Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune, April 22, 1876, Page 9

Newspaper of Chicago Daily Tribune dated April 22, 1876 Page 9
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LITERATURE. John Qalncy Adams 1 IMnry, from 1838 to 1841. (‘Stonewall ” Jackson—Alex. ■ ander Hamilton and fils Period. Florenoe Molandburgh's Sketches— Fancy-Work Books and Periodicals Received, Literary Matters at Madison, Wls, Keles Akoul Books and Authors, Itniniscences of Lord Macaulay: Talley rand, Lord Jeffrey, Lady Holland, Rogers, and (lliantrey. Anne Boleyn’s Mother—Mr. James’ Art Collection—Ancient Coins— Milan Cathedral. The Flora Round About Chicago: Tho Unatard Family—Manufac ture of Ice, Dow Seeds Force Their Way Into Hie Ground—Holies of tho Cavc- Dwellers—Liquid Cement* LITERATURE. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. ITBMontB or fens Qoinct Adams: Coarnmxa Pennons or His UtAitr from nut io (h-ib. ltd. tied Vy OnAm.es Frusoi* Adams. Vol. X. Bvo., pp. 610. Philadelphia: J. D, Ltpplucoll U Co. The records contained in the present install meet of Mr. Adams' Diary begin with Juno 1, 1838, and close with Aug. 80,1811. They afford • qulto full account of the proceedings of tho House of Representatives during this terra, and are, therefore, valuable as a contribution to tho political history of tho nation. Tho spectacle which they exhibit of tho continuous violent and disreputable wrangling and strife that prevailed between tho contending tactions iu Congreos at this era ia-not cheerful to contemplate. That men intrusted with tho solemn responsibility of promoting the welfare ot their country should degrade their opportunities into an occasion for (he encounter of tho bitterest parly and per ianal animosities, is a fact humiliating to loyalty and to statesmanship. Such passages as the following, which are by no means infrequent In (bo Journal before us, afllx au ineffaceable main upon tbe page of our legislative annals : “On returning to the Uouso, I found Garret Davis, of Kentucky, speaking In reply to Ur. Duncan, between whom and W. Cost Johnson there had boon an interchange of epithets, as Hor. Econndrol, aud coward." The succeeding day the disgraceful scone .was ro-eusetod: "Mr. Wise took tho floor, but yielded it to Dr. Dun can and W. Coat Johnson; aud ik consisted of the mutual assurance of aaoh of them to tho ether that bo was a liar, a scoundrel, a puppy, sod a coward; upon which Wise almost wrung bis hands m lamentation over tho nntl-duollug .law." Still again, on the ensuing day, " Wise traumed the floor, but yielded it to Buucnn for n personal explanation; and then came Ibo third interchange of the epithets of liar, scoundrel, and coward, between Duncan and Jobe.son ; upon which Wieo lamented tho bitter fruits of the dueling law, and that thare would be no fight." One of the lew graphic psiagraplu* Declining b Ibis volume (lollnoateH in telling strokes tlio I'oatmea and manner o( a typical Jlru-catsr. Ur. Adams hod Just concluded an addrostt ipropos to his chr.m.o presentation of a bundle cf petitiona from Abolitionists, when, &a ho to. lates, "Bynum answered mo in a tempt hi of fury. Dymim is a member of tho Committee, uud a ipilHro Democrat. Ho in a email, thin man, ■ith a perpetual agony la hie face, a dark brow. I livid complexion, a hoggeid look, a ghastly tmile, and, nhou ho sooaliu, bla face is distorted with convulsion, Hie discourse is one uniform trovlof iuvostir* upon redomliate, tho back, locofocos, old women, and prioatiL But bo in a favorite orator of tbo party. Ihimm was limn liter timo called to ordor by tho Breaker, of which be complained bitterly, but vonted nil Inn fail. Ho speaks always jo a menacing tunc, and •pointed at me with his Anger, and looked tin if fie would oat mo, too eholb time ho'was speak ing." Tho gloomy alruunpliaio investing thin portion ef the Diary is in sumo measure s reflection fr.un Mr. Adams' own spirit, which was melan choly and despondent to n painful degree. Noth ing seemed to give him pleasure, to revive ids (iced hopes, to confer any comfortable lalisfaction upon his disuuutontod mind, it is true there wna plentiful cause fur ansiotv in tho political aspect of tho country’; but, distressing as this might ho to au earnest, honest, and loyal citizen and statesman, it docs not furnish sufficient reason for the un mitigated dejection that sOlidcd Mr. Adams. Tho real source of his licavy-lieartoduoes was more purely personal. His fame and his popu larity had not been oommousumto with his am bition, and ho never fur a moment forgot the bitter disappointment. It tinged every tooling with aeorabrehne. It is remarkable that he never accords to soy individual concerned in public affairs a generous word of praise. All like are treated m a fault-tiudiug manner that suggests au envious and Jealous disposition. It li unpleasant to regard an eminent and an un doubtedly upright man in this light; hut tbo illumination is thrown by his own baud direct from tho reconses of his inner being, upon tho motives that inspired lun ; and wo cm but read lhese/m thuy appear, without i rojudice or pre possession. in a couple of extracts which wa take from tbo ournal a glimpse is revealed of Mr. Adauii* es timate of himself and also of his mutated fond ness for puoiio life. In December, 18J9, he makes this entry : '• I wrote to Mr. James F. Oils, at Now York, editor of the Ilrolhtr Jon athan, requesting him to give notice to the public that the publication in tbit paper of my Vision was made without tny knowledge or oonsout, and that 1 disclaimed all the initial letters of names in the notes; cor recting tho date of tho composition of thu ro sin. published as of 1793, but rosily of 1789 or the first part of 1790; and Inquiring how, and from wh>»m, ho obtained tho manuseilpt. It is published ae a literary curloaily lu Clapp's twuiii'j Ornette of the 21st inst., at Boston. It “ a fair specimen of what 1 would have been if 1 could. As a poet I have never surpassed it. summit level, as a statesman, orator, phil osopher, and ptoser. is of about tho same ole tatton. 1 have nothing to livo after me hut time beyond my means, aud principles too pure for the ago in which 1 have lived." In March, 1311, ho writes i "1 received, two uajs since, a letter from a stranger, advising o>« now to retire from the world \ the only rea fiou for my postponing which is, that 1 cannot afford it. There is another, which I should have «uch trouble to overcome, tnu which % would encounter; that is, tho vacuity of occupation ta which 1 could take an interest. More than iixtyyoara of incessant active Intercourse with toe world bis made political movement to mo as much a necessity of life as atmospheric air. This “ the weaknoes of my nature, which 1 have intel *«« enough left to perceive, but not energy to control. Aud thus, while a remnant of physical Power is left to mo to write and speak, the world will retire from mo before 1 shall retire from the world." At the time of this last writing, Ur* Adams was an old man of 74. He had served bis coun tr? lo&g aud faithfully, and had been tewaided ”Hb the highest honors it could bestow. Why «Mho not content with the memory of the die- HhßoUhed positions he had successively held, >»d happy la the consciousness of his purs prin aplss, ths integrity of his aims, ths reaped ol his cobntrymcn, ami Iba Lope of a sincere Christian? “ BTOHE7/ALL " JACKSON. Tnc i.imor G*n. Tnouai J. Jaoiaomi 1 ' Browzwu.r." Jackson),jlly Haraii Nicholas lUnpolpji, Author of •• The Domestic I.lfo of Thomas Jefferson.*' With Illuatratioua. lame., pp. aw. Philadelphia: J. u. UppmcoUfcCo. Gen. Tlioraae J. Jockaon was not tho groat man which this biographer declares him to have Icon, nor did bo acquire a fame that will bo likely to Illuminate tbo coming ages, an sbo baa most con- Jldentiy predicted. Ho surpassed ordinary moa in some striking and offecllvo characteristics, and the deadly content between Hie North and the South gave him tho requisite opportunity to dis play these cbaracleriatlcß In a most conspicuous and imposing manner. Hut, admirable and use ful, when rightly directed, as at o tbo traits which Gon. Jackson possessed, they ure not auflieiont of themselves to oudow a groat man. Deter mination, courage, and resolution nro powerful qualities. They may accomplish mighty under takings 5 they are the chief working forces in human enterprises ; nevertheless, higher attri butes must be united with thorn to produce that combination of intellectual faculties which would bo rightly denominated groat. Qon, Jackson had no spurk of genius, aud bo bad no remarkable mental capacity. By dint of tho very hardest Application during hie Cadet ship, he was abto to pass tbo dual examination at West Point. Being asked by a relative how he managed to got through, ho replied t " Aunt, I wept, and studied, and prayed.*' This answer shows real grit, but not real greatness. As a Professor at (bo Military Institute at Lexington, Jackson was a conscientious, bat an uninspired and uninteresting, Instructor; in society, be was accounted a dull companion; and, In religion, hs was a fanatic. Yet, in tho soldiers* camp and on tbo Held of battle, his zeal, and firmness, and pluck transformed biro into a lighting hero. He was a brave soldier, an efficient commander, ami a bulwalk In tho Southern nnay; but dls pacsiouate minds, moved by neither personal nor partisan feeling, will not regard him with exalted culhuaiaHm. The author Ins treated her subject, which includes a renew of the ilnit voara of our late civil strife, in a spirit tint is to bo seriously deprecated. It la instinct with sectional prejudice and rancor. Its influence is in all respects injurious. U tends to keep alive, between hor sympathisers and oppossrs. a senti ment of discord tint should bo subdued and bid from aignt; audit destroys confidence tu her good (muse and judgment, and, therefore, in hor competency an a biographer. Jackson was but ;il) when he received his death wound at Obancellorsvlllo, having boon born lu January, 1824. Uo woe Joft au orphan wbou only C yearn old, and boro througn ciuldbood and youth tho trials and hardships of poverty aud of the privation of near familvtios. A homo was afforded bhn with au undo living lu Lowis County, Western Virginia, whom ho assist ed in tho labor of tilling a farm. Thu relatives with whom his lot tvna cast were kind to tho lad, ami did what they could to help him on in lifo. At the ago of IS, bo secured admission to Wokl* Point, whore ho wan a diligent umj respect ed student. Tho year after bu graduated with tho brevet ionic of Hocond Lieutenant of Artil lorv,— that is. in 1317.—h0 Joined the army dis patchod against Mexico, and, by valorous con duct. roue, before tho war was ended, to the position of Major. In ISSI, lie resigned his ptaco m tho army, and accent ed the Chair of Natural Philosophy and Artillery Tactics in the Virginia Military In stitute at Lexington. Pour yeais later, on the secession of Virginia, tie matched to Uichmond at the head of a company enrolled in the Con federate service. ills after career is familiar to every reader. It wus that of o brave and reso lute loader, and deeply endeared him to tho Southern people. When his loss was made known, there was univfl/sal mourning among them, for it was felt tint one of tho strong proi sof tho Confederacy hud boon withdrawn. Tho story of his last days is related by tho biographer with much genuine fooling. A single extract will indicate its pathos. When Jtclisou bad received his death wound, through tho misdirected tiro of his own soldiers, ’he was convoyed from tho field in an ambulance, which also boro Col. Crutchfield, who bod received a ball In tho log: "Dr, McGuire eat in the front part of Ibo ambulance, with hts Huger on the artery from Vhtch tho General’s blood bad flowed, to arrest Ibo bleeding should it again begin. The night was dark, and by the Jigut of torches tho ambulance moved slowly and carefully forward. Once Col.' Crutchfield groaned, when Jackson ut once or dered the ambulance to bo stopped, and asked if something could not be done to relievo Col. Crutchfield. lie bad previously put his riulit hand on l)r. MoGuiro’s head, and. pulling it down, whispered in ins ear and asked if Col. Crutchfield was dangerously wounded. When answered, ‘No, —only painfully hurt,’ho M ill), 1 1 am glad it is no worse.’ A few moments lulor. Col. Cmtohfleld put the same whispered question about the General to the Doctor, and, when told that he was very ncriouuly wounded, ha groaned, ana cried out, ‘OmvCJoJl’ It was this groan and cry which the General mis took for un expression of physical suffering, and which induced him to order the ambulance to be stopped.* lu htr preface to tho biography, the author gives cunoucy to n popular orror in repenting the clause, "HoWiiu urns may read.” This is supposed (o be n quotation from Bcripturo, but tho original phravo Ims been strangely distorted by careless witters. Cwrootlv rendered, tho words of the text are as follows; *'Tlut ho may run that rcadeth it." ALEXANDER HAMILTON Tut: Li» >. in- Ai.f..«ASiir.iJ Hamii.io??. Bv John T. M li H; Two Volumes. jJcio., pp, Ettatnl nil. LVU-in: Lllllu, Prowa I: Co. Chicago: J.-uxen, M-:Ciurg li Co. Trice, ft.AO, It iu aooio iwoniy-ilve years fcluuo the non of Alexander iluiiiilt jii guvs to tho world u col lodion of the literary works of his father, which Piled seven octavo volumes. VaUiaole an these writings are as un exposition of the gomus of (heir author, and of his long and arduous labors in tho domain of politics, liuanco, and juris prudence. they yet are 100 bulky far tbo perusal of (bo average reader, who has really boon destitute of a Hatisfactory source from which to draw tho facts connected with the Ufa of ouo of tho loading statesmen belonging to tho first quarter of a century of our national history. To supply the need of a popular biography of Hamilton, tho present work has boon prepared; and very successfully does it accomplish Us ob ject. lu two volumes of muderato size it condenses a personal memoir of Hamilton, and a review of (ho condition of our country during tho years when ho was at the front In tho con duct of its affalio, and his ofllciol acts had a molding inllueuco upon ita destiny. There is a singular scarcity of material for fill ing out tho life of Hamilton in tho early part of his course ; and, Indeed, throughout his vuars, tho Incidents composing his private experience have, for tho greater part, been lost or sup pressed. Ho who born on tho Island of Nevis, in the West Indies, Jan. 11, 1767. Ilia father was a descendant of the famous Scotch clan whose iisiue lid boro, nnd Inn mother came from a family of French Huguenots who fled from thoir native country on tho revoosiiou of tho lidict of Nantes. His m-ithor died whan ho was a more child, and, his father paving fallen tuto financial difficulties, ho was cared lor by rela tives who lived at Bsnta Cruz. When only a little more than 12 years old. bo was taken from school ami put into tho counting-house of un extensive merchant. Such remarkable exec utive ability did the boy discover, that, before bo was 14, tbs entire cliaruo of his employer's business waa for a time Intrusted to him. Ilia distaste for a mercantile can or wna so decided, and bis lunging for an education ao intense, that dually, In 1772. be was permitted to avail him self of what facilities for learning the American Colonies afforded. For ouo year bo studied in a giammar-sebool in Elizabethtown, N. J., and then entered King's College, New York, He had arrived in tho Colonies in (ho begin ning of their struggles with tho mothor-coumiy. and the exciting scones occurring about him fired Ids soul with sympathy for tho weaker and oppressed petty- At a Convention of tho patri ots, held in tuo Holds of Now York in 1774, moved by tho enthusiasm of tho moment, ha delivered a speech which, by its logical argu ment and brilliant rhetoric, commanded the attention and applause of tho audionce. Ho was at the time a flight, youthful-looking lad of 17. When the convention of Now York authorized tue raisiug of a company of ar tillery, the position of Captain was given to Ham ilton} and so admirably did ho execute his duties lu (his capacity that ho was soon alter ap pointed to tbo staff of Gen. Washington, with tho rank of Lteutonaut-Colouoi. Ho here dis played each sagacity that it was not long ore he was acknowledged as Washington's "principal aud most confidential Atde-do-Camp. M Nine months after bis elevation to ibis place, ho at tained bis majority. But it is not our purpose to attempt even an outline of Hamilton's private or public life. The distinguished part he ployed lu the affairs of our country Utuiug tire most anxious parted el ita THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SATURDAY. APRIL 22. 1876—TWELVE PAGES. osmtonco should bn familiar in detail to every American citizen. The pages of Urn volume* hftforo tin afford the requisite opportunity for studying his career, whore It is laid down with » broad and impartial Innd. It in presented in connection with tbo lili tory of tlio public events with which llamll ton was Inseparably Identified i with a careful account of tho organization of the new Oov eminent, of the establishment of the first Na tional Hank, of tbo Excise and the Mint, of tbo mission of Genet, of the Whisky Insurrection, of our foreign relatione, aud of the Administra tion of tiro elder Adame. Tliceo mibjecta aro dealt with in a calm and unhiaiir.d spirit, and form a noccesary background for a contempla tion of tho figure of Hamilton. Taken by them selves, tbev also furnish an Interesting vcmiou of the course of political affairs during a term of above twenty-five years. SKETCHES OY FLORENCE M'LANOBUnOH. T/ir. Automaton Ear: and oiiii.b Raeionr.a. By Pl.ona.HCK Mcl.AHDßUtinii. I2nn„ pp. v-u. Chi cago: Janseo. MoUlurg h Co. Price, (I,7ft, There is an uncommon talent exhibited in those sketches,— a talent of euch decided grasp and vigor that it is doubtful if it might not properly bo styled genius. It certainly Is a true inspiration. It is not of the order that can be acquired voluntarily by resolute and persistent cultivation. It Is of a higher origin, proclaiming itself as euob by its full, and lofty, and impas sioned bearing. Tho first two of the sketches—“ Tho Auloroa ton Ear*’ and •• Tho Paths of the ties “—are of singular power. Although the others partake of their quality, (hose create adeoper Impression because of thejr greater elaboration and more euatsined strength. All the pieces, both long and short, are characterized by vivid imagina tion, peculiar affluence of imagery, aud graphic description. A passage or two, taken at random from ons of the minor articles, affords a '/air sample of their fluent and fervid diction : . At dawn, 1 saw tbo timid light crcop tip along (he east, and waft and brighten until It act on emblazoned standard in (hs sky; and below, far out,covered with the pomp uf the rising suu, the distant billows dashed their blood-red shields. At noon, I saw tho mid-day radiance, falling through luo air In turrenla of splen dor. float far aud uear, changing Into gorgeous mosa ics upon tbo sea. At night, I saw the long line of mighty cliffs upon the client Canadian chore reach out their giant shadows through tho duck of evening, that, ■lowly, softly, gathered lntoJ» twilight sweater than tbo luminous haze of a dream. . . . As the late Spring opened, Whiter even then did not yield Its supremacy without a fierce conteet—the sev en* storm* from tue North—tho Ice broke, The base cakes, drifting about, slowly, gradually, wore them ■elves away, tud tie wind dropped Its juvcllus of frost. . . . 1 was not afratd, for the moon bad reached its full, and would bo up won as Uro last halo of tbu departing day wus fading from the west. Out of tho water 1 saw it come. An enormous globo of maroon Arc, it sat upon the horizon amt stained the lake with us magen ta rays. Fatigued and exhausted, 1 think I must Have slept; for, when next 1 looked, bright and yellow, ;t was swung high up lu tho sky, shedding through the air a splendor liko pearl. Word-pictures like those, Abounding in the first book of a young author, are full of promise. They indicate a fertile fanov and a copious vo cabulary.— two valuable possoMiiuus fot a writer. And yet they suggest a word of wonting. Tbe tendency to ihotuncal decoration must bo care fully guarded. It is so easy to cucumber tbe stylo with excessive ornament, and render it heavy, if not positively ridiculous. It is bettor to err on tho side of plain than of florid writing. Thu first tires, but tho other sickens. The hint la one to which Mies McLaml burgh's attention should be pointed. And, while In tho way of criticism. It may bo addod that, lu tho work of one who has such signal ability, there should bo uo faulLineea lu tho phraseology. The sentences should flow smoothly, aud tho words be accumtelv chosen. Tho blemishes of this nature are few lu tho skutchos under notice, consisting chiefly of au occasional roughness and obscurity caused by inversion, and of tbs nilauao of the auxiliaries will and mould. These are, perhaps, trifling erroru ; and it in only because the author claim* herself capable of doing so well that we ask of her in eveiy instance a finished performance. As has already boon said, she has une gills, which* come by natural oudowm-jnt; and to those should bo Jomcd the graces of a polished style, which are to bo gained through study. If Miss MoLendbmgh fulfills tho expectation oxcltod by this collection or sketches, sho will in the future produce woiks that m invention and exe cution will bear comparison with tho strongest writings of the kind published oy her country men. FANCY WORK. Ladies’ Faxct-Wobk : liritrs axd flm-rs to Home Tautb and hscnr.AHO.ve. By Mrs. 0. H. Josi:s ami Uiunnr T. Wii.Ll.uie, Authors of •• Household Elegancies." Vol. 2. William*' Household Scries, 12m0.. pp. 000. Huy York: Henry T. Williams, Ladies who are fond of fancy-work will here find airecllonsfor the manufacluroof a multitude of pretty articles for the decoration of tho home. Tho making of paper-flowers, feather-work, hair work, route picture:?, Raster-crosses, straw work, shell-work, bead-work, and many other varieties of ornamental work. Is explained with tho help of wood-cuts plentifully illustrating tit* text. BOOKS RECEIVED. Atwood's Modess Aueuican Homestead*. Hltia trated by i’orly-alx I‘Uiea, Showing PUna to n Uni form Sculu of Low and Medium Cost, etc., etc. By Daniel. T. Arwood, Architect,Amber of Designs fur •• WooJward'n Country-Homo*, 1 ' etc., etc. «vu. New York: A. J. Btckuell L Co, Price, £1.50, Auunic*. By Boswell Alphoneo Bunudiot. 1810. I'Jimr. Now York: Atearus, Kinder & Co, LAUiiiiua Libhahv, No, id. Tin: Mv.itciiioub Isl and : Dropped mow the clouds, Uy dui.es Vi.uni:. Calt-Ago: Donnelley, Loyd It Co, Price, 1; cents. PERIODICALS. AiirnicAN Catholic Quaiiteiu.t Bktikw, Pblladel phis: Hardy A Mobuucy. i • jver year. In January Inst wc noticed the tlist number of this Hccieto, the roost learned nnd compreheu eivo Catholic publication in tho United Btates. Wo thou dosoriued the good taste and workman ship displayed Ip tho publishers’ department, and tbo promise that tho Jteview would take high rank, In a literary point of view, among the va rious eminent publications of this country. The second (April) number of the/fcoicio has been issued, and in every respect tho high standard of ability originally marked out for its manage* mout bos boen maintained. Tue articles in the present number are i ••The Actual Situation of ths Church," by (he Bar. A. J. TboLmml, 8. J.; " Shalt Wo Have a Unmnlty t " by tho lit.-ltov. Wallop of Delaware; " Tho Inijnlsillou," by JuhuG. Shea; "Kecular Education In England and tho United State*,’ 1 by T, W. M. Marshall, IX. I)., of Loudon; " Jtambles In tno Bocky Mountain*." hyGcti. John Gibbon*; "Mirac ulous Towers in the True Church," by tbs Her. Dr. Corcoran, ouo of the Editors: "Gen. Monks aa a liiiitortin," by M. F, 8.; Book-Notice*, etc. Tho articles are all of marked ability; and, in the urticlo reviewing God. Banks' lectmo, tho reader will find au interesting paper by Airs. Muigaret F. (Buchanan) Bulllvan, of this city, marked by the peculiar cloganco aud polished eoventyfor which tho lady enjoys such a repu tation. Thu Aldinu. Centennial. Edition. Complete in 31 T.trts. (Jimlo. i’rlcr, AO cent* per Tan. Tho Atdino is a sumptuous publication. Parts 7 aud 8, which Ho bolero us. aro rich A fine en gravings, beautiful lottor-preas, amt iu all other tasteful and bofUtlug accessaries that make up au elegant volume, Tho work Is being issued fortnightly during the prosci\t year; yet iui size aud number of pages are nowise diminished. Nolthorduita literary contents suffer any dilu tion. Tbo euterprismg managers who have the Journal in hand do more than keep U to its original high dtandaid. Its manifest improve mout dsolatcs that their motto is "Excelsior," aud all who are witness of ths worthy aspiration can but applaud. OTUUIV PERIODICALS RECEIVED, Atlantic Monthly (oe May (11. 0. llougnion A Co., Bos ton). Contents: " Filvsie Theatrical*," XIII.-XV. (Conclusion), by W. 0. HonclU; " Tlia Khedive aud Ills Court," by Cbsrlcs Hale ; •• A VUit iu a Certain Old Gentleman." by X. D. ArJrlcu; "Tho Madueia of George 111.." by Hezekith UuUonvorth ; •• Liter ary Aspects of tbs Roinsutio School," by It. I{. boy seen ; " Old Womsu’s Ooasip," X., by Mrs, Kemble; " After thu Battle of tho Wildernets," by Uachel ltd- Bus; "Medical Fashions," by Edward Spencer; " For the Last Time," by Dudu Fletcher; " Tue Old Poet and ill* Wife," by Harriet Prescott Spollord ; " Doom," by G. 11. Woodman: “ The AuticUm Huttw," by Hoes Ferry Cooke ; " Four O'OlocIte," by 11. K, Lanfurd; " Medtua," by Edgar Fawcett; •* lleccnt Literature;" "Art;" "Muaicj" "Educs- tlou.* 1 ScnOner's Jfasanns for Stay (Scribner k Co., Now York), Contents : " Portraiture of William Penn" (Illustrated), by Frank M. Ettiug; "Ths True Po. cahontss" (lilusiuted); "How Shall We Spell tih-k-sp-r-'s Nstuof" by J. H. Gilmore; "Singing Itobes." by U*rg4rot J. Preston; " Philip Nolan's Ftieuils, or Show your Paeiporta," Chape. All-XIV, (lUusUatvd), by Edward Everett Hale; •• The Vision, ary Face," by Paul U. Hayns: "Gabriel Conroy," Chs}«. XXXIII.-XX&VIL. by Brel Harts: "If Love aud Life Were Cue, 1 * by John Q, Saxe; " Bowaola College " (Illustrated), by George Thomas Packard; "The DeFoe Family in America " (Illustrated), by Mary E. Ireland; " Hearing with the Eyes " (Illus trated), by James Rlcuanlson: " John uatteuborg n (Illustrated), by Theodore L. DeVluue; •* The Wed ding st Ogden Farm," by George E. Waring, Jr.; Louise," by Mary L. Bitter: " lievuluuouary Lei. tera,Fifth Paper, John Feuno(conclusion), by John Vaucs Cheny; "Some Experiment* In Co-opera tion,"Flral Paper, by Charles Barnard: "Ist Comeur des BoU," by Annie T. Howells; " The Two Greet ings." by Baysrd Taylor; " My Birthright,” by M's. B. M. B. Putt» " Topics of ths Tuna;" " The Old CtUiiM:" "Horn* and Crilt'ire and, JVij;r-»i;'' “To* Worlds V.’mK *• Hr*?-i-llii? ” (M'lUnlnd}. fl> « rc.vLr May (SlioMon k iji*,, New Vir/ . Cn "Mayers and May-G'nn Ta ■.•tit;.r,rj V Ar>.” ny John Thoruimry; •• Tbs Widow,’ ».yW. >•, l-i m; “ A Men for a Patriot,'• by Harms Ga*r/; “Madcap Violat," Chapters XIII., XIV., XV., and XVI,, 1,7 William lilac*: "Conception,” )>y Edu*r Favrplt; "War Monrdra; Was tho HiUts of Hull Hun a Nntlonal Disaster?" by (lan. O. A. Ouster; "A/.te; MytUolouy;*’ " Remembrance," Dy John Ondfny Bat 3; •* Barbara** Outing,” by The >, (lift; “Tn* Fcstful Little Maid,” by Tamir Harrow; “ H-arli-Comi-era. ami Wmt lo Do with Them,” l>y Jarnta Jsnrey Itocbs; “ Tim Pursuit of the Dollar.*' by Allwrt Uhoiiea; “A OOOJ Haul,'* from the French of Pedro Antonio de Alanon, by H, 1..; *• I’ltcnnmna of Aleen," by Juniua llenn Browns; ".Seeking a Lo-t Art," by fbcliard OrantWblto; •• Ills Falliera Soi,,’’ by Edgar fawrrltDrift-Wood," by PUillp D'lilihct; "hrieDtlfla Miscellany; •• Current Lltrra iiiie;'’ “ Nebula*,” by the Editor. A,irr»>n;o« a J lagtttinr for May (J. U. Mppinmlt k Co., Philadelphia). Coutenti: "The Century—lts Fruits and Its Festival: Part V.—Minor Htniciurts of the Exhibition " (Uiuatrntcd); •* GllmptM uf Cotj. atJiitinoplc." I. (Illustrated), by Fheila flak; “The Ibdladof the ncll-Towor." by Margaret J, Preston ; *• ll'.rlln and Vienna,** by James Morgan Hart; “ Tub Atonement of Leam Dimdaa. 1 * Part fX„ by Mrs. E, Lynn Linton; •* Hoee-Morali.” by Kidney Lanier; “AnOld Howto and lu Bt«ry,” (Illufilntedi, by K. T, T. 5 •• Tbs Watch t An Old Man a Btory," by Ivan TourguensfT; •* Tranilatlona from Home,” by Krnma lAzarua; "letter* from flouth Africa, ’* IV., by Lvly Maker: “ Tha Life cf Ueorae Tictnor,** by T. 8. Perry; *• Cnr Monthly Cioasip; ” •* utera tiira of tbo Day.” Foffrr’* .inimean itonthtg for May (John E. Potter Si Co., Philadelphia], Contents: "Tbs Historic HmlU- ItiKs of America : XVII,—The Knuto House, Chlca ho,” by Eonsun J. Lotring, LL. J».; *• History and iletmniaiv.nees of Ibe PhiladolphU Navy-Vard, fifth Paper, by Henry M. Valletta; “ Algernon Sidney,*' by K, 1% Bcotl; " Where the Declaration of Indo pcndence Was Written;” “The lltllopp House. Ktaten leland," by Wllllrm A. Whitehead ; “ Ctiol.o Morsels for Historical Epicure* ” The Masaacro of Ward’s llouac, Weatchcatcr County. New York, by Charles Prycr ; “ Wooed and Married," by llosa Nouclielto Carey: "The Kllent Wlte-si,” by Ed utiinil Yatea; "Notes and Queries; 1 ’ "Current Memoranda;” “ Literary and Art Memoranda;’* “ Centennial-Exposition Memoranda." Calhone World lor May (Catholic Publication House, New York). Contents : •* The Hoot of our Ueceut Evils;" ‘‘A French Novel;’* “CharlUs Perk* hclmar;" "Myiterlea" (poem): “Ara You ily WHo?"—Chapter* XV, and XVT.; “Napoleon I. and Plus VII.; •* Modern English I’oefry 5" “ Forty Hours’Devotion in tho New Cathedral of Boston” (sonnet): “Sir Thomas More,” VII.; “Bennucdo Alto, Hcnrhe Doglicso 0 Kolo " (sonnet); “Kcaudcr b?g;” “Tbo Cnureh and Liberty ;•* “ Eaatcr in St. Petcr’a. Home. 1b75 “ The Eternal Years," IV.; “Kacrrd Epigraphy;” “Sunshine” (poetry); "Now Publications." St. .Vicd-sma for May (Scribner A Co., New York). In tbta number la begun a new aerial story, “ThsC.it and the Countess,” translated from the French liy Thomas BiUcy Aldrich, and illuslrated with sil houettes by Hopkins, Among the other attractions ar# Mrs, OUplunt’i eeunnl paper ou “ Windsor Oaslk*;” Susan CooUitge’i “TalK with gitD" on “Hi>ady for Europe;” thn contlnnatlon of Noah Htooka* “Hoy-KnilKrsnUi;" “Tho King of tbo Hob blcdygobtina,*’ a piem by E. Hldianls; "May-Day In Duois," by Abby Morton Din/.; and “Little Housekeeper** Pjhc,” by Murjon Uarlaiid. There arc. in all, 73 lllustra.lon?, Jltcord oj the. V'ctr— May number (O, IV. Carlclon k Co., New York), This Is a new msgaaluo. its pub llraliou havluj commenced with thu April number. The editor le Frank Moure, author of “Thello belllou-lUicord.” fov April (Henry L. Hinton k Co., New York). Auirri /m Honiittirr for April 13 (American News Company, New York). LITERARY MATTERS AT MADISON, WIS. Sj.c.-ial torrfjf.onf.'ci' e of The Ciutayo Tribum. Madison, AYio.. Apiil 20.— Mrs. Ole bull, of this oity,—who, by (ho way, intended to sail for Europe to join bor husband before now, but baa been prevented by bor molbeVs ill health,—has been translating a Xoraonovel, "Tbo Pilot ami Hie ■Wife," which will bo aoou published by S. C. Griggs & Co., of *ycur city 5 and Mrs. bull bnu another work well advanced. Another lady bore is at work on a tranrlation of a French story of Lamartine's. Atwood A Culver sro about pub lishing a ntirrlng history of our Wiecouuin ‘War- Eagle, " Old Abo,” by ibo Her. J. I). Barrett, of Khoboygau, who bn collected with great caro tbo facts and incidents in the history of this re markable bird, and worked them up in an inter esting m&nucr. Ah the bird is going totbe Cen tennial Exposition, and always attracts a good deal of attention when ho aupcara away from home, it is expected that hiu history will soil largely ; and u is proposed tberofrora'lo raise a national fund for oruhliologicnl science and art, the form of investment of which will'dqpaud on Ha amount. It is claimed that Madison baa been the birth-place of more books than any city in the West except Chicago. LITERACY NOTES. T. B. Peterson «t Brother announce a new novel by Mrs. Southwortb. , Tbo life of the Into Senator Grimoti will bo published by D. Applclon A Co. during tbo month. “America Discovered hy the W’olnh Id U7O A. D., 1 ’ lo the title of a hook by the Rev, B. F. Bowen. which J. I). Lippinoott will publish. The l&et volume of the “American Cyclopedia ” is Id I'Tces. The entire work is raid to have cost upward of $450,001), exclusive of paper, piiuting, aud binding. Various literary articles by th* late William D. Rood will sueti be published in a volume ou tltiml “Memories of Familiar Books," acooci pauied by a memoir oditod by Manton Marble. Tho late John Forster’s “Life of Dean Swift." U lu now discovered, had not advanced beyond tho first volume, which was published n short time ago. and tho work will remain muomptom. •It has bcon decided (hat the proposed London statue of Lord Byron shall bo of Sicilian morbio; and permission will he sought. it is said, to erect it In flroen Fork, facing tho house in I’lecadilly in which Byron lived for some years, and wrote somo of his earlier poema. The Deutsche Jiundachan la going (o publish tho correspondence between Schiller and I’riuco Christian of achlenwlg-Holstem-Augustciiburg. The Utters of the poet are said to contain tho nucleus of the famous letters on education, etc., already included in bis woihs. A collection of manuscripts and autograph letters loft by Thomas Mooro will bo void iu London siiorCly. It includes tho on -.innl maim* scriptsoflho “JSpifureau 'and '•i.allnbllookh,” and tho last letter nri’.tou hr Pvron to Moore from Mioaolougbi, about a month before his death. v The articles by 3f. L. Bimonin ou his travels in the United Ktatea. originally published in the fievuedes Uettz Momles. and winch then attracted so much attention, have now madu their reap* insurance iu a hundsotne Tolnme with ibo title of “Lo Monde Amcricnm : Souvenir* d« mea Yoy* agesaua EtuU Urns.” A manuscript copy of the Koran, copied by tbo Caliph Osman, the third after tho Prophet Mo* bammed, la in the Imperial Library nt tit. Peters* burg. It formed a part of me binary of Bamar oaud, is 1,110(1 years old, ami bears traces of tho blood that spurted on its pages when Osman was Blabbed white reading it. Dr. B. Wells Williams, of'Poking, has recently published tho concluding portions of his •• Sylla bic Dictionary of the Cumene Language,” an im* tuonso work, oa which ho has been engaged for forty years. The dictionary contains Od.uoti ox* amploa and phrases, gt'oupod under JO.Udl ar ticles, tho numbor ot sepaiato character* given being 12.5.V7. Tho concluding portion of the " Life of Polmerfllon," covering tho years 184(1 to ISCo, left unfinished bv Lord Bailing, ban appealed lit (wo volumes, mated la Evelyn Ashley, M. I’. But tho Af/iemeimi toils us (bat “they form no llfo of tho gay old man we utsed to ecu trotting smartly down tho hill lit Piccadilly, or briskly quizzing and debating in the House of Com* hlOtlfl." I'rof, George Stephens, of Copenhagen, hopes to publish to May a pamphlet on the interesting ruined mouoilth lately exhumed in Sweden, which was raised in memory of men uue of whom fell fighting under Laid Smard against Macbeth. This mouumout is. saya the i'rolcssor, tho very oldest document loft us connected with the oUcuio history of SbauspeaiTj hero. A chromotype of tho uouoluh will accompany tbo pamphlet. • A marine “Pilgrim's Progress" hns been written by Mr. Duncan Macgreimr. and pub lished by the Carters. It is entitled “The Manner's Progress: or, Capt. (Tinsnsu'a Voy age in the Good bhip ‘Glad Tidings' to tbo I‘rumUed Land." Xu it our old fnond. Christian, becomes tbe Captain of a vessel, and navigates his vessel and its passengers through many dangers and perils to tho “ Isles of Eternal lie demotion.” The Boston Transcript soys that “Scptimius Felton ** is not, as some suppose, tbs work to ferred to in Longfellow's exquisite poc-m on '‘Hawthorne,* 1 as “the tale half done,'' Thm was the “ Dolliver Bomauco." which people gen erally understood Han limi ne was engaged ou whsn hie death came suddenly. Xt was not then known, even by his intimate friends, that he had written “ Septlmius Poitou," which was discov ered afterward among his manuscripts. A new book has Just been published in Lon don by the American X'rmceas Agues of Balm- Salm, widow of XTioce Felix of Balu-Balu, who, after serving in our civil war and as Chief of Btotl unaer the Emperor Maximilian in Mexico, w*fi lcillo-1 at tbo hoad of bis regiment of Hie Prussian Gturlo at UlO bsillo of OrayoluUo. In I a7O. 'i bo Pnncnsa Agnes was a Mnw l.odorc. of 'Jfarvland, and Iter book, which iu imtitlcd • Ten Years of My Life," Is said to be hotb live ly aui intore.sling, -Mr. George Hmilh, of tbo Hrltlsh Museum, left Constantinople on Wednesday wool;, by tbo French slcamor for Kinyrna, whence ho will pro ceed to Aloxandrotia (tlie jiorl of Aleppo), and tbonce overland by way of Damascus to Bagdad. After a abort ntay in Bagdad. lie will, eaya (lie /x’canl flernl/U continue bin journey to Mesope tnmia to resume lilh exploration of tho site of (ho royal palace at Nineveh. Jho lirnian of the Porto gives Mr. bmitb authority to conduct ins explorations for a period of two years. Speaking of tho late boners (o Keats, tho poet, n Loudon correitpondnnt writes : “Of late years hi* fame lias ripened much in England, and bis rmems sro read, 1 ohotild say, quite as much ns Hymn's. They have Just been pulling a sculpt ured medallion over bis crave in tho Protestant cemetery at Home ; ana now Sir Vincent Eyre propomn to ral«o funds for a bust of him, to bo P\*t. if the Dean and Chapter will permit it. in V- estminsicr Abbey, among Hie eculrtured group of England’s po'-ts. Certainly he deserves it as well an most of this marble company." Mrs. Miller, widow of Hugh Miilor, died at Asayut, butbeilaudshire, on lint lllh of March, at tho age of CL Her maiden nirno was Lydia rrascr, and uhe wrote several books under the nnm do plume of ilarnot .Myrtle At the time of ‘to disruption of tho Hcoiuah Establishment hho published a novel entitled •• Passages iu the Life of an English Heiress," in which the views of the ** Non-lntruHioQ " party were advocated. Kho also wrote a book for joitng people with tho title of “ Cals and Doce." took nn active part lu editing her husband’s work* after lus death, and gave much atsi-.isuco to Mr. Peter Envue in tho preparation of L a biography of her bun* hand. Tho Araorirao contingent in briki-lettres In the groat Berlin circulating library i* as follows: T B. Aldrich, two works; H W. lieechcr. one (•• Norwood"); Emersun Bennett, fives Brock den Brown, two; Alice Cary, one; Sylvanu* Cobb, two; J. Esten Cooke three j Cooper, thirty ono; Mish CumioniM, four; JliuersoD, one (“Bio Fubrung deu Lebens"); "Fanny Fern." one; Bret Harte, three; Hanrliorno. two (•* Blithedalo," “ Bae Sieten Giebel-llaus " faio]: Jfolraes. ono ("Elsio Venner"): Longfollow, threes Irring, ono; Poe, two; Mis« Hcdgwick, one; Mr*. Houtiiwilh, twelve (fil vels.); .Mia. A. H. Btenhone. eight (116 vols.); Mrs. Ktowo, five; Bayard Taylor, two (••itsmiah Thurston," "Keuncti"); Jliss Warner, eight; N. P. WHlta, one (•• Komlsche Ociclildueu ") 5 Thoodoro \V;u throp, one. As representing oh other branches of literature, wo encounter ; Bancroft, thtee vol umes of his history; BamuoS Bowlee. one ; J. Boss Browne, one; 11. C. Carov, one; J. W. Draper, two; Irving, two ("Gianada” and ‘•Washington"); Dr. Kano, ono; Proucotl, one; Bayard Taylor, two. FAMILIAR TALK, LORD MACAULAY. When Lord Macaulay bad achieved celebrity, which bo did at au early ago by the publication of Hie very first of bin essays Jn the A'dtnbun; Ilcvkir, ho forthwith became a favored guef>t at all of tbo bouses In Loudon beet worth entering, nod met, in a continual round of breakfasts, and dinners, and ovcning-cntertainments, most of the conspicuous personages who mingled in fashionable and cultivated society. In bis let ters printed in tbo first volume of bis biography, he has left many spirited uud interesting sketebeo of the oir.luout men and women who chiefly at tracted him ; and from this collection of por traits wo extract the several following. Describ ing the company at a dinner at Holland House, be at one time writes : “In tbo evening. Lord John Buebdll came ; and, coon after, old Talleyrand. I bad seen Talleyrand iu'very largo parties, but bad never been near enough to boar a word that bo said. I now bad the pleasure of listening for an hour and a half to bis conversation. Ho is ccrlamlv (ho greatest curiosity that I ever fell in with. Ills head is sunk down between two high ebouldets.*’ Ouo of bis feet is hideously distorted. His face is os oalo as that of a corpse, and wrinkled to a fngbliul degree. Ilia eyes have an add, glassy stare, quite peculiar to thorn. His hair, thickly powdered and poma tumed, bangs down bis shoulders ou each tide as sttaight as a pound of tallow candles. His conversation, however, soon makes you forget bis ugliness and infirmities. There is a poign ancy without effort in all that ho Rays, which reminds me a little of the character which the wits of Johnson's circle give of licouclerk. . . lie told several slorius about the political men of France; not o! any great value iu them* solves, hut his way of tolling them was Loyoud all praise.— concise, pointed, and dolicalolv sa tirical. When ho had departed, 1 could not help breaking out iuto Admiration of his talent for relating anecdotes. Lady Holland said ho had boon considered for nearly forty vears ns tho best teller of a story in Europe, aud that there was certainly do ono like him in that respect." When ho was a young man of Sffl, h« paid a visit to Edinburg, aud wan forntlme onlenaincd iu tho conn-nmiißion of a Lord Jeffrey. This brilliant tuati fascinated tbs English essayist by UN umuv charmiuj; traits of mind and character, which were exhibited iu thoir beet light, we may believe, in tho presence of ono whom tbeir owner rocognuod as an intellectual poor and a most aereoaolol companion. The portrait Macaulay «iiu->t of Laid Jollier represented him in lus must gracious mood, when it was a purs gialiti* cutiou to contemplate the miu of genius and of affection. •• lis has twenty faces,” writes Macaulay, “ almost os muon unlike each other a* mv fatl'i ot’a to Mr Wilburforce’a, and iatiuitaly more unlike each other than those of near ndiuves often are. , . . When absolutely quiescent, —reading a paper, or hearing conversation in which hu takes no interest,—his countenance shown no indication whatever of intellectual su porionly ol any kind. Hut, as auou as ho la in tuioited and o,»ona his eyes upon you. the change la lil:o magic. There (a a llash In bis glance, a violent contortion in hlb frown, an ex* quisito humor iu his sneer, and a sweetness and brilliancy in bw smile, beyond anything that! aver witnessed. A l orion who had eccu him iu outy oiio state would not l:uo\v him m another, tor he him not, hire Urougham,’marked fea tures which, iu nil moods of mind, remain unal tered. The mere outline of his face is iusigmtl* cant. The expiesdioa ta everything ; and imch power aud variety of expression 1 never saw iu any human countenance; nut even iu that of the most celebrat ed actors. . . . The voice and duiivery of Jeffrey resemble bis face. Ho possesses con* siderabte power of mimicry, and rarely tells a story without - imitating snvoral different no* coots. Unfamiliar tone, his declamatory tone, ami bis palbelio (one are quite different tilings. Sometimes Scotch predominates la bis pro* uunciation: sometimes it is imperceptible. Sometimes bis utterance is snappish and quick to vbo last degree; bomotimes it is lemartsblo for rotundity ami mellowness. 1 can oaeilv con ceive that two people who bad seen Imn on different clave might dispute about bim settle travelers iu the table disputed about the chameleon. “lu one tiling, ah far an I observed, lie is al ways the same; and tbai is the warmth of hin domestic affection*. Neither Mr. Wnbertorce nor my undo BaUngton comes up to U.m m this respect. Toe llow of hie kindness is quite iuoxbaubtiblo. Not live minatca passes without some fund expression or caressing gesture to ins wife or daughter. 110 has titled up a study for himself, but he never goes into it. Law* papers, reviews, whatever ho has to write, ho writes tu the drawing-room or in his wife's boudoir. When he goes to other parts of the country ou a retainer, ho takes them in the car nage with him. Ido not woudor that he should bo a good husband, for his wife is a very amiable woman. Put I was surprised to see a man so boon and sarcastic, so much of a scoffer, pouring himself out with such simplici ty and tenderness in of affectionate nonsense. Through one whole Journey to X'urtli, ho kept up a soituf mock quarrel with his daughter; attacked her about novel-reading, laughed her into a pet, kissed her out of it, and laughed her iuto it again. bho and her mother absolutely idolize him, and Xdo not wuudtr at ti'* At Holland House, the centro of tho best so ciety of London, Macaulay was always received with especial courtesy. Indeed, ho was one of the very few gentlemen whom Lady Hollaed in variably took pains to conciliate. Of this lady, who for many years reigned a veritable queen m the English metropolis. Macaulay says: “Hue is certainly a woman of considerable talents gnd gto&t literary acquirements. 'To me sue was ex cessively gracious; yet there is a haughtiness in her courtesy which, even after all that 1 heard of her, surprised mo. Tho couturiou did nut keep his soldiers in better order than she keeps her guests. It is to one, -'go,' and hugoeth; and to another, •Do this,’ and it is done. ‘ltlug the betl, Ur. Macaulay* Lay down that screeu, Lord Bussell,—you will spotlit; 1 ‘Ur. Allen,take a candle, and show Mr. Cradock; ths picture of Bonaparte.' Lord Hollaed is, on the other hand. all kindness, simplicltv. and vivacity. Ho 1.-.lk/ fl very wolt, both oa politico ami on lltora lure." When Macaulay had accepted the appointment to the Munretno Council In India, Laly Holland wile very reluctant loloae from the distinguished circles that frequented her houao a guoet who added ho much to their brilliancy. Her toolings over tho ovont wore thus described by Macaulay iu a communication to hli sister: "Iliad a most extraordinary econo with Lady Holland. If she hod been os young and handsome as she was thirty years ago. sbe would have turned toy head. She was quite hysterical about my go ing; paid me such compliments ns 1 cannot re peats crlecU raved; called me dear, dear Ma cau.ay. ‘ion are Hacn/icnd to tour family. X mo it all. You are too good to them. They are always making a tool of you ; last session shout tho slaves ; and now sending you to Indie.' I always do rny best to keep my temper with Lady Holland, for three reasons: because she Is a noman; because she is very unhappy !□ hor health, and in tho circumstances of hor position; nnd because eue has a teal kindness for me. Bui at last she snl i euniclbiuv ah-ui you. This was 100 much, and I was beginning to answer her in a voice trembling with engcr, wbonslio broke out again : •1 beg your pardon. I'uy forgive mo, doar Macaulay. X was very Impertinent. I know you will forgive me. Kobody ha» such a tem per as you. I have said so a hundred times. I said so to Alien only tins morning. I am euro you will bear with m? weakness, 1 shall never see you ugf.m.' And sho cried, and I cooled; for it would have heen to very Ijttlo putpo*e to bo angry with her. I bear that it is not to me alone that she runs on in this way, She storms at tho Ministers for lotting mo go. I was told that, at one dinner, she became no violent that cre Lord Holland, whoso temper, whatever his wife may nay. is much cooler than mine, could not command himself, and broke out: * Don’t talk such nonsense, rov Ledy. What, the devil! can wo toll a gentleman who ban a claim upon us that ho must lore Ills only chance of getting an independence in ordorthat ho may como and talk to you in au evening ? *" ROGERS AND CHANTREY. The homo of Roger#, the hanker-poet of Lon don. was noted fur tho elegance and artistic beauty of its furniture and decorations. Its owner was » mao of wealth and taste, and hap pily bis roflued ideas could find embodiment in the articles and ornaments which surrounded him. Macaulay, who nos in tho habit of dash ing oft gossipy letters for tho amusement of a favorite sister, writes ono day, after a breakfast withllogorh: "What a delightful house it la 1 It looks out on the Green Park just at tho moit pleasant point. The furniture has been select ed with delicacy uf tisto quite unique. Its value doee not depend oa fashion, but must be tho same while the Quo arts are held in any oiiteem. In tho dining-room, for example, the cliimnov-piecca aro carved by Tlaxman into the most beautiful Grecian forme. The hook-caso is pointed by Stothard, in bis vary best manner, with groups from Chaucer, Shaksuearo, and Boccaccio. Tho pictures are not numerous, but every ono is excellent. In tho dining-room, thrra oro aU’O some beautiful paintingH. But tho threo most remarkable objects la that room aro. 1 think, a cast uf Pope taken after death by liuubiiiao; a nobio model in terra-cotta ■by Michael Angelo, from which ho afterward made one of Us Quest statues,- that of Lorenzo de Medici: and, lastly, a mahogany table on which stands an antique vase. "When Cbantrey dined with Rogers, tome time ago, ho took particular notice of the vase and tho table on which it stands, aod asked Rogers nho made tho table. ‘A common car pouter,* said Rogers. ‘Do you remember tbo making of it ?* said Chantroy.* ‘Certainly,’ said Rogers, in somo surprise ‘I was in tho room while it was iltiinbrci vitbtho chisel, and gave Iho workman directions about placing it. 1 * Yes,' said Chuntrey, ' I was tho carpenter. I remem ber the room well, and all tho circumstances.' A curious story. I think.—honorable Doth to the talent which raised Cnanfroy aud tDo magnanim ity which liopt him from being asbamoci of what he had boon.” To appreciate this anecdote of tho English sculptor, one should know something of hm early history. Ho was tho son of a poor carpen ter who died when tho hoy was 12 years old, leaving him and his mother in humble circum smuces. Holland lolalos, in bis •* Memorials,” that for a limetho lad ‘’drove an assdallv. with milk-barrels, between Norton ami Hheilield." Hu managed to gain a little education by attend ing at odd times a “* little louc-eldo school." ■When ho was 10 years old, ho was apprenticed for seven yoais to a carver end gilder, and dur ing this loan displayed the aptitude for carving ami sculpture that foreshadowed his future cuieer. His lirst modeling in clay "las done by tawing casts of tho faces of bib fcmiw-appron ticos, which ho afterwards worked into very respectable specimens of portraiture. When ho became of ago, ho was released from his ap prenticeship, although two years >el remained before tho expiration of tho stipulated period. In 1802, ho worked at his trade as a journey man in both Dublin and Loudon, and ilia proba bly at this period that he carved the mahogany table iu Rcgora’ diuiug-rcom. About the same time he began to prepare himself for a higher order of woik, by studying tit tho Royal Acado 'my. Nollekiue, a portrait sculptor of roputo at that day, gemronsly gave the nascent artist sub stantial encouragement in advice and assiatanco. Chantrey becimo a mourner of the Royal Academe in 1818, and tho following year visited Italy. Ha never rone above tho rank uf a por trait-sculptor, but in this department of art ho executed n multitude of wonts of merit. Ho ex celled m securing a truthful likeness of bis sub ject, and his soivicen were in such demand that he acquired a considerable fortune. Fame and tiio honor of Knighthood were added to hla other successes, ana when he died, iu Isll, hn stood proudly on a level iu tho tsocial scale far above that where ho was set at hia entrance upon manhood. ihe anecdote which Macaulay repeated reveals the honour, iiinnlv nature of the artist, and shows that he had a right sense of tho values of place and of talent. ANNE ,DOtfiYN'S MOTHER. A debate is in pi ogress in the columns of the AthnwMm upon tbo question wtiothcr |tbo mother of Anne Boloyu was living at tbo lime of tho union of the latter with the King. Mr. Brower, in hie recent able •‘lntroduction" to the State papers of tho reign of Homy VIII,, proceeds upon tbo supposition that tno first and only wife of Sir Thomas Boteva, tho Lady Elizabeth, survived her daughter, and that she sanctioned tbo wooing and tbo marriage of Anno by King Hour)’. Upon this now rending of an event in bietory, Mr. J. Uopwortb Dixon makes a savage onslaught, calling Mr. Brower, no: once, but repeatedly, to account for bis ignorance of the fact that Anne Boloyn lost her mother in eatly childhood. Mr. James Qalrdner, a thorough student of English annals, then takes up the cudgels, and, by abundant reference to old and aul lionUtive MBS., appears to prove that Mr. Brower’s tdatements were founded upon un deniable truth. it ha» boon asset ted by some modem writers Hint Lady Elizabeth lloloyu uiod m 1612, of pu> orpoiftl fever. Mr. Gslrduor says j •• 1 pur* sued my inquiries on thiu subjocl till tliev led mo lo consult Homo MBS. in tiio College of Aims. 1 there found certain pedigrees by which it appeared. not that tlio Lad; Elizabeth iloleyn, but that hoc eislur Muriel (who was married drat to John Groy, Viscount Lisle. aud after* wards to Sir Thomas Kuyvett), died in child-bod at 1 o'clock a. m. on tho HtU of December, 1512, aud that Lady Elizabeth lioleni. instead of dy lim also in childbed on that very day. attended her ttibtoc’a funeral. Aud. further, 1 found in an ancient MB., numbered I. 2. at folio 105, tho following piece of information, which I think affords pretty tsuftleiont evidence that Anno Doleyn’e stop-mothor is a myth, Booing that her own mother. Lady Elizabeth Howard, atirvivcd her unhappy daughter's execution by nearly two whole years: “‘AnnoDomini 1527, 23 H. 8. Wonysday, tho lljd of Apreil, ut lb’ abbot of Kedinges place in Loudon, dyed Klo/oDotli Jato t'oiiutt-eae of Wyltahoro. daughter to Thomas duku of NorfT, ruth |sic] whoso entraylcs wore taken out aud buiycd accordlnglej and tho corps was epycod and corevd with all other thureto appor tenrnge after her oelat aud degree, where sho roinavuod lyll Holiday next, the vljth of —, in tho after none. There was pioparyd a bargo covered with blacke with a white crosao, gar nvsshed with schuochoons of her arms, wherein sl;o was caryod to Lambhothe and there wraa buryod right huucrabto according© to her caslato and degree.'" MR. JARVES’ ART'COLLECTION. Mr. James Jackson Jarvos, the well-known art writer, who is at present residing in Florence, Italy, has cue of tbo lineal private art-colleo lions of paintings iu that rich old elty. It boasta of a genuine picture by Leonardo da Vinci; one by his famous pupil, Beruadiuo Luiui; auotbor by Giorgione} and, Anally, ouo by Balvator Itosa. The examples of Da Vinci aud Lulnl are both Madonnas, and are eald to be beautiful specimens of the best manner of their authors. The picture of Oiorgtoae U a portrait of Malelesta, tbo Governor of Rimini, who, in the presence of the lady ot hio lore. ißtens to a harangue from a pilgrim si honing hint to mood bis evil ways. The work is a marvel of coloring. “>|t (teems." aaya an enthusiastic writer, •' azeonted with pounded gems," rather than with the ordinary pigments employed by (be pain lop. The picture from the hand of Salvator Rosa is a battle-piece, full of strength and action. Of the English m 1 J hai V »?o?« other represents tites. a llfe-aizo head of Christ, hr Blake, the poo -painter, who le now onjoviug a due appro* cial on that was denied during hie lifetime. Id ins late work on Japanese Art, Mr. Jarre# roadi mention of several excellent examples in bit own possession. It in raid that his collection oJ theso curious and unique works is extensive atU valuable. ANCIENT COINS. A large sale of ancient coins recently tool place in J.ondon, which netted nearly €20.000. Tho greater part of the specimens wore Included in tho famous cabinet of Mr. Wlndgalo. Sotns of the enormous prices realized are enumerated in the following catalogue; "A farthing of Ilobort Bruce brought 6200; a htlf-St.-Androw of Robert 111. /very rare), «2XO; a half-testerln gold of Queen Mary brought €73; a unique lion of Queen Mary, struck in 1553, with the crown aud arms of Scotland beta eon two cinque-foil* brought $525; a thieile-dollar of the •ami Queen, of 1578, $105; mid n •union,’ struck after tho accession of King JamoA VI. to th« Lnglieh Crown, Drought *75." . MILAN CATHEDRAL. A History of Milan Cathedral, to he complete in four large quarto volumes, is among tbi forthcoming works announced at Milan. Tbi book mil contain a carefully-edited series of tin original chapters, annals, and other document! connected with tho Cathedral, from Us founda tion iu 133<), undor Giovanni Oaloazzo, to tbs preHont time. Much interesting information will doubtless bo embraced in the volume. SI'AHKS OF SCIENCE. THE FLORA ROUND ABOUT CHICAOO-THr MUSTARD FAMILY. Tuero 1b a homely little weed Browing uni* voisally In corners and waste places, which probably 1b familiar to every eye, mid yot by most has never received a distinct recognition, because it is no Insignificant and unattractive. Nevertheless, with the herbalist who la studying the flora of a region, this Blonder, struggling vegetable will not escape notice or a place m his collection as a distinct and therefore important Individual. The Shepherd's Parse ( capsclla bursa-pastoris) la one of tbe very jiral planta to epring up and burst into blocsotn when tbe snow has uncovered the ground; buts it flowers ore never Bought for ornamental purposes. Thoj almost demand a microscope to bo rendered visible, and certainly their different parts can not be satisfactorily examined without the aid of a magnifying glass. The root-loaves of the plant lie nearly flat upon the ground, in a sort of rosette, and are long and narrow, and toothed «r piunatlflcd. The erect stems rising from thi centre bear arrow-shaped loaves along the base, and are terminated with a raceme of small whlU flowers, which are succeeded by seed-pods 01 pouches, wbopo shape—flat and triangular— suggests a purse or bag, and hence the name ot the plant. Tbo Shepherd's Pune ushers Id tbo largo tribs of the Crunfci’ic, or Muatsrd Family, many ol whoso members arc very useful, as food-plants, or iu modiciue, sad a few of which oro used for decoration in gardens. Among the former wi may ooumorate tbo Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broc coli, Colowort, Turnip, liapo, Radish, Cress, Horeo-Radlsb, Scurvy-Grass, Mustard, and Sea- Halo; and ranging with the latter ere tbo Sweet Alysaum, Honesty Wallflower. Stock, aud Rocket. One of (ho moat singular anocies included iu tbo order la the Romo of Jericho (umutafuvi hii'rochuulia), an annual growing wild in the deserts of Egypt, Arabia, Syria, and other parta of the East. It is a email, bushy herb, not ex ceeding C inches iu height. It baa fine, while flowers, and. after these have withered and the leaves have fallen, the rigid branches all curve in toward the centre, until the whole plant ban tho form of o round ball. Ite roots are then easily detached from tho soil, and the thing be coming tho sport of the wind is blown about iu a haphazard way over Ihe desert wastes. If it happens to be tossed into tho water by (ho nild smnts of tho air, who hick It around as a foot-ball, its branches directly ex pand. and tho pods open, Jetting oat the imprisoned seeds. When tbe plant la gathered before it has fully dried, it retains its curious hygromotric property for years, expanding its blanches when exposed to moisture, and con tracting them again when subject to drought. As n natural consequence, this peculiar faculty has given rise to many marvelous stories about tho Rose of Jericho. One of these declares that tbo plant first blossomed on Christmas-Eve, in honor of tbe birth of the Savior; and that it remained expanded until Easter, to pay bomags to His resurrection. It ia called from Una legend tbe Rose of the Virgin, and also the Resurrection-Flower. Tito botanical oamo of tbs Mustard Family— Cmcifors, or Crttci/ercr— is taken from tbo cross lino arraugomout of the petals of tbo flowers. There is a remarkable uniformity in the form and colors of tbo bluesomt throughout tbo order. Almost without exception those have four sepals, four petals, ami six stamens; and they are generally disposed in racemes, and are nsu ally yellow or white, or, in rare instances, par pie. Tbo fruit is a pud. called in technical lau-. gunge a silique, orslliculo; and the loaves are not placed opposite, but ariee one after another on the stem,—that is, they are alternate. The members of the family are readily known by those well-marked trails, but it is not easy to de termine the dilTutont spoolca. Indeed, the Cru cifers am about the hardest plants to classify that young botanists are apt to fall in witd. A universal characteristic of the family is a pungent, or acrid, Juico. which possesses an anti scorbutic and stimulant quality. This quality sccma to depend on a volatile oh that is present in various degrees in the different species, and often in different parts of the same plant. Tbo family embraces somewhere between 1,000 and 2,01)0 species. Very fow are found in the tropica; a considerable number inhabit the frigid zone; and the remainder occur In temperate regions. Tho Continent of Europe Is a favorite habitat for the order, mauv more species being native there than in any other area of the same size on the globe, dray describes seventy species In his tlura of the Northern B'atcs east of the Mis sissippi ; and I’rof. Babcock mentions onlv four teen in bis catalogue of plants growing round about Chicago. In the woods west and south of the cltTt the Denlaira laciniata, or Pepper-Hoot, is very early in blossom, following close upon tho litpaiica. It Is a pretty plant,—the simple stem support ing three Irregulailycut leaves in a whorl, ami terminated by a raceme ot pale-purple or near iy-wbite flowers. Tbo little tubers forming the .root-stock nave a pleasamly-pungeut flavor. Much ronombliog the DetiMra to the Cardamina rAnmbofdm ami var. purpurea which grow in tho woods north and west. The stem-leaves of tho Cizrchimfnc. or Spring-Cions, are ovate, or almost lanceolate, and somewhat angled or toothed. The llowois in the O, rhombotden are while, and in the vai. purpuren are purple. Later in tho season, tho Water-Cross, A'uafur- Hum vjjlcinnle, and the N. Armorica, may occa sionally be soon in pools and water-courses north of the city. The Hock-Cross (Arabia l]f~ rota), which flowers from April to July, is found in the oak-openings and gravelly banks at Hyde Park and southeastward. Tho A, dvntala, A. Uecigata, and A. Zmioticiaua may be gathered in the woods at lUvorside. The JJraba Carotinia occurs rarely south of Calumet. Two species of the wild Popporgrass, the Lepidlum Virginicum and L. mfcrmiuium, grow everywhere In sandy soil. Thev are two o! tbs commonest and least interesting of weeds. Both have much of tho aspect and taste of tho cultivated species which is used for salads. lu July and September, along tbo lake-shoro, tho American Soa-Uooket f caktle which completes the list of Crucifers in the Chicago flora, comes into bloom. It is a wide-branching herb, with purplish flow ers and fleshy pods, and the otherwise unmis takable attributes of the Mustard Family. MANUFACTURE OF ICE. A now invention for the mauufacture of Ice la described and highly commended lu Nature, It Is the creation of a young and ingenious Gene vese physicist, U. Itaoul Pictet. After a satis factory examination of the properties of a senes of volatile liquids, it waa found byM. Pictet that sulphurous anhydride, 803 furoisbed the ee> oential qualities for the cheap and safe produo tion of ice. The machine contrived for the ap* plication of this liquid to the purpose required, Is thus briefly described s ••A cylindrical tubular copper boiler has a leugib of 3 metres and a diameter of 35 centi metres} 150 tubes of 16 millimetres traverse its entire length, ana are soldered by tbdir extremi ties to ths two ends. Ibis Ant boiler is Uta 9

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