Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, June 24, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated June 24, 1873 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. Tinuo or BUDsompnoK (payaiuje in advanor). Parts of a at tho samo rate. To prevent delay and mistakes, bo sura and giro Pott OfT.ee addrott in full, Including Slate and Count}*. - Roralttanocs may bo mado oittior bydraft, express, Pott Office order, or in rer.tolored lot tors, at mr title. thumb to city olniflumuKita. Dally, delivered, Sunday cxcoptoti. % cent? por wook. Dally, delivered, Sunday Included, 80 contt per vrook. ▲ddroas TUB TRIBUNE COMPANY, Corner Madison and Dearborn-sts.. Chicago, 111. TO DAY'S AMUSEMENTS. AIKEN'S THEATRE-Wabash avenue, corner of Con gress street. Spectacular opera, "SStnoo." HOOLBY'S THEATRE-Randolph street, between Clark ftiui LaSalle. “Caito." MoVIOKKH'B THEATRE—Madison street, between Dearborn and Slate. Tho Katie Putnam Troupe. “ Capitals," ACADEMY OF MUSIC liable*! atreot, between Madison ami Monroe. Theatre Uoinluue OomulnoUon. AMPHITHEATRE—CIinton street, between Washing ton and Randolph. Cal Wagner's Minstrels. LENT'S CIRCUS AND MENAGERIE—State street, corner Twenty-second. BUSINESS NOTICES. ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY—WK SOLD IN Hankow, 10 Wall-aU P. O. uox 1685. Now York. BATCHELOR'S HAIR DYK, - THIS SPLENDID halrdyo is tho boatln tho world. Tho only truo ami per fect dvo. Hannlosi. reliable, andlnatantanoouaj nodlaap- Mlnlmon t; no ridiculous tint* or odioa tho 111 oilccta of bad eyes and washes. Prodnooa lm modlately a superb black or natural brown,, sod loaves the hnl r clean, to 1 1, .ml lio.uUhil. Tlw A. Batchelor. Bold by all dtuggUU, OllAltliKH BATCHELOR. Proprietor. N. Y. -©foe (2%stfaso Tuesday Morning, Juno 24, 1873. Several Chicago people woro Injured, but not very seriously, by tho destruction, near Rich mond, yesterday, of ouo of tho sleeping cars of tho express train for Cincinnati. -Tho workingmen of Spain and Switzerland who belong to tho International havo asked thoir associates of Now York for pecuniary sup port for n general strike which they Intend to make. Congressman Hurlbut, of this State, gives no tice that the West Point cadetship In his gift wIU bo awarded to the applicant who passes most successfully through a competitive exami nation to bo held at Elgin, July 8. A Jury is now being impaneled in Now York for tho trial of Mrs. Woodhull and her sister for publishing obscene papers. An attempt was made to secure delay on tho plea of Mrs. Wood hull’s illness, hut tho Court would not grout it. Congressman Dunnoll, who has taken frequent occasion to claim that ho voted against tho sal ary steal, Is shown by the official Journal of Con gressional proceedings to havo in truth dodged tho vote. It is further charged that, to support Ins falsehood, Mr. DunnoU attempted to got the journal clerk to tamper with the record and report him as voting against tho grab. In this bo failed, but bo succeeded in having such a change made In tho report published by the Olohe. - Tho County Board has unanimously passed a resolution condemning tho practice of putting innocent persons, who havo the misfortune to bo witnesses in criminal cases, into common jails along with hardened offenders. They suggest that such witnesses in ordinary cases should bo discharged on thoir own recog nizance, or on bail, if it can bo given, HUU tuejt Aowii*»**«»*»* ,i..uuoucD m the County Jail bo discharged without unnocos oary delay, whore such action can bo safely taken. Tho farmers and workingmen of Richland County, Ohio, met yesterday, pursuant to ad journment from tho 13th inst. They adopted resolutions to tho effect that both political parties bad shown themselves incompetent and untrust worthy both in local and national affairs, and they therefore resolved to sever former political ties and sock reform through now instrumen talities. The Convention was composed of Re publicans, Democrats, and Liberals, and tho candidates nominated for county officers and tho Legislature were taken from all thoso parties, to whom they owe no further allegiance. Superintendent Washburn's annual report gives some interesting criminal statistics. Dur ing tho year, $277,364 worth of property was stolon, of which only $95,898 was recov ered. There were 81,585 arrests, of which 019 wore on criminal charges. Tho Americans lead in numbers, 11,164 of them having been in custody; the Irish follow with 10,691; tho Gormans are next with 4,826. Drunkenness and disorderly conduct wore tho most frequent causes of arrest, numbering 24,012. Of those arrested, 8,097 had no occupation; carpenters aoom to bo the most disorderly of any of tho regular trades ; they contributed 846 arrests to tho record ; next to them are the masons, with 404. Mayor ModiU last night submitted a timely communication to tho Common Council concern ing tho sewerage question. Thoro ia no mu nicipal want which surpasses tho imperative necessity for a thorough system of city drain age. There aro 1,900 acres, or throo square miloe, which must be attended to at once if the health of thoir 100,000 inhabitants is to be preserved. This work, tho Mayor says, would cost $700,000, and ho rccommonda that a number of appropriations of minor importance bo postponed or reducod, and tho amount given to eoworago. In this way at least $711,000 can bo obtained, which will construct fifteen miles of sowor this year, and rescue 100,000 of tho labor ing poor out of tho very jaws of death. Tho memory of Lewis Tappau, who died, yes terday iu Now York, will always bo blended with that of bis brother Arthur. Tho two woro among tho moat earnest and honorable of tho early Abolitionists. Their father was a Revolu tionary patriot, and one of Boston’s merchants of Colonial days. His sons inherited from him tho business habits which gave them so high a commercial position in Boston and Now York, and tho lovo of liberty and tho public good which they have illustrated so admirably in their lives. Tho two brothers wero first asso ciated in business as dry goods merchants in Boston, and afterward in tho Tappan Mercantile Agency. They acquired largo fortunes in those pursuits, most of which they spent In large hearted philanthropies. Arthur died in 1806, aged 78; Lewis has died iu his 86th year. Tho Chicago produce markets wore moderate ly active yesterday, aud grain was flrpier. Moss pork was panicky, aud declined $1.60, closing at f 19.60@13.76 cash or seller July. Lard was dull, and 20@30c por 100 tbs lower, closing at sß.oo® 6.10. Meats wore dull and nominally unchanged, at 0%@%00 for shoulders, 8%@8%0 for short ribs, 8%®8%0 for short clear, and 0%@11%0 for sweet pickled hams. Lake freights wore active and lo lowor, at 5%@00 for com to Buffalo. Hlghwinca ' wore quiet and steady, at 8f)o por gallon. Dour was more active, and a shade easier. Wheat was quiet and %(§>%o higher, closing at $1.20 cash, and $1.10% seller July. Corn was active, and lo higher, closing at 20%@800 for regular, and 83%0 seller July. Oats wore quiet and advanced 10, closing at 270 cash, and 27$fo seller July. Ryo was dull and la lowor, at about 600. Barley was quiet and unchanged, at 60®530 for poor to good No. 2. Uogs wore in excessive supply and lowor, closing weak at $*1.20@4.0f1. Cattle wore easy at 10@15o decline. Sheep remain quiet and unchanged. Tho Canada Pacific Railroad scheme seems to hang fire. Almost insurmountable obstacles aro constantly springing up in its way, until its pro jectors begin to despair. Tho details of tho road are not yofc worked out. Tho track Is but half explored, and tho agents who aro control ling its financial prospects in England seem to bo unablo to convince tho English capitalists that there la any sure foundation to the project or any woll-doflned source of revenue, and, lu addition, have to labor against tho serious disad vantage that English capital Is just now seeking investment In tho Asiatic linos which aro to con nect India witUEnropo. Besides this, tho wholo influence of tho Grand Trunk Road has boon brought to bear against it. Commenting upon tho discouraging prospects of the scheme, tho Manitoban says: “ A railroad lino of some sort is necessary to us, and wo want it at once. Wo have boon forbidden to'build our own Pembina Road; tho Pacific is too tedious an offer for us to wait for. Wo wont tho Government, or tho Company, or whoever may bo responsible for in terfering with our own froo action, to begin a road of somo kind without delay.’* It is reported that tho Altoruoy-Qonoral of Illinois bos given an opinion, informally, that tho Illinois Railroad law applies to freight in iranaitu to and from other States, as well as to that destined to points within the limits of Illi nois. Tho absurdity of such an opinion, if it bos been given, may bo illustrated by supposing that it was for tho interest of Illinois to fonco tho State of lowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, and Minnesota off from tho Eastern markets altogether. The geographical position of this State is very favorable to such an enterprise. That of Indiana Is equally favorable for tho erection of a wall against Illinois pro duce, and that of Ohio is well adapted to circum vent both Indiana and Illinois. Wo can conceive of a very happy condition of affairs brought about by a general application of such a rule. Our understanding of tho matter is, that tho pro vision of the Constitution which gives Congress the power to roguloto iutor-Stato commerce was intended expressly to prevent tho several Slates from fencing each other in, and that it was upon this ground that tho Supremo Court declared tho tax levied by tho State of Maryland upon each passenger ticket sold by tho Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, over thoir Washington branch, void. In this decision it was hold that any impediment placed in tho way of tho free and natural transit of persons and property from one State to another, by a State Legislature, was unconstitutional. Any different rule would bo especially disas trous to a State situated os far from the soa- elude that tho report concerning Attorney-Gen eral EdsaU's opinion is erroneous. PARTY PLATFORMS. In the literature of the present day there is no more ceaseless, unmeaning jargon of words and phrases than the resolutions or “platforms” of political parties. The Republicans of Maino have just gone through the operation of passing a series of resolutions which, beyond their av erage stupidity, have no special interest. They first resolved that the principles of the Repub lican parky, as administered by the Republican party, bad proved by their results that the party was the true reform party, aud was essential to 1 tho welfare of tho nation and the mainte nance of the intoroßtsaudUbortlos of tho people. Having thus declared that tho party was all that was needed to prevent corruption, thoy pro ceeded to denounce tho grant of lands and moneys made to railroads by that party sinco it has been in power, and declared that tho policy of subsidy tended towards prodigality and corrup tion. Thoy further that all Credit Mo bilior transactions woro'dishonoat, and, while de manding pure, official conduct, and tho punish ment of unfaithful men, virtu ally applauded tbo action of Congress In refusing to punish men convicted of bribery, and tbo action of tho Presi dent in appointing ouo of tho guilty to a high diplomatic office. They further cite, as evidence that tbo maintenance of tbo Republican party is all that is needed to preserve tho purity of legislation, tho passage of tho salary-grab law, “by which nearly $5,000 were voted to each member foraornoos already paid for,” the' Repu blican party having a two-thirds majority in each House, and tho act hoiug approved by a Republican President; they, therefore, demand that the Republican party shall repeal “an aot so disgraceful to Congress and odious to tho people,” which was passed by a Repub lican Congress, and approved by a Republican President. Tide some Convention declared that tho salary-grab law, enacted by the Republican party, and approved by tho Republican Presi dent, was passed in violation of the last national platform of tho party. If this bo so, bow is tbo | matter to be remedied by passing another plat j form which has no binding force on anybody outside of Maine, and has not forco enough there to induce the members of Congress to restore tho hoclc-poy to tho Treasury? Tho political platform basilicas is played out; and nowhere more so than in tbo Btato of Maine. Tho cry of party, and party obligations, and party purity, bavo hocomo simply disgusting. Party in Maine, as else where, simply moans office-holding. Hero is an instance j lu tho Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Congressional Districts in Maino there is a swarm of potky Federal officers nominally ap pointed to collect tho internal revenue, How much revenue thoy collect, and how much it costs to collect it, oan bo soon from tho follow ing exhibit IHrtriett, Vax colhchd, fiatarfra. Per cent. .. .say,3Hu.B7 n.m.m iojr ... 33,370.53 6,431.05 ]UW .... a0.W3.W1 7 t 33UH lU# ... Us.yil.Hl O.mci 34 The average cost of collecting tho tax is 20.68 per cent of tho gross collection, but tho Repub lican State Convention of Maine had nothing to say of this wholesale raid upon the Treasury by office-holders j they did not quote from tho fim CHICAGO ‘DAILY I'RIBUNE: TUESDAY, JUNE 24, 1«73. Declaration of Independence that George had “erected a multitude of now offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people and oat our substance,” or declare that the Republican party bad levied enormous taxes, and sent to Maine a swarm of officers, who re ceived over 20 per cent of tho gross collections for their own compensation. Tho holdings of these 20 per cent commission offices Is precisely tho solo object of having any Republican party In Maine. WAGES OF LABOR. pt oonrso woaro “protecting American la /tior.” There can bo no doubt about that. Do not tho apostles of protection toll us that, if this blessed system wore removed, all our laborers would starve in idleness, or olso ho “ ground down ” by capital to such wages os “ the pauper labor of Europe” receives? Yet census reports raiso unhealthy doubts in tho mind oven of tho most dovout protectionist. Por example: there is tho matter of wages. How can a protectionist, however dovout, arrive at a realizing sense of his blessings, when ho receives lowor wages than he did in 1800, under free trade? To tho pocket, If not to tho mind, such a slate of things will suggest tho distress ing inquiry whether protection protects. And if, infected with a desire for facts, ho searches the census volumes, and discovers that, a largo majority of Amorlcan laborers aro in tho same predicament, will ho not demand an explana tion ? According to tho census reports, tho amount paid in wages, tho number of hands employed, and tho average yearly wages of each hand, in all branches of manufacture in 1850,18C0, and 1870, wore as follows : Hands Wage * year. Wapea paid.' employed. tier head. 1851) |2.’!n,75r5,464 057,039 $257.82 1800 878,878,000 1,311,240 288.94 1870 775,684.343 2,053,090 377.69 1870 In Bold, average rate census year, 120>£ 301.27 Increase under froo trade, $257.82 to (288.94, or 12 11-100 per cent. Increase under protection, $288.94 to $301.27, or 4 20-100 per cotyt. Now, it is eminently disgusting to the pro tected American laborer to find that, during ton. years of free trade, bis wages advanced over 12 per cent, while during ton years of protection they havo advanced only about 4 per coot. Tho poor man first doubts tho correctness of the in formation, but searches tho census volumes and finds tho facts just' as wo havo stated them. Then ho questions whether tho rate of premium for gold is correct, but official records show him that 125>6 was tho average price during tho twelve months ending May 81, 1870, during which tho wages wore paid and used. Then ho doubts his reason, and won ders whether “protection” has really rob bed him of about two-thirds of that increase of wages which, if a benevolent gov ernment had lot him alone,, free trade would by this time hav# given him. It behooves Messrs. Carey, Kelley, and Maynard to explain this ugly fact immediately. Do they think tho workmen such idiots that they will vote for a system which robs them of thoir natural increase of wages ? But whilo they are busy explaining, the work man may happen to remember that tho prices of a groat majority of articles bought with his wages, and tho cost of living, havo increased sinco 18C0 much more than tho 25X per cent which measures tho depreciation of currency. Knowing that It coats him mote in gold to livo and to support a family than it did before tho war, it occurs to him that this difference in tho purchasing power of tho wages of all manufacturing employes must more than con sume tho pitiful 4 per cent of Increase which protection has given. Being a devout protcc uuußi, uuu u»(ui b uwvuduij warned that tho Special Commissioner of tho Revenue, Mr. Wells, had boon “bought with British gold,” ho did not pay much attention to tho statistics by which that person tried to provo that tho cost of living had increased GO per cent. Bat—alas! for tho trials of the faithful I—another offi cial, oven now in charge of a Bureau of tho Treasury Department, himself a devout protec tionist, has nevertheless printed a report, dated in 1670, on tho cost of labor and subsistence in tho United States, which proves pretty much tho same thing ; and, finally, the Superintendent of tho Census, who has not yet boon accused of taking British gold, has declared in hispublishod volumes that, according to tho best information ho can got, the average increase in tho prices of all products of manufacturing and mechanical labor has been CO per cent. With groat sadness tho American laborer is forced to confess that his experience in purchases and his empty pocket strongly con firm tho testimony of thoso persons. And yet, if this bo true, tho wages of 1870 oro actually worth loss than tho wages of 18G01 To tho con fiding and much-protected laborer, it is a shock ing discovery that tho $877.69 in currency, tho average wages of all manufacturing laborers in 1870, was equal in purchasing power to only $242.04 of the wages of 1860, and yet “British free trade” then gave an average of $288.04, or $46.90 more in actual value, or purchasing power, than protection gives ! What! robbed of 16 1-5 per cent of his wages by tho blessed system of protection ? Why, tea years of free trade gavo him more than 12 per cent increase in real value, because aver age prices wore lower in 1860 than in 1860. In stead of that, does his paternal system give him a loss of 16 per cent ? By this time, tho pious protectionist laborer begins to get initiated, and wants to know what in tho mischief his benevo lent rulers moan 1 Professing such anxiety to bettor bis condition, have they not only robbed him of all tho natural increase of wages, hut of one-sixth of their value lu 1860 besides ? Tho laborer aforesaid will ho blessed if ho will stand this sort of thing 1 Does not anybody got any benefit from this system ? The grist-mills yield a larger product iu value tbun auy other branch of manufacture, according to lUo census, and yet the men em ployed there, according to tho ofllcial report, average lower wages in curroucy than they re ceived in 18(10 iu gold, and so do the men em ployed in saw-mills, and so do the blacksmiths, while tho carpenters average for 1870 Just as many paper dollars as they did gold dollars In 1800. Tho coopers, tho plasterers, and tho pain tors, it appears, receive in wagosamuah smaller proportion of tho value of tho product, or work done, than they did'under free trade, Who hold tho prizes when so many have drawn blanks in this big lottery ? Who are tho potd of protection—tho favored few who monop olize tho honodts, whilo tho rest pay higher prices and get lower* wages ? Tho salt-boilers ? Yes, their wages have much more than doubled; in 1860 they received 8 cents, and in 1870 (1 % cents, a bushel. Tho glassmakors, sugar-rofln ors, and workers In some Iron and woolen estab lishments have gained largely. But, taking out those employed in these, in cotton, silk, rubber, paper, and copper establishments,— only 488,4*17 persons out of 2,058,000, or about ouo-flfth.—wo find that all tho rest, 1,015,510 American labor ers employed in manufactures, received In 1870, under tho blessed system of protection, only an average of $207.03 in gold 'each, whereas tho laborers employed In tlio samo in dustries in 1800 under froo trade av eraged SBOO.OO In gold 1 Wo hog to know why one-fifth of tho protected workmen should got all .tho benefits, while tho rest got loss wages in gold, and very much lota in actual value, than they did under froo trado ? Shall tho four-fifths fervently bless Messrs. Carey, Kelley, Maynard A Co. for this groat mercy ? They are robbed of part of their wages, those sixteen hundred thousand workers, in order that four hundred thousand, in oartoin pot industries, may make cloth, iron, copper, gloss, rubber goods, paper, sugar, salt, for us,— though, If lot alone, thoy would mako those samo things for us at half tho cost, and if thoy did not wo could buy thorn from abroad for about half 1 But how much do tho four hundred thousand aristocrats of American Industry got for thoir services ? Not enough to mako thorn hotter off than thoy woro without protection in 18001 Tho sixteen hundred thousand aro really plundered for nothing. For tho four hundred thousand havo actually realized an average Increase In wages of only 57 por cont, and yot tho cost of living h&o increased 60 per cent! “Curse this census!" tho devout believer in protection may exclaim; “it seems to prove that our groat system does no good to any class of American laborers at all I*’ Well, that is about what it proves. Tho people who aro benefited aro evidently not tho workmen for whom certain economists and Congressmen pro tend to bo so anxious. All tho formers, all the consumers of manufactured goods, and four fifths of tho manufacturing laborers, aro robbed —and tho other fifth of tbo laborers gets only enough of tho money to barely compensate for tho increase of prices which this blessed system produces,’ Now, Messrs. Carey, Kolloy, May nard & Co. please toll the somewhat worried American laborer, who begins to suspect that ho* has boon “protected " just a shade too much, whore oil that money has gone! American la bor stands hero with empty pockets, and is dear ly not in possession of tho plunder. But some body has beau cobbed* Who has tho money ? THE POLICY OF INTIMIDATION. Some days ago wo reprinted an article from tho Alodo (111.) Banner relative to a species of Intimidation adopted by somo of tbo partisans of Mr. Craig in tho late judicial election in tho Fifth District. Wo reprint to-day another arti cle from tbo samo journal, along with a letter from one of its subscribers discontinuing his paper (( oßsoonaa tbo now postage law takes effect," which indicates thatthls policy is to bo maintained in some quarters. It will bo soon that tbo editor of tho Alodo Banner does not scare worth a cent. It will also bo soon that ho occupies a thoroughly consistent and defensible position, by which ho is willing to stand or fall. Tho relations between tho Alodo Banner and Mr. Winger give a fair illustration of tho danger that threatens tho formers 1 movement, viz: That of foiling to rocognizo honesty, virtue, or opposition to monopoly in any one who refuses to applaud and indorse tho most extreme measures that anybody else can invent. For instance, proscribing any one who opposes the policy of making tho decisions of courts subordinate to the decrees of town- mootings. • The opposition of the Alodo Banner to monop oly has boon as steadfast as that of any journal m junnols, and it defies Its withdrawing sub scriber, or anybody else, to point to a Unoin its columns which may bo Justly construed olhorwiso. Tho singlo offense of tho journal was supporting Judge Lawrence for re-oloctiou, on tho ground that ho was a more trust worthy opponent of monopoly than a man who would consent to bo a candi date on a platform which undertook to interpret the law. For this, it seems, tho Alodo Banner and some other papers in tho district are to bo 14 spotted," just as certain persons on election day threatened to “spot” tho merchants who did not vote for Craig, and to withdraw their oustom on this account. Tbo Banner pro poses to abide by this issue, and to stand or fall upon tho ground it has taken. ’ Whatever may bo tho temporary disposition of a certain class of tho people, or into whatever extremes aud out rages they may ho betrayed by thoir passions and false loaders, it is on tho side of tho law, inter preted by independent, unpledged Judges, that tho controversy must finally bo decided. Tho law is broad enough not only to pro tect tho pooplo against tho extortion and abuses of tho monopolists, but also to protect them against tho follies that they themselves may commit in moments of blind rago. Violonco may stop in for a timo and assert a superior strength, but it will bo followed by no otbor re-, suits than punishment for those who commit it, and the roassortlou of tbo law after a useless sacrifice of timo and temper. When any class of pooplo seek to change tho im partial character of tho judiciary they enter upon a path that loads to either despotism or anarchy. Tho next stop is that of proscription, which, as it appears, has actually booq taken by some of those who succeeded in electing a class candi date to tho Supremo Court. Proscription and intimidation havo but one outcome. In a mon archy, they load to absolute despotism; in revo lution, they lead to Jacobinism or Communism; iu a republic, they may load to either of those results; but, in every case, they moan a loss of liberty and the subjection of tho weaker to tho : stronger. Just now, tho farmers may bo tho stronger, and, when thoy undertake to elect representative Judges on thoir own platforms, thoy may succeed, hut for every .Judge bought with votes thoro will ho two bought with money. So, in tho way of proscription, tho landless will some day make tho land-owners regret that thoy over stopped upon this dangerous ground. Tho course of the French Devolution was liko that of a herd of buffaloes, where those in tho roar ore forever pushing those iu front over a precipice. It is not at all impossible that tho Laborers and Maids may got tho upper hand of tho Husbandmen aud Matrons yet. Thoy will bo vpry likely to do so If thoy aro taught that law is a mere question of numbers, and that decisions of. courts aro to bo made and unmade at tho ballot-box. There is as yet no moans of knowing to what oxtont the policy may go which has so far boon ebaroo aoterizod by electing a Judge on a platform, by “spotting" men at tbo polls, by proscribing country newspapers, and by other species of in timidation. Wo only know that every now step taken in this direction is nearer to danger, iu which tho formers, as an Industrious, hardwork ing, conscientious but somewhat misguided class of people, who havo heretofore found protection under tho law, would suffer eventually as fieri- ously itß any other class in ibis country. Wo know, too, that ibis policy is foolhardy oa well aa vicious, because there Is a speedier and more efficacious means of obtaining the relief which the farmers demand. Judge Lawrence pointed it out before ho loft the Dench, and Judge Craig, whom Hr. Winger and hlu sort havooloctod, can not do otherwise than follow the course which the Supremo Court has indicated without Involv ing themselves in worse trouhlo than that from

which thoy arc trying to oscapo. NOTES AND OPINION. Tire Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, having completed nothing In six mouths hut to vote $2,C00 to each of its members, will take a recess now, until the third Tuesday in October. There Is a groat outcry that tbo Convention has proved a dignified and expensive sham. —The Boston Journal says of the resolutions adopted by tho Maine Republicans, in State Convention, last week: These 1,200 mon reflect tho popular fooling of dis content with recent event* in Congreta. Mot led thereby to renounce. In a rago or In hot hasto, tholr old political connections, especially to form now onos with parties which furnish noguarantoo of reform, thoy are not deterred by any considerations as to tho sonsi tlvonoss of any promlnout Republicans, in Maine or olsowhoro, from denouncing that most monstrous of nil recent deliberate Congressional abuses, tbo '* salary-grab M and tbo mode In which It won passed. .... 'When tho timo comes, and in our opinion that tfrao la note and always, tho party in this Com monwealth must take tbo enmo ground and uphold it, no matter who derives benefit from tho agitation or who Is condemned by it. —Tbo platform of tho Maine Republicans con demns the hack-salary grab, and demands its re peal. It also denounces tho practice of loading appropriation hills with jobbing riders, as in tho case of tho salary act. Every Republican Con vention which has thus far assembled has taken the highest ground on this question, and tho sentiment of tho party has boon unmistakably declared.— Albany (JV. P.) Evening journal. —The Maine Republicans agree with those of every other State in which conventions have boon hold since March, in emphatic denuncia tion of the Credit Mobilior frauds and of tho hock-pay swindle, and In calling for tho repeal of the disgraceful salary-act. Probably, to tbo surprise ot tho advocates of this bill, the public sentiment against it docs not blow over, and oven Butler finds it advisable to deny its author-, ship. —Hartford (Ct.) Courant. —lt is timo for tho Republican party to arouso from tho apathy which follows victory. It must thrust from its ranks tho base mon who follow its flag only for tho spoils, and it must inscribe “honesty*'anew on its banners. It cannot bo denied that Maine has sot a nohlo r oxamplo to Massachusetts. —Worcester (Mass.) tfazctlc. —The IVdfchman and Jicjlccior thinks that In view of Qon. Butler's connection with tho “hack pay affair ” quiet would soom to be tho best word for him. But tho people do not propose to keep quiet on that httlo “affair.” —Jlostan Journal. —Boformors id general, would, wo think, look upon tho nomination aud election of Don. P. Butler as Governor of Massachusetts with mingled regret and satisfaction. They aro con strained to feel sorrow that tho ruling party in our country should have fallen to so low a status in Congress and out of it, but havo a shrewd notion that when things oomo to tho worst they must mend, and that nothing is worso than Butler.—Jhijfalo (2f. Y.) Courier. —Tho Congressional salary grab has excited more indignation than any other legislative act of tho docado. Tho conspirators took it for granted that tho outrage would soon bo forgot ;on by tho public. But ago only gives freshness to tho agitation. Tho newspapers, Irrespective of party, aro as fail of it as immediately after tho adjournment.— Avalanche, —Senator Carpenter's constituents having be come obtrusively inquisitive in regard to his retroactive remuneration, that gentleman pro poses to lay before them at Janesville, next Thursday, tho reasons which charmed away his conscientious scruples in that matter.—Pitts burgh (Pa.) Gazette. —Senator Carpenter will give his reasons why ho supported tho grab bill, at Janesville, Wis., on tho 2Gtn. Ho will havo a happy timo in con vincing tho tax-payors that Congress nctfA wisely in voting away $1,600,000 of tho people’s money. —Pittsburgh (Pa.) Post. —Senator Carpenter has undertaken and ac complished a great many big things in his life; but no bos never confronted a job equal in mag nitude of its difficulty to that to which ho pro poses to address himself on tho 2Gth. Ho is booked for a speech in which ho “will satisfy tho public of tho justice of tho back-pay busi ness but is a shoot wasto of time for him or any other mau to attempt to con vince tho people that thoro was anything else but downright robbery in tho voto which took a million aad a half of tho people's money out of tho Treasury to furnish back-pay to tho members of tho last Congress. Hr. Carpenter is an eloquent man, but it’ be wants to make his eloquence carry conviction this timo, ho must address it to tho inmates of a lunatic asylum or tho inmates of a Penitentiary. Those aro tho only two classes likely to bo charmed by his speech of tho 20th.— St. Louis Democrat, —Senator Carpenter is going to make a speech in defense of tho 44 back-salary larceny," as it is callod by somo of tho organa of Senator Carpen ter's party, at Janesville, Wis., on tho 26th mat. Mr. Carpenter voted for tho act, and mode a clear $6,000 by tho voto •, '.indeed, counting tho increase for the two remaining years of his Senatorial term, ho makes SIO,OOO by it. The Senator is a man of ability, and will do all ho can to justify tho bill and silence tho com plaints of the Bopublican press about it. But thoro is ouo who can do moro to sileuco those complaints in a dozen lines than Senator Car penter can in a dozen columns; and, as ho is tho chief beneficiary of tho “ larceny," wo suggest to tho offending Bopublican Senators aud mem bers tbo propriety of having him speak in de fense of it. A little clause iu the next Prosi- dontial message declaring that tbo Salary bill was a necessary, wise, and patriotic act would aot like au iuatantancoua extinguisher upon thoßO Administration papers tbat aro protending to denounce it.— St. Louis JJepubhcan. —Called to account, thoso engaged in robbing tbe Treasury snap tbdir fingers and laugh in the Subtle face, because they bad secured elections i advance. The people cannot got at them for two years, and by tbat time they expect an abatement of national disgust, wo Uuuk they will be mistaken.— S(. Paul Pioneer. —lt will astonish the people of Maine that the name of John A. Potors does not appear in this list of Congressmen who bavo refunded. • What is tho explanation ? But for tbo supposed re turn of this money bo could not have obtained from Gov. Parham tbo appointment as Judge. Ho must bavo returned tbo back pay. If bo has not, tbo Supremo Bench will be too hot a seat for him. —Portland (Mo.) Argus. —lt is reported tbat fourteen out of seventy four Senators bavo returned wlmt is called “backpay” to the Treasury, and that thirty two out of two hundred and forty-throe mem bers of tbo Houso bavo followed tbo example of tbo fourteen. This manifestation of public vir tue all relates to tbo increased pay for the For ty-second Congress. ir/io willbo the first to re store this excess of png for the current Congress? If tbo rato of pay was too groat for tbo former Congress, it is also too great for tbo present Congress.— Washington Chronicle. —Tbo rago for inordinate gain bos degraded our politics, filled tbo balls of Congress with : creatures of tbo lobby, lowered tbo standard of statesmanship, aud made tbo favors of tho Presidency a toward for pecuniary favors shown. The M signs of tbo times indi cate tbat tbo day is not far distant when tbo corrupt mummou-worsbipora will bo burled in darkest oblivion.— Partington (iris.) Democrat. —Tbo people aro marshaling tboir forces to upset a government Of conniption. Tboy must throw off allegiance to party, turn from old as sociations,—tho dearer because tbo memory of thorn twines about tbe heart, —aud bccomo free to mnko one more effort for tho regeneration of tbo Bopubllo.—/.atomics (Kas.) Standard. . —Republican aud other presses tbat do not boliovo in tbo farmers' movement, aud who do not think it will “bo more than a shower,” would do well to study tho inscriptions upon tho ban ners in a procession of 0,000 farmers In Law rence, a few days sinco .If this does not moan business, if it does not moan revolution of political parties, wo confess our selves at a loss to properly interpret plain lan guage.—Memphis Avalanche. —By tho way, tho Grange movement among tho farmers of Minnesota Is more formidable than many suppose. There is u mighty sight of humbug in it, still it is carrying away thousands of farmers under tbo lead of such demagogues os Donnelly and others. A great Grange mass meeting at Nortbiiold yesterday was addressed by Donnelly, Ara Barton, and others. Five’ thou sand persons aro reported present and tbo pro cession a mile long. Unless pains bo taken to explode the humbug, it will make troublo in tho agricultural districts.— Duluth Tribune (organ). —Tbo Grangers of Louisa County, lowa, bavo determined to commit felo do sc. wo learn from tbo Wapello Jlepublican that at a delegate moot ing in that place on tbo 14th inst., at which twen ty-one Oranges wore represented, it was resolved to call a mass-mooting of farmers on tho first Saturday In August, for tbo purpose of nominal- ing a county ticket, to bo supported at the Octo ber olootion. If ibnt Isn't mixing the Orange with politics, then what is it ?—Muscatine Jour • nai (organ). • . —The farmers, are not arraying themselves “as h class " against all otliora. They invito all to Join them who are in favor of reformation, in favor of a reduction of salaries of officers, in favbr of economy, in favor of overthrowing par tisan and ring rule, Thin does not suit the Republican, liven if the farmers should form the groatclass which would govern for the next year, it would be no moro than fair that they should, inasmuch as the thieves have, as a class, governed long enough.—DcsAfoincs leader. —The farmer is simply asking for justice and equality at the hands of tho law and the law created corporations, and tho mechanics, laborers, professional men, and all but a few speculators and capitalists, are uniting with blm. They will succeed In Illinois, lowa. Wisconsin, Mlnnoslo, and Kan sas. Indeed, they are destined to control tho National Government, and engraft In tho laws and upon the Constitution of the United Btates provisions applicable to tho whole Union which will effectually settle tho issue onoo and for alt —Manhattan (Kan.) Nationalist. —The railroads of Illinois had an excellent opportunity to break down all opposition to them among the farmers, by mooting tho latter half-way, and regulating the rates of freight in the spirit of tho law passed for that purpose. Lower rates of freight, gauged according to distance and no discrimination, would have satisfied tho people: but tho railroads have lost tho opportunity, ana have taken a course that must precipitate a fight In which they are sure to oomo off second best in tho end. To have K* 'od gracefully, at first, would have boon prudent and wise, whllo to fight a fight in which they cannot win is foolish beyond eom parison.r-PWslmroh (Pa.) Commercial —When the big dogs bark tho pups howl. Tills is tho way tho Administration papers* attack the farmers' movement. Throo months ago none woro so loud in expressing their advocacy of tho farmers' movement as such papers as tho Inter- Ocean, Taking their one from this paper, tho Dwight Star and Pontiac Sentinel express their faith in this fight. Now ibo Inter-Ocean, con trolled by and sustained by tho Administration, whips about lust so soon as it boos there is a oct of the movement amounting to on indo ink organization. Tho Sentinel and Star, allowing in tho load of itscontomporary, attacks tho movement, declaring it to bo a “ fifth wheel ” to the Democratic party, etc. They ore in favor of crushing out tho monopolies. O, yea 1 But when they see that tho farmers wish to aid themselves by organizing an independent politi cal machine, they denounce tho leaders as " po litical hacks," “ renegades," oto. They can’t swallow tho opposition manifested against tho protective tariff.— Pontiac (III.) Free Trader, THE JUDICIAL ELECTION. More About (ho ** Intimidatora” in Mercer County* From the AUdo {III.) Banner, A person who rushes himself into publlo print daring a fit of anger, or while straggling In tho coils of ignorance, is an ass. Richard Winger has rushed himself into publlo print daring a fit of anger, or while struggling in tho coils of ignoranco. Mr. Winger expresses tho fact that ho has had some Interest In the success of the JJanner, for which wo are grateful. Ho next classes tho JJanner along with Tub Chicago Tribune, as a monopoly paper, and says wo willfully abuse and misrepresent tho farm ing class. As to Mr. Winger’s attack upon The Tbihune, we are at a loss to understand what ho means. Wo have read The Tribune carefully for months, and would bo pleased to have Mr. Winger point out one single editorial in which tho spirit of monopoly pre vails. As to tho Banner being a paper working for tho monopolist, Us course will amply answer Mr. Winger’s statement. Wo ask ana defy the gentleman to point out ouo single editorial article wherein wo hav'o advocated monopolies. If ho does not do so, tho public will take it for granted that he has misrepresented willfully , and unless ho proves to tho public what ho so ewcepmgly assorts, no other name than falsifier will toll his position. Mr. Winger baa made a certain assertion, and wo now defy him to back it up with proofs. We agree perfectly with him in regard to the efforts of political backs to put themselves forward. Tor example of this wo otto him tho Princeton Convention. Mr. Winger further thinks that tho question on tho 2d of Juno was, “ Shall the people govern, or bo governed f ” The angry gentleman evident ly looks at the “ people” from onlya farmer’s standpoint. Ho scorns to think that the “ peo ple " are only composed of farmers, instead of all classes. When wo consider that in the late election that out of about 27,000 votes about 15,000 was onono side and 12,000 on the other, we are at a loss to understand what ho moans by tho “ people.” Certainly Mr. Winger has not given the subject careful thought, or ho would not coll one of tho said parties the “ people.” It reminds one very much of tho Throe Tailors of London,, who commenced a petition with “ Wo, the people,” eto. He farther thinks that to say tho farmers wontoda “pledged Judge,” or “ had sought any pledge from Judge Craig,” is unfair and insulting. Wo think, too, that when any class of men auk lor a “pledged Judge,” it is insulting to ask any honest man if ho is a member of that class. Wo do not say that farmers wanted a “pledged Judge,” but wo do say that oithor Craig was a “pledged Judge,” or olso a fearful fraud. Now, Mr. Winger, please to mark this j That Craig accepted a cer tain platform made at Princeton, and In this platform there was a certain law point stated, of which tho substance is, “Are railroad charters contracts in the view that they are paramount to the Slate?" Tho Princoton Convention said, No! and Craig accepted tho platform, and, by accepting it, ho either acted in good faith or ho did not. If bo acted in good faitb, ho was a "pledged Judge,” if ho acted otherwise, ho was a fraud and a perjuror. Tako your choice, but when you rush into print hereafter, bo careful and write with judgment, and do not state thing so recklessly. Mr. Winger never said so reckless a thing as tho following: “ Tho only reason I can boo for your bitter hatred of tho Patrons of Hus bandry is, that, as a party man, and working in tho interests of monopoly, you fear them.” Wo say wo fear them. That is, unless they do bet tor than they have frequently done, wo fear they will injure themselves and all other classes. Mr. Winger’s Insinuations that wo are working in tho interest of monopoly is beneath tho mam On a former occasion wo bad occason to defend Mr. Winger against unjust action of a sectional fooling hi tho township. Wo have always believed him to be an independent man, dnd allowing oth ers the same privilege, but tho tono of his letter would indicate that ho has descended several degrees, and if ho goes much lower wo will com pletely loose sight of tho mau. Lot Mr. Winger ho careful and not give way to his angry and uncertain moods. “ Now, in regard to 11 spotting” If tho charge of spotting men fits Mr. Winger, ho is at liberty to wear it If his remarks, on tho day of elec tion, were mado in fun, wo aro simply glad of it, and many of his friends will bo pleased to know that ho did not allow prejudice and bit terness to swallow up tbb'mati; for unless bo had mado this explanation, wd aro not the only person who boliovod ho meant what ho said. However, our article. “Intimidation.” was not intended for him alone. In many election pre cincts such sentiments wore expressed as real. When ho says, “ what you say about intimida tion refers to mo,” Mr. Winger may have felt a twinge of his old conscience; but ho - explains,' and ail will accopvhis Oxpl&nation. As'to our having an “ exuberance of sap,”'wo tako that as a personal affair, and it does not figure in this case. Wo might odd that it Is bettor to have a fill) supply of growing sap which will grow a fooling of right and justice, than to bo an old political stag whoso veins are only full of virus and per sonal venom. Mr. Winger’s order' to discon tinue his paper may bo intended as a rebuke, or to take from us lus personal influence. If tho former, wo consider who makes tho rebuke; if the latter, it is of hut microscopic importance. WINOER’B WRATH. Editor Banker—Dear Sirs Aa one who baa felt some interest la the success of tho Manner i but, aa ouo also having tho honor to boloug to that class, who aro mainly responsible for tho election of Judge Oraig in tho late Judicial elec tion, and honoutly believing that tho Banner, in common with The Chicago Tribune and tho other powers couduotod in tho iutoreata of tho monopolists, willfully misrepresents ami abuscu us, I oak room in your paper to say a few things that it Booms to mo noon saying. It is well known to you, aa to everyone that for a number of years tho only requisite for on aspirant to ofllco, bus boon to got tho nomina tion of a political ring, and hla election waa a foregone conclusion ; or if there was any dan ger on account of hla notorious had character, all that was necessary waa to got some one to apply tho epithet of •*copperhead ” to his oppo nent. parlous efforts have been made to break the odrds of party, and got tbo people to see that their interests wore being suoriilced, and fioliticiaiiH wore rioting on tbo proceeds of tbolr abor. Ti>e drat effort in tins direction, was mode Ifc Missouri, but tbo politicians got con trol, end it culminated in tho nomination of Qrooloy at Cincinnati, and wo all know tho ro< suit. ‘ We now have a movement of tho people of which politicians, monopolists, and lawyers are not likely to got control. Originating with tho farmers, It is supported, 1 am glad to say, by tho moro liberal-minded of all olanHoo, and its olm Is to run tho Government, national, State, and local, lu tho interests of the people, declin ing entirely the manipulations of professional jolUicions, and party stump spookors—and yes; awyoral While wo fool a local pride In our lawyers, wo doro oven to vote far tho man they did not nominate. Tho first trial of the strength of tho peo ple’s movement, in this part of tho country, came off on tho 2d hist., and say what you may about Craig and Lawrence, "Hall road and Copperhead, loathorhoad and widow’s cow,” tho. only issue tho people recog nized before them that day, was, Shall tho peo ple govern or be governed ? Shall wo break tho cords ofour self-appointed loaders, or shall wo still go to tho court-house yard, and stand in the sun, open-mouthed, ana swallow all that some drunken party loader tolls us about tho War, tho Copperheads, and “ all them fellers down fftor”—laughing long and loud when ho winks at us that ho is coming to tho funny place, but saying no word about relieving us of any of tho unjust laws that are robbing us of tho proceeds of our toll, offering us no relief from railroad tyranny, and the worse than rob bing of our protective tariff laws. It Is unfair and insulting to charge that tho farmers wanted a “pledged Judge/’ or hod, or sought any pledge from Judge Craig as to how ho would decide any given ease. You have not half as much presumptive ovU donee of any such thing as tho people have that a certain railroad company had an inkling of what a certain decision would be before risking an expensive litigation depending sololv on that decision. The only reason I can see for your bitter ho trod of tho Patrons of Husbandry io that as a party man, and working in tho interest of mon opoly, yon fear them. 1 have never hoard a word among Grangers, encouraging tho policy of “spot ting" anybody but corrupt office-holders and seek ers, and I presume you never have, unless, in your strait for something to say to cover confu sion consequent upon your defeat, you seize on remarks of my own, made sportively, and mostly to my old friends, on tho day of election. What you say about intimidation and its consequences I fool sure refers to mo, and to that of which I have just spoken; but 1 hardly regard what you say as being a throat, but prefer to sot it down aa an exuberance of sap. As fanners, wo appreciate tho good fooling manifested for ns and, tho common people by so many of tho merchants and business men of Alodo, in tho contest under consid eration, It is a pleasure to bavo business men who recognize the principle of “Uvo ana lot live," and who aro not,too short-sighted to see that their own prosperity depends on tho prosperity of tho community in which they live. And while many good and true men voted for Lawrence on grounds good and satisfactory to themselves, and with no unkind feeling for any, there was another class who made no attempt to conceal tho fact that they regarded the class from which Judge Craig’s principal support oamo os a stink in their fastidious nostrils. v lam sorry, and think you mado a mifitako In taking the side of tho question you did, in tho manner you havo done, hut this is your affair and not mine. Please discontinue tho paper as soon as the now postage law tokos effect. Yours for the right, Richard Winged. WALL STREET. Review of the Money* Gold* Rond* Stock* and Produce Markets New York, Juno 23. —Tho position of affairs in financial circles boro to-day was without any particular significance. Intense dullness waa tho chief feature of the markets generally. HONEY easy, at ito 5 per cent on call, with exceptions at 3 per cent at tho final close. FOREIGN EXCHANGE continues quiet, although at tho close the mar* kot had a hardening tendency. Prime sterling is now quoted at 109K to 103# for sixty days, for sight. Some firms which have been drawing sight blits for some time past at 110 have stopped, and do not now Idas brokerage. GOLD speculations was alternately weak, and firm on narrow fluctuations, tho two extremes of tho day having boon 115% to 116%. The general rate was 116%, closing with this price bid. Tho rates paid for carrying wore 2. 3% and 3 per cent to flat for borrowing. aovEmmENT ~ at tho close wore steady. QOVEBNMENT BONDS HOLIDAY RECESS. At a. meeting of the members of the Produce Exchange to-day, it was agreed to adjourn from Thursday, the ad of July, to Monday, tho 7th. This suspends business generally ou Saturday, thp sth, as tho Cottou ana Stock Exchanges also, have adjourned for tho same time. LIVE STOCK. Tho markets for all live stock except bogs are dull and lower. BItSASStUFFS. Flour closes stronger for low extras and low grades of supers. These are in demand in part for investment. Sales of 11,000 btls. The matv kot for wheat closes quiet and irregular. Good spring very firm, and wanted for shipment* Common, Inactive and tamo. Winter is very dull, and prices uncertain. Tho sales are 01,000 bu, at $1.20@1.23 for rejected spring; $1.45 lor No. 2 Chicago apringkftnd mixed Chicago ; 81.41 @1.80@1.40 for No. 3 Chicago spring ; 81.50(5} 1.51 for No, 2 Milwaukee; 81.57 for No, 1 MU*, woukeo. Private terms for white Missouri, rnoviaioNß. The market for pork was quiet and steady* Tho sales, oqsh and regular, are 100 hrls, at 810.75 for now moss; for future delivery, 250 brls Juno, at 816.50. Cut Moats—There was a limited business but prices are quoted steady generally. Sales, 200 smoked hams at 14o; 800 do, some weight, 10 tbs. 150 ; 500 pickled hams, 12%o: also quoted as high 13Ko, aa to weight; shoulders, B#@B>so* smoked do, o@9j^o; Bacon—Market stead/ but rather quiet. Long clear quoted at the higher figure being, asked: short clear at' B>£@B%o. Dressed hugs mot with a rather light demand; wo quote at. 0%@7,V0 fox'’city, etc. Lord was fairly active, aud the jgarket about tho same. RUN DOWN. An Old Former nt Last CnnpUt in tM Toil*. Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune. New Yore, Juno 23.—A short -time since, the public wore warned of nn individual who was at tempting to pass forged broker's cheeks in other cities. This enterprising forger seemed to have a mania for forging tho name of G. B. Orinnoll & Co., of this city, aud especially on banks in. which tho firm kept no account. Some banks and individuals in Baltimore, Chicago, and other cities havo boon victimized within tho post few Soars. Tho detectives haVo made strenuous ex ertions to catch the forger, but all in vain. Decently ho tiled to. .pass chocks drawn on Now York City banka at tho Dockland County National Bank of Nyaok tho Bristol National Bank of Salem, and n bank in Joreoy City. Ho mot with some success with one or more of tho above institutions. Tho City Marshal of Taunton, Mass.,, telegraphed to this city, on Saturday, that a man there bad o cheek for $5,000 on tho Market National Bank, signed O. B. Orinnoll & Co., and certified, also $7,000 of Now Jersey CoutraT Railroad bonds,, aud a lottor of recommendation from G. D. Orinnoll & Co., certifying to the standing of one Henderson. Tho chuck, certification, lottor of recommendation and all are forgeries. Tho man Is now under arrest at Taunton. Tho firm of G. B. Orinnoll & Co. lose nothing, but all tho vic tims of this man Henderson would do well to visit Tauutou, as they can thereby convict tho forger, aud, if tho $7,000 Now Jersey Coutral bonds are genuine, thou they cau also got some of their money baok. MADISON. Crop Prospects—l.nnd Slide-Personal* Special IHtpittcU to The Chicago Madison, Wia., Juno 23.—Heavy rains hovo oc curred since Saturday afternoon quite generally in Western Wisconsin. Six-tenths of an inch fell horo lost night. Thia makes the oropa all right horo. A land-slide on tho Weat Wisconsin Railroad last night detained tho train from St. Paul, duo bore this morning, some fourteen hours. Gov. Washburn wont north this afternoon, to bo gono two or three day a. Western Associated Press* Detroit, Mioh.. Juno 23.—The regular annual mooting of tho Western Associated Press wil} take place at Put-in-Bay, off Sandusky, Ohio, on Wednesday of tho present week, when ofllcors will bo olootod for tbo ensuing year, aud tho am uual reports will bo made. (Signed) U, N, Walker, Proaidont, 11. E. Baker, Secretory.

Other pages from this issue: