Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 23, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 23, 1873 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. . . TSHMO or BODBCIUPTIOH (PATADDS IN ADVANCE). l S:881 v.v.:;;*g;Bß FxrU of a yoar at Uio tamo rato. To profont delay nml mistakes, bo bum anrt.glto Post Circe address In full, Including Btato ami County. llcmiltniioes limy bo made either by draft, oxproM, Pott 01800 order, nr Iti registered loiters, at our risk. TCIIMS TO CITY SUDBOniDRIIB. Daily, dollTored, Bunday oxcoptod. 83 coutf per week. Pally. delivered, Sunday Included, 80 cents per wook. Address TIIK TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Mndlson and Poarborn-aH.. Chicago, 111. TO DAY'S AMUSEMENTS. AIKEN'S THEATRE—Wabash avenue, corner of Con gress street. Hpootooular opuru, “Zoloo." HOOLEY'fI TIIEATRE-Randolph itroot, Clark and LaSalle. "Caste." MoVIOKRIVS THEATRE—Madison elroot, between Poarborn and State. Tho Kollo Putnam Troupe. Uapltola." ACADEMY OP MUSIC Halstod street, between' Madison and Monroe. Theatre Comhiuo Combination. AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton itroot, between Washing ton sod Randolph. ‘Cal Wagner's Minstrels. LENT'S OIROUS AND MENAGERIE—State strool, corner Twenty-second. BUSINESS NOTICES. LYON'S INSECT POWDER WILL NOT HARM A baby, but tboy aro (loath to lloas, cookroaolios, and bugs. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY—WE HOLD IN dranin, of 23d April la.t tho W™ nrtfo. Olronlani sentl information giro a. J. iJ. MARTINEZ A CO., Bankers, 10 WallsU P. O. Box 4663. New York. “FOR FRECKLES AND MOTH PATCHES. ASK your druggist for Perry’s Moth and Frocklo Lotion. DoDot, 19 liond-st., Now York. For Plmploson the Face, Black&sads, andlHoshworms, nioPcrry’«lmpro»cdCam. odono and Pltnplo Roinody-tho Great Skin Medicine. Prepared only by Dr. B. 0. Perry, Dermatologist, 49 Bond-st., Now York. ____ CONSUMPTION CAN DK CURED—fiOnRNGK’a Pulmonic Sirup, Sohonok's Boawocd Tonlo, aclionck’s Mandrake Pills, aro tho only roodlclnos that will euro PulmouaryConiumptton..... , ~, Frequently modlolnes that slopa cough will occa sion tho death ot tho patient. They look up tho liver, ■top tho circulation of the blood, hemorrhage follows, ana, In fact, they clog tUo aotion of tho very organs that caused tho cough. ~ Liver Complaint and Dyspepsia aro tho causes of twin thirds of tho eases of Consumption. Many persons com plain of a dull pain In tbo. side. constipation, coaled tonnuo. pain In tho shouldor-blado, feelings of drowsiness mid restlessness, tho food lying heavily on tho stomach, accompanied with acidity and belching up of wind. Those symptoms usually originate from a disordered condition of tuo stomach or a torpid liver. Persona so affected, If they take ono or two heavy colds, and if tho cough in those oases be suddenly chocked, will find the stomach and liver olnggod, remaining torpid and Inactive, and almost before they are aware the lunnaro a mas* of sores and ulcerated, the result of which is d SCURNOK’S PULMONIC SYRUP 1. an which does not contain opium or anything calculated to Oh «CHKNO^B U B d TONIC dissolves the food, mixes with the gastric juices of tbo stomach, aids diges tion, and creates a ravenous appotlto. Toms otherwise of a DRAKE PILLS are required. • Tb “° m • dloto " , ”°J.“ r g aoluMc A SON, Monday Morning, June 23, 1873. The illness of Emperor William is said to bo so serious as to threaten his withdrawal from the throne, in which case the Crown Prince will bo made Regent. By a noiseless crisis the Spanish Ministry formed last week was dissolved yesterday. President Mat-gall is looking about for a new Cabinet for the coming week. A Papal Allocution is to be pronounced to-day iu tho Vatican, and it is believed in Borne that it will prove to bo on excommunication of Victor Emanuol, whoso port In tho pasaoge of the Re ligious Corporations bill has earned him the wrath of the’Holy Father. Forest fires are raging fiercely in Northern Michigan, and fears avo expressed that tho terri ble experiences of October, 1871, may bo re peated. Fires are also burning iu tho woods, in Central Pennsylvania and Northern Now York, aud already many thousand acres of valuable timber have boon destroyed. Senator Mitchell, or Senator Hippie, of Ore gon, has boon sorely besot on account of his earlier domestic troubles and his change of name with a change of climate. Many pooplo will bo inclined to think, however, that all his other tribulations are insignificant as compared to tbo fact that Senator Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania, has come out and openly indorsed him. The American Department of tho Vienna Exposition is again without & head. Chief Com missioner Schultz, from whom so much was ex pected, has suddenly resigned, for some un explained reason. Minister Jay recommends tho appointment hi his place of Mr. H. Garrottson, of Cleveland, Ohio, ono of tho Commissioners who was removed, at tbo samo time with Vau Huron and reappointed by Mr. Schultz. Sir Samuel Baker, of whoso safety assurance was given about a month ago, has been hoard from by a letter written in February and re ceived at Kbartouu, in Egypt, April 80.* Ho reports himself and his noble wife to bo in excellent health; the 1,500 soldiers put under his command by the Khedive have boon reinforced by several hundred others, and ho irill push on immediately to the Albert Kyanza. Mexico has not boon as successful os Prussia in repressing tbo disturbances that would nat urally follow tbo expulsion of tho Jesuits. In Orizaba tbo Protestant Bishop has boon compelled to floo for hia life from tbo infuriated Catholics, In another town ariothas occurred, and throughout tho country tho Protestant clergy aro in a condition so precarious that tho present Ministry is summoned by tho proas to take meas ures for their protection or to retire in favor of one that will do so. Fourteen women wore put under Indictment in Rochester at tho same time with Susan D. Anthony for illegal voting, but any of them who havo boon looking forward with pleased anticipation to immolation in the courts in the cause of woman’s rights aro doomed to disappointment. Tho Government, apparently content with having settled tho prin ciple involved, by tho conviction of their loader, has declined to prosecute them, and they havo been ingloriously set free. Stokes' little plan of celebrating his victory over the Supremo Court by getting bail for tbo summer and going to Europe to have "a bully time,” has boon votood by his counsol. Thoy foresee bettor tbau their indiscreet client wh&t tho effect of such junkotting hy a man under indictment for murder, with tho gallows, possibly, before bim> would havo on publio opinion.* Tho now trial does not como on till October, and tho interven ing mouths Stokes must spend in his luxurious cell in tho Tombs. Tbo price of coal and tho rate of wages have risen so greatly in England that some small shipments of American iroiT have been made to Staffordshire, and tho London Times thinks that more of it will be imported. It has been reserved for the Indianapolis Journal to dis cover that bat for the Morrill tariff wo should Jiavo hod no iron to export. The Tari ng iron mountains in the United States, to say nothing of- tho numerous and prosperous furnaces existing in this country prior to tho year 1801, would have boon,swallowed by on earthquake, or.consumed by tho oxygon of tho atmoophoro, but for tho tariff. Well, sluco wo have saved our iron, and commenced exporting it to England, wo suppose tho Indianapolis Journal will now agree to have tho tariff re pealed. Or is it Bill! doomed necessary to keep it up, to protoot that struggling hundred year-old Infant ? Now York State, It seems, is actually without a Senate, or a Constitutional provision for ono. Tho way It happened was this: When tho work of the Constitutional Commission was submitted to tho New York Legislature tho latter body ro modeled it for tho purpose of eliminating some of its most salutary provisions. After having out It up and amended it, the Legisla ture proceeded to ronumbor ibo sections, and did tho Job so bungUugly as to mako tho now section rolativo to iho Assembly the substi tute for tho present section rolativo to tho Sonato, thus taking tho latter body out of tho Constitution altogether* How tho people will proceed constitutionally to restore ibo Senate, when there is no provision for a Sonato In tho Constitution, has not yet boon pointed out. Tho incidentfurnlshos another illustration of tho folly of regarding legislative bodies as infallible. Gon. 0. 0. Howard’s administration of tho Howard University has given rlso to charges against him of corruption not loss serious than his alleged pecuniary irregularities In tho Frood man’s Bureau, which tho Secretary of War has just ordered to bo investigated. Ono of his foliow-Tnistoos in tho managomont of tho Uni versity assorts, in a letter to a Washington papor, that Gon. Howard mortgaged its property for sloo,ooowhich bodiTided botwoon himself and tho' other Trustees for their personal uso. Last year, ho says, tho General ran tho University $40,000 in debt, reporting tho whilo that it paid its own way. To crown all, ho is charged with having perpetrated a back sal any steal, and to havo taken $12,000 back-pay for services rendered tho University during tho last threo or four years, whilo ho has boon absent in Arizona or attending to tho business of tho Froodmon’s Bureau. The Buffalo Oommcrdal Advertiser announces that after tho Ist of July it will discontinue all exchanges and remit the money‘ for a year’s subscription for all newspapers which it doairoa to receive. Tho Now York Sun announced a similar policy somo time shjeo.* Tho Kokomo (lud.) Tiibune, a weekly paper, says that, aftor tho Ist of July it will send itself to all papers (and to nono others) that it considers valuable. If other papers do not con sider tho Kokomo Tribune valuable, tboy can stop sending themselves to It, and no questions asked. It is quite evident that the now Postal law will havo tho effect to wholly break up tho newspaper oxch&ngo system—ulti mately, If not immediately—and put it upon tho basis of a purely business transaction, each newspaper paying for such other newspapers os it may desire to havo. . This will bo a largo sav ing in tbo aggregate. Tho amount of white paper that is spoiled and tossed through tho mails of tho United States every year on grounds of politeness is perfectly enormous. The Chicago prodnoo markets were steadier on Saturday, with moderate trading. Moss pork was more active, and 6@loc per brl lower, clos ing at $14.86@14.00 cash, and $14.f10@14.95 seller July. Lard was dull and * a shade easier, at $3.25(5>3.80 per 100 lbs cash, or seller July. Moats wore dull and easier on middles, at G#@ o#o for shoulders, B#@B#o Tor short ribs, 8# (®3#o for short oloar|' and 9#@ll#o for sweet pickled hams. Highwinos wore quiet and steady at |390 per gallon. Lake freights wore quiet and #o lower at 7o for com to Baffalo. Flour was dull and rather weak. Wheat was quiet and lower, closing at $1.19# cash, and $1.15# seller July. Com was ootivo and prime, closing at SOo cash, and S2#o seller July. Oats wore active and 4c higher, closing strong at 2Co cosh, and 27#0 seller July. Ryo was dull and easier at 60c. Barley was quiet and unchanged at 50@530 for poor to good No. 2. Tho hay trade was as live ot 200 advance on Friday’s prices,. solos making at an extreme rango of $4.40@4.00. There was a quiet feeling in tho cattle and sheep markets, and values wore unchanged. A mooting of somo sort was hold in Now York a few days slnco to memorialize Congress to build a double-track freight railway botwoon Now York and Chicago. Tho question was mooted whether it would not bo best to favor tho granting of a charter by Congress for such a road, to bo built by privato capital and operated on tho same terms as tho proposed Government road, It being understood that a company was prepared to undertake tho work. For certain reasons it was voted that it would bo bettor for tho Government to mako tho necessary appropriation and build tho road, and then have it operated by privato transportation companies. In point of logical force, and financial and political wisdom, this was a slight improvement on tho arguments advanced recently by a would-be steamship com pany in San Francisco. They wanted a subsidy from Congress to ruu a lino of steamships be tween California and Australia, because, if they did not got it, a nasty English company would put on such & lino for nothing t It appears that a privato company aro willing to build tho pro posed road If they can got tho privilege to do so ; argalf Congress should voto one hundred millions of dollars for tho purpose forthwith. The groat question of tho day—that of rail road monopoly—-in beginning to loom up in tho South as -noil as tho West. This is specially tho cobo In Mississippi, the pooplo audproaa of which State aro already beginning to protest against a regularly organized system of oppression and corruption upon tho part of tho Now Orleans Jackson A Great Northern Itailroad Company* In hia moaaago of 1870, Gov. Alcorn pronounced this Corporation to bo a defaulter, and declared that it had broken faith with tho State in every Instance. To savo tho State from harm and to punish tho corporation, ho recommended tho Legislature to pass a law enforcing tho forfeit ure of tho charter and tho seizure of the. prop erty of tho Company. Instead of this, by some remarkable trick of political prestidigitation,this very Legislature passed a LIU which was signed by tho identical Governor who had publicly ar raigned tho corporation, transferring to it “alltho stock owned by tho State In any and every rail road company, whoso road is in whole or in part within this State." It has also succeeded in procuring tho passage of a law authorizing Us consolidation with jtho Mississippi Central Bead, which vastly enlarges Us privileges and gives it an almost unlimited .inrAi;n nArr.v T’Tttmnvrp. iwnvnAV, imm . 03, 1«73 monopoly for Its own, aggrandizement. By its successful lobbying It has also had a low passed throwing on tho State tho loss of tho Interest on certain school funds which It has absorbed. It baa not completed any of tho extensions or im provements which it promised to do, and In ©very instance where venality could ho made available It has succeeded in its undertakings. It is at present riding rough-shod over the people; but tho people nro gradu ally reaching a pitch of Indignation which promises to inaugurate speedy and effective measures the correction of this groat evil. Everywhere the railroad question seems to bo coming to tho surface os tho all-important ques tion of tho day. In tho South, however, rail road monopoly is more keenly folt, os tho States have boon already nearly Impoverished by tho oarpot-bag thieves and other political scoundrels. A LIFE FOB A LIE. Tho Arohor avenue fracas between John Gard ner and W. H. Bldobotbnm, which resulted in iho death of tho latter, was ono of a class, and It is only distinguished from its kind by its fatal result. Both men are represented as having boon roput&blo and peaceful persons. Ono was a 'shopkeeper, tho other a sign-hanger. Their relations hod boon pleasant enough. Gardner wont into Sidohotham’s hardware etoro Thursday evening last to m&ko a purchase, and while there left, or thought ho loft, a carpen ters* rule on tho counter. Ho subsequently returned to got it. Bidobotham was cot in tho store, and his olork permitted Gardner to carry away a rule which ho claimed as his property. When Bidobotham re turned, and was told of tho circumstance, bo said that tho rule which hod boon taken away did not belong to Gardner, and sent his olork after it. Gardner returned himself, and there ensued a wordy altercation about tho ownership of tho rulo, probably characterized by tho rough man ner and language usual la personal disputes among tho does of people t® which both mon belonged. At last, Gardner called Bidobotham “ a damnod liar,’* and started to go out of tho store. Bidobotham, with an impulse that has come to bo regarded as proper and man ly when a man Is called a liar, gave a child ho was holding to his wifo, started aftor Gardner, and struck him. A fisticuff fight followed, in which, according to tho present evidence, no weapons wore used. Gardner was tho more powerful man of tho two, and tho fight was of short duration. Bidobotham was worsted. At first iho results seemed not to bo sorious on either side; Gardner wont away, and Sidebotham remained at bis business to tho usual hour, then shut up his store, and wont to bod. It was then that ho began to com-, plain of his boad, which was afterwards fonnd to bo fractured. Tho wound produced death, and tho Coroner’s jury found that It was inflicted by a blow from Gardner’s fist. If Bidobotham hod not died, tho row woul d novor have boon hoard of outside of tho imme diate neighborhood, in which it would havo boon regarded as the most natural thing in the world, under tho circumstances, and forgotten in a few hours. Tho very customary and usual character of tho fight is attested* by tho ovidonco of tho policeman, who says that ho p&ssod by shortly after tho kuook-down, heard that “ there was only a little fuss, and therefore paid no more at tention to them.” It wad ono of, perhaps, twen ty fights In Chicago on tho same day, and of a score that occur every day in the year. That it resulted fatally iu this case, as similar difficul ties result every now and then, makes it a pertinent inquiry whether tho quasi code of this country, which requires that a man shall fight with his fists whenever ho Is called a liar, is not as much a rolio of barbarism as tho codo which in somo places requires that ho shall fight with knifo or pistol. Tho only real differ ence botwoon thorn is that tho latter is more apt to result fatally. Both are founded upon tho absurd notion that a man’s honor or veracity may bo vindicated by superior skill In tho uso of a weapon, or by tho greater physical strength than can bo brought to boar in a fisticuff. There soomod to bo no danger of a fight botwoon Side-, botbozn and Gardner until tho latter colled tho former “ a damnod liar.” Then Bidobotham im mediately gave hie child to its mother, and fol lowed Gardner out of tho store to strike him, as if it wore tho first duty to himself and family.. Ho mot his death in doing so. Tho practice of- fighting as soon as tho lio is passed is wholly tho outgrowth of custom. In Arkansas jtho use of this epithet was formerly, if not now, followed by tbo whipping out of bowio-knivos and tho slashing open of bowels. In California it meant that tho two parties to tho dispute should firo at sight tbo noxt time they should moot. In Virginia It brought tho parties faco to faco at measured distance with pistols in thoir hands. In Mississippi it called for shot-guns, and in Kentucky for rifles,—and so on. Those practices havo boon largely abated by civilization. BuU in tbo North tho epithet of liaj is, as & rulo, fol lowed by a blow, aud uino mon out of ton will declare oven now that they oro obliged to strike when tboy oro called liars ? Is a man’s reputation for voracity improved by “ putting a head ” on anybody who dares to call it into ques tion ? Boos a fight mako him any more truthful, or any tho loss a liar? Is his wounded honor cured by entering into a personal conflict, in which ho is likely to havo his faco pummolod and his oyes blacked, : or to bo killed, as Bidobotham was ? It may bo urged that there la an irresisti ble impulse to hit somebody when yon aro called 11 a damnod liar.” That impulse is either tho re sult of a barbarous custom which trios to stigma tize as a coward tho man who docs not rush into a fight when epithets aro hurled at him by some body whom, perhaps, no ono would bollevo; orelso it is tho samo brutal Impulso which tho dog has who shows his tooth whenever another cur tres passes on what ho presumes to.ho his domain. In either case it is utterly unjustifiable, because it may be controlled. Tho rough-and-tumblo fight is a peculiarly Anglo-Saxon amusement, and certain epithets aro established,differing in different com munities, which pass, by common consent, for sufficient provocation to indulge in it. It Is, nev ertheless, ruffianism, iu which is not tho slightest vindication of honor, tnith, justice, or decency. Tho sooner this fact is recognized among Americans, tho moro docent and or derly our largo and crowded communities will bocomo. Tho Police Magistrates have a duty in this re gard which thoy make a practice of disregarding. Inmost cases “ a little fuss," of tho kind that Bidohottom and Gardner had, is passed over without any arrest, as Ofllcor Michael Kirch passed over this particular altercation. But, when arrests aro made, thoy are quickly disposed of by tho Justices as common cases of “ dis orderly, M and aro dismissed with ass fine. This practice of tho Police Courts should be su- porsodod by punishing tbo guilty parties to a flgbt by Imprisonment lu tho Bridewell. Sacha coureo would soon toaoh tbo pugnacious fools to restrain tholr ruffianism. Tbo present obso in not tbo only ono In which death baa boon tbo roault of juet hucU an altercation. Many a fight begun with fists ban ondod with knives or pistole. Tbo danger is always prosont, and tbo only way of counteracting it la to mako a flail* cuff fight a Borloiis affair in tbo oyoo of tbo law.! People must bo taught that tboy can't indulge in this dangerous amusement without paying for it. GERMAN IN TH „ PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Wo yesterday published , a letter from Mr. Ernst Trussing, of tbo Board of Education, in answer to an article in this paper concerning tbo enforced study of Gorman in tho public schools, Mr." Trussing states tbo demand made by him and bis colleagues in tbo Board of Edu cation to bo that tbo study of German in its compulsory features shall bo placed on tbo eamo footing as arithmetic, reading, writing, geography and grammor, in all oases where a child bos boon allowed to begin it. Tuo studios in tbo publio schools, be ginning at Instruction in tbo alphabet are arranged by grades numbered from 10 np to 1. As tbo children progress they are advanced from ono grade to tbo other. Each grade baa its allotted stud ios, adapted to tbo capacity and proficiency of tbo pupils. Under tho graded system a child, however proficient in any number of his allotted studios, is retained in that grade until ho has mastered them all sufficiently to entitle him to promotion. Tho German language Is not ono of tho necessary studios. But tbo Board of Edu cation has authorized any child desiring to do so, In certain grades, to receive lessons lu Gorman from teachers appointed for that purpose. This study, howovor, la optional, and, if tbo study of Gorman interfere with tho othor studios, or if tho instruction received bo not considered an equivalent for tho time taken for it, it is op tional with the parents to discontinue it. Tho result is that many children begin tho study, try it awhile, then abandon it. A committee of tho Board of Education, consisting of Mosara. Hos ing and Riohborg, made a report bn this subject somo time ago, lu which they lamented tbo un fruitful character of the Gorman tuition in tho schools. Tboy say: Wo willingly concede that the German instruction os pursued at present In our public schools is not as effective as it ought to bo; it docs not bear those fruits that It ought to, if ono considers the amount of time that la spout by tho teacher. This, under the present system, cannot bo otherwise, and it is for this reason that a change is absolutely necessary.' Tho remedy proposed is to plaootho study so •that “it must not bo onoroachod upon by other studios ; it must not encroach npon them." Tho first thing they ask is tohavo a Superintendent of Gorman Education ; tho next point is to confine tho instruction to children in tho fourth and higher grades; and, in those four upper grades, “tho study of Gorman must bo made' compulsory; that is, optionally compulsory, If wo may use such a term,—that is, If once begun, it cannot bo stopped, it must bo put on on equal footing with all other studios. When tho exami nations for promotions from grade to grade are held, tho pupils must pass an examination in Gorman also,—this examination to bo , con ducted by tho Superintendent of Gorman, and any failure In this department will bo considered sufficient ground for not advancing the pupil into a higher grade.” This compulsory

study of Gorman is to continue during’tho last four years of attendance in the District Schools, and two years after entrance into tho High School. Tho children who are in theoo four upper grades of tho school hare, as regular studios, arithmetic up to algebra,- history, geography, writing, grammar, music, drawing, and perhaps others; if any ono of thorn, malo or female, with tho consent of tho parents, offers to take Gorman in tho list pt studies, Messrs. Hcslng, Hi'chborg, and Trussing propose that it shall not bo lawful for him or hor thereafter to drop it for any cause ; that, once begun, tho child must coutmuo tho study of Gorman for four years, or leave tho school; that if at any semi-annual examination for promotion a child in tho fourth grade should show a profic iency in all tho English studios justifying a pro motion, ho or sho shall not ho promoted, but must remain in that grado, unless ho or sho can exhibit a corresponding proficiency in Gor man. In other words, any ohild whoso parents thoughtlessly or otherwise permit him to study Gorman at all, and find afterward that tho child is not ablo to go on with it, or that it interferes with his English studios, is required to loavo school. Onco begun, tho Gor man is mado as obligatory as arithmetic, grammar, history, or geography, and . must bo studied nolens volena. This, wo insist, is a perversion of tho common school sys tem from its legitimate purpose, which is to give tho children an opportunity to‘acquire a free ed ucation in -tho English language, fitting thorn for tbo ordinary business of lifo. Tho study of Gorman, as woll as of Greok, Latin, French, Italian, and Spanish, belongs to a higher grado of education than was over contemplated in tho common school system of this State, and wo think tho majority of tho Board of Education, to whom Mr. Trussing alludes, showed a proper appreciation of tboir duty to tho public by this proposition down. Tho City of Chicago has, with groat liberality, established a froo High School, in which all tho children passing through tho public schools may, if they dosiro it, obtain a higher education, in eluding a four years’ study of tho Gorman, French, Greek, and Latin languages, or such of thorn as they may chooso. This, which is no part of tho common school system, but an addi tion thereto provided by tbo City of Chicago, is offering as groat facilities as tbo Board of Edu cation can now extend, particularly whon tboro arc probably 20,000 children of school ago who cannot got instruction in the public schools in any language for tho want of room. Mr. Trussing goes further, and claims this compulsory education in Gorman as a matter of right. Ho says r Well, elr, It la just for this reason, so forcibly by you adv&ucod, that wo want tho Gorman language woll taught In our schools to those whoso men language It in, ami who largely pay far tho support of the publlo schools. If thoro existed, on this continent, an American language, os, after many centuries, tho case may bo, this question would not coma up. But tho English language Is not more tmnwxaf than tho Gor man or any other, although it Is tho prtvaUmg lan guage, and therefore takes the first rank In educational branches. Nevertheless, that state of affairs la subject to changes; inbomo localities the Gorman population exceeds tbo English; In others, the French are pre vailing ; In others, the Scandinavians. What, then, should bo our rulo 7 It seems to mo an easy matter to decide, if wo will adhere to your views as above ex pressed, and not do Injustice to others. All parents will be satisfied that their children acquire u good knowledge of tho English, because that Is generally the prevailing language ; and that they, betides, learn their own language. The adult demons balding in Chicago are abovo tbo school ago; tbo children of tboao Gormans arp Americans, to grow up as Americans, bating no other homo or country. Tbo English language is tbo language of Ibis country; it is the National language; it is tbo legal language ; it Is tbo only language recognized in tbo admin istration of tbo government; in aomo States a knowledge of it is essential to tbo right of suifrogo. It is tbo language of those children, and, when tbo State undertakes to loach children, Its duty be gins and ends when it educates them in tbo lan guage of tboir own country. If this is not now tbo country of those children, towbat country do they belong, and to what do tboy owe allegiance ? Mr. Trussing is equally at fault when bo says: Or will yon say, that the Gorman emigrant and his family muat break off all connections with his relations In tho Old Country as soon as they become citizens of tbo United States } that hU children, born bore, aro not entitled to loam In our schools the language that is spoken by tholr uncles, grand-parcnls, and coualns; but that the Englishman alone has a right to ask such consideration? Tbo obligations of tbo United States to those who seek homos in this country do not extend to the education of tboir descendants in foreign languages, to enable those descendants to main tain correspondence with tboir cousins to tho fourth dogroo who may only bo able to road German, French, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Butch, Bohemian, or Hungarian. Tho policy of tho United States is to Amorioanlzo tho Inoom ing population, and mako thorn ono homogen eous people, speaking, reading, and think ing in tbo national language, and, while in no wise repressing tbo instinctive feeling of affection for the land of tboir forefathers, bringing them at least in tbo second generation to a condition of mind wboro tboir strongest boast will bo, “ I am an American cit izen." Wo bavo no dosiro to placo any obstacle in tho way of any person learning Gorman ; on tbo contrary, wo bavo frequently, and do now, advlso that every person who can do so should acquire a thorough knowlodgo'of that tongue ; but wo object, as wo aro certain tbo wholo coun try will object, to its boing incorporated into tho instruction of tbo publio schools, oxcopt as a voluntary study to bo followed or not,—to bo taken up and dropped,—and without any refer ence to tho right of tho children to instruction in tholr own tonguo. NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN AGRICULTURE. In discussing tho effect of tho present tariff upon agriculture, values and products of tho whole country in 1860 and 1870 have boon com pared, without allowance for tho effect of war upon the Southern States. The reasons which justify this comparison may not at first thought occur to all readers. It is very clear, tho demand from abroad for agricultural products having not relatively de creased slnoo 1860, that, if tho people of this country continue to consume as much per capita of agricultural products as they- did be fore tho war, tho aggregate production must increase as fast as tho ■ population, and failure in "any State to increase In that ratio tho production of any crop must cause production of that or some equivalent crop la other States to increase in a still greater ra tio. Otherwise, tho supply must foil below tho demand, tho price must rise, and if, uudor this stimulus, tho deficiency in ono quarter cannot bo compensated by increase in some otbor quar ter, the permanent increase of prico must afford to the farmer as largo a return for tho small as for tho largo crop. Thus, diminished crops of cotton and tobacco pay as much to tho grower, and to. tho country in value of exports, as tho larger crops of 1860. But if no boundary, of climate or soil limits production, de ficiency in ono quarter must inevitably pro duce increase in somo otbor, —demand for con sumption and export growing with population. Hence, comparison of products of former froo States separately would bo essentially unjust, and, for fair argument, worthless. If they have Increased the production of any article, it may bo the result, not of any general prosperity, not of an increased ability of tho people to consume, but solely of failure in the production of the same article in former slave States. This has boon tho case in tho production of corn, which has decreased 118,000,000 bushels in tho former slave States, and increased only 41,000,000 bush els in the free States, so that tho ontiro supply for consumption and exportation is still 77,000,- 000 below tho supply in 1860. As tho prico has not advanced, though population has increased, it is plain that tho consumption has in somo way boon greatly retarded. Yot a separate exam ination of tho production of froo States would have given tho false impression that demand for consumption and production had both increased, though oven there not as fast os popula tion. With all tho facta before us, wo find that tho increase at tho North has not suffices to supply a reduced consump tion at tho South, and that ovou in tho Northern. States the consumption of this crop per capita must Mvo decreased. This illustra tion clearly proves tho worthlessness of any comparison of products in Northern States alone, as evidence of tho effects of tho tariff upou agri culture. Yot another reason is found in tbo groat mi gration, during and aftor tbo war, from tho Southern ’States. ■ Many thousand of whito Unionists, many more of tho colored people, loft tho South whilo tho war was in progress, and h&vo sinoo added tho products of thoir labor to tboao of other States. Aftor tho war, in somo quarters a groat migration of Union men took place, and in others a groat mi gration of participants in rebellion; States con trolled by tbo unreconstructed element lost largely of Union men, wbito and black; States controlled by military authority or colored voters lost largely of participants in rebellion. Cali fornia, Oregon, Kansas, and Nebraska, with other States, gained tho industry of hosts of Southerners, who, now that slavery was' no longer possible, choso to link thoir fortunes with tho enterprise and moro rapid progress of States settled by froo labor. Tho in dustry of thoso migrated workers, wluto and black, Union and Bobol, goes to swell tbo production of tbo former froo States considered separately, and yot may add no moro to tho na tional wealth than it did before thoir migration. To compare productions or values of Northern ■ States alone would bo to include all this Increase of production as a result of a system of taxation which had nothing to do with tbo migration. One other reason remains. Neither the waste of war nor the change in the system of labor haa prevented marvelous Inoroauo of produc tiou and of value of farms In some of the States most exposed to injury from those causes. If like increase has not followed in all the Southern States, the foot must bo traced either to political disorders, to a curtailment of the aggregate demand, or to an increase In the cost of production. Missouri, for oxaroplo, was rav aged for years by contending amici# yot Us value of farms has increased from $280,000,000 to $302,000,000 { its value of farm'lmplements from eight ,to fifteen millions; Us value slaughtered animals from nine to tnronty-throo millions } its product of wheat from four to four teen millions. Not only have all the losses caused by wor or the change in the system of labor boon recovered, but the increase In value and produc tion has boon greater than most of the States not subjected to such losses can boast. If a similar revival of Industry' has not followed peace In all the Southern States, the cause can-J not bo those losses iu which Missouri fully shored. Indeed, war does not deprive land of fertility; on tbe contrary, the farmer returning from the field finds his land only the more fertile for Us years of rest. If buildings, stock, and Implements have boon destroyed, industry wiU restore them, and place the farm In condition to produce more than over.'' Hence It Is that the effects, of war have boon slight in States most subjected to its ravages, while agri culture has suffered Incomparably more in States scarcely reached by any hostile force. It Is true, political causes, and ospeclaUy the, work of those who havo Intrenched themselves In the power to rob Southern States by foster ing ill-fooling between whites and blacks, havo done more than aU national taxation to re tard industry in certain of those States. But, If agriculture elsewhere has boon prosper ous, if the ability of the people to consume its products has not decreased, why has not any deficiency of production thus occasioned been compensated by greater increase elsewhere ? The negroes being free, and having little con ception of economy, consume far more of food, oven If they produce loss, than they did when slaves. The deficiency of the South In agricul tural products, other than her groat staples, has increased; the demand for com and wheat from the North is greater than it was before the war] Vfhy has not that demand boon met by such in crease at production at tho North as to cause the aggregate production to keep pace with popu lation? If, with this grootly-inoroasod demand to supply Southern deficiencies, and with thou sands of migrating farmers and laborers from tho South competing for ibo possession of land well located, tho value of Northern farms has not so increased as to compensate for loss at the South, mast it not bo for tho reason that tho aggregate consumption has boon chocked, and the cost of transportation and the cost of pro duction increased ? Yot tbo Northern States, separately consid ered, have gained only 9 per cent in product of com and 4 per cent in tobacco, and have lost 22 per cent in rye, 44 per cent in buckwheat, and largely in choose. Meanwhile, the increase in other crops has boon groat, and yot not os groat os it was during the preceding decade. If wo take the crop of wheat for 18C9 alono, it is truo, wo find an increase in Northern States of 93 per cent, but this was an extraordinary crop, 83,000,000 bushels larger than that of 1870 or that of 1871. Tho latter shows an increase since 1859 of 63,784,098 bushels In all formerly non-slavoholdlng States and Territories, or 51 per cent against 70 per cent in tho doc&do ending in 1859—and of this increase tho greater part is duo to tho de ficiency at tho South and the migration of labor. So the crop of oats was 26,000,000 larger in 1869' than in 1871, and shows an increase of 67 per cent during tho decade in tho product of Northern States. Tho largo crop of hay in 1609 was 48 per cent greater than that of 1650 in Northern States, but tho crop of 1671, 6,000,000 one smaller, in tho Northern States exceed ed that of 1859 only 3,255,181 tons, or 19 per cent, —tho incroaso in tho preceding decode having boon 88 per cent. Those illustrations show i that tho separate comparison of Northern crops, all consideration of increased deficiency at tho South and increased industry at tho North; resulting from migration, being omitted, would deceive the inquirer, and, second, that tho comparison of crops for partic ular years is an unreliable tost of the general prosperity of agriculture. Some estimate of tho effect of migration may bo formed by taking tbo increase of population, which has been only 11% per cent in tho Southern and 28% per cent in tho 'Northern, or formerly non-slavehold ing, States. Simply to keep pace with their own growth in population, tho Northern States in agriculture should have increased 28% per cent, therefore, without allowance for tbo sup ply of deficiency at tho South. Now, tho num ber of acres in farms at the North has increased only 84,134,037, or 21 per cent—loss than the in crease of population. Tho average value of all land In Northern farms, (reduced to gold) was $23 per acre in 1860, and $25 in 1870. There ■has boon, therefore, oven in tho Northern States separately considered, no such incroaso In acre age or voluo of farms, compared with tho in crease in population, as to meet tho greatly-in creased demand arising from deficiency m South ern production. Yot, in tho docado preceding, tho increase in tho number of acres in Northom*farms had boon 43 per cent—much larger than the incroaso of population. Tho increase in value of farms had boon over 100 per cent, three times as groat as tbo increase of population. But one conclusion la possible—that tho retarded progress of agri culture during tho last docado has boon duo, not to causes peculiar to tho South, hut to a sys tem of taxation which increases tho cost of production and diminishes tho ability of the people to consume agricultural products, and, at tbo same time, by promise of extravagant gains not generally or permanently realized, se duces labor and capital into other employments. Prof. Wise, whoso proposition to cross tbo ocean in a balloon has boon already discussed in Tub Tbxuumb, in a rocont interview with a reporter, gave the details of the manner in which ho pro poses to make his voyage. Prof, Wise says that the balloon will be globular in shape, about 100 feet in diameter, and capable of taking 10,000 pounds of disposable ballast. Ho will also have a largo wicker-work car,with a roof forproteotion from the weather. Ho says: < ‘ This oar will bo two stories in height. Wo shall livo on the upper floor and in the lower one shall store our provis ions. Underneath the oar will bo an open gal lery for taking observations of the sun. Below this gallery the life-boat will bo suspended, wldoh will bo of metal and decked over.*’ In another place, Prof. Wise says t “ From former experience on tho lakes I judge that I can toll iho dlrootion which tho balloon is traveling by tho foam on the water. I can always soo tho water, except at such times as clouds intervene. I con find out tho dlrootion of tho currents be low mo without coming down to seek them, by suspending a light line of two miles in length from the balloon, having on it, at regular dis tances, indices which will register tho dlrootion of tho wind, siibuld the balloon encounter lbs 1 bravo west winds’on tho ocean, with tho aid of n drag lino wo could go right along wlthottft tho loos of gno or ballast." Tim moot noodful foatnro In tho preparations of tlio Profoaaor, howovor, dooa not Boom to ho forthcoming, namoly, tho funds. No ono scorns to havo oon fldonco enough In tho undertaking to taho any otook In It, so that, In all probability, tho Pro fessor's oxporloncos in tho uppor air will ho con fined to building castlos thoro. THE FABMEBB' BUBAL. Tho Christian Cynosure , which scorns to ho published for tho saho of making war upon secret societies, and which for somo time past has lost its sloop and appotito over tho secret oharootor of tho Qrangos, le now happy in hav ing discovered their Ritual, which It publishes in full. That our readers may have an Idea of tho lorrtblo character of thoao pastoral mysteries, wo present tho suhstauco of tho Ritual. Tho flrot dogroo Is thot of tho La- 1 horor, who, aftor being lod round tho hall throo times, makes oath that ho wlU.novor rovo “' tho ooorols ,of tho Order, ana that ho will conform to, and abide by, tho con stitution and rules of tho subordinate Grange to which ho belongs, also to tho State and National Grange j thot ho will novor propose on Improper person for membership! that ho will rondor as sistance to all hlo brethren, and thot ho will cot knowingly wrong or defraud ono of thorn. .The penalty fora violation of hla oath Is expulsion from *ho Order. Ho then receives tho pais, words, signals, and dogroo sign, tho latter bear ing tho following dangerous interpretation! 11 A good laborer places folth in God.” In tho fomalo dogroo corroopondlng to tho laborro.tho Maid,tho same obligations ato imposed. Tho remaining degrees aro those of tho Cultivator and Shop hordosa, tho Harvester and Qloanor, and tho Husbandman and Matron, in oach of which degrees tho candidates simply renew tho pledges made in tho previous degrees, and promise to bo truo and faithful Patrons of Husbandry. As tho plodgoa which iboy take do not In any way conflict with moral, social, religious, or olvt duties, it will bo soon thot tho Cynosure baa not shown itsolf to bo a particularly bright star In making such I a pothor over a Tory small matter. In Masonry, tho elevation of candidates from dogroo to dogroo is presumed to involve - a cßirospondiug iocroaso in mystery. Symbols multiply and the skulls and orosa-honoa, and knivos, and daggers, ’ trowels and compasses, Irorso-, collars and ooekod hats, and othor alarm ing proportios of Masonry, pile up at a frightful rate, whilo tho sportive goat, who Is very domuro .at tho outset, amblos and frisks in a perfectly ferocious manner when ho carries a Knight Tomplar on his hack. Bat horo ono dogroo is just like another, oxeoptin name. Tho Husbandman and Matron do not mako any moro promises than the Laborer and Maid. Their purposes aro tho samo, they aro bound by tho same obli gations, and punished with tho samo exasper ating penalty. As tholr socrots aro substantially developed in tho now Declaration of Independ ence, to which tho farmers havo pledged their lives, fortunes, and saored honors, and as they do nos conflict with tho farmer's moral, social, religions, or civil duties, it would bo tho part ol wisdom for tho Cynosure to atop its howling,' and lot those dreadful Huabandmon and Matrons go on thoir way, and 000 what will eomo of it. Missouri has on interesting railroad soil on its bands which has boon brought beforo Judge Dillon, .of tho United States Circuit Court. By various acts of tho Legislature, bo* tween 1851 and 1804, tho Slato of Missouri issued its bonds for $8,500,000 for tho benefit of tho Missouri Pacific Bailroad, and thoro were other county and municipal subscriptions swelling tho subsidy enormously. In thq year 1808, tho rood hod spent all this money, had a floating debt of $1,000,000, and owed $500,000 Interest on bonds which had been invested in Dresden,—a sun* which it was unablo to pay. Something had to bo done. Tho Legislature was approached, am| at last passed an act providing that the Statu should advertise and sell tho rood under tho first mortgage it hold, but providing, also—and hero Is whore tho trick camo in—that tho State lieu should bo discharged on tho payment of $6,000,* 000 in cash. Of course,' tho money was paid, and tho State thereby became tho loses to the extent of $8,500,000, to say nothing of the losses through municipal subscriptions. It having como to tho oars -of the pur* chasers that tho present State authorities pur* pose to contest the constitutionality of tho law which thus swindled tho Stato, those purchasers have applied for an injunction restraining tho State from selling tho rood under a lien that was formally released. Tho statement Is made that tho railroad ring expended $103,648.60 on the Legislature to socuro a release of a mortgage for $8,600,000 upon payment of $5,000,000, and the whole transaction looks liko a huge swindle. Tho forthcoming Interstate Exposition, which takes place in this city in September next, la already beginning to attract universal attention throughout tho country. The loading papers of all tho largo cities, with tho exception of St. Louie, aro aiding it with well-considered articles. At tho East, especially, tho conservative people, while they wonder that Chicago Is hot “dead broke,” nevertheless express tho utmost enthu siasm and admiration over tho scheme of the Exposition. Tho staid old Providence Journal, in referring to tho matter, says: Not celebrated for tbelr piety, the Chicagoans, nev ertheless, do whatever tholy hands find to do, with afl their might, and they undertake things which tho slower temperaments of tho Eastern States would never dream of, ... , Open to criticism os (his exhibi tion may prove to bo when contrasted with those of older countries and more deliberate adjustment, there la no donut that it will prove profitable in more ways than one, and that it will show that there Is in out Western countrya life, a vigor, a diversity of business, and, above all, a promise for tbo which we too often and too greatly fall to. appreciate. Anyhow, wo hope and behove that Chicago will bo alt the richer, and tho country all tho wiser, for her grand “IntoM Stato Industrial Exhibition.” There is certainly tho boat of encouragement In tho handsome manner in which tho principal papers of tho country treat tho Exposition for oar citizens to go ahead and make it a success, aud to make it a success commensurate with the expectations of people in other cities. No time must bo lost. Tho time is short. Tho work {o ho done is great. Tho labor must bo correspond* ingly prompt, active, and energetic. It has long boon a matter of rumor that the ranks of strolling Italian musicians in our largo cities are recruited by moans of kidnapping, am) that the children load tho Uvea of slaves. The Now York Times has recently made an Inveutiga* tlon which would seem to confirm this imprest slon. It hoe gathered testimony to show that boys end girls are stolon from their homes iq

Other pages from this issue: