Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 23, 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 23, 1873 Page 5
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V Italy, where they aro probably not enough oared for to instigate any very groat aoaroh, and are then brought to Now York, whoro tboy aro sold to tho highest bidder, with prlcoa varying from SIOO to §3OO for boys and about §6OO for girlfl. Of course, thoro is no tltlo tb tho properly, but the buyers succeed in virtually holding the chil dren as slaves by reason of their ignorance of tho language, thoir friondlossnoas, and tho ter rorism exorcised over them. Xho.ltallan Consul of Now York is called upon to tako stops toward suppressing tho traffic. It Is to be hoped that ho will do so, not merely for tho purpose of re leasing those children from virtual bondage, but in tho interest of tho public upon whom their execrable music Is forced. " Obituary* Tho death of Col. William Roes, of Pittsfield, 111., should rocolvo a moro extended notice than the more telegraphic mention In our columns two or throo weeks ago. Ho was one of our oldest, as woll as one of our best ond most in fluential citizens. Ho died at Pittsfield, Piko County, on tho 30th day of May, In tho 81st year of his ago. Ho was tho piouoor and • patriarch of Piko County, naming Pittsfield after Ids early homo in Mas- Bachußsoits. Ho served his country efficiently in tho War of 1812, and again in tho Black-Hawk War, with Mr. Lincoln, in 1832. Col. Ross was ft lifo-long friend and supporter of Mr. Lincoln. Ho sorvod hls State in both branches of tho Legislature, and was at ono time, during tho 111- nosa of tho Lloutonant-Govomor, elected Speaker of tho Senate. The Flag, published at Pittsfield, gives tho following just estimate of his character: Tho Patriarch of Piko County is dead. A venerable! and venerated man has passed from earth to Heaven. 001. William Rosa, the sago, the patriot, and tho Chris tian, has departed this life and has cone to tho pres ence of bis OoJ. A groat man has fallen, but not till hls head was crowned with tho honors of a well-spent Ufo> Ho died surrounded by all that could contribute to make old ago honorable aud comfortable—lts proper but not always Its actual accompaniments—** honor, love, obedience, troops of friends. 1 ' But all those wore worthily aud bouorably Uls, for ho had earned them. Hls work was fully doue, aud woll dono, and, Uko the ripe fruit of autumn, he was ready to fall. Death had no surprise for him ; ho was ready for tho summons, aud passed away as calmly as "sinks the babe to sleep." NOTES AND OPINION, Tbo Don Moines Register pleads for an end of the war of factions within tbo Republican party (of GO,OOO majority) In lowa, now that tbo supremacy of tbo party, and, indeed, Its very ex istence, is seriously threatened. —lt is noticeable that tbo movement begun in Allen County, 0., does not look to or depend upon the “old stagers" for its success; and that Orooabeok, and Pugh, and Pendleton, and Raunoy, and all tbo rest, are formidable no lon ger as representing a power to bo consulted. Tbo Cincinnati Commercialsignificantly remarks that “tbo bricks are loose.'* —Tbo Patrons of Husbandry have begun to organize in Massachusetts. —lt was hoped tbo President would, without much urging, appoint bis old friend and army comrade, Qon. Charles Devons, to bo District Attorney in Massachusetts; but Ron said “ George P. Sanger,** and Sanger it was. Ben’s colleagues in Congress wore intimidated to tbo point of not daring to moke any recommenda tion. —Tbo Indianapolis Journal (organ) takos up tbo refrain, thou which there is no greater scan dal, that our public men aro corrupt because all aocioty is corrupt, and says : Tbo country needs a powerful revival of good, old fashioned honesty, that shall sweep awuy the infinite Bhatuo that pervaao and corrupt every branch of busi ness and every department of-ilfo. To which all tbo pooplo say “Amen," and they evidently propose to begin by oxpurgatingoll those who bavo scandalized our public morality. —The Republicans of Black Hawk County, la., boldly declare “ that tboro shall bo *no abridg ment of tbo rights of tho pooplo to petition for % redress of grievances." That’s all. —Tbo Lomars (la.) Sentinel, with tho call for tho Republican State Convention at tho mast head, says: Revolutions aro not born ia a night—they grow ■lowly—they aro not tho product of ouo wrong or ouo znlud, but of accumulated wrongs and a vast commun ity of minds. Their flietmuttoduga aro contemptible, as were the growllngs of tho farmers of tho West three years ago; their next ridiculous, os the muttcringa of Grangers of loot year were; then they aro serious, then alarming, as tho onward sweep of tho Great Movement is this year. Tho groat monopolies which bought and sold Legislatures and Courts, and tho Legislatures and Courts which hi turn bought and sold tho people, aro not so merry at the mouthings of tbo rustic os they wore. A half million farmers in league, each Individual smarting under tho hot, heavy blows, dealt from the bands of venal politicians, appealed to by» orators of tbetr own class,—rudo, It Is true, but terribly in cam seat,—is uo . laughing matter for bond holders, and .place-holders, and otUce-holdore, and ' ring-masters, and demagogues, and party wire-pullers, and tbo countless shams and shysters which constitute an orderly and well regulated aoclety I Ho indeed. Rut what shall bo dono with It 7 It oomos In such a questionable shape, and appears in such diverse as pects, that neither soldier's bayonet nor Judicial ermine may wag. Capital shrinks before tho envelop ing shadow, and politicians look curiously at tho cloud. Is it to be a shower or a deluge, a riot or a revolution 7 Wo shall see. —Here is the way tho people of tho United States are divided in respect to their employ ments : In agriculture .* ; 6,093,471 In professions and personal service 2,664,793 In trade and transportation 1,187,640 In manufactures and mechanical industries. 2,707,421 Out of this number, only 1,853,710 aro on gaged in any business that is protected by a high tariff. This shows how foolish and false is the cry that American Industry is protected in that manner. On tho contrary, nine out of every ton workmen aro enormously taxed to benefit tbo tenth man. That is all there is of it.—Cin cinnati Enquirer. —There was another huge straw at Northfiold yesterday. Another pio-nio with 8,000 rebellious farmers who resolved to have a partyof their own. This is tbo third largo pio-nio in Minnesota with in a week and tbo aggregate attendance having boon between 7,000 and 8,000. Boos the Repub lican party think it policy to glvo tbo gago of battlo to the Farmers* Rebellion by nominating a railroad man for Governor ?— St. Daul Dispatch, —Tbo farmers of Wisconsin are about to en gage in a movement wbiob is fraught with mo mentous consequences. They should deliberate wisely and well, for tboy are engaging in no hol iday repast. Tboy bavo a serious work before them, and all of their declarations should bo well considered and tbolr positions bo carefully token. No man has boon authorized to commit them as yet to any particular line of policy.— Dortage (]Vis.) Register. * —Tuo farmers of Leavenworth and surround ing counties aro actively preparing for the Grandest gathering of tho agricultural elans over eld in Kansas Wo aro persuaded that the Fourth of July this year will not bo a good day for the plunderers of the people, and aro as sured that tho occasion mentioned will not pre sent many interesting features to chronic office ■ookers.—Leavenworth Times. Tho fact is, the movement itself, in spite of men, and contrary to tho expectation of its founders, is uniting all classes who ore opposed to salary-grabbers, Credit Mobilior swindlers, monopolies, Custom House frauds, and political corruption of all kinds, 11 to act together regard less of all past political affiliations.— Grand Jtapids (Mich.) JEagle. —And this movement, which Is sweeping through Western Slates as never movement did before, will ore long ronob Now England and Maine. The same causes exist here and tho same necessity will impel to action. A people’s movement will come, and It will bo irresistible. Tho elements exist. All that is needed is to sot them in motion. * A people's movement on a broad, liberal honest basis would make a terrible rattling among tho dry bones, and strongly upset the calculations of those who now think tho people will always continue to follow their load as a Hook of sheep follow the bell-wether.— Portland (Me.) Argus, —Bo it Known unto you, 0 wise men of the East, that tho ’‘lllinois movement" is based upon tho eternal principles of right, and needs uo “hotter principles" upon which to recon struct.—A«rom (111.) Herald. —Tho men and lournals that, In tho light of tho revelations of the last six mouths, can have tho cheek to talk of reforming tho rings and corruptions now constituting tho management of tho Bopubllcou party, ought, in consistency, to put forward Beelzebub as the savior of man klml.—Mutcaline (Iowa) Tribune. —Butler is a fine specimen of tho audacious, impertinent, and vulgar ring politician, and he U but a syooimoiTof a Urge class of publio men by whom tho country Is now cursed. By trick ery and bribery thoyliavo scoured tho ooutrol of politics, and, If Massachusetts succeeds In ad ministering a stern rebuke to Bailor, It will stimulate tho masses everywhere to strike slml lor blows at such demagogues. —Harrisburg {Pa,) State Journal, —I am a Republican of tho strictest sect, and, radical as I have boon, I now declare that lb was absolutely humiliating to mou of dignified sonsl bllitioa to sco Delano (Secretary of tho Interior!, Bontwolt, and Crcowoll (Postmaster General) going down last fall, first to North Carolina, and, after having carried that State by detail, folding, their touts like tho Arabs and silently stealing away to tbo Btato of Malno, and thou flitting away to other States and working to carry elec tions for tho Administration party. I hope to God tho timo will come when such a spectacle will no longer bo witnessed on tho American con tinont.— William U. West, in the Ohio Constitu tional Convention. —Zacharlas Long, of Leighton, Carbon Coun ty, morobor of tho Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, was brutally assaulted last Satur day by ouo of hla constituents, in tbo streets of the village above named. Tho altercation nroso out of tlio salary question, tbo constituent bold ing that $2,500 is too much for a delegate's ser vices.—AUctiiown (Pa,) Chronicle. —Lot ns have no half-way work, gentlemen of 'tho Now Hampshire Legislature, about this Con gressional salary-grab, business.—JViwhua (H. II.) Telegraph. —Randall, of Pennsylvania, openly defends tho book-pay steal as If’tho thief and pickpocket should dofoud bis calling on tho ground of hi-, adequate pay in honest branches of industry.— Concord (A r . JJ.) Monitor. —There iqust bo no artful dodging in this sal ary business. Every member and donator must herd cither with the sheep or with the goats: and wo regret to say that tho goats aro about ton to one against tho sheep. Is Senator Sher man ft sheep or a goat ? And how about Souator Morton?— St. ZouisDemocrat —Now lot tho press proceed to unmake a fow of tlioso vagabonds. It can bo dono, as tho tools aro plenty. We propose to try our hands on a fow. —lllinois Slate Pcgister. —Tho country Is promised not only, a surprise, but a revolution, when tho now railroad tariffs of Illinois go into offoct on the. Ist of July, and tho roads begin business on a now basis. Thoir oatouaihlodobigu is to “comply withtholaw,"but thore is little doubt that, instead of trying to make it popular, they will causo it to become as odious as circumstances will permit.— Davenport (loxca) Gazette. —lf this is tho open spirit of hostility with which tho roads propose to moot the people, they will have hot times. To precipitate warfare is a policy to bo exceedingly woll considered. For though capital and corporations aro strong, tho people aro stronger, and in open fight they will conquer or sink tho country, and tho railroads together. —lndianapolis Sentinel. —Tho money kings aro to punish Illinoisans for daring to voto as they see fit. If this is tho stylo that is to obtain, wo can assure opr Eastern friends that the last thing Illinois farmers will bo influenced by is a throat. Oh, no. Thoy may bo wrong, but threatening la “ played out."— Elgin (lit.) Gazette. —Tho people made those corporations, and thoy can unmake them. If thoy will not yield to tho power of tho; State, lot thoir charters bo forfeited and thoir tracks bo declared public highways, open to every ouo who choosoa to put roiling stock upon them.— Kcithshurg (ill.) Kerana. . —lt is to bo regretted that we can’t have a national law wbiob will roach all alike. Still it is evident that our Illinois roads aro not doing their boat to comply with tbo spirit of the law. What they do intend is to make tbo law odious by standing up for high rates under tbo pretence that they cannot afford any lower.— Lincoln (111.) Herald, d* —Thus the failure of the Legislature to exer cise tbo powers delegated by tbo Constitution to fix “reasonable maximum rates," loaves tbo people at tbo moroy of the railroads; in other words, tbo Legislature, by -shirking the respon sibility of fixing “reasonable" rates, bas vir tually licensed the railroads to further extor tions. .... For our part wo can see noth ing In it but cowardice and incompotonoy, and a covert servility of tbo law-makers to tbo rail roads against the people.— Joliet (III.) Republic can. —The biggest humbug, in those days, is get ting to bo tbo law and tbo courts. There has boon some idea prevailing iu tbo public mind that politics aud politicians, and tbo American Congress, and several other things, onjoyod that pro-eminence, but tboydwindio into nothingness beside tbo Judges and lawyers of tbo laud.— Green Bag (Im.) Advocate. —Tbo question arises whether a court should not exorcise its common souse and say whether tbo question of fact as to tbo guilt or Innocence of tbo prisoner is really affected by tbo clerical blunders or lapses in an indictment, or by tbo advorso view of a lower court. — Detroit (JucA.) Dost. ■ —Quo of tbo cbiof duties of government in tbo United States is to maintain a largo class of lawyers, ready to bocomo accomplices, after tbo fact, in all tbo crimes aud frauds of the com munity, and this cannot bo done without allow ing them to plunder tbo thieves and murderers aud their friends of tbolr last dollar. 'When that praiseworthy end Is reached, then tboro aro no more now trials.— San Francisco Alta, —lu tbo Ohio Constitutional Convention, tbo other day, the question being on tbo appoint ment (not tbo election) of women to office, a member said a woman might bo appointed on tbo Supremo Bench, whereupon Judgo Hoadly, of Cincinnati, rejoined: “I sometimes think, when tbo Supreme Court docido my cases, tbo decisions would bo bettor if an old woman bad something to do with them." —Some of tbo legal maxims wo want obliterat ed “ have become established by tbo consent of tbo enlightened world for centuries." Things that need reform aro usually long-established; to object to reformation on that ground is to say there shall be none.— Buffalo Express. DID HE SUICIDE? Mr. Kellogg Gonld, a compositor in The Trib une office, yesterday afternoon found an enve lope, containing among other things a package of poison and several pieces of paper, upon ono of which was written tbo following: “Fare well, a long farewell to oartb and all its troubles. When this is rood I shall bo dead. John Broon." Hie envelope was found on tho luko shore, at tho foot .of Adams street. One of tho papers was a certificate to tbo effect that the bearer, John Broon, was a member of tbo Father Mathew Temperance Association of Toronto, aud was a most exemplary member. Another was a certificate of good character from tbo Steward of the Toronto Olub.. They wore both dated March 21,1878. It is probable that tho person who wroto tbo abovo note has com mitted suicide by taking poison. Tbo package of poison found iu tbo envelope was sugar of load, and had evidently been broken. It boro tho la bel of Louis Btrobl, druggist, cor ner of West Madison . and Clinton streets. Whether ho afterwards jumped into the lake, or hid himself in somo secluded Jilaoo to die, Is of course only a mattor of con ecturo. From a diligent inquiry in tho vicinity, t was found that no man had boon soon to dis appear in the lake. On tho other hand, it mav bo that tbo unhappy person is still living, not having boon able to carry out tho intention im plied in the letter, because of tho loss of tho poison. • 12,672,235 EVANSTON. Tho Northwestern University at Evanston will hold its commencement exorcises this week, tho Bov. 0. H. Fowler having preached tho Bacca laureate sermon yesterday. Tho remainder of tho programme is as follows: Monday—7:46 p. m.. contest for tho BJanohard prize at tho Methodist Church \ Tuesday—Examinations in tho Garrett Biblical Institute; mooting of Trustees, University, 9 o. m.; anniversary of tho Ladies’ College, 7:35 p. m. Wednesday—Moot ing of Trustees and visitors of tho Garrett Bib lical Institute.; sermon before tho Insti tute by tho Bov. T. M. Eddy, 10 a. m; anniver sary of tho lustitnto, 2p. m.; students givo feast, Hock Hail, 7:80 p. m.; mooting of Associ ation of graduates, 7:45 p. m. Thursday—ln auguration of tho Bov. C. 11. Fowler, D. I)., as President of the University, 10 a. m.; Com mencement, 2 p. m. Telegraphic llreviticst Charles P. Oarty, of Indianapolis, received notice yesterday of Ids appointment, by tho Su- Sromo Chancellor, U. G. Berry, of Chicago, as upromo Booording and Corresponding Hcrlbo of the Supremo Lodge of tho World, Knights of Pythias. This appointment mokes Indianapolis tho headquarters of tho order. A fanners’ Fourth of July celebration will bo hold in Yorkvlllo, 111. Among tho speakers whoso names are published are Blchard Ballou, of Fox: Jonr Evarts, Bristol: West Matlock, Yorkviilo: John Litsey. PlattviUo; J, J. Mc- Grath, Lisbon; JolmW. Mason, Peter Lott, and Prof, Bums, of Newark, and others. Tho affair will bo run wholly by tlio farmers, no poli tician being allowed to have anything to say. Tho celebration Is advertised to tako place at tho Fair Grounds. Lott Schofield will aoi os Presi dent of tho day. and L. G. Bennett will road tho “Fanners' Declaration of Independence." THE TMCAGO DM TRIBUNE- MONDAY, JUNE 23, 1873. THE RAILROADS; The New Passenger Tarltft, So Far as' They Have Been Decided Upon. Local Rates, and the Oonmmtation- Tioket System for Our i Suburbs, Latest Developments Regarding the Undecided New Freight Tariffs. Some Instances Where the Tariff Is Bound to Bo Prohibitory any Way It Is Worked. Ifow the Now Law Will Drive: Chicago Trade to Cincinnati, I’lUshurgli,' and Now York. Reports having been circulated that tho rail roads going out of Chicago 4> havo increased thoir local.passenger rates so as seriously to affect [citizens who havo found homos in tho suburbs, it may bo woll to explain that tho law permits tho companies to issao commutation and excur sion tickets as boforo. So far as The Tribune is informed, thoro is no Intention on tho part of tho companies to discontinue tho practice of is suing commutation tickets. The reason for tho increased local faros is obvious. If tho faro.ho twoon Chicago and Hydo Park, for example, remained at tho old figure, 15 cents, tho distance being 0 5-10 miles, tho company would bo compelled to charge an absurdly dis proportionate rato between stations only a milo or two apart. Under such circumstances traffic would not pay, and tho company would find it self obliged to cut off many local stations from tho time-tables, thus causing groat inconven ience. Starting* with a fair basis, it is enabled to carry through its wholo length a rato that dia crimlimtos against no single station. Besides, whether tho company willed it so or not, tbo law is a cast-iron ono, as Mr. Tuckor says, against discrimination; and If tho company had dis criminated In favor of Hydo Pork, or any other local station, all the rates throughout tho entire route must havo come down to such a tune that financial ruin would bo a question simply of timo. THE ILLINOIS CENTRAL passenger tariff having boon more than once misquoted and misinterpreted in the manner in dicated, wo have procured a copy of tbo rates to go into effect on tbo Ist proximo, as well os tbo commutation rates, to which wo have added tbo old rates, for tbo purposes of comparison: SINGLE FARES. b «£ JJettceen old tariff. new tariff. o Central Depot | mi T wmi.\ltalf. Whitt. 1.4 Park Row 10 10 ) in 1.8 Weldon 10 10 f 10 2.5 Twenty-second street.. 10 10 ) 1n 8.0 Twcnty-aovontb street. 10 10 f 1U 3.5 Thirty-first Btroot 10 10 1 4.1 Fair View 10 10 f 16 4.0 Oakland 10 10 \ nn 6.1 Forty-third street...... 15 10 f 6.8 Kenwood... 15 10 i ok 0.6 Hyde Park 16 10 f 7.1 South Park 16 10 I uft 7.0 Wood Lawn 25 15 j 80 8.3 Oak Woods -25 15 » 8.8 Park Side 25 15 f 86 0.4 Grand Crossing.. 30 16 ' 40 2.1 Durmido 60 25 60 14.7 Kensington 60 80 00 .... Wild Wood 60 30 65 17.2 Dolton Junction GO 30 70 * .... South Lawn.... 80 .... Homewood 05 COMMUTATION TICKETS ore unchanged, namely: i“io ioo a Station. Fare*. Fares. Months, Pnrkßow SI.OO SB.OO $12.00 Wcldou 1.00 8.00 12.00 Twenty-second street 1.00 8,00 12.00 -Twenty-seventh street 1.00 8.00 12.00 Thirty-first street 1,00 8.00 12.00 Falrvlow 1.00 8.00 12.00 Oakland 1.00 8,00 12.00 Forty-third street 1.25 10,00 13.60 Kenwood 1.25 10.00 13.60 Hyde Park 1.25 10.00 13.60 Boulh Park 1,25 10.00 13.60 Woodlawn • 1.60 12.60 10.60 Oak Woods 1.50 12.60 16.50 Pork Bide 1.60 12,60 10,60 Grand Grossing 1.60 12.60 16.50 Rurnslilo 16.00 20.00 Kensington 17.60 24.00 Wild Wood 20.00 28.00 Dolton Junction.,.. .... 20,00. 28.00 Suburban residents aro informed that tbo salo of commutation tickets on the trains will bo dis-i continued after tbo Ist proximo, when they must bo procured at tbo city office, Randolph street, near Clark, at tbo depot, and at tbo gen eral ticket otfico. THE GENERAL PASSENGER TARIFF will remain unchanged, so far as is at present known. Mr. W. P. Johnson, the general pas senger agout, says bo cannot spqpk definitely until tbo other roads have boon board from. It may bo that tbo rates will ultimately bavo to bo made 3% cents for short and long hauls aliko, in order to assimilate to other linos. There aro many points in tbo Railroad law on wbiob tbo lawyers disagree. It is thrown on tbo raiboods to decide many knotty problems, but they will act, as Mr. Johnson believes, with a common doslro to comply with tbo intentions of tbo Legislature in the strictest manner. Whatever tbo pecuniary result may bo, tbo new rates and regulations on tbo Illinois Control aro being framed with tbo strict object of giving tbo law, as tbo Legislature wished to apply it, a fair trial. CHICAGO, ROOK ISLAND A PACIFIC. Tbo now passenger tariff of this road has also boon prepared, and is herewith submitted to tbo public: _ - - &a(fon«. 5 Station*. 5 Chicago Ruroau 114.08 $405 it. 1. Shops..... 4.85 $.36 Putnam......... 121.96 4.85 Englewood 6.58 .4(1 Houry.. 137.47 4,55 Normal 7.34 .40 Sp&rland 131.40 4.70 Auburn 8.70 .45| cTililiootho 143.44 6.35 Wash'it Heights 11.90 .55, Homo 145.30 6.96 Blue island 15.75 .70 AlossvlUo 160.31 6.30 Dromon 93.46 .95 Pouria 100.75 6.60 Mokoua 39.69 1.20 Tiskilwa 122.87 4.85 Now Lenox, 84.W 1.85 Pond Greek 138.68 4.65 Joliet 40.43 1.65 O, UAQU'ng.. 139.60 4.60 Troy,., 45 1.75 Shotflold 136.66 4.H) Mlnooka 61.09 1.95 Mineral 143 4.05 Auz 5ab10..... 60 3.30 Annawan 145.68 D.W Morris 61.71 3.30 Atkinson 161.60 6.30 (Seneca 71.93 3,65 00n0e00......... 169.09 4.45 Marseilles 77.37 3.60 Uroon Hirer. ... 167.89 6.75 Ottawa 81.49 3.05 Colons 169.64 6-B0 Utica l«.8U 3.35 Carbon Cliff.... 171.81 6.85 LaSalle 98.78 3.66 Port Byron J'n. 176.30 6.95 Peru 99.95 3.80 Moline 170.49 6.10 DoPuo 109.88 8.90 Hook Island 181.45 6.15 Davenport 183.64 8.25 It may bo generally remarked of tbo now rates that they exhibit a decrease throughout tbo lino, It may bo generally remarked of tbo now rates that they exhibit a decrease throughout tho lino, amounting to not loss than 20 to 30 per cent for points from ton to seventy-four miles out, aud for points beyond, a reduction of from oto 16 per cent. It bas boon determined by tho Directors of this road to anticipate all that thejaws of this Blato, os well as of lowa, may require, and .to make tho lowest rates possible, whatever tho results may ho, Mr. Biddle, whilst quite cognizant or tho heavy losses threatened in tho freight department, is said to ho a believer in tho elasticity of a liberal passon gor policy. Tho doorcase In rates will ho soon y the following COHTAIUBONS OF THE OLD AND NEW TARIFFS. to well known points which wo have selected from tho Company's tables without intlloting on tho reader tbo figures. To Council Bluffs, the old rate was $19.20, and has been reduced to $17.20. DosMolnos, formerly $18,66, Is now $12.15. Peoria $5.75 has boon reduced to $5.05; and Book Island from $6.60 to $6.00. A sim ilar reduction is observable to all the stations between tho above points, and those few figures are sufficient to show tho policy that obtains. THE IOWA TARIFF le being prepared as rapidly as possible. Tbo same features will bo preserved as in tho above. It is not known when tho work will bo ready, but probably to-day will see part of tho manuscript In the hands of tho printer, as tho accountants wore figuring on tho last shoots on Saturday. THE OUIOAUO A ALTON. The General Passenger Agent la at work on tho now passenger tariff, and a Tribune re-, porter sympathetically watched hla patient cal oulatlona and figuring, on Saturday, aa ho studied out tho oonaoquonooo of half a cent hero, there, or olsowhoro, Tho now rates cannot possibly ho ready until to-morrow, whon tho reporters may possibly bo permitted to see thfcm, unless they have 1 meanwhile gono to tho printer. This road, liko tho Illinois Contra), Is so out up with competing linos, north and south, that it la almost Impossible to mako a now tariff that shall not discriminate In fact, al though not according to tho language of tho now law, ’'feeing In far too many cases prohibitory either to tho Company or to tho people, and where It is prohibitory to tho Company, it is sometimes not proportionately beneficial to tho people, tho benefit Doing enjoyed by other linos. ILLINOIS OENTUAL. Another Interview with Ur. Tucker, Freight Agent of tho Illinois Central, on Saturday, re sulted in the assurance that tho now freight tariff would not differ materially from that of tho Chicago & Alton, already published in The Tribune. In some trifling respects, tho rates might, at tho last moment, bo open to revision, to assimilate with tho rates tho Northwest ern, as before explained. Most of tho manu script was, on Saturday afternoon, sent to tho printers, and tho intention was to havo proofs ready to-day, in,. order to mako tho necessary alterations,if any should bo required, promptly on tho Northwestern tariff making Its appearance, so thot tho revi sion should po completed, and tho rates finally determined On by Wednesday. As tho proof is subject to bo entirely changed at the last mo ment; however, wo refrain from saying moro than repeating that shippers may safely bo Q’ led for tho present by tho Chicago <fc Alton o. , Numerous instances hayo already como to no tice whoro tho roads impossible to mako a rate that will suit tho customer and them selves at tho samo time ; it will ho sure to pro hibit dealings on tho port of ouo or tho olhor. For instance, take Lacon, 123 milos out. A study of tho tables published will show that tho Alton Company has dono all it can do, whilst paying duo regard to law, to mako rates suitable to tbis ploco ; hut' it matters not what rato is made, tho owners of tho wator route havo It in tholr power to mako thoirs lowor, and if tho railroad woro to go to tho oxtromo and mako such a rato as they would dosiro to do, tho re duction would, under tho now law, havo to take effect along tho whole rood, which would simply ho ruinous. Mr. Smith, tho Qonoral Freight Agent of tho OniOAQO A ALTON, aooms to have dono all in liis power to help ship* pore at points cotmooting with the Dost, to ena ble thorn to roach Chicago, and Ohica-, go to roach thorn, without loos os com pared with tho ratoa charged by the Eastern roods ; tho following being among tho ** special ratoa ” to bo found in tho now tariff; “ General merchandise, when shipped by agree ment, in quantities of full car-loads from any station at ono tlmo toono consignee at samo sta tion, will bo transported at tho following reduc tion from tho table of ratos : First, second, and third classes, 20 por cent loss, and fourth class 80 por cent loss. This is spool ally designed to on&blo Chicago to do business with houses at Joliet, Bloomington, and similar poiuts, and to enable Chicago to compete with Now York at equal rates. Practically, it will bring tho rate to wbat it was by tho old tariff. This Company has a heart-breaking competition and suffer in common with all norths and south roods, perhaps worse than tho others, from tho fact that its chief objoctivo point is Bt. Louis. Having run tho gauntlet of Now York competition all along tho lino, at East St. Louis it has to contend* with that of Cincinnati and Pittsburgh. Tho ratoa from Cincinnati to East Bt. Louis, as compared with tho ratoa from Chi cago, on tho staple productions of each, aro as fallows: • Ist 9d 3d 4 th Class. Class. Class. Class, Cincinnati to EaslSt. Louis 69 64 I Chicago to East Bt. liQulb. 79 62 | And tho new law is of such an inflexible charac ter that no amount of ingenuity will onahlo tho Company to bring ita ratos bolow tho abovo. From Pittsburgh tho rate for the fourth class of merchandise, iron ' goods, nails, eta., in which that city compotes with Chicago for tho trado, is thirty-nine, as compared with Chicago's forty. Altogether, although tho Agents ono and aIL profess their determination to give tho now tariff a thorough and fair trial, tho results aro looked for with most gloomy anticipations.

AN INQUIUY. To the Editor of 7hs Chicago 'lVibum ; - Sin: In relation to the freight tariff question, can you Inform shippers and purchasers what articles of freight aro to bo charged “ double first-olaea ” ratos ? Will plows, reapers, thresh ing machines, and this heavy class of freights, of which so largo on amount is shipped and ro shippod from Chicago, bo charged, as it has for many years, throe or four times as much as same class of freight is shipped to samo points through Chicago from points three or four hundred miles east of Chicago ? And can you inform us why railroads running west and south of Chicago mako exorbitant classification on this freight, which Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and eostorn railroads class with liko heavy freights third-class, or throe or flvo times loss than Illi nois and Western railroads ? Charles Oalaqan. UNIVERSALIS! MISSIONARY UNION. A Warm Session in a Warm Church— The Terms of Christian Follow* ship. An adjourned meeting of the Univorsaliat Mis sionary Union woa bold yesterday afternoon in the temporary quartern occupied by Bt. Paul’s Univorsalist Church, corner of Wabash avenue and Peek court. The mooting was called for the awkward hour of 4 o’clock, and it was nearly half an hour later when the President, Mr. Chad wick, called the meeting to order by giving out the first hymn. The heat of the weather, the still more oppressive: and depressing heat of the church, the inconvenience of the hour, and the scattered residences of the members conduced to this result. It is the cus tom with tbo Univorsalist Churches to have the Sunday School meetings immediately following upon too morning services. Hence, by tbo time that dinner is over, they must start out upon their journey to the place of mooting. Under those untoward circumstances, it is not sur prising that tbo meeting was quite small. The first hymn song was, “ The Morning Light in Breaking/' after tbo singing of which Mr. Chadwick road from John xv., when Mr. Mandy load the mooting in prayer. Another hymn was sung, and the first subject for discussion was announced to bo “ The Tonus of Christian Fellowship,” to open which ho called upon the Bov. Dr. Forrester, pastor of the Church of the Bodoomor. That gentleman, after excusing himself for the want of preparation of his subject, entered into the discourse. Christian fellowship bo defined as that broad social intercourse open to all men recognizing Christianity aa of Divine origin. It was a broad platform which . was largo enough to include all denominations. Hence Umvorsallsta could most readily extend this bond of Christian justice to all men, call upon them to help and volunteer what reciprocal aid they could. The hope of the world came from the very spirit of the Divine Man. It was not narrow to say; that on this platform of faith in God, in man, and in Jesus Christ, could men alone find opportunity to do the work of God. Ho who walked*noar enough to God would find that there was no room to ex haust that glorious charaotor. Every time ho looked into it, now thoughts and inspirations opened out.. Ho found it opening out like the over-growing papyrus. The true Christian, therefore, did not' shut out his sympathies from others. Christ's command was, “Follow mo,” and this applied to tho whole race of human life and feeling. If ho (the speaker) understood tho Now Testament, this was the command. Tho Christian was like a wanderer amid interminable mountains ; below him tho peaks of his former ambition, above him wore heights of glory. Ho goes upward and forward, lifted by a power ds certain as tho fate of the systems or tho swing of tho sea. Only such a man could do his duty to God and man. Faith in God and his works ; this was tho ground of Christian fellowship and hearty good will. Tho hymn “Hail to tho Lord's Annolnted” was thou sung by tho congregation, after which other addresses were delivered upon various sub jects. Excursion Season, 1678. Now that the heat of summer la upon us many will be leaving either to visit friends or tho pleasure resorts of tho East, and it may not be out of place to call at tention to tho low excursion rates and tho advantages offered by tho Grand Trunk Hallway Company, who are now permanently located lu their now oflloo, No, 05 Lake, corner of Dearborn street, under Tremout House. This Company uro offering all rail round trip tickets to Ogdonslmrgh and return at |32; Montreal and return, £34; Portland and return, S3O; Boston and return, S3B, by several different routes. liy this route parlies can have tho advantage of FuUman palace cars from Chicago to Toronto, Ogdouslmrgh, and Montreal without change, and to Boston and New England points with but one change. There Is no other lines over which Pullman’s cars sre run from Chicago to Boston. A vory desirable pleasure trip to Now York is via rail to Kingston, steamers ou thoßt, Law* rence paining tho Tbouiand Island* ttapldi, and un der tho world-renowned Victoria Bridge hy daylight to Montreal, thence by rail to House's Point, thence by ateamor on Lake Champlain to Whitehall, thoncoby rati to Albany or Troy, and down tho nudion River. This trip can bo made for s3l, and in ono of the most delightful In tho country. Parties desiring Informa tion regarding this lino can socuro tourists’ guide books at Company’s ofllco free of charge, that give a full description of the route and its advantages. THE FARM AND GARDEN. Tho Blnrbor of Port Ontario and Its Future in Itogardto tlio West—Rival liluon to tlao Samo I*otnt v«, lllvul Points—lllinois Canal lioats—Xiio Short llouto to Iloston by Way of tho Iloosno Tunnol—AVnltmblolßarbor AVhat tho Cant and What tho Wont Produce*—What Changes Fifty years filay Bring. From Our A or {cultural Correspondent* My Buumeu Toon, June 20,1873. Since my lost letter I have boon rambling among dairy farms, making calls on old friends, and to-day I stand at tho southeast angle of Lake Ontario, looking out from the habbou of ronT ontabic, a harbor that is destined in tbo not-far-off fu ture, to bo a vast depot for the distribution of tho products of tho West. Just cost your oyes over tho map of the United States, and iu tho direction of Boston and Portland, and you will boo this . harbor lying land-locked di rectly on tho lino from Chicago to Boston. Tho vessels loading at Chicago pass through tho lino of lakes and tho'Welland Canal, and reach this harbor, which is tho most natural and se cure harbor on tho lake. Then, again, cast your oye along tho lino of tho Michigan Control Railroad, tho Groat Western of Canada to Lew iston, and tho Ontario Lako Shoro Bond to Oswego, and yon ask, “ Why not hoop right on to Port Ontario, and tbonco, by Boonvillo, Ballston, and tho Hoosuo Tunnel, to Boston, or divorgo at Homo, ovor the Now York Central, toNowYork? Well, what If you do? Thorois a road to Boston, and Boston Is of no groat valuoio tho West, for Now York is tho groat oontro. Lot us boo how this is. Tho West has long since learned that oil tho linos that lead to tho same point mako common cause and com bine In regard to freights and faros, and wo nood not appeal to thorn for olihor justice or fair deal ing, for they will unite to tako tho lion's share. Tho wholo thing can bo managed and controlled hy half-a dozen men, whoso greed may ruin tho Western producer. But, whon wo havo COMPETING PISTBIBDTINO POINTS, as Now York, Boston, and Baltimore, the whole thing Is changed, and tho lowest freights win. It Is not so much tiie railroads, but tho wholo people and business of tho place, that oro inter ested. Po long as N6W York is euro of tho trade of tho West, so long will hor business-men care little what wo pay for tho transporta tion of our 'groin,—for they absorb tholr commissions and charges as usual, hut, when some other points, by a ehorttr or cheaper route, or by lower freights, divert this trade, it is then that tho business suffers, oud thus compels reduction ; and it is then that tho West has justice dono it. This is tho reason why tho western farmer is interested in this now route. A fow days since 1 was at Oswego, and sawtho basin full of IDLE CANAL-BOATS. What does this moan? I inquired. "Well, tho lake vessels carry to Ogdonsburgh, and tho grain gooa to Portland, and to Boston, Instead of going to Now York by canal. You soo, when it roaches Now York City, that It must bo takou to tho ooneuihor in tho cars direct; but those Now England peoplo have a way of distributing this grain direct to tho con sumer, and it doos not go diroot to Boston, but stops short at all points as ro auirod. In order to counteract this in uonoe. wo aro pushing tho Ontario Lake Bnoro Bead to Lewiston, to connect with tho Michigan Central and Groat Western, and tho Lako Bhoro route via Buffalo. Then wo will bavo tho Oawogo Midland route to Now Yorit and tho now routo to Boston, when wo shall bo able to command our sharo of tho West ern trade.” But your hornor is too small to hold tho shipping; you lock dock room for tho transfer of lumber, 'staves, and other Wostom staples.“ Yes, I know that: but wo aro to have an outer harbor, and that will shelter tho shipping/' But there is Port Onta rio, a largo land-locked harbor, of easy access, that will cost but a trifle ; and*thoa it is twenty milos nearer Boston than Oswego, and beyond that is Henderson Harbor, and Baokott's Harbor; what about thorn ? “ That is all true, and our R* 3 aro looking forward to tho complotioirof oosab Tunnel with some misgivings, for Port Ont&iro lies in tho diroot lino from horo to tho Tuimo). But wo hopo to havo ono lino so woll established before that time as to soouro tho trade.” Distance is an item to ho considered in a com peting lino, and in this respect TUB PROPOSED ROUTE boa aomo advantage. Taking Lewiston aa a point at wlilch two groat linen from Chicago moot, wo h&vo the distances as follows : Via Lake Ontario Lake-Shore Load to Oswego, 14-1 miles; to Fort Ontario, 20 miles; to Boston, via Boonvillo, Ballston and the Hoosoo Tunnel, 297 milos—making the whole distance from Lew iston to Boston, 401 miles. From Boston to Albany, via Worcester, is 201 miles ; Albany to Oswego, via Borne, 177 ; add distance to Lewis ton, 144, and we have, by. the present route, 522 miles, or a distance of 61 miles saved by the now route. This is the all-roll route ; but if wo take the lake route to Port Ontario, wo have twenty milos loss roil. Of this 297 milos of road from this point to Boston, there is but 128 miles to bo construct ed, and this link in tho grout chain has boon sur veyed, and a company organized to construct it. I am told that nearly all tho stock is taken, and that tho work is to bo prepared for contract in July. Tbo route is almost an olr-lluo, and no grade is over 60 foot to tho mile. Tho road will follow tbo Salmon Blver to near its source, and then down the head-waters of tho Black Blver, and cross tho Hudson above Troy, in tbo direc tion of the Bound. By this route Boston is TWENTY MILES NEARER CHICAGO than New York City.—that is, taking tho Oswego route. That of itself places Bouton on an equal footing with Now York, whereas, by tho present route, tho freight is 5 cents per 100 lbs on grain in favor of Now York ; but, as I have before stated, tbo system of delivery adopted in tbo Now England States has put them more on an equality. Tho local delivery is not all, for it is to tho interest of tho West to make Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore competing points with Now York for the foreign gram trade. St. Louis has been looking to the Now Orleans route as the great point of interest, and has overlooked those more northern routes to Europe; but her interest lies In the some channel with us, and she may learn too late that it is not so much in tho ability to carry freights as in the actual competition that induces each line to carry at tho lowest possible rate. Bo long os Liverpool is tho aruitor of prices, so long is it to tho interest of tho West ern farmer to have cheap transportation, In or der that ho may compete with the products of Europe. Chicago must over bo THE GREAT CENTRE for the Northwest, aa from that point must radi ate the great linos of distribution to the seaboard of Europe. Tho Groat I akos ami tho St. Law rence in summer are competitors with tho all-rail or lako-and-rall linos. Tho lumber, staves, and ores seek wator-trans- Eortation whore possible, and thus give tho lake usinosß groat activity in summer, and for tills there must bo good harbors and ample room for transhipment. In this respect, the harbor of Port Ontario Is SECOND TO NO OTHER, as there is not less than four miles of natural dockage, Writh deep water, to which may bo added aa much more by dredging. lu order to make an entrance to tho harbor, a narrow nook of sand la to bo out through, when deep water ia reached. Tho old mouth of tho river will not bo closed, and there can bo no poasibil iiy of a bar forming in front of tho outrauco of tho harbor; and. when onoo in tho harbor, tho vessel la aeouro from winds, and tho business of unloading can bo carried on in all kinds of weather. ODH UANDFACTDCERB will also be benefited to tho extent that they receive their raw material at a cheaper rate: hut the truth is uot to ho tmpproHHod, that It will bring thorn into closer competition with tho factors of the East. One need uot remain here long to see why tho people of this section are in favor of a high tariff, and why they want cheap freights to and from tho .West. They want our raw material for manufacture or for food, and they must give us in exchange tho products of their labor and skill. • „ . There is no reason why wo should not manu facture almost everything that wo consume in tho West. This section produces grass, pota toes, and a race of hardy, industrious men, who And employment In tho dairy, in manufactories, in transportations, and in exchanges. Tho West lias mined the growing of wheat, of corn, of harloy, of hoof, and of pork. Tho farms aro small, and a port of tho number, say ono or moro of almost every family, have gone West, some with roonoy hut nearly, all of them with with habits of economy, good business tact, and industry; and such men and women can yet And good places for their endeavors. Out on the lake wo boo vobbols in tho Ogdons burgh and river trade. Tho Ashlng-boata off chore aro after whito-Ash, wbilo tho naif of the harbor is Bot with gill-nets, instead of being Ailed with voßßois loading ana unloading. two on three years will change all this, when commerce shall havo cut through that narrow nock of sand that tho wavoa havo hoaton up ns a harrier to tbo harbor, making tho rivor to obey tho west wind and to seek an outlet boyond ; then tho iron rail will havo reached tho water, and tho West and the East will havo linked their destinies along another great highway of trade and travel. Tho boring of tho way through a mountain has made this possible and changed tho current of ovonts. It is hula few years since Elliott Aow his kilo on tbo hanks of tho Niagara, and an iron bridge spanned tho chasm; and thus it is that moun tains and rivers no longer mako enemies of nations, hnt aro spanned and bored that nations may ho molted into ono. In tho winter of 1835 this was u busy place. for it was a small ship yard for vessels in tuo Chicago trado ; but its wharves and lighthouse havo boon neglected and gouo to decay; but now a change is coming; tho onginoor has ihado his levels, and tho mon of commerce have said) This shall ho.a placo where commerce shall spread her sails, and where tho iron horso shall bring ohd carry for tho West that lies boyond tho Croat Lakes. . Oswego CotmxT, Juno 18. FIFTY YEARS ACIO, everywhere tho ox resounded from tho forest, and mon woro carving out now homos. Tho ashos of tho burned forest trees bad a cash value, small, it is true, yot'obout tho only thing that would command coin, and tho potash was sent to Now York by' way of tho Mohawk and tho Hudson Blvors, in' small barges, propelled by oars and setting-polos, or it found an outlet by tho Bt. Lawronco. Then butter was worth 0 to 8 cents a pound in oxchongo for salmon at 8 cents, or for goods at tho store. Now tho chief product of tho farms aro butter and cheese. Tho growing of wheat, com, barley, ryo,- and oats; has had ' to yield to tho competition of tho Western prairies; and it is an open question if they can ho sus tained against tho products of tho Western dair ies. It is certain that skill and strict attention will bo requisite to ward off tho threatened dan for, for at best they must compote in tho mar ot of tho world, oven in this department of rural labor. Stumps must ho removed, stonoa gathered from tho land, and swamps drained, so that Western agricultural implements may bo usod in tho culturo of tho soil and in tho gather ing of its products. Tho old cast-iron plow, and tho old cultivator, yot battle with tho woods, but they must glvo placo to tho stool-plow and tho riding cultivator, or the farms will bo loft un cultivated, for tho former's son will put money in his pocket and go West. Bubal. THE TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM. Business Mon Joining*. Hands Willi tliu Farmers and. Producers—A Gov ernment ICoad, Favored* /Vow the Xcio York Tribune , June 19. An adjourned mooting of the businessmen in* toroHtod in tbo solution of tho railroad transpor tation problem was bold. yesterday afternoon at tbo Importers' and Grocers’ Coord of Trade at Wall and Pearl streets., Tbe object of tbo moot ing was to promote tbo organization of on asso ciation representing business interests which would bo an active and influential auxiliary to tbo American Cheap Transportation Association organized by tbo Producers' Convention at tbo Astor House in May. In a statement entitled tbo ** Commercial Interests of Now York as Ho latod to Our System of.Transportation," tbo pro moters of tbo organization say : “In pursuance of tbo spirit of tbo Producers' request, it is proposed to organize in this city an auxiliary association from among tbo substan tial merchants, who represent so largo a portion of tile commerce of tbo nation. When wo reflect upon tbo immense sums paid by our merchants and tboir customers for transportation, and how inseparably our business interests aro linked with this question, it is a matter of wonder that business men have not before formed an associa tion to protect their interests against the com pactly organized combinations which the rail ways have made, in order that they might dictate terms to shippers and receivers of freight. “ Tho question of what projects will do under taken is of groat interest to evory merchant, manufacturer, or real estate owner in this city. Tiro Southwest is pushing tbo project of an improvement in tbe navigation of the Mississippi lUvor, thus obtaining an outlet via Now Or leans ; a Congressional excursion party is now inspecting this route, under tho auspices of the City of St. Louis. A convention of Governors has just boon bold at Atlanta to consider tho advisability of a canal through Georgia to tbo port of Brunswick or Savannah. Tbo middle section of tho Western States ore advocating a canal through Virginia, uniting tbo waters of, tbo Kanawha and James Rivers, while tbo North west i& pushing a system of improvement, prominent among which ore the Miolugan Ship Canal and a canal around Niagara Falls. Tho project of a now canal through our own State, uniting tho waters of Lake Champlain and the Hudson, was put forward in our last Legisla ture, but as it had not boon sufficiently studied and considered, was postponed until . next session. All the above-mentioned schemes are as yet only on paper, hut, Canada; in pursuance of • a law passed by tho last Dominion Parliament, is at work enlargingthe Welland Canal, which, as soon as completed,willuudoubtodlyaddlavgolyto the considerable amount of trade she has already diverted from Now York. All of tho above con template transportation'by canal, but there are many practical and shrewd men who think that the relief wo seek must oomo from developing and improving our system of railways. “As at present conducted, freight is carried over passenger roads, aud all our calculations of tho copacity of railways for freight purposes and the cost of such transportation have boon based upon tbo result of suen mixed traffic. When wo reflect that freight trains are obliged to keep out of tho way of passenger trains, and under favorable conditions cannot run more than one quarter of tho time, we con see under what disadvantage wo labor. With a double track rood exclusively for freight, goods can bo laid down iu Chicago, Cincinnati, or Bfc. Louis from Now York iu about throe days, while tho average at present is about ion days, the saving in interest alone upon tho immense value of goods constantly In transit would in a few years go far toward paylug the cost of con structing snob a road, to say nothing of tho sav ing in tho oxponso, estimated by good judges at ouo-holf tbo present rates. If the delays, un certainties, and expense of tbo present system wore thus modified, Now York merchants could increase tboir business relations with tho West to au almost unlimited extent } Western mer chants could carry smaller stocks and do busi ness upon loss capital, and, indeed, such a road would bo a financial safety-valve to tho whole country, because groin and other produce could bo forwarded to tbo East at all seasons instead of accumulating at tho prin cipal Western shipping ports during tho Winter as it now does, tying up vast amounts of capital which, if liberated, could bo kept in mo tion, supplying the West with the manufactures of tho East, and tho East with tho produce of tbo West. * “No matter how much wo improve and in oroaso our facilities for canal transportation, a largo portion of the produce of the West, such as live stock, Ac., as well as much of thomauu factures of the East, must always bo moved by rail, and it would seem that roads exclusively for freight are now a necessity. It is said that the Now York Central, and also the Pennsylvania llailroad, are preparing to lay down a double track exclusively for freight; doubtless this would greatly increase their capacity, but it is also probable that Messrs. Vanderbilt and Scott will pocket most of the Increased earnings, and that the people will got but a very slight abate merit on tho charges now current on those roads. A freight road to bo of much bouoiit to tho people must bo buiit and owned (but not opera ted) by the Government. “Such a road, built and owned by tho Nation al Government, could not bo forced into com bination with tiro present monopolies, as every private Hue bos boon which has promised com petition and boon built for that purpose: and when such a lino bad demonstrated at what price freight could actually bo carried at a fair profit, tho private monopolies would havo to approxi mate their charges to those of tho Government' rood. This road should be free to any cor poration who would put rolling-stock on ft and operate it under a general railway law. charging rates not over 7 per cent on actual capital Invest ed. Under such a system, New York merchants could havo a lino of their own; Boston, Phila delphia, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Chicago, tit. Louis, and all other principal cities and sections of country whoso Interests justified, could; without trouble, stock a transportation company, and have their freight carried for cost. It is tho abuses of the present railway system, the inside 11 rings," the swindling man agomont, tho “Credit Mobllior" freight linos, and tho watering of tho stock which make it necessary for railway companies to ohargo tho Srloo of four hushols of com at tho plaoo of nro uotion to got ono bushel to. market, and wo would hero ask, What Is tho difference to tho producer whether ho loses three-quarters of tho product of his labor by afailuro in tho crop, or whether it is absorbed by tbo above abuses ?' And of tbo commercial men of Now York wo would ask tills question, What is tho difforonco to you whether the crops fail so that you havo none to export, or whothor those abuses raiao tho prico at tho Boaboard so that the world can not afford to buy them ? In either caso you do not do tho businoßß, but in tho lailnc caso some other city may—by pro viding facilities and avoiding tha above-named evils—secure the commerce which you loso. Importing merchants, however, may Hay that tho auostion does not interest them, booauHo.thoy do not export any produce, but wo maintain that it does interest thorn, because if tho producer does not got anything for his produce ho wilt not bo able to buy ami pay for Imported goods, bo tboy ovor ho dcsiraulo and nccosßftry. “ It is not intended tlmt this movement Blip'll bo a political ono, any further than tho present monopolies compel it to bo. If our present log- Isidore aro controlled by tuo corporations to so. ?roat an extent that wo cannot obtain relief, hen wo lutond to havo a voting constitution strong enough, so that corrupt legislators may bo retired to private lifo and men nut in their places, a majority of whom cannot no bribed ta betray tho interests of tho people. It is essen tially a people's movement, for it promises In creased facilities for commerce, cheaper food fox tho people, a reform in publio morals, and is a practical stop toward Civil-Service reform.. "Tho moro immediate results which an asso ciation of Now York merchants can accomplish, and which alono aro of great value, arc aa fol lows: At present Now York is competing fer tile trade of tho West, at a disadvantage, with* Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Boston, and tho av erage . rate from those cilios to principal points. West is from- ID to 25 cents nor 100 pounds cheaper than from Now York. The reason for this may ho found in tho fact that in Baltimore tho Baltimore & Ohio Bond is largely owned by* Baltimore merchants, and is operated in tho in terest of that oily. In Philadelphia the Barns' may ho said of tho Pennsylvania Central Bail road. In Boston tho same 1b truo in regard ta tho Now England and Oraud Trunk Bonds, while in Now York, tho groat metropolis of the nation, the trunklines, to cho West aro owned by acliqua of stock-jobbers who havo noposslblo interest in tho commerce of tho city beyond squeezing the largest possible amount from it that can be obtained, regardless of tho fublo of tho gooss and tho golden ogg. It Is a well known fact that during tho past year largo quantities of goods jhavo noon shipped from Now York to tho Wool via Beaton. Such a state of tilings in anomalous, unjust, and reflects but littlo credit upon the ability and enterprise of tho merchants of Now York. Tho combined influence of COO or 1,000 prominent Now York houses can doubtless rem edy tho matter, and if no redress can bo ob tained in this way, wo ought, without difllculty, to control capital when combined with our West ern connections to build a merchants’ road ta competing points West. It is not probable, how over, that such a Contingency will arise, bocauso when wo, show our power wo can obtain redress. Tho transportation companies havo always had a combination, co-oporating with each other for their mutual profit. Why should not tho mor ’ chants do tho eamo thing ?" Tho gentlemen present represented various commercial interests, formally organized for do ’ liberation by tho election of William Duryea aa Chairman and F, B. Thurhor os Secretary. After \ a short consultation it was decided to appoint ' William O. Browning, F. B. Thurhor, and Messrs. Fairfield, Martin, and VVymau a committee to draft a constitution and take necessary measures 1 for calliug a publio mooting of business men to 1 act in tho matter. Tho mooting thou adjourned 1 to oomo togotbor again at tho call of tho oflicors. —la a widower a married man ? The authori ties of Oxford University recently refused a fel lowship on the ground that, being a widower, ha was not unmarried I It was a hard cose. The poor man had lost his wife and his fellowship too. 13ut the Earl of Pembroke afterwards de cided thaj a widower is unmarried, and gave him the fellowship. Which Is right ? If a widower is not on unmarried man, would ho not bo guilty of bigamy wore hu to marry again ? SPECIAL NOTICES. A Reinforcement Demanded. When the system begins to wilt under tho effects of the first “boated term,’* Ills obvious that it ought to ho re- Inforcod and sustained by wholesome stimulation. To re sort to tbe adulterated liquors of cnmmorco In such a crisis, os too many do, is tbo height of Infatuated folly. All suob fiery stimulants have a sting. After tbo first ef fect has passed away, that sting is folt. Tho reaction it terrible. Tho prostration of body and mind which onsuct is moro complete than before. Hut tho operation of a. medical tonic llko Hostetler's Stomach Bitters, in wblola extracts of tho rarest remedial herbs and roots are blended, with tho spirituous essence of ryo, puro and undofiled, U very different. No unpleasant reaction follows Its use. It U a permanent, a perpetual invigorant, and thoro Is no phuso of debility. Indigestion, biliousness, nervousness, or intermittent fovor which It will not speedily cure. ON THE BREAKFAST, LUNCHEON, DINNER AND SUPPER TABLE, LEU & PERMS’ ¥01065161* Banco IS INDISPENSABLE. JOHN DUNCAN’S SONS, Now York, Agents for tho United States. Dutclicr’s Lightning Fly Killer Swoops all boforo It, Bogus imitations are being crowd ed off. Look out for them. Ask for Dutohor'e, the old original article, and lake no other. STOVES. RANGES. &c. tSBSSSiL4 First 89 ® Am.lns. Premium M Ea 1871. Double Elevated Oven, Warming Closet, Broiling Dow, Pender Guard, Dumping and Shaking Urate, Direct Draft. FULLER, WARREN CO., Munufucturertf, Troy, N. Y» D2IIICE HOUSES—York, ClOTolinl ul Chicago. Diamond & RUBY FURNACES. JAMES A. LAWSON, Patentee. ' For ITcating Churches, School Houses, Public Build ings uud Private Residences. FULLER, WARREN & CO., Iflßiiufactm*«rg, Troy, N. 7« . DHAHCH QODCES—How Tori, Clevebcl mi fITEWAR -OTOVES. 1073 Fattorn. Fon Sals by FULLER WARREN 4 00„ . M and W) Lako-st., Chicago, Also a lull asaortmoat of Blovoa. DRY GOODS. SUMMER STYLES. Prices Donjo Close, nELD,m&c&. State and Twentieth, and Madison and Markot-sts., Havo still further reduced tho prices of their Cloaks and Suits, embracing all the seasonable novelties. Cash mere Holmans, Bhawlottos, Talmas, Prou Prous, Sleeveless Jackets, Boublo Capos, Swiss Suits, Over skirts with , Bretollos, Polonaises, Organdie do., do.. Embroidered and Plain Nainsook Suits, Lawn do., $5 upward, Lawn Polonaises, $4.25 to $22.60; Linen and Grass OlothSuito, Stull'Suits, decided bargains; Cam el’s Hair Cloth Bedingotes, all shades, very ohoicb; and a most ele gant lino ol fashionable Black and Colored Silk Suits, marked low and very desirable. 5

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