10 I NEW YORK. Ingenious Mode of Marrying a For tune-—Particulars of an Ad vantageous Match, An Extraordinary Literary Circular —Caleb Ousting as a Worker. Reported Retirement of Alden B. Stockwell—Still An other Great Hotel. From Our Own Conrcvpun'isnt. New Yobx, June 19, 1873. Some time ago, a very wealthy heiress, and, what is more, a handsome and interesting woman, was married to a young Trmn 0 f this city who has ability, character, and culture, but co money beyond $2,000 or $3,000 a year earned fry his own exertions. Everybody knowing him nr her was much surprised at their union, aware ihat she had refused a number of extremely ad vantageous offers because she feared that her fortune rather than herself was the attraction. •She had been particularly unwilling to wed any man without means, —supposing that such a one would be more tempted by her wealth than he who had something to match with it. HOW TO WED AX HEIRESS. The manner in which the marriage was brought nbout is peculiar enough to bear relation. The young man—lot us call him Edwin —had fre quently heard that the young woman—she shall be Clara—would certainly die in maidenhood for the reasons already mentioned. One of her re jected suitors, believing, with the vanity of hia sex, that & woman who had refused him would refuse anybody, informed Edsrin, one day, that Clara was doomed to celibacy. Edwin expressed tome doubt of this, —asserting that, whatever her present feelings, eh© would find her hero sometime, and then would come matrimony, ma ternity, and all the rest. The discarded lover seemed to regard this as a personal re flection, and offered to bet SSOO to SIOO that ho was right in forecasting Clara’s future. £dwin, from a spirit of mischief, more than any thing else, accepted the wager, remarking, “ Anybody could marry the girl if ho only knew how to go about it." “ Perhaps you think you could!" observed the friend. “If you do, I’ll introduce you, and give you two years’ time." “I hadn't any idea of trying the thing my eelf,” gaid Edwin, laughing; “but, as Clara Eaast be amiable and agreeable, I haven’t the ieast objection to making her acquaintance. X don’t think I’m at all interesting to women,' and, as you know that I intend to remain a bachelor, I shall not interfere with the connubial designs of any other gentleman. Still, lam convinced, Xrom what I hear of the lady, that it will be next to impossible for her to remain in her present ftate.” The upshot of the matter was, that Edwin waa introduced, and that he and Clara soon be came very good friends. (Friendship between 5 oung persons of different sex la each a peculiar relation that it is vey apt to become something more, or something less.) At the end of two months, the predetermined bachelor began to inspect that ho waa falling in lore, and to sur mise, net without vanity, that Clara was grow ers fond of him. To guard against contingen cies, he frankly told her, oa he oould do with entire de.Jcacy, since they were only friends, laat he had made np hia mind never to marrv, xud that, as he was poor himself, he would never troneont to becoming the husband of an heiress, however much he might love her. Clara ad jured his candor, if not his resolution.—saying It was extremely fortunate for them that they merely friends, and nothing more. six months, what had been suspicion be- conviction, Edwin know, by every bonnd ■Rug drop of blood in bis veins, that he was des- in love with her, and he had very good reason to believe that she was in loro witn nTm alio situation, under the circumstances, was awkward, and indeed perilous. Edwin being a of honor, said to bis friend one evening: “I may as well express, Clara, in words, what, for ■Como time, I have been unable to conceal. I lave not ceased to be your friend, but, unfortu nately for me, I have grown to be your lover. If you were as poor as 1 am, I should beg yon to l»o my wife; but, as you are wealthy, au I can do is to say farewell, and try to conquer my passion.” “Wealth should not be an obstacle to mar riage, Edwin, and so far as I—” . “ I anticipate what you will say, Clara, and it is that which I feared. Mv pride is superior xven to my love. I should despise myself if I lived upon my wife, and it would be impossible for me to avoid it if you were she. I could not, i>y any exertion of mine, earn one-tentb of vonr income; and hence, unless we had separate es tablishments, I must spend a large part of your money. To have a separate establishment *would be marriage but in name; and I doubt if cither you or I would consent to such an eccen tric arrangement.” “ I can manage that, Edwin.” “No, you cannot, my dear: it is not manage able.” “ But I can, I tell yon. Yon are unwilling, ,-because I am wealthy, to ask me to be your wife. But X am not unwilling, because you are poor, to nak you to be my husband. You must consent to this. You would not like to have it known that "Vou had declined an offer from a lady who is so fair and interesting, as you say I am ;” and she •added, still laughing: “ Remember, you do not propose to me ; I insist on your taking me, in «pite of my fortune. Can yon talk of your pride eince I have laid aside mine ?” This, It must be confessed, was a dilemma for the philosophic bachelor. 1 don’t know how die got out of it; but Ido know that, in three weeks after, he and Clara were married. The rejected suitor and a number of others •ueclare that the course Edwin pursued was a mere ruse ; that .be felt confident his line of .policy would be certain to win the bet and the '"woman's heart at once, ilj informant avers that Edwin weq entirely sincere, and that his earnest intention was to break off tho connec tion with Clara before it was too late. I believe Xiiifi is the correct view ; but I leave the matter the reader to decide. I tell this story for the ©eneul of men anxious to marry heiresses, and ignorant of tho best means of effecting their purpose. It is easy enough, as Edwin said, “if one only knows how to go about it.” A LITERARY CURIOSITY. There is & delicious coolness in the manner some magazines have of doing business, that is hardly credible. I have recently seen a circular sent to a contributor, which 1 should certainly believe ironical, were I not aware of its genuineness. The circular—a printed form— leads in this style: Your MS. has made a favorable impression, ■and the editor of hopes that he may at some time be able to publish it. You are at liberty, however, to withdraw It at any time be fore it is printed in the magazine, if you prefer to find a place for it elsewhere. Generally a MS. is either accepted or de clined ; but in this publication it is neither on© nor the other. It may be an interesting fact that a contributor has made a favorable impres sion ; but, when it merely gives its author lib erty to withdraw it at anv time before it is printed, the interest is baldly sustained. What e delightfully undecided fellow the editor must bo. and how charmingly ambiguous he is in the couching of his phrases! As a specimen of humor, the circular is excellent, though, as a matter of business, it is execrable. It ought to he set down as on© of the curiosities of contemporaneous literature. It shows in a moat unmistakable way that some magazine-editors are firmly nersuaded that authors have no rights which editors are bound to respect. A TERRIBLE TOILER. Speaking, the other day, to a gentleman well acquainted with public men, on the subject of their capacity for and habits of work, he re marked that the hardest worker he had ever known was Caleb Cushing. Cushing told my informant that, for twenty-five years, he had t-pent seventeen out of every twenty-four hours in intellectual pursuits.—reading, studying, or writing,—giving himself but seven hours for rest and recreation. This is certainly such toil as any one would suppose would carry a lo his grave in less than the time mentioned, and yet the state ment does not seem to he exagger ated. Cushing has an extraordinary constitution and the most vigorous health, and receives such pleasure from absorbing mental occupation Icm S habit become, second-nature to turn. Sn or eight hoars & day is generally considered a full average of such work for the most studious men g and how Cushing could treble or quadruple the hoars, and yet retain hia health and Sanity, it is difficult to understand. Ho is now 70 at least, and of late years, being regularly employed as a sort of Government law yer upon international cases in Washington, ho has taken life more easily, as well he might at his advanced age. Seventeen hours out of twen ty-four of severe labor for a quarter of a century is enough to kill Hercules ; and still it appears to have agreed quite well with Caleb Cushing. fIAI.MAOPKDI. In these hot days, selling soda-water is a most active branch of metropolitan industry. One druggist down town often receives for soda alone 9KJO or 8500 a dav, and on some special occasion, like the Fourth of July bo hae taken in as high as 8700 or 8300. As over half of this is clear profit, the trade ie decidedly profitable. One of the cheap sensational weeklies bore has been printing the most abominable adver tisements in order to attract the attention of the public to one of the murdered Walworth’s ridic ulously extravagant stones, now running in its columns. Assuredly there ought to be some law regulating the decency of advertising. A private letter from Paris mentions a report in circulation there, that Father Hyocinthe in tends to visit this country again next spring, and remain two or three years. A new, commodious, and elegant hotel is soon to bo bnilt at the corner of Fifth avenue end Fiftieth street. It is to be called the Bucking ham, will occupy, it is said, 13,000 square feet, and will cost, with the ground and furniture, about $1,000,000. It is generally remarked that, within the mem ory of the “ oldest inhabitant," never been so abundant here and hereabout at this season as they are now. Even country places which have not hitherto been troubled by the pests are rendered almost unendurable by them at present. It is rumored that Alden B. Stockwoll will soon retire from Wall street, where he has been so prominent a figure for several years past. The reason given for his retirement is hia im mense losses in speculations within the last six months. A great many persona are anxionslv waiting to sea the statement Henry C. Jioweu is expected to make in regard to the Beodier scandal,though there are those who insist that he has no inten tion of making any. New-Yorkers have been going ont of town for tha summer very rapidly during the past week. The annual hegira has begun this season two or three weeks earlier than usual. Colstoux. EARLY HINDOO MATHEMATICS. From the Popular Science Monthly/or July, It piques ua to know that, sixteen hundred years before our era, there was a poet who sang: Like as a plank of drift-wood Tossed on tho watery main, Another plank encounters, Meets—touches—parts again; 80, tossed, and drifting, ever On life’s unresting sea. Hen meet, and greet, and sever, Parting eternally.* This surely is not tho verso of a primitive people; these are not the feeble liapings of the infanta of our race; did it not require time to accustom the Hindoo mind to similes as complex ac these ? This verse would not seem childish if Tennyson had written it; it appeals to as deep a consciousness as Coleridge’s ‘ ‘ Hymn in the Tale of Chamonnix,” and would even bear com parison with the “ Peter Bell” of the great Lake poet. If thia people was bo old thirty-four hundred years ago, when was it young ? We begin to believe, with Baillyf, in, the existence of “co peuple anciea qui nous & tout apjjris, excepte son nom et eon existence.” It may, then, be interesting for us to glance at the state of science among these predecessors of ours. But let us remember that we are ap plying a severe test, when we compare their pro gress with the science of to-day. Let us re member that it is only within a hundred years that the return of comets has been predicted ; that our knowledge of the constitution of the sun has been gained since 1659 ; that Newton has been dead only 147 years, and that Lagrange and La place both lived and worked in our own century. • When wo consider what astronomy would be without these three great men—that is, what it teas only so few years ago—we are better pre pared to appreciate the studies which laid tho remote foundations of their triumphs. It would be impossible, within moderate llm its, to determine the value of Hindoo astrono my, however interesting the effort might be, , since wo should enter at once into debateable ground, and come among great authorities in conflict. Bailley, Delambre, Bentley, Davis, Hunter, Sir William Jones, and others, have various, of ; ten contradictory, beliefs to maintain. Some are partisans of the Greek, some of the Arab, others of the Hindoo scientists of long ago. But, fortunately, some of the original manu script books of the Hindoos have come down to ns; among others various complete treatises on mathematics, and these are authentic and of great age. Precisely of how groat age it is difficult to ascertain. Bailly, a Hindoo partisan, accepts the largest estimate: Delambre, a detractor of Hindoo science, and an advocate of the Greek, believes the most important of them to have been written about A. D. 1114; while tho translator of this manuscript, Colebrooke, a dis tinguished Sanscrit scholar, places the date of writing in A. D. 1150. This treatise, the “ Lilivati n of Bhascara Acharya, is supposed to have been a compilation, and there are reasons for believing a portion of it to have been written about A. D. 628. How ever this may be, it is of the greatest interest, and its date is sufficiently remote to give to Hin doo mathematics a respectable antiquity. “ The “ Lilivati,” according to Delambre, was written to console the daughter of its author for her ill-success in obtaining a husband, and it speaks well for the Hindoo gentlewoman that such a means could be considered worth the at tempting. It was called by her name, and many of the questions are addressed to her, as we shall see. It opens mast auspiciously with an invoca tion to Ganesa, as follows: “Having bowed to the Deity whose head is like an elephant’s; whose feet are adored by gods; who, when called to mind, relieves his vota ries from embarrassment, and bestows happi ness upon his worshipers; I propound thia easy process of computation, delightful by its elegance, perspicuous with words concise, soft, and correct, and pleasing to tho learned.” Thus fairly launched, the author gives various tables of Hindoo money, weights, etc., and pro ceeds to business, not without another invoca tion, however, shorter this time: “ Salutation to Ganesa, resplendent as a blue and spotless lotus; and delighting in the tremulous motion of the dark serpent, which is perpetually twin ing within his throat.” The principles of numeration and addition are then stated concisely, and he affably propounds his first question; “Dear, intelligent Lilivati, if thou be skilled in addition and subtraction, tell me the sum of 2, 6, 82, 193, 18, 10, and 100, added together ; and tne remainder when their sum is subtracted from 10,000.” He then rapidly plunges into multiplication as follows: “Example. Beautiful and dear Lilivati, whose eyes are like a fawn’s! tell me what are the numbers resulting from 135 taken into 12? .... Tell mo, auspicious woman, what is the quotient of the product divided by the same multiplier ?” ' The treatise continues rapidly through tho usual rules, but pauses at the reduction of frac tions to hold up the avaricious man to scorn: “The quarter of a sixteenth of the fifth of three-quarters of two-thirds of a moiety of a dramma was given to a beggar by a person from whom he asked alms; tell me how many cowry sheUs the miser gave if thou be conversant in arithmetic with the reduction termed subdivision of_f ructions.” The “veneniUo preceptor," as Bhascara calls himself, illustrates what he terms the rule 9.v* su PP° a ition by the following example: “Out of a swarm of bees, one-fifth part settled on a blossom of Cadamba ; ana one-third on a flower of SUintfhri ; three times the difference of those numbers flew to the bloom of a Cutcja, One bee which remained, hovered and flow about in the air, allured at the same moment by the pleasing fragrance of a jasmin and pandamus. Tell me, charming woman, the number of bees.” This example is sufficiently poetical, but there is given a section on Interest, and one on pur chase and sale for merchants. It is easily seen that this arithmetic varies but little from that taught in our common schools to-day. The pro cesses are nearly the same, and the advance of the Hindoos in this science is due largely to their admirable system of notation, viz., that called the Arabic, which, however, was undoubt edly derived by the Arabs from Hindoo teachers, as is admitted by the best authorities. * “ Book of Good Councils; written in Sanscrit, B. <VI6OO translated by Edwin Arnold, H, A,, Oxford, f •* Th!e ancient people who have taught ns every thing but their own name and their own existence,” ‘niE CHICAGO DAIfcY-TRIBUNEI-SUNDAY) JUNE 22, 187& THE FIRST DAILY NEWSPAPER. On© hundred and sevcnty-One years ago, on the 11th day of March, 1702, the first number of the first dolly newspaper in the English language was published in London. Ite appearance was not heralded by advertisement, for, besides the two or three weekly journals then published, and which were wholly devoted to politics and coart matters, there was nothing in whttih to advertise. The proposed publication of the Courant —for such the new venture was to be called —was not looked upon with a high degree of favor by the monopolists of the Loudon newspaper field, who affected to regard it with supreme contempt, and spoke of it only as “ the pitiful Project of a poor Printer,” with all the added weight that could be conveyed by a liberal use of italics and exclamation-points. Put the publisher was a shrew d follow, and saw that this display of spite would act as an irritant upon public curiosity, and, judging by what a sharp newspaper-man would do nowadays, be went home, ordered his pressman to “put on two more quires,” and awaited the result. When the Courant did appear, upon the above mentioned date, it was a curiosity. It was about the size of half a sheet of foolscap-paper, print ed only upon one side, containing neither edito rials, locale, court news, political matter, adver tisements, nor English intelligence of any kind whatever. This last omission was the more sin gular, not to say significant, when the reader will remember that, upon that very date, the 11th of March, Queen Anne went to the House of Peers to deliver her first speech from the throne, King William IEC. having died upon the Bth. throe days before. We have said there was no homo news in the first issue of the Courant, The assertion was too sweeping. In one comer there are seven lines, four of which relate to the funeral of the deceased King, and three are de voted to the condition of the English army in Flanders; for war at that time was raging be tween England and France. The remainder of the contents .consisted entirely of quotations from foreign papers, with the exception of a column in reference to its future prospects and plans. “ This Courant , ” says the publisher, “ as the Title shows, will be published daily, be ing designed to give all the Material News as soon as every post arrives, and is confined to half the Compass to save the Publick at least half the Impertinences of ordinary Newspapers.” Six weeks after the first issue, the publisher announced in his largest type that the project had been “so Successful, that hereafter both Bides will be printed.” The appearance of over a column of advertisements in the same number is a sufficient indorsement of the statement, and from that time the Courant increased in prosperi ty. Every newspaper has its leading feature, and that claimed by the Courant was foreign in telligence. Three mouths after its first appear ance the following notice found a conspicuous place in its columns, which leads to the belief that newspaper publishers wore much the same in those days as now as regards the dishing-up of news from abroad: “It will be found from the Foreign Prints, which, from Time to Time, as Occasion offers, will be mentioned in this Paper, that the Author has taken Care to be duly fur nished with All that comes from Abroad in any Language. And for an Assurance that he wiU not, under Pretence of having Private Intelli gence, impose any Addition of feign’d Circum stances to an Action, but give his Extracts fair ly and Impartially, at the Beginning of each Article he will quote the Foreign Paper from whence ’tie taken, that the Public, seeing from what Country a Piece of News comes, with the allowance of that Government, may be better able to Judge of the Credibility and Fairness of the Relation. Nor will he take upon him to give any Comments or Conjectures of his own, out will relate only Matter of Fact, supposing other People to have Sense enough to make Boficciions for Themselves.” Had we any intention of glorifying the modem daily newspaper at the expense of the Courant, wo might stop here to draw a very striking com parison between the merits of tho two. But that was no part of our original plan, and we leave it for those who have nothing else to do. As wo have said, and as la claimed in tho above quota tions, the strong point of tho Courant was its foreign intelligence. Clipper-ships, ocean-steam- ers, and submarine-cables, were alike unknown in those days, and tho publisher was obliged to depend upon the uncertain movements of trans atlantic shipping, so that the news from America was sometimes two, three, and occa sionally even four months old. Even the news from across the Channel was often two and three weeks old. But then thin intelligence, stole as it was, was undoubtedly read with as keen an appetite, and discussed with as much earnestness, as if it had come hot from the wires on hour before. A fire might occur in Kew York, and tho destroyed buildings be replaced, oy the time the intelligence would reach London; or a Colonial oQdai in Boston might die, and his widow be spend ing her honeymoon with her second, before the news of the drat event would be published in the columns of the Coura.nL But the preserva tive power of time did not allow anything in the news line to lose its savor, and these moldy scraps, with others gathered from various parts of the world, were served up, day after day, to the public, with great seeming acceptance. Ev ery afternoon the some stream of purchasers flowed into the narrow, dingy street of publica tion—left its innumerable pennies, and bore away its innumerable copies through the fog and smoko of London. At last there comes a day, as there comes a day to ns all, when the founder and publisher of the first daily paper in the English tongue, having achieved his work, shut his eyes upon tho world, and went out of it. That work, looked at across one hundred and seventy years that have elapsed since its ac complishment, seems poor enough; but, poor as it was, imperfect as it was, absurd as it was, it was the first placingof tho lever which to-oay moves the world.— Appklons' Journal, If evlval of Trousers for Girls* A correspondent of the Englishwoman's Do mestic Magazine makes the following sugges tion in regard to the dress of girls: “In my last letter, I proposed that young ladles should, in accordance with the taste [ ot some few years since, wear their dresses : shorter than is now the fashion, and X expressed the opinion that they were more healthy and convenient, more suited to the costumes of young ladies, and decidedly more elegant. I admitted that their adoption involved another change, and I now suggest a return to an article of dress formerly worn hy girls, which I much wish to see again in fashion, — I mean the long white trousers, which, till about eighteen years ago, formed so pretty and conspicuous a part of their costume. Doubtless some of your readers will say they are tasteless and unbecoming, and use other disparaging adjectives. I reply that they were all but universal for quite forty years, and had they been ugly they would have been early abandoned, like other uglinesses, as the waist under the armpits of George the Third’s time the monstrous bonnets and the bishop sleeves of the next two reigns. The abandonment of long trousers necessitated .longer skirts, for modesty’s sake, and though I think that girls young enough to wear short dresses should bo so innocent that the decorum or otherwise of their costume ought not to enter their heads still, if modesty of attire is of moment at all, long trousers have the advantage over the present style. They would give, as they gave formerly, a character to the young ladies’ dress which their present costume sadly wants, for now it has no distinctive style, since long hair flowing down the back and skirts a few inches from the ground are, I am pleased to say not confined to girls in their teens. Long trousers of linen or cambric, trimmed with needlework or lace, are feminine enough, de spite their name and shape, and there is no question of their youthful appearance, which I think a very great advantage. To be quite beautiful they should bo brilliantly white, and very stiffly starched, so as not to look creased or muddled, and should be so long ns to reach the feet even if they do not slightly hide the insteps. The trousers may be oramented in many ways. Even when quite plain, and with only one deep hem. they are charming ; but trimmed with rich needlework borders, and with strips of insertion sometimes, in full dress, with bright-colored ribbon ran in the work, or with flounces of lace or with various trimmings of finely-worked mus lin, they are most elegant and becoming. They also make the feet look so much smaller, and veil many defects now too often visible, as ill shaped logs, bony or thick ankles, or flat insteps. lam old enough to remember the pretty trou sers, tastefully trimmed in various fashions, wo used to wear twenty years ago, and which made our costumes so bright and attractive, when white mnshn dresses with small black or bright colored mantles, were almost universally worn in summer by girls, the former being smarter, and certainly softer and prettier, in material, than the white pique now ' m vogue. Quite young children, eay girla under 6 and 7 (unless unusually tall), should only wear them trousers a few inches below the skirt, which at this age should bo above the Jmees. Their limbs are not long enough or their movements such as to make them look well in quite long trousers. I think that a hat of one of i the many pretty shapes which have been worn ■ for Boms years past, with the. glossy hair float ing over the ahotUders, the figure displayed fay a tight-fitting dress, a loopea-up skirt, fall at the hips, a bright-colored sash tied behind, the Sicoats excessively short, fully displaying brilliantly white trousers, falling grace ’ across the Instep, just showing the open worked stockings, and the feet flashing brightly in the pretty patent-leather shoes and sandals I have written of before, constitute the most piquant, dainty, and captivating costume devised for girls. Thus attired, in a dress singularly appropriate and characteristic, because so be coming, childlike, and modest, girls might well wear it till a much more womanly age, and if young ladies in their teens would believe how much more fascinating they look in the youth ful and ladylike drees I propose, they would adopt it with pleasure and retain it without hesitation, and would admit its convenience, propriety, and elegance. Long trousers might be easily introduced, as it would only involve the gradual lengthening, by a few inches at. a time, of the trousers which all girls wear, till they reach the desired length, and slightly rest on the pretty little feet, looking all the smaller, and glittering brightly from beneath the snowy linen or delicate lace or cambric. There is a great tendency to renew old fashions, and I should bo delighted to nee this one revived, for its pi'ottiaess and piquancy make it almost the only firing wanting to render the young ladies’ costume of the present day all that can be de sired.” THE INSTINCT QUESTION. The London Nature has received a great num ber of communications with regard to instinct and sense perceptions in men and animals. From among its selections we cull the following new facts and suggestions: “ With a regard to a sense of direction, Mr. George 0. Merrill, of Topeka, Kan., writes as follows: “ ‘I have learned from the hunters and guides who spend their lives on the plains and moun tains west of ns that, no matter how far or with what turns they may have been led in chasing the bison or other game, they, on their return to camp, always take a straight line. In expla nation they say that, unconsciously to them selves. they have kept all the turns in their mind.* ” Mr. J. D. 8011, of Now York, writes as fol lows on the consciousness of time in horses: “My own experience will not allow me to speak positively as to smell, but horses that X have met and carefully observed wore not peculiarly gifted in this respect. It was a com mon saying on “the plains,” and in the mining regions of California, that mules, hr the way very sagacious animals, which would well repay observation, ‘scent the red skin a mile away,* I have made some in quiry on this point, but - have been nnable to find that the olfactories of the mole ore really thus acute. I can bear testimony to the extraordinary powers of sight In horses. And I am inclined to think that they take more notes, by the way, through their eyes than through the nose. As none of your correspondents have called attention to it, I desire to recall the fact that horses have ears as well as eyes and noses. Their hearing is very acute, and I am inclined to think that the explanation of the detection of red-skins by xnnles, will bo found in the educated ear rather than in the educated nose. It used to be said in the cavalry service of the United States during the war that ‘ horses were the best pickets.* I have soon them again and again in the dead of night prick up their ears when the men on their backs heard nothing. 1 have never seen them sniff or smell first. Listening was invariably the first move ment. Then came sight. Horses have scanned the woods and chapparaU with a care that no man could surpass. If the moving thing first heard and then seen was an unfamiliar object— more especially if it was moving along the ground—then I have seen horses sniff, smell, and snort. In horses the snort is expressive of aversion rather than fear, or perhaps of a senti ment compounded of both.. “ Horses loam the notes of the bugle, and I have often seen a trained horse turn in a direc tion opposed to that indicated by the pressure of his less experienced rider's leg. I have known horses which, after detecting the presence of moving objects by hearing and then by eight, during which time they remained perfectly quiet, change feet, and even paw the ground if the rider did not by his movement show recognition of the presence of what might bo an enemy. And what, it will bo asked, has this to do with the question at issue ? Simply this, —horses think, horses reason, horses classify, horses remember. I desire to offer a few re marks on Darwin's letter about the blind mare that stopped at every public house on the road. My own explanation of the fact—and there must be hundreds of similar instances—is that the mare, by long-continued custom, became con scious of the time which should elapse between the respective stopping-places. Horses have a great memory for time. What is the interpre tation of the existence and improvements of our racing and trotting horses, but that these animals have the power of remembering time, and the power or transmitting this improved registering and transmitting cerebral appa
ratus to their progeny, L will close this letter by relating a couple of incidents. I was speaking of my belief m this equine mem ory for time to an enthusiastic horseman of my acquaintance the other day and at the same time showed him Mr. Darwin's letter. He said that inhisyoate he bad driven a horse, sound in every respect, on a bread route. Ha always served his customers in a certain order. After a while his animal knew all the places, and stop ped in front of the store or residence where bread was to bo delivered, without a signal from his master. If the master remained in any place longer than usual, hia horse started oil, but, in* stead of going to the next customer, returned to the stable. This, said he, occurred again and again, not at one place, but at many places. '* 1 served, during the recent war, in a cavalry resiment in the United States service. The horses knew the time for ‘ the relief/ and if the relief did not come on time they became restive. On one occasion we changed the time of remain* ing on post from two to four hours. For the first two hours the horses behaved admirably: after that they were in constant motion, and had to be constantly restrained. Horses recognize the time for stable call—not merely * hunger - call, but the proper time-call. M IFA gentleman in the North of Ireland sends to Nature the story of a dog, who traveled a long distance round a known road instead of taking a short cut by an unknown route. This gen* ileman draws the following sensible conclu* sion: “My theory is that the dog does preserve a very distinct, or, at least, tolerably distinct, no* tion of the route he was brought from home by, and that it is forcibly impressed upon him; but the great aid to his return is the direction of the sun or light. He knows that if he travels in a certain direction —say east—ha is going towards the morning sun, and west, towards the evening sun.” LINES. Written on suing a young lady cutup in a summer tiouse. I know of bat one whose smile is as sweet As the blush of the roses which bloom at her feet. Not in palace, but cot, is this treasure rare. Yet for rirtue she’d shine ’mongst the fairest of fair The cottage, her home, snugly rests 'tween two hDLS, Where the hum of the bee, the laugh of the rills, With the notes of the lark harmoniously blend, — Where a friend unto Nature needs ne’er want a friend. One day, as I passed by that charming retreat, I beheld there a vision enchantlngly sweet: ’Neath a bower enwrapped in a znantlo of green, Slightly touched by the sunshine, a form could be seen. Pair Mabel from reading had fallen asleep, Whilst the moments with dowers around her did creep; Though careless her pose, it was artistic grace ; And low whispered the zephyrs their loves o’er her face. As blithe thoughts of love then sweetly did sing As e’er Joyfully nestled ’neath bright Fancy’s wing, I said to myself, With all else 1 would part, Ooold I clasp thee, fair creature, as mine to this heart. As I longingly gazed on that vision of bliss, A wandering rose-leaf I saw snatch a kiss, And, wafted along by the soft breezes’ awel^ It gracefully rose, at my feet lightly fell. Myself of the petal I quickly possessed. And, when to my lips It softly bad pressed. I turned from the scene so dazzlingly bright, And these were my words os I passed on from sight Bicep on ! though thy farm is by Morpheas embraced, I know that thy dreams are as pure and as chaste As the scene now around thee, whore each flower vies With thyself in competing for Beauty—the prize. Ancient Copper Mines ol Arizona* From tho Tueson Citizen, Charles 0. Brown and others have been ex ploring some old mines about forty-five miles a little north of west from Tucson. From Mr. B-’a account, which is general and somewhat in de tail, the locality is one of great interest, both to the curiosity seeker and money “maker- The party do not think they discovered the ectent'of the abandoned mines thereaway, hot axe sure of having seen about a hundred which had been ex tensively worked, some of which showed excava tions in cuts, shafts, end tunnels, that to make nowadays would cost at leaat SIOO,OOO. At the mouths of some tunnels and shafts the dump piles are Immense to this day. The* smooth walls which onoe encased veins of ore are exposed in many places, firm and perfect. The shafts and tunnels are so filed in with, crumbling stone and earth that it is difficult to determine the depth of any; but it is certain that thous ands of men have been employed there for many years. Appearances indicate that the ore was generally t taken elsewhere for reduction. What the component parts of the ore are, or whether it was copper, or silver, or gold, or all combined, that induced the old work there, are now subjects of uncertainty. Copper ore is now seen in abundance, and of almost pure quality. Hundreds of tons are in sight, of which nearly every pound shows the virgin ore, which seems to argue that silver or gold, or both, were ob jects of the miner more than a hundred years ago. There is no evidence of the use of powder or other mining appliances at these mines: but stone hammers lie about in abundance, and with them and sharpened iron steel bars the vast work mast have been- accomplished, showing that very small wages must have satisfied the workmen, else immense sums of money most have been made in the operations. DARWINISM IN THE KITCHEN. I was iakin’ oft my bonnet One arternoon, at three, When a hinseck jump’d upon it, As proved to be a flee. Then I takes It to the grate, Between the bare to stick It; But I hadn’t long to wait Era it changed into a cricket* Says I, “ Burette my senses Is o-gettfn' in a fog.” Bo to drownd It I commences, When it halters to a frog. Here my heart began to thump, And no wonder I felt funky; For the frog, with one big jump, Lcsp’d hiaself into a monkey. Then I open'd wide my eyes, Hie features for to scan. And observed, with great surprise, That the monkey waa a man. But he vanished from my eight, And I sunk upon the floor, Just as Missus, with a light. Come inside the kltohing door. Then beginning to abuse me, She eaye, u Sarah, you’re been drintin’ I I Bays, “ No, mum. you’ll excuse me. But I've merely been a-thinking 11 But. as sure as I’m a cinder, That party, what you see A-gottln’ out o’ winder, Have developed from a flee I" A Letter from George Washington. Tho original manuscript of the following in teresting Toiler from Gen. Washington will be sold among the effects of the late John B. Thompson, of the New York Evening Post: “tfrwsußOH, March 19,1783. “Deab Sm: About the diet of this month I wrote yon & long letter. I touched upon the state of the army, the situation of public credit ors, and wished to know from yon, as a friend, what causes had induced the Assembly of Vir ginia to withdraw their assent to the Impost law; and how the continental creditors ([without adequate funds) were to come at or obtain secur ity for their money. “I little expected at the time of writing that letter, that we were on the eve of an important crisis to this army; when the touchstone of dis cord was to be applied, and tho value of it was to undergo the severest trial. “ You have not boon altogether unacquainted, I dare say, with the fears, the hopes, the appre hensions, and the expectations of the army relatively to tho provision which is to be made for them hereafter. Although a firm reliance on the Integrity of Congress, and a belief that the public would finally do Justice to all its servants, and give an uudisputable security for the pay ment of tho half-pay of the officers, had kept them amidst a variety of sufferings tolerably quiet and contented for two or three yeare, yet the total want of pay, the little prospect of ob taining any from tho unpromising state of tho public finances, and the absolute aversion of the States to establish continental funds for the pay ment of the debt duo to the army, did, at the close of last campaign, excite greater discon tents and threaten more serious and alarming consequences than it is easy for mo to describe or you to conceive, “ Happily for ue, tho officers of highest rank and greater consideration interposed, and it was determined to address Congress in tho most humble, pathetio, and explicit manner. While the sovereign power appealed perfectly disposed to do justice, it was discovered the States would enable them to do nothing. In this state of af fairs, and after some time spent at the business at Philadelphia, a report was made by the dele ! gates of the army, giving a detail of the proceod -1 ings. Before this could bo fully communicated i to tho troops, while the minds of all were in a i peculiar state of inquietude and irritation, an anonymous writer, Who, though he did not bold ly step forth and give his name to the world, sent into circulation an address to the officers of the army, which, in point of composition, in elegance, and force of expression, has rarely been equaled in the English language, and in which the dreadful alternative was proposed of relin quishing tho service in a body in case the war should continue, or retaining their arms, in case of peace, until Congress should comply with all their demands. At the same time, seizing the moment when the minds were inflamed by the most patriotic representations, a general meet ing of tho officers was summoned by another anonymous production. ** it is impossible to say what would have been the consequence had the author succeeded in his first plans. But, measures having been taken to postpone the meeting, bo as to give time for cool reflection and counteraction, the good sense of tho officers has terminated this affair in a manner which reflects the greatest glory on themselves and demands the highest expres sions of gratitude from their country. “ The proceedings have this day been reported to Congress, and will probably be published for tho satisfaction of all the good people in the United States. In the meantime I thought it necessary to givo you those particulars, princi pally with a design to communicate to you, without reserve, my opinion on this interesting subject. For notwithstanding the storm has now passed over; notwithstanding the officers have, in despite of their accumulated suffer ings, given the most unequivocal and exalted proofs of patriotism, yet I believe, unless jus tice shall be done, and funds effectually pro vided for the payment of tho debt, tho most deplorable and ruinous consequences may be ap prehended. Justice, honor, gratitude,* policy, everything is opposed to tho conduct of driving men to despair of obtaining their just rights after seven years* painful servitude in the field; for they have not, during that time, had any shelter from the inclemency of the seasons but tents, and such houses as they could build for themselves “ Convinced of this, and actuated, as I am, not by private and interested motives, but by & sense of duty, a love of justice, and all the feelings of gratitude towards a body of men who have mer ited infinitely well of their country, I can never conceal or suppress my sentiments. I cannot cease to exert all the abilities I am possessed of to shun the evil tendency of prognosticated jus tice, for I will not suppose it is not ultimately intended them, nor fail to urge the establish ment of such adequate and permanent funds as will enable Congress to secure the payment of tho public debt on each principles as will pre serve the national faith, give satisfaction to the army, and tranquillity to the public. ‘•I have the honor to be, with great esteem and regard, dear sir, “ Yr most obedt. servt, “ G-. Washington, “ P. S.—The author of the anonymous address is jet behind the curtain; and as conjecture might be grounded on error, I will not announce mine at present. G. W. “His ExcelTy Got. Harrison.” Fighting of Future Ulcn-of-War. The following page of 44 future ” history is from the yautical Magazine : “ The two fleets, haring sighted each other, as we have supposed, will, probably—for here we must enter into the region, of conjecture—rapidly near each other. As they approach, fire will moat likely be opened from those guns (with which, all efficient ships are now provided) that are mounted on the bow, so as to nre ahead- The shot that can be fired will not be numerous. The hostile squadrons will soon be too close for 44 bow fire ” to be of any further use, and as they get very near each other, Captains will perhaps not care to have their view of the foe impeded by clouds of smoke banging about their ships. Each vessel, still maintaining its speed, will not Improb ably look for an opponent in the enemy’s force upon whom to try 4 ram.’ The enemy, on the other hand, will meat likely be preparing to do the same, and between each pair of ships will begin a game of skill in maneuvering, to avoid not only the hostile prow, but also the torpedo, which will Inevitably be towed alongside. In addition to these maneuvers of defense, there will be those by which it is attempted to deliver & deadly thrust with the prow to pour in a con centrated broadside from the best position, and also to plant the terrible torpedo beneath (he opponent’s bottom. Supposing the skill on both sides to be nearly on an equality, the fleets will at first pass through each other, then they will have to turn rouna necessarily with circumspec tion, to avoid being caught in flank while so doing, and perform the same evolutions over again.” IDLENESS. And slow and slower still, day after day, Come the sad hours with beauteous upturned eyes. Gleaming with hopes X may not realize, And seeming in their earnestness to say Entrcatingly: “ Oh, send us not away All empty-handed as we came; arise, Give üb, at least, some promise we prize. To be fulfilled, though after long delay,” And I, although I weep to see them pass With lingering pace and disappointed loot, Am Ufclesa as a statue bound with brass. And listless os an open, looso-loared book. Turned by the wind ; yea, passive as the grass, n eat as the wavelet of a summer brook. iQJraso ot Words. It is amusing, if not something pitiable, to see how a simple English word, the word either, is systematically misunderstood and misapplied. The real meaning of the word is, “ one or the other;” just as, in a negative sense, neither sig nifies, ii not one nor the other.” Shakspoare, in “ Antony and Cleopatra,” uses both words cor rectly: Lepldua flatters both. Of both is flattered : but he neither loves, Nor either cares for him. From a sttango freak, the term either has been very commonly employed to signify each of two, or both. For example, “ there stood a pillar on either side of the gatewayor, “ they were seated on either side of the fireplaceor to take two examples from Lord Lytton’s last novel, “ A pleasant greensward bordered it on either side ” —“ the mouth singularly beautiful, with a dimple on either side,” the meaning in each case being ** both sidesor, logo & peg lower in the literary scale, and quote from the comic song of the “ Bear-skin Coat:” Flue pockets, large and wide, Stood out from either side. This misuse of either is not new. The error oc curs several times in the authorized version of the New Testament. Two instances may bo giv en. “ They crucified two other with him, on either side one,” St. John xix. 18. u On either side of the river was there tho tree of life,” Bey. xxii. 2. It says little for the scholarship of the translators that they should have perpetuated this abuse of our vernacular, and sanctioned an error so inveterate as to be now almost past cor rection. Perhaps sound has had something to do with tho improper use of either. Consisting of two syllables, it may be considered to be more fluent and elegant than the little word each j in which way sound is probably preferred to sense. Fashion, however, cannot be permitted to altei the plain meaning of the English language, and we are glad that, according to the newspaper re port, the correct definition of either was lately vindicated in a suit la chancery. We give the matter briefly, as it is related. u A certain tes tator loft property, the disposition of which was affected by * the death of either ’ of two persons. One learned counsel contended that the word * either * meant both: in support of thi> view he quoted Bichardson, Webster, Chaucer, Lryden, Southey, tho history of the crucifixion, and a passage from Bovelation. The learned Judge suggested that there was an old song in the * 4 Beggars’ Opera,” known to all, which took tho opposite view: How happy could I be with either, TVoro t’other dear charmer away. In pronouncing judgment, the Judge dissented entirely from the argument of the learned coun sel. 4 Either * meant one of two, and did not mean * both * Though occasionally, by poets and some other writers, the word waa employed to signify ‘ both,’ it did not in this case before the court." Though such was the decision, we do not expect that the misuse of either will he dropped. In comparison with each, the word is thought pretty, and it will doubtless continue to bo misapplied, both in speaking and writing; though, perhaps, testators have received a sal utary lesson on the subject. We might present other instances of the in veterate misuse of words, but content ourselves with drawing attention to one of daily occurence. We refer to the word none, which is simply a contraction of “no one,” or ‘ 4 not one,” and is accordingly to be used in application to only one thing. Instead, however, of speaking of it in the singular, as “ none is,” or “ not one is,” or J‘ not one was,” it is almost constantly plural izod; writers saying, “ none are,” or “ none were.” They might jnst as well say “no one were,” which they would hardly think of doing. As the English language is a' precious inheri tance, it would surely be worth while to avoid such a petty misuse of a very simple class of terms.— Chambers' Journal . How to Get a Diamond ■Necklace. Prom Lc Petit Journal Pour Hire. A diamond necklace—how is it to be got ? By working ? No. By dancing ? No. By writing ? No. By embroidering f No. By teaching music ? No. By painting or being pointed ? No, no, no, no—a thousand times no. You shall see how it is done. The Countess T , who possesses the most beautiful collar in St. Petersburg, if inquiry is made in regard to the price of this treasure, replies, “It cost me ten months in prison/* Here is the key to the engima : The Countess had a revenue of about three hundred thousand francs a year. One day a jeweler presented himself at the Countess’ house with this famous necklace. * It pleased her immensely, of course; and she eagerly demanded the price. “ Two hundred and fifty thousand franca,” re ported the lapidary. 41 It is a great deal. I havn’t the money,” sighed the beautiful Muscovite, “ Well, I shall take it to the Princess N.,” he replied. This lady was a rival of the Countess. It pained her to the heart to think the Princess should acquire these splendid jewels. “ Stop,” said she. “ Can you keep them for me for ten months ? I engage to purchase them at the end of that time.” The jeweler was satisfied, and the bargain was concluded. Thereupon the Countess went into a Greek convent for ten months. She bade adieu to all luxuries and vanities, discharged cooks, coach' men, and all other domestics, and devoted the expenses thus saved from housekeeping to the fund for acquiring the diamond necklace. Tea months thereafter she returned to fash ionable life more brilliant than ever, with a dia mond necklace do plus. “A necklace of two hundred and fifty thousand franca!” cried all the great ladies, her friends. “ How did you manage it, Countess ?” “ I have gained it by a certain method. And every one of you could do the same. But I know you will not try.” And that is true. Snake-Charming* The most charming snake-charmer is Mrs. M., whom an inquirer, “ not very much afraid of snakes,” has been kindly allowed to interview. Mr. M., who received the visitor, after remarks upon the weather, produced out of a cupboard a largo boa constrictor, a python, and several small snakes, which at once made themselves at homo on the writing-table among pens, ink, and books. Interviewer was a good deal star tled when the two large snakes colled round and round Mr. M.. and began to notice himself with their brignt eyes and forked tongues. Mr. M. then went to call Mrs. M., leaving him alone with the boa deposited on an arm-chair. He felt queer when the animal be gan gradually to come' near him, to improve their tete-a-tete, but was soon relieved by the entrance of his hosts, followed by two little children, charming and charmers also. The lady and the children went at once to .the boa, and, calling it by the most endearing' names, allowed it to twine itself most gracefully round about them. The boa constrictor, as thick round as a email tree, twined playfully round the lady’s waist and neck, forming a kind of turban round her head, and expecting to bo petted and made much of like a kitten. The children over and over again took its head in their hands, and kissed its mouth, pushing aside its forked tongue in doing so. “ livery one to his taste,” as the old man said when ho kissed his cow. The seemed much pleased, but kept continually turning its head toward interviewer, until be al lowed it for a moment to nestle its head up his sleeve. This splendid serpent coiled allround Mrs. M., while sho moved about the room, and when she stood up to pour out coffee. Ho seemed to adjust his weight so nicely, and every coil with his beautiful markings was relieved by the lady’s black velvet dress. About a year ago 3lr. and Mrs, 11. were sway for six weeks, and left the boa in charge of a keeper at tho Zoo. The poor reptile moped, slept, and refused to bo comforted; but when his master and mistress appeared, he sprang upon them with delight, coiling himself round them, and showing every symptom of intense delight. The children are devoted to their “ darling Cloo,” as they call the snake, and smiled when Interviewer asked If they were ever frightened of it.—All the Tear Sound. A Maternal Vagary* The latest maternal vagary of the kind is reported from Lyndon, N. H., whore a con siderste sow is creditod-witk. suckling an orphan kitten. Two years ago. when the sow was brhj 2 . mg up a Utter of pigs, a Uttle kitten stayed mtp the pen, took Its place in the litter and was assigned to one of the feeders. The pigs crew up and were separated from the maternal em brace, but the kitten remained and kept its place beside the sow. In due time another litter ol pigs appeared, and the kitten formed one of the new family, and acted as older sister. As this litter of pigs separated from- their mamma, the kitten attempted to supply their places with half a dozen small cats, whieh the sow devoured heartily; and seemed grateful for the present, now and ki.ty were then sole Companions till another litter of pigs appeared, when kitty kept up her family relations. She sloops on the sow e bjck and seldom leaves the pen. These affec tionate companions may be seen at anv time un der the Jivery-stable bam, and are one and in separable. Bonnets for Indian Squawi, .From a pamphlet lately published m S'ehrr.n':i % The Indiana who now remain in Nebraska are settled on reservations. A -scene witnessed among one of the tribes by the writer last spring he describes thus, in writing to a friend: “ Spending some days lately amc eg the Otoe Indians on the reservation on the Big Blue, in Southern Nebraska, I saw quite a new phase of hfe. The Otoea are still 4 blanket * Indiana wearing breechclout and legging—but neither coat or breeches. No whites, except Govern ment officials, are allowed to hunt, fiwh or trad© among them. 6 1 ** Their lodges, dances, games, dress and gen eral habits, and especially their burial rites in terested me exceedingly. But lam now unable to describe my experience in regard to these matters. •* For years the Quakers have had the Otoea in band, and have labored to elevate them with a zeal worthy of better success than has crowned their success. One anecdote told me shows )lainly enough that their zeal had not always >een according to knowledge. “Last year news came to Philadelphia Quakers from their Quaker missionary among the Dices that the squaws wore all destitute of bonnets. This destitution horrified the Quakeresses. A subscription was started, a hundred bonnets were bought, and straightway dispatched by express to tho Otoe Superintendent. Next day after the bonnets arrived the squaws vere au congregated, and a bonnet was nicely fitted on the head of each by tho wife of the missionary. But this headgear was speedily taken off to be looked at, and then no Indian belle knew how to replace her bonnet the right side before; nor was this the worst of it.. * f But the sequel of the story is not to b« understood without a reference to a singular Otoe idea regarding the point of honor, which was first discovered by Major Long, on his expe tion and councils among this peculiar people, in 1819. No Otoe bravo can sit down between sun rise and sunset without disgrace. He may lie, or lean, or kneel, but he must not sit, any more than a Moslem may eat between sun and sun in Ramadan. To guard against a warrior's unwit tingly transgressing this anti-sitting law. the dress of the Otoe brave is provided with a ‘crow cushion * so contrived as to prick btin in the seat of honor as soon as he begins to sit down. In consequence of this custom, no soon er did the squaws bring home the bonnets the braves, regarding those articles escrow cushions, seized them as a suitable costume for themselves, though superfluous for Tnip<m women. The next day the squaws appeared bareheaded, but each warrior was tricked out with a bonnet, not on his head, but as apanier. Nor could any disinterested spectator fail to con fess that the fashionable American bonnet, though unfit for a head covering, when worn aa a ‘ crow cushion * was enshrined in the niche It was ordained to fill.” JBZumors of Jb»rolill>ttlon* A lady but lately settled in Concord, N. H.,— relates the Patriot of that city,—went into a drug-store and innocently asked for a pint of alcohol to be used in a spirit lamp. “Have you a prescription?” inquired the clerk, politely. “A what?” asked the l&dy, in surprise. “A prescription from a physician! ” explained the clerk. “We are not allowed to sell alcohol unless it is ordered by a physician.” “Not even alcohol?” said the astonished cus tomer. “ Weil, that is strange. I waa not aware that any one ever drank pure alcohol as a beverage.” “Very true. I think myself that such a reg ulation is ridiculous ; but wo must obey it. I am sorry if you are inconvenienced, but cannot sell yon any alcohol unless you bring a scription.” The lady left the drug-store, and when list seen, in the middle of the afternoon, was circu lating around looking for a physician who would bo willing to certify that her spirit lamp waa seriously ill, —with some disease or otherpoculiar to lamps at this season of the year,—and that its case was one requiring treatment with stimu lants. Resuscitation. A remarkable case of resuscitation has just taken place at the Hospital of the Val-de-Grace, at Fans. A man bad hanged himsel fin a garret in the Bue Saint Jacques, and having been cut down and examined by the medical men, was pronounced to bo dead. The clinical lecturer, however, desired to try one last experiment aim ho opened the ohest and attempted artificial res piration, but without success. He then applied the pole of an electrical batteiy to the pseumo* gastric nerves, and passed a strong current at in tervals of four seconds. Soon after, some signs of respiration appeared, and in five minutes the cardiac pulsation was perceptible. The epiglottis was tumefied, and the tongue had to be drawn out with pincers to leave a passage for the air. A few ounces of blood were obtained from the media-cephalic vein, the dilated pupils con tracted, the sign of life became more and more manifest, a few drops of alcohol were adminis tered, some slight muscular contractions became visible without the aid of electricity, warmth re - turned to the feet, the pulsation in the carroiid arteries recommenced, and the patient was saved. Prescription for CKiolero* The following prescription was adopted by the College of Physicians in Philadelphia in 1866: “Laudanum, 2 ounces; spirits of camphor, 3 ounces; tincture of capsicum, ounce; tinc ture of ginger, 1 ounce; essence of peppermint, 2 ounces; Hoffman’s anodyne, 2 ounces. If the anodyne cannot be readily obtained, substi tute sulphuric ißthor—half the quantity, Hix thoroughly, and shake well every time it ist used. Give or .take from 10 .to 25 drops, according to age, condition, and violence of attack. Beoe&t every 20 minutes till relief is obtained. In & desperate case take a tablespoonfol at once. Take it in an equal quantity of water, and lie on the back quietly, or in an easy sitting posture, with the back supported, till it bas full oppor tunity to work. Carry a small vial in the pocket, with a few lumps of white sugar upon which to drop it, to be used in sudden emergencies.” Water at Fires* It baa long been the theory of Mr. Joseph Bird, of Mount Auburn, Mass., that a great deal of water is wasted in the extinguishment of fires. To prove this, ho gave a senes of experiments on the 9th inat,, before President Eliot and several Professors of Harvard University.. Nias empty rosin-barrels, with heads and bottoms knocked out and filled with shavings, were set on fire, when the flames were extinguished by » very small quantity of water thrown on the exi Dosed sides of the barrels. A large pile of rosin- Danels, ten or twelve feet high, was then fired, and the fire extinguished by throwing on them, about a bucketful of water by a doable-acting - hand-pump, through a-pipe- with an eighth-inch nozzle. A frame-building, eight feet ly ten and eight feet high, filled with combustibles, was. then fired, and the fire, which burned very fiercely, extinguished in one minute by one tub*. ful of water. The experiments were wrought to be very successful. A Chinese Newspaper* From (Ae San Francisoo Call, June 13. By tho Quaog Be, which aailod for China spentf a week sjo, an order waa sent for 1,000,000 pie*** of Chine ;e typo. The typo will be used for tbs. publication of a tri-weekly paper, to be printed in the Chinese language. The proprietors wu* be a company of Hongolian merchants. We may therefore expect to see pig-tailed reporters a* meetings. Ere long oui. leading men may read interviewing cards sent in to them ; tW disgraceful condition of our Barbary Coast will. furnish a text for a series of scathing Chine®* editorials; the hoodlum will bo holdiip to too execration of China-town; prominent advocate* of the exclusion of the moon-eyed Oriental be treated to highly offensive paragraphs* it will afflict ns little, for we shall midexsts** nothing that is said about us, and shall, if P<*®' ble, care less. Wonder if the Chinese brmtww be a live paper, and steal telegrams, and print p°" gua reports and sham interviews ? —A Portland (Oregon) dispatch says 0 * Sprague and Charles Nordhoff were aboard * Shoshone when she ran the Cascades from the Dalles to Portland was made in tno prec©dented time of eight and a half hoora , ran six miles through the Cascades in a half minutes. Those aboard say the fPjPly** extremely grand; the seething foam high as the pilot-house.