Mulford was proven, and, on tho renunciation of E. H. Mulford, Anna M. Gibbs was appointed administratrix undor an approved bond of $40,000. The will of John Bartbolmao was proven, and letters testamentary wore granted to Catherine Bartbolmao, undor an approved bond of $27,000. Letters of administration woro granted in tho ostato of Christian Bieri, under an approved bond of $14,000. Henry. Pfool and Margaret Forman wore yes terday examined before Julios and pronounced to bo insauo. Jacob Fryo was appointed guardian of- John Fryo ot aL. minors, under an approved bond of $2,400. The County Court will adjourn to-day. until tho 7th tostaut. THE COURTS CONDENSED. In Judge Porter’s room, iu tho case of Joseph Maim v. ueorgo Froehotli, au action for me chanics’ lion, a verdict was ordered for plaintiff for BUIG.BI. Tho caao of Joseph White v. Henry Loliso, an action in assumpsit, went by default in favor of plaintiff, with judgment for 8278.12. Tho case of Biroll Taylor v. Charles S. Cleaver, au action in assumpsit, was tried before a Jury,' who returned a verdict in favor of plaintiff for $297.85 damages. Tho ease of John Connolly v. William Hoarson, an action of trespass, was tried without a jury. The plaintiff sought SIO,OOO damages for an assault upon him by defendant, who mashed Idm about tho legs with a pickax. Tho Court, after hearing tho evidence, decided in favor of tho plaintiff, awarding him 8250 damages. In Jndgo Tree’s room tho suit of Baldwin v. T. M.' Bradley, Shoi iff, came up for trial. This la an action brought by plaintiff to replevin u quantity of whisky retained by the Sheriff under attachment, at tho instance of tho creditors of Kiomati & Son. Baldwin claims tho right to tho goods on tho ground that ho advaucod money 6n them os a money-lender. Tho case was con tinued until Monday evening. In Judge Murphy’s room tho case of Trussing v. Moulding ot al. was on trial all day, plaintiff suing for the performance of a contract to de liver half a million of brick. Tho jury rendered a sealed verdict in tho case, which will bo road this morning. In tho United States Circuit Court,' John Gorlaoh begins suit against Otto Schouuomau, In assumpsit, laying his damages at 85,000.. Com plainant avers that on tho 11th September, 1872, ho sold defendant the scow Boa Bird, together l with her freights then ponding, for 84,800 ; that defendant has failed to pby tho sum, whence tho present action. John W. Williams, of tho firm of J. W. Wil liams «t Co;, applies in tho Circuit Court for a writ of attachment against W. H. Van Arman, who, bo says, owes him $1,270.25, and is living at Masseua Springs, St. Lawrence County, Now York State. Andrew and Peter Kline file their petition in tho Superior Court against Isaac Freestone, Joseph E. Mors, and \V. R. Wood, for a me chanic's lion of 8240 upon buildings known as Nob. 84 aud SG East Washington street. Theodore Peterson files his petition in tho Superior Court against Jano Rutherford, for a wcclmuic’s lieu of $l3B on house known au In Judgo Booth’s room, tho case of Haniol Moran v. John Bruce was tried, iu which plain tiff sought to recover SI,OOO damages for an al leged slander. Tho Jury found for plaintiff with 850 damages. NF.W SUITS. Tub Circuit Court—7,44B—Appeal. 7,4l9—James Norton v. William Kelsey Uced, Reed, the Illi nois Laud & Loan Company, Josepli Poliak, County Clerk of Cook County, and tlio City of Chicago; bill for Injunction, 7,45(1— Appeal. 7,4sl—JamoH Morton v. John Forsyth, County Clerk Poliak, and the City of Chicago; bill for injunction. 7,452 to 7,46l—Appeal. 7,462—Qußtav Friedman ct al. v, Hugh Turney ; rb sumpalt, SSOO. 7,403 —Charles Miller v. Frederick Pott* rher; petition to supply record. 7,464—'William V, Johnston v. John W. Mel/Minan 5 redocketod case. 7,465— Joseph W. Williams et al. v. Win. n. You Armau; attachment, $1,270.75. 7,466— Appeal. 7,467—Restor ed case (liurut JifcorJ) 82; Mary W. Bridgman v. John Nicolsou et al.; petition to oataulfah and confirm tiilo to Lota 1 and 2 In N, # of Block 68, See. 7, 111), 14. Tub Summon Court—43,Bo3—Tho Chicago Com position Granllo Company v. 11. 11. Uoof; assumpsit, $2,000. 43,804—Andrew Kline ot ul. v. Isaac Free stone, Joseph E. Mars, and W. It. Wood ; petition for mechanics 1 Hon. 43,805—William Smith v. 8. Wright, Patrick llourk et nl.; motion to restore record. 43,800 —Theodore Peterson v. Jane Rutherford ; petition for mechanics 1 Hen. 43,807—Azariah It. Palmer ot al. v. Franz J. Roollo ft Sou; oesumpalt, SSOO. 43,803—Carrie v. Edward Campbell; divorce on ground of drunkenness and cruelty. 43,809—James O. Gilbert v, Thomas O. Richards ot al; bill. 43,810—Appeal. 43,811—Chester AL Smith y. Pullman Paluce-Car Company; trespass, $2,600. 43,813—James McKradlcyct al, y. M, O. Piorco; peti tion to restore garnishee proceedings. 43,813—-James Crow v. William McGuire; assumpsit, $330. 43,814 Richard Edwards y. Woodruff; assumpsit, SSOO. 43,816—11, Jackman y. J. M. Stowe; assumpsit, S6OO. 43,820—9. A. Levy el al.v. Lakeside Printing Company; garnishment, $370.60. 43.817 J. P. Ramsey k Co. y. J. L. Greene Leroy J. and (J. 11. Scagor; attaohmont, $162.91. 43,318—George Sedgwick v. Ezra B. Lincoln; confession of judgment, $1,676, A NOVEL POWER. To the Editor of 37kj Chicago Tribune ; Bin: I have boon shown tho elements and drawings of on engine to bo propelled by tho combination of oxygon aud hydrogen in presence of flame, producing expansion, aud, of courso, explosion, if not under control. This power con bo generated at a trilling expense,—not to ex ceed one-fourth that of steam. And, by saving the weight of fuel, and much of tho weight of machinery,' with greatly increased activity of en ginery, tho ’ result Is a groat gain. Tho momen tum acquirable in this way is be lieved to bo' such that a . ship may cross the Atlantic hi throe days, or oven in loss time. The puddle appliance is also a novel ty.—simple, but efficient. This power Is appli cable equally with steam or water to any kina of machinery. Tho inventor Is a yonne Gorman chemist, J. Ibsen. Ho has spent tlio last ton years of his comparative boy-lifo in study and experiment on this one tliomo. Tho only opon question in tho enso. as I soo It. is whether ho. has sufliciontly absolute control of his foarful power: yet his regulators ami safety-valves, it would seem, ought to bo adequate. J. A. Jlalloou. Chicago, Juuo 20, 1U73. JUDGE CRAIG. Oiimaot:, 111,, June 17,1873. To tho Editor of Tho Chicago Tribune ; Bin : Inm a subscriber to and regular reader of your paper, aud havo road your editorials In 'regard to tho election of Bupromo Judge In tlio Fifth Judicial District of Illinois. I am acquainted with Judge Lawrence, and havo for many years regarded him an an able, upright Judge. lam also acquainted with A* M. Craig, tho successful candidate In that Dis trict for Judge of tho.Qupromo Court; hocamo Acquainted with him when ho was a student at college, aud have known him well up to tho present timo ; and, thus knowing him, I feel In duty hound to to say that ho is an able lawyer and a Just man, and a man who has uniform ly had tho aymyp a M° a aud confidence of the people wherever ho Ims lived and become acquainted.- And 1 am confident that, when you and the people of this Btato become acquainted with Judge Craig, and know his real char actor and ability, it will not ho regarded by you or thorn os an “ outrage ” that tho people of the Fifth Judicial District elected Idm to the office of Judge of tho Bupromo Court. Respectfully yours. «ko., XI. G. Ffionis. THE CHICAGO DAILY TIUIiUNE: BATUIIUAV, JUJNE 21, 1873. THE CITY’S HEALTH. A Trip Through the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Wards* Tho Necessity for Sowerago and Cleanliness Very Apparent, Tho Champion Dirty Street of tho City:' CHAPTER IV. No ono thing Is more directly responsible for increasing and facilitating death than neglected streets. It has boon shown by. tho different articles that Imvo already appeared* in those col umns that tho largo .death rato.ia tho Sixth Sovonth Eighth and Ninth Wards Is attribu table to tho filthy and unhealthy condition of somo portions of those wards. Children under 0 years of ago aro moro susceptible to tho in fluences of tho measure surrounding ih6m than adults, and therefore tho death rate among chil dren under that ago in tho wards named, and in tho Fiftoc will bo givoi codoutcdly 1 fantilo mort any other ii table shows during each tenth Ward, a description of which min this article, has boon so unpro largo during 1872 as to mako tho to tality of this city larger than that of to tho United States. Tho following s tho infnntilo mortality of this city i mouth of tho year 1872 |ll s e Wardi, I | f i ; i ! f I ? | | j 1.. ttt tit 777 rrr rrr tittmr rrr ttt ttt ttt 4 a 113 1 i.... a a i a ia s aa ii ai aa on at aa 17 lu ia s iw 4 6 111 8 b 6 10 19 SO 3 S 3 7 lUI B 8 14 17 IB 6 14 40 80 17 19 13 7 109 6 25 39 48 4! 23 38 120 121 CO E9 80 89 633 7.. 33 86 88 25 89 64 131 149 74 M 81 89 681 9 80 C 3 88 40 33 44 66 83 49 24 29 21 4W 10 7 13 7 fi 9 4 24 1U 11 4 7 II 114 11 IB 7 24 St 11 11 80 87 SO 10 0 15 3M 12 13 10 18 13 9 17 44 80 15 11 0 9 203 I.H 6 8 8 9 8 6 18 22 4 54397 14 7 7 14 13 13 18 80 31 11 9 20 7 179 15 41 58 59 61 EO IIP 191 110 96 77 53 63 1000 18 18 21 25 81 31 83 fit W 86 JM 18 211 401 17 B 18 13 16 21 37 08 74 46 14 9! 311 KB) 18 10 11 10 30 9 31 48 67 23 21 13 13; 261 10 I ... I 3 ... 1 11 fi 2 8 I 3 no 20 1 1 ... 1 ... 1 4 5 8 3 8 Bj 31 Total... 278 Sw-ISsi 55 599 491 W9 luflfiii 300 Hospital and public institutions. Total under C yuara It will bo scon from this exhibit that tho Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, and Fifteenth Wards show tho largost number of deaths, and, gener ally spooking, thoro is iu thorn tho least drain age, and their soil is lowor than other portions of tho city. Tho Fifteenth Ward, it will bo observed, had 1,060 deaths of children under 0 years of ago, or nearly twico tho number of any other ward in tho city. This pro-omluonco should not bo en tirely attributed to tbo filthy condition of tho streets in that ward, although some of them aro all that can bo dosirod in that respect. Tbo ward is larger in territory and population than any other, but the streets ore not as densely popu lated as are some districts in tho Seventh, Eighth, aud Ninth Wards, tho inhabitants being spread over au immense territory, all of which is very low aud clayey, aud which has but few sowers. The ward boundary commences at tho north brunch of tho Chicago River, runs west oh Fourth street as far as Ashland avenue, ihouce north to Chicago avenue, thouco west to tho oity lim its, thouce oast to tho river, thence south along tho rivor to tho place of beginning. Entering the ward at tho comer of Fourth street and the river, going west, tho first street deserving spe cial attention is North Green, between Erie street aud Chicago avenue. The Inmates of al most every house on this street woro infoctod by tho smallpox daring last.whitor, and thoro aro still several tenements decorated with yellow cards. Tho street in mauy places is filled up to grade with rubbish aud filth, swept off tho paved streets of that neighborhood, while the gutters aro brim-full of a black, slimy substance, cov ered with a greasy, bubbling film. X > hillip street is an alloy Branching out from Groou street, but is very densely populated. This street has neither sower nr ®«>«- soqueuuv povio ur stagnant and infected water are standing under tho houses aud in tho yards.’ In front of No. 265 North Groou street iu a small lake of tho roost corrupt matter imaginable, in which old boots, cabbage loaves, animal refuse, spoiled pork and beaus, and other similar articles aro being cooked by the hot sun. It is hardly necessary to mention, that a yellow card betokens small-pox in that house. Prate street, from Milwaukee avenue to Sanga mon, and Fay street, between Erie aud Pratt, make about tho same showing. To enter Morgan street from Milwaukee avenue is almost an impossibility, on account of tho rubbish aud muuuro piled up in immense plateaus m tbo middle of tho road, but climbing tho obstructions, and entering that street, the wisdom of placing an obstruction thoro will bo soon. Tho ditches on both sides of tho street boil and steam, and omit odors suindontly strong to rob one’s nasal organ of its functions. The doadlinoss of tbo poison arising from these pools is attested by tho fact that, during last winter, ninety-five cases of small-pox woro reported from this street at ono time. Fifth otroot, between the river and Chicago avenue, iu another. Btroot the gutters of which would not euffor in tho least by being cleansed. George Btroot, wlfioh faces tho Milwaukee Railroad track, is also blessed with gutters full of inky, bubbling Ulth, in which disease and pestilence aro breeding. , Carpenter street, between tho river and Chi cago avenue, offers little choice during its entire length; the gutters ate more than usually filled up with a slimy substance which, therefore, omits a moro than unpleasant odor. Fry street, between Rucker and Reuben, and Rucker street, between Chicago and the North western Railroad track, aro almoot iu every re spect counterparts of tho streets mentioned above. But all tho streets above described are a para dise In cleanliness beside tho cluster of streets radiating from Milwaukee avenue in a south westerly direction to Reuben street, namely, Cornel), Cornelia, Augusta, Emma, and Fig. What lovely names for such abominable, filthy thoroughfares I It is an insult to all tho Augus tas, Emmas, and Cornelias in the city. Those five streets may safely bo named tho Five Points of Chicago, Sanitary Policeman Fiotsch calls them 41 Bio mutters of Bhraall-pox, n . because horetho epidemic commenced, ana hardly a house escaped unscathed. Entering any one of those streets disgusting odors at once salute the nos trils, and throughout their entire length pud dles filled with slimy putrefaction can be Been. As those streets bavo become tho mothers of small-pox, they may also become the mothers of cholera. Chicago avenue is paved and sewered, and in a tolerably good condition, but many complaints nro hoard from people living along tho thorough fuvo, bocuuso tho scavongor comoß around very seldom for tho slops, sometimes not calling in a week. In tho gutter in front of No. 422 was tho contents of a barrel of slops which Imd boon there for three mouths, tho scavongor refusing to tnko it away because it had been upsot into tho gutter by some mischievous boys. At No. 307 lloubon street Is a largo pool of stagnant water, because tho houso Is uueounoet od with tho sewer in tho street. Ciarinda street, between Holt and Reuben, Is hut an alloy in width, hut is as filthy os any of its broader neighbors. Division street, hotwoon Milwaukee avenue and "Wood street, Is lined with a small crcolc on either sldo, through which How. never-failing streams of an inky liquid, and over which num berless bridges are connecting tho street ; with tho houses. In tho spring this part of tlio city was entirely under water, overflowing almost every basement, and leaving them in a damn and unhealthy condition. Another street which rooks with filth, and can ho singled out by tho all-pervading odor, is Batman street, fronting tho Milwaukee Rail road. This street is bud all through, hut Is worst in front of tho residence of Justice Vaut Woud. A little further on, through a fow more filthy streets, ami over piles of manure, and tlio street which does more than any other towards making the doath-rato of tho Fifteenth Ward so im mensely largo comos in view. Tho reporter stopped and asked for tho uamo of lids gauntlet of pestilence. “Fox place," was the answer. It may ho au excellent place for foxes to roam, hut u proper place to bo inhabited by .human ho lugs it certainly is not. Tho street from ono end to tho other is a mass of filth, from a pas sage through which a well-regulated vehicle would never recover. The deep gutters are full of a slimy stow, of a sickly gray in color, and on its surface a thick, greasy film, so that it hardly reflects the noonday euu, In tho heat of which it boils and bubbles. In this slimy putrefaction. dirty, pock marked urchins wo yk trying to iako a swim. Particularly noticeable among tbo filthy articles covering tbo siroqts. was the imraoifao number of Old hootfrand shoos.' When spring oamo tho oniiro population must have stripped themselves .of , those articles of Wear and thrown thorn bn tlfo street, whoro they'still remain. No other ex planation could bo given. Tho houses aro all rickety tenements, each inhabited by about ton families, mostly Inlanders. Tbo street, tho gut ters. tho Inhabitants,—everything in that street, needs' cleaning. ;No wondor that almost every house is decorated with a yellow card, hearing tho followlug inscription t SMALL-POX HERB I Aro You Vaccinated f Two burials took place on the day the reporter took those notes. Putting on a stiff and severe countenance, and holding his perfumed handkerchief to his noso, the reporter marched through this thoroughfare of death, and soon after revived himself with on immense glass of disinfectant. Another street deserving especial notice, and tho filthiness of which has all the ingredients to oroato a first-class pestilonco, Is Bismarck placo. Should the groat German statesman over hoar of this desecration of his uamo, it may Involve tho United States in a serious international entangle ment, and, to prevent such calamity, the street should immediately ho cleaned ana mode worthy of tho illustrious uamo It boars. There are numerous other filthy streets and places in this ward, but none of them can come up to tho standard of Pox place, which should bo awarded tho championship for supreme filthi ness. The Sixteenth .Ward also shows a largo in fantile mortality, but not quite as largo as that of tbo wards heretofore described. This ward is on tho North Bide, and is mainly inhabited by Gornuns, It comprises all tho territory north of North avenue, and while tho oast half of tho ward is high and sandy and has considerable sewerage, the west half, along tho river, is very low ana clayey and lias no sewerage whatever. Consequently tho deaths aro moro numerous fa tho woet half of tbo ward. Mohawk street, from North, avenue to Xindon street, is In a very bad con dition, tho gutters on both sldcS of tho street being full of stagnant water. On Hurlbut street, in-front of 86. Michael's Church, Is a largo pool of stagnant water, tbo odor of which must bo very unpleasant to the numerous worshipers that come there to mass on Sundays. Willow street, between Newberry and Larraboo, also needs attention,-os its gutters are full of. a compound of rotten vegetables, oto., which are broiling in tbo hot sun. Tho wator-oloHots of Newberry School aro running all over'tho school-yard, poisoning tho air which tho children attending school there have to breathe. The Board of Education has boon notified several times of this state of affairs, hut that august body has as yet done nothing, and probably will do nothing until several of tho.children, have died in conse quence of this most criminal carelessness. Immediately west of tbo school-house, on Newberry street, is a butchor-shop; in front of which is a deep-pool of stagnant water, whoro pieces of putrid moat, rotten livers, entrails, and other offal are promiscuously swimming, and add considerable to the disagreeable smell occa sioned by the overflowing of tbo water-closets in the school-yard. • Willow street,- at tho corner of Hoisted, is very filthy. The comer of Olyboum avenue' and Sheffield street is also in a sad condition, and needs tho immediate action of tho Street Inspector. Oly hourn avenue, from North -avenue to Ogdon’s Grove, has an* improvement in the shape of wooden trenches-on each side of tho street, which, instead of running through tho entire length of tho street, and then into tho catch basins, empty into every vacant lot. In front of which tho .drain is not continued, so that wher ever there is a vacant lot ono may look for a pool of stagnant putrid water. Cliicago should ho tho healthiest city in tho world, aud would bo with an oxaot administra tion of tho laws. Had'tho laws been properly administered,.arid sowers boon constructed iu places whoro they.wore most needed, our streets would not to-day tell such a story of filth and neglect. Had public health instead of private interests boon consulted, it would not bo neces sary now to make such on exhibit. But not alouo tho authorities are to blame, —tho people . themselves ore in a groat measure responsible for this state of affairs. Tho Health Depart ment cannot station an. officer before every house iu tho city to see that no slops aro thrown into the street and gutters. Tho people them selves, for thoir own sake, must stop this practise. PDDLIO OPINION. To the Editor of The Chicago 'VrilunA; . . o«n < lu vio>v uf tho f rioudly interest which you have manifested in tho sanitary condition of our people, especially of tho poorer classes. I am emboldened to address you in regard to tula subject. 1 live ou Walnut street. To show tho crimiual indifference of. tho city authorities to tho health of tho pooplo living on that street, I will slate that loss than two weeks ago somo two or throe men, by order, I presume, of tho “pow ers that bo,*’ woro engaged for & little ovor a day iu cleaning out tho gutter ou tho south sido of that street. Instead of hauling away tho accu mulated tilth which those men shoveled out of that gutter, it was simply thrown upon tho north side of tho gutter, and there it remains to this day . and hour. And even before thoao men had finished cleaning tho gutter, somo man (an ofliciol, I suppose,}

camo along and had thorn go with him to work in some other place. Now, sir. do you call such a miserable job, as I have just described, such •an one as was and is demanded by the present exigency? “AUI” it iu said, whon wo poorer people auk and beg tho authorities to put tho streets upon which wo rosido iu a proper condi tion, “there iu no mouoy iu tho treasury.” Whon a sower or. somo sanitary work is oven hinted at upon d thoroughfare upon which somo of our wealthy citizens rosido, there aro always funds and willing minds for tho projoot, what ever it may bo. Why is this? Aro not tho health and life of a .poor man as valuable to himself, to his family, and to tho community, as tho health , and life Of a rich. . man to himself, his family, and tho commu nity? Unless tho most active and ef ficient measures aro at ouco taken and rigidly and industriously pros ecuted by tho authorities, hundreds and thous ands of our poorer classes will bo swept from tbo face of tho earth by that most torriblo of all scourges—tho cholera. And who will bo responsible? Clearly, thoso who hnvo it in thoir power, aud upon whom it is incumbent, to romouy.tho present condition of things.iu this city. . And 1 will toll our authorities another thing, in conclusion. That tho pooplo of Chicago aro iu earnest iu this matter, aud they know exactly whoro to oast tho responsibility and blame if tho cholera scourges this city, and that it would-be well for them to lot politics, tho next Mayoralty, etc., severely alone, and attend strictly to the business with which they arc charged. If they do not, they will find somo slates “smashed” into a thousand pieces whon they least expect it. Cuioaqo, Juno 20, 1870. Epsilon. CIVIL-SERVICE REFORM. President Grant's Southern political friends, except, perhaps, In Louisiana, have not been, ho thinks, well enough cared for, and to provldo them with, berths he fa about to rotate twenty Consuls out of oJlce.—Chicaijo Tribune, June 10; To Uic Editor of Th% Chicago Tribune: Bib : My attention was called, in reading tho abovo paragraph, to a subject which I havouovor soon discussed, and yet 1 think it forms a basis for a trno Civil-Service .Reform. No ouo ques tions that tho loading causa of corruption in our politics arises from tho principle, that “To tho victor belong tho spoils." And it is tho spoils, tho distribution of oflico by tho party in powor, that so corrupts our elections. Now, take away tho disposal of patronage and oftlcos by our elected officials, and it appears to mo you lay tho ax at tbo root of corruption, llow Is this to bo effected ? Let there be no discharges from office without a Just cause, and tbon only tlu'ough on Examining Board, or court if you ploaso to call it, by charges made and sus tained. And thou tho vacancies will not occur whenever a now election takes placo. I don’t care by whom tbo Appointments to office arc mador-thougb, perhaps, it would bo woll to have Examining Boards; but lot it bo under stood that tbo olllco can bo filled as long as tho party filling it is capable, and commits no act derogatory to his position, and you at onco os tablmh an esprit oil corns that Will work out a purification of tho Civil Service much quicker, to my mind, than any other way. Then I con ceive it would ho well to have tho offices graded, and tho officers take rank in accordance with such grades, and bo promoted as vacancies oc cur iu ranks abovo thorn, as 'in our army aud naval service. In tho abovo I ooncolvo thoro is a foundation far a trim Civil-Service Reform: and, if this is so. would it not ho woll for our public minds to think moro of tho dismissals than tho appoint ments, and seo If they could not come to an easier solution of tho question, and establish a Tnun Riuronu ? LITERATURE. tho Atlantic Monthly lor July* ; 44 Educating a Wife ” is the alluring title of the chapter of autobiography which llohort Sato Owen gives Ih tho 'Atlantic for July. The auto biographer, Mr. Owen, holds that ho owes to his. roadors'ovory incident of interest and value that Is. his own to relate, and ho has hinted wltb a charming confidence, at several of his youthful attachments. The love of which ho now tolls the story was a groat and chivalrous passion, aud has tho indescribable charm of being all true. At tho ago of 21, Robert fell in love with 44 Jes sie,” a girl 10 years old, in tho village-school at Braxfleld. Hor father was a foreman of one of th 6 rooms in his father’s mill, aud was but an ordinary character | hor mother was, in beauty, demeanor, and tho excellent care with which she ordered hor humble household,. quite above tho people about her. Jessie Is described with tender enthusiasm. Dor complexion was fair and of unrivaled parity; horfacoa perfect Grecian oval; tbo eyes deep blue, and filled with a dancing light when she smiled; tho chestnut hair long and silky. Every feature won out with singular delicacy t tho only deviations from strict regularity being, that the mouth was, In propor tion, a trifle larger than that of tbo Venus of Milo, but thou the teeth, dazzling white and perfect, atoned ; and Uiat the nose was Just a little bit wbnt the French call retrotmo— though one need not now have recourse to Frouch; Tennyson has coined Just tho word. To Jessie, as to Lyuetto, the linos apply,— “ And lightly,wm hor slender nose Tlp-UUod like tho petal of a flower,” Only that, in Jcsalo’a case, the divergence from tho classic lino wws so slight that tho simile of the flower petal docs not quite suit tho occasion. Jessie endeared herself to all who know her by hor sweetness and refinement. She was taken from tho village school by Robert’s sister, Anno, who gave her private instruction in musio and other branches. Robert could not refrain from attending those lessons at every opportu nity, although bo sedulously, for bis own sake and Jessie’s, sot a seal on any words or look that might betray bis fooling. Ho was not so suc cessfully accretive as bo imagined himself to bo. Anno discovered .his secret, and, like tho good girl she was, promised to do oil she could to help him. Bbo got their father’s consent to have Jessie taken into tho family as an adopted daughter, and educated with tho .other children. For two years this charming experiment wont on, Robert never swerving a moment iu bis de votionl to Jessie, and never giving lior any rea son for a moment to suppose that ho cared for her other than as a slater.- Tho rest of this ten der and sad love idyll wo give in tho chaste words with which Sir. Owen relates it: If I bnd remained at Braxflold, Ibis novel experi ment of mine could have bad, I Incline to believe, but ono Issue. It was otherwise ordered, however. In tbo winter of 1024-6, my father purchased a village and a lame tract of land In Indiana, with what result I shall statehyandby; and in tho autumn of 1826, when Jessie was little more than 13 years old, I emigrated to this country. I was sorely tempted, before I left homo, to tell tho girl how much I loved her, and that! hoped some day, If she should over come to love and accept mo as a husband, to make her my wife. But, while I was romantic enough in those days and later to do many foolish things, common sense suggested that toa cliild such a declaration was .111-judgoa. and out of place. So I departed and made no sign. With Anno, however, I conferred In secret; and she prom ised m 6, If I could not return in three or four years, to come to the United States herself and hilng Jessie with her. Though it is anticipating dates, I may an well boro statotho ultimate issue of this episode of my life. Two yc&ra later, namely, In (he summer of 1627, lougiug to see Josblo ouco more. I Joined an English friend and rccrosscd tbo Atlantic. I found tbo young girl beau tiful and Interesting oven beyond my remembrance or expectation; and, what moved mo still more, shore* eelved mo ho cordially and with sneb evident emotion; that—though I think 1 may say that I have never been guilty of tbo presumption of imagining myself loved when I was not—lt did seem to mo tbo chances wore fair that. If I remained somo months and spoko out, sbo would not any mo nay. But I determined first to make a confidante of roy mother, in whoso good senso and deep affection for mo I placed Implicit trust. “My con.” sbo said, u I saw, before you went to America, that you loved this girl and had already thought of her as a wife. But there is much to bo taken into account in such a matter.” “You would prefer to have a daughlor-la-law from our own rank In life 7” “If I could have chosen, yes; bull do not think that & sufficient objection. My ow'd good father worked his way up from a position os humblo ; and Jessie’s appearance and manners uro as lady-llko as if she hud been my own child.” “But you have objections, dear mother. Bo not withhold them from mo, I entreat you.” “ at least 1 should like to see what will ho tho result, on her character, of tho noxt three years. I know you. Robert; you have a very high Ideal of what a wife ought to ho; unreasonably high, lam afraid. You think this girl perfect, hut she is not. I should like to bo suro that sho will grow up free from undue lovo of admiration, and, what la.more Important, perfectly sincere.” “ Not truthful, mothprj” “I do not say that; though, whon she first camo to us, I Bometlmca thought It. She is very anxious to picaso, nml occasionally eaya things rather because sho thinks they will bo agreeable than booauso thoy Hnttaro with her convictions. I should like a more earnest and downright character in your wife.” 41 You wish mo to give her up ?'* 44 N0; sho has many excellent qualities ; she has so affectionate a heart, and such winning ways, that there Is not ono of ua who can help loviug her. Hut I hav» something to ask of you, for your sake, dear Hobart, not for mine. This girl Ih only 15, a child still; aud you have to return with your father very soon to America. So not commit yourself; you ought not to marry anr ono younger than 18 or 19. Let threo years pass. Til take as much pams with Jessie, meanwhile, as if sho wore already my daughter; and I will report to you faithfully tho result. Come back when threo years aro passed; and, If lam thon alive and you still wish to marry her, I will not say a word, except to wish you both all tho happiness this world can afford.” The tears rose to her eyes as sho added, iu a lower tone, 44 1 only ask for delny; ft may bo the last request I shall ever make of you.” I have never made up my mind, since, whether I did right or wrong. Hut my mother was lu very feeble health at the time, and I felt no assurance that I should over see her again, as, indeed, I never did.- If she had objected to Jessie because of her lowly birth, If she had spoken harshly of her, If sho bud told mo she would never consent to rccoivo boras a daughter-in-law, I should havo sought to en gage tho girl, young as she wsh, then and there. Hut all she said was so reasonable, and tho unfitness of marriage before three years so apparent, that I hesi tated uh she went on. nor tears, at tho Inst, docidud tho matter. I gave her tho promise sho wished. My word thus pledged, I felt that I must hasten my departure for London, when wo were to embark, Tho day before I set sail, 1 asked Jessie if sho would not llko to vifllt her parents lu tho village ; and when sho assented, I proposed that wo should tuko n circuitous route through tho Hraxfleld woods, tbo last Umo/ta it proved, that I over saw them. On no occasion in my life havo I suffered from a struggle between duty and Inclination as 1 did during that walk. As wo passed, doop lu tho woods, a rural tsoat, whouco, through tho follugo, glittered, in tho out- - umu sun, tho rippling waters of tho Olydo, 1 proposed to Jessie that wo should sit awhile,, to. rest aud talk. . What wo sold and how long we remained there I can not tell. All 1 remember Ih, feeling ot last, that, if wo sat there half an hour longer, 1 should break the solemn promise 1 had made to my mother.- -So wo robe, went on, half in sllcuco, to tho village, whoro wo separated,—aud dream and temptation woro over ! lire the three years of probation hud passed, Anno had died, and Jesalo had married a moat amiable and estimable youug man, In eaßy circumstances,—had married before 1 know, oven, that sho hud boon sought in marriage. More than thirty years passed after that walk through the woodod Lruoa of Hruxilold before I saw Jessie again. It was in Hcotland wo mot, both married persons. I found her la her own handsome house, in a beautiful situation, surrounded by every comfort and uomo lux uries, 80 far as I could loam, she had so homo her self through life as to secure the esteem end love from a cultivated circle of acquaintances. Just at first l could scarcely recognise, in the come ly matron, the Jessie of my youth, until she smiled. But wo mot twice or thrice, and talked over the olden time, very quietly at first. During my last visit I asked her If she had over known that I loved hor ami that I had wished to make her my wife. SUo said It hud several times occurred to hor as possible, oven before I left Braxfield, tho first Umo, for America ; that she had felt sure of It during the woodland walk! and especially while wo sat together In that secluded spot, with tho birds only for witnesses ; but when I had departed to another homlspboro with no promise of return, and without declaring myself, sho had felt sure It was because of her humble parentage, and ho had given up ull Idea that sho could over bo my wife. Thou, with a frankness which oven as a child sho had always shown toward mo, sho added that she never could (oil mo when shu first loved mo; and that if, during that last walk, 1 had asked her to become my betrothed, sho would have said yea with her whole heart and soul, Tho tears stood in hor eyes as she made this avowal: and she followed It up by Buying, “ 1 wlHhed to meet you once, and to tell yen this. But I know you will fool It to bo tho boat that wo should not see each othor, nor write to each other, any wore,” 1 told her «ho was wise and good, and (hat I would strictly conform to her wishes; thinking It bust so for both our flukofl. So oven nu occasional exchange of loiters which, throughout our thirty years' uovaruuco, hud boon kept up at long Intervals, has ceased from that day. And now, when more than another docado has paused, I am uncertain whether Jessie Is still m this land of tho living, or has gone before to another, wbero many dear friends who have been Ufo-loug apart will find no came for further separation. In “A Roman Holiday," IX. James, Jr., notes tho lessoning gayoty of tho ton days of tho Roman Carnival. Now that Italy is made, ho says, tho Carnival isnnmudo, and tho fashion of public revelry has fallen awfully out of stop. Two now serial stories succeed Howell's “ Ohonco Acquaintance," which oamotoils end last mouth. Ujalmar Hjorth Boyosoa com mences a Norso romance, “Quunar, tho open ing chapters of which havo all tho peculiar fragrance of the biroh-olnd hills of Norway, and tho grotesque charm of their mysterious inhab itants. J. W, Deforest, who wrote “Rato Beaumont" for tho readers of tho Atlantic a year ago, begins snow story, entitled 11 Honest John vano.?’ . . Among tho single stories, Albert Webster’s I *' Miss Ennlao’s Glove ” has groat tuorit. Those I who frqquont tho magazines do not often gota bottdr ontortaininont. * ! , , - Porknmn gives another of his studios of Jdftuit history in early American annals, in “Early Canadian Miracles and Martyrs,” In which bo goes os far back as the flulplllan mira cle by-which Mademoiselle Manco, In I(ss—j oured her paralyzed arm by touching the leaden casket in which rested the remains of Oiler, tho founder of Bt. Sulploo. James Barton portrays' tho Presidential elec tion of 1800, in which Jefferson was a candidate, and In which, Mr. Parton says, the Campaign- Liar who has since assumed so overshadowing a role in our political con tests, first tried hts tin practiced talents. •’ In' “An Old English Homo,” Mrs, Lynn Lin ton draws an engaging picture of ono of tho most beautiful homos in England,—Lower Eatington Park. For a thousand years It has boon in tho possession of ono family,—tho Shir ley, anciently the Bnsunalo family; and “It is one of thoso places for which wo havo no par allel in America, because wo havo no ancestral homos belonging for many generations to a leisure class,—no old“pleaaatmcoa” which tho love of beauty and the spirit of consorvanoo havo united to form and maintain for hundreds of years. Bet in tho midst of venerable trees— notably somo old hawthorns—that are 1 as snored as tho family plate and pictures, and tho removal of which, so long as they will stand up right, nothing but tho sovorostnood would Jostl fy,—with many stretches of that soft, rich grass which Is mode only by constant years of oloso mowing,—tho honao looks out on to a scone of t>oaco and loveliness and trimmed luxuriance, ho like of which no country save England con show.” The poetry of tho number is as good as Ellon Terry, G. P. Lathrop, Celia Thaxtor, and 'Whit tier can make it; and readers of tho Atlantic kuow how good that is. Tho Popular Science monthly* for July* John Stuart..MUl holds tho place ofhouorin tho JPopular Botcnco Monthly for July. Thorols a very fine portrait of him, and wlthit are given in full, or slightly .abridged, tho most valuable of the memorial articles published by tho Lon don Examiner, His education end marriage aro written of by H. R. Fox Boumo: W. T. Thorn ton describes his career in tho India House ; Herbert Spencer loaves his intellectual achieve ments, which are so widely admitted and prais ed, to portray some of those remarkable mani festations of . his high moral qualities which, in their nature, could bo known only to those whoso personal relations with him called them forth. His botanical studios are sketched by Henry Trimon; his place as a critic by W. Minto; his work in philosophy by J. H. Levy; his work in political economy by Prof. •J. E. Calrnos, who says that, though Mill was not tho first to treat political economy as a science,- ho was tho first to enforce tbo lesson, that, just because it is a science, its conclusions carry them no obligatory force with reference to human con duct, “In tho writing of tuo economists who preceded Mill,” ho says, “it is very generally assumed that to provo that a certain course of conduct tends to tho most rapid increase of wealth snfilcos to entail upon all who accept the argument tho obligation of adopting tho course which leads to this result. Mill absolutely re pudiated ibis inference, and, while accepting the theoretic conclusion, hold himself per fectly freo to adopt in practice whatever course bo preferred. It was not for political economy or for any science'to say what aro tho ends most worthy of being pursued by human brings ; tho task of science is complete when it shows us tho moans by which the ends may bo attained; but it is for each individual mau to decide how far tho end is desirable at tho cost of which its attainment involves. In a word, tho sciences should bo our servants, and not our masters. This was a lesson which Mill was the first to enforce, and by enforcing which ho may bo said to havo emancipated economists from tho thraldom of thoir own teaching. It is in no slight degree, through tho constant recognition of Us truth, that ho has been enabled to divest of ro pulHivouesfl oven tho most abstract speculations, and to impart a glow of human interest to all that ho has touched.” Prof. Fawcett estimates his influence at tho Universities ; and W. A. Hunter, his position as a philosopher. A very noticeable article is “Tho Physiology of Death,” translated from tho French of Fer nand Papillon by A. R. MacDonough, to whom American readers are indebted for so many op portune and fluoly-finished • translations. M. Papillon groups together tho results of tho in vestigations of Bichat and his successors in showing iho order in which tho various func tions of Iho body yield their vitality at tho call of the destroyer, and discloses in tho order and operation tho activities which those researches have shown to bo at work In tho corpse. Those who have followed tho relentless en croachments which psychologists of tho latest school aro making on tho domain of tho soul and mind will be interested in Dr. William B. Cor pontor’a “Hereditary Transmission of Acquired Psycical Habits.” Dr. Carpenter holds that mental activity of even tho most elementary kind cau ho shown to bo dependent upon tho physical changes kept up by tho circulation of oxygenated blood through the brain, and that just as direct ly aud immediately* as tho dependence of tho oiootrio activity of a galvanic battery upon tho analogous changes taking place between its met als and its exciting liquids. In-other words, thought is tho product of chemical chango. More marvelous still, aud appalling to those who cling to tho godlike ideal of human intelligence, it is shown that certain phases of mental disease, like tho loss of power to remember dates and names, aro duo to some defective in tuition of somo organ or other of tho brain. Next to tho political bias, Herbert Spencer puts tho theological bias as a disturber of scientific habits of sociological thought and research. This perverting bias consists not alone of tho secta rian prejudices and antipathies, like those which render bigoted Roman Catholics and bigoted Protestants unable to form temperate oij just judgments in each other’s work in society, past or present, hut as well of tho irrational skepti cism and icouoolaara which is oontout to destroy and overturn without rebuilding, aud causes snob unscientific " misinterpretations the denial so often hoard that a religious system is a nor mal and essential factor in every healthy so ciety. In “ Venus on tho Sun’s Face,” R. A. Proctor gives tho history of tho former transits of Venus across tho sun’s face. Tho first occasion on which tho planet of Lovo was scon in that fiery embrace was Dec. 4, 1G39 ; but it was not until 1769, when Capt. Cook made bis famous expedi tion in tho Endeavor, that auy satisfactory ob servations wore mado. It was watched in that year from sovouty*four different stations, and on tho results then obtained is based thejoaloulation still used in our astronomical text-books of tho distance of tho sun from the earth. Tho other artlobs of tho number aro s “ How tho Soa-Doptha Are Explored” (Illustrated); “ Nature and Origin of tho Drift-Deposits of tho Northwest”—it, byN. H. Wincholl j “ Do mestic Economy of Fuel ” —II, by Oapt. Doug las Qalton; “Tho Longevity of Trees.” by Elias Lewis (Illustrated): “ Early Hindoo Mathematics," by Prof. Edward 8. Holdon; “Evolution of tho Mind,” by Dr. O. B. Rad cliffo; “In Quest of tho Polo{” “ Geography in Schools—Scientific Education m tho Far West Literary Notices. XlnrpoT’a Magazine for July. “ Tho Old Stager ” recalls, in Harper's Maga zine for July, some amusing anecdotes illus trative of tho artful dodges with which public men of his day—and it is not likely that thoso of to*day aro rooro . sen sible—sought to ccnvoy tho impression’ that thoLr carofully-incubatod orations wore tho re sult of momentary inspiration. Even so strong a man as Daniel Webster was weak enough to throw a veil over tho thoroughness of his preparations, aud ho was fond of referring to his mustorly reply to Haynes 4.as an unpremeditated and un studied effort. When “the Old Man Eloquent'’ was iu Congress, Mr. Evans, of Maine, made a terrible oratorical on slaught upon him. Adams was expected by ovory one to reply in his own demolishing stylo. Mouths passed, hut no word of retort was'hoard. At tho expiration of sovorol months, Evans confessed to a friend that ho was not sorry 11 tho old man had not como at him," hut added: “Had he attacked mo, you would havo hoard one of tho roost brilliant extemporaneous efforts ovor de livered in this House, which 1 havo been prepar ing/or four months. This is not tho only in stance iu which oxtomporaueous efforts wore carefully prepared. Oguen Hoffman told llio old member of Congress that ho watched hie oppor tunity for a whole year to attack Mr. Cambro long, one of his colleagues from Now York. At last tho opportunity arrived, and Hoff man assailed Cambroloug in a masterly speech which electrified tho House, but which Hoffman had prepared with tho greatest core, and which to the members appeared to be wholly an oxtomporanoous effort. Tom Marshall, orKontnoky, a brilliant off-haud speaker, and a man of flue gonnis, sought to unite tho reputa tion of a gay rake with that of a brilliant and *®koy orator. In truth, ho always prepared him- Bolfßodulously when there was opportunity. Ills weakness was tho affectation of concealing his industry. Ho would abHonthlmsolf from IhoUan- Itol for days, loading his friends to suppose that - ho was plunged Into a Brohrtigragian debauch, while ho was really devoting every hour to read ing and study. After getting * thoroughly crammed and armed at every point, ho would oomo into tho House looking exhausted and haggard, giving color. to tho notion that ho hod boon on t» frolic, and, watching his opportunity, would pour forth tho fruits of his study In’'a strain of off-hand, striking eloquence that hardly over failed to astonish his hearers. And tho re mark was often hoard, “What a brilliant man I What could ho not accomplish if ho was indus trious and regular in his habits I” Thomas W. Knox’s paper on “ Russian Policy in Asia’ 1 is interesting for Us information con cerning tho history or tho encroachments which Russia has so long been mailing toward Khiva. Khiva is tho ouly ono of those powerful Khan ates—of which the other two ore Bokhara and Khokhan—which has not boon brought, by In trigue and force, into subjection to tho Russian Boor; Mr. Knox considers its conquest certain, and believes that then Russia will engulf Afghanistan, and push her sovereignty, within twenty-five years, up to tho very frontier of British India. Hero eho will stop, for sho has no wish for a war with England. Tho Khlvans, ho says. “ have all the appliances of torture known to ancient or modem limes. The bare ©numeration of them, with tho briefest descrip tion, would cause the most stoical of readers to shiver with horror. Humanity will ho greatly benefited by Russia’s absorption of Khiva. The Orescent must give way to the Cross, and tho mercy taught by tho Nazarono must bo- substi tuted for tho cruelty enjoined by him who preached death to unbelievers, and spread bia religion with firo and sword.” Benson J.-Loosing begins a now series of il lustrated articles, entitled “ Signers of tho Dec laration of Independence.” Tho object of tho jHipora is stated In the opening paragraph. It runs: Wo aro all familiar with tho signatures of tho men who subscribed their names to tho Declaration of Independence, but few of us know how they wrote In tho text of letters or other writings, or .their methods of expression in epistles. To reveal their stylo of -penman ship, and modes of some of thorn in the expres sion of their thoughts in letters, is tho chief ob ject of those papers.” Tho first paper haa twenty-three fao-similo autographs. Emilio Gaatolar contributes tho seventh of hlfl papers on “Tho Republican Movement in Europe.. It roads much moreliko the work of on elegant scholar and studious publicist than of a statesman orman versed in affairs. Tho Illustrated articles aro : “ Jack Ashore,"' which depicts tho dangers which threaten sea men on land; “National Standard and Em blems.” remarkable for Us omission of tha national colors of nearly every people of impor tance ; “ Sicily and tho Sicilians;” and “Gen. Bhorraan In Europe and tho East,” one of tho slovenliest and least interesting of recent itineraries. The Catholic World fgr Only. A writer in tbo Oaiholio World for July ro* views tbo measures which, at Bismarck’s sug gestion, have boon taken in Prussia to readjust the relations of tbo Blato with tbo Homan Cath olic Church. 'Within two years of tbo establish ment of tbo Gorman Empire those plans of tbo Chancellor have had their consummation: Tbo Jesuits, the vanguard of tho Church, are driven out. Why 7 For conspiring r.galust tho Empire. Proofs? None. All tbo other orders nro driven out for tho same reasons, oml .with tho like proofs of guilt. Tho universities aro placed In tho hands of infldols. Tho schools aro taken from tho bands of religious, anil placed altogether in tho hands of the State. Tho solemnization (I) of marriage la placed In tho hands of the State. Ecclesiastical seminaries are suppressed, or given over to tho State. Ecclesiastical students nro for tho future to bo edu cated and appointed by tho State. Catholics must not subscribe money to build colleges of their own; If they do, those colleges will, like all tho others, bo appropriated by the State. Tho Bishops, tho divinely appointed successors of tho Apostles, aro only allowed to hold ofllco at the will, of tho Slate. Ho who disobeys Is deposed from office by tho State. Tho Church Is a thing of Stato. Tbo human con science Is a thing of Stato. It has no rights, no thoughts, no feelings, no desires, that aro not otwo latcly controlled by tho Stato, “ for in the kingdom of this world, tbo Stato has dominion and precedence.*’ There Is tho whole doctrino out, plain and undis guised. Those last words arc taken from the speech delivered by Prince Bismarck to tho House of Peers In tho dohnto of March 10 on the question under consid eration. . The bill prohibiting ibo creation of no\r norai naricß, great or email, excites the especial ■wrath of the writer. Its framers, he exclaims, said: “We have banished the Jesuits; wo Lava banished religious societies of every description: wo havo abolished tho . sacrament of marriage; wo liave banished religion from tho schools; wo now proceed to abolish ecclesiastical seminaries altogether ; that is to say, wo abolish the priesthood, wa abolish Qod as far as Germany is concerned, and men shall worship ns and us only—tho su« Srcme power.” But Homo—though never befhrs id tho wholo world so threaten hoc existence stands never moro unit* od. “ Tho State in Germany banishes tho Jesuits, and takes infidels to its bosom; in Spain, it banishes tho Jesuits, and finds in thoic placo tho Descamisados; in Switzerland, it ejecta Mermillod, and embraces Loyaon; in Italy, it imprisons tho Pope, and welcomes Victor Emanuel or Garibaldi: Kon huno se.l Jiarrabam I Meanwhile, tho Catholic world speaks out, and from tho ends of tho earth comes hook tho protest echoed from point to point, and gathering voluno ns it goes : Wo protest as men. wo protest as froa citizens, wo protest ns Christians.” Tho second part of “ Jerome Savonarola ” is given. There are articles on “Philosophical Ter minology“ Civilization,” “ Brittany, Its Peo ple and Poems,” “Necessity versus Art,” and other topics of Catholic interest. TUo Now Wisconsin Land-Grant Com* pany. From fftc Milwaukee Xeice, June 20, Wo announced, last week, that loading capital ists and railroad men wore in consultation upon' tho subject of forming a railroad company to build a railroad on tho Bt. Croix land-grant lines, as fixed by tho act of tho last Legislature, con ferring the grant on’the St. Panl Company. Those linos of railroad aro tho remaining inv portant links needed to complete tho Wiscon sin system, and oro, In general terms, as fol lows : First— From a point opposite Rod Wing, northward to Prescott and Hudson (40 miles), and thence to Superior (140 miles), and from a point on tho Hudson & Superior Uno to Bayfield (70 miles) ; .total, 250 miles.. Second—A lino up tho Chippewa Valley to Eau Claire and Chippewa Falls (70 miles), with q branch to Menomonoo (20 miles): total, 00 miles. Third —From Monroe to ShuUsourg, 40 miles. Tho total number of miles which tlio Company will build is 330. Tho OliippowaYalloy linos and tho Monroe & SUullsburg lines, with a portion of tlio Superior lines, will bo at once, on their completion, valuable lines of roud, and will pay the interest on tho money that it will cost to Imild them. {j I'l’lio oflicors and Directors of tho now company aro tho solid men, principally, of tho aootions of country immediately interested 1 in tho construe* tiou of tho linos of railroad mentioned, and tho now company will bo supported by the united wealth of tho lumber regions of tho northwest and the mining regions of tho southwest parts ol tho Stato. Tho nominal capital of tho company is $20,000. Tho stockholders possess tho means, thomeolvcs, to build ovory milo of tho road named in tho act of tho Legislature. They are, of course, ready to givo any reasonable security which tho Governor may demand for tho prose* cutlou of tho work. UTho Bettor Opinion” Concerning iHr.itooclior. From the Xeio York Correspondence BuJJ'alo Comwrr ‘dal. ’ Tho bettor opinion among “lovers of good men " Is, that Mr. Beecher will oomo out of tho ordeal clear atid'olcnn, so far ah criminal conduct is concerned, but by no moans clear ofMudiacro tiou (rather passive than positive on his pail) suck as almost surely gives occasion in a world like this for tbo making and believing of tho grossest charges. Tho fondling folly of oomo of Sir. Beecher’s female adorers, unopposed by a compensation of wisdom on his pare, has much to auswor for of all this misery aud shame. Tho uncharitable and uncomprehending world with out cannot understand certain grades of loving familiarity, however innocent in fact, or any other theory than that of criminal intimacy. Many women, it is certain, havo been madly m love with Mr. Beecher. I know of one. Many others havo lavished upon him tho fondest idol atry, os a sorb of god; eager to kiss tho bora of his garment: and when favored with actual in timacy. wo all know what such women will do. There is some foundation for tho story that Mr, Beechor had mado a confession and asked for- Elvouoss. A friend of miuo has soon tho letter, at there was nothing of a criminal nature con fessed; only just such Indiscretions aa 1 have Indicated.

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