2 THE NEW DOMINION. Annual Conventions of Re ligious Bodies. An Extraordinary Document from the Epman Catholic Arch bishop of Toronto. Movements Towards a Union of the Various Presbyterian Churches. The Kailway Imbroglio—The Funeral of ‘ Sir George Etienne Cartier. From Our Otm Corretpondcnt. Ottawa, Ont., June 18, 1873. During the past fortnight Canada has been suffering A PABOXTSM OF BELIGIOK. From the far east into tho far west tho war note has been sounding, and the gatherings of the clans have been many and large. The days of (vocal) deliverance are npon ns, and ho who runneth may read the portents of tho times. We Lave but yesterday passed through a fiery course, and shall for mouths to come carry with us lively remembrances of tho heat and burden of the day. What the month of Hay is to England, as centred in its focus of London, tho first fortnight of June ia to the inhabitants of the T*ew Dominion. The abashed for eigner heeds the warning to tread lightly end speak low as be paces the long-reach ing aisles of famous Exeter Hall, and shrugs his shoulders with amazement as he hears related the wonders of that new-old species of divine afflatus, Exeter-Hall oratory. Ho looks with curiosity on the extraordinary women, and still more extraordinary men, who, armed-with -lunch-baskets, spend the day in wrapt attention, swallowing without a scruple the marvelous recitals of impossible-looking missionaries, and drinking in with avidity the diarrhoea! stream of eloquence from only too possible-looking representatives of the sacred profession. So passes away the month of Hay in the World’s Metropolis (with all due respect to the Garden City). We, in the New Dominion, are located, as the atlas will show, some 3,000 or 3,500 miles westward of the Mother-Country. When it is morning in Hold Hingland, (he shades of night have barely com fortably settled themselves in slumber along the banka of the St. Lawrence, ■ and away up cn the rolling prairies of the fertile belt. That, then, wo should celebrate our religious carnival a month after'our fellow-citizens in the British Islands, is but what may be regarded as a very natural sequence. That is, indeed, the way in which wo regard it. So' much as preliminary to a statement of the fact that all the religions bodies in this country—wo object to its being called a colony any longer—Lave been busily engaged in holding their ANNUAL CONTENTIONS during the past ten days. In a good half-dozen cities of this kingdom have been gathered to gether largo representative bodies of men, to debate on the present state of God’s tabernacle on earth, and to board around in sufficient num-' hers to cause a near approach to a famine in the houses of many hundreds of the religiously-in clined. Tho gatherings have not been without other attendant dangers. So many pastors ab sent from their flocks has caused a breach into which the young and inexperienced have not hesitated, under the prompting of the Evil One, to rush, heedless of danger. Pulpits, for the last two Sabbaths, have seen their cushions thumped by unfamiliar hands, and young dea cons, relieved from the Mentor-like care of elder ly pastors, have frisked with unwonted unction and unexpected scandal. The daily secular pa pers have devoted columns of their space to re ports of discussions on church topics, and tho weekly continued serial has incontinently fallen tfor a space) before tho sledge-hammer assaults fe tnd tho long-wlndednesa of reverends enjoying pan undeniably true apostolic succession. The Fenfire community has held a prolonged holiday, and, while not deigning to descend to the fool eries of out-door mummeries, have bathed fti the annual bath of freedom— ojid free discussion. We are essentially a religious, if not a pious, community. The Eng lish among us are all good Episcopalians or Methodists, and the Scotch and their descend ante swear by Calvin and quote the Shorter Catechism. The Irish support noble Catholic Institutions, and stand side by side with the hab itane of Lower Canada in their adoration of Mother Church." The Welsh, German, Scan dinavian, and Blucnose sections furnish a dozen different creeds; end each counts two for its own glory, and one for that of the Lord, in the annual session of its Supremo Court in the mouth of June. “Poor, but very pious parents,” is with ns what “ poor, but honest” forefathers is with the rest of the world; and the motto which, advices tell us, is current in the States,lt is belter to be gor geously vicious than unassumingly virtuous,” has no hold on our understandings or response in our hearts. The Methodists and Presbyteri ans are the two largest Protestant ecclesiastical bodies, and both are equally decided on the utter naughtiness of all the things pertaining to tho world, the flesh, and the devil. The one socks by strawberry-festival to finish tho work com menced, in sober Synod, by the other and heav ier body. The guerrillas on the religious field are both numerous and well-equipped; for such is the breadth and thickness of the bottom layer of piety in all Canadians that, if necessary, a Kanuck will officiate as his own minister, clerk, treasurer, church-vestry, and sewing-circle. In the most out-of-the-way hnmlets, where the screech of the bull-frog is the only attempt at harmonious sound that Nature ever utters to pierce the dense and valuable forests standing on every side, the cotter will bring forth tho well-worn volume of discourses, cud by the light of the blazing hearth, study out the utterances of old John Calvin, or read the election-sure declarations of St. James. Wo aro a pious people, sir; a little more so than some of our forefathers. And we hang murder ers,—and don’t put the slightest credence in their sure apeotbeosis to heavenly glory, either. Aside from minor details, there are two topics ou which the mind of the religious community of the New Dominion is at present deeply exer cised ; and I think a short statement of both will prove interesting to tho wide circle of read ers of The TninuKE. The one is the efforts at union of all the different Presbyterian churches in tho Dominion; tho other is tho extraordinary epistle which a Poman Catholic Archbishop has just put' forth before the whole Christian com munity. Take, aa one. generally docs, the last first. • - •TORN JOSEPH LYNCH, the Catholic Archbishop of the Diocese of To ronto, ie a man of what has come to be recog nised as the regulation build of a high dignitarv of tho Roman hierarchy. Ho is tall and spare in form, possessed of featured of 'a Btuiii.oufl.caat. with suspicious of manly beauty to be traced here end there, not yet destroyed or swallowed up in the cowl.* The Archbishop is known aa one of tbs most gonial men in the Province, but one possessed with all a Bomamst's love for hia ojra Church. He has traveled much, and is a thor ough student of human nature. Politic by oature, ho is of ' the class which most successfully conceal * the hand of iron beneath the soft elasticity of the yielding kid. Acknowledging the force of public opinion, he, so far as the canons of his Church admits, rather inclines to lead them to follow it. In common with the leaders of the Church in all other countries, ho has done a noble work in furthering the temperance cause, notwithstand ing that ho is sufficiently liberal to put the widest construction on the words of Paul to A week or two since, the well-known Edith O'Gorman delivered a lecture here, in which she set forth what she is pleased to call an exposure of the inside corruptions of monasteries, etc. The lecture was de livered in the. hall of the Toronto branch cf the Young Hen's Christian Association, and was attended, to a great extent, by sympa tliizers with and supporters of that organiza tion. The character of the lecture is, I take it, thoroughly understood in your city, and there is, therefore, no need to waste words upon it here. If. of itself, it was almost valueless, it certainly has been the means of drawing forth one of TEE MOST EXTRAORDINARY COMMUNICATIONS which have over issued from the author!- tips of iho Cliufch ol Romp. The epistle is ad dressed “ to. the Protestant clergy and associa tions’of Toronto,” and the following aro sentences cullc., from. if. The Archbishop opens his'prelection with these words : For a long time I have thought of addressing you on a subject which interests common morality, which should be dear to us all. It ia very well known that there are unworthy members even in the best organ ized societies,' and the Catholic Church is not an exception in this. It ia obliged from time to time to rid itself of acme of its unworthy mem bers ; yet, alas I these members are taken to the bosom of some Protestant denominations and made heroes of. They are paraded from town to town, and from pulpit to pulpit, uttering the meat filthy talcs, and inventing the most extravagant stories against the Catholic Church, Us institutions, convents, schools, etc. - This sort of tactics does not prove the high moral standing of the libeller, or the religious prudence or high tone of the reverend gentlemen who provide such itinerant lecturers with pupils, or of the Association under whose patronage they lecture. The Archbishop then refers to the fact that the Catholic Church does not make use of its converts In this way, and, after complimenting the clergymen of the Church of England on their prudent action, brings forward the argu ment, excellent in its w ay, that, if tho allega tions of such lecturers were true, the Church, in stead of continually receiving converts, would speedily tumble to pieces of its own accord. Archbishop Lynch adds; I should indeed bo very sorry to belong to a church, if I were obliged to believe all tho insane doctrines or tolerate the abuses imputed to it. Decs it look like the action of legitimoto children to insult and distort the doctrines of the old Church instituted by Christ? or to nay that that Church, founded on a rock, and baring the promise of Qod that the gates of hell or error should not prevail against it, had, not withstanding this Infallible promise, taught false and damnable doctrines 7 Such assertions im pugn the truth of tho words of Christ, It is sad to think that the doctrines cf tho Church are so dis torted, and that well-meaning people have all their knowledge of it, not from its own teaching, but from the misrepresentations of its avowed enemies. In politics we roust read tho journals in favor cf both parties to judge fairly of the true state of questions. In courts of law the same course is followed; should not a similar fairness be manifested in religious mat ters? The last sentence will read strangely to the minds of the majority cf Protestants, who have been in tho habit of thinking that it was only to secure this right of hearing both sides before coming to a decision, that the early so-called “ heretics ” made their revolt. The words sound singularly, coming from the lips of a high dignitary of the Church of Homo. If one mis takes not, they aro—or are supposed to be—the basis of Protestantism. But tho close of the epistle is not ‘less extraordinary. Says the reverend Archbishop: * We riew tho members of the various religious de nominations, who may be in good frith, at present in a far different light from that in which those who first broke from the Church through their own perversity were viewed. The first-named may bo in good.faith, owing to their education and surroundings, whilst their predecessors could net shelter themrclveA under tho charitable. plea. of ignorance. There 1b a vast number of religious denominations in tho world at present, and it would bo presumption to expect that all be will again united in the one fold and under the one shepherd, though this ie ardently to bo prayed for. Yet, might we not hope that charity—that thinketh not evil, that rojoiceth not in iniquity, but rojolirib with the truth —would discourage there looii'h declamations and calumnies against tho Catholic Church 7 We write not in a spirit of hostility, but in that of sadness and charity. It will not be a matter cf astonishment to any one acquainted over no littlo with the deep re ligious basis of tho average Kanuckian character, that the above letter has sent a perfect. thrill throughout the country. Tho Protestants are excited, because of the tacit admission by Ibo Catholic Prelate of the right of that discussion and interchange of opinion which bos over been the’ choicest noh'E tue xmoicsTAXT LAmum. They are, indeed, it must b© said, not a liitJo envious of the success of the move, if intended as a bid for popularity. Many of our most bigoted sectarians, who llaye conjured up the Scarlet "Woman, and the Evil One as ihoir only beliefs respecting, the personnel of the Homan Catholic Church, ore now ready to hurry forward to meet this outspoken utterance, and put their hands fraternally into.tbo' gloved ones of Arch bishop .Lynch and . his’ co-religionists. Tho pastors of some of the Protectant congregations are looking on with dismay at lias sudden development of spirit, and are having grievous wrestlings with the Spirit on its ac count. The impartial bystander sees in this communication a great advance over what has hitherto been hold to be the Catholic position. The letter is.tho free, outspoken speech of one clergyman to others, and on its face shows an abandonment of many of the positions which up to date havo been held to be peculiarly the bat tle-ground of the Catholic hierarchy. The Arch bishop is a prudent, far-seeing man, and to-day couuta bis admirers not only among tho two mill ion Catholics of the New Dominion, but also among a largo number of the Protestants, whoso salvation, according to the tenets of his faith, is a matter of not only considerable uncertainty, but even of absolute impossibility. The second topic, which is dividing public in terest with tho letter of Archbishop Lynch, and which is destined to outlive it in its practical re sults, is THE FBOJECTED UNION OF THE FBESBYTZBIAN CHURCHES of the New Dominion. The question has been discussed for several years past, but its realiza tion has always been regarded as chimerical. There seems, however, some probabilities that at last it will be'brought about. ’During the week, the Supreme Courts of two of. the largest divisions of the Presbyterian Church in this country have been in session; and, after much debate, have adopted, by large majorities, a ba sis for the proposed union. The' conventions represented, on the one hand, the Canada Pres- byterian Church, having, according to the last census, 341,561 members; the other, the Presby terian Church, in connection with the Church of Scotland, or, as it is more tersely described, “ tho •Old Kirk*,” representing 107,259. There are t'bout 100,000 more Presbyterians in the coun try,' members of other branches, or simply at tendants on the services of one or the other of the two principal bodies; but there •is scarcely any doubt but that those smaller organizations will enter into the movement on the broad plat form which has been adopted by the supremo courts of the two'larger bodies. * Tho moat im portant organizations, in point of numbers, THE CANADA P&ES3HTEBIAX CHUECH, is allied in sentiment and feeling with the Free Church of Scotland, and, from the movements in the Old Count 17 looking towards a union of the different Presbyterian bodies there, receives its warmest.encouragement in the course it has taken in the jJrcsent effort. The assembly of fathers of this Church has been proceeding in Knox Chapel, in Toronto. The body of men assembled—thanks to the free representation of and tho well-understood importance of the issues to bo presented—was remarkable. From every quarter of ih© Dominion, repre sentative men came to debate the question, not of the advantages of union, but of the basis which should be agreed upon for the establish ment of union. The number of delegates present was over 200, and the attendance throughout was full. There was no absenteeism. The discussion took on such varied phases, and so many novel propositions were continually being pro posed that the interest sometimes bccamo abso- utcly dramatic, recalling the days of stout con troversy. and the battle for rights, which this degenerate age had agreed to believe were among the relies of tho past. There were many ven erable, white-headed men present, who had trod, tbronch long linos of years, tho path sot before them by their spiritual father, John Knox, and who, under his tuition, and catching part of his spirit, had been able to make the Queen-Marys of superstition and folly of our own day ’quake before” their angered eloquence. ’ The subject was one well calculated to draw forth all tho. latent powers of an able de bater, and to - give occasion to the passionate eloquence of the bom orator. - Of the farmer. there were many instances ; but the hard, prac tical, matter-of-fact Scotch Canadians who form ed the principal number of the delegates looked aekahee on the latter, and evidently were not to be impressed with the siller of the tongue. Put such a subject before an American audienco, and, if tradition does does cot wofuily lie, the American orator would indeed indulge in that ' prospective painting in which ho is unexcelled throughout the. entire world.' ’ Hero, in sober Canada, delegates sat with finger on, forehead, and brows bent with thought, and figured out with numberless calculations, how the temporalities of the Church would “pan out ” to use a somewhat inappropriate, but very ex pressive term—if divided by this or that plan. The aged or infirm-preacher, the widow and orphan, the underpaid minister, had their cham pions on the floor of iho Assembly, and, as jus tice, allowed, did not hesitate personally to advo cate their own claims before tho supremo court of their own religious body. Beyond question, the leading mind of. the Assembly was that of tho Rev. Hr. Topp, the minister of tho largest Presbyterian congregation of the country. Hr. Topp is the . BEECHER OF CANADIAN FRESBYTERIANS, and wields an" influence, many would say, far more legitimate in its origin than that of the chief pastor of the City of Churches. It fell to Dr. Topp’s lot to introduce before the Assembly the report of tho Union Committee, giving a statement of its labors for the year, and submitting* basis of union for consideration, which had been agreed upon by committees representing tho several Presbyterian Churches in the country. This ba sis prorides— THE BASIS OF UNION. First— That the Scriptures of the Old and Now THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: WEDNESDAY, JUNE .25, 1873. Testament, being tho Word of God, aro tho only infallible rule of faith and - ■ Second —That tho Westminster Confession of Faith shall form the subordinate standard of this Church,* that tho Larger and Shorter Cate chisms shall be adopted by the Church, and ap pointed to bo used for the instruction of the people,—it being distinctly understood that nothing contained in tho aforesaid Confession or Catechisms, regarding tho power and duty of tho civil magistrate, shall be held to sanction any principles or. views inconsistent with full, liberty of conscience, in matters of religion. Thirds That the government and worship of this Church shall be in accordance with tho rec ognized principles and practice of Presbyterian Churches, as laid down generally in the “Form of Presbyterial Church Government*’ and in “The Directory for the Public Worship of God.” Fourth —That this Church, while cherishing Christian affection towards the whole Church of God, and desiring to hold fraternal intercourse with it in its several branches, as opportunity offers, shall, at the samo time", regard itself as being in such ecclesiastical relations to Churches holding the earao doctrine, government, and discipline with itself, as that ministers and probationers from these Churches shall be received into tins Church, sub ject to such regulations os shall, from time to time, l»o adopted. The further terms of union include provis ions for the celebration of Divine worship, as to standing or sitting, with or without an organ, in accordance with the views of tho congrega tions; for tho settlement of tho collegiate edu cation question; and tho passing of acts of Parliament regarding the respective Universi ties of tho several bodies; and also for tho establishment of a susteutation fund. It is also provided that tho name of the new Church should bo “ Tho Presbyterian Church of British North America.” TJ:E “OLD KTISS.” At tho eimo time that the Assembly of tho Canada Presbyterian Church were discussing tho question of union at Toronto, the supremo court of tho X’reebytorian Church in connection with tho Church of Scotland was holding its ses sions at Montreal. Both bodies proceeded simultaneously with tho discussion, and frequent telegrams passed between the two, touching their views on certain points. Tho Montreal gathering was smaller than that in tho Queen City, hut the men composing it were not loss earnest, and certainly they were not leas able. Their deliberations were marked throughout with a heavy sense of rospousiblUity • and tho deliverance at wliich they arrived, while exactly the same as that of tho other Conference, was reached, to say tho least, by different roads. But the result was there, nevertheless ; and when, at the i&nt moment, it was placed beyond doubt that an almost unani mous vote had decided in favor of union, tho quiet chapel in which tho delegates met rang with cheers from lusty lungs that first breathed' tho air—and mist —cf tho Scottish highlands, Tiie occasion woa one to provoke enthusiasm. Tho Scotch vradically ran the Canadian Govern ment ; at least, they certainly transact two thirds of her commercial business. And now, having succeeded in doing what they can to give U3 a pretty good apology' for a State Church, there u every reason why they should throw up their bonnets, and shout •• Hurrah I Halle lujah!” But the question ia not yet settled. It has to be submitted to tho vote of tho different Pres byteries and Sessions of the several Churches ; and the resolution to which these leaser courts may come will be communicated to tho Supremo Courts next year, and, tta they arc favorable or the reverse, the project of union will be pro ceeded with or abandoned. There scorns no fear, however, about the result. About this time of year, 187*1, look out for extra heavy busmens in the religious line ; wo intend to have a bran-new Church by Unit time. KtLIOIOrS ACTIVITY. Although tho assemblies of the two Presby terian Churches have had before them tho moat important subject at present in the religious world, tho other Church-organizations have not been idle.' The Episcopalians have held their Synod at Kingston, and, under tho walla of tliis old garrison-town, havo shouted Glory to God, and Long Live tho Qacon, and reflected honor on themselves. Tho Wesleyan Methodists havo met at London, and accom plished a great amount of work. - The Primitive Methodists at Toronto, and tbo Methodist Now Convention at Dunnvilie, have also: held suc cessful meetings. The Bible Christiana havo once again done what was in their power to set the world right, this time at Lindsay, and the Gongregationaliala, in session at Brantford, have aided them. And other religion* todies havo como together, to talk oyer the state of their particular x>ortion of the fjord's vineyard TUB UELIOIOrS CENSUS, In this connection, it may ho interesting to give the number of members of the several re ligious denominations tabled at the last census. The tables show that there are, of Adventists, 6,179 ; Baptists, 255,513, of whom 11,445 oro “ Tankers,” though what that is I confess my ignorance ; Bible-Bcliovcrs, 226 ; Christian, Ply mouth, and Moravianßrcthren, 3,53-1; Catholics, 1,492,029 ; Christian Conference, 15,153 ; Episco palians, 494,049; Congregatiouaiists. 21.829; Evangelical Association, 4,701; Greek Church, 18; Irvingites, 1,112 ; Jews, 1.115; Lutherans, 37,935 ; Mahometans, 13 ; Methodists, 567.001 ; Mormons, 534; Pagans. 1,886 ; Presbyterians, 543;995: Protestants, 10.146; Quakers, 7,345; Swedenborgians, 854; Unitarians, 2,275; Uni verealistß, 4,896; and, of other denominations, 4,870. There are 20 Atheists, 5,146 Heists, and. 17,055 who failed to give their religious preferences. THE BATLWAT DIBBOGLIO, The position of railroad affairs has not chang ed materially since my last letter. Evidence is apparently accumulating against tho Mac Do nald Government of guilty participation in taking a bribe of money from American capitalists to secure his own re-election, giving in return tho Pacific Boilroad charter. The attempts of tho organs to fasten tho blamu on Sir Hugh Allan have been very weak, and will probably tumble all to pieces when the Investigating, Committee meets next mouth. Tho rumor his obtained wido currency of late, that Sir John A. Mac Donald was to be mado a member of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council; but it has no foundation. Sir John won’t retire until he ia turned out, and then ho will take tho first position of emolument which the British Government, in return for hie un doubtedly able services .to its cause, will be ready to give him. The letting of the contracts on the North Shore Ilailroad, thus starting at its eastern what eventually will bo another line from Toronto to tho eastern shipping point, running in * competition with the Grand Trunk, is regarded with much favor; and the more so, since two live parties from Chicago arc the contractors. With the passage of tho Grand Trunk arrangements, & now ora of pros perity seems likely to dawn on this ill-fatod rail road. It is a very dark cloud which can’t show a littio silver lining. m'sieij l’ohateuh. The burial of Sir George Etienne Cartier, at Montreal, has been the most notable public event r that has occurred in Canada for some months. The deceased statesman, over whose corps© an unworthy squabble has taken place on the question Of a public burial, was followed to - hia,gravo by a noble concourse .of tho loading men of the Dominion, Ee died full of honors, and bearing them easy, and the politicians, who have said for years that tho country could not get along without Sir George, have already for gotten his existence, iu choir obsequious attend ance upon his successor, and the exciting chaao after Government Humannr.turo, alas! is the name everywhere, notwithstanding wo are u poor, but decidedly pious people. A Jealous Wife. A correspondent of tho Troy Trnics, writing from Glcus Palls, says: “At the close, of tho evening service in one* of our churches last Sun day a disgraceful affair occurred, which caused quite a sensation, and verified ttie poet's asser tion that ‘hell bath no fury like a woman scorned.’ As the services were about to close, a woman entered tho church, and by her manner and drcaa attracted some attention. • She was given a seat, but during tho last prayer alio arose and shook her fist at some one in tho congrega tion, and left tho church. After the service she was' noticed standing near the main entrance, eagerly watching for some oho. A police officer standing by, on being interviewed, said sue was looking for her-husband, who was attending church-, with a woman not his wife, fcho asked tho officer if she could have him arrested. The officer told her slio could leave him and sue for her support. She said she would not do that, but would * fix tho woman.’ At length tho unfaithful husband came ont, accompanied by tho woman. Tho wife stepped forward and gave her husband a large piece of her mind, and then proceeded to pitch into tho woman. Her husband caught her and the officer seized tho arm of the other, when tho injured wife drew a pistol and fired at the woman, the pistol being almost directly in tho face of tho officer. Either the cartridge was blank or Providence did not design a murder to bo committed, as no on s was seriously injured. The woman, finding the wife decidedly in ear nest, loft as soon aa possible, and tho husband, not knowing but tho next shot might bo for him, concluded to go homo and attend to hia business.” Crop-Prospects' in the Hawk eye State. Occurrences at Mt. • Pleasant—-The State Sal)bath : School Asso ciation. Wesleyan University and Female Semi nary. Commencements. Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune, Mt. Pleasant, la., June 19, 1873. An allusion in your columns, a few days since, to tho requires to ho taken with several grains of al lowance. Your informant was in error. Tho wheat crop of lowa will be short of last year. Winter wheat is a failure in nearly all parts of the State; but the prospects fora full and good crop of spring wheat was never better,' accord ing to testimony from all quarters. The indi cations now arc, that tho yield will bo much larger than last year, and this will make up in part for the deficiency of winter grain. In Eastern lowa, tho com is looking unusually well. The dry weather has enabled the fanner to stir tho soil thoroughly, and clean out the weeds that aro so apt to trouble our fiat land in a wet spring. For a time tho excess of rain In tho western part of tho State, and tho cool weather, proved prejudicial to farm-work. A good deal of corn bad to be replanted. But it As all right now. Warm, dry weather has brought the com forward with great rapidity, and thus far the promise is all that could bo asked for the com ing crop. . . Other grain promises well. Pasture has been very fine. A heavy growth of grass promises an abundant hay-crop. The fruit-crop will he an average, ex cept peaches, which never amount to much in lowa. They were win tor-killed all over the State. Cherries here abouts will do bettor than lost year, hut not near so well as tho year before. Raspberries prom ise splendidly. Strawberries have been cut short for want of rain. Other small fruits aro doing well; and apples will bo an average yield. has been crowded with strangers for a fortnight past. The- State Sabbath-School Association, and a district meeting of tho Grangers, were tho attractions las* week, and tho Wesleyan Univer sity and Foma!© College Commencements have enlisted public interest this week. THE SABBATH-SCHOOL ASSOCIATION- was tbe largest over hold iu tho State. The exercised were regarded as unusually profitable. Mr. Hartley, tho English Sabbath-school visitor, is a genial gentleman, hearty, e&rucßt, and good-nasured. Ho is not very forcible as a plat form-speaker, but ho Improuses all with his sin* ccrity and his desire to advance the cause in which he is engaged. Ho related much of in terest in relation to tho methods of Sabbath school laborers in the Old Country. Ho seemed to bo much Impressed with tho evidence of progress ho discovers in this country in this work, and will, doubtless, make a good report when ho returns home. Henry Clay Trumbull, the eminent Now Eng land Sabbatti-echool worker, is a gentleman who wins his way to tho warmest regard of those who hear him. Ho added much, to tbe success of tho meeting held last week, by reciting tho results of hia own experience andob«orvatiou. Ho par ticularly impressed upon teachers the necessity of simplifying their instruction, go as to make it clear to the apprehensions of their pupils, and awaken in them a spirit of inquiry. Mr. Burnell, of your own State, gave a sample of Biblo-readings as recently introduced into some of tho churches. The Con vention was deeply interested by his efforts. In connection with others, he held a children’s meeting that filled tho largest church in the city, while tho Associa tion continued its deliberations at tbe h&U. Messrs. Sigler and Tackabcrrv, who have done so much for Die Sabbath-school cause in this State, contributed largely to the success of the Convention; as also did Mr. E. Parson Burton,- of your State. Special topics were presented and discussed by N. B. Collins, of DesMarnes, tbe Bev. B. Swear ingen, tho Bov. Dr. Salter, 3>r. Hutchins, J.
Tecsdalo, tho Rev. Mr. Gill, and the Rev. Mr. Powers. Tho opening sermon, by the Rer. Kendig, was one of marked power and effectiveness. Ho is a very earnest laborer in the cause. Greetings wore exchanged with tho Ohio State Convention, in session at Akron. Dubuque was selected as tho next place of meeting. E. C. Chapin, of Floyd Ccrunty, was chosen President; R. H. Gilmore, of Linu County, Treasurer; J. H. Dumont, of Scott, Statistical Secretary; William Tackaberry, of Loo, Corresponding Secretary. TUB OHANGS hTZETINO, several thousand strong, was in session on Wednesday, tho 11th. Tho procession was tbreo or four miles long, led by two brass-bands. The proceedings wore held at tho Fair-Grounds. Gov. Carpenter, in his address, said he believed that all classes of the community are aggrieved by excessive freight and passenger charges; and that the well-being of tho country is endangered by Che accumulation of wealth in railroad corporations. The people are responsible for building up this groat power in the country. -They have the remedy in their hands, and must apply'it by fair and just legislation. As, by consolidation, rail road companies had defeated- the yitcnt of the people in multiplying roads, the fruits of com petition must be secured in anolherway, viz.: by restrictive laws. Tho Governor advised tho Granges to continue their labors as an educa tional school Much information would bo dis seminated by their discussions and correspond denco. The organization should bo in harmony with tho industrial interests of. the whole country. This, as stated above, has been Commence ment-week for located here.- As its name indicates, this insti tution is under Methodist auspices. It need not surprise your readers, then, to learn that Mt. Pleasant is the headquarters of Methodism in lowa. Its population is largely Methodls tical, and its interest proportionately great in the College Commencement. As tho Female Seminary exercises (under Presbyterian auspices) occur at the same time, a large* number of vis itors throng Mt. Pleasant during Commenco ment-weok. The Baccalaureate sermon was delivered, on Sunday last, by President Wheeler, who seems to bo the right man in tho right place. He is a great, worker, as well aa . a clear, methodical thinker and teacher. His effort on this occasion is regarded aa more than usually felicitous, and strengthened public confidence in his fitness for tho prominent position he occu pies. * Bishop Andrews, who has purchased property and taken up his residence at DesMomca, deliv ered tho Univomty address in the evening, at tho College Qrowo, where all the exercises of Commencement were held. This was his first appearance before tho residents of Mt. Pleasant, and they gave, him a large audience and the closest attention. Ho is a plain, practical man, who does little for mere effect, but aims to im press his beatthouj hts so as to produce lasting effect. ■■ Tho annual sermon was delivered in the after noon by tho Rev, O. E, Felton, of bt. Louis. He had a great crowd, and he richly paid them for turning out in a bn ailing sun to reach the Col lege grounds. , . - The Philomathean, Hamjine, and Rnth'can So cieties had their accustomed anniversary exer cises, all of which woro regarded as successful. On Tuesday, the address before the Alumnal Association waa delivered by Dillon Payne, of tho class of 18C9, Canadensis. The Rev. Dr. Thomas, of yotir city, delivered an address before fhe ’ United Literary Socie ties on tho evening of the same day. He is a favorite with the College. . Faculty, Trustees, and students. “Belief and Unbe lief” was his theme. It is needless to say that ho uttered thoughts of deep significance and force in elucidation of his theme. As aa orig inal occupies a prominent place in the .Methodist Church of the West. The graduating exercises toofc place at tho grove on Wednesday morning in tho midst of a large crowd. The Balntio waa delivered by Will iam T. McFarland. The graduates, thirteen in inumber, in tho order in which they are •named beiow: Edward Gibbs, of Fort Mad ison ;C. T. Knowlton, of Oakaloosa; Wilbur F. Mark, of tho same place ; N. F. Terrv, of WinfieldXenore M. Ticer, of Kansas ; C. B. of Burlington; J. Q. Work, of Birmingham; Floj*a Baugh, of Pleasant; IOWA. OBOP-PHOSPECTS IN THIS STATE, MT. PLEASANT THE. WESLEYAN UXITEIISITy. .JohnW. Boyce,-of Nebraska City; James’A. .Briggs, of Knoxville ; Anna B. Kem, of Jlbunt Pleasant; W. T. McFarland, of the same pjace : Franc M. SI, Louis. To the young lady last named was accorded the hpnor of delivering the Valedictory. She did herself great credit, showing vigor of thought, ond-groce and ease in delivery. * . After the conferring of degrees, Dr. Wheeler made a few remarks eminently appropriate, and was followed by the President of the German. Faculty. It may hoi be known to your readers that.the German Methodist College of the’ West' has united its destinies with the Wesleyan University. A new building will he erected at once, and it is believed that a largo class of Ger man students will hereafter bo foond at Mt. Pleasant. Prominent German families will prob ably make their home hero, and add to the pros perity of the place. My letter is already so extended I must con tent myself with a mere mention of the fact that graduated a class of fourteen this year,—the largest number ever graduated at one time. Tho fact speaks well for the labors of Mrs. Bolden, who has been Principal of the institution since the death of her husband. She is assisted by several excellent ladies and gentlemen, and de serves tho measure of public confidence accorded to her. lowa. MILWAUKEE GRATITUDE. Terrible Sow Kicked Tip by One Wheeler, Because Ho Was Asked to Seward Two Chicago I’oliccmcn Who Siskcd Their Lives to Be* - cover Sts Property. Tho Milwaukee papers accord considerable credit to Superintendent Washburn, of this city, for his financial ability, manifested in charging SIOO apiece for thieves. Tho articles aro writ ten in sarcastic style, and one would imagine from reading them that Mr. Washburn, desired to swindle .some one. The facts, which show tho characteristic smallness of Milwaukeeans, aro these; John Allen and Dave Baggio, two noto rious burglars, robbed the store of one Wheeler, in Milwaukee, and brought the stolen property to this city. Policemen Shmnonda and Laugh- Un arrested them after a desperate pistol fight, and recovered tho goods. Tho Milwaukee Chief of Police (Bock) was telegraphed' to, and came to Chicago with Mr. Wheeler. At headquarters, Mr. Washburn told Mr. Beck that tho two po licemen had exposed themselves to great per sonal danger, and that it was but fair that their services should receive proper recogni tion. He suggested that Mr. Wheeler pay tho • officers S2OO, believing that tho “reward” would induce other policemen to bo vigilant, and result in the capture of more thieves in tho future, notwithstanding tho risk to lifo or limb. Mr. Beck approved of tho sug gestion,' and promised to do all ho could to se cure tho money, stating, however, at the same time, that Wheeler was close-fisted, and tho task was a difficult ono. Ho desired to taKo Allen and Baggio to Milwaukee with him, but the phy sician who is attending Allen would not permit him to bo moved. Beck and Wheeler then went home, and on Monday last Beck was informed by telegraph that Alien could bo taken, he hav ing improved so much that tho doctor thought a journey would not injure him. Yesterday Beck and Wheclor and tho Mayor of Milwaukee reached this city, and, while tho two former called on Washburn, tho latter interviewed Mayor Medill, The goods .recovered have re mained in tho custody of Superintendent Wash burn, and would have been given to Wheeler yesterday had there not boon an obstacle in tho way.Bast. Thursday a writ of attach ment, sworn out by ono Frederick Dickinson, was served on Washburn, and, when Wheeler de manded tho goods yesterday, ho was told that ho could not have them until the attachment was removed. This reply mado him angry, and the Mayor of Milwaukee also became indignant. Both seemed to regard it as a “put up job ” to money out of somo ono. Dickinson claims that Alien owes him S2OO, and had the writ issued because he believed that “ Allen in tended to dispose of his property to defraud bis creditors.” Who Dickinson is no one around the police headquarters appears to know. It ia sur-; mifiod that his house was entered by Allen, and that ho has adopted this novel way of recovering' tho value of tho articles taken therefrom. Tbo Milwaukee gcutlqraou threatened to replevin, tho. goods, hut,' os they had not done so up to G o’clock last evening, it is .supposed they have gone home to await tho hearing on tho writ, which ia set for tho 2Gth inst. Mr, Washburn’s suggestion is certainly a good one, and if Sir. • Wbeelor were a liberal man h© would give tho policemen uomethiug. Hols arosident of another State, And pays no taxes in HUuuio ; and heuco should show his appreciation of their bravery by rewarding thorn for endangering their lives to re cover hiuproperty. , ' . AND NOW COVES SCHAFFNER. At & meeting of the Council yesterday after noon. Aid. Schaffnor said lie had some res olutions to offer concerning tho Superintendent of Police in reference to the case of tho arrest of the burglars from Milwaukee, the charges be ing that ho would not give up the thieves or tho goods unless tho Milwaukee merchant, Mr. Wheeler, paid over 6200. Ho read an article from a Milwaukee paper on the subject, attacking the Superintendent for bis alleged sins, and then offered the following, which was adopted: Whureas, The press of the City of Milwaukee aro publishing certain chargee affecting tuo official In tegrity of the Superintendent of Polico of this city ; AVso.'rcd, That tho Police Commissioners of this city be and they are hereby directed to Investigate and re port tho facto to this Council as early cj practicable. TILE CITY'S HEALTH. A Considerable Dccrcasclu the Death* ICutc—Blow Drainage Affcctu EBeaitU ••Valuable Sugo’estione* Tho Board of Health mot yesterday afternoon, Mr. Hoard in the Chair. The Sanitary Superin tendent submitted his report for the “week end ing June 21. Thoro wore 133 deaths, a dccreaso of 15 from the preceding week. Males, 71; fe males, 62; under 5 years, 85. Cholera-infantum caused the death of 10, convulsions of 17, fevers of 14, pneumonia of 11, small-pox of 3, consump tion of G, and brain diseases of 6. Tho mean temperature of tho week was 74 degrees. The mortality by wards was os fol lows : First, 1; Second, 0; Third, 6 ; Fourth, 3 ; Fifth, 5 ; Sixth.*ll; Seventh, 13 ; Eighth, 7 ; Ninth, 7 ; Tenth,' 2; Eleventh, 3 ; Twelfth, 1; Thirteenth, 1; Fourteenth, 3 ; Fif teenth, 23 ; Sixteenth, 7 ; Seventeenth, G ; Eighteenth, 9 ; Nineteenth, 0 ; Twentieth, 2, Tho dccreaso in the number of deaths compared with last week is decided, and" with* tho corre sponding week in 1372 stillgroator,there being 61 less. The low death-rate is attributed by tho Sani tary Superintendent to a slight raiu fail. Tho effect of it, ho says, is particularly manifest in tho un sewored districts ;-Uirco-fourths of tho dccreaso occurring in tho wards with the least drainage.. The favorable condition of tho public health this week, ho insists, should not result in a diminution of.~ihe efforts to improve the sanitary condition of tho city. The heated term baa just commenced, and no one can tell what tho result will bo until it is over. Dur ing the past week he had called tho attention-of the railroad authorities to tho importance and necessity repeated cleaning and disinfecting water-closets and station-houses, as a means of preventing tho introduction of cholera into tho city.' He recommended that tho Board of Public Works bo requested to extend tho openings of, the sewers at Twelfth and Twenty-second streets farther into tho lako, so that tho foul odors ema nating therefrom -will bo no longer offensive,' The' dccreaso in the number of deaths from emall-pox is very great,' there being fewer deaths than for any week during tho year, * : The Healtn Officer reported that hohsd abated 746 nuisances during the week, and caused 139 houses to be connected with tho street sewers, and served 223 notices to have the work done; also, that he bad condemned eight quarters of beef, one hog, and forty-three sheep. Tho work of tho City Scavenger, with a few exceptions, had been well dono. Gutters and filthy places are being disinfected as rapidly as possible. Tho Secretary was instructed to send a com munication to the Council, calling tho attention of the Aldermen to tho necessity for sewerage, indorsing the message of tho Mayor upon tho subject, and suggesting that a com mittee bo appointed to inspect tho unsewered portions of tho city before the appropriation is zuado. The Board then adjourned. Restoration of a fio^e. In one of the German medical periodicals, Dr. Malfatfci describes tho treatment of a man whoso nose had been cut off by a saber. Tho wound was through the middle of tho cartilaginous part of the bridge of tho nose, dividing the loft ala along its posterior third, the septum through its middle, and the right ala two lines behind the anterior angle of tho nostril. Tho piece cut off was taken up from tho place where it lay on the ground, cleaned with cold water, and reapplied, being secured in its place by means of sutures. A week after tho injury, a dry scab began to form on the left ala, and extended in tho course of three days over nearly the whole nose. Granula tions gradually forme'd, healing went on steadily, and now careful examination .la required to de fect any trace of tho injury. COMMENCEMENTS. ' IHonticello - ' Correspondence of The Chicago.Trrbune. Godfrey, IIL, Juno 23,1873. Here, where wo are not troubled with steam ships, railways; and other thoughts “that shake" mankind,” as in metropolitan cities, an anniver sary-day at Honticello Seminary is an object of ’aU-abflorbing ’interest". So ammaTTyT Bui* this year particularly. The weather, walking,—every thing'Tavorcd the twenty-third Commencement. Outside of the grand old structure, with its ivied casements and castellated walls, Nature shone brightly, as Art within. The limbs of the long c ble rank of stately forest-trees shook hands across the broad walk leading down lb the college, with the same delight with which the numerous guests were welcomed. The anniver sary hall was radiant with evergreens and ' resplendent with beauty. "“Iris” and “In Bight la Strength,” the name of the class and the motto of the graduates, were beautifully wreathed over the centre of the stage; and, at the usual hour, the graduates,—twelve In number,—'all arrayed in white, filed out upon the broad platform, and, after prayer, compositions were read by Hisses Homy, Niles, Ballanco, Lampton, Campbell, Worthington, Wilson, Price, Cushing, ■ Greigg, Hereby, West, McPike, and Cox. These were varied by exquisite vocal and instrumental solos. Xho music and essays were all excellent. The “Salutatory,” by Hiss Kate Henry, was a beau tiful simile between the mother and child and the Seminary and its pnpiL—the beauty and po tency of which were felt i>y none more acutely than those who had taken, or wore on the eve of taking, leave of their Alma Hater. Hiss Lampion’s essay was a touching retro spect of childhood’s days. The theme is as per ennial as the composition was beautiful; and it found a sympathetic throb in tbo hearts of all. Following came Hiss Emily Campbell, with a delightful little romance, which elicited universal admiration. It was charming in conception and delivery, and revealed a brilliancy of thought and beauty of diction rarely excelled. Hiss Campbell possesses a high order of literary talent, which the pleasures of society, or the practical duties of life, ought not to stillo. The essay of Miss Ella L. HcPiko—a prophecy of the future of the “Iris” class—was eminently pleasing. The charming seoress, by her gener ous predictions, showed that she did. not meas ure the hearts and hopes of others by conic sec tions. Its composition was elegant, its delivery easy and natural,- and its reception by the au dience was enthusiastic. They evidently hoped for, if they did not prophesy, a glowing future for the fair reader, who has an exceedingly rare blending of social and intellectual qualities. So much for the pupils. The Seminary and its Faculty deserve more than a general notice. It was endowed by Benjamin Godfrey, and built in 1838, at a cost of $53,000, since which -it baa not received any assistance, except the ordinary revenue of the College ryet it has been growing steadily ,in strength and popularity. The founders and Faculty have obtained their princi pal reward In the gratitude of its children and in the gratification of knowing that all reflect credit, and many lustre, upon the institution that mould ed them. .. . It is nnoqpaled in its location; beautifully surrounded by stately forest-trees and rare ex otica ; in a country glad with fruits and flowers, and happy with a liberal and cultivated people. It is about five miles Mississippi, free from the strifes of ther world, and a stranger to the visit or dread of the serious ills that con stantly threaten it. Mias Harriet N. Haskell is the Principal, and she has a largo corps 6f able raid accomplished assistants. The thoughtful caro of a parent,’with the responsible- duties of a 'preceptor, is bestowed upon their tender charges.—greatly palliating absence from home, and making their necessary life-discipline as entertaining and profitable as possible. If the true worth of this unobtrusive Seminary, with its meritorious Faculty, were known, parents and guardians would unite in the opinion that a purer, healthier, or better place for the educa tion of their daughters could not be found upon the Continent. Alpha. Lincoln University* Currespondcnc* 0/ The Chicago Tribune. . . LiSC«*LX, XU., May 21,1873. This has been an eventful week in our quiet college-town. Early in the week,, the friends of the University began to arrive in large num bers. Visitors were present from all parts .of the State, besides many from Kentucky, Indiana, and lowa. The exercises throughout the week-were of unusual interest. The excellences of the week are too numerous to mention in 'detail. Tho Baccalaureate Sermon, by Prof. A. J. Mc- Glumphy, on Sabbath morning,' was a master ly effort, and elicited much commendation from all. The Society-reunion, on Monday evening, was an occasion of great enjoyment. The toasts and responses were very timely, and all went away feeling that tho evening was well employed. . Tuesday evening, William H. Campbell, of Havana, addresood tho Society* of‘Alumni.. His subject, “•Excellence in Vocation,” was skillfully and ably discussed. Mr. C. is a prom ising young lawyer, and, in years to come, will, doubtless, bo os well known in his State as he now is in his county. The lecture, Wednesday evening, by the Bev. R. M. Bamcs, pastor of tho .Methodist Church at Bloomington, was full of happy thoughts. “The Characteristics and Demands of tho Times," though an old theme, was*presented in a novel yet interesting, manner. The study of Sociology is becoming one of great .interest and importance. ... The Commencement exercises proper took place on Thursday morning in the University Chapel. A large -audience, numbering tho elite and literati of the city, favored 2 the class with their presence, smiles, flowers, and cheers. Tho class numbered ten —two ladies and eight gen tlemen.’ ' ' Tho very high character of, the class perform ances speaks enthusiastically for tho institution. No one present failed to speak in the highest terms of the exercises. A social gathering at the residence of Col. E. B. Latham, the President of tho Board of Trus tees, closed the most enjoyable work in the his tory of Lincoln University. * Col. Latham has been untiring in his cfforts*to'build‘up the Uni versity, and it was in keeping .to throw open the doors of his elegant mansion, and invite the stu dents, friends and patrons of tho institution to partake of the hospitalities ol himself and amia ble lady. This institution is in a most flourishing condi tion. The finances are being rapidly increased. During tho post year, over ©SO,OOO has been added to the endowment in the /form of donations and bequests. The instruc tion is most thorough and. comprehen sive. The Professors are comparatively young men, who aro thoroughly active, classical, and practical. No institution in tho State.can boast of a more extensive course of study. - The Board 1 of Trustees require that.no student.shall in.any, case pass to graduation who has not stood a thorough examination in each study in tho.cur.- riculum. I venture to say that uo institution in tho State of Illinois mokes better scholars than Lincoln University, * - • The catalogue for tlie eoventhj:ollogiato year has just boon published, 'which shows a liberal patronage, a growing endowment, apd an able roculty. The friends of the institution ofo en thusiastic m its support. Several gentlemen of wealth are under promise to make the endow ment handsome donations soon; ' Con. - SHALL WE HAVE A HOSPITAL 7 To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sin: The sickly season is upon ’ 'us. It promises to be of unusual severity, and- .prob ably of unusual duration. In the opinion of our boat medical authorities, we ,havo every reason to anticipate a great amount of sickness among the poorer classes, and a proportionately largo demand upon our accommodations for the. sick poor. It seems to mo not unreasonable, therefore, to- ask the County Commissioners ta droptheir playthings in the up per story of Kentucky Block,. and turn their' attention. In' .a manly and thoughtful way, to the disgraceful condition of our County Hospital, and to the imperative ne cessity for a now one. For more than six months, the necessity for better hospital-accom modations has been Kept before them. During this time, puerperal fever, and erysipelas,, and hospital gangrene have stalked through the miserable, death-dealing wards, until Dr. Hiller boa howled for paint and whitewash; limbs have' been lost needlessly, and lives have been sacri ficed whicn ought to have been saved; —and yet, in the face of all these facta, the Commissioners havo been pottering away like school-hoya, trotting up and down the stairs leading to their picture-gal lery in Kentucky Block, their heads full of mag nificent Court-Houses, with “central domes,” but profoundly oblivious of the fact that men and women were actually dying of sheer neglect in the disgraceful old rookery which squats in the Arnold street mud-paddle. It is entirely within the bounds of possibility for the Commissioners to remove every paheut . from.the present hospital, within the next-sixty days. It ought to be done. It is not necessary to advertise for any “plana.” or open a “ picturo-gallerv,” or do -anything- of”tho sort.- The’ first ’thing necessary is a committee endowed with a goodly degree of energy, alive to the necessities of the case, and possessed of a reasonable share of common sense., Thonext requisite is /and.—a largo, liberal, roomy lot, in a deceit locality, with pleasant and cheerful surroundings, sus ceptible of perfect drainage; And this can be obtained in one week. Let one man, of ordinary business sagacity, go about it with the deter mination to buy laud, and to buy it for the county as well and as carefully as he would for himself, and a week would not go by without an ample hospital-lot having been secured. Lastly, wo want an abundance of cheap, one-story, “cottage” wards, which can bo erected in thirty days, to answer the present emergency; rough barracks, or even canvas-tents, and infinitely E referable to the miserable wards of the present ospital. Let the. Commissioners move ; let them secure land and erect these cheap cottage wards, and then let them advertise for “plans,” and start “picture-galleries,” aud vote, and re scind votes, and higgle about “central domes,” and display their profound ignorance of archi tecture to their heart's content. Civilization, ATTEMPTED CAN-CORN MONOPOLY. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sia : I bog to call your attention to the latest attempt made by our.New England fiends to impose the tariff of questionable patents upon us, whore they cannot plunder us under the guise of protective laws. The corn-packers of Portland, under pretense of a patent secured eleven years ago, Live at tempted to monopolize the business of packing com. I give your readers herewith a brief his tory of that patent. One Peter Burand, in England, patented, In 1810,* the process of packing by-open rents; while, in 1837, a H. Appcrt, in Franco, patented the process of preserving’with closed vents. In 1812, one Isaac Winslow, of Philadelphia,—then residing abroad, seems to have become acquainted with these patents, and applied, in 1853, for a patent for canning green com by both the pro cesses above referred to, —which, It appears, wore known as early as 1835 in American text books. Hia application for a patent wag rejected. He afterwards sold ont his rights to J. W. Jones, and tho whole matter was never heard from till 1862, when Isaac Winslow, assignor to John W. Jones, suddenly acquired four patents, based on the application rejected nine years previously. ■’ Corn-packing was then in its infancy, ana J.- W. Jones had an easy monopoly of the trade. In dne time, however, the demand increased, until Portland had no longer facilities for sup plying itand packers in other sections offered on the market goods fully equal .to the Maine product. For eleven long years the owner of the patent did not avail himself of his pretended i ights; hut, when the industry of com-packinghad become extensive, and sugar-corn an almost in dispensable commodity on our tables, Mr. Jones and his ally (the Portland Packing Company) sprung a nun© upon* the trade and consumers alike, by an injunction suit, not against one of the larger regular packers, bat against an almost unknown outside party, who had not the proper means of defense against so powerful an adver-' sary. While the trade .wore barely aware ,of what threatened them, the “ Blaine combination” had gained as easya victory as* Napoleon at Saar bmcken. They obtained a decision in part affirming their-various patents. Relying upon, these patents—thus in part affirmed by Judge Clifford,—the Port’and combination have put a price upon their product *far inexcesaof any value itr actually possesses,' and in the hope of* frightening all other packers out of business by a decision which can almost be called ex parte. They have determined the outside price at which their corn can be retailed; and fixed their packer’s price so as to leave no margin to either jobber or retailer in handling it. • What makes their coarse otill more oppressive is the fact that Judge Clifford set himself up for an expert corn-packer, and joined to Lis decision the broad statement, that no good com can be packed ex cept by the “ Winslow” process. This last is a downright falsehood, intended to deceive buyers, as much as their suits to frighten packers. While the Jones patents will not stand the searching review of &u unbiased judiciary, it is by no means necessary to use the process therein described to produce an equally good article of com. The corn-packers of other' Eastern' citiw are treating- -tho monopolists-* with the contempt their conduct merits, and will pack -an abundance of good ‘sugar com at" reasonable priceSj to supply tha Eastern and Southern demand. In tho imme diate vicinity of Chicago, several brands of sugar com will be packed this year,—&U fully equal to the Portland product. Among those are tha Trophy (Crystal Lake Pickling and Preserving Works), Elgin (Elgin Packing Company), Ben ton (Phcemx Packing Company), and Benton Harbor (Benton Harbor Packing Company). These will supply the Western trade with as good an article as the “Yarmouth” or “Wins low,” without tho necessity of dealers sacrificing then: profits for the benefit of grasping monopo lists. , It remains with tho trade to complete tho good work of fighting unjust exactions by refusing io keep in stock any of the so-called patented brands of sugar com. By so doing they will benefit tho public by giving them good goods at reasonable figures, themselves by securing some profit in return for their labor, and tho whois West by creating an increased demand and en couraging our growing fruit and vegetable can ning industry. Respectfully, L. 31. PBIEDLaJTDEB. Chicago, Jons 23. 1873. SHALL PERSONS DRINK WATER IN CHOLERA? To the Editor of The Chicago Tribime: Srn : Pathological facts say, No ? In cholera, the salivary glands and Peyer’a patches are greatly enlarged and peculiar!; active. And .their relation to tho mesenteric sud lymphatic glands points to them as the chief factors of the white blood corpuscles in excess.— Virchow.' Tho serum is dense and rich ‘in albumen- Potaah-salta and phosphates are increased.— Feaslee.- The mucous surfaces and follicles of tha in testinal tract are relaxed and almost passive. The sweat-glands and ducts of the skin are in a similar condition.— Headland. Now,. give water, and what follows ? The stomach is in no condition for absorption.. E l 3 a sort of passive filter of all the thinner por* tiona of the blood, which'trickle, out vriiboQ restraint into that cavity. The same is irafi °J the whole diagestivo apparatus. _A draught of water, does not change, tho current; but the ■ stomach, already'engorged with exuded floidi, revolts "And disgorges. The’ stomach rejeri* water in nearly every, case.of cholera or cholera morbus. Even were water introduced into thj circulation, it could’only dilute the thicbeute blood, without changing its chemical con stituents,. and ..thus facilitate a ■ further exudation of tho vital’elements of blood.. Water is a. relaxing fluid, exetfo* only when taken at a low or high temperatonj and even' then possesses no astringent poj* over the feeble tissues. Why, then, recomme it in cholera ? Your correspondents yestem say, “The blood must‘ be' replenished water.” Very good, but this cannot he. whilo all tho sluiceways are open to the on - flow. The indications cry, “Shut fno rather than, “ Turn on more water. • How shall this bo done ? Observation; rience/and tho modus-operaudi of meoicm% « point to sulphuric aid as tho agent to fmo ll indications. This acid, when greatly # no obstacles in the way of absorption. 1 i lactic acid of.the stomach mingles vMjh u both aro absorbed and pass into the wow- x first contracts the coats of j, etimnlatea tho absorbents. In the w . a restorative hmmatic. of alkalies, and dilutes whilo it && tends to coagulate albumen, and crooner cular contraction. It is not ehrmna kidneys, but passes as free mucous surfaces of tho bowels contracting and stimulating *° i : ntes tijjea the B lan<la, follicles, and ducts of Besides this, it is excreted from tracting and stimulating the cutanco and arresting passive sweats. ,„v«ric tdi- Water slightly aci Jalat.d with f^judicatiOT 3 properly-administered, fulfills all tb > of preyention and cure o£ cholets. - j tb« and overcomes the diseased « p„ effects cease. E. neon*