Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 22, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 22, 1876 Page 4
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4 TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE. sum or SUBSCRIPTION (PAYABLE IN ADVANCE). Posing* Prormhl nt thin Office. Dally RdlUeo, poatpald. 1 yew, Parta ef jftt At time rate. Italled (eeßyaddreurocnwir.iafor..',....... 1.00 bnadtyKdlUeai literary and iieligloat Double Sheet,,,, 0.00 Tii> Weekly, peetaald, 1 year. U.uU I’aria «! yvtr at xtmt rat«. WBXXLY XDITIOK, XOITfAID, dob of twenty, parenpr 1.10 Ihopoatacela 10 canlaa jreaj, which wa will prupaj. Kpaelmoaeoplaitent free, ToproTcstdelayaadnUUkea, b* ran ami viva l*oiU Offlcw iddrma In fnll« lnflodln*fiUto and County. lUmlttaneM may bo mado either by draft, eipreu. l*eat*Ofß«e order.or In realstored letter*. at our rUk. TCBMB TO OITT IttBaCRIBEIIS. Dally, dellrered. Honday oxeeptod. SO cent* per week, bally, delivered, Bondar Included. JIO cent* per week. Addrctt TIIK TIIIIIUNK COMPANY. Comer Madlaon and Dearhera-eia.. Chleayo 111. AMUSEMENTS. HOOLftT’B THEATRE—Randolph itroot, between Clark and LaSalle. The California Mlnatrcla. After* noon and otculdr, McVICKEIVS THEATER— Madison utroel, between Ptarborn ami Slate, After noon. '• Much AJo About Kolbtafr.*’ Evening, *• Richard It.’* ADETJ‘III THEATRE—Monroe street, comer Dear born, Variety entertainment. Afternoon and evening: Saturday Morning, April 22, 1870. WITH SUPPLEMENT. Greenbacks at tho Now York Gold Ex change yesterday closed at 85Jo. A Bristow Club is ono of tho newest and most notable things in Boston. Its organi sation is nearly completed, and its member (Lip includes Rome of the soundest and strongest men intboHub. This lias been bought to bo Blaine's especial stronghold, ind it is regordod as extremely significant fiiat the now movement should find so largo a following. By God. Scrunch's Allowing, his invest mont iu Emma Mine Block has cost him, in cluding presumably what he is obliged to pay, and over and above the money ho re ceived iu dividends and for stock sold, 142,000. If this bo correct (and it will bo accepted as correct until some evidence to tho contrary is adduced), it is a pretty severe pun ishment for tho serious error ho made in lending his name to tho schema while ho was Minister to England, and it will have some effect in securing from tho people a verdict to tho effect that ho was guilty of impropriety, but that ho was not a knowing parly to tho fraud perpetrated on the English capitalists. The Cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis have always held each other in high joint contempt, the cause probably lying in their close race for precedence iu point of popula tion and importance. Not long ago St. Paul men got hold of tho Minneapolis papers, and they now propone to consolidate them with tho Pioneer-Prut of the former city, thus practically making Minneapolis play second liddlo on a back seat. This unhappy news paper alliance between Montague and Capd litt bos not the Minneapolis people fairly dancing in a delirium of jealousy, aud they are now working with tho industry of imps to raise tho temperature of things journalistic for the unwelcome barbarians. An extraordinary collection of hemp litera ture is presented tins morning in our dis patches from New York City and Fort Smith, Avk. In the former plate, the just vengeance of the law was accomplished iu tho case of John Dolan, tho murderer of Mr. Jahzs 11. Noe, n merchant, who, iu August last, sur prised Dolan iu tho act of burglarizing his ctoro and was killed in attempting to over power and capture tho thief. At Fort Smith, a locality famous for tho massing'of trogio occurrences, Cvo man-slayers suffered death by hanging. There were two Choctaws, one Cherokee, one negro, and one white man, and their crimes were committed in tho law* loss precincts of tho Indian Nation and tho Arkansas harder. It appears that Mr. Thomas Bartley's as siduous circulation of slanderous gossip about tho Secretary of tho Treasury is prompted by a sincere conviction that Mr. Bristow is not the proper nun to fill that ofllco—a con viction which is heartily entertained by some hundreds of whisky-thieves throughout tho country. Mr. Bartley has ample warrant for his belief; under the same circumstances, most pcoplo would agreo with him, Mr. Bartley acted as attorney in 100 cotton cases that have been brought before tho Treasury Department for adjustment, and of this num ber 103 cases Imvo been rejected I Even tho einglo claim allowed was fearfully cut down. It is no wonder Mr. Bartley has a poor opinion of Umt sort of a Secretary. Prof. 0. C. Marsh entertains pronounced views on tho aubject of Indian affairs, espo cially with reference to tho defects of tho present system of management which ob tains in tho Interior Department Ho is favorable to tho proposed transfer of tbo In dinn Bureau to tho War Department, and at the request of Gcu. Banning, Chairman of tho llouso Committee on Military Affairs, has written a letter strongly advocating tho pas sage of tho pending bill having that transfer in view. In tho judgment of Prof. Marsh, tho interests alike of economy, justice, hon esty, philanthropy, and humanity require that tho handling of tho Indian question he intrusted to the army. A bill providing for the transfer passed the House ycsteiday by a large majority. The announcement is mado that Mr. Blaine has prepared a full answer to all tho charges that have been recently brought against him, and that tho reason of his delay in meeting them was tho time necessary to secure tho proper documents to sustain his statement. It is said that this statement will bo mado in tho Ilouso either to-day or Monday. It Is earnestly to he hoped that it may bo some thing more than a general denial, aud that it shall circumstantially refulo both tho charge relative to Little Rook & Fort Smith bonds and the later one about Kansas Pacific bonds. The best Republican newspapers have demanded such u refutation; and, in reiterating this demand in a reeftit issuo, the New Yprk Tinus says: “Tho singular zeal which Jat Gould’s Tribune has recently dis played on behalf of Mr. Blaine is hardly cal culated to improve tho chaucesof u candidate whose name is connected with dubious trans actions in relation to tho affairs of the Union Pacific Railroad." The Chicago produce markets were ir regular yesterday. Mesa pork was active and 46Q500 per brl lower, closing stronger at $31.76 for April (or May and $23.00 seller Juno. Lard wu active and 10c per 100 Iba low, olosag firm at $18.20 cash or seller May and $10.05 for .Tnuo. Monts wore active and easier at 80 for boxed shoulders, lli’o fordo short ribs, and 12{le for do abort clears. Illghwlnos were firmer, at $1.07 per gallon. Flour was quiet and firm. Wheat was active nhd steadier, closing at $1.00) for regular and $1.01) for May. Corn was dull, ami jo lower, closing at 47.j0 cosh and 480 for May. Oats wero active and steadier, closing at 03)o for May. Rye was quiet, and dosed at Gtijc. Corley' was quiet, and closed Ifffiljo lower, at Clo cash and 59c for May. Hogs were qniot and 5o lower, with salon at $7.70@8.00 for common to choice. Cattle wero inactive and irrogu larly lower. Sheep sold at §i.oo(a' for common to choice. One hundred dollars in gold would buy $112.75 in greenbacks at the close. .813.00 Tho brief dream of the Democracy is over wherein they saw President Grant impeach* ed, the Republican party shattered into frag* fragments, and tho American people dinging themselves bodily into tho arms of the parly of purity, integrity, and patriotism. The vision lasted only one night, only long enough to enable some of tho partisan nevs* papers to appear supremely ridiculous in their lamentations over tho fall of the highest officer in tho National Government The awakening is accompanied with a severe headache, coupled with the knowledge that tho whole thing is a most disgraceful failure. The Democrats in Congress are keenly alive to the fact that a terrible blun der has been committed, and that not only will the President successfully maintain his authority to employ the Secret-Service fund of tho Department of Justice for tho detec tion of crime against tho laws of tho United States, bnt the investigation will also result in bringing into prominence tho stupendous election frauds that were discovered and checked in ‘Now York City by tho expendi ture of tho money in question. The sensa tion has subsided, and iho wiser heads among tho Democrats curse tho hour when Barney Caulfield and his co-conspirnlors gave pub licity to the garbled and distorted story. Secretory Bristow's way of meeting charges Is to meet them, and, more than that, to render valuable assistance in getting at the facts. Uo yesterday urged the Chairman of tho CoinmiUco having in charge tho caso of Uio bark to mako tho inquiry special, to push it with all possible prompt ness, and to conduct it with open doors, add ing that tho selection of members to act as a aub-committco was wholly immaterial to him. But tho Wisconsin baok-biter who moved the' resolution objoctod to a public investigation, and when it camo to a veto in tho Hoaso thcro were found thirty Democrats besides Cate moan enough to vote for con ducting tho investigation secretly, and thus to afford an opportunity for giving out false and garbled reports of the testimony. Tho House, however, refused to sanction such an outrage, and tho inquiry will bo open. It will bo greatly assisted by Sec retary Bristow himself, who has furnished the Committee with tho names of tho owndrs of the vessel and of their attorneys, and indi cated where tho full records in the case may bo found. It is perfectly well-known to those familiar with tho facts that there is not a peg on which to bang a hope for damaging dis closures in this cose, bat it may yet happen that tho Republican party will bo under obli gations to Cate, of Wisconsin, to the Investi gating Committee, and to tho Democratic House, for tho famishing of a most excellent campaign document. THE NEXT GOVERNOR OF ILLINOIS. Tho State of Illinois, in point of political weight, stands fourth on tho list of States. In 1870 it Iftckod but two electoral votes of an otjiiality with Olivo, and al IU!» lime I<M far outstripped that Stale in population as well us In wealth and productive resources. Tho Governorship of a State of more than three millions of people is an honorable of fice, and ono which should be filled by a man of high personal character, of intellectual ability, and qualified by experience for an in telligent, honest, and vigorous discharge of tho duties of Governor. The Republican State Convention, ono of whoso duties will bo the nomination of a candidate for Governor, has boon called to meet in May. Ordinarily, tho nomination by tho Republican Convention will bo equiva lent to an election, and hence it was that The Chicago Triduke took occasion, some weeks ago, to tnako tho Suggestion that, as tho Convention had tho power to practically nnmo tho nuxb Governor, it would bo wise to select some man better fitted for tbo office arid more creditable to the Stato than tho . present incumbent, who bo assiduously seeks u re-election. In tho nomination of a ticket for Stale officers, tho person who is named at tho bend of tho ticket ought to bo the strong est with tho pcoplo, should bo a first-class man, and known to possess tho ability to perform his official duties respectably. Wo preferred to stato some of the objections to tbo nomination of Acting Gov. Betedidoe before tbo meeting of tho Convention than to postpone them until, if nominated, it would bo too Into to do bo. The Acting Governor was never squarely elected Governor of tho Stato. By private scheming or arrangement he was put second on the ticket with a man who it afterwards turned out was running os a candidate for tho Senate, and not for Governor at all. It was by tho success of this littlo trade or trick, and* not by any estimate of his fitness or .ability for tho office ho holds, that he became Governor. From tho day ho took the office down to tho present, ho has been industrious ly electioneering for a nomination for Gov ernor. His tiino, his eloquence, his patriotic services in the field, as well as his official pat ronage and his personal piety, bavo been em ployed to promote his nomination by the coming Convention. All tho well-known agencies of mnohine-politics have been act ively, systematically, and continuously em ployed to pack tbo Cotvonliou to nominate him. He represents machine government, which excludes popular will and dictates who shall bo voted for. Gov. Beveridge is e ma chine politician, and depend! on (ho machine for success. Though the State of Illinois is unques tionably Republican, yet party obligations bang so loosely upon so many people, tbo popular disgust for machine politics is so strong, and the independent voter so rcso luto and so numerons, it is no longer a cer tainty that the man who is nominated will bo elected because ho is the candidate o( the parly. The history of the Acting Governor is proof of this. Four years ago, when os tensibly a candidate for the unimportant office of Lieutenant Governor, though it was at tho Presidential election and party lines wero unusually rigid, Beveridge bad but 35,331 majority in tho Btate, when bis colleagues on the ticket had majorities ranging from 18,834 to 57,000, Hi thoi ran more than 30,000 THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SATURDAY. APRIL 22, 1876-TWELVE PAGES. behind. A large proportion of the Repub licans of bln own county absolutely refused to voto for him then, and it is possible that even a greater number will refuse to do so in 1870. In 1872 bo had not been Governor, and, of course, was not as unpopular as now; bo had not then offended the pride of the Stale by his weak administration of the office, nor was be then known to be the feeble man, and officially, ns to warrant the genera! verdict that ho Is the weakest man that ever hold the office of Governor of Illinois. Ho hod been Governor long enough to have enabled an ordinary man to comprehend the duties and powers of bis office when there occurred in one of the southern counties a period of lawlessness and disorder, in which nmrdcr became a regular and conspicuous feature. Tor months the murder ormaiming of ore or more persons every week or few days took place, and, though the perpetrators wero known, no effort was made to arrest them or break up the cut-throat gang. These crimes and outrages had extended to several counties, and wore so flagrant that the people of tho Southern Stales, who bad been repeatedly subjected to military rule under less provocation, succringly reproached tho X'cdoral Government for Us neglect to interpose a military force to supersede tho confessedly inefficient State Government in Illinois, which had failed to suppress a systematic series of murder that would have horrified tho bloodiest Ku-Klur commu nity at tho South. It was not un til The Chicago Tiudone sent n com missioner to tho district, had published the whole history of tho crimes, and had hold tho Governor directly responsible for its con tinuance, that stops were taken to putastop to tho assassination business. Previously he had got into a controversy with demagogues in tho Legislature, pleading thatho could not maintain order and suppress organized crime because of tho want of $13,000 in his con tingent fund 1 But Tub taught him his duty differently. Tho people of Illinois in 1872 had not witnessed tho Governor’s profligate abuse of the pardoning power in tho cases of convic tion for crimes of violence. This was also exposed In The Tiudune, not, as alleged, to abase tho Governor, but in tho interest of good government, justice, and public safety. Ho has, to interests in tho coming Stato Convention, mode a sad use of his patronage. His appointments aa a whole have Icon with a view of constructing a nominating caucus, and not for the efficiency of the public service. It is possible that tho machine men may succeed at Springfield In forcing him on the party, but it is equally possible that tho people may smash the machine nomination. Such things oro very common just now. From all parts of the Stato there is a strong objec tion against tho nomination of Acting-Gov ernor Bxmunox, and a protest against tho impolicy of forcing tho people to choose be tween him and some personally bettor and more competent man on the Democratic ticket. Tub Chicago Tbibunk has boon governed by no personal feeling in this matter. It has songht to mako party success more certain by making it deserved. This paper has no candidate to present, bat has urged that any of various qther persons wonld bo prefera ble. Tho namo of a President of one of the National Banks at SpriugQold has boon sug gested. This gentleman has served in tho Legislature, and was a very respectable mem ber of Congress, and baa experience and ability. Another gentleman, President, if wo mistake not, of a bank at Shawnootown, is urged by his friends. Tho namo of Mr. Washburns has also been presented, and, while The Tribune did not originate his can didacy, it has favored his nomination be cause ho is unquestionably tho strongest man, tha most favorably known, ana the most certain^ o bo elected. This paper is in no wise committed to his nomination, nor is it to that of any other person ; The Tribune is a people’s paper, and not a machine paper working in tho interest of any particular office-holder or office-seeker. SUGGESTIONS FOR BABNE7 CAULFIELD. It is just nt present on opportuno time to suggest to Mr. Barket Caulfield, tbo rep resentative in Congress of n rapidly decreas ing minority in tho First Illinois District, that bo is engaged in very dirty business, and that in his great zeal to accomplish something of n partisan character for tho benefit of bis Confederate associates, ho is conducting him self in a manner both mean and malignant. In his capacity as Chairman of tho Commit tee on Expenses in the Department of Justice he has established a Star Chamber of investi gation, tho members of which belong exclu sively to his own party, tho Republican mem bers not being allowed to participate In somo of its deliberations. Out from this Star Chamber come such garbled reports of test!- many aud ono-sided distortions of statement os tho country has recently seen in tho parti san accusations made against tho President and tho Secretary of tho Treasury. It is in consonance also with his partisan meanness that ho gives out one-sided reports of tho proceedings of his Star Chamber to Confcd* orate aud Copperhead newspapers for publi cation, withholding tho facts from respecta ble and impartial newspapers and Republican journals, for fear Umt their immediate oriti cism and comment may break tbo forco of the colored accusations, aud upon the well known hypothesis that a lio ouco started is apt to travel too fast for truth ever to over take it. Tims fur Uiis mousing littlo lawyer has himself to ho tho most muliguaut partisau in Congress, and ifas acted in a manner which might bo expected of a politi cian wiUiout principle, and elevated only a few degrees above a ward bummer. When such men are suddenly transferred by acci dent to places of importance, they carry the same partisan meanness aud despicable trickeries which characterized them in manip ulating ward primaries and county conven tions. Mr. Caulfield, if ho has sufficient intelligence to comprehend anything, ought to know that, apart from tho inlriuHia malignity of his actions, he is utterly misrepresenting tho sentiments of tho majority of his district. His record thus far has not been of a character to com mend him to tho bettor class of tho voters, or to inspire his own party, which he is so in temperately trying to servo, with any special degree of prldo in his statesmanship. There have been other men in Congress from largo city districts of. as small calibre as ho, hut they have had tho good sense to maintain a discreet silence and thus cover up tho fact, or at least not make it painfully apparent to tho wholo country. Mr. Caulfield will most thoroughly appreciate tho fruits of his present operations when ho returns to his constituents. In tho event that he should seek a re-election, ho will still more thorough, ly appreciate the temper of the people whom he has beta misrepresenting. It is gratify* ing, however, to note that now and thou ho runs across a man who will not ho vilified and libeled by him without bitting back, and that, too, with n prouptnesa, decision, and dignity that make au impression oven upon bis thick-skinned partisanship, Tills has happened to him in tho matter of tho base less slanders set afloat ly iho whisky thieves through tho agcuoy of Hr. Caulfield, to tha offset that Hr. Bristow, while United States District Attorney for Kentucky, had been in strumental in relenting tho distillery of S. T. Suit. Mi. Caulfield gave out tho slander to the Copperhead and Confederate press, but Mr. Bnisrow im mediately demanded a bearing before the Committee, and callol upon Caulfield to produce Ids accusers Uiat he might confront them face to face. The indignant protest of nn honest man was something more than oven Caulfield could stand, and he was com pelled to cat tho bumble pie that was ten. dored Idm, and to write tho Secretary, after allowing tho boso slander to bo circulated in bis party newspapers, that “ there are no charges made or proven against you, and you stand before us with the fullest exoneration of even a suspicion.” Caulfield will find when ho returns that his constituents have cooked nn humble pie much larger than Hr. Bristow’s for him, and that they will ex pect him to cat it whether ho likes it or not. THE CASE OF QEN. J. U. HEDRICK. God. J. SI. Hedrick, of lowa, Supervisor of Internal Revenue, has published In his newspaper, tho Ottumwa Courier , a lame and shambling account of his dealings in poat-traderships. lie acknowledges to hav ing nn interest in tho profits of tho posts at Griffin and Concho in Texas, nt Feltonnan in Wyoming, and Buford in Dakota, at Fort A. Lincoln and at Camp Supply, and also at Fort Laramie, though he says ho made noth ing out of tho last-named except bis traveling expenses for two trips to and from Washing ton (?), As to nil thoso trndorships, it appears that Hedrick contributed nothing except political influence and check, tho returns coming to him in tho form of greenbacks, and out of tho pockets of soldiers who aro exposing their lives In Indian warfare for sl2 per month. Hr. Hedrick thinks that this is a purely privato affair and nobody's business. Ho says that ho secured tho appointments, and, instead of conducting the business of post-trader, bo allowed the former incum bents to hold on amlworkoff their old stocks, giving him a sharo of tho profits meanwhile. Tho testimony of Hr. £. A. tho trader at Camp Supply, differs from that of Gen. Hedrick in an important particular, viz.: that ho denies that it was an ordinary business transaction. Tho following is tho Associated Press report of Hr. Reynolds' testimony: Sir. Rctmolds testified tbit be eeeured the appoint ment on Sept. 17,1870, through Qen. J. M. Hedrick, of love; wu to pay him $5,000, but found tbe arrange* ment unprofitable, and altogether paid bttn |t,6UO; madotbelaat payment In tbe litter part of 1673, or early In 1973; bad paid no money to anybody olae on account of tbe appointment totbopoit. Tbo reason witness agreed to pay Hedrick $5,000 a year wua be cause tbo post-traders generally talked big figure* about tbe values of posts; that they would moke largo sums of money *• noit year;" that as these stories circulated bis [Hedrick’*! prices seemed to " Inflate.' Witness’ firm bad mode about SIO,OOO a year; dealt wltli Hedrick because be wanted the appointment, and Hedrick controlled It; wllneas baa held tbo post nearly six years, but tbe agreement was dropped; If it bad been an ordinary business, transaction wllneas would owe Hedrick about $25,000. It would appear from this version of tbo affair that Air. Hedrick was not a post trader, but a dealer in post-tradorsbipg, or perhaps a blackmailer of posUtradors. Mr. Hedrick is still, wo believe, a Supervisor of Internal llovonuo. His eminent fitness for tbo latter position Is not vindicated by tbo recent disclosures. On tbo contrary, it will bo tbo manifest duty of bis successor in office to investigate bis transactions as Super* visor as closely tbo Comiuiiioa of Congress have investigated bin career os post-trader. THE NEW SILVER BILL. Tbe silver coins issued under tbo rocont act to replace fractional currency are going off like hot cokes; and, though the exchange has only been in operation a conplo of days, it is already certain that tbo pooplo aro re joiced at tbo reappearance of tbo bright and handsome coin, and that they, will never bo satisfied with a return to tbo old sbinplastors. But, as Tue Tridune has already intimated, there is a serious danger that tbo provisions vfbicb have been made aro not adequate, and that tbo silver will disappear unless there shall bo further legislation authorizing an in creased issue. In addition to tbo natural inclination to board it, tboro aro .other rea sons for apprehending tbo disappearance of silver unless additional measures are taken to keep it in circulation. Either an apprecia tion of tbo vnluo of silver or a deprecia tion in tbo quoted value of greenbacks would lead to it. Greenbacks and sil ver may to-day bo on a par os compared with gold, but tbero is no assurance that this wilt bo so to-morrow. Silver bullion has already begun to rise in London (it is now quoted at 53J ponce per ounce, and was as low as 52 pence) on account of tbo pros pective demand for silver coinage in this country and somo recent financial operations in India. Tbo greenbacks are subjected to various broker influences, and will continue to rise and fall in value, as in tbe past, so long as no provision shall bo mado for their re demption. So, while greenbacks and silver may be now worth about 88 cents in gold, tbo former may fall to 85 or 6C at any time, or the latter may rise to 80 or more; in either case tbo brokers would' buy up tbo silver coin with greenbacks and melt the coin into bullion for export. At tbo snibo time tbo dispouition to board the silver coin will in crease in deference to the principle that tbo inferior currency always floats and displaces the superior. If there is to be a serions and pomanont effort to keep silver in circula tion (and this certainly ought to bo the pur pose) something more than the retirement of $30,000,000 0r510,000,000 fractional* must bo accomplished. Tbo proper precaution to take is tbe imme diate passage of tbo bill introduced into the United States Senate by Senator Sukuuah since tbe Fractional Silver bill became a law. This now bill provides for tbo coining of a sil ver dollar of tbo standard weight of -U2 8-10 grains (nob the trade dollar), and makes them legal-tender to tbo amount of S2O, Tbo second section of tbo bill is os follows t S*o. % That the Secretary of tbo Treasury U hereby authorized to exchange tUd silver dollar* beroiu au thorized by on equal amount of Hutted State* uotea, which shall bo retired aud canceled aud nut bo again replaced by oilier noles, and all Hatted State* notea redeemed under this act atull be held to be a part of tbe Sinking Fund provided fur by exlatiug law, the in ereat to bo computed theroou at la caae of bouda re deemed under the acta relating to the Uiuklng Fund, There is reason to believe that each a pro* visfou would remove tho daugor wo have de scribed. If thin were tho law, unstained by tho proper facilities forooming tbo silver, tho effect would bo to equalize tho value of silver and greenbacks. At all events, the silver would never ezoied the value of the greenbacks, ea the latter could bo ox* changed tbcrofor by tbo nemo easy process as fractional currency Is now exchanged for stive* coin; and, if tbo greenbacks should become worth more than silver, that would not bo serious. There is a atroug probability that both would gradually and equally appre ciate. Tbo decline of the Table of silver in mainly owing to its demonetization in Ger many. Germany bought £(16,000,000 gold ($330,000,000) for now gold coinage and £lo,ooo,ooosilver ($50,000,000) fornowsllver coinage. Prof. .Tevons estimates the net de monetization of silvcf In Germany an equal to £40,000,000 (§200,000,000), on the theory that £10,000,000 of the old silver was retained. But the effect of this demonetization was not merely to depreciate the value of siWor by throwing $200,000,000 of it on the market, but to appreciate the value of gold by with drawing §200,000,000 gold from tbo market. The effect on silver as estimated in gold value was consequently about the same ns if §100,000,000 had been add ed to the stock of silver bullion, or equal to the product of the American mines for ten years. If, now, there bo an American demand for silver for coinage amounting to, Bay, $125,000,000 (which would bo equal to tbo substitution of silver for the fractional currency and for that amount of greenbacks which were to bo retired gradually as the issue of National Bank notoo increased), then tbo value of silver will bo gradually enhanced until it will probably become worth 05 cents in gold. Greenbacks would go np with silver os long os they should remain redeemable in silver. To reduce the amount of outstanding greenbacks to §300,000,000 by this process would require, perhaps, a couple. of years. During this period there would bo no con traction of the currency, and at the end of that time tho . greenbacks and silver would probably bo worth 95 cents in gold, whch would add 7 or 8 per cent to tho value of tho currency, and import con fidence and stability to all classes of business, and those are tho essential preliminary stops before there can bo nn improvement of trade and commerce. Greenbacks would cense to fluctuate and continue uncertain in value, as they would slowly but steadily rise in value. Wo would every day by imperceptible degrees bo approaching resumption, and resumption itself would bo proportionately easier and more practicable. One of tho most salutary influences of this procedure would bocducational. The fallacy that irredeemable shiuplosters are more desirable than coin for a currency would bo exploded once for all. Tho people would be come familiar with coin once more and ex act its substitution ns a basis for our mouoy. Tho groenbackors would not have oven the semblance of a plea in favor of their pot theory.- The comparative escape from tho constant fluctuation of value in tho existing currency and tho advantage of a permanent gauge of values would be so impressed upon the American people that they would de mand, and readily suggest tho zneaus for, absolute resumption. Every consideration, therefore, prompts the adoption of tho bill Senator Sherman has introduced, or one materially tho same in its provisions, with full authority to tho Secretary of tho Treas ury to purchase silver bullion, coin it, and pay out silver dollars in oxohongo for green backs to bo retired and canceled. THE DESTINY OP TURKEY. Events in tbo record of tbo struggle be tween the barbarian Turks and tbo Christian insurgents, and in tbo attitude of tbo throe great Powers—ltussia, Austria, and Germany —follow each other almost as rapidly as tbo changes in tbo kaleidoscope. Tbo latest dispatches show that Borvia is fast placing herself upon a war footing and sending amunitiou forward to tbo frontier, and that little Montenegro has formally declared war with Turkey, which still further com- ; plicatos tbo situation, and adds to the gravity of tbo dangers by which the Turkish troops arc surrounded between tbo mountain walls of Herzegovina. Tbo most striking feature of tbo nows, however, is tbo awkward and uncomfortable situation in which Germany is placed. Sbo finds her self confronted with two serious dangers, which may at any time break tbo triplo alli ance upon which her Emperor depends for the maintenance of peace and order in Eu rope. On tbo one band, tbo Ilussian policy towards tbo insurgents bos radically changed of lute, and will change still moro after tbo abdication of tbo Czar and tbo accession of tbo Ozarowitcb to power, .who is no admirer of Germany, and is opposed to the peace programme of bis father. On tbo other band, Austria has roused tbo apprehension of Germany, and especially of tbo Gorman population of Austria, by the prospect of an annexation of Bosniaand Scrvia, which would bring tbo Bclavoaiau population into a very largo majority, and completely offset and perhaps utterly destroy Gorman influences in Austria. There can bo no doubt that tbo 1 Hungarian and Croatian Atistriaus have long desired a fusion with their brethren who were torn from them by tbo Turks. Whatever else may eventuate from these rapidly chang ing movements, one thing is certain—every day brings tbo Tnrks nearer to their destiny. Tbo fullness of time has evidently come when tbo 'fork will be driven back across tbe Bos phorus and towards Turkistan, wbouco bo originally camo. It scorns apparent now that It must bo bnt a short Uino only buforo tbo land of tbo Greek Republics and tbo ancient Empire of Constantine will bo reckoned once more among tbo Chris tian peoples and in tbo fold of tbo Greek Chnrcb, after their centuries of bitter bond age to tbo Mohammedan Turks. It will bo a reconstruction more remarkable even than tbo unification of Germany or that of Italy, as it wilf reunite people who have boon ground down by Asiatics for centuries ; will reestablish a religion in many countries which has been politically suppressed by Mohammedanism' for four hundred years, and will put an end to tiro most despotic oppression and misrule tbo world has over witnessed. Tbo banishment of tbo Turk from Europo, and tbo blotting out of Turkey from tbe map of Earopo, will bo a blessing in which tbo whole civilized world will re joice. Tbo Turk has shown himself not only a cruel bigot and despot, but has proved him self impervious to the spirit of reform and progress. Ho has resisted modern civiliza tion in all its developments. He Is to-day precisely tbo same, except in point of courage, that bo was when bo crossed tbo Dardanelles on bis wonderful career of con quest. To relegate him to tbo Asiatio provinces whence be camo’will bo one of tbe most beneficent triumphs of tbo nineteenth century. The Democrats in majority evidently aspire to more absolute control of personal liberty than tho Republicans whom they were for merly lavish In accusing. This U the infer* enoe from the Introduction of a bill by Ur. Pnocron Knot*, Chairman of tho JmUcinry Committee, conferring upon tho Supremo Court of tho United Stolon tho exclusive Ju risdiction of issuing the writ of habeas corjnu whenever tho party applying for mich writ in detained or deprived of his liberty hy either Houses of Congress. To guard against ouy infraction of tho proposed rule, Mr. Knott also desires that Uio Supremo Court shall have authority to issue a writ of prohibition whenever any other Court shall interfere. There is only ono stop more for tho Demo crats to propose, and that la to deny the right of tho act of habeas eorpue altogether as regards Congress. It is a noticeable if not significant fact that tho presentation of Mr. WAsununNK's name for Governor has produced extraordi nary excitement at tho State Capital. Tho State Journal office has been in a ferment over since. That paper Las for weeks de voted its columns exclusively to tho annihila tion of E. JJ. ‘WAannonNE. Tho possibility of his election is treated ns if U portended war, pestilence, and famine—to Springfield. There must bo a reason for this. No such frantic lamentations qver tho probable elec- tion of Washhouse could bo mode without cause. Washhouse, who is known to every voter of Illinois os tho unyielding foo of cor ruption, jobbery, stealing, and bribery, large or small, and as n man who loans on tho peo ple and’not on tho machines of politicians, is evidently not the kind of man they wont at Springfield. Such a man, it is feared, would bo troublesome, and would perhaps keep his eyes and his oars open, when an other man would be conveniently blind and deaf. Hut tho very qualities which render him objectionable to Springfield will make him stronger with the people by many thou sands of votes than any other candidate who can bo named. It is not necessary in England, in order to raise a row in a church-yard, that somebody in ters or attempts to inter there the remains of “ a dead nipper.” It Is sufficient, though the remains ho those of a bluo-bloodod Caucasian, that ho was a Dissenter. The agitation that stirred up the whole Kingdom because the fam ily of a deceased Dissenting clergyman placed upon the tombstone over bis grave the title “Reverend” preceding his name bas scarce yet subsided; ami now a fiercer tumult rages be cause upon tbo stone that marks the resting place of a deceased frco-thlnkor, in the Bolton church-yard. Is Inscribed the following : Lei gods attend on things which gods mutt know— Men’s only care relates to things below. Tho town authorities have taken the matter in hand, and demand that tbo offensive inscription bo forthwith* erased. But tho family of tbo de ceased stand upon their rights and propose to fight it out, if oght they must. As a compro mise, however, they offer, if required, to cover up the stone with a waterproof sheet which shall boar this legend: “This shoot must be raised only by persons who are willing to read an in scription to whlclf tbo Bolton corporation ob ject." Anywhere else in all creation that would Have terminated tbo ridiculous squabble; but in England, of course, they are proof against the wittiest satire, and it can only bo expected to aggravate tbo tombstone row. “Col.” Whitley, upon whose testimony tho charge of corrupt use of tbo secret service fund to iutluooco elections is mads against tiie Presi dent, according to tbo Washington Republican, has a Bwoct-Hcootod record. In 1858 he wan known in Kansas as the loader of an organized band of fugitive slave-hunters and bordat-rnf flans. It was Wuitlbv’s gang which overtook ami captured Dr. John Dot, of Lawrence, when the latter was carrying a baud of fugitive slaves to Canada, and carried Dot and tho negroes Into Missouri. There Wuicxly was paid rewards for his capture, and Dr. Dot was tiled, convicted, and scntoucod by tho Missouri Court to seven years’ imprisonment in tho Penitentiary, though it was proved ho uovor was in Missouri, and thoroforo could havo committed no offense with in tho jurisdiction of the Court. Dot was res cued from tho jail at St. Joseph, 210., by a party of Vroo-State men from Kansas. Thereon tho Missouri authorities offered a reward for his capture, and Whitley attempted it, but bo and his gang wore fired upon and driven off by the rescuing party. Dr. Dor is now living at Battle Crook, Mich. It is also stated that Wuitlet fled from that region to escape trial upon an in dictment for horse-stealing. An alarming statement la made by some of tho aoti-WasiinuuNS press that Mr. Wahiiudbne. some twenty years ago, obtained from Congress an appropriation to build a marine hospital at Galena, which has since boon sold for much loss than it cost to build it. At tbo time this hospi tal was built. Galena was the most important shipping point on the Mississippi River above St. Louis, and there wore more steamboats owned cud registered there than at any point above at. Louis. Tboro woro regular daily packets, night and morning, between Galena and tho upper river towns. This trade contin ued until it was carried off by tho railroads, and tho hospital, which was a necessity when built, was needed no more. With tbo loss of bor once prosperous rivor trade, Galena declined, and real estate fell oft generally. Tbo hospital building, designed for hospital purposes, being no longer needed as a hospital, very naturally declined in value, and there were but few per sons to whom it bad any value whatever. Tho Government sold it, getting for it probably all it was worth at tbo time. This complaint against WasmtcnttE strangely proceeds from under tbo shadow of the new State Capitol building, which has supported a Board of Commissioners and other official parasites for several years. A recent number of Tite OutOAQo Tbibdnb, ladle cuislnjr tho iTealdeulial puealbiiUKa, luutnti that Ur. llutnow, If choiea by tho Cincinnati Convention, could rely upon the support of both partlea iu Ken tucky.— Louuvillt ledger. No it didn't. It never claimed the vote of the Dcmocrate lor him. It said, however, fhstthere was a strong probability be would get a good many of the old Whies of Kentucky. The Clay Whig element is not extinct in that Slate. Tbo candidacy of Bnisxow would warm it into ac tivity and vitality, and we have very little doubt but he would carry tbo Stale by Us aid. The Republican party of Kentucky is no puling infant; it polled for Haulam, Republican, 90,000 voles, against 126,000 for Leslie, Democrat. At a recent election It almost carried Louisville. A change of 16,000 old Whig votes to Bristow would give him tbe Slate. He Is sure of 6,000 or 0,000 Germans anyhow, who have been lo tbs habit of voting with tbe Democrats. Gov. Hates, of Ohio, to dealing with tbe striking ooal-miners of the Tuscawsras region, has shown that he means no nonsense, and will not hesitate to enforce tbe laws promptly with out regard to tbo Labor-Union votes, lo his proclamation to tbe strikers ho tells them plain ly sod unmistakably (hat tbe terrorism they seek to maintain must forthwith come to an end j that no man who is willing to work shall bo deterred from doing eo by violence, and that if the civil authorities prove unable to protect peaceful laborers against the strikers, a suffi cient military force will be sent there to protect them, and with instructions to disperse the rioters. Gov. Hayes* action is la tefroebfng contrast lo tbs gingerly course of tbe Pennsyl vania sathorlUes not long since In dealing with tbs strikers. Braoit'a aarcaetlo definition of fame, to have your name epeiied wrong in theOazette, ig illus trated by an announcement in the New York £vtn\ng Port, which la nothing if not ortho graphical, to the following affect, teaching oar reoent election i “ Sotbill li elected over Adani (or City Attorney; Am erer Hakim for City Clerk ; Drsk over Donnium for Oleik of (ho Police Conrtj Hatmk had no opponent for Mayor.'* PEBBONAL. Mr. Tennyson is reported to be at work on an ode to the Prince of Wale* 01 bis return from India. A French v/t who bad bargained In vain with a Jewish dealer for a eaperb Christ on ivory, finally buret forth with tho remark t 11 My friend, your ancestors sold the original of that picture for one-hundredth part of the money you as*.” Mr. Alexander Stephens Is now a poor man, and a Georgia paper safe ho is burdened with the support of many "dead-beats." which muai boa serious metier to him at tho present low abb of his finances. A Virginia editor, whose paper has just buh* ponded, says that ho entered the field of Journal ism under the Impression that there were *• millions In it." •• And so (hero are," ho con tinues, " but they remain In It yet." Good seats for tho Bhakspoatcsn memorial performance this afternoon can atlll bo obtained at tbo box-ofilco of MoYlokor’s Theatre. Mr. Dootb will play Benedick, Mr. McVlokor Bogbcr ry, Miss Cummins Beatrice, and Mrs. Murdoch Hero, The Kooloy motor promises to materialize be tween now and tbe IGlb of Juno. Tho difficulty Is to find a receptacle strong enough to bold tbe power generated. A composition formed by tbs union of a map-peddlers ebook sod a politician*! aogs might answer tbe purpose. Mr. JParko Godwin, of New York Oily, has been engaged for some time In dovlsiog & fitting commemoration of tho bundroth anniversary of tbo publication of Adam Smith's 11 Wealth of Nations.” A committee of distinguished geutle men has been appointed to make the necessary arrangements. Mr. Stewart’s business sagacity was not shown d bis real estate investments in Now York City. The itaii Estate Record says : 11 Want of judg ment and foresight is soon in nearly erory pur chase.’* It la doubtful if the property would sail for the assessed value, which Is generally nailer stood to bo 00 per cent of the real value. Boms of the Eastern newspapers have con* fused the history of “ Kit" Carson, the scout, at recently rotated in Tub Tiuoukb, with that o! the older and more famous Kit Carson. Tbs 4> KU" Carson referred to In The Tnrnnitß wtt well known in the Western armies daring th« War. Ilia title of "Kit" was de rived from the other Carson. One of tbo spectators of the unveiling of th Lincoln Monument in Washington was Lonls Clark, alias Goorgo Harris, who saw the negro Uncle Tom .whipped to death by Tom Canaday, of Garrett County, Ky. Immediately afterward ho crossed on the Ico and gave tbo particulars to Mrs. Harriot Beecher Stowe, unon which she founded her story of “ Uncle Tom’s Cabin." When Dom Pedro was coming out of church in New York ho stopped in the vestibule, spoke to ooe of the police officers. lifted bis hat to him, and delivered a message. Tbo Captain in return gave the military salute and loft the church. “Bodad," said a looker-on, “did yes over sea tbo like av it, bo gob. An Imporor taklcln’ bis bat off to a cop and the cop kapia' his own on." Tbo wife of John Young, Brigham’s third son, Is a Philadelphia lady. She mot her affinity in a tour across tho continent seven years ago, and arranged to marry him on condition that bo should dismiss tho two wives ho then had. This was finally accomplished; she married John; they took a bridal trip to Now York, and wore there married over again in tbo Gentile fashion. Mr. James O’Neil, tbe favorite Chicago actor, bas made on engagement for two yoars with Messrs. Shook Palmer, of tho Union Square Theatre, Now York, at a salary of $l2O a week. Mr. Thome will remain with tbo comnany; he and O’Koil will hold positions os leading moo, neither ranking tho other, and both cot appear ing in the samo play, unless it contains two equal parts. Grace Greenwood's husband, Loandor Llpplu cott, who bon boon caught In certain question' ablo ofllcial transactions at Washington, has al ways boon hold in bad repute by her friends. Ho lived for a long time on her earnings and reputation, and lost the loro of bis wife event ually by neglect and infidelity to his marriage vows. Tbo Hartford Times correspondent is responsible for theso statements. Stephen Massed, otherwise Jeoma Pipes, of Plpesvillo, after driftingaboat in tbo Old World, has returned to this country, on bio way to Cali fornia, tho newest pan of the Now, whore he found tbo opportunity of adding to tils amusing imitations that of John Chinaman, While abroad, his entertainments in Pails and else where wore attended by crowded audionooa,—so say the newspapers. Wo Invito tbo attention of the publishers of Harper's Magazine to a cose of literary plagiar ism in tho April number of that periodica). Tbo interesting article on “ Tho Tulip Mania" loan almost verbatim copy of an article with tbo samo title contained in a volume entitled “ Remarka ble Delusions,*' by Charles Maokay, LL. D., published some years sgo' by the Iloutlodges of London. Mrs. Van Cott, the revivalist, says that npos being Introduced to Gen. Grant, she remarked; “1 fool it a pleasure to shake your hand as the Chief Magistrate of our country, but 1 would rather shako bauds with yon os a brother ia Christ." Goa. Grant turned away and made no reply. Mrs. Van Cott relates this story with no apparent consciousness that In so doing she con victs herself of impertinence. Henry Olay Dean writes a cheery loiter con cerning tho rocen( destruction of his honse by fire to one of tbo lowa papers. Ills library em braced 4,000 volumes, with no trash in tho col lection. It was particularly fall lu books of po litical reference. Not a thing was saved, and there was no insurance on any of tbo proper ty. Ur. Doan writes: “1 suppose you want to know what wo will do? Fanswer prompt ly Just as we always have done,—we will go ta work. Oar axes will bo in tbs timber to hen out another dwelling; In tbe meantime wears improvising the smoke-honse as a dwelling," Mrs. Kemble, in her “ Reminiscences," now publishing in the Atlantic, says t "My mother was at Drury Lido when Mr. Sheridan was at the head of its administration, and has often described to mo tho extraordinary proceedings of that famous lint night of “Plzarro," when, at last keeping tbo faith ho had so often broken with tbo public, Mr. Sheridan produced that moat effective of melodramas, with my aunt’s and undo's parts still unfinished, and, depend ing upon their extraordinary rapidity of study, kept them learning tho last scenes of the last act, which ho was still writing, while tbo begin ning of tbe piece was being performed." nOTEL SBETVALB. Pawner llouu —J, p. I'arlcy, Dubuque ; J, W. Rodefer, Council Blude; £. J. Bouefleld, England; W. Lefler, Cincinnati J 0. P. Houghton, Coming; T. p. Barry, Cincinnati; H. D. Davenport, Worcester; E, Af. Moffet, gulocy; 11. W. lUpuaaL Montreal; Wiliam Craig, port Hope, Canada: 11. A. Tajlur, Mew York; Cant. W. W. Mareb, Omaha: F. P. Morn*, WaUflka. Ill; U. H. Bwlft, Ot tawa, 111.; W. U. Btotonj, UeadrlUo Pa.... O'rand i'nci/fc—John 0. llogln, Sigourney, la.; An drew W. Mitchell, at. Louie; W. 0. Wauley, Houston, Tex.s E. Clark, Jr., Buffalo; 0. U. Drew. Mew York | 0, B. Bernard, Japan; J, 13. Grinned, Orlnaet), la.» A. Warlltz, Australia; B. W. Butler, Sandmky; John 0. Gault, O. E. DrlU and W. B, Johnson, Milwaukee: J. UcKutUr, Blooming ton, 111: Lucora 1U Bnrgonler, ilavena '/Yrntont llouu —O. Bush, Sheldon, HI.; I*. W, llhlne land. New York; 12. B. Bmitb, Winona; L, 8, Ash* brook, at. Louie s kin. Mary A. Livermore, Boiloa ; W. C. McKntee, England; Frank G balaworthy, New York; J, 11. Bpoucer, New York; 0, it. Kina ley and wife, Brooklyn; lUcbard Oettel, Elben* stock, uerinaai; 11. 0. Miller, Port Madiaon, 1a.... Nbtnnan liouic—Charles Lyoui, Fort Howard; Ur». Elisabeth Cady Blanton, Mow York; 11. M, MyeW, Uorriaon: U. D. Jacques, New York: J. T, Potter, Boston; Boynton Leach, 0, B. Navy; w. O. Wright, Freeport; (1. P, Holman. Salem, Ore.; O. P. Lf>» Fond da Lao: J. W. Bandera, Dellalre. O.i J. M. Leighton and John Gallup, Koch* eater. H. Y.j 3. L. Uavarmeyer, New York.... Gardiner House-Joeeph WlnUrbolbam, Joliet { 0, 8. Bralnard, Cleveland; W. U. Woodward. WaeeUntfl 0. W. Dennis, Baltimore: Lieot. Allan, Third V. S. B. V. Beea, Bangort B. IC* Bwwe, KeF

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